*C$-(' . HEAT FLOW IN BUILDING . in a gravitational field. When a mass of a fluid heats up by being upon a hot surface. $hrough this process. Forced convection is typically used to increase the rate of heat e/change.Convection ∗ Flow of heat through currents within a fluid (liquid or gas). F()C*+ C('. of the fluid. also called heat advection. its molecules are carried away and scattered causing that the mass of that fluid becomes less dense. therefore. 'atural convection can only occur. the molecules of the hot fluid continuously transfer heat to the volumes of colder fluid. fluid movement results from e/ternal surface forces such as a fan or pump. occurs due to temperature differences which affect the density. and thus relative buoyancy. in fluid mechanics. Causes of convection NATURAL CONVECTION ◘ or free convection. while the cold but denser volume of fluid sin"s (the low#"inetic#energy molecules displace to the molecules with high#"inetic#energy). it will be displaced vertically and or hori!ontally. leading to bul" fluid movement. where %convection% refers to the motion of fluid (regardless of cause). Convection is a movement of liquid or gaseous volumes. &eavier (more dense) components will fall while lighter (less dense) components rise. ∗ ∗ in thermodynamics %convection% often refers specifically to heat transfer by convection. Given that the volume of the hot fluid becomes less dense.