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THE ULTIMATE PHRASAL VERB BOOK

Contents.......................................................................................................................................................................................7 TO THE TEACHER..................................................................................................................................................................9 TO THE STUDENT.................................................................................................................................................................10 1. FOCUS ON: separable and nonseparable phrasal erbs.................................................................................................1! come from.......................................................................................................................................................................12 figure out........................................................................................................................................................................13 give back.........................................................................................................................................................................13 look for...........................................................................................................................................................................13 put on..............................................................................................................................................................................13 run into............................................................................................................................................................................14 show up...........................................................................................................................................................................14 take off............................................................................................................................................................................15 !. FOCUS ON: phrasal erbs and do" does" and d#d.............................................................................................................19 come off..........................................................................................................................................................................20 doze off...........................................................................................................................................................................21 fall for.............................................................................................................................................................................21 give in.............................................................................................................................................................................21 hear about.......................................................................................................................................................................21 pull through....................................................................................................................................................................21 stay off............................................................................................................................................................................22 throw up..........................................................................................................................................................................22 $. FOCUS ON: three%&ord phrasal erbs..............................................................................................................................!' feel up to.........................................................................................................................................................................25 get over with...................................................................................................................................................................25 go along with..................................................................................................................................................................25 go in for..........................................................................................................................................................................2 look forward to...............................................................................................................................................................2 put up with......................................................................................................................................................................2 screw out of....................................................................................................................................................................2 talk down to....................................................................................................................................................................2 (. FOCUS ON: present and past )ont#n*o*s phrasal erbs.................................................................................................!9 cheat on...........................................................................................................................................................................2! go after............................................................................................................................................................................2! look up............................................................................................................................................................................30 pay for.............................................................................................................................................................................30 plan for............................................................................................................................................................................31 point to............................................................................................................................................................................31 put to...............................................................................................................................................................................31 wrap up...........................................................................................................................................................................32 '. FOCUS ON: pron*n)#at#on o+ t&o%&ord phrasal erbs...................................................................................................$' break down.....................................................................................................................................................................35 burn down.......................................................................................................................................................................3" call in..............................................................................................................................................................................3" find out............................................................................................................................................................................3" hand back........................................................................................................................................................................3" look at.............................................................................................................................................................................3# setup................................................................................................................................................................................3# ,. FOCUS ON: pron*n)#at#on o+ three%&ord phrasal erbs................................................................................................($ boil down to....................................................................................................................................................................43 come down with.............................................................................................................................................................43 come up with..................................................................................................................................................................44 get around to...................................................................................................................................................................44 get out of.........................................................................................................................................................................44 go back on.......................................................................................................................................................................44 go through with...............................................................................................................................................................45 monkey around with.......................................................................................................................................................45 7. FOCUS ON: separable phrasal erbs &#th lon- ob.e)ts...................................................................................................(/ cut up..............................................................................................................................................................................4#

hold up............................................................................................................................................................................4! let out..............................................................................................................................................................................4! point out..........................................................................................................................................................................50 run over...........................................................................................................................................................................50 see about.........................................................................................................................................................................51 take apart.........................................................................................................................................................................51 take in.............................................................................................................................................................................51 /. FOCUS ON: present per+e)t phrasal erbs.......................................................................................................................'7 burn out...........................................................................................................................................................................5" fall over...........................................................................................................................................................................5# fight back........................................................................................................................................................................5# hear of.............................................................................................................................................................................5! pick out...........................................................................................................................................................................5! tear down........................................................................................................................................................................5! work in............................................................................................................................................................................ 0 9. FOCUS ON: t&o%&ord phrasal erbs that re0*#re an add#t#onal part#)le &hen *sed &#th an ob.e)t" 1.....................,( break out......................................................................................................................................................................... catch up........................................................................................................................................................................... chicken out...................................................................................................................................................................... get along......................................................................................................................................................................... give up............................................................................................................................................................................ hang up........................................................................................................................................................................... hook up........................................................................................................................................................................... work up........................................................................................................................................................................... 5 5

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10. FOCUS ON: phrasal erbs *sed as no*ns" 1...................................................................................................................7! fall off............................................................................................................................................................................."2 kick back........................................................................................................................................................................."3 lay off.............................................................................................................................................................................."3 screw up.........................................................................................................................................................................."4 11. FOCUS ON: phrasal erbs *sed #n )o1po*nd no*ns.....................................................................................................79 backup.............................................................................................................................................................................#0 cut off..............................................................................................................................................................................#1 drop off...........................................................................................................................................................................#2 follow up.........................................................................................................................................................................#3 take out...........................................................................................................................................................................#3 try out..............................................................................................................................................................................#4 wake up...........................................................................................................................................................................#5 work out..........................................................................................................................................................................#5 1!. FOCUS ON: past per+e)t phrasal erbs...........................................................................................................................9! back off...........................................................................................................................................................................!2 come across....................................................................................................................................................................!3 come up..........................................................................................................................................................................!3 fall through....................................................................................................................................................................!4 put out.............................................................................................................................................................................!4 1$. FOCUS ON: pass# e phrasal erbs" 1...............................................................................................................................9/ call off.............................................................................................................................................................................!# dose off...........................................................................................................................................................................!# hand in............................................................................................................................................................................!! let off............................................................................................................................................................................100 light up..........................................................................................................................................................................100 track down....................................................................................................................................................................101 1(. FOCUS ON: part#)#ple ad.e)t# es +or1ed +ro1 phrasal erbs" 1................................................................................10' butt in............................................................................................................................................................................10 dress up.........................................................................................................................................................................10 dry up............................................................................................................................................................................10 fill out...........................................................................................................................................................................10" put away........................................................................................................................................................................10" stick up..........................................................................................................................................................................10" use up............................................................................................................................................................................10# 1'. FOCUS ON: phrasal erbs and &#ll or be -o#n- to.......................................................................................................11( blow away.....................................................................................................................................................................115 come through................................................................................................................................................................115 dry out...........................................................................................................................................................................11 fi$ up.............................................................................................................................................................................11

go with..........................................................................................................................................................................11" head back......................................................................................................................................................................11# tell on............................................................................................................................................................................11! 1,. FOCUS ON: phrasal erbs &#th -er*nd ob.e)ts" 1.......................................................................................................1!$ believe in......................................................................................................................................................................123 carry on.........................................................................................................................................................................124 count on........................................................................................................................................................................124 get through....................................................................................................................................................................125 go for............................................................................................................................................................................12 hold off.........................................................................................................................................................................12 put past..........................................................................................................................................................................12 think about....................................................................................................................................................................12" 17. FOCUS ON: ad erbs and phrasal erbs........................................................................................................................1$! come over.....................................................................................................................................................................133 get back at.....................................................................................................................................................................133 go about........................................................................................................................................................................134 grow out of...................................................................................................................................................................134 rip up.............................................................................................................................................................................134 wear down.....................................................................................................................................................................135 1/. FOCUS ON: phrasal erbs and )an" )o*ld" &#ll" and &o*ld........................................................................................1(0 breakthrough.................................................................................................................................................................141 figure on........................................................................................................................................................................141 get off............................................................................................................................................................................142 go beyond.....................................................................................................................................................................143 lift upon........................................................................................................................................................................143 line up...........................................................................................................................................................................143 stand around..................................................................................................................................................................144 tell apart........................................................................................................................................................................144 19. FOCUS ON: phrasal erbs and the ad erb r#-ht..........................................................................................................1(/ aim at............................................................................................................................................................................14# bring back.....................................................................................................................................................................14! bring over......................................................................................................................................................................14! cool off..........................................................................................................................................................................14! go back..........................................................................................................................................................................150 hand over......................................................................................................................................................................150 pull over........................................................................................................................................................................150 warm up........................................................................................................................................................................151 !0. FOCUS ON: phrasal erbs +ollo&ed b2 the %#n- +or1..................................................................................................1', end up...........................................................................................................................................................................15 go around......................................................................................................................................................................15 %o off............................................................................................................................................................................15# hang around..................................................................................................................................................................15! lie around......................................................................................................................................................................1 0 start out.........................................................................................................................................................................1 0 stay up...........................................................................................................................................................................1 0 !1. FOCUS ON: phrasal erbs and sho*ld and o*-ht to....................................................................................................1,' look around...................................................................................................................................................................1 look over.......................................................................................................................................................................1 pick on..........................................................................................................................................................................1 settle down....................................................................................................................................................................1 step on...........................................................................................................................................................................1 take out on....................................................................................................................................................................1 think ahead....................................................................................................................................................................1 zip up............................................................................................................................................................................1

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!!. FOCUS ON: the part#)le *p and the ad erbs r#-ht and all..........................................................................................17! burn up..........................................................................................................................................................................1"3 clear up ........................................................................................................................................................................1"3 count up........................................................................................................................................................................1"4 eat up............................................................................................................................................................................1"4 heat up..........................................................................................................................................................................1"4 pay up...........................................................................................................................................................................1"4 plug up..........................................................................................................................................................................1"5 wipe up.........................................................................................................................................................................1"5 !$. FOCUS ON: t&o%&ord phrasal erbs that re0*#re an add#t#onal part#)le &hen *sed &#th an ob.e)t" !.................179

crack down....................................................................................................................................................................1"! cut down.......................................................................................................................................................................1"! drop out.........................................................................................................................................................................1#1 get away........................................................................................................................................................................1#1 hold out.........................................................................................................................................................................1#2 make up........................................................................................................................................................................1#2 stay out..........................................................................................................................................................................1#4 watch out......................................................................................................................................................................1#4 !(. FOCUS ON: phrasal erbs *sed as no*ns" !.................................................................................................................1// come down....................................................................................................................................................................1## &et up............................................................................................................................................................................1#! print out ....................................................................1#! show off........................................................................................................................................................................1!0 slow down.....................................................................................................................................................................1!0 stop over.......................................................................................................................................................................1!1 trade in..........................................................................................................................................................................1!1 !'. FOCUS ON: phrasal erbs and ha e to" ha e -ot to" and 1*st...................................................................................19, do with .......................................................................................................................................................................1!" have on..........................................................................................................................................................................1!" hurry up........................................................................................................................................................................1!# knock over....................................................................................................................................................................1!# lighten up......................................................................................................................................................................1!# plan ahead.....................................................................................................................................................................1!# settle for........................................................................................................................................................................1!! think up.........................................................................................................................................................................1!! !,. FOCUS ON: phrasal erbs and the ad erb ba)3..........................................................................................................!0! get together...................................................................................................................................................................202 go over..........................................................................................................................................................................203 go up.............................................................................................................................................................................204 let in on.........................................................................................................................................................................204 open up.........................................................................................................................................................................205 put together...................................................................................................................................................................205 shut off..........................................................................................................................................................................205 start up..........................................................................................................................................................................20 !7. FOCUS ON: phrasal erbs &#th the part#)le o++ and the ad erb r#-ht.......................................................................!10 bite off..........................................................................................................................................................................211 break off........................................................................................................................................................................211 dry off...........................................................................................................................................................................211 knock off.......................................................................................................................................................................212 tear off..........................................................................................................................................................................212 wash off........................................................................................................................................................................212 wear off.........................................................................................................................................................................213 wipe off.........................................................................................................................................................................213 !/. FOCUS ON: pass# e phrasal erbs" !.............................................................................................................................!1/ beef up..........................................................................................................................................................................21# break up........................................................................................................................................................................21# call back........................................................................................................................................................................21! call up...........................................................................................................................................................................21! carry out........................................................................................................................................................................21! give away......................................................................................................................................................................220 mess up.........................................................................................................................................................................220 stand up.........................................................................................................................................................................221 !9. FOCUS ON: phrasal erbs and 1#-ht" 1a2" and )an...................................................................................................!!' ask for...........................................................................................................................................................................225 come apart.....................................................................................................................................................................22 drop in...........................................................................................................................................................................22 flip out..........................................................................................................................................................................22 look out.........................................................................................................................................................................22 luck out.........................................................................................................................................................................22 make out.......................................................................................................................................................................22" run across......................................................................................................................................................................22" $0. FOCUS ON: part#)#ple ad.e)t# es +or1ed +ro1 phrasal erbs" !................................................................................!$1 lock in...........................................................................................................................................................................232 &ock out........................................................................................................................................................................232 punch in........................................................................................................................................................................233

put out...........................................................................................................................................................................233 sort out..........................................................................................................................................................................234 space out.......................................................................................................................................................................235 wash up.........................................................................................................................................................................235 $1. FOCUS ON: phrasal erbs and -er*nd s*b.e)ts...........................................................................................................!(1 care for..........................................................................................................................................................................241 cut out...........................................................................................................................................................................242 do away with.................................................................................................................................................................242 do without.....................................................................................................................................................................243 look into........................................................................................................................................................................243 plan on..........................................................................................................................................................................243 put off...........................................................................................................................................................................243 rule out..........................................................................................................................................................................244 $!. FOCUS ON: phrasal erbs &#th the part#)le o*t..........................................................................................................!(7 clean out........................................................................................................................................................................24# clear out........................................................................................................................................................................24! come out.......................................................................................................................................................................24! empty out......................................................................................................................................................................251 fall out...........................................................................................................................................................................251 go out............................................................................................................................................................................251 leave out........................................................................................................................................................................252 stick out........................................................................................................................................................................252 $$. FOCUS ON: phrasal erbs and 1#dsenten)e ad erbs..................................................................................................!'/ blow up.........................................................................................................................................................................25! catch on.........................................................................................................................................................................25! come about....................................................................................................................................................................2 0 fall behind.....................................................................................................................................................................2 0 goof around...................................................................................................................................................................2 0 help out.........................................................................................................................................................................2 1 know about...................................................................................................................................................................2 1 pull off..........................................................................................................................................................................2 1 $(. FOCUS ON: pron*n)#at#on o+ t&o%and three%&ord phrasal erbs" !.........................................................................!,' do over..........................................................................................................................................................................2 float around...................................................................................................................................................................2 lead up to......................................................................................................................................................................2 put up to........................................................................................................................................................................2 stand for........................................................................................................................................................................2 stick around..................................................................................................................................................................2 stick to..........................................................................................................................................................................2 take back.......................................................................................................................................................................2 5

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$'. FOCUS ON: -er*nd phrasal erbs.................................................................................................................................!7! fool around....................................................................................................................................................................2"3 go by.............................................................................................................................................................................2"3 hold against...................................................................................................................................................................2"4 leave behind..................................................................................................................................................................2"4 live with........................................................................................................................................................................2"4 make of.........................................................................................................................................................................2"5 narrow down.................................................................................................................................................................2"5 trick into........................................................................................................................................................................2"5 $,. FOCUS ON: phrasal erbs &#th the part#)le do&n.......................................................................................................!79 back down.....................................................................................................................................................................2"! calm down....................................................................................................................................................................2#0 fall down.......................................................................................................................................................................2#0 go down........................................................................................................................................................................2#0 lay down.......................................................................................................................................................................2#1 put down.......................................................................................................................................................................2#1 run down.......................................................................................................................................................................2#2 sit down........................................................................................................................................................................2#3 $7. FOCUS ON: phrasal erbs *sed as no*ns" $.................................................................................................................!// brush off........................................................................................................................................................................2## come on........................................................................................................................................................................2#! cover up........................................................................................................................................................................2!0 hang out........................................................................................................................................................................2!0 leave over left over.......................................................................................................................................................2!0 &et down.......................................................................................................................................................................2!1

talk to............................................................................................................................................................................2!2 $/. FOCUS ON: the erb 3eep and ad erbs and ad erb#als sho&#n- de-rees o+ ar#ab#l#t2..........................................!97 keep at...........................................................................................................................................................................2!# keep away.....................................................................................................................................................................2!# keep down.....................................................................................................................................................................2!# keep from......................................................................................................................................................................2!! keep off.........................................................................................................................................................................2!! keep on..........................................................................................................................................................................2!! keep to..........................................................................................................................................................................300 keep up..........................................................................................................................................................................300 $9. FOCUS ON: pass# e phrasal erbs" $.............................................................................................................................$0( chop up.........................................................................................................................................................................305 cross off........................................................................................................................................................................305 fill up............................................................................................................................................................................305 pick up..........................................................................................................................................................................30 sell out..........................................................................................................................................................................30" straighten out................................................................................................................................................................30# take over.......................................................................................................................................................................30# wipe out........................................................................................................................................................................30! (0. FOCUS ON: -er*nd phrasal erbs s. phrasal erbs +ollo&ed b2 the %#n- +or1.......................................................$1' -ing form.............................................................................................................................................................................315 gerund................................................................................................................................................................................315 blow off........................................................................................................................................................................315 burst out........................................................................................................................................................................31 come back.....................................................................................................................................................................31 get off on.......................................................................................................................................................................31" go away.........................................................................................................................................................................31" run around.....................................................................................................................................................................31" stick with......................................................................................................................................................................31# (1. FOCUS ON: t&o%&ord phrasal erbs &#th the part#)le #n that re0*#re #nto &hen *sed &#th an ob.e)t..................$!! break in.........................................................................................................................................................................323 'heck out......................................................................................................................................................................324 go in..............................................................................................................................................................................325 let in..............................................................................................................................................................................325 plug in...........................................................................................................................................................................325 sneak in.........................................................................................................................................................................32 sneak out.......................................................................................................................................................................32 (!. FOCUS ON: phrasal erbs &#th -et" 1...........................................................................................................................$$0 get back.........................................................................................................................................................................330 get behind.....................................................................................................................................................................331 get down.......................................................................................................................................................................332 get in.............................................................................................................................................................................332 get out...........................................................................................................................................................................333 get over.........................................................................................................................................................................334 get up............................................................................................................................................................................335 ($. FOCUS ON: 1odals and present per+e)t phrasal erbs...............................................................................................$$9 blow out........................................................................................................................................................................340 give out.........................................................................................................................................................................341 gross out........................................................................................................................................................................341 run up............................................................................................................................................................................341 shut up..........................................................................................................................................................................342 stop off..........................................................................................................................................................................342 try on.............................................................................................................................................................................342 ((. FOCUS ON: part#)#ple ad.e)t# es and pass# e phrasal erbs &#th the erb -et........................................................$(/ beat up..........................................................................................................................................................................34! mi$ up...........................................................................................................................................................................350 piss off..........................................................................................................................................................................351 rip off............................................................................................................................................................................351 ('. FOCUS ON: phrasal erbs &#th the erb t*rn..............................................................................................................$', turn down......................................................................................................................................................................35 turn in............................................................................................................................................................................35 turn into........................................................................................................................................................................35"

turn off..........................................................................................................................................................................35" turn on...........................................................................................................................................................................35# turn out..........................................................................................................................................................................35! turn over........................................................................................................................................................................3 0 turn up...........................................................................................................................................................................3 1 (,. FOCUS ON: pron*n)#at#on o+ phrasal erbs &#th the part#)le #nto............................................................................$,, build in..........................................................................................................................................................................3 bump into......................................................................................................................................................................3 con into.........................................................................................................................................................................3 con out of......................................................................................................................................................................3 freak out........................................................................................................................................................................3 make for........................................................................................................................................................................3 talk into.........................................................................................................................................................................3 talk out of......................................................................................................................................................................3

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(7. FOCUS ON: part#)les *sed &#tho*t erbs.....................................................................................................................$7! brush up........................................................................................................................................................................3"2 come in.........................................................................................................................................................................3"3 cut back.........................................................................................................................................................................3"3 move in.........................................................................................................................................................................3"4 move out.......................................................................................................................................................................3"4 pull out..........................................................................................................................................................................3"5 put in.............................................................................................................................................................................3"5 run out...........................................................................................................................................................................3" (/. FOCUS ON: 1odals and present per+e)t pass# e phrasal erbs.................................................................................$/0 close down....................................................................................................................................................................3#1 knock out......................................................................................................................................................................3#1 look down on................................................................................................................................................................3#2 look up to......................................................................................................................................................................3#2 put back........................................................................................................................................................................3#2 switch off......................................................................................................................................................................3#3 throw out.......................................................................................................................................................................3#3 (9. FOCUS ON: )o1b#nat#ons o+ -et" r#-ht" ba)3" and to..................................................................................................$// dog up...........................................................................................................................................................................3!1 get ahead.......................................................................................................................................................................3!1 get back to.....................................................................................................................................................................3!1 get on............................................................................................................................................................................3!1 get to.............................................................................................................................................................................3!2 hang on.........................................................................................................................................................................3!3 start off..........................................................................................................................................................................3!3 throw away...................................................................................................................................................................3!3 '0. FOCUS ON: 4eep at #t5...................................................................................................................................................$9/ ask out...........................................................................................................................................................................3!# come down to...............................................................................................................................................................3!# deal with.......................................................................................................................................................................3!# hold on..........................................................................................................................................................................3!! pay back........................................................................................................................................................................3!! take up on.....................................................................................................................................................................3!! turn around....................................................................................................................................................................3!! wear out........................................................................................................................................................................400 Ans&ers...................................................................................................................................................................................(0, 6nde7........................................................................................................................................................................................(!/

Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS
To the Teacher / iv To the St !ent / v 1. Separable and Nonseparable Phrasal Verbs / 1 2. Phrasal Verbs and do, does, and did / 8

3. Three-Word Phrasal Verbs / 14 4. Present and Past Continuous Phrasal Verbs / 18 . Pronun!iation o" T#o-Word Phrasal Verbs / 24 $. Pronun!iation o" Three-Word Phrasal Verbs / 32 %. Separable Phrasal Verbs #ith &on' (b)e!ts / 3% 8. Present Per"e!t Phrasal Verbs / 4$ *. T#o-Word Phrasal Verbs That +e,uire an -dditional Parti!le When .sed #ith an (b)e!t, 1 / 3 1/. Phrasal Verbs .sed as Nouns, 1 / $1 11. Phrasal Verbs .sed in Co0pound Nouns / %/ 12. Past Per"e!t Phrasal Verbs / 83 13. Passi1e Phrasal Verbs, 1 / *1 14. Parti!iple -d)e!ti1es 2or0ed "ro0 Phrasal Verbs, 1 / *8 1 . Phrasal Verbs and #ill or be 'oin' to /1/% 1$. Phrasal Verbs #ith 3erund (b)e!ts, 1 / 11$ 1%. -d1erbs and Phrasal Verbs / 12 18. Phrasal Verbs and !an, !ould, #ill, and #ould / 133 1*. Phrasal Verbs and the -d1erb ri'ht 4 141 2/. Phrasal Verbs 2ollo#ed b5 the -in' 2or0 / 14* 21. Phrasal Verbs and should and ou'ht to 1 8 22. The Parti!le up and the -d1erbs ri'ht and all 4 1$ 23. T#o-Word Phrasal Verbs That +e,uire an -dditional Parti!le When .sed #ith an (b)e!t, 2 / 1%2 24. Phrasal Verbs .sed as Nouns, 2 / 18/ 2 . Phrasal Verbs and ha1e to, ha1e 'ot to, and 0ust / 188 iii 2$. Phrasal Verbs and the -d1erb bade / 1*4 2%. Phrasal Verbs #ith the Parti!le o"" and the -d1erb ri'ht 4 2/2 "#$ Passive Phrasa% Ver&s' " / "() 2*. Phrasal Verbs and 0i'ht, 0a5, and !an /21% *)$ Partici+%e A!,ectives For-e! .ro- Phrasa% Ver&s' " / ""* 31. Phrasal Verbs and 3erund Sub)e!ts / 233 32. Phrasal Verbs #ith the Parti!le our / 23* 33. Phrasal Verbs and 6idsenten!e -d1erbs / 2 / 34.

Pronun!iation o" T#o- and ThreeWord Phrasal Verbs, 2 / 2 % 3 . 3erund Phrasal Verbs / 2$4 3$. Phrasal Verbs #ith the Parti!le do#n / 2%1 3%. Phrasal Verbs .sed as Nouns, 3 / 28/ 38. The Verb 7eep and -d1erbs and -d1erbials Sho#in' 8e'rees o" Variabilit5 / 28* 3*. Passi1e Phrasal Verbs, 3 / 2*$ 4/. 3erund Phrasal Verbs 1s. Phrasal Verbs 2ollo#ed b5 the -in/ 2or0 / 3/% 41. T#o-Word Phrasal Verbs #ith the Parti!le in That +e,uire into When .sed #ith an (b)e!t / 314 42. Phrasal Verbs #ith /et, 1 / 322 43. 6odals and Present Per"e!t Phrasal Verbs / 331 44. Parti!iple -d)e!ti1es and Passi1e Phrasal Verbs #ith the Verb /et 4 34/ 4 . Phrasal Verbs #ith the Verb ru0 / 348 4$. Pronun!iation o" Phrasal Verbs #ith the Parti!le into / 3 8 4%. Parti!les .sed Without Verbs / 3$4 48. 6odals and Present Per"e!t Passi1e Phrasal Verbs / 3%2 4*. Co0binations o" /et, ri/ht, &ac0, and t1 / 38/ /. 9eep at 4t: / 3*/ -ns#ers to ;<er!ises / 3*8 4nde< / 41/

and no tea!her li7es to sa5 @Aou )ust ha1e to re0e0ber. the dis!ussion o" points o" 'ra00ar not spe!i"i! to phrasal 1erbs. but 0an5 students "alter #hen usin' ne#l5 learned 1erbs be!ause the5 do not 7no# that a preposition is also re. Phrasal 1erbs are 1erbs.S se!tions 0a5 pro1e to be a little be5ond the0? other#ise. is that !o0binin' pra!ti!e #ith phrasal 1erbs and pra!ti!e #ith a 1ariet5 o" 'ra00ati!al stru!tures #ill in!rease not onl5 the studentBs !on"iden!e in the 7no#led'e o" phrasal 1erbs but also his or her #illin'ness and abilit5 to use the0 in a #ider ran'e o" situations. and no student #ho hopes to 0aster the lan'ua'e !an a""ord to o1erloo7 the0. The onl5 te<tboo7 "o!usin' on !o00on 1erbs that 4 !ould 'i1e her !ontains not one phrasal 1erb > it tea!hes arise but not 'et up.n'lish is not 'i1en the attention it deser1es be!ause it is di""i!ult to tea!h > there are no rules that 'o1ern #hen a preposition. there is nothin' to pre1ent an5 student "ro0 stud5in' the de"initions and e<a0ples and atte0ptin' the e<er!ises. &ess !o00on 0eanin's o" so0e phrasal 1erbs ha1e not been in!luded. or #hi!h preposition. That phrasal 1erb parti!les are so0eti0es prepositions and so0eti0es ad1erbs is 0entioned onl5 on!e. -d1erb pla!e0ent is presented and illustrated in si0pli"ied "or0 #ithout dis!ussion o" the di""erent t5pes o" ad1erbs > doin' so #ould ha1e 'one be5ond the s!ope o" this te<tboo7. Prepositions are the 'lue that holds .TO THE TEACHER The inspiration "or The .@ The hope o" the latter "eature. The i0portan!e o" 0e!hani!s is the reason "or the e0phasis on the prepositions re.uired. Phrasal 1erbs are an essential part o" spo7en and #ritten . see7 but not loo7 "or.uired #hen so0e phrasal 1erbs are used transiti1el5 and "or the in!lusion o" re1ie#s o" points o" 'ra00ar not spe!i"i! to phrasal 1erbs. is re.1o!abular5 te<tboo7 should pro1ide 0e!hani!s as #ell as 0eanin'.n'lish to'ether.n'lish at all le1els. i1 .uired. 4 had nothin' to o""er. No purpose is ser1ed b5 di""erentiatin' bet#een the0. a0bitious students at lo#er le1els #ill bene"it "ro0 it as #ell. There is no lo'i! to !lassi"5in' ta7e o1er #ith ta7e the bull b5 the horns. There is ine1itabl5 a de'ree o" o1ersi0pli"i!ation. . -lthou'h this te<tboo7 is intended pri0aril5 "or hi'h-inter0ediate to ad1an!ed students. or i" the5 do. Students #ant to 7no# 0ore than #hat a #ord 0eans > the5 #ant to 7no# ho# to use it !orre!tl5. #hi!h one. (nl5 so0e 2(C.lti0ate Phrasal Verb =oo7 !a0e about #hen a student as7ed 0e "or a te<tboo7 to help her learn the 0eanin's o" !o00on phrasal 1erbs. Phrasal 1erbs are not identi"ied as transiti1e or intransiti1e be!ause this is di!tated b5 lo'i!. not idio0ati! !uriosities. This aspe!t o" . and the o1erlap bet#een the t#o is !on"usin' to the student. a#a7e but not #a7e up.

n'lish should be "a0iliar #ith > 5et the di1idin' line bet#een true ad)e!ti1es deri1ed "ro0 past parti!iples and passi1e senten!es e0plo5in' past parti!iples #ith ad)e!ti1al 0eanin's is ill-de"ined and proble0ati!. Nati1e spea7ers o" .!loDe e<er!ise al#a5s !o0es "irst. PC+-S-& V. and !ontent o" the in"or0al . at ho0e. ta7e. at s!hool. The ad)e!ti1al use o" past parti!iples Eboth phrasal and nonphrasalF is an e<tre0el5 i0portant aspe!t o" spo7en .n'lish needs a basi! understandin' o" the 0ost !o00on phrasal 1erbs and also o" !o00on nouns and ad)e!ti1es 0ade "ro0 phrasal 1erbs. 6ost phrasal 1erbs are nor in"or0al.n'lish > so0ethin' e1er5 student o" . "or 0an5 o" the phrasal 1erbs in this te<tboo7.TC. Students need to learn "or0al . "ollo#ed b5 e<er!ises "o!usin' on senten!e stru!ture and the 2(C. there is no alternati1e to the phrasal 1erb > there is no other #a5 to sa5 it.n'lish re'ularl5 use past parti!iples in super"i!iall5 passi1e senten!es #ith purel5 ad)e!ti1al 0eanin'.uite ri'ht "or "or0al dis!ourse. and o"". 4 ha1e tried in this te<tboo7 to i0itate the "or0 and !ontent o" e1er5da5 . 4" o!!asionall5 the re'ister and sub)e!t 0atter o" so0e e<a0ples and e<er!ises see0 not .+= =((9 St !ent -nd no di""erentiation is 0ade bet#een re!o'niDed ad)e!ti1es deri1ed "ro0 past parti!iples and past parti!iples #ith ad)e!ti1al 0eanin'. or i0proper "or edu!ated spee!h or "or0al #ritin'.uirin' the student to re"er ba!7 to a pre1ious se!tion in order to re1ie# a phrasal 1erb. . or noun. !o0e.n'lish.n'lish. students need to 'ain "a0iliarit5 #ith the s5nta<. and 'o and parti!les li7e in. +ather than distra!t the student #ith an unne!essar5 ele0ent o" !on"usion.<a!tl5 the opposite is true > 0ost phrasal 1erbs are a!!eptable at all le1els o" spo7en or #ritten . but sin!e 0ost people spea7 in"or0all5 0ost o" the ti0e. it is intentional that no help is pro1ided to the student in deter0inin' #hi!h 0eanin' applies? students ha1e to re1ie# the0 all and "i'ure it out "or the0sel1es. usa'e. TO THE STU2ENT Phrasal 1erbs are !o0binations o" ordinar5 1erbs li7e put.n'lish the5 read and hear e1er5 da5 at #or7. . The5 are a 1er5 i0portant part o" e1er5da5 . out. .n'lish. parti!iple ad)e!ti1e. When a phrasal 1erb has t#o or 0ore 0eanin's. .1er5 student o" . o" !ourse. slan'. on.n'lish. 4n "a!t. &ast are e<er!ises that as7 the student to ans#er . The e<er!ises in this te<tboo7 are intended to rein"or!e 0eanin' and 0e!hani!s. and on tele1ision.S dis!ussion. . both are re"erred to as parti!iple ad)e!ti1es throu'hout this te<tboo7. 1 .&T46-T.n'lish. Whether the past parti!iples are 1erbs or a!tuall5 ad)e!ti1es is o" no !on!ern to the nati1e spea7er and is entirel5 irrele1ant to the student o" .uestions or #rite ori'inal senten!es. There is a 'ood deal o" re1ie# built into this te<tboo7.1er5 se!tion !ontains t#o or 0ore e<er!ises re. that is deliberate.

When #ords or senten!es ha1e a line throu'h the0. 2ollo#in' that are se1eral e<er!ises to help 5ou understand and re0e0ber #hat the phrasal 1erbs 0ean and ho# to use the0 in a senten!e. Then ei'ht phrasal 1erbs and an e<planation o" ea!h i0portant 0eanin' o" ea!h one are presented alon' #ith one or 0ore e<a0ple senten!es "or ea!h 0eanin'. =ut these in"or0al phrasal 1erbs are i0portant be!ause the5 are 1er5 !o00on in e1er5da5 in"or0al spee!h and #ritin'. Ter-s' A&&reviations' an! S3-&o%s Use! in this Te4t&oo0 verb particle Verb refers to the verb part of a phrasal verb. and it is better not to use the0 in serious. and . it 0eans that the5 are in!orre!t. an e<planation o" so0ethin' i0portant about phrasal 1erbs.adj. and the 0ore i0portant 0eanin's o" phrasal 1erbs #ith se1eral 0eanin's are re1ie#ed 0ore o"ten.1er5 phrasal 1erb is re1ie#ed at least t#i!e later in the boo7. 4dio0ati! 0eans that there is no #a5 to 7no# #hat the 1erb and parti!le 0ean to'ether b5 7no#in' #hat the 1erb and parti!le 0ean separatel5. Many particles are adverbs and prepositions. phrasal 1erb n.a!h se!tion o" this te<tboo7 starts #ith a 2(C. and it can be very difficult and confusing to figure out if a particle in a particular phrasal verb is one or the other. 2or e<a0ple. The adverbs and prepositions in phrasal verbs are both called particles in this book. so it is a lot easier to simply call them both particles. -nd be!ause there is a lot to learn in this te<tboo7. In other words. a noun 0ade "ro0 a +$v$ phrasal 1erb part. pull is the verb and over is the particle. 2or e<a0ple. o"". . So0e phrasal 1erbs are 1er5 eas5 to understand. run. it is not di""i!ult to understand sit do#n or !o0e in be!ause their 0eanin's are ob1ious. e1er5 be'innin'-le1el student learns #hat the #ords !all. Fortunately. participle adjective a past participle of a phrasal verb used as an adjective put on it. but that does not help the student to 7no# that !all o"" 0eans !an!el or that run out 0eans use all o" so0ethin'. In the phrasal verb pull over. -nd li7e real !on1ersation. The 0ore idio0ati! phrasal 1erbs are re1ie#ed 0ore o"ten. $$$ Three dots bet#een the 1erb and the parti!le 0ean that the ob)e!t o" the phrasal 1erb !an be pla!ed bet#een the 1erb and the parti!le. and out 0ean. a "e# phrasal 1erbs in this te<tboo7 are identi"ied as in"or0al.uestions as7ed #ith 5ou are ans#ered #ith / or #e. there is a lot o" re1ie# to help 5ou learn it. "or0al spee!h or #ritin'. 1i . this is almost never important to the student. =ut 0an5 phrasal 1erbs are 1er5 idio0ati!. . .uestions as7ed #ith 4 or #e are ans#ered #ith 5ou. the phrasal verb minus the particle.Co#e1er.S.

.S (NG se+ara&%e an! nonse+ara&%e +hrasa% ver&s Phrasal 1erbs are either separable or nonseparable. !he put a blanket on the bed. When 5ou co-e . it is usuall5 entirel5 optional #hether the ob)e!t is pla!ed bet#een the 1erb and the parti!le or pla!ed a"ter the parti!le. 5ou #ere born there or li1ed there pre1iousl5. Infinitive%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%% present tense &ing form past tense past participle come from come from & comes from coming from came from come from ($ co-e . phrasal 1erbs that !an be separated ha1e three dots E. .a "a0il5 or a so!ial situation..$ 4 too0 o.F bet#een the 1erb and the parti!le. )ane had a difficult childhood. I took off my shoes.ro. * . !he put on a blanket the bed. Se+ara&%e +hrasa% ver&s Separable phrasal 1erbs !an be separated b5 their ob)e!t.ro.. Nonse+ara&%e +hrasa% ver&s "onseparable phrasal verbs cannot be separated by their object# $e ran into a tree. separable phrasal 1erbs 0ust be separated > #hen the phrasal 1erb has t#o ob)e!tsG !he put a blanket on. Mike comes from 'laska..($ 2(C. =oth senten!es belo# are !orre!tG I took my shoes off. so he(s used to cold weather. #hen a pronoun is used instead o" a noun.ro.p. Throu'hout this boo7. 5our past e<perien!e helps to e<plain 5our present attitudes and beha1ior. Co#e1er. !he put on a blanket. there is no rule that #ill help 5ou to loo7 at a phrasal 1erb and al#a5s 7no# #hether it is separable or nonseparable. !he came from a broken home.a pla!e.1. the pronoun 0ust be pla!ed bet#een the 1erb and the parti!leG 4 too0 the0 o. $e ran a tree into. the0$ =ut in one t5pe o" senten!e. When the ob)e!t is a noun. When 5ou co-e .n"ortunatel5.

6$ + t$$$ on p.or p.the object can be a noun or a noun clause. . *$ + t$$$ on p. When 5ou return so0ethin' to so0eone. The word +admiral+ comes from an 'rabic word. When 5ou + t on #ei'ht. When 5ou %oo0 . su!h as the ans#er to a . 5ou 'ain #ei'ht. / looked for you at the party. that is #here it ori'inated. the solution to a proble0. figure .. out p.1. but I couldn(t figure out where I put them. but I didn(t see you. Ierr5 + t too 0u!h "ertiliDer on his %a5n. 5ou + t it on$ I + t on 05 ne# dress be"ore 'oin' to the part5.or thin's or people. When so0ethin' co-es . 5ou /ive it &ac0$ Can 4 use 5our penH 4Bll /ive it &ac0 a"ter the test.ro.1.o*t +#-*red o*t +#-*red o*t )ing form past tense past participle 1. give back give back & gives back giving back gave back given back ($ /ive $$$ &ac0 EtoF p. "$ + t$$$ on p. or #h5 a person is a !ertain #a5 or a!ts a !ertain #a5.1. 5ou thin7 about and su!!eed in understandin' it.ilson4s put a new roof on their house last year. Ti005. /0cuse me.1. I looked everywhere for my keys."$ co-e . .hen you figure out so0ethin'. (nfinitive present tense figure out +#-*re o*t 8 +#-*res o*t +#-*r#n.v. /ive that to5 &ac0 to 5our sister ri'ht no#: look for look for & looks for looking for looked for looked for ($ %oo0 .. I told the tailor to put red buttons on the dress he(s making for me. I can(t figure him out. 5ou + t it on$ The . When 5ou pla!e so0ethin' on or appl5 so0ethin' to 5our bod5.ro.. put on put on & puts on putting on put on put on ($ + t$$$ on p.a sour!e.1. 5ou tr5 to "ind the0. The mechanic heard a strange sound coming from the engine.1.1. 5ou + t it on$ I + t the boo7 on the table. . When 5ou pla!e so0ethin' on or appl5 so0ethin' to another sur"a!e.ri! "or'ot to + t suntan lotion on' and no# heBs as red as a lobster. and no# he has to !ut it t#i!e a #ee7.p. )oe(s so hostile all the time.uestion. can you help me1 I(m looking for 232 Main !t. When 5ou atta!h or a""i< so0ethin' to another thin'.

6$ r n into p. but I(ve been running into problems.1.e ran into 9aren and her new boyfriend at the supermarket yesterday. it would run into thousands of dollars. =ver a hundred people showed up for the news conference.1. That opera hasn(t been put on in more than 733 years. . 5ou sho5 +$ T rn + is si0ilar to sho5 +. When so0ethin' appears or be!o0es 1isible. 5ou r n into it. PC+-S-& V. *$ r n into p. )anice ran into one problem after another at work today.1.1. I need to go on a diet. su!h as a tree or a telephone pole.TC. show up show up < shows up showing up showed up shown up ($ sho5 + p.&T46-T. I(ve been putting on a lot of weight lately. 5ou + t it on$ The club put on a show to raise money for the party. "$ r n into p. B -+ into is the sa0e as r n into$ . it r ns into that a0ount or nu0ber. 7$ + t $$$on p. 5ou 7id or tease the0. 5ou r n into the0. su!h as a pla5 or a !on!ert. Jin"or0alK When 5ou + t people on. Infinitive present tense &ing form past tense past participle . When 5ou 0eet people ne4+ecte!%3 or nintentiona%%3. 5ou r n into the0. The spots won(t show up until the last stages of the disease. When 5ou are dri1in' and hit another 1ehi!le or so0ethin' near the road. 8$ + t$$ $on p. . "$ sho5 + p. I owe Frank :233. so I hope I don(t run into him. So0ethin' done #ith the intention o" "oolin' or !eceivin/ people is a + t9on$ $e didn(t really win the lottery.1. It was all a big put-on to impress his girlfriend.1. and he ran into a telephone pole.1. thought it would be easy to fi0 my car. I was run into by a drunk driver. + t9on n.+= =((9 5id you see Mike1 $e(s put on so much weight that I didn(t recogni6e him.1. but she hasn(t shown up yet. When 5ou une<pe!tedl5 enco nter di""i!ulties or proble0s. When the total o" so0ethin' 'ro#s to a lar'e a0ount or nu0ber. was supposed to meet my sister for lunch. 8ou won the lottery1 8ou(re putting me on! 5on(t put me on tell me the truth. Infinitive present tense run into run into & runs into &ing form running into past tense ran into past participle run into ($ r n into p. If you fi0ed everything on that old car that needs fi0ing. it sho5s +$ It(s hard to photograph polar bears because they don(t show up well against the snow. . The number of starving people in the country ran into millions. When 5ou appear so0e#here. 'li was driving too fast. When 5ou or'aniDe or per"or0 so0ethin' "or other peopleBs entertain0ent.

p..take off 3 take off & takes off taking off took off taken off ($ ta0e $$$o.$ .. it ta0es o. 8ou(re getting mud on the carpet. I have to take the day off for some tests at the hospital. p. 7$ ta0e o. 6. 5ou ta0e it o. "ro0 #or7 or stud5. :$ ta0e o.hen a business or other organi6ed activity becomes very successful. Takeoff is when an airplane leaves the ground and flies up into the air. p. The new restaurant(s business is taking off because it got a good review in the newspaper... 5ou ta0e it o.$ =ur plane took off an hour late because of the snow.1.1.$ 4 . take off p. it takes off. p. in stead o" #or7in' or stud5in'. 'fter )ane took the flat tire off her bicycle.. When 5ou re0o1e so0ethin' "ro0 so0ethin' it is atta!hed or a""i<ed to. Jin"or0alK When 5ou lea1e suddenl5 or .1. was so tired when I got home that I took my clothes off and went straight to bed. takeoff n. If this business takes off we could make a lot of money. When 5ou re0o1e so0ethin' "ro0 a sur"a!e. p. When an airplane lea1es the 'round and "lies up into the air. *$ ta0e $$$o. .ui!7l5.v. =ur company always lets us take the week between >hristmas and "ew 8ear(s 5ay off. p...$ I took the book off the table. Take off your shoes. I can(t work tomorrow.. When 5ou ta0e ti0e o. 6$ ta0e $$$ o. 5ou ta0e o. ?ut on your seat belt@ we(re taking off now.1.$ 'lfonso always takes the skin off chicken before he cooks it. 8ou need to take the old wa0 off the floor before you wa0 it again.. The takeoff was delayed because of the snow. 5ou ta0e it o.. When 5ou re0o1e so0ethin' "ro0 5our bod5..1. 5ou do so0ethin' di""erent.1. she put on the new one. "$ ta0e $$$o..

.333 off the list price. . Ce C(6.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ E4a-+%e< Ser'eant Iones is 1er5 stri!t #ith his !hildren. 1$. 11. #$ ta0e $$$ o. Iane #as lu!75? she MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM a 'ood "a0il5. 65 son al#a5s "or'ets to MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM his !oat be"ore he 'oes outside. %. We #ere s!ared to death #hen #e heard 1oi!es MMMMMMMMthe atti!.ui!7l5. *.1.+C4S.+ The car dealer took :7.en!er. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . but #e !ouldnBt "ind hi0. 2. 4B0 'oin' to install a ne# pro'ra0 toni'ht. +/very Monday take *3 percent off all marked prices. 1. This party(s boring let(s take off. 1 a . 1 . 4. 1/. We MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM our do' all ni'ht.L. 8.. but onl5 around / MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM. 13. #e MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM. 6e'an MMMMMMMM a lot o" #ei'ht MMMMMMMM #hen she #as pre'nant. Sales o" air !onditioners reall5 MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM #hen the te0perature 'ot o1er 1// de'rees last su00er. and 4 hope 4 donBt MMMMMMMMMMMMMMM an5 proble0s. 12. 4 donBt "eel #ell? 4 thin7 4Bll MMMMMMMM to0orro# MMMMMMMMM and sta5 ho0e. p.ro. =e sure 5ou MMMMMMMM a !oat o" +ri-er MMMMMMMMbe"ore 5ou paint the . the pri!e.. 5ou ta0e that a0ount o. -"ter the poli!e arri1ed. Paul "inall5 MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 05 C8s a"ter 4 as7ed hi0 "or the0 about a 0illion ti0es.'fter he found out the FAI was looking for him. The sign in the store window said. 65 !ousin is so #eird that e1en his 0other !anBt MMMMMMMM hi0 MMMMMMMMMMM. he took off in a hurry. 4 #as e<pe!tin' 1// people at the part5. . $. When 5ou redu!e the pri!e o" so0ethin' that is "or sale b5 a !ertain a0ount. 4 #as surprised #hen our plane MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM on ti0e. 4B0 not 'oin' to the part5 be!ause 4 donBt #ant to MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMIani!e. 14.S 2+(6 a 0ilitar5 "a0il5. 3. The in1isible in7 MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMonl5 under ultra1iolet li'ht.

ects in +arentheses$ Be s re to + t the o&. E05 tools. The 0aid MMMMMMMM the dirt5 sheets MMMMMMMM the bed. 2/. 3i1e ba!7 #hen 5ou are "inished. 18. I finally figured out./// MMMMMMMMMM it i" #e #ant to sell our house. Aou !anBt be serious > 5ouBre MMMMMMMM 22. the0F MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM $ . 1 b . *. .ects in the ri/ht +%ace$ E4a-+%e< 4 !anBt "i'ure out. itF 4 !anBt "i'ure out the ans#er. .+C4S. MMMMMMMMM the orna0ents MMMMMMMM the Christ0as tree isnBt as 0u!h "un as puttin' the0 on. 24. 2 . 4 !anBt "i'ure it out. Bthe instructions. The real estate a'ent said that our as7in' pri!e #as too hi'h and that #e should MMMMMMMMMM at least N1/. 21. Ethe ans#er. =e !are"ul: Aou al0ost MMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMM that tru!7 ba!7 there. Sendin' 05 son to Stan"ord and 05 dau'hter to Aale is 'oin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM so0e serious 0one5. 1*. themC MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 2. 23.L.spe!ial per"or0an!e o" The Nut!ra!7er #as MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM at the !hildrenBs hospital.1%. 8onBt "or'et to MMMMMMMM a sta0p 0e MMMMMMMMMMMMMM: MMMMMMMMMM that letter be"ore 5ou 0ail it. 4 !anBt "i'ure the ans#er out. MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM those 0udd5 shoes be"ore 5ou !o0e inside. =rite three sentences sin/ the o&.

!he put on. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s an! no ns . The )et is lea1in' the 'round and "l5in' into the air. Aou al0ost hit a tree #hile 5ou #ere dri1in' 5our !ar.ui!7l5. What didnBt a lot o" 'uests doH 2. 4 too7 o"".2. Wh5 does (0ar spea7 -rabi!H $. the0F MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM D. What did 4 do toda5H 8. +aul thou'ht about the 0ath proble0. The sour!e o" the s0o7e #as a #indo# on the tenth "loor. Bher slippers.+C4S.lot o" 'uests didnBt !o0e to the #eddin'. 4 0et . What did 5ou al0ost doH % . . E05 shoes. #hat #ould 5ou !all #hat the airplane didH .n!le Iohn at the baseball 'a0e toda5. 1! . 1. The hurricane took off. itC MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM . 4n Ouestion 3. What !anBt 4 doH Aou !anBt "i'ure out #here 5our #allet is. and he 7no#s the ans#er no#. (0ar spea7s -rabi! be!ause he #as born in .L. We le"t =obBs house . What did +aul doH 3.'5pt. What did the s0o7e doH *. What is the )et doin'H 4.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ E4a-+%e< 4 !anBt understand #here 05 #allet is. Bthe roof.ro. themC MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 4. What did #e doH %.

What donBt SusieBs e5es do in this photoH 1%. an! did &i7e ordinar5 1erbs. SusieBs blue e5es arenBt 1isible in this photo. What do 4 ha1e to doH 12. it. Ii0 al#a5s "or'ets to pla!e salt and pepper on the table. .hy do. 4B0 re0o1in' the dirt5 dishes "ro0 the table. or the na0e o" one person or thin'FG 8 . &inda is tr5in' to "ind her 'ol" ball. ne'ati1es are "or0ed #ith do not or donBt Ee<!ept #hen the sub)e!t is he. does. What did 6r. Present tense > estions 4n the present tense. What did Sall5 doH "$ FOCUS ON< +hrasa% ver&s an! do. she. and did. Ta5lor atta!hed his na0e to his 0ailbo<. Sall5 returned 2ran7Bs !a0era. or the na0e o" one person or thin'FG . Ta5lor doH 11. it. or the na0e o" one person or thin'. it.uestions are "or0ed #ith do Ee<!ept #hen the sub)e!t is he. What didnBt =ill doH 1*. What does Ii0 al#a5s doH 18. +e0e0ber that the -s "or0 o" the 1erb is not used in . We didnBt ha1e an5 proble0s !oo7in' the tur7e5. does is used. What is &inda doin'H 1$. I always fall for losers1 5o you sometimes do!e off in class1 5o we ever give in to pressure1 $ow do these bottle tops come off" When the sub)e!t is he. 4 ha1e to re0o1e the "lat tire "ro0 05 !ar. she. she. What did #e doH 13. does. What a0 4 doin'H 14. 6r. phrasal 1erbs "or0 ne'ati1es and .uestionsG 5oes this welding torch throw sparks up into the air1 Present tense ne/atives 4n the present tense. =ill didnBt 'o to #or7 last 2rida5.uestions #ith do. What did sales o" the !o0pan5Bs ne# produ!t doH 1 . Sales o" the !o0pan5Bs ne# produ!t #ere 1er5 su!!ess"ul.1/.

ne'ati1es are "or0ed #ith did not or didnBt. Past tense > estions 4n the past tense. or the na0e o" one person or thin'.. I hope. If his dogs do not stay off our lawn. The attack didn(t come off the way the general planned it. . 8ou didn(t fall for that nonsense. . p. but I didn(t.e tried everything. was really sick. When 5ou sa5 ?Co-e o. "$ co-e o.. *$ co-e o. It(s 7#33 '. I(m going to call the dogcatcher. /veryone had a lot of fun. I think he has the flu because you don(t usually throw up when you have a cold.' it is su!!ess"ul.1. +e0e0ber that the -s "or0 o" the 1erb is not used in ne'ati1esG If Mark doesn(t pull through five children will be without a father. $e pulled and pulled. When the sub)e!t is he. . .' it be!o0es deta!hed "ro0 #hat it #as atta!hed or "astened to.1.e don(t usually fall for cra6y stories like that. When an e1ent co-es o. That paint won(t come off your hands unless you use turpentine. +e0e0ber to use the in"initi1e "or0 o" the 1erbG . but I don(t anymore. p. used to do!e off while driving. When so0ethin' co-es o. Infinitive present tense come off come off < comes off &ing form coming off past tense came off past participle come off ($ co-e o... The cover(s coming off. I(m sorry. . The party came off well..M. it@ to people. you come home smelling like beer.1.. it. Ae careful with this old book. throw up.. does not or doesnBt is used.e didn(t hear about the half&price sale until it was too late.uestions are "or0ed #ith did. and you say you were working late at the office1 =h come off itE * .. she.hy did I fall for his lies1 5id the patient pull through" $ow many times did he throw up" 5id we give in to their demands1 5id they hear about the e0plorer who was eaten by piranhas1 Past tense ne/atives 4n the past tense. but she didn(t pull through. but the bowling ball did not come off. +e0e0ber to use the in"initi1e "or0 o" the 1erbG I(m so embarrassed. 5ou are sa5in' that 5ou thin7 so0ethin' the5 ha1e said is untrue or "oolish. p.

p. )im met !am(s sister last week. but the company never gave in to the workers( demands. 5ou . but he pulled through. When so0eone pressures or "or!es 5ou to do so0ethin' or allo# so0ethin' e1en thou'h 5ou do not #ant to. not glass. fall for fall for & falls for falling for fell for fallen for ($ . When 5ou recover "ro0 a serious illness or in.1.or the tri!7 or !ece+tion or 5ou .a%% .or that person or thin'. so I(m sure he(ll pull through. I feel like an idiot. /rik is very sick.1. hear about hear about & hears about hearing about heard about heard about ($ hear a&o t p. and I finally gave in. . $ave you heard about the new Thai restaurant downtown1 I heard about the earthFuake on >"". 5ou !o@e o. pull through pull through & pulls through pulling through pulled through pulled ($ + %% thro /h p. but he(s young and strong. The salesman promised me it was a real diamond. 8our girlfriend told you that guy she was dancing with at the party was her brother1 $ow could you fall for a story like that1 "$ .or p.1.$ I went to a movie last night.1.a%% .hen I saw this house. When 5ou suddenl5 "eel a stron' attra!tion to so0eone or so0ethin'..or it. and I fell for it. and I made an offer the same day. but it was so boring I do!ed off. 1$ .#nfinitive present tense do!e off do!e off & do!es off -ing form do!ing off past tense do!ed off past participle do!ed off ($ !o@e o.1.a%% . and now he calls her every day. When so0eone su!!ess"ull5 tric0s or !eceives 5ou. If I have a drink at lunch. The strike lasted for eight months.a%% . 5ou .. I(m sure to do!e off at my desk. give in give in & gives in giving #n gave in given in ($ /ive in EtoF p. When 5ou hear and learn in"or0ation about so0eone or so0ethin'. 5ou hear a&o t it. r3. I fell for it immediately.1. I guess he really fell for her in a big way.a%% . 5ou /ive in$ My son drove me cra6y asking me to buy him a new bicycle. 5ou + %% thro /h$ The doctor didn(t think his chances were very good. When 5ou "all into a li'ht sleep.or p.

n!le 2redBs reall5 si!7. and he MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM it.ro. . $. 4s he all ri'htH 11 . The bride dran7 too 0u!h !ha0pa'ne. *.+C4S. 4 ha1e a "eelin' sheBsMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMhi0. it thro5s the0 +$ Ae careful with that chain saw It(ll throw sawdust up in your eyes. When people thro5 +. 8. so0ethin'. so MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM it. so 4 told 05 "ather 4 needed his !ar to 'o to the librar5 to stud5.. 4 MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 5our brotherBs a!!ident last ni'ht. 5ou donBt #al7 or sit on it.. 8ou kids can play in the living room.uid to rise into the air. itBll be a 0ira!le.1. but sta% off the ?ersian rug. When so0ethin' !auses s0all parti!les o" dirt. 2a . 4.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . 4 needed a !ar to 'o to the part5. I feel like I(m going to throw up. 4 donBt !are i" 5ou be' 0e all ni'ht > 4B0 not MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM: 1/. 'le0 was so sick that he threw up all over my shoes. .hat can I do to get my cat to sta% off the kitchen counter1 throw up throw up & throws up throwing up threw up thrown up ($ thro5 + p. . or a li. 5on(t stand too close to the fire@ it(s throwing up sparks. 4" he MMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMM. 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM ten 0inutes a"ter the 0o1ie started.L.1. 4 )ust sha0pooed the !arpet in the li1in' roo0. dust. 3. and she MMMMMMMM MMMMMMM all o1er the best 0an. the5 vo-it.1.4n"initi1e present tense sta% off sta% off & sta%s off &ing form sta%ing off past tense sta%ed off past participle sta%ed off ($ sta3 o. 4 #ent to the shoe repair 'u5 be!ause the heel MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 05 shoe. . When 5ou sta3 o. Ceather !alls To0 e1er5 da5. The !oup MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #ithout an5 bloodshed. %. ($ thro5$$$ + p. p. and 4 0issed the #hole thin'. 2.

. Ta5lor "ell "or the sales0anBs pro0ises.ri7 heard about the ne# )ob. 2! .L. The patient pulled throu'h.11. and 6rs.+C4S. 4. The si!7 bo5 thre# up.+C4S. 2. he de!ided he had to bu5 it no 0atter ho# 0u!h it !ost. What did 05 0other tell 0eH 2. 8oes 2ran!is!o usuall5 doDe o"" a"ter dinnerH 1. 6r. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s . The tops !o0e o"" easil5. 4 al#a5s 'i1e in to her de0ands. . 65 0other told 0e not to #al7 on the 7it!hen "loor. The plot !o0e o"" as planned. Chan/e the sentences to ne/atives sin/ !o not or !onAt' !oes not or !oesnAt' or !i! not or !i!nAt$ E4a-+%e< 2ran!is!o doDes o"" a"ter dinner. These 0a!hines thro# up spar7s.L. 2ran!is!o doesnBt doDe o"" a"ter dinner. 3. . 12. 2. The do' sta5s o"" the bed. 8o 5ou reall5 e<pe!t 0e to belie1e a !raD5 stor5 li7e thatH MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM it: . 4. +osa "alls "or e1er5 bo5 she 0eets. . 4tBs MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM ashes and spar7s.+C4S.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. 8onBt 'et !lose to the "ire.L. When 8an sa# that ne# 0otor!5!le. 2d . 2b . 3. . Co# did 8an "eel about the 0otor!5!leH 12 .ro. Chan/e the sentences to > estions sin/ !o' !oes' or !i!$ E4a-+%e< 2ran!is!o usuall5 doDes o"" a"ter dinner. 1.

3. 65 !ousin 0ade a lot o" pro0ises to 0e. The 0eetin' didnBt happen the #a5 4 planned it. What doesnBt 8r. and 4 belie1ed the0.L. Wood said TedBs disease is 1er5 serious. WeBd better MMMMMMMM MMMMMMM ri'ht no#. but 4B0 not a'reein' to 5our de0ands. Wood thin7H 1/. Ti005 is 1er5 si!7. Potatoes ori'inall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM South -0eri!a. and she doesnBt thin7 thereBs 0u!h hope that heBll re!o1er. Wh5 did 5ou ha1e an a!!identH %. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . but he ne1er MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. The5 #ere 7illed #hen the5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a tru!7. What didnBt the 0eetin' doH $. 2. What a0 4 not doin' to 5our de0andsH 8. Aou !an as7 a thousand ti0es i" 5ou #ant to. +e1ie# . 2e. 8r. What does Ni!ole doH . and he #as 1o0itin' all ni'ht. Ni!ole learns about e1er5thin' that happens in to#n. 4. The students are so tired that the5 are startin' to sleep in !lass. 8.roSection ($ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 Section ($ !o0e "ro0 "i'ure out 'i1e ba!7 loo7 "or put on run into sho# up ta7e o"" 1. . &oo7 #hat ti0e it is: We ha1e to be at #or7 in "i"teen 0inutes. Co# did 4 rea!t to her pro0isesH *. $. 4 #aited "or Ioe "or three hours.3. ThatBs 0ine: MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM ri'ht no# or 4B0 tellin' 6o0: %. The 0e!hani! !anBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #hat the proble0 is #ith 05 !ar. Aou had an a!!ident a"ter one o" the #heels separated "ro0 5our !ar.+C4S. 13 . What #as Ti005 doin' all ni'htH . What are the students doin'H 4. The 0aid MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the dirt5 sheets and #ashed the0. 4B0 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a )ob !loser to ho0e.

3.i!ence or ener'5 to do it. It was nice to meet you. but I have to go along with your mother(s decision.1. I(m sorry to cancel. but I have to go along with Maria on this matter.1.ee% + to p. go along with /o a%on/ 5ith B /oes a%on/ 5ith /oin/ a%on/ 5ith 5ent a%on/ 5ith /one a%on/ 5ith ($ /o a%on/ 5ith p. 5ou ha1e the con. When 5ou . Ginda. !he just wants to get it over with so she can stop worrying about it. *H .1. and I look forward to seeing you again. 5ou /o a%on/ 5ith the0. doctor@ I just want to get it over with. 8ou talk down to me like I(m some kind of idiot. I(m sorry I can(t say yes about the motorcycle. but do you feel up to playing tennis after dinner1 )ake always went in for fishing when he was a kid.S (NG three95or! +hrasa% ver&s Phrasal 1erbs are not al#a5s !o0posed o" t#o #ords. but I just don(t feel up to going dancing tonight. Aaker tried to screw his e0&wife out of her share of the lottery pri6e. Infinitive present tense &ing form past tense feel up to feel up to < feels up to feeling up to felt up to past participle feel up to ($ . I understand your concern. &i7e t#o-#ord phrasal 1erbs.ee% + to doin' so0ethin'.hat(s my opinion1 I go along with =mar. Get(s fi0 both cavities today. Three-#ord phrasal 1erbs are !o0posed o" a 1erb and t#o parti!lesG the "irst parti!le is nor0all5 an ad1erb. and the se!ond a preposition. 9aren(s nervous about the job interview. When 5ou a'ree #ith people or a'ree #ith #hat the5 are sa5in'. I(ve put up with these love handles long enough ne0t week I(m getting liposuction. three-#ord phrasal 1erbs are either separable or nonseparableG I know it(s been a long day. Mr. Jal#a5s separatedK When 5ou #ant to /et so0ethin' over 5ith' it is be!ause it is so0ethin' unpleasant that 5ou #ant to "inish so that 5ou !an stop #orr5in' about it or !rea!in/ it. 2(C.333 feet away get over with get over with & gets over with getting over with do you feel up to it1 got over with gotten over with ($ /et$$$ over 5ith p. . I think it(s better to get the e0am over with first period than to be nervous about it all day long. The top of the mountain is only *.

1. it. I look forward to an opportunity to meet with you in person."$ /o a%on/ 5ith p. 5ou scre5 the0 o t o. p. -ing form going in for past tense went in for past participle gone in for ($ /o in . 5ou /o a%on/ 5ith it.or5ar! to doin' so0ethin'. 1 . . I don(t care what the boss says #nfinitive present tense go in for go in for & goes in for I(m not going along with any changes that will mean longer hours for less money.1. Jin"or0alK When 5ou 'et 0one5 or so0ethin' 1aluable "ro0 people in a dishonest #a5. When 5ou o&e3 a rule or "ollo# a de!ision. Aryan really goes in for any kind of outdoor activity. Mrs. 5ou li7e it and do it re'ularl5. When 5ou + t + 5ith so0ethin' 5ou do not li7e or are not happ5 about.1. When 5ou %oo0 . Taylor wasn(t happy about the committee(s decision. less edu!ated. but she doesn(t complain.1. I(m looking forward to seeing him again.hen I was a kid I went in for football. talk down to talk down to & talks down to talking down to talked down to talked down to ($ ta%0 !o5n to p. but she went along with it anyway. but I don(t watch it much anymore. It(s been four years since my brother went overseas. My husband said. 5ou a!!ept it and do not tr5 to !han'e it.or a !ertain a!ti1it5. When 5ou ta%0 !o5n to people. When 5ou /o in . 5ou are e<!ited about so0ethin' in the "uture be!ause 5ou en)o5 it or be!ause it #ill bene"it 5ou in so0e #a5. +I(ve put up with your brother long enoughE+ screw out of screw out of & screws out of screwing out of screwed out of screwed out of ($ scre5$$$ o t o. That con man screwed me out of my life savings.1.or5ar! to p. $er neighbors have loud parties every night. Their slea6y son&in&law screwed them out of thousands of dollars. !he just puts up with it. put up with put up with & puts up with putting up with put up with put up with ($ + t + 5ith p. look forward to look forward to & looks forward to looking forward to looked forward to looked forward to ($ %oo0 . or "ro0 a lo#er le1el o" so!iet5 than 5ou.1.or p. 5ou use a tone o" 1oi!e or an attitude that sho#s 5ou thin7 the5 are less intelli'ent.or5ar! to so0ethin' or %oo0 .

5ou ha1e to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the0.ro. 4B0 sure the5 donBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 'oin' to the part5.+C4S. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . 4tBs been onl5 t#o #ee7s sin!e the tra'ed5. Than7s "or in1itin' 0e. but 4 thin7 5our plan is a bi' 0ista7e. 2. Co# does Ierr5Bs brother-in-la# tal7 to Ierr5H 2. 3. $.1en i" 5ou donBt li7e the rules. . . . What did the sales0an do to the0H 1$ . 4 !ouldnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 05 husbandBs s0o7in' an5 lon'er.ro. . but 4 donBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM !ard 'a0es. 4B0 sorr5. 3a . Ni!ole !anBt #or7 to0orro#.1en thou'h 6r. 4" that !roo7 thin7s heBs 'oin' to MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM // bu!7s. The #hole "a0il5Bs 'oin' to be here "or Than7s'i1in'.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s .this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. was furious about the way he talked down to meE Aob hates )ane because of the way she talks down to him. What should Ni!ole doH 3.L. and 4 !anBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMit. he ne1er MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM people. 4. . 4 told hi0 to !hoose bet#een !i'arettes and 0e. heBs !raD5: %. and sheBs ner1ous about tellin' her boss./// too 0u!h "or their house be!ause the sales0an lied to the0.+C4S.L. Ierr5Bs brother-in-la# tal7s to hi0 li7e heBs an idiot. Watson is the ri!hest 0an in to#n. 3b . 8. The5 paid N . 4 1olunteered to 'i1e 05 spee!h "irst )ust so 4 !ould MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM *. and 6o0 is reall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMit..

4 thou'ht the ne# poli!5 #as an e<!ellent idea.ri7 'o ba!7 to #or7H %.roSection "$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 Section "$ !o0e o"" doDe o"" "all "or 'i1e in hear about pull throu'h sta5 o"" thro# up 1. What do 5ou ha1e to doH $. The 0eetin' #as so borin' that 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. but 4 didnBtMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM his lies. but 5ou !anBt 0o1e or !han'e the #eather. Co# did 4 "eel about the ne# poli!5H . $. 4. Co# does Sall5 "eel about "l5in' in an airplaneH . 1% . 4" that !at doesnBt learn to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the table. . 8. Sall5Bs 'oin' to "l5 in an airplane "or the "irst ti0e. +e1ie# . and 4 a'reed #ith it 1// per!ent. Wh5 !anBt .ri7 )ust 'ot out o" the hospital. and he sta5ed ho0e "ro0 s!hool toda5. Ce MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM t#i!e last ni'ht. 3!. . -"ter =ett5Bs te0perature 'ot up to 1/ de'rees.L. -"ter a "e# #ee7s. and 4 "inall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. The #inters in 6inneapolis are terrible. Ce 7ept na''in' and na''in'. 6i'uel told 0e he didnBt steal 05 TV. Ii0 is reall5 si!7. 2.+C4S. 3.4. 4 MMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a !ountr5 #here people use bi' stones "or 0one5. the 'old on this !heap )e#elr5 starts to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . and he doesnBt "eel stron' enou'h to 'o ba!7 to #or7. and sheBs 1er5 e<!ited about it. #e started to thin7 she 0i'ht not %. it #ill ha1e to 'o.

>aptain Morgan was ordered to go after the enemy soldiers. >an you believe it1 !he was cheating on me with my best friendE "$ cheat on p. "$ /o a.ter p. . When 5ou cheat on 5our se<ual partner. 5ou cheat on the test.ter p. The senator introduced a bill designed to go after deadbeat dads.1. go after go after & goes after going after went after gone after ($ /o a. the5 /o a.e would be planning for a bigger crowd if the weather weren(t so bad.ter the0. When 5ou !hase and tr5 to ph5si!all5 stop or to atta!7 people. Thanks for all your help. If I didn(t cheat on the tests.1. I(m sorry for putting you to so much trouble. When 5ou do so0ethin' dishonest so that 5ou !an do better on a test. They should be wrapping the meeting up in a few minutes. I(d never pass any of my classes. it /oes a. Federal prosecutors are now going after the top drug dealers.6$ FOCUS ON< +resent an! +ast contin o s +hrasa% ver&s &i7e one-#ord 1erbs. .hich dictionary is he looking up the words in1 $ow will she be pa%ing for her tuition bill1 The compass needle couldn(t be pointing to the south. 5ou ha1e se< or a ro0anti! relationship #ith another person. When a business tries to in!rease its pro"its b5 tr5in' to in!rease its 0ar7et share or its nu0ber o" !usto0ers. ' policeman saw him stealing the car and went after him.ter the0. The teacher caught 'li cheating on the e0am.ter p. When la# en"or!e0ent o""i!ials tr5 to prose!ute people throu'h a le'al pro!edure. !arah filed for divorce after she caught Ieorge cheating on her. *$ /o a. I(ve been going after my master(s for nearly five years.1. 5ou /o a.ter the0.1. 18 . phrasal 1erbs !an nor0all5 be used in the continuous tense Ealso !alled the progressive tenseF usin' the -ing "or0 o" the 1erb Ealso !alled the present parti!ipleF and a "or0 o" be: The principal told me you(d been cheating on the test. Infinitive present tense cheat on cheat on < cheats on cheating on cheated on cheated on &ing form past tense past participle ($ cheat on p.1.

was in 5allas on business.1. Infinitive present tense look up look up < looks up looking up looked up looked up &ing form past tense past participle ($ %oo0$$$ + p. !ofia went after a degree in accounting. When 5ou 'i1e so0eone 0one5 in e<!han'e "or so0ethin'. look me up. *$ %oo0 + p. but at least it(s paid for. my old college roommate. My car is old. it is paid for.1. 'fter you have paid for something. 5ou %oo0 the0 +$ . When 5ou /o a.or it. 8oung people think that drugs are harmless. When 5ou are punished "or so0ethin'.ter p. When a situation is %oo0in/ + or startin' to %oo0 +' it is i0pro1in'. paid for part. but they(ll pa% for their foolishness someday. 5ou %oo0 the #ord or nu0ber +$ The teacher told the students to look the new words up in a dictionary. but it(s not in the phone book. 5ou tr5 to obtain it e1en thou'h it 0a5 be di""i!ult to do. I caught the guy who(s spreading these false rumors about me. "$ +a3 . "$ %oo0$$$ + p. When 5ou lo!ate and 1isit people 5ou ha1e not seen "or a lon' ti0e.1. and I looked up 5an )ones. Things are looking up.The tobacco company denied going after the teenage market. 5ou +a3 . but things are starting to look up. When 5ou 'et in"or0ation "ro0 a re"eren!e boo7.1.adj.1. Ausiness was pretty bad for a while. 6$ /o a.or #hat 5ou ha1e done. 5ou +a3 .or it or +a3 so0eone . and he paid for ruining my reputation.ter so0ethin'. I(m much happier than I was last year.or p. >an # pa% for this stuff with a credit card1 'lfonso paid the waiter for his dinner.1. The >/= said he wanted to go after new customers in >hina. 1* .or p. pa% for pa% for & pa%s for pa%ing for paid for paid for ($ +a3$$$ . Todd trained for a year before going after the record in the *33&yard dash. If you(re ever in 9empton. su!h as a #ord "ro0 a di!tionar5 or a telephone nu0ber "ro0 a telephone boo7. I looked up his number.

When 5ou indi!ate people or thin's #ith 5our hand or a "in'er. I(m sorry to put you to so much trouble.uestion.1. When 5ou !on"ront people #ith a di""i!ult or thou'ht-pro1o7in' . point to point to & points to pointing to pointed to pointed to ($ +oint to p. $e didn(t want to tell me the truth. 2/ . *$ + t $$$to p.or it. put to put to & puts to putting to put to put to ($ + t$$$ to p. so I pointed to my empty glass and she understood.1. When 5ou + t part o" 5our bod5 or so0ethin' in 5our hand to so0ethin'. The waitress couldn(t hear me. it +oints to it.1. When an arro# or a si'n indi!ates so0ethin'. a!!usation. When a situation or o!!urren!e !auses 5ou to !onsider so0ethin' else. . The prosecutor asked.hen he put a gun to my head. I reali6ed what he was talking about. Thanks for helping me with my flat tire. The neighbors were arguing again. The fact that all the people with food poisoning ate tuna salad sandwiches pointed to contaminated mayonnaise as the source of the illness. . or proposition.1. 5ou +oint to the0. These terrible test scores point to a need for some major changes in our educational system.1. When 5ou put people to trouble or put the0 to an e<pense. 5ou !ause the0 to do e<tra #or7 or to spend 0one5. It(s never to early too start planning for retirement.hen ?rof. 5ou + t it to the0. 5ou tou!h or press it to so0ethin'.Infinitive present tense plan for plan for < plans for planning for planned for planned for &ing form past tense past participle ($ +%an . 5ou +%an . so we put our ears to the wall to try to hear what they were saying. +>an you point to the man you saw carrying the gun1+ "$ +oint to p. The festival was a disaster because they didn(t plan for such a huge crowd. and he finally told me the whole story. I reali6ed he wasn(t joking. When 5ou 0a7e preparations "or so0ethin' in the "uture. I know my father would pay my dental bill if I asked him. but I really put it to him.or p. but I hate to put him to such an e0pense. 9line put his theory to me like that. it +oints to that thin'.1. "$ + t$$$ to p.

When 5ou !on!lude an e1ent that has been happenin' "or so0e ti0e. The salesman blabbered for two hours before I finally told him to wrap it up. 8ou(ll %%%%%%% %%%%%%%% what you did to me if it(s the last thing I ever doE D. -"ter 5ou en!lose an ob)e!t in so0e 7ind o" paper. she %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% the gold. *7. *H. Ginda told "ed that she would divorce him if he ever %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% her again. 8es. The principal gave a 6ero to each of the students who %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% the test. *3. Most insurance companies won(t %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% plastic surgery. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . it was Fuite a surprise we didn(t %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% twins. usuall5 'i"t #rappin' paper or pa!7a'in' paper. Mike is %%%%%%%% the words %%%%%%%% in the dictionary. K.#nfinitive present tense wrap up wrap up & wraps up wrapping up wrapped up wrapped up -ing form past tense past participle ($ 5ra+$$$ + p. It(s *7#23. Get(s%%%%%%%%this meeting%%%%%%%%and goto lunch. 'fter she won the silver medal. I %%%%%%% my ear %%%%%%%% the wall to try to hear what !ally was saying about me. The movers wrapped up the china with newspapers. %. 21 .e saw an arrow%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%the door at the end of the hallway. 5ra++e! + part.1.+C4S.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ *. The police officers %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% the robbers.L.ro. 5ou 5ra+ it +$ . 2. have to wrap this gift up before I go to the party. =in! + is si0ilar to 5ra+ +$ . The high crime rate %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% a need for more police officers. . L. There was no way he could deny his guilt after the prosecutor %%%%%%%% it %%%%%%% him. 5ou #rap it up.e wrapped up the meeting around H#33 and went home.ad).1. but they didn(t catch them. 4a . *2. it is 5ra++e! +$ "$ 5ra+$$$ + p. **. J. . H. When 5ou en!lose an ob)e!t in so0e 7ind o" paper. I returned to my hometown for the first time in forty years and %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% my first girlfriend. 7. usuall5 'i"t #rappin' paper or pa!7a'in' paper.

BMom(s birthday present. itC %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% 7. but no# itBs MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM !usto0ers all o1er the !ountr5. These last si0 months have been difficult for !ally.L. Bsome old army buddies. The committee is wrapping up. Aou MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM a lot o" trouble to help 5ou 0o1e 5our piano. Ba word. *J. themC %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% 2. Btheir discussion. 1*. I was in Aoston looking up.*D. The FAI is %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% major drug smugglers.+C4S. 5ad(s upstairs wrapping up. I was looking up in the dictionary. *M. . =rite sentences sin/ the o&. 4b . itC %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% H. and 5ou didnBt e1en sa5 than7 5ou.ects in +arentheses$ Be s re to + t the o&. The !o0pan5 started in Cali"ornia. but now things are starting to 18. itC %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% 22 . The guy in the seafood store %%%%%%%%% the fish %%%%%%%%% in old newspapers.ects in the ri/ht +%ace$ *.

ri7Bs telephone nu0ber in a telephone boo7. What is the situation doin'H H.+C4S.ectives .ter each one$ !o0e "ro0. and we got married three months later. 2 "i'ure out. What did +osa do to her friend1 11. 4 !anBt MMMMMMMM the0 MMMMMMMM.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. and 4 "inall5 MMMMMMMM %. To0 did a lot o" #or7 to 'et his 'uest bedroo0 read5 "or 0e #hen 4 1isited hi0. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the boo7 a"ter 4 'i1e the 0one5 to the !ashierH *. 4d. >armen(s family %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%%% Michoacan around twenty years ago. -"ter -unt 6ar5Bs stro7e. To0 is 0arried. So"ia is 'oin' to tr5 to brea7 the re!ord in the hi'h )u0p. 65 dau'hter be''ed 0e to let her 'et her ears pier!ed. When +osa #as in Ne# (rleans.L. but he never %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%%%. 72 4. These instru!tions donBt 0a7e an5 sense at all. 1 pull throu'h. I %%%%%% %%%%%%%% your mother on our first date. 1 'i1e in.ro. WeBre preparin' "or 3// #eddin' 'uests. 1 hear about. . What are the5 doin'H 1/. and he said he MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a ne# !ar that runs on #ater. 1 *.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. 2 "all "or. and his father chased him and tried to catch him. What did 4 do to To0H %. 6e'an is tr5in' to "ind . Ii0 as7ed 5ou a reall5 di""i!ult . Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s .hat did the father do1 .L. 4B0 'i1in' 0one5 to the !ashier "or the boo7 4 #ant to bu5. What a0 4 doin'H 8. What is 6e'an doin'H 13. Ce sho#ed 0e #here the bathroo0 #as #ith his "in'er. 2 loo7 "or. . 4n Ouestion %. 2. she loo7ed "or and 1isited a !hildhood "riend. 65 "ather #as listenin' to the radio. What did he doH 2. but he slept #ith another #o0an. 2 sho# up.+C4S. 7. but she MMMMMMMM MMMMMMM 1.. What is So"ia 'oin' to tr5 to doH $. ?aul was supposed to meet us at K#33. her !han!es didnBt loo7 'ood. What are #e doin'H 3. What did Ii0 do to 5ouH 12.uestion. The situation is 'ettin' better. The little boy ran away. 4! . The people in the 0eetin' are !on!ludin' the 0eetin'. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s an! +artici+%e a!. +e1ie# . What did To0 do to his #i"eH . .

The teacher passed them '*T. 4 spent t#o hours MMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMM the re0ote !ontrol be"ore 4 "ound it. and it burned &'(). 7$ FOCUS ON< +ron nciation o. t5o95or! +hrasa% ver&s Nonse+ara&%e +hrasa% ver&s Intransitive nonseparable phrasal 1erbs E1erbs that do not allo# an ob)e!tF are usuall5 a!!ented on the parti!leG The barn got hit by lightning.2.hite $ouse. When so0ethin' 0e!hani!al &rea0s !o5n' it !oes not "un!tion. Se+ara&%e +hrasa% ver&s !eparable phrasal verbs Bwhich are always transitiveC are usually accented on the particle# The Aritish soldiers tried to burn &'() the .1.-. I told the teacher my dog ate my homework.T#)/ on his wife for years. Transitive nonseparable phrasal 1erbs E1erbs that re.11 for it. -s the e<a0ples abo1e sho#. a sin'le phrasal 1erb !an belon' to 0ore than one !ate'or5 dependin' on its 0eanin'. Infinitive present tense break down break down ! breaks down &ing form breaking down past tense broke down past participle broken down ($ &rea0!o5n p. "ed drank so much that he passed '*T on the bathroom floor. but she didn(t 0.uire an ob)e!tF are usuall5 a!!ented on the 1erbG $ank(s been +. 24 .

their marriage started to break down.1. This photocopier is a piece of junk it breaks down every day. but after he broke it down for us. it is &ro0en9!o5n$ My car is a broken-down piece of junk. When so0ethin' de!o0poses or redu!es to its s0allest parts or is redu!ed b5 so0eone to its s0allest parts.1. When 5ou redu!e a pro!ess. plan. plan. . *$ &rea0!o5n p. &rea0!o5n n$ A &rea0!o5n is a situation in #hi!h so0ethin' 0e!hani!al has &ro0en !o5n$ 'fter that last breakdown I decided it was time for a new car. we understood it a little better. plan. 5ou &rea0 it !o5n$ 2 . 'fter he started drinking heavily. &rea0!o5n n. or 0arria'e has &ro0en !o5n is a &rea0!o5n$ "either side would give an inch. When 5ou use "or!e to 'o throu'h a door that is lo!7ed. 7$ &rea0$$$ !o5n p. situation. a'ree0ent.situation in #hi!h an arran'e0ent. or 0arria'e &rea0s !o5n' one or 0ore persons in1ol1ed is not !ooperatin' or parti!ipatin' be!ause o" a disa'ree0ent or proble0. "$ &rea0!o5n p.hen the judge sentenced )ones to life in prison. 6$ &rea0 !o5n p. . If you break the manufacturing process down into steps.ad). and there was a breakdown in the negotiations. it(s easier to train new workers.1. Tom breaks down whenever he thinks of the tragedy. 8$ &rea0 $$$ !o5n p. 'nticoagulant drugs are used to break down blood clots. When an arran'e0ent. or idea to its basi! parts to 0a7e it easier to understand. a'ree0ent. he broke down and begged for mercy.. 5ou &rea0 it !o5n$ The professor(s plan seemed really complicated.situation in #hi!h so0eone has &ro0en !o5n and is 1er5 upset or !on"used is a &rea0!o5n$ Marvin had a complete mental breakdown and started to see invisible people. was late for work because my car broke down. in bad !ondition. . &rea0!o5n n. it &rea0s !o5n$ 'fter the poison breaks down it(s Fuite harmless. ne'otiation. The peace negotiations broke down because neither side was willing to compromise. or not "un!tionin' properl5. ne'otiation. &ro0en9!o5n part. When so0ethin' is old. proble0.1.1. When 5ou &rea0 !o5n' 3o lose sel"-!ontrol and be!o0e e0otionall5 or 0entall5 !on"used.

the "ational Iuard was called in. I was surprised when I found out that he can speak fourteen languages. 5ou ca%% in or ca%% in si!7. Jnot usuall5 separated > the ob)e!t !an be a noun. or 7no#led'e to help #ith a proble0 or di""i!ult pro)e!t. +alling in sick too often is a good way to get fired. a noun !lause.uest the help o" people or o" an or'aniDation #ith 0ore e<perien!e.1. The manager was angry when her secretary called in three days in a row.in! $$$ o t p. I met a nice man at the party. look in the newspaper to find out. 5ou ca%% the0 in$ . I tried to get the information. 5ou han! the0 &ac0 or han! the0 &ac0 to the0.1. The local police chief considered calling the FAI in to help solve the crime. The teacher will hand the tests back in third period. The owner was arrested for deliberately burning his factory down. but I never found out his name. When 5ou !all 5our pla!e o" e0plo50ent to sa5 5ou !annot #or7 that da5 be!ause 5ou are si!7. call in call in & calls in calling in called in called in ($ ca%% in p. or a !o0plete senten!eK When 5ou . a few buildings survived. find out find out & finds out finding out found out found out ($ . 2$ . 5ou learn or be!o0e a#are o" that in"or0ation or "a!t. When a buildin' or other stru!ture & rns !o5n or so0eone & rns it !o5n' it is !o0pletel5 destro5ed b5 "ire. The guard handed my I5 card back to me. ' door had to be broken down to rescue the people trapped by the fire. po#er. Though most of >hicago burned down in *KM*. When 5ou return thin's to people b5 holdin' the0 in 5our hand and e<tendin' 5our ar0. I met a nice man at the party. I was surprised when I found out he can speak fourteen languages.The police broke the door down and arrested the bank robbers.1.1.in! o t in"or0ation or a "a!t.hen the local police couldn(t handle the riot. If you don(t know when the movie starts.1. but I couldn(t find it out. Infinitive present tense burn down burn down < burns down burning down burned down burned down &ing form past tense past participle ($ & rn $$$ !o5n p. "$ ca%%$$$ in p. hand back hand back & hands back handing back handed back handed back ($ han!$$$ &ac0 EtoF p. but I never found out what his name was. When 5ou re.

setup set up * sets up setting up set up set up ($ set$$$ + p. "$ +i%e + p. !mith look at it. *$ %oo0 at p. the5 +i%e +$ When people add thin's to a pile.1. My work really piled up white I was on vacation. 8ou(re looking at at least :*D.6n+#n#t# e present tense look at loo3 at 8 loo3s at loo3#n. 6$ %oo0 at p. they are piled up.adj. pile up pile up & piles up piling up piled up piled up ($ +i%e$$$ + p. When thin's in!rease in nu0ber and start to "or0 a pile. 5ou %oo0 at it$ The mechanic looked at my car but couldn(t find anything wrong with it. the5 +i%e the0 +$ The snow piled up so high that I couldn(t open my door. piled up part.hat should be done about this situation depends on how you look at it. That was a serious injury. My bills are piling up faster than I can pay them. When 5ou e<a0ine so0ethin' or a situation and de!ide #hat to do about it. 5ou set it +$ 2% . 1ook at me when I talk to youE "$ %oo0 at p.333. / looked at her and told her I loved her.+or1 past tense past part#)#ple ($ %oo0 at p. not the ?resident.1. When 5ou arran'e the parts o" so0ethin' so that the5 are in their proper position and !an "un!tion.1. ' lot of dirty laundry is piled up in the basement.1. Jin"or0al > al#a5s !ontinuousK When 5ou sa5 that people are %oo0in/ at an a0ount o" 0one5 or a len'th o" ti0e. When #or7 or so0ethin' else that 0ust be done in!reases "aster than 5ou !an do it.at loo3ed at loo3ed at %#n. 8our finger might be broken@ you should have 5r.hen things are in a pile. When 5ou "o!us 5our e5es on people or thin's.1. 5ou %oo0 at the0. 5ou 0ean that this is ho# 0u!h the5 thin7 so0ethin' #ill !ost or ho# lon' so0ethin' #ill ta7e. In the fall we pile the dead leaves up in the driveway and burn them. . . ?utting a new roof on this house isn(t going to be cheap. it +i%es +$ I(m really worried about money. 8ou(re looking at months and months of physical therapy.1. The way I look at it. When 5ou thin7 a !ertain #a5 or ha1e an opinion about so0ethin'.1. >ongress is to blame for this mess. that is the #a5 5ou %oo0 at it.

this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. -"ter the parts o" so0ethin' are in their proper position and "un!tion properl5. and then she MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM to 0e. Jin"or0alK When 5ou !o00it a !ri0e but 0a7e it appear that another. 4. Can 5ou help #ash the dishes. When an a!ti1it5 or pro)e!t is planned. Jin"or0alK -n atte0pt b5 so0eone to 0a7e it appear that an inno!ent person is 'uilt5 o" a !ri0e is a set +$ . 2etting up a meeting of all fifty governors took a lot of planning.The kids got a swing set for >hristmas. The detective didn(t believe me when I told him I was set up. . When he heard that his brother had been 7illed. . inno!ent person is 'uilt5 o" the !ri0e. or or'aniDed. told the detective it was a setup and that I could prove I had been at the racetrack when the bank was robbed. "$ set$$$ + p.ad). a . but everything is set up now.1. 5ou set the inno!ent person +$ )oe robbed the bank and tried to set me up by leaving some of the stolen money in my apartment and then telling the police about it. be sure to set your tent up before it gets dark. 're the tables set up" set + n. 4 'a1e the !ashier 05 !redit !ard. he MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM and !ried.ad). arran'ed. WeBre e<pe!tin' !o0pan5. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s .!olle!tion or arran'e0ent o" parts or e.uip0ent ne!essar5 "or a !ertain pro!edure or tas7 is a set +$ The nurse prepared setups for the hospital emergency room. Can 5ou MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM the !ard table in the dinin' roo0H 3. set + n. 5ou set it +$ # set up a H#33 meeting with )ones and his lawyer. When 5ou plan and or'aniDe an a!ti1it5 or pro)e!t. . it is set +$ The arrangements for the wedding were very complicated. .1.ro. set + part.+C4S. set + n. Co# an a!ti1it5 or pro)e!t is planned or arran'ed is the set +$ WhatBs the set + "or the 2ourth o" Iul5 pi!ni!H *$ set$$$ + p. 2.hen you(re camping. set + part.L. and 5ad had to set it up in the snow. pleaseH The5Bre reall5 be'innin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. the5 are set +$ The party is starting in one hour.

K. *K. ho5 t5o9 5or! +hrasa% ver&s are +rono nce!$ Then' sa3 each sentence in E4ercise 7a a%o ! an! circ%e the ver& or +artic%e that is accente!$ ECERCISE 7c . I(d say you(re %%%%%%%% %%%%%%% at least :H. I(ll tell the judge that I(m innocent and that "ed 9elly%%%%%%%%me%%%%%%%%. I(ll%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%it after dinner. "ewspapers are slowly %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% in his basement. itC >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>> . )im buys a newspaper every day. This is the FAI open the door or we(ll %%%%%%%% it %%%%%%%%E we have to get more crooks off the streets and into the *2. . *7. one thing(s for sure jails. The family doctor has never seen a case of malaria before. Revie5 the e4+%anation at the &e/innin/ o. *L. so he is %%%%%%%% %%%%%%% a specialist. It %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% at least once a week. *M. The firefighters broke down. . Two people %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% sick. The secretary is %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% a meeting. .+C4S. The arsonist tried to %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% several houses in the neighborhood.D. I(m a little confused about your theory. *H.ould you mind %%%%%%%% it %%%%%%%% for me1 *3. Naul %%%%%%% %%%%%%%% his watch and told me he had to leave. =rite three sentences sin/ the o&. !ome chemical compounds start to %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% after only a few hours. (*D. The mechanic said. I don(t know the answer. Maybe I can fi0 your computer. +To fi0 a car after an accident that bad. but I(ll try to %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%%. but he never puts it in the garbage when he is finished. J.ects in +arentheses$ Be s re to + t the o&.e were very busy at work today. M. b .+ . any way you %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% it. this section o.ects in the ri/ht +%ace$ *. My car is a real piece of junk. 73.L.333. **. Bthe door. *J. $ey. The civil war started again after the peace talks %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%%. L.

Bthe ironing board. Iane arran'ed a bab5 sho#er. Bthe old barn. and 'ot it read5 to use. #hat did Ia7e ha1eH 13. What did the buildin' doH 11.n!le 2redBs !ar had a 0e!hani!al proble0. $e called in. . What did it doH %. The door #as lo!7ed.ectives' an! no ns . Wh5 #as the boss an'r5H 14. The soldiers destro5ed the buildin' #ith "ire. he be!a0e 1er5 ner1ous and upset. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the bab5 sho#er a"ter Iane arran'ed itH 3. #hat did . The boss #as an'r5 be!ause 5ou didnBt !all to sa5 that 5ou #ere si!7 and !ouldnBt #or7. I set up. What are 05 0a'aDines doin'H 4. H. 4 'et 0a'aDines in the 0ail "aster than 4 !an read the0. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s' +artici+%e a!. =ur teacher handed back. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe itH 1$. When the dete!ti1e told Ia7e he !ould 'et the death penalt5.herC >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>> . !hapiro. They burned down.n!le 2redBs !arH 8. D. and it stopped runnin'. 4n Ouestion $. itC >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>> . What did she do to her !o0puterH 1 . What did 4 doH . ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe 05 0a'aDinesH . What did she doH 2. 4n Ouestion $. !onne!ted all the !ables. themC >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>> .n!le 2red ha1eH *. ECERCISE 7! . itC >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>> . 4 learned that -llBs e<!use #as a bi' lie. The soldiers destro5ed the buildin' #ith "ire. 4n Ouestion 14.ro. What did Can7 doH 1%. and 'ot it read5 to use. a"ter Iud5 too7 her ne# !o0puter out o" the bo<. B5r. 2. 4n Ouestion 1. !onne!ted alt the !ables. but Can7 "or!ed it open and 'ot inside. What did Todd doH $.7. 4n Ouestion 3. Todd returned the pen to 6ar7. What did the soldiers doH 1/. 4n Ouestion 11. Bthe papers.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. Iud5 too7 her ne# !o0puter out o" the bo<. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe . What did Ia7e doH 12.

31 . 3 sta5 o"". Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . Cer husband is a real )er7. 2 1. 4 #asnBt sure i" Charles MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 'oin' s!uba di1in' a'ain so soon a"ter the shar7 atta!7. 3. 3 'o alon' #ith. 4B1e ne1er been to 4tal5.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are In the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a.ECERCISE 7e' Revie5 . 3 'et o1er #ith.2 tal7 do#n to. 4B0 tellin' 5ou "or the last ti0e: MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the 'rass: 4. and 4B0 reall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 'oin' there. 3 thro# up.ter each one$ !o0e o"". Can 5ou help 0e #ith this )arH The top #onBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 3 'o in "or. 3 loo7 "or#ard to. . 2 "eel up to. 3 put up #ith. Co# does she MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM hi0H 2.

three95or! +hrasa% ver&s The pronunciation of three&word phrasal verbs is generally Fuite simple# the second. 5ou are sa5in' that it is the basi! !ause o" a 0ore !o0pli!ated situation or proble0. Most of the crime in this city boils down to drugs. 8$ 2(C.1. When 4 had "ood poisonin' 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM all ni'ht lon'. come down will came down with ($ co-e !o5n 5ith p. . Can 5ou belie1e the ner1e o" that 'u5 in the 0eetin' 5esterda5H Ce MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 0e as i" 4 #as the stupidest 'u5 on . 4 )ust #ant to MMMMMMMM it.1. particle is accented regardless of whether the phrasal verb is separable or inseparable# . My decision to stay at this awful job boils down to one thing come down with come down with & comes down with coming down with money. 4B0 tired o" ar'uin' about the di1or!e settle0ent. Ce reall5 MMMMMMMM MMMM outdoor stu"" li7e !a0pin' and 0ountain !li0bin'. or middle. 5ou are co-in/ !o5n 5ith so0ethin' or co-in/ !o5n 5ith an illness. don(t feel well. 4B0 sorr5 4 !anBt a'ree #ith 5ou 8ad.$. #nfinitive present tense boil down to boil down to & boils down to -ing form boiling down to past tense boiled down to past participle boiled down to ($ &oi% !o5n to p. The detective didn(t get any information '*T of him. Aou !an be sure Paul #ill ta7e his 1a!ation out #est. When 5ou sa5 that so0ethin' &oi%s !o5n to so0ethin' else.arth: 1/. +If you don(t wear an undershirt. but 4 ha1e to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 6o0. think I(ve come *3 with an answer to your problem. %. you(ll come down with pneumonia. 8.S (NG +ron nciation o. Maybe I(m coming down with something.+ 27 . When 5ou are startin' to 'et si!7. My grandmother said. *.

5on(t worry about the broken window. it.. or do not #ant to do it. They tortured him for days. When 5ou do so0ethin' a"ter #aitin' "or so0e ti0e be!ause 5ou are laD5. ine. or so0e other bene"it o t o. or de!eit to 'et so0ethin'. but I came up with the answer. p. get around to get around to & gets around to getting around to got around to gotten/got around to ($ /et aro n! to p. When 5ou thin7 o" an idea. but they couldn(t get any information out of him. 4" an a!ti1it5 'i1es 5ou pleasure.1.Infinitive present tense come up with come up with < comes up with &ing form coming up with past tense came up with past participle come up with ($ co-e + 5ith p. or so0e other bene"it.1.1. The boss wants me to work a double shift. the0. p. It took me a while. so0ethin' or /et o t o. p. or solution. It took me all night. I sat through that boring class for three months and didn(t learn a thing. I(ll get around to it one of these days. 5ou /et it o t o.icient. Gydia wants to come up with a great idea for the party. but I got the whole story out of her. doin' so0ethin' 5ou 0ust do but do not #ant to do. When 5ou 0a7e a pro0ise. !am got out of gym class by pretending to be sick. 5ou /et aro n! to it. 5ou "ind a #a5 to a1oid it. The judge didn(t get any pleasure out of imposing such a harsh penalty. I promised to take my son to a baseball game. When 5ou use "or!e. but 5ou do not do #hat 5ou pro0ised to do. plan. I didn(t get around to doing my ta0es until 'pril *H. 5ou /et pleasure. but I(ll get out of it.1. 5ou co-e + 5ith it. *$ /et$$$ o t o. # got out of going to church with my parents by pretending to be sick. and I(m not going back on my word.1. satis"a!tion. 33 . satis"a!tion. pressure. I didn(t get anything out of it. When 5ou /et o t o. The ?resident went back on his pledge not to raise ta0es. go back on go back on & goes back on going back on went back on gone back on ($ /o &ac0 on p.1. get out of get out of & gets out of getting out of got out of gotten/got out of ($ /et o t o. "$ /et$$$ o t o. su!h as in"or0ation or 0one5. 5ou /o &ac0 on 5our pro0ise. "ro0 people.

1.#nfinitive present tense go through with go through with & goes through with -ing form going through with past tense went through with past participle gone through with ($ /o thro /h 5ith p. 3. 34 .1. When 5ou do so0ethin' that 5ou ha1e de!ided to do e1en thou'h it 0a5 be dan'erous or unpleasant or others 0a5 ob)e!t. . but 4 "inall5 MMMMMMMM the reason MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM her. but 4 !anBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM an5 reason #h5 5our idea #onBt #or7. 5espite his family(s opposition. 4 donBt MMMMMMMM 0u!h satis"a!tion MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM tea!hin' students #ho donBt #ant to be in the !lass. 2i<in' the lea7 in the roo" is 'oin' to be a bi' )ob. Frank was monke%ing around with my printer.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ *. ECERCISE 8a . the !o0pan5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM its plan to 0o1e "ro0 do#nto#n to the suburbs. I monke%ed around with my camera.ro. but 4 ha1e to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM it be"ore the ne<t rain. 5ou -on0e3 aro n! 5ith the0. 8esterday he thought he might be MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a !old. 4B1e thou'ht and thou'ht. and now it doesn(t work. $. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . 4. 5ou /o thro /h 5ith it$ The spokeswoman said the company would go through with its plan to move the company to Me0ico. /rik went through with his decision to Fuit his job and start his own business. 2. monke% around with monke% around with & monke%s around monke%ing around with monke%ed around with monke%ed around ($ -on0e3 aro n! 5ith p. Jin"or0alK When 5ou ad)ust or tr5 to repair 0e!hani!al de1i!es e1en thou'h 5ou do not ha1e per0ission or do not ha1e the s7ill to do it properl5. I(m not surprised that 'li stayed home from work today. and I think maybe I fi0ed it. &ast 5ear. Ceather didnBt #ant to tell 0e #h5 she #as 0ad.

What did To0 doH 2. Cu00in's thou'ht o" a #a5 to 0anu"a!ture her !o0pan5Bs produ!ts 0ore !heapl5. 4 as7ed her a'ain and a'ain #hat the proble0 #as and she "inall5 told 0e.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1.uit s0o7in'. Aou "eel a little si!7 no#. 1/. Wh5 does one house sell "or 0ore than anotherH %. 65 #i"e didnBt tal7 to 0e all da5. The e<planation "or our "ailure to sol1e this proble0 isnBt !o0pli!ated. What did 4 doH 4. 4 thin7 5ou should ta7e 5our VC+ to a repair shop. but he did it. but 4Bll tr5 to "i< the air !onditioner an5#a5. Iani!e reall5 li7es tea!hin' be!ause it 'i1es her a lot o" satis"a!tion.uel doH 3 .ro. but the 0ain reason is the houseBs lo!ation. We #ere in Paris "or "i1e da5s. 5ouBll )ust 0a7e it #orse. What didnBt #e doH 3. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s . What did 4 doH 1/. *. but she said nothin' #as #ron'. ECERCISE 8& . Aou lied to 0e: Aou pro0ised 0e 5ou #ould . 4B1e 'ot to thin7 o" a #a5 to MMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM it. Cu00in's doH $. WhatBs happenin' to 5ou toda5H 8.%. 65 "ather said 4 had to !ut the 'rass. but 4 told hi0 4 #ould do it to0orro#. +a.i""el To#er. 4B0 supposed to report "or )ur5 dut5 on 6onda5. 8. 4 donBt reall5 7no# #hat to do. 6s. 4t reall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a la!7 o" "undin'. There are 0an5 reasons #h5 one house sells "or a hi'her pri!e than other houses. 4" 5ou MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMM it. and 5ou thin7 5ouBll ha1e a !old to0orro#. What did +a. Wh5 does Iani!e li7e tea!hin'H . What did 6s. but she #ent #ith Carlos instead. but #e ne1er "ound ti0e to 'o to the . and no# 5ouB1e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 5our #ord.uel pro0ised -le< she #ould 'o to the dan!e #ith hi0. What #ill 4 do to the air !onditionerH *. To0 #as 1er5 ner1ous about 'ettin' 0arried. but 4 donBt #ant to.

4 pile up. loo7 at. 12. #e should MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 1 / 'uests.ter each one$ burn do#n. &5dia MMMMMMMM her best "riend "ro0 !olle'e MMMMMMMM #hen she #as in &as Ve'as. !heat on. =ill #onBt be happ5 i" he MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM that 5ou s!rat!hed his !ar. 'o a"ter.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. and e1er5one #e in1ited brin's his or her spouse. The poli!e o""i!er MMMMMMMM 05 dri1erBs li!ense MMMMMMMM to 0e alon' #ith a ti!7et. 1/. 4 1. *. 4 hand ba!7. The students #ho MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the test b5 #ritin' the ans#ers on their hands #ere e<pelled "ro0 s!hool. $.1iden!e 'athered a"ter the air plane !rash MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM en'ine "ailure as the !ause. %. 4" #e send out % in1itations to the #eddin'. WeB1e been at this 0eetin' all a"ternoon. 8onBt 5ou thin7 #e should MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM and 'o ho0eH 2. WeBd better do the laundr5 soon? itBs startin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. loo7 up. 65 sonBs thin7in' about MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM his 0asterBs de'ree. 4 put to. Revie5 the e4+%anation at the &e/innin/ o. . 4. 4B0 'oin' to ta7e it to Ii0 at the photo shop and as7 hi0 to MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMit. . 3. ho5 t5o9 5or! +hrasa% ver&s are +rono nce!$ Then' sa3 each sentence in E4ercise 8c a%o ! an! circ%e the ver& or +artic%e that is accente!$ 3$ .ECERCISE 8c' Revie5 . 8. This !a0era isnBt #or7in' ri'ht. plan "or. ECERCISE 8! . and she ad0itted that 4 #as ri'ht. 11. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . 4 point to.4 "ind out. Section 7 o. 4 #rap up. 4 reall5 MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM her. The dete!ti1e thin7s the o#ner MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM his restaurant "or the insuran!e 0one5.

:$ FOCUS ON< se+ara&%e +hrasa% ver&s 5ith %on/ o&. 4t boils do#n to the "ollo#in'. 5ou c t it +$ The boy(s mother is cutting a piece of meat up for him.1. but give the cut-up one to Oncle Fred he doesn(t have any teeth. and it 0ust be pla!ed bet#een the 1erb and the parti!leG !he put it on. and lon' ob)e!ts should be pla!ed a"ter the parti!le to a1oid !on"usionG !he put on the new dress with the red. When 5ou use a 7ni"e or pair o" s!issors to !ut so0ethin' so that there are 0an5 s0all pie!es. and blue flowers that she bought last week for H3 percent off. !he put her dress on. 2M . -"ter so0ethin' has been c t +' it is c t +$ This steak is for 'unt 9athy. Co#e1er. it !an be a#7#ard and !on"usin' to pla!e the ob)e!t bet#een the parti!lesG clear# I looked up the words that our teacher said were really important and would probably be on the fiunal e0am. I was so angry at her that I cut her picture up and flushed it down the toilet. !learG 4 %oo0e! the #ord +$ When the ob)e!t is short > one #ord or )ust a "e# #ords in len'th > the 0eanin' is !lear either #a5. c t + part. confusing# .ad). su!h as hi0. Short ob)e!ts !an be pla!ed bet#een the 1erb and the parti!le or a"ter the parti!leG !he put on her dress. looked the words that our teacher said were really important and would probably be on the final e0am up. yellow. her.ects We ha1e seen that the ob)e!t o" separable 1erbs !an be pla!ed bet#een the 1erb and the parti!le or a"ter the parti!leG !learG 4 %oo0e! + the #ord. Infinitive present tense cut up cut up & cuts up cutting up cut up cut up &ing form past tense past participle ($ c t$$$ + p. pronouns. #hen the ob)e!t is se1eral #ords lon'.

su!h as a !eilin'. ho%! + n. 38 .1. I opened the door and let the dog out. let out let out & lets out letting out let out let out ($ %et $$$o t p.stic0 + is the sa0e as a ho%! +$ The robber fired his gun in the air and yelled. it is a ho%! +$ .4n"initi1e present tense hold up hold up P holds up holdin' up held up held up -in' "or0 past tense past parti!iple ($ ho%!$$$ + p. it ho%!s +$ These cheap shoes won(t hold up more than si0 weeks. 6$ ho%! + p. ban7. When so0eone uses a 'un or other #eapon to rob a person. idea. When 5ou +revent so0ethin' "ro0 happenin' or !ause it to happen late. !olu0n. the5 ho%! 5ou +$ The band hasn(t arrived yet.1.hat(s the holdup" *$ ho%!$$$ + p. !ome idiot tried to hold the bank up with a s4uirt gun. When 5ou allo# ani0als or people to lea1e a pla!e b5 'i1in' per0ission or openin' a door. or store. The house was held up by jacks the foundation was repaired. 7$ ho%! + p. "$ ho%!$$$ + p. +This is a holdup. The ceasefire is holding up longer than anyone e0pected. or other stru!ture supports the #ei'ht o" so0ethin' abo1e it. 5ou ho%! it +$ When thin's or people dela5 5ou. and they(re holding up the whole wedding.333 years. When a plan. 5ou ho%! it +$ Stic0 + is the sa0e as ho%! +$ The jewelry store owner was held up by three men wearing ski masks.1. ban7.+ There was a holdup at First "ational Aank this morning.1. I was held up by traffic. it ho%!s it +$ The workers were killed when they removed a column holding the roof up. When 5ou use a 'un or other #eapon to rob a person.1. 5ou %et the0 o t$ The guard lets the prisoners out of their cells every day at *#33. I(m sorry I(m late. it has he%! +$ /instein(s theories have held up despite occasional challenges. or store. ho%! + n.1. or a'ree0ent is still belie1ed in or respe!ted a"ter a period o" ti0e.hy haven(t you finished this work yet1 . So0ethin' that pre1ents so0ethin' else "ro0 happenin' or !auses it to happen late is a ho%! +$ . When an ob)e!t re0ains in 'ood !ondition a"ter hea15 use. When a #all. !ome Noman aFueducts have held up for 7.

*$ %et$$$ o t p. >hildress(s theory. $e said that he thought my plan was basically good but that he wanted to point out several possible problems. I pointed several flaws out in ?rof. When 5ou run "ro0 #here 5ou are to #here so0eone else is. "$ +oint $$$o t p.1. tru!7. Infinitive present tense point out point out < points out &ing form pointing out past tense pointed out past participle pointed out ($ +oint$$$ o t p. When 5ou dri1e o1er people or thin's #ith a !ar. When 5ou 0a7e a sound that sho#s 5our e0otion or "eelin's. The lion let out a loud roar before he attacked the hunter. or other 1ehi!le !ausin' da0a'e. 6$ %et o t p. When 5ou 0a7e an ite0 o" !lothin' bi''er b5 !han'in' the sea-s.1. I ran over to her and gave her a big hug. 3* . 5ou +oint the0 o t$ -s #e #al7ed throu'h the 0useu0. I was furious when my secretary let out that I had interviewed for a new position. When 5ou are #ritin' or spea7in' and 5ou stress or e0phasiDe so0e i0portant in"or0ation 5ou thin7 the reader or listener needs to 7no#. the tour 'uide +ointe! se1eral "a0ous paintin's o t$ 3eneral Iohnston sho#ed the satellite photo to the reporter and +ointe! o t the ene05 tan7s. I had to have all my pants let out. "$ r n$$$ over p. 5ou %et o t that sound. in)ur5.1.1. I saw a man hitting a child. 5ou r n the0 over$ )ohn was run over by a bus and killed. The tailor let her old dress out so that she could wear it again. run over run over & runs over running over ran over run over ($ r n over EtoF p. $eather knew )im was lying again. When 5ou brin' thin's or people to so0eoneBs attention or indi!ate the lo!ation o" thin's or people #ith 5our hand or inde< "in'er. 5ou +oint o t the in"or0ation. I ran over a glass bottle and got a flat tire.1. 5on(t let it out. 5ou %et it o t$ 'fter I gained twenty pounds. . 5ou r n over or r n over to that person. 5ou %et it o t$ This information is secret.1. and I ran over and stopped him.hen I saw Melanie."$ %et$$$ o t p.1. and let out a sigh. or death. When 5ou revea% se!ret or sensiti1e in"or0ation.

When 5ou are upset about a !han'e or a ne# poli!5. 4/ . . 5ou sa5 @4Bll see a&o t that@ or @WeBll see a&o t that. There(s too much water in this pot. but she ran over.1. "$ ta0e $$$ in p. 5ou ta0e it in$ !ally took her car in to have the oil changed. 5ou see a&o t it or see so0eone a&o t it.1. it r ns over$ 9eep on eye on the bathtub so that it doesn(t run over. . 5ou 'o to it or see it. I need to see the maintenance guy about getting it shampooed. I need to take it in. 0useu0. Is Guis going to see about changing his flight from the fifth to the si0th1 The carpet in my office is filth%.e stopped in >harleston and took in the sights.1. "$ see a&o t p. When li. When 5ou tal7 to so0eone to 'et per0ission "or so0ethin' or to arran'e so0ethin'. 5ou r n over or r n over the li0it. 0o1ie. I hope the **#33 meeting doesn(t run over5 I(m meeting a client for lunch at *7#33.1. 5ou ta0e it a+art$ Ta0e a+art is the opposite o" + t to/ether$ I had to take my bike apart when I moved. I(ll see about thatE Those crooks in >ity $all want to double my real estate ta0es. When 5ou brin' a !ar or other household applian!e to a 0e!hani! or repair person.uid in a !ontainer "ills the !ontainer and 'oes o1er the top. and 5ou #ant to sa5 that 5ou #ill ta7e so0e a!tion or tal7 to so0eone in authorit5 to pre1ent or re1erse the !han'e or ne# poli!5. take apart take apart & takes apart taking apart took apart taken apart ($ ta0e $$$ a+art p.1. It(s going to run over the side. take in take in < takes in taking in took in taken in ($ ta0e $$$ in p.1.1.@ "ow they(re saying I can(t even smoke in my own office. When 5ou !o0pletel5 separate the parts o" so0ethin'. The speaker was given fifteen minutes for her speech. or other attra!tion. When 5ou ta0e in a pla5.e(ll just see about that. The V>N is broken again. When 5ou 'o be5ond a li0it.*$ r n over p. The mechanic took the engine apart. Infinitive present tense see about see about < sees about seeing about saw about seen about &ing form past tense past participle ($ see $$$ a&o t p. 'fter dinner we took in a movie. 6$ r n over p.

The e0pedition leader spoke to us and %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% the importance of taking plenty of water with us in the desert. his 'unt )udy and Oncle $enry %%%%%%%% him *3. 5ou ta0e it in$ Q.hen you are taken in by someone. . 'nn %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% that she was going to go to Gas Vegas with her boss.ro.*$ ta0e$$$ in p. in p. They were completely taken in by )ake(s elaborate hoa7. J. .. My friends were supposed to be here an hour ago. )udy(s brother had nowhere to go.R. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s .. The =rtegas offered to take their neighbors in after the fire. When 5ou allo# people to li1e #ith 5ou. . %%%%%%%% it %%%%%%%%. take. and put it in a frying pan. STUVWXUSUYUZ[U Let o t$ !he likes some of her maternit% clothes so much that she(s going to take them in after the baby is born. 6. I(ll have to have all my pants taken in. M. ECERCISE :a . In /cuador I rode on a steam locomotive that(s still %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%after K3 years. 'fter Todd(s parents were killed. Take two pounds of beef.. 5ou ta7e the0 in.v. If I lose any more weight. =pen the gate and %%%%%%%% the horses %%%%%%%%.1.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ *. D. 7. . K. and the whole office was talking about it. 41 . L. The soldier was %%%%%%%%% his rifle %%%%%%%%% and cleaning it. !talin was taken in by $itler(s assurances. that person successfully tricks or deceives you.usually passive. he %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% a slight gasp and fell dead.hen the bullet hit him.1. 7$ ta0e $$$ in p. H.ill you please drive more carefullyE 8ou almost %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% that lady back there. **. so she took him in. I(m embarrassed to admit I was %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% by his lies.hat is %%%%%%%% them MMMMMMMMH 2. When 5ou 0a7e an ite0 o" !lothin' s0aller b5 !han'in' the sea0s.

14. but it has MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM "or se1eral 5ears. 22. -"ter #e sa# the . themC >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 42 . . #e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a =road#a5 pla5.uor store #ith a shot'un last ni'ht. WeBll MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM that: 4B0 'oin' to tal7 to the boss. =rite three sentences sin/ the o&. 21. 4 had 05 old uni"or0 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM so that 4 !ould #ear it to the reunion.12. The snowstorm held up. 1%. The robber #as shot #hile tr5in' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM an o""-dut5 poli!e o""i!er. 4tBs an unusual arran'e0ent. 1 . Bair travelers. The suit #as too bi'. ECERCISE :& . the #ater MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the side and onto the "loor. Ni!ole is at the !o0puter store MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM'ettin' 0ore 0e0or5 installed in her !o0puter. When 4 'ot into the tub. but thereBs a 'ood !han!e that it #ill 24. 1$. The !on"eren!e is s!heduled to end Tuesda5 at G//. 2/. Ii0Bs phone #as rin'in'. These alu0inu0 polesMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMthe tent. itF >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 7. The !oo7 !ut up. but the storeBs tailor said he !ould MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM. 18. The health depart0ent inspe!tor #al7ed around the restaurant and MMMMMMMM se1eral rats MMMMMMMM to the o#ner.0pire State =uildin'. 4 heard a #eird noise !o0in' "ro0 05 !arBs trans0ission. 23.ects in +arentheses$ 1. 2 . 13. 4 #as )ust noti"ied that 4B0 'oin' to be trans"erred to 6on'olia. Ethe 0eat.robber MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a li. 4 thin7 4Bd better MMMMMMMM 05 !ar MMMMMMMM. so 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to his des7 and ans#ered it. 1*.

3. Ethe s#i00in' pool. Ethe pants. the0F F >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ECERCISE :c . itF F >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> %. The real estate a'ent pointed out. What happened to 6r. 4B0 'oin' to ta7e apart. Iani!e is 'oin' to 0a7e her pants s0aller.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. itF F >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 4. itF F >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> D. Bthe man. 4B0 'oin' to as7 the des7 !ler7 about !han'in' to a di""erent roo0. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s an! no ns . (rte'a #as tri!7ed b5 the sales0an. 6r. The tailor too7 in. 8onBt let out. 4 donBt li7e this hotel roo0. himC F >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> $. What ha1enBt the s!ientistBs theories doneH 3. What a0 4 'oin' to doH 2. No one belie1es in the s!ientistBs theories an50ore. Ethe do'. Ethe bro7en door7nob. The truck ran over. What is she 'oin' to doH 4. (rte'aH 43 .ro.

What did the #o0an doH 11. What did the #o0an doH 1*. When the thie" started to open the #o0anBs door. What has the la#n 0o#er doneH 2/. The !o#bo5 opened the 'ate so that the !attle !ould lea1e the !orral. 4B1e been usin' this la#n 0o#er "or t#ent5-"i1e 5ears. and it still #or7s "ine. =ill separated all the parts o" his t5pe#riter. dro1e to the repair shop. What did 6r. What did the #ater doH 1 . a s!rea0 !a0e "ro0 her 0outh. -"ter 05 parents died. #hat happened at the ban7H 12. 05 'randparents let 0e li1e #ith the0. The 0eetin' #as supposed to end at 2G//. The 'a0e started late be!ause it #as rainin'. 4 put 05 bro7en TV in 05 !ar. What did 4 doH 18. and it spilled onto the "loor. What did the )e#eler doH %. S0ith doH 22. Susie is usin' s!issors to 0a7e se1eral s0all pie!es o" paper "ro0 a lar'er pie!e o" pap What is Susie doin'H *. What did 05 'randparents doH 1$. The #o0an told the ban7 teller to 'i1e her all the 0one5 in the !ash re'ister or she #ould shoot hi0. Aoun' do #ith the se!ret in"or0ationH 1%. What a0 4 doin'H 44 . What did the rain doH 8. 8r. 4B0 0a7in' 05 pants bi''er.!ar dro1e o1er 5ou. and 4 #ent to it . What happened to 5ouH $. What did 8r. .ui!7l5 and 'rabbed it. 6r. S0ith #ent to a 0useu0 #hile he #as in +o0e. What did to 05 TVH 13. What did the !o#bo5 doH 21.. The posts are supportin' the por!h. Aoun' told so0e people about the se!ret in"or0ation. and !arried the TV in. What is the 0eetin' doin'H 23. 4n Ouestion 1/. The )e#eler sho#ed 0e se1eral "la#s in the dia0ond. What are the posts doin'H 1/. 4 sa# an e0pt5 lu''a'e !art at the airport. What did =ill doH 14. There #as too 0u!h #ater in the bathtub. but it hasnBt ended 5et.

and I(m really %%%%%% %%%%%% %%%%%% going there. **. If you %%%%%%% a coat of paint %%%%%%%% that old house. 2 !o0e up #ith. J. I have never been to Thailand. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . HD too many people. and so far he hasn(t %%%%%%%% %%%%%%% %%%%%%%% that promise. *3. $ 'o throu'h #ith.ECERCISE :!' Revie5 . *2. K. =ne police officer helped the mugging victim while her partner %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%the mugger. $ !o0e do#n #ith. !he was so tired she %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% as soon as she sat down. $ doDe o"". 1 'et around to. $ 'et out o". $ave you seen my pen1 I can(t %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% what happened to it.ter each one$ boil do#n to. I(ve been %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% this broken refrigerator all day.* thought about what I was going to say to her. D. $ !o0e o"".* %%%%%%% %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% watching 'unt 9athy(s vacation videotape by saying I had to study for a test. *H. *7. 3 0on7e5 around #ith. I don(t usually %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% doing my >hristmas shopping until 5ecember 7H. 2 "i'ure out. but when the time came. The show was canceled after the star %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% %%%%%%% laryngitis. 2. L. $ put on. 1 *. H.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. $ 'o a"ter. $ loo7 "or#ard to. The company %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% a way to decrease labor costs without lowering wages. . 7. it wouldn(t look so bad. Me0ico >ity(s problems %%%%%%% %%%%%%% %%%%%% one thing M. The ?resident(s news conference didn(t %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% well because it revealed his poor understanding of the situation. My son promised that he would stop cutting school. 4 'o ba!7 on. I was so nervous I couldn(t%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%it. but I still don(t know what(s wrong with it.

B!he has. Ae careful not to confuse the(s contraction of has and the(s contraction of is# !he(s picked out some library books.. or when the subject is he.. or other "la0e stops burnin' be!ause it has no 0ore "uel. The present perfect is formed with have. and has #ith nouns and pronouns asBsG The tree(s fallen over. Taking care of four small children day after day would leave any mother burned-out.adj.ad).C Infinitive present tense burn out burn out < burns out burning out burned out burned out &ing form past tense past participle ($ & rn o t p. past# The tree fell over. -"ter a "ire. B!he is. she. & rne!9o t part.C !he(s picking out some library books. either physically or psychologically. present perfect# The tree has fallen over. .ect +hrasa% ver&s The present perfect is used to talk about the past and the present at the same time# The5 ha1e torn !o5n the buildin'. $e(s never heard of her. or other "la0e stops burnin' be!ause it has no 0ore "uel. burned-out part. it & rns o t$ . or the name of one person or thing. When a "ire. has.1. +e0e0ber that ha1e !an be !o0bined #ith pronouns as B1eG The5B1e ne1er hear! o" hi0. EThe buildin' is not there no# be!ause the5 tore it do#n in the past. 5on(t worry@ the sun won(t burn out for another four billion years..e need more wood@ the fire has burned out. !andle.hen people are e0tremely tired.#$ FOCUS ON< +resent +er. they are burned-out. and the past participle of the verb# present# The tree falls over.. it. Teaching those awful students for so many years has left him burned-out. it is & rne!9o t$ The burned-out rocket landed in the ocean. because of stress or hard work.F or to say that something is completed# !he has picked out some library books. !andle. HJ .

either ph5si!all5 or #ith #ords. 5ou tr5 1er5 hard to o1er!o0e the e0otion.1. That tree has been dead for fifty years. The supervisor fell all over himself trying to satisfy the customer.a%% over p.i/ht &ac0 p.ad). 'fter being accused of corruption.a%% all over 5oursel". 5ou "i'ht. !even families were burned out of their homes by the huge fire. The soldiers fought back bravely.1. I can(t see what I(m doing because this bulb has burned out. So0ethin' that has been da0a'ed or destro5ed b5 "ire is & rne!9o t$ 'fter the war.1. . Mike was falling all over himself trying to impress $eather."$ & rn o t p. nothing was left but burned-out cars and buildings.a%% over 5oursel" or Eusuall5F . the5 are & rne! o t$ The only way to get the enemy soldiers out of the tunnels was to burn them out.li'ht bulb that no lon'er produ!es li'ht be!ause it has rea!hed the end o" its use"ul li"e is & rne!9o t$ . so0eone or so0ethin' that atta!7ed 5ou "irst. the senator said she would fight back and prove her innocence. Infinitive present tense fall over fall over < falls over falling over fell over fallen over &ing form past tense past participle ($ . The mother fought back tears when she saw the little white coffins.1. *$ & rn $$$o t p. but it still hasn(t fallen over.i/ht &ac0 p. the5 "all to the 'round "ro0 an upri'ht position. I had to fight back the urge to punch him in the nose. When people are "or!ed to lea1e their ho0e or so0e other shelter or hidin' pla!e be!ause o" "ire or "ire da0a'e. but the situation was hopeless. When 5ou "i'ht ba!7. When 5ou . "$ . When 5ou . & rne!9o t part.1. & rne!9o t part. fight back fight back & fights back fighting back fought back fought back ($ .ad). climbed the ladder and unscrewed the burned-out bulb. su!h as tears or "ear. it & rns o t$ These new bulbs are guaranteed not to burn out for ten years. "$ .i/ht &ac0 an e0otional response. When people or thin's .a%% over p.1.ai% o1er. When a li'ht bulb stops produ!in' li'ht be!ause it has rea!hed the end o" its use"ul li"e. I almost fell over when I heard the terrible news. 4% . 5ou tr5 so hard to ser1e so0eone or to 0a7e so0eone li7e 5ou that 5ou appear "oolish.

+ "$ hear o. When 5ou #ant to bu5 so0ethin' in a store. pick out pick out & picks out picking out picked out picked out ($ +ic0$$$ o t p. 48 .ell. ring me up when you arrive at the airport.1. When 5ou learn in"or0ation about so0ethin' that 0a7es 5ou an'r5 and 5ou sa5 5ou #ill not hear o. 5ou rin/ the0 +$ $e rang up "ancy and asked her to go to the dance. When 5ou are able to "ind and re!o'niDe so0ethin' in a 'roup. 5ou +ic0 it o t$ $ave you picked out a dress to wear to the party yet1 Mike(s dog had puppies. it. and he asked me to pick one out. 5o I know Fred !mith1 "o.1. The police detective asked me if I could pick the mugger out from a group of photos.1. When 5ou learn about so0ethin' "or the "irst ti0e. please call me right away. When 5ou tear !o5n a buildin'.1. 5ou deliberatel5 and !o0pletel5 destro5 it. When 5ou !hoose so0ethin' "ro0 a 'roup be!ause 5ou pre"er it to the others in the 'roup. I told my real estate agent.1. "$ +ic0$$$ o t p. If you need a ride. 5ou +ic0 it o t$ /ven though the class photo was fifty years old. 5ou 0ean that 5ou #ill not tolerate or allo# it. # picked my father out easily.1. I(ve never heard of him. p. tear down tear down & tears down tearing down tore down torn down ($ tear$$$ !o5n p. a !ashier uses a !ash re'ister to rin/ + #hat 5ou #ant to bu5 in order to deter0ine ho# 0u!h 0one5 5ou 0ust pa5. p. I guess I(ll take this one. =ur daughter wants to fly to Me0ico with her boyfriend1 I won(t hear of itE I told him that his scheme was outrageous and that I wouldn(t hear of such a thing. it. +If you hear of a good deal on a three&bedroom house. >an you ring it up please1 I couldn(t believe it when the clerk finished ringing it all up :LHJE "$ rin/ $$$ + p.1.#nfinitive present tense hear of hear of & hears of hearing of heard of heard of -ing form past tense past participle ($ hear o. 5ou hear o. E0ainl5 =ritishF When 5ou !all people on the telephone. . ring up ring up & rings up ringing up rang up rung up ($ rin/ $$$ + p.

I told him my schedule was pretty tight. /very year I have to replace the >hristmas tree lights that have %%%%%%%% %%%%% 2. I(ll %%%%%%%% you %%%%%%%% after dinner.They tore so many old buildings down in my hometown that I barely recogni6e it.ro. "or so0ethin' in a s!hedule or plan. The Geaning Tower of ?isa still hasn(t %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%%. J. you(d better hurry the store(s closing in five minutes. ' lot of smaller homes in the suburbs are being torn down and replaced with larger ones. . #ith so0e di""i!ult5.hen I told the waiter I was the owner of the restaurant. If you haven(t %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% a video yet. That cashier has been yakking with his friends for ten minutes and still hasn(t %%%%%%%% our stuff %%%%%%%%. 7.e(re going to be in >hicago for only a couple of days. ' screen door on a submarine1 That(s the most ridiculous thing I(ve ever %%%%%%%% **.1. #nfinitive present tense work in work in & works in working in worked in worked in -ing form past tense past participle ($ 5or0$$$ in p. The enemy was so strong that there was no way we could have %%%%%%%% H. D. My brother is pretty easy to %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% in a crowd he(s almost seven feet tall. L. The firefighters decided to let the fire in the lumberyard %%%%%%%% itself%%%%%%%%. M. 4* . K. 5ou 5or0 it in$ . Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . he %%%%%%%% all %%%%%%%% himself trying please me.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ *. When 5ou 0a7e roo0. but that I(d try to work the meeting in.* don(t have time to talk about it now. *3. but I(ll try to work in a >ubs game. ECERCISE #a . !arah always tries to %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% a little sightseeing on her business trips.

13. Bthese >5s. 14. itF F >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> . oneF F >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 2. Ethe 'ara'e.ects in the ri/ht +%ace$ 1. The sheri"" burned out. The ne# o#ners ha1e torn do#n. Ea tour o" the "a!tor5. 4 had to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 05 "ear as 4 #aited "or 05 turn to )u0p "ro0 the plane. The 0a5or tried to #or7 in. The clerk hasn(t rung up yet. themC F >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 4. When 4 "ound out that one o" 05 e0plo5ees !heated a !usto0er. ECERCISE #& . Ea ne# !ar. Ethe es!aped !on1i!ts. The5Bll ha1e to MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 0ost o" the buildin's that #ere da0a'ed b5 the earth. the0F F >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 2. 4 said 4 #ouldnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM su!h a thin' in 05 store.ua7e. 1 . The ta!o stand 0o1ed a!ross the street a"ter it #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM b5 the "ire.ects in +arentheses$ Be s re to + t the o&. =rite three sentences sin/ the o&. =ill has pi!7ed out. itF F >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> / .12.

What hasnBt she doneH 14. What did the ser'eant doH 1$. What did 4 as7 Ii0H 1 . The sta!7 o" boo7s #as too hi'h.ect$ 1. What happened to the !o""ee shopH 1/. The "orest "ire has stopped be!ause there arenBt an5 0ore trees le"t to burn. -"ter the5 atta!7ed us. 4B1e 0ade roo0 in 05 bus5 da5 "or a 'a0e o" tennis. and he be!a0e an'r5 and said he #ouldnBt allo# it. The !ashier has totaled ho# 0u!h #e 0ust pa5 "or our 'ro!eries. and no# the boo7s are on the "loor. The5 ha1e !hosen a hotel "or their #eddin' re!eption. 4 as7ed 05 "ather i" 4 !ould s0o7e in the house. What !ouldnBt Sall5Bs 0other doH $. The !o""ee shop had to 0o1e to a di""erent lo!ation be!ause o" a "ire.this section$ Ma0e a%% the +hrasa% ver&s +resent +er. She hasnBt !alled 0e on the telephone. The5B1e !o0pletel5 destro5ed the old "a!tor5. (ne o" 05 !arBs headli'hts isnBt #or7in' an50ore. The ser'eant tried e<tre0el5 hard to sho# the !aptain ho# #ell he #as trainin' the soldiers. What ha1e the5 doneH 1 . What did the headli'ht doH %. What has the !ashier doneH 4. What has the "ire doneH 3. What ha1e 4 doneH 13. 4n Ouestion *.ectives . Sall5Bs 0other !ouldnBt stop her tears. 4n Ouestion $. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the !o""ee shopBs pre1ious lo!ationH 11. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s an! +artici+%e a!. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the headli'htH 8.ECERCISE #c . What did the boo7s doH *. What didnBt #e doH 12. #e didnBt atta!7 the0. What ha1e the5 doneH . What did 05 "ather sa5 about s0o7in' in the houseH 2.ro. 4 as7ed Ii0 i" an5one had e1er told hi0 about the ne# sea"ood restaurant in the 0all.

3 'i1e in. 8a1id !alled the tra1el a'en!5 to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 'ettin' his ti!7et !han'ed. @4B0 not 'oin' to MMMMMMMM 5ou MMMMMMMM o" this house until 5ou "inish 5our ho0e#or7.ECERCISE #!' Revie5 . 2 put up #ith. 2 'et o1er #ith. 6rs. % loo7 up. 3. it #as a 1er5 serious in)ur5. % ta7e in. SusieBs 0other told her. 4. % sho# up. 4B1e been #aitin' "or the TV repair 'u5 all da5. MMMMMMM the #ord 4nternet MMMMMMMM in an old di!tionar5.@ 12. and 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a do'. 2 . 4 "eel )ust a#"ul. The dete!ti1es #erenBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM b5 the !roo7Bs e<planation. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . 3 run o1er. and no one e<pe!ted +aul to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. % pull throu'h. % let out. 4B0 ha1in' root !anal sur'er5 ne<t #ee7. 4 point out. % "all "or. so 4 MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM and !leaned it. so #e #ere late "or #or7. 4Bll be 'lad to MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM. 3 hold up. so she has to MMMMMMMM all his "oodMMMMMMMM. 14. The !o0pan5 "inall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to de0ands that it hire 0ore #o0en and 0inorities. *. 1/. 2. but he still hasnBt MMMMMMMM 4. 4 #as dri1in' to #or7. . The dete!ti1es didnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the !roo7Bs e<planation. 13. 11. Ta5lorBs husband doesnBt ha1e an5 teeth. %. % 1. $. 4n his report 5esterda5. 8. 1 ta7e apart. the head o" 0ar7etin' MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM se1eral #a5s to in!rease the !o0pan5Bs sales. 2 'o in "or. 65 bi!5!le #as reall5 dirt5.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. but 4 !ouldnBt "ind it. % see about. The "rei'ht train MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM tra""i! "or t#ent5 0inutes.ter each one$ !ut up.

The best thin' to do is to si0pl5 0e0oriDe ea!h !ase. D$ FOCUS ON< t5o95or! +hrasa% ver&s that re> ire an a!!itiona% +artic%e 5hen se! 5ith an o&. The criminal broke out of prison. There is no 'ood #a5 to al#a5s 7no# #hi!h se!ond parti!le 0ust be used or i" and ho# it #ill !han'e the 0eanin' o" the 1erb. I hooked up my new >5 player my stereo. 2or e<a0ple. Tom and )erry don(t get along. 9aren loves to ski. -nd so0eti0es. So0eti0es. &rea0 o t and &rea0 o t Eo"F are in!luded in one de"inition be!ause the5 ha1e the sa0e 0eanin'. and she asked him for morphine. as #ith &rea0 o t and &rea0 o t o".*D. as #ith han/ + and han/ + on. but + t + and + t + 5ith ha1e di""erent 0eanin's and are !lassi"ied separatel5. Tom and )erry don(t get along with each other.uire an additional parti!le #hen used #ith an ob)e!t are sho#n #ith the se!ond parti!le in parenthesesG &rea0 o t Eo"F. So0eti0es. as #ith hoo0 + and hoo0 + to. Aetty told the doctor she couldn(t %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% the pain any longer. there is a s0all !han'e in 0eanin'.ect' ( With so0e t#o-#ord 1erbs 5ou 0ust use a se!ond parti!le #hen the 1erb has an ob)e!tG The criminal broke out. she%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%% most winter sports. The criminal broke out prison. *J. it has a di""erent 0eanin' and is !lassi"ied as a di""erent 1erb. Throu'hout this boo7. I hooked up my new >5 player to my stereo. In fact. there is no !han'e in 0eanin'. t#o-#ord phrasal 1erbs that re. the se!ond parti!le is ne!essar5 not #hen there is one ob)e!t but onl5 #hen there are t#oG I hooked up my new >5 player. Three-#ord phrasal 1erbs al#a5s ha1e three #ords > there is no t#o-#ord 1ersion. or i" there is a phrasal 1erb #ith the sa0e 1erb and "irst parti!le.uire an additional parti!le #hen used #ith an ob)e!t #ith three-#ord phrasal 1erbs. 8o not !on"use t#o-#ord phrasal 1erbs that re. Tom and )erry don(t get along each other. 3 .

1. The police have been looking for him ever since he broke out. ca /ht + part. ($ &rea0o t p. catch up catch up & catches up catching up caught up caught up ($ catch + E#ithF p. When 5ou 0o1e "aster and rea!h the sa0e le1el or pla!e as people #ho had been 0o1in' "aster or doin' better than 5ou #ere. I(m caught up. I read the newspaper to catch up on the local news. When 5ou stud5 or learn so0ethin' 5ou are interested in but ha1e not had ti0e "or.1. I missed a lot of schoolwork. 5ou &rea0 o t or &rea0 o t o" that pla!e.e left an hour before Guis. -n es!ape "ro0 prison is a &rea0o t$ There hasn(t been a successful breakout from the state prison in more than twenty&five years. 5ou catch + on it. Millions wilt be killed if nuclear war breaks out. The mugger was running so fast that the angry mob couldn(t catch up with him.ad).hen I was sick. ca /ht + part. 'fter missing several weeks of class. 5ou catch + or catch + #ith the0. When "i'htin' be'ins suddenl5. ($ catch + EonF p. -"ter 5ou ha1e studied or learned so0ethin' 5ou are interested in but ha1e not had ti0e "or. ?epsi has caught up with >oca&>ola in some markets. I wonder what the latest gossip is. Get(s call Michael so we can catch up. but he drove fast and Fuickly caught up. . 5ou are ca /ht +$ . NaFuel is so far behind that she(ll never catch up. 4 . 5ou are ca /ht +$ "ow that I(ve read the newspapers I missed while I was on vacation. &rea0o t n. it &rea0s o t$ Nioting broke out after the general canceled the election.1. but I worked hard and now I(m caught up. Aubba broke out of prison last month.1. -"ter 5ou ha1e 0o1ed "aster and rea!hed the sa0e le1el or pla!e as people #ho had been 0o1in' "aster or doin' better than 5ou are. When 5ou es!ape "ro0 a pla!e #here 5ou are a prisoner. 'fter I returned from vacation.#nfinitive present tense break out breakout & breaks out breaking out broke out broken out -ing form past tense past participle ($ &rea0 o t Eo"F p.ad).

. . thank you. The suspect got tired of hiding from the police. you give up or give yourself up. 8.1. I(m getting along okay.1. hang up hang up & hangs up hanging up hung up hung up ($ han/ + EonF p. . up p.hen you are running from or fighting with the police or enemy soldiers and you surrender. 5ou /ive + or /ive + on it.#nfinitive present tense chicken out chicken out & chickens out -ing form chickening out past tense chickened out past participle chickened out ($ chic0en o t Eo"F p. 9. get along get along & gets along getting along got along gotten/got along ($ /et a%on/ E#ithF p. and he gave himself up. but I chickened out. My father didn(t give sky diving up until he was eighty&two. give up give up & gives up giving up gave up given up ($ /ive + EonF p. 5ou chic0en o t or chic0en o t o" it. When 5ou are able to do so0e sort o" #or7 #ithout an5 serious proble0s.up p.1. they gave up. When 5ou /et a%on/ #ith people. When 5ou stop tr5in' to do so0ethin' be!ause 5ou thin7 5ou #ill ne1er su!!eed. When 5ou stop tal7in' on the telephone and put do#n the re!ei1er. but I(ve just given up on it. . Forget itE This is impossible I give up! I(ve tried for years to have a nice looking lawn..1. give. .v.. 5ou /et a%on/$ $ow are you getting along in your new job1 =h. "$ /et a%on/ p. 5ou han/ + the telephone. When 5ou are an'r5 and han/ + the telephone #ithout sa5in' 'ood-b5e to so0eone.1. I haven(t gotten along with my neighbors for years. I had to give up my second job because I was so e0hausted all the time. give .hen you stop doing something you do regularly. but they get along.v. such as a sport or a job. was going to ask $eather to go to the dance with me. 5ou han/ + on the person 5ou are tal7in' to.hen the bank robbers reali6ed they were surrounded by police. 5ou ha1e pea!e"ul.. . you give it up. Eet on is si0ilar to /et a%on/$ )im and his cousin aren(t good friends. Jin"or0alK When 5ou do not do so0ethin' be!ause 5ou are a"raid. Miguel(s mad at himself because he chickened out of asking his boss for a raise yesterday. har0onious relations #ith the0.

hookup n.1. . it is hoo0e! +$ There(s a V>N on my TV. 5ou hoo0 + or hoo0 + #ith the0. . h n/ + part. 8ou can(t lift 733 pounds on your first day of weight training.ad). When 5ou 'raduall5 i0pro1e at so0ethin' di""i!ult that 5ou do re'ularl5. and we(ll hook up around 7#23. and we(ll have lunch. usuall5 a"ter 5ou ha1e done so0e thin's separatel5. I got so mad I hung up on him.hen he called me a moron.hen I started running. why are your clothes on the floor and not hung up" #nfinitive present tense hook up hook up & hooks up hooking up hooked up hooked up -ing form past tense past participle ($ hoo0$$$ + FtoG p. The cable TV hookup usually costs :73.1. hookup is an electrical connection. -"ter one ele!troni! de1i!e has been !onne!ted to another. 8ou do your shopping. When 5ou 'raduall5 de1elop the ener'5. hoo0e! + part. -"ter 5ou ha1e hun' so0ethin' in a hi'h pla!e so that it !annot tou!h the 'round.ad). !on"iden!e. Timmy never hangs anything up5 he just leaves it on the floor. . 5ou 5or0 + the $ . and now the TV is in stereo. ($ hoo0 + E#ithF p. I couldn(t go more than a mile. but I haven(t hooked it up yet. the first thing I do is hang my coat up. . Jin"or0alK When 5ou 0eet people so0e#here. it is h n/ +$ Timmy. bought a new printer. 5ou 5or0 + to that i0pro1e0ent. okay1 I(ll hook up with you at *7#33 at the corner of !tate and Madison. 8ou have to work up to it. I hooked my sound system up to my TV. 5ou han/ it +$ . When 5ou !onne!t one ele!troni! de1i!e to another. !oura'e.1.'fter I finished talking to her. I(ll go to the post office. but it(s free this month. but now I(ve worked up to five miles. "$ han/ $$$ + p.1. and so on. "$ 5or0 + p. work up work up & works up working up worked up worked up ($ 5or0 + EtoF p. When 5ou han' so0ethin' in a hi'h pla!e so that it !annot tou!h the 'round.hen I get home.1. I said good&bye and hung up. to do so0ethin' di""i!ult or so0ethin' 5ou do not #ant to do. 5ou hoo0 it + or hoo0 it + to so0ethin'. but don(t try to use it because it(s not hooked up.

The other runners #ere so "ar ahead that 4 !ouldnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. %. Mark has been acting nervous all day. Cello 6ar7H 4B0 reall5 an'r5. 5ou 5or0 + the "eelin'. ho# are 5ou MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM at 5our ne# )obH 4. #orried.ener'5. 6aria. Aou #onBt ha1e an5 trouble MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM her. 4Bll ne1er MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 3. 5ou are 5or0e! + or 5or0e! + about it. we(re only a few minutes late. !on"iden!e. Jin"or0alK When 5ou are an<ious.ro. and so on. 5or0e! + part. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . !oura'e. 4B0 reall5 behind in 05 #or7.ad). If I work up some energy. Susie. It took me a long time to work up the nerve to ask my boss for a raise. . or upset about so0ethin'. *. and 4B1e 'ot so0e thin's to tell 5ou. 2. ECERCISE Da . 11. I(ll wash the car. 1/. 12. 4" 4 donBt ta7e #or7 ho0e #ith 0e. #ar MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in 1*%2. The 0urderer #as tired o" runnin' "ro0 the poli!e.hat(s he all worked up about1 Nela0. . It(s nothing to get worked up about. $. Naking leaves all day sure works up an appetite. 4 tried and tried to learn to spea7 Iapanese.1 a0 so laD5 toda5. and he MMMMMMMM hi0sel"MMMMMMMM. but 4B1e slo#l5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to si<t5. 4 )ust !anBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the ener'5 to "inish 05 s!hool pro)e!t. I really worked up a sweat in the gym today.MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM5our !lothes ri'ht no#: 8. -"ter se1eral 5ears o" tension bet#een the t#o !ountries. eas5'oin' person. 65 elbo# has 'otten so bad that 4 thin7 4 0i'ht ha1e to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM tennis. &5dia is a ni!e. but 4 "inall5MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. When 5ou 'raduall5 de1elop a "eelin'. 2or a lon' ti0e 4 !ould t5pe onl5 around t#ent5-"i1e #ords per 0inute. and donBt 5ou dare MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMon 0e: % .

4 !alled 05 'irl"riend to apolo'iDe "or "or'ettin' her birthda5.13. but little b5 little 4 #or7ed up MMMMMMMM"i"t5. So"ia #as 'oin' to blea!h her hair./// . and he "looded the 7it!hen. ECERCISE D& . Ce #as supposed to 'i1e a spee!h toda5 at s!hool. %. 8. so it #as eas5 "or the poli!e !at!h up MMMMMMMM hi0. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith the correct secon! +artic%es$ 1. $. ECERCISE Dc . but she !hi!7ened outMMMMMMMM it. The ban7 robber #as !arr5in' 2. AouB1e been 'one a lon' ti0e. but he MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. Toni'ht 4B0 'oin' to tr5 to hoo7 up. =ob tried to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 05 ne# dish#asher. 4 need a di""erent !able to hoo7 05 0onitor up MMMMMMMM 05 !o0puter. CeBs 1er5 si!7. When 4 started li"tin' #ei'hts. This is a 0a<i0u0 se!urit5 prison. but the do!tors ha1enBt 'i1en up MMMMMMMM hi0 5et. No prisoner has e1er bro7en out MMMMMMMM this prison. 4 #onder #hatBs been happenin' #hile #e #ere on 1a!ation. =rite three sentences sin/ the o&. . 4 !ould li"t onl5 thirt5 7ilo'ra0s. 4 thin7 4Bll read the ne#spaper so 4 !an MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. and 5ou ha1e to !at!h up MMMMMMMM a lot o" thin's. but she hun' up MMMMMMM 0e. itF 8 . hereBs the planG Aou 'o to the boo7store. 3. 1$. 1 . 8onBt in1ite Car0en to +osaBs birthda5 part5. 4Bll 'et 05 laundr5. 14. 8an is so sh5.ects in +arentheses$ Be s re to + t the o&. E05 "a< 0a!hine. 2. (7a5. *. and #eBll MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM around 11G//.ects in the ri/ht +%ace$ 1. 1%. 4. The5 donBt 'et alon' MMMMMMMM ea!h other.uarters. but he didnBt do it ri'ht. No one has e1er MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM.

'fter my accident. No# that 4B0 ba!7 "ro0 1a!ation. In Puestion M. $ow would you describe yourself1 D. In Puestion D. Susie #as #al7in' #ith us. !everal prisoners are going to try to escape from the state prison tonight. Gydia has to stop driving because her eyesight is so bad. 8ou can hang up in the closet. but she stopped to loo7 in a store #indo#. ECERCISE D! . itC MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. itC MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. Ginda and "icole don(t like each other. What does Susie need to do no#H H.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. .hat is easy1 J. what would their escape be called1 L. and they argue sometimes.ro. When 4 #ent on 1a!ation three #ee7s a'o. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s' +artici+%e a!. What do 4 #ant to doH 7. 4 #ant to 7no# #hat happened #hile 4 #as 'one. 05 sister and her husband #ere tal7in' about 'ettin' a di1or!e.hat does Gydia have to do1 3. Bscuba diving. I had to give up. . . how would you describe the printer after it is connected to a computer1 M. .hat don(t Ginda and "icole do1 DL .ectives' an! no ns . and #e !ontinued #al7in'.7. and you became angry and upset. Byour coat. I spilled wine on your white carpet.hat are the prisoners going to try to do tonight1 K. >onnecting a printer to a computer is easy. 2. if the prisoners are successful.

MMMMMMM the0 MMMMMMMM to 0e. (7a5.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. The poli!e told the robber to surrender. Who is heH 4B1e ne1er MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM hi0 be"ore. 4B0 sorr5 to MMMMMMMM 5ou MMMMMMMM so 0u!h trouble. 2i'hts start in that bar all the ti0e. 4n Ouestion 12. 3. 5ouB1e 'ot until the bell rin's. $. We ar'ued #ith our dau'hter "or 0onths. Paul slo#l5 de1eloped the !oura'e to as7 his boss "or a raise.ter each one$ burn out. What did the poli!e tell the robberH 1 . Than7s "or all 5our help. 2. 4B0 surprised it hasnBt MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM5et. Can 5ou help 0e MMMMMMMM a tie MMMMMMMM to #ear #ith this shirtH %. That dead tree is rotten. hand ba!7. Charles MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a beauti"ul 6er!edes-=enD a!ross the street and said it #as his. #hat didnBt Paul doH 14. $/ . What happens in that bar all the ti0eH 12. 8 pile up. 8. pi!7 out. What did Paul doH 13.4 "all o1er. 1 tear do#n. 4 rin' up. !lass. 8 "ind out. point to. 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM se1eral !ars last #ee7end. 8 1. 8 !heat on. but 4 !anBt de!ide #hi!h one to bu5. What a surprise: 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 05 "i"th 'rade tea!her at the 0all toda5. and 4 donBt 7no# an5thin' about hi0. What is 9aren doin'H 1$. but #e stopped tr5in' to 'et her to stop s0o7in'. 8 "i'ht ba!7.1/. 8 run into. hear o". *. What did #e doH 11. 4 put to. 4. . When 5ouBre "inished #ith 5our tests. 8 loo7 at. 8 #or7 in. =ett5 #as so an'r5 #ith her bo5"riend that she put the telephone re!ei1er do#n #ithout sa5in' 'ood-b5e. 9aren is tr5in' to 'raduall5 be able to li"t 1// pounds. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . 65 0ail MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #hile 4 #as on 1a!ation. What did =ett5 do to her bo5"riendH ECERCISE De' Revie5 .

. The in1asion #as so sudden that there #as no #a5 to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. The dish fell off the table and broke. -lso. but 4Bll tr5 to MMMMMMMM it 12.. but 4 #as sad to see that 05 old house #as bein' 1$. p. Infinitive present tense &ing form past tense past participle fall off fall off < falls off falling off fell off fallen off ($ . Ae careful you don(t fall off your bicycle.1/. not e1er5one a'rees #hi!h nouns should be h5phenated and #hi!h should be #ritten as one #ord.n"ortunatel5. 4 need to bu5 a ne# 1//-#att bulb? this one MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 5esterda5. 1/. 13.a%% o. . $. the5 . 11.1er5one in to#n 7no#s that Ia7e has been MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM his #i"e "or 5ears. Noti!e that the t#o-#ord noun is so0eti0es #ritten #ith a h5phenG 1erbG /o ahea! nounG /o9ahea! and so0eti0es as one #ordG 1erb< %a3 o. $1 .a%% o"" the pla!e #here the5 #ere. -ll the 1erbs in this se!tion ha1e a noun "or0. =obBs not in a 'ood 0ood toda5.@ 14.. so 5ou #ill o!!asionall5 see a noun #ritten both #a5s. The !ashierMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMour stu"" and said. 4t #as "un to 1isit 05 ho0eto#n. 2(C. 4B0 not sure i" there #ill be ti0e to 0eet #ith 5ou toda5. noun< %a3o. there is no rule that #ill help 5ou to al#a5s 7no# #hi!h "or0 to use. Ce )ust MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM that he needs sur'er5.1. When people or thin's drop to a lo#er le1el "ro0 a hi'her pla!e.S (NG +hrasa% ver&s se! as no ns' ( 6an5 t#o-#ord phrasal 1erbs !an be used as nouns. @That !o0es to N142. 1 ..

"$ 0ic0 &ac0 p. p.1. Iobs !ut b5 a !o0pan5 be!ause it does not ha1e enou'h business are %a3o. %a3o. My wife had to go back to work after I was laid off from my job. #nfinitive present tense kick back kick back & kicks back kicking back kicked back kicked back -ing form past tense past participle ($ 0ic0 &ac0 EtoF p.333 workers during the last recession. If you don(t la% off you(re going to be sorry. 0ic0&ac0 n. $4 . teasin'. The prosecutor said that D percent of every contract was kicked back to the head of the purchasing department. 8ou(ve been bugging me all day. !he offered to kick back *3 percent if I(d switch to her company.1. or pressurin' the0. The reporter discovered that the loan was really a kickback. "$ %a3 o. people.s$ The company said there wouldn(t be any la%offs despite the decline in profits. Tonight I(m going to buy a case of beer and kick back. There are several handouts on a table by the library entrance. he was too proud to ask for a handout. 5ou ille'all5 and se!retl5 'i1e the0 a per!enta'e o" the 0one5 that the5 spend #ith 5our !o0pan5 as a re#ard "or 'i1in' 5ou the business.andouts of food and clothing were given to the homeless people. When 5ou 0ic0 &ac0 0one5 or 0ic0 &ac0 0one5 to businesspeople or 'o1ern0ent o""i!ials. han!o t n...1. it te0poraril5 or per0anentl5 %a3s o"" the #or7ers. When a !o0pan5 no lon'er needs #or7ers be!ause it does not ha1e enou'h business. /ven though my father was poor. Jin"or0alK When 5ou %a3 o. la% off la% off & la%s off la%ing off laid off laid off ($ %a3$$$ o. Jin"or0alK When 5ou 0ic0 &ac0' 5ou rela<. n.. 5ou stop !riti!iDin'. 6one5 5ou ille'all5 and se!retl5 'i1e to businesspeople or 'o1ern0ent o""i!ials as a re#ard "or 'i1in' 5ou business is a 0ic0&ac0$ The FAI agent heard the governor asking for a kickback.1.. p.. It(s been a tough week. 1a% off "ancy she(s having a bad day. Printed 0aterial 'i1en to students or other people to pro1ide the0 #ith i0portant in"or0ation.. The teacher prepared a handout for his students. Ford laid off 73. Get(s kick back and watch the football game tonight.

ad). 'fter "ed had a heart attack. and attendan!e has MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. When 5ou %a3 o. "$ scre5$$$ + p. $e sure screwed up. 5ouBll )ust MMMMMMMM itMMMMMMM. so0ethin'.. 4. 8ou(ve got to la% off cigarettes. the5 are da0a'ed or !on"used. tried to fi0 my computer. #nfinitive present tense screw up screw up & screws up -ing form screwing up past tense screwed up past participle screwed up ($ scre5$$$ + p.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. 5ou stop !onsu0in' the "ood.. ECERCISE ()a . and the bill was paid twice. Nobod5 li7es the ne# priest in our !hur!h. 8ou really screwed me up when you lost my car keys. Mark sent his wife a letter that he wrote to his girlfriend. . so 4 MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM )o''in' "or a #hile. or doin' the a!ti1it5. and I just screwed it up instead. scre5e! + part. and it really screwed me up.Jin"or0alK When people 0a7e a 0ista7e that !auses a proble0 "or 5ou. scre5 + n. When people or thin's are scre5e! up. the5 scre5 5ou +$ The travel agent forgot to reconfirm my flight. 5ou scre5 + or 5ou scre5 + #hat 5ou are doin'. he laid off cheese and butter sandwiches. Wh5 donBt 5ou let a 0e!hani! "i< the !arH 4" 5ou tr5 to do it 5oursel".1. p. Jin"or0alK When 5ou da0a'e so0ethin' or do so0ethin' #ron' or badl5. The tea!her as7ed 0e to MMMMMMMM the e<a0s MMMMMMMM. but a little screwed up in the head. 4t reall5 MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM #hen 5ou told 05 boss #hat 4 said about hi0. 3. Gisten to the way you(re coughing.1. . My back is so screwed up I can(t even walk.1. There was a screwup in the finance department. 2. but I couldn(t do it. $ . Ieorge was a nice guy.ro.*$ %a3 o. su!h as a "ood or an a!ti1it5. and no# the5Bre "ine. 65 "eet #ere 7illin' 0e a !ouple o" #ee7s a'o.proble0 or !on"used situation !aused b5 so0eoneBs 0ista7e is a scre5 +$ Two babies were switched because of a screwup in the maternity ward. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . .

4" 5ou #ant to borro# 05 !ar toni'ht. 4tBs 2rida5 ni'ht. The boss said. MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM: ECERCISE ()& . . the !hildren ate in the li1in' roo0. $$ . &etBs bu5 so0e beer and MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. %. there #asnBt an5 TV. . The 0ana'er as7ed his assistant to MMMMMMMM hi0 MMMMMMMM about the proble0s in the #arehouse. 65 husband told 0e 05 plan to enter 0edi!al s!hool #as !raD5. The se!retar5 in the hu0an resour!es depart0ent said/CereBs an appli!ation. The (rte'a\s #onBt ta7e a 1a!ation this 5ear be!ause 6r./// o" e1er5 !ontra!t. People #ent to the 0o1ies or read instead. -t the part5. 4 !anBt #or7 to0orro#. 12.ro.$.this section$ 1. Ned #ill be 05 MMMMMMMMMMM #hile 4B0 on 05 hone50oon. The reporter dis!o1ered that the 0a5or #as ta7in' MMMMMMMMMMM "ro0 the !onstru!tion !o0pan5. 1$. When 6other #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 13. 1/. 4. (rte'a has been MMMMMMM MMMMMMMM and the5 need to sa1e 0one5. MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. The other 0ountain !li0bers are ner1ous about Ii0 be!ause the5 thin7 heBs 'oin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a !li"".@ 11. 1 . and the MMMMMMMMMMM ate in the dinin' roo0. Can 5ou MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM "or 0eH 1%. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith no ns . AouB1e been !riti!iDin' 0e "or the last three hours: Will 5ou MMMMMM MMMMMMMM: 14. 4B0 not 'oin' an5#here. *. @(ne 0ore MMMMMMMMMMM and 5ouBre "ired.@ 3. AouBre a!tin' li7e a bi' bab5. 2. Ta7e it and MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM.1er5 5ear at this ti0e the 7in' 'i1es MMMMMMMMMMM to the poor. 8. but 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #ith it an5#a5. The head o" pur!hasin' at 05 !o0pan5 #ent to )ail be!ause he 0ade all the suppliers MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM N2.

Byour plan. E05 brother. Eall the spa!es. The president !alled 3eneral Cha0bers and 'a1e hi0 the MMMMMMMMMMM "or the atta!7. The C. 8. 4s the tea!her handin' outH Ethe tests. the0F MMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMM 3. ECERCISE ()c .$.ects in +arentheses$ Be s re to + t the o&. *. I(m sorry I screwed up. hi0F MMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMM H. The tea!her prepared a MMMMMMMMMMM to 'i1e to the students. Aou ha1enBt "illed in. the0F MMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMM 2. itC MMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMM .ects in the ri/ht +%ace$ 1. The !o0pan5 is 'oin' to la5 o"". =rite three sentences sin/ the o&. %.( said he re'retted the MMMMMMMMMMM but that there #as no other #a5 "or the !o0pan5 to a1oid ban7rupt!5. The tea0 lost e1er5 'a0e o" the season and su""ered a $/ per!ent MMMMMMMMMMMM in attendan!e.

4 #as born in Ca#aii. and 4 thou'ht about it "or a lon' ti0e be"ore 4 "inall5 de!ided to tr5 it. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s' +artici+%e a!. and 4 li1ed there until 4 #as ei'hteen. Ne# ho0e !onstru!tion #ill de!rease i" there is a re!ession.ectives' an! no ns . What happened to Nan!5H *. #hat #ould it be !alledH 14. Aou 'i1e N3. What is the 0e!hani! doin' to 05 !arBs trans0issionH . Sall5Bs parents told her she !anBt #at!h a TV sho# be!ause itBs "or adults. 4 #asnBt sure i" 05 plan #ould #or7. and 4 #as late "or a 1er5 i0portant 0eetin'./// that 5ou 'i1e to the 0a5or e1er5 0onthH 8. What did the hotel !ler7 do to 0eH 1/. i" there is a de!rease in ne# ho0e !onstru!tion. The hotel !ler7 "or'ot to !all 0e in the 0ornin' to #a7e 0e up. What #ill ne# ho0e !onstru!tion do i" there is a re!essionH 13. Ti005 #as teasin' Susie all da5 until his 0other told hi0 to stop. and the5 told her that the5 donBt need her an50ore. What did 4 do in Ca#aiiH 11.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. 4n Ouestion 4. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the appli!ation a"ter 4 put the !orre!t in"or0ation in the spa!esH 4. =usiness is bad at Nan!5Bs !o0pan5. The 0e!hani! is tr5in' to "i< 05 !arBs trans0ission. but sheBs 0a7in' a lot o" 0ista7es. #hat is the N3. What do 5ou do e1er5 0onthH %. What did Sall5Bs parents tell her about the TV sho#H 12. 4n Ouestion 2. 4n Ouestion $. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the trans0ission a"ter the 0e!hani! "inishes "i<in' itH $. What did 4 do #ith 05 planH 2.ro. What did Ti005Bs 0other tell hi0 to doH $8 . 4n Ouestion 12./// to the 0a5or e1er5 0onth so that he #ill 'i1e 5our !o0pan5 !it5 business. The se!retar5 'a1e 0e an appli!ation and told 0e to put the !orre!t in"or0ation in the spa!es. What did the se!retar5 tell 0e to doH 3.ECERCISE ()! .

-"ter sear!hin' "or three da5s #ithout an5 lu!7. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . 8 tal7 do#n to. * put-on. 4 told 05 la#5er that it #as a MMMMMMMMMMM and that 4 #as inno!ent. 2.1 .ro+revio s sections$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. ta7eo"". 1 1. and tra""i! #as barel5 0o1in' at all. The poli!e sho#ed 0e so0e pi!tures to see i" 4 !ould MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the 'u5 #ho 0u''ed 0e. SarahBs "riend Sall5 told Sarah e1er5thin' she had 0issed. 8onBt tr5 to run ten 0iles at "irst? 5ou ha1e to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to it. When the dete!ti1es !a0e and arrested Can7. * 1.ter each one$ brea7do#n. * pi!7 out. #e didnBt thin7 it #as real >)ust a bi' ECERCISE (). =lan7ets and bo<es o" "ood #ill be 'i1en to the people #hose ho0es #ere destro5ed b5 the tornado. 4. What #ill be done #ith the blan7ets and bo<es o" "oodH 1%. * hoo7 up. There #as a MMMMMMMMMMM on the hi'h#a5. What did Sall5 do "or SarahH ECERCISE ()e' Revie5 . 3 #or7 up. but this 0onth itBs "ree. Waiter. 2. -"ter she returned to the TV roo0.ter each one$ !at!h up.!able MMMMMMMMMMM is usuall5 N3*. -ll is doin' (0arBs )ob #hile (0ar is on 1a!ation. * 'et alon'.* . The 'uards suspe!ted the prisoners #ere plannin' a MMMMMMMMMMM. %. * 'i1e up. % hoo7up. . The pilot said that the MMMMMMMMMMM #ould be on ti0e. * !hi!7en out. 3. . * holdup. Sarah had to ans#er the phone #hile she #as #at!hin' a 0o1ie. . the res!ue tea0 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM on "indin' an5 sur1i1ors.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. WhatBs the MMMMMMMMMMMH $. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these no ns . What is -li doin'H 1$. 3. 1 setup. brea7out. #eB1e been #aitin' "or our dinner "or an hour.' Revie5 .

(($ FOCUS ON< +hrasa% ver&s se! in co-+o n! no ns -s #e sa# in Se!tion 1/. and #eBll MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #ith ea!h other at the !orner in "ort5-"i1e 0inutes. . @Aour dau'hter has 0issed a lot o" s!hool. o" these nouns "or0ed "ro0 t#o-#ord phrasal 1erbs !an be !o0bined #ith ordinar5 nouns to "or0 !o0pound nounsG noun< &ac0 + !o0pound nounG ba!7up dis7 noun< . 0an5 t#o-#ord phrasal 1erbs !an be used as nouns.hat kind of clothes1 answer# 5irty clothes. the "irst noun has a "un!tion si0ilar to that o" an ad)e!ti1eG Fuestion# . 4Bll 'o to the post o""i!e. noun The ad)e!ti1e dirt5 and the noun #or7out ser1e the sa0e "un!tionG 0odi"5in' the noun !lothes. %. The tea!her said. doesnBt 0a7e it o7a5 "or 5ou to MMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM0e.uestionG What 7ind o" !lothesH ans#erG Wor7out !lothes. $. -l#a5s a!!ent the "irst #ord in a !o0pound nounG nounG BACK + !o0pound nounG BACK +!is0 nounG FOLLO=9 + !o0pound nounG FOLLO=9 + !all %/ . adjective . 4 #asnBt happ5 about ha1in' Nan!5 "or a partner on the pro)e!t.o%%o59 + !o0pound nounG "ollo#-up !all &i7e ordinar5 !o0pound nouns. Aou 'o to the ban7.@ 8.4. 6an5. 6aria 'ot s!ared andMMMMMMMMMMo" )u0pin' o"" the hi'h di1in' board. Iust be!ause 5ou #ent to !olle'e and 4 didnBt. and sheBll need to #or7 hard to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to the rest o" the !lass. 4 donBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #ith her.

I forgot part of the story. .1. be sure you back up your entire hard disk first. is a &ac0 +$ . When 5ou 0a7e a !lai0 or state0ent and then sho# people e1iden!e or 'i1e the0 in"or0ation pro1in' that the !lai0 or state0ent is true or !orre!t. keep a backup of my important computer files on floppy disks. "$ &ac0 + p. 5ou ba!7up. 5ou &ac0 the0 +$ When 5ou support people b5 doin' so0e #or7 or a di""i!ult assi'n0ent. and Tanya backs him up when it gets busy. The major gave a backup copy of the battle plan to his secretary. the police called for backup. su!h as a !o0puter pro'ra0 or data. I put the car in reverse and backed it up. The firefighter entered the burning building without a backup. *$ &ac0$$$ + p. The general backed up his threats with H33. 5ou &ac0 + or &ac0 the 1ehi!le +$ The fire was so hot that we had to back up.1. %1 . When 5ou dupli!ate i0portant in"or0ation. 5ou ba!7 the0 +$ Ginda said she would back me up if I complained about our supervisor. &ac0 + n.333 soldiers. 5ou &ac0 it +$ "o one believed )im(s accusations because he couldn(t back them up with any evidence.1. >an you back up a little and e0plain your plan again1 !orry. so that 5ou #ill still ha1e it i" the ori'inal in"or0ation is lost or da0a'ed. 5ou &ac0 +$ 8ou(re going too fast. 5ou &ac0 it +$ If you(re going to install that new software. and 5ou repeat so0ethin' that 5ou alread5 said. 6$ &ac0$$$ + p. The IN! asked me for some receipts to back up my deductions. su!h as a !o0puter pro'ra0 or data. When 5ou #al7 ba!7#ard. Get me back up a little.#nfinitive present tense backup back up & backs up backing up backed up backed up -ing form past tense past participle ($ &ac0$$$ + p.1. When 5ou support people in a !on"li!t or a !on"rontation.dupli!ate o" i0portant in"or0ation. 7$ &ac0$$$ + p.1.hen the rioters grew more violent. )erry is the bar(s main bartender. When 5ou dri1e a 1ehi!le in re1erse. So0eone or so0ethin' that supports or is read5 to pro1ide support in a !on"li!t or a !on"rontation b5 doin' so0e #or7 or a di""i!ult assi'n0ent is a &ac0 +$ . &ac0 + n. When 5ou are e<plainin' so0ethin'. I back my work up every day before I go home.

1. I hope your work was backed up. p. :$ &ac0$$$ + p. the se!ond pie!e o" e.uip0ent or 0a!hiner5 is a &ac0 +$ The skydiver checked his main parachute and his backup before the flight. Traffic is always backed up at this time of the morn in a. the people re!ei1in' it. Infinitive present tense cut off cut off < cuts off cutting off cut off cut off &ing form past tense past participle ($ c t$$$ o. .&ac0e! + part. =ne of the kings of /ngland had his head cut off. The bartender told the drunk guy that she was cutting him off. accidentally erased your book from your computer.uip0ent or 0a!hiner5 &ac0s + the "irst.e kept the old computer to back the new one up. 8$ &ac0$$$ + p.$ $e cut off a piece of cheese so that I could taste it. The assembly line is going to back up if /rik doesn(t get the parts he needs soon. or "lo#in' nor0all5. ele!tri!it5. When a pie!e o" e. The huge number of >hristmas cards and packages caused a backup at the post office. The hospital bought a generator to back up the unreliable city power supply. pro'ressin'.uip0ent or 0a!hiner5 is 1er5 i0portant and another is 7ept a1ailable in !ase the one that is nor0all5 used "ails. 5ou c t it o. When 5ou stop the suppl5 or "lo# o" so0ethin'. When so0ethin' is bein' pre1ented "ro0 0o1in'. or "lo#in' nor0all5. When so0ethin' &ac0s +' it is bein' pre1ented "ro0 0o1in'. M7 . pro'ressin'. the ori'inal is &ac0e! +$ .ad). it is &ac0e! +$ Get(s take the train downtown. 5ou c t it o. won(t be surprised if my electricity is cut off I haven(t paid the bill in three months. When 5ou !o0pletel5 re0o1e part o" so0ethin' #ith a 7ni"e. &ac0e! + part. 'n accident backed up traffic for three miles.. &ac0 + n. . the se!ond pie!e o" e. &ac0 + n$ A &ac0 + is a situation in #hi!h so0ethin' is bein' pre1ented "ro0 0o1in'. p.1. or 5ou c t o. or "lo#in' nor0all5. su!h as #ater. "$ c t$$$ o.1. When a pie!e o" e. sat in that backup for three hours without moving an inch. pro'ressin'..ad). or pair o" s!issors.. -"ter 5ou dupli!ate i0portant in"or0ation/su!h as a !o0puter pro'ra0 or data. The school had to dose when the main power and the backup both failed.uip0ent or 0a!hiner5 is 1er5 i0portant and another is 7ept a1ailable in !ase the one that is nor0all5 used "ails... or 0one5. . sa#.1.

ele!tri!it5.$ The pla!e #here so0ethin' or so0eone is !ro++e! o. got a notice saying that if I don(t pay my water bill soon.$ The bridge was destroyed by the earthFuake. or 0one5. and now we(re cut off. When 5ou abruptl5 and rudel5 dri1e a 1ehi!le in "ront o" other peopleBs 1ehi!les.. M2 .c to. was in the middle of an important call when I was cut off. and soon.. Ietting cut off happens all the time when you(re on the phone to >hina.. n. The ti0e #hen so0ethin'. 5ou !ro+ the0 o. Guis left his laundry at the drop-off window.. or c to. 6$ c t$$$ o... When 5ou ta7e thin's or people to another pla!e and lea1e the0 there. .. "$ !ro+ o. The north side of the train station parking lot is for drop-offs. p. "ro0 the0..ad).. date... point.. is a !ro+9o.. 'fter 5an joined a cult..1. The lady in the red car tried to cut me off but I wouldn(t let her get in front of me.$ . "inety is the cutoff students with lower scores on the e0am won(t be accepted into the advanced program. When so0eone is c t o. p.1. So0ethin' that has been !ro++e! o.. had to slam on the brakes when some jerk cut me off on the way to work. is a !ro+9o. #hile spea7in' on the telephone. 5ou c t 5oursel" o. 7$ c t $$$o. c to. 5ou c t the0 o. When a businessBs sales.. Infinitive present tense drop off drop off < drops off dropping off dropped off dropped off &ing form past tense past participle ($ !ro+$$$ o. is c t o. he completely cut himself off from his family and friends.1. p.. . point. ' flash flood cut us off from the rest of the e0pedition.. p. 5ou are c t o. or the interest so0e people ha1e in so0ethin' de!lines. n. the o!!urren!e o" so0e e1ent. 'fter >5s were introduced..1. When 5ou are separated "ro0 other people be!ause o" a barrier or a 'reat distan!e. 5ou are c to..$ >an you drop me off at the train station on your way to work1 Guis dropped off his laundry at the cleaners. su!h as #ater. it !ro+s o. "ro0 the0. part. !ro+ o. sales of records dropped off sharply.1. is the c to.. the cutoff date will be March *3. !ausin' the0 to suddenl5 slo# do#n or stop. p.. !ro+9o.. #indo#.' c to. the !onne!tion is a!!identall5 bro7en.. When 5ou !reate a ph5si!al or ps5!holo'i!al barrier bet#een 5oursel" and other people. When 5ou are separated "ro0 other people be!ause o" a barrier or a 'reat distan!e.$ 'ttendance at baseball games has been dropping off in the last few years. *$ c t$$$ o.

!ro+9o.. . . Get(s get takeout.o%%o59 + 1isit. It was hard to see the drop-off because of the dense jungle. don(t feel like cooking tonight..o%%o5 + EonF p. and so on.$ The bus driver didn(t see the drop-off and the bus plunged into the gorge. ta0eo t n$ Ta0eo t is "ood that is ta7en "ro0 a restaurant to be eaten at another lo!ation. take out take out & takes out taking out took out taken out ($ ta0e $$$ o t Eo"F p.o%%o5 + on so0ethin'. +This is a holdupE+ "ancy took :D33 out of the bank.de!line in a businessBs sales. %4 . is a !ro+9o. . When the le1el o" the 'round de!lines steepl5. The drop-off in car sales was e0plained by the recession. The island has no beach at all.. . stora'e pla!e. or in the interest so0e people ha1e in so0ethin'. .o%%o59 +' . want to take some books out of the library tonight. it drops off steeply on the other side of the mountain. it !ro+s o. or buildin'.1..1. in the o!!urren!e o" an e1ent.. The doctor asked me to see him two months after the operation for a follow-up.$ Ae careful hiking this trail. n. When 5ou .$ There has been a drop-off in traffic deaths thanks to strict drunk driving laws.o%%o59 + n$ A . The customer service manager made a follow-up call to make sure I was happy with the repair job. That take-out chicken is good. n. but it sure is greasy. )ake took out a gun and shouted. p. *$ !ro+ o.1. The doctor told me I(d need to follow up the treatment with physical therapy.!ro+9o. Carr3o t and carr39o t "ood are the sa0e as ta0eo t and ta0e9o t "ood. .. 5ou return to so0ethin' that #as i0portant to 5ou pre1iousl5 be!ause 5ou no# ha1e 0ore in"or0ation or 0ore ti0e or be!ause 5ou #ant to 0a7e sure so0e e""ort 5ou 0ade pre1iousl5 is !orre!t or e""e!ti1e.steep de!line in the le1el o" the 'round is a !ro+9o. Infinitive present tense follow up follow up < follows up following up followed up followed up &ing form past tense past participle ($ . is a return to so0ethin' that #as i0portant to 5ou pre1iousl5 be!ause 5ou no# ha1e 0ore in"or0ation or 0ore ti0e or be!ause 5ou #ant to 0a7e sure so0e e""ort 5ou 0ade pre1iousl5 is !orre!t or e""e!ti1e.o%%o59 + !all. P t in/into is the opposite o" ta0e o t$ . 5ou re0o1e it. saw a beautiful house with a +for sale+ sign and I followed up on it when I got home. The land drops off straight into the sea. When 5ou ta0e so0ethin' o t or ta0e it o t o" a !ontainer.

When 5ou tr3 so0ethin' o t' 5ou tr5 it to see i" 5ou #ant to bu5 it or to see i" 5ou #ant to start usin' it re'ularl5.333 out.333 on a bicycle unless I tr% it out first. Tr%outs for the football team will be ne0t !aturday and !unday. When 5ou 'i1e so0ethin' a tr3o t'3o test it to see i" 5ou #ant to bu5 it or start usin' it re'ularl5. a 0o1ie. ta0e o t$ . 6$ ta0e$$ $o t p. . The snipers will try to take out the kidnapper when he opens the door. gave Aetty(s new diet a tr%out but I actually gained weight. When 5ou re0o1e so0ethin' be!ause 5ou do not #ant it or be!ause it is da0a'ed. When 5ou 'i1e people a tr3o t' 3o 'i1e the0 a !han!e to sho# that the5 !an per"or0 a )ob #ell be"ore 'i1in' the0 0ore di""i!ult #or7 to do. had to take money out of my savings account to pay for my medical bills.1. P t in is the opposite o. The airline gave the new plane a thorough tr%out before making a decision. "icole(s at the bank taking : *. When 5ou ta0e people out/5ou 'o #ith the0 to do so0ethin' en)o5able > dinner in a restaurant. P t in/into is the opposite o" ta0e o t$ The teacher said my story would be a lot better ifE took this part out of the third paragraph. Infinitive present tense tr% out try out < tries out trying out tried out tried out &ing form past tense past participle ($ tr3$$$ o t p. I told the supervisor that if she tried me out she(d see that I could do the job. When 5ou ta0e 0one5 o t or ta0e 0one5 out o" a ban7 or a ban7 a!!ount. 5ou ta0e it o t or ta0e it o t o" so0ethin'. 5ou #ithdra# the 0one5. and so on > and pa5 "or it 5oursel". The school will be closed while the asbestos insulation is being taken out and replaced. The manager agreed to tr% him out for a week. "$ tr3$$$ o t p.1. If you give Mike a tr%out I(m sure you won(t be disappointed. I(m not going to spend :7. 7$ ta0e$$ $o t p.1. *$ ta0e$$$ o t Eo"F p.1. When 5ou tr3 people o t' 5ou 'i1e the0 a !han!e to sho# that the5 !an per"or0 a )ob #ell be"ore hirin' the0 or be"ore 'i1in' the0 0ore di""i!ult #or7 to do.1. The hit man took Vito out with a shotgun blast to the head.hat do you think about taking Mom out for Mother(s 5ay1 )im took his girlfriend out last Friday. ."$ ta0e $$$o t Eo"F p. Jin"or0alK When 5ou ta0e people out. tr3o t n.1. tr3o t n. 8ou can tr% it out for thirty days without any obligation. 5ou 7ill the0. .

8es. 5a0e9 + part. 5ou tr5 to sho# that 5ou !an per"or0 a )ob #ell in order to 'et hired. When 5ou stop sleepin'. >an(t you see that1 work out work out & works out working out worked out worked out ($ 5or0 o t p. . but when my best friend died of lung cancer.1.1. The switch to the new system worked out a lot better than anyone e0pected. The marriage didn(t work out and they were divorced after si0 months.1. When 5ou 5or0 o t a !al!ulation.ad).1.D33. it really woke me up. ' lot of guys will tr% out but only a handful will make the team. When 5ou are sta5in' at a hotel and 5ou as7 the des7 !ler7 to !all 5ou at a !ertain ti0e to 5a0e 5ou up. it 5a0es 5ou + or 5a0es 5ou + to the truth about so0ethin' or so0eone. The cost of the boo6e we need for the reception works out to more than : *. this a0ount is the result o" the !al!ulation or 0easure0ent.1. :Tr%ing out for the cheerleading sFuad isn(t as important as doing your homework. 6$ 5or0$$$ o t p. When a situation 5or0s out. 0easure0ent. "$ 5a0e$$$ + p.+ Infinitive present tense wake up wake up < wakes up waking up woke up woken up &ing form past tense past participle ($ 5a0e$$$ + p. !he said that living with her in&laws wasn(t working out very well. asked the desk clerk to give me a wake-up call at M#23. or other proble0. %$ . wake up! "icole is lying to you. *$ 5or0 o t p. When 5ou learn so0ethin' that !auses 5ou to understand the truth about so0ethin' or so0eone. $ey. 5ou 5a0e +$ When 5ou !ause other people to stop sleepin'. 5ou as7 "or a 5a0e9 + !all. When a situation 5or0s o t a !ertain #a5.*$ tr3 o t E"orF p.1. I woke up at 7#33 'M and couldn(t get back to sleep.1. but I must admit it worked out. . I thought your idea was terrible. When a !al!ulation or 0easure0ent 5or0s o t to be a !ertain a0ount. When a situation does not 5or0 o t' it is not satis"a!tor5. The monthly payment on a J percent loan works out to :JH7. When 5ou tr3 o t or tr3 o t "or so0ethin'. it happens that #a5. 5aniela(s mother told her. the end result is su!!ess"ul. 5ou do the #or7 ne!essar5 to deter0ine the result o" the !al!ulation or 0easure0ent or thin7 about ho# to sol1e the proble0. 5ou 5a0e the0 +$ '$ is so sleepy in class that the teacher must wake him up every five minutes. "$ 5or0 o t p. used to smoke.

I need to start working out again.Maria worked out bow much paint we will need for the living room twenty&five gallons.ro. 8$ 5or0 o t p. I(ve forgotten how to work out math problems without a calculator. Ce MMMMMMMM the other one MMMMMMMM. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . When 5ou sa5 that 5ou 'a1e a 0e!hani!al de1i!e or s5ste0 a 5or0o t' 5ou 0ean that 5ou !aused it to per"or0 so0e len'th5 or di""i!ult #or7. 3. The opposing lawyers worked out a compromise. I(m really sore from that workout last night. 5ou 5or0 o t$ Aob works out in the gym for two hours every night.1. . 2. Aou should al#a5s MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 5our i0portant !o0puter "iles. 8ou need to go to the airport. 5or0o t n.series o" e<er!ises done in order to i0pro1e 5our health or ph5si!al appearan!e is a 5or0o t$ =or0o t !lothes are !lothes 5ou #ear #hile e<er!isin'. 4. and we have only one car.1. The trainer designed a workout for each player on the team. either alone or in dis!ussion #ith other people. The but!her has onl5 nine "in'ers. %% . With so 0an5 deli1er5 tru!7 dri1ers out si!7 #ith the "lu. The art restorers are tr5in' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a #a5 to !lean the paintin' #ithout da0a'in' it. . ECERCISE (( a . I need to go to work.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. $. deli1eries are startin' to MMMMMMMM. When 5ou e<er!ise in order to i0pro1e 5our health or ph5si!al appearan!e. When 5ou 5or0 o t a solution or plan. 5riving to 'laska sure gave this old truck a workout. I think I(ve worked out a way to buy a new car without borrowing money. 5ou de!ide #hat to do a"ter !are"ul !onsideration.1 al0ost had an a!!ident on the #a5 to #or7 #hen another dri1er MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM. 5or0o t n. $ow are we going to work this out" 7$ 5or0 o t p. The snack bar got a real workout when three buses full of hungry tourists stopped at the same time. I(m a fat slob.1 hit a tree #hile 4 #as MMMMMMMM 05 !ar MMMMMMMM.

2 . 13. PeopleBs "as!ination #ith the . 2/. CelloH CelloH The phone is dead? 4 'uess #e #ere MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 1%. 18. but this 0ornin' 4 o1erslept. The desi'ners put in 0anual !ontrols to MMMMMMMMMMMMthe auto0ati! s5ste0. -"ter e1er5 sale. but ha1in' !hildren reall5 MMMMMMMM 0eMMMMMMMM. 1*. 22. and this #ee7end heBs 'oin' to MMMMMMMM the0 MMMMMMMM. The pro"essorBs le!ture #as reall5 !on"usin'. 11. but it didnBt MMMMMM MMMMMM. 1 . No one belie1ed 4 #as tellin' the truth until Charles MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM. 1$.ui!7l5 a"ter the se<tuplets #ere born. but !an he MMMMMMMM the0 MMMMMMMM #ith an5 e1iden!eH 8. Ned used to e<er!ise e1er5 da5. 4B0 'oin' to lea1e earl5 to0orro# so that 4 !an MMMMMMMM so0e "il0 MMMMMMMM at the photo lab. 1/. The !ost o" their #eddin' MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to N22 per person. 23.uintuplets MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM . but he hasnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in 0onths. The sharpshooter #as ordered to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the ene05 leader. %8 . *. a 'ood salesperson MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #ith a !at: to 0a7e sure the !usto0er is satis"ied. 24. &5dia had planned to spend the su00er in 4tal5. 4 #asnBt 1er5 responsible #hen 4 #as 5oun'er. 12. =ob bou'ht so0e ne# s7is. but the poli!e #ent to the ba!7 o" the ban7 and MMMMMMMM the0 MMMMMMM. 14. 21. The ban7 robbers tried to es!ape throu'h the ba!7 door. 4 usuall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM around %G//. Ne<t #ee7end #eBre MMMMMMMM 6o0 and 8ad MMMMMMMM "or their "i"tieth #eddin' anni1ersar5. 8a1id and 6aria MMMMMMM MMMMMMM ho# 0u!h their #eddin' is 'oin' to !ost.%. =e !are"ul > the north side o" the 0ountain MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM sharpl5. Pro"essor Childress has so0e interestin' theories. so 4 as7ed hi0 to please MMMMMMMM MMMMMMM and e<plain it a'ain.

The baseball 0ana'er de!ided to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the ne# pit!her to see #hat he !ould do. CeBll use the se!ond i" thereBs a proble0 #ith the "irst. 3/. -le< tried out. Sa0 had a tot o" bi' ideas #hen he #as 5oun'. Ta5lorBs husband be!ause he #as beatin' her.ro. What 7ind o" "ood did #e eatH 8. E-li. 6o0 as7ed 0e to ta7e out. 6i7e has #o7en up. 2*. We 'ot "ood "ro0 a Chinese restaurant and ate it at ho0e. Wood to 8r. What 'ot dirt5H %. . but his li"e sure hasnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMM the #a5 he e<pe!ted.this section$ There -a3 &e -ore than one 5a3 to ans5er a > estion$ 1. itF MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 2. Ta5lor a "e# da5s later to tal7 to her. Ethe 'arba'e. E2ran7/hi0F MMMMMMMM MMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 4. itF MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 3. Aou used the ne# e<er!ise e. What is the se!ond !a0eraH 2. hi0F MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM ECERCISE (( c . The5Bre !uttin' o"". itF MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM $.uip0entH . &5dia has ne1er MMMMMMMM a penn5 MMMMMMMM o" her sa1in's a!!ount. Ehis ne# bi!5!le.uip0ent to see i" 5ou #anted to bu5 it. 2%. 4 dropped o"" at the airport.ects in the ri/ht +%ace$ 1. 28. What #as on . What did 5ou do to the e<er!ise e. Wood "or help. tra""i! on the interstate stopped and there #as a lon' line o" !ars.so!ial #or7er 1isited 6rs. =e!ause o" !onstru!tion. The photo'rapher al#a5s 7eeps t#o !a0eras #ith hi0. 8r. itF MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM %* . The phone !o0pan5 sa5s 05 telephone ser1i!e #ill stop on Iul5 1 i" 4 donBt pa5 05 bill be"ore that date. 31. (ne is his 0ain !a0era. The !lothes 4 #ore 5esterda5 #hite 4 #as e<er!isin' 'ot 1er5 dirt5.2$. S0ith is a ne# do!tor. What did the so!ial #or7er doH $. The ele!tri!it5 #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a"ter a tree "ell durin' the stor0 and !ut so0e po#er lines. What is 8r. The poli!e arrested 6rs. ECERCISE (( & . =rite three sentences sin/ the o&. heBll !all 8r. Ethe po#er. 4 MMMMMMMM 05 48 !ard MMMMMMMM o" 05 po!7et and sho#ed it to the 'uard. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ no ns an! co-+o n! no ns .ects in +arentheses$ Be s re to + t the o&. S0ithH 4. 4" heBs not sure ho# to treat a patient. 8id 5ou ba!7 upH E5our #or7. 4 li7e 0ost o" this arti!le 5ou #rote about 0e. but thereBs one thin' 4Bd li7e 5ou to MMMMMMMM. What is Iul5 4H 3.

The number of arrests for burglary is a lot lower this year than last year.hat has happened to the number of arrests for burglary1 1/. Wh5 did Sall5 ha1e a proble0H 8/ . Sall5 lost so0ethin' 1er5 i0portant on her !o0puter be!ause she didnBt 0a7e another !op5 in !ase there #as a proble0 #ith the ori'inal.the interstateH L. .

What did the5 do to the ele!tri!it5H 2. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s an! no ns . What is di""i!ultH 12.ro. What did the #ater do to the0H %. 65 e<er!ise routine is 1er5 di""i!ult. What a0 4 'oin' to do to the lon'-distan!e !o0pan5Bs ser1i!eH . What is 'ood "or 5our healthH 4. The ne#spaper reporter is 'ettin' 0ore in"or0ation about so0ethin' interestin' that so0eone told her on the phone. #hat is the lon'-distan!e !o0pan5 lettin' 0e doH $. The lon'-distan!e !o0pan5 o""ered to let 0e use their ser1i!e "ree "or thirt5 da5s. and 4B0 'oin' to tr5 it. The prose!utor pro1ed his a!!usation #ith so0e photo'raphs. Iane #ants to sho# the bas7etball !oa!h that she #ould be a 'ood 0e0ber o" the bas7etball tea0. What is the reporter doin'H C. #hat #ould 5ou !all the e<tra !op5 o" 5our #or7 that 5ouBre 0a7in'H 1/.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe these peopleH 8. a lot o" people !ouldnBt lea1e their houses be!ause o" the #ater. -t the ed'e o" the !ontinental shel".<er!isin' is 'ood "or 5our health. What does 05 se!ond alar0 !lo!7 do to 05 "irstH 81 . What did 4 do to the photo!opierH ECERCISE ((! . The ele!tri! !o0pan5 stopped 05 ele!tri!it5 be!ause 4 didnBt pa5 05 bill. What are 5ou doin'H *. 4 0ade %. the sea "loor "alls se1eral thousand "eet./// !opies on this photo!opier. 4 bou'ht so0e "ried !hi!7en. 8urin' the "lood.11. What did the prose!utor do #ith the photo'raphsH 13. and 4 too7 it to 05 house. 4n Ouestion $. 4 ha1e a se!ond alar0 !lo!7 in !ase the "irst doesnBt #a7e 0e up. What 7ind o" "ood did 4 bu5H 3. AouBre 0a7in' an e<tra !op5 o" 5our #or7 )ust in !ase. 4n Ouestion 8. 4n Ouestion 4. What does Iane #ant to doH 14. What is at the ed'e o" the !ontinental shel"H 12. .

What !an 4 do to 'et 05 bla!7 !at to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 05 #hite !ou!hH 8. 1 s!re# out o". What isnBt 6ariaBs plan doin'H 1*. 1/ sta5 o"". =lan7ets and bo<es o" "ood #ere MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to the "lood 1i!ti0s.ter each one$ !o0e "ro0. #hat #ould 5ou !all 05 se!ond alar0 !lo!7H 1$. 4" the !o0pan5 doesnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 2/ per!ent o" its e0plo5ees. 1/ la5 o"". Aou MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM? 4Bll !at!h up #ith 5ou later. but 4 !anBt "ind one. She reall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. itBs 'oin' to 'o out o" business. 4. 82 . 1/ hand out. 1/ loo7 "or. What ha1e 4 ne1er done be"oreH ECERCISE (( e' Revie5 . Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . 2. and it rained. 6ariaBs plan isnBt happenin' the #a5 she e<pe!ted. 1/ 'i1e ba!7. 1/ hear about. Ni!ole ta7es her "riend to the train station e1er5 0ornin'.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. What does 2// 'uests at N4 ea!h doH 21. 3 "ill in. 4 ha1e ne1er stopped sleepin' at 3G3/ in the 0ornin' be"ore. 2 1. 3. What #ould 5ou !all 05 appoint0ent ne<t 0onthH 18. 1/ "eel up to. =ill #ent #ith Iud5 to dinner and a 0o1ie and he paid "or e1er5thin'. The per!enta'e o" people #ho s0o7e MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM a"ter s0o7in' #as lin7ed #ith lun' !an!er and heart disease. 9ath5 didnBt !lose her !ar #indo# last ni'ht. 1/ 'o alon' #ith. 3 s!re# up. What did =ill doH 2/. *. $. 4n Ouestion 14.///. 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in 3er0an5 be!ause 05 "ather #as in the -r05 there. . What does Ni!ole do to her "riendH 1%. 1 "all o"". 4 ha1e an appoint0ent #ith 05 do!tor ne<t 0onth so that he !an see i" 05 sur'er5 #as su!!ess"ul. %. 4B1e been MMMMMMM MMMMMMM an apart0ent that allo#s do's. 2 7i!7 ba!7. 3 'ro# up. T#o hundred 'uests at N4 ea!h !al!ulates to N*.1 . CeBsMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMNe# Aor7 and #ill be here in t#o hours. 1 'o ahead.

but I have to %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% %%%%%%% Ginda on this decision.ect +hrasa% ver&s The past perfect is used to say that one thing in the past happened before another thing in the past# Mike said the wedding had fallen through. Toy for had already signed in. Make sure you %%%%%%%% it %%%%%%%% when you(re finished using it. I don(t feel like going anywhere tonight. p. *D. **. *7. I(m sorry I can(t agree with you. The past perfect is formed with had and the past participle of the verb# present# . When 5ou 0o1e a#a5 "ro0 dan'er or a person 5ou are ar'uin' or "i'htin' #ith in order to a1oid in)ur5 or a 0ore serious "i'ht or ar'u0ent. 83 .1. 5ou &ac0 o.hen I got to work..$ When 5ou tell people to &ac0 o. Get(s just %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% and take it easy. I(m surprised I haven(t%%%%%%%%%%%% it before.. *J. Infinitive present tense back off back off < backs off backing off backed off backed off &ing form past tense past participle ($ &ac0 o. 12. Their lawyer tried to %%%%%%%% them %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% : *73. I didn(t get *33 on the test because I forgot to %%%%%% %%%%%% one of the blanks. past past earlier in the past earlier in the past .' 5ou are #arnin' the0 that 5ou are be!o0in' an'r5 and that a "i'ht or ar'u0ent is li7el5. *2.S (NG +ast +er. past# $e woke up. *H. )oe.333. Mr. past perfect# $e had woken up. $ere(s my flashlight.e wakes up.*3.. This restaurant is wonderful. I was so stuffed from that huge dinner my mother cooked that I didn(t %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%% playing tennis afterward. 2(C.

84 . *$ co-e + p. 7$ co-e + p. she came across the room and gave me a big hug. but I don(t think it came across that way. it co-es +$ . 5ou see or "ind the0 #ithout plannin' or e<pe!tin' to.1.e were discussing possible candidates to manage the new office.indsor chair.hy don(t you come up and see me some time1 My cousin from !an 'ntonio came up to 5etroit last week. the5 co-e across$ 's soon as "icole saw me. $e came up through the ranks. saw 5an driving a Mercedes.1. When 5ou co-e across people or thin's. .1. and your name came up. When people 0o1e to#ard 5ou to a hi'her le1el or position. $is 'merican humor didn(t come across well in Aritain. When a ne# topi! is introdu!ed into a !on1ersation. Jal#a5s !ontinuousK When so0ethin' is co-in/ +' it #ill happen soon. was just joking.uires "urther attention. we came across some hikers from 'ustralia. Tom backed off when he saw that )ake had a gun. The major didn(t go to the military academy. When so0ethin' 5ou sa5 or do co-es across a !ertain #a5. =n the trail.1. it co-es +$ I(m sorry I can(t go to your party@ something important has come up. Ay *L*3. so if politics comes up I just leave the room. When 5ou 0o1e to a hi'her so!ial or pro"essional position.1. don(t agree with )im about anything. asked the antiFue dealer if she had ever come across a . millions of immigrants had come across the ocean to 'merica.1. 5ou co-e +$ . "$ co-e across p. the5 co-e +$ Co-e !o5n is the opposite o" co-e +$ .I(m warning youE 8ou(d better back off. When people !ross "ro0 one side o" a spa!e or distan!e to #here 5ou are. $e(s really coming up in the world. or "ro0 the south to the north.1.1. "$ co-e + p. 5our attitude or "eelin's are per!ei1ed in this #a5 b5 other people. . *$ co-e across p. rela0ing weekend. R n across is si0ilar to co-e across$ . Ontil this situation came up we were having a nice. #nfinitive present tense come across come across & comes across -ing form coming across past tense came across past participle come across ($ co-e across p. come up come up & comes up coming up came up come up ($ co-e + EtoF p. 6$ co-e + p. When so0ethin' une<pe!ted happens that re.

The deal fell through because the buyers couldn(t get a loan.Mother(s 5ay is coming up so I need to buy my mother a gift soon.1. When people or thin's drop throu'h an openin' "ro0 one side to the other side. $e aimed the gun at me and said.a%%s thro /h$ The family reunion fell through after 5ad got sick. The TV announcer told the audience what was coming up after the commercial.1. My Oncle Fred was ice fishing when he fell through a hole in the ice and was never seen again. or in se1eral pie!es.1.1. the5 . =ur house is back on the market. shel". =ur real estate agent is putting up a +for sale+ sign. it . When 5ou atta!h so0ethin'. or #all.1. 8 . or a business deal does not happen or is !an!eled be!ause o" a proble0 or be!ause so0eone does not do #hat is e<pe!ted.+ "$ + t$$$ + p. 5ou + t it +$ The teacher had put some posters up in her new classroom. When 5ou build or install so0ethin'. "en!e. When 5ou 0o1e so0ethin' to a hi'her le1el. su!h as a pi!ture or a si'n.1. to a #all. 5ou + t it +$ The circus put up their tent outside of town. 6$ + t$$$ + p.a%% thro /h p. 5ou + t it +$ . "$ .a%% thro /h p. When 5ou ere!t or asse0ble so0ethin' that is !ollapsed. su!h as a buildin'. put out put up & puts up putting up put up put up ($ + t$$$ + p. When 5ou !ontribute 0one5 to pa5 "or or help pa5 "or so0ethin'. I talked to a carpenter about putting up some shelves in the family room.1.a%% thro /h$ The roofer had fallen through a hole in the roof. "olded. 5ou + t + the 0one5. When a plan. an arran'e0ent.e need to put up a fence to keep the rabbits out of our garden. #nfinitive present tense fall through fall through & falls through -ing form falling through past tense fell through past participle fallen through ($ . :3ut your hands up or I(ll shoot. *$ + t$$$ + p. The "ative 'mericans stopped by the river and put up their teepees. 7$ + t + p. 5ou + t it +$ 3ut these knives up where the baby can(t reach them.

21. ECERCISE ("& . The !harit5 #as as7ed to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM N2 0illion to#ard the pur!hase o" ne# 0edi!a: e.this section$ Ma0e a%% the +hrasa% ver&s +ast +er. The ri!h lad5 had 'i1en the 0one5 to build an ani0al shelter. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s an! +artici+%e a!. 1$. 65 house #as destro5ed b5 a tornado. ToddBs e<planation 0ade a 'ood i0pression on the )ur5. 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the hard #a5. &uis had #ritten his na0e on a pie!e o" paper to sho# that he had !o0e to #or7. 2/. Ti005 had ar'ued #ith his 0other be!ause he didnBt #ant to 'o to bed. 1 . SusieBs 0other told her that Christ0as #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. The appli!antBs !riti!is0 o" his pre1ious e0plo5er didnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #ell #ith the inter1ie#er.uip0ent. Can 5ou MMMMMM 0e MMMMM "or a "e# da5sH 1%. 4 didnBt 'o to a "an!5 415 &ea'ue !olle'e. 4 bou'ht a plasti! Christ0as tree thatBs reall5 eas5 to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM.ect$ 1. pleaseH 23. What had Ti005 doneH . So0eone had MMMMMMMM the lid MMMMMMMM so ti'htl5 that 4 !ouldnBt 'et it o"". 1*.14. 6i7e told 0e that Ierr5 had been an'r5 and #as 'oin' to hit =ill. Can 5ou MMMMMMMM the #indo# shade MMMMMMMM so that #e !an 'et 0ore li'ht in here. 22. so she had better be a 'ood 'irl. but that Ierr5 had then !han'ed his 0ind and #al7ed a#a5.ectives . 18. What had Ierr5 doneH 2. What had the !arpenter doneH 4. What had ToddBs e<planation doneH $.ro. What had the ri!h lad5 doneH 88 . What had &uis doneH 3. The !arpenter had dropped suddenl5 "ro0 the se!ond "loor to the "irst "loor throu'h a hole 4N the "loor. 4 #as upstairs #or7in' #hen 05 #i"e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to as7 0e #hat 4 #anted "or lun!h. Nan!5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMM the 3olden 3ate =rid'e e1er5 0ornin' to 'o to #or7.

The !oo7 had turned the lid o" the )ar so that it #as ti'ht. What had the host o" the TV sho# said about the dan!in' bear a!tH 8. the. 6arshaBs na0e had been 0entioned durin' the 0eetin'. =rite ei/ht ori/ina% sentences sin/ +hrasa% ver&s . MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM. 3. What had the do!tor doneH ECERCISE ("c .ect$ 1. What had the ho0eless shelter doneH 11.%. 2. but #e didnBt bu5 it be!ause o" a proble0. What had 6i'uel doneH 1%. The (rte'as had built a "en!e around their s#i00in' pool.this section$ Tr3 to -a0e so-e o. The do!tor had #ritten her na0e on a pie!e o" paper to sho# that she had le"t the hospital. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM. . 8* . 6i'uel had tra1eled "ro0 6ia0i to Ne# Aor7. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM $. 8. The president !an!eled his 1a!ation be!ause a serious proble0 had suddenl5 o!!urred. %. Wh5 did the president !an!el his 1a!ationH 12. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM. The host o" the TV tal7 sho# had said that the dan!in' bear a!t #as 'oin' to ta7e pla!e ri'ht a"ter the !o00er!ial. What had happened to our dealH 13. The ho0eless shelter had allo#ed the0 to sleep there o1erni'ht. What had the (rte'as doneH 1 . MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM. What had the !oo7 doneH *.MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM.> estions' so-e ne/ative' an! so-e +resent or +ast +er. WeBd had a deal to bu5 a ne# house. 4n Ouestion 8.ro. Aou had "ound so0e old ne#spapers #hile !leanin' the atti!. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM. 4. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the lid o" the )ar a"ter the !oo7 turned it so that it #as ti'htH 1/. What had 5ou doneH 1$. What had 6arshaBs na0e doneH 14.

ri7 MMMMMMMM his son MMMMMMMM and told hi0 it #as ti0e "or s!hool. Sales ha1e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM b5 13 per!ent in the last 5ear. 12. 4tBs 'ettin' prett5 late. SheBs MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM t#i!e in the last hour. 3. %. IaneBs 'oin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM that ne# )ob in the =oston o""i!e. 1 . 4. 4t #as a bit o" a proble0 #hen Iane brou'ht her !hildren #ith her to 05 dinner part5. 11 "all o"". 14. you(ll %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% the terrible thing you didE 2. 4 point to. The poli!e o""i!er as7ed the bo5 #here his "ather #as. 11. $. The !ensor told the "il0 dire!tor to MMMMMMM MMMMMMM so0e o" the 1iolent s!enes. . &etBs MMMMMMMM this 0eetin' MMMMMMMM. 11 drop o"". The 'u5 behind the !ounter MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a s0all pie!e o" !heese so 4 !ould taste it. . 13. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . 1/. That #as a 1er5 interestin' . Can 5ou "ollo# 0e in 5our !ar so that 4 !an MMMMM 05 !ar MMMMM at the 0e!hani!H 8. I don(t care if it takes me the rest of my life. 4 hadnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM so 0an5 people. Aou should al#a5s MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMan5thin' i0portant be"ore 5ou install a ne# pro'ra0. +ela<. 11 'o a"ter. 4 plan "or. and he MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM on it i00ediatel5. 4 *. The sales0an 'ot a 'ood lead "ro0 a "riend. 11 thro# up.ter each one$ ba!7 up.uestion 5ou MMMMMMM MMMMMMM 6ar7 at the 0eetin'. 2 tr5 out. 11 #or7 out. 11 !ut o"".ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. *. 4 put to. e1er5thin'Bs 'oin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM o7a5. and the bo5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the bar a!ross the street. 4 dro1e into the 0ountains to MMMMMMMM 05 tru!7Bs "our-#heel dri1e MMMMMMMM. 4 pa5 "or. We need to ta7e the bab5 to the do!tor ri'ht no#. 11 #a7e up. 4 ta7e out. 1$. 11 #rap up. 1/ "ollo# up. */ .ECERCISE ("!' Revie5 .

My name was left off. This is a 'ood #a5 to test a senten!e to see i" it is in the passi1eG The game has been called off by. referee. 5ou !an!el it. *1 . My name was left off by >harles. The tent Is being set up. =e !an be in an5 tense and !an be !ontinuousG The game has been called off. but it is al#a5s possible. The tent is being set up by. p. p.. Infinitive present tense call off call off < calls off calling off called off called off &ing form past tense past participle ($ ca%%$$$ o. -s #e sa# in the "irst three e<a0ples.1.e can(t call the party off it(s going to start in half an hour. . the. sa5in' #ho per"or0ed the a!tion #ith a b5 phrase is optional. or so0ethin' else that had been pre1iousl5 planned.1. The house was so e0pensive to heat that the owners closed several rooms off. an area/5ou prohibit people "ro0 enterin' it or passin' throu'h it b5 lo!7in' the door or blo!7in' the entran!e.S (NG +assive +hrasa% ver&s' ( The passive voice is used #hen #hat happened Ethe 1erbF is 0ore i0portant than #ho did it Ethe sub)e!tFG The scene of the crime was dosed off b% the police. #hen the sub)e!t is ob1iousG The tests #ere han!e! in$ Eb5 the students > #ho elseHF or #hen the sub)e!t is un7no#nG 65 do' #as r n over$ Eb5 an un7no#n personF The passi1e is "or0ed #ith be and the past parti!iple o" the 1erb.. 2(C. su!h as a part5.. the campers. The football game was called off because of rain. The criminals will be tracked down by the police. dose off close off < closes off closing off closed off closed off ($ c%ose $$$o. The police closed several streets off because of the parade. When 5ou c%ose o. The criminals will be tracked down. When 5ou ca%% o.13. 'a0e. an e1ent..

Get(s go somewhere else %eave o.$ 'fter what happened at the last party. $e finished his investigation and handed his report in to the committee.... . Jin"or0alK When 5ou hit on a person o" the opposite se<. or pro)e!t and 5ou 'i1e it to the person #ho assi'ned the #or7. was so furious that I handed my letter of resignation in the ne0t day. #nfinitive present tense hand in hand in & hands in handing in handed in handed in -ing form past tense past participle ($ han! $$$ in EtoF p. 5ou han! it in or han! it in to a person o" authorit5. Three rooms in the museum are closed off. When 5ou do not in!lude people or thin's on a list. !he was hit on by every guy there. When 5ou thin7 o" an interestin' idea or a solution to a proble0. 5ou approa!h and a''ressi1el5 tr5 to interest that person in 5ou ro0anti!all5 or se<uall5. part. T rn in is si0ilar to han! in$ The tests must be handed in no later than **#33. The drivers return to the factory at D#33 and hand their keys in to the dispatcher before they leave. When 5ou han! in 5our resi'nation or letter o" resi'nation. they finally hit on the solution.1. hit on hit on & hits on hitting on hit on hit on ($ hit on p. "$ han! $$$ in p.. When 5ou 'i1e so0ethin' to a person o" authorit5 #ho has de0anded it or be!ause 5ou no lon'er need or #ant it.1. think I(ve hit on a way to solve this problem. 5ou lea1e the0 o. 5ou hit on it. -n area that 5ou are prohibited "ro0 enterin' or passin' throu'h be!ause the door has been lo!7ed or the entran!e has been blo!7ed is c%ose! o.1. T rn in is si0ilar to han! in$ The guard was ordered to hand his gun in after he shot the window washer. 5an wasn(t surprised that he was left off the guest list. leaving off left off left off leave off & leaves off ($ %eave$$$ o.ad). Mark keeps hitting on me. When 5ou !o0plete a test. either a!!identall5 or deliberatel5. The ?resident asked the cabinet members to hand in their resignations. 5ou han! it in or han! it in to that person. L7 .c%ose! o. and I(m tired of it. 5ou in"or0 5our e0plo5er that 5ou are . . p.uittin' 5our )ob. >heck to make sure you don(t leave anyone off the list.1.1. Gydia had a terrible time at the party. 'fter two years of tests. *$ han! $$$ in EtoF p. report.1.. "$ hit on p.

p. at the point #here 5ou stop.. b5 a person in authorit5.."$ %eave o.. %it + part. "$ %i/ht$$$ + p. When 5ou are %et o.1. 5ou e<press an'r5 "eelin's or "rustration or do so0ethin' to relie1e those "eelin's. 5ou %et the0 o. !i'ar..1.ad). Finish your story. It was )ake(s first offense. The driver let her off at the corner. Oncle Fred..hen I was a kid I used to love letting off firecrackers on the Fourth of )uly. p. When 5ou %i/ht + a !i'arette. That(s my house there.$ Ere'ionalF When 5ou %et o.1. 5ou stop it so that person !an lea1e it. I(m sorry I was so angry this morning@ I was just letting off steam. =kay class. -"ter a li'ht is shined on so0ethin' or 5ou put li'hts inside or atta!h li'hts to the outside o" so0ethin'. When 5ou let so0eone o"" a bus or other "or0 o" transportation. we left off on page L7 last week. p. so open your books to page L2. 5ou %i/ht it +$ 'irport runways are lit up so that pilots can see them in the dark. . When 5ou interrupt so0ethin' that 5ou intend to "inish later. light up light up & lights up lighting up lit up lit up ($ %i/ht$$$ + p. 5ou use a 0at!h or li'hter to start it burnin'. let(s light up.. stea0. *$ %et$$$ o. >an you let me off please1 "$ %et$$$ o. 1ighting a cigarette up ne0t to the gasoline truck was the last *3 .1.. When 5ou shine li'hts on so0ethin' or atta!h li'hts to so0ethin'. When 5ou "ire a 'un or e<plode bo0bs or "ire#or7s. 8ou left off where the giant octopus was about to eat you. so the judge let him off with a warning. 5ou %eave o.1. or pipe. $ere are the matches thing he ever did. The police lit the house up with their spotlights. 5ou are not punished or 5ou are 'i1en onl5 a li'ht punish0ent.1. it is %it +$ The signs aren(t lit up so it(s hard to see them at night. 4n"initi1e present tense let off let o"" P lets o"" -in' "or0 lettin' o"" past tense let o"" past parti!iple let o"" ($ %et$$$ o. The high school was evacuated after someone let off a smoke bomb. ?eople were shocked that he had been let off so lightly.. p.

this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. ECERCISE (*a .1en thou'h the ene05 soldiers #ere hal" a 0ile a#a5. The roo0 that #as da0a'ed b5 the "ire #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to the publi!. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . 2. 4t #asnBt !old enou'h. 11.Infinitive present tense track down track down & tracks down &ing form tracking down past tense tracked down past participle tracked down ($ trac0$$$ !o5n p. The poli!e "inall5 MMMMMMMM the 7illers MMMMMMMM and arrested the0. so #e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the ho!7e5 'a0e. %. When 5ou "ind thin's or people a"ter loo7in' 1er5 hard "or the0. -s soon as Nan!5Bs bo5"riend #ent to the #ashroo0. The prin!ipal !au'ht 0e as 4 #as MMMMMMM MMMMMMM a !i'arette in the #ashroo0. . *.1. I finally tracked down that book I(ve been looking for. 8r.1er5 Christ0as 05 "ather used to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM our house #ith thousands o" li'hts. 3. $. 8. The !roo7ed poli!e o""i!ers #ere ordered to MMMMMMMM their bad'es MMMMMMMM. 4. 1/. Three students 'ot a Dero be!ause their pro)e!ts #erenBt MMMMMM MMMMMM on ti0e.the 'u5 at the ne<t table MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM her. 1 . -"ter Wilson s!re#ed up the "inan!e depart0ent. 14. ThatBs a 'reat idea: AouB1e reall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM so0ethin'. !an 5ou MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM at the ne<t !ornerH 12.ro. 4 #as reall5 an'r5 that 4 #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the list. 8ri1er. The )ud'e MMMMMMMM her MMMMMMMM #ith a #arnin'. he #as as7ed to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMM his letter o" resi'nation. . S0ith resu0ed his le!ture #here he had MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM be"ore the lun!h brea7. . 13. *4 . #e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a "e# shots. 5ou tra!7 the0 !o5n$ The terrorists were tracked down by Interpol.

himC MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM J. $ave you left off1 B>armen.I told him not to light up.ects in +arentheses$ s re to + t the o&. itC MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 2. 're they closing off1 Bthe gallery. Bher report. itC MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM Be * . The accountant handed in.ECERCISE (*& . Bthe cigarette. =rite three sentences sin/ the o&. itC MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 7. itC MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM H. The judge let off.ects in the ri/ht +%ace$ *. Bthe wedding. herC MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM D. Bthe pickpocket. The bride hasn(t called off.

What happened to the sour!e o" the ru0orH 2. The5 are puttin' ropes around the plaDa so that no one !an 'o in. What happened to 5our na0eH $. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s an! +artici+%e a!. What is happenin' to the plaDaH 8. Ce dis!o1ered the sour!e o" the ru0or. The battleship shined li'hts on the ene05 sub0arine.'u5 started tal7in' to Ceather at the dan!e.ro.ectives .tra!7ed do#n. What happened to the ene05 sub0arineH 1/.uiDDes and 'a1e the0 to the tea!her. What happened to the 'a0eH %.this section$ Ma0e a%% the +hrasa% ver&s +assive$ 1. a"ter the5 "inish puttin' ropes around the plaDa. Ethe polluters.%.uiDDesH 3. . ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the sub0arine a"ter the battleship shined li'hts on itH *$ . The students "inished their . 4n Ouestion %. What al#a5s happens to "irst-ti0e o""endersH 4. the0F MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM ECERCISE (*c . What happened to CeatherH . What happened to the . 4n Ouestion *. The )ud'e ne1er sends "irst-ti0e o""enders to )ail. The . The re"eree !an!eled the 'a0e. The list o" !andidates didnBt in!lude 5our na0e. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe itH *.P.

ECERCISE (*!' Revie5 ; Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s .ro- +revio s sections$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a.ter each one$
burn do#n, !all in, 'i1e ba!7, 1 hand ba!7, let out, % loo7 at, pile up, plan "or, 4 point out, % run into, 1 run o1er, % s!re# out o", 3 set up, ta7e apart, % ta7e o"", 1 tal7 do#n to, 3

1. 6ost o" the !it5 #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM b5 the in1adin' soldiers. 2. Tea!her, #ill points be MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM "or spellin'H 3. 8an is so rude > 4 ha1e ne1er been MMMMMMM MMMMMMM MMMMMMM li7e that be"ore. 4. - !on"eren!e #ill be MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM bet#een the la#5ers "or ea!h side. . The Ta5lors #ere MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM their li"e sa1in's b5 their sto!7bro7er. $. The !hildren #ere happ5 to be MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM o" s!hool earl5. %. The entire sta"" #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to the o""i!e and 'i1en pin7 slips. 8. Se1eral "la#s in the plan #ere MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. *. +a,uel #as al0ost MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM b5 a !e0ent tru!7 #hile she #as dri1in' to #or7. 1/. There #asnBt enou'h roo0 inside the !abin, so the "ire#ood had to be MMMMMMMM MMMMMMM outside. C. The 'eneral said the o!!upied territor5 #ould ne1er be MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 12. The test #ill be MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to the students to0orro#. 13. This en'ine has been MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM three ti0es, but no one !an "i'ure out #hatBs #ron' #ith it. 14. This is a 1er5 i0portant pro)e!t. ;1er5 possible proble0 0ust be MMMMMM MMMMMM. 1 . 65 nei'hbor stopped at the side o" the road to !han'e a "lat tire, and he #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM and 7illed b5 a drun7 dri1er. 1$. ;a!h proposed desi'n "or the ne# "la' #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM and re)e!ted. *%

(6$ FOCUS ON< +artici+%e a!,ectives .or-e! .ro- +hrasa% ver&s' (
The past parti!iples o" 0an5 ;n'lish 1erbs !an also be used as ad)e!ti1es. Aou #ill see that senten!es #ith ad)e!ti1es "or0ed "ro0 past parti!iples are 1er5 si0ilar to senten!es #ith 1erbs in the passi1e 1oi!eG in both !ases a "or0 o" be is used #ith the past parti!iple. 2or this reason, it is not al#a5s eas5 to sa5 #hether a senten!e !ontains an ad)e!ti1e "or0ed "ro0 a past parti!iple or a 1erb in the passi1e 1oi!eG
The door #as !losed. E4s this a passi1e senten!e or is dosed an ad)e!ti1eHF So0eti0es, #hether a senten!e !ontains an ad)e!ti1e "or0ed "ro0 a past parti!iple or a 1erb in the passi1e 1oi!e is !lear "ro0 the senten!e stru!tureG The door was closed by the secretary, BpassiveC The door was closed when I came home last night, BadjectiveC or the !onte<tG Fuestion# .hat happens if the health inspector finds rats in a restaurant1 answer# It(s closed. BpassiveC ,uestionG 4s the #indo# openH ans#erG 4tBs !losed. Ead)e!ti1eF =ut in so0e !ases it is not possible to sa5 absolutel5 #hether a senten!e !ontains an ad)e!ti1e "or0ed "ro0 a past parti!iple or a 1erb in the passi1e 1oi!e. 2ortunatel5, it is usuall5 not 1er5 i0portant be!ause the 0eanin' is o"ten essentiall5 the sa0e. 2or that reason, throu'hout this boo7 true ad)e!ti1es "or0ed "ro0 past parti!iples and past parti!iples "un!tionin' as ad)e!ti1es are both !lassi"ied as parti!iple ad)e!ti1es. 6u!h 0ore i0portant than the di""eren!e bet#een ad)e!ti1es "or0ed "ro0 past parti!iples and past parti!iples "un!tionin' as ad)e!ti1es is #hat the #ords 0ean. So0e parti!iple ad)e!ti1es are #ritten #ith a h5phen E0a7e-upF, so0e #ithout a h5phen E"i<ed upF, and so0e as one #ord Erundo#nF. =e!ause not e1er5one a'rees #hi!h parti!iple ad)e!ti1es should be h5phenated/#hi!h should not, and #hi!h should be #ritten as one #ord, 5ou #ill o!!asionall5 see the sa0e parti!iple ad)e!ti1e #ritten #ith or #ithout a h5phen or #ritten as one #ord. -lso, =ritish ;n'lish h5phenates 0an5 parti!iple ad)e!ti1es that are not nor0all5 h5phenated in -0eri!an ;n'lish? 0an5 o" the parti!iple ad)e!ti1es sho#n unh5phenated in this boo7 are h5phenated in =ritish ;n'lish. *8

4n"initi1e present tense butt in butt in P butts in -in' "or0 buttin' in past tense butt in past parti!iple butt in

($ & tt in p.1. When 5ou enter a !on1ersation, situation, or pla!e Eespe!iall5 a lineF a''ressi1el5, rudel5, and #ithout in1itation/5ou & tt in$ ; was trying to talk to Mm at the party, but Aob kept butting in. My father taught me that it(s not polite to butt in line@ you have to go to the back and wait your turn. dress up dress up & dresses up dressing up dressed up dressed up

($ !ress$$$ + p.1. When 5ou !ress +' 5ou #ear 1er5 ni!e !lothes, o"ten "or a spe!ial o!!asion. When 5ou !ress people up, 5ou put 1er5 ni!e !lothes on the0/ o"ten "or a spe!ial o!!asion. 8ou should always dress up for a job interview. The Taylors dressed their children up so they could take some pictures. !resse! + part.ad). When 5ou are !resse! up, 5ou are #earin' 1er5 ni!e !lothes, o"ten "or a spe!ial o!!asion. .here are Tom and "ancy going1 They(re all dressed up. I felt like an idiot at the party everyone was really dressed up e0cept me.

"$ !ress + Eli7e/asF p.1. When people #ear old-"ashioned !lothes or !ostu0es, the5 !ress +' !ress + li7e so0eone, or !ress + as so0eone. 5id you see >harles at the $alloween party1 $e dressed up like a cowboy. 't )ane(s costume party, everyone has to dress up as a clown. dr% up dr% up & dries up dr%ing up dried up dried up

($ !r3$$$ + p.1. When so0ethin' !ries + or so0ethin' !ries it +' all the #ater or other li,uid in it 'oes a#a5. The sun came out and dried up all the rain. The Ireat !alt Gake is slowly dr%ing up. !rie! + part.ad). -"ter all #ater or other li,uid in so0ethin' 'oes a#a5, it is !rie! +$ The cowboys reached the river only to find that it was dried up. These leaves will burn okay now that they(re dried up. "$ !r3 + p.1. When the a0ount or suppl5 o" so0ethin' 'ets s0aller and then disappears !o0pletel5, it !ries +$ The factory switched to synthetic rubber after the supply of natural rubber dried up. The small grocery store(s business dried up after a huge supermarket opened across the street.

LL

4n"initi1e present tense fill out .i%% o t B .i%%s o t -in' "or0 .i%%in/ o t past tense .i%%e! o t past parti!iple .i%%e! o t

($ .i%%$$$ o t p.1. When 5ou .i%% o t a "or0, 5ou put in"or0ation in the !orre!t spa!es. Fi%% in is the sa0e as .i%% o t$ The personnel director asked !ofia to fill out an application. 0ill the withdrawal slip out and give it to the teller. .i%%e! o t partad). -"ter all the in"or0ation is in the !orre!t spa!es o" a "or0, the "or0 is .i%%e! o t$ $ere(s my application@ it(s all filled out. 're these forms blank or filled out" "$ .i%%$$$ o t p.1. When slender people 'ain #ei'ht, the5 "ill o t$ )ake was really thin when he got out of prison, but he has really filled out since then. "icole started to fill out after she started working at the candy shop. put awa% put awa% & puts awa% putting awa% put awa% put awa%

($ + t$$$ a5a3 p.1. When 5ou return so0ethin' to the pla!e #here it is usuall5 stored #hile it is not bein' used, 5ou + t it a5a3$ ; told you to put awa% %our toys before you go outside. Todd always dries the dishes, and I put them awa%. + t a5a3 part.ad). 4" so0ethin' is in the pla!e #here it is usuall5 stored #hile it is not bein' used, it is + t a5a3$ .here is my tool kit1 I looked in the closet, and it(s not put awa%. The dishes are put awa%. "ow let(s watch TV. "$ + t$$$ a5a3 p.1. When people are + t a5a3' the5 are sent to prison or a 0ental institution. ; hope they put that maniac awa% and throw away the key. )ake was put awa% for ten years after he was convicted of murder. *$ + t$$ $a5a3 p.1. Jin"or0alK When 5ou !onsu0e lar'e ,uantities o" "ood or drin7 Eespe!iall5 al!oholi! drin7F, 5ou + t it a5a3$ Ae sure to buy plenty of beer if 5avid is coming to the party. $e can really put it awa%. I don(t feel well. I put awa% four hot dogs and a bag of cookies. stick up stick up & sticks up sticking up stuck up stuck up

($ stic0$$$ + p.1. When 5ou use a 'un or other #eapon to rob people, ban7s, or stores, 5ou stic0 the0 +$ Ho%! + is the sa0e as stic0 +$ 1//

>all the policeE They(re sticking up the bank. If we need some money, we can always stick up a liFuor store. stic0 + n. When so0eone uses a 'un or other #eapon to rob a person, ban7, or store, there is a stic0 +$ A ho%! + is the sa0e as a stic0 +$ ' man wearing a ski mask yelled, +This is a stickup!: The detective was asking Fuestions about the stickup last night. "$ stic0$$$ + p.1. When 5ou put so0ethin', su!h as a pi!ture, si'n, or noti!e, in a pla!e #here people !an see it, 5ou stic0 it +$ !am stuck a notice up about his lost dog. I(m going to stick these +no smoking+ signs up all over the school. *$ stic0$$$ + p.1. When 5ou push so0ethin' inside a !ontainer or spa!e that is lon' and narro#, 5ou stic0 it +$ .e had to take !usie to the emergency room after she stuck a paper clip up her nose. Mark stuck his hand up the chimney to try to find the hidden key. 6$ stic0 + p.1. When so0ethin' lon' and narro# is raised abo1e the sur"a!e, it stic0s +$ Ae careful walking around a construction site there might be a nail sticking up. My hair was sticking up in the back after ; woke up from my nap. st c09 + part.ad). Jin"or0al > althou'h the parti!iple ad)e!ti1e st c09 + deri1es "ro0 stic0 +' the 1erb "or0 is ne1er used in this senseK When 5ou thin7 5ou are better than other people be!ause 5ou are 0ore beauti"ul or 0ore intelli'ent or be!ause 5ou !o0e "ro0 a hi'her le1el o" so!iet5, 5ou are st c09 +$ $eather is the most popular girl in the school, but she isn(t stuck-up. They(re so stuck-up Infinitive present tense use up use up & uses up using up used up used up &ing form past tense past participle they(ll never sit at our table.

($ se$$$ + p.1. When 5ou use up so0ethin', 5ou use all o" it. 'fter you use something up be sure to write it on the grocery list. I used up all the glue@ we need to buy more. se! + part.ad). -"ter all o" so0ethin' has been used, it is se! +$ 8o #e ha1e another tube o" toothpaste in the houseH This oneBs se! +$ wind wind up & winds up winding up wound up

wound up

($ 5in! $$$ + p.1. When 5ou turn the handle or 7e5 o" a 0e!hani!al to5, #at!h, or !lo!7 to 0a7e it operate, 5ou 5in! it +$ 1/1

; overslept because I forgot to wind up my alarm dock. This toy doesn(t use batteries@ you have to wind it up. 5o n! + part.ad). -"ter so0eone turns the handle or 7e5 o" a 0e!hani!al to5, #at!h, or !lo!7, it is 5o n! +$ The toy soldier is wound up. )ust push the button to make it walk. .hat is wrong with this watch1 It(s wound up but it still doesn(t work. 5o n! + part.ad). When 5ou are ner1ous or tense, 5ou are 5o n! +$ 5on(t even talk to )oe today. $e(s really wound up. I(m feeling really wound up I need a drink. "$ 5in! + p.1. When 5ou sa5 that so0eone or so0ethin' 5in!s + a !ertain #a5 or 5in!s + doin' so0ethin', 5ou 0ean that this situation #as the result o" a series o" de!isions, a!tions, or unplanned and une<pe!ted o!!urren!es. En! + is si0ilar to 5in! +$ .e got totally lost and wound up *33 miles from the campground. If you don(t start driving more carefully, you(re going to wind up dead. *$ 5in! $$$ + p.1. When 5ou 5in! + an a!ti1it5 or e1ent, 5ou "inish it or 'et read5 to "inish it. =ra+ + is si0ilar to 5in! +$ The detective wound up her investigation and made several arrests. .e(d better wind things up here@ it(s getting late. 6$ 5in! $$$ + p.1. When 5ou #rap so0ethin' lon', su!h as an ele!tri!al !ord, rope, strin', or 0easurin' tape, around and around so that it is in a ball or on a spool, 5ou 5in! it +$ That(s enough fishing for today. Get(s wind up our lines and go home. The firefighters wound up their fire hoses and went back to the station. 5o n! + part.ad). When 5ou #rap so0ethin' lon', su!h as an ele!tri!al !ord, rope, or 0easurin' tape, around and around so that it is in a ball or on a spool, it is 5o n! +$ This rope is a mess. 8ou should keep it wound up. This electrical cord is realty wound up tight. ECERCISE (6a ; Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s .ro- this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. We !ouldnBt de!ide #here to 'o, so #e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM sta5in' ho0e. 2. =e sure 5ou MMMMMMMM this "or0 MMMMMMMM !are"ull5. 3. 65 son lo1es to eat. Ce !an MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM an e<tra lar'e piDDa in less than "i"teen 0inutes. 1/2

-. 4Bll MMMMMMMM this noti!e MMMMMMMM on the #all. . WeBre 'oin' out to a ni!e restaurant toni'ht, so be sure to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. $. =usiness at the s7i shop al#a5s MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in su00er. %. When 5ouBre "inished #ith 5our 6onopol5 'a0e, MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM. 8. Con'ress is MMMMMM MMMMMM so0e un"inished business be"ore the su00er re!ess. *. The "ire"i'hter MMMMMM her hand MMMMMM the drain pipe to tr5 to rea!h the 7itten. 1/. The 0eetin'Bs al0ost o1er MMMMMMMM the5Bre MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM no#. 11. Iani!e #ent to the !ostu0e part5MMMMMMM MMMMMMMMM li7e 6arie -ntoinette. 12. The desert is so hot that rain#ater MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM al0ost i00ediatel5. 13. 4 donBt 7no# #hat ti0e it is. 4 "or'ot to MMMMMMMM 05 !lo!7 MMMMMMMM. 14. =e !are"ul #hen 5ou sail 5our boat in this shallo# #ater. So0eti0es lo's MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM "ro0 the botto0. 1 . &5dia hasMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMa little sin!e she had the bab5. 1$. -unt 9ath5 "inished 7nittin' the s#eater and MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM her 7nittin' needles. 1%. 2ran7 and Iesse Ia0esMMMMMM MMMMMMa ban7 in North"ield, 6innesota, in 18%$. 18. 4 hope the5 !at!h those !roo7s and MMMMMMMM the0 MMMMMMMM "or a lon' ti0e. 1*. 4 MMMMMMMMall 05 ti0e MMMMMMMMon the "irst hal" o" the test and didnBt ha1e an5 ti0e le"t "or the se!ond hal". 2/. 65 brother is so rude: Whene1er 4 tr5 to tal7 to 05 "riend 9aren, he MMMMMMM MMMMMMM and #onBt let 0e tal7. ECERCISE (6& ; Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +artici+%e a!,ectives .ro- this section$ 1. 4 hope it rains soon. (ur la#n is reall5MMMMMMMMMMM. 2. Wh5 are 5ou MMMMM MMMMMMH -re 5ou 'oin' to a part5H 3. So0e o" these "or0s are blan7 and others are MMMMM MMMMM. 4. -ll the people #ho li1e in that nei'hborhood thin7 the5Bre better than e1er5one else in to#n. ThereBre so MMMMM MMMMM. . 4 !anBt use 05 printer. The toner !artrid'e is MMMM MMMM, and 4 need to bu5 a ne# one. $. The !lo!7 isnBt #or7in' be!ause it isnBt MMMMM MMMMM. %. Tirnrn5, are 5our to5s all o1er the "loor #here the5 #ere last ni'ht, or are the5 MMMMM MMMMMH ECERCISE (6c ; =rite three sentences sin/ the o&,ects in +arentheses$ Be s re to + t the o&,ects in the ri/ht +%ace$ *. )anice dressed up. Bher son, himC MMMMM MMMMM. MMMMM MMMMM. MMMMM MMMMM. The sun Fuickly dries up. Bthe water, itC

MMMMM MMMMM. MMMMM MMMMM. MMMMM MMMMM. Filling out isn(t necessary, Bthe entire form, itC MMMMM MMMMM. MMMMM MMMMM. MMMMM MMMMM. /d put away in an hour. Bsi0 beers, themC MMMMM MMMMM. MMMMM MMMMM. MMMMM MMMMM. They stuck up. Bnotices, themC MMMMM MMMMM. MMMMM MMMMM. MMMMM MMMMM.

1/4

4n Ouestion %. What happened to the #aterH 4. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the "or0H 1/ . 8aniela put on her best !lothes "or the dan!e. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe -le<Bs to5sH $. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe 8anielaH 11. MMMMM MMMMM. the #ater is not there an50ore. No#. Co# #ould 5ou des!ribe the streetsH %. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the !lo!7H *. 4n Ouestion *. ECERCISE (6! . What happened to Ia7eH 2. 4B0 #indin' up. but no# there is no 0ore #ater in the streets. -le< #as pla5in' #ith his to5 trains. 4 turned the 7e5 in this 'rand"ather !lo!7. What did 05 sister 7eep doin'H 3. E05 !lo!7. No# he is in the hospital #ith a bro7en le'. and no# it is #or7in'.ro. itF MMMMM MMMMM. 4n Ouestion 4. 4n Ouestion 11.lot o" rain "ell and 0ade a s0all la7e in the "ield. 4t rained three hours a'o. What did &uis doH 12. Ia7e #as ridin' his 0otor!5!le too "ast and not bein' !are"ul. 4t #as hard tal7in' to 05 0other be!ause 05 sister 7ept rudel5 interruptin' our !on1ersation.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. No# the5 are in the bo< #here he 7eeps the0 #hen he is not pla5in' #ith the0. MMMMM MMMMM. What did 4 do to the !lo!7H 8. .ectives . a"ter a #ee7.$. What did 8aniela doH 1/. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s an! +artici+%e a!. What did -le< doH . &uis #rote all the ne!essar5 in"or0ation on the "or0.

1/ 'ro#n-up. 4B0 1er5 ner1ous and upset about so0ethin'. 14. 2. s!re#ed up. and no# 4B0 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. and our "a0ilies. The "or0 is 8. 1/$ . =ut 4 #or7ed hard and "inished all the ho0e#or7 4 0issed. -ll the plans and arran'e0ents "or our 1a!ation are read5? e1er5thin' is MMMMMMMM MM. Ti005Bs 0eat is 13. 4 donBt li7e bein' so MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. *. our "riends. We li1e "ar out in the !ountr5 a#a5 "ro0 to#n. * 1. * paid "or. 65 !o0puter !rashed last ni'ht. 4 #as si!7 and 0issed se1eral ho0e#or7 assi'n0ents in s!hool. The 0a'aDines are MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in a bi' sta!7. 4B0 MMMMM MMMMMM. 65 !arBs MMMMMMMMMMM. 4 piled up. 11. 4B0MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 1/ hoo7ed up. 65 VC+ is !onne!ted to 05 TV.ectives . 11 !ut up. 4tBs MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 4 hate 05 )ob. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +artici+%e a!. 1/ set up. . %. 3. and no# itBs all MMMMM MMMMM. and 4 0issed 05 plane. burned-out. These 1ideotapes arenBt "or !hildren > the5Bre MMMMMMMMMMM 1ideotapes. The hotel "or'ot 05MMMMMMMMMMM !all. $. % "illed in. * hun' up. 4. 4 donBt o#e an5 0one5 to the ban7 "or 05 house. 1/. 65 VC+ is MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. The !lothes are MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in the !loset. so 4 ha1e to ta7e the bus to #or7.ECERCISE (6e' Revie5 . but "ortunatel5 all 05 i0portant "iles are 1 .ro+revio s sections$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. Ti005Bs 0other used a 7ni"e to !ut his 0eat into 0an5 s0all pie!es. and 4 need a 1a!ation. 12.ter each one$ ba!7ed up. 4B0 tired all the ti0e. 11 #or7ed up. 1$. * !ut o"". 11 bro7en-do#n. -ll the spa!es in this "or0 ha1e the ne!essar5 in"or0ation in the0. #a7e-up. 8 !au'ht up. Nan!5Bs "our-5ear-old son #as pla5in' #ith her !o0puter.

These contractions are used with will# I will Q I(ll you will Q you(ll he will Q he(ll she will Q she(ll it will Q it(ll they will Q they(ll will not Q won(t When t#o !ontra!tions are possible. 5ou sa5 #hat 5ou thin7 #ill happenG The wind will blow awa% these paper plates. will put up the shelves for you. The wind is going to blow awa% these paper plates.se onl5 be 'oin' to "or plans. 5ou are #illin' to do itG . 2(C. When 5ou de!ide to do so0ethin' in the "uture. 5ou plan to do itG $e is going to head for Me0ico ne0t week. going to head for Me0ico ne0t week. When 5ou predi!t the "uture. Fuestion# Is he going to head for Me0ico ne0t week1 negative# $e is not going to head for Me0ico ne0t week. =i%%in/ness< 5i%% . P%ans< &e /oin/ to . The "uture #ith #ill is "or0ed b5 usin' #ill plus the in"initi1e "or0 o" the 1erbG statements# $e will come through !an Francisco.ill he come through !an Francisco1 negative# $e will not come through !an Francisco. Fuestion# . #hether it is lon' and !o0pli!ated or short and si0ple. it is 0ore !o00on to !ontra!t #ill #ith not rather than #ith a pronounG common# $e won(t come through !an Francisco.se #ill or be 'oin' to "or predi!tions. Pre!ictions< 5i%% or &e /oin/ to .se onl5 #ill "or #illin'ness. uncommon# $e(ll not come through !an Francisco. When 5ou o""er to do so0ethin' that 5ou do not ha1e to do. but they are not the same.S (NG +hrasa% ver&s an! will or be going to Aoth will and be going to are used to talk about the future in /nglish.1 . The "uture #ith be 'oin' to is "or0ed #ith a "or0 o" be plus 'oin' to plus the in"initi1e "or0 o" the 1erbG statement# $e is. *3M .

1. 4n in"or0al spo7en . *3K .uall5 !o00onG !o00onG CeBs not 'oin' to hea! . When 5ou are in a pla!e and people or thin's co-e thro /h it. or ser1i!e that is 0u!h better than that o" a !o0petin' person or !o0pan5. Jin"or0alK When so0ethin' 5ou ha1e seen or heard 0a7es 5ou 1er5 sho!7ed. both are e.1. and everything kept blowing awa%. The wind will blow it awa%. Aetty came through the door and sat down at our table.These !ontra!tions are used #ith be 'oin' toG 4 a0 5ou are he is she is it is the5 are are not is not ] ] ] ] ] ] 4B0 5ouBre heBs sheBs itBs the5Bre ] arenBt ] isnBt When t#o !ontra!tions are possible.or 6e<i!o ne<t #ee7. When the #ind 0o1es so0ethin' a#a5 "ro0 #here it #as. The soldiers were coining through the hole in the wall. it &%o5s a5a3 the !o0petin' person or !o0pan5. but it is ne!essar5 to understand it. 'oin' to is o"ten pronoun!ed /onna. they just blew me awa%. or e0otional. 'pple(s new computer is so fast it(s going to blow awa% the competition. I thought I had a chance to win the race. #nfinitive present tense blow awa% blow awa% & blows awa% -ing form blowing awa% past tense blew awa% past participle blown awa% ($ &%o5$$$ a5a3 p. *$ &%o5$$$ a5a3 p.1. "$ &%o5$$$ a5a3 p. it &%o5s it a5a3$ 5on(t leave the newspaper outside. a0aDed. come through come through & comes through coming through came through come through ($ co-e thro /h p.1. It was really windy.or 6e<i!o ne<t #ee7. I was blown awa% when my mother told me that I was adopted. the5 pass "ro0 one side to the other side #here 5ou are. Jin"or0alK When a person or !o0pan5 has an abilit5.n'lish. 4t is not ne!essar5 to pronoun!e 'oin' to in this #a5. !o00onG Ce isnBt 'oin' to hea! . it &%o5s 5ou a5a3$ The first time I saw the ?yramids. but /rik just blew me awa%. The picnic wasn(t much fun. produ!t.

but they didn(t come through. -"ter all the #ater or other li.i4$$$ + p.1. When people tra1el to 5our to#n.ad). it is !rie! o t$ My skin always gets dried out in the winter. street.1. !rie! o t part. authoriDation. My Oncle Fred saw lots of action during the war.e were all surprised when Aob came through with front row tickets just like he said he would. or par7. 5ou repair and de!orate it. When 5ou pro0ise to do so0ethin' or produ!e so0ethin' and 7eep 5our pro0ise. 'fter the flood.1. The e0ecution was stopped when the call from the governor came through. When so0eoneBs "eelin's. it took weeks for our house to dr% out. 5ou sur1i1e it.ing form past tense past participle ($ !r3 $$$o t p. +oming through the earthFuake alive was a miracle.e can buy the house the loan finally came through. #nfinitive present tense dr% out dr% out & dries out dr%ing out dried out dried out . The state legislature promised to provide the financing for a new stadium."$ co-e thro /h p. 5ou co-e thro /h or co-e thro /h #ith #hat 5ou pro0ised to do or pro0ised to produ!e. or opinions !an be per!ei1ed b5 so0eone else.e shampooed our carpet a week ago. When i0portant in"or0ation. When 5ou co-e thro /h a di""i!ult or dan'erous e<perien!e. 6$ co-e thro /h E#ithF p. attitudes. and it(s still not dried out. 7$ co-e thro /h p. all the #ater or other li. 'unt !ally promised she(d come through Milwaukee on her way to Indianapolis.1.uid in so0ethin' 'oes a#a5.uid in it 'oes a#a5. be sure you dr% it out. The professor(s enthusiasm for the subject really comes through in his lectures. and then lea1e. 1/* .1.1. the5 co-e thro /h or co-e thro /h to#n. fi7 up fi7 up & fi7es up fi7ing up fi7ed up fi7ed up ($ . *$ co-e thro /h p. . 8$ co-e thro /h p. su!h as a buildin'. . but he came through without a scratch. or per0ission that 5ou ha1e been #aitin' "or is re!ei1ed. it co-es thro /h$ . When so0ethin' !ries o t or so0ethin' !ries it out. Aefore you put this tent away. sta5 "or a #hile. When 5ou "i< up a pla!e. the5 co-e thro /h$ The author(s hatred of the dictatorship came through in the novel.1.

.1.i4$$$ + p. 5ou arran'e a date "or the0 #ith a 0e0ber o" the opposite se<. I asked )erry if he(d fi7 me up with his sister.. or par7.i4 5oursel" +' 5ou st5le 5our hair ni!el5 and put on 0a7eup and ni!e !lothes.i4er9 ++er is a buildin' in poor !ondition that !an be repaired. #nfinitive present tense go with go with & goes with going with went with gone with -ing form past tense past participle ($ /o 5ith p.ad). *$ . Jin"or0alK . you(ll be surprised. 6$ . $eather is upstairs fi7ing herself up for the prom.i4 people + or .i4$$$ + E#ithF p.. you(d better fi0 yourself up.i4 the0 + #ith so0eone. I never wanted to own an old house because of all the maintenance that goes with it. The way to make money in real estate is to buy a fi7er-upper and do as much of the work yourself as you can. 11/ . the5 /o 5ith ea!h other. . su!h as a buildin'.i4er9 ++er n. The city decided to fi7 up the park. I(m going to fi7 them up.i4e! + part. When 5ou . "$ /o 5ith p. it is . I got all fi7ed up and my boyfriend took me to a demolition derby.hen you see how fi7ed up )im(s apartment is now. or rede!orated in order to in!rease its 1alue. and she fi7ed us up with the honeymoon suite. When t#o thin's are part o" one unit or set or are 0eant to be #ith ea!h other.1. . -"ter 5ou repair and de!orate a pla!e.1. When 5ou . the5 /o 5ith ea!h other. .1.i4e! +$ .i4e! +$ "ow that his house is fi7ed up it looks pretty nice. "$ . The travel agent fi7ed me up with a limo to take me to the resort. When one thin' is usuall5 or al#a5s "ound #ith another.here(s Gydia going1 !he(s all fi7ed up. -"ter 5ou st5le 5our hair ni!el5 and put on 0a7e-up and ni!e !lothes. am going to fi7 this place up and try to sell it. If you(re going to that fancy restaurant.1. . reno1ated. 5ou are . 5ou arran'e "or the0 to ha1e or to use so0ethin' that the5 need or #ant. street.e told the hotel desk clerk that we wanted their best room.ad).i4e! + part.i4 people + #ith so0ethin'. Ginda and Tom are perfect for each other. Jin"or0alK When 5ou . ' lot of responsibility goes with being a doctor.i4$$$ + E#ithF p.

.1. Hea! to5ar! is the sa0e as hea! .1.1.or or are hea!in/ . 5ou are plannin' to 'o there or 5ou ha1e stopped and #ill resu0e 'oin' there. When 5ou hea! &ac0 or hea! &ac0 to a !ertain lo!ation.e(ll spend a month in >alifornia and then head back to 5es Moines. When 5ou !hoose so0eone or so0ethin' "ro0 a 'roup. 5ou 0o1e to#ard it. I don(t know who I(m going to go with. and we headed back when it started to get dark. Infinitive head back present tense head back < heads back &ing form heading back past tense headed back past participle headed back ($ hea! &ac0 EtoF p. I told the guy at the gas station I was headed for !anta Fe.=ne of the fringe benefits of that job was the car that went with it. !enator 5olittle has no opinions. 5ou are returnin' to a pla!e #here 5ou #ere be"ore.1. 8ou can(t buy the cup without the saucer that goes with it. !ondition. !he needs to find a blouse that goes with her new skirt. When one ite0 o" !lothin' loo7s ni!e #ith another. .or p. /veryone who applied for the job is highly Fualified. When 5ou hea! . 7$ /o 5ith p. When 5ou are hea!e! .e(ve decided to go with the committee(s recommendation. If you don(t shut your mouth you(re headed for trouble. When 5ou are hea!e! .or$ Tomorrow we(re going to leave 5es Moines and head for >alifornia. the5 'o #ith ea!h other. When 5ou are hea!e! &ac0 or are hea!in/ &ac0 to a !ertain lo!ation.or p.or a !ertain situation.e got to the beach around *3#33. I like white shirts because they go with everything. $e just goes with the majority. 5ou return to a pla!e #here 5ou #ere be"ore. *$ /o 5ith p.1. or !onse. 5ou /o 5ith 5our !hoi!e. it is be!o0in' 0ore li7el5. That gray suit was nice. When 5ou /o 5ith people.or or are hea!in/ . head head for & heads for heading for headed for headed for ($ hea! . 5ou a'ree #ith and support their idea or plan. "$ hea! . 6$ /o 5ith p.uen!e.1. but I think I(m going to go with the black one.or a !ertain lo!ation. This is going to be a great vacation we(re heading for a good timeE 111 . .or a !ertain lo!ation.

The train MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to#n three ti0es a #ee7. 8. This house is du0p no#. that they have made a mistake or broken a rule.hen you tell on people. We sat b5 the phone ner1ousl5 #aitin' "or the )ud'eBs de!ision to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM.ro. -ll the boo7s da0a'ed in the "lood ha1e to be MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. The "irst ti0e 4 held 05 ne#born son in 05 ar0s it )ust MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM. itBll loo7 ni!e.Infinitive present tense tell on tell on < tells on telling on told on told on &ing form past tense past participle 1. =ob said he !ould 'et us ba!7sta'e a"ter the !on!ert. 3. 4. $. 4B0 'oin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 5ou.. and his sister told on him. 4B1e ne1er been to the opera be"ore. such as a parent or teacher. are you1 Timmy didn(t do his homework. The !o0poserBs lo1e "or his nati1e land reall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM throu'h in his 0usi!. 8o 5ou thin7 these bro#n pants MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM this blue shirtH 12. 4 as7ed &inda i" she #ould MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM #ith her "riend Nan!5. 2. 4 sa# 5ou eatin' !oo7ies be"ore dinner #hen 6o005 told 5ou not to. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . Can 5ou help 0eH 4B0 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMToronto. ECERCISE (7a . 5ouBre MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM ban7rupt!5.informal used primarily by children. 4 thin7 4Bd better MMMMMMMM 05sel"MMMMMMMM. .v. and he MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM )ust li7e he pro0ised. 1/. %. 13.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. Co7eBs ne# sales pro0otion is 'oin' to MMMMMMMM Pepsi MMMMMMMM. 14. tell on p. . 8ou(re not going to tell on me. but a"ter 4 MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM. *. broke a glass. . 11. but 4B0 lost. you inform someone in authority. 112 . 4" 5ou 7eep !har'in' stu"" li7e !raD5 on 5our !redit !ards.

Those 0obile ho0es arenBt 'oin' to be there a"ter the tornado. 8r. 22. Ti005 #onBt tell the tea!her that Susie didnBt do her ho0e#or7 i" she 'i1es hi0 a !and5 bar. CeBll repair so0e thin's in his house and paint it be"ore he puts it on the 0ar7et. What is the ne#s 'oin' to do to her husbandH 4.this section$ Use 5i%% or &e /oin/ to 5ith a%% +hrasa% ver&s$ 1. 4 thin7 4B0 'oin' to MMMMMM MMMMMM to 05 house.1 . What #onBt Ti005 doH %. 4n Ouestion 4. +a. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s an! +artici+%e a!. -ll the !lothes 4 le"t outside to dr5 #ere MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM b5 the stor0. What is the tornado 'oin' to doH 113 . 1*.ectives . and she is sure that he #ill. What is &inda sure aboutH 3. 21. -"ter loo7in' at pi!tures o" se1eral 0odels.ro. and he is 'oin' to 'i1e us a table ne<t to the "irepla!e. 2/. 65 "ather hated bein' a sales0an be!ause o" all the tra1el that MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the )ob.uelBs husband is 'oin' to be 1er5 surprised #hen she tells hi0 she #on N1/ 0illion in the lotter5. T#o o" 05 brothers #ent to Vietna0. 4 as7ed the restaurant 0ana'er "or the best table in the house. 4tBs 'ettin' late and 4B0 tired. 65 brother #or7s in a !ar rental pla!e. the photo'rapher de!ided to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM Ni!ole. Cis proposal 0ade a lot o" sense. 1$. &indaBs "ather pro0ised to pa5 "or her #eddin'. What #ill he doH . 18. ECERCISE (7& . but onl5 one MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM it ali1e. and he said he !an MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM #ith a 6er!edes at no e<tra !ost. 23. What is the restaurant 0ana'er 'oin' to doH 2. so #e de!ided to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM it. 4 as7ed the !ler7 in the !o0puter store i" the 0onitor MMMMM MMMMM the !o0puter. Wood MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the door and said hello. ho# #ill the house be a"ter he 0a7es so0e repairs and paints itH $. 1%.

MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM .n!le 2red is 'oin' to 1isit our to#n. What are 5ou 'oin' to do a 0onth "ro0 no#H 13. SheBll put on her ni!est out"it and her best )e#elr5 and 'et a per0. What are 5ou 'oin' to do to0orro#H 12. sta5 "or a short ti0e. 4n Ouestion 1%. 4=6 has a ne# !hip thatBs t#i!e as "ast as the !o0petitionBs "astest !hip. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 2.0onth "ro0 no#.this section$ Tr3 to se 5i%% an! &e /oin/ to$ 1. 5ouBre 'oin' to lea1e Tu!son and return to San 8ie'o.ri7 said he #onBt as7 his sister i" she #ill 'o on a date #ith 6i7e. 4" thereBs an earth. ho# #ill she loo7 a"ter she puts on her ni!est out"it and her best )e#elr5 and 'ets a per0H 11. =rite ei/ht ori/ina% sentences sin/ +hrasa% ver&s . .ri7 doH 14. What is . What #onBt . This pond is 'oin' to slo#l5 e1aporate and disappear.ua7e. She hates the !olor blue. 4n Ouestion *. ho# #ill it beH ECERCISE (7c . What #ill she doH 1/. 5ouBre 'oin' to lea1e San 8ie'o and 'o to Tu!son. &5dia is at the paint store to !hoose a paint !olor "or her house. no one in this old buildin' #ill sur1i1e. . a"ter the pond e1aporates.ro. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 4.8.ua7eH *. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 114 . To0orro#. What is the pond 'oin' to doH 18. What is 4=6 'oin' to do to the !o0petitionH 1$.n!le 2red 'oin' to doH 1%. . MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 3. and then !ontinue on his trip to 2lorida. What #onBt the people do i" thereBs an earth. What isnBt &5dia 'oin' to doH 1 .

2l5in' 6o0 here "or the holida5s is 'oin' to !ost N1. 2. 12 si'n out. and 4 told hi0 that 4 #as 'oin' to pun!h hi0 in the nose i" he didnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . the poli!e ha1e been unable to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the stolen paintin's. 4 told 5ou not to MMMMMMMM that !i'arette MMMMMMMM in here.ter each one$ ba!7 o"".MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM ECERCISE (7!' Revie5 . 12 hand in. Aou !anBt 'o in that part o" the 0useu0? itBs been MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 8id 05 e<-husband tal7 about 0e at the part5H Aes. *. 12 si'n in.MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 8. 13 hit on. 4 didnBt a'ree #ith that list o" the 1// best 0o1ies. 12 "all throu'h. %. 5our na0e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM se1eral ti0es. (ur 1a!ation plans MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM a"ter To0 bro7e his le'. 12. The sear!hli'hts MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the ni'ht s75. 13 put up. 13 li'ht up. 1/. So "ar. $.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. The 0ana'er re0inded 6aria not to "or'et to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #hen she !o0es to #or7 in the 0ornin'. loo7in' "or ene05 bo0bers.$. and 4B0 'oin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the rest o" the 0one5. We de!ided to MMMMMMM our s7i trip MMMMMMM be!ause there #asnBt enou'h sno#. 13 let o"". 4 #as 'ettin' reall5 an'r5. 8. 13 !o0e a!ross. 4. When 5ou tra1el. 12 tra!7 do#n. 13 !lose o"". 13 lea1e o"". 11 . The5MMMMMMMMso0e o" 05 "a1orites 13. 12 !o0e up. 11.MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM %. 3. 65 brother is 'oin' to pa5 N3//. . al#a5s MMMMMMMM the tops o" 5our toiletries MMMMMMMM ti'htl5. 12 !all o"". 12 s!re# on. 13 1. The tea!her told the students to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM their ho0e#or7.///.

gerund Mr.and three-#ord phrasal 1erbsG She's counting on getting that job. (8$ FOCUS ON< +hrasa% ver&s 5ith /er n! o&. The Iud'e told Ia7e that the ne<t ti0e he 'ot in trouble he #ouldnBt MMMMMMMM hi0 MMMMMMMM #ith a #arnin'. 1$.ects' ( Gerunds — 1erbs in the -ing "or0 that "un!tion as nouns > !an ser1e as ob)e!ts o" 0an5 phrasal 1erbs. She MMMMMMM MMMMMMM about an hour a'o. gerund Infinitive present tense believe in believe in < believes in believing in believed in believed in &ing form past tense past participle ($ &e%ieve in p.14. When 5ou &e%ieve in so0ethin' or &e%ieve in doin' so0ethin'. "$ &e%ieve in p. gerund I don(t feel up to playing hockey. and 4 MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM so0e interestin' old pi!tures. When 5ou &e%ieve in so0ethin'. 5ou thin7 it e<ists. Nash isnBt in the o""i!e an50ore. Taylor wants to give smoking up. 6rs.1. 4t is 0ore !o00on to use 'erund ob)e!ts #ith nonseparable t#o. Maria doesn(t believe in se0 before marriage. 1 .1. gerund but 'erund ob)e!ts are so0eti0es used #ith separable phrasal 1erbsG . 5ou ha1e a stron' opinion about so0ethin' that is i0portant to 5ou. / believe in working hard and saving money. 5o you believe in ghosts1 "ed is an atheist@ he doesn(t believe in Iod. 11$ . wouldn(t put robbing a bank past him. 4 #as 'oin' throu'h so0e stu"" in the atti!.

5ou 7eep it #ith 5ou in the passen'er !o0part0ent instead o" 'i1in' it to an airline a'ent to put in the ba''a'e !o0part0ent.1. I said I was sorry@ now will you please stop carr%ing on about it1 count on count on & counts on counting on counted on counted on ($ co nt on p. carr39on ba''a'e. . . Jin"or0alK When 5ou carr3 on or carr3 on about so0ethin'. and so on.*$ &e%ieve in p. This suitcase is pretty big. When 5ou carr3 on' 5ou !ontinue as be"ore. 8ou don(t want to take any chances.1. but they carried on talking and singing anyway. When 5ou need so0eone to do so0ethin' i0portant. When 5ou &e%ieve in people. !orre!t. "elson to carr% on after her husband died. 5ou are co ntin/ on it. When 5ou carr3 on' carr3 on #ith an a!ti1it5. *$ carr3 $$$ on p. and he told them to carr% on. forgot our anniversary. despite a di""i!ult e<perien!e in 5our li"e. 11% . I(m counting on getting a ride to the airport with Aetty. I hope they(ll let me carr% it on. . I still believe in you. 8ou(ll have to carr% on for the sake of the children. carr39on n$ Carr39on' carr39on lu''a'e. !he plans to carr% on with her career after the baby is born.1. Farmers count on a lot of rain in the spring. 6$ carr3 on EaboutF p. I(m staying only one night in "ew 8ork. but we need some proof that your invention really works.1. or carr3 on doin' an a!ti1it5. are not 'i1en to an airline a'ent to put in the ba''a'e !o0part0ent but are 7ept in the passen'er !o0part0ent o" an airplane. It was difficult for Mrs. don(t care what anyone else says. 5ou are 1er5 persistent and 1o!al about so0ethin' that upsets 5ou. 8ou should carr% your laptop computer on.e want to believe in you. 5ou !ontinue it or !ontinue doin' it. carr39on ba's. 5ou ha1e !on"iden!e in the0 and belie1e #hat the5 sa5 be!ause 5ou thin7 the5 are honest. and she carried on all day. When 5ou need so0ethin' i0portant to happen or a !ertain !ondition to e<ist. 5ou are co ntin/ on that person. or !o0petent. "$ carr3 on E#ithF p.1. They knew I was trying to sleep. #nfinitive present tense carr% on carr% on & carries on carr%ing on carried on carried on -ing form past tense past participle ($ carr3 on p. When 5ou carr3 so0ethin' on an airplane.1. The men stopped working when Ieneral >hambers entered the room. so all I(ll need is a carr%-on bag.

5ou understand it. finally got it through my son(s head that I was serious about sending him to military school. but she couldn(t get through. It wasn(t easy. *$ co nt on p. I(ve e0plained it a hundred timesE . *$ /et thro /h EtoF p.got through ($ /et thro /h E#ithF p.hat do I have to do to get through to you1 6$ /et $$$thro /h p. . "ancy tried calling )im last night. but I finally got through to my brother in Aorneo. 118 . Mr. The governor said that she(s counting on our support in the ne0t election. 8ou can count on crowds and long lines at 5isney .1.1. When so0ethin' /ets 5ou thro /h a di""i!ult e<perien!e. . Jin"or0alK When 5ou /et so0ethin' thro /h so0eoneBs head. it !o0"orts and supports 5ou. $e was very nervous about giving the speech. but he just can(t get through.1. Man."$ co nt on p. 5ou are able to spea7 to that person. When 5ou /et thro /h or /et thro /h to so0eone. you can start ironing. 5ou "inish it or "inish doin' it. When 5ou /et so0ethin' thro /h 5our o#n head. so he had a drink to help get him through the ordeal. )ulia(s faith in Iod was what got her through the loss of her husband.in makes a fool of himself at every party. 5ou are co ntin/ on that thin' or that person. 'fter you get through washing the dishes.1.1. I need a car I can count on. 8ou can count on it. Infinitive present tense get through get through < gets through &ing form getting through past tense got through past participle gotten. 5ou 0a7e that person understand 5our opinion or point o" 1ie#. When 5ou rel5 on so0eone or so0ethin' "or help or support i" 5ou need it. . Toylor has tried to make his daughter understand why it(s important to work hard in school and get good grades. usuall5 on a telephone or radio. When 5ou /et thro /h' /et thro /h #ith an a!ti1it5. 5ou 0a7e that person understand 5our opinion or point o" 1ie#. "$ /et thro /h EtoF p.orld if you go in 'ugust.1. When 5ou /et thro /h or /et thro /h to so0eone. have so much homework that I might not get through with it until midnight.1. I(m going to sell this car and buy one that always starts. When 5ou are !ertain than so0ethin' #ill happen or that a !ertain !ondition #ill e<ist. or /et thro /h doin' an a!ti1it5. 5ou are co ntin/ on it.hen are you going to get it through your head that our marriage is over1 7$ /et$$$ thro /h p.

so I think I have a good chance of getting the job. ($ ho%! $$$ o. / held offsetting our house until our youngest child moved out.or so0ethin'.Infinitive present tense go for go for < goes for going for went for gone for &ing form past tense past participle ($ /o . and I said that that goes for Tom(s brother Aill.. a !o0petitor. When 5ou #ant to #arn so0eone that 5ou thin7 another person is !apable o" doin' so0ethin' #ron'. p.1. 5ou ha1e an ad1anta'e that 0a7es it easier "or 5ou to do so0ethin' or 'et so0ethin' that 5ou #ant. 6$ /o . 5ou dela5 doin' it. "$ /o .or p. p. Aetty(s really angry about it.1. I don(t go for ja66.or p.or another person or thin'. 5ou tr5 to a!hie1e it. When 5ou ho%! o. When 5ou ho%! o. too. When 5ou sa5 @That /oes . /rik really goes for scuba diving. Jused onl5 in the in"initi1e "or0 and onl5 in ne'ati1e senten!esK When 5ou #ant to sa5 that 5ou thin7 so0eone is !apable o" doin' so0ethin' #ron'.or p.1. 5ou pre1ent the atta!7er "ro0 'ettin' !lose to 5ou or "ro0 #innin' the "i'ht. Get(s go to a different nightclub. hold off hold off & holds off holding off held off held off ($ ho%! o. too.1.. 5ou 0ean that it is also true about the other person or thin'. put past ($ + t$$$ +ast p. she went for a ?h.or 0e. !am(s not especially good at basketball. When 5ou sa5 that a state0ent about one person or thin' /oes . 5ou pre1ent the !o0petitor "ro0 #innin'. $eather said that Tom was a jerk. doin' so0ethin'.@ 5ou are a'reein' #ith so0eone elseBs opinion.1.. 4" 5ou ho%! o. *$ /o . Jal#a5s !ontinuousK When 5ou ha1e so0ethin' /oin/ .5. The gymnast said she was going to go for the gold at the ne0t =lympics. an atta!7. Jin"or0alK When 5ou 'o "or so0ethin'.or p. 5ou li7e it a lot. I have ten years of e0perience going for me. 5ou sa5 @8onBt + t it +ast Ethat personF. When 5ou /o .@ 11* . The enemy was so strong that there was no way to hold them off. 8ou(d better hold off accusing Mike until you(re *33 percent sure.or 5ou. or ho%! o.1.. The champion held off the challenger and won the game. but he has one thing going for him he(s seven feet tall.. 5ou sa5 that 5ou #ouldnBt + t it +ast that person. and that goes for me..1. 'fter she finished her master(s.

2. 8o 5ou thin7 the5Bll let 0e MMMMMMMM the0 MMMMMMMMH 3. 4 tried se1eral ti0es to !all Ti0 in Ti0bu7tu. 4 #ouldnBt MMMMMMMM an5thin' MMMMMMMM hi0. This #or7 is 1er5 i0portant. 8ou don(t think $ank would steal money from his grandmother1 I know him better than you do don(t put it past him. 1/. -s soon as 5ou MMMMMMM MMMMMMM #ashin' the !ar. 8. and he MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM about it "or an hour. The roller !oaster is 1er5 popular. WeBre MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 0o1in' to a bi''er one.ro.Is he capable of murder1 . 12. 4B0 MMMMMMM MMMMMMM 5ou.1. 4.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. 4" 5ou 'o on the #ee7end. . ECERCISE (8a . *. 11. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . 4 donBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM tal7in' about people behind their ba!7s. Marvin is evil. The de"enders MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the atta!7ers as lon' as the5 !ould. !o0e inside and eat lun!h. $. but he isnBt. but 4 !ouldnBt MMMMMM MMMMMM. 12/ . but 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM bu5in' one until the pri!es "ell. When 5ou thin0 a&o t so0ethin' or thin0 a&o t doin' so0ethin'. 6ar1in see0s li7e a ni!e 'u5. +aulBs 'oin' to MMMMM MMMMM a ne# re!ord in the pole 1ault. 5ou !an MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #aitin' in line "or three hours. I wouldn(t put killing someone past him. #nfinitive present tense think about think about & thinks about -ing form thinking about past tense thought about past participle thought about ($ thin0 a&o t p.ell. -t the ne<t (l50pi!s. %. This house is too s0all "or our "a0il5. I(m thinking about Fuitting my job. and 4 7no# 5ou !an do it. 5ou !onsider it be"ore 0a7in' a de!ision. 4 #anted to bu5 a di'ital !a0era. but 4 "or'ot. but I said I(d think about it. There isn(t any crime I wouldn(t put past him. The salesman tried to get me to sign the contract. These s7is are prett5 bi'. 8a1id as7ed 0e to bu5 beer #hen 4 #ent to the store.

4n Ouestion 3. Co# !an 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a"ter this terrible tra'ed5H 1$.13.6. Co# does =ill "eel about huntin'H 121 . =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s an! no ns . The (rte'as too7 t#o ba's #ith the0 to 7eep in the passen'er !o0part0ent #hen the5 "le# to Ne# Aor7. 18. Cat!herBs ideas are !raD5.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. ECERCISE (8& . The +epubli!ans are idiots. Sall5 has a 'ood edu!ation and a pleasant personalit5. What didnBt 6aria do until 11G// P. Wh5 !anBt 5ou MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM 5our head that 4B0 the boss around here. 4B1e e<plained the rules a thousand ti0es. 23. #hat 7ind o" ba's did the (rte'as 7eep #ith the0H .ro. 4 al#a5s 7ne# that 05 brother #as the one person 4 !ould MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM i" 4 had a proble0. 21. #e #onBt be able to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM.H 3. =ill "eels stron'l5 that huntin' is #ron'. &etters "ro0 his "a0il5 helped Ia7e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM his prison senten!e. Iud5 li7es ta7in' pi!tures a lot. 22. not 5ouH 1%. What did the5 do to the t#o ba'sH 4. 2/. What is Iane doin'H $. 4 didnBt used to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 'hosts. No# that heBs dead. but #hat 4 sa# last ni'ht !han'ed 05 0ind. but 4 MMMMMMMMMMMMMM hi0. too. but 4 !anBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to her.n!le Iohn #as the onl5 one #ho 7ne# ho# to run this business.6. 4B1e tried to 'et her to understand 05 point o" 1ie#. .1er5one else thin7s 8r. 1 . and thatMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMthe 8e0o!rats. 14. Iane is !onsiderin' spendin' the su00er in =oli1ia. . 6aria didnBt "inish stud5in' until 11G// P. 1*. Co# does she "eel about ta7in' pi!turesH 2. She has a lot MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM her. 6i7e reall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM auto ra!in' #hen he #as 5oun'.

ects$ 1.this section$ Tr3 to se /er n! o&. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 3.ro. Nan!5 is 'oin' to tr5 to !all her sister in Nepal toni'ht. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM . and he 5elled and !o0plained "or three hours. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 122 .%. Paul !ouldnBt !ontinue his !areer as a dan!er a"ter his a!!ident. Aou !anBt be 1// per!ent !ertain that the #eather #ill be ni!e in 2lorida in the #inter. What did #e doH *. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM $. Aou thin7 stealin' is so0ethin' Can7 #ould do. Aou !anBt be !ertain he #ill do #hat he sa5s he #ill do. What !anBt 5ou do to Can7H 12. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 2. What !ouldnBt he do a"ter his a!!identH 8. What do 5ou thin7 about Can7H 1/. What is Nan!5 'oin' to tr5 to do toni'htH 11. What !anBt 5ou do to the #inter #eather in 2loridaH 14. =rite ei/ht ori/ina% sentences sin/ +hrasa% ver&s . Can7 isnBt reliable. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 8. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM %. 8an #as 1er5 an'r5. What did 8an do "or three hoursH 13. 6an5 !hildren are sure that 0onsters are real. We dela5ed ha1in' !hildren until a"ter #e had done so0e tra1elin'. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 4. What do 0an5 !hildren thin7 about 0onstersH ECERCISE (8c .

3. 8. 3 'et around to. ECERCISE (8e' Revie5 . The presents ha1e #rappin' paper on the0. 14 #or7 out. $.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. This "or0 has all the in"or0ation in the !orre!t spa!es. 123 . 14 "illed out.ro+revio s sections$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. the Co7e #ill 'o "lat. 4 !an see the road easil5 at ni'ht #hen 4B0 dri1in' be!ause itBs MMMMM MMMMMM. $ 'et o1er #ith. No# that 5our house is MMMMM MMMMM. . 13 loo7 "or#ard to. Wh5 is Sarah all MMMMM MMMMMMH 4s she 'oin' out dan!in'H 1/. 3 lea1e o"". We !ouldnBt de!ide #here to 'o "or dinner last ni'ht. 14 "i<ed up. 14 #ound up. There isnBt an5 0ore paper "or the !opier > itBs MMMMM MMMMM. The5Bre MMMMM MMMMM. 3 see about. so #eMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM sta5in' ho0e. $e thinks he(s better than everyone else because he comes from a rich family. The "loor o" the bathroo0 isnBt #et an50ore? itBs MMMMM MMMMM. 3 put up. *. and no# the5Bre MMMMM MMMMM in the !abinet. 4 #ashed and dried the dishes. 4" it isnBt. 4 *. 2. 14 #rapped up. 13 put a#a5. 11 1. 12 put up #ith. 12 stu!7-up. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . 14 s!re#ed on. 4. 3 'i1e up.ter each one$ brea7 do#n. Aou !anBt 'o in the east #in' o" the pala!e be!ause itBsMMMMM MMMMM. 12. * 'o in "or. brea7 out. % ta7e in.ECERCISE (8!' Revie5 . * butt in. =e sure the top o" the Co7e bottle is MMMMMMMMMM. 2ran7Bs reall5 MMMMMM MMMMM about his #eddin' to0orro#.ectives . 1 lit up. 11.ter each one$ !losed o"". 13 dressed up. 4tBs MMMMM MMMMM. 14 used up. $ 'et out o". itBs #orth a lot 0ore. >harles is so %%%%% %%%%%. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +artici+%e a!. %. % #ind up. 14 dried up.14 "eel up to.

4 need to MMMMMMMM the 0ana'er MMMMMMMM 'ettin' it "i<ed. 1$. but no# 4 donBt #ant to 'i1e it to her. 65 e5esi'ht 'ot so bad that 4 had to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM dri1in'. 8. The heat in 05 apart0ent doesnBt #or7. 4 pro0ised Sall5 4 #ould lend her N1.uit 05 )ob and start 05 o#n business. 3. 1%. but 4B1e de!ided to . 14. 11. 12. Sall5 lo1es all outdoor sports. $. 4B0 e<hausted. 5ou should al#a5s MMMMMMMM 5our tent MMMMMMMM be"ore it 'ets dar7. 124 .///. 4 hate !i'arettes. 65 TV #as bro7en. 1 . and she espe!iall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM s#i00in'. CeBs reall5MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM seein' her a'ain. %. The tea!her !ontinued her le!ture #here she MMMMMMMM MMMMMMM the pre1ious #ee7. The line to bu5 ti!7ets "or the "ootball 'a0e #as reall5 lon'. When 5ouBre !a0pin'. 4 #as late to #or7 be!ause 05 !ar MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM on the e<press#a5. and 4 #ill not MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM s0o7in' in 05 house: 4. but 4 ha1e to MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM be"ore it sno#s.2. 4tBs been se1en 5ears sin!e To0 sa# his sister. 13. Co# !an 4 MMMMMMM MMMMMMM MMMMMMM lendin' her the 0one5H 1/. +a7in' the lea1es is a bi' )ob. 2i'htin' bet#een protesters and 'o1ern0ent troops MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a"ter the 'eneral !an!eled the ele!tion. When are 5ou 'oin' to MMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM ta7in' out the 'arba'eH *. 4 reall5 donBtMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMM MMMMMMMMdoin' an5 0ore si'htseein'. so a lot o" people tried to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 4tBs been three hours sin!e 4 as7ed 5ou. 4 ha1enBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM all the details. so 4 MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM and had it "i<ed. .

"or e<a0ple. . !e immediately came over. !he angrily ripped up the paper. L sub)e!t L 1erb ob)e!t parti!le L. Pla!in' ad1erbs #ithin three-#ord phrasal 1erbs is so0eti0es possible. the s#eater. We hea!e! slo#l5 into to#n. So0eti0es an ad1erb bet#een the 1erb and "irst parti!le sounds a!!eptable and other ti0es it does not. The pla!e0ent o" ad1erbs in senten!es #ith phrasal 1erbs depends on #hether the 1erb is intransiti1e or transiti1e. the s#eater. #hi!h also allo# "or the pla!e0ent o" ad1erbs bet#een the 1erb and the parti!le. 6an5 ad1erbs end #ith -ly. 'ngrily she ripped up the paper. and never. but it !an be proble0ati!.S (NG a!ver&s an! +hrasa% ver&s -d1erbs are #ords that 0odi"5 1erbs. We slo#l5 hea!e! into to#n. but other ad1erbs. sometimes. !he ripped the paper up angrily. foolishly. Nonse+ara&%e +hrasa% ver&s L sub)e!t L 1erb L parti!le ob)e!t L. 'ngrily she ripped the paper up. and i" transiti1e. suddenly. !he ripped up the paper angrily. 4 e1entuall5 /re5 o t o. do not. mmediately he came over. We hea!e! into to#n slo#l5. -ll possible pla!e0ents o" ad1erbs in senten!es !ontainin' the 1arious t5pes o" phrasal 1erbs are sho#n #ith LsG Intransitive +hrasa% ver&s L sub)e!t L 1erb parti!le L. 4n 'eneral. su!h as always. the s#eater e1entuall5. slowly. Slo#l5 #e hea!e! into to#n. 4 /re5 o t o. !he angrily ripped the paper up. quickly. Se+ara&%e +hrasa% ver&s L sub)e!t L 1erb parti!le ob)e!t L. #hether it is separable or nonseparable. Three95or! +hrasa% ver&s L sub)e!t L 1erbH parti!leH ob)e!t L. !e came over immediately. an ad1erb pla!ed 12 .(:$ 2(C. ad1erbs are pla!ed li7e ordinar5 one-#ord 1erbs #ith the e<!eption o" nonseparable phrasal 1erbs. So0eti0es.1entuall5 4 /re5 o t o.

When 5ou /et &ac0 at people. *$ co-e over p. their marriage totally fell apart. The ferry comes over to this side of the lake every day at D#23 ?. so unless 5ou are sure it sounds o7a5.a%% a+art p. When he sa# 0e. it .1.1. it . *$ .1. The peace agreement is slowly falling apart.M. or a'ree0ent "ails. Co-e over here and sa5 that a'ain. 5ou do so0ethin' bad to the0 be!ause the5 ha1e done so0ethin' bad to 5ou. It has completely fallen apart. the5 co-e over or co-e over to #here 5ou are. When people !ross a ri1er or !ross the o!ean "ro0 east to #est or #est to east.a%%s a+art$ These old shoes are starting to fall apart. get back at get back at & gets back at getting back at got back at gotten/got back at ($ /et &ac0 at p. When people !o0e to 5our house "or a 1isit. it is better not to pla!e ad1erbs #ithin three-#ord 1erbs.1. This is 0ore a 0atter o" st5le than o" #hat is !orre!t or in!orre!t.1. There(s no way to fi0 this thing. When a plan.1. he i00ediatel5 ca-e over to 05 table and said hello.a%% a+art$ !ally fell apart when she heard the tragic news. 12$ .1.a%% a+art p. Tom was so funny at the party last night that I just fell apart laughing. fall apart fall apart & falls apart falling apart fell apart fallen apart ($ . "$ co-e over EtoF p. Infinitive present tense come come over < comes over &ing form coming over past tense came over past participle come over ($ co-e over EtoF p. When people 0o1e "ro0 one side o" a pla!e to the other.bet#een the t#o parti!les sounds a!!eptable. the5 .a%%s a+art$ 'fter five difficult years. When the parts o" so0ethin' be!o0e !o0pletel5 separated be!ause it is old or in bad !ondition. When people suddenl5 lose !ontrol and start lau'hin' or be!o0e 1er5 upset or e0otional. and other ti0es it #ill not. the5 co-e over$ My grandparents came over from !weden in *L3H. s5ste0. the5 co-e over or co-e over to 5our house.a%% a+art p. Would 5ou li7e to co-e over toni'htH Ii0 co-es over to 05 house e1er5 ni'ht. #here 5ou are. arran'e0ent. "$ .

-"ter a pie!e o" paper or !loth has been torn into 0an5 s0all pie!e.1. When people be!o0e too 0ature "or a to5. . )im was headed into 'shland when his car broke down. "$ /ro5 o t o. bought !usie(s shoes one si6e too big. the5 /ro5 o t o. almost had an accident as I was heading into town. head into head into & heads into heading into headed into headed into ($ hea! into p. but after a while she grew out of it. !he wants to get back at her e0&husband for the way he treated her. . When 5ou tear paper or !loth into 0an5 pie!es. When 5ou /o a&o t so0ethin' or /o a&o t doin' so0ethin'. p. 5ou ri+ it +$ "ancy was furious when she read Tom(s letter. $e(ll definitely get back at you someday. When 5ou hea! into or are hea!e! into a pla!e or area. p. /veryday he Fuietly went about his business and never caused any problems. grow out of grow out of & grows out of growing out of grew out of grown out of ($$/ro5 o t o. 5o you want these clothes for your daughter1 Mine has grown out of them. it.1. 5ou be'in or !ontinue to "ollo# all the steps ne!essar5 to do it. ri++e! + part. #nfinitive present tense go about go about & goes about -ing form going about past tense went about past participle gone about ($ /o a&o t p. . "or an interest. )im(s son is going through a difficult stage. and she angrily ripped it up. have no idea how to go about opening a restaurant. .1.)ohn won(t forget what you did to him. rip up rip up & rips up ripping up ripped up ripped up ($ ri+ $$$ + p. 'lways rip up a check before you put it in the wastebasket. but he(ll grow out of it in a couple of years. 12% . the floor was covered with ripped up paper. )udy had a big crush on a rock star when she was in high school.1. but she(s Fuickly growing out of them. or "or a "or0 o" beha1ior. and it headed slowly into the woods. 5ou be'in to enter it.1. When people be!o0e too tall or too bi' to #ear an ite0 o" !lothin'. the5 ha1e /ro5n o t o.ad). the ite0 o" !lothin'.e scared away the bear. it is ri++e! +$ 'fter the kids opened their >hristmas presents.

The feet of thousands of visitors a year have worn down the marble steps. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . $. but little by little. and he MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM and tal7ed to 0e. 8onBt lea1e the ne#spaper #here the do' !an 'et it. When are 5ou MMMMMMM MMMMMMMMM to#nH . to !han'e 5our 0ind about a de!ision.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. ECERCISE (:a . it is 5orn !o5n$ The marble steps are very old and worn down. We need a lot o" thin's "ro0 the super0ar7et. and 4 'ot "ired.1.ad). but 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM Ia7e > 4 told his #i"e about his 'irl"riend. 5orn !o5n part.ro. The tread on these tires is dangerously worn down. $e wouldn(t tell me the answer. "$ 5ear $$$ !o5n p. 4 #a1ed to Ii0 #hen 4 sa# hi0 a!ross the street. -"ter the top or sur"a!e o" so0ethin' has 'raduall5 disappeared be!ause o" "ri!tion. CeBll totall5MMMMMMMM it 4. 3. the 2ren!h "leet MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM and helped the -0eri!ans "i'ht the =ritish. When people 5ear 5ou !o5n' the5 'raduall5 persuade 5ou. 2.4n"initi1e present tense wear down #ear do#n P #ears do#n -in' "or0 #earin' do#n past tense #ore do#n past parti!ip #orn do#n ($ 5ear$$$ !o5n p. 128 . The mechanic told me that my car(s brake pads have worn down badly and need to be replaced. When so0ethin' 5ears !o5n or #hen so0eone 5ears so0ethin' !o5n' the top or sur"a!e 'raduall5 disappears be!ause o" "ri!tion. !he still will not give us permission. This !o0pan5 has been MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM sin!e that idiot #as 0ade the 0ana'er. throu'h persistent pressure.1. but I think we(re wearing her down. I wore him down. Ia7e told the boss 4 #as drin7in' on the )ob. 8urin' the -0eri!an +e1olution.

Ta5lor !o0es o1er. 12. Sall5 as7s her parents "or a pon5 about a hundred ti0es a da5. SheBs tr5in' to MMMMMMMM the0 MMMMMMMM. *. 1/. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 12* . E"re. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 2. 11. Ener1ousl5F Ce #ent about 0a7in' the bo0b. Eso0eti0esF These !heap to5s "all apart. he )ust MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 3. 8. 4" 5ouBre not bus5 toni'ht. 4 need a ne# !ar. Can 5ou help 0e 'et hoo7ed up to the 4nternetH 4 ha1e no idea ho# to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMit.uentl5F 6s. #ould 5ou li7e to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM and #at!h TVH 14. 4 hope he MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMit. Re5rite these sentences an! +%ace the a!ver& in +arentheses in t5o +ossi&%e +ositions$ 1. and 4 need to 'et the0 repla!ed. 13. 65 "our-5ear-old son thin7s itBs reall5 "unn5 to sa5 bad #ords. This pie!e o" )un7 is MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 8onBt spend a lot o" 0one5 on bab5 !lothes > sheBll MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the0 in a "e# #ee7s.%. ECERCISE (:& . When his #i"e said she #anted a di1or!e. The heels on 05 boots ha1e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM badl5.

Ee1entuall5F Sall5 #ill 'ro# out o" her !hildish beha1ior MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM .ro. What is happenin' to her planH 13/ .ectives . EsoonF 2ran7 #ill 'etba!7 at Todd.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM $. Erelu!tantl5F Ii0 headed into the s#a0p. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 8. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the !ontra!tH 3. E'raduall5F Ce #ore do#n 05 resistan!e. The !ontra!t #as torn into 0an5 s0all pie!es.4. Esuddenl5F Pat upped up 6i7eBs letter. What #as done to the !ontra!tH 2. Cer plan is not #or7in' properl5. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s an! +artici+%e a!. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM ECERCISE (:c . and thereBs a lot o" !on"usion. 4n Ouestion 1. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM %.

8 . The poli!e are pressurin' the suspe!t to tell the truth. What did 05 "riends do last ni'htH . What has 05 brother done to 0eH 11. and no# he has done so0ethin' bad to 0e. When Iud5 #as a teena'er. 65 "riends 1isited 0e last ni'ht. $ hear o". What doesnBt he 7no#H $. 8 "ind out. * !o0e do#n #ith. 8 131 "i'ht ba!7.4. she #as 1er5 sh5.1/ 'o throu'h #ith. 4 did so0ethin' bad to 05 brother. What is the boo7 doin'H 1$.What has happened to the0H *.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. but sheBs not sh5 an50ore. $ !o0e up. What did she do to her sh5nessH 8. 12 "all o1er. The Vi7in's !rossed the o!ean be"ore Colu0bus. What did the tea!her doH 13. 4n Ouestion 8.What #ill 05 dau'hter do to the s#eater soonH 1 . The old lionBs teeth are not as sharp or as lon' as the5 used to be. The pa'es are !o0in' out o" this old boo7.ter each one$ boil do#n to. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . 8 7i!7 ba!7. $ !hi!7en out o". 6i7e doesnBt 7no# an5thin' about appl5in' "or a 0ort'a'e. * 'o ahead. The tea!her #al7ed a!ross the roo0 and loo7ed at 5our paper. 1/ 0on7e5 around #ith. To0orro# #eBre 'oin' to dri1e "ro0 the !ountr5 to the !it5. What are the poli!e tr5in' to do to the suspe!tH ECERCISE (:!' Revie5 . $ set up. #or7 in. What did Ii0 doH 14. What are #e 'oin' to do to0orro#H %. What did the Vi7in's do be"ore Colu0busH 12. 'et alon'. Ii0 be!a0e 1er5 sad and lost !ontrol #hen he heard that his brother had died. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the lionBs teethH 1/. This s#eater #ill be too s0all "or 05 dau'hter soon.

The o#ner o" the !onstru!tion !o0pan5 #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM thousands o" dollars to the 0a5or. and she de!ided not to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMit. %. Can 5ou tell 0e #hat it MMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMH 13. 4Bll as7 the ti!7et a'ent and MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMM. We donBtMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMM. We ha1e a reall5 bus5 da5 planned. and she MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMit.uit. 11. 8. 14. *.@MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. . -"ter the !ar hit the telephone pole. $. The a0bassador #ill tr5 to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a 0eetin' bet#een the president and the rebel leader. and the5 donBt li7e 0e. 4 donBt !are:@ 132 . 12. 1 . Iulia #as ner1ous about blea!hin' her hair blond. and he said. -re 5ou 7iddin'H ThatBs the 0ost ridi!ulous thin' 4B1e e1er MMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 4 0issed a #ee7 o" #or7 #hen 4 MMMMMM MMMMMM MMMMMM 3er0an 0easles. 5ou ha1e toMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM. 4. 4B0 sorr5 4 ha1e to !an!el our lun!h date. 4 donBt 7no# #hen the train to =oston lea1es. 2. 4" so0eone hits 5ou. Ca1in' a 0e!hani! "i< 05 !ar #ill !ost a lot o" 0one5. 3. Sarah #as ner1ous about blea!hin' her hair blond. so 4Bll MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM it to see i" 4 !an "i< it 05sel".1. 4 #as so an'r5 at 05 boss that 4 told hi0 4 #as 'oin' to . 4 donBt li7e our nei'hbors. The !ountr5Bs e!ono0i! proble0s are 1er5 !o0pli!ated. but so0ethin' 1er5 i0portant has MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. the pole MMMMM MMMMM and !rushed the !ar. and 4 ha1e to return to 05 o""i!e i00ediatel5. but 4Bd li7e to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a 1isit to the 0useu0. 1/.

When the !ondition is so0ethin' that is a!tuall5 possible. Cere is a basi! re1ie# o" can. o"ten !alled models. !ould. 4" the !ondition in the i" !lause is so0ethin' that !ould not a!tuall5 be true. will. will.$ Would is used as the past tense o" #ill to tal7 about a repeated past a!tionG When 4 #or7ed as a ban7 'uard. to as7 "or per0issionG >an I think about it before I make a decision1 >ould I think about it before I make a decision1 Can. could. the 1erb in the i" !lause is nor0all5 in the present tense.uests > the5 !an be used #ith 1er5 little di""eren!e in 0eanin'G >an you get off the couch1 >ould you get off the couch 1 . and would and their 0ost !o00on uses. could. !an is used in the 0ain !lause to dis!uss a real abilit5G 4" 4 ha1e a !ar. and #ould are used in !onditional senten!es.. 4 !an co-e over$ 133 . will. in one spe!ial !ase > 0a7in' re.(#$ FOCUS ON< +hrasa% ver&s an! can. an! would "an. didn(t buy that nice coat for my son because I knew he would Fuickly grow out of it.n'lish. Would is used in pla!e o" #ill #hen repeatin' so0eone elseBs #ordsG She said she #ould /et ne<t 2rida5 o. the past tense "or0 o" the 1erb is used. #ill. !an. !ould. and would are modal au#iliary verbs.ould you get off the couch1 Can and !ould are used. 0ust be satis"ied "or the 0ain !lause to be true. #ith little di""eren!e in 0eanin'. Conditional 0eans that a !ondition. and it is i0portant to use the !orre!t one? ho#e1er. Nor0all5. When the !ondition in the i" !lause is so0ethin' that is a!tuall5 possible. 6odals are 1er5 i0portant in . Would is used as the past tense o" #ill Ethe "uture use o" #ill has alread5 been dis!ussed in Se!tion 1 F to tal7 about so0ethin' that #as "uture in the pastG . usuall5 stated in an i" !lause. 4 #ould stan! aro n! all da5 doin' nothin'. Could is used as the past tense o" !anG 4 !anBt co-e over toni'ht. #ill.ill you get off the couch1 . 4 !ouldnBt co-e over last ni'ht. could. but the5 !an be !on"usin' be!ause the5 are used to sa5 0an5 di""erent thin's. and #ould ha1e di""erent uses.

4 #ould co-e over$ . The thieves broke through the wall of the jewelry store.i/ re on so0ethin'. I wish I(d brought a coat. 134 . #ould is used in the 0ain !lause to dis!uss an unreal or i0a'inar5 #illin'ness or intentionG 4" 4 had a !ar. When 5ou . 5ou &rea0 thro /h it. #nfinitive present tense breakthrough breakthrough & breaks through -ing form breaking through past tense broke through past participle broken through ($ &rea0thro /h p. 8ou can figure on spending a least hundred bucks if you(re going to that restaurant.ood announced an important breakthrough in the search for a cure for 'I5!.1. When the !ondition in the i" !lause is not so0ethin' that is a!tuall5 possible. 4 #ould co-e over$ 4 #ould co-e over i" 4 had a !ar. It took three days of negotiation.i/ re on p. .1. When 5ou use "or!e to 'o throu'h a #all or other barrier.When the !ondition in the i" !lause is so0ethin' that is a!tuall5 possible.ither the i" !lause or 0ain !lause !an o!!ur "irst in a senten!e.1. but we finally broke through the deadlock. -n i0portant dis!o1er5 or de1elop0ent that sol1es or eli0inates a proble0 that is pre1entin' 5ou "ro0 doin' so0ethin' is a &rea0thro /h$ 5r. #ill is used in the 0ain !lause to dis!uss a real #illin'ness or intentionG 4" 4 ha1e a !ar. I could come over. The attackers couldn(t break through the thick walls of the fort. didn(t figure on such cold weather. &rea0thro /h n. 5ou e<pe!t it or plan "or it. "$ &rea0thro /h p. figure on figure on & figures on figuring on figured on figured on ($ . 5ou &rea0thro /h$ 'fter the problem of tissue rejection is broken through organ transplants will become more common. #ith a sli'ht !han'e in pun!tuationG 4" 4 had a !ar. . !ould is used in the 0ain !lause to dis!uss an unreal or i0a'inar5 abilit5G If I had a car. 4 #ill co-e over$ When the !ondition in the i" !lause is not so0ethin' that is a!tuall5 possible. When 5ou !annot do so0ethin' be!ause o" a proble0 and 5ou "ind a #a5 to sol1e or eli0inate the proble0.

1.. and 5ou 0o1e to the side o" it and step o"" o" it.. p. If his lawyer hadn(t been so incompetent. p.got off ($ /et o.. l5in'. airplane. 0otor!5!le.Infinitive present tense get off get off < gets off &ing form getting off past tense got off past participle gotten. 5ou /et o. I haven(t gotten off early all week.1.1. ?regnant women usually get three months off with pay. The bus stopped and I got off.. When 5ou are standin'.. When 5ou /et o. and 5ou step do#n "ro0 it onto the 'round. can(t get this paint off my hands. we(d better get off the phone.hy don(t you get off the couch and help me1 /et off your bicycle and come inside. When 5ou stop tal7in' on the telephone. . bi!5!le. p.. >ould I get tomorrow morning off to go to the doctor1 8$ /et o.' 5ou re0o1e it e1en thou'h it 0a5 be di""i!ult. or train. 5ou /et o. #or7. but he got off with only three years in jail..1. 5ou "inish that da5Bs #or7 and lea1e 5our pla!e o" e0plo50ent.1. When 5ou /et o...1. 8ou can(t get off the train while it(s moving... When 5ou /et so0ethin' o. 8ou(re standing on our beach blanket get off itE 6$ /et$$$ o.. p. p. !ally said she wouldn(t get off work until J#33. 5ou lea1e it.' or /et o. The top of this bottle is on so tight I cannot get it off. When 5ou do so0ethin' #ron' but are not punished. :$ /et$$$ o. su!h as a horse. p..$ $e killed four people.. The referee told the player to get off the field. it. 7$ /et$$$ o. When 5ou /et a !ertain period o" ti0e o. plat"or0.. *$ /et o. or sittin' on so0ethin'. #$ /et o. sta'e. the telephone.$ So0eone #ho helps 5ou to a1oid punish0ent /ets 5ou o. /et off the phone I need to use itE It(s late. or on so0ethin' that !o1ers an area o" 'round.' 5ou are allo#ed b5 5our e0plo5er to 0iss #or7 durin' this period. *2D . p. . 5ou /et o. 8ou(re so la6y.1.1. it... p. or 5ou are punished onl5 li'htl5 "or it. "$ /et o. When 5ou are standin' #ithin an area o" 'round. he would have gotten him off with a lighter sentence. or pie!e o" "urniture. a bus.. 5ou /et o.

The children are lined up for attendance.Infinitive present tense go be%ond go beyond < goes beyond &ing form going beyond past tense went beyond past participle gone beyond ($ /o &e3on! p. 1ift up the cover and look in the bo0. If this bolt doesn(t line up with that hole. "$ %ine$$$ + p. or do so0ethin' in a better or #orse #a5 than is nor0al or e<pe!ted.1. . So0eone or so0ethin' that 5ou ha1e arran'ed to be a1ailable "or a "uture a!ti1it5 or e1ent is %ine! +$ 5on(t worry about the show@ everything is lined up.1. %ine! + part.ad). line up line up & lines up lining up lined up lined up ($ %ine$$$ + p. Timmy is lining his toy cars up. When so0ethin' %ines + #ith so0ethin' else.t + so0ethin'. the lock won(t work. The holes in part ' have to line up with the holes in part A before you screw them together.1. When 5ou arran'e "or so0eone or so0ethin' to be a1ailable at a "uture a!ti1it5 or e1ent.t$$$ + p. the5 /o &e3on! #hat is nor0al or e<pe!ted. *$ %ine$$$ + p.ho have they lined up for the show1 %ine! + part. That rock is too heavy I can(t lift it up. couldn(t line a clown up for !usie(s birthday party. 5ou %ine that thin' or person +$ . *2J . 5ou %ine the0 +$ ?eople lined up to buy !uperbowl tickets. 5ou use 5our hands to raise it abo1e the sur"a!e that it #as on.1. lift upon lift up & lifts up lifting up lifted up lifted up ($ %i. When people or thin's are better or #orse. People or thin's that "or0 a ro# are %ine! +$ ?eople have been lined up outside the bo0 office for three days.ad).1. or #hen 5ou %ine + so0ethin' #ith so0ethin' else. The singer is lined up but the band isn(t. 5id you say )ackson(s new book is good1 I think it goes be%ond good it(s fantasticE !am(s wife discovered that he wasn(t just friends with his secretary@ their relationship went way be%ond friendship. it is positioned !orre!tl5 in relation to so0ethin' else. When 5ou %i. the5 %ine +$ When 5ou arran'e people or thin's so that the5 "or0 a ro#. When people or thin's "or0 a ro#.

but 4 told hi0 4 #ouldnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #or7 until late.1. 4 ne1er MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM spendin' thirt5-"i1e 5ears here. 2. Could 5ou MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the phoneH 4 #ant to 0a7e an i0portant !all. 3. The manager told them to stop standing around and get to work. When it is possible to see ho# t#o si0ilar thin's are di""erent. 4" the holes donBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. ECERCISE (#a .%ine + n. 8. 5ou !an te%% the0 a+art$ The twins are identical@ no one can tell them apart. have all this work to do. When 5ou stan! aro n!' 3o stand in a pla!e #astin' ti0e and not doin' an5thin' use"ul. When 4 too7 this )ob a"ter 4 "inished hi'h s!hool. too. tell apart tell apart & tells apart telling apart told apart told apart ($ te%%$$$ a+art p. and I have a hard time telling them apart. 4 told 2ran7 that his drin7in' proble0 isnBt )ust hurtin' hi0? it MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM that > itBs hurtin' his "a0il5. 4. the s!re#s #onBt 'o in. Infinitive present tense stand around stand around < stands around &ing form standing around past tense stood around past participle stood around ($ stan! aro n! p. There(s always a trape6e act in the circus lineup. 'll the puppies look the same.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. so #e )ust MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM tal7in'. There #as no #a5 to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the stale0ate. and you guys just stand around watching me.1. 4" 5ou put this "a7e +ole< #at!h ne<t to a real one. . %. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . Neither side #ould 'i1e an in!h. There #erenBt an5 !hairs at the part5. . The la#5er #as sure he !ould MMMMMM hi0 MMMMMM #ith onl5 t#o 5ears in prison. 5ou !an MMMMMMMM the0 MMMMMMMM easil5. The people or thin's planned "or an e1ent are the %ine +$ The network has planned Fuite a lineup of entertainers for the half&time special. *. 13% . $.ro. Ii0 #anted to 'o to a 0o1ie toni'ht.

1/. 6other #as the last one to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the airplane. 11. =ob MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM e1er5thin' in his !abinet so that itBs eas5 to "ind #hat heBs loo7in' "or. 12. &5dia told 0e she #ould tr5 to MMMMMMMM three #ee7s MMMMMMMM so #e !an 'o on 1a!ation. 13. There #ere poli!e barri!ades around the pala!e, but so0e o" the protesters MMMMMMMM MMMMMMM. 14. Children, stop )u0pin' on the bed #ith 5our dirt5 shoes. MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM ri'ht no#: 1 . Can 5ou MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the TV #hile 4 put the VC+ under itH 1$. So0e C8s !o0e #rapped in plasti! thatBs al0ost i0possible to MMMMMM MMMMMMM. 1%. 4 !ouldnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a 0a'i!ian "or the birthda5 part5. 18. MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the !arpet. 4 )ust sha0pooed it. ECERCISE (#& ; =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s an! +artici+%e a!,ectives .ro- this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. Paul said he #ould re0o1e his !at "ro0 the table. What did Paul sa5H 2. 4 !anBt see an5 di""eren!e bet#een the ori'inal and the !op5. What !anBt 4 doH 3. ;ri7 !anBt raise the bo< o" boo7s be!ause itBs too hea15. What !anBt ;ri7 doH 4. =ill said he hadnBt e<pe!ted sno# in 6a5. What did =ill sa5H . Nan!5 arran'ed "or a 'reat band to pla5 at the pro0 ne<t #ee7. What did Nan!5 doH $. 4n Ouestion , ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the bandH %. Ierr5 thou'ht the proble0 #ith his !ar is that it needs a tune-up, but the 0e!hani! said itBs #orse than that. What did the 0e!hani! sa5H 8. The soldiers s0ashed a hole in the #all and entered the !it5. What did the soldiers do to the #allH

*. Carlos stops #or7in' at G// e1er5da5. What does Carlos do at G// e1er5da5H 138

1/. Aou #ere arrested "or drun7en dri1in', but the )ud'e 'a1e 5ou onl5 a #arnin'. What did 5ou doH 11. The tea!her 0o1ed all the des7s in his !lassroo0 so that the5 #ere in strai'ht ro#s. What did the tea!her doH

12. 4n Ouestion 11, ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the des7sH 13. She as7ed 0e i" 4 #ould stop tal7in' on the telephone. What did she sa5H 14. 4 stood at the bus stop "or an hour #aitin' "or the bus. What did 4 do "or an hourH 1 . The personnel 0ana'er at 05 ne# )ob said 4 #ouldnBt ha1e to #or7 on Sunda5s. What did the personnel 0ana'er sa5H 1$. When 5ou put a door7nob on a door, the t#o sides ha1e to be dire!tl5 a!ross "ro0 ea!h other. Co# do the t#o sides ha1e to beH

1%. Sa0 stepped "ro0 the train. What did Sa0 doH 18. 6ar7Bs "ather told hi0 to 0o1e "ro0 the 'rass to the side#al7. What did 6ar7Bs "ather tell 6ar7H ECERCISE (#c ; Co-+%ete these sentences' sin/ 3o r o5n 5or!s' 5ith +hrasa% ver&s .rothis section or +revio s sections$ 1. &ast #ee7, he !ouldnBtMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM. 2. When 4 #as 5oun'er, 4 !ould MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM. 3. CeBll MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM. 4. When 4 MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM, 4 #ould MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM. . Could 5ouMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMH $. Would 5ou MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMH %. Can 4 MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMH 8. Could 4 MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMH

13*

ECERCISE (#!' Revie5 ; Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s .ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a.ter each one$ belie1e in, 1$ !arr5 on, 1$ !o0e o1er, 1% !o0e throu'h, 1 !ount on, 1$ 'et throu'h,1$ 'o alon' #ith, 3 'o "or, 1$ 'o #ith, 1 'ro# out o", 1% head ba!7, 1 head "or, 1 hold o"", 1$ put past, 1$ tell on, 1 thin7 about, 1$

1. 4 su''ested that #e 'o to Paris, and she reall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the idea. 2. -"ter 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM it, 4 de!ided not to ta7e the )ob. 3. 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM bu5in' a ne# !o0puter be!ause 4 thou'ht the5 #ould be on sale in Ianuar5. 4. 8o 5ou thin7 this 5ello# tie MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM this blue shirtH . Cer un!le pro0ised to pa5 "or her #eddin', and he MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. $. 4tBs 1er5 i0portant that 5ou do this #or7 !orre!tl5. 4B0 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 5ou. %. Ti005 bro7e a #indo#, and his sister MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM hi0. 8. The dete!ti1e as7ed 0e i" Ia7e had robbed the li,uor store, and 4 said 4 didnBt 7no# but that 4 #ouldnBt MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM hi0. *. Todd said he #ould MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to 05 house a"ter dinner and help 0e #ith 05 ho0e#or7. 1/. The reason Charles is 1i!e-president o" the !o0pan5 is that heMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the boss on e1er5 de!ision. 11. To0orro# 4B0 'oin' to lea1e Winnipe' and MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMToronto. 12. 4 probabl5 #onBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to Winnipe' "or a 0onth or 0ore. 13. 4 didnBt 'et Sall5 #hat she #anted "or her birthda5, and she MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM about it all da5. 14. Aou ha1e so 0u!h #or7 to do. When do 5ou thin7 5ouBll MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMH

14/

1 . 4 bou'ht these pants "or 05 son a 0onth a'o, and heBs MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the0 alread5. 1$. Ned didnBtMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM.2(s until he sa# one.

(D$ FOCUS ON< +hrasa% ver&s an! the a!ver& right
The ad1erb right is o"ten used to intensi"5 the 0eanin' o" a phrasal 1erb. Pla!ed be"ore the parti!le, right 0eans directly, immediately, or quickly. 4t is not i0portant #hether the phrasal 1erb is intransiti1e, separable, or nonseparable. What does 0atter is #hether the a!tion o" the 1erb is so0ethin' that !an lo'i!all5 be done dire!tl5, i00ediatel5, or ,ui!7l5. 2or e<a0ple, it #ould be illo'i!al to use right #ith stand around, or wear down: $he aimed right at me. EShe ai-e! dire!tl5 at 0e.F %ll bring it right over. E4Bll &rin/ it over i00ediatel5.F &he room warmed right up. EThe roo0 5ar-e! + ,ui!7l5.F 'ight !an be used #hen a separable phrasal 1erb is separated b5 its ob)e!t? ho#e1er, right !annot be used #hen the ob)e!t "ollo#s the parti!leG He brought my radio right back. Ho brought right back my radio.
In.initive +resent tense aim at ai- at B ai-s at ai-in/ at ai-e! at ai-e! at 9in/ .or+ast tense +ast +artici+%e

($ ai- $$$ at p.1. When 5ou point a #eapon at people or thin's, 5ou ai- it at the0. The robber aimed the gun right at my head. $e was aiming the arrow at the apple, but he missed. "$ ai- at p.1. When 5ou ai- at so0ethin' 5ou #ant, 5ou do #hat is ne!essar5 to 'et it. The manager said she was aiming at a *H percent increase in sales ne0t year. The new taw is aimed at reducing crime in the streets. *$ ai- $$$ at p.1. When 5ou do so0ethin' desi'ned to a""e!t one !lass or t5pe o" people, 5ou ai- it at those people. >igarette manufacturers were accused of aiming their advertising at young people. The candidate(s speech was aimed at female voters.

141

Infinitive present tense bring back bring back < brings back

&ing form bringing back

past tense brought back

past participle brought back

($ &rin/$$$ &ac0 p.1. When 5ou ta7e so0ethin' to another pla!e and then brin' it "ro0 that pla!e to the pla!e #here 5ou #ere be"ore, 5ou &rin/ it &ac0$ ; told Tom to bring my pen right back. !ally borrowed my blue sweater and brought it back yesterday. "$ &rin/$$$ &ac0 p.1. When so0ethin' that #as popular or !urrent in the past is introdu!ed a'ain, it is &ro /ht &ac0$ Many schools are bringing back uniforms for children. /very few years designers try to bring miniskirts back. *$ &rin/$$$ &ac0 p.1. When so0ethin' !auses 5ou to re!all 0e0ories and e0otions "ro0 the past, it &rin/s the 0e0ories and e0otions &ac0$ Gooking at these old pictures brought back wonderful memories. I had tried to forget that awful incident, but this maga6ine article has brought it all back. bring over bring over & brings over bringing over brought over brought over

($ &rin/$$$ over p.1. When people ta7e so0ethin' "ro0 one pla!e to the pla!e #here 5ou are, the5 &rin/ it over$ ; called Frank to ask if I could use his electric drill, and he brought it right over. Ginda is going to bring her wedding pictures over tonight. cool off cool off & cools off cooling off cooled off cooled off

($ coo% o.. p.1. When the te0perature o" a thin' or pla!e be!o0es lo#er, it coo%s o..$ It was really hot yesterday, but it cooled off in the evening. This is too hot I(ll eat it after it cools off. "$ coo%$$$ o.. p.1. When people or thin's !ause a thin' or pla!e to be!o0e !ooler, the5 coo% it o..$ The coffee was really hot, but he put an ice cube in it and it cooled right off. This bath is too hot. ?ut more cold water in it to cool it off. *$ coo% o.. p.1. When 5ou be!o0e less an'r5 or less e<!ited, 5ou coo% o..$ $e(s furious now, but he(ll cool off by morning. Their passion for each other has cooled off.

142

Infinitive present tense go back go back < goes back going back went back gone back &ing form past tense past participle

($ /o &ac0 EtoF p.1. When 5ou return to a pla!e #here 5ou #ere be"ore, 5ou /o &ac0 or /o &ac0 to that pla!e. That restaurant was terrible. .e(ll never go back. 5orothy left the /merald >ity and went back to 9ansas. "$ /o &ac0 EtoF p.1. When a !ondition, proble0, pra!ti!e, or !usto0 /oes &ac0 to a !ertain ti0e, it be'an at that ti0e. The tradition of saluting in the military goes back to the Middle 'ges. $is drug problem goes back to his college years. *$ /o &ac0 EtoF p.1. When 5ou are dis!ussin' the a'e o" so0ethin', 5ou /o &ac0 or /o &ac0 to #hen it #as !reated or started. This table is very valuable. #t goes back to the *MJ3s. The archeologist found ruins that go back D,333 years. hand over hand over & hands over handing over

handed over

handed over

($ han! $$$over EtoF p.1. When 5ou 'i1e so0ethin' to people be!ause the5 de0and it, be!ause the5 re,uire it, or be!ause 5ou are not its ri'ht"ul o#ner, 5ou han! it over or han! it over to the0. T rn over is si0ilar to han! over$ ; found some money in the street, and I handed it over to the police. That(s my calculator hand it right over! han!over n. When 5ou trans"er o#nership or !ontrol o" so0ethin' to so0eone be!ause that person has de0anded it or be!ause 5ou are not its ri'ht"ul o#ner, a han!over ta7es pla!e. The >hinese celebrated Aritain(s handover of $ong 9ong. The ?resident demanded the immediate handover of the occupied territory. "$ han! $$$over p.1. When 5ou 'i1e so0eone responsibilit5 "or an i0portant pro)e!t, dut5, or proble0, 5ou han! that pro)e!t, dut5, or proble0 over or han! it over to so0eone. Mr. .ilson retired and handed control of the company over to his son. The TV news anchor handed the show over to the reporter at the .hite $ouse. pull over pull over & pulls over pulling over pulled over pulled over ($ + %%$$$ over p.1. When 5ou are dri1in' and then 0o1e 5our 1ehi!le to the side o" the road, redu!e 5our speed, and then stop, 5ou + %% over or + %% 5our 1ehi!le over$ / pulled over to fi0 a flat tire. .e(re lost. Get(s pull the car over and ask someone for directions. *H2

"$ + %%$$$ over p.1. When 5ou are dri1in' and a poli!e o""i!er si'nals 5ou to 0o1e 5our 1ehi!le to the side o" the road, redu!e 5our speed, and stop, the poli!e o""i!er + %%s 5ou over or + %%s the 1ehi!le over$ )im was driving on the wrong side of the road, and he got pulled over by the state police. .hen the police officer saw the driver go through a red light, he pulled the car right over. In"initi1e present tense warm up #ar0 up P #ar0s up #ar0in' up #ar0ed up #ar0ed up -in' "or0 past tense past parti!iple

($ 5ar- + p.1. When the te0perature o" a thin' or pla!e be!o0es hi'her, it 5ar-s +$ It(s cold outside. I hope it warms up before the picnic. I set the thermostat at eighty degrees, and the house warmed right up. "$ 5ar-$$$ + p.1. When people or thin's !ause a thin' or pla!e to be!o0e #ar0er, the5 5ar- it +$ The fireplace doesn(t really warm the house up much. That soup is cold. 8ou can warm it up in the microwave. 5ar-e! + part.ad). -"ter a thin' or pla!e has be!o0e #ar0er, it is 5ar-e! +$ 3i1e the bab5 the bottle #ith the "lo#ers on it? itBs 5ar-e! +$ *$ 5ar-$$$ + p.1. When 5ou allo# a 0e!hani!al de1i!e to run "or a short ti0e be"ore bein' used, 5ou 5ar- it +$ When a 0e!hani!al de1i!e runs "or a short ti0e be"ore bein' used, it 5ar-s +$ 8ou should always warm your car up for a few minutes before you go anywhere. In the winter I always let my car warm up while I eat breakfast. 5ar-e! + part.ad). -"ter a 0e!hani!al de1i!e has been allo#ed to 5ar- + and is read5 to be used, it is 5ar-e! +$ .e have to go is the car warmed up yet1 6$ 5ar- + p.1. When 5ou do li'ht e<er!ises be"ore pla5in' a sport or e<er!isin' #ith 'reater e""ort, 5ou 5ar- +$ When per"or0ers pla5 0usi!al instru0ents or sin' )ust be"ore a per"or0an!e in order to be read5, the5 5ar- +$ Aefore a race most runners warm up with stretching e0ercises. The singer warmed up in her dressing room before the concert. 5ar-9 + n. &i'ht e<er!ises done be"ore pla5in' a sport or e<er!isin' #ith 'reater e""ort are !alled a 5ar-9 +$ When a per"or0er pla5s an instru0ent or sin's )ust be"ore a per"or0an!e in order to be read5, this is a 5ar-9 +$ The runners got to the stadium early so they would have time for a warm-up. 144

5ar-9 + n$ =ar-9 + !lothes are #orn durin' a 5ar-9 +$ =ar-9 + e<er!ises are done be"ore pla5in' a sport or e<er!isin'. - 5ar-9 + 'a0e, round, and so on, is pla5ed in order to 5ar- + "or the a!tual 'a0e. The baseball players wore their warm-up jackets when they weren(t on the field. ECERCISE (Da ; Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s .ro- this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. The piDDa #as !old, so 4 put it in the 0i!ro#a1e to MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM. 2. 65 !ar #as 0a7in' a stran'e noise, so 4 MMMMMMM MMMMMMM to loo7 at the en'ine. 3. Can 4 use 5our la#n 0o#erH 4Bll MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM to0orro#. 4. Ii0 al#a5s puts 0il7 in his !o""ee to MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM. . The roots o" the trouble in the 6iddle ;astMMMMMMMMMMMMMMthousands o" 5ears. $. The ne# poli!e !hie" said that he thin7s that abolishin' !apital punish0ent #as a 0ista7e and that it should be MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. %. The )ud'e ordered the thie1es to MMMMM MMMMM the stolen 0er!handise i00ediatel5. 8. Cearin' .n!le IohnBs stories about the old !ountr5 MMMMM MMMMM a lot o" 0e0ories. *. With this ne# antipollution la# #eBre MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM redu!in' the a0ount o" pollution b5 / per!ent in ten 5ears. 1/. 4 as7ed Iud5 i" 4 !ould use her 1ideo !a0era, and she said she #ouldMMMMMMMMit ri'ht MMMMMMM. 11. The 0e!hani! re!o00ended lettin' the !ar MMMMMM MMMMMM be"ore dri1in' it. 12. The robber !han'ed his 0ind #hen he sa# the 'uard MMMMMMMM his shot'un ri'ht MMMMMMMM hi0. 13. The lo!al poli!e !hie"MMMMMMMMthe in1esti'ation MMMMMMMMto the 2=4 a'ents. 14. Aour "atherBs an'r5 ri'ht no#. Tal7 to hi0 about 5our 0iserable report !ard a"ter heBs MMMMMMM MMMMMMM. 1 . The !han'es at the "a!tor5 are MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM redu!in' !osts and in!reasin' pro"its. 1$. The 05ster5 o" the P5ra0ids MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM nearl5 ,/// 5ears. 1%. The !oa!h al#a5s 0a7es the pla5ers MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM be"ore the 'a0e. 18. -"ter lun!h Ierr5 MMMMMMMM ri'ht MMMMMMMMto #or7. 14

=rite three sentences sin/ the o&.ects in +arentheses$ Be s re to + t the o&. Could 5ou brin' ba!7. E05 apart0ent. Etheir tru!7s.1*. E05 tool 7it. itF MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 2. The sheri"" pulled o1er. the0F MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 14$ .ects in the ri/ht +%ace$ 1. 4tBs !old no#.ui!7l5 !ooled o"". Ethe suspe!ts. Todd handed o1er. 4 !anBt drin7 it until it MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. ECERCISE (D& . but itBll MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM b5 noon. 4 #as MMMMMM MMMMMM b5 the sheri"" "or 'oin' ei'ht5 0iles per hour in a s!hool Done. The dri1ers are #ar0in' up. The air !onditioner . 2/. itF MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 4. the0F MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM $. 21. itF MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 3. Ehis #allet. E5our tool 7it. This !o""ee is too hot. 4Bll brin' o1er. itF MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM .

She told 0e to return her di!tionar5 i00ediatel5. What #ould 4 doH . 12 stand around. and the !abin be!a0e #ar0 .ui!7l5. 14 1. 12 !o0e up #ith. 12 "i'ure on. 14% . $ "all throu'h.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. 4t #as eas5 "or the0 to es!ape be!ause the 'uards had been MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM s0o7in' !i'arettes. What did &5dia do to the 0edi!ineH ECERCISE (D!' Revie5 . Ser'eant Iones pointed his ri"le dire!tl5 at the ene05 soldier. Aou #ill return to #or7 i00ediatel5. What #ill 5ou doH 3. 18 tell apart. the ba!75ard be!a0e !ooler . 18 tra!7 do#n. -"ter the sun set.ro. 13 li"t up. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s . What did Ser'eant Iones doH $. 4 !alled &5dia and told her 4 needed 0edi!ine "or 05 son. 12 brea7 throu'h. What did she sa5H %. 13 #ind up. and she too7 the 0edi!ine "ro0 her house to 05 house i00ediatel5. What did the !abin doH 2. What did &indaBs "ather tell her to doH 8. 13 let o"". The5 lit a "ire. 18 put up. &indaBs "ather told her to 'i1e hi0 his !redit !ard i00ediatel5.ter each one$ ba!7 o"". 18 !o0e a!ross. 18 'o be5ond.ECERCISE (Dc . 1% hit on.ui!7l5. What did the ba!75ard doH 4. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . 18 head into. 2. The prisoners MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the #all o" the prison and es!aped. 4 #ould slo# 05 !ar and stop at the side o" the road i00ediatel5.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ Re+%ace the n!er%ine! a!ver&s 5ith ri/ht$ Re-e-&er that ri/ht can &e se! on%3 5hen the ver& an! the +artic%e are se+arate!$ 1. 4" 4 sa# the "lashin' li'hts o" the poli!e !ar.

11. (ne poli!e o""i!er #al7ed behind the house and MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM so0e 'arba'e !ans. 1/. 13. but the )ud'e MMMMMMMM the0 MMMMMMMM #ith a #arnin'. 4. 14. The prisoner has a t#in brother. The prisoner tried to steal a 0anBs !ar. 148 . but the poli!e #ere able to !apture hi0. The #arden #asnBt )ust upset #ith the 'uards > the proble0 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM that. The 'uards used do's to MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM one o" the es!aped prisoners the ne<t da5. and the poli!e !ouldnBt MMMMMMM the0 MMMMMMM. The poli!e thou'ht the prisoner #ould probabl5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM at his "a0il5Bs house. %. he MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. That #as one proble0 the poli!e didnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 1 . 12. 1$. The5 "inall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the idea o" usin' a heli!opter. The prisoner MMMMMMM MMMMMMM a "i'ht. *. The heli!opter plan MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM be!ause the #eather #as so bad. $. The other prisoner MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM so0e dense "orest. . but #hen he sa# the 0anBs lar'e do'.3. =oth prisoners #ere !har'ed #ith es!apin' "ro0 prison. The poli!e had a 0eetin' to tr5 to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a #a5 to !apture the prisoner. Ce heard a noise "ro0 the 'arba'e !an. 8. so he MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMthe top and sa# the prisoner.

En! + is si0ilar to 5in! +$ ' hurricane was approaching Florida.1. The -in' "or0 !an be ne'ati1eG $e ended up not going anywhere. and we ended up in "ewark instead of "ew 8ork. so we ended up coming home from our vacation early. !he lies around doing. or unplanned and une<pe!ted o!!urren!es. Prepositional phrases !an !o0e bet#een the phrasal 1erb and the -in' "or0G My luggage ended up on the wrong flight going to the wrong city. !he lies around not doing anything. $e ended up here asking for money. "$ en! + p. When people or thin's en! + in a pla!e.")$ FOCUS ON< +hrasa% ver&s . it is the result o" a series o" de!isions. (ther ad1erbs and ad1erbial e<pressions !an !o0e bet#een the phrasal 1erb and the -in' "or0G Aill goes around constantly looking for bargains. *HL #nfinitive present tense go around go around & goes around -ing form going around past tense gone around past participle gone around . I started out at the bottom working in the mailroom. this pla!e is #here their )ourne5 ends e1en thou'h the out!o0e 0a5 ha1e been unplanned or une<pe!ted. so she(ll probably end up in the hospital with two broken legs. )im hangs around )anice hoping she(ll fall in love with him. a!tions. !he sta%ed up late watching TV. (nfinitive present tense end up end up * ends up ending up ended up ended up )ing form past tense past participle ($ en! + p.1.orSo0e phrasal 1erbs !an be "ollo#ed b5 the -in' "or0 o" 1erbsG $e ended up staying home. When people en! + doin' so0ethin' or en! + a !ertain #a5. # went around all day not knowing I had spinach in my teeth.o%%o5e! &3 the -ing . nothing. )udy has never gone skydiving before. $ow did Gondon Aridge end up in 'ri6ona1 The ta0i driver didn(t understand me. Nouns and pronouns !an !o0e bet#een the phrasal 1erb and the -in' "or0G The doctor went around the hospital visiting his patients.

When so0ethin' /oes aro n!' it spreads to 1arious parts o" a lar'er pla!e. 7$ /o aro n! p. . otherwise there won(t be enough to go around.1. When people or thin's "ollo# a !ir!ular path and return to the sa0e pla!e.1. 5on(t go around sticking your nose in other people(s business.1. the5 /o aro n! or /o aro n! the obstacle. When so0ethin' is bein' distributed to a 'roup o" people and there is enou'h "or e1er5one.1. When 5ou /o aro n! in a !ertain !ondition or /o aro n! doin' so0ethin'. $eather went around the curve too fast.($ /o aro n! p. 're you going to go around all day wearing that stupid hat1 8$ /o aro n! p.1. it /oes aro n!$ The disk drives in computers go around very fast. 5on(t make the pieces of wedding cake too big. 5ou 1isit 1arious parts o" it. was so embarrassed I went around all day with my 6ipper open. The e0terminator is going around the house looking for rats. The children have to stay on the merry&go&round until it stops going around. When an ob)e!t spins or turns. There was some broken glass in the street. #$ /o aro n! p. and she ended up in the ditch. 1 / . :$ /o aro n! p. $e probably has the flu@ it(s been going around. 5ou 'o to 1arious pla!es and deliberatel5 do so0ethin' that 0a5 bother or upset other people. "$ /o aro n! p. ' rumor went around that the plant was going to close. When 5ou /o aro n! a pla!e.1. The new manager goes around telling everyone how to do their jobs.1.1. When people or thin's "ollo# an indire!t or !ur1ed path in order to a1oid an obsta!le or to !han'e dire!tion. but I went around it. *$ /o aro n! p. When 5ou /o aro n! doin' so0ethin'. The president went around the state giving the same speech at every stop. the5 /o aro n!$ The horse has gone around the track three times. It took seven days to go around the island. there is enou'h to /o aro n!$ There wasn(t enough food to go around and some of the famine victims got nothing. 5ou 'o to 1arious pla!es and allo# other people see 5ou. 6$ /o aro n! p.

1... #ithout a proble0. /oes o. *$ /oon p.. 7$ /o o.. ($ /o on p.. p.1. Tell me what went on at the party last night.. Co-e on is the opposite o" /o o. If you see anything illegal going on call the police immediately. E#ithF p. When people 'o on. and so on. So0eti0es. This trail that goes off to the left will take you to the campground. the5 !ontinue doin' so0ethin'.. it happens as planned. .1. The invasion didn(t go off the way the general planned it.. path. When an ele!tri!al de1i!e or s5ste0 /oes on' it be'ins to operate. #ell. When an ele!tri!al de1i!e or s5ste0 /oes o.1. ' thermostat makes the air conditioner go off if it gets below a certain temperature. When a road. Mark went off not reali6ing he had left his wallet at home.1.$ The electricity went off at K#23 last night. p. 't the museum !ally went off with her friends to see some things we weren(t interested in.. ' thermostat makes the air conditioner go on if it gets above a certain temperature. When an e1ent or plan /oes o. or path. "$ /o on p.#nfinitive /o off present tense go off & goes off -ing form going off past tense went off past participle gone off ($ /o o.1.' it 0a7es a loud noise. The lights goes on automatically if someone walks near the door. The drug bust went off without a hitch. @WhatBs /oin/ onH? is a !o00on in"or0al 'reetin'. #ith so0eone. When an alar0 or alar0 !lo!7 /oes o. When 5ou /o o. and 'oes in a di""erent dire!tion. When a 'un /oes o.' it lea1es the 0ain road. on is repeated "or e0phasis.. The terrorists were killed when the bomb went off accidentally. the other to the right. I was late for work because my alarm clock didn(t go off... or #ithout a hit!h Ea hit!h is a proble0F.' it e<plodes. s0oothl5. p.. 1 1 . 5ou lea1e a pla!e or the people 5ou are #ith and 'o to a di""erent pla!e #ith the0. 6$ /o o. When a bo0b /oes o. When so0ethin' /oes on' it happens. *$ /o o. p...e didn(t know which way to go go on go on & goes on going on went on gone on one path went off to the left.' it "ires. When 5ou /o o.1.1. trail. trail. 5ou lea1e a pla!e or the people 5ou are #ith and 'o to a di""erent pla!e. "$ /o o.' it stops operatin'.

When 5ou han/ aro n! a pla!e. Jin"or0alK When 5ou han/ aro n! people.1. Jin"or0alK When people sta5 in a pla!e instead o" lea1in'. 8es. I told him to stop talking. I hate long meetings that go on for hours.1. )ust go on with what you(re doing.1.. go on -in' "or0 han'in' around past tense hun' around past parti!iple hun' around ($ han/ aro n! p.ang around for a while. :$ /o on p. I had to hang around for three hours waiting for the bus. Aob(s been hanging around the house all day. 5o you have to go or can you hang around for a while1 *$ han/ aro n! p. and when I finish my homework we can watch TV.1.1. 8$ /o on p. !he doesn(t like the guys he(s hanging around with. )im and Aill were good friends. 7$ /o on p. When 5ou /o on in"or0ation. Jin"or0alK When 5ou han/ aro n! or han/ aro n! doin' so0ethin'. I have to go on a diet@ my high school reunion is in two months.1. They always hung around when they were kids. 5ou spend a lot o" ti0e #ith the0. =h.hat(s the hurry1 . When an e1ent or a!ti1it5 /oes on' it !ontinues. The party went on until dawn.1. 4n"initi1e present tense hang around han' around P han's around go on try it. but he went on and on and on and on. 5oesn(t he have anything to do1 "$ han/ aro n! p. 5ou are able to !ontinue an in1esti'ation or other pro)e!t be!ause 5ou ha1e this in"or0ation. but she went right on singing. When 5ou sa5 @3o on@to people. # go on a diet every )anuary. the5 han/ aro n!$ . /rik(s mother is worried.333 cars because of one accident. 1 2 . 5ou are en!oura'in' the0 to do so0ethin'. asked her to be Fuiet. The auto company won(t recall MD. 5ou sta5 in a pla!e #ithout a purpose "or bein' there or be!ause 5ou are #aitin' "or so0eone or so0ethin'. 5ou start a plan to lose #ei'ht. 5ou spend a lot o" ti0e there. I(ll wait until you(re finished. When 5ou /o on a diet. 6$ /o on p. That(s just not enough to go on. but it(s good don(t be afraid. The detective said he needs more to go on and asked the public for information. caviar is fish eggs.

This is a dan'erous nei'hborhood > so sta5 #ith 0e and donBt MMMMM MMMMM b5 5oursel". sta% up sta% up & sta%s up sta%ing up sta%ed up sta%ed up ($ sta3 + p.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. That shelf won(t sta% up if you put all those books on it.1. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . I(m just going to lie around. 3. There are empty beer cans and old newspapers l%ing around all over his house. . Aesterda5 at #or7 &eti!ia MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM sho#in' e1er5one her en'a'e0ent rin'.1. Jal#a5s !ontinuousK When so0ethin' is %3in/ aro n!' it is disor'aniDed and no one is usin' it or pa5in' attention to it. When 5ou %ie aro n! or %ie aro n! doin' so0ethin'. When 5ou sta3 up. 'll my sister ever does is lie around watching soap operas.4n"initi1e present tense lie around lie around P lies around l5in' around la5 around lain around -in' "or0 past tense past parti!iple ($ %ie aro n! p. "$ %ie aro n! p. Today is my day off. 4.ro. "$ sta3 + p.1. "ancy started out as a secretary. 2. 5ou 'o to bed later than 5ou nor0all5 do. 5on(t sta% up late tomorrow(s a school day. Weddin' !ere0onies in so0e !ountries !an MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM "or da5s. When 5ou be'in so0ethin'. )udy(s tired because she sta%ed up until dawn studying for a chemistry test. )ake is a slob. 5ou start o t$ Start o t is used to dis!uss ho# the end o" so0ethin' #as di""erent "ro0 its be'innin'. 5ou re!line and rela< and do not do an5thin' i0portant. start out start out & starts out starting out started out started out ($ start o t p.1. The astronauts sta%ed up for 7H* days. ECERCISE ")a . The stock market started out in positive territory but closed 733 points lower.e need to do something about all that junk l%ing around in the backyard. thinking she might have a future with this company. so don(t ask me to do any work. When so0ethin' sta3s +' it re0ains in a pla!e that is hi'her than 'round le1el. The bo0b #ill MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM at e<a!tl5 $G//. 1 3 .1. but she doesn(t feel that way anymore.

The dri1er too7 a #ron' turn. 65 laD5 son MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the house all da5 not li"tin' a "in'er to help #ith an5thin'. 8. 12. 2/. . 1*. #eBll ha1e to use thu0b ta!7s instead. but later sheBll s#it!h to "ull-ti0e. 4n the 0ornin' 8r. =u5 lots o" !ha0pa'ne "or the part5? 5ou #ant to be sure thereBs enou'h to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. SheBs 'oin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM at her ne# )ob #or7in' onl5 part-ti0e. 21. %. S0ith usuall5MMMMMMMMMMthe hospital 1isitin' his patients. 4B0 sorr5 4 0issed the part5. 4" that poster doesnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #ith tape. 4tBs nor0al "or the po#er to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM durin' a thunderstor0. Ce #as tr5in' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a slo# tru!7 #hen he had the a!!ident. but #hen he MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #ith Ia7e he 'ets in trouble. but she MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM stud5in' la# instead. 11. 22. 4 hope it MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the #a5 #e planned it. 1%. +osa #anted to stud5 0edi!ine in !olle'e. The paleontolo'ist #as a0aDed to "ind dinosaur e''s )ust MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in the desert.ru0or is MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the s!hool about t#o o" the tea!hers. 1/. 8id an5thin' e<!itin' MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMH 1$. =ill li7es to 'o to bed earl5 > he !anBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM past 8G// P. Where are 5ou 'oin'H Wh5 donBt 5ou MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM until Ii0 !o0es ho0e and then #e !an order a piDDa. 1 . *.. 4B0 ner1ous about the #eddin'. 1 4 . 18. (n Sunda5s 05 husband usuall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM on the !ou!h #at!hin' "ootball 'a0es. and #e MMMMMMM MMMMMMM in the 0iddle o" no#here. $. Ii0 is usuall5 a 'ood bo5. 13. 4 !anBt belie1e 5ou MMMMMMMMMMMMMMto#n #earin' those dirt5 !lothes all da5.6. 14.

4" he le"t #e !ouldnBt !ontinue.ro. What does the ele!tri!it5 doH . Aou #ere late to #or7 be!ause 5our alar0 !lo!7 didnBt rin' this 0ornin'. What do the li'hts doH 12. What did Ierr5 doH 11. 24. Ierr5 #ent to 0an5 pla!es #earin' a Ca#aiian shirt.this section . Ce doesnBt 'o an5#here or do an5thin'. and 4 ha1e to a1oid the0 #hile 4B0 dri1in'. There are a lot o" potholes in the street. 3/. What did Ioe as7H $. What !ouldnBt #e do #ithout 6r. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s . -"ter 5ou !ross the brid'e.23. 4 donBt #ant to retire. Iane be'an the pro)e!t thin7in' it #ould ta7e onl5 a "e# #ee7s. What happened to the letterH 4. What do 4 ha1e to do #hile 4B0 dri1in'H 14. What did Iane doH ECERCISE ")c . =ob 'oes to e1er5 o""i!e at #or7 tellin' a#"ul )o7es. What are 5ou 'oin' to do all da5H 2. Ioe !alled and as7ed #hat #as happenin'. What didnBt 5our alar0 !lo!7 do this 0ornin'H 1/. What does 8an do all da5H *. #hat are 5ou #aitin' "orH MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. so so0e people didnBt 'et a hot do'. Watson is the brains o" this !o0pan5. AouBre 'oin' to spend the da5 on the so"a #at!hin' TV.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. 2 . 28. WatsonH 1$. 8an sta5s in his house all da5. What did 4 "inall5 doH 1 . 4 bou'ht onl5 t#ent5-"i1e hot do's "or the part5. Iani!e didnBt 'o to bed all ni'ht. and so "ar 4 ha1enBt lost an oun!e. lea1e: 2$. =rite ori/ina% sentences sin/ these +hrasa% ver&s . 4B0 'oin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #or7in' as lon' as 4 !an. &5dia #al7ed to 1arious pla!es in her ne# house 0a7in' de!oratin' plans. but thirt5 people sho#ed up. but 4 "inall5 de!ided on the red !ar. Aesterda5 he MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the tra!7 in re!ord ti0e. 2*. What does =ob do at #or7H %. What did &5dia do in her ne# houseH 3. 6i'uelBs ne# ra!e !ar is reall5 "ast. 4 !ouldnBt de!ide bet#een the red !ar and the blue !ar. 2%. 5ouBll see a 'ra1el road that MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a la7e and heads to#ard the 0ountains. 6r. The letter #as supposed to 'o to -ustria. Wh5 didnBt so0e people 'et a hot do'H 13. What did Iani!e doH 8. ECERCISE ")& .ro. 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a diet t#o #ee7s a'o. 4" 5ouBre lea1in'. When it 'ets dar7 the street li'hts be'in to operate auto0ati!all5. The ele!tri!it5 stops #or7in' e1er5da5 at 2G//. Co# !an 4 0a7e su!h an i0portant de!ision #ith so little in"or0ationH 4 need 0ore to MMMMMMMM. but it "inall5 arri1ed in -ustralia. 4n the past no one belie1ed that the earth MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the sun. 4B0 surprised that the heat MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM last ni'ht > itBs onl5 Septe0ber.

/3 !o0e o1er.o%%o5e! &3 the 9in/ .$ 'o o"". MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM %. 2//1 lie around. 2//4. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM *. 1/1 stand around.ter the ver& is the sectionI the secon! n -&er is the -eanin/$ It is on%3 that -eanin/ that can &e .irst n -&er a. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 2.2. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 3. 2//1 sho# up. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM . 1%/1.3 end up. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM $. 14/2 1.o%%o5e! &3 the 9in/ . 2//3 han' around. 2//2 ta7e o"".or-$ The . MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 1 $ .or-$ Tr3 to -a0e so-e o. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 4. 18/11 start out. 2//1 sta5 up. the sentences si-i%ar to those in the FOCUS section$ brea7 do#n. 2//1 'o around. 2//3 'o on.an! +revio s sections . 1/% #ind up. . MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 8.

6i!hael didnBt see the red li'ht and hit a 'asoline tru!7. We 7ne# #e didnBt ha1e an5 hope o" #innin' the battle. AouBd better #ear a )a!7et > it has MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM outside. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM ECERCISE ")!' Revie5 . 8. Aou !anBt run ten 0iles on the "irst da5 o" 5our e<er!ise pro'ra0. 8o 5ou 7no# ho# to MMMMMMM MMMMMMMMM 'ettin' a passportH 1 % . (ur trip to 6ia0i #asMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMM be!ause o" the hurri!ane. 13 !ool o"". 11. * 'o about. 1/. %. 1% s!re# out o". 1* dr5 out. Aou donBt need to ra7e the lea1es? the #ind #ill MMMMMMMM the0 MMMMMMMM. 12. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 11. The5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM on the 6a5"lo#er. and 4 said 4 had ne1er MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM hi0. 1* !all o"". * brin' o1er. 4 rip up. Sa0 as7ed 0e i" 4 7ne# so0eone na0ed 2ran!is!o. * 1. Cer letter 0ade 0e so 0ad that 4 MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM. % #or7 up. 2. *. 1% 'o ba!7. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 13. 1 brea7 out. 1 'i1e up. 1* blo# a#a5. so #e MMMMMMM MMMMMMM. 3. Aou ha1e to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to it. $.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . 65 tea!her 0ade a 0ista7e #hen he !orre!ted 05 test and MMMMMMMM 0eMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM ten points.ter each one$ ai0 at. 1* hear o". 3 see a bout. Ce MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM his 0ista7e #ith his li"e. 8 pa5 "or. 4B0 'oin' to MMMMMMMM the dentist MMMMMMMM 'ettin' 05 teeth #hitened. 65 "a0il5 has been in 6assa!husetts sin!e the se1enteenth !entur5. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 14. 4. . MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 12.1/.

either should or ou'ht to !an be used > the5 ha1e the sa0e 0eanin' > ho#e1er. 14. Ver3 +ro&a&%e< sho %! an! o /ht to =oth should and ou'ht to are used to sa5 that so0ethin' is 1er5 probable. as e<pe!ted. ou'ht 0ust be used #ith to. to do so0ethin'G 8ou should bring in the groceries for your mother. thou'h not re. or be!ause the person 5ou are spea7in' about is e<pe!ted. 4n the e<a0ples abo1e.ual should.uired. The5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM o" prison b5 tunnelin' under the prison #all. The rebel territory ought to settle down once winter comes. onl5 should is used in . 8ou ought to !ip up your coat. a !ondition #ill 1er5 probabl5 e<ist or so0ethin' #ill 1er5 probabl5 happenG The rebel territory should settle down once winter comes.uals should. 1er5 li7el5. so 4 !alled 6aria and as7ed her to MMMMMMMM so0e MMMMMMMM.13. but the other is not. A /oo! i!ea< sho %! an! o /ht to Should and ou'ht to !an be used to sa5 that doin' so0ethin' is a 'ood idea be!ause it #ill bene"it the person 5ou are spea7in' aboutG 8ou should !ip up your coat. 8ou ought to bring in the groceries for your mother. (ne is "a0iliar to 0ost students. Ne1er sa5 should to. We donBt ha1e enou'h plates "or the part5.uestionsG 1 8 . -lthou'h should and ou'ht are 0odal au<iliar5 1erbs. "($ FOCUS ON< +hrasa% ver&s an! should an! ought to Should and ou'ht to ha1e t#o i0portant 0eanin's in . 1 . 1$. 4n other #ords. ou'ht to e. or */ per!ent sure to happen > that i" e1er5thin' is nor0al. ou'ht does not e. This ru' is #et? letBs ta7e it outside to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in the sun. or as planned. The ne# restri!tions on !i'arette ad1ertisin' are MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM redu!in' the le1el o" teena'e s0o7in'.n'lish.

When 5ou %oo0 aro n! or %oo0 aro n! a pla!e. Ginda looked around the bookstore but didn(t find anything interesting. The teacher never critici6es anyone else she picks only on me. look over look over & looks over looking over looked over looked over ($ %oo0$$$ over p. Jusuall5 separatedK When 5ou %oo0 so0ethin' over' 5ou loo7 at it or read it !are"ull5 and thorou'hl5.1.1. 8ou should look around before you decide whether you want to buy the house. 5ou 'o to 1arious parts o" the pla!e in order to see #hat it is li7e or #hat is there. you shouldn(t pick on your little brother. Tom ought not to !ip up his jacket. Should not Eor shouldnBtF is used to sa5 that so0ethin' is not probable.1. or */ per!ent sure not to happen > that i" e1er5thin' is nor0al. and I(m sure it won(t get below seventy tonight. 5ou !ontinuall5 tease and !riti!iDe the0. $ere(s the first chapter of my new book@ look it over and tell me what you think. When 5ou turn 5our head to see #hat is behind 5ou or around 5ou. so the heat shouldn(t go on.1. !ally looked around the room and didn(t recogni6e anyone. and I looked around to see who it was. "$ %oo0 aro n! p. $e ought to look the car over before he buys it.!hould Tom !ip up his jacket1 =ught Tom to !ip up his jacket1 and onl5 should not or shouldnBt is used in ne'ati1e senten!esG Tom should not !ip up his jacket. 4n"initi1e present tense look around loo7 around P loo7s around -in' "or0 loo7in' around past tense loo7ed around past parti!iple loo7ed around ($ %oo0 aro n! p. 1er5 unli7el5. !usie. 1 * . pick on pick on & picks on picking on picked on picked on ($ +ic0 on p. 4t 0eans that so0ethin' is 1er5 i0probable. as e<pe!ted. 5ou %oo0 aro n!$ I heard a sound. When 5ou +ic0 on people. a !ondition #ill 1er5 probabl5 not e<ist or so0ethin' #ill 1er5 probabl5 not happenG I set the thermostat at si0ty&five degrees. or as planned.

Infinitive present tense settle down settle down < settles down

&ing form settling down

past tense settled down

past participle settled down

($ sett%e $$$ !o5n p.1. When 5ou sett%e !o5n' 5ou be!o0e less a!ti1e, ner1ous, or upset. When 5ou sett%e other people !o5n' 3o do so0ethin' to 0a7e the0 less a!ti1e, ner1ous, or upset. Ca%- !o5n is si0ilar to sett%e !o5n$ .hy are you so nervous about the test1 )ust settle down@ you(ll do just fine. >an(t you settle the children down1 'll that noise is driving me cra6y. "$ sett%e$$$ !o5n p.1. When a !on"used or 1iolent situation be!o0es less !on"used or 1iolent, it sett%es !o5n$ When 5ou sett%e a !on"used or 1iolent situation !o5n' 5ou 0a7e it less !on"used or 1iolent and 0ore !al0. Ca%- !o5n is si0ilar to sett%e !o5n$ Nioting and arson continued for three days before the area settled down. The head of the union spoke to the angry strikers to try to settle them down. *$ sett%e !o5n p.1. When people sett%e do#n, the5 start to li1e a less a!ti1e li"e and perhaps 'et 0arried, bu5 a house, and start a "a0il5. Mike led a pretty wild life when he was in his early twenties, but he got married when he was 7L and settled down. My son is forty&one. I wish he(d settle down and raise a family. step on step on & steps on stepping on stepped on stepped on ($ ste+ on p.1. When 5ou ste+ on so0ethin', 5ou pla!e 5our "oot on it. If the carpenter steps on a nail, she(ll have to go to the hospital for a tetanus shot. !am stepped on a cockroach. "$ ste+ on p.1. Jin"or0alK When 5ou sa5 ?Ste+ on it@ to so0eone #ho is dri1in' a !ar, 5ou are tellin' the dri1er to dri1e "aster. $ank needed to get to the airport in fifteen minutes, so he told the ta0i driver to step on it. 2tep on itE .e have to be at work in ten minutes. take out on take out on & takes out on taking out on took out on

taken out on

($ ta0e$$$ o t on p.1. When 5ou ta0e so0ethin' o t on people, 5ou un"airl5 !riti!iDe or punish the0 be!ause 5ou are an'r5 about so0ethin' that has o!!urred or about so0ethin' that so0eone else has done. If you(re mad at your boss, you shouldn(t take it out on your wife. $eyE It(s not my fault you got a speeding ticket. .hy are you taking it out on me1

1$/

Infinitive present tense think ahead think ahead ! thinks ahead &ing form thinking ahead past tense thought ahead past participle thought ahead

($ thin0 ahea! p.1. When 5ou thin0 ahea!' 3o plan "ora "uture situation or a!ti1it5 so that 5ou #ill not ha1e a proble0. .hen we(re out camping, there won(t be any stores around if you forget something, so think ahead. .e thought ahead before we drove through the desert@ we took forty liters of water. !ip up !ip up & !ips up !ipping up !ipped up !ipped up

($ @i+$$$ + p.1. When 5ou @i+ + a !oat or other ite0 o" !lothin', 5ou !lose it #ith a Dipper. It(s free6ing outside < !ip your coat up. I can(t 6ip my dress up. >an you1 @i++e! + part.ad). -"ter 5ou @i+ + a !oat or other ite0 o" !lothin', it is @i++e! +$ Gook at Timmy out there in the snow without his coat !ipped up. Aefore you go to the airport, make sure your suitcases are !ipped up. ECERCISE "( a ; Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s .ro- this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. 4tBs not 5our brotherBs "ault 5ou "ailed the 0ath test. Aou shouldnBt MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM hi0. 2. Ti005 le"t so0e o" his to5s on the "loor. =e !are"ul not to MMMMMMM MMMMMMM the0. 3. ThereBs a 'u5 in 05 !lass #hoBs reall5 0ean and 0a7es )o7es about 0e. 4 told the tea!her that heBs al#a5s MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 0e. 4. So0eone !alled 05 na0e, and 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to see #ho it #as. . Iane is alread5 thirt5-"our, but sheBs not interested in MMMMMM MMMMM and ha1in' !hildren. $. 4B1e MMMMMM MMMMMM 5our resu0e, and 4 thin7 5ouBre the ri'ht person "or this )ob. %. Ti005 and Susie #ere runnin' around the house li7e !raD5, so 4 pla5ed their "a1orite 1ideotape to tr5 to MMMMMMMM the0 MMMMMMMM. 8. Aou should MMMMMMMM 5our ba!7pa!7 MMMMMMMM? other#ise all 5our boo7s are 'oin' to "all out. 1$1

*. The t#o !ountries ha1e a histor5 o" border !lashes, but thin's ha1e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in the last "e# 5ears. 1/. 4B1e ne1er been in 5our house be"ore? 4Bd li7e to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM and see ho# 5ouB1e de!orated it. 11. Aou donBt #ant to arri1e in To75o and realiDe 5ou "or'ot so0ethin' i0portant ba!7 in Van!ou1er, so MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 12. WeBre late >MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM it: ECERCISE "( & ; =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s .ro- this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. 8an ou'ht to loo7 at the !ar 1er5 !are"ull5 be"ore he de!ides #hether to bu5 it. What should 8an doH 2. Aou #ent to a bi' boo7store and #al7ed around so that 5ou !ould see #hat boo7s the5 ha1e. What did 5ou do in the boo7storeH 3. (ur nei'hbors #ere ar'uin' all e1enin', but the5 stopped ar'uin' and 'ot ,uieter at around 1G//
-.6.

What did our nei'hbors do around 1G// -.6.H

4. 4tBs "reeDin' outside, so 5ou ou'ht to !lose the Dipper on 5our )a!7et. What should 5ou do to 5our )a!7etH

. 4n Ouestion 4, ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the )a!7et a"ter it is !losedH $. -t the 0eetin', the boss as7ed =ett5 so0e di""i!ult ,uestions, and =ett5 #asnBt read5 #ith the ans#ers. What didnBt =ett5 doH

%. 2ran7 un"airl5 !riti!iDes his son. What does 2ran7 do to his sonH 8. 6ar7 had a bad da5 at #or7, and #hen he !a0e ho0e he 5elled at his #i"e. What did 6ar7 do to his #i"eH *. When 6i7e #as dan!in' #ith Ceather, he put his "oot on her "oot. What did 6i7e do to CeatherBs "ootH 1$2

ECERCISE "( c' Revie5 ; Re5rite the n!er%ine! 5or!s in the sentences sin/ these +hrasa% ver&s .ro- +revio s sections an! sho %! or o /ht to$ Re-e-&er that o /ht to is not s a%%3 se! in ne/ative sentences$ brea7 throu'h, 18 burn out, 8 !o0e o1er, 1% !o0e throu'h, 1 !o0e up, 12 !ool o"", 1* "all o"", 1/ 'et o"", 18 'et throu'h, 1$ 'o "or, 1$ hold up, % pull throu'h, 2 #ar0 up, 1* #ind up, 14

E4a-+%e< 4" the5 'o to that restaurant, the5 #ill 1er5 probabl5 e<pe!t to pa5 N2//. 4" the5 'o to that restaurant, the5 should "i'ure on pa5in' N2//. or 4" the5 'o to that restaurant, the5 ou'ht to "i'ure on pa5in' N2//. 1. =usiness in this restaurant #ill 1er5 probabl5 de!rease in Ianuar5. 2. The5 are 1er5 probabl5 "inishin' the in1esti'ation. 3. These !heap shoes #ill 1er5 probabl5 not sta5 in 'ood !ondition 0ore than three 0onths. 4. Ii0 "lies "ro0 2lorida to =oston e1er5 5ear in -pril, and itBs -pril no#. Ii0 #ill 1er5 probabl5 tra1el to =oston soon. . 4t al0ost al#a5s 'ets !ooler in (!tober, and itBs (!tober 1st toda5, so it #ill 1er5 probabl5 'et !ooler soon.

$. PaulBs disease is not serious, so he #ill 1er5 probabl5 be #ell a'ain. %. 2ran!is!o al0ost ne1er #or7s past G//, and itBs 4G / no#. Ce #ill 1er5 probabl5 stop #or7in' in a "e# 0inutes. 8. &5dia li7es s7iin' a lot, so i" 5ou su''est that #e 'o s7iin' ne<t #ee7end, she #ill 1er5 probabl5 li7e the idea.

*. The ene05 soldiers ha1e been tr5in' to s0ash a hole in the #all o" the "ort "or t#o hours, and the5 #ill 1er5 probabl5 s0ash a hole in the #all soon. 1$3

1/. Sall5 said she #ould !o0e to 05 house at G3/ and itBs G4/ no#. She #ill 1er5 probabl5 !o0e to 05 house soon. **. This work normally takes four hours to finish, so if you start at L#33 you will very probably finish around *#33. 12. The train al0ost al#a5s passes throu'h to#n at 3G2 , and itBs 3G2/ no#, so the train #ill 1er5 probabl5 pass throu'h to#n in "i1e 0inutes.

13. 4 put a lot o" #ood on the "ire, so it 1er5 probabl5 #ill not stop burnin' be"ore 0ornin'. 14. The !ar heater is on 0a<i0u0, so it #ill 1er5 probabl5 'et #ar0 soon. ECERCISE "( !' Revie5 ; Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s .ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a.ter each one$ brin' ba!7, 1* end up, 2/ "all apart, 1% 'et ba!7 at, 1% 'o around, 2/ 'o ba!7, 1* 'o o"", 2/ 'o on, 2/ hand o1er, 1* han' around,2/ lie around, 2/ line up, 18 pull o1er, 1* rin' up, 8 start out, 2/ sta5 up, 2/

1. -"ter 6ar7Bs "ather died, To0 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the o""i!e !olle!tin' 0one5 to bu5 so0e "lo#ers "or the "uneral. 2. Who said 5ou !ould use 05 !a0eraH MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM ri'ht no#: 3. The s0o7e alar0 in our 7it!hen MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM e1er5 ti0e 4 "r5 !hi!7en. 4. WeB1e been dri1in' "or "i1e hours strai'ht. &etBs MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM and rest "or a "e# 0inutes. . (ur tra1el a'ent is tr5in' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a hot air balloon to ta7e us to the top o" 6t. ;1erest. $. &ast ni'ht 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM late #at!hin' Casablan!a on TV. %. 65 old bi!5!le is in 1er5 bad !ondition. 4 ou'ht to bu5 a ne# one be"ore it !o0pletel5 8. 4B0 0ad at Sarah "or tellin' 05 husband #hat happened at the o""i!e part5. 4Bll MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM her so0eda5. 1$4

*. 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM thin7in' it #ouldnBt !ost 0ore than N3// to "i< 05 !ar, but 4B1e alread5 spent 0ore than N%//. 1/. Ii005 didnBt used to 'et in trouble until he started to MMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #ith Ia7e. 11. 4" 5ou donBt ,uit s0o7in' and lose so0e #ei'ht, 5ouBre 'oin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM d5in' be"ore 5ouBre "i"t5. 12. Visitin' 05 old hi'h s!hool last #ee7MMMMMMMMMMMMMMa lot o" 'reat 0e0ories. 13. -re 5ou 'oin' to do an5thin' toda5 or )ust MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #at!hin' TVH 14. 4B0 sorr5 4 interrupted 5our stor5. Please MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 1 . The !ashier MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 05 stu"" and said, @That !o0es to N4%.21.@ 1$. -l"onso le"t his !redit !ard at the restaurant, so he had to MMMMMM MMMMMM to 'et it.

""$ FOCUS ON< the +artic%e up an! the a!ver&s right an! all
The parti!le up is used in 0an5 phrasal 1erbs, and one o" its uses is to sa5 that so0ethin' has been done thorou'hl5 or !o0pletel5G The buildin' & rne!$ EThe buildin' #as da0a'ed but not destro5ed.F The buildin' & rne! UP$ EThe buildin' #as !o0pletel5 destro5ed.F +i'ht, dis!ussed in Se!tion 1*, is o"ten used in phrasal 1erbs #ith up to indi!ate that the a!tion o" the 1erb not onl5 happened thorou'hl5 and !o0pletel5 but also ,ui!7l5G They ate it up. BThey ate all the food.C They ate it right up. BThey ate all the food, and they ate it Fuickly.C +e0e0ber that ri'ht !an be used in this #a5 onl5 a"ter an ob)e!t that is separatin' the 1erb and parti!leG They ate the pi66a right up. They ate right up the pi66a. ;1en thou'h up indi!ates that the a!tion o" the 1erb is thorou'h and !o0plete, all is so0eti0es used "or "urther e0phasis #ith parti!iple ad)e!ti1es deri1ed "ro0 phrasal 1erbs #ith upG My ta0es are all paid up. The drain is all plugged up. 1$

Infinitive present tense burn up burn up < burns up burning up burned up burned up &ing form past tense past participle

($ & rn + p.1. When so0ethin' is !o0pletel5 destro5ed b5 heat or "ire, it & rns +$ The meteor burned up in the atmosphere. The rocket(s fuel will burn up after only forty seconds. "$ & rn$$$ + p.1. When people or thin's destro5 so0ethin' #ith heat or "ire, the5 & rn it +$ There(s no more coal. .e burned it all up. )et engines burn up fuel at a tremendous rate. & rne! + part.ad). -"ter so0ethin' is !o0pletel5 destro5ed b5 heat or "ire, it is & rne! +$ There isn(t anymore firewood@ it(s all burned up. The house is all burned up. There(s no way it can be saved. *$ & rne! $$$ + p.1. Jin"or0alK When so0ethin' 0a7es 5ou 1er5 an'r5, it & rns 5ou +$ It really burns me up when other people take credit for my work. I have to say something to !ally about what she did. It(s burning me up. & rne! + part.ad). Jin"or0alK When 5ou are 1er5 an'r5, 5ou are & rne! +$ )im was burned up when his boss critici6ed him during the meeting. Nela0 clear up clear up & clears up clearing up cleared up cleared up it(s nothing to get all burned up about.

($ c%ear + p.1. When a proble0, 0isunderstandin', or disease 'oes a#a5, it c%ears +$ The misunderstanding cleared up right away after we talked about it. My rash is clearing up by itself. I don(t need to go to the doctor. c%eare! + part.ad). -"ter a proble0, 0isunderstandin', or disease 'oes a#a5, it is c%eare! +$ ; feel great. My sinus infection is all cleared up. /verything(s okay. It was a big misunderstanding, but it(s cleared up now. "$ c%ear$$$ + p.1. When 5ou do so0ethin' to sol1e a proble0 or 0isunderstandin' or do so0ethin' to !ure a disease, 5ou c%ear it +$ /veryone was confused about the new policy, so a memo was issued that cleared everything up. The medicine 5r. !mith gave me cleared the infection up. 1$$

*$ c%ear + p.1. When !louds in the s75 'o a#a5, the #eather c%ears +$ Onless it clears up we(ll have to cancel the picnic. It was a beautiful day after the sky cleared up. Infinitive present tense count up count up < counts up counting up counted up counted up &ing form past tense past participle

($ co nt$$$ + p.1. When 5ou !ount all o" so0ethin' to see ho# 0an5 o" the0 there are, 5ou co nt the0 +$ +ount the money up and tell me what the total is. +ounting up the yes and no votes is going to take a long time. eat up eat up & eats up eating up ate up eaten up

($ eat$$$ + p.1. When 5ou eat "ood +' 5ou eat all o" it. There(s no more pi66a@ 5avid ate it all up. 5on(t eat up the cake before your father gets a piece. "$ eat$$$ + p.1. When so0ethin' eats + so0ethin' else, su!h as 0one5 or ti0e, it uses all o" it. I(m broke. Fi0ing my car last week ate up my entire paycheck. I don(t want to go shopping with you. It(ll eat up the whole day. heat up heat up & heats up heating up heated up heated up

($ heat $$$ + p.1. When so0ethin' or so0eone 0a7es so0ethin' hotter, the5 heat it up. .aiter, this soup is cold. .ould you heat it up for me1 !ometimes the sun heats up the desert to *73 degrees. heate! + part.ad). -"ter so0ethin' or so0eone 0a7es so0ethin' hotter, it is heate! +$ 5on(t give the baby that cold bottle@ give her this heated up one. The spaghetti has been in the microwave for five minutes, so I(m sure it(s heated up by now. pa% up pa% up & pa%s up pa%ing up paid up paid up

($ +a3 + p.1. When 5ou +a3 up, 5ou pa5 all the 0one5 5ou o#e to a person, ban7, and so on, usuall5 as a result o" pressure to pa5 the 0one5. ' guy from the collection agency called and told me I(d better pa% up. I wasn(t surprised when the insurance company refused to pa% up. 1$%

When a narro# passa'e.uid. drain. There #as a lot o" !on"usion about the ne# plan. but around 11G// it MMMMMMMM ri'ht MMMMMMMM. drain. -"ter 5ou are +ai! up. plug up plug up & plugs up plugging up plugged up plugged up ($ +% /$$$ + p. the5 +% / it +$ 5on(t pour bacon grease in the sink@ it(ll plug up the drain. The pain 4 had in 05 shoulder MMMMMM ri'ht MMMMMM a"ter 4 tried the ne# therap5. +% //e! + part. 4t #as !loud5 in the 0ornin'. *.I ho#e1er. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . or hole. 8. 4. (7a5..ro.F !usie spilled her milk.uid "ro0 a sur"a!e b5 0o1in' a to#el or spon'e a!ross it #ith a s#eepin' 0otion. ban7. 2.1. $. 8onBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the potato !hips.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. and her mother told her to wipe it all up.uid +$ F=i+e + is si0ilar to 5i+e o.ad). I(m alt paid up. 1$8 . . su!h as a pipe. &ea1e so0e "or 0e. %. letBs MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the points to see #ho #on the 'a0e. 5ou 5i+e + a li. My nose is all plugged up and I can(t smell anything.uid is on. so this dr5 "orest #ill reall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM i" thereBs a "ire. ECERCISE ""a . 3. and so on. Aetty(s VI!' card is paid up so there won(t be any finance charge ne0t month. 4t hasnBt rained in 0onths. wipe up wipe up & wipes up wiping up wiped up wiped up ($ 5i+e $$$ + p.1. When people or thin's blo!7 a narro# passa'e. su!h as a pipe. or hole. When 5ou !o0pletel5 re0o1e a li. I need to plug up the hole in the roof where the rain is leaking in.ad). is !o0pletel5 blo!7ed so that nothin' !an "lo# throu'h it. it is +% //e! +$ >all the plumber@ the sink(s plugged up. . 5ou 5i+e the li. so that nothin' !an "lo# throu'h it. 5ou ha1e paid all the 0one5 5ou o#e to a person. 4t MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM #hen people s0o7e in a nons0o7in' se!tion. The bill !olle!tor threatened to repossess 05 !ar i" 4 didnBt MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM. but 5ou 5i+e o"" the sur"a!e the li.+ai! + part. We ha1e to MMMMMMMM the hole in this boat MMMMMMMM "ast be"ore it sin7s. told the bill collector that he had made a mistake. so #e as7ed To0 to MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM "or us. 8ou(d better wipe up the water on the bathroom floor before someone falls.

so pa5in' "or those hospital bills reall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMM all 05 sa1in's. 13. Bthe hole. Ce ou'ht to !lear up. Ethe #ood. Would 5ou !ount upH Ethe 1otes. itC *JL . I can(t plug up. and 5ou !an MMMMMMMM itMMMMMMMM#hen 5ou !o0e ho0e. 4Bll put 5our dinner in the re"ri'erator. The5 burned up. =rite three sentences sin/ the o&. 12. Ethe 0isunderstandin'. itF 3. Would 5ou 'et a to#el and MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the !o""ee 5ou spilledH 11. 4B0 'oin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM all these old papers in the "irepla!e. itF D.ects in the ri/ht +%ace$ 1. ECERCISE ""& . 4 didnBt ha1e an5 insuran!e. the0F 4.ects in +arentheses$ Be s re to + t the o&. Ca1e the5 eaten upH Eall the !and5. itF 2.1/.

AouBll pa5 all 5our late 0ort'a'e pa50ents.ectives . What is Sarah doin'H 12. Wipe up ri'ht no#: Ethat #ater. 4n Ouestion 8. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe 05 !o""ee a"ter 4 ta7e it out o" the 0i!ro#a1eH .ro. 4B0 puttin' 05 !o""ee in the 0i!ro#a1e to 0a7e it hotter. 4n Ouestion $.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1.ri7 hasnBt !ounted all the 0one5. What hasnBt .ui!7l5. What did the poli!e doH *. Sarah is !leanin' up all the oran'e )ui!e that she spilled on the "loor. What does Carlos doH 1%/ . =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s an! +artici+%e a!. 4n Ouestion 3. 65 disease #ent a#a5 i00ediatel5.$. The poli!e used "ire to destro5 all the dru's. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the dru's no#H 1/. Carlos al#a5s eats all his bab5 "ood. . and he eats it . ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the drainH 3. itF ECERCISE ""c . What did 05 disease doH 11. Aou !o0pletel5 blo!7ed the drain so that #ater !ouldnBt 'o throu'h it.ri7 doneH $. 4n Ouestion 1. What #ill 5ou do to 5our 0ort'a'eH %. What a0 4 doin' to 05 !o""eeH 4. ho# #ill 5ou be re'ardin' 5our 0ort'a'eH 8. What did 5ou do to the drainH 2.

4Bll sta5 in San 8ie'o "or a #ee7 and then MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to &os -n'eles. 14 'o #ith. 21 1. 21 thin7 ahead. 4. *. 12 si'n out. 8o 5ou thin7 these shoes MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 05 dressH 3. The la7e is startin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 6aria told 0e she #ould be in the librar5 bet#een %G// and 8G//. so 4B0 sure she has alread5 MMMMMMM . MMMMMMM MMMMMMMM so that 5ou ha1e e1er5thin' 5ou need #hen 5ou 'et there. 12 step on. 1 hand in. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMM5our !oat > itBs "i"teen de'rees belo# Dero outside. When 5ou "inish #ith the )ob appli!ation. 5ou !an MMMMMM it MMMMMM to the se!retar5. 8. That 'u5 is !raD5. 1/. and she MMMMMMM it MMMMMMM MMMMMMM her husband. 11.ECERCISE ""!' Revie5 . ThereBs so0e bro7en 'lass there > donBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM it. 4 hope it rains soon. &inda al#a5s lea1es at G//. 14. but 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMM and !ouldnBt "ind her.ter each one$ !arr5 on. 14 si'n in.1$ dress up. 1$ !ount on. &etBs MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM our ori'inal plan. %. 13 head ba!7. 4Bll be there #hen 5ou need 0e. The part5 #ill be !asual. 13. 2. $. 1 . and itBs al0ost $G// no#. . 1$. 1 head "or. 4 donBt thin7 #e should 0a7e an5 !han'es no#. so 5ou donBt ha1e to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . 1%1 . 14 dr5 up. &inda is here in the o""i!e so0e#here > she MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM at 8G 2. 21 put a#a5. 4B0 MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM San 8ie'o. 21 ta7e out on. and 4 should 'et there b5 late a"ternoon. Ce ou'ht to be MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. Aou !an MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 0e. 21 Dip up.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. Iani!e hates her )ob. 1 loo7 around. 12.

When 5ou c t !o5n a tree.1. 8ou should cut that dead tree down before it falls on your house.1. $e put up with her rudeness. The students have been coming to class later and later everyday. the5 re0ain !lassi"ied as t#o#ord 1erbs be!ause the t#o-#ord and three-#ord phrasal 1erbs ha1e the sa0e 0eanin' > the5 are 1ariations o" the sa0e 1erbG He . These are t#o di""erent phrasal 1erbs and are !lassi"ied separatel5G $e put up a poster. this is a crac0!o5n$ The FAI is planning a major crackdown on organi6ed crime. crac0!o5n n. When 5ou crac0 !o5n or crac0 !o5n on so0eone or so0ethin'. #hi!h 0a7es the0 three#ord phrasal 1erbs. 'fter the crackdown the crime rate plunged."*$ FOCUS ON< t5o95or! +hrasa% ver&s that re> ire an a!!itiona% +artic%e 5hen se! 5ith an o&. 5ou use a sa# or an a<e to !ut it and 0a7e it "all to the 'round.1. 0an5 phrasal 1erbs that !an be used both intransitive%3 and transitive%3 re. There are. 5ou do or sa5 so0ethin' to 0a7e the0 "eel less i0portant or less po#er"ul. ho#e1er. #nfinitive present tense crack down crack down & cracks down -ing form cracking down past tense cracked down past participle cracked down ($ crac0 !o5n EonF p. -lthou'h these phrasal 1erbs ha1e a three-#ord 1ersion.ect' " -s #e sa# in Se!tion *.uire a se!ond parti!le #hen the5 are used transiti1el5. Jin"or0al > al#a5s separatedK When 5ou c t people !o5n to siDe.i%%e! in$ Ce . 5ou en"or!e rules and la#s 0ore than 5ou en"or!ed the0 be"ore or 5ou 0a7e ne#. . It(s time to start cracking down. three-#ord phrasal 1erbs that share the sa0e 1erb and "irst parti!le as another t#o-#ord phrasal 1erb but ha1e an entirel5 di""erent 0eanin'. The builder was critici6ed for cutting down so many trees when he built the house. When 5ou en"or!e rules and la#s 0ore than 5ou en"or!ed the0 be"ore. The chief of police said he was going to crack down on car theft. stron'er rules and la#s. "$ c t$$$ !o5n p.i%%e! in "or 6i7e. cut down cut down & cuts down cutting down cut down cut down ($ c t$$$ !o5n p.

1%2 .

When 5ou es!ape "ro0 people #ho are !hasin' 5ou be!ause the5 #ant to hurt 5ou or be!ause 5ou ha1e !o00itted a !ri0e. Frank was talking and talking. 5ou /et a5a3 #ith it.I(m tired of that jerk. $ank thinks he(s such a tough guy. Infinitive present tense drop out drop out < drops out &ing form dropping out past tense dropped out past participle dropped out ($ !ro+ o t Eo"F p. 1%3 . you should at least cut down. and he always gets awa% with it. *$ /et a5a3 E"ro0F p. 5ou lea1e be"ore !o0pletin' it.hen he took the knife out of his pocket. When 5ou !ro+ o t or !ro+ o t o" a s!hool. )ake has been cheating on his ta0es for years.1. and I couldn(t get awa% from him. the robbers had already gotten awa%. I need to get awa%. When 5ou /et a5a3 "ro0 people or pla!es. I got awa% from him fast. !omeone ought to cut him down to si6e. I(m tired of this town. Ay the time the police arrived. Many successful people are college dropouts. or other pro'ra0. get awa% get awa% & gets awa% getting awa% got awa% gotten/got awa% ($ /et a5a3 E"ro0F p. When 5ou c t !o5n or c t !o5n on so0ethin' that 5ou !onsu0e.1. 5ou use it less. "$ /et a5a3 E#ithF p. 5ou 0a7e a /eta5a3$ The robbers made their getawa% in a blue Ford. $e got awa% with kilting his e0&wife even though everyone knew he was guilty. /eta5a3 n. When 5ou c t !o5n or c t !o5n on so0ethin' 5ou do. The program is very difficult. The car used for the getawa% was found abandoned in the ne0t town. 5ou do it less. When 5ou es!ape "ro0 people #ho #ant to !apture or hurt 5ou.1.1. My doctor said cutting down on fat in my diet would lower my cholesterol. usuall5 hi'h s!hool or !olle'e. When 5ou do so0ethin' that is snea75 or #ron' and 5ou are not punished or !riti!iDed "or it be!ause no one 7no#s or !ares about it. Ginda(s father was very disappointed when she dropped out of college. 5ou /et a5a3 or /et a5a3 "ro0 the0.1. 5ou lea1e the0 e1en thou'h it 0a5 be di""i!ult. !ro+o t n$ A !ro+o t is so0eone #ho has le"t s!hool. C t &ac0 is si0ilar to c t !o5n$ If you can(t Fuit smoking. I(m going to cut him down to si6e. be"ore 'raduatin'. a trainin' !ourse. . *$ c t !o5n EonF p. and about M3 percent of the students drop out.

When 5ou in1ent a stor5 to entertain or "ool people. 5ou e<tend it in "ront o" 5our bod5 so that so0eone !an sha7e hands #ith 5ou or put so0ethin' in 5our hand. The street was filled with beggars holding their hands out. When 5ou ho%! o t or ho%! o t "or so0ethin'. 8oung is mad at me. have a lot of work to do.6$ /et a5a3 p. but there are some holdouts hiding in the mountains. but we didn(t have enough wine. make up make up & makes up making up made up made up ($ -a0e$$$ + p. I held out my hand. This is all the money I have. 5ou -a0e the lie +$ 1%4 . When 5ou /et a#a5. I haven(t had a cigarette in three days. ho%!o t n. .1.333 enemy soldiers attacked the fort. but I(ll try to get awa% for a week or two. When 5ou ho%! o t 5our hand. 5ou -a0e the stor5 +$ When 5ou in1ent a lie to de!ei1e people. .1. or te0ptation is a ho%!o t$ The enemy soldiers are in control of the country. There were only LK of us inside.1. When a suppl5 o" so0ethin' is enou'h "or 5our needs. or te0ptation or 5ou !ontinue to sur1i1e in a dan'erous situation. There are still a few holdouts who don(t have credit cards.e always try to get awa% in )anuary and go skiing. #nfinitive hold out present tense hold out & holds out -ing form holding out past tense held out past participle held out ($ ho%! $$$ o t p.1. pressure. ho%!o t n. 5ou are a ho%!o t$ 'll the players have signed contracts e0cept for two holdouts. "$ ho%! o t p. Ho%! o t is si0ilar to + t o t$ Maybe Mr. the suppl5 ho%!s o t$ The beer held out until the end of the party. *$ ho%! o t p. More than *.1.1. 5ou 'o on 1a!ation. The union spokesman said the union members would hold out until their demands were met. and I don(t know how much longer I can hold out. So0eone #ho resists an atta!7. When 5ou ho%! out. 6$ ho%! o t E"orF p. 5ou resist an atta!7. pressure. When 5ou re"use to !o0pro0ise in a ne'otiation and a!!ept an5thin' less than 5our ori'inal de0ands. but he didn(t shake it. so it has to hold out until I get paid again. but we held out for two weeks. The basketball player is holding out for a million dollars a game. 5ou re"use to !o0pro0ise in a ne'otiation and a!!ept an5thin' less than 5our ori'inal de0ands.

1. but my Oncle Fred made up the difference. -"ter 5ou -a0e + 5our 0ind or -a0e + 5our 0ind to do so0ethin'. and so on. Make&up is cosmetics# lipstick. make. so she had to make the shortage up with her own money.hen you make yourself up you put lipstick. 5ou -a0e it +$ 9aren asked the teacher about making up the test that she missed. it is made-up. When 5ou ha1e an a0ount o" 0one5 that is not enou'h "or a !ertain re. The teacher told her she could make it up tomorrow after school. I didn(t have enough saved to pay for college.My son asked me to make up a story about monsters. *$ -a0e$$$ + p. . 5ou -a0e + the di""eren!e bet#een the a0ount 5ou ha1e and the a0ount 5ou need. su!h as attend a !lass. >hildren under fifteen make up D3 percent of the population. or -a0e + 5our 0ind about doin' so0ethin'. 5our 0ind is -a!e +$ 5on(t waste your time talking to Tom about it his mind is made up. 6$ -a0e$$$ + p. .uired to do earlier but did not. -a!e + part. up p. like both the blue dress and the red dress. make-up n.v.uire0ent and 5ou add 0ore 0one5 so that it #ill be enou'h.hen a larger thing is made up of people or things. I can(t make up my mind. they together form that larger thing. When 5ou do so0ethin' that 5ou #ere re. 1% . -a0e + 5our 0ind about so0ethin'. or !o0plete a ho0e#or7 assi'n0ent.. My daughter still hasn(t made up her mind about which college to attend. . eye shadow. 'n airplane is made up of thousands of parts. 8.. 7$ -a0e$$$ + p.adj. Marsha made her mind up about Fuitting her job and joining the "avy.hen people or things make up a larger thing.the noun and adjectives derived from this verb are much more commonly used than the verb itself. on your face. !he made herself up and went to the party. they together form that larger thing. but she had only :M2D.v.1. made-up part. but he just made that e0cuse up.1. When 5ou -a0e + 5our 0ind.ad). . ta7e a test. and soon. There(s no truth to any of this it(s just a made-up story. $ank told his boss he was late for work because he had to go to the doctor.. The cashier was supposed to have :MDD at the end of her shift. . mascara.hen a story is invented or fictional. $eather(s father thinks she wears too much make-up.. 5ou de!ide #hi!h !hoi!e to 0a7e or #hi!h a!tion to ta7e. 6.often passive. make up BofC p.

or did 5ou MMMMMMMMM that MMMMMMMMMH 2.1. watch out watch out & watches out watching out watched out watched out ($ 5atch o t E"orF p.1. ECERCISE "*a . )ake has sta%ed out of trouble since he left prison. (atch out! There(s a snake in the grass. battle. 4. When 5ou sta3 o t o" a pla!e.1. 3. 5o you let your kids sta% out past M#331 I sta%ed out late last night. 4 ha1e to MMMMMMM MMMMMMM on salt in 05 diet be!ause o" 05 hi'h blood pressure.ro. 8ou can(t come in here. 5ou do not 'et in1ol1ed in it. 2ta% out! *$ sta3 o t Eo"F p. or #ar. so watch out for broken glass. su!h as an ar'u0ent. AouBre 'oin' to a dan'erous area. 1%$ . -re 5ou tellin' 0e the truth. 5ou re0ain alert "or so0eone or so0ethin' that is dan'erous or i0portant.ad). -"ter people ha1e put on -a0e9 +' the3 are -a!e9 +$ 5id you see Gydia1 !he(s really beautiful when she(s all made-up. Mr. 8our father(s busy cooking dinner. so sta% out. 9aren said she would meet us here at *7#33. so watch out for her. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . :$ -a0e + E#ithF p. the5 end an ar'u0ent and resu0e "riendl5 relations. "$ sta3 o t Eo"F p. When 5ou tell people to 5atch o t or 5atch o t "or so0ethin'. MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMM "or 0u''ers. Infinitive sta% out present tense stay out < stays out &ing form staying out past tense stayed out past participle stayed out ($ sta3 o t p.1. This fight doesn(t involve you. When t#o people -a0e + or -a0e + #ith ea!h other. so sta% out of the kitchen. and I(m really e0hausted.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1.-a!e9 + part. Aaker said he won(t make up with his wife until she apologi6es. When 5ou 5atch o t or 5atch o t "or so0ethin'. !ally and )im had a big fight. 5ou are #arnin' the0 o" possible dan'er. I dropped a glass in the kitchen. We had to MMMMMMM MMMMMMM t#o trees to 0a7e roo0 "or the ne# s#i00in' pool. but they made up the ne0t day. =atch o t is the sa0e as %oo0 o t$ (atch out when you(re crossing a busy street. When 5ou sta3 o t o" a situation.1. When 5ou sta3 o t' 5ou do not return to 5our house. 5ou do not 'o inside it. "i'ht.

nited States is MMMMMM MMMMMM o" people "ro0 0an5 di""erent ra!es and !ultures. 4 hope so0eone MMMMMMM hi0 MMMMMMM to siDe so0eda5. 1%% . . 4 need to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM "ro0 hi0. 18. 8. 4B0 'oin' to send hi0 to 0ilitar5 s!hool. MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM o" the #ater > so0eone sa# a shar7. *. =e !are"ul about ho# 0u!h 5ou spend > this 0one5 has to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM R until payday. 14. so Todd had to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM o" !olle'e. 1 . MMMMMMMM 5our hand MMMMMMMM and 0a5be heBll sha7e it. 4t #as too hard to #or7 and 'o to s!hool at the sa0e ti0e. 4 reall5 need a 1a!ation. 4 ha1enBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in three 5ears. 11. The . When the President #al7s past 5ou. 6i7e didnBt !o0e ho0e until 4G3/ in the 0ornin'. 4 told 05 son that i" he !anBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM o" trouble. 12. The storeBs !losin' in "i1e 0inutes. 21. %. 1/. The airline pilots are MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM "or a 1 per!ent raise. 2/. but he #as #ron'. The soldiers in the "ort !ouldnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a'ainst su!h a hu'e and po#er"ul ar05. 13. 1*. 1$. -ll Ioe does is !o0plain and !riti!iDe.. so 5ou need to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 5our 0ind about #hi!h pair o" shoes 5ou #ant. and the5 #ill not a!!ept an5thin' less. Ce thin7s heBs so s0art. Car0en !an pa5 onl5 hal" o" the 0one5 she o#es 0e.'roup o" !on!erned !itiDens is de0andin' that the poli!e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM on prostitution in their nei'hborhood. $. but &uis pro0ised to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the di""eren!e. The ban7 robbers MMMMMMMMMMMMMM in a #hite sedan #ith 2lorida li!ense plates. and his "ather #as "urious that he MMMMMMM MMMMMMMM so late. -"ter "ourteen 5ears he thou'ht he had MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #ith the 0urder. 1%.

but the5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #ith ea!h other and no# e1er5thin' is o7a5. Aou !onsidered bu5in' either a To5ota or a Nissan. What #ould 5ou !all the union 0e0bers in Ouestion 1H 3.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. 2. ECERCISE "*& . The prin!ipal is 'oin' to !ra!7 do#n MMMMMMMM s0o7in' in the bathroo0. So0e union 0e0bers a!!epted a % per!ent raise and #ent ba!7 to #or7. -"ter Ia7e robbed the li. 4n Ouestion 4. Ce didnBt 'et a#a5 MMMMMMMM robbin' the li. What did 5ou doH %. but the5 apolo'iDed to ea!h other. !ut do#n MMMMMMMM !a7e and !oo7ies.ectives' an! no ns . What did 05 do!tor tell 0eH 1%8 . There are a lot o" rattlesna7es around here. he #as arrested and sent to )ail. 4. . 65 elbo# is 1er5 sore. The 2ren!h #or7ers are holdin' outMMMMMMM a 1// per!ent raise and a t#o-da5 #or7#ee7. Ia7e stopped 'oin' to hi'h s!hool be"ore he 'raduated.uor store.uor store. 4" 5ou #ant to lose #ei'ht. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s' +artici+%e a!. so #at!h out MMMMMMMM the0. and then 5ou 0ade 5our de!ision. Ti005Bs 0other told hi0 to sta5 out MMMMMMMM the !oo7ie )ar. ECERCISE "*c .ro. #hat is Ia7eH $. =ob and 6arsha had a bi' ar'u0ent. %. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith the correct secon! +artic%es$ 1. Ii0 and his sister had a bi' "i'ht. but not the union 0e0bers in Ouestion 1. The union 0e0bers are on stri7e. What did Ia7e doH . Ce dropped out MMMMMMMM !olle'e be"ore 'raduation. so 05 do!tor told 0e to pla5 less tennis. $. The pro"essor #arned the students that i" the5 0issed the "inal e<a0ination. the5 !ould not MMMMMMMMitMMMMMMMM. What did Ii0 and his sister doH 4. and so0e #ill not 'o ba!7 to #or7 unless the5 'et the 1/ per!ent raise the5 de0anded in the be'innin'.22. What are the union 0e0bers doin'H 2. and no# e1er5thin' is o7a5. 23. 3.

2lores done so "arH 1 .ter each one$ ai0 at.ri7 doH 13. 4tBs al#a5s a 'ood idea to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM installin' a ne# so"t#are 1ersion until the5 'et all the bu's out. 22 1. 22 "all apart. What did the5 doH 11. but a "e# are resistin' pressure to 1ote 5es. 6r. 1$ put past. What did . 18 tell apart. 6ost o" the 8e0o!rats #ill 1ote in "a1or o" the ne# la#. There are a lo' o" bi' tru!7s on the road.ri7Bs "unn5 stor5 #asnBt true. #hat are the 8e0o!rats #ho donBt #ant to 1ote 5esH 1/. What does the e<plorerBs suppl5 o" "ood and #ater ha1e to do "or three 0onthsH 12.8. 6r. 18 burn up. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . 1% hold o"".ri7 in1ented a "unn5 stor5 "or his dau'hter. 1% 'et throu'h. The poli!e are 'oin' to start #or7in' harder to pre1ent !ri0e.6. 1$ stand around. #hat !an 5ou !all the plan to #or7 harder to pre1ent !ri0eH ECERCISE "*!' Revie5 . 22 !o0e o1er. What has 6r. 18 thin7 about. . 2lores !heats on his ta<es. What do 5ou ha1e to do #hen 5ou dri1eH 1$. 1%* . What are the poli!e 'oin' to doH 1%. 1* belie1e in. What are the 8e0o!rats #ho donBt #ant to 1ote 5es doin'H *. 4n Ouestion 1$. 4n Ouestion 8. 1$ #ipe up. . but so "ar he hasnBt been !au'ht. 2. and 6rs. 1% !ount up. 1$ 'ro# out o". 4n Ouestion 12.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. 8o 5ou #ant these bab5 !lothesH 65 dau'hter has MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMM the0. Co# #ould 5ou des!ribe itH 14. 5ou ha1e to be !are"ul. (rte'a #ent to a part5 and didnBt !o0e ho0e until 3G// -. 1$ 'o "or. The e<plorerBs suppl5 o" "ood and #ater has to last "or three 0onths. 1$ brea7 throu'h. so #hen 5ou dri1e.

2(C. 11. 1erbG s%o5 2O=N nounG SLO=!o5n Infinitive present tense come down come down < comes down &ing form coming down past tense came down past participle come down ($ co-e !o5n EtoF p. *. but #e had to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM until 1/G2/ be"ore the5 opened the doors. The si'n in the store #indo# said the5 open at 1/G//. that person co-es !o5n or co-es !o5n to #here 5ou are. and her husband MMMMMMMM MMMMMMM the idea. That 'u5Bs a lunati!. 1/. and Sean MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the points. nounG SHO=9o. 4.3. 13. t#o-#ord phrasal 1erbs are so0eti0es a!!ented on the 1erb and so0eti0es on the parti!le. 12. 3et a paper to#el and MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the 'rape )ui!e 5ou spilled. The ne# la# is MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM redu!in' air pollution. ThereBs nothin' 4 #ouldnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM hi0. are al#a5s a!!ented on the 1erb e1en i" it is the parti!le o" the t#o-#ord 1erb that is a!!entedG 1erbG SHO= o.S (NG +hrasa% ver&s se! as no ns' " -s #e sa# in Se!tion . 14. 4B0 not sure #hat 4 #ill do. ho#e1er. 65 nie!e is thirteen 5ears old. 1 . Co# do 5ou MMMMMMMM the0 MMMMMMMMH %. When so0eone 0o1es to#ard 5ou to a lo#er le1el position. 4 need to "i< this table. but she still MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM Santa Claus.. Co-e + is the opposite o" co-e !o5n$ 18/ . 4 ha1e to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM it. 1$. . The t#ins loo7 e<a!tl5 li7e ea!h other. 4tBs MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM.. +a!^tiel su''ested 0o1in' to the suburbs. No one !ould MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. or "ro0 north to south. WeMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMthe old #ood in the "irepla!e. T#o-#ord nouns. 8. 4 ha1e a lot o" #or7 to do. The #alls o" this "ort are ten "eet thi!7. so 4 probabl5 #onBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM until 4G//.1. We "inished our !ard 'a0e. $. Would 5ou li7e to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to 05 house toni'ht and ha1e dinnerH 24.

letup is a reduction in how strong.1. up p. put the printout of the =ctober sales report on the sales manager(s desk. the paper is a +rinto t$ . The union won(t come down a nickel in its salary demands. 5ou co-e !o5n or co-e !o5n to a lo#er pri!e. There was no letup in terrorist bombings after the peace treaty was signed.v. it lets up. house. Infinitive present tense 1et up let up < lets up letting up let up let up &ing form past tense past participle 1.It(s been raining for an hourE It(s really coming down. *K* .333. I printed it out and signed it. My friend from >anada comes down to visit us in "ew Me0ico once in a while. When 5ou 0a7e a !o0puter #rite so0ethin' on paper. but now he(s only a waiter comedown. When 5ou 0a7e a !o0puter #rite so0ethin' on paper. what a *$ co-e !o5n EtoF p.hen something becomes less strong. shake. severe. They should let up on him. but now he has so many problems. . The rain finally let up yesterday.v. and family because of his gambling problem. I can=t print this out my printer is broken. .hen something upsets. 5ou +rint it o t$ 'fter I finished writing my letter. or frightens you badly. +rinto t n. "$ co-e !o5n p. ' few years ago he was the manager of this restaurant. . won(t buy her car unless she comes down to : *7. 5ou co-e !o5n in li"e. $ank certainly has come down in life he lost his job. shocks. sha0e + shake up < shakes up shaking up shook up shaken up 1. $e has really come down in life. letup n.1. or intense something is. co-e!o5n n$ A co-e!o5n is a 0o1e to a lo#er le1el so!iall5 or "inan!iall5 that !auses 5ou to re!ei1e less respe!t "ro0 other people. When 5ou lo#er the pri!e 5ou are as7in' "or so0ethin'. or less severe. print out print out & prints out printing out printed out printed out ($ +rint $$$o t p.1. . $e(s only a boy. let up BonC p. When 5ou 0o1e to a lo#er le1el so!iall5 or "inan!iall5 and re!ei1e less respe!t "ro0 other people be!ause o" this !han'e. Mark used to be so successful. less intense. it shakes you up.. Mike(s parents are very strict with him..

. When 5ou 0i< so0ethin' b5 sha7in' it.. is a sho59o.1. or "ri'htens 5ou badl5. sha0en + part.' 5ou let people see so0ethin' 5ou ha1e or so0ethin' 5ou !an do in a 1er5 ob1ious and e<!essi1e #a5. ?eople are getting a little la6y around here.. s%o5!o5n n. When so0ethin' !auses people or thin's to do so0ethin' 0ore slo#l5.!eeing all those dead bodies sure shook me up. sho!7s. !ally(s boyfriend gave her a huge diamond engagement ring. When so0ethin' upsets. and a lot of people lost their jobs or were transferred. but I slowed down after I saw the police car. and heBs a bit sha0en + about it. and a lot of people lost their jobs or were transferred.1.. a s%o5!o5n o!!urs. it s%o5s the0 !o5n$ I was driving pretty fast. So0eone #ho sho5s o. Ce )ust 'ot so0e bad ne#s. "$ sha0e $$$ + p. I was really shaken up when I learned that my uncle had been killed.1.$ 5id you hear 'lfonso speaking French at the party so everyone could hear1 . sha0e9 + n. #nfinitive present tense show off show off & shows off showing off showed off shown off -ing form past tense past participle ($ sho5$$$ o. ?roduction at the factor% slowed down when half the workers got sick.ad).1. The boy was showing off by riding his bicycle with no hands when he fell and hurt himself. . n. 182 .0a)or !han'e in an or'aniDation or business is a sha0e9 +$ There was a big shake-up at my company. 5ou sha0e it +$ The new >/= shook up management at my company. 5ou sha0e it +$ 8ou have to shake up Italian dressing before you open the bottle. 5id you shake this can of paint up" *$ sha0e$$$ + p. sho59o. and she showed it off to all her friends. p. The sno# !aused a bi' s%o5!o5n on the hi'h#a5 this 0ornin'. It(s time to shake things up.. When 5ou sho5 o. When 5ou 0a7e 0a)or !han'es in an or'aniDation or business.hat a show-off! slow down slow down & slows down slowing down slowed down slowed down ($ s%o5$$$ !o5n p. 5ou are sha0en +$ &ea1e 2ran7 atone. When people or thin's do so0ethin' 0ore slo#l5.

trade in trade in & trades in trading in traded in traded in ($ tra!e $$$ in p.1. but 4 MMMMMMMM 05 old !ar MMMMMMMM "or N1 . When 5ou 'i1e an old !ar or other pie!e o" e<pensi1e e.e(ll get a good price on our new photocopier if we trade in our old one. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . sto+over n.uip0ent "ro0 in order to 'et a lo#er pri!e. Naul traded his pickup truck in for a station wagon.uip0ent in$ 'fter the twins were born. tra!e9in n. MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM that bottle o" salad dressin' be"ore 5ou open it. AouBre dri1in' too "ast. When 5ou interrupt a )ourne5 "or a short sta5 so0e#here. -n old !ar or pie!e o" e. 5ou sto+ over$ . 2topping over in 5ubai on the way to Aangkok wasn(t any fun we couldn(t even leave the airport. When 5ou interrupt a )ourne5 Eusuall5 an airplane )ourne5F "or a short sta5 so0e#here. "$ sto+ over p. 2. . o7a5H $.uip0ent to so0eone 5ou are bu5in' a ne# !ar or pie!e o" e.1.1.///. MMMMMM MMMMMM in &ondon "or a "e# da5s on 5our #a5 to 4ndia is a 'ood #a5 to 'et o1er )et la'. 65 ne# !ar !ost N24. usuall5 an airplane )ourne5.ould you like to stop over after dinner and see our vacation pictures1 >an you vacuum the living room. 5ou 0a7e a sto+over$ / "le# "ro0 4stanbul to Philadelphia #ith a "our-da5 sto+over in -0sterda0. 183 . . and I want the place to look nice. -s7 hi0 to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM here "or a 0inute. 5ou sto+ over$ 5avid stopped over in Gondon on his flight from "ew 8ork to Moscow. please1 The 8oungs are stopping over tonight. The real estate a'ent sa5s he thin7s the sellers #ill MMMMMM MMMMMM a little in their as7in' pri!e.#nfinitive present tense stop over stop over & stops over stopping over stopped over stopped over -ing form past tense past participle ($ sto+ over p. Ii0 is upstairs.ro. Please MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 3. When 5ou 1isit so0eone "or a short ti0e. 5ou tra!e the old !ar or pie!e o" e. 4.///.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1.uip0ent that 5ou tra!e in "or a ne#er one is a tra!e9 in$ Most of the used cars sold by dealers are trade-ins. ECERCISE "6a .

ects in +arentheses$ Be s re to + t the o&. Ne# !ar dealers usuall5 ha1e a lot o" MMMMMMMMMMM "or sale at lo# pri!es.this section$ 1. Bher perfect report card. When 5ou "inish #ritin' that stor5. %. but she lost all her 0one5 'a0blin'. *. . 4 had a "our-hour MMMMMMMMMMM in &os -n'eles on 05 #a5 to Ca#aii. >helsea(s parents showed off. 11. and no# he #ears reall5 ti'ht pants e1er5da5. The rain slowed down. 4. 1/. itC MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM D.uite a MMMMMMMM. but no# 4B0 o7a5. CeBs lost a lot o" #ei'ht. -"ter the !o0puter "inished #ith the data. Bmy old car. MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM and 'i1e it to 0e. and no# sheBs dri1in' a ta<i. This !o0pan5 #as losin' 0one5 until the ne# o#ners !a0e in and MMMMMMM thin's MMMMMMMM. &eti!ia used to be ri!h. ECERCISE "6& . 3. B)im and "ancy. The bad news has shaken up. 4 ha1e to !lean the house be!ause Pat and 6i7e 0i'ht MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM toni'ht. themC MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM H. 4 #or7ed "or 05 !o0pan5 "or thirt5-one 5ears be"ore 4 'ot "ired in the bi' MMMMMMMM. Ni!ole used to ha1e her o#n !o0pan5. itC MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM .ro. $. SheBs reall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in li"e. The sno# !aused a bi' MMMMMMMMMMMM on the interstate this 0ornin'. itC MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 2. 12. 4 #ant to read it. $e printed out. &uis MMMMMMMM his ne# !ar MMMMMMMM to his "riends 5esterda5.ects in the ri/ht +%ace$ *. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith no ns . 4 #as prett5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM b5 the ne#s. I got :D. The #ind ble# all ni'ht #ithout an5 MMMMMMMMMMMM.333 for trading in. 2. =rite three sentences sin/ the o&. 8.itC MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 7. What a MMMMMMMMM he is. ThatBs . 13. Btraffic. Bhis letter.%. The bo0bin' !ontinued "or "our da5s be"ore it "inall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 4 too7 the MMMMMMMMMMMM upstairs to the sales depart0ent. ECERCISE "6c . 8. and no# she !anBt e1en pa5 her bills.

ectives' an! no ns .hat does "ed do1 D. In Puestion H. . 'fter the computer finished the calculations.#hat #ould 5ou !all the paper #ith the ans#ersH 3.E printed the answers on a piece of paper. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s' +artici+%e a!.hat did I do1 2.ECERCISE "6! .this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ *. what is "ed1 18 .ro. ToddBs "riend in 6innesota is 'oin' to 1isit Todd in Ne# (rleans. What is ToddBs "riend 'oin' to doH H. "ed walks around without a shirt so the girls can see his muscles. . 4n Ouestion 1.

hired ne# e0plo5ees. but 5ou had to spend a "e# hours in -tlanta on the #a5. Aou "le# "ro0 8en1er to 6ia0i. but he #ants 0e to see hi0 in a 5ear "or a MMMMMMMMMM. 11 #or7out. 18$ . 11 tr5out.$. #hat #ould 5ou !all 05 old !arH 8. and 0ade a lot o" !han'es. What did the ne# boss doH *. #hat #ould 5ou !all the tra""i! situationH 1$. #hat #ould 5ou !all 05 1isit to -tlantaH 18. but no# sheBs di1or!ed and bro7e. 4Bll 'i1e the dealer 05 old !ar so that 4 !an 'et a lo#er pri!e on the ne# !ar. The do!tor said 4 #as !ured. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these no ns . What did 5ou do in -tlantaH 1%. What has Sandra doneH 1. Sandra used to be 0arried to a prin!e. #hat #ould 5ou !all #hat happened to SandraH 12. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe 6i7e a"ter he sa# the a!!identH ECERCISE "6e' Revie5 . What did the a!!ident do to 6i7eH 1*. and it upset hi0 a lot. 23 1. 18 "ollo#-up. What #ill 4 do #ith 05 old !arH %.ro+revio s sections$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. 4n Ouestion $. and tra""i! #as a#"ul. 6i7e sa# a terrible a!!ident this 0ornin' #hile he #as dri1in'. 4t rained "or t#o #ee7s strai'ht be"ore it stopped. 4n Ouestion 1$. #hat #ould 5ou !all #hat the rain didH 4. There #as a bi' a!!ident on the hi'h#a5 5esterda5 0ornin'. The ne# boss "ired a lot o" e0plo5ees. 4n Ouestion 8. When 4 bu5 05 ne# !ar.ter each one$ ba!7up. #hat #ould 5ou !all #hat the ne# boss didH /. 4n Ouestion 18. 4n Ouestion 12. What did the rain doH 13. 23 drop-o"". 11 lineup. 11 !ra!7do#n. 4n Ouestion 14. What did the a!!ident do to the tra""i!H . 4n Ouestion 1/. 11 dropout.

4 thin7 itBs ti0e "or a MMMMMMMM.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. that and tells 5ou #h5. =usiness at the restaurant used to be 'ood. The MMMMMMMMMMMMMM "or the bas7etball tea0 #ill be ne<t Saturda5 at 1/G// -. * hold out. 22 1. 4 #as a MMMMMMMMMMMMM #ith no "uture. 21 settle do#n. please be !are"ul and MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM "or 0u''ers. 5ou should MMMMMMMM MMMMMMM spendin' the entire da5 there. 3. 18 'o be5ond. 21 tell on. 3. and sheBs reall5 e<hausted "ro0 her MMMMMMMMMMMM. 1* loo7 around. 23 #ipe up. 1* !ount up. -"ter the a!!ident. 4" 5ouBre 'oin' to that bad nei'hborhood late at ni'ht.6. 4B0 'oin' to send 5ou to 0ilitar5 s!hool: 2. but then 4 'ot s0art and "inished s!hool. . 1 #at!h out. 4" 5ou #ant to see e1er5thin'. 23 li"t up. $.ter each one$ brin' o1er. 4. %. This !o""eeBs #a5 too hot. 1* !ool o"". 22 "i'ure on. Todd 'ot in trouble #ith his 0other a"ter he bro7e a #indo# and his sisterMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM hi0. Aoun' 0an. 21 sta5 out. $. %. These suit!ases are so hea15 4 !an barel5 MMMMMMMM the0 MMMMMMMM. but 4 ha1e a MMMMMMMMMMMMMM on a "lopp5. Iani!e )ust 'ot ba!7 "ro0 the '50. the hu0an !annonball #as dropped "ro0 the !ir!us MMMMMMMMMMMM. When 4 #as nineteen. 8. That 0useu0 is hu'e.2. 4 use the pro'ra0 on the hard dis7.'ood histor5 boo7 doesnBt si0pl5 tell 5ou #hat happened. 18 han' up. . ECERCISE "6. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s .' Revie5 . . 23 step on. 8ru's are 'ettin' to be a bi' proble0 in 05 sonBs s!hool. it MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 4. Can 5ou 'et 0e an i!e !ube so 4 !an MMMMMMM it MMMMMMMH 18% . i" 5ou donBtMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM o" trouble at s!hool. but there #as a bi' MMMMMMMMMMMMMM a"ter that !ase o" "ood poisonin'.

so 4 told hi0 to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM and let 0e tal7 to her. &eti!ia said 'ood-b5e and MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the telephone. idio0ati! 1ariation o" ha1e to. Senator 8olittle #as de!lared the #inner. 0andator5 > there is no !hoi!e in the 0atterG 188 . 65 husband #as 1er5 an'r5 #hen our thirteen-5ear-old dau'hter !a0e ho0e at 4G// in the 0ornin'. 1/. ne!essar5.8. 4n the e<a0ples belo#. and both are a!!eptable standard . Thou'h ha1e to and ha1e 'ot to 0ean the sa0e thin'. Ti005. 13.ue. it 0ust si0pl5 be 0e0oriDed. and ha1e 'ot to deri1es "ro0 ha1e 'ot. and 0ust are both used to sa5 that so0ethin' is re. have got to. AouB1e 'ot to co-e !o5n. So #h5 the 'ot in ha1e 'ot toH .n'lish. 14. 4B1e ne1er been to this store be"ore? 4 #ant to MMMMM MMMMM and see #hat the5 ha1e. and heBs MMMMMMMM his "ian!ee MMMMMMMM. 3ot in ha1e 'ot to 0eans nothin' and ser1es no purpose #hate1er. ha1e 'ot to. letBs pa5 spe!ial attention to ha1e 'ot to. 65 brother is 'oin' to 1isit toni'ht. Ca1e 'ot to is a uni. Aou ha1e not 'ot to co-e !o5n. That !o0pan5 #ants to hire 0e. the !ontra!ted "or0s are the 0ost !o00on in e1er5da5 spo7en .n'lishG state0en Aou ha1e to co-e !o5n$ tG Aou ha1e to co-e !o5n$ . *.uestionG 8o 5ou ha1e to co-e !o5nH Aou ha1e 'ot to co-e !o5n. There is no point in tr5in' to understand the 'ra00ar o" ha1e 'ot to be!ause there isnBt an5.uestion.n'lish. 1 . an! must !ave to. Ca1e to deri1es "ro0 ha1e. but 4B0 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM "or 0ore 0one5. 'et a paper to#el and MMMMMM MMMMMM this )ui!e 5ou spilled on the "loor. "7$ FOCUS ON< +hrasa% ver&s an! have to' have got to. -"ter the 1otes #ere MMMMMM MMMMMMM. 12.uired. Re> ire-ent Ca1e to. =ut be"ore dis!ussin' that. (ne is "a0iliar to 0ost students. and must ha1e t#o i0portant uses in . espe!iall5 in . Aou ha1enBt 'ot to co-e !o5n.'ood . &i7e other idio0s. so #e told the ta<i dri1er to MMMMMMM MMMMMMMMit. We had onl5 t#ent5 0inutes to 'et to the airport. Ca1e 5ou 'ot to co-e !o5nH ne'ati1eG Aou do not ha1e to !o0e do#n. =oth are !o00onl5 used. the other is not. their "or0s are di""erent.uestions and ne'ati1e senten!es. 11. Aou donBt ha1e to !o0e do#n. Ca1e to and ha1e 'ot to 0ean e<a!tl5 the sa0e thin'.

=oth ha1e to and ha1e 'ot to are 0u!h 0ore !o00onl5 used "or this purpose. We are ** per!ent !ertain. Jused onl5 in the in"initi1e "or0K When 5ou sa5 that one thin' has so0ethin' to !o 5ith another. have got to. when used for this purpose. would never take that book out of this room.C . I(m not sure what this part does. have greater emphasis and are used for dramatic effect# Mark has to be the biggest idiot in the entire world. the speaker cannot be *33 percent certain. per"u0e. B' logical assumption. *KL .1. I didn(t have a raincoat on and I got all wet. it is must that is more common than the others. 8ou(ve got to make up the test. $ave to and have got to.C That man is from )apan. but he must speak )apanese. he cannot be *33 percent certain that it is in the room.C .here is Gydia1 !he(s got to be here somewhere. it is a!tuall5 the least !o00on #a5 to use 0ust. 8ou have to be tired.1. 5ou 0ean there is a !onne!tion bet#een the t#o. B' logical assumption. but until )anice confirms that she is tired. but I think it must have something to do with the transmission. 5ou have it on$ !ally had red pants and a blue shirt on. Infinitive%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%% present tense do with ($ !o 5ith p. . but until the speaker hears the man speaking )apanese.hen have to.8ou have to make up the test. have on have on & has on having on had on had on &ing form past tense past participle ($ have$$$ on p. su!h as an ite0 o" !lothin'. It(s got to be here somewhere. 8ou must make up the test. or !os0eti!s. and 0ust is to sa5 that so0ethin' is ** per!ent !ertain > that based on the "a!ts and based on #hat #e see and 7no#. and must are used in this way. Near certaint3 The other i0portant use o" ha1e to. no other !on!lusion is possible about so0ethin'. you have been working for *7 hours without a break. ha1e 'ot to. B' logical assumption. I(ve never spoken with him. and all #e need is !on"ir0ation to be 1// per!ent !ertainG )anice. he cannot be *33 percent certain. When 5ou #ear so0ethin'. but until the speaker finds the book. -lthou'h 0ost students learn this use o" 0ust earl5 in their studies. 5on(t blame me for what happened@ I had nothing to do with it.

Maybe you ought to lighten up on her. 5ou do so0ethin' . If we don(t hurr% up we(re going to miss the beginning of the movie.1. When 5ou %i/hten up.@ to people. 8ou(ve been critici6ing me all day. /veryone was really hungry. so the teacher hurried the students up. .1. "$ h rr3$$$ + p. Gast summer was so cool that we had the air conditioner on only two or three times. lighten up lighten up & lightens up lightening up lightened up lightened up ($ %i/hten + EonF p. 8ou(re awfully hard on your daughter. .ui!7l5. "icole has to hurr% up if she(s going to finish her work before D#33. When 5ou h rr3 people up. When 5ou +%an ahead.1."$ have$$$ on p. 5ou ur'e the0 to do so0ethin' 0ore .1. and they knocked the lamp over. Jin"or0alK When 5ou %i/hten + or %i/hten + on people. /nough talk about business. #nfinitive present tense hurr% up hurr% up & hurries up hurr%ing up hurried up hurried up -ing form past tense past participle ($ h rr3 + p.1. There were only five minutes left to finish the test. 5ou plan "or a "uture situation or a!ti1it5 so that 5ou #ill not ha1e a proble0 then. 5ou !han'e the sub)e!t o" !on1ersation "ro0 so0ethin' serious to so0ethin' 0ore !heer"ul and pleasant. 5ou are tellin' the0 to do so0ethin' 0ore . The force of the e0plosion knocked me over. When 5ou 0noc0 people or thin's over' 5ou use "or!e to 0a7e the0 "all to a horiDontal position. When 5ou h rr3 up.ill you please lighten up" "$ %i/hten $$$ + p.ui!7l5. P%an ahea! is si0ilar to thin0 ahea!$ )anice is a good manager. knock over knock over & knocks over knocking over knocked over knocked over ($ 0noc0$$$ over p.1.ui!7l5. 1ighten it up been talking about death and ta0es all night. plan ahead plan ahead & plans ahead planning ahead planned ahead planned ahead you(ve ($ +%an ahea! p. When 5ou have an ele!tri!al de1i!e on' 5ou are usin' it. Get(s lighten things up around here. The children were playing.hat(s that sound1 5an must have the radio on. so I asked our cook to hurr% dinner up. When 5ou h rr3 so0ethin' +' 5ou do it 0ore .ui!7l5. 1*/ . !he always plans ahead in case there(s a problem. 5ou be!o0e less harsh or less stri!t in 5our treat0ent o" the0.urr% up! I(m not going to wait for you all day. When 5ou sa5 ?H rr3 up.1. .

or p. or plan.or so0ethin'. The tru!7 hit the li'ht pole and MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM. IoeBs been an'r5 all da5. but they settled for D percent. 4 ha1e nothin' toMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMshippin'. Aou ha1e to tal7 to so0eone in the shippin' depart0ent about 5our 0issin' order. *. &etBs MMMMMMMM thin's MMMMMMMM. 5ou use 5our i0a'ination to !reate it. 4" 5ouBre 'oin' on an i0portant business trip.1. . !top worrying I(ll think something up.1 told the store 0ana'er that 4 #anted a "ull re"und and that 4 #ouldnBt MMMMMMMM ? MMMMMMM an5thin' else. 4 li7e to MMMMMMMM the radio MMMMMMMM #hen 4 'o to bed. 5ou should MMMMMMMMM MMMMMMM so 4 that 5ou donBt "or'et so0ethin' 5ouBll need later. -ing form settling for past tense settled for past participle settled for settle for & settles for ($ sett%e . 2. When 5ou sett%e . have to think up a way to solve this problem. Ia7e is tr5in' to MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM a #a5 to 0a7e 0one5 #ithout #or7in'. 3o upstairs and MMMMMMMM 5our sister MMMMMMMM. !mith has very high standards.ro. 4B0 a"raid sheBs 'oin' to be late "or s!hool. solution. think up think up & thinks up thinking up thought up thought up ($ thin0$$$ + p. su!h as an idea. WeBre 'oin' to be late i" 5ou donBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. WeB1e been tal7in' politi!s all ni'ht. 8. $e won(t settle for second best. 4. The strikers wanted an K percent pay increase. When 5ou thin7 up so0ethin'. 4 #ish heBd MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 5ou a!!ept it e1en thou'h it 0a5 not be e<a!tl5 #hat 5ou #ant or need. 3. ECERCISE "7a . $. 1/. %.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1.3lan ahead #nfinitive present tense settle for you don(t want any problems when you(re 733 miles from the nearest town.1. 5r. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . Maria thought up a great way to make some e0tra money. o7a5H 11. Wol"e MMMMMMMM a #hite suit MMMMMMMM last ni'ht. 6r. 1*1 . .

MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM %. What should Ser'eant Iones doH 8.ECERCISE "7& . 22 plu''ed up. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s . Sean #ants a 1 per!ent raise. Ia7e hit Ierr5 so hard that Ierr5 "ell to the "loor. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM $. 18 0ade-up. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 8. =ett5 needs a Callo#een !ostu0e. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 4.ro.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. 22 dried out. 1% sha7en up. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +artici+%e a!. 22 !leared up. and he #onBt a!!ept less. What is =ett5 doin'H ECERCISE "7c . 4 'ot a letter about 05 in!o0e ta<es. 23 paid up. =rite ei/ht ori/ina% sentences sin/ +hrasa% ver&s . Ser'eant Iones has been 5ellin' at the soldiers all da5. Ned told Todd to #or7 0ore . 1 heated up. 24 #ar0ed up. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM ECERCISE "7!' Revie5 .ui!7l5.ro. 22 1*2 lined up. What #onBt Sean doH 3. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 3.this section$ 1. Charles #ore a red shirt 5esterda5. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM . What #as the letter aboutH %. 1% Dipped up. What did Ned tell Todd to doH $.ter each one$ burned up.ectives .ro+revio s sections$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. Wood is thin7in' about the i0portant 0eetin' she #ill 'o to ne<t #ee7 so that she #ill be read5. 22 ripped up. What is 8r. What did Ia7e do to Ierr5H . Wood doin'H 4. What did Charles doH 2. 8r. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 2. 1* #orn do#n. and sheBs usin' her i0a'ination to !reate one. 21 .

1*3 ./// "or the !ar 4 #ant. 1* 1. 4. ECERCISE "7e' Revie5 . 8onBt start dri1in' 5et? the !arBs not MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM. *. 4 #as reall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a"ter he too7 05 !al!ulator #ithout as7in' 0e and then lost it. 24 #ar0 up.ri7 !he!7s the ti0e e1er5 "i1e 0inutes so that he !an MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM his ne# +ole< #at!h. 2. People are MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM "or three blo!7s to bu5 World Series ti!7ets. * let up. 24 sti!7 up. 3. 8onBt drin7 that !o""ee > itBs not MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 24 print out. 24 slo# do#n. 24 'o ba!7. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . .///. . 12 sho# o"". -"ter 4 'i1e =ill ten bu!7s. 4 #onBt o#e hi0 another penn5. 13. and no# e1er5thin' is MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM.1 !anBt s0ell or taste an5thin'? 05 nose is all MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. but 4 thin7 he 0i'ht MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to N24. !lear up. 12. $. 1/.ter each one$ !all in. 1/ hoo7 up. The !ar dealer is as7in' N2%. Can7 is su!h a liar. We tal7ed about the proble0. While 5ou 'o to the librar5. 24 trade in. and no# all his photos o" her are MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM and in the 'arba'e. 14 stop o1er. 11. 4tBs "reeDin' outside > 0a7e sure 5our !oat is MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. and #eBll MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM at the !orner in one hour. 4Bll be totall5 MMMMMMMM MMM. 4Bll 'o to the 'ro!er5 store. 2. 8onBt belie1e an5 o" his MMMMMMMM e<!uses. 4 need to 'et the0 "i<ed. =ill #as "urious at his e<-#i"e. %.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re to se the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the %esson n -&er /iven a. 22 !o0e do#n. 4. 1* hand out.1 need lotion? 05 s7in is reall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. The heels o" 05 old !o#bo5 boots are MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 8.1. 3. =e sure 5ou MMMMMMMM the top o" that 0ustard )ar MMMMMMMM ti'htl5. Pat #as prett5 MMMMMMMMMMM a"ter the a!!ident. 24 s!re# on.

When =ill "lies to &os -n'eles. #nfinitive present tense get together get together & gets together -ing form getting together past tense got together past participle gotten/got together /et to/ether E#ithF p. 1 . and ba!7 0ust be pla!ed bet#een the ob)e!t and the parti!leG / put the engine back together. 8o not !on"use the ad1erb ba!7. Turn the heater on. The tea!her #onBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the tests until the students are . %. The !ar dealer said heBll 'i1e 0e a 'ood deal i" 4 MMMMMMM MMMMMMM 05 old !ar. The 0e0o "ro0 the personnel o""i!e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a lot o" !on"usion about the ne# 1a!ation poli!5. When t#o people /et to/ether' the5 0eet and spend ti0e to'ether. #ith the parti!le ba!7 that is part o" so0e phrasal 1erbs Eand has the sa0e 0eanin' o" a'ainF. When 5ou /et to/ether #ith so0eone. 5ou 0eet and spend ti0e #ith 1*4 . 12. 11. CeMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMsi!7. 14. the ob)e!t 0ust separate the 1erb and parti!le._BNan!5 #as dri1in' too "ast.. This #eather is terrible. he al#a5s MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in =an'7o7. $. -"ter 5ou "inish #ritin' 5our report. #hi!h 0odi"ies phrasal 1erbs. but he hasnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM there "or se1en 5ears. 13.MMMMMMMM itMMMMMMMM and 'i1e it to 0e. "8$ 2(C. The "ollo#in' senten!es ha1e the sa0e 0eanin'G We /ot to/ether a'ain. We /ot ba!7 to/ether$ =a!7 is al#a5s pla!ed dire!tl5 be"ore the parti!le.1. We MMMMMMMM the noti!es MMMMMMMM all o1er to#n. and the roo0 #ill MMMMMMMM ri'ht MMMMMMMM.S (NG +hrasa% ver&s an! the a!ver& back The ad1erb ba!7 is so0eti0es used #ith phrasal 1erbs to 0ean a'ain. When ba!7 is used #ith separable phrasal 1erbs. 8. so 4 told her to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. PaulBs "ro0 Colo0bia. 4 #onder i" this stor0 is e1er 'oin' to MMMMMM MMMMMM. # put back together the engine. *. 6i7e #asnBt at #or7 toda5.uiet. 1/.

thin'. 5ou /o over it. Ginda got all her ta0 records together to show to her accountant. 5ou /o over or /o over to that personBs house. /o over it and tell me what you think. "$ /o over EtoF p.1. *$ /et$$$ to/ether p.1.1.e(re going to get together with Aill and "ancy tomorrow.1. When 5ou !are"ull5 read or re1ie# i0portant #ritten 0aterial. usuall5 so0ethin' that is !o0pli!ated but i0portant.that person. When 5ou /et thin's to/ether' 5ou !olle!t the0 so the5 are in the sa0e pla!e. so Maria went over to the window and opened it. or person that is "arther a#a5 "ro0 5ou. /et9to/ether n.1. /oin/9over n. )udy and !am had separated. Infinitive present tense go over go over < goes over going over went over gone over &ing form past tense past participle ($ /o over EtoF p. 5ou /o over it. 1* . /o over there and stop bothering me. 5ou 'i1e it a /oin/9 over$ I gave his report a good going-over and found a lot of mistakes.ould you like to come1 "$ /et$$$ to/ether p. $ave you gone over to "icole(s house to see her new baby yet1 I went over to /rik(s for dinner last night. . Jin"or0alK When 5ou /et 5oursel" to/ether' or /et it to/ether' 5ou 'ain !ontrol o" 5our e0otions a"ter 5ou ha1e be!o0e upset or e0otional. -n in"or0al 'atherin' is a /et9to/ether$ I(m having a little get-together tonight. 8ou should get all your tools together so you will have them when you need them. I(m busy. get yourself togetherE /veryone is watching you.1. *$ /o over p. the5 /o over or /o over to that pla!e. The actor went over his lines before the audition. When people 0o1e "ro0 #here 5ou are to a pla!e. $ere(s a maga6ine article I just finished writing. When a 0an and #o0an resu0e a relationship a"ter separatin'. but now they(ve gotten back together. $ey. I was hot. When 5ou e<a0ine or inspe!t so0ethin' !are"ull5. Aob was very upset before the party. When 5ou !are"ull5 e<plain so0ethin'. but he got it together before the guests came. the5 /et ba!7 to/ether$ If you(re not busy tomorrow night. thin'. 6$ /o over p. or person. would you like to get together" . When 5ou 'o to so0eoneBs house "or a 1isit.

.1. When 5ou 0o1e to a hi'her le1el or position. 5ou %et that person in on the in"or0ation. When a s!hedule or plan ends at a !ertain ti0e or date. Interstate D goes up to !eattle. 6$ /o + EtoF p. When 5ou tell people in"or0ation that is se!ret or not #idel5 7no#n. 5ou /o + or /o + to that pla!e. 7$ /o + EtoF p. rate. and go up to my home in =hio in the summer. *$ /o + EtoF p. The sinaer(s performance went over well with the critics. 5ou /o + to that person. but she went back up after she finished.ualit5. When 5ou approa!h a person.1. "$ /o + EtoF p. . so he went back over it. su''estion. 7$ /o over p. "o one understood the manager(s plan after he e0plained it. Eo !o5n is the opposite o" /o +$ !u6ie came down from her tree house to eat lunch.1. it /oes over$ !enator 5olittle(s plan to raise ta0es didn(t go over with the voters. 5o you have the new schedule1 This one goes up only to the end of 'pril. I(m going to let you #n on something not many people know about me. the s!hedule or plan /oes + to that ti0e or date. or le1el o" so0ethin' in!reases.1.1.1. When the !ost. The teacher gave the students a syllabus that went up to the midterm. /o up and introduce yourself. it /oes +$ Eo !o5n is the opposite o" /o +$ The price of gas hasn(t gone up in two years. In the summer the temperature in !audi 'rabia can go up to *7D degrees. When so0ethin' e<tends to a !ertain point that is "arther north or at a hi'her ele1ation. Infinitive present tense go up go up < goes up going up went up gone up &ing form past tense past participle ($ /o + EtoF p. I spend the winters in Me0ico. When an idea. Eo !o5n is the opposite o" /o +$ This trail went up to the base camp at the foot of the mountain.1.Aefore the trial $ank and his lawyer went over what $ank was going to say. 1*$ . it /oes + to that point. Ieneral >hambers let me in on the top secret information. or per"or0an!e is a!!epted and li7ed b5 other people.uantit5. There(s !arah. or "ro0 south to north. )anice isn(t shy she went right up to the president of the company and asked for a raise. let in on let in on & lets in on letting #n on let in on let in on ($ %et$$$ in on p.

put $eather and )immy together. are si0ilar to sh t o. When 5ou o+en so0ethin' up.1. Flores want to redecorate their house. When 5ou or'aniDe so0e ideas. 5ou re1eal #hat is inside so that people !an see it. !ofia opened the bo0 up and looked inside. When 5ou position people or thin's so that the5 are !lose to ea!h other or tou!hin'.. I have an interesting idea for a new business.hen you plan your dinner party seating arrangement. it o+ens + or is o+ene! + b5 so0eone. 5ou + t it to/ether$ P t to/ether is the opposite o" ta0e a+art$ !ally got a bicycle for her birthday. Mike(s going to open up his computer to try to find the problem. . *$ o+en $$$ + p. *$ + t$$$ to/ether p..$ 1*% .1. 5ou !ut the po#er 'oin' to it so that it stops operatin'. It was easy taking my car(s engine apart. but putting it back together was a lot harder. and Mrs. When 5ou sh t o.Infinitive%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%% present tense open up open up & opens up opening up opened up opened up ($ o+en $$$ + p.. so they asked an interior designer to put some ideas together.1. and her father put it together after dinner.. When a ne# business starts. When 5ou o+en a roo0 or buildin' +' 5ou unlo!7 or open the doors so that people !an enter. an ele!tri!al or 0e!hani!al de1i!e. and I(m putting together a proposal. and s5itch o. "$ o+en $$$ + p. T rn o. The manager was late and didn(t open up the store until *3#23. .1.. put together put together & puts together putting together put together -ing form past tense past participle put together ($ + t$$$ to/ether p. 5ou + t the0 to/ether$ Mr. )immy wants to open up a restaurant near the new office building. was driving through town. and I noticed that a new book store has opened up on Maple !treet.1. plans. When 5ou asse0ble the parts o" so0ethin'. or su''estions in order to sho# the0 to so0eone or dis!uss the0 #ith so0eone. "$ + t$$$ to/ether p. The office closes at *7#33 for lunch and opens back up at *#33. 5ou + t the0 to/ether$ The teacher told Timmy and Mike to put their desks together so they could work on their project. p.1. shut off shut off & shuts off shutting off shut off shut off ($ sh t$$$ o.1.

. In case of emergency.ell.$ .. you can use a floppy as the start-up disk.. Could 5ou MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM it one 0ore ti0eH 4. so0ethin'.$ When 5ou sh t o.. "$ start$$$ + p. When an ele!tri!al or 0e!hani!al de1i!e starts + or so0eone starts it +' it be'ins to operate.ould you mind shutting the air conditioner off" sh t o. start9 + n$ A start9 + or start9 + business or !o0pan5 is a ne# business or !o0pan5. Aou should MMMMMMMM the0 MMMMM and 7eep the0 in a sa"e pla!e.ad). 1*8 . and soon..$ T rne! o. or so0ethin' starts +' this a!tion is a start9 +$ When 5ou start + so0ethin'. Aour i0portant papers are all o1er the house.' this a!tion is a sh to. and it wouldn(t start up again.1. and so on. To start the computer up push this start-up button.. If your computer(s hard disk crashes. sh to. When 5ou sh t o. button. 5ou ta7e the steps ne!essar5 to be'in a ne# business or !o0pan5. turn this shutoff valve here. )ane borrowed the money she needed to start up her business from her uncle. 4t #as so !old this 0ornin' that it too7 hal" an hour to MMMMMMMM 05 !ar MMMMMM. s#it!h.. 8ou should have a detailed business plan before starting a business up. I(m free6ing. and s5itche! o. 5ou use the sh to.ro. start9 + n. The poli!e ordered the people in the house to MMMMMMMM the doorMMMMMMMM. When 5ou start + so0ethin'. part. 3.Timmy(s mother told him to shut off the TV and go to bed. 1al1e.up p. an ele!tri!al or 0e!hani!al de1i!e. are si0ilar to sh t o. This is a#"ull5 !o0pli!ated.... it is sh t o. 8ou push this button here to start the computer up.. -"ter 5ou sh t o.. >ost start-up businesses aren(t successful. no wonder it(s so cold in here the heat(s shut off. button.. When 5ou start + a ne# business or !o0pan5. or #hen so0ethin' sh ts o. ECERCISE "8a .1. 2. The electricity shutoff lasted twenty minutes.. n.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1.. so0ethin'. start up start up & starts up starting up started up started up >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ($ start . Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . 5ou use the start9 + s#it!h. My car(s engine died at a red light.

but she #as too sh5 to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to hi0 and as7 "or his auto'raph./// pie!es. Without the !o0bination. Would 5ou please MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the li'htsH 8. 14. 4Bll MMMMMMMM 5ou MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a little se!ret. This !alendar is useless>itMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMonl5 to -u'ust. Than7 5ou "or 5our appli!ation. but thatBs #here it ends. 4tBll ta7e "ore1er to MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM. -s soon as #e arri1ed at the part5. 1 .. 4B0 'oin' toMMMMMMMMMMMto ToddBs house to help hi0 #ith his 0ath ho0e#or7. 22. 1/. 13. 4 7no# 5ouBre upset. thereBs no #a5 to MMMMMMMM this sa"e MMMMMMMM. 8a1id MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to the bu""et table and 'rabbed a plate. (n Saturda5 ni'hts 6i7e usuall5 MMMM MMMMM #ith so0e "riends and pla5s po7er. 2/. %. This road MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to the ne<t to#n. 11. The a!!ount e<e!uti1e #as as7ed to MMMMMMMM so0e ideas MMMMMMMM "or a ne# ad1ertisin' !a0pai'n. but 5ou ha1e to MMMMMMMM 5oursel"MMMMMMMM. &inda sa# her "a1orite 0o1ie star. 4 #illMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMit !are"ull5 and !all 5ou in a "e# da5s. 12. MMMMMMM all 5our Spanish boo7s MMMMMMMM on the sa0e shel". 1** . 4Bll need around N2 . *. 23./// to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 05 ne# business. Sa0Bs idea o" 'i1in' all the #or7ers a 1/ per!ent pa5 raise didnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM#ell #ith 0ana'e0ent. all these little shops #ill 'o out o" business. 4" that bi' dis!ount store MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM outside o" to#n. 1%. The le1el o" #ater in the ri1er al#a5s "alls durin' the su00er but MMMMMMMM ba!7 MMMMMMMM the ne<t sprin'. 1*. This )i'sa# puDDle has 1. $. 1$. 21. 4B0 tr5in' to sleep. 18. The ser'eant MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the hill to loo7 "or the ene05 soldiers.

In Puestion *. 8o 5ou 7no# ho# to shut o""H Ethe photo!opier. =rite three sentences sin/ the o&. 4 #ish the5 #ould open up near 0e. . itC MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 3. itC MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM ECERCISE "8c . . Ea bran!h o""i!e. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s an! no ns . Aill and some friends are going to meet and spend some time together. Frank read my report carefully. Bthe generator. and 'a1e hi0 the petition.ects in the ri/ht +%ace$ 1.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ *. oneF MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 7.hat are Aill and his friends going to do1 2// . Bthe food processor.hat did Frank do to my report1 7. itF MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM H.ro. What did 6i7e doH D. ?ush this button to start up. Iud5 #al7ed to#ard the 7in'.ECERCISE "8& . What did Iud5 do to the 7in'H 4. Gydia put together.ects in +arentheses$ Be s re to + t the o&. what did Frank give my report1 3. 6i7e told 0e a se!ret. stopped ne<t to hi0.

2 hurr5 up. In Puestion *3. The supermarket unlocks its doors and lets people in at M#33 '. 2 li'hten up. 21 pi!7 on. In Puestion D. .hat does my computer do from the hard disk1 8. 8ou assembled all the parts of your model airplane.hat does the heater do automatically1 **. That new manager is really hard on the employees. 2 sho# o"". This airplane schedule gives flight times until 5ecember 2*. . 2/ 'o on. every day1 ECERCISE "8!' Revie5 .J. My computer begins to operate from the hard disk. The heater stops operating automatically when the temperature reaches a certain point.ro-9J +revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. 2 end up.ter each one$ do #ith. what would you call your new company1 *H. 2. 73* . 21 plan ahead. every day.hy did you Fuit your job1 *2. Tom hit the stack of bo0es with his shopping cart and %%%%%%%% them %%%%%%%%. $e ought to %%%%%% %%%%%%.hat impression did the mayor(s plan have on the voters1 *3. #hat #ould 5ou !all the hard dis7H L. 2 *. .M. but I(ll %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%% :K. In Puestion *7. 2 put on. .hat does the supermarket do at M#33 '. 1 settle "or. 't the supermarket.hat does the airplane schedule do1 *J. 2 loo7 o1er. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . 2/ ha1e on. 2/ 'o o"". 8ou Fuit your job so that you could begin your own company. . . I(m asking :*3. 21 thin7 up. 7.hat did you do to your model airplane1 *D.D33. 4n Ouestion %. The mayor(s plan to fight crime in the streets was very successful with the voters. 24 ta7e out on. 2 7no!7 o1er. what is the temperature that makes the heater stop operating called1 *7. what is this activity called1 M.333 for my car.M. .

. 4tBs !old outside. 12. Co# are #e 'oin' to 'et N // in t#o da5sH We need to MMMMMM MMMMM a 'ood plan. 1$. 14. 65 do!tor 'ot the test results "ro0 the lab. 6ar7 hates his )ob. Will 5ou MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM: 4" #e donBt lea1e soon #eBre 'oin' to be late. The dete!ti1e didnBt belie1e that the 'un had MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a!!identall5. dis!ussed in Se!tion 1*.ui!7l5G 2/2 .4. %. *. Aou ha1e to MMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. ":$ FOCUS ON< +hrasa% ver&s 5ith the +artic%e off an! the a!ver& right The parti!le o"" is used in 0an5 phrasal 1erbs to sa5 that so0ethin' is separated or re0o1edG The !up handle &ro0e$ EThe handle is bro7en. but it had so0ethin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 0e0or5. . MMMMMMMM 5our !oat MMMMMMMM. Ii0 tries to ans#er e1er5 . 1/. We had planned to 'o to 2ran!e on our 1a!ation. 1 . but #e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 'oin' to Spain instead.uestion the tea!her as7s. $. The poli!e o""i!er 0ust be o"" dut5? he doesnBt MMMMMMMM his uni"or0 MMMMMMMM. 11. Ce al#a5s MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 0e.F The !up handle &ro0e o. and she MMMMMMMM the0 MMMMMMMM 1er5 !are"ull5. CeBs al#a5sMMMMM MMMMMM. is o"ten used #ith these phrasal 1erbs to indi!ate that the a!tion o" the 1erb happened . 4 didnBt understand e1er5thin' the !o0puter shop 'u5 said. 13. 4 hated 05 older brother #hen 4 #as a 7id. 8. 4t see0ed li7e it #as 'oin' to MMMMM MMMMM "ore1er. 8onBt #ait until the last 0inute to 0a7e 5our 1a!ation airline reser1ations.F +i'ht. but it is still atta!hed to the !up. and he !o0es ho0e e1er5 ni'ht and MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMM MMMMMMMM his "a0il5. That 0eetin' #as so borin'.$ EThe handle is no lon'er atta!hed to the !up.

When so0ethin' &rea0s o.. When 5ou bite o"" so0ethin'..' #ater or other li.' it is &ro0en o. 5ou use 5our teeth to re0o1e a pie!e. p.Ce 5ashe! the dirt o.. When 5ou &ite o. 8ou can(t finish that huge project by tomorrow. It rained for only a few minutes.' a part or s0aller pie!e is separated "ro0 so0ethin' lar'er b5 "or!e. ($ &rea0$$$ o. p.. or 5ou !r3 so0ethin' o.$ EThe dirt #as re0o1ed . p.. =ne of the arms broke off the statue when it fell off the pedestal. 5ou a'ree to do so0ethin' that 5ou do not ha1e the ti0e or the abilit5 to do. &ro0en o. I was so angry at my in&laws that I broke off alt contact with them..1..ad).ad)... so the streets dried off Fuickly. When 5ou &rea0 o. I think you(ve bitten off more than you can chew.$ EThe dirt #as re0o1ed..ui!7l5..F +e0e0ber that ri'ht !an be used in this #a5 onl5 a"ter an ob)e!t that separates the 1erb and the parti!leG $e washed the dirt right off..1. The two countries broke off relations with each other.. When so0ethin' !ries o.' it is !rie! o. #nfinitive present tense bite off bite off & bites off biting off bit off bitten off -ing form past tense past participle ($ &ite$$$ o. part.1.. p. or so0eone &rea0s so0ethin' o. break off break off & breaks off breaking off broke off broken off ($ &rea0$$$ o. part. !rie! o.. The lion bit off a huge piece of the 6ebra(s flesh..uids that are on it e1aporate. dr% off dr% off & dries off dr%ing off dried off dried off ($ !r3$$$ o. -"ter so0ethin' &rea0s o. 5ou de!ide to end relations or !onta!t #ith that person. Geave your wet clothes outside and let the sun dr% them off. relations or !onta!t #ith so0eone. )im broke off a piece of chocolate and gave it to his girlfriend.$ They can(t play baseball because the field isn(t dried off.. $o washed right off the dirt.. 0ore than 5ou !an !he#.F Ce 5ashe! the dirt ri'ht o. - 2/3 . -"ter so0ethin' has !rie! o.$ The handle of the coffee cup is broken off.1.

Jin"or0alK When 5ou 0noc0 o.1..' it is torn o. Jin"or0alK When 5ou 0noc0 people o.$ There aren(t any more coupons.. p..1. 5ou use #ater and soap to re0o1e dirt or un#anted ite0s "ro0 a sur"a!e.1. If you don(t knock it off you(ll be sorry.. tear off tear off & tears off tearing off tore off torn off ($ tear$$$ o.. p. -"ter so0ethin' has been torn o.? to people. 8ou(ve been working all day.hy don(t you knock off" *$ 0noc0$$$ o..' 5ou 0a7e so0ethin' . . torn o... "$ 0noc0 o. Mike washed off his car. 'le0 always tears the tags off his shirt collars.ui!7l5 and not 1er5 !are"ull5. 5ou #ant the0 to stop doin' so0ethin' that is botherin' 5ou.. part.1.. or 5ash the dirt o.. They(re alt torn off. When 5ou use "or!e to re0o1e a pie!e o" so0ethin' that is "le<ible > paper. wash off wash off & washes off washing off washed off washed off ($ 5ash $$$ o. )ake was sent to prison for knocking off his brother&in&law. I(m tired of listening to you critici6e me. When 5ou 5ash so0ethin' o. 5an prefers writing novels. p. The artist knocked off a Fuick sketch and gave it to the waiter.#nfinitive knock off present tense knock off & knocks off -ing form knocking off past tense knocked off past participle knocked off ($ 0noc0$$$ o. so0ethin'. but !ean didn(t knock off until K#23. I Fuit working at D#33 last night. p. p. When 5ou 0noc0 so0ethin' o. 7$ 0noc0$$$ o.1.ad).' 5ou either a!!identall5 or deliberatel5 use "or!e to 0a7e it "all "ro0 a pla!e abo1e the 'round to the 'round belo#. p. 73H .1... ?nock it off! 6$ 0noc0$$$ o..$ / tore off a coupon for fro6en pi66a at the supermarket. Mike washed the dirt off his car. p.. Mario was the head of a gang of criminals until he was knocked off by a rival. !loth.' 5ou 7ill the0..1. and so on > 5ou tear it o.. When 5ou 0noc0 so0ethin' o. but he sometimes knocks off a maga6ine article to make a few bucks. !usie knocked a glass off the table and broke it. Jin"or0alK When 5ou sa3 ?Knoc0 it o..' 3o "inish #or7in'. The cat knocked the clock off the shelf.

$ 8ou could see the wood where the paint had worn off. part.I ho#e1er.5ashe! o. but that wore off Fuickly as I got to know him better.. When the sur"a!e o" so0ethin' is 'raduall5 re0o1ed b5 "ri!tion or e<posure to the ele0ents so that #hat is beneath the sur"a!e is e<posed. p. Infinitive wear off present tense wear off < wears off &ing form wearing off past tense wore off past participle worn off ($ 5ear o.$ 'fter the shock of getting fired wore off I started to get angry.ro. +a. to 0e. but the wall didn(t look washed off to me.. When an e0otional "eelin' 'raduall5 'oes a#a5. the5 5ear o.ad).. 5ou 5i+e + a li..' it is 5i+e! o.uid is on. (ipe the food off your face. "$ 5ear o.. 2/ . 2.1. *$ 5ear o. wipe off wipe off & wipes off wiping off wiped off wiped off ($ 5i+e $$$o. so0ethin' that is #et or 5i+e o. the sur"a!e 5ears o.. -"ter 4 #ashed the #indo#s..1.1. p. p. Aou !an either 5i+e o. The gold wears off this cheap jewelry right away. $e(s going to have a big headache after the vodka wears off.... a'ain..... =i+e it o. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . it is 5orn o.. the li. -"ter so0ethin' has #orn o"".ad). .ad). 5i+e! o.$ The maid said she had washed the grease off the wall. part. but 5ou 5i+e o. 4 MMMMMM the0 MMMMMM #ith so0e old ne#spapers. p. or 5ash the dirt o. but now all the paint is worn off.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1..$ That table doesnBt loo7ed 5i+e! o. When the e""e!ts o" dru's or al!ohol 'raduall5 'o a#a5. the sur"a!e the li.. 5orn o. (ipe off your face... =i+e + is si0ilar to 5i+e o.1.$ The wounded soldier was in great pain after the morphine wore off. -"ter 5ou 5ash so0ethin' o.uid..uid. ECERCISE ":a . -"ter so0ethin' has been 5i+e! o. When 5ou !o0pletel5 re0o1e a li. it 5ears o.hen I met )im I fell in love immediately.. it is 5ashe! o. so0ethin'.uid "ro0 a sur"a!e b5 0o1in' a to#el or spon'e a!ross it #ith a s#eepin' 0otion. part..uel MMMMMMMM a pie!e o" paper MMMMMMMM and #rote her phone nu0ber on it.$ These ancient temples used to be very colorful. 5ou 5i+e the sur"a!e o"".

so donBt pla5 outside until the 'rass MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. itF MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 2/$ . *. 12. Ierr5 has to "inish a lot o" #or7 be"ore he 'oes ho0e. Aoust#o 7ids ha1e been ar'uin' all da5. 8onBt put 5our 'lass o" #ine so !lose to the ed'e o" the table. 8.ects in the ri/ht +%ace$ Use ri/ht 5ith > estions " an! 8$ 1. The shop o#ner #as a"raid to MMMMMMMM the 'an' 'ra""iti MMMMMMMM his #all. =rite three sentences sin/ the o&. The 0o1ers bro7e o"". 1/. so he probabl5 #onBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM until late. MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM ri'ht no#: 11. 4Bll tr5 to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a "e# 0ore pa'es o" 05 boo7 be"ore 4 'o to bed. itF MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 2. 4. So0eone 0i'ht MMMMMM itMMMMMMMM. 8urin' the stor0. 4t #as a lon' ti0e be"ore the sho!7 o" his brotherBs death MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. ECERCISE ":& . Ethe !up handle. -"ter Ia7e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM Can7. he #as !har'ed #ith 0urder. 14. The5 !an MMMMMMM 5our "in'er ri'ht MMMMMMM. The do!tor said the sedati1e #ould MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a"ter "our or "i1e hours. $. The painted letters ha1e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the 7e5s. and the ne'otiations MMMMMMMM 13. 4 !anBt use this old t5pe#riter an50ore. -le< has bitten o"". 4t rained last ni'ht. 1 . The t#o sides !ouldnBt a'ree on a solution. %. =e !are"ul #hen 5ou "eed horses.ects in +arentheses$ Be s re to + t the o&. .3. a tree bran!h MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM and "ell on the roo". Ethe head o" the 'in'erbread 0an.

the ans5ers$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. itF MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM D. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s an! +artici+%e a!.ro. Ethe ash tra5. !he didn(t wipe off. What did 4 do to 05 !arH 2. 4 used #ater to re0o1e the 0ud "ro0 05 !ar.this section$ Tr3 to se ri/ht 5ith so-e o. Bthe blood. The )anitor washed off. themC MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 4. Bthe dishes. >an I tear off1 Bthese mattress tags.2. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the 0odel airplaneBs propellersH 2/% . 4n Ouestion 2. Bthe milk. Ti005 "or!ibl5 re0o1ed the propellers o" 05 0odel airplane. themC MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM J. itC MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM ECERCISE ":c . What did Ti005 do to 05 0odel airplaneBs propellersH 3. 8onBt 7no!7 o"".ectives . ?lease dry off. itC MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM M.

ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. 4n Ouestion 8. 22 'o o1er. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . 22 let in on. 4" 4 donBt !o0e up #ith N23/ b5 2rida5. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the 'oldH %. What do 5ou ha1e to do to the table be"ore 5ou paint itH 11. What did 5ou do to the 0irrorH *. 22 put to'ether. What did the shar7 do to 5our ar0H . 2$ let up. 2$ shut o"". 4 a!!identall5 hit the la0p #ith 05 ar0. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the 0irror a"ter 5ou re0o1ed the 'lass !leanerH 1/. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the #rappin' paperH ECERCISE ":!' Revie5 . The 'u5 "ro0 the !olle!tion a'en!5 de0anded that 6i'uel MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM i00ediatel5. and the shar7 re0o1ed it #ith its teeth i00ediatel5. 4n Ouestion . 4n Ouestion 12. 2/8 . What did 5ou do to the 'i"t #rappin' paperH 13. 2. What did 4 do to the la0pH 8. Aou put 5our ar0 in the #ater. Aou ha1e to re0o1e the #ater "ro0 the table be"ore 5ou paint it. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the table a"ter the #ater is re0o1edH 12. 2$ 'o up. 4n Ouestion 1/. and it "ell to the "loor. 24 1. Aou re0o1ed the 'i"t #rappin' paper "ro0 the 'i"t. Aou used a paper to#el to re0o1e the 'lass !leaner "ro0 the 0irror. 24 eat up. 21 trade in. 2$ pa5 up. What happened to the 'oldH $. Aou !ould see that the rin' #asnBt solid 'old be!ause the brass under the 'old #as 1isible. 22 plu' up. the5Bre 'oin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 05 ele!tri!it5. 24 open up. 2$ start up.4. 2$ heat up. a"ter usin' "or!e to re0o1e the 'i"t #rappin' paper.ter each one$ !lear up. 2$ thin7 ahead. 22 !o0e do#n.

Soldiers are trained to ta7e their ri"les apart and MMMMMMMM the0 ba!7 MMMMMMMM. 14. We had a lot o" . but the5 MMMMMMMM the shri0p ri'ht 11. 1 . 6ar7 said his audition didnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #ell. 12./// is a little hi'h "or that !ar. but it MMMMMMMM ri'ht ba!7 MMMMMMMM a "e# da5s later. No one at the part5 ate the !arrot sti!7s. The en'ine MMMMMMMM ri'ht MMMMMMMM #hen 4 turned the 7e5. 4 0i'ht be interested. The 0ini0u0 #a'e hasnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in 0ore than three 5ears.3. 1$. 65 dau'hter put one o" her stu""ed ani0als in the toilet and MMMMMMM it MMMMMMM. 4.uestions about our s!hool pro)e!t. . 4 thin7 N1 . 8. *. The poli!e !losed the ille'al !asino. 2/* . 4" 5ou had MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM. 4" 5ou MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a little.5ou #ould ha1e e1er5thin' 5ou need no#. 13. 4 doubt i" 4Bll 'et 0u!h i" 4 MMMMMMMM this old !ar MMMMMMMM. but the tea!her MMMMMMMM the0 MMMMMMMM. %. and he doesnBt thin7 heBll 'et the part. 4 hate usin' the sto1e on reall5 hot su00er da5s? itMMMMMMMMthe #hole house MMMMMMMM. 4t rained "or "ort5 da5s and "ort5 ni'hts be"ore it MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. The senator MMMMMMMM her aides MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM her plan to run "or the presiden!5. $. 1/.

When 5ou &ee. 5ou &rea0 + #ith that person.1.e!9 + part. security was beefed up at the embassy. The police ordered the gang members to break it up. -"ter se!urit5 or so0e other arran'e0ent to pre1ent or deal #ith a proble0 has been 0ade stron'er. When other people !ause a !ouple to &rea0 +' the5 &rea0 the !ouple +$ I was sad to hear that )im and "ancy had broken up. The hospital decided to beef up its emergency facilities. The coach is planning to beef the defense up. break up break up & breaks up breaking up broke up broken up ($ &rea0$$$ + p. ($ &ee.S (NG +assive +hrasa% ver&s' " When separable phrasal 1erbs are in the passi1e. ob)e!t &ac0. 5ou 0a7e this arran'e0ent stron'er. The demonstration was broken up by riot police. When t#o people end a ro0anti! relationship.1. 7*3 ."#$ 2(C. passi1e 6i7e G sub)e!t #as ca%%e! &ac0. When a 'atherin' o" people separates.$$$ + p. the5 &rea0 +$ When 5ou end a ro0anti! relationship #ith another person. and the teacher broke them up. the poli!e &rea0 the 'atherin' +$ The meeting should break up around 2#33. *$ &rea0 $$$ + E#ithF p.1. &ee. When 5ou &rea0 + a "i'ht. 5ou stop the "i'ht. Two students were fighting. There was no way I could break up the fight between the two dogs. "$ &rea0$$$ + p. It was )im(s secretary who broke them up. it is &ee. + se!urit5 or so0e other arran'e0ent to pre1ent or deal #ith a proble0.1. 'fter the terrorist attack.ad). it &rea0s +$ When the poli!e tell people #ho are 'athered to'ether in a !ro#d to separate and lea1e the area. the5 !annot be separated b5 the ob)e!t o" the 1erb be!ause the ob)e!t o" the a!ti1e 1erb is the sub)e!t o" the passi1e senten!e > there is no ob)e!tG a!ti1e G Ii0 ca%%e! &ac0 sub)e!t a!ti1e G Ii0 ca%%e! 6i7e sub)e!t Infinitive beef up present tense beef up < beefs up &ing form beefing up past tense beefed up past participle beefed up ob)e!t 6i7e.e!9 +$ The ambassador is confident that the beefed-up security will prevent any further terrorist attacks.

5ou are ca%%e! &ac0$ . When 5ou ca%% so0eone ba!7. it &rea0s +$ When 5ou brea7 so0ethin' into s0aller pie!es. /very evening I(m called up by charities asking for money. 5ou hold it in 5our hands and ta7e it "ro0 that pla!e. When 5ou ca%% people up. When 5ou !arr5 out a dut5.1. #nfinitive present tense call back call back & calls back calling back called backed called back -ing form past tense past participle ($ ca%% $$$&ac0 p.1. &rea0 + n.1. The boss was furious because his orders hadn(t been carried out. 5ou !all the0 on the telephone. When so0ethin' brea7s into s0aller pie!es. and I called her back. When so0ethin' &rea0s + the da5 or so0e other period o" ti0e. 5ou !all a person on the telephone #ho has !alled 5ou earlier. 7$ &rea0$$$ + p. !ean will carry your duties out while you(re on vacation. "icole called me up and asked me to come to her party. !ally broke the cookie up before giving it to her baby. Aob was called back by the salesman. My day was broken up by a going&away party for one of my coworkers. When 5ou carr3 so0ethin' o t o" a pla!e.1. "$ carr3$$$ o t Eo"F p. remembered something after she walked away. When 5ou lea1e a pla!e or #al7 a#a5 "ro0 a person and are then as7ed to return. carr% out carr% out & carries out carr%ing out carried out carried out ($ carr3$$$ o t p.1. Mike handed his letter of resignation to his boss. or order. When so0ethin' brea7s into s0aller pie!es. Nan!5 is 1er5 upset about the &rea0 +$ 6$ &rea0$$$ + p. 211 . call up call up & calls up calling up called up called up ($ ca%% $$$ + p. The &rea0 + o" -TPT !reated se1eral s0aller telephone !o0panies. The bank guard likes to chat with the tellers once in a while to break up the day. it interrupts that ti0e and 0a7es it less borin'. )anice left a message asking me to call her back.1. a &rea0 + ta7es pla!e. 5ou &rea0 it +$ The meteor broke up when it entered /arth(s atmosphere. 5ou do it.&rea0 + n.1. but he was called back after he left the office. assi'n0ent. "$ ca%%$$$ &ac0 p. tas7. When t#o people end a ro0anti! relationships &rea0 + o!!urs.

It took four guys to carr% the pool table out. When 5ou /ive 5oursel" a5a3' 5ou a!!identall5 re1eal so0ethin' se!ret about 5oursel". . Ta0eo t and ta0eo t "ood are the sa0e as carr3o t and carr3o t "ood. When 5ou -ess + a plan or arran'e0ent. knew I was going to be fired from my job when everyone stopped talking to me that was the giveawa%.1. When so0ethin' /ives 5ou a5a3' it a!!identall5 re1eals so0ethin' se!ret about 5ou. When 5ou /ive a se!ret a5a3' 5ou a!!identall5 re1eal that se!ret.1. Mark tried to keep his affair a secret. Toad claimed he didn(t care about !ally anymore.1.1. so I think I(ll just give it awa%. 5ou inter"ere #ith it and pre1ent it "ro0 happenin' as planned. I haven(t given it awa% *$ /ive$$$ a5a3 p. This old furniture isn(t worth very much. . mess up mess up & messes up messing up messed up messed up ($ -ess$$$ + p. giveawa% n.e usually take carr%out food when we go to visit 'unt 9athy. 5ou !reate proble0s. it is -esse! +$ It looks like Timmy was the last one in the bathroom it(s really messed up. "$ -ess$$$ + p. 5avid was so drunk that we had to carr% him out of the bar. Infinitive present tense give awa% give away < gives away &ing form giving away past tense gave away past participle given away ($ /ive$$$ a5a3 p. Jin"or0alK When 5ou -ess + a situation. 2ood that 5ou ta7e "ro0 a restaurant and eat in another pla!e is carr3o t or carr3o t "ood. but don(t mess it up. giveawa% is a statement or action that reveals secret information. -esse! + part. . )im made spaghetti sauce.ad). Mess + is si0ilar to scre5 +$ 212 . 8ou kids can play in the living room. but after he retired he gave most of his money awa%. . When 5ou /ive so0ethin' a5a3' 5ou 'i1e it to so0eone #ithout as7in' "or an5thin' in return be!ause 5ou do not #ant it or be!ause 5ou #ant to help the person 5ou are 'i1in' it to.1. 5ou 0a7e it dirt5 or disor'aniDed. so don(t give awa% the ending. 8ou can trust me with the secret. but he was given awa% by his credit card bills. $e made nearly a billion dollars. but he gave himself away when he asked who she had gone to the party with. and he really messed up the kitchen. -"ter 5ou -ess + a pla!e. "$ /ive$$$ a5a3 p. Jin"or0alK When 5ou -ess + a pla!e. haven(t seen that movie yet. carr3o t n.

4tBs 'oin' to be a surprise part5. 2. -esse! + part. %. students al#a5s MMMMMMM MMMMMMM #hen the5 spea7 in !lass. 4 ha1enBt tal7ed to Sa0 in a lon' ti0e. *. but 05 brother did so0e #or7 and he MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM. When 5ou stan! up./verything was perfect until you messed it up. so donBt MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM. 213 . but he stood us up. The nei'hborhood !oun!il as7ed the poli!e to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM their patrols in hi'h !ri0e nei'hborhoods. The senator was scheduled to speak at our meeting.ro. it is -esse! +$ Messe! + is si0ilar to scre5e! +$ Aob changed my plan. 3. 5ou do not arri1e at their house as 5ou ha1e pro0ised or at a so!ial e1ent or 0eetin' #here 5ou are e<pe!ted. it isnBt as borin'. =rea7in' 05 le' sure MMMMMMMM 05 s7i trip MMMMMMMM. . Jin"or0alK When 5ou stan! people up. 8. 1/. =ur honeymoon was messed up by the airline strike. #nfinitive present tense stand up stand up & stands up -ing form standing up past tense stood up past participle stood up ($ stan! + p. $eather had a date with )im last !aturday night. $.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. the teacher makes them stand up. ECERCISE "#a . "$ stan!$$$ + p. 4 thin7 4Bll MMMMMMM hi0 MMMMMMM toni'ht. 65 #or7roo0 #as !lean and neat. Eet + is si0ilar to stan! +$ /veryone stands up when the judge enters the courtroom. The 'eneral e<pe!ts his orders to be MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM i00ediatel5. but she was stood up. When 5ou inter"ere #ith a plan or arran'e0ent and pre1ent it "ro0 happenin' as planned. . Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . Iani!e didnBt !o0e to 05 house last ni'ht as she pro0ised. 4. 5ou !han'e "ro0 a sittin' position to a standin' position. The hu'e i!eber' MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #hen it dri"ted into #ar0er #ater.1. 4" 5ou MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a lon' airplane "li'ht into t#o or three shorter "li'hts.1. She MMMMM 0e MMMMM.ad). 4n so0e !ountries. and now it(s totally messed up.hen the students are sleepy.

Ethe e<peri0ent. Can 5ou help 0e MMMMM the0 MMMMM o" the houseH 13.11. -"ter the rall5 ended. the !o0pan5 de!ided to MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM "ree. itF MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 3. . Ii0 told the 3irl S!outs that he didnBt #ant to bu5 an5 !oo7ies. Ti005 and his "riend #ere "i'htin'. but he #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM b5 his poor 'ra00ar. The "oundation 'a1e a#a5. Cis 'irl"riend )ustMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM#ith hi0. 18. 1%.ects in the ri/ht +%ace$ 1. 1$. the !ro#d . 4nstead o" !har'in' "or the so"t#are pro'ra0. 4B0 too bus5 to tal7 on the phone no#. Can 5ou MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM laterH 1 . itF MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 4. =rite three sentences sin/ the o&. but as the5 #al7ed a#a5 he !han'ed his 0ind and MMMMMMMM the0 MMMMMMMM.ui!7l5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM and #ent ho0e. Ethe protest. The poli!e are brea7in' up.ects in +arentheses$ Be s re to + t the o&. The White Couse bee"ed up. itF MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 214 . 12.trained te!hni!ian ou'ht to !arr5 our. 14. and Ti005Bs 0other MMMMMMMM the "i'ht MMMMMMMM. ECERCISE "#& . itF MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 2. Ese!urit5. Ethe 0one5. These bo<es are reall5 hea15. 6ar7 is 1er5 upset. =ob !lai0ed to ha1e an e<!ellent edu!ation.

but he didnBt. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the houseH . The pala!e is 0a7in' se!urit5 stron'er. itC MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM J. Wood #ill do the test o" the ne# dru'. 6i7eBs "riend pro0ised to !o0e to his house. 4n Ouestion 8. The statue #as s0ashed b5 thie1es. What happened to 6i7eH J. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s an! +artici+%e a!. The !hildren 0ade the house dirt5 and disor'aniDed. . Bthe bathroom.ro. What is happenin' to se!urit5 at the pala!eH *. herC MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM ECERCISE "#c . ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the se!urit5 no#H 1/. 4n Ouestion 3. . B$eather. What happened to the houseH 4. What happened to the 'old statueH 3.ectives . 8r.this section$ Ma0e a%% the +hrasa% ver&s +assive$ 1. !usie always messes up. 9aren called !arah.super0ar7et !hain 'a1e the "ood to !harit5 and didnBt re!ei1e an5 0one5 "or it.hat didn(t happen to 9aren1 %. What #ill happen to the testH 2. What happened to the "oodH 8. but !arah was at school. What #ill happen to all the !andidates "or the )obH 21 . The personnel 0ana'er #ill !all all the !andidates "or the )ob.D. !arah didn(t call 9aren later. Todd stood up.

11 blo# a#a5. The pa0phlets #ill be MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in train stations and airports. 13.ECERCISE "#!' Revie5 . 3. The "il0 #asMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMat the photo lab.uor store #asMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMa'ain last ni'ht. Aou are 'oin' to be MMMMMMMM MMMMMMM #hen 4 tell 5ou about it. 1% sti!7 up. it loo7ed a lot better. 8. 11 1. 11. 6an5 e0plo5ees are reall5 #orried that the5Bre 'oin' to be MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 2. 1 . %. &ast ni'ht 4 #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM b5 a loud noise. 11 tear do#n. The hard dis7 is MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM b5 the !o0puter operator e1er5 da5. 65 shirt #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #hen 4 "ell o"" 05 bi!5!le. 4 !anBt belie1e 4 #as nai1e enou'h to be MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM b5 hi0.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. % ta7e out. 12. The isnBt an5 paper in the !opier. 11 drop o"". 1 !ut o"". 4 #as tal7in' to 05 brother on the phone #hen 4 #as suddenl5 MMMMMM MMMMMM.ter each one$ ba!7 up. 1/ hold up. 1/. 14 #a7e up. 21$ . So0ethin' a0aDin' happened 5esterda5. -"ter the old house had been MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 13 use up. The librar5 boo7 4 #anted had alread5 been MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM. So0eone MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM. *. % la5 o"". 1$. 4. The es!aped prisoner #as easil5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM b5 the 2=4 a'ents. $. The old buildin's are bein' MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to 0a7e roo0 "or a ne# o""i!e buildin'. 11 "i< up. The entire buildin' is MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM b5 these "our steel bea0s. 8 tra!7 do#n. 1/ rip up. 14 ta7e in. 14. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . . 1 hand out. The li.

6i'ht is not used "or this purposeG 8ou can drop in after dinner. their 0eanin' is the sa0e. 8ou(re asking for itE 5on(t say that again. 21% . 5ou tell so0eone that 5ou #ant it. 6i'ht is sli'htl5 0ore !o00on in e1er5da5 -0eri!an . When 5ou as0 .e asked the waiter for some more coffee. I(m warning you if you keep doing that.n'lishG "ancy might drop in tonight. 5ou 0ean that the5 are doin' or sa5in' so0ethin' that is li7el5 to result in punish0ent or a ne'ati1e !onse.or so0ethin' or as0in/ . When 5ou sa5 that people are as0in/ . The spea7er belie1es that the possibilit5 that Nan!5 #ill !ro+ in and the possibilit5 that she #ill not !ro+ in are appro<i0atel5 e."D$ FOCUS ON< +hrasa% ver&s an! might' may' an! can Possi&i%it3< -a3 an! -i/ht =oth 0a5 and 0i'ht are used to e<press a 0ediu0 le1el o" possibilit5. 4n this !ase.uests.or it. "$ as0 . and is less !o00on than 0i'ht. 8ou may drop in after dinner. Can is the 0ost !o00on in -0eri!an . Infinitive present tense ask for ask for < asks for asking for asked for asked for &ing form past tense pastStidple ($ as0$$$ . When 0a5 and 0i'ht are used to e<press possibilit5 in the present or "uture. Re> ests< -a3 an! -i/ht =oth 0a5 and 0i'ht are used to 0a7e re.1.or p.1. .n'lishG 0ost !o00onG Can 4 !ro+ in toni'htH "or0alG 6a5 4 !ro+ in toni'htH 1er5 rareG 6i'ht 4 !ro+ in toni'htH Per-ission< -a3 an! can 6a5 and !an are also used to 'i1e per0ission. you(re asking for trouble. My wife might ask for more vacation time instead of a raise.ual. 6a5 has a "or0al sound. "ancy may drop in tonight.or so0ethin'. but 0a5 has a sli'htl5 0ore "or0al sound.or p.uen!e. 0a5 is 0u!h 0ore "or0al and is 0u!h less !o00on than !an.

When 5ou %oo0 o t or %oo0 o t "or so0ethin'. 218 . I guess I lucked out. It(s coming apart. 9eep your hands off )im(s computer look out look out & looks out looking out looked out looked out he(ll flip out if you screw it up. 5ou be!o0e 1er5 upset or 1er5 an'r5. Aob flipped out when the city doubled his property ta0es. Loo0 o t is the sa0e as 5atch o t$ 1ook out for bears when you camp in the mountains. Jin"or0alK When 5ou % c0 o t' so0ethin' 'ood happens to 5ou or 5ou a1oid so0ethin' bad happenin' to 5ou. the parts separate be!ause it is old or in bad !ondition or be!ause the parts #ere not stron'l5 !onne!ted to ea!h other.%i+ o t p. I missed my flight. luck out luck out & lucks out lucking out lucked out lucked out ($ % c0 o t p.1.Infinitive present tense come apart come apart < comes apart &ing form coming apart past tense came apart past participle come apart ($ co-e a+art p. %oc0o t n$ A %oc0o t is so0eone #ho %oo0s o t "or so0eone or so0ethin' that is dan'erous or i0portant. Jin"or0alK When 5ou .1. 5ou re0ain alert "or so0eone or so0ethin' that is dan'erous or i0portant. When so0ethin' co-es apart. flip out flip out & flips out flipping out flipped out flipped out ($ . 5ou 1isit the0 une<pe!tedl5. If you(re ever in my neighborhood drop in. and the plane crashed.1. Todd lucked out when he found that lottery ticket on the ground@ it was a : * million winner. so look out. When 5ou !ro+ in on people. The burglars had lockouts on every corner to warn them if the police came. ($ %oo0 o t E"orF p.%i+ out. drop in drop in & drops in dropping in dropped in dropped #n %K!ro+ in EonF p. There(s a lot of ice on the road. Ae careful with this old book. When 5ou tell people to %oo0 o t' 5ou are #arnin' the0 o" possible dan'er. This toy airplane is such a piece of junk that it came apart in my hand.1. !ally dropped in on Marsha last night.1.

5ou -a0e the !he!7 o t to that person. When 5ou r n across people or thin's. When people or thin's r n across a pla!e. "$ r n across p. The audio system is so bad in the bus station that I can never make out what the speakers are saying. but I liked it. *$ -a0e$$$ o t EtoF p. When 5ou !an -a0e so0ethin' out. the check is made out.1. The receiver ran across the field and caught the ball.#nfinitive make out present tense make out & makes out -ing form making out past tense made out past participle made out ($ -a0e $$$o t p. or buildin'. .. I think that might be a mountain goat up there near the top of the mountain.1. the5 0o1e "ro0 one side to the other 1er5 . !top complaining my food isn(t as bad as you make it out to be.. $ow should I make this check out" There must be a mistake@ this check is made out to my brother.1.hen you make people or things out to be a certain way or a certain thing.ui!7l5.1. Co-e across is si0ilar to r n across$ 21* . 5ou !an see it or hear it e1en thou'h it is di""i!ult to do so. 8. !o0pan5. or or'aniDation. 'fter the necessary information has been written on the front of a check. you describe or consider them to be this way or to be this thing. we(ll make out somehow.1. "ancy made a check out to the I?! for : *M. 5ou -a0e the !he!7 o t$ When 5ou #rite the na0e o" a person. or other or'aniDation on the !he!7.. !o0pan5. not to me. 5ou see or "ind the0 #ithout plannin' or e<pe!tin' to. It(s cra6y to run across the street through the traffic instead of waiting for the light. $ow did you make out on the test yesterday1 run across run across & runs across running across ran across run across ($ r n across p. out p. /ven though )erry has lost his job. roo0. When 5ou #rite the ne!essar5 in"or0ation on the "ront o" a !he!7. I wonder how she made out. Is the check made out or is it blank1 6$ -a0e o t EonF p. 9aren had a job interview yesterday.always used with +to be+. I can just barely make it out with these binoculars. The critics made the film out to be a real bore. make.333. 5ou do so0ethin' su!!ess"ull5 or sur1i1e a situation e1en thou'h it 0a5 be di""i!ult. made out part. When 5ou -a0e o t or -a0e o t on so0ethin'.v.adj.

8.ectives . Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s .this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. 4 #asnBt surprised #hen 4 MMMMMM MMMMMM Sa0 at the bea!h? he 'oes there a lot.1er5 ni'ht people !all and MMMMMM MMMMMM 0one5 "or one !harit5 or another. Sall5 thin7s she MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM o7a5 on her dri1in' test. . 12. 2. 1/.ro. 3. don(t go to that supermarket anymore because I may run across my e0&husband.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. Aob ran across one of his army buddies at the baseball game. 5ouBreMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM it. .ui!7 1isit. 4Bll 'i1e 5ou the 0one5. What did To0 doH 22/ . 4. and all he did #as 'i1e 0e a #arnin'. What did 5ou doH 2.ro. so MMMMMM MMMMMM "or it. &eti!ia #as ri'ht about that restaurant. %. What did 4 do at the airport this 0ornin'H 4. 4 reall5MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM. 4t #as )ust as 'ood as she MMMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM to be. The store #eBre 'oin' to is on the ri'ht side o" the street. so 4 0i'htMMMMMMMMMMMMMM on hi0 "ora .. *. -nnBs 'oin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #hen she sees this !i'arette burn on her anti.ue table. Aou didnBt "i< this 1er5 #ell? itBs alread5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a'ain.poli!e o""i!er stopped 0e "or 'oin' "ort5 0iles o1er the li0it.didnBt 4H 11. What 0i'ht Ti005 doH 3. To0 #rote all the ne!essar5 in"or0ation on the !he!7. ECERCISE "D& . (7a5. Who should 4 MMMMMMMM the !he!7 MMMMMMMM toH . ThatBs enou'h: 4" 5ou donBt stop botherin' 0e. $. Can 5ou tell 0e #hat this sa5sH 4 !anBt MMMMMMM it MMMMMMM #ithout 05 'lasses. 4B0 'oin' to be in 8anBs nei'hborhood to0orro#. Ti005 0i'ht tell Santa Claus that he #ants a ne# bi!5!le. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s an! +artici+%e a!. 4 une<pe!tedl5 0et 05 !olle'e roo00ate at the airport this 0ornin'. ECERCISE "Da . Aou 'ot 1er5 upset #hen 4 #re!7ed 5our !ar.

What is the !hair doin'H 8. 23 shuto"". 11 "i<er-upper.. What !anBt 4 doH 1/. What did 5ou doH *. 2$ sti!7up.MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 3. The !o0pan5 is a!!eptin' appli!ations "or the position until the MMMMMMMMMMM date. 1* 1. The pie!es o" this !hair are be!o0in' separated. What 0i'ht 4 do to =ett5H %.rothis section$ 1. 1 hando1er. SusieBs "ather told her to be !are"ul about !ars #hen she rides her bi!5!le in the street. 11 #ar0-up. =rite ei/ht ori/ina% sentences sin/ +hrasa% ver&s . ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the !he!7 a"ter To0 #rote all the ne!essar5 in"or0ation on itH $.MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM %. 23 !uto"".MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM $.MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 2. LLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLL !ra!7do#n. =ett5 isnBt e<pe!tin' 0e. but the tea!her didnBt "ind out be!ause she "or'ot to as7 5ou "or it. March Jth. 2$ start-up. 77* .14 ta7eout. 1* holdout.MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 8. 4n Ouestion 4.MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 4. Aou didnBt ha1e 5our ho0e#or7 read5.MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM . but 4 0i'ht 'o to her house this e1enin' to 1isit her. What did SusieBs "ather tell her to doH ECERCISE "Dc . 4 !anBt read #hat that si'n sa5s be!ause itBs so "ar a#a5.

21 1. so #eBre 'ettin' MMMMMMMMMMM "ood. 2 0ess up. . 28 !all up./// "or their house. 3. $. 4 told the s!hool prin!ipal that Can7 0i'ht ha1e so0ethin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the "ish in the s#i00in' pool. 1/. We bou'ht a MMMMMMMMMMM. 2 stand up. 28 thin7 up. 4.MMMMMMMMMMM be"ore e<er!ise is a 'ood idea. and no# it doesnBt #or7. &ettin' Ti0i-n5 use 05 !o0puter #as a 0ista7e. 2 dr5 o"". . 2 Dip up. 28 !arr5 out. added a bathroo0. The pri0e 0inister de0anded the i00ediate MMMMMMMMMMM o" the hosta'es. 4. To0 #as e<pe!tin' Nan!5 to !o0e to his house "or dinner.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. 2% li'hten up. 8. 28 !all ba!7. 28 settle "or. ECERCISE "De' Revie5 . The tea!her #as too stri!t #ith her students. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . 4" tideBs a proble0 #ith the 0a!hine. and the prin!ipal su''ested that she MMMMMMMM. "i<ed a "e# thin's. . Ce MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM. %. 2$ 7no!7 o"". The an'r5 !itiDens de0anded a MMMMMMMMMMM on !ri0e in their nei'hborhood. 28 'o o1er. 3.<!ept "or a "e# MMMMMMMMMMM hidin' in the hills. *. all the rebels surrendered a"ter the pea!e treat5. and sold it a 5ear later "or a ni!e pro"it. but the5 0i'ht MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM N3//. the MMMMMMMMMMM s#it!h is ri'ht here.ter each one$ brea7 up. 6o0 doesnBt "eel li7e !oo7in' toni'ht. 222 . 2.2. 28 do #ith. The5Bre as7in' N34/. 2$ 'o up. .///. 6ost business MMMMMMMMMMM "ail in less than three 5ears. but she MMMMMMMM hi0 MMMMMMMM. The !on1enien!e store MMMMMMMMMMM #as re!orded on 1ideotape. 2% 'i1e a#a5.

or-e! . and he said he 0i'ht MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM toni'ht. -ndre# Carne'ie #as a 1er5 ri!h 0an.ri7 !alled #hile 4 #as in the sho#er. the past parti!iples o" 0an5 phrasal 1erbs !an be used as parti!iple ad)e!ti1es. 1 . 1$. 1/. 14. CeBs al#a5s tr5in' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a #a5 to 0a7e 0one5 #ithout #or7in'. The !oa!h is #orried that the rain-soa7ed "ootball "ield 0i'ht not MMMMMMMM MMMMMMM in ti0e "or the 'a0e.nion MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in 1**1. 8. but the se!ond does not 0a7e sense be!ause it is not possible to be 1er5 dead. %. The "irst senten!e abo1e 0a7es sense be!ause it is possible to be 1er5 si!7. 11. The students didnBt understand the lesson. *)$ FOCUS ON< +artici+%e a!. and so on.ro+hrasa% ver&s' " -s #e sa# in Se!tion 14. 8onBt put the !andle there? the !at 0i'ht MMMMMMM it MMMMMMM and start a "ire. *. -"ter the So1iet . 4 'a1e . NedBs a drea0er. The Wilsons arenBt sure #here the5 #ill spend their 1a!ation. so no# 4 need to MMMMMMM hi0 MMMMMMMM. 12. does not 0a7e senseG CeBs 1er5 dead. =ut the senten!e 0ust be lo'i!al > all is used onl5 to e0phasiDe a parti!iple ad)e!ti1e that des!ribes a !ondition that !an be partial. The5 0a5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to -las7a to 1isit their son. but he MMMMMMMM 0ost o" his 0one5 MMMMMMMM be"ore he died. se1eral ne# nations !a0e into e<isten!e.ri7 05 telephone nu0ber. The ad1erb all is so0eti0es used to e0phasiDe parti!iple ad)e!ti1es #ith the 0eanin' o" 1er5 or !o0pletel5. less than !o0plete. 223 .ectives . 4tBs reall5 !old out there > 5ou 0i'ht #ant to MMMMMMMM 5our !oat MMMMMMMM.$. The !o0pan5 is plannin' toMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMa 0a)or reor'aniDation. 13. . so the tea!her MMMMMM MMMMMM it a'ain. &oo7 at this e<a0ple #ith 1er5 and t#o ordinar5 ad)e!ti1esG 0a7es senseG CeBs 1er5 si!7.

When all is used #ith the 0eanin' o" 1er5 or !o0pletel5 in a senten!e #ith a plural sub)e!t.. 1ock out lock out & locks out locking out locked out locked out ($ %oc0$$$ o t Eo"F p. -"ter 5ou 0a7e an interest rate. spaced-out. pri!e.ad). and so on. %oc0e! in part. . met with the loan officer at the bank and locked in a mortgage rate. I hide an e0tra key under the bumper of my car so that I won(t get locked out. When people !annot lea1e a roo0. When 5ou %oc0 in an interest rate.1. This senten!e is a0bi'uousG it !ould be understood to 0ean that e1er5 0an is s+ace!9o t or that the 0en are !o0pletel5 s+ace!9o t$ #nfinitivte present tense lock in lock in & locks in -ing form locking in past tense locked in past participle locked in ($ %oc0$$$ in p.1.1. you need to pay a deposit to lock it in. or other pla!e. and so on. it is identi!al in appearan!e to allBs 0ore !o00on 0eanin' o" all the people. de"inite so that it #ill not !han'e in the "uture. ti0e slot. buildin'. The 8oungs got home and found that their son had locked them out of their house. buildin'.0a7es senseG The 0an is all s+ace!9o t$ does not 0a7e senseG The 0an is all %oc0e! in$ The "irst senten!e 0a7es sense be!ause it is possible to be sli'htl5 s+ace!9o t' but it is not possible to be sli'htl5 %oc0e! in Ea door is either lo!7ed or it isnBtF. The men are a. ti0e slot.ad). %oc0e! in part. 5ou 0a7e it de"inite so that it #ill not !han'e in the "uture. or other pla!e be!ause the door or 'ate is lo!7ed. it is %oc0e! in$ The farmer isn(t worried about what happens to the price of soybeans because the price of his crop is locked in. or other pla!e. 5ou lo!7 a door or 'ate so that the5 !annot enter a roo0. 224 . and so on. "$ %oc0$$$ in p. all the thin's. !even people died because they were locked in the burning building. It(s dangerous to lock children in a car. When 5ou %oc0 people o t or %oc0 people o t o" a pla!e. If you want to use the condo at the beach this weekend. buildin'. pri!e. the5 are %oc0e! in$ WeBre %oc0e! in > #eBll ha1e to brea7 a #indo#. When 5ou %oc0 people in' 5ou lo!7 a door or 'ate so that the5 !annot lea1e a roo0.

. the #or7ers are prohibited "ro0 #or7in' b5 the business 0ana'e0ent.ad). so his boss punches him out. + nche! o t part. When 5ou lea1e 5our #or7pla!e and put 5our ti0e !ard in the ti0e !lo!7 to re!ord the ti0e 5ou ha1e le"t.1. or other pla!e be!ause the door or 'ate is lo!7ed. Mark was late. or i" 5ou are there.1.e(re locked out. it is a %oc0o t$ The lockout lasted for three months.ad). and bein' paid. they locked the employees out. + nche! in part. When 5ou are + nche! o t' 5ou are not at 5our #or7pla!e.ad). and I told him I was punched out. so # punched him in. 5ou + t it o t$ 22 . 5ou are o"" dut5 and not bein' paid. the #or7ers are %oc0e! o t$ . When people !annot enter a roo0. If you(re punched in you shouldn(t be sitting down smoking a cigarette. 5ou + nch in$ 5on(t forget to punch in as soon as you get to work.1. put out put out & puts out putting out put out put out ($ + t$$$ o t p. When 5ou are + nche! in' 5ou are at 5our #or7pla!e. When 5ou e<tin'uish a "ire or so0ethin' that is burnin'. When a business %oc0s o t #or7ers. The manager asked why I wasn(t working.e(re locked out5 we(ll just have to wait outside until someone comes home. %oc0e! o t part. punch out punch out & punches out punching out punched out punched out ($ + nch $$$ o t p. on dut5. 5ou + nch o t$ !ally(s not at work@ she punched out at D#3K.%oc0e! o t part.1. Management locked the workers out after they refused to sign the new contract. When 5ou !o0e to 5our #or7pla!e and put 5our ti0e !ard in the ti0e !lo!7 to re!ord the ti0e 5ou ha1e arri1ed.ad). Infinitive present tense punch in punch in < punches in &ing form punching in past tense punched in past participle punched in ($ + nch$$$ in p. the5 are %oc0e! o t$ . buildin'. )im usually forgets. $ow can we earn a living1 %oc0o t n. -"ter a business %oc0s o t #or7ers in order to prohibit the0 "ro0 #or7in'. When a business %oc0s o t #or7ers in order to prohibit the0 "ro0 #or7in'. "$ %oc0$$$ o t p.hen the owners heard talk of a strike.

1. 22$ .1. Mike put out his leg and tripped me. was really put out by having to take a ta0i to work because Mike hadn(t returned my car. 0a'aDine.1. :$ + t$$$ o t p. /rik really put Aill out when he asked him for a ride to the airport at 2#33 in the morning. 5ou are anno5ed b5 so0ethin' the5 ha1e said or done. or deal #ith. 5ou + t it o t$ The garbage truck comes early tomorrow morning. When 5ou + t o t 5our hand. )udy put some clothes out for her daughter to wear the ne0t day.1. When 5ou ta7e so0ethin' "ro0 inside a buildin' or stora'e pla!e and lea1e it outside "or so0eone to ta7e. When 5ou + t people out. "$ + t $$$o t p. . I can make my own dinner. When 5ou are anno5ed b5 so0ethin' that so0eone has said or done. 5ou are + t o t$ Maria(s put out5 the manager thanked everyone who worked on the project e0cept her. When 5ou are + t o t b5 people. 8$ + t o t p. ne#spaper.3ut that cigarette out immediately. so put the trash bags out tonight. When 5ou + t 5oursel" o t' 5ou tr5 1er5 hard to help so0eone.1. 6K t$$$ o t p. I(m sorry to have put you out. !ofia really put herself out to make her new daughter&in&law feel welcome. "oot. 7$ + t $$$o t p. 5on(t put yourself out. 5ou e<tend it "ront o" 5our bod5.1. Frank !inatra put out several classic recordings in the *LD3s. It was two hours before the fire was put out. When 5ou sort a 'roup o" thin's o t' 5ou separate the0 into s0aller 'roups a!!ordin' to one or 0ore !hara!teristi!s. Infinitive sort out present tense sort out < sorts out &ing form sorting out past tense sorted out past participle sorted out ($ sort$$$ o t p. 5ou in!on1enien!e the0. When a boo7. 8ou(ve done so much to help me. use. ar0. + t o t part. 5an was put out by !am(s ungrateful attitude. or le'.ad). or 0usi!al re!ordin' is published or issued. I put my hand out but she refused to shake it. it is + t o t$ The publisher is planning to put a new maga6ine out that will appeal to teenage girls. *$ + t$$$ o t p.1.

?ieces of the sunken boat continued to wash up for weeks. sorte! o t part. Jin"or0al>used 0ostl5 b5 5oun' peopleK When 5ou spa!e out or #hen so0ethin' s+aces 5ou o t' so0ethin' or so0eone !on"uses 5ou and !auses 5ou to "or'et #hat 5ou #ere sa5in' or doin' at that 0o0ent. !orry.ad). When so0ethin' in a la7e. The mail arrives at the post office alt mi0ed together. When so0ethin' or so0eone !on"uses 5ou and !auses 5ou to "or'et #hat 5ou #ere sa5in' or doin' at that 0o0ent. 22% . a ri1er. wash up wash up & washes up washing up washed up washed up ($ 5ash + p. and it has to be sorted out before it can be delivered. When 5ou 5ash +. sorte! o t part.1. but I called her and we sorted everything out. Io and wash up it(s time for dinner.1. s+ace!9o t part. /veryone is confused about the new plan. Taytor and sort everything out. it is sorte! o t$ Mike and Tom had a big fight. what did you say1 I wasn(t listening I spaced out. "$ 5ash + p. 5ou are s+ace!9o t$ $alf of what )erry says doesn(t make any sense@ he(s all spaced-out. but everything is sorted out now.1. -"ter 5ou do so0ethin' to sol1e a proble0 or to !orre!t a 0isunderstandin'.1. or the sea 5ashes +' it is !arried b5 the #ater to the land and le"t there.ad).ad). The surgeon washed up before the operation.e ought to talk to Mrs. 5ou sort it o t$ )anice was angry with me about what happened last night. . you have to sort it out.'fter you take the laundry out of the dryer. When 5ou do so0ethin' to sol1e a proble0 or to !orre!t a 0isunderstandin'. "$ sort$$$ o t p. -"ter 5ou separate thin's into s0aller 'roups a!!ordin' to one or 0ore !hara!teristi!s. The police were called when a dead body washed up on the beach. the5 are sorte! o t$ The mail is sorted out and ready to be delivered. #nfinitive present tense space out space out & spaces out -ing form spacing out past tense spaced out past participle spaced out ($ s+ace$$$ o t p. This place is really weird it(s spacing me out. 5ou #ash 5our hands thorou'hl5.

4 had to brea7 a #indo# #hen 4 MMMMMMMM 05sel"MMMMMMMMo" 05 !ar. =rite three sentences sin/ the o&. so the 0ana'er MMMMMMMM hi0 MMMMMMMM. 4 MMMMMMMM 05 ar0 MMMMMMMM to prote!t 05 head. Ii0 MMMMMMMM bo#ls o" peanuts MMMMMMMM "or his 'uests. The "orest "ire #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM b5 the rain. 3.ects in the ri/ht +%ace$ 1. Ethe !raD5 'u5. 11. The #or7ers #ere MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM b5 0ana'e0ent durin' a labor dispute. Wre!7a'e "ro0 the !rashed airplane MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM on the !oast. 4 ha1e to MMMMMMM the0 MMMMMM. The 'uard MMMMMMMM the prisoner MMMMMMMM her )ail !ell. ECERCISE *)& .ECERCISE *)a . The5 reall5 MMMMMMMM the0sel1es MMMMMMMM. hi0F MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 228 . but the5 'ot e1er5thin' MMMMM MMMMM. 14. 1 . 13. The restaurant 0ana'er told the !oo7 toMMMMMMM MMMMMMM be"ore handlin' "ood. .ects in +arentheses$ Be s re to + t the o&. %. We 'ot a "i<ed-rate 0ort'a'e so #e !ould MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a lo# rate. 12. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s .this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. The band hasnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a C8 in three 5ears. Than7s "or helpin' 0e 0o1e 05 piano. The "a!tor5 #or7ers "inished their shi"ts and MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. The =a7ers or'aniDed a ni!e part5 "or their dau'hterBs birthda5.ro. 2. 65 bro#n so!7s are 0i<ed #ith 05 bla!7 so!7s. $. 4. 1/. 8. 1%. Iud5 #as MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM b5 her brotherBs !riti!is0 o" the #a5 sheBs raisin' her !hildren. 1$. 4 totall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM and "or'ot about the !a7e in the o1en. Sall5 and her brothers had a bi' ar'u0ent. Ioe #as late to #or7. 4B0 sorr5 to MMMMMMMM 5ou MMMMMMMM. *. 18. Ce lo!7ed in. -s 4 #as "allin'.

but no# the5Bre MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. Bhis wife. . and 4 !anBt 'et in 05 o""i!e. herC MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM ECERCISE *)c . 2. . 3. Bthe "ire.ectives . 6ar7 isnBt #or7in'? heBs ta7in' a brea7. The !lothes #ere all 0i<ed to'ether. 5id you punch in1 BNosa. )im Iocked out. The bright lights spaced out. 4 "or'ot 05 7e5. herC MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 2. Ce 0ust be MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. We had a bi' 0isunderstandin'. but itBs all MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM no#. 4.themC MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM D.this section$ 1. They couldn(t put out. B)anice. itC MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM J. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +artici+%e a!.ro. herC MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM H. 4B0 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM.ould you punch outM B&inda and /rik.7. 22* . Aou !anBt lea1e the buildin' be!ause 5ouBre MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM.

&5dia put Ii0Bs ti0e !ard in the ti0e !lo!7 #hen Ii0 #as late "or #or7. The ne#spaper is published onl5 on!e a #ee7. but #hen he 'ot there.ectives . 8. The 0ana'er as7ed. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s an! +artici+%e a!. %. Aour boo7s are all 0i<ed to'ether and 5ou ou'ht to separate the0 into di""erent 'roups. What did Sall5 tell 0e to doH %.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. Ce #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 4 0ade the thie" sta5 until the poli!e !a0e b5 puttin' hi0 in the !loset and usin' a 7e5 to pre1ent hi0 "ro0 lea1in' the !loset. What did 4 doH 2. he !ouldnBt re0e0ber #hat he #anted. Nan!5 #as reall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe 8a1id #hen he "or'ot #hat he #as 'oin' to sa5H $. What did 4 do to the thie"H 23/ .ro. 4 donBt #ant the !hildren in here #hile 4B0 #or7in'. @4" 5ouBreMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM.$. There #as a "ire in the #astebas7et. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe 5our boo7s a"ter 5ou separate the0 into di""erent 'roupsH 12. What a0 4 'oin' to do to the !hildrenH 3. What is done to the ne#spaper onl5 on!e a #ee7H 8. so 4 'ot so0e #ater to e<tin'uish it. and a"ter dinner he told Nan!5 that his other dau'hter-in-la# #as a better !oo7. #h5 arenBt 5ou #or7in'H@ ECERCISE *)! . What did 8a1id doH . What did &5dia do "or Ii0H *. Nan!5 in1ited her "ather-in-la# "or dinner. 4n Ouestion 4. so 4B0 'oin' to push the button on the door7nob to lo!7 the door. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the !hildren a"ter 4 lo!7 the doorH 4. 4n Ouestion 8. Ioe #ent to the store. 4n Ouestion 2. What should 5ou do to 5our boo7sH 11. 8a1id "or'ot #hat he #as 'oin' to sa5. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe Ii0 a"ter &5dia put his ti0e !ard in the ti0e !lo!7H 1/. 4n Ouestion 1/. Sall5 told 0e to use soap and #ater to 'et 05 hands !lean be"ore 4 handle "ood.

The Christ0as tree isnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM no#. 2% lit up. $. 4n Ouestion 12. Co# #as . The5Bre all MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM.13.ter each one$ bee"ed up. 13 0ade out. %.+revio s sections$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +artici+%e a!. Aou !anBt dri1e do#n that street? itBs MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 4n Ouestion 1$. 2% !losed o"". . 2% #orn o"". 4t reall5 anno5ed . What !anBt the e0plo5ees doH 1%. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the0H 18. a"ter the e0plo5ees put their ti0e !ards in the ti0e !lo!7. 4B0 'oin' to "i< it later. The !hildren ba7ed !oo7ies this 0ornin'. 4n Ouestion 14.ectives . so donBt eat the0. and the5 le"t the 7it!hen allMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 4 !anBt read the si'n be!ause the paint is all MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 13 dried o"". This !he!7 isnBt blan7? itBs MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 2$ torn o"". and no# his ele!tri!it5 is MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 8. 2% #iped o"". The e0plo5ees !anBt put their ti0e !ards in the ti0e !lo!7 and 'o ho0e be"ore 4G3/. Those apples arenBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM.ri7 #hen Iane told hi0 that he needed to lose #ei'ht. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the thie" a"ter 4 used the 7e5 to pre1ent hi0 "ro0 lea1in' the !losetH 14. 2% #ashed o"". 1/. Charles didnBt pa5 his bill. There arenBt an5 ta's on this 0attress. 4 put the !o""ee !up #ith the MMMMMMMM MMM handle do#nstairs. 2. 2* 0ade-up. Iane didnBt tr5 1er5 hard to 0a7e her brother and his "a0il5 !o0"ortable #hen the5 sta5ed #ith her.ri7 a"ter Iane told hi0 he needed to lose #ei'htH 1$. but #hen it is itBll be beauti"ul. What didnBt Iane doH ECERCISE *)e' Revie5 . The MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM se!urit5 "or!e !an handle an5 terrorist atta!7. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe . 4.ri7 a""e!ted b5 IaneBs re0ar7H 1 . 23 0essed up. *. 231 . 28 shut o"". 2% 1. 28 bro7en o"". 3.ro.

4t #as )ust a lot o" MMMMMMMMMMM nonsense. 6i7e MMMMMMMM the bartender MMMMMMMM a 'in 0artini. 1% hurr5 up.14 !arr5 out. 8id 5ou see #hat Sall5 #as #earin' 5esterda5H She MMMMMMMM a 'reen dress and purple shoes MMMMMMMM.ter each one$ as7 "or. 2% #or7 out. 8adBs hard#are store #ent out o" business a"ter a hu'e dis!ount store MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a!ross the street. 2% #ipe o"". 2* butt in. 23 "ill out. The 7it!hen !ounter isnBtMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 232 . Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . That #as . 28 drop in. but she 0ade a 1od7a 0artini instead. . 4 donBt thin7 4Bll dri1e to #or7 until the roads ha1e MMMMMMMMMMM. $. *. 13. 2 7no!7 o1er.' Revie5 . 14 ha1e on. 2* open up. MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM o" s!hool #as the du0best thin' 4 e1er did. %. 65 "eet are 7illin' 0e. 4. 2$ stand up. 2 0a7e out. 2. 11 1. 3. 12. so donBt put those papers on it > the5 0i'ht 'et 'rease on the0. The loan appli!ation #as re)e!ted be!ause it hadnBt been MMMMMMM MMMMMMMMM properl5. 4B1e been MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM all da5.11. 8onBt lea1e that 'lass there > the bab5 0i'ht MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM. 4 didnBt belie1e a #ord he said. 24 #ash o"". ECERCISE *).uite a rain #e )ust had. 2 head into. 8. 2* drop out. 4B0 'oin' to as7 the !ar dealer ho# 0u!h 4 !an MMMMMMMM 05 !ar MMMMMMMM "or. 28 trade in.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. WeBll ha1e to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM i" #eBre 'oin' to 'et to the theater be"ore the 0o1ie starts.

"$ care . 233 .or p. When 5ou care . 31. 4" 5ouBre e1er in 05 nei'hborhood. )ohn has been caring for his eighty&three&year&old mother since her stroke. 2(C. . Thin's arenBt MMMMMM MMMMMM at 05 ne# )ob. Ser'eant Iones has al#a5s MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM his orders #ithout "ail. 1$. Iud5 le"t her ho0e in the suburbs and MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the !it5. so 4 had to MMMMMMMM the #ater MMMMMMMM 05 'lasses a"ter 4 !a0e inside. The nurses have to care for several very sick patients.S (NG +hrasa% ver&s an! /er n! s &. 'erund Voting was immediately done awa% with by the dictatorship. =ut 'erunds !an also ser1e as the sub)e!t o" a senten!eG Eating meat everyday was something we did without.MMMMMMMMMMMMMM? 5ouBre al#a5s #el!o0e.or 0a!hines or buildin's. and 4 thin7 4B0 'oin' to . 4t #as rainin'. gerund Infinitive present tense care for care for < cares for caring for cared for cared for &ing form past tense past participle ($ care . 5ou li7e the0. 13. When 5ou care .1er5one al#a5s MMMMMMMM hi0 MMMMMMMM to be a real )er7.or people or thin's.1. 11. When 4 0et Ii0 4 #as surprised at ho# ni!e he #as.1. but then so0e )er7 MMMMMMM MMMMMMM line. 1%. 1 . 5ou pro1ide the0 #ith the "ood or 0edi!ine the5 need or 5ou do thin's to help the0.1/. 12.or !hildren or people #ho are old or si!7. 14.uit soon. 4 #ould ha1e been ne<t.ects -s #e sa# in Se!tion 1$. When 5ou care . Aou #onBt be able to MMMMMMMM that paint MMMMMMMM #ith #ater? 5ouBll ha1e to use turpentine.or p. 5ou 7eep the0 in 'ood !ondition. 'erunds > 1erbs in the -%ing "or0 that "un!tion as nouns > !an ser1e as the ob)e!ts o" 0an5 phrasal 1erbs.

When 5ou sa5 @Cut it out@ to people. The woman was accused of doing awa% with her husband with arsenic. When 5ou c t so0ethin' o t or c t so0ethin' o t o" a pie!e o" paper. 5ou #ant the0 to stop doin' or sa5in' so0ethin'. I asked !ally to go to the dance. 234 . When 5ou c t o t so0ethin' that 5ou !onsu0e. !loth. !ome people think the electoral college is obsolete and should be done awa% with. When 5ou !o a5a3 5ith people.1.1. tele1ision pro'ra0. 5ou stop usin' it. So0ethin' that has been c t o t o" a pie!e o" paper. 5ou use s!issors or a 7ni"e to re0o1e part o" it. boo7. When 5ou c t o t part o" a "il0. so if it cuts out we(re in big trouble. It bothers me when you do that. it c ts o t$ I was driving when the motor suddenly cut out. but she said that dancing is not something she cares for. or other 0aterial is a c to t$ Timmy made some cardboard cutouts shaped like animals. the parts that were critical of the king had to be cut out of >hapter H. 5ou 7ill the0. The movie was too long.1. Aefore the book was published. The bank robber had a pillowIcase over his head with two holes cut out. When a 0otor suddenl5 stops #or7in'. do awa% with do awa% with & does awa% with doing awa% with did awa% with done awa% with ($ !o a5a3 5ith p. !moking is the first thing you(ve got to cut out if you want to improve your health. 5ou re0o1e that part. "$ c t$$$ o t p. &oing awa% with smoking is not something that will happen soon. If you want to lose weight. When 5ou !o a5a3 5ith so0ethin'. *$ c t$$$ o t p. "$ !o a5a3 5ith p. When 5ou c t o t doin' so0ethin'. 5ou eli0inate it or prohibit it.1. so cut it out! 6$ c t o t p.)ane doesn(t care for coffee@ she prefers tea. 5ou stop doin' it. This plane has only one engine. and so on.1.1. or other 0aterial. so the director cut a couple of scenes out. # cut an interesting story out of the newspaper to show to my father. you(ll have to cut cookies and ice cream out. Marvin inherited a fortune after he did awa% with his older brother. 0a'aDine. !loth. c to t n. Infinitive cut out present tense cut out < cuts out &ing form cutting out past tense cut out past participle cutout ($ c t$$$ o t Eo"F p.

When 5ou do #ithout so0ethin'. and the way she treated the waiter really put him off. 'fter receiving many complaints about the company. $e pressured me for a decision. When 5ou + t o. . Maybe leasing a car is something I should look into. p. When people + t 5ou o. 5ou !ontinue li1in' or #or7in' #ithout so0ethin' that 5ou #ant or need be!ause it is not possible or a1ailable. 5ou dela5 or postpone it. but I kept putting him off.1.1. 8ou should plan on at least two years to finish the master(s degree program. /veryone was put off b% his racist jokes. They wanted a large family. 5ou dela5 doin' so0ethin' the5 #ant 5ou to do. When 5ou %oo0 into so0ethin' or %oo0 into doin' so0ethin'. 5ou intend to do it...hat are you planning on doing tonight1 I plan on fishing and taking a lot of pictures on my vacation. look into look into & looks into looking into looked into looked into ($ %oo0 into p. 5ou e<pe!t it. doin' so0ethin'. the attorney general decided to look into the matter. . The students begged the teacher to put the test off until the ne0t week. 5ou in1esti'ate it or 'et 0ore in"or0ation about it.ashing your hair everyday is something you have to do without when you go camping. 23 .Infinitive present tense do without do without < does without &ing form doing without past tense did without past participle done without ($ !o 5itho t p. p.1. When 5ou + t people o"".1. plan on plan on & plans on planning on planned on planned on ($ +%an on p. &oing without is something you get used to when you(re poor. Auying a new house will have to be put off until we can afford it. "$ +%an on p. When 5ou +%an on doin' so0ethin'. When 5ou +%an on so0ethin'.1. put off put off & puts off putting off put off put off ($ + t$$$ o.. so0ethin' or + t o.' the5 do or sa5 so0ethin' that o""ends 5ou. Todd went out to dinner with "ancy last night...1. but having thirteen children sure wasn(t what they planned on. "$ + t$$$ o.

and so on. 11. 4 sa# a "unn5 !artoon in the paper. 2. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . The dete!ti1e inter1ie#ed all the suspe!ts and r %e! e1er5one o t e<!ept the 1i!ti0Bs e<-#i"e. -"ter the re1olution. $.$ WhatBs #ron'H Aou see0 a little put o. &etBs 'o to a di""erent restaurant? 4 donBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM Chinese "ood. -"ter people do or sa5 so0ethin' that o""ends 5ou. -ter the hurri!ane the5 r %e! o t 0o1in' to 2lorida. 4B0 'oin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM this situation to see #hat the proble0 is. 1/.. When 5ou r %e o t doin' so0ethin'. be!ause it is i0possible. 4 su''ested 0o1in' to 6innesota. With all these 0edi!al bills to pa5. 5ou are + t o.uit his )ob to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM his si!7 #i"e. 5ou de!ide that it is so0ethin' 5ou #ill not do be!ause 5ou do not #ant to. 23$ . .. ECERCISE *( a . 5ou eli0inate the0 "ro0 a list. so 4 MMMMM it MMMMMM and sent it to 05 brother. No one has to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 0edi!al treat0ent. *.$ Infinitive rule out present tense rule out < rules out &ing form ruling out past tense ruled out past participle ruled out ($ r %e$$$ o t p. 0a5be #e should !onsider r %in/ o t bu5in' a new car.ad). 4. part. 4 #as a little MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM b5 his un"riendliness. Ii0 had to . The health depart0ent #ants to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM s0o7in' #ithin t#ent5 5ears. all 0e0bers o" the ro5al "a0il5 #ere MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMM. but 05 #i"e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 0o1in' an5#here !old.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. %.ro.1. 65 do!tor sa5s 4 should MMMMMMM MMMMMMM s!uba di1in' until 05 ear 'ets better..+ t o. So0e !ountries ha1e an e<!ellent health !are s5ste0. 3. When 5ou r %e o t people or thin's. 8. Se1eral s!enes o" the "il0 had to be MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM be"ore the !ensors #ould appro1e it.

=ett5 #as a little o""ended b5 Sa0Bs beha1ior. What did Ii0 doH 3. S0ith re0o1ed the entire tu0or #ith a 7ni"e. What did 5ou do to 5our 1a!ationH 2. The poli!e suspe!ted that 6r. 4B0 so tired o" this !arBs u'l5 !olor? 4B0 'oin' to in1esti'ate ha1in' it painted. What #ill 5ou ha1e to do i" 5ou "or'ot so0ethin'H %. Co# do 6i7eBs parents "eel about his ne# "riendH . 6a5"ieldH 12. ho# did Sa0Bs beha1ior 0a7e =ett5 "eelH 11. There arenBt an5 stores out here in the #oods. so i" 5ou "or'ot so0ethin'. 4 had to ta7e a ta<i to #or7 5esterda5. What are 5ou MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM doin' #ith 5our ti0e a"ter 5ou retireH ECERCISE *( & . 65 "ather 7ept his !ar in 'ood !ondition. 8r. 4" 5ou 'o to Chi!a'o in Ianuar5. The President said that nothin' has been eli0inated "ro0 the list o" thin's that 0i'ht be done about the !risis. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s an! +artici+%e a!. 3ettin' that tooth "i<ed is not so0ethin' 5ou should MMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMM. 14. 6i7eBs parents donBt li7e his ne# "riend. 5ou !an e<pe!t to "reeDe to death. Aou !han'ed 5our 1a!ation plans. What does the la# do to !hild laborH $.1er5one li7es Ii0 0ore no# that he has stopped a!tin' li7e su!h a bi' shot. What did the poli!e suspe!t about 6r. 4n Ouestion *. . What did the President sa5 about #hat 0i'ht be done about the !risisH 4.ro. . and it lasted "or "ort5 5ears. 5ouBll )ust ha1e to !ontinue #ithout it. 13. 65 !arBs 0otor MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM ri'ht in the 0iddle o" an interse!tion. 6a5"ield had been 7illed b5 a !o#or7er. What did he doH 13. 1 . AouBre not 'oin' ne<t #ee7? 5ouBre 'oin' to 'o later.ectives .12.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. What a0 4 'oin' to doH 8.la# #as passed that prohibits !hild labor. What did 05 "ather do to his !arH 23% . What a surprise: =ein' trans"erred to Ca#aii is so0ethin' 4 ne1er MMMMM MMMMM. What !an 5ou do i" 5ou 'o to Chi!a'o in Ianuar5H *. Co# did =ett5 rea!t to Sa0Bs beha1iorH 1/.

MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM %.ects o. 2* bee" up. The sound on the lan'ua'e lab tapes is so bad that 4 !anBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #hat the5Bre sa5in'. 23 run a!ross. The #orld is MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM o" 0an5 di""erent !ountries. 2* 0a7e up. Can7 "ell "ro0 a "i"th-"loor #indo#. 2* lu!7 out. so-e o. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM $. 2* 'o about. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM ECERCISE *( !$ Revie5 . WeBll need to bu5 a ne# suit!ase soon. 2. 2* 1.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. 1% 'et a#a5. This old one is MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. =rite ei/ht ori/ina% sentences sin/ +hrasa% ver&s .ro. The ho!7e5 !oa!h said that the tea0Bs o""ense is 'ood. the sentences$ 1.ECERCISE *( c .this section$ Tr3 to se /er n!s as the s &. 2* !ra!7 do#n. 23 drop in. 2* 0a7e out. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 4. 2* "lip out. but the de"ense needs to be 238 . 4. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM . MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 3. 3.ter each one$ as7 "or. 1% 'et o"". but he landed in a s#i00in' pool and #asnBt hurt at all. 4B0 thin7in' about in1estin' in the sto!7 0ar7et. That #as a terrible thin' he did to 0e > 4Bll MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM hi0 so0eda5. Ce sure MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 18 loo7 out. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 8. $. 23 !ut do#n. didnBt heH %. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . 28 !o0e apart. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 2. 23 'et ba!7 at. . but 4B0 not sure ho# to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMit.

Ia7e #as arrested and !har'ed #ith ban7 robber5. -0on' the 0ost "re. but he MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM be!ause none o" the #itnesses !ould identi"5 hi0. )ane chickened out of asking her boss for a raise. 14.uent 0eanin's o" out are to sa5 that so0ethin' or so0eone literall5 0o1es "ro0 the inside to the outside o" a pla!eG $e fell out of a tree. 5ouBreMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM trouble.e always go out through the back door. The light bulb burned out. 12. *"$ FOCUS ON< +hrasa% ver&s 5ith the +artic%e out The parti!le out is used in 0an5 phrasal 1erbs and has 0an5 0eanin's. AouB1e reall5 'ot to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMM "or the0 #hen 5ouBre dri1in'. Aou 7no# #hat a bad te0per Ioe has. 65 dentist said 4 should MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM on s#eets. . The a!!ountant tried to e0beDDle N1//. 1 . !he emptied her purse out on the table. The people Fuickly cleared out. 1$. 13. $ank dropped out of school. that an a!tion or a!ti1it5 has endedG The fire went out. 23* .///. *. but he didnBtMMMMMMMMMMMM#ith it. &oo7 at this interestin' old boo7 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM at a used boo7store. 4snBt that #here Iane li1esH &etBsMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMand sa5 hello.ould you take the garbage out please1 that so0ethin' is done !o0pletel5 or thorou'hl5G # cleaned out the closet. The poli!e depart0ent is 'oin' to MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMon !ri0e.8. Melanie came out of the house. 1/. . ?lease fill this form out. 2ran7 reall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #hen he "ound that bi' sna7e under his bed. There are a lot o" bi' tru!7s on this road. 11. 4" 5ou 7eep teasin' hi0.

or distributedG The 0ana'er han!e! o t our pa5!he!7s. It(s dangerous to stick %our head out a car window. The negative test result ruled out cancer. that so0ethin' i0portant or dan'erous should be #at!hed "orG Mike is supposed to meet us here. 8id 5ou .that so0ethin' or so0eone is !hosen. that so0ethin' is re0o1ed. 'fter I gained twenty&five pounds I had to let my pants out. but you(ve got to stick it out. 24/ . 8onBt %et the do' o t$ That 'roup hasnBt + t o t a ne# C8 in a lon' ti0e. that so0ethin' is produ!ed b5 or released "ro0 a sour!eG Cis last boo7 ca-e o t t#o 5ears a'o. Infinitive present tense clean out clean out < cleans out &ing form cleaning out past tense cleaned out past participle cleaned out ($ c%ean $$$o t p. >ollege is hard work. or e<!ludedG ' page was accidentally left out of the book when it was printed. eli0inated. or a!. so watch out for him.uiredG I . and so on. or areaG ?aul started to fill out after he got married. re0ains inside. !apa!it5. or'aniDed. len'th.in! o t #hen the 0o1ie startsH That si'n is too "ar a#a5 to -a0e o t$ 6i7e scre5e! -e o t o" a hundred bu!7s. trash. or that so0ethin' is done "or a len'th o" ti0eG The criminals held out for three hours before surrendering. shared. .1.e clean out our garage every spring. 5ou !lean the inside !o0pletel5 so that no dirt. To0 +ic0e! a ne# shirt o t$ The 0a54roo0 !ler7 sorte! o t the 0ail. $is editor took several paragraphs out of the article. dust. that so0ethin' is per!ei1ed.i/ re! o t the ans#er. "ound. sensed. Mark was fired and told to clean his desk out and leave. !he cut a cartoon out of the paper. 1ook out this is a very busy intersection. that so0ethin' in!reases in siDe. When 5ou c%ean so0ethin' out.

hen something comes out of a certain place or area.1. 'fter the police threw tear gas. When people or thin's lea1e a pla!e.333. When an e<pense c%eans 5ou o t' it re. 8. the5 lea1e it. come out come out & comes out coming out came out come out ($ co-e o t Eo"F p.uires 5ou to spend all 5our 0one5. Jin"or0alK 4" thie1es c%ean a pla!e o t or c%ean a pla!e o t o" so0ethin'. roo0. ' con artist cleaned my grandmother out of :D3. it starts there. The car dealer had a sale so that he could clear out some space for the new cars. "$ c%ean $$$ o t Eo"F p. or trash.1. and so on. The most wonderful aroma came out of the kitchen. dust.c%eane! o t part.1.ad). $aving three kids in college at the same time really cleaned me out. 241 . The thieves cleaned the jewelry store out of all its diamonds and emeralds.1. the5 de!ei1e 5ou or pressure 5ou into 'i1in' the0 all 5our 0one5 or spendin' all 5our 0one5 "or their bene"it. come out BofC p. re0ains inside. !usie(s friend came to the door and asked her to come out and play. the5 tra1el to that pla!e. When 5ou c%ear o t a pla!e.1. The police held their fire when they saw the gunman coming out of the house with his hands in the air. "$ c%ear$$$ o t p. Infinitive present tense clear out clear out < clears out &ing form clearing out past tense cleared out past participle cleared out ($ c%ear$$ $o t p. This speaker must not be connected@ no sound is coming out. Jin"or0alK When people c%ean 5ou o t or c%ean 5ou o t o" 5our 0one5. *$ co-e o t EtoF p. I got home and found that my place had been cleaned out. When people lea1e a !it5 and co-e o t to a pla!e outside the !it5 #here 5ou are. 5ou re0o1e thin's that are un#anted or in the #a5 in order to 0a7e 0ore roo0 or to 0a7e the pla!e !leaner.v. +lear out! This is private property. or house that 5ou are not in. When people c%ear o t or c%ear o t o" a pla!e or the5 are c%eare! o t o" a pla!e. it is c%eane! o t$ "ow that the garage is cleaned out there(s room for my car. . the crowd cleared right out. the5 co-e o t o" it. -"ter 5ou !lean the inside o" so0ethin' !o0pletel5 so that no dirt.1. Gook how much more room we have in the attic now that we(ve cleared all that junk out. the5 ta7e e1er5thin' that is 1aluable. *$ c%ean $$ $o t Eo"F p.

but our team came out on top. 6$ co-e o t Eo"F p. it co-es o t$ When a boo7. the sun came out and there was a beautiful rainbow. the5 co-e o t$ . . and the flowers started coming out in February.1.1.ait till the sun comes out@ you(ll get a better picture.1.1. it co-es o t$ /veryone was shocked when it came out that the butler had murdered the duke. the !ondition the5 are le"t in b5 that e<perien!e or treat0ent or the result o" that e<perien!e or treat0ent is ho# the5 co-e o t$ It was a tough game. 242 . When !louds 0o1e and the sun be!o0es 1isible. When thin's or people 'o throu'h an e<perien!e or treat0ent. the !o0pan5 publishin' it or the person #ho !reated it co-es o t #ith it. 8$ co-e o t p. 7$ co-e o t E#ithF p. . :$ co-e o t Eo"F p. or tele1ision sho# is "inished and 0ade a1ailable to the publi!. 0a'aDine. D$ co-e o t p. ()$ co-e o t E"or4in "a1or o"4a'ainstF p. When people #ith authorit5 and in"luen!e co-e o t "or or co-e o t in "a1or o" people or thin's. When in"or0ation be!o0es 7no#n to the publi!. 0a'aDine. 0o1ie. 0o1ie. That paint might come out of the carpet if you try turpentine. #$ co-e o t p.e were surprised when the mayor came out for legali6ing gambling. or tele1ision sho# is "inished and 0ade a1ailable to the publi!. Aarren(s is coming out with a new book on T=/FG soon. When a boo7. $ow did the investigation come out" # came out of that awful e0perience a wiser person. 0usi!al re!ordin'. it co-es o t$ The rain stopped. =ak tree leaves always come out later than the leaves of other trees.1. When "lo#ers or lea1es start to 'ro#. 0usi!al re!ordin'.e had a very warm winter. the5 publi!l5 announ!e support "or the0. When people #ith authorit5 and in"luen!e co-e o t a'ainst people or thin's.1. .ould you like to come out and visit our farm1 "ed loves it in the city@ he hasn(t come out to the suburbs in a long time. the5 publi!l5 announ!e opposition to the0. 5on(t get grape juice on that white blouse it(ll never come out. The band(s new >5 came out last month.1. and it(s already number one on the charts.. The senator from "orth >arolina came out against the tobacco legislation. When dirt or a stain is re0o1ed b5 !leanin'. it co-es o t or co-es o t o" #hat it is in.hat really happened when ?resident 9ennedy was assassinated may never come out.

a%% o t or . 5id he fall out or was he pushed1 I found a baby bird that had fallen out of its nest. the pla!e e-+ties o t$ 'fter the concert is over. it(ll be twenty minutes before the auditorium empties out.uit a"ter he had a .a%% o t E#ith4o1erF p. "ancy was so sick that she didn(t go out of the house for a week. the5 tra1el to that pla!e.1. the5 /o o t or /o o t o" it. When 5ou . When people ha1e a . When people lea1e a !it5 #here 5ou are and /o o t to a pla!e outside the !it5.a%% o t #ith people.1. "$ /o o t EtoF p.1. but they fell out over who would be president and who would be vice&president. When all the people in a pla!e lea1e it.1. Melanie and !arah started a company. Co-e in is the opposite o" /o o t$ I(m trying to study go out and play in the backyard. go out go out & goes out going out went out gone out ($ /o o t Eo"F p. roo0. 'lfonso fell out with his sister when he critici6ed her husband. When people or thin's lea1e a pla!e. the5 be!o0e upset or an'r5 #ith ea!h other be!ause o" a disa'ree0ent about that thin'. fall out fall out & falls out falling out fell out fallen out ($ . 'fter we empt% this room out we can start painting.a%% o t o1er so0ethin'. When t#o people . the !ontainer is e-+tie! o t$ "ow that the room is emptied out we can start laying the carpet. e-+tie! o t part. or house that 5ou are in. When 5ou !o0pletel5 re0o1e the !ontents o" a spa!e or !ontainer.a%%in/9o t n.a%% o t o" it. ($ e-+t3 o t p.a%% o t Eo"F p. When 5ou "all "ro0 or throu'h so0ethin' that is abo1e 'round le1el to the 'round belo#. 243 . . 5ou e-+t3 it o t$ The police officer told me to empt% out my pockets.Infinitive present tense empt% out empty out < empties out &ing form emptying out past tense emptied out past participle emptied out ($ e-+t3$$$ o t p. 5ou .a%%in/9o t #ith the o#ner. -"ter the !ontents o" a !ontainer ha1e been !o0pletel5 re0o1ed. The 0ana'er o" the baseball tea0 . There was trash everywhere after the stadium emptied out. "$ .ad).a%%in/9o t' the5 be!o0e upset or an'r5 #ith ea!h other and no lon'er ha1e "riendl5 relations. 5ou be!o0e upset or an'r5 #ith the0.1.1.

When 5ou "eel %e. rather than . *$ /o o t p.1. 6$ /o o t p.t out.1. Ae careful walking in the woods. 244 . $e just sat in the corner feeling left out.1. !ally and )im went out for three years before they Fot married. I cut myself on a nail that was sticking out of the wall. When 5ou %eave people or thin's o t' 5ou a!!identall5 or deliberatel5 do not in!lude the0 in a 'roup. When 5ou stic0 so0ethin' o t' 5ou e<tend it out#ard. #nfinitive present tense leave out leave out & leaves out -ing form leaving out past tense left out past participle left out ($ %eave$$$ o t p. every light in town went out. stick out stick out & sticks out sticking out stuck out stuck out ($ stic0 o t p. When 5ou stic0 o t an unpleasant or di""i!ult e<perien!e. When so0ethin' that is burnin' /oes o t' it stops burnin' be!ause it has no 0ore "uel or be!ause so0ethin'.t o t part. 5on(t leave anything out. *$ stic0$$$ o t p.1. "o one talked to )erry at the party. When an ele!tri!al li'ht /oes o t' it stops produ!in' li'ht be!ause it is no lon'er re!ei1in' po#er.ad).1.Gast weekend we went out to )im(s cabin on the lake. 7$ /o o t E#ithF p. 5ou !ontinue #ith it until it is o1er. .1. "$ stic0$$$ o t p. Mike(s nervous he(s going out with $eather tonight. 5ou "eel i'nored and unappre!iated b5 others in a 'roup. When t#o people #ith a ro0anti! interest in ea!h other /o o t' the5 'o to'ether to a pla!e o" entertain0ent in order to ha1e "un and spend ti0e to'ether.1. Tell me the entire story from beginning to end.e all stuck our heads out the window to get a better look. %e. This Thanksgiving I(m going to go out to my brother(s house. . The forest fire didn(t go out until it started to rain. has !aused it to stop burnin'. The lights in the barracks go out every night at *3#33. The campfire went out during the night. there are a lot of branches sticking out. When so0ethin' stic0s o t' it e<tends "ro0 #hat it is atta!hed to.uit.hen the old tree fell on the power lines. Timmy stuck his tongue out when his mother gave him spinach. The director left out several parts of the book when she made the film. su!h as #ater or la!7 o" o<5'en.

4tBs a sure si'n o" sprin' #hen the tulips start to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 4 'uess 4 !an MMMMMMMMitMMMMMMMM. 8a1idBs stor5 didnBt 0a7e an5 sense be!ause he MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the part about the 0issionaries and the !annibals. so e1en thou'h 4B0 bored. 24 . please.1. 2. 5ouBll all be 1er5 surprised. but I need the money. 13.1en i" 5ou !an 'et it to burn. *. When a !hara!teristi! or "eature o" so0ethin' stic0s o t' that "eature is 1er5 noti!eable. Susie MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM o" her tree house and bro7e her ar0. itBs startin' to rain. 4 heard so0e stran'e 1oi!es MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM o" the ne<t roo0. >ollege isn(t easy. . =ne thing that really stuck out about him was the strange way he laughed. Ta7e these #astebas7ets out to the 8u0pster and MMMMMMMM the0 MMMMMMMM. That !roo7 MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM o" e1er5thin' 4 o#ned. 6i7e and =ob MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM o1er #ho #ould pa5 "or the #indo# the5 bro7e pla5in' baseball. 6$ stic0 o t p. 1 . This #ood is 'reen.sharp pie!e o" #ood #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 6i7e. 1/.I hate this job. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMand !lose the !ar #indo#s. so he really sticks out in a crowd. itBll MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM ri'ht a#a5. 11. . $. 12.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. but if you stick it out. 'lan(s nearly seven feet tall and has red hair. and 4 'ot a splinter "ro0 it. 3. . ECERCISE *"a . 14. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s .ro. 4t #as a 'ood thin' #e had those !andles #hen the li'hts MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. When the truth "inall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. This te0porar5 )ob #ill last onl5 t#o #ee7s. 4. The =a7ers said the5 #ould lo1e to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to 1isit us here at our ran!h so0e #ee7end. so I(ll just have to stick it out until I find a better one. %. The sun "inall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in the a"ternoon. 8. 1$. you(ll be glad you did. The soldiers #ere ordered to MMMMMMMM the protesters MMMMMMMM o" the plaDa.

8onBt e1en bother #ashin' this blouse > the in7 #ill ne1er MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. When 4 MMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMM to 8a1idBs house in the !ountr5 4 'et bored. 21. 22. 2*. 23. Would 5ou li7e to !o0e out MMMMMMMMM 05 pla!e in the !ountr5H 4. 18. Ii0Bs 'oin' to be storin' so0e o" his stu"" in the atti!. 4tBs been an hour. The tal7 sho# host as7ed the author about his ne# boo7 #hi!h is MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM soon. 4 li7e it here in the !it5. The pri0e 0inister li7ed the idea. 1*. S!ott MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM o" the trial #ith his reputation badl5 da0a'ed. The reporter said that he e<pe!ted the 'o1ernor to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a'ainst the proposed le'islation. 6i7e #ants to sell his !ar. -re 5ou e1er 'oin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM o" the bathroo0H 2%. =ett5 has been MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #ith . but one thin' MMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMM > he al#a5s #ore bla!7. The !roo7ed la#5er !leaned the0 out MMMMMMMM a s0all "ortune. 4 donBt re0e0ber 0u!h about Ned. so heBs 'oin' to MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM and #ash it be"ore an5one loo7s at it. 24$ . 2$. Ia7e !a0e out MMMMMMMM the ban7 and surrendered. so #e #erenBt surprised #hen he !a0e outMMMMMMMM the plan. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith the correct secon! +artic%es$ 1. 3. Se1eral publishers are !o0in' outMMMMMMMMM boo7s on the sub)e!t. . 4tBs not 1er5 s0art to MMMMMMM 5our ar0 MMMMMMM the #indo# o" a 0o1in' !ar. so letBs 'o up and MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM so0e spa!e "or it. the theater MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in about t#o 0inutes. 2/. The bur'lars MMMMMMMMM the !oin shop MMMMMMMMM o" its 0ost 1aluable !oins. ECERCISE *"& .ri7 sin!e hi'h s!hool.1%. 28. 2 . -"ter the bo0b threat #as announ!ed. 24. 2.

ects in the ri/ht +%ace$ 1. -s e<pe!ted. The "a!tor5 le"t out. the leader o" the opposition !a0e out MMMMMMMM the plan. %. 4 need to !lear out. ECERCISE *"c .ects in +arentheses$ Be s re to + t the o&. Ean i0portant part. =rite three sentences sin/ the o&. itF MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 3.$. Sarah e0ptied out. Ethe storeroo0. Ethe base0ent. 65 son !leaned out. Ethe bo<es. Can7 "ell outMMMMMMMMMa hot air balloon. itF MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 2. CeatherBs 'oin' out MMMMMMMMM To0 toni'ht. Ti005Bs "ather told hi0 not to 'o out MMMMMMMMM the house. the0F MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 4. 11. 1/. WeBre 'oin' out MMMMMMMMM the suburbs ne<t #ee7end. *. itF MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 24% . 6i7e "ell out MMMMMMMM his brother MMMMMMMM #ho #ould pa5 their "atherBs 0edi!al bills. 8.

4n Ouestion $. ho# does 6ar7 "eel be!ause #e didnBt as7 hi0 to )oin our !lubH 8. itF MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM ECERCISE *"! . We didnBt as7 6ar7 to )oin our !lub. =illBs an'r5 #ith Ii0.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. What did #e do to 6ar7H %. What did the people doH 3. The soldier #as 7illed in the battle. What a0 4 'oin' to do #ith herH . The Chi!a'o Tribune announ!ed in an editorial that the5 #ere "or the +epubli!an !andidate. . and the5Bre not spea7in' to ea!h other. E5our ne!7.ro. 4n Ouestion 12. -ll the people in the plaDa le"t.. So0e i0portant in"or0ation is bein' re1ealed to the publi!. The 0usi! !o0pan5 released a ne# C8 last #ee7. What is happenin' to the in"or0ationH 2. What did the5 do to 5ouH *. 8onBt sti!7 out. 4B0 'oin' to ta7e 05 'irl"riend to a ni'ht!lub.ectives' an! no ns . What happened to the plaDaH 4. #hat did =ill and Ii0 ha1eH 248 . What did the Chi!a'o Tribune doH 12. What didnBt the soldier doH $. -ll the people in the plaDa le"t. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s' +artici+%e a!. What does Carr5 doH 11.1er5one noti!es Carr5 be!ause he has 1er5 lon' hair and a lon' beard. What did =ill do #ith Ii0H 13. The 4+S too7 all 5our 0one5. What did the 0usi! !o0pan5 doH 1/.

6illions o" people MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM doin' their ta<es until the last 0inute. 3/ #at!h out. 8urin' Prohibition. 4 totall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM and dro1e t#ent5 0iles past #here 4 #as 'oin'. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s .ECERCISE *"e' Revie5 . 31 put out. 1/. The !han!es that his horse #ill #in the ra!e are 1er5 s0all. Watson 0ade a real 0ess out o" the pro)e!t. &oo7 ho# dirt5 5our hands are: 3oMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMM be"ore 5ou eat dinner. Than7s "or in1itin' 0e to the !on!ert. 12. *. 3/ rule out. 31 pun!h in. 31 hold out. thatBs reall5 dan'erous. 31 do #ithout. 3/ #ash up. The 0ana'er re0inded 0e to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM be"ore 'oin' ho0e. the 'o1ern0ent tried toMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMM MMMMMM drin7in' al!ohol. 23 1. 1 . 6ost o" the pla5ers ha1e si'ned their !ontra!ts. 3/ spa!e out. 4B0 reall5 si!7 o" this !it5. 11. Susie. 4 #ant to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a lo# interest rate be"ore rates 'o up a'ain. Can 5ou MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMMH %. 8. but a "e# are MMMMMMM MMMMMMM. but 4 donBtMMMMMMM MMMMMMrap 0usi!. Ce5. 1$. Water #onBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM an ele!tri!al "ire. 4. 4 learned to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a lot o" thin's 4 used to thin7 #ere ne!essities. 4B0 'oin' to "l5 to San 2ran!is!o and MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the )ob situation there. 3. 31 sort out. 3/ loo7 into. 4B0 'oin' to 'et to #or7 late to0orro#. 24* . 5ouBd better MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 14. 3/ pun!h out. but 4 #ouldnBt MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM !o0pletel5.ter each one$ !are "or. 4 told 5ou to stop hittin' 5our sister. 23 lo!7 in. 13. . 3/ put o"". so MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM: 2. 31 do a#a5 #ith. $. 31 !ut out.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. -"ter 4 lost 05 )ob. so the boss as7ed 0e to MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM.

So0e ad1erbs are !alled 0idsenten!e ad1erbs be!ause the5 are !o00onl5 pla!ed in the 0iddle o" a senten!e.uestions. aro n!$ !he can(t T help him out.re> enc3 ever always constantly almost always usually typically ordinarily often freFuently generally normally occasionally sometimes seldom rarely hardly ever almost never never not ever Other -i!sentence a!ver&s already just 2 / merely finally ultimately eventually probably most likely . A!ver&s o.s aro n!$ She L he%+e! hi0 o t$ a"ter an5 "or0 o" beG Ce is L /oo. 4n . a 0idsenten!e ad1erb is usuall5 pla!ed bet#een the sub)e!t and the 0ain 1erbG 8oes he L /oo. ad1erbs are #ords that 0odi"5 1erbs. aro n!H 4s he L /oo.in/ aro n!$ She #asnBt L he%+in/ hi0 o t$ and bet#een an au<iliar5 Ehelpin'F 1erb and the 0ain 1erbG Ce #ill L /oo. . 6idsenten!e ad1erbs are usuall5 pla!ed be"ore 0ain 1erbsG Ce L /oo. in/ aro n!H $as she T helped him out" The "ollo#in' are !o00on 0idsenten!e ad1erbs.**$ FOCUS ON< +hrasa% ver&s an! -i!sentence a!ver&s -s #e sa# in Se!tion 1%.

6$ &%o5 + Eat4o1erF p. 5ou catch on$ .1.1. It always takes me an hour or more to blow up the balloons for a party. !even people were killed when the building blew up. 5ad blew up over the increase in our property ta0es. *$ &%o5$$$ + p.&%o5 + is a pi!ture or photo'raph that has been 0ade lar'er. she usually catches on right away. $ank blew up a beach ball and threw it in the pool.1. When 5ou 0a7e a pi!ture or photo'raph lar'er. 2 1 .#nfinitive blow up present tense blow up & blows up -ing form blowing up past tense blew up past participle blown up ($ &%o5$$$ + p. $eather blew up when she saw her boyfriend dancing with Ginda.1. . &%o5 + n.4 0ade a &%o5 + o" the photo and "ra0ed it. The hijackers ultimately blew the plane up. "$ catch on p.hen !ally studies something. 5ou suddenl5 be!o0e 1er5 an'r5 be!ause o" it.1. *$ catch on EtoF p. it catches on$ Aeta V>Ns never caught on.1. $eather blew up at her boyfriend when she saw him dancing with Ginda. but I eventually caught on.hen you blow this photo of the car up you can make out the license plate number. 5ou &%o5 it +$ # blew the photograph up and framed it. "$ &%o5$$$ + p. If his striped business suits catch on the designer will become famous. Jin"or0alK When 5ou &%o5 + or &%o5 + at so0eone. When so0ethin' &%o5s + or #hen so0eone &%o5s so0ethin' +' it be!o0es 0u!h lar'er be!ause air or so0ethin' else is bein' "or!ed into it. 5ou suddenl5 be!o0e 1er5 an'r5. When 5ou catch on or catch on to people. . 5ou realiDe that the5 are tr5in' to tri!7 or !heat 5ou. When 5ou &%o5 + o1er so0ethin'. When so0ethin' &%o5s + or #hen so0eone &%o5s so0ethin' +' it e<plodes. Gearning to dance the cumbia wasn(t easy. When 5ou e1entuall5 be'in to understand so0ethin' or be'in to learn a s7ill a"ter pra!ti!in' and stud5in'.1. catch on catch on & catches on catching on caught on caught on ($ catch on p. it catches on$ When a produ!t or ser1i!e be!o0es popular and is used or bou'ht b5 0an5 people. When a "ashion or habit be!o0es popular and is adopted b5 0an5 people.

a%% &ehin! or . !top goofing around and get to work. I fell behind in my mortgage payments. and so on.uired to 0a7e. and he fell behind in his studies. 5ou . . studies.1.1. they(ll eventually catch on. .a%% &ehin! in 5our #or7. 5ou . or your car will be repossessed.a%% &ehin! or .a%% &ehin!$ 'lfonso and Tom are walking so fast that I(ve fallen behind.1. *$ . but I fell behind and got lost. 5ou .a%% &ehin! EinF p. 5on(t fall behind in your payments. When 5ou do not !o0plete #or7 as "ast as it #as ori'inall5 planned and e<pe!ted. goof around goof around & goofs around goofing around goofed around goofed around ($ /oo. I was supposed to be following Ginda to the party. aro n! p. usuall5 as a result o" a series o" e1ents and a!tions. When so0ethin' co-es a&o t' it happens. and the5 0o1e ahead o" 5ou be!ause 5ou are 0o1in' 0ore slo#l5 than the others. but I finally caught on to him.1. $e was the richest man in town. $ow did that come about" !everal major medical advances have come about in the last fifty years.a%% &ehin!$ Timmy was sick last semester. aro n!$ My brother drives his teachers cra6y. 2 2 .a%% &ehin! p.hen I lost my job.a%% &ehin! EinF p. $e constantly goofs around and creates problems. and the5 learn "aster or 'et 0ore #or7 done be!ause 5ou are learnin' or #or7in' 0ore slo#l5 than the others.a%% &ehin!$ Kee+ + is the opposite o.1.a%% &ehin! in 5our pa50ents. #nfinitive present tense come about come about & coming about -ing form come about past tense came about past participle come about ($ co-e a&o t p. #or7in'. The sales manager wanted to know why I had fallen behind the rest of the department. and so on. It took me a while. Jin"or0alK When 5ou #aste ti0e pla5in' or doin' sill5 or uni0portant thin's. dri1in'. When 5ou are in a 'roup that is stud5in'. runnin'. and now he(s bankrupt. and so on. fall behind fall behind & falls behind falling behind fell behind fallen behind ($ . The building project will fall behind schedule if the construction workers go on strike. When 5ou do not 0a7e the re'ular pa50ents 5ou are re. 5ou /oo. When 5ou are in a 'roup that is #al7in'. Eet &ehin! is si0ilar to . ($ .a%% &ehin!$ Kee+ + is the opposite o" . aro n!$ Foo% aro n! is the sa0e as /oo. 5ou .a%% &ehin! s!hedule.If you keep lying to everyone.

or other in"or0ation. .hen )ake said he was going to try to rob a Gas Vegas casino.1.#nfinitive present tense help out help out & helps out -ing form helping out past tense helped out past participle helped out ($ he%+$$$ o t E#ithF p. but he couldn(t pull it off. I don(t know much about history. Maybe he doesn(t know about the schedule change.hen I heard that strange noise. When 5ou 0no5 a&o t a situation. but I already know all about it. know about know about & knows about knowing about knew about known about ($ 0no5 a&o t p. "$ + %% o. I always pull off the road and take a nap. Could 5ou MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM toni'htH 2 3 . . pull off pull off & pulls off pulling off pulled off pulled off ($ + %% $$$o. 5ou dri1e to the side o" the road and stop.e had a lot of work to do. 4 need to 0o1e so0e "urniture. When 5ou + %% so0ethin' o"". 5ou su!!eed in doin' so0ethin' di""i!ult and possibl5 snea75 or ille'al e1en thou'h the !han!es o" su!!ess are not hi'h. If I get sleepy while I(m driving. and itBs too hea15 "or 0e.ro. so Maria helped out.. When 5ou ha1e studied so0ethin' and learned it.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. When 5ou are dri1in' and 5ou + %% o"" the road. When 5ou he%+ o t or he%+ people o t' 5ou assist the0 in doin' so0e #or7 or 5ou lend or 'i1e the0 0one5 or so0ethin' else that the5 need. )im isn(t here.1. p. ?nowing about art and being an artist are two different things. no one believed he could pull it off. plan. Thanks for telling me. 5ou are a#are o" it. I was a business major.1. # pulled off to the side and checked the engine.1.1. ECERCISE **a . 5ou 0no5 a&o t it. >an you help me out" I need a hundred bucks until payday. "$ 0no5 a&o t p. p.. . Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . Mike tried to juggle three butcher knives and two bowling balls at the same time.

Todd #as "ired a"ter he ble# up MMMMMMMM his boss. $. . but 4B0 startin' to !at!h on MMMMMMMMM her. 9aren thin7s sheBs so !le1er. but heBs startin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to 0e. 5ouBll da0a'e 5our !redit ratin'.2. but he MMMMMMMMitMMMMMMMM. 14. 4 usuall5 as7 =ill #hat he thin7s be"ore 4 bu5 a sto!7. 1%. 8onBt as7 -nn? she doesnBt MMMMMMMM an5thin' MMMMMMMM it. %. 4 didnBt thin7 Todd !ould 0ana'e 'oin' to s!hool and #or7in' at the sa0e ti0e. *. Tele1ision #as in1ented in the 1*2/s. When Ii0 sho#s his terrible report !ard to his 0other. sheBll MMMMMMM MMMMMMM. Ce MMMMMMMM a lot MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in1estin'. 1 .lot o" !han'es ha1e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in the last "e# 5ears. . She ne1erMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM. 2. 4" 5ou MMMMM MMMM in 5our !redit !ard pa50ents. but it didnBt start to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM until the 1* /s. 4 as7ed the photo lab to MMMMMMMM the photo MMMMMMMM 3// per!ent. Sa0 and 8a1e are so 0u!h "aster on their bi7es than 4 a0 that 4 al#a5s MMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 4. ECERCISE **& . 2 4 . 4 used to be able to tri!7 05 ri!h un!le into 'i1in' 0e 0one5. heBll 0ost li7el5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the balloons no#? the part5Bs 'oin' to start soon. Nan!5Bs a hard #or7er. so he MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to the side o" the road and !he!7ed his 0ap. 1/. 8. The terrorists tried to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the e0bass5. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith the correct secon! +artic%es$ 1. 3. The tru!7 dri1er #as lost. 13. Todd is usuall5 so eas5'oin'. and he MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM ri'ht a#a5. 4" he ta7es the ad1an!ed !lass. What did he blo# up MMMMMMMMMH 3. 6ath is 1er5 di""i!ult "or 6i7e. 12. 1$. =ob started ta7in' dan!e lessons. 11.

but the5 didnBt "inish until No1e0ber 14. 3/ rule out. What does -li usuall5 doH . 3/ sti!7 out. What happenedH *. What do the5 so0eti0es do to old buildin'sH $. Ce usuall5 #at!hes TV and listens to 0usi!. The tea!her "re. ECERCISE **c . . 28 'o around. 32 !ut out. 2/ 'o out. Iani!e is a#are o" the proble0 be!ause so0eone told her about it. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s .this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. 31 put out. 31 put o"". 4" 5ou donBt start #or7in' harder. -li doesnBt usuall5 do an5 #or7. What does the tea!her "re. 3/ spa!e out. 5ouBre 'oin' to "all behind MMMMMMMM 0ath. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . The pro"essor as7ed 5ou to e<plain ho# this situation happened. Sa0 has a lot o" #or7 to do be"ore G//. 32 'i1e a#a5. 31 e0pt5 out. The5 so0eti0es destro5 old buildin's b5 0a7in' the0 e<plode. 31 plan on.uentl5 'ets 1er5 an'r5 at his students.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. What !an 5ou sa5 about Iani!e and the proble0H 8. What is &5dia doin' "or Sa0H 3. What didnBt !ho!olate toothpaste doH 2. What did the pro"essor as7 5ouH ECERCISE **!' Revie5 . but the5 did. Nobod5 in the !ri0inal 'an' thou'ht the5 !ould steal an airplane. The !o0pan5 #as supposed to "inish the pro)e!t b5 Septe0ber 1.uentl5 doH %.ter each one$ !o0e out. 32 loo7 into. What did the 'an' doH 4. 32 2 "all out. Than7s "or helpin' 0e out MMMMMMMM 05 al'ebra ho0e#or7. 31 do #ithout. 31 sort out.4. but it ne1er be!a0e popular. so &5dia is doin' so0e o" it "or hi0 so that he #onBt ha1e to #or7 late. The !o0pan5 started to sell !ho!olate toothpaste. 32 .ro.

#e didnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMa hurri!ane. . 11. 2 $ . 4" 5ouBre stud5in' a lan'ua'e.1 #as an'r5 #ith 05 sister. 12. %. 14. Ti005 told his 0other that he hadnBt eaten an5 !a7e. 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM and "or'ot to put so!7s on this 0ornin'. Could 5ou MMMMMMMM the0 MMMMMMMM. 8. 2. The "a0il5 business had to be sold a"ter the "a0il5 0e0bers MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #ith ea!h other. 5ou !anBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a di!tionar5. No one #as surprised #hen the ne#s MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 65 "ian!eeBs "ather 'ot si!7 suddenl5. Ii0Bs )ob is 1er5 dan'erous. so #e had to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the #eddin' until later. but #e tal7ed and MMMMMMMM e1er5thin' MMMMMMMM. 1 . Put so0e 0ore #ood on the "ire > itBs startin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. pleaseH 1$.1. Aou !an still eat this apple > )ust MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the bad part. he !an retire #ith a pension. 4 #as a little MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #hen 6elanie disa'reed #ith 0e. 3. $. but the !ho!olate "rostin' on his "a!e MMMMMMMM hi0 MMMMMMMM. so the poli!e #ere able to MMMMMMMM hi0 MMMMMMMM as a suspe!t. 4 "elt li7e an idiot > 4 had to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM all da5 #ithout so!7s on. 13. but i" he MMMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMMM "or another 5ear. When #e de!ided on the =aha0as "or our hone50oon. 4. 1/. These trash !ans are 'ettin' "ull. Ia7e #as in )ail #hen the !ri0e #as !o00itted. &indaBs 'oin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 'ettin' her teeth blea!hed. *.

%oat ROUN2 Nonse+ara&%e' t5o95or!' transitive STICK to STAN2 . +e0e0ber that so0e 1erbs !an be both transiti1e and intransiti1eG Nonse+ara&%e' t5o95or!' intransitive stic0 ROUN2 . transiti1e or intransiti1e. When 5ou !o so0ethin' over' 5ou do it a'ain in order to i0pro1e it or to !orre!t 0ista7es. 4t 0i'ht see0 di""i!ult to 7no# #hether to a!!ent the 1erb or the parti!le sin!e it depends on #hether the phrasal 1erb is separable or nonseparable. but the teacher said I could do it over.*6$ FOCUS ON< +ron nciation o. 2 % .1.or three-#ord phrasal 1erb? ho#e1er. it boils do#n to thisG al#a5s a!!ent the parti!le a"ter the 1erb unless the phrasal 1erb is a nonseparable. or a t#o.or STICK aro n! FLOAT ro n! Nonse+ara&%e' three95or!' transitive %ea! UP to Se+ara&%e' t5o95or!' transitive ta0e BACK !o OVER Se+ara&%e' three95or!' transitive + t UP to Initive present tense do over do over < does over doing over did over done over &ing form past tense past participle ($ !o $$$ over p. This is all wrong it(ll have to be done over. t5o9an! three9 5or! +hrasa% ver&s' " -s #e sa# in Se!tions and $. I got a bad grade on my paper. transiti1e. t#o-#ord phrasal 1erb > then a!!ent the 1erb. phrasal 1erbs are so0eti0es a!!ented on the 1erb and so0eti0es a!!ented on the parti!le.

#nfinitive present tense float around float around & floats around -ing form floating around past tense floated around past participle floated around ($ . "$ .ashington.+ 2 8 . . don(t know where the stapler is. When abbre1iations.%oat aro n! p. e1ent. . When one or 0ore a!tions. The new schedule was floating around the office yesterday. the ?resident didn(t immediately announce that he would run for a second term@ he led up to it by recalling the accomplishments of his first term.or the0. 5>.1. +)ake didn(t shoot $ank for no reason something led up to it. a!ron50s.hen )ake was arrested for shooting $ank. !omething about a change of management has been floating around latel%. I(ve been listening to you talk for thirty minutes. Jusuall5 !ontinuousK When so0ethin' is .1.1. dan'erous. stands for +5istrict of >olumbia.+ "$ %ea! + to p. thou'h 5ou are not sure e<a!tl5 #here. stand for stand for & stands for standing for stood for stood for ($ stan! .hat(s your point1 . the5 pre!ede and !ause or partiall5 !ause it.1.+ +!cuba+ stands for +self&contained underwater breathing apparatus. didn(t think it was a good idea to demand a raise. . The detective said.%oatin/ aro n!' it is bein' repeated and dis!ussed a0on' a 'roup o" people or #ithin a pla!e.%oat aro n! p.1. There(s a rumor floating around that the factory(s going to be closed. . The +5>+ in . 5ou + t the0 + to it. In his speech. it is there so0e#here. "oolish. or s50bols represent lon'er #ords or 'roups o" #ords. When a ru0or or so0e in"or0ation is .hat are you leading up to" put up to put up to & puts up to putting up to put up to put up to ($ + t$$$ + to p. or situations %ea! + to a "inal a!tion. or situation. $ave you heard anything1 lead up to lead up to & leads up to leading up to led up to led up to ($ %ea! + to p. When 5ou persuade or pressure people to do so0ethin' that is ille'al.1.%oatin/ aro n! a pla!e. or un#ise. !everal minor battles led up to a full&scale war.or p. When 5ou %ea! + to so0ethin' #hen 5ou are spea7in' or #ritin'. e1ents. but it(s floating around here somewhere. he said NaFuel had put him up to it by threatening to tell the police about his other crimes. the5 stan! . 5ou 'raduall5 0o1e to#ard an i0portant point b5 sa5in' or #ritin' in"or0ation that #ill support that point. but my wife put me up to it.

!he asked why he deserved a :*L million bonus even though the company had lost money that year and H. 6$ stic0$$$ to p. 5ou deliberatel5 tr5 to tease. *$ stic0 to p. $e stuck to his alibi that he had been at the racetrack when the murder occurred.or p.1. and the tiles didn(t stick to the floor. i0proper. represent. !am thinks the new manager is an idiot. 5on(t go yet stick to stick to & sticks to sticking to stuck to stuck to stick around until !arah gets here@ she(d love to see you. Jin"or0alK When 5ou sti!7 it to people. or un)ust. Infinitive present tense stick around stick around < sticks around &ing form sticking around past tense stuck around past participle stuck around ($ stic0 aro n! p. anno5.1. 5ou !ontinue as be"ore. "$ stic0 to p. When 5ou #ill not stan! . 7DL .or the0. habit.e(re going to have lunch in an hour. 'fter the audition. 1alues. the5 stan! . the director told me I was a terrible actor and that I should stick to singing. When 5ou are spea7in' or #ritin' and 5ou stic0 to a !ertain sub)e!t. pro1o!ati1e state0ent. When one thin' stic0s to another. or belie"s.or p. When 5ou stic0 to a !ertain belie".1.1.+ don(t talk about *33 other things that aren(t In his news conference. !lai0. >ruelty to animals is one thing I will never stand for."$ stan! . t5pe o" #or7. $e was a great man who stood for eFual rights and opportunity for all people.1. +5o this paper over and stick to the point important.1. Jin"or0alK When 5ou stic0 aro n!' 3o sta5 #here 5ou are. but the reporters kept asking about the latest scandal.uestion. I used the wrong glue.333 workers had been laid off. the ?resident stuck to the new ta0 legislation. it re0ains atta!hed to it. and so on. ($ stic0 to p. Stic0 5ith is si0ilar to stic0 to$ )ake claimed he was innocent of $ank(s murder. >an you stick around" . I told my son I wouldn(t stand for that kind of language in this house. *$ stan! . plan. and he likes to stick it to him. 5ou #ill not tolerate it or allo# it to happen. The teacher said. poli!5. The magnet sticks to the chalkboard because there(s metal underneath. 5ou tal7 or #rite about that sub)e!t onl5. or are identi"ied #ith ideas.1. #ithout !han'e. =ne woman at the shareholders( meeting really stuck it to the president of the company. or di""i!ult . or e0barrass the0 #ith an a!!usation. This flag stands for freedom. When people or ob)e!ts support.or so0ethin' that 5ou thin7 is ille'al.

5ou ta7e it to #here it #as be"ore. When 5ou ta0e so0ethin' &ac0 or ta0e so0ethin' &ac0 "ro0 so0eone else. The guy at the store said he wouldn(t take my answering machine back because I had bought it on sale. or rude. Mike got sick again. donBt lea1e 5our tools here? ta0e the0 &ac0 to the 'ara'e.1. I need to take )im(s lawn mower back to him. to e<!han'e it "or so0ethin' else. or lent it to. 5ou 'o #ith the0 to that pla!e. that was very rude of me. un"air. I take it back. 7$ ta0e$$$ &ac0 EtoF p.1. When 5ou ta7e so0ethin' that 5ou ha1e bou'ht to the pla!e #here 5ou bou'ht it and as7 to ha1e it repaired.1. . so we took him back to the hospital. 8$ ta0e $$$ &ac0 p. When 5ou ta0e people &ac0 or ta0e people &ac0 to a pla!e #here the5 #ere be"ore. 5ou ta0e it &ac0 or ta0e it &ac0 to the pla!e #here 5ou bou'ht it. and we(re taking him back tomorrow. The lady I bought this ?ersian rug from said she would be happy to take it back from me if I changed my mind. That(s not trueE 8ou take that back right nowE I(m sorry. 8o 5ou usuall5 ta0e the shoppin' !arts &ac0 a"ter 5ouB1e put 5our 'ro!eries in your car? "$ ta0e$$$ &ac0 EtoF p. When 5ou ta0e &ac0 so0ethin' that 5ou ha1e said. 6$ ta0e $$$ &ac0 EtoF p. sold. That new TV that "ancy bought was a piece of junk@ she took it back to the store and demanded her money back. have to take back these pants that I bought yesterday because the 6ipper(s already broken. or "or the 0one5 5ou paid "or it.1. and she still hasn(t taken it back. 5ou return it. 5ou a!!ept it "ro0 the person 5ou 'a1e. 2$/ .1. When 5ou ta0e so0ethin' &ac0 or ta0e so0ethin' &ac0 to a pla!e.1. 4" 5ouBre "inished #or7in' on the !ar. *$ ta0e$$$ &ac0 E"ro0F p. =ur son was home from college for the summer. Gydia borrowed this book from the library si0 months ago. When 5ou ta0e &ac0 so0ethin' that 5ou ha1e borro#ed or ta0e &ac0 so0ethin' that 5ou ha1e borro#ed to the person or pla!e that 5ou borro#ed it "ro0. 5ou ad0it that #hat 5ou said #as untrue.#nfinitive present tense take back take back & takes back -ing form taking back past tense took back past participle taken back ($ ta0e$$$ &ac0 EtoF p.

. $.ri7 to do su!h a terrible thin'. the5 7no# itMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM. 4 "elt terrible about #hat 4 said. @. +osa tried to return her en'a'e0ent rin' to her "ian!e. 4B0 'oin' to MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM a poli!5 o" 0indin' 05 o#n business. 4.ro. 3. 14. %. The es!aped prisoner #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to prison. 2. *. 4 #as )ust about to barbe!ue so0e !hi!7en. 4 thin7 so0eone MMMMMMMM hi0 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMit. 4tBs not li7e . 1 . ECERCISE *6a . . 4n 05 histor5 !lass #e studied the e1ents that MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM World War 44. When so0ethin' re0inds 5ou o" a pla!e #here 5ou #ere in the past or o" so0ethin' 5ou e<perien!ed in the past.@ MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM "or .ualit5 at a "air pri!e. 12. and 4 MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM i00ediatel5.-.1.nited -rab . so #e lo1e to MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM hi0 about ho# bad the Cubs are. 4tBs too bad 5ou !anBt MMMMMM MMMMMM.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. 11. 13. and he said it took him back to when he was stationed in /ngland during the war. but he #ouldnBt MMMM it MMM. Gooking through my high school year book sure takes me back. 1/. My grandfather found his old uniform in the attic. 8. -"ter bein' e0barrassed last ni'ht. When people see our !o0pan5Bs lo'o. (ne o" the 'u5s at #or7 is a real baseball nut "ro0 Chi!a'o. it ta0es 5ou &ac0 or ta0es 5ou &ac0 to a ti0e in the past.:$ ta0e $$$ &ac0 EtoF p. 4 donBt ha1e &indaBs ele!tri! drill an50ore? 4 MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM 5esterda5. but 4 !anBt "ind it. Ca1e 5ou seen the 0anual "or this pro'ra0H 4tBs MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the o""i!e so0e#here. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . 4 hate it #hen itBs so hu0id that 5our !lothes MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM5our s7in.0irates. &oo7 at these old pi!tures. The5 sure MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM. The la#5er told his !lient to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the "a!ts #hen she testi"ies.

but she later ad0itted that it #asnBt true. 6ar7 did su!h a bad )ob paintin' his house that he had to 'et a pro"essional house painter to MMMMMMMMitMMMMMMMM. 8onBt pa5 an5 attention to that ru0or> itBs been MMMMMMMMMMMM"or three 5ears. What did 4 do to the bo< o" !erealH . Tu!7er doH %. 1%. and 5ouBre still not happ5 #ith it. The tailor didnBt do #hat 4 #anted hi0 to do #ith this dress. #e 7ne# #hat he #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 4B0 'oin' to MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM to hi0.1$. ECERCISE *6& . this section o. but he absolutel5 #ill not allo# it. ho5 t5o9 an! three95or! +hrasa% ver&s are +rono nce!$ Then' sa3 each sentence in E4ercise *6a a%o ! an! circ%e the ver& or +artic%e that is accente!$ ECERCISE *6c . The restaurant 0ana'er told the bartender that she #ould not MMMMMMMM MMMMMMM drin7in' on the )ob. Tu!7erBs "i"teen-5ear-old dau'hter #ants to 'et a tattoo. What did 1isitin' his old hi'h s!hool do to hi0H 2$2 . 18. 6r. -s soon as the !o0pan5 president 0entioned the de!rease in sales and the need to redu!e labor !osts. What ha1e 5ou done to the stor5 "our ti0esH 4. Iani!e said 4 #as a !heaps7ate. What #onBt 6r. What did Iani!e doH 2.ro. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s . Visitin' his old hi'h s!hool brou'ht ba!7 a lot o" 0e0ories. What does =ill do #ith his s5ste0H $. What did those situations an e1ents doH 3. 21. . When 4 opened the bo< o" !ereal. AouB1e re#ritten this stor5 "our ti0es. 1*.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. Revie5 the e4+%anation at the &e/innin/ o. =ill has a s5ste0 "or pi!7in' 'ood sto!7s. 8onBt lea1e these dirt5 dishes here?MMMMMMMM the0 MMMMMMMM to the 7it!hen. so 4 returned it to the store.nu0ber o" situations and e1ents helped to !ause the Ci1il War. and he al#a5s uses it. 2/. it #as "ull o" bu's.

32 "all behind.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. When 5ouBre an adult. *. The ne# o#ners o" the !o0pan5 said the5 planned to MMMMMM thin's MMMMMMM. 2% 1. She as7ed 0e #hat @Ph.1 as7ed Sa0 ho# his )ob inter1ie# MMMMMMM MMMMMMM. 24 sta5 out. 2% !at!h on. The "inan!e 0inister MMMMMM MMMMMM a plan to re1i1e the nationBs e!ono05. Carlos !a0e to 05 house and sta5ed "or a #hile. What has the 0a'aDine been doin'H 1/. 2$ 'oo" around. 33 put to'ether. 2$3 . so 6ar7 doesnBt #or7? he )ust MMMMMM MMMMMM 0ost o" ti0e. 24 pull o"". 33 let in on. 24 #ear o"". %. 23 stop o1er.@ represents. What did Carlos do a"ter he !a0e to 05 houseH *. Toni'ht 4B0 'oin' to MMMMMMM MMMMMMM #ith so0e "riends and #at!h the 'a0e. 33 !o0e out. 8. What did she as7 0eH 11.1 "elt ridi!ulous dressin' as a pin7 dinosaur "or 05 nephe#Bs birthda5 part5. $.ter each one$ bite o"". 33 !o0e about. 33 'et to'ether.8. 2. -"ter the tran. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . the elephant #ill #a7e up.1 as7ed 05 histor5 tea!her #hat led up to the -0eri!an +e1olution.uiliDer MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. and #e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in "illin' orders. and he said it #ent 'reat. 6ar7 has a ri!h "ather. 3. and 4B0 reall5 beat.8. ThatBs a prett5 bi' pro)e!t. 5ou !anBt )ust thin7 about toda5? 5ou ha1e to MMMMM MMMMMM. 4. and he said the #ar MMMMMMM MMMMMMMM as a result o" se1eral "a!tors. -re 5ou sure 5ou ha1enBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 0ore than 5ou !an !he#H 1/. 2$ plan ahead. 4 didnBt sleep at all last ni'ht > 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM dan!in' until da#n. but 05 brother persuaded 0e to do it. What did 05 brother doH ECERCISE *6!' Revie5 . . The ne# s5ste0 at the #arehouse #as a disaster. People in 05 o""i!e ha1e been readin' the latest issue o" Ti0e 0a'aDine and then 'i1in' it to so0eone else. 2 print out. 11. 2$ sha7e up.

14. sub)e!t the ob)e!t o" a senten!eG We dis!ussed narro5in/ !o5n the list. but 4 !anBt MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM be!ause 4B0 out o" toner. &i7e ordinar5 1erbs. 1 . 4" 5ouBre not bus5.S (NG /er n! +hrasa% ver&s 4n Se!tion 1/ #e loo7ed at 'erunds as the ob)e!ts o" phrasal 1erbs. The boss MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the ne# strate'5. 13. No# #e #ill loo7 at phrasal 1erbs as 'erunds the0sel1es. We dis!ussed narro5in/ it !o5n$ We tal7ed about narro5in/ it !o5n$ 2$4 . ob)e!t or the ob)e!t o" a prepositionG We tal7ed about narro5in/ !o5n the list. The !roo7s tried to steal a %4% b5 pretendin' to be pilots. People ha1e been tal7in' about pi!ture phones "or 5ears. 1$. object of preposition Co# and #hen phrasal 1erbs !an be separated is una""e!ted b5 their use as 'erundsG Narro5in/ it !o5n #ill be di""i!ult.12. but the5B1e ne1er MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. *7$ 2(C. but the5 !ouldnBt MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM. 'erund phrasal 1erbs !an be the sub)e!t o" a senten!eG Narrowing down the list will be difficult. #ould 5ou li7e to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM "or a #hileH We !ould #at!h TV or pla5 !ards. 4 "inished 05 letter.

but since Tom is the boss. /oing b% the book has always been my policy. can(t believe that thirty years have gone b% since I got out of high school.oo% aro n!$ My son is la6y. !ally(s father caught her and )im fooling around in the basement. When people /o &3 a pla!e or thin'. 5ou . Get(s go b% ?aul(s house to get his tools before we work on your car. 0ooling around with drugs is pretty stupid.oo% aro n! #ith ea!h other. 8ou can forget about going b% the dry cleaner to pick up your stuff *$ /o &3 p. *$ . 6$ /o &3 p. 5ou use it as a re"eren!e or a 'uide in 0a7in' de!isions and deter0inin' 5our beha1ior. )im told me to do one thing.1. the5 ha1e se<ual relations. aro n! is the sa0e as .1. # went by )im(s house to see if his car was in the driveway. e1en thou'h one or both o" the0 0a5 be 0arried to so0eone else or e1en thou'h their "a0ilies or so!iet5 0a5 not appro1e.oo% aro n! #ith so0ethin'. When a period o" ti0e /oes &3' it passes. "$ /o &3 p. When 5ou /o &3 a poli!5 or standard. When 5ou #aste ti0e pla5in' or doin' sill5 or uni0portant thin's. .1. or la#s e<a!tl5. When a thin' /oes &3 or /oes &3 5ou.oot aro n! E#ithF p.oo% aro n! E#ithF p. 5ou do so0ethin' that 0a5 be dan'erous or "oolish. poli!ies. go b% go b% & goes b% going b% went b% gone b% ($ /o &3 p. When 5ou . +I(m not paying you to fool around get to workE+ ($ . 5ou "ollo# rules. $e spends his time fooling around instead of looking for a job. 5ou 'o there so that 5ou !an do so0ethin' or 'et so0ethin'. it passes near 5ou.oo% aro n!$ Eoo. 8ou shouldn(t fool around with the insides of your computer unless you know what you(re doing. . it(s closed. 's time went b% Aetty moved up in the company until she was the head of the finance department.Infinitive present tense fool around fool around < fools around &ing form fooling around past tense fooled around past participle fooled around ($ .e watched the parade go b%. .1. Jin"or0alK When t#o people . the5 pass near that pla!e or thin'. When 5ou /o &3 a pla!e. $er husband(s been fooling around with his secretary. When 5ou /o &3 the boo7. and Tom told me to do another. I(m going to go b% what he says.1. and everyone in town knows it.1. My boss said.1.oo% aro n! p.oo% aro n! or .

The e0plorers left the mountains behind and entered the jungle. 're they ever going to get married1 "$ %ive 5ith p. When 5ou %ive 5ith so0eone. The enemy soldiers retreated and left behind a city in ruins. 5ou lea1e the0 &ehin!$ My husband walks so fast that he always leaves me behind.e packed too much luggage for our trip. 5ou 0ean that the5 li1e in the sa0e pla!e but are not 0arried. When 5ou sa5 that one person %ives 5ith a person o" the opposite se<. and he(s held it against me ever since. When 5ou ho%! thin's a/ainst people. If you don(t start working harder. learn. Mark was so good at calculus that he soon left the rest of the class behind. When 5ou %ive 5ith a disease or other proble0. 1iving with my in&laws is driving me cra6y. 5on(t go b% the clock on the wall@ it(s fast. 5ou use it to tell the ti0e. /o b% the clock on the desk. *$ %eave $$$ &ehin! p. When 5ou /o &3 a !lo!7. 1eaving our children behind at a gas station was pretty dumb. When 5ou 0o1e. "$ %eave$$$ &ehin! p. so we had to leave some things behind.1. 5ou li1e at the sa0e address. you(re going to be left behind. live with live with & lives with living with lived with lived with ($ %ive 5ith p.1.7$ /o &3 p.1. When 5ou %eave so0ethin' or so0eone &ehin!' 3o do not ta7e the0 #ith 5ou be!ause 5ou "or'ot or be!ause 5ou !annot or do not #ant to ta7e the0. .1. When 5ou %eave so0eone or so0ethin' &ehin!' 5ou 'o to a different place. &ing form holding against past tense held against past participle held against ($ ho%! $$$a/ainst p. 5ou !ontinue to bla0e the0 "or so0ethin' and !ontinue to be upset about it.1. "o wonder I(m always late for work Infinitive present tense hold against hold against < holds against the clock I(ve been going b% is ten minutes slow. Mike(s been living with his girlfriend for five years. 5ou endure or put up #ith it.1. but she doesn(t hold it against him.1. 2$$ . leave behind leave behind & leaves behind leaving behind left behind left behind ($ %eave$$$ &ehin! p. or #or7 "aster than others in 5our 'roup. )ane tost her job because of a mistake Aob made. Ten years ago I got a promotion that "ed thought he deserved.

'uilt. 'uilt. *$ %ive 5ith p. trick into trick into & tricks into tricking into tricked into tricked into ($ tric0$$$ into p. 7. 5ou !ontinue #ith 5our li"e in spite o" the sha0e.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. 5ou re0o1e so0e o" the0 so that the nu0ber o" thin's or people is redu!ed. $e said he couldn(t go on living with the knowledge that he had caused the death of *H innocent people. 'll the candidates for the job have e0cellent Fualifications. I took a job in )apan. and si0 years %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% before I returned to the Onited !tates.1. #nfinitive present tense make of make of & makes of -ing form making of past tense made of past participle made of ($ -a0e o. !o what did you make of the prime minister(s speech1 . )ake committed suicide rather than live with the shame of what he had done. The detective narrowed the suspects down to the butler. 7JM .hat he said was so strange that I didn(t know what to make of it. When 5ou narro5 !o5n thin's or people in a list or 'roup.1. ECERCISE *7a . The 0an #ho #as 7illed in the a!!ident MMMMMMMM a #i"e and three !hildren MMMMMMMM.ro. The prosecutor %%%%%%%% )ake %%%%%%%% admitting his guilt. or a pain"ul 0e0or5. t can(t change the situation. 2. narrow down narrow down & narrows down narrowing down narrowed down narrowed down ($ narro5$$$ !o5n p. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . When 5ou tric0 people into doin' so0ethin'. so I(ll just have to learn to live with it. What 5ou -a0e o.1iving with this disease is not easy. ?aul(s been %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%% his parents since his house burned down. I was an idiot to let $ank trick me into selling him my car for so little money. and the maid. H. When 5ou %ive 5ith sha0e. the cook.1. p. Con into is si0ilar to tric0 into$ The con artist tricked them into giving him their life savings.1. 5ou persuade the0 to do so0ethin' b5 "oolin' or de!ei1in' the0. so0ethin' is 5our understandin' or opinion o" it. or pain"ul 0e0or5. )arrowing the list down won(t be easy.

+ead it and tell 0e #hat 5ou MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMit. There #ere "i"t5 !ontestants at the be'innin' o" the !ontest. 12. *. but Ii0 told e1er5one that he did all the #or7. ECERCISE *7& . Ser'eant Iones #as 1er5 stri!t #hen he #as in the -r05. 4 MMMMMM MMMMMM 05 #rist#at!h > not the #all !lo!7 > be!ause itBs 0ore a!!urate. 2ran7Bs #i"e "iled "or di1or!e a"ter she learned that he #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #ith her best "riend..ro. so un"ortunatel5 sheBll )ust ha1e to learn to endure it. %. Ii0 and 4 #or7ed on a pro)e!t to'ether. Cer disease is in!urable. The train al#a5s blo#s its #histle #hen it MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. Co# !an 5ou MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 5oursel" a"ter the terrible thin' 5ou didH 1$. so on the #a5 to s!hool 4 need to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM her house to 'et it.ui!7l5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM b5 the rest o" the !lass. 6i7e #asnBt read5 "or the ad1an!ed al'ebra !lass.MMMMMMMM 5our "riends and "a0il5 MMMMMMMM #hen 5ou e0i'rate to a ne# !ountr5 is 1er5 di""i!ult. 4 #as 05 parentsB"a1orite. and 05 brother stillMMMMMMMMitMMMMMMMM0e. and he #as . $. 1 . 14. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s . Todd "ailed the test be!ause he MMMMMMM MMMMMMM all e1enin' instead o" stud5in'. MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM diabetes 0eans !are"ull5 0onitorin' 5our blood su'ar. 6elanie has 05 biolo'5 boo7. 8. 18. 11. Ce al#a5s MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the boo7. and 4B0 still an'r5 about it. 8onBt let 5our 7ids MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #ith !i'arette li'hters? the5 0i'ht start a "ire. 13.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. &oo7 at this stran'e letter 4 re!ei1ed. Co# do 4 "eel about #hat Ii0 didH 2$8 . What #ill she ha1e to doH 2. but the )ud'es MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM to "i1e "inalists. 1%. 1/. .

What did Can7 do to his sisterH 8. What are the5 doin'H 4. What did the poli!e !ar doH 1/.ro. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 4. 65 "ather has a lot o" horrible 0e0ories "ro0 the #ar. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM . +re+ositions$ 1. What did the s!ientist as7 her !ollea'ue about the test resultsH *. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 2. . =rite ei/ht ori/ina% sentences sin/ +hrasa% ver&s . and then he eli0inated those that are too !old or ha1e hi'h !ri0e rates.poli!e !ar passed 0e #hile 4 #as dri1in'. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 2$* . The s!ientist as7ed her !ollea'ue his opinion o" the test results. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 3. When the boss isnBt in the o""i!e.MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM $.ects o.ects' or o&. 5ou )ust pla5 !o0puter 'a0es and 0a7e personal phone !alls. Sall5 and her sisterBs husband 'o to a 0otel so0eti0es durin' their lun!h hour. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM %. What did =ill do to his list o" !itiesH $. What do 5ou do #hen the boss isnBt in the o""i!eH %.as s &.ui!7l5.3. =ill 0ade a list o" !ities that he 0i'ht 0o1e to. What does he ha1e to do #ith the0H . The last 5ear passed .this section$ Tr3 to -a0e a%% the +hrasa% ver&s /er n!s an! to se the. Can7 told his sister that he needed 0one5 "or his #i"eBs do!tor bills. What are SusieBs parents 'oin' to do to herH 11. SusieBs parents are 'oin' to ta7e a 1a!ation #ithout her. but he reall5 #anted 0one5 to bu5 dru's. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 8. What did the last 5ear doH ECERCISE *7c .ects' o&.

2H hang around. so 5an %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% all night with her. 2H stay up. !am has been very depressed since he %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% with his girlfriend. D.ter each one$ break up. H. 7L mess up. but I got a flat tire and that %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% everything. The robber was only three feet away when he fired the gun at me. 7L stand for. L. !he %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% in bed all day watching TV and eating ice cream. 7K run across. M. 73 flip out. 5on(t stand on that chair it(s %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%%. *3. My boss is a jerkE I worked for three days on this.ECERCISE *7!' Revie5 . *H. I told Mark that I would never speak to him again if he didn(t %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% the nasty things he said. 73 luck out. I(ll %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%% if you drop my new camera in the swimming pool. ' number of minor events will %%%%%% %%%%%% %%%%%% the main event. That(s where he %%%%%%%% MMMMMMMM. 2. 73 stick around. J. If you(re looking for $ank. go to the bar on the corner. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . **. *2. This is outrageousE I will not %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% dishonesty in my company. 2H take back. but the gun jammed and didn(t fire. "ancy said being sick wasn(t so bad.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. 2%/ . 73 lead up to. 7L float around. I had a very busy day planned. K.hy don(t you %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% for a while. but I can(t find it. 7L do over. 2H *. and just because he found one mistake he made me %%%%%%%% it %%%%%%%%. 2H lie around. 5an(s daughter was very sick last night. 5o you really have to leave now1 . 7. 7K come apart. $ave you seen the dictionary1 It(s %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% the office somewhere. *7. 2H end up. I really%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%.

the side that stops 0a7in' threats &ac0s !o5n$ . =ill #as tal7in' about 0o1in' to 2lorida or Ca#aii. or Fuality# $er fever has gone down to *33 degrees. So0eone told 0e that Sarah is in to#n. The doctor gave her a sedative to calm her down. The campaign is winding down. . =pen the door or I(ll break it down! or that a process or activity is ending or has ended# My car broke down on the highway. that so0ethin' or so0eone is "ou'ht. 1$. The warehouse burned down.e(ve narrowed the list down to three choices. 2it down5 dinner is ready. but 4B0 not sure #here he "inall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. The police cracked down on street crime. that so0ethin' "alls to the 'roundG The boy was running and fell down. but 4 ha1enBt MMMMMM MMMMMMM her 5et. or o1erpo#eredG $ank backed down when he saw my shotgun. 8o#n !an be used to sa5 that so0ethin' literall5 0o1es "ro0 a hi'her position to a lo#er position or "ro0 north to southG Aob went down the ladder. de"eated. intensity. Fuantity. Infinitive back down present tense back down < backs down &ing form backing down past tense backed down past participle backed down ($ &ac0!o5n p. The FAI tracked down the spy.1. When one side in a disa'ree0ent stops 0a7in' threats and lets the other ha1e #hat it #ants or do #hat it #ants.1 . $is friends came down from >anada. that something decreases in si6e. *8$ FOCUS ON< +hrasa% ver&s 5ith the +artic%e down The parti!le do#n is used in 0an5 phrasal 1erbs and has 0an5 0eanin's.

"$ ca%.a%% !o5n p. 7M7 . or le1el o" so0ethin' de!reases. Eo + is the opposite o" /o !o5n$ Toronto is too cold. 'll the dishes on that shelf will fall down if there(s another earthFuake. fall down fall down & falls down falling down fell down fallen down ($ .The dictator didn(t back down after the Onited "ations !ecurity >ouncil voted in favor of sending in troops. he backed down. "$ /o !o5n EtoF p. or upset. it /oes !o5n$ Eo + is the opposite o" /o !o5n$ The temperature went down to 6ero last night. Sett%e !o5n is si0ilar to ca%. go down go down & goes down going down went down gone down ($ /o !o5n EtoF p. it ca%-s !o5n$ When 5ou ca%.ualit5. or upset.a !on"used or 1iolent situation !o5n' 5ou 0a7e it less !on"used or 1iolent and 0ore !al0. Eo + is the opposite o" /o !o5n$ $ow far south does this road go down" 5oes this road go down to the south side of town1 'fter dinner we went down to the basement and played ping pong. but when I said I would report him to the chief of police. When 5ou 0o1e to a lo#er le1el or position or "ro0 north to south.1. When 5ou ca%. Infinitive present tense calm down calm down < calms down &ing form calming down past tense calmed down past participle calmed down ($ ca%.1.1.$$$ !o5n p.uantit5. ner1ous. 5ou /o !o5n or /o !o5n to that pla!e. Sett%e !o5n is si0ilar to ca%.!o5n$ The neighborhood where the riot occurred calmed down after the army started patrolling the streets.a%% !o5n$ I slipped on some ice on the sidewalk and fell down. When people or thin's "all to the 'round "ro0 a hi'her position.1. Mike tried to calm his sister down after she had a fight with her husband. When a !on"used or 1iolent situation be!o0es less !on"used or 1iolent. it /oes !o5n to that point. the5 .!o5n' 5ou be!o0e less a!ti1e. The police officer tried to force me to pay him a bribe.1. When the !ost. .other people !o5n' 5ou do so0ethin' to 0a7e the0 less a!ti1e. /oing down the mountain was a lot easier than going up.!o5n$ I was very nervous about the test. When so0ethin' e<tends to a !ertain point that is "arther south or at a lo#er ele1ation. The crime rate in "ew 8ork >ity has gone down. but I calmed down when I saw how easy it was.1. so we usually go down to Me0ico in the winter. ner1ous. *$ /o !o5n EtoF p. ' conference between the two sides was organi6ed to try to calm the situation down.$$$ !o5n p. . rate. When 5ou ca%.

. 't the party !am asked "ancy if she had made her dress from an old curtain. 5ou !reate and announ!e it.1. The new no smoking policy didn(t go down very well with the smokers in the office.hat a put-down! *$ + t$$$ !o5n EonF p. 5ou pa5 a portion o" the !ost o" so0ethin' 5ou #ant to bu5 to be sure that it #ill still be a1ailable to 5ou #hen 5ou are able to pa5 the rest o" the !ost. Infinitive present tense la% down lay down < lays down laying down laid down laid down &ing form past tense past participle ($ %a3$$$ !o5n EonF p. I(m not inviting !am to any more parties. When 5ou + t so0ethin' !o5n' 3o put so0ethin' in 5our hand or so0ethin' that 5ou are !arr5in' on a horiDontal sur"a!e. + t9!o5n n. I hate the way he puts everyone down. When 5ou + t people !o5n' 5ou !riti!iDe the0.1.1. When the sun 'oes belo# the horiDon. The police ordered )ake to la% down his gun and surrender. 8$ /o !o5n p. put down put down & puts down putting down put down put down ($ + t $$$!o5n p. When so0ethin' /oes !o5n in a !ertain #a5. If your computer terminal goes down %ou can use the one in the ne0t office. it /oes !o5n$ 'fter the sun goes down it(ll get a little cooler. poli!5. It(s dangerousE "$ + t$$$ !o5n p. The judge(s decision went down well with the prosecutor.1.1. rule.1. )im hates his stepfather and puts him down constantly. people rea!t to or per!ei1e it in this #a5. When 5ou %a3 !o5n a ne# la#. The suitcase was so heavy that I had to put it down and rest for a minute. "$ %a3 !o5n p. put that knife down. and so on.+ t9!o5n is an insult or !riti!al re0ar7. The sun went down at K#2H last night. P t !o5n is si0ilar to %a3 !o5n$ Marsha laid the tray down.6$ /o !o5n p. When 5ou %a3 so0ethin' !o5n' 5ou put it on a horiDontal sur"a!e. When a !o0puter or !o0puter net#or7 stops #or7in' be!ause o" a proble0 or be!ause it has been dis!onne!ted. The IN! laid down several new ta0 regulations.1. !usie. it /oes !o5n$ I couldn(t withdraw any money at the bank because its computers had gone down. 7$ /o !o5n p. 2%3 .1. . >ongress decided against la%ing down any new campaign financing laws. When 5ou + t 0one5 !o5n or + t 0one5 !o5n on so0ethin'.

"$ r n $$$ !o5n p. When 5ou dis!uss or re1ie# ite0s on a list "ro0 the "irst to the last. 'fter the engine Fuit. I told her that I could put as much as : *D. the5 r n that person !o5n$ The man was run down and killed by a speeding ta0i. .hat time is it1 My watch ran down last night.1. Get(s run down the >hristmas list and decide what to give everyone. r n!o5n part. Infinitive present tense run down run down < runs down running down ran down run down &ing form past tense past participle ($ r n !o5n EtoF p. rundown is a discussion or review of items on a list. . #ithout po#er or ener'5. they gradually lose power or energy. 2%4 . When 5ou 0o1e .ad).333 down. I saw someone trying to steal my car. 5ou + t the0 !o5n or + t the0 !o5n "or that assi'n0ent.1. and I ran down to the street to try to stop him. the pilot was able to put the plane down on a fro6en lake. I(m making a list of volunteers to help reelect !enator 5olittle.person or thin' that is r n!o5n is e<hausted. 5ou r n !o5n the list. The teacher ran down the list of students and marked the ones who are failing. . 'li was arrested after he ran three people down. Fortunately. 5ou + t it !o5n or + t it !o5n on the list.1. the pilot looked for a place to put down. 5ou r n !o5n or r n !o5n to that pla!e. When batteries or 0a!hines r n !o5n or are r n !o5n &3 someone. 6$ + t$$$ !o5n Eon/"orF p. so I told her to put me down for :D3. When 5ou add so0ethin' to a list or other #ritten 0aterial. *$ r n !o5n p. When 5ou add people to a list in order to assi'n so0ethin' to the0. 5on(t leave the car lights on for too long when the car isn(t running or the battery will run down. When an airplane + ts !o5n or a pilot + ts an airplane !o5n' the airplane lands. Melanie(s collecting money for charity.1.1.The real estate agent asked me how much money I want to put down on the house.ui!7l5 to a lo#er le1el or pla!e. Mike was running down the stairs when he fell and broke his leg. When 1ehi!les or people dri1in' 1ehi!les hit and in)ure or 7ill so0eone.1. rundown n. 6$ r n !o5n p. The consultant gave the manager a rundown of the problems she had found. >an I put your name down on the list1 7$ + t$$$ !o5n EonF p.

CereBs the list o" !andidates "or the pro0otion. I sat her down and had a serious talk with her.1. Wh5 donBt 5ou MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM and ta7e it eas5H %. . and I was shocked to see how rundown it had become. usuall5 so that 5ou !an ha1e a serious dis!ussion. 2% . *. 4 sa# a to# tru!7 loo7in' "or ille'all5 par7ed !ars.ad). The old #ater to#er MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM durin' the stor0.ro. 2.1. The sun !o0es up around $G//. 4tBs hard to #rite s50path5 notes. "$ sit$$$ !o5n p. I(m e0hausted@ I haven(t sat down all day. . so 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to 05 !ar and 0o1ed it.hen I found marijuana in my daughter(s purse. When 5ou sit people !o5n' 5ou order the0 to sit. r n!o5n part. When 5ou sit !o5n' 3o !han'e "ro0 a standin' position to a sittin' position. and it MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM around 8G//. 3. &etBs MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the list and de!ide. I went back to my old neighborhood. 65 o""i!e is on the ninetieth "loor. . The situation MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a"ter the !ease-"ire #as de!lared. 4 ne1er 7no# #hat to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. ECERCISE *8a . Ceather thin7s sheBs so hi'h-!lass. 8. The detective sat $ank down and began to interrogate him. Aou 0ust be e<hausted. SheMMMMMMMMMMMMother people all the ti0e. The teacher told his students to sit down and open their books. $.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1.Maybe I need to go to the doctor@ I feel so rundown all the time. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . so so0eti0es it ta7es 0e "i"teen 0inutes to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to the lobb5. 4.r n!o5n buildin' or nei'hborhood is in poor !ondition be!ause it has not been 0aintained. Infinitive present tense sit down sit down < sits down &ing form sitting down past tense sat down past participle sat down ($ sit !o5n p.

Ethe horse. 1 ./// MMMMMMMM on that house. 4" 5ou MMMMMMMM N 1//. and 4 MMMMMMMM hi0 MMMMMMMM and told hi0 e<a!tl5 #hat 4 thou'ht about it. The sto!7 e<!han'e had to stop tradin' #hen its !o0puters MMMMMMM MMMMMM. =rite three sentences sin/ the o&. MMMMMMMM the0 MMMMMMMM and let 0e !arr5 the0 "or 5ou. What are 5ou so #orried aboutH IustMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM > e1er5thin'Bs 'oin' to be all ri'ht. 22. 11. 14. 1$.ects in the ri/ht +%ace$ 1. The )o!7e5 !al0ed do#n. ECERCISE *8& .ects in +arentheses$ Be s re to + t the o&. The unionBs proposal to redu!e the #or7#ee7 to "our da5s didnBtMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #ell #ith the !o0pan5. 1%. .pedestrian #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM b5 a tru!7 on &in!oln -1enue. 8onBt MMMMMMMM the bab5 MMMMMMMM there > she 0i'ht "all. The !o0pan5 tried to redu!e bene"its. 13. itF 2%$ .1/. 1*. 18. The 2ood and 8ru' -d0inistration is e<pe!ted to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a ne# set o" re'ulations re'ardin' sea"ood inspe!tion. and the batteries ha1e MMMMMM MMMMMM. 12. 4 #as "urious about #hat 8an said. MMMMMMMM a )et MMMMMMMM on an air!ra"t !arrier at ni'ht is 1er5 di""i!ult. 23. 2/. 5ou #onBt need a 1er5 lar'e 0ort'a'e. 21. Those bo<es are too hea15 "or 5ou. The pri!e o" !o0puters has MMMMMMM MMMMMMM dra0ati!all5 in the last "e# 5ears. but the5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #hen the union threatened to 'o on stri7e. The -ppala!hian Trail starts in 6aine and MMMMM all the #a5 MMMMM to 3eor'ia. So0eone le"t this "lashli'ht on all ni'ht.

What did 2ran7 do to Nan!5H %. What did Sa0 doH 2%% . The houses in this part o" to#n are in 1er5 bad !ondition.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. The 0e!hani! laid do#n.2. Sa0 sat in a !hair. E05 boo7s. the0F 4. 4n Ouestion $. the0F 3. 2ran7 told Nan!5 that she #as lo#-!lass. hi0F ECERCISE *8c . What did the 7in' do to the areaH 4. Co# !an 5ou des!ribe this part o" to#nH .ro. 6ana'e0entBs plan 'ot a 'ood rea!tion "ro0 the #or7ers. 4 put do#n. #hat #as 2ran7Bs !o00entH 8. What i0pression did the plan 0a7e on the #or7ersH $. The 7in' 1isited the area #here the t#o tribes #ere "i'htin'. 4n Ouestion 1. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s' +artici+%e a!. The ta<i ran do#n. The !ar dealer re1ie#ed the list o" the !arBs options #ith 0e. Eher tools. What did the !ar dealer doH 2.ectives' an! no ns . and the "i'htin' stopped. Ethe tra""i! !op.#hat did the !ar dealer 'i1e 0eH 3.

The dentistBs se!retar5 #rote 05 na0e in her appoint0ent boo7.+revio s sections$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. but 4 donBt 7no# #hat siDe it is be!ause the ta'BsMMMMMMMM MMMMMMM. 8o 5ou ha1e a 7e5H 4B0 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM and !anBt 'et out. 3/ paid up. Aou slipped and landed on the 'round. 2% 1.ectives . Ni!ole hasnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 5et. IaneBs reall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. Ta7e this 0edi!ine. 4 donBt 7no# #h5 that 'u5 "ro0 the !olle!tion a'en!5 !alled 0e > all 05 bills are MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. $. 4.3/ pun!hed out. 3. 3/ lo!7ed out. 3/ sorted out. 22 !leaned out. 8o 5ou ha1e a 7e5H 4B0 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM and !anBt 'et in. 3/ put out. 32 e0ptied out.ither sheBs late "or #or7 or she "or'ot. Ii0Bs so!7s are 0i<ed #ith his brotherBs so!7s. 8a1idBs totall5 MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM toda5. %. 8. The 0ana'er #ondered #h5 4 #asnBt #or7in'. . 4tBs 'reat "or MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM noses. She )ust "ound out that her brother #as 0urdered. 24 spa!ed-out. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +artici+%e a!. 1/.ro. 6ar7 borro#ed =obBs !ar and had an a!!ident. What did 5ou doH ECERCISE *8!' Revie5 . 3/ torn o"". 22 plu''ed up. The !o0pan5Bs 0ana'e0ent stopped threatenin' to "ire the #or7ers and a'reed to raise their #a'es. . 2%8 . 3/ sha7en up. but a"ter 4 told her 4 #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 32 le"t out.ter each one$ burned up. 4 li7e this !oat. she said it #as o7a5. What did the !o0pan5 doH 1/. and 6ar7Bs reall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM about it. 11. 22 pun!hed in. The soldiers stopped "i'htin' and put their ri"les on the 'round.*. 2. What did the soldiers do #ith their ri"lesH 12. The5Bre not MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. Ce has e1en "or'otten his 'irl"riendBs na0e. 32 lo!7ed in. *. What did the se!retar5 doH 11.

33 do #ithout. ECERCISE *8e' Revie5 . 31 'o out. 6ar7 #asnBt su!!ess"ul as a sin'er. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . 31 sti!7 to. 3/ 0a7e o". 4 had to !ra#l in throu'h the #indo# a"ter 05 dau'hter !losed the door and MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM o" the house.12. Wh5 isnBt the base0ent MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 5etH 4 told 5ou 4B0 tired o" loo7in' at this )un7: 1 . 2.ter each one$ blo# up. 3. -"ter 0other had a stro7e. 13. #e had to hire nurses to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM her. and 4 ha1enBt e1en started it. but he MMMMMMMM MMMMMMM ri'ht a#a5. 33 !lean out. 33 put o"". 3/ 1. No one thou'ht 2ran7 !ould run a 0ile in less than "our 0inutes. and it 0a7es 0e "eel MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 3 plan on. This situation is 1er5 stran'e. ThereBs nothin' in the roo0. 32 lo!7 out. Co# did 5ou MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM on 5our "inal e<a0H %. 31 pull o"". 3 0a7e out. 34 #ash up. 8. 4 MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMM until the last 0inute. 2%* . Se1eral bodies "ro0 the !rashed plane MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the da5 a"ter the !rash. 4 donBt 7no# #hat to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM it. No one #ants to sit #ith 0e in the s!hool lun!hroo0. *. 2* narro# do#n. The President had a lot o" bi' plans #hen he too7 o""i!e. 65 0other #as reall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #hen -unt 9ath5 said our house #asnBt 1er5 !lean. 65 "ather #as se1ent5-t#o 5ears old #hen he 'ot his "irst !o0puter. 33 !are "or. . and no# he uses it all the ti0e. but he MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM. 14. 4tBs all MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. Ce should ha1e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM son'#ritin' > thatBs #hat he does best.1 ha1e to "inish 05 pro)e!t toni'ht. but "e# o" the0 e1er MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 1/. $. 31 !at!h on. 32 !o0e about. 4.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a.

My boss just brushes me off when I try to tell her how to increase our profits. When 5ou &r sh people o"". 3eor'e and &inda MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM "or three 5ears be"ore the5 'ot 0arried.. The reporters tried to ask him some Fuestions. and the children sat at another. 12. %e. 4 reall5 depend on 05 laptop !o0puter #hen 4 tra1el on business. and /ro5n9 + uses the past parti!ipleG (nl5 /ro5n9 +s are allo#ed to dri1e. a s0all nu0ber use a di""erent "or0 o" the 1erb. 8oung gave his son a good talking-to.. Se1eral people #ere 7illed #hen the bo0b MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 2or e<a0ple. but he brushed them off. Infinitive present tense brush off brush off < brushes off &ing form brushing off past tense brushed off past participle brushed off ($ &r sh $$$o. #hen 4 tried to 'i1e hi0 so0e ad1i!e. p..' 3o i'nore the0 or re"use to listen to the0 be!ause 5ou are not interested in or do not li7e #hat the5 are sa5in'.1. the 1erb is usuall5 in the in"initi1e "or0? ho#e1er. 5ou i'nore it . 5ou i'nore the0 or re"use to listen to the0 be!ause 5ou are not interested in or do not li7e #hat the5 are sa5in'./// "or their ne# house.t over and /ro5 + use the past parti!ipleG . =ob and 6arsha arenBtMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMspendin' 0ore than N2 /.e ate leftovers the day after Thanksgiving. 4t al0ost MMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMM... 1 . n. *:$ FOCUS ON< +hrasa% ver&s se! as no ns' * When phrasal 1erbs are used as nouns. The grown-ups sat at one table. a !riti!al re0ar7 or proble0. 13.11. 14. When 5ou &r sh o.. 1$. but the5 MMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM to t#o.1. p. I(m going to give it a good going-over. Aefore I buy this car. "$ &r sh $$$ o. The boss )ust 'a1e 0e the &r sh9o. The 2=4 started #ith a list o" si< suspe!ts. When 5ou 'i1e people the &r sh9o. ta%0 to and /o over use the -in/ "or0G Mr. 4 donBt 7no# ho# 4 e1er MMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMit. 65 di1or!e settle0ent !ost 0e a lot o" 0one5. &r sh9o.

5ou "eel the heada!he or illness co-in/ on$ I might be sick tomorrow@ I feel something coming on. 6$ co-e on p. I told 5r. I can(t stand that guy "ed.and !ontinue as be"ore #ithout lettin' it a""e!t 5ou. but he brushed it off. .1.1. and women don(t like that. Jal#a5s !ontinuousK When 5ou be'in to "eel a heada!he or an illness de1elopin'. When 5ou #ant to en!oura'e people to do so0ethin' or #hen 5ou #ant the0 to do so0ethin' . and she told him to get lost.1. $ey. Eo o. ?aul needs to learn to be more of a gentleman. :$ co-e on EtoF p. co-e9on n. When an ele!tri!al de1i!e or 0a!hine co-es on' it be'ins to operate. 5o you have any aspirin1 8$ co-e on p. come on! I told you not to do that again.hen you open the refrigerator door. Toad came on to )udy at the party.M. Aob comes on kind of arrogant. but he(s actually a nice guy. but he just brushes it off. 5ou sa3 ?Co-e onM? Aelieve me. $e(s always coming on to me. When a tele1ision or radio pro'ra0 co-es on' it be'ins.1. Infinitive present tense come on come on < comes on &ing form coming on past tense came on past participle come on ($ co-e on p. 5o you know when the news will come on" The late movie comes on at *#33 '.pro1o!ati1e !o00ent or a!tion intended to interest a person in ro0an!e or se< is a co-e9on$ 281 .1. and you(re telling me he got *33 on the test1 =h. Jin"or0alK When 5ou co-e on to people. 7$ co-e on p. $e comes on too strong. Jin"or0alK When 5ou thin7 that people ha1e done or said so0ethin' i0proper or unreasonable.1. the light comes on automatically.ui!7l5. *$ co-e on p. My father(s cholesterol is very high. 5ou sa3 ?Co-e on$? Tom didn(t study for one minute. 5ou approa!h the0 and tr5 to interest the0 in ro0an!e or se<. come on. When 5ou co-e on a !ertain #a5. !mith that he had made a mistake.1. Jin"or0alK . I feel a headache coming on. 5ou spea7 or deal #ith people in that #a5.. +ome on try itE +ome on! I can(t wait all day. you(re going to love this garlic ice cream. "$ co-e on p. usuall5 auto0ati!all5. is the opposite o" co-e on$ It was so cold that the heat came on last night.

5o you mind if I hang out here for a while1 han/o t n. 5ou cover it +$ I covered the cake up so no bugs would land on it. Han/ aro n! is si0ilar to han/ o t$ 5oesn(t "ancy have a job1 It seems as if she hangs out at the beach every day. The mayor was accused of covering up his ties to organi6ed crime. Jal#a5s passi1eK When so0ethin' is %e.Todd uses the same come-on with all the girls. leave over left over ($ %eave over p. When 5ou !o1er so0ethin' !o0pletel5.1. There(s no point in trying to cover up the crime. saying it was a hangout for crooks and gang members.1.ad).t over' it re0ains a"ter people ha1e used or ta7en as 0u!h o" it as the5 need or #ant. Jin"or0alK .1. So0ethin' 5ou do in order to pre1ent a !ri0e "ro0 be!o0in' 7no#n is a cover9 +$ The mayor denied being part of a cover-up and claimed he was innocent. hang out hang out & hangs out hanging out hung out hung out ($ han/ o t p. 5ou do so0ethin' to tr5 to pre1ent other people "ro0 learnin' o" it.dis!ount or spe!ial o""er desi'ned to 'et people to bu5 so0ethin' is a co-e9on$ The bank is offering a free V>N as a come-on if you open an account with them. it is covere! +$ 4s the 0eat covere! +H 4 donBt #ant "lies to land on it. Infinitive cover up present tense cover up < covers up &ing form covering up past tense covered up past partic covered u ($ cover$$$ + p. and it never works. -"ter so0ethin' has been !o0pletel5 !o1ered. I don(t have anyplace to go. 282 . I guess I made too much food@ look how much is left over. cover9 + n. Too many people already know about it.1. co-e9on n. covere! + part. 5ou spend ti0e there #ithout an5 i0portant purpose. +over this stuff up I don(t want anyone to see it. Jin"or0alK When 5ou han/ o t at a pla!e. When 5ou cover + a !ri0e. "$ cover$$$ + p.han/o t is a pla!e #here 5ou spend ti0e #ithout an5 i0portant purpose. I paid all my bills and had only : *M left over. . The police closed the bar.

pa% off & pa%s off 'fter the way everyone talked about how great the movie was. . 5ou pa5 all the 0one5 that 5ou o#e. # paid them off and told them not to return.$ 283 . I thought it was something of a letdown. Jal#a5s pluralK 2ood ite0s that re0ain uneaten a"ter people ha1e "inished eatin' are %e.hen are we going to have something different for dinner1 #nfinitive 1et down present tense let down & lets down -ing form letting down past tense let down past participle let down ($ %et $$$!o5n p. %et!o5n n. pa%ing off paid off paid off ($ +a3$$$ o.tover part. but I finally paid off my school loan. I had tickets for the fifth game of the .. but my team lost in four games.$ I made my last payment yesterday.ad).hat a letdown.. 8ou can have this leftover pasta for lunch tomorrow.ad). %e. 5ou "eel %et !o5n$ 8ou broke your promise to me that you would Fuit smoking. -"ter 5ou pa5 all the 0one5 that 5ou o#e to so0eone or to a lendin' institution. "$ +a3$$$ o. 0one5 that 5ou o#e or +a3 o. p. 5ou %et the0 !o5n$ My son promised to stop using drugs.ad).%e.tovers n. When 5ou pro0ise people 5ou #ill do so0ethin' and then "ail to do it. be!ause 5ou !annot do so0ethin' 5ou #ant to do. or be!ause so0ethin' is less e<!itin' than 5ou e<pe!ted it to be.. When 5ou pa5 people 0one5 so that the5 #ill do so0ethin' ille'al or allo# 5ou to do so0ethin' ille'al.1. So0ethin' that is %e. When 5ou sa5 that so0ethin' is a %et!o5n' 3o are disappointed be!ause 5ou !annot ha1e or !annot do so0ethin' 5ou #ant to or be!ause so0ethin' is less e<!itin' than 5ou e<pe!ted it to be.tovers$ 1eftovers again1 . and now my car loan is paid off. %et !o5n part. +ai! o.. It took ten years. +a3o. part. 5ou "eel %et !o5n$ When 5ou are disappointed be!ause 5ou !annot ha1e so0ethin' 5ou #ant to ha1e. When people pro0ise 5ou the5 #ill do so0ethin' and then "ail to do it.. but he let me down. ?lease don(t let me down.t over re0ains a"ter people ha1e used or ta7en as 0u!h o" it as the5 need or #ant. When 5ou +a3 o. 5ou +a3 the0 o.1. p. I really need you to help me move tomorrow. I wasn(t happy with the people we hired to paint our house...orld !eries. the person 5ou o#e the 0one5 to. I feel very let down. the debt or loan is +ai! o.1..

5an(s behavior is outrageous. *$ +a3 o. and no# 4 !anBt "ind a )ob in 05 "ield. 're you talking to me1 I don(t like Aob. !omeone should give him a good talking-to..1. but it(ll pa% off someday.$ Ginda doesn(t get paid for the volunteer work she does. 4Bll )ust MMMMMMMM her MMMMMMMM.. 3. .1.. Medical school is a lot of hard work. 5ou ha1e a !on1ersation #ith the0.8. Infinitive talk to present tense talk to < talks to &ing form talking to past tense talked to past participle talked to ($ ta%0 to p.. 4 donBt !are #hat Nan!5 thin7s o" 0e. The pa%off is knowing that she has helped other people.patient died a"ter 8r. 4 #or7ed "or nine 5ears to 'et 05 Ph.The politician tried to cover up the crime b% pa%ing off the witnesses. The chief of police was videotaped accepting a pa%off. is 0one5 paid to so0eone to do so0ethin' ille'al or to allo# 5ou to do so0ethin' ille'al. +a3o..' it is su!!ess"ul and is #orth the e""ort 5ou 0ade.. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s .this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. Ausiness increased by 23 percent. The restaurant changed its menu.ro. When so0ethin' 5ou do +a3s o. 284 . ta%0in/9to n$ A ta%0in/9to is a serious dis!ussion in #hi!h 5ou s!old or le!ture so0eone. 4 "or'ot to MMMMMMM the !hi!7en MMMMMMM a"ter #e "inished dinner. 4. and the !at ate it. . n$ A +a3o. p. S0ith 'a1e her the #ron' 0edi!ine. ECERCISE *:a . 2. and it really paid off. 5on(t e0pect the police in this city to do anything about gambling they(re being paid off.bene"it 5ou 'ain be!ause o" an e""ort 5ou 0a7e is a +a3o. -ll that #or7 sure didnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. +a3o. and the hospital tried to MMMMMMMMitMMMMMMMM. $e talks to me like I(m some kind of idiot. When 5ou ta%0 to people.. n. 4" she !riti!iDes 0e.

%. *. . 28 . 4 hope 4B0 not 'ettin' si!7. 4 tried to apolo'iDe to Iane. 4 "eel a !old MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. -"ter si< 0onths the5 in!rease it to 18 per!ent. Aou !an trust . 1$. 11.1 didnBt ha1e ti0e to 0a7e an5thin' "or dinner. The senator #as !on1i!ted o" ta7in' a MMMMMMMMMMM. so #eBre ha1in' MMMMMMMM toni'ht. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith no ns .. 12. ECERCISE *:& . Ce #onBt MMMMMMMM 5ou MMMMMMMM. but 4 didnBt MMMMM MMMMM her? she #as in the sho#er. This pla!e isnBt as beauti"ul as it loo7ed in the pi!tures. 8id 5ou see ho# she #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to 05 brother at the part5H 14. 1/. The politi!ian #as a!!used o" bein' part o" a MMMMMMMMMMM. &oo7 at TV 3uide to see #hen the sho# MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. Aou need to "inish s!hool. Iud5 isnBt interested in an5thin' 4 sa5? she al#a5s 'i1es 0e the MMMMMMMMMMM. 1 . MMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in bars isnBt 05 idea o" "un. $. What a MMMMMMMMMMM. 13. $. 4. 2. 9aren sure isnBt sh5.ri7 to 7eep his pro0ises. 3.ro. 4 didnBt li7e that !ar sales0an #e tal7ed to last ni'ht. so 4B0 0a7in' t#o pa50ents e1er5 0onth. %. 4 #ant to MMMMMMMM 05 0ort'a'e MMMMMMMM earl5. The !ontra!tor #as a!!used o" MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM !it5 o""i!ials in e<!han'e "or !ontra!ts. but itBs #orth it.1 set the ther0ostat so that the air !onditioner MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM i" it 'ets o1er ei'ht5 de'rees. The lo# interest rate the !redit !ard !o0pan5 o""ers i" 5ou s#it!h to their !ard is )ust a MMMMMMMMMM.this section$ 1. -"ter Than7s'i1in' so 0u!h tur7e5 #ill beMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMthat #eBll be eatin' it "or t#o #ee7s. The MMMMMMMMMMM #onBt !o0e "or 5ears. . 8. Ce MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM too stron'. 4 !alled Ceather last ni'ht. but she )ust MMMMM 0e MMMMM and !ontinued #al7in'.

4n Ouestion 1. 6a5be so0eone 'a1e hi0 a MMMMMMMMM. What did 8an do to his dau'hterH %. #hat did Ni!ole 'i1e to her brotherH 11. Ni!ole spo7e #ith her brother about his drin7in' proble0. and 4 told hi0 to be serious and reasonable.ro. 6ar7 said so0ethin' that 4 thou'ht #as ridi!ulous. What did she do to her brotherH 1/. What did the restaurant o#ner do to the health inspe!torH 14. #hat #as the N2// that the restaurant o#ner 'a1e the health inspe!torH 28$ . What did 5ou ha1eH . ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe 6ariaBs !ar loan a"ter she 0a7es the last pa50entH *. *. The heat in our house starts to operate #hen the te0perature 'ets belo# si<t5 de'rees. Ti005Bs not !ausin' an5 proble0s toda5. #hat is IoeBs 8iner to NedH 3. 2or lun!h 5ou ate the spa'hetti that 5our "a0il5 didnBt eat the ni'ht be"ore.ectives' an! no ns . What did 4 sa5 to 6ar7H 4. The restaurant o#ner 'a1e the health inspe!tor N2// to i'nore the rats in the 7it!hen. What does Ned do at IoeBs 8inerH 2. 4n Ouestion *. 8an pro0ised his dau'hter that he #ould ta7e her to the !ir!us. Aou !an usuall5 "ind Ioe at the ni'ht!lub a!ross the street. 4n Ouestion 13. 65 "a1orite TV sho# be'ins at *G//.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. but he !ouldnBt 'et o"" #or7 that da5. What is she 'oin' to do to her !ar loanH 8. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s' +artici+%e a!. 5ou had N1// re0ainin'. but a"ter 5ou #ent shoppin'. What did 5ou eat "or lun!hH 13.8. Ned spends a lot o" ti0e at IoeBs 8iner rela<in' and tal7in' to his "riends. ThatBs his "a1orite MMMMM. What does 05 "a1orite sho# do at *G//H $. Aou had N4//. 4n Ouestion %. ECERCISE *:c . 6aria is 'oin' to pa5 her last !ar loan pa50ent. What does the heat in our house doH 12.

The MMMMMMMMMMM ended a"ter the #or7ers a'reed to a 1/ per!ent pa5 in!rease. 2* put-do#n. 3$ 1. That #as . 4n Ouestion 1 . What did the head o" the health depart0ent do to the pa5o""sH 1$. #hat #ould 5ou !all the head o" the health depart0entBs atte0pt to 7eep the pa5o""s in his depart0ent a se!retH 1%. The dru' dealers had a MMMMMMMMMMM on e1er5 !orner. What #as 05 1isit to the restaurantH 21. 28 !utout. 3$ rundo#n. 31 'et-to'ether. 4n Ouestion 1%. The 0o1ie !riti! told the dire!tor that #at!hin' his ne# 0o1ie #as #orse than 'oin' to the dentist. The head o" the health depart0ent tried to 7eep the pa5o""s in his depart0ent a se!ret. 4 heard a bi' MMMMMMMMMMM in Nan!5Bs o""i!e. WeBre ha1in' a little MMMMMMMMMMM toni'ht. What did Ti005Bs "riend sa5 to Ti005H 2/. 3. What did the #o0an &inda tal7ed to doH 18. but #hen 4 #ent there. 28 'oin'-o1er.uite a MMMMMMMMMMM. Would 5ou li7e to !o0eH 4. 4n Ouestion 2/. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these no ns . 1/ lo!7out.1 . 4 #onder #hat the proble0 #as. &inda !o0plained to the !it5 about the 'arba'e in the streets. The MMMMMMMMMMM o" the hu'e !o0pan5 !reated se1eral s0aller !o0panies. ho# did 4 "eel a"ter 05 1isit to IoeBs "a1orite restaurantH ECERCISE *:!' Revie5 . 28% . 2$ 'ro#n-up. .ro.+revio s sections$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. (nl5 MMMMMMMMMMM are allo#ed to drin7 al!ohol. but the #o0an she tal7ed to #asnBt interested and told her to #rite to the 0a5or. 3/ lo!7out. 2$ 'i1ea#a5. %. Ioe told 0e a'ain and a'ain ho# 'ood his "a1orite restaurant is. 4 didnBt thin7 it #as that 'ood. 33 brea7up.ter each one$ blo#up. #hat did the #o0an that &inda tal7ed to 'i1e herH 1*. Ti005Bs "riend #anted hi0 to #al7 "aster. 2. $. and he told Ti005 to hurr5.

2. The real estate a'ent has sho#n us se1eral houses. 3 lea1e behind. $. but he had !ho!olate all o1er his "a!e. 1/. *. %. 3 li1e #ith./// on a used !ar. so donBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #ith it unless 5ou 7no# #hat 5ouBre doin'. 65 best "riend. ECERCISE *:e' Revie5 .ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . Polio has been al0ost !o0pletel5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. so she 7ne# he #as l5in'. Pets arenBt allo#ed #here #eBre 0o1in'. . 3 narro# do#n. but #eB1e MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMM to three that #e reall5 li7e. but she MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM ri'ht a#a5. 4 su''est that 5ou 'i1e it a thorou'h MMMMMM. 288 . 6ariaBs a "ast learner. 1/. reall5 li7es 6i7e. 3$ "ool around. She had ne1er pla5ed !hess be"ore. 3 pull o"". but 4 MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM. 3$ sit do#n. letBs MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMTo0Bs house and see i" he #ants to !o0e #ith us. 3. =e"ore #e 'o to the bea!h. 4. but 6i7e as7ed 0e to 'o to the dan!e #ith hi0. so #eBre 'oin' to ha1e to MMMMMMMM our do' MMMMMMMM. Nothin' li7e that e1er happened be"ore. 3 'o do#n. The poli!e !hie" 'a1e the 0a5or a MMMMMMM o" the pre1ious 0onthBs !ri0e statisti!s. =e"ore 5ou spend N13. 3$ 1. 33 do a#a5 #ith. 33 put do#n. Aou !an reall5 s!re# up 5our !o0puter #ith that pro'ra0. 3 'o b5. Ceather. The !ho!olate on his "a!e #as the MMMMMMMMMMM. *.ter each one$ !al0 do#n. 11. 31 e0pt5 out. No one thou'ht 4 !ould 'et 1// on the test. 3 0a7e o". 8. 3$ !at!h on. 3$ hold a'ainst.8. 6i7e too7 the #astebas7ets outside and MMMMMMMM the0 MMMMMMMM. 4 didnBt 7no# #hat to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMM it. 4 hope Ceather doesnBt MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM 0e. Carlos 0ade paper MMMMMMMMMMM shaped li7e dinosaurs. Ti005 told his 0other that he hadnBt eaten an5 !oo7ies. 32 "all do#n.

1$. -d1erbs and ad1erbials are used to stren'then the 0eanin' o" the 1erbG $e fell asleep on the train and went well be%ond his stop. MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM that )er7 "or "i"teen 5ears #as horrible. ti0e. 4n the su00er the sun doesnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM until *G// in the e1enin'. or . speed.uantit5. =ut the 1erb 0ust be so0ethin' that is 1ariable. so0ethin' is !ontinuin' in the sa0e dire!tion or in the sa0e 0anner. ?eep slightly to the right on that road. 14. 4B1e been standin' all da5. The meeting may run somewhat over. !ost. "or e<a0ple Ea TV is either on or o"" > it !annot be in bet#eenF. *#$ FOCUS ON< the ver& keep an! a!ver&s an! a!ver&ia%s sho5in/ !e/rees o. 12. . 4B0 'oin' to MMMMMMMM N4.11. A!ver&s an! a!ver&ia%s sho5in/ !e/rees o. su!h as distan!e.e fell a little behind. te0perature. ?eep far awa% from the fire. a0ount. -s 5ou stud5 these 1erbs. =e !are"ul on that i!5 side#al7 > 5ou donBt #ant to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM and brea7 5our ne!7. 7KL . 4 need to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM./// MMMMMMMM on 05 ne# !ar and "inan!e the rest. 13. 1 . varia&i%it3 Phrasa% ver&s 5ith keep Se1eral phrasal 1erbs are based on the 1erb 7eep. -d1erbs and ad1erbials allo# the spea7er to be 0ore pre!ise about #hat is bein' 0easured > to sa5 #hether it #as a little or a /o" or to be pre!ise about e<a!tl5 ho# 0u!h. to #ea7en the 0eanin' o" the 1erbG I went a bit over my budget. and it is i0portant to understand that the essential 0eanin' o" 7eep in these phrasal 1erbs is no !han'e. varia&i%it3 . su!h as shut o"". 4n !annot be so0ethin' either/or. !he fell way behind in her work when she was sick. Ioe #as so upset a"ter the a!!ident that it #as t#ent5 0inutes be"ore he MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM enou'h to tell the poli!e o""i!er #hat happened. or so0ethin' is sta5in' in the sa0e pla!e or in the sa0e !ondition.1ariet5 o" ad1erbs and ad1erbial 'roups o" #ords that to'ether "un!tion as ad1erbs are used to 0odi"5 phrasal 1erbs that relate to so0ethin' 1ariable. re0e0ber than in ea!h 0eanin' o" ea!h 1erb so0ethin' is not !han'in'.

keep down keep down & keeps down keeping down kept down kept down ($ 0ee+ $$$ !o5n p. but they have such large families that it was hard to keep the number of guests down. 5ou do not !o0e !lose to the0 or asso!iate #ith the0. 5ou tell the0 to 0ee+ it !o5n$ 2*/ . way be%ond impolite Infinitive present tense keep at keep at < keeps at &ing form keeping at past tense kept at past participle kept at it was outrageous.uantit5.e(re going to eat dinner in a few minutes.or to be e<a!tG . or use the0. When 5ou 0ee+ a5a3 or 0ee+ a5a3 "ro0 people. Mark was very sick yesterday. When people are bein' nois5 and 5ou #ant the0 to be . 5ou do not !o0e !lose to the0 or 'o to the0. 5ou do not allo# the0 to !o0e !lose to or asso!iate #ith so0eone or !o0e !lose to or tou!h so0ethin'. 5ou do not tou!h the0. When 5ou 0ee+ people or thin's a5a3 or 0ee+ the0 a5a3 "ro0 so0ethin' or so0eone else. way is repeated for e0tra emphasis# .1. so keep awa% from those cookies. When 5ou 0ee+ the !ost. way.e planned two weeks ahead. 5ou !ontinue #ith an a!ti1it5 e1en thou'h it 0a5 be di""i!ult.1. 5ou en!oura'e the0 to "inish #ith an a!ti1it5 that is di""i!ult.hat )im said went way. keep awa% keep awa% & keeps awa% keeping awa% kept awa% kept awa% ($ 0ee+ a5a3 E"ro0F p. or !on1ersation !o5n' 3o 7eep it at a lo# le1el. . That dog is dangerous. When 5ou 0ee+ a5a3 or 0ee+ a5a3 "ro0 pla!es. . I know this work is difficult. When 5ou sa3 ?Kee+ at it@ to people. 0usi!. "$ 0ee+$$$ !o5n p. in informal /nglish.1. but you have to keep at it. They wanted a smalt wedding. !ometimes. /o three floors up.1. !o0e !lose to the0. so keep awa% from it. The company tried to keep its prices down. or a0ount o" so0ethin' !o5n' 5ou 7eep it a lo# le1el. ?aul has an alcohol problem. When 5ou 0ee+ the 1olu0e o" noise.uieter. That(s a bad neighborhood. When 5ou 0ee+ a5a3 or 0ee+ a5a3 "ro0 thin's. so everyone kept awa% from him.1. "$ 0ee+$$$ a5a3 E"ro0F p. ($ 0ee+ at p. ?eep at it@ you(re almost finished. so keep him awa% from the bar at the party tomorrow. When 5ou 0ee+ at it. so keep it awa%.

When 5ou 0ee+ other people or thin's o. so0ethin'. When 5ou 0ee+ o. so0ethin'.1. and they try to keep him from seeing her.1. /veryone on the hotel staff was fired after the hotel went out of business.1. 5ou do not do it e1en thou'h it is hard not to. or other addi!ti1e substan!es.doin' so0ethin'. !i'arettes. When 5ou 0ee+ on doin' so0ethin'. 5ou stop the0 "ro0 doin' it.. I was so angry that I don(t know how I kept from punching that guy in the nose. I told her to be Fuiet. p.ro. 5ou !ontinue doin' it. 5on(t stop keep on going. . e0cept for two guys who were kept on to clean and paint the building.p. or other addi!ti1e substan!es.. 5ou do not allo# the0 to #al7 or stand on it. When 5ou 0ee+ people .+ 8ou should keep your kids off the streets and in school. keep off keep off & keeps off keeping off kept off kept off ($ 0ee+$$$ o. dru's. keep on keep on & keeps on keeping on kept on kept on ($ 0ee+ on p. !ince getting out of jail. When 5ou 0ee+ o.. When 5ou 0ee+ people on at their pla!e o" e0plo50ent.1. ($ 0ee+ . The company decided against laying all the workers off and will instead keep a few on to maintain eFuipment until business improves. 8ou kids can watch TV. my poor health kept me from doing a lot of things the other kids did. When 5ou 0ee+ . p. "ed is a nice guy as long as you can keep him off boo6e. The sign says :?eep off the grass. but she just kept right on talking.ro.hen I was young.. 5ou do not #al7 or stand on it.ro.ill you please keep it down5 I(m trying to study. 2*1 . When 5ou 0ee+ people o..ro. "$ 0ee+$$$ o. 5ou do not use the0.. )im(s girlfriend(s parents don(t like him.1. "$ 0ee+$$$ . dru's.doin' so0ethin'.p. $ank has been able to keep off drugs. "$ 0ee+$$$ on p.. but keep the volume down #nfinitive present tense keep from keep from & keeps from keeping from kept from kept from -ing form past tense past participle your mother is taking a nap. !i'arettes.1. 5ou !ontinue to e0plo5 the0. The movie was so sad that I couldn(t keep from crying. 5ou pre1ent the0 "ro0 usin' the0.

1. When 5ou are in a 'roup that is stud5in'. or a0ount.1. 5ou are able to 0o1e at the sa0e rate.#nfinitive present tense keep to keep to & keeps to -ing form keeping to past tense kept to past participle kept to ($ 0ee+$$$ to p. When 5ou 0ee+ + or 0ee+ + #ith people or thin's that are 0o1in'. 5ou do not let the !ost. and 5ou are able to learn or #or7 at the sa0e rate as the others. keep to the right@ the e0it is right after the barn. so keep it to yourself. I wish she would keep her racist comments to herself@ I don(t want to hear them. . *$ 0ee+ + E#ithF p. so we have to keep the number of guests to 733. 5ou 0ee+ + or 0ee+ + #ith the 'roup. The wounded soldiers couldn(t keep up with the rest of the army.1. and so on.1. When 5ou !an understand and respond to a situation that is !han'in'. $ow can anyone keep up with it1 )ane always has some new idea. >omputer technology is changing so fast.1. I told you to stop doing that. The assembly line was going so fast that no one could keep up. and now she(s having a hard time keeping up with the rest of the class. "$ 0ee+ + E#ithF p. #or7in'. or a0ount 'o hi'her than that le1el. When 5ou 0ee+ in"or0ation to 5oursel". 5ou do not tell an5one. *$ 0ee+ to p. If you keep it up I(m going to get angry. Faster cars are supposed to keep to the left. This is a secret. . When 5ou 0ee+ to the ri'ht or le"t.uantit5. 5ou are able to 0ee+ + #ith the situation. keep up keep up & keeps up keeping up kept up kept up ($ 0ee+$$$ + p. but keep your spending to a minimum don(t go cra6y with it.1. Geopards can run e0tremely fast. $ere(s my credit card. . I can(t keep up with her.uantit5. 2*2 . When 5ou 0ee+ an a!ti1it5 +' 5ou !ontinue doin' it.hen you pass a big red barn on the highway. The room doesn(t hold a great many people. When 5ou 0ee+ so0ethin' to a !ertain !ost. Fa%% &ehin! is the opposite o" 0ee+ +$ Aob walks so fast that it(s hard to keep up with him. 5ou !ontinue 0o1in' to the ri'ht or le"t. 6$ 0ee+ + E#ithF p. "$ 0ee+$$$ to p.1. but they can(t keep it up longer than a minute or two. Fa%% &ehin! is the opposite o" 0ee+ +$ Gydia missed several days of school last month.

The !o0pan5 in!reased its pro"its b5 MMMMMMMM !osts MMMMMMMM. ECERCISE *#a . The studentBs e<!use "or not doin' his ho0e#or7 #as so ridi!ulous that his tea!her !ouldnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM lau'hin'. *. What 4B0 'oin' to tell 5ou is hi'hl5 !on"idential. %.uit no# > 5ouBre al0ost "inished. so MMMMMM it MMMMMM 5oursel". PleaseMMMMMMMM5our do'MMMMMMMMour la#n. 14. $. 5ouBre 'oin' to 'ain all the #ei'ht ba!7. 2*3 . 4B1e tried to . 1/. 1$. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . 3. The bab5Bs !r5in' MMMMMMMM Iud5 MMMMMMMM hal" the ni'ht. When people or thin's 0ee+ 5ou +' the5 pre1ent 5ou "ro0 'oin' to bed.7$ 0ee+$$$ + p. but 4 )ust !anBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM !i'arettes lon'er than a da5.uit s0o7in' a hundred ti0es. Slo#er tra""i! should MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the ri'ht. 4 !anBt MMMMM MMMM #ith lo!al ne#s in 05 ho0eto#n. or i" 5ou are in bed. Could 5ou MMMMMMMM the 0usi! MMMMMMMMH Aour 0otherBs tr5in' to sleep. 1 . Parents tr5 to MMMMMMMM their !hildren MMMMMMMM 0a7in' 0ista7es. 12. 4 !anBtMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMM. 13. 11. 2. No# that 4 li1e in Ne# Aor7.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. 8onBt . 4. . but so0eti0es it isnBt eas5. MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM it. AouBre 'oin' to ha1e to #al7 "aster than that i" 5ou #ant to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #ith us. 4" 5ou donBtMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM5our e<er!ise pro'ra0. Sall5 is reall5 an'r5 at 5our brother. 8. so it #ould be a 'ood idea to MMMMMMMM hi0 MMMMMMMM "ro0 her. "ed just would not leave last night@ he kept me up until 7#33 in the morning. 4" 5ou MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMeatin' so 0u!h butter and so 0an5 e''s.1.ro. 65 al'ebra !lass is too di""i!ult "or 0e. That noisy party across the alley kept me up all night. the5 pre1ent 5ou "ro0 "allin' asleep. 5ouBre 'oin' to ha1e a heart atta!7.

What does Ceather thin7 about 6i7eH *./// to spend on our 1a!ation.1%. &oo7 at the pri!es on this 0enu: &etBs tr5 to MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM a hundred bu!7s. What has =ill doneH 2*4 . 4 told the tra1el a'ent that #e ha1e onl5 N4. so she has to 0a7e sure the !ost doesnBt 'o o1er that.ro. o7a5H 1*.uietl5. The e!ono0ist said itBs i0portant not to let in"lation 'o hi'her.uit a"ter three 0iles. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s . The politi!al situation in Washin'ton !han'es e1er5 da5. 65 'eo0etr5 !lass is so borin' that 4 !anBt stop 05sel" "ro0 "allin' asleep. 4 as7ed 05 husband not to let the !hildren near 05 !o0puter. =ill hasnBt used dru's "or "i1e 5ears. 65 tea!her told 0e that !al!ulus is di""i!ult but that 4 ha1e to !ontinue tr5in' to understand it. What is it hard to doH $. The ne# o#ner said the !o0pan5 #as losin' too 0u!h 0one5 to MMMMMMMM all the #or7ers MMMMMMMM and that so0e #ould ha1e to be laid o"". What did 05 "ather as7 0e to doH 2. What do 4 hope Iani!e !an doH 1/. What did 05 tea!her tell 0eH . What did 4 as7 05 husbandH 11.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. Sarah and 4 #ere runnin'. but she !ontinued runnin'. 4 donBt #ant to tal7 to 5ou e1er a'ain. 18. Iani!e 'ot e<!ellent 'rades in her "irst 5ear o" !olle'e. What did Sarah doH %. so MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM "ro0 0e: ECERCISE *#& . AouB1e 'ot to re0ain at a 'reat distan!e "ro0 this area be!ause it is radioa!ti1e. Ceather thin7s 6i7e isnBt tellin' her e1er5thin'. 4 . and itBs hard to understand #hat is happenin'. 65 "ather as7ed 0e to spea7 0ore . What did 4 as7 the tra1el a'ent to doH 3. What ha1e 5ou 'ot to do about the radioa!ti1e areaH 8. What !anBt 4 do in 05 'eo0etr5 !lassH 4. What did the e!ono0ist sa5H 12. 4 hope she !an !ontinue to do #ell.

3$ tal7 to. 3% run do#n. H. 2* . It(s hard for her to stay at the same level as the other students. the entire construction project %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% schedule. 3$ 'oo" around. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 2.hat is hard for !arah1 ECERCISE *#c . MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM ECERCISE *#!' Revie5 . . 2. 33 la5 do#n.MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 4. so 4 !anBt stop hi0 i" he #ants to )oin the -r05. Naul is constantly critici6ing me.13. 7. 3$ !o0e about. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM . !arah(s having a little trouble in school. 33 han' out.MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM $. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM %.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a.ter each one$ ba!7 do#n. 33 !o0e on. 3$ 'o do#n. I can barely hear this radio. )ake(s claim that he accidentally shot Tony si0 times didn(t %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% well with the jury.this section$ 1.hen the electricians went on strike.ro. What !anBt 4 do to 05 sonH *H. 65 son is ei'hteen. D. 3$ lea1e o1er. but I usually just %%%%%%%% him %%%%%%%%. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 8. . The batteries must be %%%%%%% %%%%%%%%%. =rite ei/ht ori/ina% sentences sin/ +hrasa% ver&s . Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . 3% *. 3% !al0 do#n. 3$ brush o"". MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 3. 3% "all behind. 33 "all do#n. 3$ sit do#n. 3% 7no# about. The dictator %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% after three aircraft carriers started sailing toward his country.

This screwup had better be straightened out soon or you will be firedE This stuff was supposed to be taken over to "ancy(s house yesterday.$. The te0perature 'ot belo# si<t5 de'rees last ni'ht. 1/. MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM > thereBs nothin' to 'et upset about. the passi1e is "or0ed #ith be and the past parti!iple o" the 1erb.ri7? he doesnBt MMMMMMMM an5thin' MMMMMMMM it. 1$. Se1eral 0a)or !han'es in so!iet5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM as a result o" the industrial re1olution. *. Ti005Bs 0other MMMMMMM hi0 MMMMMMM and tal7ed to hi0 about his bad 'rades. 12. but the heat didnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 13. The enemy must be wiped out. -re 5ou 'oin' to do an5 #or7 at all toda5 or #ill 5ou )ust MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMH 11. The fruit has to be chopped up with a clean knife. !uch a huge country couldn(t be taken over easily. 4B0 )ust 'oin' to MMMMM MMMMM here and rela<. The concert might be sold out. 1 . %. This mess can be straightened out only by me. nu0ber o" 0odal au<iliar5 1erbs and si0ilar !onstru!tions are !o00onl5 used #ith beG The meat will be chopped up by the cook. 4Bll ne1er MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM her a'ain: *D$ FOCUS ON< +assive +hrasa% ver&s' * -s #e sa# in Se!tion 13. 8. 4B0 so 0ad at her. 8onBt #aste 5our ti0e as7in' . Aou !an MMMMMMMM those papers MMMMMMMM o1er there. . $er name should be crossed off the list. 4 need to !he!7 the "urna!e. The gas tank ought to be filled up before you return the car. Mark would never be picked up at the airport by a limo. I have to be picked up on time. 4 donBt ha1e an5thin' to do toda5.bi'. old tree MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM last ni'ht and s0ashed a hole in our roo". 8our paychecks may not be picked up until after D#33. 2*$ . Co# 0u!h 0one5 #as MMMMMM MMMMMM a"ter 5ou "inished pa5in' "or e1er5thin'H 14.

it is cho++e! +$ Mi0 the chopped-up onions and celery with the mayonnaise.ad).i%%e! + part. but don(t get this crossed-off stuff fill up fill up & fills up filling up filled up filled up I already got it. 5ou eat so 0u!h that 5ou are no lon'er hun'r5 and !annot eat an5 0ore.+e!all "ro0 Se!tion 28 that phrasal 1erbs in the passi1e !annot be separated b5 an ob)e!t be!ause in a passi1e senten!e there is no ob)e!t.i%%s +' people enter it until it is "ull.1.i%% + or . .1. 2*% . 5ou dra# a line throu'h it to re0o1e it "ro0 the list.1. 5oes this meat have to be chopped up" +hop it up into pieces about half an inch in si6e. -"ter so0ethin' has been !ut into s0all pie!es #ith a 7ni"e or other sharp instru0ent. 're you sure they(re completely filled up1 "$ .i%%e! +' it is . cross off cross off & crosses off crossing off crossed off crossed off ($ cross$$$ o.$ $ere(s the grocery list.ad).i%% + on so0ethin'. 5ou "ill it !o0pletel5. . When a roo0 or other area ..1. When 5ou . ($ .1. crosse! o. When 5ou . a list. Infinitive chop up present tense chop up < chops up &ing form chopping up past tense chopped up past participle chopped up ($ cho+$$$ + p.e always fill the tank up when we(re in Indiana because gas is cheaper there.i%% + p.. 5on(t fill up on salad you won(t have any room for dinner. it is crosse! o. -"ter so0ethin' has been !o0pletel5 . I filled up on candy and was really sick about an hour later. -"ter a line has been dra#n throu'h so0ethin' on a list to re0o1e it "ro0 the list.i%%$$$ + EonF p. . part..hy was my name crossed off the invitation list1 +rossing it off was a mistake. When 5ou cho+ so0ethin' +' 5ou !ut it into s0all pie!es #ith a 7ni"e or other sharp instru0ent. When 5ou cross so0ethin' o.i%% so0ethin' up.i%% $$$ + p. cho++e! + part.i%%e! +$ These water containers don(t weigh very much. p. *$ .ad).. My radiator must be leaking@ it has to be filled up with water every day.

5ou +ic0 + at that point. So0eone #ho is to be +ic0e! + or the pro!ess o" +ic0in/ so0eone + is a +ic0 +$ The ta0i driver went to 7*77 ". 5ou learn it easil5. "$ +ic0$$$ + p.1. When 5ou resu0e doin' so0ethin' at the point #here 5ou stopped doin' it earlier.uen!5. 5ou . dark !treet for a pickup. >hildren can pick up a new language very Fuickly. +ic0 + n. >ould you pick a loaf of bread up on your way over1 7$ +ic0$$$ + p.1. When 5ou +ic0 + a s7ill.1. 8ou(ll be picked up at the airport by the hotel van. :$ +ic0$$$ + p. When 5ou +ic0 so0ethin' + in a store. 2*8 . 5ou are able to tune it to that station or "re. 6$ +ic0$$$ + p. +ic0 + n. When 5ou 'o to a pla!e to 'et so0ethin' that #as !reated. it(s hard to know where to pick up. you aFuire the habit.The dance floor filled up Fuickly when the band began to play. 8$ +ic0$$$ + p. 5ou li"t it #ith 5our hand. The hotels in Nio de )aneiro always fill up at carnival time. !am picked up his briefcase and left his office. prepared.1. I need to pick up some milk on the way home. .ui!7l5 'o into a store to bu5 so0ethin' 5ou need. or le"t "or 5ou and is no# read5. The teacher started the class by picking up where she had left off the previous week.1. *$ +ic0$$$ + p. When 5ou +ic0 people +' 5ou stop 5our 1ehi!le and 'i1e the0 a ride a#a5 "ro0 that pla!e. The travel agent said I could pick the tickets up tomorrow.hen you return to work after a long vacation. Infinitive pick up present tense pick up < picks up &ing form picking up past tense picked up past participle picked up ($ +ic0$$$ + p. When 5ou +ic0 + a habit.uen!5 on a re!ei1er. 1. 'll this trash has to be picked up. When 5ou pi!7 so0ethin' up.1. My son is picking some bad habits up from his friends. 3icking up hitchhikers is dangerous. When 5ou +ic0 + a radio or tele1ision station or a !ertain "re. 5ou +ic0 it +$ The garbage is supposed to be picked up before L#33 'M. So0ethin' that is to be +ic0e! + or the pro!ess o" +ic0in/ it + is a +ic0 +$ The restaurant uses the back door for pickups and deliveries.

Ieneral )ohnston(s radio transmission was picked up by the enemy.1.1. Tom(s a real cheapskate@ he never picks up the check. the5 +ic0 the0 +$ The border patrol picks up several people every day trying to bring drugs into the country. $ank tried to pick up Frank(s sister at the party last night. and they went to a cheap motel. It doesn(t have an% pickup. 2** .hen the weather is right.1. 5ou pa5 it. When 5ou +ic0 + the !he!7 or the tab Ea tab is a list o" 0one5 that so0eone o#esF in a restaurant or other pla!e. Jin"or0alK When 5ou +ic0 + 0e0bers o" the opposite se<. ("$ +ic0$$$ + p. Marsha picked up some interesting books at a used bookstore. When 5ou +ic0 + a pla!e that is 0ess5.1. it +ic0s +$ Ausiness is stow this time of year. but then it picks up. Timmy(s mother told him he couldn(t play outside until he picked up his room. >harles was picked up for driving under the influence of alcohol.ui!7l5. (($ +ic0 + p. #nfinitive present tense sell out sell out & sells out -ing form selling out past tense sold out past participle sold out ($ se%% o t Eo"F Jo"ten passi1eK p. or !ondition o" so0ethin' in!reases or i0pro1es. +ic0 + n. it sells all o" it. ()$ +ic0$$$ + p.1. 5ou or'aniDe or tid5 it. but she wasn(t interested. 5ou +ic0 it +$ # picked up a few stock tips from a guy I met on the plane. When the speed. 5ou approa!h and su!!ess"ull5 interest the0 in a se<ual or ro0anti! en!ounter. The song starts out slowly. When a store se%%s o t o" so0ethin' or is so%! o t o" so0ethin'. $eather(s father picked up the tab for the entire wedding. -n i0pro1e0ent in the speed. #$ +ic0$$$ + p. (*$ +ic0$$$ + p. le1el. Get(s pick this place up it(s a mess.. it has +ic0 +$ The company(s profits increased after a pickup in sales.you can pick radio stations up that are hundreds of miles away. I need to take my truck to the mechanic. but it should pick up in 5ecember. When the poli!e or other authorities arrest people.1. le1el. When 5ou 'et so0ethin' b5 !han!e #ithout loo7in' "or it. D$ +ic0$$$ + p. ?at picked up someone. or !ondition o" so0ethin' is a +ic0 +$ 4" a 0otor 1ehi!le is able to a!!elerate .1.

When 5ou strai/hten o t people #ho are a!tin' "oolishl5. strai/htene! o t part.ad). 3// .The toy store sold out of antigravity boots in two days. )ane(s at home sick. ($ strai/hten $$$ o t p. That really straightened him out. 5ou ta7e steps to 0a7e it understandable and satis"a!tor5 to e1er5one in1ol1ed.ad). it is strai/htene! o t$ Sorte! o t is si0ilar to strai/htene! o t$ /rik was upset with 5an. >an you straighten me out" take over take over & takes over taking over took over taken over ($ ta0e$$$ over EtoF p. or !ur1ed and 5ou 0a7e it strai'ht. I(m going to send him to military school.1. pla5. "$ strai/hten $$$ o t p. but my si6e was all sold out. 5ou help the0 to understand. -"ter a !on"used situation or 0isunderstandin' has been 0ade understandable and satis"a!tor5 to e1er5one in1ol1ed. the ite0 is so%! o t$ I saw the most beautiful shoes at the mall. I wanted to buy that new computer game. When so0ethin' is bent. /verything will be straightened out then. I told my son that if he gets in trouble one more time. so%! o t part. When 5ou strai/hten o t a !on"used situation or 0isunderstandin'. -"ter all o" so0ethin' "or sale in a store has been sold. When 5ou ta7e so0ethin' "ro0 one pla!e to another. so I(m going to take some chicken soup over. !roo7ed. I(m totally confused about what I(m supposed to do. 's the city grew. *$ strai/hten $$$ o t p. 5ou do or sa5 so0ethin' that !auses the0 to a!t 0ore responsibl5.ad). !ave your Fuestions for the meeting.1. so%! o t part. 5ou strai/hten it o t$ My elbow is so swollen that I can(t straighten my arm out. 5ou ta0e it over or ta0e it over to a person or pla!e.1. but every store I went to was sold out of it. I took it over to the finance department. but they had a talk and now everything is straightened out. the e1ent is so%! o t$ 8ou(ll never get a ticket for the !uperbowl #nfinitive present tense straighten out straighten out & straightens out -ing form straightening out past tense straightened out past participle straightened out it(s been sold out for weeks. or other publi! per"or0an!e ha1e been sold.1. 'fter I finished my report. many of the winding streets were straightened out. but the manager straightened everything out. -"ter all the ti!7ets to a !on!ert. When 5ou strai/hten o t people #ho are !on"used. Sort o t is si0ilar to strai/hten o t$ My hotel had me booked for the wrong days in the wrong room.

e work from H#33 ?. and then the graveyard shift takes over. or hired to ta7e !ontrol o" a !ountr5. or other pla!e b5 "or!e. are 7illed is a 5i+eo t$ The battle was a complete wipeout. Infinitive wipe out present tense wipe out < wipes out &ing form wiping out past tense wiped out past participle wiped out ($ 5i+e$$$ o t p. I wiped out the inside of the glasses so they wouldn(t dry with spots. ta0eover n. =rtega took over from Margaret >ummings. s!hool. When 5ou re0o1e dirt or li. !it5. so her sister took over for her until she was well again. s!hool. who had been the sales manager for *H years. When people #ho are ele!ted.uid "ro0 the inside o" a !ontainer #ith a !loth. business. When 5ou start to do a )ob or so0e #or7 that other people are doin' in order to allo# the0 to ta7e a brea7 or be!ause the pre1ious shi"t has ended and a ne# shi"t has be'un.1. 'fter the takeover the new president made a lot of changes. 5ou ta0e over$ When 5ou assu0e an obli'ation or a!!ept responsibilit5 "ro0 so0eone. appointed. or hired ta7e !ontrol o" a !ountr5. ta0eover n$ A ta0eover is an a!tion to ta7e !ontrol o" a !ountr5. or ta0e over "ro0 so0eone."$ ta0e$$$ over p. appointed. or paper to#el.situation in #hi!h all people. . or !ountries ta7e !ontrol o" a pla!e b5 "or!e. 6$ ta0e over E"orF p. !it5. spon'e. there(s a real chance of a military takeover. and so on. and so on. 5ou ta0e it over$ . business.1. #eeds.hen Ginda was sick she couldn(t care for her children. 23* . the5 ta0e over' ta0e over as so0ethin'. When people are ele!ted. *$ ta0e over E"ro0/asF p. inse!ts. and repla!e the people in !ontrol. a ta0eover o!!urs. buildin'. state. and so on. buildin'.1. 5ou #ipe the0 o t$ 'n entire regiment was wiped out in the battle. >artos =rtega will be taking over as sales manager ne0t year. to midnight.1. 5ou 5i+e it o t$ (ipe the microwave out it(s got spaghetti sauce inside it.M. and 5ou 7ill all o" the0. state. 'roups. inse!ts. When 5ou are tr5in' to 7ill people. and so on. "ot a single soldier survived. 5i+eo t n. the country was taken over by the rebels. The hijackers took over the plane and ordered the pilot to fly to $avana. and to repla!e the people in !ontrol. the5 ta0e it over$ 'fter the government troops fled. If the situation doesn(t stabili6e soon. The general said he would wipe out the rebels. . When people. buildin'. "$ 5i+e$$$ o t p. #eeds.1. !it5.

Sales o" air !onditioners al#a5s MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in the sprin'. 8. 1 . #e 0i'ht be able to MMMMM a lot 0ore stations MMMMMM. 65 !arBs "ra0e #as so badl5 da0a'ed in the a!!ident that there #as no #a5 it !ould be MMMMMMMM. 6r. 5our roo0 is 1er5 0ess5. 1$. 4" #e 'et a bi''er antenna. Can7Bs 'i1in' orders li7e heBs the president o" the !o0pan5. The theater MMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMM ten 0inutes be"ore the start o" the opera.ECERCISE *Da . 4. *. 4 didnBt 'et the boo7 4 #anted be!ause the store #as MMMMMMM MMMMMMM o" the0. . Would MMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMM that earl5 be a proble0H 2/. The soldiers #ere ordered to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the rebels. ThereBs a lot o" !on"usion about the ne# poli!5. Aour pi!tures are read5 and !an be MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM bet#een 1/G// -. 1*. The 1i!e-president MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a"ter the president died. 2. 12. %. 14.6. 11. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s .6. 4 #ish 4 hadnBt MMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMM on bread. Sall5 !alled and as7ed 0e to MMMMMMM MMMMMMM a "e# thin's on the #a5 ho0e. 4B0 'oin' to pla5 'ol" #ith Charles ne<t #ee7. So0eone needs to MMMMM MMM hi0 MMMMMMMM. 4t too7 0e an hour to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM e1er5thin' "or the bee" ste#. 3/2 . We need to ha1e a 0eetin' to MMMMMMM e1er5thin' MMMMMMMM. so 0a5be 4 !an MMMMMM MMMMMMMM a "e# #a5s to i0pro1e 05 'a0e. Co0e in here and MMMMMMM it MMMMMMM ri'ht no#: $. Susie.!ountr5 this s0all !ould be MMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMM in a "e# da5s. 9aren said she #ould MMMMMM MMMMMMMM the !he!7. 8onBt )ust !lean the outsides o" the des7s > MMMMMMMM the insides MMMMMMMM. CeBs reall5 'ood. Nelson as7ed 0e to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM "or &5dia #hile sheBs on 1a!ation. . No# 4 !anBt "inish 05 dinner.6. 1%. too. 4Bll be arri1in' at 3G4/ -. and $G// P.ro. 18. 3. 1/.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. Aou donBt need to ta7e an5 0one5 to the restaurant. 13.

ECERCISE *D& . S0o7in' is a bad habit that 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in the Na15.21. This !ou!h is reall5 hea15. 4 need to pick up at the train station. the0F 2. -"ter 5ou 'et 5our pa5!he!7.ects in the ri/ht +%ace$ 1. Aou !an MMMMMMMM 05 na0e MMMMMMMM the list? 4B1e !han'ed 05 0ind. 4 "inished pa'e 4% 5esterda5. Ca1e 5ou chopped upH Ethe onions. &etBs MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM these !anteens be"ore #e be'in our hi7e.uariu0. herF 3. (ill up #ith #ater. 23. Can 5ou belie1e #hat Can7 didH Ce tried toMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMthe bossBs dau'hter at the !o0pan5 pi!ni!. 2 . 22. 2%. =rite three sentences sin/ the o&. 2$. so 4Bll MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM on pa'e 48 toda5. Can 5ou help 0e MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMMH 24. the0F 3/3 .ects in +arentheses$ Be s re to + t the o&. itF 4. Ethe a. E05 parents. E&indaBs na0e. Aou !an !ross off. 5ou !an MMMMMMM it MMMMMM to the !ashier to !ash it.

4n Ouestion 4. -ll the people in the to#n #ill be 7illed #hen the ene05 !aptures it. but Ni!ole e<plained e1er5thin' to the people in1ol1ed. Can 5ou straighten outH Ethis 0ess. Ethe pala!e 'uard. 2ran7 #as supposed to 'o to the "a!tor5 so he !ould 'i1e Ned a ride ho0e. Pirates 0i'ht ta7e !ontrol o" the ship. What did she doH .. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s' +artici+%e a!. itF %. i" pirates too7 !ontrol o" the ship. and no# the5 understand.ro. What 0i'ht happen to the shipH 3. There #as a 0isunderstandin' at #or7.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. What does the !onstru!tion business al#a5s doH 2. What #as supposed to happen to NedH %. 4n Ouestion 2. itF $. The !onstru!tion business al#a5s i0pro1es in the sprin'. #hat #ould this a!tion be !alledH 4. The rebels took over.ectives' an! no ns . What #ill happen to all the people in the to#nH 3/4 . ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the 0isunderstandin' no#H $. The5 wiped out. Ethe ro5al pala!e. the0F ECERCISE *Dc .

Todd o"ten as7s 0e to stop at the store and bu5 a ne#spaper. 23 hand o1er. What #ill 4 tell SusieH 18. 1* 7no!7 o"". 2% blo# up. but all the ti!7ets had been sold. To0 tried to bu5 a ti!7et "or the !on!ert. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . 21 slo# do#n. 21 pull o1er. 1* settle do#n. 4n Ouestion 1/. Sarah #ent to the store to bu5 a C8. Aou !ut so0e ba!on into 1er5 s0all pie!es be"ore 5ou put it on 5our salad. So0eone ou'ht to dra# a line throu'h 9arenBs na0e on the list. 4Bll tell Susie not to 0a7e the #ater in the bathtub rise all the #a5 to the top.8. but the5 had all been sold. 1* !o0e out. 2% brin' ba!7. What does Todd o"ten as7 0e to doH 1%. 2% lea1e out. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe 9arenBs na0e a"ter so0eone dra#s a line throu'h itH 1/. but heBs ha1in' too 0u!h "un as a ba!helor and isnBt interested in MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM. The !opilot "le# the plane so that the pilot !ould eat dinner.ter each one$ bite o"". 4n Ouestion 8. 8a1idBs 0other told hi0 sheBd li7e so0e 'rand!hildren. so Iane has to 'o there be"ore $G// to 'et her dress. Wh5 !ouldnBt To0 bu5 a ti!7et "or the !on!ertH 13. What has to be done to the dressH 1 . 1% 1. What did the store doH 11. What #as done to the ba!onH 14. 23 pi!7 on. The laundr5 !loses at $G//. 32 !ut do#n. 3/ . What did the !opilot doH 1$. 32 loo7 o1er. 33 brea7 o"".ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. What did 4 doH ECERCISE *D!' Revie5 . What ou'ht to be done to 9arenBs na0eH *. 4 stopped #ritin' 05 boo7 at pa'e *4 and later started #ritin' a'ain on pa'e * . ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the C8sH 12. 21 0a7e up. 24 #ear do#n.

14.2. . 65 son as7ed 0e "or a 0otor!5!le "or his birthda5. &etBsMMMMMMMMMMMMMMand "inish to0orro#.1er5thin' on the 0enu loo7s deli!ious. 4 'a1e 05 )ob appli!ation to the hu0an resour!es dire!tor. so heBs tr5in' to MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM b5 as7in' 0e a'ain and a'ain and a'ain. 8. 4" 5ou donBt stop MMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMM 0e. WeB1e been #or7in' sin!e %G// -. Ce realiDed he #as lost. The 0o1ie #asnBt the sa0e as the no1el. 11. 4B0 'oin' to tell 6o005. 3. 1/. When 4 !au'ht 05 si<teen-5ear-old dau'hter s0o7in' !i'arettes. *. 3/$ .6. 4. 4 reall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMM. and his hand #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMM. so he MMMMMMMMM his !ar MMMMMMMMM and loo7ed at a 0ap. 13. . Se1eral !hara!ters #ere MMMMMM MMMMMM. =obBs do!tor told hi0 he #as doin' too 0u!h #ei'ht li"tin' and that he should MMMMMMM MMMMMM. MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM those 7e5s ri'ht no#: %. 1 . 1$. 4 didnBt "inish 05 #or7 be!ause 4 #as trainin' a ne# e0plo5ee. and e<plainin' e1er5thin' reall5 MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM. 4 told 6ar7 not to pet the lion. but he didnBt listen. 4 didnBt sa5 5ou !ould use 05 !ar. 8o 5ou ha1e an5 'lueH (ne o" the ar0s has MMMMMMM MMMMMMMthis !era0i! doll. $. There 0ust be so0ethin' #ron' #ith 05 !a0era > none o" the pi!tures 4 too7 MMMMMMMM MMMMMM. and he said heBd MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM and 'i1e 0e a !all. 12. but 4 told hi0 no. 4 )ust !anBt MMMMMMM MMMMMMM 05 0ind. Can 4 borro# 5our "ood pro!essorH 4 pro0ise 4Bll MMMMMMM it MMMMMMM to0orro#.

v. 'erund =ut be!ause a 'erund is a 1erb "un!tionin' as a noun. p.v.v. it !an be repla!ed #ith an ordinar5 non'erund noun.o%%o5e! &3 the 9in/ . When 5ou introdu!e a ne# topi! into a !on1ersation. 3/% . When people brin' so0ethin' "ro0 a hi'her le1el or position or "ro0 south to north to #here 5ou are. When 5ou &rin/ + !hildren. (ou and your big mouth) #e were having a great time until you brought that up. *informal+ When 5ou do not do so0ethin' that 5ou are supposed to do be!ause 5ou do not #ant to or be!ause 5ou do not thin7 it is i0portant. 'ad brought up the idea of saving money by staying home instead of taking a vacation this year. 5ou tr5 to tea!h this belie" or beha1ior to the0.orWe ha1e seen in pre1ious se!tions that phrasal 1erbs are so0eti0es "ollo#ed b5 the -ing "or0. )im stuck with it.. "$ &rin/ $$$ + p. 5ou &%o5 it o. so he blew off helping Marsha fi" her car. the5 &rin/ it + or &rin/ it + to #here 5ou are. -t a 'lan!e. !ob had a hangover. *$ &rin/ $$$ + EtoF p. &rin/ + bring up & brings up bringing up brought up brought up ($ &rin/ $$$ + EtoF p.v. but blew it off. 5ou !are "or the0 as the5 'ro# to adulthood. Co#e1er. When 5ou &rin/ + !hildren to belie1e so0ethin' or to beha1e in a !ertain #a5..$ l was supposed to report for jury duty Monday morning.6)$ FOCUS ON< /er n! +hrasa% ver&s vs$ +hrasa% ver&s . there see0s to be no di""eren!e bet#een these t#o !onstru!tionsG )im went away singing. this is not true o" the -ing "or0G )im went away it. We ha1e also seen that transiti1e phrasal 1erbs so0eti0es ta7e 'erund ob)e!ts. 4n"initi1e present tense blow off blo# o"" P blo#s o"" -in' "or0 blo#in' o"" past tense ble# o"" past parti!iple blo#n o"" ($ &%o5$$$ o. -in' "or0 )im stuck with singing. 5ou &rin/ it +$ &ast night during dinner. #ould you please go downstairs and bring up the package that was just delivered$ %he rescue workers brought morphine up to the injured mountain climber.

Heather burst out laughing when fell into the swimming pool. When people. %he pain in my shoulder has come back. Senator 'olittle lost in . %here isn't much chance that double3digit inflation will come back any time soon. When people. or'aniDations.v. but he came back to win in .//H. When 5ou & rst o t lau'hin' or !r5in'. situation. co-e&ac0 n. When a "ashion or "ad co-es &ac0' it be!o0es popular a'ain. the5 0a7e a co-e&ac0$ %he !ulls were down by 12 points but won the game with an . proble0. Bringing . or a!ti1it5 returns or 'reatl5 in!reases. 6$ co-e &ac0 p.v. the5 co-e &ac0 or co-e &ac0 to that pla!e or co-e &ac0 "ro0 the pla!e #here the5 #ere be"ore. come back come back & comes back coming back came back come back ($ co-e &ac0 Etol"ro0F p. it co-es &ac0$ l need to see the doctor. #estern movies and %5 shows go out of style and then come back every few years. or a!ti1it5 returns or 'reatl5 in!reases. "$ co-e&ac0 p.03point lead 4 what a comeback! *$ co-e &ac0 p. When a !ondition.v. situation. %odd went to -lorida thinking it would be hot and sunny. or athletes o1er!o0e di""i!ulties and be!o0e su!!ess"ul a'ain. co-e&ac0 n. he burst out crying. was brought up to believe in honesty and compassion. !o0panies.%om was born in *anada. 'm never coming back to this awful place again. but he was brought up in the +nited States. 3/8 .v. it 0a7es a co-e&ac0$ Health officials are concerned that tuberculosis is making a comeback. but he came back talking about how cold and rainy it was. When a !ondition. or'aniDations. When people return to a pla!e #here 5ou are. 5ou be'in lau'hin' or !r5in' loudl5 and suddenl5. #hen Sam heard the news. Miniskirts are coming back this year./00. !o0panies.uadruplets up is a lot of work.v. proble0. the5 co-e &ac0$ My home team came back from last place and won the championship. or sports tea0s o1er!o0e di""i!ulties and be!o0e su!!ess"ul a'ain. Infinitive present tense burst out burst out < bursts out &ing form bursting out past tense burst out past participle burst out ($ & rst o t p.

. *informal+ When 5ou /et o. %he woman was running around the store looking for her lost child. su!h as a s!hool. 7ane didn't go away to school8 she went to a school near her home... 5ou /o a5a3 "or this ti0e. and the guard told them to stop. Mark went away not reali6ing he had left his briefcase behind. When a "ashion or "ad be!o0es popular a'ain. Infinitive present tense get off on get off on < gets off on &ing form getting off on past tense got off on past participle gotten off on ($ /et o. &he children were running around the museum. Some young people are nervous about going away to school. 5ou /o a5a3$ /o away! 'm trying to study.v. 6$ /o a5a3 p. on so0ethin' or /et o. it 0a7es a co-e&ac0$ l saved all my wide neckties because knew they%d make a comeback someday.v. &ydia is going to go away for a while. go awa% go awa% & goes awa% going awa% went awa% gone awa% ($ /o a5a3 p. When 5ou lea1e a pla!e or lea1e a person.v. 5ou 'o to 1arious pla!es tr5in' ur'entl5 to a!!o0plish so0ethin' that is i0portant to 5ou. we'll have to call off the game. or a!ti1it5 disappears or 'reatl5 de!reases. run around run around & runs around running around ran around run around ($ r n aro n! p. on p. When 5ou r n aro n! a pla!e. &he cat ran around the room chasing the mouse. When 5ou lea1e 5our ho0e and li1e te0poraril5 at another pla!e. on doin' so0ethin'. "$ r n aro n! p. Mountain climbing is what get off on. When 5ou tra1el "or a period o" ti0e. Sally loves winter sports.v. f the rain doesn't go away. #e always go away for a few weeks in the winter.v.co-e&ac0 n. When 5ou r n aro n! doin' so0ethin'. situation. #e ran around the house trying to rescue whatever we could from the rising floodwater. When a !ondition.v. and she especially gets off on snowboarding. *$ /o a5a3 EtoF p.v. proble0. 5ou /o a5a3 to that pla!e. 3/* . 5ou "ind it en)o5able and e<!itin'. 5ou run to 1arious parts o" it. "$ /o a5a3 E"orF p. but others look forward to it. it /oes a5a3$ l have a pain in my back that never goes away.

v. 'm sorry to stick you with all this work. so stick with me so you don't get lost. 6i'uel #as surprised ho# 0u!h he en)o5ed #at!hin' "i'ure s7atin'. When people are not honest #ith 5ou or help"ul to 5ou. 4 ha1e a )ob inter1ie# at 8G3/ 6onda5 0ornin'.v. so guess 'm stuck with them. but 'm going to stick with Senator 'olittle. 5ou !ontinue as be"ore. Ce reall5 MMMMMMM MMMMMMM MMMMMMMMit. 5ou re0ain #ith the0 or re0ain lo5al to the0. so 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM her. 2. My mother has stuck with vory soap for forty years. 4. 31/ . 5ou "or!e the0 to ta7e so0ethin' or deal #ith so0ethin' undesirable or unpleasant. When 5ou stic0 5ith people. %he shoes bought don't fit. plan. but thatBs too earl5 "or 0e. ECERCISE 6)a . %hat other guy running for senator has some good ideas. so he #onBt ha1e an5one to pla5 #ith.r naro n! n. 5ou !ontinue to use it. *$ stic0 5ith p. but you're the only one who can do it.ro. When 5ou stic0 people 5ith so0ethin'. When 5ou stic0 5ith so0ethin' that 5ou use. but the store where bought them doesn't accept returns. so 0a5be 4Bll )ust MMMMMMMMitMMMMMMMM. %odd thought about a career change but decided to stick with teaching. When 5ou stic0 5ith a habit. but 'm going to stick with regular. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . 3. Stic0 to is si0ilar to stic0 5ith$ l don't like computers.v. or t5pe o" #or7. 4 didnBt 7no# an5one at the part5 e<!ept &eti!ia. My wife wants me to switch to decaffeinated coffee.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1.v. 'll stick with writing letters by hand. 6$ stic0 $$$ 5ith p. -ll Ti005Bs "riends are MMMMMM MMMMMM "or the su00er. the5 'i1e 5ou the r naro n!$ #hy didn't you just tell me the truth instead of giving me the runaround? Infinitive stick with present tense stick with < sticks with &ing form sticking with past tense stuck with past participle stuck with ($ stic0 5ith p. "$ stic0 5ith p. t'll be very crowded at the festival. #ithout !han'e.

The stran'e noise in 05 en'ine has MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMM. 4 'a1e 05 'rand"ather a !o0puter. $. Wh5 does the boss MMMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMMM 0a7in' !o""ee e1er5 0ornin'H Wh5 !anBt so0eone else do itH 1%. The5Bre not "ollo#in' the ori'inal plan. 4 hope hi'h-heel shoes ne1er MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM? the5Bre so un!o0"ortable. 4 7no# runnin' is 'reat e<er!ise. the "or0er !ha0pion said he #ould MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. but he said heBd rather MMMMMM MMMMMM his old t5pe#riter. 13. The 7ids #ere MMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMM 5ellin' and s!rea0in' "or hours. and she MMMMMM MMMMMMM the house "ranti!all5 loo7in' "or the sour!e.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. 1 . 4 sa1ed 05 "ather a lot o" 0one5 b5 not MMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMM to s!hool. &inda MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM "ro0 the part5 tal7in' about #hat a 'ood ti0e she had. 1$.. Whene1er 05 brother in 2lorida 1isits 0e here in 6innesota. 8. but no# 4 ha1e a heada!he a'ain. 1/. What arenBt the5 doin'H 2. 12. 2/. 18. 8an MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM bu5in' a 0otorboat. What did 05 heada!he doH 311 . =obBs )o7e #as prett5 "unn5. %. but she 0o1ed to the !it5 #hen she 'ot 0arried. -"ter his de"eat. SusieBs birthda5 part5 e<hausted 0e.1er5oneMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMlau'hin'. 1*. so 4B0 'oin' to ta7e the !ar to a 0e!hani! a'ain. 4 as7ed the 0e!hani! #h5 the sound 7eeps MMMMMMM MMMMMMM and !o0in' ba!7. *. but his #i"e said it #as a !raD5 idea.ro. but 4B0 'oin' to MMMMMMM MMMMMMM s#i00in'. but 4 told hi0 to MMMM MMMM. 14. =ett5 s0elled s0o7e. 65 'rand0other #as MMMMMM M MMMMM on a "ar0. 4 too7 so0e aspirin. he MMMMMMMM so0e oran'es ECERCISE 6)& . and 05 heada!he #as 'one "or a #hile. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s an! no ns . 11. . 2ran7 !a0e to 05 door #ith "lo#ers and an apolo'5.

so #hen the deli1er5 tru!7 !a0e. Aou started to !r5 suddenl5 and loudl5. . but no# the nu0ber is in!reasin' e1er5 5ear. Aou #ent on a business trip three #ee7s a'o. What did Nan!5 doH 1/. What happened to 8a1idH *. 05 parents tau'ht 0e to belie1e in the 'olden rule. Nan!5 be'an tal7in' about )oinin' the Pea!e Corps. What did the hotel des7 !ler7 doH $. and he as7ed #hat the proble0 #as. =rite ei/ht ori/ina% sentences sin/ +hrasa% ver&s . S7iin' is #hat Ceather li7es 0ore than an5thin'. When 4 #as 5oun'. 4. 4t #ould be ni!e to lea1e this !it5 "or a #ee7 or t#o.or-$ 1. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM. but he didnBt 'o be!ause he #anted to sleep late. 2. Can7 #as supposed to 0eet #ith his parole o""i!er in the 0ornin'. What did Ned doH 14. What is 0alaria doin'H 11. Ned had to !all his bro7er i00ediatel5. What did Can7 do to his 0eetin' #ith his parole o""i!erH . What did 05 parents doH ECERCISE 6)c .this section$ Tr3 to se either /er n!s or the -ing . 4nstead he in1ented a lot o" !raD5 e<!uses that he 7ne# #erenBt true. 8a1id #as "or!ed to unload it b5 hi0sel". Co# does Ceather "eel about s7iin'H 8.MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM. Po1ert5 is a proble0 that ne1er de!reases or disappears. What did ToddBs sister as7 hi0 to doH %. The hotel des7 !ler7 didnBt tell 0e he had !an!eled 05 reser1ation b5 0ista7e. What #ould be ni!eH 1 . MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM. What doesnBt po1ert5 doH 12. and 5ou ha1enBt returned 5et. . The nu0ber o" people #ith 0alaria de!reased. so he ran to 1arious pla!es loo7in' "or a telephone. What ha1enBt 5ou done 5etH 13. What did 5ou doH 4. 3. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM. ToddBs sister #as 1er5 upset.ro. but she told hi0 to lea1e her alone.3.1er5one in the "a!tor5 #as bus5.

34 tri!7 into. Cri0e #as 'ettin' out o" !ontrol. The li'ht suddenl5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 3 put up to. 34 sti!7 to. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . 3$ sti!7 around. -"ter 4 threatened to 'o to the poli!e and tell the0 e1er5thin'. 34 0a7e o". 4 lo1e to MMMMM it MMMMM hi0 b5 !o0plainin' about ho# hard it is to 7eep a thirt5-roo0 house !lean. &uis 'ot into a lot o" trouble "or so0ethin' 4 did.MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM ECERCISE 6)!' Revie5 . 4Bd do it di""erentl5. and no# heMMMMMMMMit MMMMMMMM 0e. 34 run do#n. 3 1. so no# that 4B0 ri!h. 4B0 not sure #hat to MMMMMM MMMMMMM it. 34 "ool around. 3$ lead up to. 65 brother al#a5s thou'ht 4 #ould be a "ailure. so a ne# sheri"" #as ele!ted #ho pro0ised to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the la#. 3$ 'o out. 3. 4. and 4 !ouldnBt see a thin'. We donBt #ant to "or'et an5thin'. 3$ do o1er. 12. 1/.MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 8. . 4" 4 !ould MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM a'ain. That 'un is loaded. 32 hold a'ainst.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. 3 'o b5. The announ!e0ent #as a real surprise. 11. 8. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM %. 3 'o do#n. Can 5ou MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM to the boo7store "or 0e to0orro#H *. so letBs MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the list one 0ore ti0e to be sure.ter each one$ ba!7 do#n. . The pri!e o" 'as is e<pe!ted toMMMMMMMMMMMMMMtoN1 a 'allon #ithin a 0onth. 3 la5 do#n. This boo7 4 bou'ht is 0issin' so0e pa'es. 8o 5ou ha1e to 'o alread5H CanBt 5ou MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM "or a "e# 0inutesH $. 34 ta7e ba!7. -t s!hool.. 2.MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM $. he MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM and stopped 0a7in' threats. so 4 #ouldnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #ith it i" 4 #ere 5ou. %.

-nother #a5 to loo7 at it is to !onsider intro t#o parti!les. 4n 05 histor5 !lass #e studied the 1arious thin's that MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the !urrent situation. Ce tried to MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM tellin' hi0 the !o0bination to 05 sa"e. 1 . in and to. #ritten as one #ordG %he thief broke in. 65 brother-in-la# is so snea75. sneaked out of the house.ect We ha1e seen in Se!tions * and 23 that so0e t#o-#ord phrasal 1erbs re. these 1erbs be!o0e transiti1e? ho#e1er.uire a se!ond parti!le #hen the5 are transiti1e. The 0onth #e spent in 4tal5 #as a lot o" "un. and so0e 0eanin's #ith into ha1e no in 1ersion Eand are not in!luded in this se!tionF. this is not done b5 addin' a se!ond parti!le but b5 !han'in' in to into. 14. and the 1erb !an be used transiti1el5 #ith either in or into. 6($ FOCUS ON< t5o95or! +hrasa% ver&s 5ith the +artic%e in that re> ire into 5hen se! 5ith an o&. 6oreo1er. %he thieves broke into the jewelry store. 6an5 phrasal 1erbs #ith the parti!le in ha1e a 0eanin' that relates to entering or penetrating. We see also in this se!tion that there is o"ten a phrasal 1erb #ith an opposite 0eanin' #ith in and into !orrespondin' to out and out of: sneaked in. sneaked into the house. When #hat is bein' entered or penetrated is na0ed. 65 son is a 'ood bo5.13. #hi!h 0a7es the0 three-#ord phrasal 1erbs.ui!7l5. not "or all 0eanin's. 1$. 314 . 4" he #as shopli"tin'. =ut this is true onl5 "or 0eanin's o" the phrasal 1erb that relate to enterin' or penetratin'. so0eti0es into is optional. 4B0 sure so0eone MMMMMMMM hi0 MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMit. So0e 0eanin's #ith in ha1e no into 1ersion Eand are in!luded in this se!tionF. sneaked out. but it see0ed to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMM so .

5ou chec0 in or chec0 into the hotel. the5 are &ro0en in$ l don't want to wear those shoes to the dance. chec09in n. knew my car had been broken into.ad. When 5ou 'i1e 5our lu''a'e to an airline a'ent so that it #ill be !arried in the ba''a'e !o0part0ent rather than the passen'er !o0part0ent. 9 thief broke in and stole my %5. 5ou train and super1ise the0 and 'i1e the0 less than the nor0al a0ount o" #or7 until the5 are read5 "or so0ethin' 0ore di""i!ult. 'll go straight to my hotel and check in. l don't want to wear these boots on the e"pedition.uor store. 5ou use it slo#l5 and !are"ull5 until 5ou are sure it read5 "or hea1ier use. The pro!ess o" chec0in/ in is chec09in$ !efore your flight you have to go to the check-in counter. #e're breaking in a new secretary. haven't broken them in yet. The !ounter at an airport #here 5ou 'i1e 5our ti!7et to an a'ent and re!ei1e a boardin' pass is the chec09in or the chec09in !ounter.v. When 5ou arri1e at an airport and 'i1e 5our ti!7et to an a'ent and re!ei1e a boardin' pass. 5ou #ear the0 onl5 o!!asionall5 and "or a short ti0e until the5 are !o0"ortable. 5ou chec0 in$ (ou should check in at least two hours be fore your flight. When 5ou &rea0 in or &rea0 into a pla!e. &ro0en in part. When 5ou &rea0 in a ne# 0e!hani!al de1i!e or a !ar. break-in n. #hen saw the smashed glass in the street. or people at a ne# )ob. "$ &rea0$$$ in p.Infinitive present tense break in break in < breaks in &ing form breaking in past tense broke in past participle broken in ($ &rea0 inlinto p. chec0 in check in & checks in checking in checked in checked in ($ chec0 inlinto p.v. %hey're not broken in yet. 7im checked into the hotel while called home to check on the kids. -"ter 5ou &rea0 in a ne# 0e!hani!al de1i!e or a !ar.v. so things have been a bit confused at our office lately. . When 5ou &rea0 in people at a ne# )ob. 9fter arrive in 'enver. When 5ou &rea0 in a pair o" shoes. %he police investigated a break-in at the li. (ou can wait over there in the lobby while check you in. *$ chec0$$$ in p.v. When 5ou arri1e at a hotel and arran'e "or a roo0.v. 5ou enter ille'all5 usin' "or!e or de!eption. break-in is an illegal entry into a place using force or deception.. 5ou chec0 it in$ 31 . "$ chec0$$$ in p. a pair o" shoes.

When 5ou chec0 a pla!e or thin' o t' 5ou inspe!t it !are"ull5 or learn 0ore about it. When 5ou 1isit or !all people brie"l5 and re'ularl5 be!ause 5ou #ant to 'et or re!ei1e i0portant in"or0ation "ro0 the0 or to 0a7e sure that a situation 5ou are both interested in is satis"a!tor5. check out that car %oad is driving. 'fter you have paid your bill. 6$ chec0 o t p.ad. we can wait in the boarding lounge. .. f Hank doesn't check in with his parole officer every week. !efore you give that guy money to invest.eorge.v. 9fter surgery. 31$ . you'll need to check in once in a while to make sure the bone is healing properly. %hat new Me"ican restaurant is great 4 you should check it out.orcia checked out of her hotel and took a ta"i to the airport. <kay. you should check him out. and lea1e a hotel. now let's get a ta"i and go to the airport. &u''a'e that has been chec0e! in or passen'ers that ha1e chec0e! in are chec0e! in$ :ow that we're checked in. su!h as their edu!ation and #or7 e<perien!e. When 5ou chec0 o t at a store. ($ chec0$$$ o t p. When 5ou pa5 5our bill. we're checked out. %here's always a long line of people waiting to check out at that time of the morning.v. Hey .M. 6$ chec0 in E#ithF p.%hat bag is too big for carry3on 4 you'll have to check it in.v.v.adj. chec0e! in part. #e can sleep late tomorrow8 checkout time isn't until . returned your key. return 5our 7e5. Infinitive present tense +heck out check out < checks out &ing form checking out past tense checked out past participle checked out ($ chec0 o t Eo"F p. Mrs. and left a hotel. 5ou chec0 in or chec0 in #ith the0.v. the police will arrest him. 9pplicants for child care jobs should be thoroughly checked out. checked out part. you are checked out. #hen did he buy it$ *$ chec0 $$$ o t p. has been in1esti'ated and "ound to be a!!urate. When 5ou chec0 people o t' 5ou in1esti'ate the0 in order to learn 0ore about the0. -rank didn't get the job he wanted with the * 9. 4" 5ou sa5 that people chec0 o t' 5ou 0ean that the in"or0ation the5 ha1e 'i1en 5ou about the0sel1es. Some things on his resume didn't check out. chec0o t n. 5ou brin' the ite0s 5ou #ant to buy to the cashier and pay for them. 5ou chec0 o t or chec0 o t o" the hotel. The ti0e be"ore #hi!h 5ou 0ust chec0 o t o" a hotel in order to a1oid pa5in' "or another da5 is the chec0o t ti0e.=>> ?.

/o in$ %he :ational . #e'd better check out. 'll get the groceries.uard was ordered to go in and stop the riot. and so on. and so on. When 5ou !onne!t an ele!tri!al de1i!e to an ele!tri!al outlet. door. it %ets it in$ %hat small window doesn't let in enough light to read by. #hen the guests arrived. chec0o t n. the5 /o in$ P %% o t is the opposite o. %he guard wouldn't let me into the stadium because had forgotten my ticket. 'ate. @#e're going in)@ as he jumped from the landing craft. (ou get the bathroom stuff. or !an be put there.v.%he store's closing in a few minutes. t's getting too dark to play tennis. !ra!7.v. 5ou enter it. %he marine shouted. and so on. and so on. +% / in plug in & plugs in plugging in plugged in plugged in ($ +% / $$$inlinto p. %hat dish goes in the cabinet ne"t to the stove.v. "its there. %he hole in the screen is letting the mos. -rank went into the kitchen to get a cup of coffee.uitoes into the house. !ontainer. hole. 31% . and so on.v. The chec0o t or the chec0o t !ounter is #here 5ou pa5 "or ite0s in a store. roo0. roo0.v. su!h as a #indo#. &et's go in. buildin'. *$ /o in p. "$ %et$$$ inlinto p.v. When 5ou %et people or thin's in or %et people or thin's into a pla!e. let in let in & lets in letting in let in let in ($ %et $$$inlinto p. allo#s so0ethin' to enter. 5ou allo# the0 to enter b5 'i1in' the0 per0ission to enter or b5 openin' a door. the butler opened the door to let them in. &ook at this line. "$ /o in p. t's going to take forever to check out. 9ll those clothes will never go in this small suitcase. 5ou +% / it in or +% / it into the so!7et. When soldiers enter !o0bat or an area #here !o0bat is li7el5. buildin'. When so0ethin' /oes in or /oes into a pla!e. When an openin'. When 5ou !onne!t an5 !ord or !able to aso!7et desi'ned to re!ei1e it. and we'll meet at the checkout counter. 5ou +% / it in or +% / it into the outlet. Infinitive /o in present tense go in < goes in &ing form going in past tense went in past participle gone in ($ /o inlinto p. en!losure. When 5ou /o in or /o into a pla!e. it belon's there.

ad./// 0iles.l plugged my . &etBs 'o to his house and MMMMMM it MMMMMM. %his phone isn't broken8 you just forgot to plug the phone cord in. 4. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . but she sneaked out through the window. When 4B0 a#a5 on a business trip. 65 'rand"ather al#a5s MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a ne# !ar b5 not dri1in' it o1er / 0iles per hour until it had 'one 1. f you don't have a ticket for the game. %. 318 . When an ele!tri!al de1i!e is !onne!ted to an ele!tri!al outlet.>3volt %5 into a AA>3volt outlet and ruined it. -re 5ou sure this is the ri'ht 7e5 "or this lo!7H 4t #onBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. When 5ou lea1e a pla!e #ithout an5one seein' or hearin' 5ou. When 5ou enter a pla!e #ithout an5one seein' or hearin' 5ou.v. 3. 2. 5ou snea0 o t or snea0 o t o" the pla!e. 5ou snea0 in or snea0 into the pla!e. so 4 thin7 it #ould be better to 7eep it #ith 0e on the "li'ht than to MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM. ECERCISE 6( a . Infinitive present tense snea0 in sneak in < sneaks in &ing form sneaking in past tense sneaked in past participle sneaked in ($ snea0 inlinto p. These spea7ers MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM so!7ets in the ba!7 o" the stereo.. +% //e! in part. snea0 o t sneak out & sneaks out sneaking out sneaked out sneaked out ($ snea0 o t Eo"F p.v. 65 laptop !o0puter is in this ba'. %he principal caught me sneaking out of my chemistry class. you'll have to sneak in. $. 6ar7 told 0e he bou'ht a lar'e-s!reen TV.. 4 al#a5s MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #ith 05 o""i!e e1er5 0ornin'. . 8. (ne o" the students MMMMMMM MMMMMMM and stole the ans#ers "or the "inal e<a0. Close the door: AouBre MMMMMMMM the bu's MMMMMMMM. Susie's father told her to stay upstairs in her room.ro.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. #hen was a kid used to sneak into the movie theater through the emergency e"it. it is +% //e! in$ !e careful with that iron 4 it's plugged in.

this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. 4B0 'oin' to MMMMMMMM hi0 MMMMMMM. and 4 al0ost 0issed the plane. 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM onl5 1 0inutes be"ore 05 "li'ht ti0e. 13. What happened to Nan!5Bs houseH $. 4n Ouestion . Cu00in's doH 4.1 donBt trust that 'u5 05 dau'hter #ants to 0arr5. WeBll MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the 3rand Cotel on Wednesda5. TV. Cu00in's had to lea1e the hotel be"ore noon so that she #ould not ha1e to pa5 "or another da5. Iani!e entered the house . Cu00in's paid her hotel bill and le"t. 11. 14. and !o0puter #ere 'one. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s' +artici+%e a!.ro.*. -t the super0ar7et 5ou !an MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in the e<press line onl5 i" 5ou ha1e "e#er than 1 ite0s. When 4 arri1e at the airport. &etBsMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMthe dinin' roo0. and her )e#elr5. so 4 #aited until the tea!her #asnBt loo7in' and MMMMMMM MMMMMMM. -n5 bur'lar #ho tries to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 05 house is 'oin' to 'et a bi' surprise > 4B1e 'ot three bi' do's that arenBt 1er5 "riendl5. 1/. 4 #as late "or !lass. #hat happened at Nan!5Bs houseH %. 1%. #eBll MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM and 'o ho0e. 4n Ouestion 3. 12. The #indo# o" Nan!5Bs house #as bro7en.ectives' an! no ns . and sheBll 'i1e 0e a boardin' pass. 8inner is bein' ser1ed. ThereBs a !ra!7 in the base0ent #all thatBs MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #ater.uietl5 so that no one #ould hear her. &5dia unlo!7ed the door so that her brother !ould enter the house. What is noon at the hotelH . 1$. The soldiers #ere ordered to MMMMMMMMMMMMMM and !apture the ene05 position. 18. What #ill 4 do at the airportH 31* . What did 6s. 1 . 6s. What did &5dia doH 3. ECERCISE 6( & . 6s. What did Iani!e doH 2. -"ter a #ee7 at the hotel. 4Bll 'i1e 05 ti!7et to the a'ent.

What did Can7 doH 1$. Can7 bou'ht a ne# C8 pla5er and !onne!ted the plu' to the outlet. When . ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe Can7Bs ne# C8 pla5erH 1%.this section$ 1. the hu0an resour!es 0ana'er at the nursin' ho0e !alled his pre1ious e0plo5er and as7ed . 4n Ouestion 1 . MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM . 4n Ouestion %. What #as done to NedH 18. he al#a5s 'i1es his s7is to the airline a'ent so that the5 #ill be put in the ba''a'e !o0part0ent. and le"t 5our house. What did 5ou doH 14. To0orro# 4Bll stop and learn 0ore about it. and 9aren doesnBt #ant to enter it. What doesnBt 9aren #ant to doH 1/. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM $. Wh5 are 05 "eet 7illin' 0eH ECERCISE 6( c . #here #ill 4 'o in the airportH *. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 32/ . #hen no one #as loo7in'. =e"ore Ned #as hired "or his )ob in a nursin' ho0e.uestions about Ned. Aou opened the #indo# . =a7er hasnBt arri1ed at his hotel and arran'ed "or a roo0 5et. 4 sa# an interestin' house #ith a @"or sale@ si'n on Pine Street as 4 #as dri1in' ho0e. The roo0 is "ull o" !i'arette s0o7e. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 4. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM %.ri7Bs s7is a"ter he 'i1es the0 to the airline a'entH 13.ri7 al#a5s do #ith his s7isH 12. What #ill 4 do to the house to0orro#H 11.uietl5. 65 "eet are 7illin' 0e. =rite seven ori/ina% sentences sin/ +hrasa% ver&s . ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe . What does . 4t #asnBt 1er5 s0art to #ear ne# hi7in' boots that arenBt so"t and !o0"ortable.8. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 3. 6r.ri7 "lies to Colorado to 'o s7iin'. What hasnBt 6r. =a7er done 5etH 1 . MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 2. 4n Ouestion 11.ro.

&5dia is 'oin' toMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM"or Iud5 durin' her 0aternit5 lea1e. 3* ta7e o1er. 3% let do#n. 4. but i" 5ou #ant to 'o to the bea!h. but Car0en said sheBd MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM i" 4 need an5thin'. and itBs a lot #ar0er. but no# the sun is out. *. 3% "ill up.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a.ECERCISE 6( !' Revie5 . 3 put do#n. $. 321 . Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . 4B1e 'ot an appoint0ent to 'et 05 teeth !leaned to0orro# at 4G//. . 5ou shouldnBt MMMMMMMM hi0 MMMMMMMM in "ront o" his !hildren. 3* 'et o"" on. 33 lea1e o1er. We should as7 0ana'e0ent to ha1e a 0eetin' so that #e !an MMMMMMMM e1er5thin' MMMMMMMM. 8.4/ 'o a#a5. 11. 3 narro# do#n. 4tBs 'oin' to MMMMM MMMMM as soon as this 'a0e is o1er. 3. 5ouBd 'et better 0ilea'e and a !leaner en'ine. 3% help out. Toda5 MMMMMM MMMMM !old and rain5.1en thou'h 5ou donBt li7e 5our brother. 4 !anBt dri1e be!ause o" 05 bro7en le'. . 4 #ant to #at!h the ne#s. %.3% li1e #ith. but the5B1e MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM to three. Cer husband said he #asnBt 'oin' to stop s0o7in' and that she #ould )ust ha1e to learn to MMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMit. be!ause so 0u!h #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a"ter the part5 that #eBre 'oin' to be eatin' it "or a #ee7.ter each one$ blo# o"". 3 * tal7 to. . 4/ han' out. 4 hope 5ou li7e spa'hetti. 3$ start out. The !o00er!ial on TV said that i" 5ou MMMMMMMM5our !arBs 'as tan7MMMMMMMM#ith their 'as. 65 son has pro0ised 0e a hundred ti0es that heBll sta5 out o" trouble and #or7 harder in s!hool. 3% 1. 12. 2. but he al#a5s MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM. 1/. 4/ !o0e on.lot o" the e0plo5ees are !on"used about the ne# !ontra!t. 4 !an MMMMMMMM 05 appoint0ent MMMMMMMM. The !o0pan5 #as !onsiderin' ei'ht !ities "or the ne# "a!tor5. 2/ strai'hten out.

WeBre plannin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM "or a "e# #ee7s.13. but got is o!!asionall5 used. 1$. move./0 #as not up be"ore. When 5ou return to a le1el or pla!e #here 5ou #ere be"ore. and so on.n'lish. Gotten is 0ore !o00on in -0eri!an . re1ie# Se!tion 2$ Eand do not !on"use the ad1erb back #ith the parti!le back1. su!h as walk. To re1ie# the ad1erb back. 'o. and it is i0portant to understand that the 0eanin' o" get in these 1erbs is not the sa0e as the nonphrasal "or0 o" get. e0phasiDe the 0o1e0ent "ro0 one lo!ation to another.v. Infinitive present tense /et &ac0 get back < gets back &ing form getting back past tense got back past participle gottenlgot back ($ /et &ac0 EtoF p. 1 . and then 4 be!a0e up > 4 !han'ed "ro0 not bein' up to bein' up.S (NG +hrasa% ver&s 5ith get. run. Would 5ou 0ind #aterin' our plants until #e returnH 14. go. ( 6an5 phrasal 1erbs are based on the 1erb get.. 322 . and so on. =ob is 1er5 7ind and 'enerous. To re1ie# the ad1erb right. see Se!tions 1* and 22. =oth are !orre!t.F 6an5 phrasal 1erbs #ith get that relate to a !han'e in ph5si!al lo!ation 0i'ht see0 identi!al in 0eanin' to a 1ariet5 o" phrasal 1erbs usin' !o0e. 6"$ 2(C.. and o"ten the5 !an be used #ith little di""eren!e in 0eanin'G l came back last night. and other 1erbs that des!ribe ph5si!al 0o1e0ent. 4tBs a 'reat pla!e to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM and rela<. got back last night. get has a 0eanin' si0ilar to become or change to: I got up at -:. 0eanin' receive. 4t is 1er5 !o00on to use the ad1erbs right and back #ith get phrasal 1erbs. =ut there is a di""eren!eG get e0phasiDes the !han'e in lo!ation? !o0e. 5ou /et &ac0 or /et &ac0 to that pla!e. Ce MMMMM MMMMMM MMMMMM helpin' other people. 8a1id put a pool table and a pinball 0a!hine in his base0ent. Note that t#o "or0s o" the past parti!iple o" get are sho#nG gotten and got. 4nstead. Can 5ou belie1e ho# rude that 'u5 #as to 0eH Nobod5 has e1er MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 0e li7e that be"ore.

the police told the crowd to get back. #ith all the bad weather we've been having.v. and the5 learn "aster or 'et 0ore #or7 done be!ause 5ou are learnin' or #or7in' 0ore slo#l5 than the others. #here are you going$ Get right back here) Mark lost a tot of weight when he was sick. /et &3 get b% & gets b% getting b% got b% gotten lgot b% ($/et &3 p. "$ /et &3 EonF p. 5ou !ontinue #ith 5our #or7 or !ontinue #ith 5our li"e e1en thou'h it 0a5 be di""i!ult. and it took him a long time to get back to his old weight.v. Infinitive present tense /et &ehin! get behind < gets behind &ing form getting behind past tense got behind past participle gottenlgot behind ($ /et &ehin! EinF p. 323 . 7im borrowed a book from me three years ago. but she needs it to go to work at 2=1>. and we didn't get back until yesterday.v. 7im uses his mother's car in the morning. When 5ou /et &ac0 or /et &ac0 "ro0 so0ethin' that is 1er5 hot or dan'erous or that 5ou should not be near. When 5ou /et so0ethin' &ac0 or /et so0ethin' &ac0 "ro0 so0eone or so0epla!e. When 5ou /et &3 or /et &3 on a !ertain a0ount o" 0one5. 5ou return it to that person or pla!e. "$ /et$$$ &ac0 EtoF p. 5ou ha1e so0ethin' that 5ou had be"ore. 5ou /et &ehin! s!hedule. and she got behind in her studies. 5ou /et &ehin! or /et &ehin! in 5our studies or #or7. Get back from the edge of the cliff) (ou might fall. and no one could get by. When 5ou /et &3 or /et &3 so0ethin'. 9s the ?resident came closer. 5ou 0o1e a#a5 "ro0 it so that there is 0ore distan!e bet#een 5ou and it. l couldn't believe got my stolen car back. %here was an accident on the highway. the construction project has gotten way behind schedule. When 5ou /et so0ethin' &ac0 or /et so0ethin' &ac0 to a person or pla!e.v. and so on. *an you move all that junk in the hallway please$ t's hard for people to get by.v. Kee+ + is the opposite o" /et &ehin!$ Fa%% &ehin! is si0ilar to /et &ehin!$ &inda had some problems last semester. have to get these books back to the library 4 they're overdue.#e left three weeks ago.v. and still haven't gotten it back from him. 6$ /et &ac0 E"ro0F p. *$ /et$$$ &ac0 E"ro0F p. 5ou pass so0ethin' or so0eone #hile 5ou are #al7in' or dri1in' e1en thou'h it 0a5 be di""i!ult be!ause there is not enou'h roo0. so he has to get it back before then. When 5ou are in a 'roup that is stud5in' or #or7in'. When 5ou do not !o0plete #or7 as "ast as ori'inall5 planned and e<pe!ted.

restaurant. 5ou /et !o5n$ #hen the enemy soldiers started shooting. How did all these misspellings get by me$ #nfinitive get down present tense get down & gets down -ing form getting down past tense got down past participle gottenlgot down ($ /et !o5n EtoF p. l didn't have an invitation to the party. *$ /et &3 p. When so0ethin'. 'on't let your troubles get you down. Everything will be all right. boat. 6$ /et$$$ !o5n p. 've got a great editor8 no mistakes get by her. and so on. roo0.'on't worry about me8 'll get by somehow. 27H . #e'll never get into that club8 we don't know the right people.v. restaurant. When 5ou /et in or /et into a pla!e. When 5ou /et other people in or /et other people into a buildin'. #e'd better get into the school 4 the bell's going to ring soon. checked this report twice. When 5ou /et in or /et into a pla!e. !lub.v. !lub. *$ /et !o5n p. 7im's marriage problems are really getting him down. "$ /et$$$ !o5n E"ro0F p. "$ /et$$$ inlinto p.v. and so on.v. When 5ou /et thin's or people !o5n' 5ou 0o1e the0 "ro0 a hi'her le1el or pla!e to a lo#er one. 5ou enter it. but :ancy got me in. %he fire fighters got the people down from the roof of the burning building. 0eetin'. the sergeant ordered his men to get down. get in get in & gets in getting in got in gotten lgot in ($ /et inlinto p. 5ou arran'e "or the0 to enter. buildin'. 5ou do not noti!e it. 5ou /et !o5n or /et !o5n to that le1el or pla!e. Get in the car) #e're going now. 0eetin'. !ar. When thin's or people /et 5ou !o5n' the5 0a7e 5ou sad or depressed. Get down right now) %he first thing did after got down to Miami was go to the beach.v. buildin'. /ets &3 5ou. /et !o5n$ Eo !o5n is si0ilar to /et !o5n$ (ou're going to fall out of that tree and break your neck. Eet + is the opposite o. When 5ou 0o1e to a lo#er le1el or pla!e or "ro0 north to south. 5ou obtain per0ission to enter. and so on. When 5ou bend 5our bod5 and lo#er 5our head to a1oid dan'er or to pre1ent people "ro0 seein' 5ou. Get down! f the police catch us here we'll be in a lot of trouble. #hy do you always put the dishes on the top shelf$ can't get them down.v. t's not easy getting by on BAC> a week. su!h as a 0ista7e or a proble0.v.

Co-e in is si0ilar to /et in$ 'm e"hausted. 'll be waiting for you at the station when your train gets into the station. almost never get out to the suburbs anymore. 5ou !ause the0 to be!o0e in1ol1ed in it. en!losure. buildin'. told my friend in :ew (ork. he got out and looked under the hood. 5ou /et o t or /et o t to that pla!e. don't see any solution to this problem. When 5ou /et so0ethin' in or /et so0ethin' into a pla!e. 5ou 'et the ob)e!t inside e1en thou'h it is di""i!ult. roo0.*$ /et$$$ inlinto p. please visit me. Infinitive present tense /et o t get out < gets out &ing form getting out past tense got out past participle gottenlgot out ($ /et o t Eo"F p. When 5ou 'o to a pla!e that is #est o" #here 5ou are or to a pla!e outside a lar'e !it5.v. 5ou arri1e. l love it here in the city. boat. When 5ou /et o t or /et o t o" a pla!e. #e smelled gas and got out of the building just seconds before it e"ploded.v. :$ /et$$$ in p.v.v. When 5ou /et an a!ti1it5 in' 5ou "ind the ti0e "or it or 0a7e the ti0e "or it. it arri1es. 'inner isn't until E=1>. got in really late last night. 32 . When 5ou /et people o t or /et the0 o t o" a pla!e. How did they get that elephant into its cage$ 6$ /et$$$ inlinto p. Daren asked the sales clerk when the store was going to get some summer dresses in. %he shoes are too small 4 can't get my feet in.@ *$ /et$$$ o t Eo"F p. #henever go to San -rancisco on business. so we've got time to get a tennis game in. @ f you ever get out to *alifornia. and so on. How did ever get into this mess$ 7$ /et inlinto p.v. When the 1ehi!le 5ou are in /ets in or /ets into a pla!e. wanted to buy that new book. and so on. When 5ou /et in or /et into a pla!e.v. 5ou be!o0e in1ol1ed in it. 5ou ta7e the0 out or 5ou arran'e "or the0 to lea1e. When 5ou /et in trouble or /et into a di""i!ult situation or a 0ess Ea mess is a !on"used or di""i!ult situationF. !ontainer. 5ou lea1e or es!ape "ro0 it.v. roo0. 8$ /et$$$ in p. but the bookstore hasn't gotten it in yet. buildin'.v. try to get a baseball game in. Susie got in a lot of trouble at school today. When a store /ets so0ethin' in' it re!ei1es a deli1er5 o" so0ethin' that it #ill o""er "or sale. "$ /et o t EtoF p. !ar. #hen !ob heard his car's engine making a strange noise. When 5ou /et people in trouble or /et the0 into a di""i!ult situation or a 0ess.

so they called for a helicopter to get them out. or di""i!ult situation. When in"or0ation /ets o t' it be!o0es 7no#n to people #ho are not supposed to 7no# it.v. !e careful 4 we'll be in a lot of trouble if this information gets out. %here was a huge scandal after the news got out. When 5ou lea1e 5our house and do thin's that are rela<in' and "un. 5ou 'o there. 8$ /et$$$ o t Eo"F p.v. so let's get the good china out.v. -rancisco called and he said he needs you to help him with something. 've been sick for a week. 5ou re0o1e it. :ed doesn't get out of the house much8 he prefers to stay home and play computer games. (ou work too hard8 you should get out more. 5ou a1oid it. When 5ou /et over to a pla!e. Infinitive present tense /et over get over < gets over &ing form getting over past tense got over past participle gottenlgot over ($ /et over EtoF p. 5ou stop lettin' it a""e!t 5ou and !ontinue #ith 5our li"e. When 5ou /et dirt or a stain o t or /et dirt or a stain o t o" a 0aterial. How is he going to get out of this mess$ (ou got me into this mess 4 you get me out! 7$ /et$$$ o t Eo"F p. Erik made a date with two girls for the same night. illness. %his detergent's ad claims it'll get dirt out even in cold water.v. #$ /et o t Eo"F p. (ou can't feel sorry for yourself forever 4 you've got to get over it and get on with your life.%he soldiers were surrounded. so get over to his house right way. or di""i!ult situation. get over here and clean up this mess immediately) "$ /et over p. 5ou /et o t or /et o t o" the house.v. 6$ /et$$$ o t Eo"F p. When 5ou /et o t or /et o t o" a dan'erous. 5ou help the0 to a1oid it. Mother's coming for dinner tonight. %he videotape is jammed8 can't get it out of the 5*F. When 5ou tell people to /et over here. 9fter Hank was arrested. 've got a bad cold. 'o you think bleach will get this wine stain out of my white blouse$ :$ /et o t p. When 5ou /et so0ethin' o t or /et so0ethin' o t o" a !ontainer or pla!e. and still haven't gotten over it. 27J .v. a#7#ard. 5ou #ant the0 to !o0e #here 5ou are. a#7#ard. When 5ou /et people o t o" a dan'erous. When 5ou /et over a proble0. or e0otionall5 pain"ul e<perien!e. 5ou re0o1e it b5 !leanin'. Susie.v. his lawyer got him out of jail.

5ou !ause the0 to rise "ro0 their beds. That bo0b 0i'ht e<plode. your brother is in the basement. but this deter'ent MMMMMMMM the in7 ri'ht MMMMMMMM. 5ou !annot /et over it.=>> on weekends. *$ /et + p. l can't get over seeing my e"3wife with her new husband. make breakfast8 getting the children up and ready for school in the morning is !ill's job. When 5ou 0o1e to a hi'her le1el or pla!e. 4 thou'ht these pants #ere ruined a"ter 4 'ot in7 on the0. got right up and hit him back. 4 MMMMMMM ri'ht MMMMMMM and #ent inside the house. When so0ethin' happens that surprises 5ou or 0a7es 5ou an'r5. 3. 5ou /et + or /et + to that le1el or pla!e.*$ /et over p. 4 #as #or7in' in 05 o""i!e on the third "loor.v.v. Infinitive /et + present tense get up < gets up &ing form getting up past tense got up past participle gottenlgot up ($/et + EtoF p. . 32% . so donBt tell an5one. and 05 boss !alled "ro0 his o""i!e on the si<th "loor and told 0e to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM there i00ediatel5. ?lease go tell him to get right up here and start doing his homework. or "ro0 south to north.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. 9fter he hit me.v.. When 5ou !han'e "ro0 a sittin' or l5in' position to a standin' position. %. %he coach couldn't get over losing the state championship 2E to >. ECERCISE 6"a . 6a5be #e should MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a little. MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM Ii0Bs death too7 0e a lon' ti0e. 4Bll lose 05 )ob i" this in"or0ation MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM.v.ro. When 5ou /et people up. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . No# the poli!e are outside. 4. When 5ou /et + or so0eone /ets 5ou +' 5ou rise "ro0 5our bed. 2. &oo7 at all the trouble 5ouB1e MMMMM 0e MMMM: $. -s soon as the !ar stopped. haven't gotten up to my brother's house in *anada for a long time. and 5ou !annot stop thin7in' about it. Eet !o5n is the opposite o" /et +$ Eo + is si0ilar to /et +$ %om. 5ou /et +$ Stan! + is si0ilar to /et +$ %he teacher told the sleeping students to get up. l don't usually get up until . "$ /et$$$ + p.

24. 1%. 5ouBll do a lot better on the "inal. !ould 5ou 0o1eH 4 !anBtMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMM. *. 21. Can 5ou help 0e MMMMM her MMMMMMH 2 . Nothin' MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMher. 12. but 4 7no# so0eone #ho 0i'ht be able to MMMMM us MMMMM. 1/. 4 !anBt MMMMMM MMMMMM ho# 'reat To0 loo7s. and no# 4 ha1e to #al7 to s!hool.<!use 0e. 65 husband spent his #hole pa5!he!7 on beer and lotter5 ti!7ets. MMMMMMMM ba!7 MMMMMMMM here:@ 11.8.@ 22. Wor7. What ti0e did 5our plane MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM last ni'htH 14. 2/. 4 #as tr5in' to lea1e #or7 a little earl5. Ni!ole does her #or7 1er5 !are"ull5 and ne1er 0a7es 0ista7es. Can7 is in a lot o" trouble.MMMMMMMM 5our 0one5MMMMMMMM "or so0ethin' 5ou bou'ht is usuall5 i0possible. The 'a0e is sold out. @Aour 0idter0 s!ore #asnBt 1er5 'ood. itBll be a 0ira!le. 1 . Aour sisterBs upstairs sleepin'. The tea!her said. 4 0issed the bus. 65 !at has been in that tree "or three da5s. 4" 5ou lose 5our re!eipt. 4 #ish 4 hadnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM late. 4Bll bet heBs lost "ort5 pounds. 4" heMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMo" it. 5ouBll MMMMMMM MMMMMMM. #or7 > thatBs all 5ou do. 328 . thereBs a bear: MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM > it 0i'ht see us. Would 5ou li7e to 'o shoppin' at Wal-6art to0orro#H The5 )ustMMMMMMMM so0e ne# stu""MMMMMMMM. 4tBs a0aDin'. 1*. 3o tell her to MMMMMMMM ri'ht MMMMMMMM here and eat brea7"ast. 4" 5ou donBt stud5 hard. but 05 boss said. 8onBt let it MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 5ou. but 4B0 sure i" 5ou stud5 hard. 4" #e hurr5. 18. #or7. This is a 1er5 di""i!ult !lass. 2$. . 1$. &oo7. 6i7e usuall5 lea1es around 8G// in the 0ornin' and MMMMM MMMMMM around G3/. 4tBs 4G1/. 13. 4 donBt 7no# ho# #eBre 'oin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM this 0onth. #e 0i'htMMMMMMa round o" 'ol"MMMMMMbe"ore it 'ets dar7. 23. Aou need to MMMMMMM MMMMMMM 0ore o"ten. @Aou !anBt 'o ho0e until G//.

4 li1e in Ne# (rleans. What is -le< doin' to his to5 trainH 1/. 4t isnBt eas5 to MMMMMMMMMthis bi' !ar MMMMMMMMMthat s0all 'ara'e. so Washin'ton is 0a7in' plans to MMMMMMMM its e0bass5 sta""MMMMMMMM. but a res!ue #or7er re0o1ed 0e "ro0 05 !ar. -le< is re0o1in' his to5 train "ro0 the !loset. 4" Ceather doesnBt #or7 harder in her 0ath !lass. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s . she #ill not be able to sta5 at the sa0e le1el as the other students. Aou need to return to 5our ho0e 1er5 . shoo7 05 shoulder.2%. Carlos is standin' on a table so that he !an 'et the to5 airplane that he thre# on top o" the re"ri'erator. What !an Iud5 )ust barel5 doH $. 31. 4 #as trapped in 05 !ar a"ter an a!!ident. 5ou #ere in a lot o" trouble.hat hasn(t Frank done yet1 8. -"ter Iud5 pa5s her bills. and itBs di""i!ult to "ind the ti0e to tra1el to 6innesota to 1isit 05 sister.ui!7l5. What did the res!ue #or7er doH *. -"ter 5ou #ere arrested "or drun7en dri1in'. ECERCISE 6"& . The situation in that !ountr5 is 1er5 dan'erous. What !ouldnBt the 0o1ers doH 32* . What is di""i!ultH 3. and the 0o1ers !ouldnBt brin' it inside our ne# house. MMMMMM it MMMMMM:@ 2*. What did 05 "ather doH 2.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. but Frank is still sad about his brother(s death.ro. What did 5ou doH 4.@Who said 5ou !ould lea1e the tableH MMMMMMMMM ba!7 MMMMMMMM here and "inish 5our 1e'etables:@ 28. Ti005Bs 0other said. 65 "ather !a0e into 05 bedroo0. (ur nei'hbor !alled and saidlBAour do' is in 05 'arden. . It(s been five years. she )ust barel5 has enou'h 0one5 to sur1i1e until the end o" the 0onth. The so"a #as too bi'. 3/. 8a1id #as so si!7 he !ouldnBt e1en MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM o" bed. What #ill happen to Ceather i" she doesnBt #or7 harderH M. What do 5ou need to doH . What is Carlos doin'H 11. and told 0e that brea7"ast #as al0ost read5.

5ouBll need to hurr5 > the5Bre MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM "ast. 4/ sell out. What did . What !anBt #e doH 13. 3* "loat around. 32 !ross o"". What did =ill as7 0e to doH ECERCISE 6"c' Revie5 . 4B0 'oin' to be late "or #or7. 33/ . 3* snea7 inlinto. 41 start up. 4 !anBt "ind the to5 05 dau'hter #ants "or her birthda5 an5#here. but the !ontrollers on the 'round helped her land. -"ter 'ettin' out o" her !ar. ThereBs nothin' to eat "or dinner toni'ht. What did the !ontrollers do to the pilotH 1%. . 4B1e been MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM all da5 loo7in' "or it. 3. What did Iani!e doH 1 . 28 !lear out. 4 ha1enBt tal7ed to Nan!5 in a lon' ti0e. $.ui!7l5.ri7Bs bi!5!le #as stolen. What did &5dia doH 14. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . and #e !anBt pass it. 41 snea7 out. &5dia le"t the buildin' #hen she heard the "ire alar0. 28 !all up. . so toni'ht 4B0 'oin' to MMMMMMMM so0e o" the )un7 up there MMMMMMMM to 0a7e 0ore roo0. 3* plu' inlinto. %. 3/ run around. 3 pi!7 up. 3/ pun!h out. 41 lea1e behind. 4 thin7 4Bll MMMMMM her MMMMMM toni'ht. 4. 4" 5ou #ant to 'et a ti!7et "or the Superbo#l. 2$ 1.ri7 doH 1$. but no# he has it a'ain. The pilot had 0e!hani!al proble0s #ith her airplane.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a.ter each one$ brush o"". 41 pun!h in. 34 'o inlinto. When 4 'o on 1a!ation. Would 5ou 0ind MMMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMMMH 8. Ce hasnBt MMMMMMM MMMMMMM 5et. 4 #ant to rela< at the bea!h and MMMMM 05 #orries MMMMM. 65 brother #ants to store so0e o" his stu"" in 05 atti!. Can 5ou MMMMMMMM so0e ta7eout "ood MMMMMMMM #hen 5ou !o0e ho0e "ro0 #or7 toni'htH 2. ThereBs a ru0or MMMMMM MMMMMM that so0eone is 'oin' to 'et "ired. There is a hu'e tru!7 in "ront o" us. 8an 0ust still be here in the o""i!e so0e#here. 3% !all ba!7. Ned is #orried.12. =ill !alled and as7ed 0e to !o0e to his house 1er5 . *. Iani!e entered it a'ain.

65 "ather #onBt let 0e 'o to the dan!e. (ne o" our "riends #ent inside and opened the "ire e<it "or the rest o" us. but her brother said sheBd MMMMMMMM 0e ri'ht MMMMMMMM. 4 0ade a list o" people to in1ite to 05 #eddin'. The onl5 di""eren!e is that has is not used "or the third person sin'ularG He has run up a big bill. -re 5ou sure this is the ri'ht 7e5H 4t #onBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the lo!7. 14. 1 . Nan!5 #as in the sho#er #hen 4 !alled. 11.1/. He would have run up a big bill. Well. 12. None o" the bad thin's people sa5 about Charles bother hi0. 1$.ect +hrasa% ver&s +e0e0ber that the present per"e!t is "or0ed #ith have or the !ontra!tion %ve and the past parti!iple. 13. 6ar'aret Cu00in's de!ided to lea1e her )ob #ith a bi' !o0pan5 and MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM her o#n !o0pan5. 1%. 6*$ FOCUS ON< -o!a%s an! +resent +er. e<!ept "or may and might. Ce )ust MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM. either might have or may have !an be usedG 331 . MMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMthe theater #as eas5. so 4B0 'oin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a"ter he 'oes to bed. 4 thin7 4B1e "i<ed the 1a!uu0 !leaner. 4 MMMMMMMM her na0e MMMMMMMM the list. &etBs MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM and see i" it #or7s no#. but a"ter 4 heard all those nast5 thin's Sarah said about 05 "ian!e. Past s+ec %ation an! 3o !o not 0no5 5hat ha++ene!< might have or may have When dis!ussin' so0ethin' that #as possible in the past and 5ou do not 7no# #hat happened. The 0eanin's o" the 0odal and se0i0odal au<iliaries are un!han'ed in the present per"e!t.

Infinitive present tense &%o5 o t blowout < blows out blowing out blew out blown out &ing form past tense past participle ($ &%o5$$$ o t p. =e!ause 5ou do not 7no# #hether Ii0 stopped o"" at the bar.uip0ent or a "use &%o5s o t' it "ails be!ause too 0u!h ele!tri!it5 is passin' throu'h it. it stops burnin'. 'on't be surprised if the fuse blows out 4 you have seven lights. onl5 might have !an be usedG *limbing that tree was stupid.v. 5ou ha1e a &%o5o t$ Maria had a blowout while she was driving. (ou might have fallen out. #hen lightning hit our house. it is &%o5n o t or &%o5n o t o" #here it #as be"ore. 'on't open the window 4 the candles will blow out. %he force of the e"plosion blew all the windows out. &ook. onl5 might have !an be used. %he stove isn't working. your computer. Maybe the pilot light has blown out. wonder where 7im is. (ou may have fallen out. and your %5 all plugged into one outlet. 5ou use 5our breath to 0a7e the "la0e stop burnin'. He may have stopped off at the bar. When so0ethin' is 0o1ed out#ard a#a5 "ro0 #here it #as b5 an e<plosion or a 1er5 stron' #ind. it blew all the telephones out. When 5ou &%o5 o t a "la0e.v. When a tire bursts and suddenl5 loses its air #hile 5ou are dri1in'. *$ &%o5$$$ o t p. lost control of her car. He might have stopped off at the bar.l wonder where 7im is. =e!ause 4 7no# that the person 4 a0 tal7in' to did not "all out o" the tree. When a "la0e &%o5s o t or is &%o5n o t b5 a stron' #ind.v. Past s+ec %ation an! 3o 0no5 5hat ha++ene!< on%3 might have When dis!ussin' so0ethin' that #as possible in the past and 5ou 7no# #hat happened. %he wind might have blown it out of its nest. couldn't light my cigarette8 the wind kept blowing the match out. "$ &%o5 $$$o t Eo"F p. &%o5o t n. either might have or may have !an be used. When a pie!e o" ele!tri!al e. *limbing that tree was stupid. there's a dead bird. and hit a tree. 332 .

gross out gross out & grosses out grossing out grossed out grossed out ($ /ross $$$o t p. but they didn't have enough. 'm heading toward ?ortland. When 5ou sa5 that 5ou are hea!e! to5ar! or are hea!in/ to5ar! a !ertain lo!ation. When 5ou distribute so0ethin' to other people. #here are you going$ run up run up & runs up running up ran up run up ($ r n + EtoF p. bought a *hevrolet in .#nfinitive give out present tense give out & gives out -ing form giving out past tense gave out past participle given out ($ /ive $$$o t EtoF p. *informal+ When so0ethin' /rosses 5ou o t' it upsets 5ou or 0a7es 5ou si!7 be!ause 5ou thin7 it is dis'ustin'. 5ou /ive it o t or /ive it o t to the0. Hea! .v. When 5ou hea! to5ar! a !ertain lo!ation. (ou had to dissect a cadaver in your biology class$ (uk. would have run up to his bedroom./G2 and drove it more than 1>>. 222 . When a suppl5 o" so0ethin' is !o0pletel5 used. 9le" hates changing his little brother's diapers 4 it grosses him out. it /ives o t or /ives o t on 5ou. 5ou 0ean that 5ou are plannin' to 'o there or that 5ou are 'oin' there but ha1e interrupted 5our )ourne5 and #ill resu0e it. /rosse! o t part. When a 0e!hani!al or ele!tri!al de1i!e stops #or7in'. %he e"plorers tost their way in the desert and died after their water gave out.. "$ /ive o t EonF p. 5ou r n + or r n + to that place.>>> miles before it finally gave out on me.or is the sa0e as hea! to5ar!$ %he escaped convicts must have headed toward Me"ico. that would've really grossed me out.v.v.ad. was so grossed out that almost threw up. When 5ou run to a hi'her le1el or pla!e. head toward head toward & heads toward heading toward headed toward headed toward ($ hea! to5ar! p. When so0ethin' upsets 5ou or 0a7es 5ou si!7 be!ause 5ou thin7 it is dis'ustin'. 5ou are /rosse! o t$ l was eating an apple. Han! o t is si0ilar to /ive o t$ %hey gave out free hats to the first C. it /ives o t or /ives o t on 5ou. okay$ f 'd heard the baby crying. un up and answer the phone if it rings. %he aid workers would have given more food out to the famine victims.v. 5ou 0o1e to#ard it. and found half a worm in it.v.>>> fans to enter the stadium.

sudden in!rease in the pri!e. %he prince didn't have any bodyguards.lar'e.v. r n9 + n. try it on.. When 5ou run to#ard people. at a pla!e or sto+ o.v. said was sorry about crashing your car. 334 . l would have stopped off at Sally's house this morning. *$ r n + EtoF p. or !ost o" so0ethin' is a r n9 +$ !ill was lucky to buy C>> shares of the stock just before the big run-up. "topping off in *airo on our way to ndia would be fun. *alling your family every week from 9ustralia must have run a big phone bill up. When 5ou are an'r5 and #ant people to stop tal7in'. When 5ou tr3 on an ite0 o" !lothin' be"ore de!idin' #hether 5ou #ill bu5 it or borro# it "ro0 so0eone in order to see i" it "its or to see i" 5ou li7e it. resultin' in a total debt o" a !ertain a0ount. When 5ou a!!u0ulate a nu0ber o" debts. can't hear the %5 4 can you shut those kids up? stop off stop off ! stops off stopping off stopped off stopped off ($ sto+ o.v. in an area on the #a5 to another pla!e. 1alue. Infinitive shut up present tense shut up < shuts up &ing form shutting up past tense shut up past participle shut up ($ sh t + EaboutF p."$ r n $$$ + p. a man covered with blood ran up to me and asked for help. *informal+ When people stop tal7in'. . #ould you like to borrow this dress for the dance tonight$ Here. but was late for work. . 9fter the e"plosion..C>> bill in only one month.. the5 sh t 5ou +$ %oad was making jokes about his wife at the party until she gave him a look that shut him right up.v. 9nyone could have run up and attacked him.v. EatlinF p.iving my son a credit card was a mistake 4 he ran up a BA. 5ou stop there brie"l5 be"ore !ontinuin' 5our )ourne5. :ow will you please shut up about it) ($ sh t$$$ + p. 5ou r n + or r n + to the0. tr% on tr% on & tries on tr%ing on tried on tried on ($ tr3$$$ on p. When 5ou sto+ o. 5ou tr3 it on$ She must have tried on twenty pairs of shoes before making up her mind. the5 sh t + or sh t + about so0ethin' the5 are tal7in' about. 5ou tell the0 to sh t +$ Marvin talks and talks and talks 4 he never shuts up. 5ou r n + a bill "or that a0ount.v. *informal+ When people or thin's !ause 5ou to stop tal7in'.

12. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith the correct secon! +artic%es$ 1. 4tBs too s0all. 2. The "li'ht attendant #as blown out MMMMMMMM the hole in the airplaneBs "usela'e. and to0orro# 4B0 'oin' to MMMMMMM MMMMMMM 6ia0i. WeBre not "l5in' dire!tl5 to Iapan? #eBre 'oin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in Ca#aii "or a "e# da5s. 4 'ot into -tlanta last ni'ht. When the 'as e<ploded. it reall5 MMMMMMMM her MMMMMMMM. all the doors and #indo#s MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 4MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMto loo7 "or the "ire. . 11. 4tBs a 'ood thin' &inda has health insuran!e? she has MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a hu'e bill at the hospital. %. This 'as sto1e isnBt #or7in'. 14.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. 13. 3. and no# 4 ha1e to return it. *. Cis diseased heart "inall5 gave out MMMMMMMM hi0. 8. but #hen 4 'ot 1// on the al'ebra test and she 'ot 2. $. 4 shouldB1e MMMMMMMM this s#eater MMMMMMMM be"ore 4 bou'ht it. When 4 sa# s0o7e !o0in' "ro0 the third "loor #indo#. 33 . MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM: 4B0 tired o" listenin' to 5our !onstant !riti!is0. 4 #as so e<!ited to see 9aren a"ter so 0an5 5ears that 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to her and 'a1e her a bi' hu'. 4 thin7 the pilot li'ht 0a5 ha1e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #hen 5ou opened the #indo#.ECERCISE 6*a . Can7Bs bad breath MMMMMMMM e1er5one MMMMMMMM. Iob appli!ations #ere MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to e1er5one standin' in line. ECERCISE 6*& . 6arshaBs al#a5s bra''in' about ho# s0art she is and teasin' 0e about 05 bad 'rades. 4. 2ree sa0ples #ill be given out MMMMMMM e1er5 !usto0er #ho #al7s throu'h the door. Ni!ole "i'ured out #h5 all the li'hts #ere o""G a "use MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 2. 3. Sa0 !ouldnBt ha1e "inished the 0arathon? his stren'th !o0pletel5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM.ro. 1/. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s .

/// bill. $. The s0ell grossed out. ECERCISE 6*c =rite three sentences sin/ the o&. Can 4 try on2 Ethese pants.ects in +arentheses$ Be s re to + t the o&. theseF .ects in the ri/ht +%ace$ 1. Ea N4. 6a5be the5 stopped offMMMMMMMM Ii0Bs house in the suburbs. Ein"or0ation. Ee1er5one. . She ran up. itF 4. 4 #as so an'r5 that #hen 4 sa# hi0 4 ran up MMMMMMM hi0 and hit hi0. itF 3. Ethe !andle. The #ind blew out. The5 gave out. 3eor'e and To0 0i'ht ha1e stopped offMMMMMMMM Ne# Aor7.4. the0F 33$ . itF 2.

31 rundo#n. What did 5our _7 !arBs trans0ission doH 3. 3* "illed up. 41 !hopped up. +osa bou'ht a !oat. 3* !o1ered up. 3* . Stoppin' 6ar1in "ro0 tal7in' is nearl5 i0possible. What #ould 5ou !all this in!rease in the pri!e o" 'oldH 4.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. Todd didnBt 7no# that the ta!o he ate at 6i'uelBs house #as 0ade #ith !o# brains. 3% paid o"". What did Iani!e doH *. 8a1id sta5ed "ora !ouple o" ni'hts in 8en1er be"ore !ontinuin' to &asVe'as. 65 tire burst #hile 4 #as dri1in'.ECERCISE 6*! . Sall5 as7ed her brother ho# he !ould ha1e a!!u0ulated su!h a lar'e !redit !ard bill.ectives . =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s' +artici+%e a!. 3% let do#n. What did the !hildren doH %.41 !he!7ed out.ro. When 6i'uel told Todd #hat he had eaten.ro. The !hildren ran to#ard =ett5 1er5 . The tru!7 dri1er #ouldnBt ha1e tra1eled to#ard 8etroit. ho# 0ust Todd ha1e beenH $. Iani!e used her breath to stop the 7erosene la0p "ro0 burnin'. but itBs too s0all. 41 put o"". What #ouldnBt the tru!7 dri1er ha1e doneH 8. 4n Ouestion 4.ter each one$ bro7en in. 3$ sold out.+revio s sections$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. What did 4 ha1eH ECERCISE 6*e' Revie5 .ectives' an! no ns . What should +osa ha1e doneH 2. 3% 33% !rossed o"". 3% plu''ed in. 41 !he!7ed in. 3* le"to1er. The pri!e o" 'old in!reased a lot 1er5 . 3* strai'htened out. Aour !arBs trans0ission "inall5 stopped #or7in' a"ter se1eral da5s o" proble0s. What did Sall5 as7 her brotherH 11. What did 8a1id doH 12.ui!7l5. #hat 0ust that ha1e done to ToddH . Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +artici+%e a!. What is i0possibleH 1/.ui!7l5.

4 "eel MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 4 thou'ht the5 #ould 'i1e 0e 0ore than this !heap pen at 05 retire0ent part5. *. 42 'et behind. 4/ 'et ba!7. 4" 5ouBre hun'r5. 12. 4/ !o0e ba!7. 13. $. 65 "eet reall5 hurt be!ause these shoes arenBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 5et. 38 7eep o"". 41 #ipe out. -"ter "ort5-"i1e 5ears #ith the !o0pan5. Susie MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the 7it!hen and too7 a !oo7ie #hen her 0other #asnBt loo7in'. No #onder this radio doesnBt #or7 > itBs not MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM.ter each one$ burst out. 38 7eep "ro0. So0eda5 Iohn #ants to 0o1e "ro0 this MMMMMMMMMMM nei'hborhood to a better one. We !an 'et a ta<i "or the airport no#? #eBre MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 3. 338 . 8. 3* 1. 4. 38 7eep on. Wh5 are 5ou so MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMH 8id 4 sa5 so0ethin' that o""ended 5ouH ECERCISE 6*. or do 4 need to e<plain it a'ainH 1 . 41 7eep at. 11. thereBs so0e MMMMMMMMMMM piDDa in the re"ri'erator. 41 snea7 out o". 42 'o inlinto. When 4 #as a teena'er. 2. There arenBt ei'ht na0es on the list? there are onl5 "i1e > three are MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 38 7eep to. The 'a0e isnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM? there are plent5 o" ti!7ets le"t. The tan7 isnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 5et? thereBs roo0 "or another 'allon or t#o. WeBre MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM no#? #e !an ta7e our lu''a'e up to our hotel roo0. 38 7eep do#n. 4s e1er5thin' MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM.' Revie5 . 38 snea7 inlinto. 14. 65 !ar loan is MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM? 4 0ade 05 "inal pa50ent last 0onth. 1/. %. That "ood isnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMM? "lies are 'oin' to land on it. 38 7eep a#a5.1. This 0eat isnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM enou'h? the pie!es are too bi'.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. 2. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . 38 7eep up. . 4 used to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM o" the house and 0eet 05 "riends a"ter 05 parents #ent to bed.

so MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM it. 8o 5ou ha1e a bi''er en1elopeH This letter #onBt MMMMMMM MMMMMMM this s0all one. 4 tr5 to ta7e notes in 05 histor5 !lass. 33* . . 12. Ii0 has MMMMMMMM #a5 MMMMMMMM in his studies be!ause heBs been in the hospital "or se1eral #ee7s. so pleaseMMMMMMM itMMMMMMM"ro0 05 !hildren. The !and5 !o0pan5 has MMMMMMMM the !ost o" its produ!ts MMMMMMMM despite the rise in the !ost o" su'ar. That do' o" 5ours is dan'erous.3. 8onBt 'i1e up no#>MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMit: 11./// #ords > there #as so 0u!h 4 #anted to sa5. 1/. 4 )ust sha0pooed the !arpet in the li1in' roo0. 6aria lea1es "or #or7 at %G// in the 0ornin'. but the tea!her tal7s so "ast that 4 !anBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 4t #as hard to MMMMMMMM 05 0a'aDine arti!le MMMMMMMM onl5 2. *. 4. %. 6ar1in #as a!tin' li7e su!h an idiot #hen he #as an'r5 that 4 !ouldnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM lau'hin'. =ett5 as7ed the bus dri1er to stop. The ene05 soldiers #ere al0ost !o0pletel5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in the atta!7. but he didnBt hear her and MMMMMMMM ri'ht MMMMMMMM 'oin'. 13. 14. 1 . $. 6i7e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM !r5in' #hen his #i"e told hi0 she #anted a di1or!e. 1$. 8. and she doesnBt usuall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to her house until a"ter 8G// in the e1enin'. That pain 4 used to ha1e in 05 7nee is MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 4 need to see 05 ph5si!al therapist.

a re"le<i1e pronoun is usedG )udy got herself kicked out of school. When get is "ollo#ed b5 a past parti!iple. There is a di""eren!e. in .or. get + +artici+%e a!. to lea1e no doubt that the sub)e!t is responsible "or #hat happened. it is not al#a5s !lear #hether the senten!e is passi1e or #hether the past parti!iple is "un!tionin' as an ad)e!ti1eG 34/ . . there is o"ten Ebut not al#a5sF a su''estion that the sub)e!t o" the senten!e #as so0eho# responsible or partiall5 responsible "or #hat happenedG 7udy got kicked out of school. bet#een the passi1e "or0ed #ith be and the passi1e "or0ed #ith get: When the passi1e is "or0ed #ith get.ectives< a!. get + a!.n'lish the past parti!iples o" 0an5 1erbs are used as ad)e!ti1es.ective or +assiveH -s #e ha1e seen. get + +ast +artici+%es< a . ho#e1er. the +assive 4t is also 1er5 !o00on to use get in pla!e o" be to "or0 the passi1e 1oi!e. 4n this !ase get is si0ilar to become: She got sick yesterday.ectives< get = become 4t is 1er5 !o00on in .person hearin' the senten!e abo1e 0i'ht thin7 that perhaps Iud5 did so0ethin' #ron' that resulted in her 'ettin' 0ic0e! o t o" s!hool. This is not the passi1e. The !onstru!tion is the sa0e? get is "ollo#ed b5 the past parti!ipleG 7udy got kicked out of school.o.ectives an! +assive +hrasa% ver&s 5ith the ver& get 4t is i0portant to understand t#o di""erent but related uses of get in "or0in' the passi1e 1oi!e. So0eti0es. She became sick yesterday.66$ FOCUS ON< +artici+%e a!.n'lish to use get "ollo#ed b5 an ad)e!ti1e. 7udy was kicked out of school.

*always passive+ When 5ou 'et carrie! a5a3 or carrie! a5a3 #ith so0ethin'. 2ortunatel5. (ou should always start a new e"ercise program slowly. f you get carried away with it. *informal+ When 5ou &eat people +' 5ou hit the0 or 7i!7 the0 repeatedl5.v. beat-up piece of junk. 5ou do 0ore than is ne!essar5 or proper be!ause 5ou en)o5 it or be!ause 5ou thin7 it is i0portant. 4n the e<a0ples abo1e.. kick out kick out & kicks out kicked out kicking out kicking out ($ 0ic0$$$ o t Eo"F p. but got carried away and ended up making forty. Thro5 o t is si0ilar to 0ic0 o t$ 341 . &eat9 + part. it is not usuall5 1er5 i0portant. When 5ou 0ic0 people o t or 0ic0 people o t o" a 'roup. l was going to make a do6en cupcakes for desert tonight. #e !an see that the past parti!iple is !learl5 "un!tionin' as an ad)e!ti1e sin!e get !an be repla!ed #ith become.v. roo0.ad. #e see ho# !losel5 related ad)e!ti1es and past parti!iples are in . %immy got beaten up at school today. What is i0portant is to be !o0"ortable usin' past parti!iples as ad)e!ti1es. and the 7e5 to doin' so is not to understand the di""eren!e bet#een true ad)e!ti1es deri1ed "ro0 past parti!iples and past parti!iples #ith an ad)e!ti1e "un!tion but instead to understand that there o"ten is no di""eren!e. buildin'.v. but noti!e that the senten!e !an also pass the b5 test Edis!ussed in Se!tion 13F. #hi!h indi!ates that it is passi1eG l got mi#ed up by all the confusing road signs last week. carr% awa% carried awa% ($ carr3 a5a3 E#ithF p. it is &eat9 +$ My car is an old. and so on. you might hurt yourself. 5ou order the0 to lea1e. became mixed up last week. pla!e. %he muggers stole my money and then beat me up.l got mixed up last week.n'lish and ho# it is not al#a5s eas5 to distin'uish bet#een the t#o. -'ain. When so0ethin' is in bad !ondition be!ause o" hea15 use. Infinitive present tense beat up beat up < beats up &ing form beating up past tense beat up past participle beaten up ($ &eat$$$ + p.

0isunderstandin'. or !on"used situation is a -i49 +$ #aiter. %oc0e! + part. butter. -i4e! + part. When 5ou -i4 so0ethin' + that has t#o or 0ore in'redients.ad. ?ut in the eggs. %oc0 + n. but you brought me a tuna salad sandwich.. %oc0e! + part. %he police locked Hank up after they caught him shoplifting.ail was a terrible e#perience. -i49 + n. When 5ou %oc0 people +' 5ou put the0 in prison. so we're going to kick him out.'avid drank too much and got himself kicked out of the bar. 5ou are -i4e! +$ *an you help me with my calculus homework$ 'm really mi#ed up. "$ -i4$$$ + p.prison or other pla!e #here people are %oc0e! + is a %oc0 +$ <mar was put in the lockup after he was arrested for drunken driving. but he's always arguing with the other guys about something. When 5ou -i4 t#o thin's up. 5ou stir it so that the in'redients #ill be thorou'hl5 !o0bined.v.v.v. 2H7 .ad. flour. "$ %oc0$$$ + p. When 5ou are !on"used about so0ethin' that 5ou #ant to understand. .0ista7e. #nfinitive present tense lock up lock up ! locks up . 5ou %oc0 it +$ %he manager always locks up before he goes home. #hoever committed that terrible crime ought to be locked up forever. and water and then mi# it up well. . So0eone #ho has been put in prison is %oc0e! +$ 3eing locked up in . -"ter all the doors and #indo#s o" a buildin' ha1e been lo!7ed. sugar. it is %oc0e! +$ (ou can't get in the house 4 it's locked up. When 5ou lo!7 all the doors and #indo#s o" a buildin'. or #hen 5ou ha1e e0otional or beha1ioral proble0s. !ob's in our car pool..ing form locking up past tense locked up past participle locked up ($ %oc0$$$ + p. :ewborn babies sometimes get mi#ed up in the hospital. 5ou !on"use the0 #ith ea!h other. asked you for a chicken salad sandwich. 7immy is a mi#ed-up kid who gets in trouble with the police a lot.v.ad. think there's been a mi#-up. 7erry and his twin brother look e"actly the same. and everyone mi#es them up. mi7 up mi7 up & mi7es up mi7ing up mi7ed up mi7ed up ($ -i4$$$ + p. #e locked our house up before we went on vacation.. 9n electric mi"er will mi# up the ingredients better than a hand mi"er.

part.. *informal and offensive to some people+ When 5ou 0a7e people an'r5. Hank got ripped off by the drug dealer. and was so stressed-out afterward that took the rest of the day off. When so0eone steals so0ethin' "ro0 5ou. 'on't make a lot of noise when Mark is trying to study8 it pisses him off. p. To0 as7ed the barber to )ust !ut his hair a little bit. *informal+ When 5ou ri+ people o"".ro. or !har'es too 0u!h "or so0ethin'. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . p.ad.v. or tense. The prison 'uard put Ia7e in a !ell and MMMMMMMM hi0 MMMMMMMM. When 5ou are #orried. Having that new manager around watching me all the time is stressing me out. he !ould see that the barber #as 'ettin' MMMMM MMMMM and !uttin' his hair too short. ECERCISE 66a . rip off rip off & rips off ripping off ripped off ripped off ($ ri+ $$$o..$ paid nine dollars to see that awful movie$ #hat a rip-off! stress out stress out & stresses out stressing out stressed out stressed out ($ stress$$$ o t p. stresse!9o t part.ad. 5ou steal so0ethin' "ro0 the0. !heat the0... this is a ri+9o. ner1ous. 343 . 5ou +iss the0 o. 2. n.Infinitive present tense piss off piss off < pisses off &ing form pissing off past tense pissed off past participle pissed off ($ +iss$$$ o. Sally's sister has to take care of . 'on't do business with Marvin8 he rips everyone off.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. ri+9o.uadruplets all day without any help. but #hen he loo7ed in the 0irror. %hat must stress her out. ner1ous. or tense. When 5ou are an'r5... or !har'e the0 0ore 0one5 "or so0ethin' than it is #orth. *informal+ When people or thin's stress 5ou o t' the5 0a7e 5ou #orried... 5ou are stresse!9o t$ l had to make a speech at work today.$ Melon ie got really pissed off at Heather for borrowing her necklace without asking and then losing it..v. 5ou are +isse! o.v. !heats 5ou. +isse! o.$ (ou'd better stop that) (ou're pissing me off.

.ects in the ri/ht +%ace$ 1. herF 2.3. The robbers MMMMM MMMMM the shop o#ner so badl5 that she had to be hospitaliDed. =rite three sentences sin/ the o&.ects in +arentheses$ Be s re to + t the o&. 4" Iani!e doesnBt pass her !he0istr5 test to0orro#.ri7 pro0ised 0e that he #ould !o0e to 05 house to help 0e 0o1e so0e stu"" this 0ornin'. The tea!her has t#o students #ith the sa0e na0e. The !ops are 'oin' to lock up. . and she al#a5s MMMMMMMM the0 ECERCISE 66& . $. Ethe #o0an. and it reall5MMMMMMMM 0e 4. 4 'ot MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM o" s!hool a"ter 4 'ot !au'ht !heatin' on the test./// "or a dia0ond rin' 0ade o" 'lass. the0F 3. The hotel 0ana'er kicked out. The ni'ht 0ana'er "or'ot to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #hen she le"t the restaurant. Ethe ro!7 'roup. and #orr5in' about it so 0u!h is reall5 MMMMMMMM her MMMMMMMM. *. 1/. %. CeBs al#a5s doin' thin's li7e that. -dd a !up o" #ater and "our e''s to the !a7e 0i< and MMMMMMM it MMMMMMM #ell. she #onBt 'raduate #ith the rest o" her lass. The thu's beat up. but he still hasnBt sho#n up. Ethe !roo7. 8. herF 344 . The )e#elr5 store MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM 4 paid N .

The !ontra!tor #as a!!used o" ripping off. What is the 0ana'er 'oin' to doH 4. E5our "ather. Ethe t#ins. Eho0eo#ners. the 0ana'er is 'oin' to tell the0 to lea1e. the0F %. 4" the5 donBt stop 0a7in' so 0u!h noise. 3ettin' a tattoo 0ust ha1e pissed off.4. the0F ECERCISE 66c . Ethe sta"".ectives' an! no ns . Aou lo!7ed all the doors and #indo#s in 5our house. To0 paid a 0e!hani! to repla!e his !arBs 'enerator #ith a ne# one. 4n Ouestion 4. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s' +artici+%e a!. What did the 0e!hani! do to To0H 2. but the 0e!hani! put a used 'enerator in and still !har'ed To0 "or a ne# one. 4n Ouestion 1. #hat is it eas5 to doH 34 . and itBs hard to tell the0 apart. 6an5 !ars loo7 the sa0e these da5s. What did 5ou doH .ro.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe 5our house a"ter 5ou lo!7ed all the doors and #indo#sH $. the0F . 4i#ing up is eas5. -ll these proble0s are stressing out. #hat #ould 5ou !all #hat the 0e!hani! did to To0H 3. 4" it is hard to tell the0 apart. hi0F $.

4n Ouestion %.ter each one$ brea7 inlinto. 4/ ta7e o1er. the5 #ere in 1er5 bad !ondition. 34 sti!7 #ith. What happened to Sa0Bs "atherH 14. S!rat!hin' 05 brotherBs ne# !ar reall5 0ade hi0 an'r5. 38 7eep to. 4n Ouestion 13. 38 7eep do#n. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe 05 brotherH *. but she ended up bu5in' "i1e pairs o" shoes. and a ne# #inter !oat. 38 7eep "ro0. What do 5ou ha1e to doH ECERCISE 66!' Revie5 . 3% put up to. Sa0Bs "ather #as sent to prison "or ban7 robber5.%. 34$ . What is dri1in' in all this tra""i! doin' to 5ouH 11. Co# #ould 5ou des!ribe &indaH 1/. 4/ !o1er up. 8ri1in' in all this tra""i! is 0a7in' 5ou ner1ous and tense. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . What happened to 9arenH 1$. 4t #ent up nearl5 1// per!ent in onl5 three 0onths. What did the an'r5 !ro#d doH 1%. &inda is 1er5 !on"used about ho# to use her !o0puter. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe Sa0Bs "atherH 1 . ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe 5oursel"H 12. 38 7eep up. That sto!7 4 bou'ht reall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 38 7eep o"". "our blouses. 5ou ha1e to stir the0 so the5 #ill be !o0bined. The ne#spaper stor5 !lai0ed that the 'o1ernor had ta7en a bribe and had then tried to MMMMMMMMitMMMMMMMM. the5 hit and 7i!7ed hi0 a'ain and a'ain. What did s!rat!hin' 05 brotherBs ne# !ar do to 05 brotherH 8. 33 7eep at. and #hen he returned the0. 3% help out. 4 let Charles use 05 s7is. 4n Ouestion 1/. Co# #ere 05 s7is #hen Charles returned the0H 13. 3* 1. 38 7eep a#a5. three dresses. When 5ou put all the in'redients in. 41 brin' up. 38 7eep on. 2. 38 pa5 o"". 9aren #ent to the store plannin' to bu5 a pair o" shoes. When the an'r5 people !au'ht the thie".ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a.

That a#"ul bo5"riend o" hers 0ust ha1e MMMMMMMM her MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM it. Will 5ou 7ids MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM. 1$. $. but he MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM it until he sol1ed the proble0. but 4B0 ner1ous about MMMMM it MMMMM. 4" 5ou MMMMMMM MMMMMMM doin' that. Iane did 1er5 #ell in her "irst se0ester o" !olle'e. . 4 need to tal7 to Ierr5 about his bad breath. 4 hope she !an MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM "or the ne<t "our 5ears. -"ter the ne# 0ana'er MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM ne<t 0onth. 13. 8an is so sad about #hat happened that he !anBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM !r5in'. 1 . 4. 8. When 5ouBre depressed 5ou should tal7 to people about #hatBs troublin' 5ou. 4" 5ou 7ids 'o outside to pla5. Nothin' the in1entor tried #or7ed. pleaseH 4B0 on the phone.MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM"ro0 that pile o" )un7>itBs "ull o" bro7en 'lass. %. 5ou !an e<pe!t a lot o" !han'es. 34% . 12. 4 told 5ou to stop. the5 had alread5 rented all the 'ood !ars. 11. and the5 MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM a beat-up pie!e o" )un7. 4 !anBt belie1e that 05 dau'hter #ould steal 0one5 "ro0 0e. The poli!e thin7 the bur'lars 0a5 ha1e MMMMMMM MMMMMMM throu'h the ba!7 door. 4B0 'oin' to 'et pissed o"". The le'islature passed a tou'h ne# la# desi'ned to MMMMMMMM drun7en dri1ers MMMMMMMM the streets. not MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM 5oursel".3. 1/. 4B0 bro7e > do 5ou thin7 5ou !ould MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM till pa5da5H 14. When 4 #ent to the !ar rental o""i!e. *.

5ou !han'e the !ontrols to de!rease the le1el o" #hat it is produ!in' or doin'. f it gets too cold.uest for a pay raise was turned down. When 5ou den5 a re.and "arther a#a5 "ro0 =. "$ t rn $$$ !o5n p.uest or t rn !o5n the person #ho has 0ade the re.uest. a 0o1e !loser to one option and "arther a#a5 "ro0 the other. turn in turn in & turns in turning in turned in turned in ($ t rn $$$ in EtoF p. My re. report. Han! in is si0ilar to t rn in$ %he police officer was ordered to turn in her badge after she was caught taking a bribe. 'll turn down the air conditioner. 4n other #ords. When 5ou in"or0 the poli!e that !ertain people ha1e !o00itted !ri0es or tell the poli!e #here the5 are. !hoosin' either .v. l asked :ancy to go to the dance with me. When 5ou t rn !o5n an ele!tri!al or 0e!hani!al de1i!e.v. #hen it is possible.uest. . Infinitive present tense turn down turn down < turns down &ing form turning down past tense turned down past participle turned down ($ t rn $$$!o5n p. phrasal 1erbs #ith turn in1ol1e t#o options and a !han'e "ro0 one option to the other or.v.v. but she turned me down. or pro)e!t and 5ou 'i1e it to the person #ho assi'ned the #or7 to 5ou. 0o1in' !loser to . Han! in is si0ilar to t rn in$ 348 . 5ou t rn !o5n the re. #hen 7ake told me that he had murdered &uis. or 1i!e 1ersa. When 5ou !o0plete a test. When 5ou return so0ethin' that #as 'i1en to 5ou b5 a person in authorit5. %he escaped prisoner got tired of running and turned himself in.and =. T rn + is the opposite o. "$ t rn $$$ in EtoF p. t rn !o5n$ *ould you turn the radio down? 'm trying to sleep. knew had to turn him in to the police.v. %he delivery truck drivers have to turn their keys in to the dispatcher before they go home.67$ FOCUS ON< +hrasa% ver&s 5ith the ver& turn 6an5 phrasal 1erbs are based on the 1erb turn. 5ou t rn it in or t rn it in to the person #ho assi'ned the #or7. 4n 0ost !ases. *$ t rn $$$ in EtoF p. 5ou t rn that thin' in or t rn it in to a person in authorit5.or = or. #hen it is possible to be so0e#here bet#een . 5ou t rn the0 in or t rn the0 in to the poli!e.etting turned down every time apply for a job is getting me down.

*informal+ So0ethin' that t rns 5ou o. !auses 5ou to lose se<ual or ro0anti! interest in that person. p..$ T rne! on is the opposite o" t rne! o. 5ou !han'e it into that thin'. So0ethin' about a person o" the opposite se< that t rns 5ou o... p.. When so0ethin' about a person o" the opposite se< !auses 5ou to lose se<ual or ro0anti! interest in that person.v. Infinitive present tense turn into turn into < turns into &ing form turning into past tense turned into past participle turned into ($ t rn into p. always turn my car off.. When 5ou t rn so0ethin' into so0ethin' else..v....$ S5itche! o.. it be!o0es that thin'. turn off turn off & turns off turning off turned off turned off ($ t rn $$$ o. have to finish this report and turn it in to the sales manager by tomorrow.v. 5ou t rn in$ 'm really tired8 'm going to turn in early.v.v. but it turned into a nice day.. t rn o. 5ou !han'e the !ontrols to stop it "ro0 produ!in' or doin' so0ethin'. "$ t rn $$$ o.$ #hat's wrong with :icole$ She was having a good time with -rank a little while ago. When 5ou 'o to bed. an ele!tri!al or 0e!hani!al de1i!e. 6$ t rn in p. t's ama6ing that this small seed can turn into a huge tree.... %he children turned the big bo" into a playhouse. %he (oungs are thinking of turning their house in the country into a hotel..Melan'ie asked her teacher if she could turn her project in late. it is t rne! o.. When so0ethin' t rns into so0ethin' else. #hen 'm driving and have to wait for a long freight train to pass.$ l can't see anything 4 the lights are turned off.. part. Turn on is the opposite o" t rn o. got turned off when she lit a cigarette... and sh t o. and sh t o. are si0ilar to t rne! o. 2HL . t rne! o. -"ter 5ou ha1e !han'ed the !ontrols o" an ele!tri!al or 0e!hani!al de1i!e to stop it "ro0 produ!in' or doin' so0ethin'. "$ t rn $$$into p. 5ou are t rne! o. t rne! o. When 5ou t rn o.$ S5itch o.ad. part..$ #hen met 'an thought he was a nice guy. o""ends 5ou and !auses 5ou to lose interest in so0ethin' or so0eone..$ #ould you turn the light off? want to go to bed. T rn on is the opposite o.ad. are si0ilar to t rn o.$ T rne! on is the opposite o" t rne! o. but his racist comments turned me off. t's getting late8 'm turning in. t was cold and rainy this morning. but now she seems kind of turned off.

t rne! on part. %o me they're a real turnoff. When a road or path lea1es another road or path and tra1els in a di""erent dire!tion.. 3 / . a t rno.. *informal+ So0ethin' that t rns 5ou on pleases 5ou and !auses 5ou to 'ain interest in so0ethin' or so0eone. n. a road or path that 5ou are tra1elin' on. p.. but the beautiful woodwork inside really turned me on. it is t rne! on$ T rne! o. is the opposite o. is the opposite o.. Erik's blue eyes turn on his wife. T rn o. %his <ctober has been so warm that haven't turned the heat on once yet. *$ t rn o. -"ter 5ou ha1e !han'ed the !ontrols o" an ele!tri!al or 0e!hani!al de1i!e to 0a7e it start produ!in' or doin' so0ethin'. T rn o. t rno. n.. When 5ou t rn o. t rn on$ S5itch on is the sa0e as t rn on$ *an you turn the light on please$ t's dark in here.. So0ethin' about a person o" the opposite se< that t rns 5ou on !auses 5ou to be!o0e se<uall5 or ro0anti!all5 interested in that erson. %he path to the cabin turns off just after the big tree stump..$ #e're lost 4 think we should have taken that turnoff we passed a few miles back. "$ t rn $$$ on p. 5ou are t rne! on$ T rne! o.. ..$ A t rn9on is the opposite o.ad.ad.. 5ou lea1e it and start to tra1el on another road or path. t rne! on$ ?aul was really turned on after seeing all the beautiful women in the Victoria(s !ecret catalog. is the opposite o. t rne! on part. is the opposite o.$ So0ethin' about a person o" the opposite se< that !auses 5ou to lose se<ual or ro0anti! interest in that person is a t rno.v. 5ou !han'e the !ontrols to 0a7e it start produ!in' or doin' so0ethin'. Infinitive turn on present tense turn on < turns on &ing form turning on past tense turned on past participle turned on ($ t rn $$$ on p. When so0ethin' about a person o" the opposite se< !auses 5ou to be!o0e se<uall5 or ro0anti!all5 interested in that person.road or path that lea1es another road or path and tra1els in a di""erent dire!tion is a t rno. it t rns o.v.' !e careful you don't turn off the main road 4 you'll get lost. When 5ou t rn on an ele!tri!al or 0e!hani!al de1i!e.v.$ l don't like tattoos... didn't think would buy it... So0ethin' that o""ends 5ou and !auses 5ou to lose interest in so0ethin' or so0eone is a t rno..t rno. t rn on$ #hen saw this house from the outside. t rne! on$ S5itche! on is si0ilar to t rne! on$ !e careful of the stove 4 it's turned on.

%his was a good book. . wonder why she turned on me like that$ #ild animals don't make good pets. was discovered to be true.hen things or people turn out to be a certain way. it is discovered or considered that they are that thing. l didn't think would like my brother's new wife. or a complete sentenceI .t rn9on n. %his new factory will turn out C>. When so0ethin' t rns o t a !ertain #a5. thought Sam bought a Mercedes3!en6. *informal+ When 5ou t rn people on to so0ethin'. (our plan was e"cellent.v. you mean that this information. 'anny. When people or ani0als that 5ou had 'ood relations #ith t rn on 5ou. !o0panies. . Maria turned me on to a great *olombian restaurant.hen things or people turn out to be something. but it didn't turn out well. the5 0anu"a!ture it or produ!e it.>>> units per year. #nfinitive present tense turn out turn out & turns out -ing form turning out past tense turned out past participle turned out 1. "$ t rn o t p. but she turned out to be very nice.v. turn o t so0ethin'. is the opposite o" a t rn9on$ l bought my wife an ankle bracelet for 5alentines 'ay8 think they're a turn-on. Husually followed by @to be@ plus an adjective. &ydia used to be my friend. When people. which is contrary to what you believed or e0pected. High schools in 9merica are turning out people who can barely read. So0ethin' that pleases 5ou and !auses 5ou to 'ain interest in so0ethin' or so0eone is a t rn9on$ So0ethin' about a person o" the opposite se< that !auses 5ou to be!o0e se<uall5 or ro0anti!all5 interested in that person is a t rn9on$ A t rno. and so on. but 'anny turned out to have black hair. but now she's telling people terrible things about me.hen you say that it turns out BthatC or turned out BthatC and then make a statement of fact. the5 stop bein' "riendl5 and tr5 to hurt 5ou. 5ou tell the0 about so0ethin' 5ou thin7 the5 #ill li7e or so0ethin' that #ill help the0. %hey can be friendly one minute and turn on you the ne"t. an infinitive verb plus a noun. When so0ethin' t rns o t' it be!o0es #hat 5ou #ant it to be!o0e. thought Sam bought a Mercedes3!en6.v.v. #or7shops.. it is discovered or considered that they are that way. it be!o0es that #a5.v. but it turns out that he bought a !M#. assumed he had red hair like his father. but it turned out that he bought a !M#. !efore met Fusty's son. *$ t rn$$$ o t p. turn out p. %hanks for turning me on to it. 6$ t rn$$$ on EtoF p. 3 1 . *$ t rn on p. "a!tories. 'id the pictures you took at the wedding turn out$ %he pictures turned out perfectly.

"$ t rn $$$ over EtoF p. When 5ou t rn so0ethin' over' 5ou 0o1e it so that the side that #as on the botto0 is on the top. and 1i!e 1ersa. Employees turn over very slowly. When 5ou 'i1e so0ethin' to so0eone be!ause that person de0ands or re. the stolen items will be turned over to the rightful owners. 6$ t rn over p. #nfinitive present tense turn over turn over & turns over -ing form turning over past tense turned over past participle turned over ($ t rn $$$ over p. and turned him over to the police.v.v. 9fter the thieves are captured. 9re you nuts$ How many people do you think would turn out for an outdoor concert n the middle of winter$ %housands of people turned out to see the ?ope when he visited. turn it over and cook the other side. #e have a very stable work force in our plant. the5 'o to a pla!e to do it. and 1i!e 1ersa. l caught a burglar in my basement.uires it or be!ause 5ou are not its ri'ht"ul o#ner. 5ou t rn it over or t rn it over to that person. 3 2 . %he driver was killed when his car turned over. The nu0ber o" people #ho attend or parti!ipate in an e1ent is the t rno t$ 5oter turnout for the election was only around 1> percent. the5 t rn over$ *onditions at the factory were so bad that employees turned over at a high rate. 5ou t rn the0 over or t rn the0 over to the poli!e or authorities. t rnover n. When e0plo5ees o" a !o0pan5 lea1e their )obs and are repla!ed b5 ne# e0plo5ees. When so0ethin' t rns over' it 0o1es so that the side that #as on the botto0 is on the top. When people t rn o t or t rn o t "or an e1ent. When the poli!e or other authorities are loo7in' "or people and 5ou ta7e these people or trans"er !ontrol o" the0 to the poli!e or authorities.6$ t rn o t E"orF p. %he local police chief was relieved to turn the terrorist over to the -! .v. #hen one side of the steak is cooked. the5 attend or parti!ipate in the e1ent. t rno t n. When people t rn o t to do so0ethin'.v. Han! over is si0ilar to t rn over$ %he detective always turns the evidence from the crime scene over to the lab for analysis. *$ t rn $$$ over EtoF p. The rate at #hi!h e0plo5ees o" a !o0pan5 lea1e and are repla!ed b5 ne# e0plo5ees is the t rnover$ %he new personnel manager said her top priority would be reducing the high turnover.v.

ECERCISE 67a . 4 thou'ht 'oin' !a0pin' #ould be a lot o" "un. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . but it sure didnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM that #a5. t rnover n. The store 0ana'er said that she usuall5 MMMM MMMM onl5 t#ent5 or t#ent5-"i1e units per 0onth. 5ou "ind it or learn o" it as a result o" an in1esti'ation or sear!h. 5ou !han'e the !ontrols to in!rease the le1el o" #hat it is produ!in' or doin'. Co# 0u!h 0one5 a business has 0ade in a !ertain ti0e period is its t rnover$ %he company's annual turnover increased by 1G percent compared to the previous year. #e're turning over forty cases of bananas a week in this supermarket. 4. When 5ou t rn + an ele!tri!al or 0e!hani!al de1i!e. the5 appear there. T rn !o5n is the opposite o" turn up. *$ t rn + p. Sho5 + is si0ilar to t rn +$ t's hard to plan a picnic when don't know how many people will turn up. When 5ou t rn + so0ethin'. Ceather #as sort o" interested in To0. Snowtnobiles and skis turn over very slowly in the summer. Every few years my worthless brother turns up at my door asking for money. but his !hildish beha1ior MMMMM her MMMMM.v. the murder weapon still hasn't turned up. it !ontinuall5 sells it and repla!es it #ith ne# 0er!handise. 4tBs 2G3/ in the 0ornin' > donBt 5ou thin7 5ou ou'ht to MMMMMMM MMMMMMM soonH 3. #ill you turn up the %5$ can't hear it.v. t was free6ing in here last night. so turned up the beat. 2.v. "$ t rn$$$ + p.v.ro. Infinitive turn up present tense turn up < turns up &ing form turning up past tense turned up past participle turned up ($ t rn $$$ + p. When people or thin's t rn + at a pla!e.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. When so0ethin' t rns +' it is "ound or is learned o" as a result o" an in1esti'ation or sear!h.7$ t rn over p. %he police turned up enough evidence to convict 7ake of murder. When a business t rns over so0ethin' that it sells. 'espite a thorough search. 3 3 .

. but #ith enou'h ti0e and 0one5. 13. 11. 4 #ant to read the label on the ba!7. The 1olu0e is too lo#? please MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM. 1$. The "irst "e# !hapters o" this no1el #ere a little borin'.n!le IohnBs house. $. 5ou ha1e to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the 0ain road a"ter 5ou !ross the brid'e and dri1e north "or three 0iles. ThereBs nothin' 'ood on TV? please MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM. 2/. No# the 1olu0e is too hi'h? please MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM. 65 super1isor MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 05 re. 1%. Not 0an5 people are li7el5 to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM "or the parade in this 0iserable #eather. 14. CeBs MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM to so0e e<!ellent #ines "ro0 Cali"ornia. 1/. 18. To 'et to . 6ar7 7no#s a lot about #ine. but Can7 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM Ia7e and no# the5Bre ene0ies. Ia7e thou'ht Can7 #as his best "riend. 4 #ant to #at!h TV? please MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM. but no# that 4B0 near the end. 3 4 . 1*. *. %. The bo5 #as 'i1en a re#ard "or MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the ba' o" 0one5 that he "ound in the street. The in1esti'ation MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM e1iden!e o" !orruption in Cit5 Call. Please MMMMMMMM the !arpet MMMMMMMM. itBs MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to be a prett5 'ood boo7. 12.uip0ent MMMMMMMM be"ore lea1in' the lab.0plo5ees MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM at a 1er5 hi'h rate in this industr5. -n5 spies !au'ht behind ene05 lines #ill be MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to the 0ilitar5 "or . The "irst thin' 4 noti!ed #hen 4 0et 05 #i"e "or the "irst ti0e #as her beauti"ul s0ile? it reall5 MMMMMMMM0eMMMMMMMM. 8. . 22. 1 . 5ou !ould MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM so0ethin' reall5 ni!e. 21.uest to be trans"erred to San 8ie'o.uestionin'. -ll the 0edi!al students 0ust MMMMMMMM their lab e. This old house loo7s prett5 bad no#.

What is 1er5 lo# at 05 !o0pan5H **. #hat does 2ran7 thin7 s0o7in' isH . 2$.ro. What did IaneBs s0o7in' do to 2ran7H 4. 4n Ouestion $. When Ia7e told his 0other that he had 0urdered so0eone. Caterpillars be!o0e butter"lies. The rate at #hi!h old e0plo5ees are repla!ed #ith ne# e0plo5ees in 05 !o0pan5 is 1er5 lo#. 8an appeared at his un!leBs "uneral. 4n Ouestion $. WeB1e had one proble0 a"ter another > this is MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to be a bad day.hat does the factory do1 . ho# did 2ran7 "eel #hen he sa# Iane s0o7in'H $. 2ran7 #as thin7in' o" as7in' Iane "or a date. 4 "eel ro0anti!. ECERCISE 67& . but #hen he sa# her s0o7in' one !i'arette a"ter another. AouBre !han'in' the !ontrols o" the heater to 0a7e it #ar0er. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s' +artici+%e a!. ho# do 4 "eel #hene1er 05 #i"e #ears 05 "a1orite per"u0eH *. 2 . This factory manufactures 7D. What do !aterpillars doH 2. . 24. 5%. Whene1er 05 #i"e #ears 05 "a1orite per"u0e. 4 told the tea!her that 4Bd been in the hospital and #ouldnBt be able to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 05 pro)e!t on ti0e. .hu'e !ro#d is e<pe!ted to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM at the airport to #el!o0e the returnin' Stanle5 Cup !ha0pions.ectives' an! no ns . This !o0pan5 has been MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM "irst-rate 0er!handise "or a hundred 5ears.23. What are 5ou doin'H 1/. she told hi0 he had to MMMMMMMM hi0sel"MMMMMMMM. 4n Ouestion 3. #hat do 4 thin7 the per"u0e isH 8.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. he !han'ed his 0ind. What does the per"u0e do to 0eH %. 4n Ouestion 3. What did 8an doH 3.333 cars every year.

MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 3 $ . The dete!ti1e as7ed e1er5 ban7 e0plo5ee a lot o" . What hasnBt Ned doneH 1*. but she hasnBt dis!o1ered an5thin'. What did Sall5Bs hair doH 1$. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM $. but it be!a0e oran'e. What isnBt &5dia 'oin' to do to her brotherH 2/. Sall5 #anted to d5e her hair red. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM %. What hasnBt the dete!ti1e doneH 14. &5dia 7no#s that her brother robbed a ban7. but sheBs not 'oin' to tell the poli!e.12. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 4. So 0an5 people attended the politi!al rall5 that there #asnBt enou'h roo0 in the auditoriu0. What didnBt Ni!ole doH 13.rothis section$ 1. What did 8a1id do to the ru'H ECERCISE 67c . Ni!ole didnBt !han'e the !ontrols o" her radio to 0a7e it louder. -"ter the 'as station #ent out o" business. it #as bou'ht and !han'ed into a Chinese restaurant. Ned hasnBt 'i1en his paper to his tea!her. What !ouldnBt 9aren doH 1%. and 9aren !ouldnBt sa5 no to hi0. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 2. What #as lar'eH 22.uestions about the 0issin' 0one5. 4n Ouestion 2/. What happened to the 'as stationH 1 . so he put the dirt5 side on the botto0 and the !lean side on the top. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 3. ToddBs !o0pan5 #ill probabl5 0a7e N4 0illion this 5ear. What #ill ToddBs !o0pan5 probabl5 do this 5earH 18. the nu0ber o" people #ho attended the rall5 #as lar'e. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 8. =rite ei/ht ori/ina% sentences sin/ +hrasa% ver&s . 9arenBs "ather as7ed her i" he !ould borro# enou'h 0one5 to pa5 his propert5 ta<es. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM . 8a1id #as too laD5 to #ash the ru'. Wh5 #asnBt there enou'h roo0 at the politi!al rall5H 21.

9arenBs e<pe!tin' 0e "or dinner toni'ht at her house #a5 out in the suburbs.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. and #e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a N // tab. 42 'et out. The ni'ht 0ana'er has to lea1e earl5 toni'ht. 'fter her husband died. 43 head to#ard. 13. 8ou can use my credit card to buy a few things. 42 'et o1er.ter each one$ beat up.@MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM o" here:@ $. and I(ll be very surprised if I ever %%%%%%%% it %%%%%%%%. 11. . 42 'ross out. *D. 43 tr5 on. 2. 3. 4 should ha1e MMMMMM these pants MMMMMM be"ore bu5in' the0 > the5Bre too s0all. *. so 4B0 'oin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM "or hi0. 4B0 'oin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 6ississippi. Ca1e 5ou MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to see 5our parents in -las7a latel5H 4. but don(t get %%%%%% %%%%%%. she had a hard time %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% it. 42 'et inlinto. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . So"ia is ha1in' a lot o" trouble in her histor5 !lass and isMMMMMMMM"urther and "urther %%%%%%%%. 43 *. %. 43 stop o"". 4 had a bad da5 at #or7. (ur "li'ht #onBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM Santa 2e until a"ter 0idni'ht. 1/. 44 !arr5 a#a5. 4 #ish 5ouBd !he# #ith 5our 0outh !losed > 5ouBre MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM. . 4 had dinner #ith so0e "riends. 8. *J. 42 'et up. 42 'et do#n. but 05 !ar is in the shop. 42 'et b5. 4 !alled 05 brother in 6ia0i and told hi0 that 4 #as lea1in' =oston at 8G4/ in the 0ornin' and that 4 should MMMMMM MMMMMM there around 1G// in the a"ternoon. so 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM at a bar "or a drin7 be"ore 'oin' ho0e.ECERCISE 67!' Revie5 . Carlos #as hittin' his brother -le<. 44 'et ba!7. 44 run up. 42 'et behind. Can7 had a "i'ht #ith a 'u5 in a bar and 'otMMMMMMMMMMMMMMprett5 badl5. 43 lo!7 up. so -le< said to Carlos. 12. 4 donBt 7no# ho# 4B0 'oin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM there. 14. I lost a very e0pensive gold watch. -"ter 4 lea1e Te<as.

re!all that into is a!tuall5 a !o0bination o" the parti!les in and to — t#o #ords #ritten as one. rather than bein' added later. l told the builder that wanted him to build some shelves in. "$ & -+ into p. it is & i%t9in$ %he sound from the stereo goes to built-in speakers in every room of the house. bump into bump into & bumps into bumping into bumped into bumped into ($ & -+ into p. When 5ou 0eet people une<pe!tedl5 or unintentionall5. or 0iddle. -M radios weren't built into cars 4 you had to add one later if you wanted one. #nfinitive present tense build in build in & builds in -ing form building in past tense built in past participle built in ($ & i%! $$$inlinto p. 3 8 . 2or this reason. When so0ethin' has been put into so0ethin' else durin' its !onstru!tion or asse0bl5. n the past. & i%t9in part.v. 5ou put it in the ite0 5ou are 0a7in' durin' its !onstru!tion or asse0bl5 rather than addin' it later. 5ou & -+ into the0.ad.68$ FOCUS ON< +ron nciation o. and bumped into the door. 5ou a!!identall5 hit the0 #ith 5our bod5. -lthou'h these 1erbs are not 0ade up o" three #ords. +hrasa% ver&s 5ith the +artic%e into -s #e sa# in Se!tion $.v. When 5ou & -+ into thin's or people. Bumping into one of my neighbors while was in Fome sure was a surprise. l couldn't see where was going in the dark.. This also applies to phrasal 1erbs that !on1ert in to ln"o #hen the5 are used #ith an ob)e!t. it is the "irst s5llable o" into that is a!!entedG %he speakers are built $%to the wall. This is also true o" phrasal 1erbs usin' into that do not ha1e an in 1ersionG l bumped INto an old friend. When 5ou & i%! so0ethin' in or & i%! so0ethin' into so0ethin' else. three-#ord phrasal 1erbs are nor0all5 a!!ented on the se!ond. R n into is the sa0e as & -+ into$ #e bumped into Sarah at the mall today.v. #ould you please move these bo"es 4 keep bumping into them. parti!le #hether the5 are separable or nonseparable.

p.or p. !eer. freak out freak out & freaks out freaking out freaked out freaked out ($ . situation. football. Melanie freaked out when she learned that her husband had been arrested for murder. 5ou persuade the0 to 'i1e it to 5ou b5 "oolin' or de!ei1in' the0.or the other thin'.or p. When 5ou . *informal+ When 5ou -a0e . When 5ou ta%0 people into so0ethin' or ta%0 people into doin' so0ethin'.rea0$$$ o t p. make for make for & makes for making for made for made for ($ -a0e . the bank robbers made for the border. %hat crooked mechanic tried to con me out of BC2M. *informal+ When 5ou con people o t o. talk into talk into & talks into talking into talked into talked into ($ ta%0$$$ into p.or a pla!e. con out of con out of & cons out of conning out of conned out of conned out of ($ con $$$ o t o. or e1ent.ualit5 or !hara!teristi!. so0ethin'.rea0 o t' 5ou be!o0e 1er5 upset or 1er5 an'r5. wish you would take that Halloween mask off4 you're freaking me out. 3 * .v. Tric0 into is si0ilar to con into$ %hey weren't sure that it was a good idea to give all their money to Marv'm. 5ou persuade the0 to do it b5 "oolin' or de!ei1in' the0.Infinitive present tense con into con into < cons into &ing form conning into past tense conned into past participle conned into ($ con $$$into p.v. Marvin conned them out of their life savings. or e1ent to ha1e a !ertain .v. and the kids staying with their grandparents make for a perfect Sunday afternoon. *informal+ When 5ou . but he conned them into it. 5ou persuade the0 to do it. "$ -a0e .v. 5ou !ause the0 to be!o0e 1er5 upset or 1er5 an'r5. situation. 9lcohol and teenage drivers make for trouble. 9fter the robbery. %hat crooked mechanic tried to con me into paying for a lot of repairs my car didn't need. pi66a. it -a0es . *informal+ When 5ou con people into so0ethin' or con people into doin' so0ethin'.v.v. %he enemy soldiers are getting closer 4 let's make for the hills. When so0ethin' !auses another thin'.rea0 other people out. 5ou 'o there in a hurr5.

%. When 5ou ta%0 people o t o. 8onBt trust 6ar1in > heBll MMMMMMM 5ou MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 5our last penn5. When 4 ordered 05 !o0puter. and #e !anBt MMMMMMMM hi0 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMit. 5ou persuade the0 not to do it.///. so0ethin' or ta%0 people o t o. doin' so0ethin'. talk out of talk out of & talks out of talking out of talked out of talked out of ($ ta%0$$$ o t o. ECERCISE 68a . p. #e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the #oods. %his museum is really boring. but 4 7eep tellin' her #e !anBt a""ord one. wish hadn't let you talk me into coming here with you. 3$/ . 65 dau'hter is tr5in' to MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM 'ettin' her a pon5.ro. 3. 8. Nan!5 and To0 donBt ha1e an5thin' in !o00on > that doesnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a happ5 0arria'e. 1/. but the police officer talked him out of it. 2. 4. . 4 hadnBt seen her in 5ears. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . Erik's parents talked him out of changing his major from business to philosophy. Ioe sa5s heBs 'oin' to . Their sleaD5 son-in-la#MMMMMMMMthe0MMMMMMMMlendin' hi0 N14. but talked him into it.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. 4 had the0 MMMMMMM MMMMMMM so0e e<tra 0e0or5. 4t #as so dar7 last ni'ht that 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a tree and bro7e 05 nose.My father didn't want to let me use his car -riday night. $.uit s!hool. 8onBt tell 5our 0other 5ouBre 'oin' to sha1e 5our head > sheBll MMMMMMMM %%%%%%%%.v. 4t #as a ni!e surprise to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM -unt 9ath5 toda5. *. When the ene05 soldiers atta!7ed. %hat man was going to jump off the building.

MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 3$1 . MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM . What !an no one do to =obH ECERCISE 68c . MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 3. What did 2ran!is!o doH 3. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s an! +artici+%e a!. =rite ei/ht ori/ina% sentences sin/ +hrasa% ver&s . a shel" "or a TV #as 0ade in the #all.ro.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. =ob has de!ided to . MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 8. What did the dishonest 'u5 do to 05 -unt 9ath5H $. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 2. 2ran!is!o une<pe!tedl5 0et +aul do#nto#n a !ouple o" da5s a'o.uit his )ob.rothis section$ 1. 9aren is tr5in' to persuade 0e to help her paint her house. When 05 house #as !onstru!ted. What is the la#5er tr5in' to doH 4. What #as done to the #allH 8. What is 9aren tr5in' to doH 2. That dishonest 'u5 de!ei1ed 05 -unt 9ath5 to 'et her to sell her house "or a lot less than itBs #orth.ECERCISE 68& . That la#5er is l5in' to 5ou and tr5in' to persuade 5ou to 'i1e hi0 e1er5thin' 5ou o#n. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the shel"H *. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM %.ectives . and no one !an persuade hi0 not to. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 4. Car0en is upset and 1er5 ner1ous be!ause she !anBt "ind her !hildren at the shoppin' !enter. 4n Ouestion %. Ca1in' both o" 05 e<-#i1es at the part5 #ill 0a7e the e1enin' 1er5 un!o0"ortable. What is Car0en doin'H %. What #ill ha1in' both o" 05 e<-#i1es at the part5 doH . MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM $.

1/.ro+revio s sections$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. 44 turn in. -"ter the 0ilitar5 MMMMMMMMMMM. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . 11. 41 !he!7out. and heBll MMMMMMMM hi0sel" %%%%%%%%. Sooner or later heBll 'et tired o" runnin' "ro0 the poli!e. 44 pi!7up.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. 3* 1. 2. 4/ 7i!7 out. 3$2 . 3* #ipeout. The 'u5 that 'ot arrested didnBt ha1e enou'h 0one5 "or bail. 4s this a MMMMMMMMMMM or a deli1er5H *. 8. 4. 43 ta7eo1er. . The tru!7 dri1er #as 7illed in an a!!ident a"ter she had a MMMMMMMMMMM on the hi'h#a5. ECERCISE 68e' Revie5 . 41 !o0eba!7. but last 5ear he 0ade an a0aDin' MMMMMMMMMMM and had his best 5ear e1er.ECERCISE 68!' Revie5 . MMMMMMMMMMM is t#o hours be"ore the "li'ht. 4 1. so he #as put in the %%%%%%%%. 41 lo!7 up. hundreds o" people #ere e<e!uted.n"ortunatel5. 3* run-up. 4/ stress out. The dete!ti1e as7ed the store o#ner "or a !o0plete list o" ite0s stolen durin' the %%%%%%%%. 44 piss o"". 3. . 4/ burst out. 4/ lo!7up. $. 43 'o a#a5.6. 4/ brin' up. The hotelBs MMMMMMMMMMMM ti0e is 11G// -. 44 0i<-up.ter each one$ blo#out. 4 turn into. 42 'i1e out. There #as a tra'i! MMMMMMMMMMM at the hospital > a patientBs health5 le"t 7idne5 #as re0o1ed instead o" his diseased ri'ht 7idne5. 34 sti!7 #ith. 43 brea7-in. 44 shut up. 43 stand "or. %. 41 !he!7-in. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these no ns . The baseball pla5er had a "e# bad 5ears. 4 sold 05 house be"ore the bi' MMMMMMMMMMM in real estate pri!es. 44 let inlinto.ter each one$ blo# o"". 4/ 'et b5. Not one person #as le"t ali1e a"ter the battle > it #as a !o0plete MMMMMMMMMMM.

4. 14. The door #as lo!7ed. #e al#a5s MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM se!urel5. 3. 11. 1/. but 4B0 'oin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the one 4 ha1e? itBs "ine "or #ritin' letters. 4B0 'oin' to tal7 to 05 husband about MMMMMMMM the 'ara'e MMMMMMMM an apart0ent "or 05 0other. Those ne# !o0puters are reall5 "ast. %. so 4 7no!7ed on it a'ain and a'ain until so0eone MMMMMMMM 0e %%%%%%%%. *. . Ioe does that sort o" thin' all the ti0e. What did Nan!5 do to 'et hersel" MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM o" s!hoolH 1$. 4B0 tired o" listenin' to 05 brother tal7 about #innin' "our 0illion dollars in the lotter5. When #e lea1e our su00er ho0e to 'o ba!7 to the !it5. 8. Ce reall5. 4 MMMMMMMM 05 !hildren MMMMMMMM to be honest.2. and itBs 1er5 rude.MMMMMMMM 0e %%%%%%%%. 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM lau'hin'.@MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMH $. Worr5in' about ho# 4B0 'oin' to "ind the 0one5 to pa5 05 ta<es is reall5 MMMMMMMM 0e %%%%%%%%. 3$3 . 4 usuall5 !he!7 05 #or7 prett5 !are"ull5. 4 #ish he #ould )ust MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 4 too7 three aspirin. 13. Ioe pro0ised that heBd help 0e "i< 05 !ar 5esterda5. but this heada!he still hasnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 12. When 4 heard about the !raD5 thin' that Nan!5 had done at s!hool. 8o 5ou 7no# #hat @Ph.8. 1 . 4 donBt 7no# ho# this 0ista7e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM0e. but he ne1er !a0e? he )ust MMMMMMMM 0eMMMMMMMM. The tennis pla5er had to retire #hen his elbo# MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM.

she's still not up. are "re. . . the phrasal 1erb !ould onl5 be /et thro /h$ =ut o"ten. but 'm going to need it if go back to school to study for my master's degree. This is 1er5 !o00on in !on1ersation #hen the 1erb has alread5 been stated at least on!e and does not need to be repeatedG Custo0erG !ave you run out of coffee2 Store !ler7G 6e%re out of regular coffee. she isn%t. 0ore than one 1erb 0i'ht be understood. $4 . so 'd better brush up.v.aren in2 PaulG 8o. but we%re not out of instant.uentl5 used alone #ith a "or0 o" be. 5ou stud5 or pra!ti!e a s7ill or sub)e!t 5ou used to 7no# but ha1e "or'otten or partl5 "or'otten. When 5ou &r sh + or &r sh + on so0ethin'. 4" this !on1ersation o!!urred at a pla!e o" e0plo50ent. -rank's going to ?eru ne"t month. t's been a long time since studied algebra. in a parti!ular situation. se1eral 1erbs 0i'ht be understoodG co-e in' /o in' /et in' EbeF %et in$ Infinitive present tense brush up brush up J brushes up &ing form brushing up past tense brushed up past participle brushed up ($ &r sh + EonF p.. 6arshaG 6hen do you have to move out of your apartment2 Nan!5G l have to be out by ne#t 6ednesday. so he's been brushing up on his Spanish..sin' the parti!le #ithout a 1erb is also !o00on #hen a phrasal 1erb !an be understood "ro0 the !onte<t. onl5 one 1erb is ob1iousG +a u 4G 9re you through 2 ToddG 8o. So0eti0es. espe!iall5 phrasal 1erbs that relate to ph5si!al 0o1e0ent. Ii0G 7id you turn the air conditioner on =obG 8o.6:$ FOCUS ON< +artic%es se! 5itho t ver&s The parti!les o" 0an5 phrasal 1erbs. it was on when came in. but to the spea7ers it is not i0portant or ne!essar5 to be spe!i"i! about #hi!h oneG CarlosG s. 4" this !on1ersation o!!urred in an o""i!e buildin'. won%t be through until after ::. Mother# Has your sister woken up yet$ !usie# :o.

or ship co-es in' it arri1es. When people or thin's enter a pla!e. couldn't buy that new book wanted8 it hasn't come in yet.v. 6$ co-e in p. %he burglar came into the house through the back door. Eo o t is the opposite o" co-e in$ #elcome to my house. 7$ co-e in p. the5 co-e in$ Eet in is si0ilar to co-e in$ The manager is angry with &inda because she comes in late every day. c t&ac0 n$ A c t&ac0 is a redu!tion in the a0ount o" 0one5 5ou spend on so0ethin'.v. When people arri1e at the pla!e #here the5 #or7. Eet in is si0ilar to co-e in$ 5o you know when the train from Dankakee comes in$ 'avid's plane hasn't come in yet. My father said that we're spending too much and have to cut back. the5 co-e in or co-e into it. When 5ou c t &ac0' or c t &ac0 on the a0ount o" 0one5 5ouspend. airplane. ?lease come in. "$ co-e in p.v. &et's go shopping at Macy's tomorrow8 the summer clothes have come in. When a thin' or s7ill co-es in hand5. cut back cut back & cuts back cutting back cut back cut back ($ c t &ac0 EonF p. roo0.v. The people who work on the air force base are worried that they'll lose their jobs because of military spending cutbacks. . bus. The ?resident said he was against cutting back on spending for education. When so0ethin' that a store #ill sell co-es in' it is deli1ered to the store.v.#nfinitive present tense come in come in & comes in -ing form coming in past tense came in past participle come in ($ co-e inlinto p. don't know how to speak 7apanese. but knowing how to say the numbers and @please@ and @thank you@ when was in 7apan sure came in handy. #hen travel. always take a small sewing kit with me8 it really comes in handy if a button falls off. 5ou spend less. When a train. it is so0ethin' use"ul that 5ou li7e to ha1e a1ailable #hen 5ou need it. and so on that 5ou are in. *$ co-e in p. called to tell the boss that was sick and wouldn't be coming in. house.v.

but yesterday he moved back in. Move inlinto is the opposite o" -ove o t$ <ne of our roommates wasn't paying his rent."$ c t &ac0 EonF p. #nfinitive move in present tense move in & moves in -ing form moving in past tense moved in past participle moved in ($ -ove inlinto p.v.v. !ill moved out of his house for a while when he separated from his wife. When 5ou -ove thin's in or -ove the0 into a pla!e. 5ou ta7e the0 out. 3$$ . but he has cut back a bit. (ou're getting a little overweight8 maybe you should cut back on sweets. When 5ou -ove people o t or -ove the0 o t o" a pla!e. When 5ou -ove thin's o t or -ove the0 o t o" a pla!e. Move o t is the opposite o" -ove inlinto$ &he landlord said we could move right in if we want to. When 5ou -ove in or -ove in #ith people. Mr. C t !o5n is si0ilar to c t &ac0$ Mark hasn't been able to . %he company had a sale to try to move some merchandise out of the warehouse. 5ou do it less. 5ou brin' 5our "urniture and other personal possessions into a pla!e #here 5ou #ill li1e. so we moved his stuff out while he was at work. When 5ou -ove o t or -ove o t o" a pla!e. and Mrs. When 5ou c t &ac0 or c t &ac0 on so0ethin' that 5ou !onsu0e. 5ou ta7e 5our "urniture and other personal possessions out o" a pla!e #here 5ou li1ed. "$ -ove$$$ inlinto p.uit smoking. 5ou ta7e the0 in. 5ou brin' 5our "urniture and other personal possessions into a pla!e #here 5ou #ill li1e. Move inlinto is the opposite o" -ove o t$ *ould you help me move out? have to be out by the end of the month. When 5ou -ove in or -ove into a pla!e. &oving all this furniture into a fifth3floor apartment isn't going to be easy. 5ou ta7e their "urniture and other personal possessions out o" a pla!e #here the5 li1ed. Move o t is the opposite o" -ove inlinto$ %he movers moved me in in less than two hours. ($ -ove$$$ o t Eo"F p. When 5ou c t &ac0 or c t &ac0 on so0ethin' that 5ou do. My 9unt Dathy might move in with her son and his family. <rik%s moving into a bigger apartment ne#t week.v.v. 5ou use it less.v.v. When 5ou -ove people in or -ove the0 into a pla!e. *$ -ove in E#ithF p. 5ou brin' their "urniture and other personal possessions into a pla!e #here the5 #ill li1e. move out move out & moves out moving out moved out moved out ($ -ove o t Eo"F p. !aker moved out of their big house and into a smaller place after their children grew up.

%he clerk put the bottle into the bag and gave me a receipt. When 5ou + t people in or + t the0 into a prison. When 5ou + t 0one5 in or + t 0one5 into a ban7 or ana!!ount at a ban7. When 5ou + %% o t or + %% o t o" an a'ree0ent or arran'e0ent. When a !ar.eneral 7ohnston pulled all the troops out of the occupied territory.v.v. When 5ou + t so0ethin' in or + t so0ethin' into a !ontainer.uire the0 to 'o there. or other institution.>. tru!7s.v. When the dri1ers o" !ars. Marvin should be put into a mental institution. 5ou lea1e it be!ause 5ou de!ide that 5ou do not #ant to parti!ipate an5 lon'er. . 5ou deposit the 0one5. + %%o t n. the5 + %% o t or are + %%e! o t$ Eo in is the opposite o" + %% o t$ #hen Sergeant 7ones saw the enemy soldiers getting closer. . or other 1ehi!les + %% o t or + %% o t o" a par7in' spa!e. it lea1es the pla!e #here it #as par7ed and starts dri1in' in the street. "$ + t$$$ inlinto p. put in put in & puts in putting in put in put in ($ + t $$$inlinto p. s!hool.>>> into our savings account.Infinitive present tense pull out pull out < pulls out &ing form pulling out past tense pulled out past participle pulled out ($ + %% o t Eo"F p. :ow everyone who stayed in is making a lot of money. ta0e o t$ 'm going to the bank today. *$ + %%$$$ o t Eo"F p. or other 1ehi!le + %%s o t or + %%s o t o" a par7in' spa!e. 5ou ta7e the0 there or re. How much money do you think should put in? #e put B . 5ou pla!e it inside. P t inlinto is the opposite o. (ou should fasten your seat belt before you pull out of the parking space. %he accident happened when the 'ord pulled out in front of the *hevy. the5 lea1e the pla!e #here the5 #ere par7ed and start dri1in' in the street. Ta0e o t is the opposite o" + t inlinto$ ?lease put your clothes in the closet. tru!7. or buildin'. *$ + t$$$ inlinto p.v.eneral 7ohnston ordered an immediate pullout of all troops in the occupied territory. hospital. stora'e pla!e. %he -rench company reconsidered its agreement to build a plant in *anada and decided to pull out. wish hadn(t pulled out of that business deal. he ordered his men to pull out.v. "$ + %% o t Eo"F p. When soldiers lea1e a !o0bat Done or an area #here !o0bat is li7el5. 7ake got put in jail for twenty years. a + %%o t ta7es pla!e.v. When soldiers lea1e a !o0bat Done or an area #here !o0bat is li7el5. 2JM .

$ put a lot of time into becoming a doctor. roo0. 7$ + t$$$ inlinto p. We ha1e a lot o" shoppin' to do. R n inlinto is the opposite o" r n o t$ %here's Sofia across the street 4 run out and ask her to come over here.>>> into this business. or !ondition. He asks me for money. hope it starts making money soon.ro.v. it r ns o t$ l played poker last night. position. 8$ + t $$$in p.>>>. 5ou + t it in$ #e're having new carpeting put in ne"t week. When 5ou !onstru!t or install so0ethin' in a buildin'. Sam was late to work this morning because he ran out of gas. 'm sorry can't give you sugar for your coffee 4 've run out. My brother is too la6y to look for a job. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . #hen the check came for dinner.>>. we each put BAC in.v. *$ r n o t p. Erik and :ancy are thinking about putting in central air conditioning. 3$8 . When 5ou + t 0one5 in or + t 0one5 into so0ethin'. and ended up losing it all. !onsu0ed. When people or thin's r n o t or r n o t o" a pla!e. 5ou r n o t or r n o t o" it. position. or sold. and so on. Margaret *ummings was put in charge of the sales department. the manager thanked his employees for all the work they had put in.v.6$ + t$$$ inlinto p. When 5ou + t ti0e or e""ort in or + t ti0e or e""ort into so0ethin'. 5ou !ontribute 0one5 to help pa5 "or so0ethin' or as an in1est0ent 5ou hope #ill return a pro"it. 9t the *hristmas party. buildin'. but the store !loses in t#ent5 0inutes.v. #hen opened the door. the dog ran out of the house. (ou've put 7im in a very awkward situation. or !ondition.v. "$ r n o t Eo"F p.v.v. !onsu0ed. the5 lea1e it 1er5 . and when the money runs out he comes back for more. !ut then my luck ran out. or sold all o" it. 've already put B. and for a while was ahead by B1. When so0ethin' is !o0pletel5 used. When 5ou do not ha1e an5 0ore o" so0ethin' be!ause 5ou ha1e used. Infinitive run out present tense run out < runs out Uing form running out past tense ran out past participle run out ($ r n o t Eo"F p.ui!7l5.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. 5ou + t the0 in that situation. so letBs tr5 to "inish be"ore #e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM o" ti0e. When 5ou !ause people to be in a situation. :$ + t$$$ in p. ECERCISE 6:a . 5ou spend ti0e and #or7 hard to a!!o0plish it.

When Ti005Bs 0other sa# hi0 outside thro#in' ro!7s at !ars. The 'o1ern0ent threatened to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM o" the !ease-"ire a'ree0ent a"ter the latest terrorist bo0bin'. 4 ha1enBt stopped drin7in' !o0pletel5. %. so hurr5 be"ore ti0e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 2/. 4Bll be #aitin' "or 5ou at the station #hen 5our train MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. The troops #ere MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM o" Vietna0 and sent ba!7 to the . &inda hired a !arpenter to MMMMMMMM so0e shel1es MMMMMMMM her sonBs roo0. 4 ha1e to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM o" the pla!e 4B0 in no# b5 the end o" the 0onth. 12. These !o0puters are bein' sold at 1 per!ent o"" the re'ular pri!e "or three da5s onl5. 8. 1%. so e1er5oneBs been MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM throu'h the ba!7 door all da5. 4 need to "ind a ne# pla!e to li1e soon. so 4 need to MMMMM MMMMM on 05 t5pin'. and #eBre MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM it ne<t 0onth. -"ter 05 0other died. 3$* . she MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMand stopped hi0. This little "lashli'ht on 05 7e5 !hain MMMMM MMMMM hand5 #hen itBs dar7 outside. 1/. Co# 0u!h 0one5 are 5ou 'oin' toMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMthis in1est0ent "undH 14. 4. 3. -ll these proble0s are MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM a bad 0ood. We lost the 7e5 "or the "ront door. We bou'ht a house in 6il#au7ee. 1$. WeBre 1er5 bus5 at #or7. 1 . 18. 11. 4B0 startin' a ne# )ob as a se!retar5 ne<t #ee7. . Sin!e Ii0 lost his )ob. #eB1e had toMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMa lot on our spendin'. *. $. 6i!hael MMMMMMMM a lot o" ti0e MMMMMMMM 'ettin' his pilotBs li!ense. 1*.2. 4 as7ed 05 "ather to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #ith 0e.nited States. so 05 boss as7ed 0e to MMMMMM MMMMMM earl5 to0orro#. 0a5be 5ou should MMMMMMMM so0e o" it MMMMMMMM the ban7. 13. 4nstead o" spendin' all 5our 0one5. but 4 ha1e MMMMMMMM #a5 MMMMMMMM.

What is 8aniela doin'H 11. 8aniela hasnBt studied 4talian sin!e hi'h s!hool. What is To0 'oin' to doH 2. -"ter 05 sur'er5. 4 !anBt "i'ure out #here the 0os.n!le Iohn. 65 !ou!h is hu'e > thereBs no #a5 4 !an MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM 05 ne# pla!e #ithout help. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s an! no ns . so 4B0 'oin' to MMMMMMMM her old bed MMMMMMMM o" her roo0 and into her brotherBs roo0. What is Nan!5 doin'H *. and no# it tastes terrible. What is =ob doin'H %. 22. and no# 5ouBre bro7e. 24. Charles 0i'ht !han'e his 0ind and de!ide not to parti!ipate in a business deal. but sheBs been stud5in' it a'ain latel5 be!ause sheBs 'oin' to 4tal5 soon. ECERCISE 6:& .21. .uitoes are enterin' 05 house. What 0i'ht Charles doH . 65 plane didnBt arri1e on ti0e. What did 5ou doH 8. 2$. What didnBt 05 plane doH $. but no# sheBs dri1in' it into the street. Sarah shouldnBt ha1e built a pool in su!h a s0all ba!75ard. 4 #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the intensi1e !are unit. #hat #ould 5ou !all this redu!tion in 0ilitar5 spendin'H 4. What !anBt 4 "i'ure outH . The 'o1ern0ent is spendin' less on the 0ilitar5. 4n Ouestion 2. Nan!5Bs tru!7 #as par7ed. 4 bou'ht a ne# bed "or Susie.ro. Sa"e dri1ers al#a5s loo7 both #a5s be"ore the5 MMMMMMM MMMMMMM and dri1e a#a5. 2 .ri7 MMMMMMMM too 0u!h salt MMMMMMMM the soup.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. What is the 'o1ern0ent doin'H 3. The store !ler7 sa5s the ne# !o0puter 4 #ant is supposed to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to0orro#. Aou spent all 5our 0one5. What shouldnBt Sarah ha1e doneH 1/. =obBs ta7in' all his "urniture out o" his old apart0ent. To0 is 'oin' to li1e #ith his . 23.

$. Iane is #or7in' 1er5 hard to learn Chinese. 43 tal7into. 4. 42 7i!7 out. 42 'et inlinto. 43 stop o"". What is Ned 'oin' to doH 14. Ned is 'oin' to arri1e at #or7 late to0orro#. Sa0Bs #i"e didnBt #ant to 'o !a0pin' #ith hi0. Aou !anBt trust 6ar1in at all. 4$ tr5 on. %. What did To0 as7 Sall5H 18. 42 'et out. Ioe hasnBt pla!ed his !lothes in the #ashin' 0a!hine. pleaseH .12. so so0eti0es on the #a5 ho0e "ro0 #or7 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM "or a 1isit. Aour dentist told 5ou that 5ou should eat less !and5. Wh5 didnBt Ii0Bs tea0 #in the 'a0eH 1$. 65 parents li1e bet#een 05 )ob and 05 ho0e. 4$ !on into. 43 0a7e "or. Ce MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM e1er5one he does business #ith. but he "inall5 MMMMMMMM her MMMMMMMMMM it. =ob 'ot MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM o" the bar a"ter he started a "i'ht.ter each one$ bu0p into. 2. 3%1 .ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s ./// e1er5 0onth in his !he!7in' a!!ount. The bas7etball 'a0e ended be"ore Ii0Bs tea0 !ould s!ore enou'h points to #in it. 4$ "rea7 out. To0 as7ed Sall5 #hen she #as ta7in' her "urniture into her ne# apart0ent. 4$ !on out o". 43 1. Would 5ou MMMMMMMM the0 MMMMMMMM "or 0e. 4$ 'et do#n. =ill deposits N1. What hasnBt Ioe doneH 1%. 4$ rip o"". What is Iane doin'H 1 . 44 shut up. What did 5our dentist tell 5ouH 13. -l"onso 0ust ha1e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM thirt5 pairs o" pants be"ore pi!7in' one out.4$ tal7 out o". What does =ill do e1er5 0onthH ECERCISE 6:c' Revie5 . 4 !anBt rea!h those boo7s on the top shel". 42 'et up. 3. That snea75 real estate a'ent MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM sellin' her 05 house "or a lot less than it #as #orth.

Co# a0 4 'oin' to MMMMMMM MMMMMMM o" this 0essH 1$. These sa0e 0odals and se0i0odals are !o00onl5 used in passi1e senten!es. 1 . Carlos MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the table. 14. tal7. 6#$ FOCUS ON< -o!a%s an! +resent +er. 65 "ather-in-la# #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM N8// b5 a house painter #ho too7 the 0one5 but ne1er !a0e ba!7 to start paintin' the house. and 4 !an still MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM it e1en thou'h itBs t#ent5-"i1e 5ears old. 05 0other #as on dru's and 05 "ather #as in )ail. Will 5ou please MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMH 12. 4 sa# a 'u5 toda5 #ho loo7ed e<a!tl5 li7e 05 dead brother. 65 tea!her !au'ht 0e !heatin' on the test toda5. 11. #e dis!ussed the use o" se1eral 0odal and se0i0odal au<iliaries in the present per"e!t. That situation didnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a 1er5 happ5 !hildhood. 4t sure #as hot 5esterda5. and the past parti!ipleG could K have K been K past participle would V have K been K past participle should V have K been K past participle have to K have K been V past participle must K have K been K past participle might K have K been K past participle may K have K been K past participle &etBs !o0pare a present per"e!t a!ti1e senten!e !ontainin' a 0odal #ith a present per"e!t passi1e senten!e !ontainin' a 0odalG 3%2 . and he said heBs 'oin' to !all 05 parents to0orro# to tell the0. (ur dau'hter has de!ided to 'et her nose pier!ed. 4t 0ust ha1e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to 1// de'rees. 4 "ound 05 old ar05 uni"or0 in the atti!. When 4 #as a !hild. been. 13.ect +assive +hrasa% ver&s 4n Se!tion 43. The 0odal or se0i0odal is "ollo#ed b5 have or the !ontra!tion %ve.8. *. -ll 5ou e1er do is tal7. 1/. and a 'lass o" #ine "ell on the "loor. 4t reall5 MMMMMMMM 0e %%%%%%%%. and thereBs no #a5 #e !an MMMMMMMM her MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM it. tal7.

0noc0o t n. and a parti!iple ad)e!ti1eG &he burglar alarm must have been switched o"" Ebe!ause i" it had been on. 3%3 .v. If something knocks you out it impresses or surprises you a lot. knock. so the passi1e phrasal 1erb !annot be separated. The ob)e!t o" the a!ti1e senten!e !an be used in a by phraseG active# 7ane might have switched on the light.v.v.active# 7ane might have switched on the light.. %he ski resort will close down for the summer on May *. .. passive# %he light might have been switched on Bby )aneC. -lso. Infinitive present tense close down close down < closes down &ing form closing down past tense closed down past participle closed down ($ c%ose$$$ !o5n p. passive# %he light might have been switched on. When 5ou c%ose !o5n a business or a business is c%ose! !o5n' it !loses per0anentl5 or "or a lon' ti0e. the ob)e!t o" the a!ti1e senten!e be!o0es the sub)e!t o" the passi1e senten!e. the5 are hit b5 so0eone or so0ethin' hard enou'h to !ause the0 to lose !ons!iousness. 8. knock out knock out & knocks out knocking out knocked out knocked out ($ 0noc0$$$ o t p. -nd on!e a'ain #e see that it is not al#a5s eas5 to distin'uish bet#een a past parti!ipleG %he burglar alarm must have been switched off Lby the night manager because he(s the only one with a keyC. -s #e ha1e seen. %he bo"er knocked his opponent out with a blow to the head. 'avid fell and hit his head on the sidewalk so hard that it knocked him out. e1er5one in the nei'hborhood #ould ha1e heard it #hen the bur'lars s0ashed the #indo# o" the )e#elr5 storeF. %he restaurant was closed down by the health department. there is no ob)e!t in the passi1e senten!e.hit hard enou'h to !ause so0eone to lose !ons!iousness is a 0noc0o t$ 9t the count often the referee declared a knockout. When people are 0noc0e! out. out p. When 5ou 0noc0 people o t' 5ou hit the0 hard enou'h to !ause the0 to lose !ons!iousness.

Susie. When so0ethin' slo#s the de1elop0ent or pro'ress o" pro)e!t. When 5ou %oo0 !o5n on people. When 5ou tr5 1er5 hard to please other people. She really knocked herself out. When 5ou + t so0ethin' &ac0' 5ou return it to #here it #as be"ore.v. !ome people look down on Hank because his father was in prison. %he (oungs'daughter is only twelve and she's already in college$ %hat just knocks me out. but being hospitali6ed for several months put me back. or "ro0 a lo#er le1el o" so!iet5 than 5ou.v. When 5ou %oo0 + to people. can't contact head. 've always looked up to my father because of his honesty and concern for others.v. but don't knock yourself out 4 don't mind sleeping on the couch. it + ts the pro)e!t &ac0 or it + ts the people in1ol1ed in the pro)e!t &ac0$ %he hurricane put the hotel construction project back by at least three months. the5 destro5 it or da0a'e it enou'h so that it no lon'er operates. 0noc0o t n.uip0ent. 9fter you finish listening to my *'s.%om's new house is fabulous) t really knocked me out. (ou should look up to people who have overcome difficulties to become successful. 2MH . %he enemy radar installation was knocked out by a C>>3pound bomb. told you we're eating dinner in ten minutes. please put them back.v. less edu!ated. Marsha's %hanksgiving dinner was fabulous. A 0noc0o t is so0ethin' that i0presses or surprises 5ou a lot. 5ou !onsider the0 to be less intelli'ent. think our communications system might have been knocked out during the attack. #nfinitive present tense look down on look down on & looks down on -ing form looking down on past tense looked down on past participle looked down on ($ %oo0 !o5n on p. had planned to finish college last year. look up to look up to & looks up to looking up to looked up to looked up to ($ %oo0 + to p. )ooking down on people because of things they have no control over is stupid. *$ 0noc0$$$ o t p. !ave you seen <rik%s new girlfriend2 $he%s a real knockout. 5ou 0noc0 5oursel" o t or 0noc0 5oursel" o t to do so0ethin'. 5ou ad0ire and respe!t the0.v. 6$ 0noc0$$$ o t p.uarters. put back put back & puts back putting back put back put back ($ + t$$$ &ac0 p. so put that cookie right back! "$ + t$$$ &ac0 p.v. %hanks for inviting me to spend the weekend with you. When soldiers 0noc0 o t a pie!e o" the ene05Bs e.

v. and fell down the stairs. trash.ad. -"ter 5ou ha1e !han'ed the !ontrols o" an ele!tri!al or 0e!hani!al de1i!e to 0a7e it start produ!in' or doin' so0ethin'..v. an ele!tri!al or 0e!hani!al de1i!e. When 5ou s5itch o. Thro5 a5a3 is the sa0e as thro5 o t$ l can't find some important papers. is si0ilar to s5itche! o. %he sign should have been switched on by the manager in the morning.v. 5ou !han'e the !ontrols to 0a7e it start produ!in' or doin' so0ethin'. switch on switch on & switches on switching on switched on switched on ($ s5itch $$$on p. #nfinitive present tense switch off switch off & switches off -ing form switching off past tense switched off past participle switched off ($ s5itch $$$o.. switched the engine off and got out of the car. %he graduation date will have to be put back if the teachers strike doesn't end soon. it is s5itche! o.v. When 5ou s5itch on an ele!tri!al or 0e!hani!al de1i!e. When 5ou thro5 so0ethin' o t' 5ou dispose o" it b5 puttin' it in the #astebas7et.. and so on.ad.. s5itche! o.. throw out throw out & throws out throwing out threw out thrown out ($ thro5$$$ o t p. 6$ + t$$$ &ac0 p.uila..$ S5itch on is the opposite o" s5itch o. Turn o. part.. p.v. is si0ilar to s5itch o. s5itche! on part.$ %ry to remember to switch off the lights when you leave the room.. 5ou !han'e the !ontrols to stop it "ro0 produ!in' or doin' so0ethin'. *informal+ When 5ou + t &ac0 al!oholi! be1era'es. noticed that the sign wasn't switched on. and think they might've been accidentally thrown out. 'm not surprised he has a hangover 4 he must have put back half a bottle of te. 'id you see how much 'avid was drinking last night$ He sure can put it back... 5ou drin7 a lot o" the0. is the opposite o" s5itch on$ ?ush this button to switch the computer on.. it is s5itche! on$ S5itche! o. T rn on is si0ilar to s5itch on$ S5itch o. 'on't throw that newspaper out 4 haven't read it yet.. -"ter 5ou ha1e !han'ed the !ontrols o" an ele!tri!al or 0e!hani!al de1i!e to stop it "ro0 produ!in' or doin' so0ethin'.$ T rne! o. 2MD . is the opposite o" s5itche! on$ T rne! on is si0ilar to s5itche! on$ #hen drove by the restaurant. 5ou postpone it. %he closing on the house 'm selling might have to be put back if the buyers can't get their loan approved in time. When 5ou + t &ac0 the date that 5ou plan to do or !o0plete so0ethin' b5...$ &ast night the light in the hallway was switched off.*$ + t$$$ &ac0 p.$ S5itche! on is the opposite o" s5itche! o.

but #eBll 7eep loo7in' until #e "ind it.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. Kic0 o t is si0ilar to thro5 o t$ -rank started a fight and got thrown out of the bar. Sa0 0ust ha1e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM three 'in and toni!s in about a hal" an hour last ni'ht. 13. 14. Charles MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM an5one #ho !o0es "ro0 the poor side o" to#n. 4. 3. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . %. 1/. so sheBs 'oin' to be MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #hen 4 'i1e her this 'old bra!elet.v. or roo0. haven't paid the rent in si" months. 2lores #as so an'r5 #ith her husband that she MMMMMMMM hi0 ri'ht MMMMMMMM o" the house. MMMMMMMM the0 MMMMMMMM. When 5ou thro5 people o t or thro5 people o t o" a 'roup. . 65 #i"e thin7s 4 "or'ot our anni1ersar5 a'ain. 3%$ . 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 05 'rand"ather and #anted to be li7e hi0."$ thro5$$$ o t Eo"F p. Please MMMMMMMM the li'hts MMMMMMMM > 4B0 tr5in' to sleep. =ob #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #hen the baseball hit hi0 in the head. We 0i'ht MMMMMMMM our #eddin' MMMMMMMM until Septe0ber so that +osaBs parents !an attend. 8. CitiDens o" the nei'hborhood ha1e de0anded that the nois5 bar be MMMMM MMMMM. 6rs. The soldier used a baDoo7a to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM an ene05 tan7. 4tBs !old in here > the air !onditioner shouldnBt ha1e been MMMMMMM MMMMMMMMM. 12. and 'm worried that the sheriff will come and throw us out. 4" 5ouBre "inished #ith these tools. $. buildin'. 2. ECERCISE 6#a . *. When 4 #as a little 'irl. The bliDDard has MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM our e""orts to "ind the !rashed plane. pla!e. 5ou order the0 to lea1e. 4B0 tired o" loo7in' at all this )un7 > #h5 donBt 5ou MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMMH 11.ro.

're you going to switch off$ Bthe lights. %hrowing out is going to be a big job. itC 3%% . itC D. Ball this junk.ects in +arentheses$ Be s re to + t the o&. itC H. ECERCISE 6#& . Bthe attack. themC J. =rite three sentences sin/ the o&. itC 7. Timmy(s mother planned a really nice birthday party for Timmy and all his friends. !he really %%%%%%%% herself%%%%%%%%. himC 2. Ieneral )ohnston had to put back.ects in the ri/ht +%ace$ *. $ave you switched on1 Bthe TV. Bthe restaurant. 'li(s left hook knocked out. The health department should close down. B)oe.*D.

44 runaround. What did 5ou do to the TVH $. What has the )ud'eBs de!ision done to usH 2. #hat #ould Todd !all . Ioe #ould ha1e been ordered to lea1e his house i" he hadnBt paid his late 0ort'a'e pa50ents. 4% "allin'-out. To her thatBs a bi' %%%%%%%%. 32 lo!7out.ro.ro+revio s sections$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a.ri7Bs boo7 do toToddH 4. 3. 4 turno1er.ri7Bs ne# boo7 is. 4 rip-o"". The )ud'eBs de!ision has slo#ed our "i'ht "or )usti!e. The bar o#ner #ill be ordered to !lose his bar per0anentl5.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. Ii0 respe!ts his un!le and #ants to be li7e hi0. What #ould ha1e happened to Ioe i" he hadnBt paid his late 0ort'a'e pa50entsH ECERCISE 6#!' Revie5 .ECERCISE 6#c .ectives' an! no ns . 4n Ouestion .4 turn-on. The li'hts #ere on. The Senate 1oted a'ainst a MMMMMMMMMMM in spendin' "or -48S resear!h. What did . 3%8 . =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s' +artici+%e a!. What does Charles do to people "ro0 that part o" to#nH 11. =ill thin7s that Ni!oleBs short s7irt is a MMMMMMMMMMM. 28 !utba!7. 23 pullout. 2* 0a7e-up. What 0ust ha1e been done to the li'htsH 8. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these no ns . but the5Bre not on an50ore.4/ 1. 4 turnout. Aou pushed the button on the re0ote. What #ill be done to the barH 1/.ri7Bs boo7H . Charles thin7s people "ro0 that part o" to#n are lo#-!lass. Todd #as reall5 a0aDed at ho# 'ood . What does Ii0 do to his un!leH 3. and no# the TV is on. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the li'hts no#H *. 2.ter each one$ !arr5out. 4n Ouestion 3. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the TV a"ter 4 pushed the button on the re0oteH %. 4. Ceather 7ind o" li7ed -nnBs brother until she sa# hi0 s0o7in'.4% turno"". &5dia doesnBt #ant an5one to ta7e pi!tures o" her #ithout her MMMMMMMMMMM on. 4n Ouestion %.

4% 0o1e out.///. The !o0pan5Bs hi'h MMMMMMMMMMM rate is one reason #h5 it lost 0one5 last 5ear. . Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s .. 4B1e 'one to e1er5 o""i!e in Cit5 Call about 05 proble0. The5 )ust 'i1e 0e the MMMMMMMMMMM. 8id 5ou see 6i7eBs houseH Ce said he #as 'oin' to put a "e# Christ0as tree li'hts on the roo". 44 !on into. . 8onBt .uit 05 )ob. 11. 43 brush up. 12. I hadn(t seen hi0 in 5ears. #eBre al0ost "inished. Aour #or7 isnBt 1er5 'ood. 05 #i"e MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMit. but no #ill help 0e. %. 4$ turn o1er. Can 5ou belie1e the "ra0es "or these 'lasses !ost N3//H What a MMMMMMMMMMM. 3. 4 1. 4 turn up. 4% bu0p into. 2ortunatel5. 4% sti!7 out. so #e eat MMMMMMMMMMM "ood al0ost e1er5 ni'ht. 8onBt let that !roo7ed !ontra!tor MMMMMMMM 5ou MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM an5 0one5 "or unne!essar5 ho0e repairs. 32 stress out. Aou ou'ht to MMMMMMMM 0ore e""ort MMMMMMMM it. The soldiers #ere ordered to prepare "or a MMMMMMMMMMM.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. 4$ !on out o". 4% pull out. 4 hate !oo7in'. The MMMMMMMM "or the parade #ould ha1e been a lot bi''er i" it hadnBt been rainin'. *. 3eor'e had a MMMMMMMMMMM #ith his brother and hasnBt spo7en #ith hi0 "or "i"teen 5ears. AouB1e )ust 'ot to MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM "or a little #hile lon'er. .4$ tal7 out o". 4 'uess he 'ot MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. ECERCISE 6#e' Revie5 . but there 0ust be . 4 #as so 0ad at 05 boss that 4 al0ost . 1/. 4$ !arr5 a#a5.hat a surpriseE I %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%% Aob at the train station yesterday. 4% put inlinto. M. $. 8. 44 tal7into. $. (ne thie" bro7e into the store #hile the other sta5ed outside as a MMMMMMMMMMM. 2.uit no#.ter each one$ blo# out. 4$ 0o1e inlinto. 4. 2ran!e #as a 0e0ber o" N-T( until it MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in 1*$$.

-lthou'h the phrasal 1erb get to is de"ined here as 0eanin' arri1e. +e0e0ber that back is so0eti0es part o" a phrasal 1erb and so0eti0es an ad1erb used to 0odi"5 a phrasal 1erb Ere1ie# Se!tion 2$F. 6i7e used to spea7 -rabi! prett5 #ell. 6D$ FOCUS ON< co-&inations o.'5pt. althou'h #e #ill see that there is o"ten no di""eren!e in 0eanin' bet#een the phrasal 1erb get back EtoF.8. Aou !an MMMMMMMM ri'ht MMMMMMMM an5 ti0e 5ou #ant. dis!ussed in Se!tion 42. &i1in' in a house #ith se1en do's is reall5 MMMMMMMM 05 !at MMMMMMMM. 4" 5ouBre not !are"ul that !roo7 #ill MMMMMMMM 5ou MMMMMMMM sellin' hi0 5our land "or a lot less than itBs #orth. but he didnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. it !an be understood as the basis "or so0e o" the phrasal 1erbs that #ere dis!ussed in Se!tion 42G 3ill got to =eoria. 1 .F 3ill got back to =eoria. 14. in parti!ular right and back. 13. Co# !ould 4 ha1e been MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM doin' so0ethin' stupidH 12. and to de0onstrate that 0an5 phrasal 1erbs !o0prised o" get and a parti!le are a!tuall5 1ariations o" get to that !an be 0odi"ied #ith right andlor back.F 3ill got up to =eoria.F 3ill got down to =eoria. E=ill arri1ed in Peoria "ro0 the south.F 38/ . get' right' back' an! to The "o!us o" this se!tion is an e<panded de"inition o" the t#o-#ord phrasal 1erb get to and the three-#ord phrasal 1erb get back to. 11. *. E=ill returned to Peoria. E=ill arri1ed in Peoria. E=ill arri1ed in Peoria "ro0 the north. and 1arious parti!les and ad1erbs. to. -"ter 5ou 0a7e a #ish 5ou !an MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the !andles. The apart0ent has been !leaned and painted. get to 1. The nu0bers in the !hart !orrespond #ith the 0eanin's in the de"initions. The purpose is to tr5 to 0a7e so0e sense out o" a see0in'l5 li0itless nu0ber o" idio0ati! !o0binations o" get. The poli!e a!ted on a tip that the suspe!t #ould be at the bus station on Saturda5 0ornin'. 1$. 4 #ant to see #hatBs on the other side. but he ou'ht to MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM be"ore he 'oes to . &i1in' #ith Sa0 is dri1in' 0e !raD5 > 4 ha1e to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. and the phrasal 1erb get to 0odi"ied b5 ba!7 Eget ba!7 toF. MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM. 1/.

E=ill arri1ed in Peoria "ro0 the east or "ro0 a lar'er !it5. E=ill arri1ed in Peoria "ro0 the east or #est.F 3ill got out to =eoria.C 2K* . These 1erbs !an be 0odi"ied #ith right. BAill returned to ?eoria Fuickly.F We see that get back >to1. get up >to1. 0eanin' immediately. or directly Esee Se!tion 1/FG !ill got right back to ?eoria. and get out >to1 are 1ariations o" get to but #ith additional in"or0ation. quickly.3ill got over to =eoria. get over >to1. get down >to1.

5ou get back to itG l(ll try to get back to my homework after dinner. 5ou get to itG lBll try to get to my homework after dinner. 2. !et up >to1 and get down >to1 !an be 0odi"ied b5 back: )ane got back up to ?5.F 3. si0ilar but not the sa0e. and then lost it.ui!7l5 start to do it a'ain. 382 . but didn't start working until . EIoe started #or7in' a'ain i00ediatel5. "ane got back to ?5. stop doin' it. get up >to1. Eet to work !an re"er to an arrival at a place where someone works: 9nn got to work.F )oe got right back to work. E-nn arri1ed at the pla!e #here she #or7s. -lthou'h the phrasal 1erb get to is de"ined here as 0eanin' reach a certain level. and then 'ained it ba!7. EIane used to #ei'h 12/ pounds. 5ou get right back to itG l(ll try to get right back to my homework after dinner. EIane #ei'hs 12/ pounds a'ain. 4" 5ou start to do so0ethin'. it !an be understood as the basis "or so0e o" the phrasal 1erbs dis!ussed in Se!tion 42G "ane got to ?5. pounds. and then later . 4" 5ou start to do so0ethin'. EIane used to #ei'h 12/ pounds. pounds.!et to work has t#o 0eanin's.F )ane got back down to ?5. EIoe started #or7in'. #ithout an5 re"eren!e to a !han'e o" lo!ationG )oe got to work.F We see that get back >to1. stop doin' it.F "ane got up to ?5. pounds. pounds.F )oe got back to work.F =ut get to work Esee 0eanin' 3F !an also 0ean start working. and then later start to do it a'ain. or amount. EIane used to #ei'h less that 12/ pounds. but didn't get to work until . 'ained #ei'ht.>=>>. and get down >to1 are 1ariations o" get to but #ith additional in"or0ation. lost #ei'ht. right al#a5s !o0es "irstG %ll try to get back right to my homework after dinner.F "ane got down to ?5. number. 4" 5ou start to do so0ethin'. pounds.>=>>. EIoe started #or7in' a'ain. EIoe started #or7in' i00ediatel5.F )oe got right to work. which can paraphrased as arrived at my office at /=>>. pounds. Iane used to #ei'h 0ore that 12/ pounds. +e0e0ber that #hen both right and back are used.F The di""eren!e in these t#o 0eanin's is illustrated b5 the "ollo#in' senten!eG l got to work at /=>>.

!et back to does not 1ar5 in "or0 > neither back nor to is optional. . %m really busy.uids 0ust "lo# throu'his c%o//e! +' so0ethin' is in it that pre1ents #ater or other li. usuall5 be!ause 5ou do not ha1e ti0e to tal7 to the0 at the ti0e or be!ause 5ou #ill ha1e in"or0ation "or the0 later that 5ou do not ha1e no#.uids 0ust "lo# throu'h. Smith said my arteries were so clogged up by pla..ue deposits that it was a miracle was still alive. When 5ou /et &ac0 to people. %he nurse asked me to take off my shirt and get on the e"amination table. get back to get back to & gets back to getting back to got back to gotten lgot back to ($ /et &ac0 to p.uids "ro0 'oin' throu'h it or that pre1ents it "ro0 #or7in' properl5. the5 put so0ethin' in it that pre1ents #ater or other li. "an get back to you 2 &hat real estate agent still hasn%t gotten back to me to let me know if our offer was accepted. Getting ahead is pretty easy when your father owns the company. get ahead get ahead & gets ahead getting ahead got ahead gotten lgot ahead ($ /et ahea! p. When 5ou 0o1e 5our bod5 to#ard so0ethin' and stand. 5ou be!o0e 0ore su!!ess"ul and 0a7e pro'ress in 5our )ob or 5our li"e. Infinitive get on present tense get on < gets on &ing form getting on past tense got on past participle gottenlgot on ($ /et on p. sit. #ith your pessimistic attitude. When 5ou /et ahead. c%o//e! + part. f you get on that chair you can reach the top shelf. you'll never get ahead. 5ou tal7 to the0 later.get back to ($ !et back to is a three-#ord 1erb 0eanin' talk to someone again later.ad. l don%t have time to talk now.v. or lie on it. Infinitive dog up present tense clog up < clogs up &ing form dogging up past tense clogged up past participle clogged up ($ c%o/$$$ + p. 5ou 'et on it. 'r.v.v.uids "ro0 'oin' throu'h it or that pre1ents it "ro0 #or7in' properl5. 'on't pour that bacon grease in the sink 4 you'll clog the drain up. %he mechanic told me that the engine valves in my car were clogged up. When people or thin's c%o/ + a drain or so0ethin' else that li.v. When a drain or so0ethin' else that li.

5ou /et on' /et on #ith#hat 5ou #ere doin'.>> degrees. bi!5!le. 5ou /et on it.et your coat on. Sarah left her house at 0=1> and got to the beach at /=.v. *$ /et on p. When 5ou /et to #or7. t must have gotten to . When 5ou /et peopleto a pla!e. and didn't get back to work until A=1>. 5ou arri1e there. l didn't have time to do the ironing last night.v. t's cold outside. and so on. 'll try to get to it tonight. can't get them on. 7$ /et on E#ithF p. train. 5ou /et on it. When 5ou enter a bus. nu0ber."$ /et on p. "$ /et to p.v.uit. #hen are you going to get to work$ My boss told me to get off the phone and get back to work. 'll call to let you know arrived safely. t's getting late. 2KH . . #hen get to %okyo. didn't say you could stop) Get on with your work. always try to get to five miles before . 5ou start #or7in'. 6$ /et$$$ on p. lr sure was hot yesterday. 5ou "ind the ti0e to do it. 5ou be'in todo it 'raduall5. ship. or /et on #ith it. 'ad got to thinking that maybe we ought to move to &os 9ngeles and try to find work there. f we're going to finish this work today we'd better get on with it. When 5ou !ontinue doin' so0ethin'. When thin's or people /et to a !ertain le1el. get to get to & gets to getting to got to gotten lgot to ($ /et$$$ to p. and so on. airplane. When 5ou /et an ite0 o" !lothin' on' 5ou put it on 5our bod5. 5ou help the0 to 'o there or ta7e the0 there. -rank got fired because he kept getting to work late. *informal+ When 5ou /et to doin' so0ethin'. #hen run. or a0ount. Daren finally got back to her school project yesterday. Getting on a camel isn't as easy as getting on a horse.v.v. When 5ou 0ount an ani0al. %he children got back on their bikes and went home. the5 rea!h it.v. When 5ou /et to a pla!e. She hadn't worked on it for weeks. When 5ou /et to #or7. 6$ /et to p. *$ /et to p. 0otor!5!le. When 5ou /et to so0ethin' that 5ou #ant or need to do.v. went to the restaurant across the street for lunch.v. (ou've wasted the entire morning. <nly people who are going on the cruise can get on the ship. %hese gloves are too small.D.5ou arri1e at the pla!e #here 5ou #or7. %he bus stopped so that could get on.

thought the movie was good. When people or thin's start o. &et's sit down and rest 4 this heat is getting to me. 7im's constant complaining is really starting to get to his wife. When 5ou start an a!ti1it5 or e1ent o... *informal+ When 5ou han/ on. When 5ou han/ on or han/ on to so0ethin'. 7$ /et to p. #ith so0ethin'.9fter seeing all those strange lights in the sky. Many speakers like to start off a speech by telling a joke. Ho%! on is si0ilar to han/ on$ l fell off the horse because wasn't hanging on tightly enough. but it got cold and cloudy. When 5ou thro5 so0ethin' a5a3' 5ou dispose o" it b5 38 . "$ han/ on p.v. Start o t is si0ilar to start o. 7udy's coming to the phone now 4 can you hang on? start off start off & starts off starting off started off started off ($ start o. 5ou are allo#ed to do it or are able to do it. %immy was e"cited because he got to ride a pony. When 5ou /et to do so0ethin'.v. When an a!ti1it5 or e1ent starts o. f she'd hung on to my hand. b5 doin' so0ethin'.v. %he singer started the concert off with a song from her latest *'.v.v. but it started off kind of boring. "$ start o... 5ou hold it ti'htl5 so that 5ou #ill not "all or be hurt. Ho%! on is the sa0e as han/ on$ *ang on for a minute 4 'll be right back. a !ertain #a5. 8$ /et to p. p.v.v. the5 are this #a5 at the be'innin' o" a pro!ess that !han'es the0. E#ithlb5F p. 5ou be'in b5 doin' it. When 5ou start an a!ti1it5 or e1ent o. either ps5!holo'i!all5 or ph5si!all5.. Infinitive present tense throw awa% throw away < throws away &ing form throwing away past tense threw away past participle thrown away ($ thro5$$$ a5a3 p. 5ou #ait "or a short ti0e. she wouldn't have fallen off the cliff.$ %he day started off nice.. Infinitive hang on present tense hang on < hangs on &ing form hanging on past tense hung on past participle hung on ($ han/ on EtoF p. When so0ethin' /ets to 5ou.. 5ou be'in #ith it.' it be'ins. it bothers or anno5s 5ou. got to wondering if maybe +-<s really e"ist after all. hope get to shake the ?resident's hand after his speech.

3o MMMMMMMM 5our shoes MMMMMMMM > #eBre lea1in' in a 0inute. -nn !ut her hair in the bathroo0. :ancy's outside looking in the trash for her wedding ring8 it was accidentally thrown away.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. 4 usuall5MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM#or7 at 8G4/. 5ou "oolishl5 do so0ethin' that !auses 5ou to lose it. Whene1er 4 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM "eelin' depressed. The trail to the top o" the 0ountain MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM le1el. 4B0 a little bus5 no#. 4 ne1er used to !are about 6ariaBs bad attitude. so MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to 05 ar0. 13. he realiDed that he had "or'otten his ti!7et. but then it 'ets steeper and steeper. #hen got mad and . %his is your last chance to save your marriage. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . "$ thro5$$$ a5a3 p. 2. 4" 5ou hadnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the theater late. trash. and so on. throw them away. *. -s Ierr5 #as MMMMM MMMMM the train. We #ere lu!75 that the "lood#ater didnBt MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the se!ond "loor. These steps ha1e i!e on the0. 8onBt let the bab5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the table > he 0i'ht "all o"". 5ou #ouldnBt ha1e 0issed the be'innin' o" the 0o1ie. 4. 12. and she MMMMMMM the sin7 MMMMMMM #ith hair. and 4Bll MMMMMMMM ri'htMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM5ou. 4 !all 05 0other.uit my job. threw away a chance to become vice3president of the company. $. 8. When 5ou thro5 a5a3 so0ethin' i0portant or 1aluable. MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM all that )un7 in the 'ara'e 0ade a lot 0ore roo0. but no# itBs startin' to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 0e. 3i1e 0e 5our phone nu0ber.puttin' it in the #astebas7et. 3. Thro5 o t is the sa0e as thro5 a5a3$ f you're finished with these papers. %. 5ou need a 'ood edu!ation. so don't throw it away. 1 . 4tBs i0portant to MMMMMMMM 5our da5 MMMMMMMM #ith a 'ood brea7"ast. . 11. ECERCISE 6Da . 1/.v. 4" 5ou #ant to MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM in this #orld. 38$ .ro. 14.

22. What has Ned ne1er doneH *. =ett5 doesnBt ha1e the in"or0ation 4 #ant. 1%. What !anBt &indaBs three-5ear-old dau'hter doH 2. The se#er drain be!a0e blo!7ed b5 dead lea1es. When the te0perature inside the tur7e5 rea!hes 1*/ de'rees. What happened to the se#er drainH %. What is =ett5 'oin' to doH $. ECERCISE 6D& . -"ter 4 ta7e a brea7. 4n Ouestion $.ro. 18. When should the tur7e5 be ta7en out o" the o1enH 38% . Aou !ontinued #ith 5our #or7.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. 4 7no# 5ouBre bus5. but she MMMMMMMM ri'ht ba!7 MMMMMMMM a'ain. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s an! +artici+%e a!. 1*. What did &uis doH 3. 6adeleine "ell o"" her bi7e. &uis started to "eel a little depressed. =a7erBs o""i!e "or t#o hours. 4 #aited outside 6r. but 4 ne1er MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM tal7 to hi0.ectives . What did 5ou doH 1/. This is a 'reat opportunit5. &indaBs three-5ear-old dau'hter !anBt put her shoes on. MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #or7: This has to be "inished in three hours. but #hen do 5ou thin7 5ou 0i'ht ha1e ti0e to MMMMMMMM ba!7 MMMMMMMM "i<in' that lea7 in the roo"H 2/. MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM "or a !ouple o" 0inutes > 4B0 al0ost read5. so sheBs 'oin' to !all 0e #hen she does. What did 6ar1in do to his "a0il5 and )obH 4. Ned has ne1er arri1ed at his o""i!e a"ter *G3/. 6a5be 5ou should MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #ith 5our #or7 and stop #astin' ti0e. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe the se#er drain a"ter it be!a0e blo!7edH 8. 4B0 'oin' to !ontinue #or7in' i00ediatel5. ta7e it out o" the o1en.1$. 6ar1in had a ni!e "a0il5 and a 'ood )ob. What a0 4 'oin' to doH . but he lost the0 be!ause o" dru's. and 5ou ha1enBt e1en started. 21. 8onBt be stupid and MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMM.

What did the 0ountain !li0ber doH 1*. What did the bus dri1er do a"ter he !he!7ed the tiresH 21. What !ouldnBt Ceather ha1e done alread5H 22. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 3. =ill said that he !ouldnBt #ait an5 lon'er.ive ori/ina% sentences sin/ get to an! get back to. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 4. the sentences$ 1.should help 5ou to pro'ress in 5our !areer. 4tBs been onl5 "i"teen 0inutes sin!e Ceather le"t.doH ECERCISE 6Dc . MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM . The 0ountain !li0ber held the rope ti'htl5. and then he entered the bus a'ain i00ediatel5. What did 8an sho# 0eH 1 . -le< #as allo#ed to pet a bab5 ti'er at the Doo. What should an 6=. What 0ust ha1e happened to Sa0Bs birth !erti"i!ateH 14. What happened to -le<H 18. The salesperson al#a5s be'ins his presentation b5 introdu!in' hi0sel". 6i7e #ent to the di1in' board and stood on it. Their 0arria'e be'an #ell. What did =ill sa5H 12. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 388 . =rite . so 4B1e 'ot to do the0 toni'ht. Ca1in' an 6=. but thin's 'ot #orse. Tr3 to se right an! back in so-e o. 65 brother told 0e that 4 shouldnBt let it bother 0e.11. Sa0Bs birth !erti"i!ate 0ust ha1e been a!!identall5 put in the trash. What did their 0arria'e doH 1$. 65 ta<es are due in three da5s. What did 6i7e doH 2/. She !ould not ha1e arri1ed at the airport alread5. 8an sho#ed 0e ho# to 0ount a horse. What does the salesperson al#a5s doH 23. The bus dri1er stepped out o" the bus to !he!7 the tires. What ha1e 4 'ot to doH 13. What did 05 brother tell 0eH 1%. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 2.

48 7no# about. Iani!e lo1es to !oo7. 48 loo7 up to. 4" it 'ets too !old in here. Charles used to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 0e be!ause he #ent to !olle'e and 4 didnBt.MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMthe air !onditioner. 48 thro# out. 11. What do 5ou MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM !han'in' the 0eetin' "ro0 Tuesda5 to Wednesda5H No one has said an5thin' to 0e about it. 38* . That snea75 !ar salesperson MMMM 0e MMMM pa5in' "or a lot o" options 4 didnBt #ant. 48 tri!7 into. -n5one #ho has done as 0u!h 'ood "or other people as he has deser1es to be MMMMMMMM %%%%%%%%.ter each one$ !lose do#n. 4 1. Could 5ou MMMMMMMM the li'hts MMMMMMMM please. 3. That !hi0ne5 is MMMMMMMM a lot o" !old air MMMMMMMM. 48 s#it!h o"". Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . +io de Ianeiro is so beauti"ul. 1/. 4% !ut ba!7. 1 . 33 let inlinto.uip0ent hadnBt been deli1ered.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. 4. itBs 'ettin' dar7. 48 put ba!7. and she espe!iall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM ba7in' "an!5 pastries. 2. 1$. 3 turn do#n. 4% 'et o"" on. 14. 6ost people MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a !old in "our or "i1e da5s. 13. 8. *. &oo7 at the arri1al 0onitor to see i" his plane has MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 5et. %. Those shoes are so u'l5. 4/ 'et o1er. 12. The anti'o1ern0ent ne#spaper #as MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM b5 the di!tator. $. 48 s#it!h on.ECERCISE 6D!' Revie5 . The !o0pan5 has de!ided to sa1e 0one5 b5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM on ad1ertisin'. 42 7no!7 out. 41 loo7 do#n on. The openin' o" the ne# "a!tor5 had to be MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM be!ause so0e e. 4t MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM #hen 4 sa# it. but she MMMMMMMM hi0 MMMMMMMM. Ii0 as7ed &5dia to 0arr5 hi0. Wh5 donBt 5ou )ust MMMMMMMM the0 MMMMMMMMH . 48 !o0e inlinto.

9fter school the principal will deal with the boys who broke the window. !ea%s 5ith a !ertain sub)e!t.i/ re o t #hat 5ou read and hear and better able to co-e + 5ith the ri'ht #ord #hen 5ou #rite or spea7. %oo0in/ it + in a di!tionar5.a%%en &ehin! or 'otten -i4e! + or & rne! o t' a 'reat i0pro1e0ent in 5our abilit5 to understand and use . and so on. Kee+ at it: Infinitive present tense ask out ask out < asks out &ing form asking out past tense asked out past participle asked out ($ as0$$$ o t p.in!in/ o t 0ore about phrasal 1erbs has +ai! o. deal with deal with & deals with dealing with dealt with dealt with ($ !ea% 5ith p. practice. but can deal with only one at a time. %here are many problems.v. that is #hat it is about. <ur marriage problems aren't really that complicated.v. come down to come down to & comes down to coming down to came down to come down to ($ co-e !o5n to p.$ 4" 5ouB1e 0noc0e! 5oursel" o t' st c0 5ith it. read an interesting article dealing with the issue of legali6ing marijuana. When 5ou as0 people o t' 5ou as7 the0 to 'o #ith 5ou to a pla!e o" entertain0ent in order to ha1e "un and spend ti0e to'ether. 3*/ . spee!h.7)$ 2(C. "il0. "$ !ea% 5ith p. 4t co-es !o5n to re'ularl5 &r shin/ + on #hat 5ou ha1e learned and. When a boo7. this aspe!t o" the situation or proble0 is #hat the situation or proble0 co-es !o5n to$ &earning a language comes down to practice.v. When the 7e5 to understandin' a situation or proble0 is 7no#led'e and !onsideration o" a !ertain aspe!t o" the situation or proble0.uite a surprise to 7udy. %he !akers called and asked the <rtegas out. #hat it comes down to is whether you're willing to deal with your drinking problem.n'lish has co-e a&o t > 5ouB1e en!e! + bein' better able to . arti!le..S (NG Kee+ at itM 4 hope the ti0e and e""ort 5ouB1e + t into . 5ou do #hat 5ou 0ust do to !o0plete the pro)e!t or to sol1e the proble0. When 5ou !ea% 5ith a pro)e!t or a proble0. #hen 5ou co-e across a #ord 5ou donBt 7no#. and not . %he governor's speech dealt with the growing crime rate. =ut donBt 'et stresse! o t and /ive + i" 5ou !anBt re0e0ber e1er5 0eanin' o" e1er5 1erb > i0pro1in' 5our 1o!abular5 ta7es ti0e.v. practice. !eing asked out by %om was .

l(ll pay that guy back for the terrible things he's done to me if it takes the rest of my life. 5ou #ait "or a short ti0e.v.v. "$ ho%! on EtoF p. 5ou a!!ept their o""er. and last winter we took him up on the offer.#nfinitive hold on present tense hold on & holds on -ing form holding on past tense held on past participle held on ($ ho%! on EtoF p. 5ou hold it ti'htl5 so that 5ou #ill not "all or be hurt. Mark has never been paid back for all his sister's medical bills. Han/ on is the sa0e as ho%! on$ *an you hold on just a little longer$ 'll be right with you. #e were holding on to each other as the tornado passed. When 5ou ho%! on or ho%! on to so0ethin'. #ould you lend me BA>>$ 'll pay you back ne"t -riday when get paid. When 5ou +a3 people &ac0' 5ou 'i1e the0 0one5 that 5ou borro#ed "ro0 the0. take up on take up on & takes up on taking up on took up on taken up on ($ ta0e$$$ + on p. 5ou hold the0 ti'htl5 to prote!t the0 or to pre1ent the0 "ro0 lea1in'. 5ou do so0ethin' bad to the0.v.v. *informal+ When 5ou ho%! on. #nfinitive present tense -ing form past tense past participle turn around turn around & turns around 3*1 turning around turned around turned around . "$ +a3$$$ &ac0 E"orF p. When 5ou ho%! on or ho%! on to people.v.v. When 5ou ho%! on or ho%! on to thin's. My brother has invited us many times to visit him in Hawaii. Han/ on is si0ilar to ho%! on$ #hen the horse jumped over the fence. can't wait any longer. When 5ou +a3 people &ac0 or +a3 people &ac0 "or so0ethin' bad the5 ha1e done to 5ou. 5ou hold the0 ti'htl5 to prote!t the0 or to pre1ent the0 "ro0 bein' ta7en. *$ ho%! on p. Sam grabbed the robber's legs and held on while the guard handcuffed her. 7ake shot Hank to pay him back for turning him in to the police. 've been holding on for fifteen minutes. pa% back pa% back & pa%s back pa%ing back paid back paid back ($ +a3$$$ &ac0 p. :icole has never taken me up on my offer to lend her the money she needs for her dental bills. When 5ou ta0e people + on an o""er. held on as hard as could. *old on to the rail when you get out of the bathtub 4 it's slippery.

7. 5orn9o t part. a "ailin' business. When 5ou t rn so0ethin' aro n!' 3o 0o1e it so that it "a!es the opposite dire!tion.v. 5ou i0pro1e it so that it is su!!ess"ul. %hese are totally worn-out. a losin' 'a0e. l need new running shoes. %his company was losing money. (ou should turn this house plant around so that the other side can get some light. and so on. but she still hasn(t%%%%%%%%me%%%%%%%%. ?eople who live in the city wear out their car brakes faster than people who live in the country. %he .. When so0ethin' 5ears o t or 5ou 5ear it o t' it be!o0es da0a'ed or #ea7 "ro0 use and a'e and is no lon'er usable. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith +hrasa% ver&s . and soon. t rnaro n! n$ A t rnaro n! is a 0a)or i0pro1e0ent in a bad situation. a losin' 'a0e.ad. ?laying with his grandchildren really wore -red out. "$ 5ear$$$ o t p. >hildren usually get too big for their clothes long before the clothes %%%%%%%% %%%%%%%%. I lent !ally :*. a "ailin' business.333 last year. +urning this money3losing company around is going to take several years. ad. "$ t rn $$$aro n! p. and turned around to see who it was.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ *. wear out wear out & wears out wearing out wore out worn out ($ 5ear$$$ o t p. When 5ou t rn aro n! a bad situation. 5ou are 5orn9o t$ l have to sit down and rest for a minute — %m worn-out..v. When so0ethin' is 5orn9o t' it has be!o0e da0a'ed or #ea7 "ro0 use and a'e and is no lon'er usable. but there's been a major turnaround since the new manager took over.ro. 3*2 . #e won the game in a last3minute turnaround. 5orn9o t part. When so0ethin' has 0ade 5ou 1er5 tired.v. Shoveling snow for three hours would wear anyone out.v. %he carpet in the hallway wore out and had to be replaced. When 5ou t rn aro n!' 5ou 0o1e a 1ehi!le or 5our bod5 so that it "a!es the opposite dire!tion. Someone called my name.($ t rn $$$ aro n! p. ECERCISE 7)a . When so0ethin' 5ears 5ou o t' it 0a7es 5ou 1er5 tired.uarterback completed four passes in the last five minutes of the football game and completely turned it around.

&inda isnBt sure #ho sheBll 'o to the dan!e #ith. this proble0 MMMMMM MMMMMM MMMMMM 0one5. and no# 4 !anBt #ear the0. Susie > itBs 1er5 !ro#ded here.3. 4n Ouestion 2. but 4B1e ne1er MMMMMMMM hi0 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the o""er. What has happened to 05 shoesH 3. but she said she 0i'ht MMMMMMMMTodd %%%%%%%%.ro. 65 shoes ha1e holes in the botto0. WoodBs ne# boo7MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM#ith pre1enti1e 0edi!ine. What has To0 been doin'H 2. 4. What did 5ou doH 3*3 . 4t #as so #ind5 that 4 had to MMMMM MMMMM to a si'npost to 7eep "ro0 "allin' o1er. 4 MMMM MMMMM that proble0 5esterda5. 11. ho# #ould 5ou des!ribe 05 shoesH 4. Carr5in' those bo<es o" boo7s up to the atti! MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM. To0Bs been #aitin' "or ten 0inutes. Ii0 dro1e ri'ht past =obBs house. and 4 donBt #ant 5ou to 'et lost. The !o0pan5Bs ne# C. 12. Iud5 told 0e that she said all those terrible thin's about 0e at #or7 to MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM "or stealin' her bo5"riend.pro'ra0 is. The !ountr5Bs e!ono05 #as bad. MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM to 05 hand.ectives' an! no ns . 1/. so 5ou donBt need to #orr5 about it an50ore.this section$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ 1. 8. MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM )ust a 0inute: Where do 5ou thin7 5ouBre 'oin'H ECERCISE SO& . &i7e so 0an5 thin's in li"e. 14. 13. 8r. %. Aou !alled =ett5 and as7ed her to 'o to a 0o1ie. but no# itBs i0pro1in'. so he had to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM and 'o ba!7. $. *. . The 0ain thin' that &5dia #ill !onsider #hen she !hooses a !olle'e is ho# 'ood the 6=. =rite ans5ers to the > estions sin/ +hrasa% ver&s' +artici+%e a!. 6i7e has in1ited 0e to his house "or dinner se1eral ti0es.( pro0ised the shareholders that he #ould MMMMMMMM the !o0pan5 MMMMMMMM. What is the !ountr5Bs e!ono05 doin'H . What is i0portant to &5dia in !hoosin' a !olle'eH $.

6s. 4* 'rossed out.ter each one$ beat-up. and 4 said 5es. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM ECERCISE 7)!' Revie5 . but the5 ended up #innin' the 'a0e. Sarah as7ed 0e i" 4 #ould li7e her to !o0e to 05 house to help 0e #ith 05 ho0e#or7. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +artici+%e a!.this section an! +revio s sections$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. What #ould 5ou !all the 'a0eH 8. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 3. 4n Ouestion 12. 44 pissed o"". MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM $. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM . MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 2. What #ill 6s.ro. 44 built-in. Cu00in's do a"ter dinnerH 11. 4 #orn-out.%. 48 s#it!hed on. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 4. The purse snat!her !ouldnBt ta7e 05 0otherBs purse be!ause she held it ti'htl5 in her hand. 44 stressed-out. / . and it 0ade Iani!e reall5 tired. Cu00in's #ill do #hate1er she needs to do to sol1e the proble0 a"ter dinner. What is 'oin' to happen to 6i7e to0orro#H *. Sha0pooin' the !arpet #as a lot o" #or7. What did 05 0other do to her purseH 12. 44 3*4 0i<ed up. ho# did Iani!e "eel a"ter sha0pooin' the !arpetH ECERCISE 7)c . =illBs baseball tea0 #as #a5 behind. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM %. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 8. 6i7e lent 2ran7 N2/. 4 turned on. 48 turned o"". and to0orro# 2ran7 is 'oin' to 'i1e 6i7e N2/. 4$ !lo''ed up.ectives . What did sha0pooin' the !arpet do to Iani!eH 13. 43 lo!7ed up. =rite ei/ht ori/ina% sentences sin/ +hrasa% ver&s . What did 4 doH 1/.rothis section$ 1. 44 s#it!hed o"".

4* han' on. 4* 0a7e "or. Could 5ou help 0e #ith 05 !al!ulus ho0e#or7H 4 donBt understand it at all. 4 turn on. 4 1. This sin7 is all MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 4 turn o"". 4$ thro# a#a5. While 4 #as dri1in' on the interstate. 4 turn out. Aou should 7eep 'unsMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM i" there are !hildren in the house. 4 li7e to lea1e the radio MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #hen 4B0 not ho0e so that bur'lars #ill thin7 that so0eone is at ho0e. 4. 3* . 2. 4* 'et to. %. $. 65 !ar loo7s prett5 MMMMMMMMMMM. 4 #as reall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. WeBll ha1e to !all a plu0ber. about a billion bu's splattered all o1er the #indshield. Wh5 is the air !onditioner MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMH ECERCISE 7)e' Revie5 . 6i7eBs reall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM about ha1in' to #or7 on Sunda5. Tr5in' to ta7e !are o" 05 "a0il5 and #or7 "ull-ti0e has 0ade 0e reall5 MMMMMMMMMMM. 13. . 4* 'et on. 4* 'et ahead. 4* 'et ba!7 to. 4 turn up. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . 8. 1/. 4t sure is hot in here. 11. 3.ter each one$ build inlinto. 2. Ce #as plannin' to 'o to the "ootball 'a0e. but it runs all ri'ht. Ia7e #as ni!e #hen he #as a bo5. 4* turn do#n. 4 turn into. 4$ !lo' up. 6ost !o0puters toda5 ha1e a MMMMMMMMMMM C8-+(6 dri1e. 6aria see0ed a little MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #hen she sa# 05 bi' bell5 han'in' o1er 05 belt. 4 "elt reall5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a"ter dan!in' the 0eren'ue #ith 6aria. *. 4 turn in. but as he 'ot older he MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a !ri0inal. 12. but no# he !anBt.1.ro+revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er /iven a. Stop botherin' 0e about #ashin' the dishes > 4Bll MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM it #hen 4 ha1e ti0e. Aou should 'et rid o" those MMMMMMMMMMM shoes and bu5 so0e ne# ones. and 4B0 totall5 %%%%%%%%.

Ca1in' a 'ood edu!ation helped 0e to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM. 11. 12.@ 4. The !ha0pa'ne. 8onBt lend 0one5 to 6ar1in? heBll ne1er MMMMMMMM 5ou MMMMMMMM.@MMMMMMMM the TV MMMMMMMM and do 5our ho0e#or7. 43 hold on. The tea!her said. =usiness has been 1er5 'ood? in "a!t. / put inlinto. 4% start o"". @-"ter 5ou MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 5our tests. / pa5 ba!7. 4 #ouldnBt ha1e MMMMMM the0 MMMMMM. 65 tea!her said that 05 pro)e!t #asnBt 1er5 'ood and that it #as ob1ious 4 hadnBt MMMMMMMM 0u!h e""ort MMMMMMMM it. 4% run out. Co-+%ete the sentences 5ith these +hrasa% ver&s . 5ou !an lea1e. / turn around. 4Bll ha1e to MMMMMMM MMMMMMM MMMMMMM 5ou > 4 donBt ha1e ti0e to tal7 no#. 4$ 'et to. / 'et ahead. 4B1e 'ained so 0u!h #ei'ht that 4 !anBt MMMMMMMM these pants MMMMMMMM. %.ro. 4 li7e to 'o to the super0ar7et on Saturda5 be!ause the5 MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM "ree sa0ples. 4* deal #ith. 2. 4tBs too hot in here? !ould 5ou MMMMMMMM the heat MMMMMMMM a littleH 13. / 'et ba!7 to. 1$. 4" 4 had 7no#n 5ou #anted those old !lothes. 4B0 al0ost read5. and 'our0et dinner MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM a 1er5 spe!ial e1enin'.' Revie5 . 4tBs hot in here? #ho 7eeps MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the heatH ECERCISE 7). so 4 MMMMMMM MMMMMMM the li'ht. 1/. / "rea7 out.ter each one$ as7 out. 4t #as 'ettin' dar7. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM. 3*$ . 4* ta7e up on. 4* 'i1e out. These stereo spea7ers #erenBt added later? the5 #ere MMMMM ri'ht MMMMM the #all. $.this section an! +revio s sections$ Be s re the +hrasa% ver&s are in the correct tense$ To chec0 their -eanin/s' revie5 the section n -&er >iven a. / 1. 4* !o0e do#n to.@ 14. *.3. "lo#ers. 8. 65 "ather said. this 0a5 MMMMM MMMMM to be our best 5ear e1er. / #ear out. . Who put all this stu"" in the sin7 and MMMMMMMM it MMMMMMMMH 1 . 3.

*. . We had a hard ti0e de!idin' #hi!h o" the t#o houses to bu5. a she said she #ould in1esti'ate and MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 0e. so she as7ed 0e to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM "or )ust a 0inute #hile she said 'ood-b5e to hi0. 11. 1 . $. 14. Can 5ou 0a7e so0e 0oreH %. 8. The president o" the !o0pan5 MMMMM the 0eetin' MMMMM b5 #el!o0in' e1er5one. 1$. and no# she is 1er5 happ5 and su!!ess"ul in her )ob. but she has MMMMMMMM her li"e MMMMMMMM. 13.4. 12. Ii0 li7es 6aria. Than7s "or in1itin' 0e to 'o sailin' #ith 5ou. 4 )ust 0i'ht MMMMMMMM 5ou MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM the o""er so0eda5. Ser'eant Iones MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMthe proble0 in his usual e""i!ient 0anner. but heBs too sh5 to MMMMMMMM her MMMMMMMM. itBs hard to MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM in the business #orld i" 5ou donBt 7no# so0ethin' about !o0puters. 4B0 not as 5oun' as 4 used to be. Ceather #as 1er5 e<!ited that she had MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM 'o ba!7sta'e a"ter the !on!ert and 0eet the band. No#ada5s. 4 hate #al7in' throu'h !e0eteries at ni'ht? it reall5 MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM. Iani!e #as tal7in' to her "ather on the other telephone line #hen 4 !alled. -nn used to ha1e a lot o" proble0s. 1/. but it MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM #hi!h one #as in a better s!hool distri!t. . 4 !alled the restaurant 0ana'er to !o0plain about the bad "ood #e #ere ser1ed 5esterda5. WeBre MMMMMMMM MMMMMMMM o" !o""ee. That "i"teen-0ile hi7e MMMMMMMM 0e MMMMMMMM. We li7ed both o" the0.

14. "ell "or $. 4. thro#in' up 12. 12.. too7. 'i1in' in 1/. heard about 11. She hears about e1er5thin'. 3i1e ba!7 05 tools #hen 5ou are "inished. Phrasal 1erbs separated b5 their ob)e!ts Ebut not ad1erbs or ad1erbialsF are indi!ated #ith three dots bet#een the 1erb and parti!le. "! 1. Ce spea7s -rabi! be!ause he !o0es "ro0 . on *. !a0e o"" 3. !a0e "ro0 . 4 donBt al#a5s 'i1e in to her de0ands.. o"" 18. The hurri!ane too7 o"" the roo". .. put on 13. 3i1e the0 ba!7 #hen 5ou are "inished. put. "i'ure.on 23. doDed o"" 4.into . 3. ... $. 'a1e ba!7 1$. or ellipted Enot repeated be!ause it is understoodF. $. Ce "i'ured it out. 8id . Aou "ell "or the0. 1/. She put the0 on. run into 1%. 1%. The patient didnBt pull throu'h. %. 3.. ta7eo"" 2. Aou ha1e to ta7e it o"". 2. "allin' "or 2. !o0in' "ro0 12. Aou too7 o"". !a0e "ro0 8. +e0e0ber that .uestions re. repla!ed b5 a pronoun. and . AouBre not 'i1in' in. sta5 o"" 8.. loo7in' "or . Ce al#a5s "or'ets to put the0 on the table. 8oes +osa "all "or e1er5 bo5 she 0eetsH 3. 3. 4 "inall5 "i'ured the0 out. 4 al0ost ran into a tree. 4 "inall5 "i'ured out the instru!tions. 2. (a 1. too7 o"" 4. Ce too7 2rida5 o"". 4. loo7ed "or 1 .. ta7e.uire !o0plete senten!es as ans#ers. . "a 1. 4. and #hether the ob)e!t o" the phrasal 1erb is repeated in the ans#er. 3i1e 05 tools ba!7 #hen 5ou are "inished. (c 1. sho#ed up 3. too7 o"" 14. run .. 13.. She put on her slippers. 3. The hurri!ane too7 it o"". Ce #as thro#in' up. 8id the si!7 bo5 thro# upH 2.n'lish > !ontra!tions are used 0ore o"ten than not and separable phrasal 1erbs are separated 0ore o"ten than not > but an5 'ra00ati!al and lo'i!al senten!e #ith the !orre!t 1erb in the !orre!t tense is a!!eptable. 8o the tops !o0e o"" easil5H 4. on 4.. Aou "i'ured it out. 4. 1 . #hether separable phrasal 1erbs are separated.. Ce "ell "or it. 2. run into 2/. *. . The5Bre startin' to doDe o"". 11. !a0e o"" *. These 0a!hines donBt thro# up spar7s.and 6rs. 6r. 2.o"" 21. 4t !a0e "ro0 the tenth "loor.uestions as7ed #ith you are ans#ered #ith / or we. se1eral 1ariations o" the ans#er are o"ten possible dependin' on #hether !ontra!tions are used. Ta7e o"" 1*..on 22. 1*. The5 didnBt sho# up. puttin' . ran into (& 1. 1$. thre# up .ri7 hear about the ne# )obH "c 1. 8oes the do' sta5 o"" the bedH . The5 too7 o"". AouBre ta7in' the0 o""..Ta5lor didnBt "all "or the sales0anBs pro0ises. 8. She doesnBt thin7 Ted #ill pull throu'h. too7 o"" 3. 4tBs ta7in' o"". 4 "inall5 "i'ured the instru!tions out. !o0e o"" "& 1.. 4t didnBt !o0e o"" the #a5 5ou planned it. Ce put his na0e on it. . %. She told 5ou to sta5 o"" it. pulls throu'h %. The plot didnBt !o0e o"" as planned. o"" 11. "e 1. 4 too7 the0 o"".uestions as7ed #ith / or we are ans#ered #ith you. 4 too7 o"" 05 shoes.. sho#s up $. it #as a ta7eo"". She 'a1e it ba!7. o"" 2 . 8. The5 donBt sho# up. 1/.Ans5ers When . put on 24. Aou ran into hi0. .. 4 too7 05 shoes o"". put. She put her slippers on. SheBs loo7in' "or it. put.out 1/. sho#ed up %. *. 18. ta7e. too7 o"" 2. Ta7in' . (ne o" the #heels !a0e o"" 05 !ar. The ans#ers 'i1en belo# #ould be natural and li7el5 in e1er5da5 -0eri!an ..'5pt. The hurri!ane too7 the roo" o"".

!alled in %. $. 'o alon' #ith *& 1.. doDed o"" 8... "i'ure . 4. up 2. . 13. 4 #as in =oston loo7in' so0e old ar05 buddies up. 8. 12. set . sho#ed up 4. 4. 2. 1/. Ce !heated on her. 4 #as in =oston loo7in' up so0e old ar05 buddies. set . loo7in' . brea7 8(WN 1$.. settin' up 18.do#n 13. to 6& 1. . settin' . 8adBs in the bedroo0 #rappin' it up.. Ce had a brea7do#n. Ce !alled 8r. The5 burned it do#n. brea7.out o" %.. The5Bre pilin' up. .. !heated on $. Ce s!re#ed the0 out o" N . The5Bre #rappin' it up. loo7ed at 8. 1/. loo7in' "or 7a 1. 4 ha1e to put up #ith it. bro7e do#n 1*.. Shapiro. 6! 1.ri7Bs telephone nu0ber.P 3. %. The !o00ittee is #rappin' their dis!ussion up. The5Bre piled up. 4 #as loo7in' a #ord up in the di!tionar5. 11. 4 set the ironin' board up. put. to 3. Ce !alled in 8r. pulled throu'h $. #ent a"ter 13. bro7e 8(WN 1*. 8adBs in the bedroo0 #rappin' 6o0Bs birthda5 present up.. 2. 4. %.. (ur tea!her handed the papers ba!7. "ind out $. 4t burned do#n. &((9 at 14. (ur tea!her handed the0 ba!7.. put. . 3.. pile . 4 set it up. 8. brea7.. 3i1e ba!7 %. pilin' . set. $. #ent a"ter *. 2.8 at 8. bro7e do#n 2. 8adBs in the bedroo0 #rappin' up 6o0Bs birthda5 present. thre# up 3. 8(WN 1/. !alled 4N %. !allin' in 1 . SheBs loo7in' up . AouBre plannin' "or the0. The !o00ittee is #rappin' it up. 'oin' a"ter 1%. pa5 "or 14.T $. *. Aou #ent alon' #ith it.. burn do#n 1%.$. !a0e "ro0 3. Ce tal7s do#n to hi0.ba!7 . =-C9 .. 'o alon' #ith 4. brea7 do#n 1$. brea7in' .up 11. SheBs loo7in' "or#ard to it. loo7s do#n on . *. 4tBs paid "or. "ind (. 2. to %. put. $. . 4 set up the ironin' board. 'a1e in . 'o in "or 2. pull throu'h %. 4 #as in =oston loo7in' the0 up. %. &((9. (ur tea!her handed ba!7 the papers. brea7s 8(WN *. SheBs 'oin' to 'o a"ter it.do#n 1/. 4tBs bro7en-do#n. The "ire"i'hters bro7e do#n the door.. handed.. "ell "or 2.. Ce !alled her in. burn 8(WN 1%. &((9 at 12. 3. pa5 "or . The "ire"i'hters bro7e the door do#n. . bro7e 8(WN 2. Ce #ent a"ter hi0. Ce pointed it our. 4. Aou put hi0 to a lot o" trouble. 'et . 4 #as loo7in' up a #ord in the di!tionar5. The5 burned it do#n. heard about 8. &((94N3 at 7c 1. 3. 3. Ce put it to 0e. !heated on 1/. plan "or 11. 3.out . up 8. The5 burned the old barn do#n.. pilin' up 2/. loo7in' at 7& 1. 4 #as loo7in' it up in the di!tionar5.. 8(WN 13. put up #ith 3. heard about 6a 1.P 18. Shapiro in. brea7s do#n *.. 7! 1. sta5 o"" $. pile up 4. . The !o00ittee is #rappin' up their dis!ussion. 4t #as set up.. points to 4. AouBre pa5in' "or it. loo7ed up 1 . #rap .P 4.. 4t bro7e do#n. brea7in'. !o0e o"" 4. 2.o1er #ith *. "all "or 2.up 1$. *c 1. handed . 4. s!re# ...///.... loo7 at 14.P 11. 'a1e in %. 4tBs loo7in' up. 6c 1. She loo7ed her up. The5 burned do#n the old barn.. #rapped .P 2/. !allin' 4N 1 . Ce doesnBt "eel up to it. "eel up to $... set up 3. 'oin' a"ter 1*.. loo7up 18. She should 'et it o1er #ith. She set it up.. Ce handed it ba!7. ran into 8. loo7in' "or#ard to 8. pointin' to 12. loo7 at 12. "i'ure out *a 1. The "ire"i'hters bro7e it do#n.

o1er #ith 8a 1. 8onBt let the do' out. plan "or 3. She held the ban7 up.P 2.T %. !o0e o"" . The5 ha1enBt held up.. AouBre 'oin' to see about !han'in' to a di""erent roo0.. 4. put. 8c 1. #ent a"ter 1/.. thre# up 8. Aou "ound out that -liBs e<!use #as a bi' lie.. Sta5 o"" 4. 14. The tru!7 ran hi0 o1er. held ..up 3. #rap.. The5Bre holdin' it up. 1/. 4B0 'oin' to ta7e the bro7en door 7nob apart.out 1*.. put up #ith 2. Ce bro7e in. 'oin' a"ter 8. P&-N "or 3. !o0e o"" 3. 'et around to . to 1/. 8onBt let out the do'. put. 0on7e5 around #ith *.up 23.. "i'ure out 8.. Ce #ent throu'h #ith it. The sno#stor0 he/d air tra1elers up. The tailor too7 in the pants. 1%. let out 1$. 4B0 'oin' to ta7e it apart. 3(4N3 a"ter 8. %. 11.. handed .. .up 4. P(4NT.. 22. ran o1er 4.. pointed . SheBs 'oin' to ta7e the0 in..P 11. boils do#n to 8.. Ce let it out. 'one ba!7 on 11. Ce #as ta7en in.. ta7e . The tailor too7 the pants in. boil do#n to %.in 21. handed.. on *. %. The real estate a'ent pointed the s#i00in' pool out. out o" %. 12. 'et. 'one ba!7 on 8& 1. 1$.. loo7in' "or#ard to $. ta7e . run o1er 24. $.T( 1/. 12. 1*. The tru!7 ran the 0an o1er. burned do#n 8! 1. There #as a holdup... The tailor too7 the0 in. 4t !o0es do#n to lo!ation. SheBs !uttin' a pie!e o" paper up. pointed out %. loo7 at $... 23. =-C9 12. let. hold up 14. !a0e do#n #ith . 4t ran o1er.. 'o alon' #ith %.up 2.. 4tBs setup..11. The5 too7 5ou in. #ent throu'h #ith 3. Ce let the0 out. 8. ran o1er 2/. 2. 4. 4tBs runnin' o1er. Aou didnBt 'et around to it.ba!7 12. 'et .. Ce bro7e do#n. 2. holdin' up 12.P 4. too7 . 7e 1. &((9 at $. 'oes in "or *. 1/. She set it up. She #as an'r5 be!ause 4 didnBt !all in. 8onBt let it out. 4B0 'oin' to ta7e apart the bro7en door7nob.. let out 2. 14. burned 8(WN :a 1.. 18 She let out a s!rea0. The !oo7 !ut it up. 1$. 4t held up the 'a0e. 4.. *. $. AouBre lettin' the0 out. 8. She #ent ba!7 on her pro0ise. 'o throu'h #ith 2.. 'et around to . %. The sno#stor0 held the0 up.. doDed o"" 14. AouBll 0on7e5 around #ith it. 3. 1 . She 'ets a lot o" satis"a!tion out o" it. Aou 'ot it out o" her. !a0e up #ith 12. Ce too7 it in... tal7ed do#n to 1/.8 on . 13.8 to *. 2. loo7ed . pile up 11. "inds out %. !heated on . $. :! 1. 4 "eel li7e 4B0 !o0in' do#n #ith a !old. holdin' . 'et out o" 1/. ta7in' .. CC. . loo7ed. held up 1%. Ce had a brea7do#n. pointed to *.apart 11. 'ot out o" 4. The sno#stor0 held up air tra1elers. out 8. too7 in 13. Aou too7 it in. see about 2 . 4t has held up. hold up :& 1. put. 1%.. . 4 #as run o1er. Ce pointed the0 out. The !oo7 !ut the 0eat up. out o" $. 13. 1 . . !ut . !o0in' do#n #ith 2. The tru!7 ran o1er the 0an. let out .in 1/. :c 1.up $.. Ce too7 it apart. ran o1er 18.. loo7in' "or#ard to 13. "elt up to 3. 3. The !oo7 !ut up the 0eat.. Aou told hi0 5ouBd 'et around to it to0orro#. seein' about 1 . .-T. The real estate a'ent pointed it out. pile ... She !a0e up #ith a #a5 to 0anu"a!ture her !o0pan5Bs produ!ts 0ore !heapl5.. The real estate a'ent pointed out the s#i00in' pool. 21. !o0e up #ith 4. "inds (. *.. 'ot.in 22. ta7en in *. #rap . 2/. 0on7e5in' around #ith $. Aou ra1n o1er and 'rabbed it. 3.

-"ter 05 a!!ident. $. 1/. 3. Aou !an han' up 5our !oat in the !loset. 4tBs burned out. . in 12. =ill has pi!7ed out a ne# !ar. 2. The ne# o#ners ha1e torn do#n the 'ara'e. "ound out 1 .. 12. run' . Ce didnBt !hi!7en out. torn do#n 1$.o1er #ith 14. o" 8. Aou 'a1e up on it. 'a1e up . #or7 up . on 4. *. The5Bre 'oin' to tr5 to brea7 out. Aou #ant to !at!h up. 2. 'a1e up 12. burn . 11.. hoo7 up D& 1. The5 tore it do#n. !at!h up %... The !ler7 hasnBt run' these C8s up 5et. loo7ed at $. s!re#ed . 14. =ill has pi!7ed a ne# !ar out. She hasnBt run' 5ou up. 'et .. 14. !heatin' on 11. The5 donBt 'et alon'... CeBs run' the0 up. pi!7.. 'ro#in' up 8. Aou didnBt "i'ht ba!7. "ill. The sheri"" burned the0 out. *. 1/. hand . #c 1.. "i'ht ba!7 13.ba!7 1/. sho#n up 4. pointed to 1/. =ill has pi!7ed it out.. to 3.. held up *. Toni'ht 4B0 'oin' to tr5 to hoo7 up 05 "a< 0a!hine. She needs to !at!h up. ran into 8. bro7e out 3. De 1. tear do#n #& 1. to 4.. "allen o1er . 4t burned out. 'i1e up 2. Aou as7ed hi0 i" heBs e1er heard o" the ne# sea"ood restaurant in the 0all.. 2. on Dc 1. 3.up . 1$.up $. #or7.. !hi!7ened out 14. The ne# o#ners ha1e torn the 'ara'e do#n.. 4 #as #or7ed up. #ith %. see about 1 . Ce "all o1er hi0sel". 4 had to 'i1e up s!uba di1in'.. ran o1er . 8. The 0a5or tried to #or7 it in. loo7ed . 8.. 'a1e. s!re#. The 0a5or tried to #or7 in a tour o" the "a!tor5.. 1 . The !ler7 hasnBt run' up these C8s 5et. !ut . up 3... "ou'ht ba!7 4. #ent ahead 1/. pi!7ed out 8.out 12... "allen o1er 2. !at!h up 1/. 'ettin' alon' 11. 11. 3.. SheBs #or7in' up to it. apart 2. The sheri"" burned the es!aped !on1i!ts out. 13.o1er 12. 1 .up 3** 8.. han' up 13...%... too7.. The ne# o#ners ha1e torn it *. "allen o"" 4.up 1/. 13. $. She hun' up on hi0. heard o" 2. bro7en out 1%. #or7 in $. 4tBs hoo7ed up. The 0a5or tried to #or7 a tour o" the "a!tor5 in.. 4 had to 'i1e s!uba di1in' up. ran' up 14. 1$. 2i'hts brea7 out. Aou !an han' 5our !oat up in the !loset.. to . The sheri"" burned out the es!aped !on1i!ts. 4. "ell . 'o ahead dri1in'.out *. laid o"" %. 4 had to 'i1e it up. Toni'ht 4B0 'oin' to tr5 to hoo7 05 "a< 0a!hine up. The !ler7 hasnBt run' the0 up 5et. "i'ht ba!7 1 . 4t #as burned out. hear o" 14. 4tBs burned itsel" our. in 11. "all "or %. #! 1. put up #ith Da 1. She has to 'i1e up do#n. rin' .. #or7ed up *. pointed to *. -"ter 05 a!!ident. Coo7in' up a !o0puter to a printer is eas5. on 2. 3.#a 1. han' up 8. #ith $.. ta7en in $. 4. 2. 'ettin' alon' 4. Ce #or7ed up the !oura'e to as7 his boss "or a raise. !at!h up 1$.. D! 1. pull throu'h 3. burned out 3. piled up 3. Aou !an han' it up in the !loset. let .up 11. burned out 13. pi!7 out %. 12. 'a1e in 13. The5B1e pi!7ed it out. . She !ouldnBt "i'ht ba!7 the tears. o" . %. 'oes in "or 1$. . AouB1e #or7ed it in.out 2. burned out ()a 1.. The5 told hi0 to 'i1e up. out %. 4t #ould be !alled a brea7out.. -"ter 05 a!!ident. 4tBs burned out. 4. put. The5 "ell o1er. Toni'ht 4B0 'oin' to tr5 to hoo7 it up. Ce said he #ouldnBt hear or it. 7i!7 ba!7 *. hand . heard o" 11. up $. hoo7 up 1 .

((C 1. 6i7e has #o7en -li up. AouBre 'oin' to tr5 it out. 1 . She told 5ou to "ill it in. 4t #or7s out to N*. ba!7ed .up 11.out ((& 1. up 2 . ta7e out 28. la5o"" 14. ()! 1.lt ba!7s it up. loo7in' "or . #or7 out 13. tal7 do#n to %. "ell o"" 23.. She 0ade a "ollo#-up 1isit. 4tBs a 7i!7ba!7. !ut o"" 1*. She #as laid o"". 1/. 6i7e has #o7en hi0 up.. 3. handout %.o"" 1/. 1%.. handouts .. 7i!7 ba!7 1$. s!re#ed up .. 4tBs a ba!7up. 6o0 as7ed 0e to ta7e it out. #o7e. SheBs "ollo#in' up. ba!7. !uto"" 3/. holdup $. 4 dropped o"" Pran7 at the airport. Aou #ent ahead #ith it. ba!7in' . in 1 .. 4tBs a "ollo#-up appoint0ent. 4B0 sorr5 4 s!re#ed 5our plan up. #or7ed out 1$. "ill. 6i7e has #o7en up -li. $. 4B0 sorr5 4 s!re#ed up 5our plan. 1/. "all o"" 13. o"" 2. 13. !at!h up 8.. drops o"" 18.. The5Bll be handed out. 12. 4. 11.. too7. #or7 out . AouB1e ne1er #o7en up at 3G3/ in the 0ornin'. The !o0pan5 is 'oin' to la5 05 brother o"". SheBs his ba!7-up. 2. The !o0pan5 is 'oin' to la5 hi0 o"". 1 . 3. She didnBt 0a7e a ba!7up.. %. "ollo#s up *.. . 8.out 2/. "ill-in $. 11. Wor7in' out is 'ood "or 05 health. 1%. The5Bre !uttin' o"" the po#er. ThereBs a dropo"". The5Bre !uttin' it o"".. #or7s out 1%... 65 #or7out routine is di""i!ult. 4t !ut the0 o"". 'ro#n-ups 2. put-on (). 14.. 6o0 as7ed 0e to ta7e the 'arba'e out. 13. tr5. #a7e up 12. ((! 1. "ell o"" %. 'o-ahead ()c 1. !ut. ta7eo"" 2. tr5 out 2%.. -le< tried his ne# bi!5!le out. 4tBs a ba!7up. 14. handed out 3.. drop . Ce too7 Iud5 out. $. !hi!7ened out o" ((a 1. 4tBs his ba!7up !a0era. %. Aour #or7out !lothes 'ot dirt5. 4 dropped 2ran7 o"" at the airport. setup %. 6o0 as7ed 0e to ta7e out the 'arba'e. 4. 3. ba!7 up 1 . #or7ed out 2$. ba!7 up 21. 4B0 ba!7in' it up.. 8. %)e 1. Ce s!re#ed 5ou up. 11. There #as a ba!7up on the interstate. !ut. 8. 4t #ill "allo"". She drops her o"". Aou bou'ht ta7eout "ood. out 31. out 24... hoo7 up . . ta7en . 're# up 4./// to the 0a5or. . 4. sta5 o"" 8. Aou 'a1e it a #or7out. *. The5 !ut it o"" 2. There has been a "allo"". 4tBs the !uto"" date. Aou ha1enBt "illed in all the spa!es. 4 'a1e it a tr5out. brea7do#n 3. 7i!7ba!7s 4. ta7in' . o"" %. #or7ed out 2*. 'et alon' $..o"" 22. 4t #ould be !alled a "allo"". hoo7up 4. 4tBs not #or7in' out the #a5 she e<pe!ted. "ill in 1%. 1/. *. 4. $. 21. brea7out . 12. 4tBs s!re#ed up. 4tBs "or 'ro#n-ups. 1.12. ba!7 up 4. 4. -le< tried it out. la5o""s 8. She #ants to tr5 out. up 8.up $. 2. Aou ha1enBt "illed all the spa!es in. ((e 1. "allo"" *. 8id 5ou ba!7 up 5our #or7H 8id 5ou ba!7 5our #or7 upH 8id 5ou ba!7 it upH 2. 3. ta7e out 14. pi!7 out 4. %. !ut. Aou ate ta7eout "ood. Aou 're# up there. 1$. The !o0pan5 is 'oin' to la5 o"" 05 brother. She "illed her in. 1$. 2. SheBs s!re#in' it up. 4B0 sorr5 4 s!re#ed it up. 4 dropped hi0 o"" at the airport... 18. 12. -le< tried out his ne# bi!5!le.. She told hi0 to la5 o"". The5Bre lettin' 0e 'i1e their ser1i!e a tr5out.. 1*. #or7 up 2. 4s the tea!her handin' out the testsH 4s the tea!her handin' the tests outH 4s the tea!her handin' the0 outH 3. . 2/. 'o ahead $. The5Bre !uttin' the po#er o"". 4tBs "illed in. ba!7 up 3.Ce ba!7ed up his a!!usation #ith photo'raphs. Aou ha1enBt "illed the0 in.///. 4 7i!7 ba!7 N3. s!re#up 3.. 3ro# up ()& 1. CeBs "illin' in "or (0ar. The5 #ere !ur o"". *. $. 'a1e up 3. la5 o"" 2.

"ill in 1$. !o0in' up ("& 1.ba!7 1 . run into 1/. She had si'ned out.out 2. out 1/... She #as hit on. !a0e a!ross .tra!7ed the0 do#n. 4t had "allen throu'h. !o0es a!ross 21. "allen o"" . put. 2. s!re# . (*! 1. 3. 4t #as le"t o""..up 11. tr5 . $. !a0e up 4// 18. The5 #ere handed in. ba!7o"" *. The )ud'e let the pi!7po!7et o"".. 4.*.up 2/. a#a5 8.. put up 12. set up . 4tBs !losed o"". s!re#ed out o" $. up 1%. !i'arette. planned "or 1 .on 13. heard o" ("a 1.P. The a!!ountant handed it in. 1/. up . drop.up 23. #ound up 2. The . "illed out 1$.. dress up $. 4tBs bein' !losed o"".. 13. -re the5 !losin' o"" the 'aller5H -re the5 !losin' the 'aller5 o""H -re the5 !losin' it o""H 3. 2. puts up 8. 11. 'o alon' #ith 14.. used up $...on 1$. The5Bd put up a "en!e. 12. CeBd !o0e up to Ne# Aor7. 4t #as s!re#ed on. The . 1%.. tra!7ed . The a!!ountant handed in her report. pointed to 12.P.. put a#a5 1%. put a#a5 . 4. SheBd "allen throu'h.. run o1er 1$. le"t o"" *. So0ethin' had !o0e up. #rap up 13. dries up 13.. dried up 2. Ce had put up a "i'ht. "eel up to 11. tal7ed do#n to 4. ba!7 up 11. 4t #as lit up. s!re# .. let..o"" 1 . hand in (*& 1. She had put up the 0one5. The )ud'e let hi0 o"".. burned do#n 2. "ollo#ed up 3. pa5 "or 2. put to $.tra!7ed do#n the polluters. #ound up %. let out %. planned "or 1 . butts in (6& 1. put up 2/. 4t had put the0 up.. 2. 1/. "allen throu'h 1/... !o0e up 11. 8. 4. CeBd ba!7ed o"".. !o0e a!ross 1*.P. The bride hasnBt !alled the #eddin' o"". ta7e out 1$. #indin' . put. ("! 1. dressed up 12.tra!7ed the polluters do#n. 4t #as lit up .out o" 12.do#n $. %. 1 .. "illed out 4. s!re#ed . 4 had !o0e a!ross so0e old ne#spapers. $.. . 8.. put . CeBd s!re#ed it on. out 3. #o7e . Ca1e 5ou le"t o"" Car0enH Ca1e 5ou le"t Car0en o""H Ca1e 5ou le"t her o""H . The5Bre al#a5s let o"". 'i1e . (*c 1. drop . #or7 out %. 14. !alled o"" 3. %. si'n . li'ht up .. loo7ed at (6a 1. dressed up 3.. si'n in 14. put up 4.. 'o a"ter (*a 1. up 1/. thro#n up 4. sti!7 up 1 . The bride hasnBt !alled it o"". "ell throu'h %. dries up %. The )ud'e let o"" the pi!7po!7et.. #ind . %. The . pointed out *. 4 told hi0 not to li'ht it up.... 4t had !o0e a!ross #ell. li'htin' up %. piled up 11. !a0e up 22... stu!7 up 18.. The a!!ountant handed her report in. Ce had si'ned in. CeBd said that it #as !o0in' up. . o"" 8. used . !losed o"" 8. 4 told hi0 not to li'ht up the 13. *. !alled in 8. 4t had !o0e up.. hit on 1/.up 14.o"" 12. 7i!7ba!7 13.. let. The bride hasnBt !alled o"" the #eddin'.. 4t #as !alled o"". !a0e up 3. !ut o"" 14. !o0in' "ro0 1/. 4 told hi0 not to li'ht the !i'arette up. ta7en apart 14. handed ba!7 1$. put up 1 .. $. "ill.. up *. stu!7-up . 4t #as tra!7ed do#n. le"t o"" 13. o"" 2.. #indin' up *. hand in 14. si'ned out $. hit on 4. put a#a5 1*... handed in 11. ta7en o"" 3. sti!7. *. 3. 'i1en ba!7 12. put a#a5 4. stu!7.

#ent #ith 22. "i< .. 4B0 'oin' to head "or Tu!son. 'oin' "or 1 . used up 4. s!re#ed up *.up 4.d put the0 a#a5 in an hour.. s!re#ed on 11. . S. The5 stu!7 the0 up. 'ro#n-up 12.. . 'o "or . stu!7-up 2. set. dried out 13. "i<. 11. 1%. 'et . headin'/headed "or 11. let. blo#n a#a5 1*. si'n in 14. $.a#a5 14.. !a0e up 2. "illed in 8.. Aou #ound it up. !arried on 12. lit up %. put . up 3. o"" 1/. !arr5. The5 belie1e in 0onsters. The sun .ui!7l5 dries up the #ater.. %. dressed up 1/. #ent "or 14. Iani!e dressed up her son. She didnBt 'et throu'h stud5in' until 11G// P. Ce !arried on. !uto"" . The5 stu!7 noti!es up. put up #ith 4. si'ned out 1 . Ce "illed it out.. 18. !ount on (8& 1. #a7e-up 1$. . 4t dried up.d put a#a5 si< beers in an hour.. She 'oes "or it. Ce #onBt set 6i7e up #ith his sister.. The sun . 2illin' the entire "or0 out isnBt ne!essar5. She 7ept buttin' in. 1/. . #ound up 2. (6e 1. ba!7ed up 1 . !a0e throu'h 4.. (7! 1. Ce !ouldnBt !arr5 on his !areer as a dan!er. 4t #as "illed out. le"t. tra!7 do#n $.a#a5 2.o"" 13. li'ht. Ce doesnBt belie1e in it. put up ..up . belie1e in $. blo# . 4. 2illin' it out isnBt ne!essar5. !o0es throu'h %. Ce #ound up in the hospital. up 1$. The sun . 4tBll be dried up. piled up (7a 1. !a0e throu'h 18. hun' up 2.. (6! 1. 3. 12. !au'ht up 1/. Ce put the0 a#a5. 2.. !a0e a!ross (8a 1. She isnBt 'oin' to 'o #ith blue. 1. belie1e in 18. belie1e in 2/. *. 4B0 'oin' to head ba!7 to San 8ie'o. 'et throu'h %. ... #or7ed up 11. on 3. 12. 4tBs 'oin' to blo# a#a5 the !o0petition. !o0e throu'h 1 . !a0e throu'h 21. . put a#a5 . 'o #ith 1%. 'o #ith (7& 1. "i<ed up 3. headin'/headed "or 8. 'et throu'h 21. up *. CeBll "i< it up. 11.. 1$.o"" 1$. 11. SheBll "i< hersel" up. $. %. 14. Ce #onBt tell on her.. The5 7ept !arr5-on ba's #ith the0. dried up *.ui!7l5 dries the #ater up. 4 !anBt !ount on hi0. 13. 4 #ouldnBt put stealin' past hi0.past 11. lit up (8e 1. 3. 'i1e up . paid "or 3. 2. hand in 12. !ut up 13. 12. !all. $. #ent #ith 2/. SheBll be "i<ed up. 8. set.(6c 1.. held o"" 13. held o"" 1/. SheBs sure that her "ather #ill !o0e throu'h. 4tBs 'oin' to blo# hi0 a#a5. Aou held o"" ha1in' !hildren.6. !arr5 on 1*. %. "ell throu'h 3. The5 !arried the0 on.. The5Bre dried up. . CeBs 'oin' to !o0e throu'h to#n. She #as dressed up. tell . SheBs 'oin' to tr5 to 'et throu'h to her. !ountin' on 4. 'oes "or 22. SheBs thin7in' about spendin' the su00er in =oli1ia.. 8. She dressed up. !arr5 on 1$. !ount on 8. 4tBs 'oin' to blo# the0 a#a5.. "illed out 8. 3.throu'h 1%.ui!7l5 dries it up.. ble# .d put si< beers a#a5 in an hour. The5 stu!7 up noti!es. *. Iani!e dressed hi0 up. 13. 4t #as #ound up.. s!re#. thin7in' about 2. 4tBs 'oin' to dr5 up. 1/. 4B0 #indin' 05 !lo!7 up. !losed o"" 12. hoo7ed up 4. !o0es throu'h 1/. head ba!7 23. #ound up $. 2.. 4B0 #indin' it up.. #rapped up %.. 'o #ith 12. 'et throu'h *. on *. 4t #ill be "i<ed up. The5Bre put a#a5. CeBs 'oin' to "i< 5ou up #ith a table ne<t to the "irepla!e. 2illin' out the entire "or0 isnBt ne!essar5... Iani!e dressed her son up. 1 .on $. loo7in' "or#ard to . bro7en-do#n $. set up %. 3. 4. The5 #onBt !o0e throu'h it. !losed o"" 8.. $. (8! 1. burned-out 14. *. ba!7o"" 11.. Aou !anBt !ount on it. 4. 1/. 14. 'oes in "or 3. 'et throu'h 23. 4. 4B0 #indin' up 05 !lo!7.

Ce doesnBt 7no# ho# to 'o about appl5in' "or a 0ort'a'e.. !hi!7ened out o" . brou'ht ba!7 %.. 11. Ta5lor "re. about 8. She !a0e o1er and loo7ed at 05 paper. . 13. CeBs 'otten ba!7 at 5ou.. le"t o"" 12. 4.. Ce said he hadnBt "i'ured on sno# in 6a5. 1/. 8. stood around %. !arried on 14. 'et o"" 11. !o0e o1er 14. 4 'ot o"" #ith a #arnin'.. 4/1 2. 4tBs "allin' apart.uentl5. So0eti0es these !heap to5s "all apart.ba!7 4.. Suddenl5 Pat ripped up 6i7eBs letter. 3raduall5 he #ore do#n 05 resistan!e.. 1 . (#! 1.. #orn do#n 8. These !heap to5s so0eti0es "all apart. see. *. "i'ured on 1/. 3et o"" 1 . Ce 'ets o"" at G//. 4.... 'et o"" 1 . Ce ner1ousl5 #ent about 0a7in' the bo0b. 'et o"" 1%. She 're# out o" it. set up $. Ce !anBt li"t it up. 12. Ce told hi0 to 'et o"" the 'rass. "allin' apart 11. up 4. 13. 1%.. . SheBll 'ro# out o" it soon. 14. 'oes be5ond 8. lined up 12. bro7e do#n 14. head ba!7 13. !ool .o"" . rip. line up $. "ell apart 13. 2ran7 #ill 'et ba!7 at Todd soon. 2ran7 #ill soon 'et ba!7 at Todd. Ce #ore do#n 05 resistan!e 'raduall5. put. "ind out 2. thou'ht about 3. brou'ht ba!7 . 2.. %.. !o0e o1er 1/. !a0e o1er 2. butt in (:a 1. #ear . +elu!tantl5 Ii0 headed into the s#a0p. 7i!7in' ba!7 11.do#n 12. pulled o1er 3. Aou stood around #aitin' "or the bus. She as7ed 5ou to 'et o"" the phone.1entuall5 Sall5 #ill 'ro# out other !hildish beha1ior. 'et alon' 3. %. head "or 12. 14. heat. !o0e up 14. 8. "i'ht ba!7 8. $. 'o throu'h #ith 4. 4tBs lined up. #or7ed out 13. 'oes #ith . The5B1e #orn do#n. heard o" 12. The5Bre tr5in' to #ear her do#n.. 'o about *. hand o1er 8. !ountin' on %. 'et. 3. 'et o"" . 'et around to *.. headin'/headed into . Ce said heBd 'et it o"" the table.. 'oes alon' #ith 11. 'ot ba!7 at $. "ell o1er 1 . The5 !a0e o1er. #or7 in %. 4t #as ripped up. . The5 bro7e throu'h it.. held o"" 4.in 1 .uentl5 !o0es o1er. Pat suddenl5 ripped up 6i7eBs letter. boils do#n to 13. 1/. 1 . 4tBs "allin' apart. "eel up to %. 'ro#s out o" (:& Ean5 t#o o" the possible senten!es sho#n are a!!eptableF 1. 1$. %. 3et o"" (#& 1. told on 8. !a0e