Exercícios de Inglês

The Present Perfect
1. Estrutura
Verbo Auxiliar

+
Ex.: I

Verbo Principal
Particípio

=

Present Perfect

Have

washed
have washed my car.

Have washed

2. Uso
Os alunos ficam em dúvida no uso desse tempo verbal. Afinal, qual é a tradução? É passado ou é presente? Vejamos: a) O importante não é a tradução, mas é o que você quer dizer. Quando você usa o Present Perfect você diz que a ação que você realizou ‘no passado’ ainda apresenta resultado no momento que você está falando. Veja como um estrangeiro vai entender: I washed my car. (Passado) Aqui ele vai entender que em algum dia você lavou o carro. Não vai fazer muito sentido para ele. I have washed my car. (Present Perfect) Aqui ele vai entender que você lavou o carro e que o carro ainda está limpo. O importante aqui não é quando você lavou o carro, mas é o resultado de o carro estar limpo. b) O Present Perfect é a mistura dos dois tempos (passado + presente). Você realizou algo que ainda tem significado ou resultado no presente. Lavei o carro (passado) + O carro está limpo (presente).

1. Passe os verbos regulares abaixo para o particípio:

watch= watched arrive finish cook

call wait study mail

rain arrest talk sign

André Salvatierra andre_salvatierra@yahoo.com.br

Aulas particulares (11) 7641-5938 Inglês e Português para Estrangeiros

Exercícios de Inglês
The Present Perfect
2. Complete as frases:

Auxiliar (work) (sign) (mail) (cook) (rain) (finish) (arrest) (study) I You He She It We They My friend have

Past Participle worked a lot. the reports. the goods. a delicious meal. a lot. the exercises. the criminal. Japanese.

3. Pratique

Ex.: I / wash / my car. I / clean / my shoes. I / wash / my hands. She / clean / the windows. The new equipment / arrive. My parents / move / to London. It / rain / a lot over these days. The guests / arrive. I / call / him We / invite / some friends to the party.

I have washed my car.

André Salvatierra andre_salvatierra@yahoo.com.br

Aulas particulares (11) 7641-5938 Inglês e Português para Estrangeiros

Exercícios de Inglês
The Present Perfect
4. Complete as frases na forma negativa:

Auxiliar (rent) (study) (attend) (wash) (rain) (exchange) (cry) (photocopy) I You He She It We They The students haven’t

Past Participle rented a car Chinese. the classes. the dishes. much. the currency. at the wedding. the booklet.

5. Pratique usando a forma negativa:

Ex.: I / wash / my car. I / attend / the French classes we / play / soccer they / arrive / at the airport it / rain they / follow / the instructions I and Kelly / dance it / snow the earthquake / destroy / the building the seach party / climb / the mountain

I haven’t washed my car.

André Salvatierra andre_salvatierra@yahoo.com.br

Aulas particulares (11) 7641-5938 Inglês e Português para Estrangeiros

Exercícios de Inglês
The Present Perfect
6. Complete as frases na forma interrogativa:

Auxiliar (talk) (call) (miss) (sign) (rain) (explain) (graduate) (major) Have I you he she it we they your sister

Past Participle talked too much? Andy? the classes? the reports? ? well? from college? in Business Management

7. Pratique usando a forma interrogativa:

Ex.: I / wash / my car. you / graduate / from high school? the police / investigate / the murder? she / listen to / the new hit? they / wait / for my brother? he / download / the new software? you / work / hard? they / watch / the news? you / rehearse / for the concert? she / lie / in the sun?

I haven’t washed my car.

André Salvatierra andre_salvatierra@yahoo.com.br

Aulas particulares (11) 7641-5938 Inglês e Português para Estrangeiros

Exercícios de Inglês
The Present Perfect
Respostas
Exercício 1
arrived mailed finished rained cooked arrested called talked waited signed studied

Exercício 2
You have signed... He has mailed... She has cooked... It has rained... We have finished... They have arrested... My friend has studied...

Exercício 3
I have cleaned... I have washed... She has cleaned... The new equipment has arrived. My parentes have moved... It has rained... The guests have arrived. I have called... We have invited...

Exercício 4
You haven’t studied... He hasn’t attended... She hasn’t washed... It hasn’t rained... We haven’t exchanged... They haven’t cried... The students haven’t photocopied...

Exercício 5
I haven’t attended... We haven’t played... they haven’t arrived... It hasn’t rained. They haven’t followed... I and Kelly haven’t danced. It hasn’t snowed. The earthquake hasn’t destroyed... The search party haven’t climbed...

Exercício 6
Have you called...? Has he missed...? Has she signed...? Has it rained? Have we explained...? Have they graduated...? Has your sister majored...?

Exercício 7
Have you graduated...? Have the police investigated...? Has she listened to...? Have they waited...? Has he downloaded...? Have you worked...? Have they watched...? Have you rehearsed...? Has she lied...?

André Salvatierra andre_salvatierra@yahoo.com.br

Aulas particulares (11) 7641-5938 Inglês e Português para Estrangeiros

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