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CALCUL CASA PASCUTA CLAUDIU

CALCUL GRINZI DE LEMN PLANSEU +6.21 (~)
alegem pentru inceput sectiune 12x15 cm
kN/m2

l = 4m

d = 80cm= 0.8m

qutil =1.2

γ B. A. = 25 kN / m 3
γ LEMN = 9 kN / m 3
Ri =16.8 kN / m 3
mt = 0.8

pentru lemn de brad clasa II

− neefectuat al conditiilor de lucru

INCARCARI NORMATE

DE CALCUL

qutil = 1.2 kN/m2 x 0.8 m =0.96 kN/m
qsapa = 0.03 m x 0.8 m x 25 kN/m3 =0.6 kN/m
qdulap+rigla = 0.12 m x 0.15 m x 9kN/m3 +
+0.03m x 0.8m x 9kN/m3 = 0.38 kN/m

x 1.35 = 1.3 kN/m
x 1.1 = 0.66 kN/m
x 1.3 = 0.49 kN/m
P TOTAL =Σq =1.3 + 0.66 + 0.49 =2.45 kN / m

M ef =

P TOTAL × l 2
= 4.91 kNm
8

Pentru a asigura proiectarea cat mai economica, verificam si sustinerea
INCARCARI NORMATE

12x12:

DE CALCUL

qutil = 1.2 kN/m2 x 0.8 m =0.96 kN/m
qsapa = 0.03 m x 0.8 m x 25 kN/m3 =0.6 kN/m
qdulap+rigla = 0.12 m x 0.12 m x 9kN/m3 +
+0.03m x 0.8m x 9kN/m3 = 0.35 kN/m

x 1.35 = 1.3 kN/m
x 1.1 = 0.66 kN/m
x 1.3 = 0.45 kN/m

PTOTAL =Σq =1.3 + 0.66 + 0.45 =2.41 kN / m

M ef =

pt.

PTOTAL ×l 2.41×4 2
=
= 4.82 kNm
8
8

12x12:

12 ×12 2
= 288 cm3 = 288 ×103 mm3
6
4.82 ×10 6 N × mm
N
≤ 16.8
×0.8
3
3
2.88 ×10 mm
mm 2

W =

N
N
16.74
≤ 13.44
2
mm
mm 2

cm/80 cm
mt = 0.9

(X)

de unde rezulta ca vom alege rigle

12x15

12 450 mm 3 mm 2 mm 2 mm 2 W = ( OK ) CALCULUL CAPRIORULUI CALCULUL CAPRIORULUI bc =0.12m ×9 = 0.8 ×0.21 kN m x 1.6m × cos α m kN m 1 = cos α kN kN = 9 3 ×0.031 DE CALCUL 1 kN =5 ×10 −2 2 ×0.34 ×10 3 N × mm kN N N = 14.07 m d =0.45 ×4.028m γ tigla =5 ×10 −2 × hASTEREALA htigla =0.13 kN m kN = m3 .12m l =5.16 m m x 1.M ef = P TOTAL ×l 2 2.03 =0.2 = 0.9 = 15.028m ×1.6m ×0.6m γ LEMN =9 kN m3 1 kN kN 1 = 5 ×10 −2 2 × −3 10 −3 m 3 m 10 m =0.34 kNm 8 8 M ef ≤ Ri × mt W pt.12m ×0.09 ≤ 16.03m =0.04 kN m x 1.552 = = 6.17 kN m q ASTEREALA =γ LEMN ×d ×hASTEREALA × qcaprior =bc ×hc ×γlemn = 0.001m INCARCARI NORMATE qtigla = γtigla ×d ×htigla × ×1.3 = 0.3 = 0.12m hc = 0. 12x15: 12 ×152 = 450 cm3 = 450 ×103 mm3 6 6.

34 2 2 m m kN m2 Ct =1   13. K =1.8 × 0.44 kN 450 m2 pentru 12x18 cm: 8.8 = 13.44 kN 288 m2 pentru 12x15 cm: 8.53 M ef = kN P TOTAL ×l 2 = 8.17 30  µ1 =max0. constructiv. 8. pe celelalte alegandu-se 12x15 cm.q zapada = S k × ( d ×l ) = 2.11 kN m kN kN =2.34 ×0. 0.17 ×1×1×2 S O.55 kN ≤ 13. K .6 kN = 1.13 m 8 pentru W = M ef W 12x12 cm: 12 ×12 2 = 288 cm3 = 288 ×103 mm 3 6 ≤Ri ×mt kN m 2 ≤ 16.13 ×103 W = (X) 12 ×152 = 450 cm3 = 450 ×103 mm3 6 kN m 2 ≤ 13.5 = 2.93   =1. = 2 Cl =1 x 1.07.8 +0.41 kN l m 2 m S k = µi ×Cl ×Ct ×S O .8.13 ×103 W = kN m (X) 12 ×18 2 = 648 cm3 = 648 ×103 mm 3 6 kN m 2 = 12.8 × P TOTAL = ∑q = 2.44 kN ( X ) → alegem 12x18 cm pe deschiderea 2 2 648 m m de 5. deschiderile fiind mai mari.13 ×103 .