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o lng v cm bin

Cm bin thng minh


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SVTH_T2K5
Phm Tun Anh Trn Vn Anh Phm Th o Trn Th Phng

Vn Th Loan Hong Vn Huy


Phng c Hip

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7

Ni dung trnh by
Khi nim v cm bin thng minh Cu to ca cm bin thng minh ng dng ca cm bin thng minh M hnh ngi nh thng minh

1. Khi nim CB TM
Cm bin thng minh l loi cm bin s dng cc b vi x l hay vi iu khin kt hp vi cc loi cm bin khc nhau to ra 1 loi cm bin mi c tin b vt bc trong k thut o.
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Quan h ca Cm bin thng minh


H thng

Cm bin Thng minh

i tng o

Ngi quan st

Ngoi Cnh

Vi h thng
Phi hp vi h thng thng qua Bus Click to add Title Click to add Title Thu thp s liu Click to add Title Click to add Title T ng ha hot ng addghi Titlenh, cnh bo Click to add Title Click Boto v,
Click to add Title Click to add Title

Vi i tng o
Thch ng c vi cc i tng o khc nhau T ng chn thang o Thay i cu trc o Chn di tn s Chn phn gii Chn sai s v cch x l Chn phng php o

Vi ngi s dng
Gim st, thu thp, iu khin Phc v vn hnh h thng Chun on k thut Tr gip k thut Thun tin cho ngi s dng

Vi ngoi cnh
B cc nh hng ca ngoi cnh B cc sai s ph: Sai s + tnh Sai s * tnh Sai s do thi gian Sai s do vn hnh Sai s c hc ..

Vi bn thn thit b o
Nng cao nhy, ngng nhy, tuyn tnh, b tr Nng cao chnh xc c tnh ng a chc nng ha

u im ca CB TM
Tin hnh tnh ton khi o gin tip v o lng thng k Hiu chnh sai s php o B nh hng ca cc yu t tc ng T ng chn thang o M ha tn hiu o Ghp knh v truyn tn hiu i xa qua mng Ghp vi mn hnh c s liu v c sai s Lu tr kt qu o

2. Cu to ca cm bin thng minh

Cu trc ca CB thng minh

S cu trc chung mt cm bin thng minh

Cc khu chc nng ca CB thng minh


i tng o Cc cm bin s cp Cc khu Chc nng B chuyn i chun ha

B vi x l

B chuyn i tng t sang s A/D

B dn knh Mux

Chc nng cc khu


B chuyn i chun ha ( CCH)
Bin i tn hiu in sau cm bin thnh tn hiu chun thng l 0-5 V hoc 0-10V; dng t 4-20mA.
x ( X1 X2)

CCH

y (0 Y)

Khi qua chuyn i chun ha tn hiu c bin i t l

Chc nng cc khu


B dn knh Mux
Nhim v: dn knh, bin tn hiu song song t cc cm bin thnh ni tip a vo A/D v P. Ch lm vic: c 2 ch Ch chu trnh: tn hiu cc cm bin s ln lt a vo A/D theo 1 chu trnh. Tn s lp li ca tn hiu s c la chn ty thuc sai s ca php o cho trc. Ch a ch: b dn knh lm vic theo 1 chng trnh nh sn.

B dn knh Mux

S nguyn l b dn knh Mux 8 bit

Chc nng cc khu


B chuyn i tng t - s A/D
Nhim v: bin i tn hiu tng t thnh s trc khi a thng tin vo b vi x l P. C 3 phng php to 1 b chuyn i A/D: Phng php song song Phng php trng s Phng php s

B chuyn i tng t - s A/D

S b chuyn i s MC 14433

u vo l in p mt chiu, u ra l s 4 bit

B chuyn i tng t - s A/D


S kt hp gia 2 b Mux v chuyn i A/D

ADC0809

u vo l 8 knh 1 chiu( 0-5V), u ra 8 bit S liu c th a ln Bus d liu ca b VXL

Chc nng cc khu


B vi x l: nng cao c tnh k thut ca
b cm bin nh nng cao chnh xc, loi tr sai s phi tuyn, b cc nh hng ca cc yu t mi trng Cc php x l trong cm bin thng minh T ng khc X l tuyn tnh ha tng on Gia cng kt qu o Khc phc sai s ca cc php o gin tip B sai s

3. ng dng ca cm bin thng minh

Cm bin thng minh c nhiu tnh nng vt tri so vi cc cm bin thng thng nn CBTM c nhiu ng dng trong cc lnh vc: - Trong gia nh - Trong cng nghip - Trong khoa hc cng ngh - Trong y t - Trong sn xut Robot thng minh

3.1 trong gia nh


Trong h gia nh ta ni n cc cm bin thng minh nh: + cm bin t ng bt tt cc vt dng in nh n,iu ha,ca t ng +cm bin bo in trong nh khi gp cc s c qu dng,qu p,chy ,khi,nhit + cm bin cnh bo an ninh nh :camera,cm bin chng chm( t nhp),chng mt cp in..

3.2 Trong cng nghip


Trong cng nghip cm bin c s dng rng di hu ht trn cc dy chuyn t ng Cho bit s lng vt liu c vn chuyn, hoc vn chuyn 2 hay nhiu vt liu c lp cng 1 lc, lm vic cho nhiu khch hng cng 1 lc. Cm bin ti thng minh c tch hp vi 1 n by, thang a hoc thit b thc hin khc. N c mt my tnh chip n on-board cho vic ghi nhn, phn tch v truyn d liu theo thi gian thc n mt my tnh ch.

3.2 Trong cng nghip

3.3 Khoa hc cng ngh

Cm bin ht nhn

3.3Khoa hc cng ngh


ng dng: Cm bin ht nhn dng sn cc du hiu ca v kh ht nhn, theo di c voi, gim st tnh trng nhim khng kh v cnh bo sng thn,xc nh v tr
S hot ng ca h thng cnh bo sm Thi Bnh Dng

a) My cm bin trn b mt y i dng gim st nhng thay i p sut b) Chuyn s liu ln phao trn mt bin c) S liu c chuyn ln v tinh d) V tinh chuyn s liu v cc trm trn mt t.

3.4 Lnh vc y t
S dng cm bin trong y hc Cm bin l cng c pht hin s c mt vt cht, cht ha hc v sinh hc, a ra phng thc lu o lng v lu gi cc thng v du hiu . - nh cng ngh mi m cc cm bin c th chun on cc bnh trong c th ngi v gi d liu v my tnh thng bo cho bc s bit tnh trng sc khe

My o huyt p

3.5 Sn xut Robot TM


Trong robot thng minh cm bin rt quan trng,chng nh l cc t bo gip robot cm nhn c vi mi trng bn ngoi cng nh chnh bn trong con robot.
robot thng minh

4. M hnh nh thng minh

M hnh nh thng minh

Nh thng minh l g?
L cn nh c h tr bi cc cng c vi iu khin thng minh gip chng ta kim sot , gim st, iu khin ngi nh tr ln d dng v tin li.Nh thng minh khng ch mang li s tin nghi m cn gip cho chng ta gim thiu chi ph in nng, ng gp to ln trong vic bo v mi trng v gim ti hiu ng nh knh t nhin liu.

Nh thng minh

1. Thit b cm bin. 2. Thit b hn gi. 3. Thit b gim st.

S kt hp ca 1 ngi nh thng minh

4.1 Thit b cm bin


Cm bin chuyn ng

Thit b pht hin chuyn ng gip tt m thit b chiu sng khi c s hin din ca con ngi.

4.1 Thit b cm bin


Cm bin quang Thit b cm bin vi cng sng mt tri gip nhm iu khin v iu chnh cng nh sng trong phng ph hp gip gim thiu vic chiu sng khng cn thit khi nh sng c cung cp y .

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4.1 Thit b cm bin


Cm bin m Nhm kim sot nhit trong gian phng v mi trng xung quanh tc ng ngc li thit b iu ha nhm tng hoc gim nhit . To nhit va phi cng nh gim chi ph in nng
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4.2 Thit b hn gi
Thit b hn gi gip cho chng ta iu khin mt cch chnh xc vic s dng v kim sot thit b, gim ti cng vic nhm chn nh tt m mt thit b, cng nh s tin li khi chng ta phi i cng tc xa.Mt s thit b hn gi: Kim sot chiu sng sn vn: Vic tt m n chiu sng sn vn tr ln n gin khng phi dy sm tt in, hay m o ban m khi mi th c t ng ha.

4.2 Thit b hn gi
Ti nc cho cy trng khi chng ta i xa chnh xc ti tng giy trnh cho vic ti tiu qu mc , hoc qun ti lm cht cy. Thit b n qung co c bt tt ng thi gian H thng bm nc cho gia nh cc khu vc hay b mt nc c t ng ha ngay c khi chng ta khng c nh H thng n ban cng , sn thng

4.3 Thit b gim st


Mt s thit b gim st nh: Camera Analog, Camera IP; thit b cm bin pht hin chuyn ng; ci bo ng, ci h x gi,cm ng t gn ca s v ca cun; n bo trm, bo chy; thit b bo khi nhit; thit b bo r r Gas.

4.3 Thit b gim st


Camera gim st gip bn kim sot mi hot ng trong phm vi rng tng tnh an ton cho ngi nh ca bn, k c khi bn cch xa na vng tri t vn c th kim sot c cc din bin xy ra ti nh. Thit b cm bin pht hin chuyn ng loi hng ngoi v Rada -Hng ngoi thch hp gn ni sn vn -Cm bin Rada thch hp gn mi ni vi kh nng xuyn thu cc vt liu gip gim st cht ch s ra vo ca mi i tng

4.3 Thit b gim st


Ci bo ng bo cho bn bit khi c ngi l xm nhp hay ha hn... Cm ng t gn ca thch hp cho mi tnh hung: khi ngi l xm nhp, tr em m nhng ni cha vt nguy him nh bnh gas, ha cht, .... n bo thng bo cho ch nh tnh trng nguy him Bo khi, bo nhit, bo gas bo v bn v gia nh an ton

4.3 Thit b gim st

Video ngi nh thng minh

Video nh thng minh