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Chapter 1 Basic Concepts of Financial Statement Audit

Multiple Choice 1. C 6. D 2. D 7 C 3. A 8. D 4. C 9. B 5. A 10. C

Problem 1 Audit Adjusting Entries: Equipment Acquisition Fund Cash Purchases Accounts Payable Treasury Shares Investments Depreciation Expense Accumulated Depreciation Total Furniture and Equipment P402,000 Acquired June 30, 2011 20,000 Acquired at inception P382,000 Annual depreciation 60,000 60,000 50,000 50,000 30,000 30,000 39,200 39,200

= P 76,400/2 = P38,200 Annual depreciation rate = 38,200/382,000 = 10% 2012 Depreciation: on beginning balance P38,200 on new (10% x 20,000 x 6/12) = 1,000 Total P39,200 Insurance Expense Prepaid Expenses Unearned Rent Income Rent Income 12,800 10,000 = 2,800 decrease Miscellaneous Expenses Accrued Expenses 54,000 51,000 = 3,000 increase Inventory, end Cost of Goods Sold Purchases Inventory, beg. 1,200 1,200 2,800 2,800 3,000 3,000 650,000 2,408,000 2,474,000 584,000

Chapter 1 Basic Concepts of Financial Statement Audit


CLARITY COMPANY WORKING TRIAL BALANCE FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2012 Trial Balance Debit Credit
Cash Accounts receivable Allowance for doubtful accounts Inventory, Dec. 31, 2011 Prepaid expenses Investments Furniture and equipment Miscellaneous equipment Accumulated depreciation Accounts payable Accrued expenses Unearned rent income Ordinary share capital Retained earnings Sales Rent income Purchases Salaries expense Advertising expense Commission expense Utilities expense Supplies expense Transportation expense Repairs and maintenance Miscellaneous expenses Equipment acquisition fund Doubtful accounts expense Inventory, Dec. 31, 2012 Cost of goods sold Treasury shares Depreciation expense Insurance expense Profit before income tax Profit before income tax Income tax expense Income tax payable Profit 191,000 615,000 21,000 584,000 8,000 110,000 312,000 90,000 76,400 543,000 51,000 12,800 600,000 182,800 3,500,000 48,000 2,424,000 400,000 124,000 80,000 32,000 12,000 14,000 16,000 23,000 5,035,000

Adjustments Debit

Credit
60,000 9,750 584,000 1,200 30,000

Profit or Loss Debit

Credit

Financial Position Debit Credit


131,000 615,000 30,750 6,800 80,000 312,000 90,000 115,600 593,000 54,000 10,000 600,000 182,800

39,200 50,000 3,000 2,800

2,800 50,000
2,474,000

3,500,000 50,800 400,000 124,000 80,000 32,000 12,000 14,000 16,000 26,000 60,000 9,750 650,000 2,408,000 30,000 39,200 1,200 3,162,150 388,650 3,550,800 116,595 272,055 388,650 116,595 272,055 1,974,800

3,000 5,035,000 60,000 9,750 650,000


2,408,000

30,000 39,200 1,200 3,253,950

3,253,950

3,550,800 3,550,800 388,650

388,650

1,974,800

Problem 2 Audit Adjusting Entries: Accounts receivable Cash in bank Doubtful accounts expense Allowance for doubtful accounts 15,000 15,000 15,650 15,650

Chapter 1 Basic Concepts of Financial Statement Audit


Purchases Accounts payable Cost of goods sold Inventory, end (601,200 + 50,000 30,000) Purchase returns and allowances Purchases (2,159,300 + 50,000) Inventory, beginning 50,000 50,000 2,120,500 621,200 36,500 2,209,300 568,900 6,000 5,000

Accumulated depreciation equipment *11,000 Gain on sale of equipment Furniture and equipment (40,000 35,000) 40,000 x 10% x 2.75 years) = 11,000 Depreciation expense furniture and equipment 64,300 Accumulated depreciation furniture and equipment Furniture and equipment, per client P618,000 Adjustment above ( 5,000) Furniture and equipment, per audit P613,000 Depreciation expense: On remaining equipment 613,000 x 10% =P61,300 On equipment sold: 40,000 x 10% x 9/12 3,000 Depreciation for the year P64,300 Prepaid insurance (8,400 x 6/12) Insurance expense Prepaid rent 130,000 x 1/13 Rent expense Discount on notes payable Interest expense 100,000 x 12% x 11/12 Retained earnings Goodwill 4,200

64,300

4,200 10,000 10,000 11,000 11,000 300,000 300,000

Chapter 1 Basic Concepts of Financial Statement Audit


CIELO CORPORATION WORKING TRIAL BALANCE FOR THE YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2012 Trial Balance Debit Credit
Cash Accounts receivable Allowance for doubtful accounts Notes receivable Merchandise inventory Furniture and equipment Accumulated depreciation Goodwill Accounts payable Notes payable Common stock Retained earnings Sales Sales returns and allowances Purchases Purchase returns and allowances Advertising expense Sales salaries Commission expense Miscellaneous selling expense Rent expense Office salaries Light and water Insurance expense Taxes and licenses General expenses Interest expense Interest income Doubtful accounts expense Cost of goods sold Merchandise inventory Gain on sale of equipment Depreciation expense Prepaid insurance Prepaid rent Discount on notes payable 225,000 936,000 31,900 155,000 568,900 618,000 187,500 300,000 536,000 100,000 1,000,000 552,500 3,728,200 47,600 2,159,300 36,500 96,100 288,500 152,000 29,900 130,000 197,200 15,000 10,800 47,800 163,400 41,200 6,181,700 9,100 6,181,700 15,650 2,120,500 621,200 6,000 64,300 4,200 10,000 11,000 3,259,350 64,300 4,200 10,000 11,000 3,259,350 3,394,750 348,550 3,743,300 3,743,300 3,743,300 348,550 104,565 243,985 348,550 104,565 243,985 2,575,400 15,650 2,120,500 621,200 6,000 11,000

Adjustments Debit
15,000

Credit
15,000 15,650

Profit or Loss Debit

Credit

Financial Position Debit Credit


210,000 951,000 47,550 155,000

568,900 5,000 64,300 300,000 50,000

613,000 240,800 586,000 100,000 1,000,000 252,500 3,728,200 47,600

300,000
2,209,300

50,000 36,500

10,000

4,200

11,000

96,100 288,500 152,000 29,900 120,000 197,200 15,000 6,600 47,800 163,400 30,200 9,100

Income before income tax

Income before income tax Income tax expense Income tax payable Profit

348,550

2,575,400

Chapter 1 Basic Concepts of Financial Statement Audit


Problem 3 Audit adjusting entries: Inventory, December 31, 2012 (addition) Income summary Doubtful accounts expense Allowance for doubtful accounts 3% x 522,000 = 15,660 15,660 740 = 14,920 Sales salaries and commission Accrued expenses 3% x 27,200 = 816 Freight in Accounts payable Advertising expense Prepaid advertising Freight out Sales Depreciation expense Office Equipment Accumulated depreciation office equipment 15,600/10 x 10/12 Other operating expenses Loss from flood Extraordinary loss (Function of expense method) Flawless, Inc. Statement of Comprehensive Income For the Year Ended December 31, 2012 Net Sales Cost of goods sold Gross profit Other operating income Total income Operating expenses Selling expenses General and administrative expenses Other operating expenses Total operating expenses Profit before interest and income tax Interest expense Profit before income tax P984,640 429,650 P554,990 52,700 P607,690 P130,916 154,620 145,200 P430,736 P176,954 9,040 P167,914 67,200 67,200 14,920 14,920

816 816 1,500 1,500 4,200 4,200 18,400 18,400 1,300 1,300 145,200 145,200

Chapter 1 Basic Concepts of Financial Statement Audit


Income tax expense ( 30% x 167,914) Profit Schedules: Net Sales Sales 990,400 + 18,400 Sales returns and allowances Sales discounts Net sales Cost of Goods Sold Inventory, January 1, 2012 Net cost of purchases: Purchases Freight in Total goods available for sale Less: inventory, December 31, 2012 Cost of goods sold Other operating income Interest revenue Dividend revenue Gain on sale of equipment Total other operating income Selling Exp. Sales salaries and commissions P 70,816 Advertising expense 36,380 Legal services Insurance and licenses Salesmens traveling expenses 7,120 Depreciation expense delivery Equipment 12,200 Depreciation expense office Equipment Utilities expense Telephone and postage Officers salaries Doubtful accounts expense Freight out Miscellaneous selling 4,400 Loss from flood Total P130,916 50,374 P117,540

P1,008,800 (22,400) (1,760) P984,640

P179,400 P346,000 12,550 358,550 P537,950 108,300 P 429,650 P 1,400 14,300 37,000 P 52,700 Gen. and Adm. Other Operating Exp. P 4,450 17,000

10,900 12,800 2.950 73,200 14,920 18,400 P154,620 P145,200 P145,200

Chapter 1 Basic Concepts of Financial Statement Audit


Flawless, Inc. Statement of Comprehensive Income For the Year Ended December 31, 2012 Net Sales Other operating income Total income Operating expenses Net cost of purchases Decrease in inventory Sales salaries and commissions Advertising expense Legal services Insurance and licenses Salesmens traveling expenses Depreciation expense delivery equipment Depreciation expense office equipment Utilities expense Telephone and postage Officers salaries Doubtful accounts expense Freight out Miscellaneous selling Other expenses - Loss from flood Total operating expenses Profit before interest and income tax Interest expense Profit before income tax Income tax expense ( 30% x 167,914) Profit MULTIPLE CHOICE Karkits Corporation Audit adjusting Entries: 1. Advances to officers & employees Marketing and administrative expense Petty Cash 2. A. Accounts Receivable Cash in Bank B. Cash in Bank Accounts Receivable E. Cash in bank Accounts Payable 3. Trading Securities Unrealized gain on Trading Securities P984,640 52,700 P1,037,340 P 358,550 71,100 70,816 36,380 4,450 17,000 7,120 12,200 10,900 12,800 2.950 73,200 14,920 18,400 4,400 P145,200 P430,736 P176,954 9,040 P167,914 50,374 P117,540

3,000 4,500 7,500 35,000 35,000 40,000 40,000 48,300 48,300 20,000 20,000

Chapter 1 Basic Concepts of Financial Statement Audit


4. A. Advances to Officers and Employees Accounts Receivable B. Sales Inventories Accounts Receivable Cost of good sold 5. A Inventories Cost of good sold B. Accounts Payable Cost of good sold C. Inventories Accounts Payable D. Cost of good sold Accounts Payable E. Sales Inventories Accounts Receivable Cost of good sold * Marketing and Administrative Expense Allowance for uncollectible accounts 6. Marketing and Administrative Expense Prepaid Insurance A. Land Building Other income Land and Building Marketing and Administrative Expense 120,000 120,000 625,000 500,000 625,000 500,000 26,000 26,000 35,000 35,000 27,000 27,000 22,350 22,350 36,000 25,000 36,000 25,000 17,900 17,900 6,250 6,250 1,864,000 7,606,000 30,000 8,600,000 900,000

B. Marketing and Administrative Expense 166,800 Accumulated Depreciation-Building 150,000 Accumulated Depreciation-Leasehold Improvements 16,800 8. Marketing and Administrative Expense Accumulated Amortization - Franchise 50,000 50,000

9. Marketing and Administrative Expense 72,000 Licensing Agreement 144,000 Accumulated Amortization - Licensing Agreement 216,000 10. A. Accounts Payable De la Cruz Accounts payable De Leon 126,000 126,000

Chapter 1 Basic Concepts of Financial Statement Audit


B. Marketing and Administrative Expense Accrued expense 11. Other Income Unearned Revenue 12. Interest Expense Interest Payable Mortgage Payable Current portion of long term debt 13. Interest Expense Interest Payable Discount on Bonds Payable 14. Income Tax Payable Income Tax Expense 1,458,579-1,585,705 Karkits Corporation Statement of Comprehensive Income For the year ended December 31, 2012 Sales Cost of Good Sold Gross profit Other Income Total income Marketing and Administrative Expense Income before Interest and taxes Interest expense Profit before Tax Income Tax (4,861,930 * 32%) Profit P 31,589,000 (17,606,300) 13,982,700 40,000 14,022,700 (8,368,650) 5,654,050 (792,120) 4,861,930 (1,555,817) P 3,306,113 50,800 50,800 130,000 130,000 200,000 200,000 500,000 500,000 187,800 180,000 7,800 127,126 127,126

Karkits Corporation Statement of Financial Position As of December 31, 2012 Assets CURRENT ASSETS Cash and Cash Equivalents Trading Securities, market value Accounts receivable, net Inventories Prepaid Insurance Notes 3 4 P 304,400 350,000 2,743,100 4,976,900 23,150

Chapter 1 Basic Concepts of Financial Statement Audit


CURRENT ASSETS NON CURRENT ASSETS Property, Plant and Equipment Intangibles, Net NON CURRENT ASSETS Total assets 5 6 P 8,397,550 P 11,124,700 594,000 11,538,700 P 19,936,250

Liabilities and Shareholders Equity CURRENT LIABILITIES Trade And Other Payables 7 Unearned Revenues Income Tax Payable CURRENT LIABILITIES NON CURRENT LIABILITIES Mortgage Payable Bonds Payable NON CURRENT LIABILTIES Total liabilities SHAREHOLDERS EQUITY Ordinary Share Capital Additional Paid-in Capital Retained Earnings SHAREHOLDERS EQUITY Total Liabilities and Shareholders Equity NOTES 3. Cash Petty Cash Cash in bank Cash and Cash Equivalents 4. Trade and other receivables Accounts receivable, net Advance to Officers and Employees Allowance for uncollectible account Trade and Other Receivables

P 4,983,020 130,000 66,239 P 5,179,259 P 1,500,000 1,885,800 3,385,800 P 8,565,059 P 5,000,000 1,350,000 5,021,191 11,371,191 19,936,250

7,500 296,900 P 304,400

2,758,000 123,000 (137,900) P 2,743,100

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Chapter 1 Basic Concepts of Financial Statement Audit


5. Property, plant and equipment Land Building P 7,750,000 Accumulated Depreciation - Building (150,000 Furniture and Fixtures P2,177,000 Accumulated depreciation Furniture and Fixtures (703,500 Leasehold Improvements P 168,00 Accumulated depreciation Leasehold Improvements (16,800) Total Property, Plant and Equipment, Net 6. Intangible Assets Franchise P500,000 Accumulated Amortization Franchise (50,000) Licensing Agreements P 360,000 Accumulated Amortization Licensing Agreements (216,000 Total Intangible Assets

P 1,720,000 7,600,000 1,473,500 151,200 P 11,124,700

450,000 144,000 P 594,000

7. Trade and Other Payables Accounts Payable Accrued Expense Interest Payable Dividends Payable Current portion of Long Term Debt Trade and Other Payables 8. Amortized cost of bonds payable Bonds Payable Discount on Bonds payable Bonds Payable, Net of Discount

P 2,204,200 648,820 380,000 1,250,000 500,000 P 4,983,020 P 2,000,000 (114,200) P 1,885,800

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Chapter 1 Basic Concepts of Financial Statement Audit

Answers: 1. Petty Cash 2. Cash in bank 3. Trading Securities 4. Accounts Receivable 5. Allowance for doubtful accounts 6. Advances to Officers & Employees 7. Inventories 8. Prepaid Insurance 9. Land 10. Building 11. Accumulated Depreciation Building 12. Net book Value of Leasehold Improvement 13. Franchise 14. Licensing agreement, net 15. Accounts Payable 16. Accrued Expenses 17. Unearned Revenues 18. Interest Payable 19. Income Taxes Payable 20. Dividends Payable 21. Current portion of long term debt 22. Discount on Bonds Payable 23. Ordinary share capital 24. Retained Earnings 25. Sales 26. Cost of Good Sold 27. Marketing & administrative expense 28. Other income 29. Interest expense 30. Net income

7,500 296,900 350,000 2,758,900 137,900 123,000 4,976,900 23,150 1,720,000 7,750,000 150,000 151,200 500,000 144,000 2,204,200 648,820 130,000 380,000 163,477 1,250,000 500,000 114,200 5,000,000 5,021,191 31,589,000 17,606,300 8,368,650 40,000 792,120 3,306,113

c a b d d d d c b b b c a b c c d c a d b c a c d c c a b a

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