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# MECH 3800 Tutorial # 4

September 30th, 2011 1. Consider a two-stage cascade refrigeration system with R-134a operating between 0.1 MPa and 1.2 MPa. Heat rejection from the lower cycle to the upper cycle takes place in an adiabatic counter flow heat exchanger where the lower cycle stream pressure is 0.4 MPa and the upper cycle stream pressure is 0.28 MPa. If the mass flow rate in the lower cycle is 0.1 kg/s, determine the mass flow rate in the upper cycle, power requirement of the compressors and COP. Assume that both compressors are isentropic and there is no pressure loss in the system. 2. A two-stage vapor compression refrigeration system with a flash chamber and an intercooler operates between pressure limits of 0.14 MPa and 1 MPa using R-134a as the working fluid. The refrigerant leaves the condenser as saturated liquid. It then gets cooled to 36°C at the expansion valve inlet due to heat loss to the ambient. The flash chamber operates at 0.5 MPa. Both compressors have isentropic efficiency of 80%. The evaporator exit is saturated vapor. The refrigerant enters the compressor at 0.14 MPa and -10°C due to heat gain from the ambient. a) Determine COP. b) Determine the power requirement of each compressor for a refrigeration load of 100 kW. 3. A heat exchanger is incorporated into an air-standard refrigeration cycle, as shown on the figure. The isentropic efficiency of both the compressor and the expander is of 75%. Determine the COP for this cycle.