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Peace Corps Madagascar Welcome Book | June 2013 'CCD' mgwb684

Peace Corps Madagascar Welcome Book | June 2013 'CCD' mgwb684

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Peace Corps Madagascar Welcome Book | June 2013 'CCD'

See 2006

mgwb684
Peace Corps Madagascar Welcome Book | June 2013 'CCD'

See 2006

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: Accessible Journal Media Peace Corps Docs on Nov 24, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial No-derivs

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01/29/2014

The nation’s Constitution, which was approved on August 19, 1992, in a national referendum, established separation
of powers among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches; a multiparty political system; and protection of
human rights and freedom of speech. The president is elected by universal suffrage for a five-year period with a two-
term limit. The prime minister is nominated by a bicameral Parliament composed of the Senate and the National
Assembly, which is approved by the president. The Supreme Court has 11 members.

Local government consists of 28 regions with decentralized powers. A traditional village council (fokonolona) system
supplements the modern political system.
A proportional representation system encourages multiple candidacies. During the legislative elections in 1993, for
example, more than 120 political parties entered 4,000 candidates for 138 seats. The last presidential elections, which
occurred in December 2001, resulted in tremendous controversy. People took to the streets in protest of what was
perceived as vote count fraud and, after months of sometimes violent conflict, overthrew the existing government and
installed a new president. The conflict had far-reaching economic effects, with the capital, Antananarivo, cut off from
the provinces and the fuel supply dwindling to nothing. In April 2002, as things reached a boiling point, the U.S.
Department of State required all Americans residing in the country in an official capacity, including Peace Corps
Volunteers, to leave Madagascar. The Department of State declared the country safe again in July 2002, allowing for
the arrival in February 2003 of the first group of Peace Corps trainees after the program was suspended.
In early 2009, anti-government demonstrations occurred in the capital of Antananarivo, leading to looting and
spreading to other regional cities. Following a military coup, Peace Corps evacuated and temporarily suspended its
program in Madagascar in March of 2009 due to security concerns. A transitional government is now in place and
planning elections in 2013. In November 2009, 11 volunteers and 5 Peace Corps Response volunteers were reinstated
to Madagascar. Peace Corps/Madagascar has been regularly welcoming Peace Corps volunteers since that time.

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