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# Conhece a Matemtica e dominars o Mundo.

Galileu Galilei
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Prop. Distributiva:
) ( ) ( ) ( C A B A C B A
;
) ( ) ( ) ( C A B A C B A
Leis de De Morgan:
B A B A

B A B A
;
) ( 1 ) ( A P A P

) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( B A P B P A P B A P +

Prob. Condicionada (acontecer A sabendo que B aconteceu):
) (
) (
) / (
B P
B A P
B A P

Lei Laplace:
possiveis acont n
favorveis acont n
A P
.
.
) (

Acont. Independ.:
) ( ). ( ) ( B P A P B A P
;
) ( ) / ( A P B A P
. B A B A B A \
Acont. Diferena( A reali!a"se se# que B se reali!e ):
) ( ) ( ) | ( B A P A P B A P
;
) ( ) ( ) | ( B P A P B A P A B
Per#uta\$es
! n P
n

## Arran%os (a orde# i#porta) : s& repeti'o

)! (
!
p n
n
A
p
n

c& repeti'o
p
p
n
n A '
Co#bina\$es (n'o () repeti'o e orde# n'o i#porta):
)! ( . !
!
p n p
n
C
p
n

Bin*#io +e,ton

+
n
p
p p n
p
n n
b a C b a
0
) (

3 2 2 3 3
3 3 ) ( b ab b a a b a + + + +

4 3 2 2 3 4 4
4 6 4 ) ( b ab b a b a a b a + + + + +
Prop. -ri.ngulo Pascal:
1 1
1
1
1
1
1
+

+
+
+
+

p n p
p
n
p
p p n
p
n
p
p
n
p
n
p
n
p n
n
p
n
a b C T
b a C T
C C C
C C
Dist. Prob. :

n
i
i i
p p
1
1 1 0 /alor #0dio

n
i
i i
p x
1
/ari.ncia

n
i
i i
p x
1
2 2
2

Coef. Bino#ial
)! ( . !
!
r n r
n
C
r
n

r n r
r
n
p p C r X P

) 1 ( ) (
( n1n2 e3peri4ncias e r1n2 sucessos )
5standardi!a'o da /ari)/el ) , (

N
X
Z

Pgina
1
Cur/a +or#al :
] [ + ,
67.89:
] [ 2 , 2 +
;<.=<:
] [ 3 , 3 +
;;.9>:
Conhece a Matemtica e dominars o Mundo. Galileu Galilei
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
- FUNES -
n
m
n m
n
n
n m n m
m m m
m m m
n m n m
n m n m
a a
a
a
a se a
a a
b a b a
b a b a
a a a
a a a
POTENCIAS PROP

+
1
0 1
) (
) (
) (
: .
0
2 2
2 2 2
2 2 2
) )( (
2 ) (
2 ) (
:
b a b a b a
b ab a b a
b ab a b a
NOTVEIS CASOS
+
+
+ + +

a
ac b b
x Zeros
a
b
c
a
b
V Vrtice
! " x a #
c bx ax x f
\$%a&ratica '%n()o
2
4
:
4
;
2
:
) (
) (
:
2
2
2
2
t

,
_

+
+ +

x a x #
#
a
log

x e x #
#
ln

# x # x
a a a
log log ) . ( log +
# x
#
x
a a a
log log log

,
_

a
b
b
a
log
1
log

x p x
a
p
a
log . ) ( log
a x x
b a b
log . log log

a
b
b
a
log
log
log
x
n
x
a
n
a
log
1
log
1 log a
a
0 1 log
a
x a
x
a
log
x a
x
a

log
1
1
lim
0

x
e
x
x
+
+
p
x
x
x
e
lim 1 lim
0

x
x sen
x
1
) 1 ln(
lim
0

+

x
x
x
1
1
ln
lim
1

x
x
x
0
ln
lim
+
x
x
x
x
n
e
n
x

,
_

+ 1 lim
x
%
n
e
%
x
n

,
_

+ 1 lim
Assi#pt. fun'o racional
m
m m
n
n n
b x b x b
a x a x a
x \$
x p
x f
+ + +
+ + +

...
...
) (
) (
) (
1
1 0
1
1 0

Assi#pt. ?ert.
) (x \$ &e *eros
Assi#pt. @ori!.
) ( ) ( 0 ) (
0
0
m n se existe n)o m n se # m n se
b
a
# > <
Assi#pt. Abliq.
b mx # +

x
x f
m
x
) (
lim
+

[ ] x m x f b
x

+
) ( lim
-a3a /aria'o #0dia
[ ]
a b
a f b f
v m t
b a

) ( ) (
. . .
,
0
0
0
) ( ) (
lim ) ( '
0 x x
x f x f
x f
x x

ou
"
x f " x f
x f
o "
) ( ) (
lim ) ( '
0 0
0
+

Begras Deri/a'o :
' ' )' ( v % v % + +

' . '. )' . ( v % v % v % +

2
'
. .
v
v % v %
v
%

,
_

. . )' (
1
% % n %
n n

a a % a
% %
ln . . )' (
% %
e % e . )' (

%
%
%
'
)' (ln
a %
%
%
a
ln .
'
)' (log

x x x sen cos '. )' (

x sen x x '. )' (cos

x
x
x t+
2
cos
'
)' (
Alguns e3e#plos:
2
'
1 1
x x

,
_

x
x
2
1
)' (

x
x
1
)' (ln
x x
e e )' (
Der. Co#posta:
[ ] ) `( ) ( ` ) )`( 0 (
0 0 0
x + x + f x + f
V ( h ,
k )
.
x
y
x = h
Pgina
2
nio Con!"#omi \$
s "ssim%o" #"s &'(")*+s ,
+s conc"-i#"# #"s .+ni#o /
monooni" + &0!+mos 6
.im+!i" 1
+i0os com o in+!s+c)2 %onos s Coo!#+n"#" 4
#+ Conin(i#" 3
3ominio 2
" c"lc(l"#o! com g!45ico #o +s6o)o 76+! 1
: 89:;<7 C7=>?&@7 &.@937

Funo par: f(-x) =f(x)
Funo mpar: f(-x) =- f(x)
!
T !x x f
!
T !x x f
!
T !x sen x f
T ',N-.O ,/A 0E PER1O0O

) "n( ) (
2
) cos( ) (
2
) ( ) (
) (
Conhece a Matemtica e dominars o Mundo. Galileu Galilei
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
- TRIGONOMETRIA -
1 cos
2 2
+ sen

cos
sen
t+

2 2
1 1
1
sen t+
+

2
2
cos
1
1 + t+
b sen a sen b a b a . cos . cos ) ( cos +

b sen a sen b a b a . cos . cos ) ( cos +

b sen a b a sen b a sen . cos cos . ) ( + +

b sen a b a sen b a sen . cos cos . ) (

a sen a a
2 2
cos ) 2 ( cos

a a sen a sen cos . . 2 ) 2 (

b t+ a t+
b t+ a t+
b a t+
. 1
) (

+
+

b t+ a t+
b t+ a t+
b a t+
. 1
) (
+

a t+
a t+
a t+
2
1
. 2
) 2 (

t+ t+
sen sen

) (
cos ) ( cos
) (

sen
sen

)
2
( cos
cos )
2
(

sen
sen
+
+
)
2
( cos
cos )
2
(

sen
sen

)
2
3
( cos
cos )
2
3
(

sen
sen
+
+
)
2
3
( cos
cos )
2
3
(

t+ t+
sen sen

) (
cos ) ( cos
) (

t+ t+
sen sen
+
+
+
) (
cos ) ( cos
) (

t+ t+
sen sen

) 2 (
cos ) 2 ( cos
) 2 (

5qua\$es trigono#0tricas:
+ + ! ! x ! x sen x sen , 2 2

+ + ! ! x ! x x , 2 2 cos cos

+ ! ! x x , "n "n
Circulo trigono#0trico:
Pgina
3
ng
ulo
0 ou 0
30 ou
6

45 ou
4

60 ou
3

90 ou
2

180 ou
270 ou
2
3
!n
"
0
2
1
2
2
2
3
1 0 #1
\$o
"
1
2
3
2
2
2
1
0 #1 0
%g " 0
3
3
1 3
## 0 ##
"C DC
"C
DC
sin 3
cos 3
tan 3
ei3o
dos
senos
ei3o dos co"senos
ei3o
das
tangentes
E
3
"C DC
"C
DC
sin 3
cos 3
tan 3
ei3o
dos
senos
ei3o dos co"senos
ei3o
das
tangentes
E
3

h
co
ca
x
RAZES TRIGOOM!TRI"AS
TEOREMA PIT#GORAS
h
co
ca
x
RAZES TRIGOOM!TRI"AS
TEOREMA PIT#GORAS
Conhece a Matemtica e dominars o Mundo. Galileu Galilei
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
- NMEROS COMPLEXOS -
For#a alg0brica n2 co#ple3o:
bi a * +
bi a *
M*dulo de !:
2 2
b a * r +
Argu#ento de !:
,
_

a
b
*
1
"n "!g
For#a trigono#0trica:
cis r * .
ou
) . (cos . sen i r * +

1 i 1
2
i i i
3
1
4
+ i 1
4

n
i i i
n

+1 4
1
2 4

+ n
i i i
n

+3 4

rea2 n * *

*
*
*
2

) ( cis * *
Con3%+a&o

) ( + cis * *
Simtrico

) (
1 1
1

cis
* *
*
Inverso

( ) i
b a
b
b a
a
bi a
2 2 2 2
1
+

+
+

Apera\$es co# n2 co#ple3os (f*r#ulas de Moi/re) :
) (
2 1 2 1 2 1
+ cis r r * *

n n cis r *
n n
, ) . (

) (
2 1
2
1
2
1
cis
r
r
*
*

+
!
n
!
cis r cis r
n
n
,
2
.

Nota: todas as raG!es de Gndice n t4# o #es#o #*dulo e os argu#entos (n'o negati/os #Gni#os) est'o e# progress'o arit#0tica de ra!'o
n
2
.
Nota: as n raG!es de Gndice n t4# por i#age# os /0rtices de u# polGgono regular de n ladosH inscrito nu#a circunfer4ncia de raio
n
* .
Domnios planos e condies de /ari)/el co#ple3a:
Circunf. de centro !C e raio r :
r * *
1
Mediatri! do seg#. recta entre !C e !8 : 2 1
* * * *

Ie#iplano li#itado por #ediatri! seg# rect entre !C e !8 H ao qual pertence !C : 2 1
* * * *
Becta /ertical x=a+r :
r * * ) ( A+
1
Exemplo: ( ) a * A+ representa o se#iplano fec(ado definido pela recta x=a H que fica J direita da recta.
Becta (ori!ontal y=b+r :
r * * ) ( Bm
1
Ie#i"recta orige# afi3o !C q for#a co# A3 u# ang K :
) ( "!g
1
* *
- SUCESSES
crescente % %
n n

+
0
1
e &ecrescent % %
n n

+
0
1
Progress'o Arit#0tica :
r % %
n n

+1
r n % %
n
. ) 1 (
1
+
n
% %
S
n
n

+

2
1

a b
% %
r
a b

Progress'o Leo#0trica :
r
%
%
n
n

+1

1
1
.

n
n
r % %

r
r
% S
n
n

1
1
.
1
- GEOMETRIA
Pgina
4
Diagra#a Argand
a
\$
Re
Im
a
\$
Re
Im
%&
'
( 3
%&
'
( 3
%&
'
( 3
Conhece a Matemtica e dominars o Mundo. Galileu Galilei
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Dist.ncia entre 8 pontos )
2
,
2
( )
1
,
1
(
2
1 2
2
1 2
) ( ) ( # x 4 e # x P sen&o # # x x P4 & +
Mediatri! de MABN :
)
2
,
2
( )
1
,
1
(
2
2
2
2
2
1
2
1
) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( # x B e # x A sen&o # # x x # # x x + +

5q. Circunf. centro (3CHOC) raio r :
2 2
1
2
1
) ( ) ( r # # x x +
5q. 5lipse

'

> +

t t
t
2 2
2 :
2 :
) , 0 ( ) 0 , (
) 0 , ( cos
2
2
2
2
) ( 1
b a c
b menor eixo
a maior eixo
b a vrtices
c fo
sen&o b a e
b
#
a
x

?ectores
)
2
,
2
( )
1
,
1
(
1 2 1 2
) , ( # x B e # x A sen&o # # x x A B AB

Io#a de /ectores
)
2
,
2
( )
1
,
1
(
2 1 2 1
) , ( # x v e # x % sen&o # # x x v % + + +
+or#a /ector:
)
1
,
1
(
2
1
2
1
# x % se # x % +

Ponto #0dio MABN )
2
,
2
( )
1
,
1
(
2 1 2 1
2
,
2
# x B e # x A se
# # x x
/
,
_

+ +

5q. ?ectorial recta
)
2
,
1
( )
0
,
0
( ) , ( ) , ( ) , ( 2 1 0 0 % % % # x A ! % % ! # x # x &e &irec()o tem e pto o contm +
5q. Para#0tricas recta

'

+
+
2 0
1 0
% ! # #
% ! x x
5q. Carte!ianas recta
2
0
1
0
%
# #
%
x x

Decli/e recta
1 2
1 2
"n
x x
# #
m

5qua'o recta q cont0# P(3CHOC) e decli/e m:
) ( .
1 1
x x m # #
5q. Bedu!ida:
b mx # +

Bela'o entre decli/es de duas rectas:

'

'

+
+
s r
m
m
s r m m
b x m # s
b mx # r
1
'
// '
' ' :
:
Produto escalar:
) , ( ) , ( . & c v e b a % se b& ac v % +
Produto /ectorial:
) , ( cos . . . v % v % v %
ou
cos . . . b a b a
Png. entre 8 /ectores:
b a
b a
.
.
cos
Pro%ec'o:
cos . b b pro3
a

a
a b
b pro3
a
.

-eore#a co"senos
5 bc c b a cos . 2
2 2 2
+

5q. plano
) , , ( )
1
,
1
,
1
(
1 1 1
0 ) ( ) ( ) ( c b a % e * # x pto o contm * * c # # b x x a + +

5q. geral do plano
) , , ( 0 c b a % a p2ano & c* b# ax + + +
x
y
a
) *a +a
\$
. .
Elipse
Pgina
5
Conhece a Matemtica e dominars o Mundo. Galileu Galilei
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Qreas e ?olu#es:
3
3
. . 4
:
3
:
:
2
:
2
. . . 2 :
2
:
r
V ES'ERA
"
base
A
V CONE e PIR5/I0E
"
base
A V CI6IN0RO e PRIS/A
"
b B
A TRAP7ZIO
r A r P CIRC,6O
" b
A TRI5N8,6O

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