bnsf b}nf] rfxfb}{ /fhb"tx?

jif{ &, c+s ^,

sl/a @% ca{ ?k}ofF ;+lrt gf]S;fgLdf
5 . o:tf] bogLo cfly{s cj:yf ePsf]
lgud Joj:yfkgn] cfˆgf sd{rf/LnfO{
eg] cfsif{0f tna ;'ljwf / eQf

#@ ca{ ?k}ofF C0f lnO;s]sf] 5, h;sf]
aflif{s Aofh c9fO{ ca{dfly k'U5 .
C0f lng] qmddf lgudsf] ;Dk"0f{ ;DklQ
lwtf]df lnnfd eO;s]sf] 5 . t]n ljqmL
u/]/ d'gfkmf sdfpg g;Sbf lgud

lbO/x]sf] 5 . lgudn] k|bfg ug{] tna,
eQf lghfdlt sd{rf/Lsf] eGbf em08}
tLg u'0ff a9L /x]sf] ;+rfns ;ldlt
;b:ox? g} :jLsf/ u5{g\ . …lgud
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

sf7df8f} F . j} b ] l zs /f] h uf/
ljefudf /f] h uf/Lsf nflu >d
:jLs[lt lng] sfdbf/x¿sf] rfk
cTolws a9]sf] 5 . pgLx¿n] ;dod}
sfd x'g g;Sbf cfˆgf] xjfO{ p8fg
;do;d]t u'dfpg'k/]sf] eGb} cfqmf]z
JoSt u/]sf 5g\ . ;dod} sfd x'g
g;Sbf JolStut >d :jLs[lt lnP/
j}b]lzs /f]huf/df hfg] sfdbf/x¿

laxfg # ah]b]lv g} ljefudf nfOg
nfUg hfg] u/]sf 5g\ . l9nf] k'Ubf !
lbgdf x'g] sfd klg @ lbg nfUg]
u/]sf] pgLx¿sf] u'gf;f] 5 . …laxfg
* ah]b]lv nfOgdf a;]sf] lyPF,
ef}r/ eg]{ sfd eof] t/ >d :jLs[lt
kfOgF,Ú stf/ hfg nfu]sf ef]hk'/
g]kfn]8fF8f ( sf tLy{axfb'/ v8\sfn]
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

c:tJo:t >d ljefu, >|d :jLs[lt lng] df/df

PcfO{hL a9'jfdf efn] le8Gt

sf7df8f}F . g]kfn k|x/Ldf cltl/St
k|x/L dxflgl/Ifs -PcfOhL_ sf] ;ft
l/St b/aGbL leq kg{ k|x/L
gfoj dxflg/LIfssfaLr rsf]{
le8Gt ;'? ePsf] atfOPsf]
5 . PcfOhLsf] nflu @)$#
sf] egf{sf k|x/L gfoj
dxflg/LIfssf aLr clGtd k|lt:kwf{
r'lnPsf] 5 . o;df /fhgLlts …;f];s
{ f]
;d]t le8Gt x'bF f r'gfj ;lsPsf] b;

g] s kf dfcf] j fbLsf zLif{g ]tf;Fu
e] 6 3f6d} lalt/x] s f 5g\ .
;+ljwfg;efsf] k|f/lDes kl/0ffds}
qmddf lgjf{rg kl/0ffd c:jLsf/
ub}{ ;+ljwfg;ef g} alxisf/ ug{] wDsL
lbPkl5 ef/tLo /fhb"t /~hg /],
lrlgofF /fhb"t p r'tfO{, a]nfotL
/fhb" t clGb| j h] D ;\ :kfS; /
cd]l/sL /fhb"t lk6/ 8An" af]8Ln]
Pdfcf] j fbL cWoIf k' i ksdn
bfxfnnfO{ e] 6 ] s f lyP .
nflhDkf6l:yt lgjf;d} k'u/] e]6jftf{
u/L rf/} b]zsf /fhb"tn] hgfb]zsf]
lvnfkm hfg gx'g] ;'emfj lbPsf lyP .
To;kl5 pgLx?sf] b}lgsL k|d'v
bnsf cf]hgbf/ g]tf;Fu e]6 ub}{df
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

sf7df8f}F . ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rg
kl/0ffd ;fj{hlgs eP;Fu} gofF ;/sf/
u7gsf nflu hf]836fp ;'? ePsf]
5 . b'O{ 7"nf bn sfFu;
]| / Pdfn]sf
zLif{gt] fx? ;xdtLo ;/sf/ u7gsf]
k|of;df nfu]sf] atfP klg zlSt
afF8kmfF8df s'/f gldn] cl3Nnf]
;+ljwfg;efdf h:t} ;xdltsf] gfd hKb}
ax'dtLo ;/sf/ u7g x'g] ;Defjgf
k|an ePsf] 5 . lgjf{rgsf] kl/0ffd
x]bf{ ax'dtLo ;/sf/ u7g cfjZos
# ;o Ps ;ef;b\ s'g} klg bn;FuF
5}g . t/, sfFu;
]| / Pdfn]n] cGo bnsf]
;fy lnP/ ;/sf/ agfpg ;Sg]
b]lvG5 . sfFu;
]| / Pdfn]sf b'O{ b'O{
g]tf b'O{ ::yfgaf6 ljhoL ePsf 5g\ .
pklgjf{rg gx'bF f;Dd dlGqkl/ifb\af6
dgf]lgt @^ nfO{ ;d]t sfod ubf{
;+ljwfg;ef % ;o (& ;b:oLo x'g5] .
o:tf]df ax'dtLo ;/sf/ u7gsf nflu
agfpg @ ;o (( dt rflxG5 . o:tf]
cj:yfdf sfFu;] | n] Pdfn]nfO{ 5f8]/ klg
;/sf/ u7g ug{;Sg]5 . To;sf nflu
p;n] Pdfcf]jfbL;lxtsf s]xL bnnfO{

ljZjf;df lng'kg{] x'G5 . ;+ljwfg;efdf
sfFu;
]| sf] l;6 k|ToIfsf] ! ;o % /
;dfg'kfltssf] (! u/L ! ;o (^ ePsf]
5 . ;efklt ;'zLn sf]O/fnf / jl/i7
g]tf z]/axfb'/ b]pjf b'O–{ b'O{ :yfgaf6
lahoL ePsfn] dtbfg ubf{ sfFu;
]| sf]
s'n ef]6 ! ;o ($ x'G5 . ca
dlGqkl/ifb\ a f6 dgf] l gt @^
;ef;b;lxtsf] ;+ l jwfg;efdf

ax'dtLo ;/sf/ agfpg sfFu;
]| nfO{ !
;o % dt rflxG5 . *) l;6 af]ss
] f]
Pdfcf]jfbLnfO{ ljZjf;df lng] xf] eg]
sfFu;
]| nfO{ yk @% l;6 rflxG5 . /fk|kf
g]kfnnfO{ ;d]6g\ ] xf] eg] dlGqkl/ifb\af6
dgf]lgtdf sfFu;
]| sf] efudf kg]{ s]xL
l;6n] p;nfO{ Pdfn] ljgf klg ;/sf/sf]
g]t[Tj lbG5 . t/, /fk|kf g]kfnn]
k|ltkIfdf a:g] 3f]if0ff u/]sfn] sfFu;
]| n]

;/sf/sf] g]tT[ jsf nflu Pdfcf]jfbL;Fu}
!$ l;6 ePsf] kmf]/d nf]stflGqs /
!) l;6 ePsf] /fk|kfsf] ;fy lng'kg]{
x'G5 . !! l;6 ePsf] tdnf]kf / !)
l;6 ePsf] kmf]/d g]kfn p;sf] ljsNk
x'G5 . dlGqkl/ifb\af6 dgf]lgt @^
l;6nfO{ 5f]8g\ ] xf] eg] ;+ljwfg;ef &
;o @! ;b:oLo x'g]5 . o:tf]df
ax'dtLo ;/sf/ agfpg cfjZos @
;o *^ k'¥ofpg sfFu;
]| P:nfO{ ;/sf/
agfpg yk (@ dt rflxG5 . h'g,
Pdfcf]jfbL / kmf]/d nf]stflGqs jf
/fk|kfdWo] Ps lnP k'U5 . o;}u/L
Pdfn]n] klg Pdfcf]jfbL;lxtsf bnnfO{
ljZjf;df lng] xf] eg] ;a}eGbf 7"nf]
bn sfFu;] | nfO{ ;/sf/ aflx/ /fVg ;S5 .
Pdfn]sf] l;6 ! ;o &% 5, jl/i7 g]tf
dfwjs'df/ g]kfn / pkfWoIf jfdb]j
uf}td b'O{ :yfgaf6 ljhoL ePsfn]
ef]l6ªdf Pdfn]sf] dt ! ;o &# x'g
cfpF5 . o:tf]df ax'dtLo ;/sf/
u7gsf nflu Pdfn]nfO{ ! ;o @^ dt
rflxG5 . To;sf nflu Pdfn]n]
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

sf7df8f} F . ;/sf/n] g] k fn
k|x/Lsf nflu g]kfnL ;]gfn] pkof]u
u/];/xsf cTofw'lgs xftxltof/ tyf
uf]nLu¶f vl/b ug{] k|:tfj k]; u/]sf]
5 . u[xdGqfnosf] k|:tfjcg';f/
k|x/Lsf nflu %=%^ Sofln/ c6f]dl] 6s
k]:tf]n–k]:tf]n, PnPdhL– PdPdhL,
P;Pncf/–PdkL %, ad l8:kf]hn
e]Osn, :df]s–XofG8 lu|g]8, e]/L
nfO6, ;6{–Uof;ug, k]k/ :k|],
c>' U of;,
PS:k] G 8] j n
Aof6gnufotsf xltof/ vl/b ug{
cy{dGqfnon] sl/a Ps ca{ !%
¿k} o fF ljlgof] h g u/] s f] 5 .
tf]lsPsf lhDd]jf/LnfO{ ;do;fk]If,
k|efjsf/L / k|ljlwo'St agfpg eGb}
k|x/L k|wfg sfof{non] g]kfnL ;]gf /
;z:q k|x/L;/xsf xftxltof/ tyf
uf]nLu¶f pknAw u/fpg k|:tfj u/]sf]
lyof] . lgjt{dfg k|x/L dxflg/LIfs
-cfO{ h LkL_ s' a ] / l;+ x /fgfsf]

sfo{sfndf k|x/L k|wfgsfof{non] ut
h]7 klxnf] ;ftf PnPdhL -nª d]l;g
ug_ P;PdhL -;6{ d]l;g ug_
P;Pncf/,
e] / L
nfO6,
k]:tf]nnufotsf xltof/ pknAw
u/fpg u[xdGqfno;dIf k|:tfj k];
u/]sf] lyof] . k|wfgsfof{non] k|:tfj
u/] s f xltof/ sfo{ q md s[ l tsf
cfwf/df ljz]if sfo{bn, ;z:q b+uf
k|x/L u0f, lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no,
sf/fuf/ ;'/Iff uf8{ ljlzi6 JolStsf]
;'/Iff, ljdfg:yn ;'/Iffnufot
o' l g6nfO{ pknAw u/fOg] 5 .
k|:tfjdf /f]a6{sf] Joj:yf;lxt ad
l8:kf]hn pks/0f;d]t dfu ul/Psf]
5 . sl/a ^& xhf/ hgzlSt sfo{/t
g]kfn k|x/L;Fu ly| g6 ly| /fOkmn,
P;Pncf/, DofUgd /fOkmn, xg{6
/fOkmn, ;6{ug, Uof; ug tyf
lk:tf]n÷l/eNj/nufotsf xltof/
5g\ . j}zfv klxnf] ;ftf u[xdGqL

@)&) ;fn d+l;/ !^ ut] cfOtaf/ (Dec. 1, 2013)

n'6sf] s]Gb| aGb}5 cfon lgud
sf7df8f}F . g]kfn cfon lgud
c/af}s
+ f] ;+lrt gf]S;fgL / C0f af]ss
] f]
;+:yfg xf] . t]n cfk"lt{, ljt/0f /
lgodgsf] Psflwsf/L lgudn] xfn;Dd

d"No ?= &.–

sf7df8f} F . ;+ l jwfg;ef
lgjf{rgsf] k"0f{ kl/0ffd cfpFbf
gcfpFb} ef/t, rLg, cd]l/sL /
o'/f]k]nL o'lgogdf cfa4 /fi6«sf
/fhb" t x? sfF u | ] ; , Pdfn] /
Pdfcf]jfbLsf g]tfx?sf] b}nf] rfxg{
yfn]sf 5g\ . ljleGg d'n'ssf
/fhb" t x? sfF u | ] ; , Pdfn] /
Pdfcf]jfbLsf g]tfx?nfO{ b}nf]–b}nf]df
uP/ bz{g e]6 ug{ Jo:t 5g\ .
;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rg kl/0ffdkl5
ef/t / rLg;lxt cd]l/sL / o'/f]kn
] L
o'lgogdf cfa4 /fi6«sf /fhb"tx?sf]
Jo:ttf lgs} a9]sf] 5 . /fhb"tx?sf
lbg olta]nf lgjf{rgaf6 klxnf] bn
ag]sf] g]kfnL sfFu;
]| / bf];f| ] 7"nf] bn
g]skf Pdfn] / t];f| ] 7"nf] bn PsLs[t

lbg gfl3;Sbf klg a9'jfsf] lg0f{o x'g
;s] s f] 5} g . PcfOhL a9' j fdf
jl/otfqmdn] cufl8 /x]sf
l8cfOhLx? /fh] G b| l ;+
e08f/L, gf/fo0f a:tfsf]6L,
;'/G] b|/fh zfx / lj1fg/fh
zdf{sf] ;Defjgf a9L ePsf]
atfOPsf] 5 . afFsL tLg :yfgsf nflu
@)$# ;fn Aofrsf cGo cf7hgf
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

;/sf/ u7gdf l5gfemD6L ;'?

k|x/LnfO{ ;]gf;/xsf xltof/ lbOg]

lk|m le;fdf /sd lng]
d]gkfj/ kmGbfdf kg]{

dfwjk|;fb l3ld/]sf] cWoIftfdf
a;]sf] s]lGb|o ;'/Iff ;ldlt a}7sn]
cfjZos kg{] xltof/sf] ljj/0f k];
ug{ dftxt dGqfnodfkm{t\ ;DalGwt
;'/Iff lgsfonfO{ kqfrf/ u/]sf] lyof] .
k|x/Ln] dfu]sf xltof/ ;]gf;/xsf
ePsf] eGb} pRr ;}lgs clwsf/Lx¿n]
c;Gt' l i6 hgfPsf lyP .
k| w fgsfof{ n osf] k| : tfjcg' ; f/
u[xdGqfnon] cy{dGqfno ;dIf
…;'/Iff lgsfosf] cfw'lgsLs/0fÚ
cGtu{t k|x/LnfO{ b'O{ bh{g a9L
k|sf/sf xltof/ vl/b ug{ ah]6
dfu]sf] lyof] . u[xdGqfnoaf6 cfPsf]
k|:tfj kl/dfh{g;lxt cy{dGqfnon]
xltof/ vl/bsf nflu rflxg] /sd
ljlgof] h g u/] s f] cy{ d Gqfnon]
hgfPsf] 5 . tf]lsPsf lhDd]jf/LnfO{
;do;fk]If, k|efjsf/L / k|ljlwo'St
agfpg eGb} k|x/L k|wfgsfof{non]
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

sf7df8f}F . ;/sf/n] j}b]lzs
/f]huf/sf] lk|m le;fdf /sd lng]
d]gkfj/ sDkgLdfly s7f]/ sbd
rfNg] ePsf] 5 . d]gkfj/ sDkgLn]
sfdbf/;F u lnPsf] /sdsf]
k"0f{ljj/0f / /l;bkl5 dfq ;/sf/n]
clGtd :jLs[lt lbg nfu]sf] xf] .
dn]l;of, stf/ / ;+o'St /fHo c/a
Old/]6\; o'PO{sf cfsif{s cfDbfgL
x'g] lk|m le;fdf g]kfnL Joj;foLn]
sfdbf/;Fu a9L /sd lng] u/]sf]
gofF klqsfdf va/ 5 . stf/df
uPsf sfdbf/ a9L dfqfdf cnkq
kg{] u/]sf klg ;/sf/n] s7f]/ sbd
rfNg nfu]sf] xf] . o;}u/L, ;fpbL
c/]ljof / s'at] df klg o:tf] k|jl[ Q
b]lv yfn]kl5 >d :jLs[ltsf nflu
klxnf] r/0fsf] k|yd :jLs[ltd} s8fO
ul/g]5 . lk|m le;fdf xjfO{ l6s6
nfUg] eP ;f] lngsf nflu :ki6
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

u¥of] . To;kl5 sf7df08f} / ?kGb]xL
af6 qmdz k|r08 / jfj'/fd k/fhLt
ePklg l;/fxf / uf]/vf af6 ljhoL
ag]kl5 pgLx?sf] cfs|f]z s]xL sd
ePsf] dx;' ; ul/of] . lj:tf/}
plgx?n] k/fho l:jsfb}{ uP /

cf/f]k nufpg' klg csf]{ ;fdfGo
lgod xf] . klxnf] lgjf{rgdf sfFu|];
Pdfn]n] ToxL cf/f]k Pdfcf]jfbLnfO{
nufP h'g cf/f]k clxn] Pdfcf]jfbLn]

sdf]l8l6h dfs]6nfO{ lgodgsf] bfo/fdf NofOg] slyt lgjf{rgdf Pdfcf]jfbLsf] xf/ jf wf“wnL <

sf7df8f}F . sdf]l8l6h dfs{6] nfO{
l5§} lgodgsf] bfo/fdf NofOg] ePsf]
5 . lgodgsf] bfo/fdf aflx/ /x]/
sf/f]af/ ub}{ cfPsf] sdf]l8l6h
dfs{6] sf ;DaGwdf P]g, sfg'g th{d' f
ug{ ;/sf/n] u7g u/]sf] sfg'g
k| a lns/0f ;ldltn] sdf] l 8l6h
P]gsf] d:of}bf u/L /x]sf] atfOPsf]
5 . lgodg lagf sf/f]af/ ;~rfng
u/] s f sdf] l 8l6h PS;r] ~ h
sDkgLx¿n]
pkef] S tfnfO{
Jofks¿kdf 7uL u/]sf] k'li6 ePkl5
P]g agfP/ sfg'gL bfo/fdf Nofpg

;/sf/n] o:tf] sbd rfn]sf] xf] .˜
sfg' g k| a lns/0f ;ldltn]
;/f]sf/jfnfx¿;Fu k|f/lDes r/0fsf]
5nkmn u/L sdf]l8l6h P]gsf] d:of}bf
tof/ ul//x]sf] g]kfn lwtf]kq af]8s
{ f
lgb{]zs lg/h lu/Ln] atfP . sfg'g
dGqfnodf ;x;lrj l8NnL/fh
/]UdLsf] ;+of]hsTjdf ul7t pSt
;ldltdf kl/i7 kf}8o\ fn, d'lSt >]i7,
lg/h lu/Lnufot ;b:o 5g\ .
bz}+cl3 g} :6s PS;r]~h ck/]6,
s] x L a| f ] s /, s] x L nufgLstf{ /
sdf]l8l6h sDkgLx¿;Fu sdf]l8l6h

lgikIf ;dfrf/ / k|:6 ljrf/sf nflu
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x]g{ ge'Ng'xf]nf .

dfs]6{ sf] ljBdfg cj:yf / lgodgsf]
cfjZostfsf ljifodf k|f/lDes
5nkmn u/L d:of}bf lgdf{0f k|lqmof
cl3 a9fOPsf] lwtf] k q af] 8 { s f
lgb]z
{ s lg/h lu/Ln] hfgsf/L lbP .
P]gdf sdf]l8l6h sDkgLn] ug{]
sf/f]af/, k|ljlwsf] k|of]u, k'h
F Lnufot
tf]lsg] 5 . xfn ;~rfng ePsf
clwsf+z sdf]l8l6h sDkgLsf] r'Stf
k'h
F L %)–^) nfv ¿k}ofFdf dfq} 5 .
P]gdf sDtLdf !) s/f]8 ¿k}ofF r'Stf
k'FhL tf]Sg] tof/L eO/x]sf] lu/Lsf]
egfO{ 5 . xfn ;~rfngdf /x]sf
sdf]l8l6h sf/f]af/ ug]{ sDkgLx¿sf]
r'Stf k'FhL cToGt} sd 5, sDtLdf
!) s/f]8 ¿k}ofF agfpg] ls eGg]
;f]lr/x]sf] lu/Lsf] egfO 5 . Pg8]S;,
d]S;, l;PkmPS;nufotsf kfFrj6f
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

Pdfcf]jfbLnfO{ d]/f] eGg' olx 5,
xf/ xf] eg] xf/ xf] eg /
;+ljwfg;efdf hfp, wfFwln xf] eg]
wfwln eg clg kl/0ffdnfO{ cl:jsf/
u/, hgtf / sfo{stf{nfO{{ wf]sf
gb]p .

If]Kof:q ax;
lji0f' kGt

@)&) d+l;/ $ df ;DkGg eof]
elgPsf] slyt b]f;|f] ;+;jwfg ;efsf]
lgjf{rg kl/0ffd kl5 b]zsf] a}wflgs
zlQm ;Gt'ngdf 7'n} pynk'yn
cfPsf] k|:6} 5 . lgjf{rgsf] k|f/lDes
kl/0ffd cfpgf ;fy cw}o{ ag]sf]
Pdfcf] j fbLn] cfj] u df kqsf/
;Dd]ng ul/ lgjf{rg ;+kGg ePkl5
Jofks wfwln ePsf] cf/f]ksf ;fy
;f] sf] k'g/fjnf]sg geP cfˆgf] kf6L{
;+ljwfg ;efsf] k|lqmofdf ghfg] 3f]if0ff

k/flhtx?sf] df]rf{ agfpg] cEof;
tkm{ nfu] . nf]stflGqs elgg] s'gk} lg
r'gfjdf wfFwln x'G5, Tof] ;j{dfGo /
w|'j;To s'/f xf] . ;fd, bfd, b08,
e]b h'g;'s} xts08f k|of]u u/]/
ePklg r'gfj lhTg' g} d'Vo s'/f x'G5
eGg] tYo Pdfcf]jfbL / k|r08,
jfj'/fdnfO{ yfxf gePsf] s'/f xf]Og{ .
of] ;To hfGbf hfGb} klg k/fhosf]
cfd dgf]lj1fgnfO{ ljifofGt/ u/L
km]; ;]leË ug{s f nflu wfFwln ePsf]

pgLx?nfO{ nufPsf] 5 . km/s olt
dfq xf], sfFu|]; Pdfn]n] wfFwln jf
j' y sAhfsf] cf/f] k nufP klg
kl/0ffdnfO{ l:jf/ u/] eg] Pdfcf]
jfbLn] kl/0ffdnfO{ l:jsfb]g{ f} elg leq
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

ltdL ltd|f] tl/sfn] n8, xfdL xfd|f] tl/sfn] n8\5f}

– s= dfcf]T;] t'ª

&)
@)&)
jif{ &, c+s ^, d+l;/ !^ ut] cfOtaf/ @) 

;DkfbsLo

;Qfsf] n'5fr'8“ L aGb u/
g]skf–dfcf]jfbLnufotsf ## /fhgLlts bnx?nfO{ kfvf nufP/
lgjf{rg ;DkGg ul/Psf] 5 . lgjf{rgsf] kl/0ffdnfO{ lnP/
Pdfcf]jfbLnufotsf ljleGg /fhgLlts bnx?n] c;Gt'li6 hgfO/x]sf
5g\ . t/, lgjf{rgaf6 ljho 3f]lift ePsf bnx? ;/sf/ u7gsf]
s;/tdf h'6s
] f 5g\ . ## bnnfO{ afO{kf; u/]/ lgjf{rg ;DkGg eof],
ca ;/sf/ klg aGnf, t/ s] of] ;/sf/n] jt{dfg ;+s6sf] lgsf;
lbg ;S5 < s] g]kfnL hgtfn] ck]Iff u/]sf] ;+ljwfg hf/L x'g ;S5 <
clxn] cfd:jfledfgL g]kfnL hgtfsf] dgdf plAhPsf] k|Zg oxL xf] .
lxhf] ## bnnfO{ afO{kf; u/]/ lgjf{rg ug]{ zlQm g} cfh g]skf–
dfcf]jfbLnufot ## bnsf] ;xof]u / ;xeflutflagf jt{dfg ;+s6sf]
;dfwfg x'g g;Sg] / ;+ljwfg klg aGg g;Sg] cleJolQmx? ;fj{hlgs
ug{ yfln;s]sf 5g\ . g]kfnL pvfg==== ;Sof], b}nf] b]Vof] eg]h:tf]
lsg ub}5{ g\, g]kfn k|dv
' /fhgLlts bn / cfk"mnfO{ /fhg]tf eGg]x? .
cfdg]kfnL hgtfn] ;f]Rg'kg]{ ePsf] 5 .
lgjf{rgsf] kl/0ffd ;fj{hlgs eP;Fu} ca bnx? ;/sf/ u7gsf]
l5gfemD6Ldf nfu]sf 5g\, sf] /fi6«klt aGg], pk/fi6«klt s;n] pl56\ofpg],
k|wfgdGqLsf] s';L{df s;n] sAhf hdfpg], ;efd'vdf sf] cfl;g
x'g] < bnx?aLr / g]tfx?aLr oxL ljifodf 3D;f3D;L ;'? eO;s]sf]
5 . clxn]sf] cj:yfnfO{ x]bf{ bn / g]tfx? ;Qfs]lGb|t /fhgLltdf
n'Aw ePsf] b]lvG5 . o;n] b]znfO{ yk åGålt/ n}hfG5 . xf] g]tfx?
cfkm}F eG5g\, clxn]sf] cj:yfdf ;a} bnx?aLr ;xdlt / ;xsfo{lagf
jt{dfg ;+s6sf] lgsf; / ;+ljwfg aGg ;Sb}g . t/, lsg g]tfx?sf]
of] cleJolQm ;fj{hlgs sfo{qmddf dfq ;Lldt x'G5, Jojxf/df
pqg ;Sb}g . g]tfx?sf] af]nL / Jojxf/sf] cGt/n] b]z / hgtfn]
c;fWo} b'Mv v]Kg' kl//x]sf] 5 . b]z / hgtf, /fi6« / /fli6«otfsf] /Iff
ug{ g;Sg] bn / g]tfx? g]kfnL hgtfn] rfx]sf 5}gg\ . t;y{, jt{dfg
;+s6af6 lgsf; kfpg / g]kfnL hgtfn] rfx]h:tf] ;+ljwfg agfpg
bnx? Psh'6 x'gk} 5{ . tyfslyt lgjf{rgsf] kl/0ffdsf] xjfnf lbFb}
s'g} zlQmnfO{ afO{kf; u/]/ ;Qfsf] n'5fr'8F Ldf nfu] o;n] eo+s/
b'36{ gf gDTofpg] k|:6 b]lvG5 . To;sf/0f g]skf–dfcf]jfbLnufot
## bnn] alxisf/ u/]sf] o; e'm6d'6sf] lgjf{rgsf] kl/0ffdnfO{ kG5\ofpFb}
cfdbnx?aLr ;xdlt u/L ;/sf/ u7g ug'k{ 5{ / cfdbnx?aLr
;xdlt / ;xsfo{ ub}{ g]kfnL hgtfn] rfx]h:tf] ;+ljwfg hf/L ug{ bn
/ g]tfx? k|lta4 x'gk' 5{ . cfdg]kfnL hgtf oxL rfxG5g\ . /fhgLlts
bn / ltgsf g]tfx?sf] enfO{ klg o;}df 5, r]tgf eof .

/f]huf/ cg'dlt k|0ffnLdf g]kfn pTs[i6
sf7df8f}F . blIf0f sf]l/ofdf
cfof]lht /f]huf/ cg'dlt k|0ffnL OlkP;_ ;DaGwL Ps sfo{ z fnf
uf] i 7Ldf g] k fnn] k| : t' t u/] s f]
sfo{kqsf nflu pTs[i6 k'/:sf/
k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 . blIf0f sf]l/ofsf]
/fhwfgL l;of]ndf cfof]lht /f]huf/
cg' d lt k| 0 ffnLcGtu{ t sfdbf/
k7fpg] d' n ' s sf] cg' e j
cfbfk|bfg;DaGwL sfo{zfnf uf]i7Ldf
k|:t't !% k|ltj]bgdWo] g]kfnsf]
k|ltj]bgn] k|yd :yfg xfl;n u/]sf]
j}b]lzs /f]huf/ ljefun] hgfPsf]

5 . sfdbf/ sf]l/of k7fpg nfluPsf]
cjlw, sf] l /ofdf u} / sfg' g L
a;fOF;/fOnfO{ lg?T;flxt kfg{ ul/Psf]
k| o f;, dfgj ;+ z fwg ljsf;,
sf]l/of;Fusf] ;DaGw / k|lqmofut
:jR5tf;d]tsf] cfwf/df ul/Psf]
d"NofÍgdf g]kfn k|yd ePsf] hgfOPsf]
5 . o;cl3 g]kfnn] ;g\ @))( /
@)!! df klg pTs[i6 k'/:sf/ kfPsf]
lyof] . sfo{zfnfdf pSt ljefusf
dxflgb]z
{ s ljgf]b s];L / OlkP; sf]l/of
zfvfsf lgb]z
{ s l8NnL/fd af:tf]nf
;f] sfo{zfnfdf ;xefuL lyP .

2

ˆ

/fatOfc t]u ^! /;ld
+ nf; )&)@

bnLo :jfy{nfO{ ltnfGhnL lbg] ls <

bf];|f] ;+lawfg;ef lgjf{rgdf
g]kfnL sf+u;
]| , g]skf Pdfn], PsLs[t
g]skf dfcf]afbL kf6L{ qmd;M k|yd,
ljtLo / t[tLo :yfgdf kg{ ;kmn
ePsf 5g\ eg] rf} y f] gDa/df
;+a}wflgs /fhtGq, lxGb' /fHosf]
kIfdf v'n]/ cfjfh p7fpb} cfPsf]
sdn yfkf g]tT[ jsf] /fk|kf g]kfn
/x]sf] 5 . bf];f| ] ;+lawfg;efsf] lglDt
s'n #) /fhgLlts bnsf k|ltlglwn]
k|ltlglwTj ug]{ cj;/ kfPsf 5g\ .
Ao3| k|ltIffsf] afah'b ;+lawfg;ef
lgjf{rgsf] dt kl/0ffd cfO;s]sf]
x'Fbf hgdfg;df efjL ;/sf/sf]
g]tT[ j s;n] unf{ eGg] laifodf rf;f]
a9] s f] 5 . gj lgjf{ l rt
hgk|ltlglwx¿sf] sfFwdf ! aif{leqdf
gofF ;+lawfg hf/L ul/ ;Sg'kg]{ uxg
bfloTj hgtfn] ;'Dk]sf 5g\ . t/
ljuts} h:tf] ;/sf/ lgdf{0fdf
;do v]/ kmfn]/ d"n laifonfO{ 5fFofdf
kfg]{ x'g\ ls eGg] cfz+sf k|f/lDes
nIf0fn] b] v fpb} 5 . k| f /Ded}
;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj s;n] ug{] eGg]df
/fhgLlts bn leq} ax; l;h{gf
ePsf] 5 . g]skf Pdfn]sf cWoIf
emngfy vgfnsf] egfOnfO{ cfwf/
dfGg] xf] eg] g]kfnL sfFu;
]| / g]skf
Pdfn] kf6L{ n fO{ nueu a/fa/L
lx;fadf hgdt ldn]sf]n] ;/sf/sf]
g]tT[ j cfnf] kfnf] x'g' k5{ eGg] egfO
;fj{hlgs eO;s]sf] 5 . s;n] slt
;do ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj ug]{ ;/sf/
lgdf{ 0 f cufj} lnlvt ¿kdf
;dembf/L x'g'k5{ eGb} lautdf
ePsf wf] v f, 5nsk6 bf] x f] l /g
gkfpg eGgsf] lglDt lnlvt
;xdltsf] vf]lh ePsf] x'g ;S5 .
eljiodf ;/sf/ g]tT[ jsf] laifonfO{
lnP/ kf6L{ leq / aflx/ dtfGt/
x'g;Sg] tkm{Ol+ ut ub}{ ;/sf/ lgdf{0f
/ g]t[Tjsf] lglDt k|f/lDes r/0fd}
lrGtf k|s6 ePsf] 5 . g]skf Pdfn]
kf6L{ leq} Psyl/sf] egfO al/i7
g] t f v8\ u k| ; fb cf] n L g} efjL
k|wfgdGqLsf] bfj]bf/ x'g\ eGb} cf]nLsf]
kIfdf cfjfh 3glsb}5 .
Pdfn] g]qL laBf b]jL e08f/Ln]
v8\uk|;fb cf]nL efjL k|wfgdGqLsf]
nflu kf6L{ leq s'g} ljjfb g/x]sf]
x'bF f pxfF g} efjL k|wfgdGqLsf] bfj]bf/
xf] eg]/ ;fj{hlgs cleJolSt lbPsf]

;ftfsf] ax;
5qaxfb' / d} g fnL

s]lx If0fd} al/i7 g]tf dfwj s'df/
g]kfnnfO{ h;/L klg k|wfgdGqL
agfO{ b]pm eGb} b]jL b]jtf;Fu efsn
dfUg z'? u/]sf] rrf{ olta]nf ;j{q
JofKt ag]sf] 5 . o;}u/L g]kfnL
sfFu|]; leq k|ltikwL{x¿ aLr :j/
;d|f6 :juL{o gf/fo0f uf]kfnn] ufpg'
ePsf] uLt cfFvf 5f]kL g/f]p elg
eGg' k¥of 5, d'6' dfly 9'+uf /fvL
xf:g' k¥of 5 sf] af]n h:t} aGg
k'us
] f] 5 . aflx/L ;txdf Tolt xNnf
geP klg lelq ¿kdf e';sf] cfuf]
h;/L k|wfgdGqL x'g] e't ;jf/
eO/x]sf] 5 . g]kfnL sf+u;
]| leq d'Vo
¿kdf # v]df aLr a9L k|ltikwf{
ePsf] b]lvG5 . ;+:yfkg kIfsf
;'zLn sf]O/fnf :jo+ kf6L{ ;efklt
/ @ lgjf{rg If]qaf6 laho xfl;n
u/]sf] ;/n, TofuL g]tfsf] ¿kdf
kl/lrt s} sf/0f ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj
ug{ k| j n ;Defjgf ;efklt
sf]O/fnfs} b]lvG5 . casf] k|wfgdGqL
;'zLn sf]O/fnfsf] ljsNk g/x]sf]
;dy{gx¿n] elg/xFbf uPsf] ;+;b\df
!& k6s;Dd k|wfgdGqL aGg] bf}8df
xf/ vfPsf sf+ u | ] ; al/i7 g] t f
/fdrGb| kf}8]n efjL k|wfgdGqLsf]
bfj]bf/sf] ¿kdf ck|ToIf nlaË z'?
ePsf] va/ aflx/ cfPsf] 5 . otf
kf6L{ s f csf{ zlStzfnL g] t f
z]/axfb'/ b]pjf kIfw/x¿ cfufdL
k|wfgdGqLdf z]/axfb'/ b]pjf g}
x'gk' 5{ eGg] cfGtl/s c8fgdf /x]sf
5g\ eGg] xNnf ;j{q rn]sf] 5 . o:tf
laifon] hgdfg;df z+sf / k|Zg Ps}
k6s plAhg] x'Fbf g]kfnL hgtfn]
;/sf/ lgdf{0f ug{, ;/sf/ 9fNg,
;/sf/df sf] hfg], sf] ghfg], s]jn
s';L{s} lglDt laafbf:kb sfdsf]
nflu dtbfg u/]sf x'g\ t < ;/sf/
lgdf{0f b]lv g]tT[ jnfO{ lnP/ ax;sf]
laifo agfpFbf g]kfnL hgtfn] lbPsf]
cledtnfO{ s;/L sb/ u/] s f]
7xl/G5 < km] l / klg hgdtsf]
pGdfbdf pDn]/ afnfkg b]vfO/xg]
xf] eg] w}ot{ fsf] afFw 6'6b\ fsf] kl/0ffd
l:jsfg'{ kg]{ lbg cfpg ;S5 .

Tolta]nf ;don] g]6f] sf6L ;s]sf]
x'g5
] . g ToxfF Ifdf dfu]/} w/ kfOPnf
gt d'sfljnf u/]/ lht g} . ;g\
@)!! df 36]sf cGt/f{li6«o rlr{t
36gf dWo] lnlaofdf ePsf] l;len
jf/nfO{ lng ;lsG5 . $@ aif{;Dd
Ps5q zf;g\ u/]sf s0f{]n d'cd/
ubfkmLsf] la?4df h;/L hgtf
;8sdf pq]/ cGtt v]bL v]bL s0f]n
{
ubflkmsf] k|f0f kv]? p8fP .
Tof] hgtfsf] cfqmf]z lyof],
cfqmf]zsf] lzsf/ ag] u2fkmL g dfkmL
dfu]/ Hofg aRof] gt k|ltsf/ u/]/}
d[To'sf] d'vaf6 hf]lug ;s] . clxn]
xfd|f] d'ns
' /fhgLlts ;+qmd0fsfndf
u'h|]sf] nfdf] ;do eO;s]sf] 5 .
/fi6«sf] d]?b08 cfly{s If]q nyfln+u
cjto::yfdf 5, d'n's ;d[l4sf]
lglDt cfly{s If]qdf qmflGt Nofpg
h?/L 5 cu|ufdL /fi6«sf] kl/sNkgf
;fsf/ kfg{ s f] lglDt d' n ' s df
/fhgLlts :yfloTj rflxof], Tof]
:yfloTj lbnfpg] lhDdf #)
/fhgLlts bnn] k|fKt u/]sf 5g\
d'n'snfO{ l56f] eGbf l56f] lgsfz
lbP/ b] z / hgtfk| l t u/] s f]
k|lta4tf k'/f ePsf] x]g{ g]kfnL
hgtf Ao3| k|ltIffdf /x]sf] ljj]sdf
/lx/xf];\ . bf];|f] ;+lawfg;ef
r'gfjdf ck|Tofl;t ¿kdf cfPsf]
dt kl/0ffdn] c;Gt' i 6 ag] s f]
PsLs[t g]skf dfcf]afbLn] l9n}
ePklg hgdtsf] sb/:j¿k laho
xfl;n u/]sf If]qdf lahoL h'n';
lgsfNg] u/]sf] lg0f{on] l8naf6 n8\g
n8\g nfu]sf] 8/ nfUbf] 36gf qmdnfO{
/f]syfd u/]sf] 5 . lgjf{rgdf wfFwnL
ePsf] cf/f]k nufpb} cfPsf] PsLs[t
g]skf dfcf]afbL kf6L{n] lahoL If]qdf
lahoL h'n'; lgsfNg] lg0f{on] dt
kl/0ffdnfO{ :jLsf/ u/]sf] k|i6 x'G5 .
t;y{ casf] lbgdf PsLs[t g]skf
dfcf]afbL kf6L{n] d'n'sdf /x]sf]
laWodfg /fhgLlts ;d:ofsf]
;dfwfgdf kf6L{sf] e"ldsf pNn]Vo
¿kdf lgjf{ x u/] / hgdtnfO{
k'gMklxn]s} cj:yfdf k'¥ofpg' yk

d2t k'Unf . g]kfnL hgtf aGb,
x8\tfn, cflb af6 lbSs ePsf 5g\ .
hgtf ;' z f;g rfxL /x] s f5g\ ,
;'zf;gsf] nufd /fhgLlts bnsf
xftdf /x]sf] 5 t;y{ hglxtsf]
vflt/ bnLo :jfy{ n fO{ ;d] t
ltnfGhnL lbg kl5 kg{ gx'g] laWodfg
kl/lZyltn] O+lut ul//x]sf] 5, a]nd
} f
Wofg k'Ug h?/L 5 gq Gofp/L df/L
k5'tf] .Ú, klxnf] ;+lawfg;ef r'gfjdf
k|yd :yfg xfl;n u/]sf] kf6L{n]
cZjfefljs kl/0ffdsf] k5f8L uDeL/
cfTd ;dLIffsf] h?/L b]lvG5 . lsg
5f]6f] ;dod} kf6L{n] klxn]sf] cfsf/
u' d fpg' k' U of] < cfGtl/s
sdLsdhf]/L s] lyP < ;du|df
;ldIff gu/L ;'wf/sf ;+s]t b]lvg]
cfwf/ 5}g . 7'nf 7'nf qmflGtsf/L
ukm lbP/ dfq kf6L{sf] cfsf/ l:y/
gx'gd] f ;a}sf] cfFvf v'ns
] f] x'g' kb{5 .
nfdf nfdf dfnf klx¥ofP/ l;Gb'/
hfqf u/]/ df}lnstfnfO{ 5fFofdf kf/]/
ljsf;] sfo{stf{ cfoft ub}{df kf6L{
;DkGg x'G5 eGg] 9f]u+ L dfgl;stfaf6
d'St x'g} kb{5 . /]ld6\ofG;n] d'ns
' sf]
cy{tGq wfg] h:tf], ;+;f/df s'g}
klg d'ns
' /]ld6\ofG;af6 wlg ag]sf]
Oltxf; 5}g\ casf] lbgdf y]pl/
eGbf a9L k|flS6sn x'g;s] dfq
;fv hf]ufpg ;a}nfO{ ;xh xf]nf
x}g eg] dgsf] n•' l3p;Fu eg]
h:t} . dfgj hflt :jefj} n ]
kl/jt{ g sf
Bf] t s
x' g \
k/fk'j{sfnb]lv cfhsf lbg;Dd
;+;f/df h] hlt kl/jt{g, lasfz
pknlAw eP lt ;a} dfgj hLjgsf]
kl/jt{gsf/L cEof;sf] pbfx/0f
xf] . k[YaLnfO{ ;d]t ;fF3'/f] b]Vg
yfn] s f] ;Gbe{ a} s lNks hLjg
ofkgsf] lglDt rGb|df, d+un u|x
cflbdf ;DefAo dfgj a:tLsf] vf]h
z'? x'g'nfO{ s] eg]/ a'‰g] < dfgj
slt :jtGq, slt zflGt lk|o, slt
pmhf{zLn, ;do cg's'n kl/jlt{t
x'Fb} hfg' dfgj ;Eotfsf] pbud
gd'gf xf] eGbf cGoyf gxf]nf t;y{
kl/jt{gsf af6fdf sf] s;/L cuf8L
a9\g] eGg] d'Vo s'/f xf] ;a}nfO{
kl/jt{ g sf af6f c;xh nfUg
;S5 . t/ lt c;xh kf6f]nfO{
/fd|/L a'emfP/ cuf8L a9\g ;Sg'g}
dfgj hLjgsf] ;kmntf xf] .

Pp6f lstfasf] 8]9 s/f]8 8n/
Go"of]s{ . cd]l/sfdf 5fk]sf] klxnf]
k':ts Ps s/f]8 $@ nfv ^% xhf/
8n/ sLlt{dfg d"Nodf lnnfd ePsf]
5 . ;g\ !^$) df k|sflzt ^ afO{ %
OGrsf] pSt wfld{s k':ts Ps
cd]l/sL Jofkf/L tyf k/f]ksf/L 8]lj8
?a]l:6ogn] vl/b u/]sf x'g\ . pgn]
kmf]gaf6} pSt k':tssf] lnnfdLdf
af]nL nufPsf lyP . …b a] ckm ;fd
a'sÚ gfds pSt k':ts b'ne
{ x'gs
' f]
;fy} Pp6f b]zsf] eljiosf] k|tLs
aGg] ePsfn] klg cToGt} dxTjk"0f{
dflgPsf] 5 . ;f]yj] L lnnfd3/df of]
k':ts Ps s/f]8 %) nfvb]lv #
s/f]8 8n/aLrsf] d"Nodf laqmL x'g]
cg'dfg nufOPsf] lyof] . pSt k':ts
af]:6g cf]N8 ;fpy rr{sf] ;+ux| df
/flvPsf] lyof] . pSt rr{;uF of]
lstfasf] b'Ok{ l| t lyof] . sLlt{dfg
d"Nodf lnnfd ePkl5 rr{df jl/i7
kbflwsf/L g]G;L 6]n/n] pSt wg/fzL
pgLx?sf nflu cToGt} w]/} ePsf]
atfPsL 5g\ . …xfdLn] rnfpF b }
cfO/x]sf] k/f]ksf/sf sfdsf nflu
of] Hofb} dxTjk"0f{ x'g5
] .Ú ;g\ !^#)
df OUNofG8af6 cd] l /sfsf]
Dof;fRo';]6\;df ljzfn ;+Vofdf
lj:yfkg ePsf] s]xL jif{kl5 lj:yflkt
ePsfx?n] cfˆgf nflu ehgsf] Ps
k':ts n]Vg / To;nfO{ k|sflzt ug{]
lg0f{ o u/] s f lyP . pgLx?;F u
klxNo}bl] v ehgsf k':tsx? lyP .

t/ tL ;a} lxa|' efiffdf lyP / ltgLx?
To;nfO{ c+uh
]| Ldf cg'jfb ug{ rfx]sf
lyP . nG8gaf6 cg'dlt lng'kg{]
sfg'gaf6 aRb} ;g\ !^#* df @ ;o
$) l/d sfuh;Fu} Ps lk|lG6ª k|;
]
klg NofP . of] kl/of]hgfsf nflu /]j/8
hf] ; Unf] a /n] rGbf ;+ s ngsf]

gfd b a] ;fd a's /flvPsf] lyof] .
o;sf k|sflztk|ltx? pklgj]zsfndf
rr{x?df k|of]usf nflu /flvg]
ul/Psf] lyof] . To;sf] csf] {
ztfAbL;Dddf of] k':tssf] %) eGbf
a9L k6s k'gM k|sfzg eO;s]sf]
lyof] . klxnf] ;+:s/0fsf w]/} h;f]

lhDd]jf/L lnPsf lyP . t/ pgsf]
ofqfsf qmddf d[To' eof] . pgsL ljwjf
SoflDa|hd} al;G. Dof;fRo';6] ;\ df pgn]
k|;
] sf] :yfkg ul/G. pSt k|;
] l:6kmg
8]n] rnfPsf lyP . pgn] ;g\ !^$)
df lxa|a' f6 c+uh
]| Ldf cg'jfb ul/Psf]
pSt ehgx? ;+sng ul/Psf] # ;o
$) k]hsf] lstfa ! xhf/ & ;ok|lt
k|sflzt u/]sf lyP . ToxL k':tssf]

k':tsx? eg] bzs glaTb} RofltP/
gi6 ePsf lyP . b a] ;fd a'ssf]
Psk|lt lkmnf8]lNkmof /f]hf]gafs
k':tsfnodf /flvPsf] 5 . o;
k':tsfnosf lgb]z
{ s 8]l/s 8]/x/n]
eg]– …of] To:tf] k':ts xf]Og, h;nfO{
sfNklgs, cZnLn jf s'g} cGo s'/fn]
d"Nojfg\ agfP/ k|sflzt u/]sf] xf] .
o;sf] Pp6} dfq d"No lyof], o;sf]

kf7\o;fdu|L .Ú clxn] o;sf] !! k|lt
dfq} ar]sf] eGg] ljZjf; ul/G5 .
af]:6gsf] P]ltxfl;s cf]N8 ;fpy
rr{df /flvPsf] b'O{ k|ltaf6 Ps
;f]ya] Ln] lnnfddf /fv]sf] xf] . pSt
rr{n] cfk"m;Fu afFsL /x]sf] clGtdk|lt
laqmL ug{ s'g} dg;fo gePsf] hgfPsf]
5 . of] lstfasf] afFsL gf} k|lt k|dv
'
;+ux| stf{ tyf k':tsfnox?df ;'/lIft
/x]sf 5g\ . o;cl3 ;a}eGbf dxFuf]
k':tssf] sLlt{dfg hf]g h]D;sf]
cf8'af]; a8{ ckm cd]l/sfsf gfddf
/x]sf] lyof] . of] k':ts l8;]Da/ @)!)
df !! nfv %) xhf/ 8n/df laqmL
ePsf] lyof] . b a] ;fd a'ssf] Ps
k|lt !($& df sLlt{dfg d"No ! nfv
%! xhf/ cd]l/sL 8n/df lnnfd
ePsf] lyof] . To; a]nf klg of] k':tsn]
u'6g] au{sf] afOlan cf]N8 6]G6fd]G6,
;]S;lko/sf] km:6{ kmf]lnof] / a|fO8 ckm
cd]l/sfnfO{ k5fl8 kfb}{ sLlt{dfg
agfPsf] lyof] . v/fa cj:yfsf sf/0f
cfnf]rgf eO/x]sf] eP klg b a] ;fd
a'sn] of] prfO xfl;n u/]sf] xf] .
k|sfzs tyf n]vs O;fx yd;n] b'O{
;o jif{cufl8 o;df 5flkPsf y'k}|
uNtLx?sf] pNn]v u/]sf lyP . pgn]
of] k':tsn] /fd|f] n]vgsf] k|bz{g gu/]sf]
pNn]v u/]sf lyP . cWoog ug{x] ?n]
]| Ldf
of] k':ts lxa|' efiffaf6 ePsf] c+uh
cg'jfbdf cGt/cfTdfsf] cfjfhnfO{ w]/}
;'gs
] f] atfpF5g\ .

3

ˆ

/fatOfc t]u ^! /;ld
+ nf; )&)@

o;/L :yflkt eP g]skf – dfcf]jfbLsf Ph]08fx¿
ut d+l;/ $ ut] tyfslyt bf]>f]
;+ljwfg ;efsf] lgjf{rg ;DkGg eof] .
;j{ljlwt} s'/f xf], of] lgjf{rg :jflwg
g]kfnnfO{ l;lSsdLs/0f k|lqmofaf6
ef/tdf ufEg] p2]Zosf ;fd|fHojfbL
tyf lj:tf/jfbLx¿sf] of]hgf u|f08
l8hfOgdf ;DkGg eof] . o; lgjf{rgdf
;fd|fHojfbL tyf lj:tf/jfbLx¿n]
g]kfnsf cfkm\g} k'/fgf bnfnx¿ g]kfnL
sfFu;
]| / Pdfn]nfO{ ax'dtdf k'¥ofO{
lbPsf 5g\ eg] gofF bnfn PsLs[t
g]skf -dfcf]jfbL_ nfO{ eg] nHhf:kb

;/sf/df k'¥ofO{ lbpFnf / l6sfO lbpFnf
eGof] . Tof] lgb]z
{ g klg pgLx¿n]
Odfgbf/Lk"js
{ lqmofGjog u/] . kf6L{sf]
cflwsfl/snfO{ ;fdGtjfb tyf
] f]
;fd|fHojfb lj/f]w ;f/tTj af]ss
hgtfsf] ;+3Lo u0ftGqfTds ;+ljwfg
agfpg], if8\oGq eP hgljb|fx] dfkm{t
g]kfnL qmflGt ;DkGg ug]{ eGg] sfo{lbzf
Tofu / …zflGt / ;+ljwfgÚ gfd lbOPsf]
a'hj{' f k'h
F LjfbL Pj+ ;+;bLo k'h
F LjfbL
sfo{lbzf ks8 eGg] cfb]z lbof] ef/tLo
lj:tf/jfbn] Tof] klg pgLx¿n] ax't}

lgjf{rgdf lgn}Hh / nHhf:k|b xf/
eof] . ;]gf nufpg], b]zL ljb]zL
k|ltlqmofjfbLx¿;Lt u7hf]8 u/]/
hgtf dfly kmfF;L zf;g nfb\g vf]Hg],
bz jif]{ hgo'4 s} k|lqmofb]lv hgtf
/fi6«sf Ph]08fx¿ 5f]8b\ } hfg], hgtf
/ /fi6«nfO{ 9f6\b} hfg] / hgtf k|lt /
qmflGt k|lt wf]sf lbFb} u4f/L ub}{ cufl8
a9]s} sf/0f Pdfcf]jfbLnfO{ hgtfn]
slyt lgjf{rgsf] dfWodaf6 d'OdF f
k5fl8 lbPsf] af/] d f w] / } rrf{
ul/;lsPsf] 5 .hgtfn] gkTofpg] sfo{

x:taxfb'/ s];L
Pdfcf]jfbLn] ef/tLo lj:tf/jfbn]
cx|fPsf] / v6gk6g u/fPsf] sfddf
Odfgbf/Lk"js{ ;DkGg ug]{ sfo{ ub}{
cfof] . v'a OdfGbf/ aGof] . p;n]
Pdfcf]jfbLsf cWoIf k|r08 /
tTsflng pkfWoIf 8f= afa'/fd
e§/fO{nfO{ kfnf] kfnf] u/L …/Ú sf
k|ltlglwx¿nfO{ e]6g\ l;+ufk'/, dn]l;of
/ l;nu'9L hfp eGof], ToxfF klg
Odfgbf/k"js{ k'u] / …/Ú sf
k|ltlglwx¿nfO{ e]6/] pgLx¿n] lbPsf] lgb]z{ g / of]hgfx¿ af]s/] g]kfn
kms]{ / kf6L{ leq s'6gLlts dof{bf kfngf ug{ uPsf xf}+ eg] . ef/tLo
lj:tf/jfbn] …/Ú sf k|ltlglwx¿dfkm{t ef/tLo lj:tf/jfbn] ltd|f] kf6L{
leqsf qmflGtsf/Lx¿nfO{ kfvf nufp eGg] cfb]z lbof] . Tof] klg
OdfGbf/Lk"js{ k"/f u/] . / kf6L{ km'6g\ ] jftfj/0f lgdf{0f ul/lbP ;lhn} .
9+un] k/flht u/fO{ lbPsf 5g\ .
j}bl] zs dxfk|ex' ¿n] k'/fg} bnfnx¿nfO{
ljZjf; u/] t/ gofF bnfnnfO{ ljZjf;
klg u/]gg\, kTofpFbf klg kTofPgg\ .
…gofF hf]uLn] al9 v/fgL 3:5Ú eg]em}+
Pdfcf] j fbLn] ;fd| f HojfbL tyf
lj:tf/jfbLx¿sf] v'a} cufl8 a9]/
bnfnL / rfs8L u¥of] . ;Qfdf k'Ugsf
nflu Pdfcf]jfbLn] ljz]if u/L ef/tLo
lj:tf/jfbL zf;sx¿l;t Hofb}
glhlsP/ / bnfnL / rfs8L ;d]t
u¥of] . p;n] sfFu;
]| / Pdfn]n] ;d]t
gdfg]sf /fi6«3ftL ljKkf ;Demf}tf ul/
lbof] ef/tl;t . ;'kb' u{ L ;lGw klg
;DkGg ul/lbof] . ;+ u l7t
ck/fw;DaGwL ljw]os klg p;n] kfl/t
ul/lbof] . Psdfq g]kfnsf] lqe'jg
cGt/f{li6«o ljdfg:yn;lxt d'ns
' sf
!& j6f ljdfg:ynx¿ ;d]t ef/tnfO{
;'lDkg tof/ eof] .
Pdfcf]jfbLn] ef/tLo lj:tf/jfbn]
cx|fPsf] / v6gk6g u/fPsf] sfddf
Odfgbf/Lk"js
{ ;DkGg ug]{ sfo{ ub}{
cfof] . v'a OdfGbf/ aGof] . p;n]
Pdfcf]jfbLsf cWoIf k|r08 / tTsflng
pkfWoIf 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{nfO{ kfnf]
kfnf] u/L …/Ú sf k|ltlglwx¿nfO{ e]6g\
l;+ufk'/, dn]l;of / l;nu'9L hfp eGof],
ToxfF klg Odfgbf/k"js
{ k'u] / …/Ú sf
k|ltlglwx¿nfO{ e]6/] pgLx¿n] lbPsf]
lgb]z
{ g / of]hgfx¿ af]s/] g]kfn kms]{
/ kf6L{ leq s'6gLlts dof{bf kfngf
ug{ uPsf xf}+ eg] . ef/tLo lj:tf/jfbn]
…/Ú sf k|ltlglwx¿dfkm{t ef/tLo
lj:tf/jfbn] ltd|f] kf6L{ leqsf
qmflGtsf/Lx¿nfO{ kfvf nufp eGg]
cfb]z lbof] . Tof] klg OdfGbf/Lk"js
{
k"/f u/] . / kf6L{ km'6g\ ] jftfj/0f lgdf{0f
ul/lbP ;lhn} .
ef/tLo lj:tf/jfbn] Pdfcf]jfbLsf]
d'Vo g]t[TjnfO{ hgd'lQm ;]gfsf]
g]kfnnfO{ lj36g u/ SofG6f]Gd]G6df
/flvPsf hgd'lQm ;]gfsf xltof/x¿
klg ;/sf/nfO{ a'emfO{ b]p / ltdLnfO{

Odfgbf/Lk"js
{ lqmofGjg ul/lbP . gofF
hgjfbL qmflGtsf] sfo{qmd kl/Tofu u/
eGof] p;n] Tof] klg ;ftf}+ Pstf
dxflwj]zgaf6 kl/Tofu u/L k'h
F LjfbL
hgjfbL gfd lbOPsf] ;f];n8]df]qm]l6s
sfo{qmd kfl/t u/fP . cd]l/sf /
ef/tn] lvn/fh /]UdLsf] g]tT[ jdf r'gfjL
;/sf/ agfp eGg] cfb]z lbP, Tof] klg
Pdfcf]jfbLn] Odfgbf/Lk"js
{ k"/f u¥of] .
@)&) d+;L/ $ ut]s} lbg slyt bf]>f]
;+ljwfg ;efsf] lgjf{rg ;DkGg u/ eGof]
Tof] klg x; xh'/ eg]/ st{Jo k"/f ul/
5f8] . g]skf – dfcf]jfbLn] g]tT[ j u/]sf]
@@ bnLo /fhgLlts df]rf{nfO{ s'g} klg
xfntdf lgjf{rgdf ;fd]n gu/ a? jftf{
ef8 eGg] cfb] z lbF b f ef/tLo
lj:tf/jfbn] Tof] cfb]z klg gf6sLo
9+un] k"/f u/] . ef/tLo lj:tf/jfbn]
Pdfcf]jfbLnfO{ r'gfj lhtfOlbPnf g]kfnL
;]gf kl/rfng u/ / To;sf] sdfl08Ë
klg cfkm} u/ eg]/ Pdfcf]jfbL g]tT[ jnfO{
lgb]z
{ g lbof] Tof] klg Odfgbf/L k"/f
u/] . Pdfcf]jfbLn] b]zJofkL ?kdf g]kfnL
;]gf kl/rfng u/]/ hgtfnfO{ cft+lst
t'Nofpg], dgf]j1} flgs qf; ;[hgf ug],{
Pdfcf]jfbL dfly leif0f bdg ug{ nufpg],
w/ks8 ug]{ / em'¶f d'2f nufpg] sfo{df
;Qfsf] b'?kof]u u¥of] .
Pdfcf]jfbL sfFu;
]| / Pdfn]nfO{
k|efjdf kf/]/ /fli6«o ;xdlt sfod
ug{ lbPg . dfcf]jfbL ;xLtsf] ## bnLo
/fhgLlts df]rf{nfO{ r'gfjdf ;xefuL
gu/fpg] if8\oGqdf dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf
v]Nof] . b]zL ljb]zL k|ltlqmofjbLx¿n]
k|r08nfO{ lgs} prfn] . xfO{ xfo{ agfO{
lbP . k|r08 To;}dfly km'?ª k/] .
;+;f/s} ;a} dx+uf lgjf{rgsf] k|of]u u¥of]
Pdfcf]jfbLn] . sDo'lgi6 kf6L{sf] vf]n
cf]9/] To;} leq ;+;f/s} k"h
F LjfbL ;+;bLo
r'gfjnfO{ dfydfg]{ u/L c/jf}s
+ f] vr{
u¥of] . oL tdfd k|sf/sf tfdemfk /
;+;f/s} k"h
F LjfbLx¿nfO{ ;d]t kR5fpFb}
5f}+ eGg] h:tf tdfd k|s/sf x/st
u/]s} sf/0f Pdfcf]jfbLsf] slyt

u/]kl5 s] xfnt x'bF f] /x]5 eGg] pbfx/0f
Pdfcf]jfbL aGg k'us
] f] 5 .
Pdfcf]jfbLsf] nHhf:k|b k/fhosf]
d'Vo sf/0f kf6L{sf] cflwsf/Ls nfOg
5f]8g\ / unt nfOg ks8g hfg' /
kf6L{ km'6g\ ' g} xf] . kf6L{ km'6/] g]skf –
dfcf]jfbLsf] k'gu{7g x'g' hgo'4df
;l/s /x]sf] qmflGtsf/Lx¿sf] 7"nf] lx:;f
g]skf – dfcf]jfbL ;Lt /xg' b]zJofkL
?kdf lhNnf ;ldltdf eGbf tn s'g}
klg cfwf/e"t kf6L{ sld6Lx¿ gx'g'
klxnf] ;+ljwfg ;ef Pdfcf]jfbLdf /x]sf
s/Lj () hgf ;efifbx¿ dfcf]jfbL
kf6L{df cfj4 x'g,' k'gu{7g nuQ} g]skf
– dfcf]jfbLn] b]zJofkL ?kdf ;+u7gx¿
lj:tf/ ug',{ hgjuL{o ;+u7gx¿ cfd
?kdf dfcf]jfbL kf6L{ d} cfj4 x'g,'
dfcf]jfbLn] g]tT[ jn] af6f]df ˆoflsPs]f
g]kfnL qmflGtsf] em08fnfO{ dfly p7fpg',
g]kfnL qmflGtsf nflu kf6L{n] lg0f{o ub}{
cfPsf cflwsfl/s nfOgx¿nfO{ kS8b}
cufl8 a9\g,' dfS;{jfb – n]lggjfb –
dfcf]jfbsf] /Iff, k|of]u / ljsf;sf]
af/]df k|lta4 x'g,' hgo'4sf] hudf
hgljb|f]x h:tf] g]kfnL qmflGtsf]
qmflGtsf/L lbzf ;ftf} + /fli6« o
dxflwj]zgaf6 kfl/t u/fpg' / g]kfnL
qmflGtsf rf/ cfwf/ / rf/ tof/L k"/f
ug]{ ;jfndf k|lta4 / sl7a4 ePsf],
hgjfb, hghLljsf, /fli6«otf tyf
/fli6«o :jflwgtfsf] d'2fnfO{ cfGbf]ngsf]
s]Gb| efudf /x]/ oL Ph]08fx¿df
;xdt x' g ;Sg] /fhgLlts
zlQmx¿;Lt df]rf{jflb u/]/ cfkm\g}
g]tT[ jdf ## bnLo /fhgLlts df]rf{sf]
lgdf{0f / kl/rfng u/]sf] tYonfO{
c:jLsf/ / ;fd| f HojfbL tyf
lj:tf/jfbLx¿sf] uf]6L aGg k'us
] } sf/0f
Pdfcf]jfbLn] sNkg} gu/]sf] nHhf:kb
k/fho ef]Ug k'us
] f] xf] eGg] s'/f ca
lbgsf] 3fd hlQs} 5n{Ë, eO;s]sf]
5 . t/ p;n] cfkm\gf] k/fhosf] nfh
5f]Kg] of]hgfsf ;fy lgjf{rg cfof]un]
wfbnL u/]/, g]kfnL ;]gfn] dtk]l6sf

;fl6 lbPsf] sf/0fn] cfk"mn] xf/]sf]
xf:of:kb / s]6fs]6L ts{ cufl8 ;fg{
k'Uof], h'g s'/f b'lgofFsf s'g} klg
dfG5]x¿n] kTofpFbg} g\ . ToxL s'/f ub}{
lx8]sf] 5 Pdfcf]jfbL / lgjf{rgdf
g/fd| f ] ; Lt k/flht ePkl5
Pdfcf]jfbLsf] g]tT[ j 5fËaf6 v;] h:tf]
eof] a];/L /Gylgof] / Psflt/ lgjf{rg
cfof]u / g]kfnL ;]gfn] wfFbnL u/]sf]
cf/f]k nufP/ xf/sf] 9fs5f]k ug{
yfNof] eg] csf] { tl/ g] s kf –
dfcf]jfbL;Lt kf6L{ Pstf ug],{ ;xsfo{
ug]{ pxL k"/f g} em'7sf] v]tL ug{ yfNof] .
/ b]z b'lgofFnfO{ e|ddf kfg]{ sf]l;;
ug{ yfn]sf] 5 .
sf]xL klg e|ddf gk/] x'G5,
Pdfcf]jfbLsf] g]tT[ j s/]S;g eP/,
qmflGtsf/L ?kfGt/0f eP/ km]/L
hgtflt/ kms{g,] qmflGtsf/Lx¿;Lt
;xsfo{ ug],{ b]zeQm hgjfbL tyf
k|ultzLn kIfw/ zlQmx¿;Lt sfFwdf
sfFw hf]8/] cufl8 a9\g] / b]z hgtf
/ qmflGt k|lt akmfbf/ / sl7a4 eP/
cufl8 a9\g] jfnf 5}g . lsgsL x/]s
36gfsf k5fl8 lglZrt j}1flgs
sf/0fx¿ /x]sf 5g\ . dfS;{jfbn]
:jLsf/ ul/ ;s]sf] s'/f xf] of] .
Pdfcf]jfbLsf] g]tT[ j / l;+uf] kf6L{ k+lQm
g/fd|f]/L km;L ;s]sf] 5 . p;n]
;fd|fHojfb / lj:tf/jfbsf ;fd'
nDk;f/ k/]/ cfTd;dk{0f ul/;s]sf]
5 . pgLx¿;Lt uf]Ko ;fF7ufF7 /
;Demf}tf ul/ ;s]sf] 5 . cfkm\gf ;a}
s'/f / of]hgfx¿ pgLx¿nfO{ lbO;s]sf]
5 . Pdfcf]jfbL ;fd|fHojfbL tyf
lj:tf/jfbLx¿sf] uf]6L alg;s]sf] 5 .
/ g]kfnLhgtf / qmflGt k|lt ;d]t
uDeL/ k|sf/sf] uNtL u/L;s]sf] 5 .
Pdfcf] j fbL ;fd| f HojfbL /
lj:tf/jfbLx¿sf] k~hfdf g/fd|/L
kl/;s]sf] 5 . ca p pgLx¿sf]
k~faf6 pDsg} ;Qm}g . pgLx¿sf] 3]/f
tf]8/] aflx/ lg:sg} ;Qm}g / ;+;bLo
3]/faf6 aflx/ klg lg:sg} ;St}g lsg
p;n] ;ftf}+ Pstf dxflwj]zgaf6} gofF
hgjfbL qmflGtsf] sfo{qmdnfO{ x6fP/
k'h
F LjfbL ;+;bjfbL sfo{qmd kfl/t ul/
;s]sf] 5 .
l;4fGtsf] If]qdf, kf6L{ nfOgsf]
If]qdf / qmflGtsf/L jojxf/sf If]qdf
Pdfcf]jfbLn] uDeL/ k|sf/sf] uNtL /
d"n ul/;s]sf] 5 . qmflGtsf/L l;4fGt
/ Jojxf/ b'ja} f6 Pdfcf]jfbL r'sL
;s]sf] 5 . g]kfnL ;dfhaf6 / hgtfsf
aLraf6 ;d]t lrKnL;s]sf] 5 . To;}
p km]/L klg ;+ljwfg ;ef leq} hfg] xf],
b]zL ljb]zL k|ltlqmofjfbL zlQmx¿;Lt
sfFwdf sfFwdf hf]8g\ hfg] xf] . of] eGbf
csf]{ pkfo p;Fu 5}g .
Pdfcf]jfbLn] u/]sf] uNtLsf sf/0fn]
g} clxn] dxfg bz jif]{ hgo'4sf] a]nf
dfcf]jfbLsf g]tfx¿sf] 6fpsf] d"No
tf]Sg], tTsflng zfxL g]kfnL ;]gf
kl/rfng u/]/ d'n'sdf /Qmkft
dRrfpg] bzf} xhf/ g]kfnL cfdfsf
5f]/f5f]/Lx¿sf] xTof ug{ nufpg],
xhf/f}s
+ f] j]kQf / 3fOt], ckfË ug{
nufpg] sfFu;
]| , Pdfn]x¿ k'gM slyt

lgjf{rgsf] dfWodaf6 ;/sf/ lgdf{0f
ug{ k'us
] f 5g\ . g]kfnsf qmflGtsf/Lsf
nflu /fd|f] s'/f xf]Og . s'g} v';Lsf] s'/f
xf]Og . sfFu;
]| Pdfn] eg]sf cfGtl/s
ljrf/s} sf/0fn] ;+ljwfg ;ef /
u0ftGq kIfdf g/x]sf zlQm x'g\ .
hgtfsf] bafasf] sf/0fn] dfq o;nfO{
:jLsf/]sf 5g\ . qmflGtsf/Lx¿ cfkm\gf]
qmflGtsf] sfo{qmd, sfo{lbzf af]s/]
cufl8 a9\g] ljlQs}, g]kfnL hgtfn]
cfkm\gf] d'lQmsf] em08f af]s/] cufl8
a9\g] ljlQs} sfFu;
]| Pdfn]x¿ k'gM
lg/+sz
' / tfgfzfxL aGg] / g]kfnL
hgtfdfly eLif0f bdg rqm rnfpg]
5g\ . ;fd|fHojfbL tyf lj:tf/jfbL
zlQmx¿n] pgLx¿nfO{ o;} ug{ lgb]z
{ g
ug]{ s'/f lglZrt 5 . Pdfcf]jfbLn]
xf¥of] . sfFu;
]| / Pdfn]n] lhTof] eg]/
g]kfnL hgtf v';L x'gk' g],{ g]kfnsf
qmflGtsf/Lx¿ v';L x'gk' g]{ a]nf xf]Og
Tof] . sfFu;
]| Pdfn]x¿n] bz jif]{ hgo'4
/ !( lbg] P]ltxfl;s hgcfGbf]ngsf]
Dof08]6 / hgtfsf] efjgf / rfxgf
adf]lhdsf] ;+ljwfg sbflk agfpg lt/
nfUg] 5}gg\ . pgLx¿n] ;fd|fHojfbL
tyf lj:tf/jfbLx¿n] tof/ kfl/ lbPsf]
/ pgLx¿s} u|f08 l8hfOg adf]lhdsf]
;+ljwfg agfpg sf]l;; ug]{ 5g\ . xfdL
qmflGtsf/Lx¿ / hgtfsf] nflu Tof]
k|ltufdL ;+ljwfg dfGg] x'g5
] g} / Tof]
;+ljwfg k'gM ;8sdf hNg yfNg] 5 /
To;n] eLif0f u[xo'4sf] ?kn] lng ;S5 .
To;f] eP/ qmflGtsf/Lx¿ clxn]bl] v g}
xf]l;of/ k"js
{ cufl8 a9\g h?/L 5 .
xfdLn] b]z / hgtfsf nflu cufl8
;f/]sf Ph]08fx¿ :yflkt x'g k'us
] f
5g\ . xfdLn] /fli6«o :jflwgtfsf]
Ph]08fnfO{ cufl8 ;f¥of] . hgjfb
hghLljsf / /fli6«otf ;DalGw &)
a'bF ] k|:tfj klg xfdLn] cufl8 ;f¥of}+ .
/fli6«o ;xdltsf lglDt uf]nd]r ;efsf]
Ph]08f cufl8 ;f¥of}+ . kf6L{n] klxn] g}
lg0f{o ul/;s]sf] ;fdGtjfb tyf
;fd|fHojfb lj/f]w ;f/tTj af]ss
] f]
hgtfsf] ;+3Lo u0ftGqfTds ;+ljwfg
agfpg] sfo{lbzfnfO{ xfdLn] bx|f;
] Lt
ks8b} cfof}+ . / k|lta4tf hgfpFb}
klg cfPsf 5f}+ . xfdLn] oxL aLrdf
g]kfnL qmflGtsf] qmflGtsf/L sfo{lbzf
hgo' 4 sf] hudf hgljb| f ] x nfO{
dxflwj]zgaf6} kfl/t u¥of}+ . / xfdL
g]kfnL hgtf tyf g]kfnL qmflGtk|lt
cufl8 ;f/]sf Ph]08fx¿ :yfltk x'g
k'us
] f 5g\ / gj;+zf]wgjfbL zlQmnfO{
g]kfnL hgtfn] k/flht t'NoffO{ lbPsf
5g\ . p;n] u/]sf] abdf;L / wf]sf,
5nsk8, if8\oGq / u4f/Lsf sf/0f
hgtfn] p;nfO{ bl08t u/]sf 5g\ .
hxf;Dd s'/f xfdL 5f]6} cjlwdf
hgtfsf] ljZjf; lhTg ;kmn ePsf
5f}+ . xfdL xfd|f] qmflGtsf/L g}ltstf
arfpg / ljsf; ug{ ;kmn ePsf
5f}+ . t/ xfdLnfO{ klxn]bl] v ;fd|fHojfbL
tyf lj:tf/jfbLx¿ / ltgsf g]kfnL
bnfnx¿n] cfk"mnfO{ h:t} u/fpg
vf]lh/x]sf 5g\ . Pdfcf]jfbL / Pdfn]
h:t} u/fpg vf]hs
] f 5g\ . / s'g} g
s'g} 5]paf6 kb / k|lti7fsf cfjfhx¿

aflx/ ˆofSg] . ;+ljwfg ;efdf @^ ;L6sf]
xl/of] 3f; b]vfpg] ;Ddsf] k|of;
ul/;s]sf 5g\, dlGqsf ;L6x¿ ;d]6
5'6o\ fOPsf] uGw aflx/ ˆofSg] sf];L;
ul//x] s f 5g\ . b] z L ljb] z L –
k|ltlqmofjfbLx¿sf oL hfnem]n /
k|k~rx¿af6 xfdL hf]lug ;Sg' kb{5 .
xfdLn] klg w]/} sfd ug{ afFsL 5 .
xfdLn] qmflGtsf/L kf6L{ klg agfof}+ .
xfdL;Lt qmflGtsf/L ljrf/ klg 5 .
t/ xfdL;Lt s]Gb|bl] v :yfgLo tx;Dd
kf6L{ sld6Lx¿ r':t b'?:t j}1flgs
alg;s]sf] 5}g . qmflGtsf nflu kf6L{
;+u7gx¿ dxTjk"0f{ c+usf ?kdf
dflgG5g\ . x/If]qdf dgf]lgtjfnf / 7"nf
tyf e4f kf6L{ sld6Lx¿ sfod} 5g\ .
kf6L{ leq hgjfbL s]Gb|Lotf / cg'zf;g
tyf uf]klgotfsf] kIf Psbd} sdhf]/
aGb} uPsf] 5 . ;j{xf/f juL{o hLjg
k4tL / qmflGtsf/L Jojxf/ k|lt xfd|f]
kf6L{ k+lQm Hofb} sdhf]/ 5 . cfly{s
cg'zf;g / kf/bzL{tfsf] kIf sdhf]/
5 . sfo{stf{x¿sf] plrt sfdsf] ljGof;
/ ;+/If0fsf] j}1flgs Joj:yfkg xfdLn]
ug{ ;ls/x]sf 5}gf}+ . kf6L{ leq :s'lnË
cj:yf Hofb} sdhf]/ aGb} uO/x]sf] 5 .
/fd|f] kf6L{ :s'lnËsf] Joj:yfkg ldnfpg
;ls/x]sf 5}gf}+ . cWoog / lrGtg dgg
ug]{ k|jl[ Q x/fpFb} uO/x]sf] 5 . kf6L{leq
k|r08 k|jl[ Q hAa/ eP/ afFrL /x]sf]
5 . k|r08 k|jl[ Q eg]sf] qmflGtsf/Lx¿sf
nflu qmflGtsf/L cfGbf]ngsf nflu Hofb}
xflgsf/s / vt/gfs k|jl[ Q xf] . xfdLn]
xfd|f] nIo / p2]Zo k"/f ug]{ p2]Zosf
h'g ljrf/ lgwf{/0f u/]sf 5f}+ gofF 9+usf]
qmflGtsf/L kf6L{ klg lgdf{0f ul/ ;s]sf
5f},+ ToxL cg'?ksf qmflGtsf/L g]tf tyf
sfo{stf{x¿ pTkfbg ug{ cfjZos x'G5 .
qmflGtsf/L kf6L{ :s'lnËsf] ;~rfng /
;+3if{af6 dfq To;vfn] g]tf, sfo{stf{sf]
7"nf] ;+Vofdf lgdf{0f ug{ ;lsG5 .
oL dfly pNn]v ul/Psf ljifo
j:t'x¿nfO{ ;+:yfut ug{ / ljsf; ug[sf
nflu kf6L{leq ;'l4s/0f / ;'b9[ Ls/0fsf]
cfjZostf kb{5 . of] vfFrf] klg xfdLn]
k"/f ug]{ x'G5 . slyt bf]>f] ;+ljwfg
;ef lgjf{rg alx:sf/ cleofgdf !)
lbgsf aLrdf cfd kf6L{ sfo{stf{ /
qmflGtsf/L hg;d' b fon] h' g
pRrs[ltdfg sfod u/] o;nfO{ kf6L{n]
pRr ;Ddfg ug]{ kb{5 / xfdLn] cufl8
;f/]sf Ph]08fx¿ hf] g]kfnsf] jt{dfg
/fhgLltdf :yflkt x'g k'us
] f 5g\ .
xfdLn] g]kfnL qmflGtsf nflu ljrf/,
l;4fGt / kf6L{ lgdf{0fnfO{ j}1flgss/0f
ug]{ qmflGtsf/L ?kdf ?kfGt/0f ug]{ h'g
sfdsf] cEof; ul/ /x]sf 5f}+ oL ;a}nfO{
xfdLn] ;+:yfut u/]/ hf]ufpg kb{5,
arfO /fVg' kb[5 . oL ;a} rLhx¿
g]kfnL qmflGtsf sf];9] Ë' f x'g\ . logsf]
;+/If0f / ljsf; ug'{ kf6L{sf] d'Vo bfloTj
aGg k'us
] f] 5 . h'g xfdL >]i7tf xfl;n
ub}{ cufl8 al9/x]sf 5f}+ Tolt :t/df
xfd|f ;fd' r'gf}tL / ;Defjgfx¿ klg
;+u;+u} ljsf; eO/x]sf 5g\ oL ;a};Lt
;fdgf ug]{ Ifdtfsf] ljsf; ug'{ xfd|f]
cfhsf] bfloTj xf] .
dgd}h
+ –' *, sf7df8f}+

Pdfcf]jfbLsf] nHhf:k|b k/fhosf] d'Vo sf/0f kf6L{sf] cflwsf/Ls nfOg 5f]8\g / unt nfOg
ks8g hfg' / kf6L{ km'6\g' g} xf] . kf6L{ km'6]/ g]skf – dfcf]jfbLsf] k'gu{7g x'g' hgo'4df
;l/s /x]sf] qmflGtsf/Lx¿sf] 7"nf] lx:;f g]skf – dfcf]jfbL ;Lt /xg' b]zJofkL ?kdf lhNnf
;ldltdf eGbf tn s'g} klg cfwf/e"t kf6L{ sld6Lx¿ gx'g' klxnf] ;+ljwfg ;ef
Pdfcf]jfbLdf /x]sf s/Lj () hgf ;efifbx¿ dfcf]jfbL kf6L{df cfj4 x'g', k'gu{7g nuQ}
g]skf – dfcf]jfbLn] b]zJofkL ?kdf ;+u7gx¿ lj:tf/ ug'{, hgjuL{o ;+u7gx¿ cfd ?kdf
dfcf]jfbL kf6L{ d} cfj4 x'g', dfcf]jfbLn] g]t[Tjn] af6f]df ˆoflsPs]f g]kfnL qmflGtsf] em08fnfO{
dfly p7fpg', g]kfnL qmflGtsf nflu kf6L{n] lg0f{o ub}{ cfPsf cflwsfl/s nfOgx¿nfO{ kS8b}
cufl8 a9\g', dfS;{jfb – n]lggjfb – dfcf]jfbsf] /Iff, k|of]u / ljsf;sf] af/]df k|lta4 x'g',
hgo'4sf] hudf hgljb|f]x h:tf] g]kfnL qmflGtsf] qmflGtsf/L lbzf ;ftf}+ /fli6«o
dxflwj]zgaf6 kfl/t u/fpg' / g]kfnL qmflGtsf rf/ cfwf/ / rf/ tof/L k"/f ug]{ ;jfndf
k|lta4 / sl7a4 ePsf], hgjfb, hghLljsf, /fli6«otf tyf /fli6«o :jflwgtfsf] d'2fnfO{
cfGbf]ngsf] s]Gb| efudf /x]/ oL Ph]08fx¿df ;xdt x'g ;Sg] /fhgLlts zlQmx¿;Lt
df]rf{jflb u/]/ cfkm\g} g]t[Tjdf ## bnLo /fhgLlts df]rf{sf] lgdf{0f / kl/rfng u/]sf]
tYonfO{ c:jLsf/ / ;fd|fHojfbL tyf lj:tf/jfbLx¿sf] uf]6L aGg k'u]s} sf/0f Pdfcf]jfbLn]
sNkg} gu/]sf] nHhf:kb k/fho ef]Ug k'u]sf] xf] eGg] s'/f ca lbgsf] 3fd hlQs} 5n{Ë,
eO;s]sf] 5 .

4

hg;xeflutf / ljsf;sf] ;DaGw
u'?k|;fb zdf{ /]UdL

b]zsf] ljsf; lgdf{0f;DaGwL s'g}
klg sfd sf/jfxLdf hgtfsf] k|ToIf
;xof]u x'g' / hgtfn] :jo+ cfˆgf]
nflu ljsf; lgdf{0fsf] sfddf ;xof]u
ul//x]sf] 5' eGg] cg'e"lt x'g' g}
hg;xeflutf xf] . o;/L b]zsf]
hgzlSt b]z ljsf;s} nflu ePsfn]
b]z ljsf;df hg;xeflutfnfO{
;fdfGo¿kdf x]g{ x"'b}g . h'g b]zsf]
zf;g k|zf;gn] ;fdfGo¿kdf x]g]{
ub{5 Tof] b]z ljsf;sf] b[li6n] w]/}
k5fl8 k/]sf] x'G5 . hg;xeflutf
u/fpg] s'zn / pTk|]l/t hgzlSt
g} ljsf;sf] sf/stTj xf] . ljQLo
;fwg / ;fdu|Lx¿nfO{ ljleGg p2]Zo
k| f lKtsf nflu qmdcg' ; f/
;j{ Q d¿kdf pkof] u ug{ ] , a9L
pTkfbg / ljsf; u/L a9LeGbf a9L
hgtfnfO{ nfe k'¥ofpg s'zn lg0f{o
k|lqmofn] dfq ;S5 . sl7gfO{ /
hl6ntfsf] cg' e j / cg' e " l t
geP;Dd ;d:ofx¿;‘ u h' W g
;lsFb}g . /fli6«o s'zntf b]zelSt,
hgtfsf] ;]jf ug{] efjgf / k|of;af6
dfq cfpg] ub{5 . o;sf nflu s'zn
g]tf, k|zf;g Joj:yfks, /fhgLlts
sfo{ s tf{ , ;fdflhs sfo{ s tf{ ,
k|fljlws ljz]if1, k|fljlws sfo{stf{,
j}1flgs, ;flxTosf/ / snfsf/x¿g}
7"nf] / dxTjk"0f{ cfwf/ x'g\ . oL
tTjx¿sf] cefjdf ljsf;sf]
kl/sNkgf klg ug{ ;lsFbg} . g]kfnsf]
;Gbe{df oL ;a} cfwf/x¿ eP klg
k| b " l ift /fhgLltsf sf/0f oL
tTjx¿sf] ;xL pkof]u x'g g;Sbf
hg;xeflutfn] d"t¿
{ k lng ;s]g .
kl/0ffd:j¿k ljsf;n] cufl8 kfOnf
rnfpg ;s]g . ;|f]t / ;fwg eP/
klg ltgsf] ;xL / pkof]uL 9+uaf6
kl/rfng x'g g;Sbf b]z emg\ kl5
emg\ cfly{s b[li6n] sdhf]/ x'b" } uPsf]

5 . ljutdf lgof{t ug]{ b]zn] cfh
g"gb]lv ;'g;Ddsf a:t'df k/lge{/
x'g' s:tf] la8Dagf xf] <
/fhgLltnfO{ ljsf;d"ns agfpg]
clgjfo{ cfwf/ Jofks hg;d'bfosf]
;xeflutf g} xf] eGg] s'/f la;{g'
x'Fb}g . hgk|ltlglw r'g]/ ;bgdf
k7fpg] sfd klg hg;xeflutfsf]
sf/s tTj xf] . g]kfn s[lifk|wfg /
ufp"" g} ufp‘n] el/Psf] b]z ePsfn]
ha;Dd u| f dL0f ;d' b fodf
Jofks¿kdf hg;d'bfo ljsf;
sfo{qmd cfˆgf] nflu xf], o;sf]
k|ltkmn xfdLn] g} ef]u ug{ kfp"5f}F
eGg] s'/fdf ljZj:t x'g ;Sb}gg\,
ta;Dd hg;xeflutf k|fKt ug{
;lsFb}g . To; sf/0f hgtfdfly
ljZjf; ug's
{ f] ;fy} hgtfsf] ljZjf;
sfo{stf{x¿n] klg ;"ufNg'kb{5 .
;"ufNg ;Sg] jftfj/0f / kl/l:ylt
l;h{gf u/fpg'kb{5 . b]z ljsf;df
hgzlSt vl08t x'g glbP/ ;a}sf]
;fd"lxs kl/>dsf] k|of]u ul/g'kb{5 .
Psyl/n] lgdf{0f ug{, csf]{ yl/n]
la/f]w of c;xof]u ug'{ /fhgLlts
jftfj/0fnfO{ lg/fs/0f ug]{ p2]Zon]
g} hg;xeflutfsf] ¿k aGg uPsf]
xf] . t/, of] b]zdf of]hgf, gLlt tyf
sfo{ qmd th'{ df / To;sf] ;xL
sfof{ G jogdf hgcfjZostf /
hg;xeflutf k|f]T;flxt x'g ;s]g .
e|i6frf/h:tf ;fdflhs ljs[ltx¿
lgoGq0f x'g;Sg] cj:yf 5}g . of]
b]zsf] zf;g k|zf;g s]lGb|os/0f
ePsf], hghLjgsf ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg
sd{rf/L tGqaf6 u/fpg] k|of;n] ubf{
hg;xeflutf gf/fdf dfq ;Lldt x'g
uPsf] 5 . ljsf; lgdf{0fsf nflu
yk ;d:of l;h{gf x'g uPsf] s'/f

gsfg{ ;lsFb}g . hg;xeflutfnfO{
hufpg /fhgLlts b[ 9 tf /
:yfloTjsf] cfjZostf kb{5 . h;n]
:yfgLo g]tT[ jnfO{ ;j{q cfTdlg0f{o
ug{;Sg] cj:yf k|bfg u/]sf] x'G5
To;nfO{ b]zsf] b'ef{Uo eGg'kb{5 .
of] b]zdf /fhgLlts :yfloTj / b[9tf
gePsfn] hg;xeflutfn] ;fy{s¿k
lng ;s]sf] 5}g . cf}krfl/stf k|bz{g
ug{ dfq x'g uPsf] 5 . g]kfndf
sfo{ q mdx¿ of] h gfj4¿kdf
;~rflnt x'g g;Sg], cw'/f x'g] k|sl[ t
/ k| j [ l Q ePsfn] hglk| o tf of
hgljzjf; k|fKt ug{ g;s]sf] xf] .
of] b]zsf k|foMh;f] dGqLx¿ pRr
kb:y sd{rf/Lx¿sf] :jfy{k"0f{ /
JolStjfbL wf/0ffsf sf/0f u|fdL0f of
:yfgLo g]tT[ jn] cufl8 a9\g] cj;/
gkfP/ klg of] cj:yf l;h{g x'g
uPsf] xf] . cfh x/]s bnsf g]tfx¿
cfˆgf] b'gf] ;f]‰ofpg Jo:t 5g\ .
leqL 7]Ssf / z]o/sf cToGt ef]sf
ag]sf 5g\ . g]tf / sd{rf/Lx¿n]
;/sf/L ;]jf, ;'ljwf / eQfnfO{
cfk"mn] kfPsf] ck'tfnL dfGg] ;f]raf6
u|:t ePkl5 p;n] b]z / hgtfsf]
lxt s;/L ug{ ;S5 < pgLx¿ cfˆg}
lxt dfq ub{5 . e|i6frf/ wld/f] ag]/
b] z nfO{ g} hh{ / agfPsf] 5 .
;f];{kmf];{ / zlStsf] e/df 7]Ssfk§f
lnP/ /ftf/ft wgf9\o, gjwgf9\o
aGg] u/] s f 5g\ . /fhgLltnfO{
g]tfx¿n] Joj;fo agfP/ nfe lng
;+sL0f{ ;f]r agfO/x]sf 5g\ . ;+sL0f{
lrGtgs} sf/0f /fhgLlts
c/fhstfsf] k/fsfi7fdf k'us
] f] 5 .
hgtfnfO{ e|ddf kfg{ ;s] h] klg
ug{ ;lsG5 eGg] dfGotf g]tfx¿n]
/fV5g\ . of] b]zdf h'g /fhgLlts

tGq :yflkt eP klg g]tfx¿df
hgtfsf zf;s xf}F eGg] ;fdGtjfbL
dfgl;stf
alg/x] ; Dd
hg;xeflutfaf6 ;fd'bflos ljsf;
x'g ;Sb}g eGg] s'/f xfd|} cufl8 5 .
of] b]zdf hg;xeflutfsf] cefj
ePsfn] ljsf;n] s'g} ult lng ;s]sf]
5}g . c;kmn / /fi6«sf] ¿kdf pleg
k'u]sf] 5 . ljsf;sf] d'Vo dfkb08
b]zsf] hgzlStsf] pTkfbsTj xf] .
of] af}l4stf, :j:y dfgl;stf,
k|fljlws ;Lksf] k|r/' tf, k|fKt x'g
;Sg] ;fdYo{ ;fx; / Odfgbfl/tfdf
lge{/ ub{5 . oL tTjx¿nfO{ cfly{s,
;fdflhs / /fhgLlts b[li6sf]0faf6
;f]r/] kl/rfng ug{ ;lsof] eg] To;n]
ljsf;nfO{ r'Nofp"b} n}hfG5 eGg] s'/f
of] b]zsf g]tf k|zf;s s;}n] ;f]Rg
g;Sg' b'ef{Uo g} dfGg'kb{5 . b]zdf
ljsf; lgdf{ 0 fsf] ult lg/Gt/
rln/xg] k|lqmof xf] . ljZjsf ;a}
/fi6« x ¿df sxL k| f s[ l ts ;| f ] t
;fwgsf] cefj 5, sxLF k'h
" Lsf] cefj
5 . sxLF ;Ifd /fhgLlts g]t[Tjsf]
cefj 5 . sxLF nufgLstf{sf] cefj,
sxLF bIf hgzlStsf] cefj 5 .
To;}n] ljsf; hl6n ePsf] xf] . s'zn
g]tT[ j x'g] xf] eg] hl6ntf sd x'b" }
hfg] u5{ . ;/sf/sf] klxnf] nIo
u| f dL0f hghLjgsf] :t/ dfly
p7fpg] x'g'kb{5 . g]kfndf of] s'/f
sfuhdf dfq ;Lldt ePsfn]
Jojxf/df sfof{Gjog x'g ;s]sf] 5}g .
u|fdL0f hgtfsf] cfjZostf, rfxgf,
kl/l:ylt / jftfj/0fsf] cfwf/df
of]hgf kl/of]hgf agfpg' kg]{df
kf"rtf/] xf]6ndf a;]/ ;/fj lkp"b}
agfpg] sfo{qmd hgtfsf] nflu
cg'sn
" geP/ k|lts"n eO/x]sf 5g\ .
To:tf sfo{qmdx¿df hg;xeflutf
x'b" g} , To;}n] a9L vlr{nf] x'g hfG5 .

;'Gb/ aGg] eP ===

sf7df8f}F . dflg;sf] ;'Gb/tf
cfk"mleq} x'g\5 . t/, o;df lgvf/
Nofpgsf nflu / oyfl:yltdf
/fVgsf nflu afXo tTjsf] klg
;dfog's"n k|of]u ug'{k5{ . o;sf
nflu cfw'lgs ;f}Gbo{tfdf k|rlnt
lgDg pkfo / tTj k|of]u ug{;lsG5M
!= s'g} klg lrh k|of]udf Nofpg' 5
eg] cg'xf/df ;'xfpg] -;'6 ug{_ dfq
lrh nufpg'k5{ . b}lgs x]/rfxn]
klg 5fnfnfO{ ;'Gb/tf lbG5 . @=
olb cg'xf/sf] 5fnf clt g} ;'Vvf
5 / ;+j]bgzLn 5 eg] ;fa'gsf]
k|of]u ug{ x'b}Fg . xftn] cg'xf/
5f]O/xg' x'b}Fg . #= olb lrNnf] /
;'Vvfsf] slDag];g\ cg'xf/df 5
eg] lbgdf b'Ok6s s'g} klg
d] l 8s] 6 ] 8 ;fa' g n] cg' x f/
w'g'k5{ . To;kl5 /fd|/L kfgLn]
cg' x f/ wf] P / l:sg 6f] l gs
nufpg'k5{ . $= lbgdf b'O{k6s
cg'xf/nfO{ wf]P k'U5 . %= ;fgf]
srf}/fdf l:sg 6f]lgsnfO{ /fv]/
skf;nfO{ To;df lehfO{ lk|mhdf
/fVg' k 5{ To;kl5 skf;n]
k'l5/fVg'k5{ . ^= slxNo} klg
cfFvfsf] jl/kl/ ePsf] 5fnfdf
d;fh ug{ x'Fb}g . To;sf nflu
lSnlGhª h]n nufP/ cfFvfsf]
d]sck ug{'k5{ . To;kl5 abfd
-xf8] abfd_ sf] lqmd nufP/ !)
ldg]6kl5 w'gk' 5{ . o;n] cfFvfsf]
sfnf] bfunfO{ x6fpg d2t u5{ .
&= df:sn] Dead skin ;]nnfO{
x6fpg d2t u5{ /StgnLnfO{
lqmofzLn u/fpF5 / cg'xf/nfO{
;kmf / rlDsnf] agfpF 5 .
df:snfO{ cfFvfsf] jl/kl/ 5fnfdf
nufpg' x'b}Fg . *= g'xfpFbf cfªdf
nfdf] 808f ePsf] a| ; k| o f] u
ug' { k b{ 5 . s' O gflt/ s' g } s8f
tf}lnofdf ;fa'g nufP/ bNg'k5{ .
(= w]/} ;]Dk' ugf{n] s]z lalu|Fb}g t/

To;sf nflu g/d ;] D k' k| o f] u
ug'k5{ . !)= x]gf -d]xGbL_ Pp6f
slG8;g\/ xf], h;n] skfnnfO{ alnof]
/fVg d2t u5{ . !!= t]nn] ;'Vvf /
lau|]sf], xfFuf cfPsf] s]znfO{ 7Ls
/fVg d2t u5{ . 8lG8kmf]/nfO{ 7Ls
ug{klg d2t u5{ . skfnnfO{ a9fpg
s:6/ t]nn] d2t u5{ . !@= olb
skfn a9L leh]sf] 5 eg] skfndf
a|; ug{ x'bF g} . To;sf] abnfdf 7"nf]
bfFtL ePsf] sfOFof]n] sf]g'{k5{ . x]o/
8«fo/ w]/} k|of]u u/]df skfn lalu|g
;S5 . olb skfn ;'Gb/ / :j:y
/fVg rfxg' x'g5
\ f eg] lgDg pkfox¿

ckgfpg ;Sg' x'g5
\ f M skfnnfO{ /fd|f]
/ :j:y /fVgsf nflu s]jn t]n of
:ofDk' k|of]u ug{ pko'St x'bF g} . :j:y
z/L/sf ;fy;fy} :j:y skfnsf nflu
klg vfglkgdf Wofg /fVg' h?/L 5 .
ca s]xL o:tf vfglkgx¿ h;n]

tkfO{s
+ f] :jf:Yosf ;fy;fy} skfnsf]
:jf:yosf nflu klg Psbd}
kmfObfhgs 5 . lu|g 6L n] skfndf
rds NofpF5 M olb tkfO+{ skfnsf]
rfofFaf6 lrlGtt x'ge
' Psf] 5 eg]
lu|g 6L tkfO+s
{ f nflu Psbd} pko'St
aGg ;S5 . lj1x¿sf cg';f/ tkfO+{
rfofFsf sf/0f k/]zfgL ef]Ug' k/]sf]
5 eg] lu|g 6Ln] tkfO+{sf] skfnnfO{
o; ;d:ofaf6 d'lSt lbnfpg ;S5 .
o;sf ;fy;fy} o;n] skfndf rds
Nofpg / skfn alnof] agfpg klg
d2t ub{5 .
alnof] skfnsf nflu
ufh/ M ufh/sf]
k| o f] u n] tkfO+ { s f] tf} n
lgolGqt x'g'sf ;fy;fy}
o;df /x]sf] le6fldg P n]
skfnnfO{ :j:y /fVg d2t
ub{5 . o;n] 6fpsf]sf]
5fnfdf ;Lad t] n sf]
dfqfnfO{ x6\g lbFbg} . ;Lad
Pp6f dxTjk" 0 f{ t Tj xf]
h;n] 6fpsf]df ;':vfkg
x' g lbF b } g / skfnnfO{
alnof] / :j:y /fVb5 .
xl/of] ;fu;AhL
kmfObfhgs M olb
tkfO+ { n ] 8fO6sf] ¿kdf
xl/of] ;fukft tyf
t/sf/Lx¿ ;dfj] z
ug{'x'g\5 eg] of] tkfO+{sf]
:jf:Yosf ;fy;fy}
skfnsf nflu klg Psbd}
kmfObfhgs 5 . vf;u/L
xl/of] kftsf ;fukft Pj+
t/sf/Ldf e/k'/ dfqfdf
le6fldg P / le6fldg ;L kfpg
;lsG5 . o;n] skfndf ;Lad
t]nsf] dfqfnfO{ lgolGqt /fV5 /
skfn ;'Vvf x'g lbFb}g . o;n] 5fnf
/ skfnsf] h/fx¿ alnof] agfpg]
sfd ub{5 .

a|fpg /fO; M a|fpg /fO;v}/f] rfdn_ df e/k'/ dfqfdf k|fl] 6g,
le6fldg Pj+ kmfOa/x¿ k| f Kt
ug{;lsG5 . o;sf] k|of]un] skfnnfO{
dha't / rlDsnf] agfpg d2t
ub{5 . o;sf] k|of]un] ef]s nfUg]
;d:ofaf6 klg aRg ;lsG5 . Ps
k6s a|fpg /fO; vfPkl5 tTsfn
ef]s nfUg] ;d:of x'bF g} lsgeg] of]
w]/} ;do;Dd kRb}g . To;}sf/0fn]
z/L/sf] ;fy;fy} skfnnfO{ klg /fd|f]
agfpg] xf] eg] a|fpg /fO; vfg';\ .
cf]v/sf] k|of]u M skfnnfO{
alnof] /fVgsf nflu cf]v/ Psbd}
/fd|f] dflgG5 . o;n] skfnnfO{ kf]if0f
lbg'sf ;fy;fy} :jf:YonfO{ klg /fd|f]
agfpg] ub{5 . cf]v/df cf]d]uf #,
ˆofl6\6 Pl;8, afof]l6g, le6fldg O{
tyf sk/sf] dfqf kfOG5 . lj1x¿sf
cg';f/, olb cf]v/ vfg] xf] eg] o;n]
3fddf lg:sg] ;dodf skfnsf] /Iff
ub{5 . o;sf cnfjf, o;n] skfnnfO{
dha't / k|fs[lts /ª ;d]t sfod
/fVb5 .
b'wsf] t/ jf gf}gL M b'wsf]
t/ tyf gf}gLx¿df lrNnf] kbfy{sf]
;fy;fy} SoflN;od x'g] ub{5 . o;sf
;fy;fy} o;df k|f6] Lgsf] dfqf e/k'/
x'G5 . olb o;nfO{ lgoldt ¿kdf
vfgfdf ;dfj]z ug{;lsof] eg] o;n]
skfnnfO{ rds lbG5 / ;fy;fy}
z/L/nfO{ klg zlSt k|bfg ub{5 .
ux'“sf] /f]6L M olb tkfO+{n] cfˆgf]
vfgfsf] ¿kdf ux'Fsf] /f]6L k|of]u
ug'{ePsf] 5 eg] o;n] z/L/nfO{
kf}li6«s tTj tyf kmfOa/x¿ k|bfg
ub{5 . o;n] tkfO+s
{ f] skfnnfO{ :j:y
/fVg] ub{5 . o;n] ;Dk"0f{ z/L/sf]
:jf:YonfO{ klg lgolGqt /fVb5 .
oltdfq geO{ o;n] z/L/df af]g;sf]
¿kdf 8fOlal6h h:tf cGo
/f]ux¿sf] ;d:ofaf6 klg 5'6sf/f
lbg d2t ub{5 .

ˆ

/fatOfc t]u ^! /;ld
+ nf; )&)@

ko{6g ljz]if
;fxl;s ko{6gsf] nfO;]G; ljt/0f z'?
sf7df8f}F . ;/sf/n] ;fxl;s ko{6gsf] nfO;]G; ljt/0f ug]{ lg0f{o
lnPsf] 5 . a9Ldf &) xhf/ ¿k}ofF Ohfht z'Ns lnP/ ;/sf/n] nfO;]G;
ljt/0f ug{] lg0f{o u/]kl5 xfn ;~rfngdf /x]sf ;a} ;fxl;s ko{6g
:ynx¿ clgjfo{ btf{df cfpg'kg{] ePsf] 5 . ;+:s[lt ko{6g tyf gful/s
p•og dGqfnon] ;fxl;s ko{6g ;~rfngsf] nflu clgjfo{ btf{ k|s[of
z'? u/sf] xf] . btf{df gcfPsf ;fxl;s ko{6g :ynx¿ ;/sf/n] vf]hL
vf]hL ;+rfngdf /f]s nfpg]5 . ;fxl;s ko{6g Joj;fo btf{df cfPkl5
s/sf] bfo/fdf ;d]t Nofpg] dGqfnosf] tof/L 5 .
dGqfnosf ;x;lrj k"0f{rGb| e§/fO{n] klxnf]k6s ko{6g dGqfnodf
clgjfo{ btf{ ug'k{ g]{ Joj:yf ul/Psf] hfgsf/L lbP . o;n] ;fxl;s ko{6gnfO{
lgodg ug{ ;lhnf] x'g] pgsf] egfO{ 5 . pgsf cg';f/ clxn];Dd ;fxl;s
ultljlwsf ko{6sLo Joj;fo dGqfnodf btf{ geO{ ;~rfng x'g] u/]sf
lyP . dGqfnodf btf{ geO{ aGhL hDk, s]ansf/, dgf]/~hg kfs{ hLk
ˆnfOª, Sofgf]lgª h:tf ;fxl;s ko{6sLo Joj;fo clxn] ;+rfngdf 5g\ .
…ko{6g pBf]u ;]jf k|jfx lgb]l{ zsf )&)Ú n] ;fxl;s ko{6sLo ultljlw
;~rfng ug{ sDkgL clgjfo{ btf{sf] Joj:yf u/]sf] 5 . lgb]l{ zsf nfu" x'g]
lalQs} btf{ ug{] k|lqmof ;'? u/]sf] e§/fO{n] hfgsf/L lbP . ;fxl;s ko{6sLo
Joj;fo btf{sf nflu #) b]lv &% xhf/ ¿k}ofF;Dd z'Ns nfUg] Joj:yf
ul/Psf] 5 . To:t}, x/]s kfFr jif{df gjLs/0fsf] Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 .
gjLs/0f z'Ns !% b]lv #% xhf/ ¿k}ofF;Dd tf]lsPsf] 5 .
clxn] ;fxl;s ko{6g Joj;fo btf{ k|lqmof ;'? eO;s]sf] / s]xLn] btf{
klg u/]sf] e§/fO{n] atfP . pgsf cg';f/ kf]v/fsf] lhk ˆnfOª / lrtjgsf]
OR5fsfdgf s]ansf/ btf{ eO;s]sf 5g\ . To:t}, eStk'/df s}nfzgfy
s]ansf/, kf]v/fsf] ;]tLau/b]lv ;/fÍf]6;Dd s]ansf/, sf7df8f}+
kmgkfs{;lxtsf ;fxl;s ko{6g Joj;fon] btf{ cg'dlt lnO;s]sf 5g\ .

n'lDagLdf dxfl;4 :t'kf agfOg]
sf7df8f}F . a'4 hGd:yn n'lDagLdf ljZjs} pTs[i6 dxfl;4 ljZj
zflGt :t'kf lgdf0f{ ul/g] ePsf] 5 . jª5]ª uf]u+e'm cGt/f{li6«o k|lti7fg
/ e[s6[ L lxdfnog k|lti7fgåf/f lgdf0f{ ul/g] dxfl;4 ljZj zflGt :t'kfsf]
cfOtaf/ Ps sfo{qmdaLr l;nfGof; ul/Psf] 5 . g]kfnsf nflu ef/tLo
/fhb"t /l~ht /]n] Ps sfo{qmdaLr :t'kfsf] l;nfGof; u/ ]. l;nfGof;
sfo{qmddf af]Nb} /fhb't /] n] n'lDagLdf lgdf0f{ ug{ nfluPsf] dxfl;4
ljZj zflGt :t'kf ljZjs} pTs[i6 / zflGtk|]dLx¿sf nflu cfsif{ssf]
s]Gb| aGg ;sf]; eGg] ;'esfdgf lbP . sfo{qmdnfO{ ;Daf]wg ub}{ pgn]
a'4 hGd:yn n'lDagL / g]kfnsf] ljsf;df ef/t ;/sf/sf] ;b}j ;xof]u
/ ;b\efj /xg] atfP . a'4n] g]kfn / ef/tnfO{ wd{ tyf bz{gsf] dfWodaf6
cGt/dgsf] ulx/fOaf6 slxNo} g6'6\g] u/L hf]8]sf] pNn]v ub}{ /fhb't /]n]
cfly{s ;Da[l4sf nflu ljsf;sf sfddf klg ;xof]u / ;fem]bf/Lsf] vfFrf]
/x]sf] pNn]v u/] .
sfo{qmddf pgn] eujfg uf}td a'4 hGd]sf], v]n]sf] / a'4sf kbrfk
ePsf] :yfg n'lDagLdf cfP/ af]Ng kfpFbf cfk"mnfO{ efUozfnL 7fg]sf]
atfPsf lyP . Plzofsf Hof]tL eujfg uf}td a'4s} sf/0f aGw'Tjsf]
;fOgf] cGt/dg b]lvg} b'O{ b]zaLr hf]l8Psf] pNn]v ub}{ pgn] To;nfO{
sfod /fVb} aflx/L ¿kdf klg b'O b]znfO{ hf]8\g / ljsf;sf] utLdf
cuf8L a9\g a'4 ;ls{6 lgdf0f{sf] vfFrf] cf}NofP . a'4 hGd:yn n'lDagL,
a'4n] a'4Tj k|fKt u/]sf] ef/tsf] af]wuof tyf a'4;Fu ;DalGwt If]qx¿nfO{
;d]6/] a'4 ;ls{6 lgdf0f{u/L ko{6g ljsf;df b'O b]z ;u;u}+ cuf8L a9\g
;Sg] /]sf] egfO lyof] . /fhb't /]n] ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rg ;kmntfk"j{
;DkGg ePsfn] g]kfnL hgtf awfOsf] kfq ePsf] ;d]t pNn]v u/] .
sfo{qmddf ¿kGb]xL If]q g @ af6 gjlgjf{rLt ;+ljwfg;ef ;b:o lbks
af]xf]/fn] ;du| n'lDagLsf] ljsf;sf nflu dxTjk'0f{ed" Lsf lgjf{x ug{] k|lta4tf
hgfP . :t'kf lgdf0f{sf] g]t[Tj u/]sf af}4 wd{u'? :ofNkf t]lGhª l/Dkf]5]n]
n'lDagL l:yt sf]l/og 6]Dknsf] 5]pdf lgdf0f{ ug{ nfluPsf] ;f] :t'kfnfO{
ljZjs} pTs[i6, ;'Gb/ zflGts]Gb| agfOg] atfP .
:t'kfsf] rlr{t hdg{ cfls{6]S6 tyf hd{gsf] ;+;b\ ejgsf l8hfOg/
k|f]km];/ :6]km]g a|fpgkmN;n] l8hfOlgË u/]sf] wd{u'? :ofNkf l/Dkf]5]n]
hfgsf/L lbP . ljZjsf x/]s wd{ / ;+:s[lt dfGg] zflGt k|]dLx¿sf nflu
pTs[i6 uGtAo agfpg] nIo cg';f/ ;f] :t'kfsf] l8hfOlgË ul/Psf]
atfOPsf] 5 . sfo{qmddf n'lDagL ljsf; sf]ifsf pkfWoIf cfrf{o sdf{
:ofªjf] z]kf{, al/i7 ko{6g Joj;foL clDasf >]i7, hdg{ cfls{6S] 6 k|fk] m];/
:6]km]g nufotn] af]n]sf lyP .

6Lsfk'/ kfs{df ko{6s cf]Ol/P
6Lsfk'/ a[xt p2fg kfs{–6Lsfk'/ a+unf kfs{df cfpg] cfGtl/s ko{6ssf]
;+Vofdf lbgk|ltlbg a[l4 xFb' } uPsf] 5 . o; jif{sf] bz}+ ;'?;+u} kfs{df ut
jif{eGbf a9L ;+Vofdf cfGtl/s ko{6sx¿ cfO/x]sf] 6Lsfk'/ kfs{sf OGrfh{
ch'g{ s'jF /n] atfP . ljz]ifu/L bz}l+ txf/, gofF jif{, df3] ;+qmflGt, xf]nL
nufotsf rf8kj{df ;dodf 6Lsfk'/ kfs{df pNn]Vo¿kdf cfGtl/s ko{6sx¿
cfpg] u5{ . 6Lsfk'/ kfs{sf] ;f}Gbo{ x]g{ rfF8jf8 tyf k"m;{bs
\ f] ;dodf
g]kfnsf ljleGg lhNnfx¿af6 cfGtl/s ko{6sx¿ cfpg] u/]sf] kfs{ O{Grfh{
s'jF /n] hfgsf/L lbP . kfs{ x]g{ tyf lkslgs vfg cfpg] ko{6ssf] ;+Vof
a9];u+ } /fhZj ;+sngdf ;d]t a[l4 ePsf] 5 . kfs{ OGrfh{ s'jF /sf cg';f/
bz}s
+ f] ;dodf cyf{t c;f]h @$ ut]bl] v sf]hfu|t k"l0f{dfsf lbg;Dd sl/a
&) xhf/ k|az
] z'Ns p7]sf] 5 . of] ut jif{sf] t'ngfdf sl/a %) k|ltzteGbf
a9L xf] . g]kfns} P]ltxfl;s tyf gd'gf kfs{sf] ¿kdf kl/lrt 6Lsfk'/
kfs{df bz}+ ;'? eP;+u} ko{ssf] ;+Vofdf a[l4 x'g] ub{5 / of] qmd cfpg] gofF
jif{;Dd hf/L /xG5 . jiff{ofddf eg] kmf6k"m6¿kdf dfq ko{6sx¿ 6Lsfk'/
kfs{ k'Ug] ub{5g\ . If]qkmnsf] lx;fan] g]kfnd} ;a}eGbf a9L hldg ePsf]
kfs{sf] ¿kdf 6Lsfk'/ kfs{ kl/lrt /xFb} cfPsf] ePklg o;sf] plrt
Joj:yfkg / k|rf/ k|;f/df cefjdf cf]em]ndf k/]sf] ko{6g Joj;foLx¿
atfpF5g . 6Lsfk'/ kfs{sf] l;/fgL eP/ lsgf/ x'bF } aUg] s0ff{nL gbLn] emg
o; If]qdf ko{6gsf] ;DeJotf a9fPsf] 6Lsfk'/sf ko{6g Joj;foL odaxfb'/
adn] atfP . ko{6g Joj;foLx¿ ;d]t 6Lsfk'/ kfs{df nufgL ug{ tof/
/x]sf] ePklg xfn;Dd /fHokIfjf6 gLltut Joj:yf gx'bF f kfs{df lghL
If]qsf] nufgL x'g g;s]sf] adsf] egfO 5 . 6Lsfk'/ kfs{ ljz]ifu/L u'nfasf]
au}rfsf] ¿kdf g]kfnel/ g} lrlgg] ub{5 eg] kfs{df tTsflng /fhfn]
agfPsf la>/fd u[xn] klg kfs{sf] cfsif{0f yk a9fPsf] 5 . ut cfly{s
jif{df :yfgLo ljsf; dGqfnosf] ;xof]udf kfs{ ;'wf/ of]hgf ;~rfng
ul/Pkl5 xfn cfP/ 6Lsfk'/ kfs{sf] ef}lts ;+/rgf, jftfj/0fLo ;/;kmfO
nufotsf ljifodf ;'wf/ cfPsf] 6Lsfk'/ gu/kflnsfsf sfo{sf/L clws[t
gf/fo0fjxfb'/ lai6n] atfP .

5

ˆ

/fatOfc t]u ^! /;ld
+ nf; )&)@

Pdfcf]jfbLsf] /fhgLlts eljio dfly k|ZglrGx
ljho g/l;+x s]=;L=
cfkmgf ljutsf !@ j' F b f
ulNtx¿nfO{ cf}NofpFb} gofF sfo{lbzf
cjnDjg u/]sf] ;ftf}+ clwj]zgdf
Pdfcf]jfbL4f/f j[xt zflGt ;Demf}tfsf]
b:tfj]h /x]sf] cGtl/d ;+ljwfg )^#
sf] efjgf / dd{ ljkl/t ljb]zL
:jfy{df ;xdt hgfpFb} jxfnjfnf
k|wfg Gofoflw;sf] g]tT[ jdf lgjf{rg

lgikIf, :jtGq / eo /lxt lgjf{rgsf]
dfu /fv]/ cfGbf]ng/t ## blno
/fhgLlts df]rf{ lj?4 clwgfosjfb
rl/q b]vfFpb} rf/ blno l;l08s]6
/ lgb{lno ;/sf/n] ;]gf, k|x/L
kl/rfng / e'm7f cf/f]k nufpFb}
bdgsf] 3]/fleq /fv]/ d+l;/ $ sf]
lgjf{rg ;DkGg ul/of] .
;j}eGbf 7'nf] bnsf] x}l;ot /fVg]

b]zdf ljb]zL x:tIf]ksf] lj?4 ;+3if{/t
cfGbf]ngsf/Lsf] Ph]08fdf ;dflxt x'g
;Sg] k|r08sf] cleJolQm xf/sf] /f]if
cfj]u xf] sL cGwf] b]zeQm o;sf]
lgSof}n
{ Pdfcf]jfbLsf] lg0f{odf e/ kg{]
5 . t/ ;Qf / zlQmsf] :jfy{sf nflu
ul/g] /fhgLlts n]gb]gsf nflu
cfkmgf k|en
' fO{ 3'Sof{pg] jfxgf klg
x'g ;Sb5 . oBkL jt{dfg lgjf{rgn]

ljhog/l;+x s];L
lgjf{rgsf] kl/0ffddf xf/
vfO{ j[xt zflGt ;Demf}tfsf]
Ps kIf jflxl/P kl5 k|r08sf]
3d08 / lgjf{rg k"j{ cfIf]ksf
pb3f]ifx¿ cfh cfkm}lF t/
kmls{bF f r]t v'n/] lgjf{rgdf
k|fKt @^ l;6 5f8]/ a}B g]tT[ j
s} d'2fdf ;dfxLt x'g cfpg
kg]{ cj:yf ;don] NofPsf] 5 . Pdfcf]jfbLsf] jfWofTds
kl/l:yltnfO{ cem} ;Qf :jfy{ k'lt{df jfu]l{ gË xf] ls kfl6{sf]
ktg ;+u} g}ltstfsf] cfwf/df cWoIfsf] kbjf6 /fhLgfdf ug'{
kg]{ k|r08 cg]s xys08f /Rb} d'2fx¿nfO{ eTsfpg'
c;kmntfsf] k/fsfi7f xf/sf] cfj]z dfq xf] eGg] ljin]z0f x'g
yfn]sf] 5 . lsgeg] Pg]skf dfcf]jfbLn] ljb]zL zlQm;+usf]
;xdtLsf] jLr ePsf] lgjf{rg / /0fgLlts wf]sf kZrft
c;kmntf Joxf]/s
] f] lgjf{rgsf] kl/0ffd gl:jsfg]{ kl/l:yltn]
ljb]zL zlQmsf] :jfy{df cf3ft x'g] b]lvPsf]n] g} s'6gLlts
lgof]unfO{ ;d]t bf}8w'ksf] kl/l:ylt / rf;f]sf] ljifo jgfPsf]
x'bF f k|r08n] ljb]zL x:tIf]knfO{ y]Ug ;Sg] l:ylt klg b]lvFbg} .
u/fpg] k|:tfj kfl/t u¥of] . rf/
blno l;l08s]6 sf] ;j{;QfjfbL ;+oGq
c;+jw} flgs / cnf]stflGqs tj/n]
!! j'bF f ;xdtLsf] cfwf/df @% j'bF ]
jfwf c8sfp km'sfp cfb]z dfkm{t
;+lawfg ;+zf]wg ul/ ;]gf kl/rfng
ug]{ ;Ddsf] cWofb]z NofP/ d+l;/ $
nfO{ g} lgjf{rgsf] j6dnfO{g jgfpFb}
b] z eQm /fi6« j fbL cfGbf] n g/t
nf]stflGqs bnx¿nfO{ if8oGq :j¿k
lgif]w ug]{ /0fgLlt jgfpg] u|of08
l8hfO{gdf cfwfl/t lyof] .
klZrdf / ef/tLo :jfy{ /
x:tIf] k sf] lj?4, /fli6« o tf /
:jflwgtfsf] kIfdf pleP/ b]z
leqjf6 g} /fhgLlts ;xdtLsf]
cfwf/df ;+ljwfg jGg]] cfwf/ klxNofO{

/ b]zsf] k|wfgdlGq jgfpg ;Sg] zlQm
ePsf] Pg]skf dfcf]jfbL ljb]zLsf]
bnfnLdf em'6 / e|dsf] v]tLjf6 g}
;Qf :jfy{ b]Vg' / lgif]wsf] /fhgLlt
ub}{ ljb]zL zlQmsf] dfO{qmf] d]gh
] d]G6
ePsf] phfu/ u/]sf k|r08 yfxf xFb" f
x'bF } klg k|fof]lht lgjf{rgdf xf]ldbfF
cfkm' d fly klg if8oGq ePsf]
lgjf{ r gsf] kl/0ffdn] k5' t fpg]
kl/l:ylt pTkGg ePsf] 5 . ljb]zL
zlQmx¿n] ;xof]u ;dy{g / bjfj
;[hgf u/]sf] oyfy{ k|r08n] lgjf{rg
;DkGg ePsf] ef]lnkN6 g} cfkmgf] kfl6{
lj?4 lgjf{rgsf] kl/0ffdsf] nx/n]
cQflnP/ wfFwln ePsf] pb3f]if ub{}
k|ltklIf zlQm df]xg j}B ;Fu ;xsfo{
ug{ ;lsg] cleJolQm lbPsf 5g\ .

Joj;flos s[lif tyf Jofkf/ cfof]hgfsf] k|lta4tf
sf7df8f}F . Joj;flos s[lif tyf Jofkf/ cfof]hgfsf] d'Vo p2]Zo g]kfnsf
@% j6f lhNNff -wg'iff, ;nf{xL, dxf]Q/L, /f}tx6, af/f, k;f{, lrtjg, wflbË,
sf7df8f}F, nlntk'/, sfe]k|nf~rf]s, gjnk/f;L, tgxF', ndh'Ë, sf:sL,
:ofËhf, kfNkf, ¿kGb]xL, slknj:t', bfª, ;'v]{t, afFs], alb{of, s}nfnL /
s~rgk'/_ lglb{i6 s[lif pkhx¿sf] d"No z[ª\vnfdf cfa4 ;fgf s[ifs,
s[lif Joj;foL tyf pBdLsf] k|lt:kwf{Tds Ifdtfdf ;'wf/ ug{' /x]sf] 5 .
of] cfof]hgf @)^% >fj0faf6 ;~rflnt 5 . of] p2]Zo k|fKt ug{ cfof]hgfaf6
;Dkfbg ul/g] sfo{x¿ lgDg s'/fdf s]lGb|t x'g]5g\–
!_ s[ifs ;d"x / ;xsf/L ;+:yfx¿nfO{ nfek|b ahf/d'vL pTkfbgdf
;xefuL x'g ;xof]u ug{] . ;fy} cfjZos k|ljlw, ;"rgf, ;]jf / ;fj{hlgs
k"jf{wf/sf] Joj:yfdfkm{t\ ahf/df kxF'r / s[lif Joj;fo cfa4tfdf
;'wf/ Nofpg] .
@_ d"No z[ªv
\ nfsf] b[li6n] pTkfbs, Jofkf/L, k|zf]wgstf{ / cGo ;/f]sf/jfnfx¿nfO{
;d]t ;d]6L pBf]udf cfwfl/t ;fem]bf/Ltfsf] ljsf; ug{] .
#_ s[lif / vfB Jofkf/df ljBdfg afwf Jojwfg 36fpg] Pj+ s[ifsx¿ /
s[lif Joj;foLx¿sf] bIftf clej[l4 ub{} cfGtl/s Pj+ cGt/f{li6«o
ahf/sf] u'0f:t/ cg'¿ksf] :jR5 / :j:y vfB j:t'x¿sf] pTkfbg
ug{ ;xof]u ug{] .
;Nnf3f/L, dxf/fhuGh , sf7df8f}F
kmf]g M (&&–)!–$)!&&^%, ˆofS; M (&&–)!–$#&#@#^
Email:mail@pact.gov.np,Website:www.pact.gov.np

Pdfcf]jfbLnfO{ g/fd|/L k5fb{} ljutdf
ul/Psf cu|ufdL ljsf;d'vL /0fgLlt
eGbf /fhgLlts /0fgLltnfO{ g} k|dv
'
d' 2 f agfpgsf nflu Pg] s kf
dfcf]jfbLsf] ;fFtf}+ clwj]zgdf kfl/t
lg0f{ o x¿jf6 kl5 x6b} cfkmg}
lg0f{onfO{ kl/dfh{g u/L kl5 x6g'
kg{] l:ytL pTkGg ePsf] 5 .
lgjf{rgsf] kl/0ffddf xf/ vfO{
j[xt zflGt ;Demf}tfsf] Ps kIf
jflxl/P kl5 k|r08sf] 3d08 /
lgjf{rg k"j{ cfIf]ksf pb3f]ifx¿ cfh
cfkm}lF t/ kmls{bF f r]t v'n/] lgjf{rgdf
k|fKt @^ l;6 5f8]/ a}B g]tT[ j s}
d'2fdf ;dfxLt x'g cfpg kg]{ cj:yf
;don] NofPsf] 5 . Pdfcf]jfbLsf]
jfWofTds kl/l:yltnfO{ cem} ;Qf

:jfy{ k'lt{df jfu]l{ gË xf] ls kfl6{sf]
ktg ;+ u } g} l tstfsf] cfwf/df
cWoIfsf] kbjf6 /fhLgfdf ug'{ kg]{
k|r08 cg]s xys08f /Rb} d'2fx¿nfO{
eTsfpg' c;kmntfsf] k/fsfi7f xf/sf]
cfj]z dfq xf] eGg] ljin]z0f x'g
yfn] s f] 5 . lsgeg] Pg] s kf
dfcf]jfbLn] ljb]zL zlQm;+usf]
;xdtLsf] jLr ePsf] lgjf{rg /
/0fgLlts wf]sf kZrft c;kmntf
Joxf]/s
] f] lgjf{rgsf] kl/0ffd gl:jsfg]{
kl/l:yltn] ljb]zL zlQmsf] :jfy{df
cf3ft x'g] b]lvPsf]n] g} s'6gLlts
lgof]unfO{ ;d]t bf}8w'ksf] kl/l:ylt
/ rf;f]sf] ljifo jgfPsf] x'bF f k|r08n]
ljb]zL x:tIf]knfO{ y]Ug ;Sg] l:ylt
klg b]lvFbg} .
ljb]zL zlQmx¿sf] rf;f] / /0fgLlt
cGtu{ t g} g] s kf–dfcf] j fbLnfO{
;'lgof]lht ¿kdf ;Qf jflx/ /fVg]
if8oGqjf6 lgif]w / ;]gf kl/rfng
ePsf] lgjf{rg dfkm{t nf]stflGqs
zlQmx¿sf] jr{Zj jgfpg ;kmn /x]sf]
cj:yfdf sfFu;
]| Pdfn]sf] gofF zlQm
;lds/0fjf6 ;xdtL dfkm{t ## bnnfO{
;+ljwfg ;efdf e"ldsf lbg] egfO{
ljb]zL zlQm s} cfb]zdf e/ kg]{ x'bF f
To:tf] cj:yf b]Flvb}g . csf]{tkm{
c;+jw} flgs / cnf]stflGqs ljlwjf6
ul/Psf] slyt lgjf{rg jlx:sf/ /
cl:jsf/ u/]sf] zlQmnfO{ Tolx lgjf{rg
dfkm{t lgjf{lrt ePsf] ;F;bdf
;xefuL u/fpg @^ l;6 lbg] / lng]
egfO c;fGble{s 5 .
ctM w'lj|st[ zlQmx¿ jt{dfg
lgjf{rgdf ;xefuL ePsf ;Qf kIf /
lgjf{rgdf ;xefuL gePsf k|ltkIf
jLrsf] 6s/fjsf] kl/l:yltn]
cGof]ntfsf] kl/l:yltsf] jLr g} cufl8
j9g] b]lvFbf bf]>f] ;+ljwfg ;efjf6 klg
;+ljwfg jGg kl/l:ylt jGb}g . ljutdf
ePsf] ulNtdf cfTdfnf]rgf ub}{ cj
;+ljwfg ;ef leq / jflx/ /x]sf] zlQm
ldn]/ ;xdtLo ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f k|so[ fdf
;xefuLtf x'g] kl/l:ylt gjGbf g]kfnL
hgtfnfO{ ;+ljwfg Pp6f cfzfsf] kmn
ePsf] 5 . km]/Lklg ljutsf] /fhgLlts
bnx¿sf] s[ofsnfkn] pJhfPsf] c;xh
kl/l:yltjf6 kf7 l;s]/ ;xdtLjf6
lgsf; lgsfNg]] kl/l:yltdf ;fy{s
e'ldsf lgjf{x u/L lgif]wsf] /fhgLlt
5fl8 cu|ufdL nf]stflGqs /fi6«jfbdf
cfwfl/t ;dfj]zL l;4fGtsf] rl/qnfO{
cfTd;fy ub{} /fi6«jfbL zlQm jfdklGy
zlQm / nf]stflGqs zlQm jLrsf] ;x
cl:tTj / ;xsfo{jf6 g} bL3{sflng
lgsf; lg:sg ;Sg] oyfy{nfO{ j'lem
b]z leqaf6 g} lgsf; vf]Hg ;j{bnLo
uf]nd]r ;Dd]ngsf] cfjZostf
b]lvPsf] 5 .
-n]vs M g]kfn /fli6«o nf]stflGqs
bnsf dxf;lrj x'g ._
k|ltlqmofsf] nflu
email: adhyatmayog@hotmail.com

dlxnf lx+;f cGTo u/f}+,
z"Go ;lxi0f'tf sfod
u/f} + .

P;P;nL k/LIff r}t ^ b]lv
sf7df8f}F . o; jif{sf] P;Pn;L k/LIff cfufdL r}t ^ ut]bl] v ;~rfng
x'g] ePsf] 5 . k/LIff lgoGq0fsf] sfof{no ;fgf] l7dLsf] laxLaf/ a;]sf]

a}7sn] r}t ^ ut]b]lv !$ ut];Dd k/LIff ;~rfng ug{] lg0f{o u/]sf] xf] .
ut aif{ eg] r}t ! ut]b]lv !) ut];Dd k/LIff ;~rfng ePsf] lyof] . of]
jif{r}t ! ut] zlgaf/ / @, # ut] kmfu'k"l0f{df k/]sf sf/0f k/LIff ldlt
kl5 ;fl/Psf] k/LIff lgoGq0f sfof{nosf k|jQmf Pj+ pklgoGqs k|Nxfb
cof{nn] hfgsf/L lbP . k/LIff lgoGq0fsf] sfof{non] k/LIffnfO{ Jojl:yt
agfpg gofF of]hgf Nofpg] tof/L u/]sf] 5 . of] aif{ ^ nfv ljBfyL{
k/LIffdf ;xefuL x'g] sfof{nosf] cg'dfg 5 .

ljdfg vl/b ;Demf}tf

sf7df8f}F . rLg ;/sf/n] g]kfnnfO{ ^ j6f ljdfg vl/bsf nflu cg'bfg
/ C0f u/L ^ ca{ ^& s/f]8 bz nfv ;xof]u pknAw u/fpg] ePsf] 5 .
cy{dGqfnodf laxLaf/ cfof]lht sfo{qmddf b'O{ PdP ^) / rf/ jfO{ !@ O
ljdfg vl/bsf nflu tLg 5'§f5'§} ;xdltkqdf x:tfIf/ ePsf] xf] . tL
ljdfg vl/bsf nflu cg'bfg ;xof]u rLgl:yt PS;kf]6O{ Dkf]6a{ s
+} dfkm{t\
g]kfn jfo';j] f lgudnfO{ pknAw u/fOg] 5 . C0f /sd ;ft jif{sf] yk ;do
/fvL @) jif{leq Ps bzdnj % k|ltzt Jofh;lxt e'QmfgL ug'k{ g{] ;Demf}tfdf
pNn]v 5 . ;Demf}tfkqdf cy{;lrj zfGt/fh ;'jb] L / g]kfnsf nflu lrlgofF
/fhb"t j' r'GtfO{nufotn] x:tfIf/ ug'e
{ Psf] cy{dGqfnon] hgfPsf] 5 .

cGt/f{li6«o xfQL bf}8 k|ltof]lutf k'; !! b]lv
sf7df8f}F . lrtjgsf] ko{6sLo gu/L ;f}/fxfdf x/]s jif{ x'bF } cfPsf] xfQL
dxf]T;jsf] bzf}F ;+:s/0fsf] tof/L ;'? ul/Psf] 5 . o; jif{ If]qLo xf]6n ;+3
;f}/fxfn] dxf]T;j Pj+ cGt/f{li6«o xfQL bf}8 k|ltof]lutf k'; !! b]lv !% ut];Dd
;f}/fxfdf ug{nfu]sf] 5 . If]qLo xf]6n ;+3 ;f}/fxfsf cWoIf gf/fo0fk|;fb e§/fO{sf]
cWoIftfdf cfOtaf/ ePsf] e]nfn] ;+3sf jl/i7 pkfWoIf 1fg]Gb|sd' f/ lji6sf]
;+of]hsTjdf gf} ;b:oLo sfo{;Dkfbg ;ldlt u7g u/]sf] 5 . ;xcfof]hs
a5f}nL uflj;sf ;lrj t]hG] b|gfy nfld5fg], o'gfO6]8 xfQL ;~rfng ;xsf/L
;+:yf lnsf cWoIf an/fd bfxfn, ;f}/fxf art tyf C0f ;xsf/L lnsf cWoIf
uf]kLs[i0f >]i7, /]jfg ;f}/fxfsf cWoIf ;Ltf/fd s'dfn, d[us'~h dWojtL{
pkef]Qmf ;ldltsf cWoIf jf;'bj] rfkfufO+{ af3df/f dWojtL{ ;fd'bflos jgsf
cWoIf lakL rf}w/L, lrq;]g dWojtL{ ;fd'bflos jgsf cWoIf czf]s / ;f}/fxf
ko{6g Joj;foL ;d"xsf cWoIf uf]kfn clwsf/L /x]sf 5g\ .
ljutsf jif{df lgz'MNs k|jz
] lbOPsf] o; k|ltof]lutfdf o; k6s l6s6sf]
Joj:yf ul/Psf] hfgsf/L lbFb} cWoIf e§/fO{n] ko{6s / bz{snfO{ ljz]if ;'ljwf
lbg l6s6;lxt @)) j6f s'rL{ /fVg nfluPsf] atfP . k|ltof]lutfdf xfQL bf}8,
xfQLsf 5fjfaLrsf] /f]df~rsf/L k'm6an, xfQL ;'Gb/L k|ltof]lutf, 6fFuf bf}8, uf8f
bf}8, 8'Ëf bf}8;lxt /fli6«o tyf :yfgLo snfsf/x¿af6 ;fF:s[lts sfo{qmd
k|:t't ug{] ul/G5 . k|ltof]lutf af3df/f dWojtL{ jgsf] v'Nnf rf}/df x'g5
] .

ca r'Djg u/]–gu/]sf] klg kl/If0f ug{ ldNg
ldNg]

sf7df8f}F . r'Djg ubf{ JofS6]l/of -¥ofn dfq] xf]Og\ s]xL h]lgl6s tTj
klg ;g{ gofF vf]hdf v"nf;f ul/Psf] 5 . r'Djg ubf{ l8Pg ;g{ j}1flgsx¿n]
atfPsf 5g\, Ps 306f;Dd r'Djgstf{sf] d'vdf l8PgP /lx/xg] atfOPsf]
5 . of] vf]hsf sf/0f s;}n] ha/h:tL r'Djg u/]df To;sf] klg k|df0f
h'6fpg ;lsg] ePsf] 5 . :nf]eflsofsf] sf]dl] go; ljZjljBfnodf gf6flno/f
sdf]8of]ef / pgsf ;fyLx¿n] of] vf]h u/]sf lyP . pgLx¿n] !@ hf]8L o'jf
o'jltnfO{ r'Djg ug{nufP/ o;sf] k'i6L ul/Psf] xf] . o'jfoj'tLx¿nfO{ @
ldg]6 ;Dd r'Djg ug{ nufPkl5 plgx¿ :oflnef kl/If0f ul/Psf] lyof] .
¥ofnnfO{ %, !), #) / ^) ldg]6df lnOPsf] lyof] . of] k|ljwLaf6 dlxnfsf]
d'vdf k'?ifsf] l8PgPdfq kl/If0f ug{ ;lsg] gf6flnofn] atfPsL l5g,
lsgeg] of] kl/If0f jfO qmf]df]hf]dsf] vf]hLdf lge{/ /xG5 . of] vf]hsf
cg';f/ r'Djg u/]sf] ! 306f;Dd dlxnfsf] ¥ofndf k'?ifsf] l8PgP /lx/xG5 .

kIfLx¿sf] aw ug{] tyf df;'sf] pkef]u ug{] k|jl[ Qdf kl/jtg{ u/f+} .
a8{km\n' h:tf k+IfLhGo /f]ux¿sf] lgoGq0fdf
;xefuL agf},+
cfk"m klg arf}+ ;dfhnfO{{ klg arfcf}+ .
♦ kG5Lx¿sf] aw 3/ aflx/ kfgLsf] ;|ft] eGbf 6f9f ug{] u/f}F .
♦ s'v/' f sf6]kl5 e'O{ /fd|f;
] uF kvfNg]÷k'5g\ ] -lg;+qmd0f_ u/f}+ .
♦ aw ul/;lsPsf] s'v'/f tyf sfrf] df;'sf] nkk;af6
afnaflnsfx¿nfO{{ 6f9} /fvf}+ .
♦ df;' sf6]kl5 lg:sg] kmf]xf]/, ;'nL, Kjfv cflbnfO{{ hyfefjL
gkmfnL vfN8f]df uf8\g] jf hnfpg] u/f}+ .
♦ s'v/' f;Fusf] n;k; tyf df;' sf6\g] sfd ;lsPkl5 ;fa'g
kfgLn] /fd|f;
] uF xft w'g] u/f}+ .
♦ leqL efu;Dd /fd|f;
] uF kfs]sf] s'v/' fsf] df;'dfq vfg] u/f}+ .
♦ la/fdL jf d/]sf] s'v/' fsf] df;'nfO{{ s'g} klg cj:yfdf pdfn]/ jf
ksfP/ vfg] u/f}+ .

g]kfn ;/sf/

s[lif ljsf; dGqfno
kz' ;]jf ljefu

g] k fn ;/sf/
;"rgf tyf ;~rf/ dGqfno

h'gf]l;; lgoGq0f cfof]hgf

;"rgf ljefu

a'9flgns07, sf7df8f+}
kmf]g M $^%)!@&, $^%)$(! km\ofS; g+= $^%)!@*

6

syfsf/ dft[sf s[t ‘sd/]8 kftfn’ syfsf] j:t'jfbL ljZn]if0f–@
#= syfgs
syfdf cfPsf 36gfx¿sf]
gflna]nL jf ¿k/]vf g} syfgs xf] .
sRrf kbfy{ dflgg] syfj:t'nfO{
syfsf/n] syfgssf] snfTds
;fFrf]df 9fn]/ k"0f{tf lbg] sfd ub{5 .
…sd/]8 kftfnÚ syfdf g]tT[ j txsf
g] t fx¿sf] :jfyL{ dgf] j [ l QnfO{
;" I d¿kdf b] v fOPsf] 5 .
afx\o¿kdf ;Eo b]lvg] g]tfdf kfOg]
cfGtl/s c;Eotfsf] lrgf/L
lbOPsf] 5 . …;fbf hLjg pRr
ljrf/Ú lng] dfq sDo'lgi6 g]tf–
sfo{stf{ x'g';Sg] ukm r'6\g] t/
Jojxf/df eg] cfw'lgs gf/L agL
3/d} kf6L{ lbg] sd/]8 kftfn kTgL
sd/]8 zfGtfsf] rl/qnfO{ b]vfpg]
sfd ul/Psf] 5 . cfkm\gf nflu lkhf
/ k]okbfy{df e'Ng k};f x'g] t/
ljxfgb]lv v6]sf sfo{stf{sf] If'wf
d]6\g Ps k};f gx'g] ln8/ sd/]8
kftfnsf] ktgf]Gd'v rl/qsf] emns
lbg] sfddf ;d]t syfj:t' s]lGb|t
5 . To:t} g]tT[ j ju{sf] st't{ a'em]/
klg d' v vf] N g g;Sg] sfo/
sDo'lgi6 sfo{stf{sf] dfgl;stfnfO{
;d]t b]vfpg] sfd syfn] u/]sf]
5 . csf{lt/ a]Odfg g]tfx¿sf]
xflnd'xfnL / ;f]emf;Lwf / OdfGbf/
sfo{ s tf{ x ¿sf] lg;fzfsf] If0f
sDo'lgi6 kf6L{df b]lvFb} uPsf]df
lrGtf JoSt ul/Psf] 5 .
sd/]8 kftfnh:tf ;'ljwfef]uL
g]tfx¿sf] g]tT[ jsf sf/0fn] g]kfnsf]
sDo'lgi6 cfGbf]ngsf] eljiosf] af6f]
emg\–emg\ sdhf]/ / hL0f{ aGb} uPsf]
kL8faf]w ub}{ …dÚ kfq ltg} g]tf
lgjf; yfgsf]6 k'u]sf 5g\ . ToxfF
sd/]8 zfGtfsf] c/fhs rlt{snf
/ sd/]8 kftfnsf] j]jf:yfefjaf6
cflht eP/ kms{ G 5g\ . g] k fn
;/sf/åf/f k] 6 « f ] l nod kbfy{ s f]
d" N oj[ l 4sf] lj?4df cfof] l ht
…g]kfnaGbÚsf] sfo{qmdsf] a}7df
…dÚkfq;d]t ;dodf g} pkl:yt
x'G5g\ . kf6L{ sfdsf] Jo:ttfsf] b'xfO{
lbFb} l9nf] pkl:yt ePsf ln8/
sd/]8 kftfnsf] sfo{z}nLn] pgdf
cem ljt[i0ff efj hfu]/ cfpF5 .
g]kfnsf] sDo'lgi6 cfGbf]ngdf
;f+:s[lts ¿kfGt/0f ug{ g]tf /
g]t[Tj g} jfws ePsf] lgisif{df
…dÚkfq k'Ub5g\ . ef]sef]s} g]kfn
aGbsf] sfo{qmd ;kmn kfg{ laxfg}bl] v
h'6]sf sfo{stf{nfO{ vfglkgsf]
Joj:yf gldnfO{ s= kftfnrflxF
/]i6'/]G6df d:tL n'6]sf] /x:o yfxf
kfPkl5 …dÚkfq cem cfqmf]l;t
x'G5g\ . jf:tjdf hgqmflGtsf nflu
ef]s ;fdfGo s'/f xf] Û ;j{xf/f
;+:s[ltnfO{ cfTd;ft ug{ Tofu /
;dk{0fsf] af6f] lxF8\g'k5{ . t/, Ps}
l5g x} eg]/ aflxl/P/ sf]sfsf]nf /
lkhf cfk"m dfq} x;'g'{ rflxF s=
kftfnsf] g} l tsxLg sfo{ xf] .

gGbnfn cfrfo{
g]kfnsf]
sDo'lgi6
cfGbf]ngn]
dflg;x¿sf] ;f+:s[lts kIfnfO{
d"Nofª\sgsf] ljifo gagfO{ s]jn
;lqmotf / jfs\ 6 ' t fsf] e/df
dflg;x¿ g]t[Tj txdf k'UgyfNg'
3gts ePsf] k;ª\u syfdf jl0f{t
5 . s= kftfnh:tf g] t fx¿s}
xflnd'xfnL /xFb} cfPsf] / ltgs}
c/fhs z} n Lsf] 5xf/Ldf a:g'
k/]sf]df hLjgs} kL8fbfoL If0f ePsf]
…dÚkfqsf] :ki6f]lSt syfsf] cGTodf
5.
;du|df eGbf ;fdflhs oyfy{sf
kf6fx¿nfO{ z;Qm 9ª\un] ;d]6]/
syfsf/ dft[sf kf]v/]nn] ef]u]sf]
jt{dfgnfO{ 6kSs l6kL syfsf]
cfsf/ lbPsf 5g\ . sDo' l gi6
cfGbf]ngleqsf] cj;/jfbsf af/]df
;}4flGts 5nkmn ug{ cfjZos /x]sf]
s' / f cf} N ofPsf 5g\ . ;du| d f
syfsf/ kf]v/]n syfdlglif u'¿k|;fb
d}gfnLsf] ;fdflhs oyfy{jfb /
jl/i7 syfsf/ Clif/fh a/fn Pj+
3gZofd 9sfnsf] qmflGtsfl/tfnfO{
Ps;fy cg';/0f ub}{ syfofqfdf
lgl:sPsf 5g\ . ;dfhdf b]lvPsf
b'a{n kIfnfO{ x6fpg] rfxgf /
p2]Zosf ;fy pgsf] d;L vr{ ePsf]
s'/fdf s;}sf] b'O{ dt gxf]nf .
$= ;xefuL / ;xeflutf
g]kfnL sDo'lgi6 g]tf / ltgsf]
g]t[Tjsf] ;hLj lrq0fdf …sd/]8
kftfnÚ syf s]lGb|t 5 . syfdf
k|ToIf¿kdf cfPsf kfqx¿ yf]/} 5g\ .
To;df klg sd/]8 kftfn kfqdf
syfsf] syfgs kmgkmgL 3'ds
] f] 5 .
of] rl/qk|wfg syf xf] . ;fdfGo 36gf
36]sf 5g\ t/ st't{ sf] kbf{kmf; u/L
oyfy{nfO{ lrq0f ug{df cfwfl/t
/x]sf] sf/0fn] kfq sd/]8 kftfn
s]lGb|t syf x'g uPsf] 5 . o;
syfdf ePsf kfqx¿ lgDg k|sl[ tsf
5g\ .
– sd/]8 kftfn, sd/]8 zfGtf,
…dÚkfq, sd/]8 ljzfvf, sd/]8
h;axfb'/, sd/]8 lxdfn, sd/]8
;f}/e cflb .
-s_ peolnª\udf kg]{ kfqx¿
x'g\ M …dÚ kfq t/ e"ldsfsf] cfwf/df
of] k'?if kfq ePsf] k|i6 5 .
-v_ k'lnª\udf kg]{ kfqx¿ x'g\ M
sd/]8 kftfn, sd/]8 h;axfb'/,
sd/]8 lxdfn, sd/]8 ;f}/e cflb .
-u_ :qLlnª\udf kg]{ kfqx¿ x'g\
M sd/]8 zfGtf, sd/]8 ljzfvf
cflb .
o;df klg …dÚkfq, sd/] 8
ljzfvf, sd/]8 h;axfb'/, sd/]8
;f}/e cg's"n kfq / sd/]8 kftfn,
sd/]8 zfGtfx¿ k|lts"n kfqsf

¿kdf b]lvPsf 5g\ . c¿ ;a} h;f]
kfqx¿sf] sfo{Jofkf/ cf–cfk"md}
s]lGb|t 5 . sd/]8 lxdfn uf}0f kfqs}
¿kdf cfPsf 5g\ . oBlk ;lqmo
e"ldsfdf sd} dfq b]lvPsf / syfdf
;lqmotf bzf{ P sf b' a } vfn]
;xefuLx¿sf] ;xeflutfnfO{
ljZj;gLo, ;xh Pj+ oyfy{k/s
9ª\un] b]vfpg vf]lhPsf] 5 .
%= kl/j] z
:yfg, ;do / jftfj/0fnfO{
;d]6g\ ] sfd ug]{ syfsf] Ps tTj
kl/j]zn] syfgs / kfqx¿nfO{
ljZj;gLo tj/n] k|:t't x'g] cfwf/
k|bfg ub{5 . o; syfsf] zLif{sn] g}
syf ;x/d'lv kl/j]zsf] xf] eGg]
7Dofpg ;lsG5 . sf7df8f} + s f]
OGb|rf]s, axfn, yfgsf]6 rrf{ /
5]p5fpsf] cj:yfsf] lrq0fn] syf
sf7df8f}+ s]lGb|t 5 . of] syfsf]
;dofjlw 5f]6f] 5 t/ …dÚkfq k'/fgf
sfo{stf{ ePsfn] klxn]sf] /fhg}lts
cj:yf clxn]sf] s'¿k cj:yfeGbf
;'Gb/ lyof] eGg] cfzo k|s6n]
syfsf] cfzout cjlw nlDag
hfG5 . s= kftfn / s= zfGtfsf]
a}7s sf]7fdf vfOnfUbf dfG5]x¿sf]
Pp6f hdft /xg', sDo'lgi6 sfo{stf{
eP/ klg zfGtfsf] cf]7df lnlkli6s
/ cg'xf/df nfnL, kfp8/ b]lvg' t/
w]/} a}7s Pjd\ e]nfx¿df eg] …;fbf
hLjg / pRr ljrf/Úsf wf/0ffx¿
JoSt ul/g', dzfn h'n';sf] rrf{,
g]kfnaGbsf] sfo{qmdsf] avfg, s=
kftfnn] sf]sfsf]nf / lkhf vfPsf]
k| ; ª\ u cflbn] syf ;xl/of
jftfj/0fnfO{ bzf{pF5 . To;df klg
cfw'lgs vf]qmf] ;+:s[ltsf] HjnGt
gd'gfsf k|;ª\ux¿ oqtq ;zQm
9ª\un] cfPsf 5g\ .
^= p2] Z o
k|ToIf jf k/f]If p2]Zodf s]lGb|t
/rgfn] g} kf7snfO{ uGtJo b]vfpF5 .
ljgfp2]Zosf] hLjg t afFb/sf] kf]
x'G5, ljgf p2]Zosf] sfd t kz'sf]
kf] x'G5 elgG5 . To;}n] …sd/]8
kftfnÚ syfn] k/f]If¿kdf /fv]sf
p2]Zox¿nfO{ s]nfpg' oxfF dgfl;j
7xb{5 . lgd'vf ju{sf] kL8fbfoL
kl/l:ylt, sDo'lgi6 g]tf / g]tT[ jdf
lub} { uPsf] g} l tstf, x| f ;f] G d' v
dfgjLo ;Dj]bgf, ;f]emf;LwfnfO{
;tfpg] k|jl[ Q, b08xLgtfsf] HjnGt
gd'gf, lj/f]wsf] gfddf hgtfnfO{
k|ToIf c;/ k'Ug] dfq geO{ /fi6«nfO{
cfly{s 3f6f k'Ug]h:tf kIf k|:t't
u/]/ syfn] ;dfhsf] gfh's kIf
b] v fPsf] 5 . ltg} ;dfhsf
sdhf]/Lx¿ x6fP/ dfgjtfsf] hu]gf{
ug{ / c;n g]tf / g]t[Tjsf] ljsf;
x'gk' g]{ rfx k|s6 ug]{ sfd ;d]t
syfn] u/]sf] 5 .

&= b[ l i6ljGb'
sd/]8 kftfnsf] s'l6n rl/q
pb\3fl6t …sd/]8 kftfnÚ syfsf
;dfVoftf syfsf/ g} /x]sf 5g\ . pgsf]
e"ldsf t6:y geO{ s= kftfn k|jl[ t
w/f;foL x'gk' g]d{ f 5 . syfsf/n] syf
kf7snfO{ ;'gfpFb} u/]sf] cfwf/nfO{ x]bf{
t[tLok'¿if b[li6ljGb' x'G5 . …dÚkfq
k|ToIf¿kdf syfdf cfPsf x'gfn]
k|ydb[li6ljGb'sf] k|of]u ePsf] s'/fnfO{
gsfg{ ldNb}g . o; syfdf …dÚ kfq g}
;j{1 eP/ cfPsf 5g\ . syfdf 36gfsf]
k|:t'lt dfld{s 5 . kfqx¿sf] ;+jfbaf6
g} rl/q / 36gfsf] ljZn]if0f ug]{ sfd
syfsf/af6 ePsf] 5 . syfsf/sf]
:ki6 dt kf7sn] ;xhtfsf ;fy kfpg
;Sg] / lgisif{df k'Ug ;Sg] b]lvG5 .
o; sf]0faf6 x]bf{ kf7snfO{ e|daf6
hf]ufO{ cfw'lgs ;'ljwfef]uL ;x/L
;Eotfsf g]tfx¿sf ljs[t kf6fx¿nfO{
cfwf/ agfO{ …sd/]8 kftfnÚ syfn]
dfgjLo d"No / dfGotf lj¿4sf sfo{sf
nflu v]b ;d]t k|s6 u/]sf] k|tLt
x'G5 .
&= efiffz} n Lo ljGof;
…sd/]8 kftfnÚ syfdf 5f]6f t/
cy{o'Qm jfSosf] 5gf}6 u/]/ ;/n,
;xh / :jefljs sYo efiffsf] k|of]u
ul/Psf] 5 . cem, ;x/L ;Eotfsf]
;hLj tl:j/ k|:t't ug]{ efiff /
z}nLsf] k|of]un] syfnfO{ ;'¿lrk"0f{
agfPsf] 5 . ctM ;xh, :ki6 Pj+
:jtM:k" m t{ k| j fxdo efiffz} n Lo
ljGof;sf] k| o f] u ePsf] sf/0fn]
…sd/]8 kftfnÚ syf /f]rs, 3f]rs,
>j0fLo / k7gLo ag]sf] 5 .
*= pk;+ x f/
g]kfnL sljtf / cfVofg ljwfdf
lg/Gt/ snd rnfO/x]sf Pjd\
ljBfno:t/sf :dfl/sf Pj+ ;flxlTos
klqsfx¿sf] ;Dkfbg, n]vg / k|sfzg
ub}{ cfPsf x'gfn] ;|i6f dft[sf kf]v/]n
Ps >]i7 ;flxTo;]jL ePsf] k|dfl0ft
x'G5 . …;]tf] b/af/sf] 5]paf6Ú -sljtf
;ª\ux| , @)%&_, …ofqfsf] Pp6f b[ioÚ sljtf ;ª\ux| , @)^)_, / …cg'xf/Ú sljtf ;ª\ux| , @)^$_ h:tf tLg cf]6f
sljtf / @ j6f syf ljwfsf ;ª\ux|
lgsfn]sf ;|i6f kf]v/]n alnof] snd
ePsf hgkIfLo ;flxTosf/ x'g\ .
…;Gq:t cfFvfx¿Ú syfs[ltdfkm{t\ Ps
s'zn syflzNkLsf ¿kdf b]lvPsf
kf]v/]nsf] syfsfl/tfsf] 5jL …3fd
em'lNsg'cl3Údf cem vfl/Psf] kfOG5 .
…sd/]8 kftfnÚ syfdf eg] ljz'4
;x/Lof kl/j]znfO{ syfTds ;+/rgf
k|bfg u/]sf 5g\ . o;df dflg;sf]
lgb{oLkg, cefj, 56k6L Pj+ a]rg} LnfO{
oyfy{k/s 9ª\un] k|:t't u/]/ syfsf/
kf]v/]nn] syf ;flxTodf Pp6f OF6 yKg]
sfd u/]sf 5g\ . ToxL sfo{sf] Pp6f
;fgf] gd'gf …sd/]8 kftfnÚ syf xf]
eGbf cltzof]lQm u/]sf] g7xnf{ .
tk]Zj/L–!, uNkml8of, pbok'/,
nandalalacharya@gmail.com

df]afOn k|of]ustf{ b'O{ s/f]8 k'Uof] P3f/ ljB't cfof]hgfsf] lgj]bg vf/]h

sf7df8f}F . b"/;~rf/ ;]jf k|bfos
sDkgLx¿aLr tLj| k|lt:kwf{ a9\b} hfFbf
df]afOn k|of]ustf{sf] ;+Vof a9\b} uPsf]
5 . g]kfn b"/;~rf/ k|flws/0fn]
;fj{hlgs u/]sf] kl5Nnf] tYofÍcg';f/
g]kfndf df]afOn k|of]ustf{sf] ;+Vof !
s/f]8 ($ nfv # xhf/ @ ;o &#
k'us
] f] 5 . tLa| k|lt:kwf{;uF } ;]jf z'Ns
;d]t ;:tf] x'g yfn]kl5 cfdhgtfsf]
cfsif{0f df]afOndf XjfQ} a9]sf] xf] .
tYofÍcg';f/ ;a}eGbf a9L Pg;]nsf
k|of]ustf{ /x]sf 5g\ . lhP;Pd df]afOn

;]jf k|bfg ub}{ Pg;]nsf Ps s/f]8 &
nfv %( xhf/ ^ ;o !) k|of]ustf{
k'us
] f 5g\ . g]kfn 6]lnsddf lhP;Pd
df]afOn &^ nfv &) xhf/ @ ;o /
l;l8PdP df]afOn ( nfv &# xhf/ #
;o (@ u/L s'n *^ nfv $# xhf/ ^
;o ^# k|of]ustf{ k'us
] f 5g\ . To:t},
o'l6Pnsf] df]laln6L ;le{;cGtu{t ^
nfv %$ xhf/ ^ ;o !& k|of]ustf{
/x]sf 5g\ . P;l6Pdsf ! ;o %%
PgP;l6lkPnsf ! nfv $^ xhf/ &
;o $* / P;l6lkPnsf * nfv ^
xhf/ ! ;o ^ k|of]ustf{ k'us
] f 5g\ .
k|flws/0fsf cg';f/ dlxgfdf )=&&
k|ltztsf b/n] df]afOn k|of]ustf{ a9\b}
uO/x]sf 5g\ . To:t}, OG6/g]6 k|of]u
ug]{ @& bzdnj !* k|ltzt k'us
] f
5g\ . ljleGg OG6/g] 6 k| b fos
sDkgLx¿sf] ;]jf k|of]u ug{] u|fxssf]
;+Vof dlxgfdf )=@^ k|ltztn] a9]sf]
k|flws/0fn] atfPsf] 5 .

sf7df8f} F . ljB' t pTkfbg
cg'dltkq kfp egL lgj]bg lbPsf
ljleGg !! j6f cfof]hgfsf] lgj]bg
vf/]h esf] 5 . cfjZos of]Uotf
gk'us
] f] / ;dodf g} lgdf{0f sfo{;?'
gu/]sf] eGb} tL cfof]hgfsf] lgj]bg
vf/]h ul/Psf] xf] . ljB't ljsf;
ljefusf ;"rgf clws[t uf]s0f{/fh
kGysfcg';f/ oxL d+l;/ !! ut];Dd
tL cfof]hgfsf] cg'dltkq vf/]h
ul/Psf] xf] . o;/L vf/]h ePsf
cfof]hgfsf] s'n Ifdtf $^(=(*)
d]ufjf6 /x]sf] 5 . ljefusf cg';f/
o;/L vf/]hLdf k/]sf cfof]hgfdf
ldl8n ;'k/ b/f}bL $=$* d]ufjf6,
x]jf vf]nf @=# d]ufjf6, tNnf] kfd]
vf]nf @=@) d]ufjf6, dflyNnf] dfO{
P b'O{ d]ufjf6, sfnL u08sL uf]h{
!^$ d]ufjf6, bfKrf /f]zL kfFr
d]ufjf6, Gofl;d vf]nf #) d]ufjf6,
dflyNnf] lqz" n L Ps @!^

d] u fjf6nufot /x] s f 5g\ .
pTkfbgsf] cg' d lt kfp egL
ljefudf lgj]bg lbPsf t/ s'g} klg
sfd cufl8 ga9fPsf sf/0f lgj]bg
vf/]h ul/Psf] ;"rgf clws[t kGyn]
hfgsf/L lbP .
o:t} ljefun] pTkfbg cg'dltkq
lnPsf 5j6} cfof] h gfsf]
cg'dltkq;d]t vf/]h u/]sf] 5 . tL
cfof]hgfsf] s'n Ifdtf %! d]ufjf6
/x]sf] 5 . ljefusf cg';f/ ;j]I{ f0fsf
nflu cg'dlt kfp egL lgj]bg lbPsf
!#(% cfof]hgfsf] klg lgj]bg vf/]h
ul/Psf] 5 . s'g} klg gfddf cfof]hgf
cf]u6]/ a:g] / sfd cufl8 ga9fpg]
cfof]hgfsf] cg'dltkq vf/]h ul/Psf]
xf] . …sf]xL s;}nfO{ klg 5'6 lbg ;lsb}g,
ls t sfd ;'? ug{' k¥of], xf]Og eg]
cfof]hgf cf]u6]/ a:g ldNb}g eGg]
Wo]osf ;fy ljefun] sfd gug{ k|j4{ssf]
cg'dltkq vf/]h ul/Psf] xf] .Ú

ˆ

/fatOfc t]u ^! /;ld
+ nf; )&)@

nfoG;sf] cGt/f{li6«o ;Dd]ng d+l;/ @) b]lv
sf7df8f}F . nfoG; Sna OG6/g];gn dlN6kn l8l:6«s #@% sf] cfof]hgfdf
sf7df8f}+df d+l;/ @) b]lv @# ;Dd If]qLo d~rsf] cGt/f{li6«o ;Dd]ng
x'g] ePsf] 5 . nfoG;sf] If]qdf ef/t, blIf0f Pl;of, clk|msf tyf dWok"js
{ f
b]zx¿ ;+nUg O;fd cfl/of kmf]/d gfd lbPsf] ;f] ;Dd]ngdf pSt If]q
cGtu{t kg]{ ^# d'n's;lxt cGo cfdlGqt ;d]t u/L !)) eGbf a9L
b]zsf k|ltlglwn] efu lng] 5g\ . ;f] ;Dd]ngdf sl/a Ps xhf/ &))
ljb]zL nfog ;b:o tyf *)) g]kfnL nfogsf] ;xeflutf /xg] $! cf}+
O;fd kmf]/d cfof]hs ;ldltsf ;efklt ;Gho v]tfgn] hfgsf/L lbPsf
5g\ . b]zsf ^% lhNnfdf nfogsf !$ xhf/ ;b:o tyf b'O{ xhf/ lnof]
;b:o /x]sf 5g\ . o; ;Dd]ng g]kfndf klxnf]k6s x'g nfu]sf] atfpFb}
;efklt v]tfgn] o;af6 ko{6g k|a4{gdf klg dxTjk"0f{ of]ubfg k'Ug]
atfP . ;f] cj;/df b]zsf tLg xhf/ ljBfyL{nfO{ ;f}o{jQL ljt/0f ul/g]
of]hgf /x]sf] 5 . nfoG;sf ljleGg ;fdflhs lqmofsnfk;lxt JolStTj
ljsf;sf ljifodf klg a]Unfa]Un} k|:t'ltx¿ x'g]5 . ljZjsf @)( d'n'sdf
nfog;Fu cfa4 !$ nfv ;b:o 5g\ . of] ;+:yfn] cfFvf c:ktfn, Joj:yfkg,
tflnd tyf lzIff If]qdf ;xof]u k'¥ofpFb} cfPsf] 5 .

c:6«l] nofdf o'/f]kn] L o'jfsf] cf]O/f]

nG8g . c;Gt'i6 o'/f]kn
] L o'jfsf nflu c:6«l] nof cfsif{0f uGtJo ag]sf]
5 . /f]huf/ gkfPsf jf u'dfPsf c;Gt'i6 o'/f]k]nL o'jfx¿ cfly{s
;d:ofaf6 d'lSt kfpg 3/ 5f8]/ c:6«]lnof knfog x'g cft'/ b]lvG5g .
cfo/NofG8af6 c:6«l] nof hfg] o'jfx¿sf] ;+Vof ;g\ !(*) otfs} ;a}eGbf
a9L 5 . ljZj cfly{s dGbLsf afah'b c:6«]lnofsf] cy{tGq km:6fPsf]
vfgL pBf]usf sf/0f dha't alg/x]sf] 5 . ToxL eP/ o'/f]k]nL o'jfx¿sf
nflu gofF ;'?jft ug{ kof{Kt cj;/ 5g\ . t/, c:yfoL >d le;fdf
cfo/NofG8 / cGo o'/f]k]nL b]zsf o'jfsf] af9L nfu]kl5 :yfgLosf nflu
eg] >d ahf/ ;fF3'l/Fb} uPsf] 5 . of] ;jf{lws rf;f]sf] ljifo ag]sf] 5 .Ú
!% b]lv !( jif{df ;f9] !$ k|ltzt ojf a]/f]huf/ 5g\ h'g ljZjsf cGo
w]/} b]zsf] t'ngfdf lgs} sd xf],Ú c:6«]lnofsf 6«fG:kf]6{ js{; o'lgogsf
6f]gL ;]N8g eG5g\, …xfdLn] w]/} bIf o'jfnfO{ cj;/ lbg ;s]sf 5}gf}F /
;/sf/n] ;xL ;Gt'ng u'dfPsf] 5 eGbf km/s kb}{g .Ú pgsf cg';f/
c:6«]lnofdf j}slNks hgzlSt leq\ofOPsf] 5 . To:tf] hgzlSt ;:tf]
dfq x'g] xf]Og, zf]if0fdf kg{;Sg] klg xf] . pgsf] 8/ st} ljb]zL hgzlSt
g}ltstfxLg dflnsaf6 sd kfl/>lds / unt Jojxf/sf] l;sf/ x'G5g\
ls eGg] 5 .Ú l:ylt 7flgPeGbf sl7g 5,Ú pgL eG5g\ . cfo/NofG8df
uDeL/ cfly{s ;d:of 5 . ToxfF hLjg Tolt ;xh 5}g .Ú c:6«]lnofdf
kof{Kt /f]huf/L 5 . o'jfx¿sf nflu sfd ;lhnf] klg 5,Ú 5 dlxgf cl3
dfq c:6«]lnof k'u]sL Pcf]kmL elG5g\, …t/ o'jtLx¿sf nflu sl7g 5 .Ú
pgL c:6«]lnofsf] cfOl/; kjdf sfd ul5{g\ . pgsf] ;fyL ld;]nf s]nL
l;8\gLsf] Pp6f sfof{nodf sfd ul5{g\ . cfo/NofG8df 5Fbf pgsf] eGbf
l;8\gL k'us
] L s]nLsf] sdfO bf]Aa/ b]vk] l5 pgL klg c:6«l] nof k'us
] L x'g\ .
s]nL lalhg]; :6l8hdf :gftsf]Q/ u/]sL bIf hgzlSt x'g\ . t/ c:6«l] nofdf
o'jf a]/f]huf/L olt hah{:t ¿kdf al9/x]sf] 5 ls ToxfFsf] d'Vo ;x/d}
a]/f]huf/L $) k|ltzt;Dd 5 . s]nL c:6«]lnofsf o'jfx¿sf] /f]huf/L
vf];s
] fdf cfk"mnfO{ bf]ifL 7flG5g\ <Ú 7flGbg eg' eg] g/fd|f] x'G5 / <Ú pgsf]
k|ltk|Zg 5, …cfo/NofG8af6 oxfF dflg;x¿ sfd ug{ cfPsf x'g\ / pgLx¿
s8f kl/>d u5{g\ . pgLx¿ cfˆgf] b]zdf klg s8f kl/>d uy{] . oxfF
c:6«l] nofsf dflg;x¿ Tolt /fd|/L sfd ub}g{ G . ToxL eP/ dnfO{ oxfF sfd
ubf{ g/fd|f] nfUb}g .Ú –aLaL;L

rLgn] rfnsljxLg o'4 ljdfg p8fof]

sf7df8f}F . rLgn] klxnf] k6s ;fdfGotof kQf nufpg g;lsg]
rfnsljxLg …l:6NyÚ o'4s ljdfg k/LIf0f u/]sf] ;dfrf/ rfOgf 8]nLn]
z'qmaf/ lbPsf] 5 . pSt ljdfg cd]l/sL o'P; aL6' h:t} b]vfOPsf] 5 /
klqsfn] klZrdL:t/sf] k|ljlwsf] ljsfzsf nflu k|z;
+ f u/]sf] 5 . …;fk{:jf8{Ú
gfds pSt rfnsljxLg ljdfgsf] k/LIf0f p8fg kl5Nnf] r/0f ePsf]
atfOPsf] 5 . o;sf nflu rLgsf] ;]gfn] jiff};
F{ Dd k|of; ul//x]sf] atfOPsf]
5 . rLgsf] k|lt/Iff ah]6 ljZjdf bf];|f] 7"nf] /x]sf] 5 / x/]s jif{ o;df
b'O{ cÍsf] k|ltztn] j[l4 x'g] u/]sf] b]lvPsf] 5 . o; k/LIf0fn] rLgnfO{
rfnsljxLg …l:6NyÚ ljdfg cfsfzdf k'¥ofpg] rf}yf] d'ns
' agfPsf] klqsfn]
pNn]v u/]sf] 5 . a]Olhªn] cfˆgf] ;}lgs Ifdtf lg/Gt/ ¿kdf ljsf;
ul//x]sf] 5 / ;g\ @)!! df p;n] klxnf] l:6Ny o'4s ljdfg …h]–6\jfG6LÚ
;fj{hlgs u/]sf] xf] . –Ph]G;L

tflnafgsf tLg pRr g]tf l/xf

sf7df8f}F . kfls:tfgn] tflnafgsf tLg pRr g]tfnfO{ l/xf u/]sf] 5 .
ckmfuflg:tfgn] ;'? u/]sf] zflGtk|lqmofnfO{ ;xof]u k'¥ofpg] u/L kfls:tfgn]
tflnafgsf tLg pRr g]tfnfO{ l/xf u/]sf] cGt/fli6«o ;dfrf/ ;+:yfn]
atfPsf 5g\ . ;dfrf/df atfOPsf Ps kfls:tfgL clwsf/Lsf cg';f/
l/xf x'g]df ckmufg tflnafgsf k|d'v d'Nnf pd/sf Ps k"j{;Nnfxsf/
d'Nnf cAb'n cxb hxfFuL/jfnf, x]ndGbsf k"jt{ flnjfg ueg{/ d'Nnf cAb'n
dgg / k"j{tflnjfg ;}Go sdf08/ d'Nnf o'g'; /x]sf 5g\ . ckmuflg:tfn]
tflnjfg;Fu jftf{ k|lqmof cufl8 a9fPkl5 pSt k|lqmofnfO{ ;'? ePsf]
xf] . – Ph]G;L

d[t 3f]lift aRrf /f]Pkl5

sf7df8f}F . rLgsf] Ps c:ktfndf d[t 3f]lift Ps aRrf b'O{ lbgkl5
/f]Pkl5 pkrf/ ug{] 8fS6/ km;fbdf k/]sf 5g\ . 8fS6/n] aRrfnfO{ d[t
3f]lift u/]sf] b'O{ lbgkl5 clGtd ;+:sf/sf nflu tof/L ubf{ aRrf /f]Psf]
xf] . ut ;ftf ;f]daf/ x]km]O{df /x]sf] clGtd ;+:sf/:yndf aRrfnfO{ k'g}{
nfUbf aRrf /f]Psf] cfjfh dnfdLn] ;'g]sf lyP . ;f] 36gfkl5 k|zf;gn]
c:ktfnsf 8fS6/lj?4 sf/afxL ;'? u/]sf] 5 . c:ktfnn] uNtL ug{]
8fS6/ kQf nflu;s]sf] atfPsf] 5 . pgsf] nfO;]G; klg vf/]h ul/;s]sf]
5 . d[t 3f]lift aRrfsf] cj:yf clxn] klg uDeL/ 5 . hGdFb}
Zjf;k|Zjf;;DaGwL /f]u nfu]sf] ;f] aRrfnfO{ k|fe
] l] G;no afn c:ktfndf
egf{ ul/Psf] lyof] . s]xL lbgsf] pkrf/kl5 Ps 8fS6/n] aRrfnfO{ d[t
3f]lift u/]sf lyP . – Ph]G;L

7

ˆ

/fatOfc t]u ^! /;ld
+ nf; )&)@

Pdfcf]jfbL;“u Pstfsf] rrf{ g} ck/fw
;+ljwfg n]Vg] lg0ff{os ;dodf
Pdfcf]jfbL s'g} k|sf/sf] x}l;ot
g/xg] u/L r'gfjaf6 a9fl/Psf] 5 .
efjL ;+ljwfgdf To;sf] dfq xf]Og,
slyt zflGt k|lqmofsf] k|dv
' kf6f]
egL JofVof ul/+b} cfPsf] dfcf]jfbL
cfGbf]ngsf] dfd'nL 5fofF klg b]vfkg{]
5}g . d+l;/ $ ut]sf] r'gfjsf]
glthfn] !@ a'Fb]sf] if8\oGqsf/L

dfcf] j fbL ;' b [ 9 zlSt aGof] /
hgd'lSt ;]gf u7g ug{;Sg] 7fpFdf
cfOk'Uof] ta oL b'O{ hgf JolSt ldn]/
hgo'4sf] k|lqmofnfO{ t'xfO{ lbPsf
lyP . @)%& ;fnsf] bf];|f] /fli6«o
;Dd]ngdf kfl/t ul/Psf] …uf]nd]r
;Dd]ng, cGtl/d ;/sf/ / gofF
;+ljwfgÚ sf] gLlt g} hgo'4sf]
lj;h{gsf] sf]z]9'+uf lyof] . To;kl5

hgo' 4 sf] cjz] i fnfO{ k" 0 f{ ¿ kdf
lj;h{g ug]{ u/L !@ a'bF ] ;dembf/Lsf]
cfwf/ agfOof] . ;+ ; b\ s f]
k'g:{ yfkgfkl5 ePsf …a[xt zflGt
;Demf}tfÚ nufotsf hDd} ;xdltx¿
bfxfn / e§/fO{sf] ;Nnfxdf dfq
ePsf 5g\ . s'g} ljifodf kf6L{leq
5nkmnsf] k|:tfj;Dd nluPsf] 5}g .
o;af6 yfxf x'G5 ls pgLx¿ Psbd}

;'ema'emk"0f{tl/sfn] cufl8 cfPsf
lyP . o'4 tyf o'4sfnLg ;+/rgfx¿
lj36g ePsf], sAhf ePsf] hldg
lkmtf{ ul/Psf] , cfˆgf ;] g f
SofG6f] G d] G 6df /fVg] , lul/hf
sf]O/fnfnfsf] g]tT[ jdf k'/fg} ;+;b\ /

;+;bLo ;/sf/df ;fd]n x'g] ;a}
lg0ff{ o x¿ b' O { hgf JolStsf]
thlahdf ePsf lyP . kl5Nnf]
36gfqmd x] g ] { xf] eg] g] s kf–
dfcf]jfbLnfO{ ;dfKt kfg{sf nflu
ug{;Sg] ;a} k|of;x¿ pgLx¿n] u/] .
sd{rf/L ;/sf/sf] k|:tfj u/] .
dfcf]jfbLnfO{ r'gfjdf hfg glbP/
lx+ ; fdf pTk| ] l /t ug] { / To;sf
axfgfdf sTn]cfd ug]{ ;fd|fHojfbL
of]hgfg';f/ x'g yfn]sf] jftf{nfO{ k6s
k6s ljyf]n] . dfcf]jfbLnfO{ p7\g
glbg] of]hgfcg';f/ ;]gf kl/rfngsf]
k|:tfj cfkm}n] /fv]/ ;+;bjfbLx¿;Fu
ldn]/ dfcf]jfbLnfO{ nf]stGq, zflGt
k|lqmofsf] zq' k|ltufdL, /fhfjfbL
ePsf] cf/f] k nufP . r' 6 ] /
ufpFufpFaf6 v]b\g jfOl;PnnfO{
cfb]z lbP . 7fpF7fpFdf kqmfP .
;' ? b] l v cGTo;Dd ;fd| f Hojfb–
lj:tf/jfbsf] jkmfbf/ Ph] G 6sf
¿kdf pgLx¿n] g]kfnsf] sDo'lg:6
cfGbf]ngsf lj?4 h]–h] ug{ ;Dej
lyof], Tof] ;a} st{Jo lgjf{x u/] .
clxn] ePsf] s] dfq xf] eg] cfˆgf]
k|ltlqmofjfbL e|i6 rl/qsf sf/0fn]
xb} ; Dd abgfd eP/ r' g fjdf
dtbftfx¿af6 lt/:s[ t eP .
;fd|fHojfbL–lj:tf/jfbL zlStx¿n]
c? bnfnx¿nfO{ klg vfg]kfnf]
lbg'kg]{ eof] . k'iksdn / afa'/fdsf]
pkfb]otf klxn] h:tf] klg /x]g .
pgLx¿nfO{ k|of]u ug{;Dd u/]kl5
g]kfnsf] zf;g k|0ffnLnfO{ klxn]s}
7fpFdf v8f ug'{kg]{ eof] . To;}n]
Pdfcf]jfbLnfO{ t];|f] :yfgdf /fv]/
;+ l jwfgnfO{ dfcf] j fbL o' 4 sf]
k|efjaf6 d'St klg kfg{ / ;+ljwfg
lgdf{0fsf] k|lqmofdf lg0ff{os e"ldsf
g/x]sf] b]vfP/ bfxfn, e§/fO{nfO{
;+;bLo k|0ffnLdf ljlng x'g] af6f]
;xh klg agfOlbg] pkfo ckgfOof] .
o:tf dflg;x¿;Fu Pstfsf] rrf{
ug{' klg ck/fw xf] . ca afFsL ar]sf
dfcf]jfbLleq v]Ngsf nflu pgLx¿
3':g vf]lh/x]sf 5g\ . ;lRrg] s'/f
d'vdf xf]Og, Oltxf;af6} ;lRrg' k5{ .
Oltxf;df pgLx¿ ck/fwL wf]sa] fh
;fljt eO;s]sf 5g\ . pgLx¿n]
Oltxf;;Fu dfkmL dfUg]jfnf 5}gg\ .
dfkmL gdfUbf;Dd pgLx¿ ;lRrg]
;+efjgf /xg] 5}g . of] k|Zgdf dfcf]jfbL
k+lSt Psbd} ;r]t /xg'k5{ .

sf7df8f}F . Ps cg';Gwfgsf
cg';f/ lgoldt ¿kdf abfd vfgfn]
dflg;sf] pd]/ a9\5 . Go" O+UNof08
hg{n ckm d]l8l;g\df k|sflzt
cg';Gwfgsf cg';f/ abfd vfgfn]
To:tf] JolStnfO{ kmfObf k'U5 h;n]
lbglbg} rafP/ vfG5 . oBkL lj|l6z
xf6{kmfpG8]zgsf cg';f/ abfd tyf
nfdf] pd]/aLrsf] ;DaGw ;fljt ug{sf
nflu w]/} cg';Gwfg cfj:os 5 .
cd]l/sL l6dn] o; cg';Gwfgdf Ps
nfv @) xhf/ dflg;nfO{ #) jif{;Dd
cg';Gwfgdf ;fd]n u/]sf] lyof] .

b}lgs Ps d'¶L abfd ;]jg ugf{n]
d[To'b/df @) k|ltzt sdL b]lvPsf]
cWoogn] b]vfPsf] 5 . 8fgf–km]a/
SofG;/ O+:6L6\o6' tyf la|ud P08
jLdG; xl:k6nsf d'Vo zf]wstf{
8f=rfn{; kmS;n] …abfd vfgfn]
x[bo/f]uaf6 x'g] d[To'df @* k|ltzt
sdL x' g ] atfP . o;sf cnjf
SofG;/af6 x'g] d[To'df !! k|ltzt sdL
x' g ] 5 . abfdsf] ;] j g :jf:Yo
hLjgz}nL;Fu hf]l8P/ b]vfOPsf] 5 .
abfdsf] ;]jg sf]n:] 6«fn] tyf ;'hg sd
ug{sf nflu kmfObfhgs 5 . – Ph]G;L

sf7df8f}F . /fli6«o dlxnf cfof]usL
cWoIf z]if rfFbtf/fn] ;/sf/n] j}bl] zs
/f]huf/df hfg] dlxnfsf] ;d:of ;dfwfg
ug's
{ f] ;f6f] 9fs5f]k ul//x]sf] atfPsf
5g\ . dlxnf lx+;flj?4sf] !^ lbg]
cleofgcGtu{t lxhf] dlxnf cfof]u /
dlxnfsf] :yfgfGt/0f clwsf/;DaGwL
;~hfnn] ;+oS' t¿kdf cfof]hgf u/]sf]
cGtlqmofdf pgn] dlxnf sfdbf/sf
;d:ofnfO{ ;'Nemfpg'sf] ;f6f] j}bl] zs
/f]huf/df hfg #) jif{ pd]/ xbaGbL
sfod u/L ;d:ofnfO{ 5f]Kg] sfd dfq
u/]sf] cf/f]k nufP . j}bl] zs /f]huf/df
uPsf clwsf+z dlxnf >d zf]if0f,
zf/Ll/s tyf dfgl;s zf]if0fsf] lzsf/
aGg] u/]sf] atfpFb} o;sf] Go"gLs/0fsf
nflu gLltdf g} kl/jt{g Nofpg' h?/L
/x]sf]df pgn] hf]8 lbP . cWoIf
rfFbtf/fn] g]kfn ;/sf/ cGt/f{li6«o
dxf;lGwx¿df x:tfIf/ ug{' dfq xt/f

ug{] t/ cfˆgf] d'ns
' sf] ;fdflhs kl/j]zsf]
cWoog gug]{ afgLsf sf/0f dxf;lGw
sfof{Gjog gx'g] u/]sfn] klxn] g]kfnL
;dfhsf] cWoog ug'k{ 5{ eg] . kf}/vL
g]kfnsf cWoIf d~h' u'?ªn] sfo{kq
k|:t't ub}{ j}bl] zs /f]huf/sf nflu #)
jif{sf] xbaGbL nufPs} sf/0f dlxnfx¿
ef/t x'bF } cj}wflgs¿kdf ljb]lzg afWo
ePsf] / lx+;fdf kg{] u/]sf] atfP . pgn]
(( k|ltzt j}bl] zs /f]huf/df uPsf
dlxnf lx+;fdf kg]{ u/]sf] atfpFb} eg],
…dlxnf j}bl] zs /f]huf/Ldf uPsf] clen]v
;d]t g]kfndf 5}g . ToxLsf/0f pgLx¿
/fHoaf6 kfpg] ;]jf;'ljwf ;d]taf6 al~rt
eO/x]sf 5g\ / kLl8t dlxnfsf] p4f/
ug{;d]t ;d:of eO/x]sf] 5 .Ú dlxnf
k'g:yfkgf s]Gb| cf]/s
] sf ;+:yfks cWoIf
8f= /]0f' /fhe08f/Ln] sfo{kq k|:t't ub}{
dlxnf ePs} sf/0f dlxnfn] ljleGg k|sf/sf
lje]bsf] ;fdgf ug{' kl//x]sf] atfP .

e/t bfxfn
kl5Nnf] 36gfqmd x]g{]
xf] eg] g]skf–
dfcf]jfbLnfO{ ;dfKt
kfg{sf nflu ug{;Sg]
;a} k|of;x¿ pgLx¿n]
u/] . sd{rf/L
;/sf/sf] k|:tfj u/] . dfcf]jfbLnfO{ r'gfjdf
hfg glbP/ lx+;fdf pTk|l] /t ug]{ / To;sf axfgfdf
sTn]cfd ug]{ ;fd|fHojfbL of]hgfg';f/ x'g yfn]sf]
jftf{nfO{ k6s k6s ljyf]n] . dfcf]jfbLnfO{ p7\g
glbg] of]hgfcg';f/ ;]gf kl/rfngsf] k|:tfj
cfkm}n] /fv]/ ;+;bjfbLx¿;Fu ldn]/
dfcf]jfbLnfO{ nf]stGq, zflGt k|lqmofsf] zq'
ePsf]
k|ltufdL, /fhfjfbL e
Psf] cf/f]k nufP . r'6]/
ufpFufpFaf6 v]bg
\ jfOl;PnnfO{ cfb]z lbP .
RofK6/nfO{ c:jLsf/ t u¥of] g}, of]
eGbf klg cl3 a9]/ !) jif{sf]
ljb|fx] sf] l;+uf] cWofonfO{ kl/0ffdtM
cy{ x Lg agfO{ lbof] . d} n ] ;f]
cWofonfO{ cy{xLg ePsf] o;sf/0fn]
elg/x]sf] 5' ls dfcf]jfbLj[Qn] !)
jif{ s f] ljb| f ] x nfO{ s' l gotk" j { s
;+ljwfg;ef / ;+ljwfg n]vgsf nflu
ePsf] eg]/ ckJofVof ub}{ cfPsf]
lyof] . r'gfjdf zd{gfs k/fhokl5
k'iksdn bfxfn / afa'/fd e§/fO{n]
g]skf–dfcf]jfbL;Fu kf6L{ Pstf jf
sfo{ut Pstfsf] xf}jf lk6\g ;'? u/]sf
5g\ . ;+;b\jfbLx¿;Fu jfu]l{ gª ug{sf
nflu xf];\ jf dfcf]jfbLnfO{ pkof]u
u/]/ :jfy{k'lt{ ug{sf nflu xf];\
pgLx¿n] e]63f6sf] k|lqmofnfO{ klg
cl3 a9fPsf 5g\ . s;}n] csf{]
kIf;Fu kf6L{ Pstf jf sfo{ut Pstf
h] klg ug{;S5 . b]z / hgtfk|ltsf]
st{Jolgi7 jf JolStut :jfy{ b'a}
sf] 0 faf6 Pstf, k' m 6, sfo{ u t
Pstfsf k|lqmofx¿ Oltxf;df rNb}
cfPsf 5g\ . ef]ln klg rflng] 5g\ .
t/, Pdfcf] j fbL / dfcf] j fbLn]
ljefhgkl5 cfk"mnfO{ h'g ¿kdf
k| : t' t ub} { cfPsf 5g\ , To;
cfwf/af6 x]g]{ xf] eg] clxn] ;'lgg
yfn]sf] Pstf jf sfo{ut Pstfsf]
rrf{ n ] sDo' l g:6 cfGbf] n gdfly
;fd|fHojfbsf] csf{] xdnfsf] ;+s]t
b]vfpg yfn]sf] 5 . o:tf] rrf{leqsf]
cf} l rTonfO{ x] g { s f nflu k' g M
Oltxf;sf s]xL 36gfx¿nfO{ vf]tNg'
kg{] x'g5
\ . k'iksdn bfxfn / afa'/fd
e§/fO{x¿ sf] x'g\ eGg] s'/f a'‰gsf
nflu Pp6f k|df0fsf] ¿kdf ;f]
kf6L{sf] /fhgLlts ljsf;sf] qmddf
x]g'{kg]{ x'g\5 . pTkLl8t ju{sf] %
jif{ s f] si6;fWo ;+ 3 if{ k l5 ha

hlt klg 36gfx¿ ePsf 5g\ tL
;a} jftf{ / ;Qf ;fem]bf/Lsf nflu
bafa lbgsf nflu ePsf x'g\ eGg]
s'/f To;a]nfsf k'iksdn bfxfnsf
jStJox¿af6} yfxf x'g5
\ . …uf]nd]r
;Dd]ng / cGtl/d ;/sf/sf] gLlt
kfl/t x'gf ;fy @)%* ;fnsf]
k|f/Dedf bfxfnåf/f k|:t't ul/Psf]
Pp6f /fhgLlts k|:tfj -klxnf]
of]hgf_ df ljgf /Stkft ;Qf sAhf
ug{Ú kl/l:ylt tof/ ePsf] s'/f
pNn]v ul/of], hf] klxnf] jftf{ ug{]
cfwf/sf ¿kdf kfl/t ul/Psf] lyof] .
/fHo;Fu ;Demf}tf ug{sf nflu ul/Psf]
Ps k|sf/sf] bnfnL lyof] Tof] .
g]kfnsf] e"–/fhgLltdf ljleGgvfn]
;fd|fHojfbL zlStx¿sf] rnv]nn]
klxnf] jftf{ ;kmn x'g g;s]kl5
bfxfn / e§/fO{ n ] ef/tLo
lj:tf/jfbL;F u xf/u' x f/ dfu] .
lbNnLsf nflu ;a} sfd ul/lbg]
;t{df cfk"mnfO{ ;Qfdf k'¥ofOlbg
@)%( ;fndf ul/Psf] ToxL lnlvt
ofrgfnfO{ P;=8L=d'gLn] …ljGtLkqÚsf
¿kdf rrf{ u/]sf x'g . lbNnL;Fu
:jfy{sf] n]gb]gsf] 7f]; ;xdlt ePkl5
bfxfn e§/fO{nfO{ kf6L{nfO{ ;+;bLo
k|0ffnLdf 9fNg /fhgLlts cfwf/sf
¿kdf @)^) ;fndf …PSsfO{;f}+
;tfAbLsf] hgjfbÚ kfl/t u/]sf x'g\ .
…PSsfO{;f}+ ztfAbLsf] hgjfbÚ /fhgLlts
ktgsf] pTsif{ lyof] . o;nfO{
;+u7gfTds ¿kdf sfof{Gjog ug{sf
nflu ef/tdf df]xg j}Bx¿nfO{ lu/ˆtf/
u/fOof] . s]xL ptf/r9fj kZrft
@)^@ ;fnsf] h]7, c;f/df bfxfn
e§/fO{ / lbNnLsf zf;sx¿sf aLrdf
lbNnLdf nfdf] 5nkmn eof] . ;f]xL
5nkmnsf] lgisif{cg';f/ r'gjfª a}7s
af]nfP/ ;+;bjfbLx¿;Fusf] ;xof]udf

abfdn] pd]/ a9fpg]

j}bl] zs /f]huf/df dlxnfnfO{ emGeml6nf]

yjfªsf] ;Gb]z
g/gf/fo0f cfq]o
…Tof] sfv hnhnfsf] kmf}hL k/]8 v]N5 .
lrÍfªem} Tof] j:tL cl8u e}/xG5 ..
uNnLel/ l;kfxL aGb's le/]/ 3'D5 .
xfd|f] kmnfd] lsNnf lsNnf alg /xG5 ..Ú
cfheGbf s/Lj tLgbzs klxn]bl] v hgsnfsf/x¿n] ufpg] u/]sf] of] uLt
/fhgLlts lx;fan] hlt dfld{s 5, P]ltxfl;s lx;fan] klg plQs} dxTjk"0f{ 5 .
@)#* ;fnsf] k~rfotL r'gfjsf a]nf yjfªaf;Ln] u/]sf] alxisf/ cfGbf]ngnfO{
tTsfnLg ;/sf/n] u/]sf] kmf}hL bdgla?4sf] ;f+uLlts k|:t'ltsf ¿kdf o;nfO{
lng] ul/Psf] 5 . @)%^ ;fnsf] lgjf{rg alxisf/ u/]sf yjfªaf;Ln] @)$*,
@)%! / @)^$ ;fnsf] lgjf{rgdf dtbfg u/]sf /x]5g\ . clxn] ePsf] ;+ljwfg;efsf]
k|fof]lht bf];f| ] lgjf{rgsf a]nf klg k"/} alxisf/ ;kmn eP5 . hlt kmf}hL k/]8
v]n] klg hgansf cufl8 s;}sf] s]xL nfu]g5 . yjfªsf tLgj6f dtbfg s]Gb|df
Pp6f klg ef]6 v;]g 5 . hflu/ hf]ufpg, dtbfg u/fpg, v'?v'? vl6Psf ;]gf,
k'ln; / sd{rf/Lx¿ l/Qf dtk]l6sf lnP/ n'?n'? kms{5g . ;+oS' t /fi6«;3+ ,
cd]l/sf, o'/f]k, ef/t, rLg, slyt g]kfn ;/sf/n] u/fpg vf]hs
] f] k|fof]lht
r'gfjn] yjfªjf;LnfO{ k6Ss} 5f]Pg5 . sf]xL klg ef]6 v;fNg cfPg 5g\ .
;dfrf/ ;'g/] ;fx|} v'zL nfUof] . g]kfn ;lsof], k"/} ljb]zLs/0f eof], ca sxL+klg
hLljt 5}gh:tf] nfu]sf] a]nf yjfªdf g]kfnsf] aLpm cem} hLljt /x]sf] e]l6of] .
tLvf{ d]l6of] . cfˆg} b]zdf klg ljb]zLsf] u'nfd eO;s]sf, cfk"m / cfˆgf] kl/ro
u'dfO;s]sf, dflnssf] h'7f]k/' f] vfP/ af"rs
] f, r6s]sf] 8d?sf] tfndf af"b/gfr
gfr]sfx¿nfO{ s] yfxf < yjfªsf] dlxdf / dxfgtf b"/bzL{ lg0f{o Ifdtf /
lgeL{stf sfof{Gjog ug{ c7f]6 / b[9tf hnhnf lxdfnsf] sfvdf a;]sf] yjfª,
/f]Nkf lhNnfsf] b'ud{ If]qdf /x]sf] ck/flht Pj+ chDd/L P]ltxfl;s ufp" .
lau|s
] f dfcf]jfbLn] la;{g klg ;k|s
] f dfcf]jfbLsf] hgo'4sfnsf] /fhwfgL . sf7df8f+s
} f]
sf7 / ljb]zLsf] 8f"7 s]xLn] klg 5'g g;s]sf] lgisnÍ, lgd{n Pj+ lgZ5n vf"§L
k/Dk/fut jL/ g]kfnL a:g] 7fp" . k'?iffyL{, k/dfyL{ / lg:jfyL{ du/x¿sf] j:tL .
:jfledfg / cfTd;Ddfgsf] vfgL . k/fjnDaL, k/fwLg Pj+ ef8fsf u'nfdx¿sf]
sfn / :jfjnDaL Pj+ :jfwLgtfsf] hggL . b]zeSt / qmflGtsf/Lx¿sf nflu
slxn} g;'Sg] k|/] 0ffsf] ;|ft] , d"n Pj+ pj{/ e"ld . cbDo ;fx; / jL/tfsf] kl/rfos
kljq :yfg cflb OToflb h] ;f]r] klg x'G5 . hlt ljz]if0f yk] klg x'G5 . of]
hdfgfdf, csf]{ s'g b'lgof"df To:tf] 7fp" cGt sxf" e]l6G5 < e]l6Gg . ufx|f] 5 .
of] klÍtsf/n] yjfª b]vs
] f] 5}g, ;'gs
] f] 5 . Toxf";Dd hfg] df}sf kfPsf] 5}g
t/ Tot}sf jfl;g\bf;"u s]xL lbg ;"u} latfPsf] 5 . lgjf{rg alxisf/sf] kIfw/ /
:jLsf/sf] el/of klg x}g . cfk"m alxisf/jfbL geP klg l;4fGtlgi6, b]zeSt /
Odfgbf/ alxisf/jfbLsf] ;Ddfg ug{klg kl5 kb}g{ . k|fof]lht lgjf{rg :jLsf/ /
alxisf/sf] e¥ofªn] sf] s;nfO{ sxf" k'¥ofp" 5 eGg ;lsGg . Ifl0fs nfe–xfgLnfO{
x]//] d"Nof+sg ul/g] ljifo klg x}g of] . clxn] olQdfq eGg ;lsG5– ;+;f/sf x/]s
s'gfdf af3em} uh{g] ;fd|fHojfbL / lj:tf/jfbLx¿, ltgsf lj?4 hfg] :jfledfgL
hgtf / a:tLx¿dfly ad ag]/ aif{] ljZjsf ;j{zlQm;DkGg dflnsx¿, bnfn
;/sf/ / ltgsf ef8fsf 66'x¿ Tof] b'ud{ yjfªdf k'u/] xf/]5g\ . 8n/, kf}08,
o'/f], ef? / g]?sf la6fn] s]xL sfd ug{;s]g5 . l;Ë} k[YjL, rGb|df / d+unu|xdf
/fh u/]sf] Wjf"; lbg]x¿nfO{ ;fwf/0f / ;f]emf yjfªjf;L du/n] w'nf] r6fP/
k7fP5g\ . yjfªjf;Lsf] Tof] ;fxl;s P]ltxfl;s sbd / ljhok|lt of] k+lQmsf/
gtd:ts 5 . xflb{s cfef/ / ;Ddfg k|s6 ub{5 . ck/flht / chDdj/L
jL/x¿sf] ufp" yjfªnfO{ ;fb/ gdg ub{5 / yjfªaf;LnfO{ ;nfd ub{5 .
xfd|f] b]zsf] r'gfj, /fhgLlts kl/jt{g, cfGbf]ng, ;xdlt / :yug jf
cjt/0f, ;/sf/sf] km]/abn, /fhgLlts kf6L{x¿sf] ljefhg, 36gf / b'36{ gfsf
sf/s / sf/0fx¿nfO{ rflxg] hlt k|df0f;lxt …k|of]uzfnfÚdf ;d]l6Psf] 5 . x/]s
sf08sf ;"qwf/, ;xefuL, ;xof]uL s;}n] klg v08g ug{] w[i6tf u/]sf 5}gg\ .
;'wL/ zdf{åf/f lnlvt pSt k':ts kl9;s]kl5 klg olb s;}nfO{ e|d x'G5 eg]
s]xL eGg' 5}g . gq bnLo Joj:yfdf klg bnlaxLg k|wfgGofofwLz g]tT[ jsf]
;/sf/ lgdf{0f / To;n] u/]sf ;a} sfdnfO{ s;/L sxf"af6 ;~rfng ul/Psf] /x]5
eGg] cg'el" t hf] s;}n] klg ug{;S5 . …k|of]uzfnfÚ lgjf{rg x'g' k"jk{ s
| flzt eof],
ahf/df cfof] . To;n] lbPsf k|df0fn] jt{dfg lgjf{rgsf] glthf lsg / s;/L
o:tf] cfP5 eg]/ ;f]Rgsf nflu klg cfwf/ h'6fOlbPsf] 5 . ;a} s'/f ls6]/ eGg}
kb}g{ . k|sl[ tsf] lgodfg';f/ hLjcg';f/sf] e|0" f uef{zodf k;]/ a;]kl5 ;d'lrt
tfkqmd / zf/Ll/s ljsf;sf nflu cfjZos kg{] v'/fs kfof] eg] dlxgf k'uk] l5
hGdg] k|lqmofnfO{ cGoyf dfGg ;lsGg . To;}n] ;Qf/f]x0f x'g] / aflxl/g] b'an} ] hlt
v'zL jf b'Mv dgfP klg s]xL km/s kg{] b]lvb}g . dflns v'zL kfg{;s] zLiff{;g\df
a;]sfnfO{ klg ;lhn} tn emfg{;lsG5, lau|s
] f] efUo klg ;kfg{;lsG5, g;s] x'g]
x'gfdL 6fg{;lsb}g . o:tf] if8\oGqdf yjfªaf;Lsf xft la6'lnPgg, gfd d'l5Pgg .
of] sd dxTj / uj{sf] ljifo x'b" } xf]Og .
r'gfj lht]/ klg sf]xL sxL+ k'Ug g;Sg] cefuL / r'gfj xf/]/ klg dGqL,
k|wfgdGqL x'g] efUodfgL oxL+ 5g\ . ;]jflga[Q eP/, lga[lQe/0f a'em]/, s'Dnf]s6' /' f]
af]s/] , tLyf{6gsf nflu kfOnf rfn]sf a]nf ;kgfdf klg glrtfPsf] tfn'df
cfn' kmn]/ l;+xb/af/df uP/ dGqL x'g] klg oxL+ 5g\ . nf]sn] g?rfPsf
nf]sdfgsf] axfnL s;/L x'b" f]/x]5 < ca s'g} /x:osf] ljifo /x]g . /ftf/ft
nf]slk|o / /ftf/ft cnf]slk|o x'g,] u/fpg] dfWodsf af/]df klg ca w]/} n]Vg'sf]
s'g} cy{ 5}g . b'lgof"nfO{ b]vfpgsf nflu ;+ljwfg;efsf] bf];f| ] r'gfj eof],
lhTg'kg{n
] ] lht], xfg{k' g]n
{ ] xf/] . dfG5] o;}sf] n]vfhf]vfdf cNdlnG5 . sf]xL
lht]sf]df v'zL 5 / sf]xL xf/]sf]df b'MvL 5 . ;/sf/df hfg] / ghfg]sf]
hf]836fp x'b" 5
} . aflxl/Psfn] klg cfˆg}vfn] tfgfafgf a'Gb}5g, cfqmf]z
kf]Vb}5g . dfly a;]sf] dflnsn] e"–pku|xsf dfWodaf6} ;a}sf] lqmofsnfk
x]5{ . s–s;nfO{ sxf"–sxF" /fVg'kg]{ xf] ToxL+–ToxL+ /fV5 . k/LIf0fsf nflu cln
lbg x]gk{' /] x]5{ . rfx] cg';f/sf] sfd geP/ km]gk'{ g]{ ePklg p;}n] km]5{ . la/f]w
/ ;dy{gsf] s'/f klg cfb]zsf] kfng ug]{ sfddf dfq ;Lldt 5 . s;}n] klg
k"mlt{ ug{s
' f] ca s'g} cy{ 5}g . b'a} lqmofsnfkaf6 yjfªaf;L cnu eP .
s;}sf sl/of / el/of ePgg . lgb]l{ zt nf]stGq÷u0ftGq / To;sf dflnsnfO{
uDeL/ eP/ ;f]Rg'kg]{ ;g\bz
] t lbP lg g]kfnsf] nf]stGqsf] k|j4{g ug'e{ g]/
s/f]8f+} 8n/, kf}08, o'/f] / ef? lelqof] . ;+oS' t /fi6«;3+ , cd]l/sf, o'/f]k, ef/t
/ rLgsf k|ltlglw d08nsf] cf]O/f] nfu]sf] nfUo} x'G5 . hlt ;xof]u lelqP /
k|ltlglw cfP klg afh'/fsf clgsfn kLl8tn] cGg kfp"bg} G, bfr{nfsf af9LkLl8tn]
klg /fxt kfp"bg} G . ef]sfnfO{ vfgf, gfËfnfO{ gfgf, cf]t gkfPsfnfO{ 5fgf /
pkrf/ gkfPsf /f]uLnfO{ cf}iflwsf uf]nL lbg s'g} dflnsn] ;xof]u ub}g{ g\ .
sfnn] gnu]/ af"rs
] f g]kfnLnfO{ dfg{sf nflu eg] x]lnsf]K6/, uf8L, ad, af?b,
aGb's / uf]nL lbG5g . To:tf] nf]stGq 5 oxf" / xfd|f bftf klg To:tf 5g\ .
bftfn] lbPsf] aGb'ssf uf]nL vfP/ cfkmGt u'dfPsf yjfªaf;Ln] nf]stGqsf]
c;nL ¿k / r'gfjsf] lgikIftfsf af/]df /fd|} cg'ej a6'ns
] f 5g\ . cfk"m /
cfk"mh:t} b'ud{ ufp"sf zf]lift kLl8t g]kfnLnfO{ dfg{ gof" zf;s gfdsf] csf]{
x'sd' sf] u'nfd 5fGg tof/ ePgg . alxisf/ u/] . k|fof]lht lgjf{rg klg g]kfn
/ g]kfnLsf nflu gePsf] ;g\bz
] lbP . dflnssf nflu gof" gf]s/sf] 5gf]6
ul/lbg] k|lqmofdf ;fd]n ePgg\ . cfˆgf] :jfledfgsf] /Iff u/] . g]kfnLkg
hf]ufP . las]gg\ . :jfwLg yjfªaf;Lsf cufl8 ljZj;fd|fHojfb / lj:tf/jfbsf
s'g} klg c:q l6s]gg\ .

/fatOfc t]u ^! /;ld
+ nf; )&)@
kfpg'kg]{ eof] .Ú ljefuleq /x]sf]
Psdfq a}+ssf] sfpG6/df sNof0f
sf]ifsf nflu /sd ltbf{ $ 306f
nfu]sf] / >d :jLs[ttkm{ nfOg emg\
7" n f] ePsfn] sfd x' g g;sL
kmls{g'k/]sf] pgn] atfP . ljefun]
Pp6} a}s
+ nfO{ /sd hDdf ug]{ lhDdf
lbPsf] 5 . ljeful:yt Pe/]:6 a}s
+ sf]
PS6] G ;g sfpG6/sf cg' ; f/
laxLaf/dfq JolStut !& ;o *! /
;+:yfut !% ;o %( u/L ## ;o
$) sfdbf/n] sNof0f sf]ifsf nflu
a}s
+ ef}r/ e/]sf 5g\ . sNof0f sf]ifsf
nflu x/]s sfdbf/n] ! xhf/sf b/n]
/sd hDdf ug'{kg]{ lgdodfg';f/
laxLaf/dfq} ## nfv $) xhf/ ¿k}ofF
hDdf ePsf] 5 .
o;}aLr, dxflgb]z
{ s ljgf]b s];L
ljefuaf6 ;?jf ePkl5
utlaxLaf/b] l v pSt kb
pk/fi6«kltsf] sfof{nosf ;x;lrj
/jLGb|df]xg e§/fO{n] ;Dxfn]sf 5g\ .
s];L zflGt tyf k'glgdf{0f dGqfno
;?jf ePsf 5g\ . ljefudf sl/a
@ dlxgf otf % lgb] { z s klg
ylkPsf 5g\ . ca ljefudf
dxflgb]{zs, ( lgb]{zs, sfhsf @
;lxt (( sd{rf/L k'us
] f 5g\ . gofF
dxflgb]z
{ s e§/fO{n] >d :jLs[t lng]
sfdbf/sf] rfk cTolws ePsfn]
z' q maf/b] l v JolStut >d
:jLs[lttkm{ laxfg / a]n'sf @÷@
306f sfof{no ;do ylkg] atfP .
h;cg';f/ ljefu laxfg * ah]b]lv
a]n'sf ^ ah];Dd v'Ng]5 . …rf8kj{
/ r'gfjn] ubf{ sfdbf/sf] rfk a9\of],
sd{rf/Ln] hlt ubf{ klg gNofPkl5
b} l gs $ 306f ;do yKb} 5 f} + , Ú
e§/fO{n] eg], …klxnf k]lG8ª sfdnfO{
;fdfGo agfPkl5 sfdbf/nfO{ ;xh
agfpg] c? pkfotkm{ nfU5f}+ .Ú
ljefun] b}lgs JolStut / ;+:yfut
u/L # xhf/eGbf a9L sfdbf/nfO{
;]jf lb+b} cfPsf] hgfPsf] 5 . o;}u/L
;dod} sfd x'g g;s]sf] cf/f]k
nufpFb} s]xL Dofgkfj/ sDkgLsf
Ph] G 6n] utlaxLaf/ ljefusf]
;+ : yfut >d :jLs[ l t zfvfsf]
‰ofnsf l;;f tf]8kmf]8 u/]sf 5g\ .
ljefun] tf]8kmf]8sf/L s;}nfO{ kqmfp
u/]sf] 5}g . …cg';Gwfgsf nflu k|x/L
kl/rfng u/]sf 5f},+ Ú ljefusf Ps
clwsf/Ln] eg], …kQf nufP/ sf/afxL
u5f}+{ .Ú ljefudf o;cl3 k6s–k6s
tf]8kmf]8 x'bF f sf]xL kqmfp k/]sf 5}gg\ .

k|x/LnfO{===

g]kfnL ;]gf / ;z:q k|x/L;/xsf
xftxltof/ tyf uf]nLu¶f pknAw
u/fpg k|:tfj u/]sf] lyof] . k|x/Ln]
…o'4Úsf ;dodf k|of]u ul/g] tyf
zlStzfnL ad÷/s]6 n~r/;lxtsf
cTofw'lgs xftxltof/ dfu]kl5 pRr
;}lgs clwsf/Lx¿ c;Gt'i6 5g\ .
…cfGtl/s ;'/Iffsf] lhDd]jf/L kfPsf
lgsfo -k| x /L_nfO{ ;] g f;/xsf
xftxltof/ pknAw u/fpg' /fd|f]
xf]Og,Ú ;]gfsf Ps pRr clwsf/Ln]
eg], …o;n] sfo{;Dkfbgdf ;dfgfGt/
e"ldsf vf]hs
] f] xf] ls eGg] k|Zg p7g\
;S5 .Ú xltof/ vl/b ug{'cl3 /Iff
dGqfnodfkm{t\ ;/sf/n] ;]gfsf] /fo
lng'kg]{ x'G5 . k"j{u[x;lrj v]d/fh
/] U dL klg ;] g f;/xsf xltof/
k|x/LnfO{ pknAw u/fpFbf cfGtl/s
;' / Iffdf c;/ k' U g;Sg] wf/0ff
/fV5g\ . …k| x /LnfO{ ;] g f;/xsf
xltof/ vl/b ubf{ cfGtl/s ;'/Iffdf
c;/ k' U g;S5,Ú /] U dL eG5g\ ,
…slxn]sxLF k|x/L / ;z:q k|x/Laf6
cfGtl/s ljb|f]xsf] cj:yf cfof] eg]
lgoGq0f ug{ ;]gfn] xf], Tof] a]nf
b'j}tkm{ Pp6} k|sf/sf xltof/ x'Fbf
l:ylt lgoGq0f aflx/ hfg;S5 .Ú
@)%* ;fn d+l;/ * ut] …;z:q
ljb|fx] LÚ dfcf]jfbLaf6 bfª ;b/d'sfd
3f]/fxL cfqmd0f ePkl5 tTsfnLg
;/sf/n] g]kfn k|x/LnfO{ …P;Pncf/
/fOkmnÚ pknAw u/fPsf] lyof] .
To;otf s'g} klg ;'/Iff lgsfosf
nflu xltof/ tyf uf]nLu¶f vl/b
ul/Psf] 5}g . tTsfnLg ;/sf/n]
@)%( ;fndf ;]gf / k|x/Lsf nflu
xltof/ vl/b k|lqmof cl3 a9fPsf]

lyof] . t/, /fhf 1fg]Gb|sf] c;f]h
!* -@)%(_ / df3 !( -@)^!_ sf]
sbdk|lt c;Gt'li6 hgfpFb} ef/tn]
g]kfnnfO{ lbFb} cfPsf] ;a} k|sf/sf
;}Go ;xfotf /f]ss
] f] lyof] . /f]lsPsf]
;xfotf km's'jf ub}{ ef/tn] g]kfnL
;]gfsf nflu uPsf] ebf}df ;]gfnfO{
sl/a 8]9 ca{df xltof/ ;xof]u
u/]sf] lyof] . tL xftxltof/nufotsf
;}lgs aGbf]a:tLsf ;fdfg g]kfn
cfpg] qmddf 5g\ .

sdf] l 8l6h====

sDkgLsf ;~rfnsx¿ ;xefuL
ePsf] 5nkmndf sfg'g k|jlns/0f
;ldltn] #) s/f]8 ¿k}ofF r'Stf k'h
F L
agfpFbf s] x'G5 < eGg] k|Zg ubf{
pgLx¿n] To:tf] cj:yf cfP dh{
u/]/ cl3 a9\g] atfPsf] lu/Ln]
hfgsf/L lbP . …clxn]sf] k'FhL;Fu
pxfFx¿ klg ;Gt'i6 x'gx' G' gÚ lgb{z
] s
lu/Lsf] syg 5 . k|:tfljt P]gdf
sdf]l8l6h sDkgLsf ;~rfns tyf
k|j4{s Pj+ a|fs
] /x¿sf] of]Uotf tf]lsg]
5 . ljBdfg /x] s f sdf] l 8l6h
sDkgLsf ;~rfns, k|j4{s tyf
a|f]s/sf] of]Uotfn] gEofpg] ePsfn]
pgLx¿n] pSt of]Uotf k"/f ug{k' g]{
jif{ tf]lsg] 5 . sdf]l8l6h dfs{]6df
ePsf] ljb]zL cEof;nfO{ cfwf/ dfg]/
d:of}bf bof/ ul//x]sf] d:of}bf
;ldltsf ;+of]hs l8NnL/d0f /]UdLn]
hfgsf/L lbP . ef/tsf] sdf]l8l6h
dfs{ ] 6 sf] lgodgsf/L lgsfo
…km/j8{ s df] l 8l86h dfs{ ] 6 ÚnfO{
kqfrf/sf] tof/L ul/Fb5
} . …a]/xfp;
;~rfng ug{ g;Sg] ePsfn] tTsfn
:6k dfs{6] df hfg]u/Lsf] P]g cfpFbg} Ú
/]UdLn] eg] …h]–h:tf] Jofkf/ ul//x]sf
5g\, To;nfO{ g} lgodg ug]{ xf] .Ú
gf}j6f sdf]l8l6h sDkgLx¿ sDkgL
/lhi6«f/sf] sfof{nodf btf{ eP klg
;ftj6f sDkgLn] dfq ljleGg j:t'sf]
ˆo'r/ sf/f]af/ ub}{ cfPsf 5g\ .
8] 9 jif{ c l3 ;/sf/n] lwtf] k q
af]8{nfO{ sdf]l8l6 dfs]{6sf] cWoog
u/]/ lgodfjnL agfpg df}lvs
lgb{]zg lbPsf] lyof] . t/, s'g
cfwf/df lgodfjnL Nofpg] eGg]
cGof}nsf sf/0f af]8{n] s'g} klg
k|lqmof cl3 a9fPsf] lyPg . ;/sf/n]
ah]6 efif0fdf sdf]l8l6h sDkgLsf]
lgodg lwtf]kq af]8{n] ug{] eg]/
tf]Sof] / cy{dGqfnon] P]gsf] 8«fˆ6
agfpg df}lvs lgb]{zg lbPkl5
af]8{n] k|lqmof cl3 a9fPsf] xf] .
lwtf]kq af]8{sf] P]g bkmf @ sf]
kl/efiffdf …lwtf]kq eGgfn] ;+ul7t
;+:yfn] hf/L u/]sf] ;]o/, :6s, a08,
C0fkq, artkq jf j08 ;lDemg'
k5{ /, ;f] zAbn] lwtf]kq ahf/dfkm{t\
sf/f]af/ x'g;Sg] jf x:tfGt/0f
x'g;Sg] egL af]8n
{ ] tf]lslbPsf] cGo
lwtf]kq jf To:tf] lwtf]kq vl/b
laqmL jf ljlgdo ug{ ; Sg]
clwsf/kq;d]tnfO{ hgfpF5Ú eGg]
5 . o;}df cfwfl/t /x]/ klg af]8{n]
sdf] l 8l6h ahf/sf] lgodg
ug{;S5 . t/, sdf]l6l8h kmRo'{g
PS;r]~h -;LPkmPS;_sf dxfk|aGws
cleif] s uf} t dn] cfk" m nfO{
gaf]nfOPsf] bfaL u/] . …;]jf]gn] s]xL
;fyLx¿nfO{ af]nfPsf] lyof] eGg]rflxF
;'g]sf] lyPF t/ dnfO{ af]nfPsf] 5}gÚ
uf}tdn] eg] …sdf]l8l6h kmf]/dnfO{
af]nfP xf]nf, xfdL kmf]/ddf cfj4 5}gf}F .
sdf]l8l6h If]qdf tTsfn lgod
sfg'gsf] vfFrf] /x]sf] uf}tdsf] egfO{
lyof] . …ls aGb ug{k' 5{ ls Jojl:yt
ug{k' 5{ pgn] eg]– …clxn]s} cj:yfdf
sDkgLx¿ rNg ;Sb}gg\ . sDkgLx¿sf]
r'Stf k'h
F L cToGt} ;fgf] ePsfn] r'Stf
k'h
F L $)–%) s/f]8 ¿k}ofF k'¥ofpg'
kg{] uf}tdsf] egfO{ lyof] .

bnsf====

laTg] u/] s f] xf] . bfxfnnfO{
hgfb] z ljk/Lt hfg] bnsf]
cj:yfaf/] hfgsf/ u/fPkl5 ltg}
b]zsf /fhb"tx?n] Pdfn] jl/i7 g]tf
tyf k" j { k | w fgdGqL dfwjs' d f/
g]kfn;Fu e]6jftf{ u/]sf lyP .
g]kfn;Fu t Ps} lbg tLg zlStzfnL
/fi6«;lxt cf7 d'n'ssf /fhb"tn]
e] 6 jftf{ u/] s f lyP . To;otf
pgLx?n] Pdfn] cWoIf tyf

k"jk{ w| fgdGqL emngfy vgfn, jl/i7
g]tf s]kL zdf{ cf]nL, sfFu;
]| ;efklt
;'zLn sf]O/fnf, pk;efklt /fdrGb|
kf} 8 ] n , Pdfcf] j fbL cWoIf tyf
k"j{k|wfgdGqL k'iksdn bfxfn /
csf{ k"j{k|wfgdGqL 8f= afa'/fd
e§/fO{;Fu e]63f6 ul/;s]sf 5g\ .
;a} g]tf;Fusf] e]6df /fhb"tx?n]
;xdltaf6} gofF ;+ljwfg hf/L u/L
g]kfnsf] cfly{s ljsf; xf];\ eGg]
cfˆgf] d'n'ssf] rfxgf /x]sf] hgfp
lbPsf 5g\ . rf/} d' n ' s sf
/fhb" t x?n] o; cltl/St
dlGqkl/ifb\ cWoIf lvn/fh /]UdLnfO{
;d]t e]6/] ;kmntfk"js
{ lgjf{rg
;DkGg u/fPsf]df awfO{ lbPsf
lyP . lgjf{rg ;DkGg ePsf]df
awfO{ lbg] s'/f ;fdfGo g} xf], t/
g]tfx?sf] 3/3/df uP/ e]6\g' /
k//fi6« dGqfnosf] Kofgn k|of]u gug{
/fhb"tx?sf] q'l6 xf] . …zflGt k|lqmof
6'lËof];\, ;+ljwfg agf];\, cfly{s
ljsf; xf] ; \ eGg] /fhb" t x?sf]
;'emfjnfO{ cGoyf 9+uaf6 x]l/g'x'Gg
t/ g]kfnsf] /fhgLltnfO{ k|efj kg{]
u/L /fhb"tx?n] ;lqmotf a9fpg'nfO{
sbflk /fd| f ] dfGg g;lsg]
ljZn]ifsx? atfpF5g\ . kl5Nnf]
r/0fdf /fhb"tx?sf] ;lqmotfnfO{
lgofNbf d'ns
' df emg\ tLj| ultdf
j}bl] zs x:tIf]k a9\b} uPsf] cg'el" t
cfd :jfledfgL g]kfnL hgtfn]
dx;'; ug{ yfn]sf 5g\ .

lk| m ====

sfuhft k]; u/]kl5 dfq d]gkfj/
sDkgLn] k|yd :jLs[lt kfpg] 5g\ .
k|yd :jLs[lt lnP/ dfq d]gkfj/
sDkgLn] sfdbf/ 5gf]6sf] lj1fkg
ug{ kfpF5g . /fli6«o:t/sf] b}lgs
klqsfdf k|yd :jLs[lt glnO{sg
lj1fkg 5fKg gkfOg] / o:tf] k|lqmof
gu/Lsg sfdbf/;Fu cfly{s ;xof]u
ug{ kfOb}g\ .

slyt====

leq l:jsf/ ul/;s]sf] cj:yf 5 .
p;sf ljh] t f ;ef;b tyf
;dfdg'kfltssf nflu k|lt/Iff/t
g]tfx? kf6L{ ;xh} TofUg ;S5g\ t/
;ef;b TofUg ;Sb}gg\ . :j+d k|r08
/ jfj'/fd klg PSn} ePklg ;+;bleq
hfg rfxG5g / ;+;b ljgf jfFRg
;Sb}gg\ eGg] s'/f k|:6 g} 5 . kf6L{
ljefhg kl5 klg Pdfcf]jfbLnfO{ g}
k'/fg} 7"nf] bnsf] ?kdf Jojxf/ u/L
sfFu|]; Pdfn] / ;+rf/ dfWodn]
p;nfO{ pS;fPs} lyP . p;nfO{
prfln prfln k5fg]{ sfddf ;a}
nfu] . sf]xL hfg]/ / sf]xL e|ddf
k/]/ .
;+;bLo lgjf{rgdf wfFwnL eof]
eg]/ s;}n] ;xfg'el" t lbb}gg . wfFwnL
eof] eGg'sf] cy{ xf/nfO{ :jLsfg{
;s]G5 eGg] cy{ nfU5 . cyf{t
ljr/fn] hLTg ;s]g5 eGg] dfq x'G5 .
olb ;fFlRrs} wfFwnL u/]/ jf p;n]
eg] h:t} dtk]6Lsf jfS;f g} ;f6]/
p;nfO{ x/fOPs} xf] eg] p ;+ljwfg;ef
leq ?Gr] d'v nufP/ hfg' x'Fb}g .
db{n] cfkm"nfO{ hfnem]n, if8\oGq jf
wfFwnL u/]/ x/fOPsf] r'gfjnfO{ dfGg
;St}g . ls t of] cf/f]ksf nflu
cf/f]k dfq xf] eGg' k¥of] lsg t
kl/0ffdnfO{ OGsf/ u{ ;Sg' k¥of] .
wfFwnL u/]/ xfd|f] kf6L{nfO{ x/fOP klg
lhTg] hlt xfdL cfPsf 5f} eGg'
xfF:of:kb dfq x'G5 . olb if8oGq g}
ePsf] eP t wGg} @^ ;L6 ePklg
lbP5g\ eGg' kg]{ x'G5, pgLx?sf]
xjLut a'em}/} . d]/f] ljrf/df l;/fx
/ uf]vf{ afx]s k|ToIfdf glbPsf] eP
klg pgLx? v'?v'? hfFbf/x]5g\ .
hLpFbf] g]tf jf kf6L{n] ls wfFwnL eg]/
To;nfO{ r'gf}lt lbg / ab/ u/fpg
;Sg' k5{ ls t k/fho xf] eg]/
:jLsf/ ug{ ;Sg' k5{ . z'?df k'/}
wfFwnL b]v]sf lyP t/ clxn] cfP/
;fFuf7lgs sdhf]/L klg eof] eGg
yfn]sf 5g\ .
cfkm"n] xfbf{ lgjf{rgdf wfFwnL
u/]/ x/fO{of] eGg] g]tf / kf6L{n]
;+;bLo r'gfjsf] sfo{ lbzfnfO{
:jLsfg'{ x'bg} . km]/L kgL r'gfjL af6f]
lng], r'gfjnfO{ g} /0fgLltsf] ?kdf
u|x0f ug]{ g]tfx?n] kqsf/ ;Dd]ng

u/L xfd|f] kf6L{nfO{ x/fOof] eGg s]
nfhz/d nfu]g xf]nf < cf/f]k klg
uhasf] 5 km]/L dtbfg ;Dd wfFwnL
ePg /] Û dtbfg kl5 dtu0fgf :yn
;Dd afS;f ;f6]/ wfFwbL ul/of] /]
sxfF sxfF To:tf] eof] eGbf klg hjfkm
5}g . b]z}e/L eof] /] Û ctM of] ldNg]
s'/f ePg . wfFwnL g} ePsf] eP ls
csf]{ r'gfjsf] dfu u/L cfGbf]ngdf
hfg' kb{Yof] lst Tof] kl/0ffdnfO{
cl:jsf/ ug{ ;Sg' kb{Yof] .
s'g} klg ;+;bLo lgjf{rgdf lsg
cfkm\gf] ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tjdf r'gfj
u/fpg rfxG5g eGg] s'/fsf] hjfkm
cfd dfG5];Fu d'vf/ g} 5 . wfFwnL
;a}n] u/] ;s];Dd . t/ slxn] sflx
vf;u/L /fi6«afbL g]tf / kf6L{nfO{
x/fpg /fli6«o cGt//fli6o zlQm
;a} Ps 7fpF d f x' G 5g\ . t/
Pdfcf]afbL s'grfxL /fi6«afbL zlQm
lyof] / x/fpg kg]<{ sxfF p;n] /fli6«o
c8fg lnof] / x/fpg'kg]<{ km]/L p;sf
lj?4 sxfF g} df]rf{aGbL eof] /
x/fpgsf nflu< Pdfcf]afbLsf lj?4
;a} bn ldn]/ r'gfj n8]sf eP
x/fOof] eGg ldNYof] . of] t e§Ldf
uP/ p;}n] v'jfPsf] /S;L vfg] clg
p;}nfO{ ufnL u/]/ cfpg] h:tf] dfq
eof] . b'Zdg;Fu ldt]/L ;fOgf] ufF:g]
aflx/ ufnL u/] h:tf] ug]{ clg leq
emg p;}sf] u'nfdL ug]{ h:tf] eof] .
s;}sf] afgL x'G5 aflx/ cfkm\gf] >Ldfg
jf >LdtL lj?4 ljifjdg ug]{ clg
a]n'sf p;}nfO{ s'/f nufpg] . o:tf]
gf}6+sL k|j[lQaf6 ul/g] /fhgLlt
l6sfp x'g ;St}g . hgtf w]/} ;r]t
agL ;s] eg]/ a'emg' k5{ . To;f]
eP s] sf+u;
]| , Pdfn] / /fk|kf g]kfnn]
lht] t< jf:tjdf pgLx?nfO{
lhtfpgs} nflu t PsLs[ t
dfcf]afbLsf] sfFwdf aGb's /flvlbP/
lgjf{rg ul/Psf] xf] . Pdfcf]afbLnfO{
km;fP/ pgLx?nfO{ lhtfOPsf] xf] .
ctM slyt bf];|f] ;+ljwfg;efsf]
lgjf{rg klg g]skf – dfcf]afbLn]
eg] h:t} gf}6s
+ Ld} kl/0ft ePsf] 5 .
lgjf{rgsf] k|f/lDes kl/0ffd kl5
cfˆgf] xf/nfO{ l:jf/ ug{ g;ls
ul/Psf] klxnf] kqsf/ ;Dd]ngdf
;+ljwfg ;efsf] k|lqmofnfO{ jlx:sf/
ug]{ pb\3f]ifaf6 s;}s;}n] k|r08nfO{
n]lgg;+u klg t'ngf ug{ kl5 k/]gg\
t/ Tof] kmut e'6 / e|dafx]s s]xL
lyPg, eGg] s'/f @$ 306f klg laTg
gkfpb} k|dfl0ft eof] . k|r08n] xfdL
;+ljwfg ;efdf hfb}gf} eGg] 3f]if0ff
ub]{ ubf{ lj8Dagf s] aGof] eg]
To;nfO{ s;}n] klg kTofPgg\ . g
ls/0fn] kTofP, g z'l;n / dfwjn]
g} kTofP, gt ljb]zLx?n] g} kTofP .
jf:tjdf k|r08 g} n]lgg jf dfcf]
ag'g eGg] t w]/n
} ] rfxG5g t/ pgL
cj sbflk aGg ;St} g g\ eg] /
leq}b]lv l:jsf/ ug{ g;s]sfx? of]
kl/0ffd kl5 k5f8L x6]/ k|r08
qmflGtsf/L af6f]df cfpF5g sL eGg]
7"nf] e/f];fdf lyP g} . t/ Tof] ;+efjgf
klg cj k"0f{ ?kdf pbfËf] alg;s]sf]
5, lsgsL k|r08 /fi6«klt aGg]
bfpdf nfluk/]sf 5g eg] jfj'/fd
klg k|r08nfO{ /fi6«klt agfO{ cfkm"n]
kf6L{ sAhf ug]{ jf kf6L{ cWoIf aGg]
bfpk] r df nfluk/] s f /x:ox?
pb\3fl6t ePs} 5g\ . afFsL s]xL
g]tfx? @^ l;6sf ;ef;b / dlGq
aGg] bfpdf 3'ld/x]sf 5g\ . of] ;Qf
jfu] { l gËsf nflu k/flht ;fgf
bn;lxtsf] df]rf{nfO{ k|r08n] k|of]u
ub}{5g\ .
lgjf{rgdf Pdfcf]jfbLsf] ;j{gfs
k/fho kl5sf] alx:sf/sf] 3f]if0ffn]
st} Pdfcf]jfbL qmflGtsf/L wf/df
kmls{Pnf ls eGg] w]/s
] f] cfzf lyof] .
oxfF ;DdsL kf6L{ Pstf u/L ljb|fx] df
hfg] jftfj/0f aGnf sL eg] /
qmflGtsf/L klg s]xL xb;Dd xf}l;Psf
lyP . t/ b'ef{Uo o:tf] ljifd /
k|lts'n kl/l:yltdf klg ToxL ;+;bsf]
kmf]xf]/ 8+u'/df 8'Ag hfg' p;sf]
lgoltg} aGof] . kl/l:ylt olt eofex
/ sxflnnfUbf] b]lvof] sL k|r08n]
rfx] / klg cfkm\ g f] alx:sf/sf]
lg0f{odf @$ 306f klg l6Sg ;s]gg .
xf] k|:6} lyof], pgL 7"nf] 3]/faGbLdf
lyP / h;nfO{ tf]8g\ ' c;+ej k|fo
lyof] g} . cflv/ ToxL g} eof], hf]

cfd ck]lIft lyof] . To;sf/0f ;To
ToxL xf] sL k|r08 rfx]/ klg cj
ljb|f]xdf hfg ;St}gg\ . ljb|f]xdf
hfgsf nflu b'O{ j6f d'Vo cfwf/
x'G5g\ klxnf] xf] cg's'n cj:yf
h:tf] ls ;+lawfg ;efsf] klxnf]
lgjf{rgdf cg'sn
' cj:yf lyof] ls
pm g} ;a}eGbf 7"nf] kf6L lyof],
;/sf/ aGof] . olta]nf lxDdt u/]s}
eP ljb|fx] ;a}eGbf ;xh lyof] . bf];f| ]
xf], k|lts'n cj:yf bf];f| ] lgjf{rgdf
ePsf] k/fho kZrft To;nfO{
OGsf/ u/L ljb|fx] df hfg ;lsGYof] .
ca b'j} cj:yfdf xf/] klg sfOF /
hLt] klg sfOF afx]s c? s]xL gug]{
kf6L{ d f kl/0ft eO ;Sof]
Pdfcf]afbL . xftsf] d';f] 5f8]/
b'nfdf xft /fVg] e'n u¥of] p;n] .
cj eljiodf Pdfn];Fusf] Pstf
afx]s p;Fu cfkm\gf] a[l4 ljsf; ug]{
csf] { s' g } ljsNk 5} g . k| r 08
sydsbflrt jf:tljs /fi6«klt
agfOP eg] Pstfsf] ;+efjgf k|jn
x'G5 lsgls afa'/fd bf];|f] g]tf aGg
tof/ x'g ;S5g\ . To;sf/0f eGg
vf]h]sf] s'/f cj Pdfcf]afbLsf]
;+:yfut Pstf Pdfn];uF dfq ;+ej
5, g]skf– dfcf]afbL;Fu x}g eGg]
tYonfO{ ;a}n] :jLsf/ ug'{ h?/L 5 .
cjsf] kl/l:yltdf g]skf –
dfcf]afbL klg stf hfg] jf s'g
lbzf u|x0f ug]{ eGg] s'/f :ki6
e} ; s] s f] 5} g . 3' d fO{ lkm/fO{
Pdfcf]afbLs} jl/k/L 3'Dg] xf] eg]
Tof] klg u4f/L / knfogs} af6f]
x'g]5 . ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rgsf]
jlx:sf/ ug]{, clg km]/L @^ ;L6df
afu]l{ gË ug]{ s'/f :jLsfo{ x'g ;St}g .
;xdltdf cGt/Ld ;+;bg} agfpg]
xf] eg] cs}{ s'/f, t/ Tof] tTsfn
;+ej 5}g . /fli6«o ;xdltsf] cGt/Ld
;/sf/sf] ;+ e fjgf gx' F b f ;Dd
;/sf/df ¥ofn sf8\ g ] xf] eg]
Pdfcf]afbLnfO{ ufnL ug]{ g}lts cfwf/
x'g ;Sb}g . cj dfq b'O{j6f af6f
5g\M ls ljb|f]x jf qmflGtsf] af6f] ls
;+;bLo jf ;'wf/sf] af6f] . ;/sf/
jf ;+ ; bsf] af6f] a f6 lx8\ b f
Pdfcf] a fbLsf] ktgnfO{ xfdLn]
b]lv;s]sf] 5f} . km]/L Tof] af6f]af6
hfgsf nflu r'gfjd} hfg' clgjfo{
lyof] . cj s'g af6f]af6 lx8]/
cfkm\ g f ;Gt' n g ldnfpg] clg
qmflGtsf cfwf/x?sf] a[l4ljsf;df
ltj|tf lbg] eGg] ljifodf uxg
5nkmn x'gk' g]{ cfjZos 5 . kf6L{sf]
d" n g] t [ T jn] kl/l:yltsf] ;xL
ljZn]if0f u/L plrt lg0f{o lng'kg]{
a]nf cfPsf] 5 .
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n' 6 sf] = ===
sd{rf/Ln] kfpFb} cfPsf] tna, eQf
lghfdlt sd{rf/Lsf] eGbf em08} tLg
u'0ff a9L 5Ú lgud ;~rfns ;ldlt
;b:o bLks ;'jb] L eG5g\ . lghfdlt
sd{rf/Ln] tnad} hf]8/] dxFuL eQf
lnG5g\ / jif{df Ps k6s sk8f
vl/bsf nflu ;ft xhf/ kfFr ;o
?k}ofF kfpF5g\ . lgud sd{rf/Ln] eg]
sk8f vl/bsf nflu cfˆgf sd{rf/LnfO{
!( xhf/ &( ?k}ofF -lkog:t/ nflu_
b]lv @) xhf/ ( ;o $* ?k}ofF ^!
k};f -sfo{sf/L k|dv
' _ ;Dd jif{sf] Ps
k6s kfpF5g\ . lghfdlt sd{rf/Lsf]
eGbf em08} tLg u'0ff a9L sk8f
vl/bsf nflu k};f afF8\g] lgud
Joj:yfkgn] ;+ : yfgsf] cfly{ s
cj:yfsf Vofn eg] u/]sf] 5}g . lgud
sd{ r f/Ln] kf] ; fs eQf dfq}
lghfdlteGbf tLg u'0ff a9L lnFbf
aflif{s Ps s/f]8 ?k}ofF cltl/St vr{
eO/x]sf] 5 . cfon lgudsf 5 ;o
#^ sd{rf/Ln] of] ;'ljwf lnO/x]sf 5g\ .
lgud sd{rf/Ln] s]xL ;do cl3 n'uf
w'g] ;fj'g vl/bsf nflu ;d]t eQf
lnO/x]sf lyP . pgLx?n] sfo{nodf
xflh/ x'gf ;fy n'uf w'g] eQf eGb}
b}lgs !% ?k}ofF k|To]s sd{rf/Ln] a'‰g]
u/]sf lyP . o:tf] cgfjZos vr{
lgud Joj:yfkgn] sd{rf/Lsf gfdsf
ljt/0f ul//x]sf] ;fj{hlgs ePkl5
clVtof/ b'?kof]u cg';Gwfg cfof]un]
n'uf w'g] eQf ljt/0fdf /f]s nufPsf]
5 . lgud sd{rf/Ln] s]xL cl3;Dd
k]6f« l] nod kbfy{ hf]lvd vr{ gfddf

ˆ

c:tJo:t
===
c:tJo:t===
eg] , …km] l / csf] { lbg klg b' M v

8

sf= lh= k|= sf= b= g+= !^#÷@)^#÷^$
dfl;s rf/ xhf/ kfFr ;o ?k}ofF k|To]s
sd{rf/Ln] eQf afkt a'‰b} cfPsf
lyP . clVtof/n] of] vr{ ; d] t
cgfjZos 7x/ ub}{ vf/]h ul/lbPsf]
5 . lgud Joj:yfkgn] k]6f« l] nod hf]lvd
eQfsf gfddf dfl;s sl/a #) nfv
?k}ofF sd{rf/LnfO{ afF8g\ ] u/]sf] lyof] .
lgud sd{rf/Ln] clxn] cfk"m a;]sf]
3/ ;/;kmfO{ ug{ eQf ;d]t lng] u/]sf
5g\ . 3/ ;+/If0f vr{ eGg] zLif{ v8f
u/] / lgud Joj:yfkgn] ;a}
sd{rf/LnfO{ dfl;s rf/ ;o %) lkog :t/nfO{_ b]lv Ps xhf/ rf/
;o @) -sfo{sf/L lgb]z
{ s_ ?k}ofF;Dd
afFl8/x]sf] 5 . vfhf vr{afkt 5'§} @%
?k}ofF k|ltlbg k|ltsd{rf/Ln] lng] u/]sf
5g\ . cf}iflw vr{ aflif{s ?kdf ;a}
lgud sd{rf/Ln] kfpF5g\ . @) xhf/
?k}ofFbl] v #! xhf/ ?k}ofF;Dd lgud
sd{rf/Ln] cf}iflw vr{ zLif{sdf yk
/sd Psd'i6 a'‰g] u/]sf 5g\ . cf}iflw
vr{afkt lgudn] aflif{s sl/a ;f9]
rf/ s/f]8 ?k}ofF ljt/0f ub}{ cfPsf]
5 . lgudsf xflsdsf] t'ngfdf tNnf]
bhf{sf sd{rf/LnfO{ cf}iflw vr{ a9L
lbOg] ul/Psf] 5 . cf}iflw pkrf/
vr{afkt sfo{sf/L lgb]z
{ s, gfoa
sfo{sf/L lgb]z
{ s, lgb{z
] s, pklgb]z
{ s,
k|aGws, pkk|aGws / ;xfos k|aGwsn]
Ps dlxgfsf] tnadf Ps xhf/ yk]/
jflif{s ?kdf cf}iflw vr{ a'‰g] u/]sf
5g\ . ;xfos k|aGwssf] dfl;s tna
!* xhf/ ;ft ;o () ?k}ofF 5 . of]
txsf sd{rf/Ln] cf}iflw vr{afkt !(
xhf/ rf/ ;o !& ?k}ofF a'‰5g\ .
pgLx?n] kb -u|8] _ sf] ;d]t 5'§} eQf
a'‰5g\ . o:tf] eQf # ;o #$ ?k}ofFbl] v
( ;o $! ?k}ofF;Dd 5 . lgud
sd{rf/Ln] oL eQf zLif{afx]s lgoldt
tna klg a'‰g] u/]sf 5g\ . lgudsf]
sfo{sf/L lgb]z
{ safx]s cGo sd{rf/Ln]
bz} F vr{ a fktsf] /sd lgoldt
tnaeGbf a9L g} u/]sf 5g\ . sfo{sf/L
lgb]z
{ sn] eg] tna a/fa/sf] /sd
bz}F vr{afkt a'‰g] u/]sf 5g\ . lgudn]
aflif{s ?kdf k|sflzt ug{] …k|eftÚ gfds
k':tsdf pNn]v ePcg';f/ rf/ ;o
(% :yfoL / Ps ;o $! c:yfoL sd{rf/L
5g\ . lghfdltsf] t'ngfdf bz}F vr{afx]s
cGo zLif{sdf lgudn] aflif{s ( s/f]8
?k}ofFeGbf a9L cltl/St ;'ljwf cfˆgf
sd{rf/LnfO{ ljt/0f ub}{ cfPsf] 5 .

;/sf/====

Pdfcf]jfbL;lxtsf ;fgf bnx?nfO{
;d]6g\ ' kg{] x'G5 . Pdfcf]jfbLsf] *),
kmf]/d nf]stflGqssf] !$, /fk|kfsf] !#,
tdnf]kfsf] !! / kmf]/dsf] !) l;6
hf]8b\ f Pdfn]sf] ax'dt k'U5 . 5 l;6
af]ss
] f] ;Defjgf, % l;6 ePsf] ;+3Lo
;dfhjfbL / dfn]nfO{ klg Pdfn]n] s]xL
ljsNk agfpg ;S5 . dlGqkl/ifb\af6
dgf]lgt @^ l;6nfO{ 5f]8g\ ] xf] eg]
Pdfn]nfO{ sfFu;] | afx]ssf] ;/sf/ agfpg
yk ! ;o !# l;6 rflxG5 . o;df
Pdfcf]jfbL, kmf]/d nf]stflGqs, /fk|kf
/ s]xL ;fgf bnsf] ;fy lng'kg]{ x'G5 .
cl3Nnf] ;+ljwfg;efdf t];f| ] 7"nf] bn
eP/ klg Pdfn]n] b'O{ k6s ;/sf/sf]
g]tT[ j u¥of] . of] k6s klg To;f] gxf]nf
eGg ;lsGg . t/, Pdfcf]jfbLn]
;/sf/sf] g]tT[ j ug{ p;nfO{ sfFu;
]| jf
Pdfn]dWo] s'g} Psn] af]Sg' k5{ / s]xL
;fgf bnsf] klg ;fy rflxG5 .

PcfO{ h L====

8LcfOhLaLr rsf]{ k|lt:kwf{ rln/x]sf]
;|ft] sf] bfaL 5 . k"jk{ x| /L dxflg/LIfs
s'j/] l;+ /fgf clgjfo{ cjsfzdf hfg'eGbf
Ps ;ftfcl3 g} pgsf pQ/flwsf/L
tf]lsPsf jt{dfg cfOhLkL pk]Gb|sfGt
cof{n klg ToxL Aofrsf x'g\ . ;+ljwfg;ef
lgjf{rgsf] ;+3f/d} k|x/Lsf] g]tT[ j kfPsf
cof{nn] lagf PcfOhL ;+u7g rnfPsf]
b'O{ ;ftf lalt;s]sf] 5 . Ps PcfOhLsf]
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