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Lesson 2: The Internet and World WIde We Lesson Questions and Vocabulary, pgs. 2 !

2"

Jennifer Keo

#o$plete the sentences belo% as you re&ie% the lesson. Sentence Starter 'eople use the Internet to... What the Text Says #reate ne% opportunities e&ery day, learn and research, (eep in touch %ith distant friends and fa$ily $e$bers, be infor$ed about political de&elop$ents, and $a(e &ie%s (no%n to go&ern$ent officials, and to nurture relationships. )o$e, school, %or(, and $ore. #o$$unicate %ith others, get entertained, and get infor$ed. ++2. #reate a %eb ser&er. ,et%or(s.

They use the Internet at... *nyone %ith access to the Internet can... The birth of the Internet is tied closely to... The goal %as to... The increased use of the Internet is fueled by... The Internet is creating... * net%or( is a... The Internet is a...

Web ser&ers. -roup of t%o or $ore co$puters lin(ed together. *n application that can.t e/ist %ithout the %eb.

The beauty of this That no% $any people can use net%or(s. net%or( of net%or(s is... )o% do %e #reate a chat roo$ to chat %ith users. co$$unicate across the Internet0 1ro$ your co$puter, you can... T#'2I' is the... It is considered... * host co$puter allo%s you to... Trans$ission #ontrol 'rotocol and Internet 'rotocol. The language of co$puters. 3irectly get connected to a net%or(.

,orris, 24 5

Lesson 2: The Internet and World WIde We Lesson Questions and Vocabulary, pgs. 2 ! 2"

Jennifer Keo

#o$plete the sentences belo% as you re&ie% the lesson. If you %ant to access a co$pany6s co$puters that are connected to the Internet... 8o$e of the $ore popular Internet ser&ices include... The Web is a... This progra$, )TT', beca$e... 7ou %ill be connected to their internet.

3ell

*n application that $a(es uses of the internet. The language co$puters %ould use to co$$unicate hyperte/t docu$ents o&er the internet.

#lic(ing a lin(ed %ord or Will ta(e you to that lin(. i$age... With the introduction of It %ill help co$puters co$$unicate. 9osaic... 7ou can send and recei&e Web pages of the Internet because... When you enter a Web site address in your bro%ser... The internet can do its :ob.

7ou %ill be sent to that %ebsite if it is able to load.

;&ery Web ser&er has... * %ebsite. The first part of a Web page address indicates... The second part specifies... )T9L co$puter language deter$ines... )yperte/t is a... * Web page is nothing $ore than... The %eb address.

The %ebsite. Te/t docu$ents. * docu$ent or the language co$puters. * docu$ent %ritten in )T9L that can be accessed on the internet. ;&ery Web page has a uni<ue address called a =>L.

9ar(up tags consist of... Lin(s.

,orris, 24 5

Lesson 2: The Internet and World WIde We Lesson Questions and Vocabulary, pgs. 2 ! 2"

Jennifer Keo

Table 2-1: Top!le&el do$ain na$e abbre&iations. TOP-LEVEL DOMAIN ABBREVIATIONS edu co$ go& $il net org T PE O! OR"ANI#ATION

;ducational institutions #o$$ercial businesses, co$panies, and organi?ations -o&ern$ent institutions, li(e I>8 9ilitary organi?ation, li(e the =.8. *r$y ,et%or( pro&ider *ssociations and organi?ation

@'age 2"A What three ite$s deter$ine ho% a Web page displays0

.The type and &ersion of the bro%ser displaying the %eb page. 2.)T9L $ar(up tag 5.users $onitor
V$cab%lary: 1ind the page %here the %ord first appears and its glossary definition.

Ter&
host node

Pa'e N%&ber
22

"l$ssary De()n)t)$n
)ost $ode is any co$puter that directly connects to a net%or(. * soft%are progra$ that pro&ides a graphical interface for the internet is called bro%ser.
,orris, 24 5

bro%ser

22

Lesson 2: The Internet and World WIde We Lesson Questions and Vocabulary, pgs. 2 ! 2"

Jennifer Keo

Ter&
interoperability

Pa'e N%&ber
25

"l$ssary De()n)t)$n
The beauty of this net%or( to net%or(s is all brands, $odels , and $a(ing co$puters co$$unicate %ith each other is called interoperability. #o$puters that co$$unicate %ith each other using a set of protocols (no%n as T#'2I'. * standard for$at for transferring data bet%een t%o de&ices. This ob:ect called a host co$puter is a co$puter that you can access re$otely fro$ your co$puter. The I' protocol can %or( as an addressing sche$e. * do$ain na$e can identify a site on the internet. The World Wide Web or %eb is a subset or an application that $a(es the use of the internet. * progra$ that beca$e the language co$puters that %ould be used to co$$unicate %ith hyperte/t docu$ents all o&er the internet. * progra$ that per$itted pages to be lin(ed through a for$atting process. * co$puter that deli&ers or ser&es up %eb pages. * =>L is a %eb page often used.

T#'2I': Trans$ission #ontrol 'rotocol and Internet 'rotocol protocol

25

25

host co$puter

25

I' protocol do$ain na$e World Wide Web @WWWA

25 2B 2B

)TT': )yperte/t Transfer 'rotocol

2B

)T9L: hyperte/t $ar(up language %eb ser&er =>L: =nifor$ >esource Locator

2C

2C 2D

,orris, 24 5

Lesson 2: The Internet and World WIde We Lesson Questions and Vocabulary, pgs. 2 ! 2"

Jennifer Keo

Ter&
hyperlin( blog

Pa'e N%&ber
2E B

"l$ssary De()n)t)$n
* highlighted %ord or i$age is a hyperlin(. * %eb page that ser&es as a publicly accessible :ournal or log. * chat roo$ is you on a de&ice creating a real ti$e co$$unication bet%een yourself and another or a group of users. This Finstant $essagingG allo%s you to $aintain a list of people %ith %ho$ you %ish to real ti$e %ith. * group of people %ith shared interest. * discussion foru$ or type of bulletin board. This Fonline conferencingG %ill include a $icrophone and spea(ers for audio and a digiti?ing ca$era for &ideo. This is an internet standard that allo%s users to do%nload and upload files fro$ and to other co$puters on the internet.

chat roo$

B

instant $essaging

B

$ailing list ne%sgroup online conferencing

B B2 B2

1T': file transfer protocol

B2

@'age 2BA 1ill in the $issing parts of the follo%ing paragraph. 9any people use the ter$s HHHWorld Wide WebHH or HHH%ebHH for short, and HHinternetHHH interchangeably. In reality, they are t%o different things. The HHHWebHH is a subset or an HHHapplicationHH that $a(es use of the
,orris, 24 5

Lesson 2: The Internet and World WIde We Lesson Questions and Vocabulary, pgs. 2 ! 2"

Jennifer Keo

HHHinternetHH. The HHHinternetHH can ex)st *)th$%t the HH%ebHHH but the HHH%ebHH cann$t ex)st *)th$%t the HHinternetHHH.

,orris, 24 5