Orthographic Projections

Hareesha N G Dept of Aeronautical Engg Dayananda Sagar College of Engg Bangalore-78

11/27/2013

Hareesha N G, DSCE, Blore-78

1

3

Methods of Drawing Orthographic Projections

First Angle Projections Method Here views are drawn by placing object

Third Angle Projections Method Here views are drawn by placing object

in 1st Quadrant
( Fv above X-y, Tv below X-y ) ( SYMBOLIC PRESENTATION OF BOTH METHODS WITH AN OBJECT STANDING ON HP ( GROUND) ON IT’S BASE.
NOTE:HP term is used in Angle method & For the same Ground term is used Hareesha N G, DSCE, Blore-78 in 3rd Angle method of projections 1st

in 3rd Quadrant.
Tv above X-y, Fv below X-y )

FV

TV

X
TV

Y

X
FV G

Y

L

11/27/2013

2

FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION
IN THIS METHOD, THE OBJECT IS ASSUMED TO BE SITUATED IN FIRST QUADRANT MEANS ABOVE HP & INFRONT OF VP.

FOR T.V.

OBJECT IS INBETWEEN OBSERVER & PLANE.
PP FV LSV

VP

X
TV HP
ACTUAL PATTERN OF PLANES & VIEWS IN 11/27/2013 FIRST ANGLE METHOD OF PROJECTIONS

Y

Hareesha N G, DSCE, Blore-78

3

FRONT VIEW IS A VIEW PROJECTED ON VERTICAL PLANE ( VP ) TOP VIEW IS A VIEW PROJECTED ON HORIZONTAL PLANE ( HP ) SIDE VIEW IS A VIEW PROJECTED ON PROFILE PLANE ( PP ) FIRST STUDY THE CONCEPT OF 1ST AND 3RD ANGLE PROJECTION METHODS AND THEN STUDY NEXT 26 ILLUSTRATED CASES CAREFULLY. AND NOW PROJECT THREE DIFFERENT VIEWS ON THOSE PLANES. DSCE. TOP VIEW AND SIDE VIEW.ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS { MACHINE ELEMENTS } OBJECT IS OBSERVED IN THREE DIRECTIONS. Blore-78 4 . THESE VEWS ARE FRONT VIEW . THE DIRECTIONS SHOULD BE NORMAL TO THE RESPECTIVE PLANES. TRY TO RECOGNIZE SURFACES PERPENDICULAR TO THE ARROW DIRECTIONS 11/27/2013 Hareesha N G.

Blore-78 5 . DSCE.V. THE OBJECT IS ASSUMED TO BE SITUATED IN FIRST QUADRANT MEANS ABOVE HP & INFRONT OF VP. OBJECT IS INBETWEEN OBSERVER & PLANE.FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION IN THIS METHOD. FOR T. PP FV LSV VP X TV HP ACTUAL PATTERN OF PLANES & VIEWS IN 11/27/2013 FIRST ANGLE METHOD OF PROJECTIONS Y Hareesha N G.

SIDE VIEW x y PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN TOP VIEW DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT 11/27/2013 Hareesha N G. 1 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS FRONT VIEW L. Blore-78 BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD 6 .H.FOR T. DSCE.V.

Blore-78 BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD 7 .SIDE VIEW X Y TOP VIEW PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT 11/27/2013 Hareesha N G.FOR T.V.H. 2 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS FRONT VIEW L. DSCE.

FOR T. DSCE.V. Blore-78 8 . 3 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS FRONT VIEW L.H.SIDE VIEW X Y TOP VIEW PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD 11/27/2013 Hareesha N G.

SIDE VIEW X Y TOP VIEW PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT 11/27/2013 Hareesha N G. Blore-78 BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD 9 . ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS FRONT VIEW L. DSCE.4 FOR T.H.V.

5 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS FRONT VIEW L.SIDE VIEW X Y PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT Hareesha N G.V. Blore-78 BY 11/27/2013 FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD TOP VIEW 10 .H. DSCE.FOR T.

V. DSCE.H.SIDE VIEW X Y TOP VIEW PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION 11/27/2013 HareeshaMETHOD N G. Blore-78 11 . ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS FRONT VIEW L.6 FOR T.

DSCE.7 FOR T. Blore-78 BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD TOP VIEW 12 .H.SIDE VIEW X Y PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT 11/27/2013 Hareesha N G. ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS FRONT VIEW L.V.

ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS 8 FRONT VIEW 50 X 20 Y 25 25 20 TOP VIEW PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT 11/27/2013 Hareesha N G. Blore-78 BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD 13 . DSCE.STUDY Z ILLUSTRATIONS FOR T.V.

9 FOR T. ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS FRONT VIEW L. DSCE.SIDE VIEW X Y PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT 11/27/2013 Hareesha N G. Blore-78 BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD TOP VIEW 14 .V.H.

DSCE. ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS FRONT VIEW L.10 FOR T.H.SIDE VIEW X Y PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD 11/27/2013 TOP VIEW Hareesha N G. Blore-78 15 .V.

Blore-78 BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD 16 .V.FOR T. DSCE. 11 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS FRONT VIEW L.SIDE VIEW X Y TOP VIEW PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT 11/27/2013 Hareesha N G.H.

H. DSCE. ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS L.12 FOR T. Blore-78 17 .SIDE VIEW FRONT VIEW X Y PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD 11/27/2013 TOP VIEW Hareesha N G.V.

V. DSCE.STUDY Z ILLUSTRATIONS 13 FOR T. Blore-78 BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD O TV 18 . ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS 35 FV 35 10 x y 10 20 30 40 70 PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW FV AND TV OF THIS OBJECT 11/27/2013 Hareesha N G.

STUDY Z ILLUSTRATIONS FOR T. DSCE. Blore-78 BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD TV ALL VIEWS IDENTICAL 19 .V. 14 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS FV 30 10 30 SV 30 10 30 x y PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT 11/27/2013 Hareesha N G.

V. Blore-78 BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD 60 20 . 15 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS ALL VIEWS IDENTICAL FV SV x y 10 40 60 40 TV PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT 11/27/2013 Hareesha N G. DSCE.STUDY Z ILLUSTRATIONS FOR T.

V. Blore-78 21 .FOR T. DSCE. ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS ALL VIEWS IDENTICAL FV SV 16 x 10 y 40 60 PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD 11/27/2013 40 60 TOP VIEW Hareesha N G.

60 PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW FV AND SV OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD 11/27/2013 Hareesha N G.V.V.17 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS FRONT VIEW 40 20 L. 22 .H.SIDE VIEW 30 SQUARE 50 20 X O 10 30 Y F. Blore-78 S. DSCE.

Blore-78 23 .V. DSCE.ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS FOR T. 18 FV 40 X O 30 D 10 45 Y 10 O 50 PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW FV AND TV OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD 80 TV 11/27/2013 Hareesha N G.

FOR T.V. Blore-78 24 11/27/2013 . DSCE. 19 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS FV X 10 40 O 100 10 Y 25 TV 30 R 10 30 10 25 O 20 D PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW FV AND TV OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD Hareesha N G.

ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS 20 30 FV RECT.PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW FV AND TV OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD FOR T. SLOT 10 35 50 10 X 20 D Y TV 60 D 30 D 11/27/2013 Hareesha N G. DSCE.V. Blore-78 TOP VIEW 25 O .

V.V. S.21 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS 10 25 15 25 40 10 25 25 O O 80 25 F. Blore-78 BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD 26 . PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW FV AND SV OF THIS OBJECT 11/27/2013 Hareesha N G. DSCE.

FOR T. ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS 22 450 30 FV 40 X 30 D Y 40 TV O PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW FV AND TV OF THIS OBJECT BY 11/27/2013 FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD Hareesha N G.V. DSCE. Blore-78 15 40 27 .

SIDE VIEW 28 . DSCE. Blore-78 BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD 100 30 60 L.23 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS HEX PART 20 30 20 40 20 50 O 20 15 O PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN FRONT VIEW DRAW FV ABD SV OF THIS OBJECT 11/27/2013 Hareesha N G.H.

V.V.FOR T.V. Blore-78 DRAW FV AND TV OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD 29 . ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS 20 FRONT VIEW 40 24 F. 30 10 X O Y 10 30 10 30 O 80 TOP VIEW PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN T. 11/27/2013 Hareesha N G. DSCE.

DSCE.25 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS 10 10 15 25 25 X Y O FV 50 10 LSV PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW FV AND LSV OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD 11/27/2013 Hareesha N G. Blore-78 30 .

Blore-78 11/27/2013 F. 31 .V.26 PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW FV AND SV OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS 30 20 10 20 15 10 15 O 30 15 15 X 50 Y Hareesha N G. DSCE. LEFT S.V.

11/27/2013 Hareesha N G. DSCE. Blore-78 32 .

DSCE.11/27/2013 Hareesha N G. Blore-78 33 .

DSCE. Blore-78 34 .11/27/2013 Hareesha N G.

DSCE. Blore-78 35 .11/27/2013 Hareesha N G.

11/27/2013 Hareesha N G. DSCE. Blore-78 36 .

11/27/2013 Hareesha N G. Blore-78 37 . DSCE.

11/27/2013 Hareesha N G. DSCE. Blore-78 38 .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful