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Affixes

Affixes

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Published by: Ezekiel D. Rodriguez on Aug 18, 2009
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11/24/2012

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Parts of a Word

by Mr. Ezekiel D. Rodriguez

What is a ROOT?
A root, as its name suggests, is a word or word part from which other words grow, usually through the addition of prefixes  and suffixes. The root of the word vocabulary, for example, is voc, a Latin root meaning "word" or "name." This root also appears in the words advocacy, convocation, evocative,

Examples:

Main types of

Prefix Suffix

What are

?

A word element – usually a prefix or suffix--that can be attached to a base, stem, or root to form a new word.

What are

?

Etymology: From the Latin Figere, "fasten"

Prefix
A letter or group of letters attached to the beginning of a word that partly indicates its meaning. Common prefixes include anti- (against), co-  (with), mis- (wrong, bad), and trans-(across).

Types of

Derivational prefixes do not normally alter the  word class of the base word; that is, a prefix is added to a noun to form a new noun with a different meaning.

Prefix
Etymology: From the Latin Praefixum, "to fasten in front"

Prefix
During the 1980s, 'mini-' gave way to 'micro-,' which has yielded to 'nano-.' In the new millennium, companies such as Nanometrics, Nanogen and NanoPierce Technologies have all embraced the prefix, despite complaints their products were hardly nanoscale (a billionth of a meter or smaller).

Common Prefixes

Common Prefixes

Common Prefixes

Common Prefixes

Suffix
"Gazebo: The name is an 18th-century joke word combining 'gaze' with the Latin suffix 'ebo,' meaning 'I shall.‘”
(Encyclopedia Britannica Online)

Types of

Derivational suffixes, on the other hand, usually change both the meaning and the word class; that is, a suffix is often added to a verb or  adjective to form a new noun with a different

Example:
adjective: dark / suffixed noun: darkness verb: agree / suffixed noun: agreement noun: friend / suffixed noun: friendship

(Douglas Biber, Susan Conrad, and Geoffrey Leech, Longman

Suffix
A letter or group of letters added to the end of a word or stem (i.e., a base form), serving to form a new word or functioning as an  inflectional ending.

Suffix
Etymology: From the Latin Suffixum, “to fasten underneath”

Common Noun Suffixes

Common Noun Suffixes

Common Verb Suffixes

Common Adjective Suffixes

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