540.

303 TRANSPORT PHENOMENA I
MACROSCOPIC (INTEGRAL) BALANCES: 1. Conservation of Mass:

òò r (v .n )dA +
CS

¶ ¶t

òòò r dV
CV

= 0

2. Conservation of Momentum:

å

F =

òò v r (v .n )dA +
CS

¶ ¶t

òòò v r dV
CV

For Cartesian coordinate system, Error! Reference source not found. becomes

å

Fi =

òò vi r (v .n )dA +
CS

¶ ¶t

òòò vi r dV ; i = x , y, z
CV

3. Conservation of Energy:
dQ dW S dW t = dt dt dt

òò (e + p
CS

r )r ( v .n )dA +

¶ ¶t

òòò e r dV
CV

1 2 v + gy . 2 4. Under special circumstances, the conservation of energy simplifies to the Bernoulli equation:

where e = u +

Dp D v + r 2
i.e.

2

+ gD y = 0

p1 - p2 r

+

v1

2

- v2 2

2

+ g(y1 - y 2 ) = 0

[1]

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