20th

C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE

history of architecture

INDIAN
FILIPINO

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE
20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE

INFLUENCES
A. HISTORY Pre-Colonial:  immigrants of Malay origin, food gatherers and hunters  3000 BC, joined by advanced agricultural race from Indonesia  barangays as tribal system  converted to Islam in 1300 AD  trade center of the Orient Spanish Rule:  1521 Ferdinand Magellan landed  1564 Miguel Lopez de Legazpi brought Christianity  until 1900's  nationalist movement by Jose Rizal, unsuccessful revolt by Aguinaldo

American Rule:  islands ceded to America, as a result of Spanish war with USA  fighting  self-government Japanese Invasion:  December 1941  puppet government  liberation by Gen. McArthur in July 1945 independence in 1946 3rd largest English-speaking country in the world citadel of Christianity and democracy in East Asia mixture of races: Malay, Chinese, Spanish B. RELIGION      Roman Catholics Islam Protestants Aglipayan Iglesia ni Kristo

history of architecture

INDIAN
FILIPINO

20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE ARCHITECTURAL CHARACTER
A. DESCRIPTION  tropical architecture  open and transparent  light SCHOOLS: Escuela Practica Y Profecional de Artes Oficio de Manila (1890)  taught maestros de obras Liceo de Manila  MO-P “Maestros de Obra-Practica”  MO-A “Maestros de ObraAcademia” Escuela de Ingenieria Y Arquitectura  closed after one year

history of architecture

Mapua Institute of Architecture (1925)  1st school of Architecture Adamson University  2nd school of Architecture UST College of Architecture (1930)  3rd school of architecture ORGANIZATIONS: Philippine Architects Society Philippine Institute of Architects League of Philippine Architects Association of Phil. Government Architects PIA + LPA + APGA = United Architects of the Philippines

INDIAN
FILIPINO

EXAMPLES
PRE-SPANISH HOUSES  Bahay Kubo style of dwelling  well- adapted to tropical climate  of wood, bamboo, and palm leaves

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE
 Cordillera Region
20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE

 Mindanao & Sulu Region

history of architecture

INDIAN
FILIPINO

Isneg

Kalinga

Badjao

Samal

Yakan Bontoc Ifugao  Island of Panay

Maranao

Kankanai Ivatan, Mangyan, Subanun, Mandaya

Bahay Kubo

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE
 Cordillera Region
20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE

ISNEG BINURON homes of the Isneg boatpeople pyramidal or hipped roof annex on one or both ends removable sidings for special occasions

history of architecture

INDIAN
FILIPINO

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE  Cordillera Region 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE ISNEG BINURON history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO .

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE  Cordillera Region 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE ISNEG BINURON history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO .

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE  Cordillera Region 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE KALINGA BINAYON octagonal or rectangular painted round human figures roof ridge perpendicular to river loft or granary hides roof history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO .

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE  Cordillera Region 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE KALINGA BINAYON history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO .

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE  Cordillera Region 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE KALINGA BINAYON history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO .

and people history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO .FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE  Cordillera Region 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE BONTOC HOUSES SAGADA house within a house shelter for rice. chickens. pigs.

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE  Cordillera Region 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE BONTOC HOUSES SAGADA history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO .

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE  Cordillera Region 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE BONTOC HOUSES SAGADA history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO .

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE  Cordillera Region 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE IFUGAO built on the rice terraces near a spring or grove entry faces down slope history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO .

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE  Cordillera Region 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE IFUGAO history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO .

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE  Cordillera Region 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE KANKANAI BINANGIYAN Similar to the ifugao house ridge parallel to front made of narra or pine history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO .

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE  Cordillera Region 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE KANKANAI BINANGIYAN history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO .

and dapang houseboats history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO . djenging.FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE  Mindanao & Sulu Region 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE BADJAO ladder serves as wash area mirrors symbolize the number of children lipa.

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE  Mindanao & Sulu Region 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE BADJAO history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO .

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE  Mindanao & Sulu Region 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE SAMAL HOUSE history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO .

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE  Mindanao & Sulu Region 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE SAMAL HOUSE history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO .

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE  Mindanao & Sulu Region 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE SAMAL HOUSE history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO .

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE  Mindanao & Sulu Region 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE YAKAN HOUSE elevated 2 to 3 meters above ground kitchen annex door faces east rooms and steps are odd history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO .

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE  Mindanao & Sulu Region 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE YAKAN HOUSE history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO .

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO  Mindanao & Sulu Region MARANAO TOROGAN House built for sultans and datus Arranged in a line along the river Elevated 2 to 3 meters above ground Windows face front and right Panolong and okir carvings A lamin or tower built atop the torogan hides the sultan’s daughter .

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE  Mindanao & Sulu Region MARANAO TOROGAN history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO .

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE  Island of Panay 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE BAHAY KUBO bamboo house on stilts home to an extended family often surrounded by a garden history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO .

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE  Island of Panay 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE BAHAY KUBO history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO .

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE  Island of Panay 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE BAHAY KUBO history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO .

Ramon Dalinao INDIAN FILIPINO .FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE SPANISH CHURCHES 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE history of architecture Calasiao. Pangasinan  2nd best bell tower  by Fr.

Joseph Ruiz  sinking belltower INDIAN FILIPINO . Ilocos Norte  by Fr.FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE SPANISH CHURCHES 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE history of architecture Laoag Church.

Diego Cera INDIAN FILIPINO .FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE SPANISH CHURCHES 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE history of architecture Las Pinas Church  by Fr.

Bohol  biggest number of murals on walls and ceilings INDIAN FILIPINO .FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE SPANISH CHURCHES 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE history of architecture Loboc.

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE SPANISH CHURCHES 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE history of architecture Manila Cathedral  by Bishop Domingo Salazar INDIAN FILIPINO .

Ilo-ilo  by Fr. Fernando Comporedondo INDIAN FILIPINO .FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE SPANISH CHURCHES 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE history of architecture Miagao Church.

Blas dela Madre INDIAN FILIPINO . Rizal  Spanish Baroque style  by Fr.FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE SPANISH CHURCHES 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE history of architecture Morong Church.

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE SPANISH CHURCHES 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE history of architecture Panay Church largest bell. from 30 sacks of coins donated by townspeople INDIAN FILIPINO .

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE SPANISH CHURCHES 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE history of architecture Quiapo Church restored by Juan Nakpil and Jose Maria Zaragosa INDIAN FILIPINO .

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE SPANISH CHURCHES 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE history of architecture San Agustin Church by Fr. Juan Macias INDIAN FILIPINO .

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE SPANISH CHURCHES 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE history of architecture San Sebastian one of first steel buildings steel from Belgium by Eiffel INDIAN FILIPINO .

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE SPANISH CHURCHES 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE history of architecture Taal Church. Martin Aguirre biggest church INDIAN FILIPINO . Batangas by Fr.

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE SPANISH CHURCHES 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE history of architecture Sta. Manila by Fr. Vicente Ingles restored by Juan Nakpil INDIAN FILIPINO . Ana Church.

Cebu by Diego de Herrera INDIAN FILIPINO .FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE SPANISH CHURCHES 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE history of architecture Sto. Nino.

kitchen Dispensa. storeroom SECOND FLOOR: Stairway Caida. Monica. Ilocos Sur    Vigan Houses Antillan Houses Ivatan Houses history of architecture PARTS FIRST FLOOR: Zaguan. Neo-Classical. open terrace Aljibe. bath Azotea. Paoay.FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE LIST San Agustin. for caroza Quadra. pantry Letrina or Comun. Gothic. toilet Baño. balcony Patio. Alcoba. and Baroque influence:  grandeur and solidity  ornamentation . Intramuros Miagao Church. vault Balcon. hip roof  post and lintel construction  light and airy structure  elevated living quarters  economy of materials  space flowing from one room to next Spanish. Ilo-ilo San Agustin. courtyard INDIAN FILIPINO SPANISH HOUSES: BAHAY-NABATO evolved from the Bahay Kubo:  tropical house  steep. Dormitorio Entresuelo. dining room Cocina. Ilocos Norte Sta. horse stable Bodega. living room Comedor. water cistern Cuarto. ante-sala from stairs Sala.

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO .

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO .

floor sill Suelo. ceiling joists Sinturon. crushed stone Abang. dowel Tubo de Banada. Nikolite bar Truerka. anchor Batidura. collar Larga Masa.FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE INDIAN FILIPINO MORE VERNACULAR TERMS: Unosinotra. inches Pendulum. alternate/staggered Liyabe. feet Batidura. astragal Medya Agua. laying of CHB Sibe. baluster Rodapis. low table Kantero. earth fill Alero. hall Bisagra. girt Canal. awning Barandillas. foreman Balangkas. mortar Kostura. exterior siding Piye. gutter Caida. Mason Kanto Mesa. fillet Dotal. laborer Asinta. panel door Lingueta. brace Ladrillo. flush Kapatas. floor joists Guililan. eaves Tabike. nut Estopa. plug history of architecture . flooring Alahado. bottom chord Pie de Gallo. brick Kostilyahe. lean-to roof Dulang. gable roof Kuling. concrete slab Escondro. mortar joints Estanyo. girder Sepo. groove Alulod o Kanal. framework Dos Aguas. hinge Pulgada. GI strap Tapon. miter Paupo. king post Piyon. downspout Escombro. baseboard Tirante. floorboards Soleras. oakum De Bandeha.

rabbet Kabilya. washer Pasamano. putty Media Cana. plumb bob Bolado. aligned Trankilya. rivets Lastillas.FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE INDIAN FILIPINO MORE VERNACULAR TERMS: Hulog. spacing Staka. door jamb Senepa. vertical stud Latero. column Kontratista. plaster Kalinya. truss Asolehos. wall post Pitsa. tread Pergola. sink Krokis. wainscoting tiles Bagad. barrel bolt Biga. scratch coat Dutcha. closed stringer Trabe Anzo. trellis Kilo. fascia board Tambak. window sill Poleya. chain bolt Poste. door head Hamba Pintuan. ridge roll Takip Silipan. sand and gravel Andanyo. sketch plan Estanyo. wiring knob Haspe. projection Reostra. wrought iron strap Palitada. bangguerahan Sumbrero Pintuan. wood plank Plantsuela. beam Hiero. purlins Masilya. shower Prigadero. iron Kisame. corner Dish rack. constructor Kanto. soldering bar Biento. horizontal stud Pilarete. riser Rimatse. ceiling Baral de Kadena. fill history of architecture . stake Madre de Escalera. tinsmith Baytang. wood grain Tabla. quarter round Vaciada. reinforcing bars Kaballete. scaffolding Rebokada.

Escolta  1st concrete building in Escolta Philippine Normal School  Phil.FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE AMERICAN PERIOD Early American Period Notable architects: Daniel Burnham  city plan of Manila and Baguio William Parsons Juan Arellano Tomas Mapua  1st registered architect in country Alejandro Legardo Antonio Toledo Carlos Barredo National Museum  1st was the Legislative Building Intendencia Building  adjacent to Manila Cathedral Luneta Hotel  2nd hotel in Asia  French Baroque style Army and Navy Club  rest and recreation for American soldiers De La Salle College  by Tomas Mapua Rizal Monument  obelisk Sta. Normal University University of the Philippines  Padre Faura . Isabel College history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO Masonic Temple.

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE EXAMPLES history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO Manila Hotel  1st hotel in Asia  1st with elevator  renovated by Locsin in 1975 UST Main Building by Roque Rueno Philippine General Hospital  by William Parsons Post Office Building by Juan Arellano .

Escolta Quezon Institute  By Juan Nakpil Lyric Theater. Pablo Antonio  2nd National Artist for Arch. Agriculture & Finance Building Crystal Arcade. Malate  by Pablo Antonio Natividad Building.FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE AMERICAN PERIOD 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE Ideal Theater. Escolta  By Juan Nakpil history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO FEU Main Building  by Pablo Antonio . streamline style Ambassador Hotel  by Fernando Ocampo  1st skyscraper in the country (4 storeys) Syquia Apartments. Escolta  by Andres Luna y San Pedro Regina Building. Avenida Rizal  by Pablo Antonio Jai Alai Building  demolished in 2001  Art Deco. Enrique Bautista Gonzalo Barreto Fernando Ocampo Andres Luna y San Pedro Leandro Locsin  3rd National Artist for Arch. Escolta  by Andres Luna y San Pedro Commonwealth Period Notable architects: Juan Nakpil  1st National Artist for Arch.

UP by Cesar Concio .FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE EXAMPLES history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO Metropolitan Theater The Iglesia Ni Cristo Cathedrals by Carlos Santos Viola The Church of the Risen Lord.

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE EXAMPLES history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO Philippine Heart Center The Meralco Building by Jose Zaragoza The Quiapo Mosque by Jorge Ramos .

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE EXAMPLES history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO SM Megamall by Antonio Sindiong Robinson’s Galleria by William Coscolluela .

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE EXAMPLES history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO The Central Bank of the Philippines Asian Institute of Management The Quezon Monument by Federico Ilustre by Gabriel Formoso .

Brunei The Philippine Stock Exchange The Cultural Center of the Philippines by Leandro Locsin .FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE EXAMPLES history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO The Parish of the Holy Sacrifice. UP Diliman The New Istana.

FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE 20th C: MODERN ISLAMIC CHINESE JAPANESE EXAMPLES history of architecture INDIAN FILIPINO The Enterprise RCBC Tower GT Tower Robinson Summit .

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