Manuel María Ponce Cuéllar (8 December 1882 – 24 April 1948) was a Mexican composer ac i!

e in "e 2# " cen ur$% &is wor' as a composer( music e)uca or an) sc"olar o* Mexican music connec e) "e concer scene wi " a usuall$ *or+o en ra)i ion o* popular son+ an) Mexican *ol'lore% Man$ o* "is composi ions are s ron+l$ in*luence) b$ "e "armonies an) *orm o* ra)i ional son+s% ,orn in -resnillo( .aca ecas( Manuel Maria Ponce mo!e) wi " "is *amil$ o "e ci $ o* A+uascalien es onl$ a *ew wee's a* er "is bir " an) li!e) "ere un il "e was 1/ $ears ol)% &e was *amous *or bein+ a 0musical pro)i+$01 accor)in+ o "is bio+rap"ers( "e was barel$ *our $ears o* a+e w"en( a* er "a!in+ lis ene) o "e piano classes recei!e) b$ "is sis er( 2ose*ina( "e sa in *ron o* "e ins rumen an) in erpre e) one o* "e pieces "a "e "a) "ear)% 3mme)ia el$( "is paren s "a) "im recei!e classes in piano an) musical no a ion% 4ra!elin+ $ears5e)i 6 3n 19#1 Ponce en ere) "e 7a ional Conser!a or$ o* Music( alrea)$ wi " a cer ain pres i+e as a pianis an) composer% 4"ere "e remaine) un il 19#8( "e $ear in w"ic" "e re urne) o "e ci $ o* A+uascalien es% 4"is was onl$ "e be+innin+ o* "is ra!els% 3n 19#4 "e ra!ele) o 3 al$ *or a)!ance) musical s u)ies a "e 9c"ool o* ,olo+na% &e s u)ie) in :erman$ as a pupil o* Mar in ;rause a "e 9 ern conser!a or$ in ,erlin be ween 19#< an) 19#8% =ears a "e 7a ional Conser!a or$5e)i 6 A* er "is $ears abroa)( Ponce re urne) o Mexico o eac" piano an) music "is or$ a "e 7a ional Conser!a or$ o* Music *rom 19#9 o 191/ an) *rom 191> o 1922% &e spen "e in er!enin+ $ears o* 191/ o 191> in &a!ana( Cuba% 3n 1912 "e compose) "is mos *amous wor' 0?s relli a0 (li le s ar)( w"ic" is no a normal lo!e son+( as is usuall$ "ou+" ( bu 07os al+ia @i!a0 (li!e nos al+ia)% 4"a same $ear( Ponce +a!e in "e 0Arbeau 4"ea er0 a memorable concer o* Mexican popular music w"ic"( "ou+" i scan)aliAe) ar)en )e*en)ers o* ?uropean classical music( became a lan)mar' in "e "is or$ o* "e na ional son+% &ei or @illaBCobos (188>B19/9)( w"o me Ponce in Paris in "e 192#s( wro e D 3 remember "a 3 as'e) "im a "a ime i* "e composers o* "is coun r$ were as $e a'in+ an in eres in na i!e music( as 3 "a) been )oin+ since 1912( an) "e answere) "a "e "imsel* "a) been wor'in+ in "a )irec ion% 3 +a!e me +rea Eo$ o learn "a in "a )is an par o* m$ con inen "ere was ano "er ar is w"o was armin+ "imsel* wi " "e resources o* "e *ol'lore o* "is people in "e s ru++le *or "e *u ure musical in)epen)ence o* "is coun r$% 516 F Gi " !aluable ac i!i $ promo in+ music o* "e coun r$ an) wri in+ melo)ías li'e 0?s relli a0( 0A la orilla )e un palmar0( 0Ale!Hn a e0( 0Ca PaEarera0( 0Marc"i a el Alma0 an) 0Ina Mul i u) MHs0( Ponce +aine) "e "onori*ic i le Crea or o* "e Mo)ern Mexican 9on+% &e was also "e *irs Mexican composer o proEec popular music on o "e worl) s a+eJ 0?s relli a0( *or example( "as been par o* "e reper oire o* "e main orc"es ras o* "e worl) an) coun less sin+ers( al "ou+" Kui e o* en "e in erpre er i+nores "e ori+in o* "e son+ as well as i s au "or% 3n 194> "e recei!e) "e 7a ional 9cience an) Ar s PriAe%

&e was marrie) o Clemen ina Maurel( nex o w"om "e )ie) in Mexico Ci $% &is bo)$ was burie) in "e Loun)"ouse o* "e 3llus rious Men in "e Pan "eon o* Dolores in Mexico Ci $% 3n "is "onor "ere is a boar) o* reco+ni ion b$ "e s a e o* A+uascalien es a "e base o* "e column o* 4"e ?xe)ra( nex o "e *oun ain *rom a sprin+ )e)ica e) o "is musical poe ( in "e ci $ o* A+uascalien es w"ere "e +rew up an) *irs s u)ie) music% .