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**Piping Calculation per ASME B31.3-2008
**

Drawing Description: Sample P&ID Drawing Name: KEY-026 P&ID

These are Sample Calculations, For Demonstration Purposes only.

Prepared by: Michael Rodgers, P.Eng. Date: July 9, 2010 Project: KEY-026

Sample Calculations piping B31.035" Item 8: 1" x 2" Threadolet Item 9: 1" x 3" Threadolet Sheet # 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 Sample Calculations For Demonstration only .40 Item 6: Tube 0.80 Item 2: 1" SCH.40 Item 5: 4" SCH.80 Item 4: 3" SCH.80 Item 3: 2" SCH.3-2008.5"x0.xls Page 2 of 13 Table of Contents Table of Contents Piping Calculations: Summary Item 1: 1/2" SCH.

3-2008. Acceptable Flanges: All Flanges are B16. Acceptable Pipe: 1/2" to 4" Pipe: For piping in this size range. given a Corrosion Allowance of 0. tees. Acceptable Fittings: Olets Olets are calculated conservatively per ASME B31. they are all CRN-registered for the province of installation.4D(1). bushings and similar fittings are ASME B16.3-2006 on the following sheets as a Branch connection. the limiting MAWP is 1.0"-Sch40. This is greater than the design pressure of 90 PSI. which has been calculated and is acceptable.3-2008 316 Stainless (see BOM) 90 psig 65 psig 150°F 150°F None 100% Visual 0" 135 psig Discussion & Conclusion: Tube: 1/2" Tubing: The limiting MAWP is 2.5. The pressure rating for A182 F316 @ 150F is 255 PSI. Acceptable Sample Calculations For Demonstration only .531 PSI for the 4. per Figure 328. given a Corrosion Allowance of 0.00". Acceptable Fittings: Buttweld All elbows. This is greater than the design pressure of 90 PSI.00".5 RFWN & bear a CRN from ABSA for Alberta. All connections are acceptable for the design condition of 90 psi at 150F and no additional reinforcement is required beyond the external fillet weld that has been specified on the drawing notes.9 compliant.xls Page 3 of 13 Piping Calculations: Summary Code of construction: Material: Design Pressure Internal: Operating Internal Pressure: Design Temperature: Operating Temperature: PWHT: NDE: Corrosion Allowance: Test Pressure: ASME B31.Sample Calculations piping B31.576 PSI for the 1/2". which is greater than the design pressure of 90 PSI. and as such are subject to the pressure rating of pipe. Furthermore.

Minimum Required Thickness These values don't include corrosion allowance and any other mechanical allowances 3a t3a= 90*0. para.002.58275 in.xls Page 4 of 13 Pipe and Shell Calculation.1. Diameter Pressure tmin<(Do/6) P/(S*E)<0.80 Item: Design Temperature: 150F Material= A312 TP316 Do = 0.t3b)<=nt? Yes MAX(0.385 Geometry is Acceptable Pressure Range is Acceptable Sample Calculations For Demonstration only .4 Coefficient. 0.3-2008. Design Pressure 20000 psi.2: Straight Pipe under Internal Pressure.291375 in.3.8*1+90*0.001)<= 0.128625 in. Outside Diameter t= CA = P= S= E= UTP = W= Y= 0. 304.3.Sample Calculations piping B31. Table 304.84 in.128 Therefore thickness is Acceptable MAWP= 5. Allowable stress at temperature 0. B31.00 Weld joint Reduction Factor (para 302. for nt=(t-CA-UT) Ri= 0.125 Undertolerance Allowance.018375 in.584 psi 3b 304. as a decimal 1. Additional verification would otherwise be required. 2008 Edition.4.3 Ref: ASME B31.84/(2(20000*0.3. Rev.1 Item 1: 1/2" Sch.4)) t3b= 0.1.1 Calculation of Variables UT= 0.5(e)) 0.002 in Check: Is MAX(t3a.002 in t3b= 90*(0.8*1-90*(1-0.147 in.58275+ 2*0)/(2(20000*0.4)) t3a= 0. Corrosion allowance 90 psi.1.80 Longitudinal Efficiency 0. for UT=t*UTP nt= 0. for Ri=Do/2-nt d= 0. for d=Ri*2 304. Nominal wall thickness 0 in.2 Check for applicability Conditions below are checked to ensure that the calculations performed above are applicable to the geometry and the pressure range.

Minimum Required Thickness These values don't include corrosion allowance and any other mechanical allowances 3a t3a= 90*1. para.4)) t3a= 0.4 Coefficient. for UT=t*UTP nt= 0.003 in Check: Is MAX(t3a.004 in t3b= 90*(1.315/(2(20000*0. Additional verification would otherwise be required. Design Pressure 20000 psi. 304.00175+ 2*0)/(2(20000*0.385 Geometry is Acceptable Pressure Range is Acceptable Sample Calculations For Demonstration only .4)) t3b= 0.1.315 in.5(e)) 0.3-2008. Outside Diameter t= CA = P= S= E= UTP = W= Y= 0.156625 in. 2008 Edition. Nominal wall thickness 0 in. Allowable stress at temperature 0.156 Therefore thickness is Acceptable MAWP= 4.002)<= 0.003. Corrosion allowance 90 psi.1 Item 2: 1" Sch. Rev. Table 304. B31.8*1-90*(1-0. Diameter Pressure tmin<(Do/6) P/(S*E)<0.3 Ref: ASME B31.179 in.1.500875 in. for d=Ri*2 304.3. as a decimal 1.1 Calculation of Variables UT= 0. for nt=(t-CA-UT) Ri= 0.80 Item: Design Temperature: 150F Material= A312 TP316 Do = 1.00175 in.3.8*1+90*0.213 psi 3b 304.Sample Calculations piping B31.4.t3b)<=nt? Yes MAX(0.xls Page 5 of 13 Pipe and Shell Calculation.2 Check for applicability Conditions below are checked to ensure that the calculations performed above are applicable to the geometry and the pressure range. for Ri=Do/2-nt d= 1.2: Straight Pipe under Internal Pressure.1. 0.022375 in.80 Longitudinal Efficiency 0.00 Weld joint Reduction Factor (para 302.125 Undertolerance Allowance.3.

8*1+90*0.375/(2(20000*0.00 Weld joint Reduction Factor (para 302.125 Undertolerance Allowance.80 Longitudinal Efficiency 0.8*1-90*(1-0. Corrosion allowance 90 psi.3. Rev.99675 in.4)) t3b= 0.Sample Calculations piping B31.9935 in.1 Item 3: 2" Sch.005)<= 0.19 Therefore thickness is Acceptable MAWP= 2. Allowable stress at temperature 0.006. 0.02725 in.4)) t3a= 0. Table 304.385 Geometry is Acceptable Pressure Range is Acceptable Sample Calculations For Demonstration only .3.19075 in. Outside Diameter t= CA = P= S= E= UTP = W= Y= 0.375 in.007 in t3b= 90*(1. Minimum Required Thickness These values don't include corrosion allowance and any other mechanical allowances 3a t3a= 90*2.80 Item: Design Temperature: 150F Material= A312 TP316 Do = 2. Diameter Pressure tmin<(Do/6) P/(S*E)<0.1.218 in. B31.3-2008.1. 304. as a decimal 1. 2008 Edition.747 psi 3b 304. Additional verification would otherwise be required.2 Check for applicability Conditions below are checked to ensure that the calculations performed above are applicable to the geometry and the pressure range.xls Page 6 of 13 Pipe and Shell Calculation. para. Design Pressure 20000 psi.3.4.4 Coefficient. for Ri=Do/2-nt d= 1. Nominal wall thickness 0 in.1.9935+ 2*0)/(2(20000*0.1 Calculation of Variables UT= 0.006 in Check: Is MAX(t3a.5(e)) 0.2: Straight Pipe under Internal Pressure. for d=Ri*2 304. for UT=t*UTP nt= 0.3 Ref: ASME B31.t3b)<=nt? Yes MAX(0. for nt=(t-CA-UT) Ri= 0.

009.4)) t3a= 0.4 Coefficient.4)) t3b= 0.189 Therefore thickness is Acceptable MAWP= 1.1.2: Straight Pipe under Internal Pressure.1. Nominal wall thickness 0 in.216 in. Rev.xls Page 7 of 13 Pipe and Shell Calculation. Outside Diameter t= CA = P= S= E= UTP = W= Y= 0. Design Pressure 20000 psi.8*1+90*0.122+ 2*0)/(2(20000*0.125 Undertolerance Allowance.5 in.008)<= 0. as a decimal 1.8*1-90*(1-0.5(e)) 0.385 Geometry is Acceptable Pressure Range is Acceptable Sample Calculations For Demonstration only .1 Item 4: 3" Sch.009 in Check: Is MAX(t3a.561 in. Allowable stress at temperature 0.122 in.189 in.Sample Calculations piping B31.806 psi 3b 304. Table 304. 304.1 Calculation of Variables UT= 0.3.3.40 Item: Design Temperature: 150F Material= A312 TP316 Do = 3. for UT=t*UTP nt= 0. Minimum Required Thickness These values don't include corrosion allowance and any other mechanical allowances 3a t3a= 90*3. 0.80 Longitudinal Efficiency 0. para. for Ri=Do/2-nt d= 3.2 Check for applicability Conditions below are checked to ensure that the calculations performed above are applicable to the geometry and the pressure range.3-2008. Diameter Pressure tmin<(Do/6) P/(S*E)<0.00 Weld joint Reduction Factor (para 302.4. Corrosion allowance 90 psi.010 in t3b= 90*(3.5/(2(20000*0.1.027 in.3 Ref: ASME B31.3. for d=Ri*2 304.t3b)<=nt? Yes MAX(0. Additional verification would otherwise be required. B31. 2008 Edition. for nt=(t-CA-UT) Ri= 1.

Nominal wall thickness 0 in.207 Therefore thickness is Acceptable MAWP= 1.1 Item 5: 4" Sch. Rev.207375 in.012 in Check: Is MAX(t3a. B31.4. as a decimal 1.1. 0.4)) t3a= 0. Diameter Pressure tmin<(Do/6) P/(S*E)<0. Allowable stress at temperature 0.237 in.4)) t3b= 0.1.00 Weld joint Reduction Factor (para 302.80 Longitudinal Efficiency 0.3.1.40 Item: Design Temperature: 150F Material= A312 TP316 Do = 4. for Ri=Do/2-nt d= 4.xls Page 8 of 13 Pipe and Shell Calculation.531 psi 3b 304. Table 304.1 Calculation of Variables UT= 0.5/(2(20000*0.8*1+90*0.08525 in. Outside Diameter t= CA = P= S= E= UTP = W= Y= 0. para.3.125 Undertolerance Allowance. for d=Ri*2 304. 304.3-2008. Design Pressure 20000 psi.011)<= 0.8*1-90*(1-0.3.013 in t3b= 90*(4.385 Geometry is Acceptable Pressure Range is Acceptable Sample Calculations For Demonstration only .4 Coefficient.2: Straight Pipe under Internal Pressure.2 Check for applicability Conditions below are checked to ensure that the calculations performed above are applicable to the geometry and the pressure range.5(e)) 0.5 in. Additional verification would otherwise be required.3 Ref: ASME B31. for UT=t*UTP nt= 0.08525+ 2*0)/(2(20000*0.042625 in. for nt=(t-CA-UT) Ri= 2.t3b)<=nt? Yes MAX(0. Corrosion allowance 90 psi. 2008 Edition.029625 in. Minimum Required Thickness These values don't include corrosion allowance and any other mechanical allowances 3a t3a= 90*4.012.Sample Calculations piping B31.

304. for nt=(t-CA-UT) Ri= 0. for UT=t*UTP nt= 0.035" tube Item: Design Temperature: 150F Material= A269 TP316 Do = 0. Diameter Pressure tmin<(Do/6) P/(S*E)<0.001 in Check: Is MAX(t3a. Rev. Design Pressure 20000 psi.001.5(e)) 0.1. Nominal wall thickness 0 in.43875+ 2*0)/(2(20000*1*1-90*(1-0.xls Page 9 of 13 Pipe and Shell Calculation.4)) t3a= 0.Sample Calculations piping B31.004375 in.3. Minimum Required Thickness These values don't include corrosion allowance and any other mechanical allowances 3a t3a= 90*0. Table 304.00 Weld joint Reduction Factor (para 302.030625 in. for Ri=Do/2-nt d= 0.3.3. 0.125 Undertolerance Allowance. Additional verification would otherwise be required.1.4 Coefficient.43875 in.001 in t3b= 90*(0.5/(2(20000*1*1+90*0. Outside Diameter t= CA = P= S= E= UTP = W= Y= 0.1 Item 6: 1/2"x0.3 Ref: ASME B31.385 Geometry is Acceptable Pressure Range is Acceptable Sample Calculations For Demonstration only .5 in.4)) t3b= 0.2 Check for applicability Conditions below are checked to ensure that the calculations performed above are applicable to the geometry and the pressure range.1. for d=Ri*2 304.001)<= 0.3-2008.2: Straight Pipe under Internal Pressure. as a decimal 1. Allowable stress at temperature 1.t3b)<=nt? Yes MAX(0. Corrosion allowance 90 psi.4. B31.576 psi 3b 304. 2008 Edition.03 Therefore thickness is Acceptable MAWP= 2.00 Longitudinal Efficiency 0.035 in.1 Calculation of Variables UT= 0.219375 in. para.

Db.375 in.0053*1.4 are minimum requirements. branch= 90*1. actual thickness with undertolerance removed.315/(2*(20000*1*1+90*0. branch= 0.393 d1= 1. W= 1 Weld joint strength reduction factor For Branch: Material= Do = Tb = S= E= UTP = Y= CA= B= Weld= Fig 328.157 L4= 0.4)) 0.1. valid only for branch connections in which (using the nomenclature of Fig. header= 90*2.186 sq. outside diameter of header/run Th = 0.in.4D(1) A403 WP316 1.1875 in. nozzle angle 0. (3) angle is at least 45 deg (4) the axis of the branch intersects the axis of the run.3. 304.Sample Calculations piping B31. 304. in. required branch thickness.125 undertolerance.000 psi.5.157-0.218 in.0053-0) 0.3. required header thickness.001 d2= 1.001*(2-SIN(90/180*3.001)*(0. Table 304. the branch diameter.125 Leg41= 0. as a decimal Y= 0. as a decimal 0.3. for presure Area calculations: A1= 0.14) 0. wall thickness 20.1.003 in.001 tc= 0. system design pressure Do = 2.003-0)/SIN(90/180*3. effective length removed from pipe at branch in.3): (1) the run pipe diameter-to-thickness ratio (Dh/Th) is less than 100 and the branch-to-run diameter ratio (Db/Dh) is not greater than 1. height of reinforcement zone outside of run pipe in.000 psi.005 in. is less than one-half the run diameter.3 Item: Item 8: 1" Threadolet on 2" For Header/Run: Material= A312 TP316 P= 90 psi. actual thickness with undertolerance removed. External Fillet weld leg size External fillet size is Acceptable Please note the following limitations on the applicability of these equations.3.191 T. Calculation of Variables T. outside diameter of branch 0.3-2008. Reinf.005 sq.3. Area available in run pipe wall A3= 2*0.125 undertolerance.0 (2) for run pipe with Dh/Th ≥ 100. wall thickness S= 20. Reinforcement area required A2= (2*1.315 in. ver. Area available in branch pipe wall Sample Calculations For Demonstration only . half width of reinforcement zone in. Dh.177 in.2 through 304.3 ASME B31. 2008 Edition.19075-0.121 sq.4)) 0. Reinf. (b) The rules in paras. header= 0. allowable stress E= 1 efficiency of header at branch UTP = 0. in.4 Y. para. Table 304. B31. minimum weld throat requirement in.3.xls Page 10 of 13 Branch Reinforcement.in.179 in.1 0 in.in.1 CA= 0 in.3925*(0. 304. for pressure t. 90 degrees.375/(2*(20000*1*1+90*0. allowable stress 1 efficiency of nozzle shell 0.001-1.4 Y. corrosion allowance. corrosion allowance. Minimum weld leg requirement Required Pipe Thicknesses: t.14)) 0.

Reinf.5*0.in.186+0.035 sq. A2+A3+A4 0. A1 <= Area Available. Area due to welds and other reinforcement In order for the joint to be acceptable: Area Required.035=0.3-2008.xls Page 11 of 13 A4= 2*0.Sample Calculations piping B31.1875^2 0. NO ADDITIONAL REINFORCEMENT REQUIRED Sample Calculations For Demonstration only .3417) ACCEPTABLE.005 <=(0.121+0.

4 Y.0 (2) for run pipe with Dh/Th ≥ 100.121 sq. outside diameter of branch 0.3. in.in.393 d1= 1.189-0. Dh.003 in.000 psi. (b) The rules in paras.4 are minimum requirements.157-0. in.001 tc= 0. minimum weld throat requirement in.0079-0) 0. B31. the branch diameter.315/(2*(20000*1*1+90*0.5 in. Reinforcement area required A2= (2*1.4D(1) A403 WP316 1. wall thickness 20.1 0 in. Reinf. valid only for branch connections in which (using the nomenclature of Fig.179 in.in. header= 90*3.177 in.001 d2= 1.000 psi.1875 in. para.5. Table 304.008 in. nozzle angle 0.125 undertolerance. Area available in run pipe wall A3= 2*0.181 sq. as a decimal Y= 0. is less than one-half the run diameter. allowable stress E= 1 efficiency of header at branch UTP = 0.125 Leg41= 0.3. W= 1 Weld joint strength reduction factor For Branch: Material= Do = Tb = S= E= UTP = Y= CA= B= Weld= Fig 328.Sample Calculations piping B31. corrosion allowance.5/(2*(20000*1*1+90*0.315 in.3. height of reinforcement zone outside of run pipe in.xls Page 12 of 13 Branch Reinforcement. Calculation of Variables T. 304. for presure Area calculations: A1= 0.125 undertolerance. wall thickness S= 20.3. branch= 0.001-1. Db. Area available in branch pipe wall Sample Calculations For Demonstration only .3. half width of reinforcement zone in.001*(2-SIN(90/180*3.14)) 0. outside diameter of header/run Th = 0. actual thickness with undertolerance removed. for pressure t.14) 0.189 T.008 sq.0079*1. 90 degrees. effective length removed from pipe at branch in.001)*(0. 304. required branch thickness. 2008 Edition. corrosion allowance.3 ASME B31.003-0)/SIN(90/180*3. actual thickness with undertolerance removed. branch= 90*1. 304.3-2008.1. header= 0.2 through 304.4)) 0.4)) 0. required header thickness. (3) angle is at least 45 deg (4) the axis of the branch intersects the axis of the run.3.3): (1) the run pipe diameter-to-thickness ratio (Dh/Th) is less than 100 and the branch-to-run diameter ratio (Db/Dh) is not greater than 1. Minimum weld leg requirement Required Pipe Thicknesses: t. Reinf.1. system design pressure Do = 3. allowable stress 1 efficiency of nozzle shell 0.3 Item: Item 9: 1" Threadolet on 3" For Header/Run: Material= A312 TP316 P= 90 psi. as a decimal 0.4 Y.157 L4= 0.3925*(0. ver.1 CA= 0 in. External Fillet weld leg size External fillet size is Acceptable Please note the following limitations on the applicability of these equations.216 in.in. Table 304.

181+0.xls Page 13 of 13 A4= 2*0.in. NO ADDITIONAL REINFORCEMENT REQUIRED Sample Calculations For Demonstration only . A2+A3+A4 0.3-2008.035=0.035 sq.3373) ACCEPTABLE. Reinf. Area due to welds and other reinforcement In order for the joint to be acceptable: Area Required.1875^2 0. A1 <= Area Available.Sample Calculations piping B31.5*0.008 <=(0.121+0.

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piping calculations sample

piping calculations sample

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