Speed, Velocity, and Acceleration

Negative acceleration : decelaration or retardation Uniform accelaration : steady accelaration Motion graphs Distance-time graph

15 10 5 0 1 2 3 4
Higher Steady Speed Steady speed

120 100 80 60 40 20 0 1 2 3 4 5 Acceleratin g Stopping

gradient = speed Speed-time graph

Steady Speed
80 60 40 20 0 1 2 3 4 5 Steady Speed

Steady Accelaration
100 50 0 1 2 3 4
Steady Accelaratio n

Gradient = acceleration The area under the line = distance travelled Example= Area = width x length Area = 60 x 5 = 300 m

Steady/uniform acceleration : no air resistance Non-uniform acceleration : air resistance Free fall Downwards

If stone is trown downwards Upwards

If stone is trown upwards General equation

Forces in Balance Force (F) is measured by a spring balance Force has unit of Newton (N)

If there is no external force acting, an object will if stationary, remain stationary, if moving, keep moving with a steady speed in a straight line (Newton’s Law I)

Terminal velocity : a maximum velocity an object can reach. A Skydiver without parachute has bigger terminal velocity than a skydiver with parachute Force, mass, and acceleration Inertia : when an object resist a change in velocity, the more mass it has, the more resistance it has Resultant force =

This means the object moves to the right with force 5N

Resultant Force =

This means the object moves to the right with force 10N. Resultant Force =

This means the object moves to the left with force 2N. Resultant force =

This means that the object stops.

The more mass and the more acceleration it has, the more force is needed. (Newton’s Law II)

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful