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CHUYN 2 :

HIROCACBON NO

Cu 1: Hp cht hu c X c tn gi l: 2 - clo - 3 - metylpentan. C ng th!c cu t"o c#a X l: A. CH3CH2CH$Cl%CH$CH3%2. B. CH3CH$Cl%CH$CH3%CH2CH3. C. CH3CH2CH$CH3%CH2CH2Cl. D. CH3CH$Cl%CH3CH$CH3%CH3. 2 - clo - 3 & metylpentan '()nh *+ g,n halogen t-./c0 12 Cl 3 *+ 2 4 5etyl 3 *+ 3 4 pentan 12 5"ch ch6nh c 7C '89: ;;- n<ng cao ;=> 4 C<u th,n ch? : 5@ - Am & BhCi & Dn & Bh<n & Ha & Hp - E - Fgoi & (Gng ; 2 3 H 7 CH3 & CH$Cl% & CH$CH3% & CH2 & CH3 Cu 2: C Iao nhiu JGng ph<n cu t"o c c ng th!c ph<n tK C 7H;2 L A. 3 JGng ph<n. B. H JGng ph<n. C. 7 JGng ph<n. D. M JGng ph<n '89: ;; n<ng cao & ;3>0 'Fh/ H thNng J,u tin0 12 C7H;2 c 3 JGng ph<n CH3 & CH2 & CH2 & CH2 & CH3 4 CH3 & CH$CH3% & CH2 & CH3 4 CH3 & $CH3%C$CH3% & CH34 Cu 3: C Iao nhiu JGng ph<n cu t"o c c ng th!c ph<n tK C MH;H L A. 3 JGng ph<n. B. H JGng ph<n. C. 7 JGng ph<n. D. M JGng ph<n '89: ;; nc & ;3>0 12 CMH;H c 7 JGng ph<n. 12 C CH3 & CH2 & CH2 & CH2 & CH2 & CH3 4 CH3 & CH$CH3% & CH2 & CH2 &CH3 4 CH3 & CH2 & CH$CH3% & CH2 & CH34 CH3 & CH$CH3% & CH$CH3%-CH3 4 CH3 & $CH3%C$CH3% - CH2 &CH3 12 7 Jp 12 C Xem l"i Oile PiQt JGng ph<n R CS t6nh JGng ph<n : ToUn loaV 3 Oile t-n . Cu 4: C Iao nhiu JGng ph<n cu t"o c c ng th!c ph<n tK C HH>Cl L A. 3 JGng ph<n. B. H JGng ph<n. C. 7 JGng ph<n. D. M JGng ph<n. CHH>Cl c W 1 $2.H & > R2 -;%X2 1 = 'S6nh lin WQt pi R PYng & JZ It I[o hYa0 C\Hy]^FtXuFaP_ W 1$2\-yRtR2 & u & P %X2 'X l halogen0 Wh ng c lin WQt pi hay PYng CH2$Cl% & CH2 & CH2 & CH3 4 CH3 & CH$Cl% & CH2 & CH3 4 CH2Cl & CH$CH3% & CH3 4 CH3 & $CH3%CCl & CH3 4 12 H Jp 12 D Xem l"i Oile PiQt JGng ph<n R CS t6nh JGng ph<n : ToUn loaV 3 Oile t-n . Cu 5: C Iao nhiu JGng ph<n cu t"o c c ng th!c ph<n tK C 7H;;Cl L A. M JGng ph<n. B. ` JGng ph<n. C. 7 JGng ph<n. D. a JGng ph<n. C7H;;Cl c W 1 $2.7 & ;; R 2 & ;%X2 1 = 12 Wh ng c lin WQt pi hay PYng4 CH2$Cl% & CH2 & CH2 & CH2 & CH3 4 CH3 & CH$Cl% & CH2 & CH2 & CH3 4 CH3 & CH2 & CH$Cl% & CH2 & CH3 4 CH2$Cl% & CH$CH3% & CH2 & CH3 4 CH2$Cl% & CH2 & $CH3%CH & CH3 4 CH2$Cl% & CH2 & CH$CH3% & CH3 4 CH3 & CH$Cl% & CH$CH3% & CH3 4 CH2$Cl% & $CH3%C$CH3% & CH3 4 'Xem theo th! tb tc t-)i *ang phCi0 Cu 6: Bh,n t-dm Wh+i l.ng cacIon t-ong ph<n tK anWan e INng a3f33g. C ng th!c ph<n tK c#a e l: A. C2HM. B. C3Ha. C. CHH;=. D. C7H;2. C)ch ; m@o mY J)p )n : g C 1 5C X 5e Shy T thha m[n : gC 1 ;2.7.;==gX$;2.7 R ;2% 1 a3f33 g C)ch 2: inWan 12 CSSj: CnH2nR2 12 gC 1 5CX5e 1 ;2n . ;==g X $;HnR2% 1 a3f33g ;HfHn 1 ;Hn R2 n 1 7 12 C7H;2 'ky ;==g X a3f33g . ;2 cho Vl0 Cu 7: C ng th!c Jn giCn nht c#a hiJ-ocacIon 5 l CnH2nR;. 5 thuZc V[y JGng Jmng no L A. anWan. B. Wh ng J# V Winn Jo \)c Jpnh. C. anWan hoqc \icloanWan. D. \icloanWan. $CnH2nR;%m CnmH2nm R m 12 P/i m 1 2 12 CnmH2nmR2 12 inWan 12 i Cu 8: a. 2f2f3f3-tet-ametylIutan c Iao nhiu nguyn tK C P H t-ong ph<n tK L A. aCf;MH. B. aCf;HH. C. MCf ;2H. D. aCf;aH. 2f2f3f3 & tet-ametyl Iutan 4 tet-ametyl 12 H CH3 4 Iutan 12 HC m"ch ch6nh 4 2f2f3f3 12 rp t-6 CH3 ; 2 3 H CH3 & $CH3%C$CH3% & $CH3%C$CH3% & CH3 (Qm 12 aC P ;aH 12 T C)ch Wh)c thy Ju i an 12 CnH2nR2 ': 1 = 'Wo ch!a lin WQt pi0 12 T thha m[n I. Cho anWan c CSCS l: (CH3%2CHCH2C$CH3%3. Sn gi c#a anWan l: A. 2f2fH-t-imetylpentan. B. 2fH-t-imetylpetan. C. 2fHfH-t-imetylpentan. D. 2-Jimetyl-H-metylpentan. 7 H 3 2 ; (CH3%2CHCH2C$CH3%3 Hay CH3 & $CH3%CH & CH2 & $CH3%C$CH3% & CH3 juy tsc Jc tn 89: ;; nc- ;3a. '()nh *+ th! tb g,n C ph<n nh)nh nhitu nht0 8+ Pp t-6 & Sn nh)nh Sn m"ch ch6nh R an -1-

rp t-6 nh)nh 2f2fH c 3 CH3 12 3metyl 12 S-imetyl '; l mono 4 2 l Ji 4 3 l t-i 4 H l tet-a0 5"ch ch6nh 7 C 12 penta 12 2f2fH & t-imetyl pentan 12i Cu 9: BhCn !ng Jqc t-.ng c#a hiJ-ocacIon no l A. BhCn !ng t)ch. B. BhCn !ng thQ. C. BhCn !ng cZng. D. CC if D P C. HiV-ocacIon no c p! t)ch f thQ f cZng nh.ng Jqc t-.ng nht l phCn !ng thQ 12 D Cu 10: Cho i*o-pentan t)c Vung P/i Cl2 theo tv ln *+ mol ; : ;f *+ *Cn phwm monoclo t+i Ja thu J.c l: A. 2. B. 3. C. 7. D. H. x*o & pentan : i*o V"ng : CH3 & CH$CH3% & 4 pentan 12 c 7C 'S6nh cC m"ch nh)nh & FQu l Vanh ph)p thay thQ thy chv m"ch ch6nh0 CH3 & CH$CH3% & CH2 & CH3 t)c Vung P/i Cl2 12 S"o -a mono hay ;Cl thQ ;H 8p t"o thnh c tho l: CH3 & CH & CH2 & CH3 'H mzi tn hay H ch{ Cl c tho thQ J.c0 12 t+i Ja H *p 12 T CH3 Ch? | mZt *+ t-.}ng hp gi+ng nhau : '2 Pp t-6 Wia gi+ng nhau0 5@o : T"ng Ii i*o - _ 'C#a anWan 12 8+ monoclo hoqc monoI-om t"o thnh 1 *+ C & ; 8+ C l *+ C t-ong cht J. Cu 11: x*o-he\an ta~c Vung P~i clo $co~ chi~u *a~ng% co~ th tao t ~i Ja Iao nhiu V<n \u<~t monoclo L A. 3. B. H. C. 7. D. M x*o & he\an 12 CH3 & CH$CH3% & CH2 & CH &CH3 'S.ng tb Ii ;=0 CH3 & CH & CH2 & CH2 & CH3 12 S+i Ja 7 *Cn phwm 12 C 'Hoqc iTCS Ii ;= 1 M & ; 1 7 'MC0 CH3 Cu 12: :hi cho 2-metylIutan t)c Vung P/i Cl2 theo t ln mol ;:; thy t"o -a *Cn phwm ch6nh l: A. ;-clo-2-metylIutan. B. 2-clo-2-metylIutan. C. 2-clo-3-metylIutan. D.;-clo-3-metylIutan. 8Cn phwm ch6nh 12 Cl thQ Po H 3 C Ic cao nht '89: ;; nc & ;HH0 2 & metyl Iutan : CH3 & CH$CH3% & CH2 & CH3 x xxx xx x riQt l"i:CH3 & CH & CH2 & CH3 Cl ; 2 3 H CH3 12 Cl thQ Po C Ic xxx 12 CH3 & C & CH2 & CH3 CH3 12 2 & clo & 2 & metyl Iutan 12 D Cu 13: :hi clo ha C7H;2 P/i t ln mol ;:; thu J.c 3 *Cn phwm thQ monoclo. Tanh ph)p xBiC c#a anWan J l: A. 2f2-Jimetylp-opan. B. 2-metylIutan. C. pentan. D.2-Jimetylp-opan. C7H;2 thQ clo tv ln ; : ; thu J.c 3 *Cn phwm monoclo 'S+i Ja0 Xt J)p )n : 'km nhitu * uen Pt V"ng ny c tho lo"i J)p )n0 i. 2f2 & Jimetyl p-opan : CH3 & $CH3%C$CH3%-CH3 'Chv t"o -a ; monoclo0 CH3 CH3 & C & CH3 'ShQ Po ; t-ong H CH3 Jtu nh. nhau hQt0 CH3 D. 2 & metylIutan : CH3 & CH$CH3% & CH2 & CH3 'i*o & pentan 12 H *p Ii ;= 'iTCS0 C. Bentan : CH3 & CH2 & CH2 & CH2 &CH3 12 3 *p 'Shha m[n0 12 C T. 2 & Jimetyl p-opan '()p )n cho nh,m0 C7H;2 chv c 3 Jp '89: n<ng cao ;;- ;3> Cu 14: :hi clo ha metan thu J.c mZt *Cn phwm thQ ch!a a>f;2g clo Pt Wh+i l.ng. C ng th!c c#a *Cn phwm l: A. CH3Cl. B. CH2Cl2. C. CHCl3. D. CClH. 5etan 'CHH0 B! clo ha tng u)t : J+i P/i anWan : CnH2nR2 R\Cl2 12 CnH2nR2-\Cl\ R \HCl CHH R \Cl2 12 CHH-\Cl\ R \HCl 12 8Cn phwm : CHH-\Cl\ g Cl$CHH-\Cl\% 1 37f7.\ .;==g X $;M R 3Hf7\% 1 a>f;2g \ 1 3 C)ch Im : ky 37f7.;==Xa>f;2 - 3Hf7 *au J ly ;M chia cho *+ J. 12 C. Cu 15: Cho H cht: metanf etanf p-opan P n-Iutan. 8+ l.ng cht t"o J.c mZt *Cn phwm thQ monoclo Vuy nht l: A. ;. B. 2. C. 3. D. H. 5etan 'CHH0 t"o -a ; *Cn phwm Atan 'C2HM hay CH3 & CH3 chv t"o -a ;*p ' -2-

B-opan 'C3Ha0 hay CH3 & CH2 & CH3 t"o -a 2 *p n & Iutan ' n W| hinu m"ch thmng0 CH3 & CH2 & CH2 & CH3 t"o -a 2 *Cn phwm 12 Chv c 2 cht 'metan P etan t"o -a 2 *Cn phwm0 12 D Cu 16: Whi clo ha mZt anWan c c ng th!c ph<n tK CMH;Hf ng.}i ta chv thu J.c 2 *Cn phwm thQ monoclo. Tanh ph)p xBiC c#a anWan J l: A. 2f2-JimetylIutan. B. 2-metylpentan. C. n-he\an. D.2f3JimetylIutan. Xt i. 2f2 & JimetylIutan : CH3 & $CH3%C$CH3% & CH2 & CH3 CH3 CH3 & C & CH2 & CH3 12 3 *Cn phwm thQ.12 ko"i CH3 D.2 & metyl pentan : CH3 & CH$CH3% & CH2 & CH2 & CH3 'i*o & he\an 12 *p 1 M & ; 17 'iTCS0 12 ko"i C. n & he\an : CH3 & CH2 & CH2 & CH2 & CH2 & CH3 12 3 *Cn phwm thQ 12 ko"i T J?ng 'ifDfC *ai0 T. 2f3 JimetylIutan 4

CH3 & CH & CH& CH3 12 2 *Cn phwm thQ 12 T CH3 CH3 Cu 17: :hi clo ha h{n hp 2 anWanf ng.}i ta chv thu J.c 3 *Cn phwm thQ monoclo. Sn gi c#a 2 anWan J l: A. etan P p-opan. B. p-opan P i*o-Iutan. C. i*o-Iutan P n-pentan. D. neo-pentan P etan. Xt i. Atan 12 Shu J.c ; 4 p-opan thu J.c 2 12 3 *Cn phwm 12 i J?ng ' Xem Ii ;70 Cu 18: :hi I-om ha mZt anWan chv thu J.c mZt Vn \ut monoI-om Vuy nht c tv Wh+i hi J+i P/i hiJ-o l `7f7. Sn c#a anWan J l: A. 3f3-Jimetylhec\an. C. i*opentan. B. 2f2-Jimetylp-opan. D. 2f2f3-t-imetylpentan Xem Ii ;3 12 D . 2f2 & Jimetylp-opan 12 D Cu 19: :hi cho anWan X $t-ong ph<n tK c ph,n t-dm Wh+i l.ng cacIon INng a3f`2g% t)c Vung P/i clo theo tv ln *+ mol ;:; $t-ong Jitu Winn chiQu *)ng% chv thu J.c 2 Vn \ut monoclo JGng ph<n c#a nhau. Sn c#a X l: A. 3-metylpentan. B. 2f3-JimetylIutan. C. 2-metylp-opan. D. Iutan. inWan : CnH2nR2 12gC 1 5C X 5X 1 ;2n .;==g X $;Hn R 2% 1 a3f`2g n 1 M 12 CMH;H ko"i C P T Xt i. 3 & metylpentan : CH3 & CH2 & CH & CH2 & CH3 12 H *Cn phwm 12 ko"i CH3 D.2f3 & JimetylIutan : CH3 & CH & CH & CH3 12 2 *Cn phwm 12 D CH3 CH3 Cu 20: HiJ-ocacIon m"ch h3 X t-ong ph<n tK chv ch!a lin WQt P c hai nguyn tK cacIon Ic Ia t-ong mZt ph<n tK. (+t ch)y hon ton ; tho t6ch X *inh -a M tho t6ch C] 2 $3 cng Jitu Winn nhint JZf )p *ut%. :hi cho X t)c Vung P/i Cl2 $theo tv ln *+ mol ; : ;%f *+ Vn \ut monoclo t+i Ja *inh -a l: A. 3. B. H. C. 2. D. 7. Chv ch!a lin WQt R m"ch h3 12 inWan. CnH2nR2 4 n 1 rC]2 X rX 1 M 12 CMH;H C 2 nguyn tK C Ic 3 12 C V"ng CH3 & CH & CH & CH3 12 2 *Cn phwm 12 D 'Di ;>0 CH3 CH3 Cu 21: :hi tiQn hnh phCn !ng thQ gia anWan X P/i Wh6 clo c chiQu *)ng ng.}i ta thu J.c h{n hp e chv ch!a hai cht *Cn phwm. Sv Wh+i hi c#a e *o P/i hiJ-o l 37f`7. Sn c#a X l A. 2f2-Jimetylp-opan. B. 2-metylIutan. C. pentan. D. etan. BS : CnH2nR2 R\Cl2 12 CnH2nR2-\Cl\ R \HCl 'Xem Ii ;H0 12 *Cn phwm : CnH2nR2-\Cl\ P HCl Chn ;mol CnH2n R2 nCnH2nR2-\Cl 1 ; 4 nHCl 1 \ mol 5 hh e 1 $mCnH2nR2-\Cl\ R mHCl% X $nCnH2nR2 & \Cl\ R nHCl% 37f`7.2 1 $;HnR2 R3Hf7\ R 37f7\% X $; R \% =f7\ R M>f7 1 ;Hn 12 n2 M>f7X;H 1Hf>M ()p )n 12 n 1 7 'ry ifDfC Jtu c n 170 12 n 17 12 \ 1; 12 C7H;2 To chv t"o -a ; *Cn phwm mono 12 i: 2f2 & Jimetylp-opan 'Sn Wh)c l neo-pentan0 CH3 CH3 & C & CH3 'ShQ Po ; t-ong H CH3 Jtu nh. nhau hQt0 -32f3 & JimetylIutan :

CH3 12 i Cu 22: inWan no *au J<y chv cho ; *Cn phwm thQ Vuy nht Whi t)c Vung P/i Cl 2 $a*% theo tv ln mol $; : ;%: CH3CH2CH3 $a%f CHH $I%f CH3C$CH3%2CH3 $c%f CH3CH3 $V%f CH3CH$CH3%CH3$e% A. $a%f $e%f $V%. B. $I%f $c%f $V%. C. $c%f $V%f $e%. D. $a%f $I%f $c%f $e%f $V% CHH$I% 4 c l neo-pentan 'Di 2;0 CH3CH3$V% t"o -a ; *Cn phwm 12 D J?ng $a% t"o -a 2 4 e t"o -a 2 Cu 23: :hi thQ monoclo mZt anWan i ng.}i ta lu n thu J.c mZt *Cn phwm Vuy nht. ry i l: A. metan. B. etan C. neo-pentan D. CC if Df C Jtu J?ng. Ch6nh l Ii 22 12 T Cu 24: 8Cn phwm c#a phCn !ng thQ clo $;:;f )nh *)ng% Po 2f2- Jimetyl p-opan l : $;% CH3C$CH3%2CH2Cl4 $2% CH3C$CH2Cl%2CH3 4 $3% CH3ClC$CH3%3 A. $;%4 $2%. B. $2%4 $3%. C. $2%. D. $;% Ch6nh l neo & pentan 12 ; *Cn phwm Vuy nht Ii 2; 4 Sho 3 It W ; t-ong HCH3 12 ; thha m[n : CH3 & $CH3%C$CH3%-CH2Ck 12 T Cu 25: C Iao nhiu anWan l cht Wh6 3 Jitu Winn th.}ng Whi phCn !ng P/i clo $c )nh *)ngf tv ln mol ;:;% t"o -a 2 Vn \ut monoclo L A. H. B. 2. C. 7. D. 3. Cht Wh6 12 C tc ; JQn H '89: ;; n<ng cao - ;H;0 Xem Ii ;7: CHH 12 c ; 4 C2HM c ; 4 C3Ha c 2 4CHH;= c n & Iutan c ; 4 CH3 & CH$CH3%-CH3 c ; 12 c 3 cht cho -a 2 *Cn phwm 12 T Cu 26: inWan e phCn !ng P/i I-om t"o -a 2 Vn \ut monoI-om c t Wh+i hi *o P/i H2 INng M;f7. Sn c#a e l: A. Iutan. B. p-opan. C. x*o-Iutan. D. 2-metylIutan. BS : 2CnH2nR2 R 2\D-2 12 CnH2nR2 & \D-\ R CnH2nR2-\D-\ R 2\HDSa c Vo t"o -a monoI-om 12 \ 1 ; 12 8Cn phwm CnH2nR;D'2 *Cn phwm c cng Wh+i l.ng ph<n tK0 5 CnH2nR;D-1 M;f7.2 ;Hn R a; 1 ;23 n 1 3 12 e l C3Ha hay p-opan 12 D 'Shha m[n t"o -a 2 Vn \ut monoI-om0 Cu 27: (+t ch)y mZt h{n hp gGm nhitu hiJ-ocacIon t-ong cng mZt V[y JGng Jmng nQu ta thu J.c *+ mol H 2] 2 *+ mol C]2 thy CSBS chung c#a V[y l: A. CnHnf n 2. B. CnH2nR2f n ; $c)c gi) t-p n Jtu nguyn%. C. CnH2n-2f n 2. D. St cC Jtu *ai. Sa lu n c \ : y 1 nC]2 : 2nH2] 2\ : y 1 nC]2 : nH2] (t Ii cho nH2] 2 nC]2 12 2\ : y ; ()p )n i . CnHn 12 2\ : y 1 2n X n 1 2 2; 'ko"i0 D.CnH2nR2 12 2\ : y 1 2n X $2nR2% ; 12 Shha m[n 12 D 'Shbc cht l anWan0 C.CnH2n-2 12 2\ : y 1 2n X $2n-2% 2 ;12 ko"i 12 D J?ng Sng hp thm : (+i P/i cht C\Hy]^ 'Tba Po c)ch 2 ph,n \)c Jpnh c ng th!c chuyn Jt ; & Ii 3M0 SH; : CS : CnH2nR2]^ c W 1 = 'W 1 $2\ & y R 2%X2 12 nH2] 2 nC]2 P nX 1 nH2] & nC]2 'rT: C2HM 4 C2H7] 4 CHH>]2 - thay n P ^ Po 0 '5iln l W 1 = P/i mi cht0 SH2 : CS : CnHn]^ c W 1; 12 nH2] 1 nC]2 'rT: CHHa 4 CnH2n]^ c W 1;0 'rT : C3HM 4 C3HM] 4 CHHa]2 _ thay n P ^ ' '5iln l W 1 ; P/i mi cht0 SH3 : CS : CnH2n-2]^ 4 c W 12 12 nH2] nC]2 P nX 1 nC]2 & nH2] 'rT: C3HH 4 CMH;=]34 C7Ha]_0 '5iln l W 12 P/i mi cht0 Ch!ng minh c ng th!c: nX 1 nH2] & nC]2 nH2] 1 nC]2 4 nX 1 nC]2 & nH2] SH; : CnH2nR2]^ R ]2 12 nC]2 R $nR;%H2] 9i \ mol 12n\ mol $nR;%\ mol 12 nH2] 2 nC]2 ky nH2] & nC]2 1 $nR;%\ & n\ 1 \ 1 nCnH2nR2]^ SH2 : CnH2n]^ R ]2 12 nC]2 R nH2] 9i \ 12n\ mol n\ mol 12 nH2] 1 nC]2 1 n\ mol hay nH2] 1 nC]2 SH3: CnH2n-2]^ R ]2 12 nC]2 R $n-;%H2] 9i \ 12 n\ mol $n-;%\ mol 12 nC]2 2 nH2] ky nC]2 & nH2] 1 n\ -$n-;%\ 1 \ 1 nCnH2n-2]^ 'Fgoi -a c tho ch!ng minh t-.}ng hp W 1H c#a a-en CnH2n & M]^: nX 1 $nC]2 & nH2]%X3 Cu 28: ( ~t cha~y ca~c hiJ-ocacIon cua Vay J ng Jdng nao V.~i J<y thi ti l mol H 2] : mol C]2 giam Whi * ~ cacIon tdng. A. anWan. B. anWen. C. anWin. D. a-en nH2] : nC]2 giCm Whi *+ C tdng 'ky *+ linu Ii 2`0 -4-

Xt i.inWan 'W1=0 12 nH2] X nC]2 1 $nR;%\Xn\ 1 ; R ;Xn 12 n tdng 12 Sv ln giCm Vo ;Xn giCm . 12 i . anWan J?ng Xt thm c)c t-.}ng hp Wh)c Jo thy - hn. D.inWen 'W 1 ;0 12 nH2] X nC]2 1 n\ X n\ 1; ':o tdng Wo giCm & :h ng thay Ji0 C.inWin 'W120 12 nH2] X nC]2 1 $n-;%\ X n\ 1 ; & ;Xn 12 n tdng 12 Sv ln tdng Vo '-;Xn0 T. t.ng tb nh. C 12 ; & 3Xn Cu 29: :hi J+t ch)y anWan thu J.c H2] P C]2 P/i t ln t.ng !ng IiQn Ji nh. *au: A. tdng tc 2 JQn R . B. giCm tc 2 JQn ;. C. tdng tc ; JQn 2. D. giCm tc ; JQn =. Di 2a 12 Sv ln 1 ; R ;Xn 'Sa IiQt n ;0 12 P/i n 1; 12 Sv ln 1 2 12 P/i n JQn P cng 12 Sv ln ; 9iCm tc 2 JQn ; 12 D Cu 30: :h ng tho Jitu chQ CHH INng phCn !ng no L A. Fung mu+i nat-i malonat P/i P i t i \?t. B. Can\icacIua t)c Vung P/i n./c. C. Fung nat-i a\etat P/i P i t i \?t. D. (inn ph<n Vung Vpch nat-i a\etat. B! i.
t Na O C CH 2 C O Na + 2 NaOH CH H + 2 Na2CO3 P P
o

O
B! C. B! T.

O
o

CaO ft CH 3COONa + NaOH CH H + Na2CO3

; VpVV 2CH 3COONa + 2 H 2O 2CH H + 2CO2 + NaOH + H 2 2

Shy ngay D : CaC2 R H2] 12 Ca$]H%2 R C2H2 '89: ;; n<ng cao & ;`a0 D Wh ng c p! t"o -a CHH 12 D 5Zt *+ p! Wh ng c t-ong 89: '5i ng.}i c tho mua uyon *)ch: 9i?p t-6 nh/ chu{i phCn !ng ha hc 12 t hay P I 6ch0 Fgoi -a cYn c ph,n mtm ph.ng t-ynh : http:XXUUU.meViaOi-e.comXLOncommh-^2; 'Fh.ng phCi Jitn cht tham gia 12 FQu c ph.ng t-ynh * c WQt uC cho I"n & C)i ny Jang thK nghinm ':h ng nhitu phCn !ng0 Cu 31: S-ong phYng th6 nghinm c tho Jitu chQ metan INng c)ch no *au J<y L A. Fhint ph<n nat-i a\etat P/i P i t i \?t. B. C-acWinh Iutan C. Sc phCn !ng c#a nh m cacIua P/i n./c. D. if C. 89: ;; n<ng cao & ;HM 12 T '2 p! Jtu c t-ong 89:0 Cu 32: Shnh ph,n ch6nh c#a 'Wh6 thin nhin0 l: A. metan. B. etan. C. p-opan. D. n-Iutan. 89: ;; n<ng cao & 2=2 12 i.5etan 12 `= & >7g Cu 33: XicloanWan $chv c mZt PYng% i c tv Wh+i *o P/i nit INng 3. i t)c Vung P/i clo c chiQu *)ng chv cho mZt Vn \ut monoclo Vuy nhtf \)c Jpnh c ng th!c cu t"o c#a i L
CH3
CH3

CH3

A. . B. . C. H3C XicloanWan :CnH2n . 5i 1 2a.3 1 aH 'ry tv Wh+i P/i F2 1 30 1 ;Hn 12 n1 M


CH3

D.

H3C

CH3

Xt A. Xt B.

12 C tho t"o -a H *Cn phwm.

12 ko"i

12 C tho t"o -a ; *Cn phwm 'ShQ 3 Pp t-6 no czng gi+ng nhau0 12 D


CH3

Xt C.

H3C CH3

12 C tho t"o -a 3 *Cn phwm 12 ko"i '; 3 CH3 f ; 3 CH20

CH3 Xt D. H3C 12 C tho t"o -a 2 *Cn phwm 12 ko"i '; 3 CH3 f ; 3 CH0 Cu 34: Hai \icloanWan 5 P F Jtu c tv Wh+i hi *o P/i metan INng 7f27. :hi tham gia phCn !ng thQ clo $a*f tv ln mol ;:;% 5 cho H *Cn phwm thQ cYn F cho ; *Cn phwm thQ. Sn gi c#a c)c \icloanWan F P 5 l: A. metyl \iclopentan P Jimetyl \icloIutan. B. Xiclohe\an P metyl \iclopentan.

-5-

C. Xiclohe\an P n-p-opyl \iclop-opan. D. CC if Df C Jtu J?ng. 5 '\icloanWan0 1 7f27.;M 1 aH 1 ;Hn 12 n 1 M 'ry tv Wh+i P/i CHH 1 7f270 Xt i. metyl \iclopentan0F0 P Jimetyl \icloIutan050 F : CH3 - CH2 & CH2 & CH2 12 S"o -a 3 *Cn phwm mono 12 ko"i 'ry Jt t"o -a ;0 CH2 & CH2 5 : CH3 & CH & CH - CH3 'Hoqc t-.}ng hp 2 CH3 cho nhau0 12 S"o -a 3 *Cn phwm. CH2 & CH2 Xt D. Xiclohe\an0F0 P metyl \iclopentan050 F. 12 C tho t"o -a ; *Cn phwm 'ShQ 3 Pp t-6 no czng gi+ng nhau0 12 D 'Di 330
CH3

5. Xt A. 12 C tho t"o -a H *Cn phwm. Xt C. Xiclohe\an0F0 P n-p-opyl \iclop-opan '50 F thha m[n '| D0 5. CH3 & CH2 & CH2 & CH & CH2 CH2

12 ko"i 'Di 330 12 Shha m[n 12 D J?ng

12 7 *Cn phwm 12 ko"i '(t H *p0

Cu 35: $i% l cht no t-ong phCn !ng *au J<y L i R D-2 D--CH2-CH2-CH2-DA. p-opan. B. ;-I-omp-opan. C. \iclop-opan. D. i P D Jtu J?ng. Shy ngy: i f D lo"i Py J<y l p! cZng D-2 Wo phCi phCn !ng thQ 'ShQ thy phCi t"o -a i\it HX 'X l halogen0 12 T lo"i lu n 'ry ifD *ai0 12 C J?ng '89: ;; nc & ;H>0 Ch? | chv c PYng 3 c"nh m/i c phCn !ng cZng m3 PYng ' CZng D-2 f HD-f X2 fH20 S-.}ng hp Jqc Iint PYng H c"nh chv cZng H2 '89:0 Cu 36: Tn h{n hp Wh6 i gGm p-opan P \iclop-opan Ji Po Vung Vpch I-om * uan *)t J.c hinn t.ng no *au J<y : A. 5u c#a Vung Vpch nh"t V,nf Wh ng c Wh6 tho)t -a. B. 5u c#a Vung Vpch nh"t V,nf P c Wh6 tho)t -a. C. 5u c#a Vung Vpch mt hmnf Wh ng cYn Wh6 tho)t -a. D. 5u c#a Vung Vpch Wh ng Ji. i J?ng lu n . B-opan p! thQ 4 \iclop-opan 'rYng 3 c"nh0 p! cZng 'CC 2 p! Jtu Wh ng t"o -a Wh60 'B! 89: c#a 2 Ii anWan P \icloanWan0 Cu 37: Cho h{n hp 2 anWan i P D 3 tho Wh6f c tv ln *+ mol t-ong h{n hp: n i : nD 1 ; : H. :h+i l.ng ph<n tK t-ung Iynh l 72fH. C ng th!c ph<n tK c#a hai anWan i P D l,n l.t l: A. C2HM P CHH;=. B. C7H;2 P CMH;H. C. C2HM P C3Ha. D. CHH;= P C3Ha Sv ln ni : nD 1 ; : H 12 chn ni 1 \ 12 nD 1 H\ '5ynh th.}ng ly \ nh<n P/i tv ln 12 BS ; wn'

5=

mi R mD \.5i R H\.5D 5i R H.5D = = = 72f H 5iR H5D 1 2M2 ni R nD \ RH\ 7

5@o : ShQ J)p )n 12 i. C2HM '3=0 P CHH;= '7a0 Po $x% 12 Shha m[n 12 i J?ng DfCfT Jtu *ai '5ynh ng"i PiQt & J[ thK0 Hoqc c tho gi i f D l CnH2nR2 4 CmH2mR2 12 ;Hn R 2 R H.$;Hm R 2% 1 2M2 ;Hn R MHm 1 272 -i thQ nfm tc c)c J)p )n Cu 38: :hi tiQn hnh c-aWing 22fH l6t Wh6 C HH;= $JWtc% thu J.c h{n hp i gGm CH Hf C2HMf C2HHf C3HMf CHHaf H2 P CHH;= V.. (+t ch)y hon ton i thu J.c \ gam C]2 P y gam H2]. 9i) t-p c#a \ P y t.ng !ng l: A. ;`M P ;a=. B. HH P ;a. C. HH P `2. D. ;`M P >=. DS nguyn t+ c#a mZt cht t-./c P *au p! Wh ng uan t-ng t-ung gian . Dan J,u l CHH;= P cu+i cng l C]2 4 H2] . DS Fguyn t+ C : HnCHH;= 1 nC]2 nC]2 1 H mol 12 m 1 ;`M g 'ry CHH;= c HC 12 HnCHH;= 4 C]2 c ;C 12 nC]20 DS Fguyn t+ H : ;=nCHH;= 1 2nH2] nH2] 1 7 mol 12 m 1 >= g 12 T 'ry CHH;= c ;=H 12 ;=nCHH;= 4 H2] c 2H 12 2nH2]0 Cu 39: C-aWing n-Iutan thu J.c 37 mol h{n hp i gGm H 2f CHHf C2HHf C2HMf C3HMf CHHa P mZt ph,n Iutan ch.a Ip c-aWing. 9iC *K chv c c)c phCn !ng t"o -a c)c *Cn phwm t-n. Cho i ua Iynh n./c I-om V. thy cYn l"i 2= mol Wh6. FQu J+t ch)y hon ton i thy thu J.c \ mol C]2. -6-

a. Hinu *ut phCn !ng t"o h{n hp i l: A. 7`f;Hg. B. `7f==g. C. H2faMg. D. 27f==g. BB giCi mZt *+ Ii c-acWing : C tho tCi 3 J<y : http:XXUUU.meViaOi-e.comXL*gp3noo\h*`MyHy 'D"n nn VoUn Pt Jc Oile -t hay0 5ynh Wo tho ni hQt J.c t-ong Oile chuyn Jt ny J.c. T"ng no hay n<ng cao ch?t mynh * cho thm0 'S-ong Oile t-n c l}i giCi Ii ny Di H0 (t cho u) J@p t"o thnh M cht H2 f CHH f C2HHf C2HMfC3HMfCHHa BS c-acWing '89: ;; n<ng cao & ;H7 'BhCn !ng t)ch0 Sng u)t : inWan 12 inWan R inWen CnH2nR2 12 CmH2m R2 R Cn-mH2$n-m% $;% Hoqc CnH2nR212 CnH2n R H2 $2% S-.}ng hp Jqc Iint : 2CHH 12 C2H2 R 3H2 'B! Jitu chQ a\etilen0 C-acWing anWan lu n t"o -a anWen 'S-c CHH0 'CnH2n0 rT: rT: CHHa 12 C2HM R C2HH Hoqc CHHa 12 CHH R C3HM 4 CHHa 12 H2 R CHHa r ninWan c-acWing 1 ninWen t"o thnh. $c)i ny )p Vung% Fgoi -a cYn CS .

VX =
e

5 X ne = ry mX 1 me 'X l t-./c p! f e l *au p!0 'DCo ton Wh+i l.ng0 5 e nX

8+ mol Wh6 tdng *au p! ch6nh INng *+ mol anWan tham gia p!. 'ry Sheo BS : ; P 2 ' ky mol h{n hp *au p! - mol h{n hp t-./c p! 1 n h{n hp c-acWing rT : CHH;= 12 CHH R C3HM 9iC *K Ian J,u c ; mol CHHa Dan J,u: ;mol B! : \ mol 12 \mol \mol 8au p! : ; & \ 12 \ \ 12 n 8au p! 1 ;-\ R \ R \ 1 ; R\

n t-./c p! 1 ; mol 12 n8au p! - n S-./c p! 1 $;R\% & ; 1 \ 1 ninWan c-acWing


9iCi: :hi c-acWing thy *Cn phwm c#a c)c ph.ng t-ynh Jtu ch!a anWen. :hi cho h{n hp ua n./c D-2 12 Chv c anWen p! ninWen p! 1 nh{n hp & n cYn l"i 1 37 & 2= 1 ;7 mol 1 ninWan C-acWing 'C ng th!c0 Sc CS : n*au & n t-./c 1 n c-acWing 37 & n t-./c 1 ;7 n S-./c 1 2= Hg 1 n c-acWing.;==g X n Ian J,u 1 ;7.;==gX2= 1 `7g Bh,n ny c CS Jt giCi V"ng. n *au & n t-./c 1 n c-acWing 4

VX =
e

5 X ne = ry mX 1 me 4 n c-acWing 1 n anWen 5 e nX

Hg 1 nc-acWing .;==g X n Ian J,u 'Sv ln tho t6ch 1 tv ln *+ mol 12 C tho thay mol INng Sho t6ch ' I. 9i) t-p c#a \ l: A. ;H=. B. `=. C. a=. DCo ton nguyn t+t C : HnCHH;= 'Ian J,u0 1 nC]2 1 2=.H 1 a= mol 'ry nC $t-ong CHH;=% 1

D. H=.

'ry CHH;= c HC 12 HnCHH;= 4 C]2 c ;C 12 nC]20 Cu 40: :hi c-acWinh hon ton mZt tho t6ch anWan X thu J.c Ia tho t6ch h{n hp e $c)c tho t6ch Wh6 Jo 3 cng Jitu Winn nhint JZ P )p *ut%4 tv Wh+i c#a e *o P/i H2 INng ;2. C ng th!c ph<n tK c#a X l: A. CMH;H. B. C3Ha. C. CHH;=. D. C7H;2. Sa c mX 1 me 'DS Wh+i l.ng0 Sv ln tho t6ch INng tv ln *+ mol (t 12 3rX 1 re 3nX 1 ne

nC$t-ong h{n hp i% m

nC 1 nC]2 12 HnCHH;= 1 nC]2

3.

mX me = 5X 1 35e 'Py mX 1 me0 5X 5e

5 5e 1 ;2.2 1 2H 'Sv Wh+i P/i H2 1 ;20 12 5X 1 `2 1 ;HnR2 'inWan : CnH2nR20 n 1 7 12 T :C7H;2 Cu 41: :hi c-acWinh hon ton mZt anWan X thu J.c h{n hp e $c)c tho t6ch Wh6 Jo 3 cng Jitu Winn nhint JZ P )p *ut%4 tv Wh+i c#a e *o P/i H2 INng 2>. C ng th!c ph<n tK c#a X l: A. CMH;H. B. C3Ha. C. CHH;=. D. C7H;2 Di ny thiQu V Winn : C-acWing hon ton ; anWan X thu J.c h{n hp e 4 Sho t6ch X INng t6ch e. km nh. Ii H= 12 5X 1 5e 1 7a 1 ;HnR2 n 1 H 12 C : CHH;= -7-

Cu 42: C-aWing afa gam p-opan thu J.c h{n hp i gGm H 2f CHHf C2HHf C3HM P mZt ph,n p-opan ch.a Ip c-aWing. DiQt hinu *ut phCn !ng l >=g. :h+i l.ng ph<n tK t-ung Iynh c#a i l: A. 3>fM. B. 23f;M. C. 2f3;7. D. 3f>M. n p-opan 'C3Ha0 'Ian J,u0 1 =f2 mol 4 nB-opan c-acWing 1 =f2.>=gX;==g 1 =f;a mol 'ry Hg 1 >=g0 iT: n *au p! & n t-./c p! 1 n c-aWing n *au 1 n t-./c R nc-acWing 1 =f2 R =f;a 1 =f3a mol m *au 1 m t-./c 1 afag 12 5 *au 1 afaX=f3a 1 23f;M 12 D Cu 43: C-aWing H= li~t n-Iutan thu J.c 7M li~t h{n hp i gGm H2f CHHf C2HHf C2HMf C3HMf CHHa P mZt ph,n n-Iutan ch.a Ip c-aWing $c)c tho t6ch Wh6 Jo 3 cng Jitu Winn nhint JZ P )p *ut%. 9iC *K chv c c)c phCn !ng t"o -a c)c *Cn phwm t-n. Hinu *ut phCn !ng t"o h{n hp i l: A. H=g. B. 2=g. C. a=g. D. 2=g. iTCS : r*au p! - r t-./c p! 1 r c-acWing r c-acWing 1 7M & H= 1 ;M l6t 12 Hg 1 r c-acWing.;==g X r Ian J,u 'Hay r t-./c0 1 ;M.;==g X H= 1 H=g Cu 44: C-aWing m gam n-Iutan thu J.c hp i gGm H 2f CHHf C2HHf C2HMf C3HMf CHHa P mZt ph,n Iutan ch.a Ip c-aWing. (+t ch)y hon ton i thu J.c > gam H2] P ;`fM gam C]2. 9i) t-p c#a m l A. 7fa. B. ;;fM. C. 2fM. D. 23f2. Sa lu n c mhiV-ocaIon 1 ;2.nC]2 R 2. nH2] 'ry nC t-ong C\Hy 1 nC]2 4 nH t-ong C\Hy 1 2nH2] 'DCo ton nguyn t+ Cf H0 B Vung c ng th!c t-n 12 m 1 ;2.=fH R 2.=f7 1 7fa g 12 i 'C ng th!c \em thm t-ong Oile VoUn loaV mZt *+ pp giCi nhanh mynh *o"n R ti linu: http:XXUUU.meViaOi-e.comXLPeIo\pUIUatoaPy Cu 45: (+t ch)y hon ton mZt tho t6ch Wh6 thin nhin gGm metanf etanf p-opan INng o\i Wh ng Wh6 $t-ong Wh ng Wh6f o\i chiQm 2=g tho t6ch%f thu J.c `faH l6t Wh6 C]2 $3 JWtc% P >f> gam n./c. Sho t6ch Wh ng Wh6 $3 JWtc% nhh nht c,n Vng Jo J+t ch)y hon ton l.ng Wh6 thin nhin t-n l A. `=f= l6t. B. `afH l6t. C. aHf= l6t. D. 7Mf= l6t. DCo ton nguyn t+ ] t-./c P *au p! : 2n]2 1 2nC]2 R nH2] 't-ong ]2 c 2] 4 t-ong C]2 c 2] 4 t-ong H2] c ;]0 2n]2 1 2.=f37 R =f77 n]2 1 =fM27 mol 12 r]2 p! 1 ;H l6t 12 rWW 1 7r]2 1 `= l6t 'ry ]\i chiQm 2=g WW hay ;X7 Wh ng Wh60 Cu 46: (+t ch)y mZt h{n hp hiJ-ocacIon ta thu J.c 2f2H l6t C]2 $JWtc% P 2f` gam H2] thy tho t6ch ]2 J[ tham gia phCn !ng ch)y $JWtc% l: A. 7fM l6t. B. 2fa l6t. C. HfHa l6t. D. 3f>2 l6t. S.ng tb Ii H7 12 T Cu 47: H{n hp Wh6 i gGm etan P p-opan. (+t ch)y h{n hp i thu J.c Wh6 C]2 P hi H2] theo tv ln tho t6ch ;;:;7. Shnh ph,n g theo Wh+i l.ng c#a h{n hp l: A. ;af72g 4 a;fHag. B. H7g 4 77g. C. 2af;3g 4 `;fa`g. D. 27g 4 `7g. Xem l"i Ii 2` 12 inWan c W 1 = 12 nh{n hp anWan 1 nH2] & nC]2 CS anWan 1 CnH2nR2 12 n 1 nC]2XnanWan 1 nC]2X$nH2] & nC]2% :hi h{n hp anWan thy n 1 nC]2X$nH2] & nC]2% Sv ln nC]2 : nH2] 1 ;; : ;7 12 Chn nC]2 1;; mol 12 nH2] 1 ;7mol 12 n 1 ;;X$;7 & ;;% 1 2f`7 12 =f27n B-opan 1 =f`7n Atan hay nB-opan 1 3nAtan Chn netan 1 ; 12 nB-opan 1 3 12 g theo Wh+i l.ng B-opan 1 3.HH.;==gX $;.3= R 3.HH% 1a;fHag i 5i ng.}i nn \em ua ph,n ph.ng ph)p giCi nhanh Jt 12 Sv ln *+ mol hoqc gr nhanh tc n '(+i P/i 2 cht lin tiQp0 n 1 nf_ 12 8+ _ Jcng *au 12 ch6nh l gr Cht c C l/n P ; & =f_ . n D $C l/n% 1 _ . ni $C nhh% ry nQu n 1 3fH 12 n 1 3 P n 1 H 'ry lin tiQp0 & cu tho l anWan 12 gr CHH;= 1 H=g 12 gr C3Ha 1 M= g 4 $ ;- =fH%.nCHH;= 1 =fHnC3Ha =fM nCHH;= 1 =fH nC3Ha 3 nCHH;= 1 2nC3Ha 'Sv ln0 '5ynh hay Vng c)ch nCy0 - 'Chmng IiQt c hay P/i I"n Wo & tham WhCo thm nh0 Cu 48: (+t ch)y hon ton mZt hiJ-ocacIon X thu J.c =f;; mol C] 2 P =f;32 mol H2]. :hi X t)c Vung P/i Wh6 clo thu J.c H *Cn phwm monoclo. Sn gi c#a X l: A. 2-metylIutan. B. etan. C. 2f2-Jimetylp-opan. D. 2-metylp-opan. 9i CS : C\Hy 12 \ : y 1 nC : nH 1 nC]2 : 2nH2] 1 =f;; : =f2MH 1 7 : ;2 12 X l C7H;2 $J)p )n 7C % X t)c Vung t"o -a H *Cn phwm monoclo . Xt i. 2 & metyl Iutan : CH3 & CH & CH2 & CH3 12 S"o -a H *p 12 i J?ng CH3 D f C f T Jtu chv t"o -a ; . -8-

Cu 49: 5Zt h{n hp 2 anWan lin tiQp t-ong V[y JGng Jmng c tv Wh+i hi P/i H2 l 2Hfa. a. C ng th!c ph<n tK c#a 2 anWan l: A. C2HM P C3Ha. B. CHH;= P C7H;2. C. C3Ha P CHH;=. D. :Qt uC Wh)c inWan 12 CS t-ung Iynh : C n H 2n R2

12 5 1 ;Hn + 2 1 2Hfa.2 12 n = 3fH 12n 1 3 P n 1H


C. M=g P H=g. D. 7=g P 7=g

To lin tiQp 12 C3Ha P CHH;= I. Shnh ph,n ph,n t-dm Pt tho t6ch c#a 2 anWan l: A. 3=g P `=g. B. 37g P M7g. iT Ii H` 12

n = 3fH

12 gr CHH;= 'C l/n0 1 H=g 4 gr C3Ha 1 M=g

Cu 50: E Jitu Winn tiu chuwn c ; h{n hp Wh6 gGm 2 hiJ-ocacIon no i P Df tv Wh+i hi c#a h{n hp J+i P/i H 2 l ;2. a. :h+i l.ng C]2 P hi H2] *inh -a Whi J+t ch)y ;7fMa l6t h{n hp $3 JWtc%. A. 2Hf2 gam P ;Mf2 gam.B. HafH gam P 32fH gam.C. H= gam P 3= gam. D. :Qt uC Wh)c. H{n hp 2 hiV-ocacIon no 12 CS: C n H 2n R2 C H 3M 5 1 ;2.2 1 2H 'To tv Wh+i P/i H2 1 ;20 1 ;H n R 2 12 n 14 12 CS : ;; ` ` ;; ;a C]2 R H2] ` ` ` ` Sa c =f` mol 12 ;f;mol ;fa mol 12 mC]2 1 HafHg 4 mH2] 1 32fH g 12 D I. C ng th!c ph<n tK c#a i P D l: A. CHH P C2HM. B. CHH P C3Ha. C. CHH P CHH;=. D. CC if D P C. Sa c ; n 1 ;;X` 12 Chsc chsn h{n hp * c CHH 12 i f D f C thha m[n '(cng Ip lca & Wh ng WQ tiQp nha0 Cu 51: (+t ;= cm3 mZt hiJ-ocacIon INng a= cm3 o\i $ly V.%. 8Cn phwm thu J.c *au Whi cho hi n./c ng.ng tu cYn M7 cm3 t-ong J c 27 cm3 o\i V.. C)c tho t6ch J t-ong cng Jitu Winn. CSBS c#a hiJ-ocacIon l: A. CHH;=. B. CHHM. C. C7H;=. D. C3Ha 9i CS : C\Hy Fg.ng tu hi n./c 12 CYn M7cm3 m c 27cm3 o\i V. 12 M7 cm3 l c#a C]2 P ]2 V. rC]2 1 M7 & 27 1 H= cm3 12 \ 1 rC]2 X rhiV-ocacIon 1 H= X ;= 1 H r]2 p! 1 a= & 27 1 M7 cm3 12 \ R yXH 1 r]2 X rhiV-ocacIon 1 M7 X ;= H R yXH 1 Mf7 y 1 M 12 CHHM 12 D Cu 52: ( ~t cha~y hoan toan h n hp X g m hai anWan W~ ti~p t-ong Vay J ng Jdng J.c 2Hf2 gam C] 2 Pa ;2fM gam H2]. C ng th.~c ph<n t. 2 anWan la: A. CHH Pa C2HM. B. C2HM Pa C3Ha. C. C3Ha Pa CHH;=. D. CHH;= Pa C7H;2 nC]2 =f77 1 13fM`12 n 13 $C3Ha% P n 1H $CHH;=% 12C inWan 12 iTCS : n1 nH2] - nC]2 =f`-=f77 'Xem t} ph.ng ph)p giCi nhanh ha hu c. ToUn loaV 3 Oile t-n. Cu 53: X la h n hp 2 anWan. ( J ~t cha~y h~t ;=f2 gam X c<n 27f`M li~t ] 2 $JWtc%. H<~p thu toan I *an ph<m cha~y Pao n.~c P i t-ong V. J.c m gam W~t tua. a. 9i) t-i m l: A. 3=fa gam. B. `= gam. C. 77 gam. D. ;7 gam 5@o . 5ynh hay Vng c)ch ny chv Im m)y t6nh : 9i \ fy l *+ mol C]2 P H2] 12 m h{n hp X 1 ;2.nC]2 R 2.nH2] 1 ;2\ R 2y 1 ;=f2 'CS \em pp giCi nhanh hoqc 12 m h{n hp X 1 mC R mH '5 nC 1 nC]2 4 nH 1 2nH2]0 DS nguyn t+ ]\i t-./c P *au p! 12 2n]2 1 2nC]2 R nH2] 2\ R y 1 2f3 9iCi hn 12 \ 1 =f` 4 y 1 =f> 12 nC]2 1 nCaC]3 ':Qt t#a0 1 =f` 12 m WQt t#a 1 `=g 5@o: BS p! : C;; H 3M R ]2 12 I. C ng th!c ph<n tK c#a i P D l: A. CHH P CHH;=. B. C2HM P CHH;=. C. C3Ha P CHH;=. D. CC if D P C. nC]2 =f` 1 = 3f7 if D f C Jtu ph hp Py n nNm gia *+ C 2 cht . iTCS : n1 nH2] - nC]2 =f>-=f` T C)ch Wh)c PiQt BS : $3nR;% CnH2nR2 R ]2 12 n C]2 R $nR;%H2] 4 BS : 2 2f3 mol1;f;7 mol $3nR;%

-9-

;=f2 2f3.$;Hn R2% 1 ;=f2$3nR;% 12 n 1 3f7 2f3 3nR; ShQ Po BS : C3f7H> R 7f`7]2 12 3f7 C]2 R Hf7H2] ;f;7 12 =f` 12=f> 12 _. 'C)ch ny c tho tym Jc n lu n0 nh.ng mt nhitu c ng 12 5ynh ngh lm c)ch t-n Im m)y t6nh nhanh hn. Cu 54: HiJ-ocacIon X cha~y cho th ti~ch hi n.~c g<~p ;f2 l<n th ti~ch C] 2 $Jo cung JW%. :hi ta~c Vung P~i clo tao m t V<n \u<~t monoclo Vuy nh<~t. X co~ tn la: A. i*oIutan. B. p-opan. C. etan. D. 2f2- Jimetylp-opan. 9i CS : C\Hy 12 \ : y 1 nC : nH 1 nC]2 : 2nH2] 1 rC]2 : 2 rH2] 1 ; : 2fH 1 7 : ;2 12 C7H;2 12 ko"i D P C Chv t"o -a mZt Vn \ut monoclo Vuy nht 12 T '9qp nhitu -i0 i c tho t"o thnh H Vn \ut monoclo Vuy nht ' CS : i*o.. 1 *+ C & ; Cu 55: ( ~t cha~y hoan toan h n hp X g m 2 hiJ-ocacIon la J ng Jdng lin ti~pf *au phCn !ng thu J.c rC]2:rH2] 1;:;fM $Jo cung JW%. X g m : A. CHH Pa C2HM. B. C2HH Pa C3HM. C. C2H2 Pa C3HM. D. C3Ha Pa CHH;=. rC]2 : rH2] 1 ; : ;fM nC]2 : nH2] 1 ; : ;fM Chn nC]2 1 ; 12 nH2] 1 ;fM nC]2 ; 1 1;fM`12n1;P n 1 2 12 i 'Sv ln tho t6ch 1 tv ln *+ mol 12 Shay n 1 r0 iTCS : n1 nH2] - nC]2 ;fM- ; Cu 56: ( ~t cha~y hoan toan =f2 mol hiJ-ocacIon X. H<~p thu toan I *an ph<m cha~y Pao n.~c P i t-ong J.c 2= gam W~t tua. koc Io W~t tua - i Jun no~ng ph<n n.~c loc lai co~ ;= gam W~t tua n.a. r<y X khn th la: A. C2HM. B. C2HH. C. CHH. D. C2H2 Xem Ii >` chuyn Jt ; 12 nC]2 1 nCaC]3 R 2nCaC]3 'nung0 1 =f2 R 2.=f; 1 =fH 12 \ 1 nC]2 X nX 1 2 '8+ C t-ong X0 12 i f D f T Jtu thha m[n 12 C *ai ':h ng tho ;C0 Cu 57: ( Jn gian ta \em \dng la h n hp ca~c J ng ph<n cua he\an Pa Wh ng Whi~ g m a=g F 2 Pa 2=g ]2 $theo th ti~ch%. Si l th ti~ch \dng $hi% Pa Wh ng Whi~ c<n l<~y la Iao nhiu J \dng J.c cha~y hoan toan t-ong ca~c J ng c J t ~ t-ong L A. ;: >f7. B. ;: H`f7. C. ;:Ha. D. ;:7= (Gng ph<n he\an 12 Sng l he\an : c CS : CMH;H \ R yXH 1 n]2 X nCMH;H M R ;HXH 1 n]2 X nCMH;H 1 >f7 nWW X nCMH;H 1 7.>f7 1 H`f7 12 D 'ry rWW 1 7r]2 r]2 1 rWW X 7 hay n]2 1 nWW X71 nWW X 7.nCMH;H 1 >f7 12 nWW X nCMH;H 1 H`f70 12D 'Sv ln r 1 tv ln *+ mol0 Cu 58: (+t ch)y hon ton h{n hp hai hiJ-ocacIon JGng Jmng c Wh+i l.ng ph<n tK hn Wm nhau 2a JPCf ta thu J.c HfHa l C]2 $JWtc% P 7fH gam H2]. CSBS c#a 2 hiJ-ocacIon t-n l: A. C2HH P CHHa. B. C2H2 P CHHM. C. C3HH P C7Ha. D. CHH P C3Ha. 5@o : Sa c nH2] 2 nC]2 '=f3 2 =f20 12 W 1 = 12 ko"i i f D f C 'i c W 1; 4 D P C c W 1 20 12 T nC]2 =f2 1 12 12 Chsc chsn c n 1; ':h ng tho c n 12 Jc Py 2 cht hn Wm C)ch Wh)c: iTCS : n1 nH2] - nC]2 =f3- =f2 nhau 2aJPc 4 INng 2 Whi P chv Whi cC 2 cht l JGng ph<n0 r/i n 1 ; 12 CHH P C3Ha 'Py hn Wm nhau 2a0 12 T J?ng Cu 59: Cho 22Hf== l6t metan $JWtc% ua hG uang J.c r l6t h{n hp i $JWtc% ch!a ;2g C 2H2 4;=g CHH 4 `agH2 $Pt tho t6ch%. 9iC *K chv \Cy -a 2 phCn !ng: 2CHH C2H2 R 3H2 $;% CHH C R 2H2 $2% 9i) t-p c#a r l: A. H=`f2`. B. HHaf==. C. 72=f;a. D. H`2fMH. 12 5 CnH2nR2 1 ;Hn R2 1 Cu 60: (+t ch)y hon ton 2f2H l6t h{n hp i $JWtc% gGm CH Hf C2HM P C3Ha thu J.c r l6t Wh6 C]2 $JWtc% P `f2 gam H2]. 9i) t-p c#a r l: A. 7fM=. B. Mf`2. C. HfHa. D. 2f2H. H{n hp i Jtu l anWan hay c W 1 = nH2] & nC]2 1 nh{n hp =fH & nC]2 1 =f; nC]2 1 =f3 12 r 1 Mf`2 l6t 12 D 'Xem l"i CS Ii 2`0 Cu 61: (+t ch)y hon ton Mf`2 l6t h{n hp i $JWtc% gGm CH Hf C2HMf C3Haf C2HH P C3HMf thu J.c ;;f2 l6t Wh6 C]2 $JWtc% P ;2fM gam H2]. Sng tho t6ch c#a C2HH P C3HM $JWtc% t-ong h{n hp i l: A. 7fM=. B. 3f3M. C. HfHa. D. 2f2H. H{n hp i gGm anWan 'CHH4C2HM4C3Ha0 P anWen 'C2HH P C3HM0

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nH2] & nC]2 1 nh{n hp anWan 'ry nH2] 1 nC]2 t-.}ng hp anWen J+t ch)y 12 t-c cho nhau t-int tiu 12 cYn l"i nH2] & nC]2 1 n anWan0 12 nh{n hp anWan 1 =f` & =f7 1 =f2 mol n h{n hp anWen 1 nh{n hp i & nh{n hp inWan 1 =f3 & =f2 1 =f; mol 12 r 1 2f2H l6t 'Di tp t.ng tb t-ong t} ph.ng ph)p giCi nhanh ha hu c0 Cu 62: (+t ch)y hon ton h{n hp i gGm CH Hf C2H2f C3HHf CHHM thu J.c \ mol C]2 P ;a\ gam H2]. Bh,n t-dm tho t6ch c#a CHH t-ong i l: A. 3=g. B. H=g. C. 7=g. D. M=g. Shu J.c \ mol C]2 P ;a\ g H2] 12 nC]2 1 nH2] 1 \ mol 12 gi+ng t-.}ng hp W 1 ; H{n hp i ch!a anWan l CHH 'W1=0 P anWin :C2H2 4 C3HH 4 CHHM 'W120 (o thnh W 1; 12 nCHH 1 nC2H2 R nC3HH R nCHHM 12 gCHH 1 7=g '5Zt nKa0 C<u ny my Wh ng - c)ch giCi th6ch. Cu 63: (+t ch)y hon ton h{n hp Wh6 X gGm 2 hiJ-ocacIon i P D l JGng Jmng WQ tiQp thu J.c >Mfa gam C] 2 P 7`fM gam H2]. C ng th!c ph<n tK c#a i P D l: A. CHH P C2HM. B. C2HM P C3Ha. C. C3Ha P CHH;=. D. CHH;= P C7H;2 nH2] 2 nC]2 12 W 1 = 'anWan0 iTCS 12 n 12 D J?ng Cu 64: H{n hp Wh6 X gGm 2 hiJ-ocacIon i P D l JGng Jmng WQ tiQp. (+t ch)y X P/i MH gam ] 2 $V.% -Gi Vn *Cn phwm thu J.c ua Iynh Jbng Ca$]H%2 V. thu J.c ;== gam WQt t#a. :h6 -a Whhi Iynh c tho t6ch ;;f2 l6t 3 = oC P =fH atm. C ng th!c ph<n tK c#a i P D l: A. CHH P C2HM. B. C2HM P C3Ha. C. C3Ha P CHH;=. D. CHH;= P C7H;2 :h6 tho)t -a Whhi Iynh l ]2 V. 'ry *Cn phwm c C]2 P H2] Ip hp thu hQt Whi ua Ca$]H%2 cYn l"i ]20 n]2 V. 1 BrXS.=f=a2 1 =fH.;;f2 X 2`3.=f=a2 1 =f2 mol 12 n]2 p! 1 2 & =f2 1 ;fa mol ()p )n 12 if D Jtu l inWan 4 nC]2 1 nCaC]3 1 ; mol $3nR;% ]2 12 n C]2 R $nR;%H2] BS : CnH2nR2 R 2 Sa c: ;fa ; $3nR;% 12 ;. 1 ;fan 12 n1;fM`12n1;P n 12 12i 'Fh<n cho0 2 Cu 65: :hi J+t ch)y hon ton r l6t h{n hp Wh6 gGm CHHf C2HMf C3Ha $JWtc% thu J.c HH gam C]2 P 2afa gam H2]. 9i) tl: A. af>M. B. ;;f2=. C. ;3fHH. D. ;7fMa. H{n hp Wh6 Jtu l anWan 12 n h{n hp 1 nH2] & nC]2 1 ;fM & ; 1 =fM 12 r 1 ;3fHH l6t 1 2 C Cu 66: :hi J+t ch)y hon ton `faH l6t h{n hp Wh6 gGm CH Hf C2HMf C3Ha $JWtc% thu J.c ;Mfa l6t Wh6 C]2 $JWtc% P \ gam H2]. 9i) t-p c#a \ l: A. Mf3. B. ;3f7. C. ;af=. D. ;>fa. S.ng tu Ii M7 12 T 'nH2] 1 nh{n hp anWan R nC]20 Cu 67: :hi J+t ch)y hon ton h{n hp 2 anWan l JGng Jmng WQ tiQp thu J.c `faH l6t Wh6 C] 2 $JWtc% P >f= gam H2]. C ng th!c ph<n tK c#a 2 anWan l: A. CHH P C2HM. B. C2HM P C3Ha. C. C3Ha P CHH;=. D. CHH;= P C7H;2. nC]2 inWan 12 iTCS t6nh n1 12 D nH2] - nC]2 Cu 68: F"p mZt h{n hp Wh6 c 2=g tho t6ch anWan i P a=g tho t6ch ] 2 $V.% Po Wh6 nhin WQ. 8au Whi cho n -Gi cho hi n./c ng.ng tu 3 nhint JZ Ian J,u thy )p *ut t-ong Wh6 nhin WQ giCm Ji 2 l,n. ShiQt lp c ng th!c ph<n tK c#a anWan i. A. CHH. B. C2HM. C. C3Ha . D.CHH;=. H{n hp 2=g r anWan i P a=g r ]2 12 Sv ln tho t6ch 1 tv ln *+ mol 12 Hni 1 n]2 chn ni 1 ; mol 12 n]2 1 H mol $3nR;% BS : CnH2nR2 R ]2 12 n C]2 R $nR;%H2] 2 Dan J,u: ; mol Hmol $3nR;% B! ; mol 12 mol 12 n mol nR; mol 2 $3nR;% 8au p! H& n mol nR; mol 2 $3nR;% 8au Whi ng.ng tu hi n./c 12 n h{n hp *au 1 n]2 V. R nC]2 t"o thnh 1 H & R n 2 n t-./c p! 1 ninWan R n]2 1 ; R H 1 7 mol

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Sa c : n h{n hp Ian J<u X n h{n hp *au 1

B;.r n; S.=f=a2 B; B; 1 1 1 12 B2.r n2 B2 B; S.=f=a2 2

'ry tho t6ch Wh ng thay Ji R

Fhint JZ Wh ng thay Ji R p *ut giCm ; nKa0 7 ;= 1212 12 12 n1 2 12 12 C2HM 'Di ny tng u)t mynh un l ; cht 12 Wh ng phCi n m $3nR;% `-n HRn 2 l n nh0 Cu 69: (+t ch)y mZt *+ mol nh. nhau cua 3 hiJ-ocacIon :f kf 5 ta thu J.c l.ng C] 2 nh. nhau P tv ln *+ mol n./c P C]2 J+i P/i *+ mol c#a :f kf 5 t.ng !ng l =f7 : ; : ;f7. X)c Jpnh CS :f kf 5 $PiQt theo th! tb t.ng !ng%: A. C2HH f C2HM f C3HH. B. C3Ha f C3HH f C2HH. C. C3HH f C3HM f C3Ha.D. C2H2 f C2HH f C2HM Sa thy J+t cng ; *+ mol t"o -a cng ; l.ng C]2 12 :f k f 5 cng *+ C. : 12 nH2] X nC]2 1 ;X2 12 chn nH2] 1 ; 12 nC]2 1 2 'nC]2 2 nH2]0 'inWin0 CnH2n-2 iTCS : 12 n 1 nC]2 X $nC]2 & nH2]% 1 2 X $2 -;% 1 2 12 C2H2 SH2 : nH2] X nC]2 1 ; 12 nH2] 1 nC]2 12 anWen 12 C2HH 'Py :fkf5 cng *+ C0 SH3 : nH2] X nC]2 13X2 12 chn nH2] 1 3 12 nC]2 1 2 'nH2] 2 nC]20 inWan 'CnH2nR2 iTCS 12 n 1 nC]2 X $nH2] & nC]2% 1 2 X $3-2% 12 12 C2HM 'Hoqc thy cng *+ C 12 n120 12T Cu 70: Fung m gam h{n hp X gGm 3 mu+i nat-i c#a 3 a\it no Jn ch!c P/i Fa]H V. thu J.c cht -sn T P h{n hp e gGm 3 anWan. S Wh+i c#a e *o P/i H2 l ;;f7. Cho T t)c Vung P/i H28]H V. thu J.c ;`f>2 l6t C]2 $JWtc%. a. 9i) t-p c#a m l: A. H2f=. B. aHfa. C. H2fH. D. `;f2. i\it no Jn ch!c 12 W 1 = '9+c hiV-ocaIon0 4 m 1 ; '8+ ch!c0 12 CnH2n R2 - ; C]]H ' X)c Jpnh theo c)ch ;0 Hay CnH2n R; C]]H 12 5u+i : CnH2n R; C]]Fa '89: ;; nc & 2720 'S6nh cht ha hc nh. a\it0 BS : CnH2n R; C]]Fa RFa]H 12 CnH2n R2 $hhe% R Fa2C]3 $T% $;% 'B! Jitu chQ anWan &89: ;;nc & ;HM0 Sa c Fa2C]3 R H28]H 12 Fa28]H R C]2 R H2] nFa2C]3 1 nC]2 1 =fa mol ShQ Po BS ; 12 nFa2C]3 1 nhhe 1 nFa]H 1 =fa mol DS Wh+i l.ng 12 m R mFa]H 1 mhh e R mFa2C]3 m R =fa.H= 1 =fa.;;f7.2 R =fa.;=M 'ry tv ln Wh+i e *o P/i H2 1 ;;f70 12 m 1 `;f2 g 12 T I. Sn gi c#a ; t-ong 3 anWan thu J.c l: A. metan. B. etan. C. p-opan. D. Iutan. Sa c 5 hh e 1 ;;f7 . 2 1 23 1 ;Hn R2 12 n 1 ;f7 12 Chsc chsn phCi c n 1; 12 CHH 12 i

CHUYN 2 : ;D ;;C 2;i 3;T H;C 7;D M;T 2i ;2D 22D 32i H2D 72C M2C 3C ;3C 23T 33D H3i 73DT M3D HD ;HC 2HT 3HD HHi 7HT MHi 7T ;7D 27T 37C H7i 77i M7C

HIROCACBON NO MT ;MT 2MC 3Mi HMT 7MC MMT `i ;`i 2`D 3`i H`i 7`D M`D aTi ;aD 2ai 3aT Hai 7aT MaD >D ;>D 2>D 3>DC H>CC 7>i M>T ;=T 2=C 3=D H=T 7=DT M=D `=Ti

'()p )n Wh ng phCi J?ng ;==g J<u nh & c tho ; *+ J)p )n *ai0 D"n c! cho | WiQn Pt c<u J . 5ynh P mZt *+ ng.}i * \em l"i. CCm n I"n J[ gi?p J. Ch?c I"n thnh c ng. - 12 -

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