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General Principles: Load Balancing Method

Dr Antonis Michael Department of Civil Engineering Frederick University

General Principles of Prestressed Concrete
Third Concept: Load Balancing Method
Load in the concrete is balanced by stressing the steel

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Consider a pre-stressed beam with a curved tendon. Assume no friction yP L FBD of concrete due to pre-stressing: Replace tendon with forces acting on concrete P wb L P 2 .

FBD of tendon: P wb P Consider a differential element of tendon of length rdα r P dα wb P dα/2 r dα ∑F y =0 2 ⋅ P ⋅ sin dα − wb ⋅ r ⋅ dα = 0 2 dα da sin = 2 2 wb = P r For a straight tendon r→∞ then wb = 0 3 .

The stress in the concrete will be: σ =− P Ac For a different uniform load: (w-wb)→unbalanced moment 4 . The tendon can be described by the following equation: y= 4 ⋅ yb ⋅ x 4 ⋅ yb ⋅ x 4 ⋅ yb ⋅ x 2 ( L − x ) = − L2 L L2 The tendon curvature: 1 d2y = r dx 2 dy 4 ⋅ yb 8 ⋅ yb ⋅ x = − dx L L2 d2y 8⋅ y =− 2b 2 dx L The upward uniform load is given by: wb = P d2y 8 ⋅ P ⋅ yP = P⋅ 2 = − r dx L2 When we load the beam we have equal and opposite vertical forces that cancel each other.Consider a parabolic tendon.

g.34 kN/m (7.79 kN m The unbalanced moment is: M ub = wub ⋅ L2 3.55 19.Example: Same as C-Line Example Prestressed Simply Supported T-Beam gSd + qSd = 6.512 m For a parabolic draped tendon with no eccentricity at the supports the total load is 13.13) The unbalanced load is: wub = wT − wb = 13.79 ⋅19.512 = = 180kNm 8 8 5 .55 = 3.34 − 9.371 kN = 9.13 kN/m c.51 m.371 m The balancing load is: wb = − 8 ⋅1225 ⋅ 0. yP = 0.21+6. L = 19.51 m Pe = 1225 kN.c 19.

3058 0.04 MPa Bottom service stress 5.00896674 Pe M ub ⋅ yb 1225 180 ⋅ 0.151 − =− − = −7038kPa = −7.04 MPa Ac Ic 0.Stress distribution at service: σ top = − Pe M ub ⋅ yt 1225 180 ⋅ 0.00896674 σ bot = − Remember: Top service stress -7.3058 0.21MPa Ac Ic 0.2 MPa 6 .459 + =− + = 5208kPa = 5.