Capoeira

1. Ginga: rocking back and forth; to swing) is the fundamental movement of capoeira. 2. Cadeira or paralelo: the position in the ginga when both legs are squared off. This makes it the actual base of the ginga. It shares many similarities with the horse stance in Eastern martial arts. One arm is protecting the face while the other is extended out protecting the other side. 3. Au: what is more generally known as a cartwheel. b. Aú de Frente: Also known as volta ao mundo or au cortado, starts much like a regular Aú, but once the legs are off the floor, the hips are turned and the move ends in a front walkover. 4. Bencao: A "blessing" in disguise. It is a straight forward frontal push kick 5. Martelo: is a cross kick aimed at the other player's side or head. 6. Picao; Another variation being a side kick. First the player begins by lifting the knee of the kicking leg and hip level of the support leg. The capoeirista turns his supporting foot 180 degrees to the rear while thrusting the kicking foot towards the other player's body. 7. Chapa Giratoria: Capoeira’s answer for the reverse side kick. capoeirista stepping forward or diagonally while turning his torso. At the same time he raises his back leg up, unleashing it at the apex of the turn in a straight path. 8. Aú sem Mão—An aú performed without hands in the same manner as the aerial cartwheel. It can be inverted more diagonally to attack in the same way as a butterfly kick or it be used as a floreio. 9. Ponteira: is the simple front snap-kick with the ball of the foot. 10. Meia Lua de Frente (Front Half Moon) is an outside-inside crescent kick seen in other martial arts. 11. Queixada: side kick. Ginga, step forward side paralelo stance, step forward with back leg placing behind front leg heel raised, swing front leg back, ginga 12. Raiz: double crescent kick 13. Meia-Lua de compasso (lit: compass half moon): is an attack that embodies the true element of Capoeira since it combines an evasive maneuver with a spinning kick. The player while in a semi-crouched stance, swings his forward arm in a downward slanting motion towards the ground. While stepping around, he also bends his non-kicking leg while keeping the kicking one straight. After gathering enough torque from the sudden pivot in his core, he unleashes the kick all the way around until his kicking leg is behind him in the ginga movement.