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Lecture 3 Mollusc

Lecture 3 Mollusc

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Published by: Nurul Washifa on Nov 27, 2013
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Class Gastropoda and Class Bivalvia

Dr. Wan Fatma Zuharah Wan Musthapa

The solid or hollow pillar of a univalve shell around which the whorls are arranged . Symmetry bilateral in origin but due to torsion-assymetric. Also most widely distributed. visceral mass and nerve       system undergoes torsion Presence of protein shield-operculum at foot Presence of columella muscle Most diversified of all mollusc.Class Gastropoda Form and function  During embryonic development. Visceral mass is linked to shell with columella muscle from foot to columella groove in shell. * Columella. . This muscle allows flexible interchange between shell and visceral mass.


Torsion Torsion is a phenomena where veliger larva undergo a 180 degress torsion of visceral mass Due to the imbalance growth in retractor muscle system connecting head foot region with shell. the mantle cavity moves from original posterior to anterior region. . directly above the head. This creates a pull of the visceral mass As a result.

Torsion .

the foot will be withdrawn to the mantle cavity first whihe the head is  Anus is situated near head last  Cleaner water enter the mantle cavity if its in the anterior position. .Advantage and disadvantage of torsion  Without torsion.

loss of gill.Coiling • For better weight distribution • Compactness –by conispiral shape •Right side. atrium. and kidney • Adaptation to carrying coiled shell .

Internal form and function .

osphradium  Reproduction – dioecious and monoecious  Courtship ceremony – exchange of spermatozoa  After copulation – deposits eggs in shallow burrow .ctenidium located in mantle. Respiration. serves as lung to small opening called pneumostome  Single nephridium – circulatory and nervous system  Sense organ.

where shell forming material for secretion is stored. .CLASS BIVALVIA  Also known as “hatched-footed” animals  Presence of bi-shell structure  Most of them sedentary filter feeder  Body compressed laterally.  Dorsal part of the organism is characterized by presence of hinge while ventral is at the opening of the shell  Umbo: situated near hinge.


Form and function  Shell.laterally compressed.through mantle and gills .slender muscular foot. create jet propulsion  Gas exchange.when foreign object lodged between shell and mantle. secrete nacre  Locomotion. held together by hinge ligament  Umbo-oldest part of shell. growth occurs in concentric line  Pearl. pump blood – swell and work as anchor  Longitudinal muscle contract to shorten foot  Scallops-clapping valves together.

Movement of water through tiny pores in lamella allow exchange of gas between water and blood.Bivalve gills is made of arranged layers of lamella. .

sperm entering with incurrent water flow -Glochidium larvae (specialized veliger) .attached to specific fish host (gills or skin) -Parasitic for several week .Reproduction and development • Fertilization is external • Embryo develops into tracophore. veliger and spat stages •Freshwater clams: -Fertilization is internal .detach and sink to the bottom .

wood rasp.Boring  Burrow in mud or sand  Evolved mechanism burrowing into harder substances (wooden ship)  Teredo –slender posterior siphon. water flowing over the gills. cellulose produce by symbiotic bacteria . a pair of small globular valves on the anterior end  Have microscopic teeth.

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