Bison Courier

Official Newspaper for the City of Bison, Perkins County, and the Bison School District
A Publication of Ravellette Publications, Inc.
P.O. Box 429 • Bison, South Dakota 57620-0429
Phone: (605) 244-7199 • FAX (605) 244-7198
Volume 31
Number 24
November 28, 2013
Includes Tax
Atlas disaster relief
Grand Electric was well represented. Left to right, Steve Senn,
Mike Lemburg, Colgan Huber and new General Manager Reed
Metzger visit across the table with several FEMA agents.
Representatives from South
Dakota Emergency Manage-
ment and the Federal Emer-
gency Management Agency
gathered with local entities
on Monday afternoon in the
county courthouse in Bison
for a briefing about eligible
reimbursements for damages
incurred as a result of Winter
Storm Atlas, which occurred
during the first weekend in
October. Perkins County was
declared a disaster area fol-
lowing that storm and is now
eligible for federal and state
assistance. Attending the
hour-long meeting were rep-
resentatives from Grand Elec-
tric, the Town of Bison, Cities
of Lemmon and Faith,
Perkins Country Rural Water,
the Perkins County Highway
Dept., Bison school, several
townships, and Perkins
County Emergency Manager
Kelly Serr. The meeting was
an early step in the reim-
bursement process. Begin-
ning this week, each entity
will be contacted by FEMA to
schedule appointments.
FEMA agents visit entity to
assist them in filing claims.
At this time of Thanksgiving celebration
our thoughts turn gratefully to you with
warm appreciation
2 • The Bison Courier • Thursday, November 28, 2013
December 8th, Christ Evangelical
Lutheran, Preschool Christmas program.
December 15th, Blessed Sacrament Catholic
Church Christmas program .
December 18th, First Presbyterian Church
Christmas program .
December 21st, American Lutheran Church
Christmas program. .
Alcoholics Anonymous is meeting weekly in Bison.
The group meets every Thursday at 7:00 p.m. in the
basement of the Presbyterian Church. Everyone is wel-
To have your NON-PROFIT meeting listed here, please
submit them by calling: 244-7199, or e-mailing to: We will run your event notice the
two issues prior to your event at no charge.

in Bison
Periodicals Postage Paid at Bison, SD 57620
Published weekly every Thursday by Ravellette Publ., Inc.
at PO Box 429, Bison SD 57620-0429
Telephone: 605-244-7199 • Fax: 605-244-7198
E-mail Addresses:
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in state ........................................................$39.00 + sales tax
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Nutrition Site
Thursday, November 28
Friday, November 29
Monday, December 2
Chicken Fried steak
mashed potatoes & milk gravy
peas & apricots
Tuesday, December 3
Lentil soup
meat salad sandwich
jello w/topping
Wednesday, December 4
Swedish meatballs peas
fruity slaw
Town and Country club enjoys travelogue;
makes plans for Christmas
Stacy Kvale was the guest
speaker when Town and Country
CFEL met last Thursday night at
Bernice Kari’s for their regular
November meeting.
Kvale shared laptop photos of
her family’s summer vacation to
the west coast, which included
stops at Yellowstone, Crater
Lake, the big redwoods and Dis-
Club members also made plans
for several special December ac-
tivities, as follows:
On Monday, Dec. 2, they will
decorate a Christmas Tree at the
courthouse, as part of the annual
CFEL-sponsored Parade of Trees.
The club will use an angel theme
on their lighted tree.
On Sunday, Dec. 8, beginning
at 6:00 p.m., Beth Hulm will host
the club’s annual Christmas
party, complete with a potluck
dinner, games, caroling and gift
And, finally, on Saturday, Dec.
21, members will gather at
Homestead Heights to share
Christmas music and holiday
snacks with the residents.
January 2014 is the beginning
of a new club year and is also the
60th anniversary of the organiza-
tion. Town and Country would
like to extend a cordial invitation
to all women to join them as they
reorganize for another fun and in-
teresting year ahead! For more
information, please call secretary
Beth Hulm, 244-5231, or any
member of the club, which also
includes Teddi Carlson, Mary Lee
Drake, Mary Ellen Fried, Carolyn
Hendricks, Linda Howey, Bernice
Kari, Diana Landis, Vi Leonard,
Edith Meland, Betty Tufty, Joyce
Waddell, Sara Weishaar and Vera
All of us at Town and Country
wish a safe and happy Christmas
and New Year season to all!
The community is invited to
place gifts under the tree for the
women and children who have
stayed in the CAVA safe house in
Lemmon during the past year.
Suggested items include hand-
held games, travel games, board
games, card games, toys, dolls,
balls, books, etc; and clothing,
such as sweaters, sweatshirts,
sox, pajamas and slippers. (New
or gently used are preferred.)
Farm Bureau raises money for ranch
familiesʼ immediate financial needs
after October Blizzard
More than $68,000 has been
raised for the “South Dakota
Farm Bureau Cares Fund,”
money that is available to help
ranch families with immediate fi-
nancial needs after the blizzard.
This total was announced at the
organization’s 96th annual meet-
ing, held Nov. 22-23 in Pierre.
Of the total $68,700 raised thus
far, more than $18,000 was given
by farmers and ranchers during
Farm Bureau annual meeting.
More than $13,000 arrived from
the Minnesota Farm Bureau, a
generous donation from our
neighbors to the east. The re-
mainder came from other dona-
tions from inside and outside of
South Dakota.
“We’re so pleased Farm Bureau
can help in some small way with
financial needs after the bliz-
zard,” said Scott VanderWal,
President of the South Dakota
Farm Bureau, a farmer from
Volga, S.D. “This will not replace
all of the lost livestock, but we
hope it will begin mending the
hurt and help get the ranch fam-
ilies through the holiday season
as they begin to make decisions
about the future.”
The fund will provide financial
assistance for immediate needs
for ranch families, such as gro-
ceries, medical bills, or utility
bills. It is not intended to compete
with, but rather to complement,
the larger Rancher Relief Fund
held at the Black Hills Commu-
nity Foundation. Farm Bureau
members will receive priority
when monies are dispersed
through the “South Dakota Farm
Bureau Cares Fund.”
Applications are available now
on Donations are
still being accepted, through the
same website or by sending a
check – made out to “Farmers &
Merchants bank / SDFB Cares” –
to SDFB at PO Box 1426, Huron
SD 57350.
Californians are the
largest consumers of
turkey in the
United States.
The Bison Courier • Thursday, November 28, 2013 • 3
Cole Elshere from Faith, S.D. will be competing in the NFR rodeo which runs from December 5
through December 14. Elsheres’ unofficial standing as of November 25, 2013 currently puts him
in the 10th ranking. Good Luck Cole!
Elshere heads to WNFR ranked 10th
Every day at
Northwest Farm &
Home Supply
Lemmon, SD
Homeland Companion
Hi Protein dog food is
$15.99 for a 40# bag
4 • The Bison Courier • Thursday, November 28, 2013
For the November social, Headstart had a special guest, Linda Mohagen from Reva, came over and presented her puppets to the crowd that was enjoyed by all.
Front row, Channing Reiff with a sheep, Brylee Risty with a goat, Logan Reiff with a donkey, Anson Risty with a lion, Kort Ryen with a horse, Daemik Wells with
a baby dinosaur in a egg. Back Row, Marcella Wells with a kitty, Linda Mohagen with a bear with a heart, Molly Lemer with a parrot, Dustin Wells with the mom
dinosaur, Kohl Risty with a dalmatian, Melany Lemer with a cat.
Mohagen performs for Badlands Headstart
The annual Macy's
Thanksgiving Day
Parade tradition
began in the 1920's.
The Bison Courier • Thursday, November 28, 2013 • 5
It sure cooled off this week. The
low was one degree above zero
Thursday night, but it was colder
than that south of here. Sometimes
living in the frozen north isn’t all
The Executive Board had meet-
ings in Pierre on Monday and
Tuesday. I drove to Pierre Sunday
afternoon because the first sub-
committee meeting on Monday was
almost at the crack of dawn moun-
tain time. A beautiful full moon
was rising in the night sky just as
I was coming in to Pierre and,
wouldn’t you know, I didn’t have
my camera. Darn!
This was only the second time
that all members of the E Board
were able to attend and we put in
a long day Monday taking reports
of interim committees. We were a
couple members short on Tuesday
when we reconvened as a Bonding
Committee and had discussion and
action on the draft report. With a
whole lot of business still to be dis-
cussed, we will meet again in De-
cember before the start of next
session in January. There was a
gorgeous sunset over Bison as I
drove west to the ranch Tuesday
evening – still without a camera –
and I was reminded of how blessed
we are to live in such a beautiful
rural state.
Taz came home from college in
Chadron Wednesday night to help
Reub while Casey and Missy went
to Huron to watch Bryce and the
Harding County girls play in the
state volleyball championship. Taz
will be here until after Thanksgiv-
ing, so they should make some
headway on the new shed while
he’s home.
This week has been a tough one
for the Ericksons. John Erickson
had some scary heart problems
earlier in the week and the
Spearfish hospital sent him on to
Rapid City Regional where he had
a defibrillator put in Friday. Before
John’s surgery Thursday evening
they got word that his late brother
Bob’s 36 year old son, Capt. Bran-
don Erickson, died following sur-
gery in Idaho on Wednesday. It was
his second surgery since June
2012, when he was injured on a
call while working with the Merid-
ian Fire Department as a fire-
fighter and paramedic. Brandon
leaves behind his wife, son and
daughter. John is out of the hospi-
tal but was unable to attend his
nephew’s funeral in Idaho. Please
keep the Erickson family in your
Have you submitted your com-
ments on taking wolves off the En-
dangered Species list? If you google
“Range Magazine + wolves”, you’ll
find a wealth of information about
the devastation caused by those
very expensive wolves our govern-
ment imported from Canada. The
US Fish and Wildlife has extended
the comment period to remove the
gray wolf from the Endangered
Species list in the lower 48 states
until December 17. Written com-
ments and information concerning
the proposed rule can be submitted
by one of the following methods to
the appropriate docket number.
Follow the instructions for submit-
ting comments to the following
docket number: Gray wolf: Docket
No. [FWS–HQ–ES–2013–0073]
Send email your comments to the
federal eRulemaking Portal:
U.S. mail or hand-delivery: Pub-
lic Comments Processing, Attn:
[please use appropriate docket
number for each species – see
above]; Division of Policy and Di-
rectives Management; U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service; 4401 N. Fair-
fax Drive, MS 2042–PDM; Arling-
ton, VA 22203.
If you have high blood pressure,
I suggest that after you comment
you don’t read the comments sub-
mitted by the mostly anonymous
folks who want to protect wolves
and get rid of ranchers and live-
stock. It’s hard to believe people
can be so ignorant.
The Newell community hosted a
Rancher Relief soup supper at the
NVN Community Center Saturday
evening with 100% of the proceeds
from the supper, bake sale, and
silent auction going to the Rancher
Relief Fund to help the folks who
lost so much livestock in the Atlas
blizzard. They had a good turn out
and this small community raised
$15,000 to help our friends and
neighbors devastated by the Octo-
ber 4th blizzard.
The Rancher Relief Fund is now
accepting applications for assis-
tance from livestock producers im-
pacted by the blizzard. Represent-
atives of the Rancher Relief Fund
founding livestock organizations
identified dual priorities for fund
distribution – assist those who
were hardest hit first and provide
financial assistance to as many
producers as possible. Based on
these priorities, funds will be dis-
tributed through the SD Volunteer
Organizations Active in Disasters
(SDVOAD), which is comprised of
a number of disaster relief organi-
Assistance application forms are
available online at www.Rancher- An application dead-
line of Dec. 31, 2013 has been set
in order to assess the number of
applications and the severity of the
needs of those applicants. Future
updates about the fund will also be
posted at
The friendship and generosity of
people across the middle of Amer-
ica gives us just one more thing to
be thankful for this Thanksgiving.
We will celebrate Thanksgiving on
Thursday so I’ll leave you with this
joke I got from one of Reub’s rela-
One year at Thanksgiving, my
mom went to my sister's house for
the traditional feast. Knowing how
gullible my sister is, my mom de-
cided to play a trick. She told my
sister that she needed something
from the store.
When my sister left, my mom
took the turkey out of the oven, re-
moved the stuffing, stuffed a Cor-
nish hen, and inserted it into the
turkey, and re-stuffed the turkey.
She then placed the bird(s) back in
the oven.
When it was time for dinner, my
sister pulled the turkey out of the
oven and proceeded to remove the
stuffing. When her serving spoon
hit something, she reached in and
pulled out the little bird. With a
look of total shock on her face, my
mother exclaimed, "Patricia, you've
cooked a pregnant bird!"
At the reality of this horrifying
news, my sister started to cry. It
took the family two hours to con-
vince her that turkeys lay eggs!
You guessed it. She’s blonde!
Grand River Roundup ............................................... By Betty Olson
6 • The Bison Courier • Thursday, November 28, 2013
A large corn crop and falling
corn prices this fall have resulted
in record or near record high
feeder steer prices, said Darrell
R. Mark, adjunct professor of eco-
nomics at South Dakota State
Prices for 700-799 pound year-
ling steers in South Dakota
posted an all-time record high of
$172.64 per hundredweight dur-
ing the week ending October 18,
which Mark explained was the
first week of reporting after the
government shutdown ended.
“In the weeks since then, those
yearling steer prices have settled
back to $169 to $170 per hun-
dredweight; still, that’s fully $30
per hundredweight higher than
during late May 2013,” he said.
Lighter weight steer calves
weighing between 500 and 599
pounds have averaged $190-191
per hundredweight for the last
month, which Mark said is only
about eight dollars per hundred-
weight lower than the all-time
high established in June 2012 for
this weight of feeder steers.
He explained that the price in-
creases in the feeder cattle mar-
ket are resulting from both
supply and demand factors.
“Historically small cow herds
have restricted calf crop supplies
for several consecutive years.
Now, as some herd rebuilding be-
gins, fewer heifers are available
for feeding as more are held for
breeding replacement,” he said.
“On the demand side, ample feed-
ing capacity and much lower corn
prices this fall have spurred in-
terest in placing feeder cattle
amongst commercial feedyards
and farmer-feeders.”
Mark said it is likely that these
supply and demand fundamen-
tals will not change for a year or
more, which could drive feeder
cattle prices to new highs in the
year ahead. In the meantime, ex-
amining the economics of feeding
programs at current price levels
is important.
At $4.10 per bushel for corn,
$59 per ton for wet distillers
grain, and $60 per ton for ground
corn stalks, a feed ration can cost
about $172 per ton on a dry mat-
ter basis, Mark explained.
“When adding in other costs
like yardage, death loss, veteri-
nary and health, and interest on
the feeder steer and half of the
variable feed expenses, total cost
of gain is about $82 per hundred-
weight, assuming average cattle
performance,” he said. “With
hedging opportunities around
$136 per hundredweight for April
2014 fed cattle, there is about $82
per head profit in placing these
yearling steers now.”
Mark also projected the feeding
costs for placing lighter weight
calves on feed at today’s prices.
Doing so is a breakeven proposi-
tion, he said, because the finished
date is later in the summer dur-
ing the seasonal low in the fed
cattle market.
He noted that it might be pos-
sible to avoid marketing the calf-
feds during this time period by
lengthening the feeding period
and targeting them for slaughter
after prices seasonally rebound
from the summer lows in Septem-
ber or October.
“Doing so would likely require
different feedstuffs as the feeding
period would need more of a pro-
nounced backgrounding/growing
phase,” he said.
As always, cattle performance,
and other assumptions will differ
amongst feeders. “But, based on
these averages, it would appear
that there is a profit opportunity
to feeding cattle – even at today’s
near record feeder cattle prices.
And, that’s something that’s been
hard to come by for several
years,” he said.
Do feeding budgets work at
record feeder cattle prices?
Winter Climate Outlook
for South Dakota
The temperature and precipitation
outlook for December in South Dakota
remains somewhat mixed in the Na-
tional Oceanic and Atmospheric Ad-
ministration latest seasonal climate
outlook released this week.
For South Dakota, this means equal
chances of below average or above av-
erage temperature for the next month.
The same probabilities hold for precip-
itation as well, said Laura Edwards,
SDSU Extension Climate Field Spe-
Edwards added that just to our
north, there is a higher likelihood of
cooler than average temperatures in
December. South Dakota remains be-
tween the likely cooler than average to
the north and warmer than average re-
gion in the southern US.
"The winter outlook, which covers
December through February, leans to-
ward colder than average tempera-
tures - especially in the northern part
of the state," said Edwards, following
the Nov. 21, 2013 release of the na-
tional outlook.
The jet stream will likely continue to
break repeated cold outbreaks similar
to what the area has seen the last sev-
eral weeks.
For precipitation, Edwards said part
of Wyoming and Montana are more
likely to receive above average precip-
itation in December. She added that
looking ahead to the winter season
through February 2014, there remains
some uncertainty for the precipitation
patterns that will prevail. But a simi-
lar pattern is likely for the whole win-
As for total snowfall, Edwards said
it is still anyone's guess.
"Precipitation and snowfall are often
the most difficult to forecast," Edwards
said. "Without El Nino or La Nina af-
fecting our climate this winter, we rely
on climate models and long term
trends to give hints to what lies
The other problem with precipita-
tion is that a single large winter storm
can produce more than the average
amount of precipitation for a single
month. Predicting any individual
storm for the winter is nearly impossi-
ble to do, noted State Climatologist,
Dennis Todey.
He added that soil moisture has
been replenished this fall, with a wet
October and the end of the growing
season reducing water demand by
crops and vegetation.
"This will be of great benefit in set-
ting up soil conditions for the winter
season and the spring," Todey said.
"There does not appear to be any risk
of developing drought over the next
few months. The Seasonal Drought
Outlook has been consistent in saying
no new drought through February
2014 for South Dakota. In eastern
South Dakota, soils are on the moist
side, but not saturated like fall/winter
Edwards said a quick look to the
forecast for the rest of November
showed below average temperatures
dominating the state for the next six to
10 days. The state will also remain
mostly dry during that same time.
Temperatures are likely to turn a little
warmer as December begins, and po-
tentially some more moisture will
come to the area.
The Bison Courier • Thursday, November 28, 2013 • 7
Meadow News
...By Tiss Treib
Julie Scott of Glendale, AZ is spend-
ing the weekend with Art and Marilyn
Dorothy Carmichael and Kathleen
visited with Bernie Rose.
Les and Mike Rose visited with
Bernie Rose.
Vonnie and Julie Foster visited with
Bernie Rose Friday.
Carolyn Petik visited with Ernes-
tine Miller on Monday afternoon.
Carolyn Petik visited with Peggy Clark
and Irene Young in Lemmon on
Wednesday afternoon. In the evening
she attended Spencer/Hope Youth
Group at the church.
Saturday morning Carolyn attended
a "Mom's and Kids" get together at
Hope Church. Mirandi Bakken was a
Saturday afternoon visitor at Petik's.
Mary Ellen Fried visited at the Herb
Fried home Sunday with Dan and
Nancy Stetler of Lincoln, NE who are
here to spend the Thanksgiving week
with Herb.
Fred and Bev Schopp attended a Jr.
High Basketball game in Lemmon
Tuesday evening.
Fred and Bev Schopp were Sunday
dinner guests of Ray and Julie Schopp.
Katie and Kelly Schopp; Andrew
Sackman and Jeremey Thompson
were Sunday afternoon card players of
Fred and Bev Schopp.
Black Friday is the Friday after Thanksgiving in the
United States, where it is the beginning of the
traditional Christmas shopping season.
1st Team All Conference
Sierra Stugelmeyer, 12, Harding
County; Jenna Van Beek, 12,
Lemmon; Shanna Selby, 12,
Faith; Courtney Dahlgren, 12,
Timber Lake; Lenae McKinstry,
12, Bison; Alysha O”Connell, 12,
Dupree; Tia Baumberger, 11,
2nd Team All Conference
Skya Ducheneaux, 12, Timber
Lake; Madison Hulm, 11,
Bison; Kasey Teigen, 9, Harding
County; Jessica Nehl, 12, McIn-
tosh; Katie Sackman, 11, Lem-
mon; Hannah Higdon, 11,
Dupree; Jordan Bickel, 11, Tim-
ber Lake.
Honorable Mention Team
Julia BlueArm, 12, Lemmon;
Cassidy Gilbert, 11, Harding
County; Kailee Webb, 12, Timber
Lake; Megan Adams, 11, Harding
County; Millie Hanson, 11,
Newell; Teagen Engel, 10, Faith;
Marissa Lyon, 12, Lemmon.
Little Moreau Conference
2013 Volleyball
8 • The Bison Courier • Thursday, November 28, 2013
Monday, December 2
scalloped potatoes
green beans
salad bar
whole grain roll
fruit & milk
Tuesday, December 3
Sausage gravy & biscuits
cooked carrots
salad bar
fruit & milk
Wednesday, December 4
Tator tot casserole
whole grain roll
salad bar
fruit, milk
Thursday, December 5
Chicken strips
sweet potato puffs
whole grain roll
salad bar
fruit & milk
Madison Hulm Lenae McKinstry
/48q5 h49 4Op/IQY
Dec. 12, 2013 - 1 P.M.
AUCTION LOCATION. From Sturgis: Tree (3) miles East on Highway
34 to Highway 79, North on Highway 79 nineteen (19) miles. From Newell:
Four (4) miles South on Highway 79. Watch for signs.
Hay is all 2013 crop in round bales.
First cutting alfalfa, 550 bales; Second cutting, 560 bales;
Tird cutting, 160 bales; Oats and Wheat combination, 225 bales;
Grass hay, 70 bales; Haybet Barley, 20 bales.
COMMENTS: All 2013 crop year, net wrap round bales, baled with Vermeer
605 M baler. Most bales stacked close to blacktop highway. Loader available
sale day to load hay. All stacks will be marked with number of bales in each
stack. Sellers of hay have been in business for several years and put up quality
Owners: Lewis & Shaykett, Nisland, South Dakota
and Guest Consignors
Not Responsible For Accidents
In South Dakota hay is the
most common winter livestock
feed option, because it is less
risky than the other available op-
tions, explained Karla Hernan-
dez, South Dakota State
University Extension forages
field specialist.
While it does require less plan-
ning, Hernandez said it can also
be the most expensive method of
preservation. Which is why she
provides livestock producers with
storage tips to consider while
they are preparing for winter.
The best way to store hay is in-
side out of the weather. However,
since this is not always possible,
Hernandez said it is important to
do the best job of storing it to pre-
vent hay losses.
“Uncovered hay bales stored
outside on the ground can result
in high hay dry matter (DM)
losses that could range from 5-20
percent," she said. "In most cases,
it is recommended to elevate
bales using gravel which can re-
duce DM losses to 3-15 percent.
The best option for storage is cov-
ering hay bales with tarps, which
will help to prevent losses on hay
stored outside."
Rectangular bales are usually
protected by being stored inside,
especially in wet regions with
high rainfall and snowfall poten-
tial. Common storage structures
include pole barns with no walls
or sheds enclosed on one to three
"Good ventilation is needed
during the first one to three
weeks after baling to eliminate
moisture quickly as it exits the
stack," she said.
In low rainfall regions, rectan-
gular bales may be stacked out-
side but Hernandez said these
stacks should be covered to help
shed water.
Round bale storage losses Her-
nandez said can range from 5 to
40 percent DM depending on cli-
mate and on the degree of protec-
tion from weathering.
"Round bales are usually stored
outside in contact with the
ground and unprotected from the
weather. Outside storage losses
are small in dry regions or in
areas where winter precipitation
is mainly snow," she said.
"Weathering will decrease DM di-
gestibility and usually increases
fiber levels. Interestingly, hay
that lies beneath weathered ma-
terial on outside stored bales has
similar forage quality to hay
stored in the shed."
In general, moisture will tend
to penetrate a loosely-packed bale
causing significant loss. A good
method Hernandez suggested, is
to check for moisture on newly
formed bales is to press on the
outer layer with the palm of the
"If your palm goes in more than
about half-inch, significant losses
should be expected," she said.
Cattle can waste up to 50 per-
cent of hay fed. "Since hay stored
outside usually has more spoilage
during storage and lower palata-
bility than hay stored inside, pro-
ducers should feed that hay first.
No matter what type of storage
and feeding methods are used,
Hernandez said some loss is al-
ways possible. However by follow-
ing recommended storage
methods, and through careful
handling, losses can be mini-
mized, saving livestock produc-
ers' time and money.
Select an open area away from
trees to hasten drying following
wet periods. Arrange bales in a
single layer with three to four
feet of space between rows. This
will improve air circulation
around the bales. Bales should
not be stacked if they are not cov-
ered, because water shed from
upper layers will penetrate di-
rectly into lower layers, causing
severe damage. Select an ele-
vated area so water can drain
away from the bales.
Proper hay storage
in winter
Commercially raised
turkeys cannot fly.
Pastor Brad Burkhalter
Prairie City
Pastor’s Perspective
It's Thanksgiving!
In light of the fact that Thanksgiving is upon us, I thought it would be fit-
ting to write something that would go along with this special holiday. In-
stead of using the word "Thanksgiving," I hope it will be okay with you if I
use gratefulness. Truly grateful people are always a joy to be around. The
best definition that I've ever heard for gratefulness is, "acknowledging that
God and others are actually responsible for the achievements in my life." Do
you have anything to be grateful for? Do you realize that you have been
showered with blessings in every size? Are you grateful to your parents for
what they gave you, or are you just focusing on what they didn't? Has it oc-
curred to you that at one point in your life, one week of neglect would have
meant certain death. I know that it is difficult sometimes to see things to be
grateful for because of all the bad things that seem to take up our attention.
Our nature is to dwell on the negatives and how life has somehow treated us
badly. We somehow think that we got cheated and if things were different,
then we would be more grateful. The truth is that we have much to be grate-
ful for. We just have to open our eyes and see things from a different perspec-
tive. So my challenge to you is to be grateful, not just on November 28, but in
life. Start by taking time to focus on how God has benefited your life. Be
grateful to Him. He is a great listener and is truly worthy of any accolade
you could give Him. After you have done that for awhile, turn to those
around you and force yourself (if necessary) to acknowledge and verbalize
how the people around you have contributed positively to your life. Oh, and
guess what? You're getting together with those people in a day or so. Can you
be grateful to God and others for how they have benefited you life?
Pastor Brad
Grace Baptist Church • Pastor Phil Hahn
Sunday School 9:30 a.m. • Worship Service - 10:30a.m.
Wednesday Prayer Mtg. - 7:30 p.m.
Church of Christ
18 mi. south of Prairie City - Worship Service - 10:00 a.m.
Prairie Fellowship Parish ELCA • Pastor Dana Lockhart
Sat. evening services • GR Luth. - 4:00 p.m. •American - 6:30 p.m.
Sunday morning services •Rosebud - 8:00 a.m. • Indian Creek - 10:30 a.m.
Christ Lutheran Church WELS
Pastor Gerhardt Juergens
Sunday Bible Class - 8:00 a.m., Worship Service - 8:30 a.m.
Coal Springs Community Church
South Jct. of Highways 73 & 20
Sunday School - 10:00 a.m., Worship Service - 11:00 a.m.
Seventh Day Adventist Church • Pastor David Moench
Sabbath School - 2:00 p.m., Worship Service - 3:00 p.m.
Blessed Sacrament Catholic Church • Fr. Tony Grossenburg
Saturday Mass: - Morristown - 4:45 p.m., Lemmon 7:15 p.m.
Sunday Mass: Lemmon - 8:15 a.m., Bison - 11:00 a.m.
Holland Center Christian Reformed Church
Pastor Brad Burkhalter • Lodgepole
Worship Service - 8:00 a.m.
First Presbyterian Church • Pastor Florence Hoff, CRE
Worship Service - 10:30 a.m. Sunday School - 9:30 for all ages
Slim Buttes Lutheran • Pastor Henry Mohagen
Reva • Sunday School 9:45 a.m. for all ages
•Worship Service - 11:00 a.m., WMF 2nd Wednesday at 1:00 p.m.
Beckman Wesleyan Church • Pastor Brad Burkhalter
Prairie City
Sunday School - 10:00 a.m., Morning Worship - 11:00 a.m.
Vesper Service - 6:00 p.m., Wed. Evenings - 7:30 p.m.
Church Services
The Bison Courier • Thursday, November 28, 2013 • 9
Stay fit this Holiday Season
During the busy Holiday Sea-
son, staying active is just as im-
portant as any other time of year,
said Nikki Prosch, SDSU Exten-
sion Health and Physical Activity
Field Specialist.
"In fact, during the holidays,
you may consume more calories,
so balancing out these calories
with activity is a great way to
avoid any unwanted weight
gain," she said.
Prosch encourages readers to
get fit this holiday with these
•Avoid using the "cold
weather" as an excuse to not be
active. Just be sure to wear ap-
propriate clothing - if you need
help, visit and read the
article "Exercise & Cold
•If you will be traveling long
hours during the holidays, pack
resistance bands, small weights,
or a jump rope to incorporate ac-
tivity into your travel plans. If
you have layover time in the air-
port, use this time to walk around
the airport.
•Routine change: It is very
likely that your daily routine is
shaken up a little with busy holi-
day plans. If so, plan ahead for
this change. This may mean you
have to do your normal 30 minute
walk in the morning or evening,
instead of over lunch, or maybe
you will have to break up your 30
minute session into three 10
minute sessions throughout the
•If you do not have a family
tradition during this time of year,
consider starting a family walk,
family relays or a sledding event.
•If you can't seem to work out
alone, find a family member or
friend to be your "fitness buddy"
during the holiday season. Work-
ing out with a friend or in a group
will mean someone is counting on
•Limited time: Squeeze in ac-
tivity as much as possible, every
bit counts. Walk a little faster
while getting groceries for your
holiday meals or while shopping
for presents. Squeeze in a morn-
ing walk before the busy day be-
gins or do squats or balance on
one foot while cooking.
"Many of us look forward to
this time of year for different rea-
sons, whether it is family, friends,
good food, presents or yearly tra-
ditions," Prosch said. "It is impor-
tant to use the holidays for some
relaxation, but remember that
physical activity can be a great
way to do this, especially with
your loved ones."
10 • The Bison Courier • Thursday, November 28, 2013
The National Christmas Tree in Washington, D.C.. Christmas trees have become an American
Tree Facts – Christmas Trees .............................................
By Robert W. Drown,
Natural Resource Specialist
The time to get a Christmas
tree is fast approaching. About
half of the Christmas trees used
in the United States are real and
half artificial. Surprisingly arti-
ficial trees were used in the
United States before real ones.
They were made of goose feathers
dyed green developed by German
immigrants in the mid-18th cen-
tury. During the 19th century the
Christmas tree tradition was
adopted by the general popula-
tion and natural trees came into
general use. In the 1930s a bottle
brush company invented an arti-
ficial tree made with green brush
bristles that was used widely
across the country. Even alu-
minum was used to make artifi-
cial trees for several decades in
the 20th century but throughout
the last 40 years the main ingre-
dient has been plastic. Real trees
are grown by over 21,000 Christ-
mas tree growers throughout the
U.S. The leading Christmas tree
growing states are Oregon, North
Carolina, Michigan, Pennsylva-
nia, Wisconsin, Washington, New
York, and Virginia.
Regardless of whether you will
be using a real or artificial tree it
is helpful to do some planning on
exactly where you will place the
tree. Be sure to choose a spot
away from heat sources, such as
TVs, fireplaces, radiators, air
ducts and also make sure it is
away from doors. Measure the
height and width of the space you
have available in the room where
the tree will be placed. Choose a
tree that is suitable for where it
is to be displayed.
Christmas trees sold on retail
lots may have been cut weeks ear-
lier and from hundreds of miles
away. It is usually best to buy
early before the best trees have
been taken. Choose a tree with a
healthy green appearance with
few browning needles. The nee-
dles should be flexible and not fall
off if you run a branch through
your hand. Lift the tree a few
inches off the ground and drop it
on the butt end. Very few green
needles should drop off the tree.
Make sure the handle or base of
the tree is straight and 6-8 inches
long so it will fit easily into the
Most artificial Christmas trees
are made from PVC plastic that is
fire-retardant. Pre-lit trees have
become very popular. They are
classified as electrical products
and meet mandatory regulations
and safety standards. Artificial
Christmas trees may be "frosted"
or "glittered" and designed for
outdoor uses. Plastic trees come
in a variety of different colors and
some even have built-in speakers
with MP3 players. Artificial trees
are increasingly realistic made to
closely resemble Douglas fir, Pon-
derosa pine or other common
types of Christmas trees.
There are numerous evergreen
species grown for Christmas
trees. Christmas tree species can
conveniently be divided into two
groups - pines, such as Scotch
and White Pine, and the single-
needle conifers such as spruces
and firs. Pines have their needles
attached to branches in groups of
two or more and single-needle
conifers have needles individu-
ally attached to the branches.
The most popular species sold for
Christmas trees in South Dakota
are Scotch Pine, Colorado Blue
Spruce, Douglas Fir, Fraser Fir
and Black Hills Spruce.
If you go with a real tree, make
sure that it has a long enough
handle to accommodate your tree
stand. When you get it home,
make a fresh one inch cut on the
butt end and place the tree in a
sturdy stand that holds at least
one gallon of water, or a rule of
thumb is one quart of water for
every inch of diameter of the
trunk. A well-cared-for Christ-
mas tree will normally remain
fresh for the entire holiday sea-
My sources for this news re-
lease were the University of Illi-
nois, Cornell University, Ohio
State University, South Dakota
State University Extension Serv-
ices and Wikipedia. If you would
like more information about
“Christmas Trees,” contact Bob
Drown at the Conservation Office
at 605-244-5222, Extension 4 or
by e-mail at
Nov. 19 51 31
Nov. 20 46 7
Nov. 21 20 4
Nov. 22 30 6
Nov. 23 27 6
Nov. 24 53 14
Nov. 25 35 14
One year ago
Hi 65 Lo 8
Data colleted by
Grand Electric Co-op, Inc.
Turkey has more protein
than chicken or beef.
The Bison Courier • Thursday, November 28, 2013 • 11
Rosebud News....By Tiss Treib
Tiss Treib made a trip to Lem-
mon Monday.
Tiss Treib was a Friday supper
guest of Vern and Roni Klein and
Ben, Ezra, Miles and Hannah
Wiechmann and Gary Johnson
helped Tiss Treib gather and load
cows and hauled them to Faith
Saturday afternoon.
LaVonne Foss was a coffee
guest of Shirley Johnson Satur-
Thelma Sandgren was a coffee
guest of Shirley Johnson.
Shilo Johnson spent time with
Shirley Johnson one day this past
Thursday, Tim and JoAnne
Seim; Kel and Jean Brockel were
among those who traveled to
Timber Lake for the funeral of
Bert Keller.
Friday morning, Tim and
JoAnne Seim; Scott and Rod
Seim and Bonnie Haynes trav-
eled to Northome, MN to attend
the funeral of their aunt Dolly
Seim Saturday. They returned
home that evening.
Patsy Miller made a trip to
Lemmon Monday.
Thursday, Patsy Miller trav-
eled to Rapid City with Barb
Jim and Patsy Miller traveled
to Lemmon and Hettinger Friday.
Matt and Christi Miller and Zab-
rina spent Sunday with Jim and
Patsy Miller.
Steve Sandgren stopped in to
see his mother briefly Monday.
Cody and Leslie Kling of Mor-
ristown stopped in Wednesday
morning and had breakfast with
their grandma, Thelma, on their
way to Rapid City.
John and Shirley Johnson
came over to see Thelma Sand-
gren Thursday morning. John
needed a haircut and then they
enjoyed snacks.
Friday was Thelma’s usual
busy day in Hettinger and later
she visited Gert Kooiman at the
hospital and her sister at the
nursing home and she didn’t
make it home before dark.
Sunday, Thelma Sandgren
went to church in Bison with
James, Marcie and Kylee Sand-
gren. Alton and Mariette Cor-
nella, Georgia Sandgren and
Allison Hanson also joined them.
Later, Alton, Mariette, Scott,
Dani and Preston Cornella; Geor-
gia Sandgren; Dan, Allison, Eliz-
abeth and Bennett Hanson; Susie
and Rachel Sandgren; Cody and
Leslie Kling; James, Marcie and
Kylee Sandgren all were guests of
Thelma Sandgren at Smoky’s to
celebrate James’ 50th birthday.
Ray and Rochelle Witte of Rapid
City and Max and Joyce Matthew
also joined them. It was great.
Symptoms of gluten intolerance
More than 55 diseases have been
linked to gluten, the protein found
in wheat, rye, and barley. It’s esti-
mated that 99% of the people who
have either gluten intolerance or
celiac disease are never diagnosed.
•It is also estimated that as
much as 15% of the US population
is gluten intolerant. Could you be
one of them?
•If you have any of the following
symptoms it could be a sign that
you have gluten intolerance:
•Digestive issues such as gas,
bloating, diarrhea and even consti-
pation. I see the constipation par-
ticularly in children after eating
•Keratosis Pilaris, (also known
as ‘chicken skin’ on the back of your
arms). This tends be as a result of
a fatty acid deficiency and vitamin
A deficiency secondary to fat-mal-
absorption caused by gluten dam-
aging the gut.
•Fatigue, brain fog or feeling
tired after eating a meal that con-
tains gluten.
•Diagnosis of an autoimmune
disease such as Hashimoto’s thy-
roiditis, Rheumatoid arthritis, Ul-
cerative colitis, Lupus, Psoriasis,
Scleroderma or Multiple sclerosis.
•Neurologic symptoms such as
dizziness or feeling of being off bal-
•Hormone imbalances such as
PMS, PCOS or unexplained infer-
•Migraine headaches.
•Diagnosis of chronic fatigue or
fibromyalgia. These diagnoses sim-
ply indicate your conventional doc-
tor cannot pin point the cause of
your fatigue or pain.
•Inflammation, swelling or pain
in your joints such as fingers, knees
or hips.
•Mood issues such as anxiety, de-
pression, mood swings and ADD.
Notice of Bid Letting
The Director of Equalization office of
Perkins County SD seeks a highly-ex-
perienced vendor to supply the follow-
ing GIS and related services: ability to
provide client references related to GIS
experience with Tax Equalization of-
fices in South Dakota; development of
rural and urban parcels GIS layer uti-
lizing necessary techniques (section
corner control, coordinate
Geometry/COGO, Aliquot Parts, CAD
conversation, digitization, plat maps)
that meets all South Dakota Digital
Parcel File Standards; ability to de-
velop a web-based GIS site that will in-
tegrate with the Director of
Equalization’s CAMA/Admin package
(website to provide access to property
data with aerial photography, GIS
mapping, and built-in tools to include
but not limited to ID, photo, buffer,
draw and print; vendor must host the
website on their servers with triple re-
dundancy and maintain the site); abil-
ity to provide Esri ArcGIS software
licenses, train in use of Esri software
and provide ongoing support of soft-
ware; ability to provide customized
DOE-specific software extensions to be
used in tool bars within the desktop
Esri ArcGIS software and ongoing sup-
port of extensions; ability to deliver
completed layers and website within
12 months; ability to spread cost of
project interest-free over several
budget years.
Rownea Gerbracht
Perkins County
Director of Equalization
PO Box 6,
Bison SD, 57620
[Published November 28, 2013 and De-
cember 5, 2013 at a total approximate
cost of $31.20.]
Perkins County
Regular Meeting
Date: November 12, 2013
Present: Commissioners Schweitzer,
Henderson, Ottman, Besler, Foster
and Finance Officer Chapman
Others Present: Juell Chapman, Gary
Larson, Jens Hansen, Max Matthews,
Geraldine Peck, Kelli Schumacher,
Kelly Serr, Tracy Buer, Duane Holt-
gard, Beth Hulm, press
Call to Order
Chairman Schweitzer called the meet-
ing to order at 8:00 am. The Pledge of
Allegiance was recited.
Approval of the Agenda
Ottman moved, Foster seconded to ap-
prove the agenda as presented, motion
Approval of the Minutes
Henderson moved, Foster seconded to
approve the minutes of the October 8th
regular Commission meeting, motion
carried. Ottman moved, Besler sec-
onded to approve the minutes of the
October 23rd special meeting, motion
Monthly Reports
•Finance Officers Account with the
Deputy Finance Officer - To the Hon-
orable Board of County Commissioners
Perkins County: I hereby submit the
following report of my examination of
the cash and cash items in the hands
of the Deputy Finance Officer of this
County as of October 31, 2013, Sylvia
Chapman, Finance Officer, Perkins
County. Total amount of deposits in
banks $45580.65, total amount of ac-
tual cash $150.69; Insured Money
Market $3,322,956.29; Dakota Plains
Federal Credit Union membership fee
$10.04; Certificates of Deposit
$500,001.00; South Dakota FIT
$101,495.23; Total $3,970,193.90. The
total represents state, county, schools,
cities and township funds, which will
be transferred to each entity of govern-
ment after being apportioned.
•Sheriff ’s fees in the amount of
$432.80 were reviewed.
•Register of Deed’s fees in the amount
of $1,670.00 were reviewed.
•Sheriff ’s car logs were reviewed.
•Motor Vehicle fees for the month of
September were reviewed.
•Longevity increase of 10₵ per hour
will be realized for the following: P
Crow Nov 14, J Kruger Nov 28 and K
Chapman Dec 1.
Tracy Buer
Tracy Buer submitted his resignation
to the Commission effective November
30, 2013. Ottman moved, Foster sec-
onded to accept Tracy Buer’s resigna-
tion, motion carried. Henderson
moved, Besler seconded to give Tracy
Buer a severance package of 8 weeks
of pay, roll call vote: Henderson aye,
Ottman aye, Besler aye, Foster nay,
Schweitzer aye, motion carried.
Foreman Duane Holtgard was called
in to discuss his role in the interim.
Executive Session
Henderson moved Ottman seconded to
enter into executive session at 8:09 am
to discuss personnel, motion carried.
The meeting was declared out of exec-
utive session at 8:19 am, motion car-
Foster moved, Ottman seconded to
enter into executive session at 8:34 am
to discuss personnel, motion carried.
The meeting was declared out of exec-
utive session at 9:35 am.
4-H Advisor Office Moved to Bent-
ley Building
Discussion was held on moving the 4-
H Advisor to the Bentley Building.
The sharing of the secretary was dis-
cussed. The Town of Bison expressed
an interest in entering into a contract
to rent a portion of that office space for
$300 per month.
Besler moved, Foster seconded to move
the 4-H advisor office to the Bentley
Building, motion carried.
A letter was received from Russ Wyant
requesting forgiveness of the penalty
on his delinquent taxes. Foster moved,
Ottman seconded to deny the request
from Russ Wyant to return the penalty
from delinquent taxes, motion carried.
Liquor License Renewal
Ottman moved, Besler seconded to ap-
prove the renewal of Liquor License
On-Sale Liquor License RL-5306 for
Buzz Stop, motion carried.
Sheriff Serr
Sheriff Kelly Serr was present to re-
quest a wage be set for the new deputy
hire, Antonio Garcia. Foster moved,
Besler seconded to set the wage for An-
tonio Garcia at $15.85 per hour, motion
HAVA Grant Auto-supplement
Henderson moved, Ottman seconded
to accept the HAVA grant in the
amount of $2987.31 and to auto-sup-
plement the Election budget in the
amount of $2987.31, motion carried.
Appoint of Appraisers
Chairman Schweitzer appointed Brad
Besler, Kelly Serr and John Peck as
appraisers for the county surplus
Foster moved, Henderson seconded to
deny the bill to Fink’s Dirt Moving bill
for $765.00, motion carried. The fol-
lowing claims were presented and ap-
proved for payment: October payroll:
78,520.64; IRS, fica, 4,868.25; SD Re-
tirement, retirement, 5,042.18; Delta
Dental, insurance, 1,080.40; Lincoln
Mutual, insurance, 145.44; SDSDBF,
insurance, 18,391.58; A&B Business,
supplies, 216.54; A+ Repair, mainte-
nance, 106.15; Bison Courier, publish-
ing, 187.04; Bison Food, supplies, 5.39;
Bison Implement, repairs/suppl,
2,646.51; BL Contracting, road repairs,
7,568.40; Butler Machinery, repairs,
411.38; Chapman’s Electronics, sup-
plies, 146.87; Clinical Lab of BH, prof
fees, 1,602.00; Country Media, publish-
ing, 192.25; Crane, Roseland, Hardy,
crt apt atty, 1,222.00; Current Connec-
tion, supplies/maint, 534.39; Dakota
Business, supplies, 37.16; Dale’s Tire,
supplies, 1,384.88; Eido Printing, pub-
lishing, 19.00; Executive Mgmt Fi-
nance, supplies, 5.61; G&O Paper,
supplies, 1,047.90; R Gerbracht, sup-
plies, 36.02; Grand Electric,
utilities/suppl, 1,533.25; Hamand Tire,
maintenance, 22.00; Heartland Paper,
supplies, 69.43; Terry Hoffman, road
repair, 1,150.00; IAAO, registration,
175.00; Jacqueline Perli Reporting, crt
reporting, 50.00; Jenner Equipment,
repairs, 136.81; John Deere, repairs,
166.86; K&R Auto Body, repairs,
101.60; KBJM, publishing, 162.30;
Lemmon EMT, mileage, 1,236.66; Lit-
tle Falls Machine, repairs, 1,820.58;
Lodgepole Store, utilities, 975.00;
Matheson Tri-Gas, repairs, 122.24;
Meade County, jail board, 1,485.00;
National Sheriffs’ Assn, dues, 52.00;
NW Farm & Home Supply, supplies,
90.99; S Penfield, rent, 400.00; Penor
Texaco, repairs, 13.00; Pharmchem
Inc, supplies, 121.60; Pitney Bowes,
maintenance, 410.31; Prairie Commu-
nity Health, prof fees, 234.00; Premier
Equipment-Mobridge, repairs, 100.94;
Premier Equipment-Isabel, repairs,
1,363.18; E Preszler, chemical rebate,
65.31; Rosenau Enterprises, road re-
pairs, 3,960.00; SBM, maintenance,
19.35; K Schumacher, mileage, 342.62;
SD Dept of Health, CHN qtly
pymt/blood testing, 1,685.00; SD Dept
of Labor, unemployment, 186.34; Ser-
vall Uniform, supplies, 62.60; Sheehan
Mack, repairs, 3,142.96; Tennant’s
Auto, maintenance, 50.28; Tessier’s
Inc, repairs, 1,252.56; Town of Bison,
utilities, 189.19; Truenorth Steel, sup-
plies, 21,711.64; K Van Slooten, chem-
ical rebate, 36.78; Verizon Wireless,
utilities, 240.08; VISA, travel, 503.59;
West Group, law books, 625.89; WR
Telephone, utilities, 1,116.18.
Chairman Schweitzer declared the
meeting adjourned at 10:50 a.m. The
next regular meeting of the Perkins
County Commissioners will be held on
Tuesday, December 10, 2013 at 10:00
a.m. in the Perkins County Commis-
sioner Room in Bison.
Sylvia Chapman, Finance Officer
Mike Schweitzer, Chairman
[Published November 28, 2013 at a
total approximate cost of $75.06.]
Accepting Bids
Perkins County Commissioners are ac-
cepting sealed bids on the following
surplus Equipment.
1974 Chevy Pickup
1990 Chevy Pickup
1980 International Truck
1993 Ford Tractor
Sealed bids may be submitted to the
Perkins County Finance Office, PO
Box 126, Bison, SD 57620. Bids will be
accepted until 10:00 a.m. on Tuesday,
December 10, 2013 when they will be
opened and read aloud. The Commis-
sioners reserve the right to accept or
reject any or all bids.
Sylvia Chapman
Finance Officer
Published November 28, 2013 and De-
cember 5, 2013 at a total approximate
cost of $15.56.]
Notice is hereby given pursuant to
SDCL 6-1-4, that the following proper-
ties, acquired by Perkins County
through tax deed proceedings, have
been declared surplus property by
Perkins County and will be offered for
sale to the highest bidder by sealed bid
for cash at 10:30 a.m. MT on Tues-
day, December 10, 2013, at the
Perkins County Courthouse in Bison,
Legal Description:
Lemmon Original Block 6 Lot 3
Minimum Bid:
Structure must be brought Up to
City Code OR Removed within 6
Sealed bids should be mailed or deliv-
ered to:
Perkins County Finance Office,
Sylvia Chapman, Finance Officer,
PO Box 126, Bison, SD 57620
Bids must be received prior to the bid
opening at 10:30 a.m. MDT. Bidders
will be allowed to orally raise their
bids at the opening and the County Re-
serves the right to reject any and all
Cash at the time of acceptance of bid.
Perkins County will transfer all rights,
title and interests that Perkins County
has acquired via Quit Claim Deed to
successful bidder. Any announcements
made at the bid opening will take
Dated this 7th day of November, 2013
/s/Sylvia chapman
Perkins County Finance Officer
[Published November 28, 2013 and
December 5, 2013 at a total approxi-
mate cost of $34.46.]
12 • The Bison Courier • Thursday, November 28, 2013
Bison Courier 244-7199
The Bison Courier • Thursday, November 28, 2013 • 13
Radon – Is your home raising your lung cancer risk?
Mention radon to most people,
and you’ll get a blank stare. But
mention lung cancer, and you’ve
got their attention! Most people
don’t know that exposure to
radon, an invisible odorless gas,
is the leading cause of lung can-
cer among nonsmokers. South
Dakota is recognized as having a
very high risk of radon, so we at
the American Lung Association
want you to know how to protect
your family. A simple test in your
home can tell you if you need to
take steps to reduce the risk to
yourself and your family. Novem-
ber, Lung Cancer Awareness
Month, is a perfect time to learn
more and test your home.
Radon, a radioactive gas from
the soil and rock beneath many
homes, keeps itself well hidden.
You can’t see it, smell it or taste
it, but according to the U.S. Envi-
ronmental Protection Agency
(EPA) about 21,000 lung cancer
deaths each year in the U.S. are
November is National Lung
Cancer Awareness Month, but
anytime is the right time to find
out if radon is a health threat in
your home. Radon can build up in
any house – old or new – and per-
forming a radon test is the only
way to find out if your home has
unsafe levels. Homeowners can
use do-it-yourself radon testing
kits. To find out where to buy a
kit, call 1-800-SOS RADON (1-
800-767-7236), or visit the EPA
If you have high levels of radon,
mitigation systems can be in-
stalled that effectively pull radon
out of your home. If you’re build-
ing a new home, consider in-
stalling a simple, inexpensive
ventilation system that can pro-
tect your family from radon gas.
The Federal Department of
Housing and Urban Development
(HUD) recently announced that
they will require testing for radon
in any multi-family housing that
receives HUD financing or refi-
nancing. If high levels of radon
are found, HUD will require that
the building be repaired to reduce
indoor radon levels. This is great
news that will protect thousands
from deadly radon exposure.
But more needs to be done. The
Lung Association is working to
make sure that all homes get
tested, and those that have high
levels get fixed. We are working
to make sure that new homes are
built with these low-cost radon
protection systems in place. Be-
cause we know all too well the
cancer radon causes.
Benjamin Franklin wanted the turkey to
be the national bird of the United States.
14 • The Bison Courier • Thursday, November 28, 2013
Select the perfect Christmas tree using these tips
About 36 million Christmas
trees are sold between Thanksgiv-
ing and Christmas. While artifi-
cial trees enjoyed increased sales
for the past decade, those sales
have stagnated as buyers opt for a
fresh, traditional tree, said John
Ball, SDSU Extension Forestry
"A traditional Christmas tree is
also the environmentally friendly
way to celebrate the holidays. The
average artificial Christmas tree
has a life span of six years before
it ends up in a landfill. The tradi-
tional Christmas tree, while used
only one season, can become valu-
able mulch, a winter bird feeder or
even used as a fish habitat after
the holidays," Ball said.
Here are some tips on picking
out the perfect tree.
The way to obtain the freshest tree
is to harvest it yourself at a
choose-and-cut Christmas tree
farm, Ball says.
"This way you are guaranteed a
"fresh" tree rather than one that
may have been harvested several
weeks earlier," he said.
If cutting your own tree is not
possible, Ball said to use these tips
to check for freshness at a Christ-
mas tree sales lot.
First, give the tree a light but
vigorous shake. Only a few inte-
rior needles should fall out of the
tree if it is fresh. If a pile of brown
needles appears on the ground
below the tree, particularly from
the branch tips, it is not a fresh
Next, reach into a branch and
pull the needles gently through
your hand as you move out to-
wards the tip. The needles should
bend, not break, as your fingers
run across them and the branch
should only slightly bend.
Regardless of whether you buy a
tree from a lot or cut it yourself,
once you get the tree home, leave
it outside while you set the stand
Ball said the choice of a stand is
probably the most critical factor in
maintaining the freshness of the
tree once in the home.
"The stand should be able to
hold one-half to one-gallon of
water as the new Christmas tree
may absorb up to this amount in
the first day," Ball said.
A good rule-of-thumb he shared
is a tree will use 1 quart of water
per day for every inch trunk diam-
eter at the base. If you have a tree
with a 3-inch base, it may use 3
quarts of water per day.
Just before you bring the tree in
the house cut the base about one-
inch from the bottom. Ball says
this will open the sap-filled tra-
cheids - the pores responsible for
transporting water - and allows
water to be absorbed into the tree.
The base cut does not have to be
slanted; the angle makes little dif-
ference in the amount of water ab-
Once the tree is in the stand add
water and then, Ball said to never
let the stand become empty.
"If the stand becomes empty for
more than six hours, the tree's
pores plug up. Water uptake will
then be significantly reduced, the
tree will dry out and the needles
will soon begin to fall," he said. "If
the tree stand does dry up for half
a day or more there is nothing that
can be done other than pull the
tree out of the stand and recut the
base - not a pleasant task once the
lights and ornaments are already
Ball also said that nothing
needs to be added to the water in
the stand to improve needle reten-
"The commercial "tree fresher"
products do not significantly in-
crease the life of the tree and the
home remedies such as aspirin,
sugar, soft drinks and vodka do
not work and may be harmful to
pets that may drink from the
stand," he said.
Place the stand in a spot that re-
ceives only indirect light from the
windows and not near any heat
duct. Ball said this will reduce
water loss from the tree and pro-
long its freshness.
"Another tip to prolonging fresh-
ness is to start out with a clean
stand. Before setting up the tree
wash the stand out with a solution
of about a capful of bleach to a cup
of water, to reduce the growth of
microorganisms that may also
plug up the tree's pores,"
Which is the best tree?
Ball said each species has its
good points, but the Fraser fir is
probably one of the favorites.
"The tree is very fragrant, has
excellent needle retention and the
branches are stiff enough to hold
ornaments. Balsam fir is another
good choice though the needles do
not last as long and the branches
are not quite as stiff. Canaan fir,
another popular fir appears to
have qualities similar to Frasier
fir and is also becoming a popular
Christmas tree," he said.
Pines are very popular with
Scotch pine probably the most
popular tree in the country. It also
is very fragrant, has excellent nee-
dle retention and the branches are
"White pine is another pine com-
monly sold at Christmas tree
stands and has a fair fragrance,
but the needle retention is not
quite as good as Scotch pine and
the branches are very flexible
meaning heavy ornaments may
fall off," he said. "White pines do
have very soft needles and if you
are going to run into the tree in
the middle of the night this is the
Spruces are not as popular of
Christmas trees, said Ball, prima-
rily due to their poor needle reten-
"If you want to have a blue
spruce as your Christmas tree, you
probably should wait until a cou-
ple of weeks before Christmas as
the needles may only last that
long. Once the needles begin to
fall, blue spruce are about the
worst tree to have as the fallen
needles are sharp and seem to find
their way into socks and slippers,"
he said.
Blue spruce has the best needle
retention of the spruces, but does
not have much of a fragrance. The
branches are very stiff, however,
and can support the heaviest orna-
ments. White spruce, or Black
Hills spruce is not commonly
available though is used in the
Black Hills.
"It does make a nice tree, partic-
ularly when cut fresh but it does
not have much of a fragrance and
occasionally Black Hills spruce
trees can have a slight musky
odor," he said.
Perkins County, SD, is seeking to
fill the position of highway super-
intendent. Applicant will be re-
sponsible for bridge and highway
construction and maintenance,
equipment operation and mainte-
nance, supervision of county
highway shop and workers. Must
have a working knowledge of a
county highway system. Must
possess professional relationships
with the general public and em-
ployees. Engineering background
Advertising Rates:
DISPLAY ADS: $4.70 per column inch.
CLASSIFIED ADS: $5.90 for 30 words; 10¢ for each word
thereafter. $2.00 billing charge applies.
THANK YOU'S: $5.90 for 30 words; 10¢ for each word
thereafter. $2.00 billing charge applies.
HIGHLIGHTS & HAPPENINGS: $5.90 minimum or $3.10
per column inch. $2.00 billing charge applies.
HAPPY ADS: With or Without Picture: $15.00 minimum or
$4.50 per column inch.
BIRTH ANNOUNCEMENT: $41.00 for a 2x7 ad.
Legal Deadline is Friday at NOON! Ad Deadline is Monday
at NOON! 244-7199 or
a plus. Must have valid SD Com-
mercial Drivers License. Must
pass pre-employment drug test.
Perkins County is an equal op-
portunity employer. Application
deadline is January 1, 2014 or
until position is filled. Apply at
Perkins County Finance Office,
PO Box 126, Bison, SD, 57620.
Phone 605-244-5624.
For Sale
For Sale: Guernsey dairy bull
calf – tested A2/A2 genetics. Son
of a champion bull, mother is a
milk machine! Will be weaned
Feb – March. Taking non-refund-
able deposits now. Registered,
$1400 or Unregistered, $1000.
Delivery extra, from Glad Valley.
Fed only certified / transitional
organic hay, grains, minerals.
Call Ron 605-466-2553 or 605-
in Western South Dakota seeks
experienced Cabinet Sales De-
partment Manager. Base Plus.
Send Resume to: SDNA/Cabinet,
1125 32nd Ave, Brookings, SD
CDL. Engineering background a
plus. Open until 1/1/14 or until
filled. For more information: 605-
244-5624. Apply: Perkins County
Finance Office, PO Box 126,
Bison, SD, 57620. EOE.
THE CITY OF ONIDA is seeking
a public works employee. Full
Time, with benefits. Employ-
ment contingent upon pre-em-
ployment physical. Call 605-258-
CIALIST – Perkins County Rural
Water System, Bison, SD. The
system provides quality drinking
water to customers in Perkins
County, Lemmon, and Bison. The
position has full responsibility for
system expansion, operations,
maintenance, administrative,
and financial functions. College
degree preferred or applicable ex-
perience. Qualified individuals
should submit resume, refer-
ences, statement of qualifica-
tions, and salary range to: Don
Melling, 11018 159th Avenue,
Hettinger, ND 58639. Deadline
December 31, 2013. For addi-
tional information contact the
nearest South Dakota Depart-
ment of Labor and Regulation
full time Police 911 Telecommuni-
cator. Applications available at, select “City
Government”, then “City Employ-
ment”; or S.D.Dept of Labor,
Dakota Avenue South, (605) 353-
& CNA’s, top weekly pay, direct
deposit, & flexible schedules.
Take control of your schedule
with Tri-State Nursing. Apply on-
line today. 800-
HEN PHEASANTS. Good flyers.
Ph: (605) 835-8129.
representing Golden Eagle Log
Homes, building in eastern, cen-
tral, northwestern South & North
Dakota. Scott Connell, 605-530-
2672, Craig Connell, 605-264-
5650, www.goldeneagleloghomes
$19.99/month (for 12 mos.) &
High Speed Internet starting at
$14.95/month (where available.)
SAVE! Ask About SAME DAY In-
stallation! CALL Now! 1-800-308-
statewide for only $150.00. Put
the South Dakota Statewide
Classifieds Network to work for
you today! (25 words for $150.
Each additional word $5.)
Call this newspaper or 800-658-
3697 for details.
owner operators, freight from
Midwest up to 48 states, home
regularly, newer equipment,
Health, 401K, call Randy, A&A
Express, 800-658-3549.
Christmas is coming! Cro-
cheted dishrags, pot scrubbers,
embroidered towels, crocheted
caps, scarves, soup mixes. See
Arlis at the Bison Courier.
Thank You
We wish to thank everyone who
donated to the Tracy Wolff benefit
at Smoky's and to all who at-
tended. It's a great community to
live in!
Lisa & Sandy
It is time for Thanksgiving! So,
on behalf of the ladies of Im-
manuel Lutheran Church at
Zeona, a heartfelt Thank You to
all who helped plan, furnish and
prepare the food for the Fall sup-
per on November 16th. Thanks to
the ‘guys’ in the background who
helped with so many tasks!
Thank you to everyone who at-
tended and for the generous giv-
ing to our free will offering! God
loves you and so do we!
Immanuel Lutheran Church
Dr. Jason M. Hafner
Dr. David J. Prosser
Faith Clinic
1st & 3rd Wed. of the month
Buffalo Clinic
2nd & 4th Wed. of the month
The Bison Courier • Thursday, November 28, 2013 • 15
16 • The Bison Courier • Thursday, November 28, 2013
Thanksgiving marks the start of
a month-long holiday season, and
Fire Marshal Paul Merriman urges
South Dakotans to celebrate the
season but be aware of the added po-
tential for fires.
The season means more cooking,
Christmas trees in homes, holiday
lighting and decorative candles,
Merriman said. Each of those things
is a potential fire risk.
“We all love the trees and lights
and the scent and sight of glowing
candles,’’ he said. “Those are won-
derful parts of the season. But, they
can be fire hazards if not handled
properly. We don’t want anyone’s
Thanksgiving or Christmas ruined
by a home fire.’’
The season usually means more
cooking, Merriman said. The Na-
tional Fire Prevention Association
said 40 percent of home fires start in
the kitchen. The association made
cooking fires the theme of its annual
Fire Prevention Week earlier this
It is something to remember
throughout the holiday season, Mer-
riman said. “People get busier dur-
ing the holidays, and we can become
rushed, tired or distracted,’’ he said.
“No matter how busy we get, it’s im-
portant not to leave the kitchen
while cooking.’’
The potential for a cooking fire
can be reduced by turning off burn-
ers if you leave the kitchen. Wear
clothing with tight-fitting sleeves
when you cook. Keep potholders,
oven mitts, wooden utensils, paper
and plastic bags, towels and any-
thing else that can burn, away from
your stovetop. And, clean up food
and grease from burners and stove-
Safety tips to reduce the risk of
other holiday-related home fires in-
clude, if you have a natural tree in
your home, check the amount of
water in the stand each day. A fresh
tree can take in up to a quart of
water a day. Place the tree away
from heat sources such as fireplaces
and heaters, and do not place it in
an exit path.
Never use candles on or near a
tree. Make sure the lights you use
are UL listed and not frayed or dam-
aged. Do not use outdoor lights in-
doors or indoor lights outdoors.
Don’t overload electrical circuits.
Use approved circuit strips and turn
off all Christmas lights before leav-
ing the home or retiring for the
Put lit candles in glass safety
globes and keep lit candles away
from drafty windows and doorways.
Avoid the temptation to burn
cardboard boxes or holiday wrap-
ping paper in a fireplace. Those ma-
terials burn at very high
temperatures and not all fireplaces
are suited to burn those materials.
Holidays bring higher risks for home fires