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k|fljlws lzIff tyf Jofj;flos tfnLd kl/ifb\

k/LIff ;ldlt, ;fgf]l7dL, eQmk'/sf]

l8Knf]df tyf k|df0fkq txdf

k"0f{ z"NsLo tyf 5fqj[lQsf] nflu gofF ljBfyL{ egf{sf]


k|j]z k/LIff @)&) sf] sfo{qmd ;DaGwL cToGt h?/L ;"rgf !
k|fljlws lzIff tyf Jofj;flos tfnLd kl/ifb\af6 ;+rfng ul/g] l8Knf]df txsf l;len, On]lS6sn, On]S6f]lgS;,
On]lS6sn P08 On]S6f]lgS;,c6f]df]jfOn, d]sflgsn, lhcf]d]l6S;, sDKo"6/ OlGhlgol/, cfsL{6]Sr/, ;"rgf k|ljlw
(IT), km'8 P08 8]/L, xf]6n Dofg]hd]06, s[lif tyf kz' lj1fg, jg, kmfd]{;L tyf k|df0fkq txsf gl;{, ;fdfGo
lrlsT;f, d]l8sn Nofj 6]Sgf]nf]hL, 8fOUgf]li6s /]l8of]u|fkmL, xf]ldof]KofyL, ;fdfGo cfo'j]{lbs lrlsT;f, 8]06n ;fOG;
-8]06n xfO{lhg_, cKylNds lj1fg sfo{qmdx?df z}lIfs zq @)&))&! sf] nflu kl/ifb\ cGtu{t / kl/ifb\af6
;DaGwg k|fKt lghL :t/df ;+rflnt lzIf0f ;+:yfx?df k"0f{ z"NsLo tyf 5fqj[lQsf nflu gof+ ljBfyL{ egf{sf] k|j]z
k/LIffsf] cfj]bg kmf/fd eg{ e/fpg' x'g ;DjlGwt ;j}sf] hfgsf/Lsf nflu of] ;"rgf k|sflzt ul/Psf] 5 .

cfjZos Go"gtd of]Uotf / cfj]bg ;fy k]z ug'{kg]{ sfuhftx?


s= P;=Pn=;L= sf] nAwfs+ kq tyf rfl/lqs k|df0fkqsf] k|ltlnlk .
v= P;=Pn=;L=df b'O{ ljifo;Dd cg'QL0f{ ljBfyL{x?n] cfj]bg lbg rfx]df cfkm' cg'QL0f{ ePsf] dfs{l;6 / k|j]z kqsf]
k|ltlnlk k]z u/L kmf/fd eg{ ;Sg]5g\ . kl5 k/LIffkmn k|sflzt ePkl5 P;=Pn=;L=df cg'QL0f{ / cfjZos
pQL0f{ k|ltzt gk'u ePdf lghsf] ;f] k|j]z k/LIff :jtM /2 x'g] sj'lnotgfdf ;lxt cfj]bg kmf/fd eg{ ;Sg]5g .
t/ zt{ ;lxtsf] lgj]bg :jLs[t x'g] 5}g .
u= l8Knf]df Og OlGhgLol/ tkm{ c+u|]hL, la1fg / clgjfo{ ul0ft laifo lnO{ P;=Pn=;L= jf ;f] ;/x plQ0f{ ePsf]
x'g' kg]{5 . t/ gl;{, s[lif / ag laifosf xsdf P;=Pn=;L= jf ;f] ;/x k/LIffdf Go"gQd $%% cs+ NofPsf] x'g'
kg]{5 . To:t} :jf:Yo sfo{qmdsf egf{sf nflu clgjfo{ ul0ft, c+u]|hL / la1fg laifo lnO{ P;=Pn=;L= jf ;f]
;/xsf] k/LIffdf pQL0f{ ePsf] x'g' kg]{5 .
3= O{lGhgLol/ cWoog ;+:yfg cGtu{t k"jf{~rn SofDk;af6 k|fljlws P;=Pn=;L pQL0f{ x'g]n] ;f] k/LIffsf] s'n
k"0ff{s+sf] ^^=^& k|ltzt c+s k|fKt u/]sf] x'g' kg]{5 .
= k|fljlws lzIff tyf Jofj;flos tfnLd kl/ifb (CTEVT) cGtu{tsf] k|fljlws P;=Pn=;L= pQL0f{ ug]{x?n] s'n
k"0ff{+s+sf] ^*=## k|ltzt c+s k|fKt u/]sf] x'g' kb{5 . -3_ / -_ sf] dfkb08 P;=Pn=;L= df k|yd >]0fL k|fKt ug]{
^) k|ltzt c+s Nofpg' kg]{ cg'kftdf /flvPsf] 5 . t/ d]l8sn Nofa 6]Sgf]nf]hL sfo{qmdsf] nflu ;DalGwt
ljifodf k|fljlws P;=Pn=;L= pQL0f{ u/]sf] x'g' kg]{ 5 .
r= k|fljlws P;=Pn=;L= pQL0f{ ljBfyL{x?n] cWoog u/]sf] k|fljlws ljifo;+u ;DjlGwt ljifodf dfq cfj]bg lbg
kfpg]5g\ .
5= g]kfn afx]s cGo d'n'saf6 P;=Pn=;L jf ;f] ;/xsf] k/LIff pQL0f{ u/]sfx?sf] xsdf lzIff dGqfno, kf7\os|d
ljsf; s]Gb|, ;fgf]l7dL, eQmk'/af6 :t/lgwf{/0f u/]sf] -;dsIftf_ k|df0fkq jf TU af6 ;dsIftf lgwf{/0f
u/]sf] k':tssf] k|ltlnlk k]z ug'{ kg]{5 .
h= :jf:Yo sfo{qmdx? gl;{df kmf/fd eg]{ ljBfyL{x?n] clgjfo{ ?kdf lg/f]lutfsf] k|df0fkq k]z ug'{kg]{5 .
em= k|j]z k/LIffsf] lsl;d c+u|]hL, ul0ft / la1fg ljifosf] qmdzM #), #%, #% j6f u/L hDdf !)) j6f k|Zg /x]sf]
j:t'ut k|0ffnLsf] lnlvt k/LIff x'g]5
`= k/LIff ;do hDdf @ 306f #) ldg]6sf] x'g]5 .
6= k"0f{ z"NsLo,5fqj[lQ / k|j]z k/LIff ;DaGwL cGo lj:t[t hfgsf/L l8Knf]df tyf k|df0f kq txsf] k|j]z k/LIff
lgb]{lzsf @)&) kmf/fd ;fy kfOg]5 . k|j]z k/LIff tyf 5fqj[lQ ;DaGwL lgb]{lzsf @)&), kl/ifb\sf] j]j ;fO6
www.ctevt.org.np jf6 klg Download ug{ ;lsg]5 .
7= cGo hfgsf/L cfjZos k/]df cfkm'n] cWoog ug{ rfx]sf] ;DalGwt ;+:yf jf kl/ifb\sf] k/LIff lgoGq0f sfof{no,
;fgf]l7dL, eQmk'/df ;Dks{ /fVg'x'g ;"lrt ul/G5 .
s_ auL{s[t 5fqj[lQM
kl/ifb\af6 ;DaGwg k|fKt u/L lghL If]qdf ;~rfng ePsf l8Knf]df tyf k|df0fkq txsf sfo{qmdx?df alu{s[t
5fqj[lQsf nflu k|j]z k/LIff tyf 5fqj[lQ ;DaGwL lgb]{lzsf @)&) sf] bkmf *=#=@ cg';f/ dlxnf, blnt/cflbjf;L
hghftL/dw];L/d';ndfg, lk5l8Psf] b'u{d If]qsf JolQm, j]kQf kfl/Psf JolQm tyf ;lxb kl/jf//ckf+u/hgcfGbf]ng
3fO{t] kl/jf//4Gb lkl8t/lj:yfkLt, k'j{ sd}ofxn}of/ljkGg ju{sf ljBfyL{x?n] ;fwf/0f/;fd'bflos ljBfnoaf6
cWoog u/L k|j]lzsf k/LIff pQL{0f ljBfyL{ dfq juL{s[t 5fqj[lQdf kmf/fd eg{ kfpg]5g\ . lgb]{lzsfsf] cfwf/df
a9L c k|fKt ljBfyL{x?sf] of]Uotfqmd cg';f/ 5fqj[lQsf] nflu 5gf}6 ul/g] 5 . t/ k|j]z k/LIffdf Go"gtd pQL0ff{s+
P;=Pn=;L=sf] k|fKtf @% k|ltzt / k|j]z k/LIffsf] k|fKtf &% k|ltzt u/L hDdf $) c k|fKt ug'{ kg]{5 . ;f] eGbf
sd k|fKtf Nofpg] ljBfyL{x?nfO{ 5fqj[lQdf ;dfj]z ul/g] 5}g .
v_ ljz]if 5fqj[lQM
k|fljlws lzIff tyf Jofj;flos tfnLd kl/ifb\ cGtu{t tyf kl/ifb\af6 ;DaGwg k|fKt u/L lghL If]qdf ;~rfng
ePsf l8Knf]df tyf k|df0fkq txsf sfo{qmdx?df egf{ x'g rfxg]n] k|j]z k/LIff tyf 5fqj[lQ ;DaGwL lgb]{lzsf @)&)
df pNn]lvt j]kQf kfl/Psf JolQm tyf ;lxb kl/jf/, hgcfGbf]ng 3fO{t] kl/jf//4Gb lk8Lt/lj:yfkLt, dlxnf,ckf,
blnt, cflbjf;L/hghftL, d3];L/d';ndfg, k'j{ sd}of/xn}of/ljkGg, lk5l8Psf] b'u{d If]qsf JolQmx?nfO{ k|fljlws
lzIffdf ;+nUg u/fpg lgjf{x 5fqj[lQ k|bfg ug{ o; cfly{s jif{sf] nflu kl/ifb\af6 ah]6 ;d]t Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 .
pQm laz]if 5fqj[lQdf k|ltikwf{ ug{ OR5's ljBfyL{x?n] cWoog kZrft g]kfn ;/sf/sf] cfjZostf cg';f/ tf]lsPsf]
b'u{d :yfgdf kf+r jif{ clgjfo{ ;]jf ug{ sj'lnot ;d]t ug'{ kg]{5 . pNn]lvt dfkb08 k'/f u/]sf ljBfyL{x?n] sj'lnot
kmf/fd ;lxt tf]lsPsf] kmf/fd e/L a'emfpg' x'g hfgsf/L u/fOG5 .
pNn]lvt laz]if 5fqj[lQsf nflu tkl;n jdf]lhd 5gf}6sf cfwf/x? lgwf{/0f ul/Psf] Joxf]/f ;d]t hfgsf/L
u/fOG5 . laz]if 5fqj[lQdf cfj]bg lbg rfxg] ljBfyL{x?n] ;fwf/0f;fd'bflos ljBfnoaf6 P;=Pn=;L= k/LIff pQL0f{
u/]sf] x'g' kg]{5 . t/ lghL ljBfnox?af6 cf/If0f sf]6fdf cWoog u/L P;=Pn=;L= k/LIff pQL0f{ x'g] ljBfyL{x?sf]
xsdf lgb]{lzsf @)&) sf] bkmf (=^ nfu' x'g] 5}g . ;f] k|of]hgsf] nflu ;DalGwt ljBfnosf] l;kmfl/z clgjf{o ?kdf
k]z ug'{ kg]{ 5 . laz]if 5fqj[lQsf] /sd @)&)&! sf] cfly{s jif{df sIff z'? ePsf] ldlt b]vL nfu' x'g] u/L
?=%))). k|lt dlxgfsf b/n] lgoldt z}lIfs cjlw e/ kl/ifb\ sfof{noaf6 pknAw u/fOg]5 . t/ lzIf0f ;+:yfdf
a'emfpg' kg]{ ;Dk"0f{ /sd ljBfyL{ :jo+dn] a'emfpg' kg]{5 . ;fy} 5fqj[lQ ;DaGwL cGo laj/0f o; kl/ifb\sf] @)&).&!

k|j]z k/LIff tyf 5fqj[lQ ;DaGwL lgb]{lzsf @)&) df pNn]v eP cg';f/ x'g]5 .
ljz]if 5fqj[lQ ;DaGwL sf]6f / 5gf}6 ug]{ dfkb08M

sf]6f
If]q

dfkb08

s[lif,jg
Ol~hlgol/+u :jf:Yo / km'8

j]kQf kfl/Psf JolQm


tyf zxLb kl/jf/

hgcfGbf]ng 3fOt]
kl/jf/4Gb lkl8t
lj:yflkt

dlxnf

ckf+u

bnLt

cflbjf;Lhghflt

dw]zL / d';ndfg

k"j{ sd}ofxn}of
ljkGg

lk5l8Psf] b"u{d If]q


hDdf

21

45

j]kQf kfl/Psf JolQm tyf zxLb kl/jf/sf Psf3/sf ;b:on]


;DjlGwt lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{nosf] l;kmfl/z kq k]z ug{' kg]{
5.
;DjlGwt ljifosf] cWoogsfnflu zfl//Ls ?kn] of]Uo tyf
;+jlGwt Jofj;flos kl/ifbsf] dfkb08 cg';f/ - ;DjlGwt
lgsfosf]] l;kmfl/z kq ;+nUg x'g'kg]{ _ hgcfGbf]ngsf 3fOt]n]
klxnf] k|fyldstf kfpg]5g\ .
dlxnfnfO{ dfq nlIft sfo{qmddf Psn dlxnfnfO{ klxnf]
k|fyldstf lbOg]5 Psn dlxnfsf] xsdf :yflgo
k+l~hsflwsf/Lsf] sfof{nosf] k|df0fkq .
;+jlGwt ljifosf] cWoogsfnflu zfl//Ls ?kn] of]Uo tyf
;+jlGwt Jofj;flos kl/ifbsf] dfkb08 cg';f/ ;DjlGwt
lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{no jf /fli6o ckf dxf;+3sf] l;kml/z
kq ;+nUg x'g'kg]{ .
/fli6o bnLt cfof]u jf ;DjlGwt lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{nosf]
l;kmfl/z kq .
lgb]{lzsfsf] cg';"lr ! jdf]lhd .
;+jlGwt lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{no sf] l;kmfl/z kq b/vf:t
;fy k]z ug'{ kg]{5 .
k"j{ sd}ofxn}ofn] ;DjlGwt e"ld ;'wf/ sfof{noaf6,
hghfltn] cflbjf;Lhghflt pTyfg /fli6o k|lti7fg jf
;DjlGwt lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{noaf6 . ljkGgn] ;DjlGwt ufpF
ljsf; ;ldlt jf gu/kflnsfsf] l;kmfl/z kq .
:yfoL a;f]jf; u/]sf] eGg] v'n]sf] ;DjlGwt lhNnf k|zf;g
sfof{nosf] l;kmfl/z kq .

z}lIfs zq @)&)&
&)&!
&! sf nflu gljs/0f eO{ gof+ egf{ u/L sfo{qmd ;+rfng ug{ cg'dlt lbOPsf
lzIf0f ;+:yfx?
yfx?sf]
x?sf] gfd / 7]ufgf tyf sfo{qmd / sf]6fsf] ljj/0f M
qm=;=

;+:yfsf] gfd, 7]ufgf


dbg e08f/L d]df]l/on
Ps]8]dL, lj/f6gu/, df]/

qm=;=

nfOkm nfOg c:ktfn


k|f=ln=, bds, emfkf

sf]zL x]Ny OlGi6Ro"6


lj/f6gu/, df]/

sfo{qmd / sf]6f
;fdfGo lrlsT;f
$), gl;{ $),
s[lif $)
gl;{ $),Nofj #),
;fdfGo lrlsT;f
$), /]l8of]nf]hL #)
;fdfGo lrlsT;f
$), kmfd]{;L $)

lj/f6 c:ktfn k|f=ln=,


lj/f6gu/, df]/

;fdfGo lrlsT;f
$)

uf]N8]g kfs{ Ps]8]dL,


lj/f6gu/, df]/

10

11

Gff]a]n d]l8sn sn]h,


la/f6gu/, df]/

13

g];gn Ps]8dL ckm PKnfO{8


;fOG; P08 6]Sgf]nf]hL,
w/fg, ;'g;/L

l;len $*,
sDKo'6/ $*,
On]S6f]lgS; $*
gl;{ $), 8]06n
$), Nofa
#),/]l8of]u|fkmL #),
kmfd]{;L $)
km'8 P08 8]/L $*

15

;'ifdf sf]O/fnf d]df]l/on


OlGhlgol/ sn]h, O6x/L,
;'g;/L
wgs'6f OlGi6Ro"6 ckm x]Ny
;fOG;, wgs'6f

19

;+:yfsf] gfd, 7]ufgf


s+rgh+3f OlGi6Ro"6
ckmx]Ny ;fOG;, eb|k'/,
emfkf
dfg;/f]j/ OlGi6Ro'6 ckm
x]Ny ;fOG; P08 6]Sgf]nf]hL,
bds, emfkf
lj/f6 x]Ny sn]h,
lj/f6gu/$, df]/ .
z}nhf cfrfo{ :d[lt
kf]ln6]lSgs, l;;jgL, hxbf,
df]/ .
Go"/f] xl:k6n k|f=ln=,
lj/f6gu/, df]/

12

dgdf]xg :d[lt kf]ln6]lSgs


OlGi6Ro"6, xftLd'8f, df]/

14

;'g;/L 6]lSgsn sn]h


k|f=ln= nIdL ;8s$,
w/fg, ;'g;/L

l;len $*,
sDKo"6/ $*

16

a+unfd'vL dlN6kn 6]lSgsn


OlGi6Ro'6, Og/mjf, ;'g;/L

;fdfGo lrlsT;f
$)

18

o"lgs Ph's]zgn Ps]8dL,


/fhlj/fh, ;Kt/L

g]kfn ;km\6]s sn]h ckm


sDKo"6/ OlGhlgol/,
/fhlj/fh, ;Kt/L

sDKo"6/ $*

20

l5Ggd:tf Ph's]zgn
Ps]8dL, /fhlj/fh, ;Kt/L

21

nfxfg 6]lSgsn :s"n nxfg,


l;/xf

l;len $*

22

23

hgsk'/ gl;{ SofDk;,

gl;{ $)

24

nxfg ;u/dfyf Ph's]zgn


Ps]8]dL k|f=ln=, nxfg,
l;/xf
/fd hfgsL x]Ny kmfp08]zg

17

sfo{qmd / sf]6f
gl;{ $), Nofj
#), /]l8of]nf]hL
#)
;fdfGo lrlsT;
$), kmfd]{;L $)
gl;{ $), Nofj
#), /]l8of]nf]hL
#), kmfd]{;L $)
gl;{ $)
;fdfGo lrlsT;f
$), gl;{ $)
On]S6Lsn $*,
d]sflgsn $*,
On]S6f]lgS; $*,
l;len $*
l;len $*, Nofj
6]lSgl;og #),
sDKo"6/ $*,
kmfd]{;L $)
gl;{ $)
gl;{ $), kmfd]{;L
$),
;fdfGo lrlsT;f
$), Nofj #)
kmfd]{;L $),
;fdfGo lrlsT;f
$), Nofj #),
gl;{ $)
gl;{ $)
gl;{ $)

wg'iff, hgsk'/, wg'iff


25

hgsk'/ OlGhlgol/ sn]h,


hgsk'/, wg'iff

sDKo"6/ $*

26

27

g]kfn 6]lSgsn OlGi6Ro"6,


hgsk'/, wg'iff

28

29

dWodf~rn l/hgn
OlGhlgol/ sn]h, hgsk'/,
wg'iff
g]zgn x\o'dg l/;f];{
8]enkd]06 Ps]8]dL,
hgsk'/, wg'iff
OlGi6Ro'6 ckm sDo'lg6L
6]lSgsn, uf}/
b lxdfn Oli6Ro"6 ckm x]Ny
;fOG;, lj/u+h, k;f{

gl;{ $), Nofj


#), l;len $*,
On]lS6sn $*
On]S6f]lgS; $*,
sDKo"6/ $*,
On]lS6sn $*
;fdfGo lrlsT;f
$)

31

33
35

37

39

Pe/u|Lg 6]lSgsn OlGi6Ro"6


ckm x]Ny ;fOG;, lj/u+h,
k;f{
sn]h ckm d]l8sn ;fOG;,
e/tk'/, lrtjg

41

lrtjg :s"n ckm d]l8sn


;fO{G;, e/tk'/, lrtjg

43

g]kfn kf]ln6]lSgs Oli6Ro"6,


e/tk'/, lrtjg

45

>L d]l8sn P08 6]lSgsn


sn]h, e/tk'/, lrtjg
cfzf c:ktfn k|f=ln=,
e/tk'/, lrtjg

47

k|f=ln=, hfgsL d]l8sn


sn]h, hgsk'/, wg'iff
lj/]Gb| OlGi6Ro"6 ckm
d]l8sn P08 8]06n
6]Sgf]nf]hL, hgsk'/, wg'iff
df]8]n d]l8sn OlGi6Ro"6,
hgsk'/%, wg'iff

;fdfGo lrlsT;f
$)
Nofj #), ;fdfGo
lrlsT;f $)

30

s]o/ d]l8sn ;]06/


k|f=ln,hgsk'/, wg'iff

gl;{ $), ;fdfGo


lrlsT;f $)

32

ldlynf 6]lSgsn Ps]8]dL,


hgsk'/, wg'iff

gl;{ $), ;fdfGo


lrlsT;f $)

;fdfGo lrlsT;f
$)
gl;{ $), Nofj
#), ;fdfGo
lrlsT;f $),
/]l8of]nf]hL #)

34

hgHof]lt pRr df= lj=,


nfnaGbL, ;nf{xL
lj/u+h OlGi6Ro"6 ckm
6]Sgf]nf]hL, lj/u+h, k;f{

sDKo"6/ $*

gl;{ $)

38

gl;{ $), kmfd]{;L


$), ;fdfGo
lrlsT;f $), Nofa
#), 8]06n $),
/]l8of]nf]hL #)
/]l8of]nf]hL #),
Nofa #)

40

42

:s"n ckm x]Ny ;fOG;,


e/tk'/, lrtjg

s[lif $), l;len


$*, Nofj #),
;fdfGo lrlsT;f
$), sDKo"6/ $*,
On]S6f]lgS; $*,
On]lS6sn $*
Nofj #), gl;{
$)
gl;{ $)

44

Pg=lk= cfO{=gf/fo0fL
;fd'bflos c:ktfn tyf
l/;r{ ;]06/ e/tk'/,
lrtjg

46

af]i6g Ps]8]dL km/ d]l8sn


;fOG;];, e/tk'/, lrtjg
Df}fnf sflnsf x]Ny ;fOG;
sn]h, e/tk'/ !! afO{kf;
/f]8, lrtjg .
dfofb]jL 6]lSgsn sn]h
k|f=ln= a'6jn!$, ?kGb]xL

36

48

gf/fo0fL d]l8sn P08


6]Sgf]nf]hL, x]6f}+8f,
dsjfgk'/
Oli6Ro"6 ckm d]l8sn
6]Sgf]nf]hL, e/tk'/, lrtjg

l;len $*,
On]S6f]lgS; $*,
sDKo"6/ $*,
d]sflgsn $*,
On]lS6sn $*
gl;{ $)
gl;{ $)

;fdfGo lrlsT;f
^@, Nofj #)
kmfd]{;L $)
gl;{ $), ;fdfGo
lrlsT;f $), Nofj
#)

gl;{ $)
gl;{ $)

49

sflnsf d]l8sn P08


6]lSgsn OlGi6Ro"6, u}8fsf]6,
gjnk/f;L

;fdfGo lrlsT;f
$), Nofj #),
gl;{ $)

50

51

/Defb]jL sn]h ckm d]l8sn


;fOG; k|f=ln=, z+s/gu/
(, a'6jn, ?kGb]xL
sn]h ckm sDKo"6/
6]Sgf]nf]hL, a'6jn, ?kGb]xL

;fdfGo lrlsT;f
$), Nofj #)

52

/Defb]la 6]lSgsn sn]h


a'6an

On]S6f]lgS; $*,
sDKo"6/ $*,
l;len $*
gl;{ $)

54

k|ltdfg lgdf d]df]l/on


k|lti7fg, e}/xjf, ?kGb]xL

Nofj #)

56

;fd'bflos :jf:Yo k|lti7fgd]l86]s gl;{ sn]h,


dl0fu|fd, ?kGb]xL
n'lDagL gl;{ xf]d a'6jn,
?kGb]xL
;lGhjgL gl;{ sn]h,
a'6jn, ?kGb]xL

gl;{ $)

On]lS6sn P08
On]S6f]lgS; #),
c6f]df]afOn #),
d]sflgsn #)
gl;{ $)

53

55

P8efG; :6l8h ckm x]Ny


;fO{G;, a'6jn, ?kGb]xL

57

cS;a[h 6]lSgsn sn]h,


dl0fu|fd, ?kGb]xL
b]p/fnL hgtf k|fljlws
lzIffno k|f=ln= a'6jn,
?kGb]xL
g]kfn g]q Hof]lt ;+3,
n'lDagL g]q la1fg cWoog
;+:yfg,e}/xjf, ?kGb]xL

gl;{ $)

58

gl;{ $)

60

cKyflNds $)

62

sf]l/of g]kfn OlGi6Ro"6 ckm


6]Sgf]nf]hL, a'6jn, ?kGb]xL

63

wjnflu/L k|fljlws lzIff


k|lti7fg, jfUn'

64

tfg;]g gl;{ :s"n,


tfg;]g, kfNkf

65

kfNkf OlGhlgol/ sn]h,


tfg;]g, kfNkf
dl0fkfn sn]h ckm d]l8sn
;fOG;, kf]v/f, sf:sL

;fdfGo lrlsT;f
$), Nofj #),
gl;{ $)
l;len $*

66

gl;{ $)

68

sDKo"6/ $*,
On]S6f]lgS; $*,
l;len $*
gl;{ $)

70

n'lDagL d]l8sn sn]h P08


l/;r{ ;]06/, kfNkf, tfg;]g
kf]v/f 6]lSgsn x]Ny
dlN6k|kf]h Oli6Ro"6, kf]v/f,
sf:sL
l/hgn sn]h ckm x]Ny
;fOG; P08 6]Sgf]nf]hL,
kf]v/f, sf:sL
km]jfl;6L OlGi6Ro'6 ckm

59

61

67

69

kf]v/f OlGhlgol/ sn]h,


kf]v/f, sf:sL

71

kb\d gl;{ xf]d, :s"n ckm

72

gl;{ $) ,
kmfd]{;L $),
;fdfGo lrlsT;f
$)
l;len $*

gl;{ $)
gl;{ $)

gl;{ $)
gl;{ $), ;fdfGo
lrlsT;f $)
Nofj #),
/]l8of]nf]hL #)
gl;{ $)

gl;{, kf]v/f
73
75
77
79
81
83

85

87
89
91
93

95
97

99
101

lkm:6]n gl;{ SofDk;,


kf]v/f, sf:sL
/fKtL OlGhlgol/ sn]h,
3f]/fxL, bf
lbkHof]tL gl;{ SofDk;,
3f]/fxL, bf
;'v]{t Ph's]zgn 8]enkd]G6
Ps]8]dL, ha'{6f, ;'v]{t
g]kfnu+h gl;{ SofDk;,
sf]xnk'/, af+s]
sn]h ckm cnfO8 x]Ny
;fOG;, (g]kfnu+h d]l8sn
sn]h) g]kfnu+h, af+s]
dWo klZrd k|fljlws
lzIffno, g]kfnu+h, af+s]
j]i6g{ x:kL6n P08 l/;r{
;]G6/, g]kfnu+h, af+s]
g]kfnuGh x]Ny SofDk;,
g]kfnu+h, af+s]
n8{ a'4 sn]h, g]kfnu+h,
af+s]
efu]Zj/L Ps]8dL ckm x]Ny
;fOG;, wgu9L, s}nfnL
kmf/j]i6 6]lSgsn sn]h,
wgu9L, s}nfnL
kmf/j]i6 :s"n ckm d]l8l;g,
dx]Gb|gu/, s+rgk'/
;]tL k|fljlws lzIffno, ,
lbkfon, 8f]6L
lqz'nL d]l8sn OlGi6Ro'6,
lqz'nL, g'jfsf]6

gl;{ $)

74

sDKo"6/ $*

76

gl;{ $)

78

gl;{ $), ;fdfGo


lrlsT;f $)
gl;{ $)

80
82

d]l8sn ;fO{G;, kf]v/f,


sf:sL
kf]v/f ko{6g tflnd s]Gb|,
km'njf/L, kf]v/f
/fKtL k|fljlws lzIffno,
nfndl6of, bf
/fKtL nfOkm s]o/ xl:k6n gl;{ sn]h_, bf
e]/L k|fljlws lzIffno,
g]kfnu+h, af+s]
s}nkfn xl:k6n P08 sn]h
k|f=nL= g]kfnu+h, af+s]
g]kfnu+h 6]lSgsn sn]h,
g]kfnu+h, af+s]

;fdfGo lrlsT;f
$), Nofj #)

84

Nofj #),
/]l8of]nf]hL #),
gl;{ $), kmfd]{;L
$)
gl;{ $)

86

e]/L gl;{ sn]h, g]kfnu+h,


af+s]

88

Nofj #)

90

gl;{ $)

92

;fdfGo lrlsT;f
$), kmfd]{;L $)

94

gl;{ $), l;len


$*
;fdfGo lrlsT;f
$), kmfd]{;L $),
Nofj #)
l;len $*, s[lif
$)
gl;{ $)

96

g]zgn OlGhlgo/L sn]h,


g]kfnu+h, af+s]
sn]h ckm cnfO8 ;fOG;,
g]kfnu+h, af+s]
s0ff{nL k|flalws lzIffno,
h'Dnf
z}n]Zj/L kmf/j]i6 :s"n ckm
x]Ny ;fOG; P08 6]Sgf]nf]hL
k|f=ln=, wgu9L%, x+;k'/,
s}nfnL
;]tL dxfsfnL gl;{
SofDk;, dx]Gb|gu/, s+rgk'/
j}hgfy OlGhlgol/ sn]h,
dx]Gb|gu/, s+rgk'/

98

100
100
102

km'Nrf]sL gl;{ SofDk;,


ag]kf, sfe|]
g]kfn ag]kf kf]ln6]lSgs
OlGi6Ro"6, jg]kf, sfe|]

103

>4f OlGi6Ro"6 ckm x]Ny


;fOG; k|f=ln=, l7dL, eQmk'/

gl;{ $), kmfd]{;L


$)

104

Vjk jx'k|fljlws cWoog


;+:yfg, lnjfnL, eQmk'/

105

rqmjtL{ xlj Ph's]zgn


Ps]8]dL, l7dL, eQmk'/

gl;{ $)

106

107

lkgfsn 6]lSgsn sn]h,


nugv]n, nlntk'/
on OlGi6Ro"6 ckm x]Ny
;fOG; k|f=ln=, nlntk'/

kmfd]{;L $)

108

Nofj #)

110

cNsf c:ktfn k|f=ln=,


hfjnfv]n, nlntk'/ .
gfOl6]n gl;{ sn]h,
s'k08f]n, nlntk'/

gl;{ $)

112

gl;{ $)

114

dgdf]xg d]df]l/on OlGi6Ro"6


ckm x]Ny ;fOG;, gVv',
nlntk'/
;'ifdf sf]O/fnf d]df]l/on
gl;{ SofDk;, ;fFv',
sf7df08f}
cf]d x]Ny SofDk;, rfjlxn,
sf7df08f}

Nofj #)

116

Ojfd'/f sn]h ckm x]Ny


;fO{G; k|f=ln= (8f= Ojfd'/f
d]df]l/on c:ktfn)
;Nnf3f/L, eQmk'/
g]zgn dlN6kn sn]h,
;ftbf]af6f],nlntk'/
Plzog kmfp08]zg km/
Ph's]zg P08 l/;r{ k|f=ln=,
nlntk'/
lj=P08 lj= d]l8sn
OlGi6Ro'6 Ujfsf]{, nlntk'/
lu|gtf/f sn]h ckm x]Ny
;fO{G; P08 l6lr xl:k6n
k|f=ln=, ;}+a', e};]kf6L,
nlntk'/
:6f/ xl:k6n, ;fg]kf,
nlntk'/ .

gl;{ $)

118

gl;{ $)

120

sf7df08f} df]8]n xl:k6n,


:s"n ckm gl;{,
;fgf]eof, sf7df08f}
g]kfn OlGi6Ro"6 ckm
d]l8sn ;fOG; P08
6]Sgf]nf]hL, lk+unf:yfg
uf}zfnf, sf7df08f}

gl;{ $)

122

gl;{ $), kmfd]{;L


$), ;fdfGo
lrlsT;f $), Nofa
#), /]l8of]nf]hL
#)
gl;{ $), Nofj
#), ;fdfGo

124

109

111
113

115

117

119

121

123

125

ljgfos sn]h ckm x]Ny


;fOG;, uf}zfnf, sf7df08f}

126

xf]6n Dofg]hd]G6
$)
s[lif #)
gl;{ $)
On]lS6sn @$
;fdfGo lrlsT;f $),
/]l8of]nf]hL #)

;fdfGo lrlsT;f
$), l;len $*,
sDKo'6/ $*
gl;{ $)

l;len $*
l;len $*
l;len $*, s[lif
#@
;fdfGo lrlsT;f
$), gl;{ $),
Nofj #)
gl;{ $)
l;len $*
gl;{ $)
;"rgf k|ljlw $*,
xf]6n Dofg]hd]G6
$), On]lS6sn $*
gl;{ $), l;len
$*, On]S6f]lgS;
$*
Nofj #), ;fdfGo
lrlsT;f $),
/]l8of]nf]hL #),
gl;{ $)
Nofj #),
/]l8of]nf]hL #)
Nofj #)
gl;{ $)
gl;{ $), Nofj
#), ;fdfGo
lrlsT;f $),
/]l8of]nf]hL #)
gl;{ $)

:s"n ckm d]l8sn ;fOG;,


k|f=ln= v'l;j' 6fpg Knflg
sf7df08f}
sflGtk'/ sn]h ckm d]l8sn
;fOG;, l;tfkfO{nf,
sf7df08f}
sflGtk'/ sn]h ckm
6]lSgsn ;fOG;, u+ua" *,
sf7df08f}
cn g]kfn sn]h ckm
6]lSgsn Ph's]zg k|f=ln=
;/:jtL gu/, rfjlxn,
sf7df08f}+

kmfd]{;L $), Nofj


#)

gf]j]n sn]h ckm d]l8sn


;fOG;, l;gfd+un,

kmfd]{;L $)

kmfd]{;L $), Nofj


#)
l;len $*
kmfd]{;L $),
;fdfGo lrlsT;f
$)

127

129

131

sflGtk'/ sn]h l6lr


xl:k6n P08 l/;r{ ;]06/,
a;'Gw/f, sf7df8f}+
u'0f/fh kf7s d]df]l/on
gl;{ SofDk;, afn'jf6f/,
sf7df08f}
g]kfn Oli6Ro"6 ckm x]Ny
;fOG;, af}4, sf7df08f}

lrlsT;f $)
kmfd]{;L $), 8]06n
$)

128

sf7df08f}
sf7df08f} df]8]n c:ktfn,
:s'n ckm cf]/n x]Ny,
afuahf/, sf7df08f}
;dfh :s"n ckm 8]lG6i6L,
gof+ afg]Zj/, sf7df08f}

gl;{ $)

130

gl;{ $), ;fdfGo


lrlsT;f $),
kmfd]{;L $)
;fdfGo lrlsT;f
$), kmfd]{;L $),
gl;{ $)

132

sflGtk'/ :s"n ckm 8]lG6]i6L,


dxf/fhu+h, sf7df08f}

8]06n $)

134

g]kfn :jf:Yo ;]jf ;xsf/L


;+:yf ln=, dgdf]xg
d]df]l/on c:ktfn, n}grf}/,
sf7df08f}
sf7df08f} OlGi6Ro"6 ckm
6]Sgf]nf]hL, wfkf;L,
sf7df08f}

gl;{ $), ;fdfGo


lrlsT;f $)

8]06n $)
8]06n $)

133

xf]lnlehg 6]lSgsn SofDk;,


k|f=ln= jfg]Zj/, sf7df08f}

135

olt x]Ny ;fOG; Ps]8]dL,


nflhDkf6, sf7df08f}

Nofj #),
/]l8of]nf]hL #)

136

137

Plzog OlGhlgol/ sn]h,


afg]Zj/, sf7df08f}

l;len $*,
cfls{6]Sr/ $*

138

139

z+s/fk'/ Ps]8]dL, hf]/kf6L,


sf7df08f}

gl;{ $), Nofj


#), ;fdfGo
lrlsT;f $)

140

141

lxdfn 8]06n xl:k6n P08


OlGi6Ro"6 ckm 8]06n
;fOG;, hf]/kf6L, sf7df08f}
sflGtk'/ Ps]8]dL ckm x]Ny
;fO{G;
;'ljwfgu/, ltgs'g], sf7df08f}
sflGtk'/ c:ktfn k|f=ln)_
lzug x]Ny kmfp08]zg,
dxf/fhu+h, sf7df08f}

8]06n $)

142

s'df/L OlGhlgo/L sn]h,


rfalxn, sf7df08f}+ .

Nofj #),
/]l8of]nf]hL #)

144

n8{a'4 sn]h uf]ua',


sf7df08f}+

;fdfGo lrlsT;f
$)

Nofj #)

146

EofnL sn]h ckm


O{lGhlgo/L, gof+ afg]Zj/,
sf7df08f}
;]G6n O{lGhlgo/L SofDk;,
afns'df/L, nlntk'/

l;len $*

143

145

147

lnl6n a'4 sn]h ckm x]Ny


;fO{G;, ldq kfs{, sf7df08f}+

kmfd]{;L $)

148

149

cf]hZjL Ps]8]dL k|f=ln=,


sf7df08f}+
sf7df08f}+ :jf:Yo k|f=lz=
afuahf/, sf7df08f}+

Nofj #)

150

Nofj #),
/]l8of]nf]hL #)

152

153

sf7df08f}+ km/]li6 sn]h,


sf]6]Zj/, sf7df08f}+

km/]li6 $)

154

155

sn]h ckm cKnfO8 km'8


P08 8]/L 6]Sgf]nf]hL,
sf7df08f}+
lj=kL= d]df]l/on x]Ny
OlGi6Ro"6 P08 l/;r{ ;]G6/,
- lj=kL= d]df]l/on xl:k6n_
wfkf;L, sf7df08f}+
n'lDagL OlGi6Ro"6 ckm
6]lSgsn ;fOG;, a'6jn

km'8 P08 8]/L


6]Sgf]nf]hL $*

156

gl;{ $), ;fdfGo


lrlsT;f $)

158

kmfd]{;L $)

160

151

157

159

afnfh' :s"n ckm


OlGhlgol/ P08 6]Sgf]nf]hL,
afnfh', sf7df08f}
zlxb :df/s hg:jf:Yo
;xsf/L ;+:yf, sn+sL,
sf7df08f}

dbg cfl>t :d[lt k|lti7fg,


uf]7f6f/, sf7df08f}+ .
g]kfnL ;]gf :jf:Yo lj1fg
;+:yfg, sh]n ckm gl;{,
dxf+sfn, sf7df08f}+ .
cS;kmf]8{ P8\efG;
OlGhlgo/L sn]h, jfkmn
sf7df08f}+ .
gle{s OlGi6Ro"6 ckm gl;{
Ph's]zg,
dxf/fhu+h,
sf7df08f}+ .
g]zgn Ps]8dL km/ d]l8sn
;fOG;, k'/fgf] afg]Zj/,
sf7df08f}+
Xl:k6n km/ P8efG;
d]l8l;g P08 ;h{/L
-x\ofD; xl:k6n k|f=ln=_
a'4gu/ sf7df08f}+

l;len $*,
sDKo"6/ $*,
On]S6f]lgS; $*,
cfl{s6]Sr/ $*,
On]lS6sn $*
On]lS6sn #^
l;len #^
Nofj #), ;fdfGo
lrlsT;f $),
/]l8of]nf]hL #) ,
gl;{ $)
l;len $*

l;len $*,
cfls{6]Sr/ $*,
O{n]lS6|sn $*
l;len $*
gl;{ $)
l;len $*,
sDKo"6/ $*,
cfls{6]Sr/ $*
gl;{ $)
;fdfGo lrlsT;f
$), kmfd]{;L $)
gl;{ $)

ljj/0f M
!= b/vf:t kmf/fd z'Ns -kl/ifb\
kl/ifb\ sfo{nonfO{ a'emfpg' kg]{_ M ?=*)).
?=*)). -?=cf7 ;o_
@= kmf/fd lat/0f ldlt
M @)&) c;f/ ^ ut] ljlxjf/ b]lv .
$= kmf/fd a'fpg] clGtd
M @)&) >fj0f $ ut] z'qmjf/ ;Dd .
clGtd ldlt
%= kmf/fd kfOg] / a'emfpg] :yfg
M k'0f{ z'NsLo sfo{qmdsf] xsdf ;DalGwt ;+:yfx?df tyf laz+]if tyf jlu{s[t
5fqj[lQsf] kmf/fd cfkm'n] cWoog ug{ rfx]sf] ;DalGwt ;+:yf, k"j{ If]qLo
sfof{no, O6x/L, nxfg k|fljlws
ljlws lzIffno, nxfg, :s"n ckm x]Ny ;fOG;,
e/tk'/, sf]/Lof g]kfn OlGi6Ro"6 ckm 6]Sgf]nf]hL, tfdgu/, a'6jn, /fKtL
k|f=lz=, bf, klZrd If]qLo sfof{no, sf]xnk'/, e]/L k|fljlws lzIffno,
g]kfnu+h, kf]v/f ko{6g tfnLd s]Gb|, kf]v/f, afnfh' :s"n ckm OlGhlgol/
P08 6]6]Sgf]nf]hL, afnfh'af6 lgMz'Ns tyf kl/ifb\
\sf] website.
kl/ifbsf]
www.ctevt.org.np af6 download u/L 5fqj[lQsf] kmf/fd eg{
;lsg]5 / tf]lsPsf] bvf{:t kmf/fd z'Ns tyf cfjZos cGo sfuhft ;+nUg
u/L cfkm' cWoog ug{ rfx]sf] ;+:yfdf a'emfpg' kg]{5 .
^= k|j]z k/LIff x'g] ldlt M
5fqj[lQ tkm{
M @)&) >fj0f !! ut] z'qmjf/ lbp;f] #M)) jh] .
k'0f{ z"NsLo tkm{
M @)&) >fj0f !@ ut] zlgjf/ laxfg *M)) jh] .
k/LIff ;do
M @ 306f #) ldg]6 .

&= k/LIff s]Gb|x?


M kl5 k|sflzt ul/g]5 .
*= k/LIffdf k|of]u x'g] snd
M Black Gel Pen
(= cfj]bg kmf/fd :jLs[t ubf{ ;DalGwt ;+:yftfnLd s]Gb|sn]hsf] lk|G;Lknn] ;DalGwt k/LIffyL{sf] b:tvt ePsf] kmf/fddf
lk|G;Lknsf] gfd, b:tvt / ;+:yfsf] 5fk ljBfyL{sf] kmf]6f]df kg]{ u/L clgjfo{ ?kdf x'g' kg]{5 .
!)=
!)= laz]if tyf alu{s[t 5fqj[lQsf] kmf/fd ljBfyL{x?nfO{ pknAw u/fpg] bfloTj ;DalGwt ;+:yfsf] x'g]5 . kmf/fd kl/ifb\sf]
website www.ctevt.org.np af6 download u/]/ ePklg 5fqj[lQ kmf/fd pknAw u/fpg] sfd ;DalGwt
;+:yfsf] x'g]5 . To;/L 5fqj[lQ kmf/fd pknAw u/fPsf] gkfOPdf To:tf] ;+:yfx? pk/ sf/jfxLsf] k|s[of cufl8 j9fO{g]
Joxf]/f ;d]t ;"lrt ul/G5 .
!!= ljBfyL{n] pQ/ lbbf+ pQ/k'l:tsfdf lbO{Psf $ j6f uf]nf] 3]/f dWo] ;xL pQ/ Psdf clg{jfo{ ?kdf Black Gel
Pen n] uf]nf] leq k"0f{ ?kdf sfnf] x'g] u/L 9fSg' kg]{5 . Ps eGbf a9L ;Defljt pQ/df lrGx nufPdf jf pQ/df s]/d]6
u/]df To:tf pQ/x? :jtM /2 x'g]5g\ . h:t} ;xL pQ/ B eP

A
B
C
D
gf]6M -s_ :s'n ckm x]Ny ;fOG;, e/tk'/, lrtjg, hgsk'/ gl;{ SofDk;, hgsk'/, g]kfnL ;]gf :jf:Yo lj1fg k|lti7fg,
dfxf+sfn, sf7df08f}+, tfg;]g gl;{ :s"n, tfg;]g, kfNkf, nxfg k|fljlws lzIffno, nxfg,l;/xf, ;]tL k|fljlws
lzIffno, lbkfon, s0ff{nL k|fljlws lzIffno, h'Dnf, e]/L k|fljlws lzIffno, g]kfnu+h, af+s], /fKtL k|fljlws
lzIffno, nfndl6of, bf, g]kfn ag]kf kfln6]lSgs OlGi6Ro"6, ag]kf, sfe|], afnfh' :s"n ckm OlGhlgol/ P08
6]Sgf]nf]hL, afnfh', sf7df8f}, kf]v/f ko{6g tfnLd s]Gb|, kf]v/f, Vjk ax'k|fljlws cWoog ;+:yfg,lnjfnL,eQmk'/,
g]kfn g]q Hof]lt ;+3, n'lDagL g]q lj1fg cwoog ;+:yfg, e}/xjf, ?kgb]xL, z}nhf cfrfo{ :d[lt kf]ln6]lSgs, l;;jgL,
hxbf, df]/ / dbg cfl>t :d[lt k|lti7fg, uf]7f6f/, sf7df08f}+sf] xsdf pQm ;+:yfx?sf] sf]6f ;DaGwL Joj:yf
;DalGwt ;+:yfx?n] k|sflzt ug]{ ;"rgf cg';f/ x'g]5 .
k|j]z k/LIffdf ;xefuL x'g] k|To]s ;+:yfn] k|lt k/LIffyL{ k/LIff b:t'/ ?= *,)).-?= cf7 ;o_ sf b/n] / lj1fkg
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