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Projects Name _______________________________ Date _________________ Block ___________

Physical & Chemical Changes Lab


OBJECTIVE: To differentiate between chemical & physical changes BACKGROUN : When a physical change occurs only the form of the substance changes! "hemical changes howe#er result in the formation of new substances with different properties! $ome general signs of a chemical change include a change of color or odor the formation of a precipitate %solid& the formation of a gas and a change in heat or light! 'n this lab you will perform different acti#ities and based on your obser#ations determine whether a chemical or physical change has taken place! $ATERIAL!: (atch "alcium chloride solution *oil $+uare !A"ET# Before lighting the match tie back long hair and secure loose clothing! ,fter e-tinguishing the match thoroughly douse it with water before placing it in the designated waste beaker! %$tudents will not ha#e any contact with any heat source! The teacher will show the class procedure steps ./0& Do not ingest any chemicals! ,bsolutely no goofing off! "halk $odium carbonate solution Tongs )inegar Water $ucrose "andle

(ortar and pestle Test tubes

PROCE URE 1our teacher will perform each of the following acti#ities and carefully obser#e what happens! ,fter each acti#ity complete your data table! .! Lighting a match 2 3ight a single match %refer to safety precautions listed abo#e&! 4! Lighting a candle: 3ight a single candle. 5bser#e the candle for 67 seconds! 0! Heating Sucrose: Take a pinch of sugar and place it on the foil! 8sing the tongs hold the foil o#er the candle for appro-imately . minute! 1ou %the student& will perform each of the following acti#ities and carefully obser#e what happens! ,fter each acti#ity complete your data table! 6! Crushing chalk 2 8se a mortar and pestle to crush a piece of chalk! 7! Mixing crushed chalk with vinegar 2 'n a test tube mi- a small amount of the crushed chalk from ,cti#ity 94 with #inegar!
Adapted from a lab at http://www.nisd.net/communicationsarts/pages/chem/docs/chemphys_lab.doc www.thesciencequeen.net 2008

Projects :! Mixing crushed chalk with water 2 'n a test tube mi- a small amount of the crushed chalk from ,cti#ity 94 with water! ;! Dissolving sucrose in water 2 'n a test tube dissol#e a small amount of sucrose in water! ATA:

Ac%i&i%y Ti%le

Chemical '( Physical Change

E&i)ence

Adapted from a lab at http://www.nisd.net/communicationsarts/pages/chem/docs/chemphys_lab.doc www.thesciencequeen.net 2008

Projects

ANAL#*E: Directions< 3ook at each of the following situations and identify as "=>('",3 or P=1$'",3 then e-plain why! .! , bridge is rusting_______________ W=1? 4! 'ce cube melting__________________ W=1? 0! "ooking a hamburger______________ W=1? 6! $olid ,ir *reshener_________________ W=1? 7! , pane of glass is shattered_________ W=1? C'ncl+si'n >-plain what a chemical & physical change is and gi#e e-amples of each! 1our audience is second graders! 8se complete sentences! _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ ________

Adapted from a lab at http://www.nisd.net/communicationsarts/pages/chem/docs/chemphys_lab.doc www.thesciencequeen.net 2008