Authority and Decision Making

Definition of authority According to Henri Fayol. "Authority is the right to give orders and the power to exact obedience." .

Types of authority Line Authority  Staff Authority  Functional Authority  .

.Responsibility McFarland defines responsibility as "the duties and activities assigned to a position or an executive".

Responsibility is in the form of a continuing obligation. It is hard to conceive responsibility without authority. . whereas authority flows downwards. It always originates from the superior-subordinate relationship. responsibility moves upwards.Characteristics of Responsibility        The essence of responsibility is the obligation of a subordinate to perform the duty assigned. Normally. Responsibility cannot be delegated. The person accepting responsibility is accountable for the performance of assigned duties.

Accountability According. to McFarland. "accountability is the obligation of an individual to report formally to his superior about the work he has done to discharge the responsibility." .

Difference between authority and power Nature  Flow  Level of Management  Legitimacy  Position and Person  .

DELEGATION What is Delegation? .

Purpose of Delegation    Fundamental of Organisation Decision taken at most appropriate level Distribution of Workload  Development of Ability .

The process of Delegation  Planning Terms of Delegation Monitoring and review   .

Benefits Of Delegation  Superior related advantage  Subordinate related advantage  Advantages of organization  Improves behavioral climate  Provides continuity  Provides motivation .

Barriers To Effective Communication Fear of failure  Co-ordination and span of control  Abilities of staff  I can do better myself  Staff not interested  Takes time  .

Presented By: Anishi Khetan Akshay Oraskar Azarhudin Balbale Luv Joukani Reethu Ramchandani Sagar Nathani .

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