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Marco D. Meduranda EDL 205 Prof. Lorenzo Orilloz
Determine and discuss the roles of the two theories in second language acquisition Differentiate the tem nativization and denativization highlighting their advantages and disadvantages Differentiate accommodation theory from the acculturation model in terms of SLA Expound the role of motivation in SLA according to the accommodation theory Explain the implication of the two theories to language teaching and learning
NATIVIZATION MODEL (Roger Andersen, 1985)
characterized by assimilation learners make input conform to his own internalized view of what constitute the L2 system learner attends to an “internal norm” evident in pidginization, as well as early second and first language acquisition
involves accommodation the learner adjusts his internalized system to make it fit with the input learner uses inferencing strategies to reshape his interlanguage according to an “external norm” part of depidginization, also late second and first language acquisition
SLA is the gradual transition of attention from an internal and external norm…the switch that learners make from reliance on simplifying to reliance on inferencing strategies.
Howard Giles, 1973
How does inter-group language use reflects social and psychological aspect of interethnic communication?
- ACTUAL SOCIAL DISTANCE
- PERCEIVED SOCIAL DISTANCE
- For Schumann, social - Giles treat such and psychological variables as dynamic distance are static or and fluid in accordance they change very to the shifting views of slowly over the course identity of each group of time vis-à-vis the others.
L2 proficiency largely relies upon motivation, which is to great extent affected by how individual learners view themselves in terms of ethnic identity.
VARIABLES OF ETHNIC IDENTITY
1. Identification of the individual learner with his ethnic in-group. 2. Inter-ethnic comparison 3. Ethnolinguistic vitality 4. Perception of in-group boundaries 5. Identification with other in-group social categories
DETERMINANTS OF SUCCESSFUL LEARNING ACCORDING TO THE ACCOMODATION THEORY
KEY VARIABLES A. HIGH MOTIVATION, HIGH LEVEL OF PROFICIENCY
B. LOW MOTIVATION, LOW LEVEL OF PROFICIENCY
•Identification with in-group •Inter-ethnic comparison
•Ethno-linguistic vitality •Perception of ingroup boundaries
makes favorable or no makes unfavorable comparison, i.e. incomparison i.e. ingroup is not seen group is seen inferior inferior high perception low perception hard and closed soft and open weak identificationstrong identificationinadequate satisfactory in-group unsatisfactory instatus group status
In addition, the level of proficiency that a learner can achieve in second language acquisition is also dependent on the learner’s linguistic output.
people are continually modifying their speech with others so as to reduce or accentuate the linguistic (and hence) social differences between them depending on their perceptions of the interactive situation ….
TWO TYPES OF CHANGE WHICH OCCUR IN THE L2 SPEAKER’S USE OF ETHNIC SPEECH MARKERS
• UPWARD CONVERGENCE - appears when ingroup speech markers are not accentuated, therefore a learner’s motivation concerning outgroup community is favorable 2. DOWNWARD CONVERGENCE: occurs when ethnic speech markers are stressed, and learner’s motivation towards the out-group is unfavorable.