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Lesson 2: The Internet and World Wide Web Lesson Questions and Vocabulary, pgs. 2 !

2"

Mazin Imam

#omplete the sentences belo$ as you re%ie$ the lesson. Sentence Starter &eople use the Internet to... What the Text Says 'esearch in(ormation, to shop, to go to school, to communicate $ith (amily and (riends, to read the daily ne$spaper, to ma)e airplane and hotel reser%ations, and so on. Wor), at home, and $hile tra%eling. #an connect $ith and communicate $ith anyone else in the $orld that also has Internet access. * computer!net$or)ing pro+ect started by the go%ernment di%ision called *d%anced 'esearch &ro+ects *gency ,*'&*-. #reate a net$or) that $ould allo$ scientists to share in(ormation on military and scienti(ic research. ./panding computer use in schools and $or)places. 0e$ opportunities e%ery day!!! to learn and research, to )eep in touch $ith distant (riends and (amily members, to stay in(ormed about political de%elopments and ma)e %ie$s )no$n to the go%ernment o((icials, and to nurture relationships that bridge and 1roup o( t$o or more computers lin)ed together. Loose association o( thousands o( net$or)s and millions o( computers across the $orld that all $or) together and share in(ormation.

They use the Internet at... *nyone $ith access to the Internet can... The birth o( the Internet is tied closely to... The goal $as to...

The increased use o( the Internet is (ueled by... The Internet is creating...

* net$or) is a... The Internet is a...

The beauty o( this net$or) Is all the brands, models, and ma)es o( o( net$or)s is... computers can communicate $ith each other. 2o$ do $e communicate across the Internet3 4rom your computer, you can... T#&5I& is the... #onnect $ith any other net$or)ed computer any$here around the $orld! as long as you )no$ the address or )no$ ho$ to (ind the address. *greed upon international standard (or transmitting data.

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Lesson 2: The Internet and World Wide Web Lesson Questions and Vocabulary, pgs. 2 ! 2"

Mazin Imam

#omplete the sentences belo$ as you re%ie$ the lesson. It is considered... * host computer allo$s you to... The language o( the Internet and supports nearly all Internet application. *ccess remotely (rom your computer.

I( you $ant to access a 9ou open your Web bro$ser and type the company8s computers that domain name into the bro$ser:s *ddress bo/. are connected to the Internet... ;ome o( the more popular Internet ser%ices include... The Web is a... This program, 2TT&, became... #lic)ing a lin)ed $ord or image... With the introduction o( Mosaic... 9ou can send and recei%e Web pages o( the Internet because... <logs, chat rooms, e!mail, 4T&, instant messaging, mailing lists, and ne$s!groups. ;ubset or an application that ma)es use o( the Internet. <ecame the language computers $ould use to communicate hyperte/t documents o%er the Internet. Trans(ers you (rom one Web page to another or a di((erent part o( the $ebpage. The Web became a communication tool (or a much $ider audience. <ecause Web ser%ers and Web bro$sers both understand 2TT&.

When you enter a Web site 4or instance, this sends an 2TT& command to address in your bro$ser... the $eb ser%er to tell it to its location and transmit the re=uested Web page. .%ery Web ser%er has... The (irst part o( a Web page address indicates... Its o$n I& address and most ha%e a domain. What protocol to use.

The second part speci(ies... The I& address or the domain name $here the resource is located. 2TML computer language determines... 2o$ Web page are (ormatted a displayed and allo$s to users to e/change te/t, images, sound, %ideo, and multimedia (iles.

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Lesson 2: The Internet and World Wide Web Lesson Questions and Vocabulary, pgs. 2 ! 2"

Mazin Imam

#omplete the sentences belo$ as you re%ie$ the lesson. 2yperte/t is a... * Web page is nothing more than... Mar)up tags consist o(... Lin) to another location, o(ten re(erred to as a hyperlin). *n ordinary te/t page that is coded $ith 2TML, mar)up tags and then displayed $ithin a bro$ser. * set o( te/t commands that are interpreted by the bro$ser.

Table 2-1: Top!le%el domain name abbre%iations. TOP-LEVEL DOMAIN ABBREVIATIONS .du #om 1o%. Mil 0et ?rg T PE O! OR"ANI#ATION

.ducational institutions #ommercial businesses, companies, and organizations 1o%ernment institutions, such as I'; Military organizations, such as the >.;. *rmy 0et$or) pro%ider *ssociations and organizations

,&age 2"- What three items determine ho$ a Web page displays3

. 2TML 2. Web &age 7. 0I#
V$cab%lary: 4ind the page $here the $ord (irst appears and its glossary de(inition.

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Lesson 2: The Internet and World Wide Web Lesson Questions and Vocabulary, pgs. 2 ! 2"

Mazin Imam

Ter&
2ost node

Pa'e N%&ber
22

"l$ssary De()n)t)$n
* host node is any computer directly connected to the net$or). * bro$ser is a so(t$are program that pro%ides a graphical inter(ace (or the internet. The beauty o( this net$or) o( net$or)s is that all brands, models, and ma)es o( computers can communicate $ith each other. #omputers on the internet communicate $ith each other using a set o( protocols )no$n as T#&5I&. * protocol is a standard (ormat (or trans(erring data bet$een t$o de%ices. * host computer is a computer that you access remotely (rom your computer. The I& protocol $or)s $ith the addressing scheme. *ddresses the site on the internet. * net$or) o( se%ers lin)ed together by a common protocol, allo$ing access to millions o( hyperte/t resources. #ommunication protocol used to connect to ser%ers on the World Wide Web.

<ro$ser

22

Interoperability

27

T#&5I&: Transmission #ontrol &rotocol and Internet &rotocol &rotocol

27

27

2ost computer

27

I& protocol @omain name World Wide Web ,WWW-

27 2A 2A

2TT&: 2yperte/t Trans(er &rotocol

2A

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Lesson 2: The Internet and World Wide Web Lesson Questions and Vocabulary, pgs. 2 ! 2"

Mazin Imam

Ter&
2TML: hyperte/t mar)up language Web ser%er >'L: >ni(orm 'esource Locator 2yperlin)s

Pa'e N%&ber
2B

"l$ssary De()n)t)$n
* te/t!based program used to create documents to display in a bro$ser, * computer that deli%ers ,ser%es up- Web &ages. *n address (or a resource or site on the World Wide Web. ?b+ects on a Web page that, $hen clic)ed, ta)e you to a di((erent location on the same Web page or to another one. * short (orm o( $eblog, a personal +ournal that is published on the Web. *n online area $here you can chat $ith other members in real!time. .!mail (eature that allo$s you to send and recei%e messages $hile you and the contact are both logged on to the Internet. * group o( e!mail addresses that are used (or easy and (ast distribution o( in(ormation to multiply e!mail address simultaneously. *n online discussion group $here participants e/change messages on a speci(ic topic. *lso called Web con(erencing, is used to hold group meetings or li%e presentations o%er the internet.

2B 2C 2"

<log

A

#hat room

A

Instant messaging

A

Mailing list

A !A2

0e$sgroup

A2

?nline con(erencing

A2

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Lesson 2: The Internet and World Wide Web Lesson Questions and Vocabulary, pgs. 2 ! 2"

Mazin Imam

Ter&
4T&: (ile trans(er protocol

Pa'e N%&ber
A2

"l$ssary De()n)t)$n
*n internet standard that allo$s users to do$nload and upload (iles (rom other computers on the Internet.

,&age 2A- 4ill in the missing parts o( the (ollo$ing paragraph. Many people use the terms World Wide WebDDDD or DWebDDDD (or short, and DInternetDDDD interchangeably. In reality, they are t$o di((erent things. The WebDDDDD is a subset or a D*pplicationDDDD that ma)es use o( the DDInternetDDD. The DInternetDDDD can ex)st *)th$%t the DDWebDDD but the DDWebDDD cann$t ex)st *)th$%t the DInternetDDDD.

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