Bmjv‡g Kvg I Kvg‡Kwj

(A‡óªwjqv cÖevmx †jLK Aveyj Kv‡k‡gi 6 L‡Û cÖKvwkZ cÖeÜ Ô†m· GÛ †m·yqvwjwU Bb
BmjvgÕ Gi e½vbyev` )
(Sex & Sexuality in Islam)

g~jt Aveyj Kv‡kg
Abyev`t †Ljvivg cvVK

(mZK©Zv: bibvixi †hŠbvPvi wb‡q GB cÖeÜ| ¯^vfvweKfv‡eB Kvgm¤úwK©Z bvbvwea Uvg©
e¨envi Ki‡Z n‡q‡Q cÖe‡Ü| wKQy wKQy †¶‡Î e¨eüZ fvlvi g‡a¨I ZvB AkvjxbZvi MÜ
cvIqv †h‡Z cv‡i| Kvg m¤ú‡K© hv‡`i ïwPevB Av‡Q, GB cÖeÜ cv‡V AvnZ n‡Z cv‡ib
Zviv| GB †kªbxi cvVK‡`i ZvB cÖeÜwU cvV Kiv †_‡K weiZ _vK‡Z Aby‡iv‡a Kiv hv‡”Q|
cye© mZK©Zv m‡Z¡I hw` †KD GwU cvV K‡i AvnZ †eva K‡ib, †mR‡b¨ †Kvbfv‡eB †jLK‡K
`vqx Kiv Pj‡e bv|)

cÂg Kwj
hy×ew›`bx‡`i mv‡_ †m·t
hy‡× AwaK…Z bvix/ †hŠb`vmxi mv‡_ †m·
Bmjvg hy‡× AwaK…Z bvix‡`i mv‡_ Aeva †m· Kivi AbygwZ †`q| GB wbqg Bmjv‡gi
†mvbvwj hy‡M cÖPwjZ wQj (Ges Aš—Zt ZvwË¡Kfv‡e †m AvBb GLbI envj Av‡Q)| ¯^qs ivmy‡j
Kwig GB wbqg cvjb K‡i‡Qb| †Kviv‡Yi †h mg¯— Avqv‡Z GB ai‡Yi †m· Kivi AbygwZ †`qv
n‡q‡Q, Zvi †MvUvK‡qK bx‡gœ DׄZ Kiv n‡jv|
004.024 (myiv wbmv)t
Ges †Zvgv‡`i R‡b¨ A‰ea Kiv n‡q‡Q bvix‡`i g‡a¨ maevMY‡K (A‡b¨i weevwnZ ¯¿xMY‡KI);
wKš‘ †Zvgv‡`i `w¶b n¯— hv‡`i AwaKvix- Avj−vn †Zvgv‡`i R‡b¨ Zv‡`i‡K ˆea K‡i‡Qb,
GZبZxZ †Zvgv‡`i R‡b¨ ˆea Kiv n‡q‡Q †h, †Zvgiv ¯^xq abm¤ú‡`i Øviv weevne× Kivi
R‡b¨ Zv‡`i‡K AbymÜvb Ki e¨wfPv‡ii R‡b¨ bq, Abš—i Zv‡`i R‡b¨ †h dj‡fvM K‡iQ
Z¾b¨ Zv‡`i‡K Zv‡`i wba©vwiZ cvIbv cÖ`vb Ki Ges †Kvb Aciva n‡e bv hw` wba©vi‡Yi ci
†Zvgiv ci¯úi m¤§Z nI, wbðqB Avj−vn gnvÁvbx weÁvbgq|
023.001-005 (myiv gy‡gbyb)t
01- Aek¨B mdjKvg n‡q‡Q gywgbMY|
02- hviv webqbgª wb‡R‡`i bvgv‡R|
03- hviv Amvi wµqvKjvc n‡Z weiZ _v‡K|
04- hviv hvKvZ `v‡b mwµq|
05- hviv wb‡R‡`i †hŠb A½‡K mshZ iv‡L|
06- wb‡Ri ¯¿xMY I AwaKvify³ `vmxMY e¨ZxZ, G‡Z Zviv wb›`bxq n‡e bv|
070.025-035 (myiv gvÕAvwiR)t
025- cÖv_©x I ew‡Zi,
026- Ges (hviv) Kg©dj w`em‡K mZ¨ e‡j Rv‡b,
027- Avi hviv Zv‡`i cÖwZcvj‡Ki kvw¯— m¤ú‡K© fxZ mš¿¯—
028- wbðqB Zv‡`i cÖwZcvj‡Ki kvw¯— n‡Z wbtk¼ _vKv hvq bv029- Ges hviv wb‡R‡`i †hŠb A½‡K mshZ iv‡L,

030- Zv‡`i cZœxMY Ges AwaKvify³ `vmxMY e¨ZxZ, G‡Z Zviv wb›`bxq n‡e bv031- Z‡e †KD G‡`i‡K Qvov Ab¨‡K Kvgbv Ki‡j Zviv n‡e mxgv j•NbKvix,
032- Ges hviv Zv‡`i AvgvbZ I cÖwZkÖ“wZ i¶v K‡i,
033- Avi hviv Zv‡`i mv¶`v‡b AUj,
034- Ges wb‡R‡`i bvgv‡R hZœevb035- Zviv m¤§vwbZ n‡e Rvbœv‡Z;
Dc‡iv³ AvqvZ Abymv‡i GKRb gymjgvb cyi“l, †m weevwnZ †nvK Avi AweevwnZ †nvK,
µxZ`vmx wKsev hy‡× e›`xK…Z bvix‡`i mv‡_ Aeva †hŠbm½g Ki‡Z cv‡i| Avqv‡Z ewY©Z
Ô‡Zvgv‡`i `w¶bn¯— hv‡`i AwaKvixÕ (Aviex - ÔgvjvKzj BqvwgbÕ, Bs‡iRx-Ôyour right
hand possessÕ) --GB K_vi A_© n‡”Q AwaKvify³ `vmx ev hy×ew›`bx| GwU GKwU Aviex
evMaviv| GLv‡b AviI GKwU welq D‡j−L¨‡hvM¨| cweÎ †Kviv‡Yi AwaKvsk evsjv ZiRgvq
†`Lv hvq- ZiRgvKvixiv Gfv‡e ZiRgv K‡i‡Qb--Ô‡Zvgv‡`i cZœx Ges AwaKvify³ `vmxMY
e¨ZxZÕ| Zviv cZœx e‡j GKeP‡b Abyev` K‡i‡Qb, cZœxMY e‡jbwb| gyj Aviex Avqv‡Z Av‡Q
ÔAvRIqvRÕ kãwU- hv RvIR k‡ãi eûePb| RvIR n‡”Q cZœx, AvRIqvR cZœxMY| evsjv
ZiRgvKvixiv †Kb cweÎ MÖ‡š’i ZiRgvq Gi“c K‡i‡Qb Zv ZvivB fvj ej‡Z cvi‡eb| Z‡e
Bs‡iRx Abyev`Kvixiv Zv K‡ibwb, ®úófv‡e IqvBfm (wives) e‡j Abyev` K‡i‡Qb|
cvVKiv hv‡Z evRv‡i cÖPwjZ evsjv Abyev` MÖš’¸wj c‡o †KvbcÖKvi a‡›` bv c‡ob, ZvB GZ
K_v ejv|
‡m hv‡nvK, eZ©gvb Rgvbvq hy×e›`x Kviv? GB cÖ‡kœi Reve LyR‡Z †ekx`yi hvIqvi cÖ‡qvRb
†bB| †h‡nZz Kv‡di‡`i mv‡_ wPi¯’vqx hy× Pvwj‡q †h‡Z n‡e e‡j Bmjvg cÖwZkÖ“wZe×, myZivs
Kv‡di‡`i †`‡ki mg¯— igbxB Aš—Zt ZvwË¡Kfv‡e GB K¨vUvMwi‡Z c‡o| Gi A_© GB `vovq †h
Kv‡di‡`i †`‡k emevmiZ GKRb gymjgvb (Zv †m weevwnZ ev AweevwnZ hvB †nvK bv †Kb)
†h †KvbmsL¨K Kv‡di igbxi mv‡_ Nygv‡Z cv‡i (A_©vr †m· Ki‡Z cv‡i)| GB Kv‡Ri R‡b¨
wRbv ev e¨wfPv‡ii `v‡q jw¾Z ev `wÛZ nIqvi we›`ygvÎI k¼vi KviY bvB Zvi| A‡bK
Bmjvgcš’x nq‡Zv Me© K‡i e‡jB em‡eb †h GBme Kv‡di bvixiv gymjgvb cyi“‡li ¯^v` MÖnb
Ki‡Z cvi‡Q - GUv Zv‡`i †PŠÏ cyi“‡li fvM¨| GKevi _vBj¨v‡Ûi GK †gmvR cvj©v‡i
K‡qKRb cv°v gymjgv‡bi mv‡_ †`Lv nq Avgvi| _vB †hŠbKg©x‡`i mv‡_ Zviv Kx Ki‡QAvgvi GB cÖ‡kœi Rev‡e Zviv A¤−vbe`‡b ejj †h _vB igbx‡`i mv‡_ †m· Kiv †`v‡li wKQy
bv| KviY _vBj¨vÛ Kv‡di‡`i †`k Avi Kv‡di igbx‡`i mv‡_ †m· Kiv cy‡ivcywi Bmjvg
m¤§Z| eZ©gv‡b c„w_exRy‡o gymjgvbiv Kv‡di‡`i nv‡Z wbh©¨vwZZ n‡”Q, we‡k¦i mg¯—
Agymwjg‡`i mv‡_ hy×ve¯’vq Av‡Q gymjgvbiv| hy×ve¯’vq mg¯— Kv‡di igbxivB Mbxg‡Zi gvj
wn‡m‡e we‡ewPZ nIqvi †hvM¨, Zv †m †hLv‡bB _vKzK bv †Kb| Zviv Avgv‡K AviI e‡j †h
†Kvb gymjgvb hw` Agymwjg †`‡k ågb Ki‡Z hvq, Agymwjg igbx †fvM Kivq †Kvb †`vl †bB,
GKvR cy‡ivcywi kixqZm¤§Z| Zv‡`i K_v‡K ZLb †gv‡UI Avg‡j †bBwb Avwg| †f‡ewQjvg
GBme †gvj−viv Bmjv‡gi wKQyB Rv‡b bv, wb‡R‡`i †fvMevmbv PwiZv_© Ki‡Z hv Zv evwb‡q
ej‡Q| Gi K‡qK eQi ci Avwg Bmjvg m¤ú‡K© óvwW Ki‡Z gb¯’ Kwi| Mfxifv‡e Aa¨q‡bi
ci we¯§‡q †hb †evev n‡q †Mjvg Avwg| eyS‡Z cvijvg, _vBj¨v‡Û hv‡`i‡K Avwg KvV‡gvj−v
†f‡e g‡b g‡b Mvj w`‡qwQjvg, Zviv wVK K_vwUB e‡jwQj †mw`b| Rxeš— Bmjvg wn‡m‡e
gymjgvbiv hv gvb¨ K‡i _v‡K, †mB kvwiqvi evB‡i wKQyB K‡iwb Zviv! wek¦vm n‡”Qbv †Zv?
ZvÕn‡j kvwiqv ewY©Z bx‡Pi AvBbwU c‡o †`Lyb|

we‡`‡ki gvwU‡Z wRbv ev e¨wfPvi Ki‡j †Kvb kvw¯— bvB (†idv‡iÝ-11, c„-185)
we‡`‡ki gvwU‡Z †ek¨ve„wË msNUb (committing whoredom) kvw¯—‡hvM¨ bqhw` †Kvb gymjgvb we‡`‡ki gvwU‡Z wKsev we‡`ªvnx Aay¨wlZ A‡j †ek¨ve„wË msNU‡bi Kvi‡Y
†`vlx mve¨v¯— nq, Ges AZtci gywjg iv‡óª cÖZ¨veZ©b K‡i, Zvi Dci kvw¯— cÖ‡qvM‡hvM¨ n‡e
bv, GB Kvi‡Y †h GKRb e¨w³, †m †hLv‡bB _vKzK bv †Kb, gymwjg ag©wek¦vm MÖnb Kivi
Kvi‡Y, †mLvbKvi (A_©vr gymwjg iv‡óªi) mg¯— eva¨evaKZv cvjb K‡i Pj‡Z wb‡R‡K `vqe×
K‡i‡Q| Gi c‡¶ Avgv‡`i cwÛZRb‡`i (doctors) wØwea hyw³ i‡q‡Q:cÖ_gZt- bex e‡j‡Qb †h- Òwe‡`‡ki gvwU‡Z kvw¯— cÖ`vb Kiv hvq bvÓ;
Ges wØZxqZt- kvw¯—cÖ`v‡bi weavb¸wji AwfcÖvq n‡”Q (Aciva) †iva Kiv wKsev mZK© Kiv;
G‡¶‡Î we‡`‡ki gvwU‡Z GKRb gymjgvb g¨vwR‡óª‡Ui †Kvb KZ…Z¡ bvB, myZivs we‡`‡ki
gvwU‡Z †ek¨e„wË msNU‡bi `v‡q hw` †Kvb e¨w³i Dci kvw¯—i weavb cÖ‡qvM Kiv nq, ZvÕn‡j
D³ weavb A_©nxb, KviY weav‡bi D‡`k¨B n‡”Q †hb kvw¯— Kvh©¨Kix n‡Z cv‡i; Ges †h‡nZz
we‡`‡ki gvwU‡Z g¨vwR‡óª‡Ui KZ…Z¡ bvB, kvw¯— Kvh©¨Ki Kiv Am¤¢e; hv †_‡K cÖZxqgvb nq †h
we‡`‡ki gvwU‡Z †ek¨ve„wË msNU‡bi `v‡q †mLv‡b kvw¯—cÖ‡qvM‡hvM¨ bq; Ges D³ e¨w³ hw`
cieZ©x‡Z we‡`‡ki gvwU n‡Z gymjgvb iv‡óª AvMgb K‡i, Zvi Dci kvw¯— cÖ‡qvM Kiv hv‡e bv;
KviY †ek¨ve„wË msNU‡bi mgq †h‡nZz kvw¯— cÖ`vb Kiv nq bvB, cieZ©x‡Z Zv cÖ`vb Kiv hv‡e
bv|
DccZœxcÖ_v (concubinage)t
ÔwW·bvix Ae BmjvgÕ (‡idv‡iÝ-6, c„ôv-59) MÖš’ Abymv‡i DccZœx ev ÔK¼zevBbÕ k‡ãi
Aviex cÖwZkã mywiBqv, eûeP‡b mvivwi| Bmjvg ag© DccZœx cÖ_v cvjb Kivi c‡¶ †Lvjv
jvB‡mÝ w`‡q †i‡L‡Q| GKwUgvÎ kZ© Av‡Q, DccZœxwUi ó¨vUvm n‡Z n‡e `vmx| ¯^vaxb bvix‡K
DccZœx Kiv Pj‡e bv|
`vmx wZb ai‡Yi- (1) hy×ew›`bx, (2) evRvi n‡Z bM` gy‡j¨ µq Kiv `vmx, Ges
(3) `vmxi mš—vbmš—wZ (`vmxi mš—vbmš—wZI cyi“lvbyµwgKfv‡e `vm ev `vmx)|
hy×ew›`bx hw` weevwnZvI nq, †Kviv‡Yi wbqgvbyhvqx (4:28) Zv‡`i fvM¨ m¤úyY©i“‡c weRqx
gymjgvb‡`i nv‡Z mgwc©Z| Ò†Zvgv‡`i R‡b¨ A‰ea Kiv n‡q‡Q bvix‡`i g‡a¨ maevMY‡K
(A‡b¨i weevwnZ ¯¿xMY‡KI); wKš‘ †Zvgv‡`i `w¶b n¯— hv‡`i AwaKvix- Avj−vn †Zvgv‡`i R‡b¨
Zv‡`i‡K ˆea K‡i‡QbÓ| GB DccZœxcÖ_v ¯^qs gn¤§` (`t) KZ…K ¤^xK…Z Ges wb‡Ri Rxe‡b wZwb
Zv cvjbI K‡i †M‡Qb| evby KzivBRv bvgK Bûw` †Mv‡Îi mv‡_ hy×v‡š— (5 wnRwi mv‡j) wZwb
ivqnvbv bvgœx GK my›`ix Bûw`bx‡K DccZœx wn‡m‡e MÖnb K‡ib| wgk‡ii kvmbKZ©v KZ…K
Dcnvi wn‡m‡e cÖ`Ë GK Lªxóvb µxZ`vmxI Zvi DccZœx wQj hvi bvg wQj gvwiqv wKewZ|
Rvjvjv‡bi (†Kviv‡Yi GKRb kxl©¯’vbxq e¨vL¨vKviK) DׄwZ w`‡q wW·bvwi Ae Bmjvg wj‡L‡Q
(†idv‡iÝ-6, c„-595-600)t
(1) `vmx hw` weevwnZvI nq, Zv‡KI AwaKv‡i †bqvi ¶gZv Av‡Q gwb‡ei| myiv 4:28;
Ò†Zvgv‡`i `w¶b n¯— hv‡`i AwaKvix- Avj−vn †Zvgv‡`i R‡b¨ Zv‡`i‡K ˆea K‡i‡QbÓ| GB
Avqv‡Zi e¨L¨vq Rvjvjvb e‡jb- ÒA_©vr, hv‡`i‡K Zviv hy‡×i gq`v‡b AvUK K‡i‡Q, Zv‡`i
mv‡_ mnevm Kiv Zv‡`i R‡b¨ ˆea, hw` Zv‡`i ¯^vgxMY `vi“j ni‡e RxweZI _v‡KÓ (`vi“j
nie A_©- Agymwjg ivóª ev †`k)|
(cvVK-cvwVKveM©| wW·bvwi Ae Bmjvg MÖš’wU‡Z 4:28 bs AvqvZ wn‡m‡e †h AvqvZwUi DׄwZ
†`qv n‡q‡Q, Avm‡j †mwU †Kviv‡Yi 4:24 bs AvqvZ (myiv wbmv)| gvIjvbv BDmyd Avjx,

wcK_j Ges †h †Kvb evsjv ZiRgvq G‡K 4:24 AvqvZ wn‡m‡eB cvIqv hv‡e| GB Aa¨v‡qi
cÖ_‡gB D³ AvqvZwUi eY©bv i‡q‡Q|)
Bmjvgcš’xiv eqvb K‡i _v‡Kb †h Avw` Bmjv‡gi ¯^M©xq I Ava¨vwZ¥K i“‡c gy» n‡qB wRnvw`iv
gn¤§‡`i (`t) m‡½ MvRIqvq Svwc‡q c‡owQj (MvRIqv k‡ãi A_©- bvix I abm¤úwË jyUcvU
Kivi R‡b¨ weag©x‡`i wei“‡× Awfhvb)| wKš‘ gn¤§‡`i (`t) Rxebx cvV Ki‡j m¤úyY© wfbœ wPÎ
†f‡m D‡V Avgv‡`i mvg‡b| GBme jyÚbKvix `my¨‡`i gyj AvKl©Y wQj Kv‡di igbx‡`i mv‡_
AcwiwgZ †m· Kiv Ges Zv‡`i abm¤úwË jyUcvU Kiv| Avgiv †`L‡Z cvB, hLbB gymjgvbiv
†Kvb Agymwjg †Mv·K Avµgb K‡i‡Q, Zviv Zv‡`i bvixw`M‡K GK RvqMvq R‡ov K‡i e›`x
K‡i‡Q| e„×v Ges wkïw`M‡K AwaKvsk †¶‡ÎB nZ¨v Kiv n‡Zv, KviY GB cÖRvwZ¸wj
wRnvw`‡`i †Kvb Kv‡R Avm‡e bv, fvi evov‡e gvÎ| Zi“bx Ges †mw· Kv‡di igbx‡`i evQvB
Kiv n‡Zv Ges wRnvw`‡`i g‡a¨ e›Ub Kiv n‡Zv| hy‡×i gq`v‡bB Zv‡`i Dci mIqvi n‡q
Acwimxg †hŠb¶zav wgwU‡q wbZ wRnvw`iv| AZtci nq Zv‡`i‡K `vmx wn‡m‡e Ab¨ KviI Kv‡Q
wewµ Kiv n‡Zv bq‡Zv gyw³c‡bi wewbg‡q AvZ¥xq‡`i Kv‡Q wdwi‡q †`qv n‡Zv (hw` gyw³cY
w`‡q ¯¿xKb¨v‡K wdwi‡q †bqvi g‡Zv †Kvb AvZ¥xq Aewkó _vK‡Zv)|
bx‡gœ ZveyK hy‡×i GKwU eY©bv †ck Kiv n‡jv| Be‡b BmnvK iwPZ gn¤§‡`i Rxeb PwiZ MÖš’
n‡Z weeiYwU †bqv n‡q‡Q| (†idv‡iÝ-10, c„-602-603)|
Zv‡qd I †nvbv‡qb hy‡×i ci gn¤§` K‡qK gvm g`xbvq Ae¯’vb Ki‡jb| AZtci wZwb
evB‡R›UvBb‡`i Dci Avµgb cwiPvjbv Kivi cÖ¯‘wZ wb‡Z Av‡`k w`‡jb| ZLb wQj †Nvi
MÖx®§Kvj| Avie DcØx‡c †m ermi cÖPÛ Liv PjwQj, my‡h©¨i Zvc wQj Amnbxq| GB mg‡q
Awfhv‡b †ei n‡Z A‡b‡KiB †NviZi Awb”Qv wQj| Awfhvb †_‡K †invB †c‡Z †KD †KD
bexi Kv‡Q cÖv_©bv Rvbvj| Z`m‡Ë¡I Awfhv‡bi Av‡qvRb Pjj †Rvi K`‡g| RÕv` web Kv‡qm
bvgK R‰bK gymjgvb‡K bex wR‡Ám Ki‡jb- †m wRnv‡` †h‡Z cÖ¯‘Z wKbv| Dˇi RÕv` GB
e‡j A¯^xK…wZ Rvbvj †h- †m Lye ¯¿x‡jvK cQ›` K‡i| evB‡R›UvBb igbxiv Acye© my›`ix,
Zv‡`i †`L‡j †m wbR‡K Avq‡Z¡ ivL‡Z cvi‡e bv| myZivs Zv‡K †hb †invB †`qv nq| gn¤§`
(`t) Zv‡K †Q‡o w`‡jb, AZtci RvÕ`‡K D‡Ïk¨ K‡iB cweÎ †Kviv‡Yi AÎ AvqvZ bv‡Rj
n‡jv- ÒZv‡`i g‡a¨ †KD †KD e‡j †h Avgv‡K (hy‡× bv †h‡Z) AbygwZ w`b...Ó(9:49, myiv
ZvIev)|
MvRIqvq †hme bvix‡`i e›`x n‡Zv, Zv‡`i ga¨ †_‡K gn¤§` (`t) ¯^qs †ek K‡qKRb‡K
wb‡Ri ¯¿x wKsev DccZœx wn‡m‡e wbe©vwPZ K‡iwQ‡jb| me‡P‡q my›`ix Ges me‡P‡q †mw·
†g‡qwU‡KB wZwb wb‡Ri R‡b¨ ivL‡Zb| wb‡Ri RvgvB‡`i‡KI wZwb hy×ew›`bx‡`i fvM w`‡Z
Kmyi K‡ibwb, nhiZ Avjx Ges nhiZ Imgvb‡KI wZwb D`vifv‡e gv‡j Mbxgr e›Ub
K‡i‡Qb| bx‡Pi nvw`mwU‡Z †`Lv hv‡e, Kxfv‡e gv dv‡Zgvi ¯^vgx bex RvgvZv †k‡i †Lv`v
nhiZ Avjx ew›`bxi mv‡_ †m· Ki‡Qb, †h ew›`bx‡K wZwb k¦ï‡ii KvQ †_‡K Dcnvi wn‡m‡e
†c‡q‡Qb| GKw`K we‡ePbv Ki‡j gn¤§`‡K (`t) eis †ek D`viB g‡b nq G †¶‡Î| GB
AaywbK hy‡MI KqUv k¦ïi Av‡Q †h wb‡Ri †g‡qi RvgvB‡K Ab¨ †g‡qi mv‡_ †m· Ki‡Z
†`‡LI mn¨ Ki‡e wKsev Zvi R‡b¨ GKwU †m·-cvU©bvi RywU‡q †`‡e?
mwn eyLvwit fwjDg-5, eyK bs-59, nvw`m bs-637:
eyivB`v KZ…K ewY©Zt
bex Avjx‡K ÔLygymÕ Avb‡Z Lvwj‡`i wbKU cvVv‡jb (hy×jä gv‡ji bvg Lygym)| Avjxi Dci
Avgvi Lye wnsmv nw”Qj, †m (Lygy‡mi fvM wn‡m‡e cÖvß GKRb hy×ew›`bxi mv‡_ †hŠbm½‡gi

ci) †Mvmj †m‡i wb‡q‡Q| Avwg Lvwj`‡K ejjvg- ÒZzwg Gme †`L bvÓ? bexi Kv‡Q †cŠQ‡j
welqwU Avwg Zv‡K Rvbvjvg| wZwb ej‡jb- ÒeyivB`v, Avjxi Dci wK †Zvgvi wnsmv n‡”QÓ?
Avwg ejjvg-Òn¨v, n‡”QÓ| wZwb ej‡jb-ÒZzwg A‡nZzK Bl©v KiQ, KviY Lygy‡mi †hUzKz fvM
†m †c‡q‡Q Zvi †P‡q AviI †ekx cvIqvi †hvM¨ †mÓ|
hy× R‡qi ci kΓ‡`i my›`i I †mw· †g‡q¸wj Zv‡`i nv‡Z Avm‡e, GB we‡ePbvB wQj
Bmjv‡gi cÖv_wgK hy‡Mi wRnvw`‡`i Ab¨Zg cÖavb WªvBwfs †dvm©| Aš—Zt Be‡b Bmnv‡Ki
wmiv‡Z ivmyjyj−vn MÖš’ cvV Ki‡j GB wPÎB cvV‡Ki g‡b my¯úó n‡e| e„×v, Kzrwmr Ges Lye
†mw· bq Ggb bvix wRnvw`‡`i Kvg¨ wQj bv| G‡`i‡K †evSv wn‡m‡eB Mb¨ KiZ Zviv|
gn¤§‡`i (`t) me‡P‡q cÖvgvb¨ GB RxebPwiZ cvV K‡i Avgiv Rvb‡Z cvwi, ûbv‡q‡bi hy‡×
GK e„×v‡K †Q‡o †`Iqv n‡jv, KviY Zvi gyLgÛj wQj kxZj, e¶‡`k mgZj, mš—vb Rb¥`v‡bi
¶gZv wQj bv Zvi Ges ey‡K `y‡ai aviv ïwK‡q †M‡Q| myZivs QqwU D‡Ui wewbg‡q Zv‡K †Q‡o
†`qv n‡jv (†idv‡iÝ-10, c„-593)| G †Kvb wew”Qbœ NUbv bq, GUvB wQj ixwZ| K`vKvi
nv‡mi QvbvwU‡K †Q‡o `vI, eywo w`w`gvB ev †Kvb& Kv‡R Avm‡e| Zvi wewbg‡q eis K‡qKwU
DU-`y¤^v †c‡jI jvf|
bvixgvs‡mi cÖwZ wRnvw`‡`i †jv‡fi AviI cÖgvb †g‡j Zv‡qd Ae‡iv‡ai weeiY †_‡K|
Zv‡q‡d wQj ZvwdK †Mv‡Îi evm| my›`ix Ges †mw· wn‡m‡e ZvwdK-‡g‡q‡`i bvgWvK wQj
cÖPzi| GB hy‡× AskMÖnbKvix‡`i g‡a¨ AwaKvskB †hvM w`‡qwQj jyUZivR I my›`ix
Zv‡qdbw›`bx‡`i mv‡_ †m· Kivi †jv‡f| R‰bK wRnvw`i weeiY n‡Z †`Lv hvq †h †m
AKc‡U ¯^xKvi Ki‡Q- †m hy× Kivi R‡b¨ GB Awfhv‡b kwiK nqwb, eis GKwU my›`ix ZvwdK
igbx Kâv Kiv Ges Zv‡K Mf©eZx Kivi D‡Ï‡k¨B †m Awfhv‡b G‡m‡Q, KviY †m Rv‡b †h
ZvwdK bvixiv eyw×gvb mš—v‡bi Rb¥ †`q|
evby KzivBRv bvgK Bûw` †MvÎwUi mg¯— cyi“l m`m¨‡`i nZ¨v Kivi ci Zv‡`i abm¤úwË I
bvixMb gymjgvb‡`i `L‡j Av‡m| ivqnvbv bvgœx GK my›`ix Bûw`bx‡K bex wb‡Ri R‡b¨
wbe©vwPZ K‡ib| wZwb ivqnvbv‡K we‡q Ki‡Z PvB‡j ivqnvbv †m cÖ¯—ve A¯^xKvi K‡i; weevwnZ
¯¿xi nIqvi cwie‡Z© Zvi wbR a‡g© (Bûw` a‡g©) AUj †_‡K bexi GKRb DccZœx wn‡m‡e
_vK‡ZB cQ›` K‡i †m| GgZe¯’vq DccZœx wn‡m‡eB ivmy‡ji nv‡i‡g VvB nq ivqnvbvi| Be‡b
Bmnv‡Ki eY©bv n‡Z Avgiv Rvb‡Z cvwi, gymjgvbMY hLb evby nvIqvwRb †Mv·K civwRZ
K‡i, cÖvq 6 nvRvi bvix I wkï e›`x nq gymjgvb‡`i nv‡Z| bvixgvs‡mi GZeo Pvjvb BwZcy‡e©
wRnvw`‡`i nv‡Z Avi Av‡mwb| bvix‡`i‡K wRnvw`‡`i g‡a¨ h_vixwZ e›Ub K‡i †`qv nq|
ivqZv bvgœx my›`ix ew›`bxwU nhiZ Avjxi fv‡M c‡o, Rqbve bvgœx Av‡iK nZfvMx c‡o nhiZ
Imgv‡bi fv‡M| bvix-gvs‡mi GK fvM nhiZ Ig‡ii fv‡M¨I Ry‡UwQj, Z‡e fvMwU wZwb wb‡R
bv wb‡q †fvM Kivi R‡b¨ Zv wcÖh cyÎ Avãyj−vni nv‡Z Zz‡j †`b (cÖv¸³, c„-592-593)|
‰bwZKZv Ges b¨vqwePv‡ii K_v fve‡Qb Avcwb? n¨v, Amnvq wbiciva ew›`bx‡`i mv‡_ `qvj
bexi b¨vqwePv‡ii GB n‡jv bgybv| ïay ivqnvbv bq, RvIqvwniv Ges mvwdqv bvgœx AviI `yB
iw¶Zv wQj bexi| RIqvwniv Zvi nv‡Z Av‡m evby Avj-gy¯—vwjK Awfhvb †_‡K, mvwdqv Av‡m
Lvqev‡ii evby bvwRi †Mv‡Îi wei“‡× cwiPvwjZ Awfhvb †_‡K| GLv‡b D‡j−L Kiv cÖ‡qvRb †h
gn¤§‡`i DcZœx‡`i AwaKvskB wQj nq Bûw` bq‡Zv L„óvb| (ivqnvb, RIqvwniv I mvwdqv wQj
Bûw`, gvwiqv wKewZ wQj L„óvb)| gyL evPv‡Z Bmjvgcš’xiv GLbB mg¯^‡i †Kvivm †M‡q
DV‡eb †h gn¤§` e‡ovB `qvjy wQ‡jb, Hme Amnvq Zi“bx‡`i `ytL †`‡L Zvi †Kvgj cÖvY †Ku‡`
DVj| ZvB wZwb Zv‡`i MÖnb K‡i `vmx wn‡m‡e wewµ nIqvi nvZ †_‡K Zv‡`i i¶v K‡i‡Qb|
Zviv Avgv‡`i‡K AviI we‡k¦m Ki‡Z ej‡eb †h Hme ew›`bxiv gn¤§`‡K we‡q K‡i LyeB myLx
n‡qwQj KviY gn¤§`‡K †`LvgvÎ Zvi †cÖ‡g gv‡Zvqviv n‡q c‡owQj Zviv| Kx Awek¦vm¨ Acye©

hyw³, wjwLZfv‡e gvby‡li BwZnvm ïi“ nIqvi ci †_‡K Ggb AKvU¨ hyw³ †KD Avwe¯‹vi Ki‡Z
†c‡i‡Q e‡j Aš—Zt Avgvi Rvbv †bB| gvÎ N›UvK‡qK Av‡M hvi nv‡Z Zvi †mœngq wcZv cÖvY
w`‡q‡Q, eo Av`‡ii fvBwU AKv‡j S‡i †M‡Q, †cÖggq ¯^vgxi wcÖqgyLwU A‡k¦i LyivNv‡Z
`wjZgw_Z n‡q‡Q- †mB nZ¨vKvixi †cÖ‡g †m ivZvivwZ cvMj n‡q †Mj ! gn¤§` hv K‡i‡Qb,
†m hy‡M ZvB wQj ixwZ| GKwesk kZvwãi †`vi‡Mvovq G‡m KZ¸wj †Lvov hyw³ w`‡q †mB eb¨
ixwZ‡K RvwódvB Kiv AgvbweK| gvbeZvi cÖwZ Pig AegvbbvKi|
Gi Av‡MI ejv n‡q‡Q, Kv‡di‡`i wei“‡× gymwjg evwnbxi cwiPvwjZ Awfhv‡bi †cQ‡b
WªvBwfs †dvm© wn‡m‡e KvR K‡i‡Q Kv‡di igbx‡`i imv‡jv kix‡ii cÖwZ wRnvw`‡`i AcwiwgZ
†jvf| GZB cÖPÛ wQj †mB †jvf †h KvswLZ bvixwU KivqË nIqvi ci we›`ygvÎ wej¤^ mB‡Zv
bv wRnvw`‡`i| ew›`bx‡`i FZzmªveI wbe„Ë Ki‡Z cvi‡Zv bv Zv‡`i, Zvi gv‡SB ew›`bx‡`i
Dci P‡o em‡Zv Zviv| GgZe¯’vq ¯^qs Avj−vncvK‡K evYx wb‡q GwM‡q Avm‡Z n‡jv, wWwµ
Rvix Ki‡Z n‡jv †h wcwiqW †kl nIqvi c‡iB †Kej ew›`bx‡`i al©Y Kiv hv‡e| Hme
Bmjvgx ˆmwbK‡`i †hŠbZvobv GZUvB ee©i I N„b¨ wQj †h Zviv GgbwK †KvbcÖKvi †MvcbxqZv
Aej¤^‡biI avi aviZ bv| GgbI n‡q‡Q †h ¯^vgx‡`i mvg‡bB ew›`bx‡`i Dci Svwc‡q c‡o‡Q
wRnvw`iv| ¯¿x‡K GK bicï Lve‡j Lv‡”Q, e›`x ¯^vgx †PvL †g‡j ZvB †`L‡Q| gvbeZvi GZ eo
Acgvb wek¦msmv‡i Avi KLbI N‡U‡Q Kx?
bx‡Pi nvw`m `ywU co–b Ges hy×e›`x‡`i gh©¨v`vi cÖ‡kœ †R‡bfv Kb‡fbk‡b iwPZ AvB‡bi mv‡_
Ck¦icÖ`Ë Bmjvgx AvB‡bi Zzjbv Ki“b|
cÖ_g nvw`mwU‡Z ejv n‡q‡Q †h wKQy wKQy ew›`bx wQj hviv wQj weevwnZv Ges Zv‡`i ¯^vgx
ZLbI †e‡P, hw`I ¯^vgxiv wQj Agymwjg Kv‡di| GB ai‡Yi ew›`bx‡`i mv‡_ †m· Ki‡Z †Kvb
†Kvb wRnvw` m‡¼vP †eva KiZ| †KD †KD Avevi civwRZ kΓwUi mvg‡bB Zvi ¯¿x‡K †fvM
Ki‡Z †ekx cQ›` KiZ| G GK ai‡Yi †hŠbweK…wZ, hvi wKQy bgybv Avgiv †`‡LwQ GKvˇi,
evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³hy‡×i mgq| cvÄvwe Ges cvVvb ˆmb¨iv GKvˇi evOvwj igbx‡`i Dci hv
K‡i‡Q, Zvi cyY© mg_©b †g‡j GB nvw`m¸wj n‡Z| Bqvwnqvi Rj−v` evwnbx GKvˇi hv wKQyB
K‡i _vKzK, Bmjvgx kv‡¯¿i evB‡i wKQy K‡iwb| Bmjv‡gi cÖv_wgK MvRIqv¸wj‡Z bexi evwnbx
wVK GgbwUB KiZ|
wØZxq nvw`mwU‡Z ejv n‡q‡Q †h A‡bK wRnvw`B †cŠËwjK ¯^vgxwUi mvg‡b Zvi ¯¿xi Dci
ejvrKvi Ki‡Z wØavwš^Z wQj| wKš‘ gn¤§` GLv‡b wec‡`i MÜ †c‡qwQ‡jb, wZwb Dcjwä
Ki‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb †h wRnvw`iv hv Ki‡Z Pvq Zv Ki‡Z bv w`‡j wec‡`i m¤¢vebv Av‡Q| wZwb
eyS‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb †h Avj−vn hw` GB Avb‡›`vrm‡ei AbygwZ bv †`b, wRnvw`iv †e‡K em‡Z
cv‡i, Zv‡`i mg_©b ï‡b¨ wgwj‡q †h‡Z Lye †ekx †`ix n‡e bv| myZivs bex gnvgwng Avj−vni
ga¨¯’Zv hv”Tv Ki‡jb, ZwirMwZ‡Z Avik-‡gvqvj−v †_‡K gÄywi †b‡g G‡jv| gnvb Avj−vn
Kv‡di igbx‡`i (weevwnZv n‡jI) †fvM Kivi AbygwZ cÖ`vb K‡i ab¨ Ki‡jb wRnvw`‡`i|
wKQy wKQy wRnvw` ¯^vgx eZ©gvb _vK‡ZI ew›`bx‡`i mv‡_ †m· K‡i Ges †KD †KD Zv Ki‡Z
wØavMÖ¯’ nq| (mybvb Avey `vD`t 11:2150)|
mybvb Avey `vD`t eyK bs-11, nvw`m bs-2150:
Avey mvB` Avj Ly`wi e‡jb- Òûbv‡qb hy‡×i mgq Avj−vni ivmyj (`t) AvIZv‡m GK Awfhvb
cvVvb| Zv‡`i mv‡_ kΓ‡`i †gvKv‡ejv n‡jv Ges hy× n‡jv| Zviv Zv‡`i civwRZ Kij Ges
e›`x Kij| ivmyjyj−vni (`t) K‡qKRb AbyPi ew›`bx‡`i ¯^vgx‡`i mvg‡b Zv‡`i mv‡_

†hŠbm½g Ki‡Z AcQ›` Ki‡jb| Zviv (¯^vgxiv) wQj Awek¦vmx Kv‡di)| myZivs gnvb Avj−vn
†Kviv‡Yi AvqvZ bv‡Rj Ki‡jb- Òmg¯— weevwnZ ¯¿xMY (†Zvgv‡`i R‡b¨ A‰ea); wKš‘
†Zvgv‡`i `w¶b n¯— hv‡`i AwaKvix (hy×ew›`bx)- Avj−vn †Zvgv‡`i R‡b¨ Zv‡`i‡K ˆea
K‡i‡QbÓ| A_©vr- wcwiqW †kl n‡j Zviv Zv‡`i R‡b¨ ˆea (4:24)|
hy×ew›`bxi mv‡_ mnevm ˆea, Z‡e kZ© _v‡K †h Zvi gvwmK mªve †kl †M‡Q wKsev Mf©eZx n‡j
Zvi Mf© Lvjvm n‡q †M‡Q| Zvi hw` ¯^vgx †_‡K _v‡K, e›`x nIqvi ci †m weevn evwZj e‡j
Mb¨ n‡e| (†KvivY-4:24, mwn gymwjg-8:3432)|
mwn gymwjgt eyK bs-8, nvw`m bs-3432:
Avey mvB` Avj Ly`wi (ivt) e‡j‡Qb †h ûbv‡q‡bi hy×Kv‡j Avj−vni ivmyj (`t) AvIZvm
†Mv‡Îi wei“‡× GK`j ˆmb¨ cvVvb| Zviv Zv‡`i gy‡LvgywL n‡jv Ges Zv`i mv‡_ hy‡× AeZxY©
n‡jv| hy‡× civwRZ Kivi ci wKQy e›`x Zv‡`i nv‡Z Avmj| ivmyjyj−vni (`t) wKQy mvnvwe
wQ‡jb hviv ew›`bx‡`i mv‡_ mnevm Ki‡Z weiZ _vK‡Z PvB‡jb, KviY Zv‡`i ¯^vgxiv wQj
RxweZ, wKš‘ eû Ck¦iev`x| ZLb gnvb Avj−vn G m¤úwK©Z AvqvZwU bv‡Rj Ki‡jb- ÒGes
weevwnZ bvixMY †Zvgv‡`i R‡b¨ Aˆea, Z‡e hviv †Zvgv‡`i `w¶b n‡¯—i AwaKv‡i Av‡Q
Zv‡`i QvovÓ|
GLv‡b GKwU cÖkœ G‡m hvq| wRnvw`‡`i Db¥Ë al©YcÖwµqvi d‡j hw` ew›`bxwUi Mf©mÂvi nq
Zvn‡j Kx n‡e? A‡bK wRnvw`B PvBZ bv †h Zv‡`i †m·-‡gwkbwU ZvovZvwo Mf©mÂvi K‡i
emyK, myZivs Zviv exh©¨cv‡Zi wVK cye©gyû‡Z© wj½wU †ei K‡i wb‡q AvmZ| GB cÖ_v m¤ú‡K©
gn¤§‡`i (`t) g‡bvfve wQj †Nvjv‡U, KLbI Zv‡K GB cÖ_vi wei“‡× K_v ej‡Z †`Lv hvq,
KLbI ev Zv‡K wbi‡c¶ fywgKv cvjb Ki‡Z †`Lv hvq| Gm¤ú‡K© †MvUvK‡qK my›`i nvw`m
D‡j−L Kiv n‡jv| (KqUvm B›Uvivckb ev †hvwbi evB‡i exh©¨cvZ m¤ú‡K© we¯—vwiZ weeiY
cvIqv hv‡e GB wmwi‡Ri 3 bs Kwj‡Z)|
evby Avj-gy¯—vwjK †Mv‡Îi ew›`bx‡`i †¶‡Î KqUvm B›Uvivckb cvjb Ki‡Z gn¤§` AbygwZ
†`bwb, Z‡e ew›`bx‡`i al©Y Kivi †¶‡Î Zvi †Kvb wb‡la wQj bv (5:59:459)|
mwn eyLvwit fwjDg-5, eyK bs-59, nvw`m bs-459:
Be‡b gynvBwiR n‡Z ewY©Zt
Avwg gmwR‡` cª‡ek Kijvg Ges Avey mvB` Avj-Ly`wi‡K †`L‡Z †cjvg| Avwg Zvi cv‡k
Dc‡ekb K‡i Zvi Kv‡Q AvRj (KqUvm B›Uvivckb) m¤ú‡K© Rvb‡Z PvBjvg| Avey mvB`
ejj- ÒAvgiv ivmyjyj−vni mv‡_ evby gy¯—vwjK‡`i wei“‡× GK Awfhv‡b hvB| wKQy Avie ew›`bx
Avgv‡`i n¯—MZ nq| Avgiv cÖejfv‡e bvixm½ Kvgbv KiwQjvg; bvixm½weewR©Z Rxeb
Avgv‡`i R‡b¨ KwVb n‡q c‡owQj Ges Avgiv AvRj Ki‡Z PvBjvg| Avgiv ejjvg- Avj−vni
ivmyj Avgv‡`i gv‡S nvwRi _vK‡Z Zvi Kv‡Q wR‡Ám bv K‡i Kx K‡i GKvR Kwi? Avgiv G
m¤ú‡K© Zvi Kv‡Q Rvb‡Z PvB‡j wZwb e‡jb- GUv bv KivB eis †Zvgv‡`i R‡b¨ fvj| KviY
†Kvb AvZ¥v Rb¥ †bIqvi n‡j Zv Rb¥v‡eB, cybi“Ìv‡bi w`b ch©¨š—Ó|
hy×bw›`bx‡`i mv‡_ †m· Kivi XvjvI AbygwZ Av‡Q Bmjv‡g- GB mZ¨Uv †g‡b wb‡Z A‡bK
Bmjvgcš’xi eo Kó nq| GB ee©i cÖ_vi g‡a¨ jy°vwqZ AgvbweKZv‡K XvKv w`‡Z Zviv
bvbvi“c hyw³ Lvov K‡ib| Zviv AvgZv AvgZv K‡i e‡jb- Ò†`L, †KvbwKQyi fvjg›` hvPvB
Ki‡Z n‡j †Zvgv‡K Aek¨B cvwicvwk©KZv ev ¯’vbKvj we‡ePbvq ivL‡Z n‡e| Bmjv‡gi
cÖv_wgK hy‡M hy×ew›`bx‡`i mv‡_ †m· Kivi †h cÖ_v Pvjy wQj, Zvi A‡bK fyj e¨vL¨v n‡”Q

GLb| †mB mg‡q hy×ew›`bx‡`i mv‡_ †m· Kiv †`v‡li wKQy wQj bv| gymjgvb ˆmwbK‡`i‡K
Zv‡`i M„n n‡Z eû `y‡i hy× GjvKvq cvVv‡bv n‡Zv| eûw`b hver ¯¿xm½ n‡Z weiZ _vK‡Z
n‡Zv Zv‡`i| myZivs Zv‡`i †hŠb¶zav †gUv‡Z Avj−vn Gi AbygwZ w`‡qwQ‡jb| ZvQvov
ew›`bx‡`iI †hŠb¶zav wQj, cyi“‡li †Qvqv Qvov Zviv evKx RxebUv KvUv‡eB ev Kx K‡i? myZivs
G wQj †bnv‡qZB mgv‡b mgvb †Ljv| Bmjvwg AvBb AvcvZ K‡Vvi g‡b n‡jI Gi †cQ‡b
Aek¨B †Kvb my›`i I †Rviv‡jv hyw³ _vK‡ZB n‡eÓ| hw` Zv‡`i cÖkœ Kiv nq- Ôfvj K_v| GUv
wQj †m hy‡Mi ixwZ, Z‡e AvBbwU wK GLbI Pvjy Av‡Q? n¨v wKsev bv ¯úó K‡i ejybÕ| GB
mnR cÖ‡kœi †Kvb mivmwi Reve Aek¨ wgj‡e bv| cÖkœwU‡K my‡KŠk‡j cvk KvUv‡eb Zviv,
nq‡Zv ej‡eb- ÒAvgv‡`i‡K Aek¨B K‡›U·U wePvi K‡i †Kvb cÖ_vi fvjg›` hvPvB Ki‡Z
n‡e| †Kvb gymjgvb kw³ hw` Ab¨ †Kvb †`k Rq K‡i †bq, BmjvwgK AvBb Abymv‡i Zviv
civwRZ‡`i cÖwZ memgqB b¨vqwePvi K‡i _v‡K| Bmjvg Aek¨B wewRZ bvix I wkïw`M‡K
i¶v Ki‡Z m‡e©v”P e¨¯’v †b‡e......BZ¨vw`, BZ¨vw`Ó| KLbI †mvRvmvcUv Reve †`‡eb bv
Zviv|
gymjgvbiv Av‡gwiKv‡K †MÖU kqZvb e‡j AwfwnZ K‡i _v‡K| Av”Qv, hw` Ggb nq †h gymjgvb
wRnvw`iv Av‡gwiKv `Lj K‡i wbj| GB Ae¯’vq Av‡gwiKvi Kv‡di igbx‡`i fv‡M¨ †Kvb&
cwiYwZ A‡c¶v K‡i Av‡Q? †`Lv hvK- GB Ae¯’vq wiqvj Bmjv‡gi Kv‡Q †_‡K Kx mgvavb
†g‡j| R‰bK mycwÛZ Bmjvwg †gvj−v ew›`bx gvwK©b bw›`bx‡`i m¤ú‡K© wb‡gœv³ weavb w`‡q‡Qb|
Bmjvg ag©-m¤úwK©Z cÖ‡kœvˇii G&KwU I‡qemvBU:
`w¶b n‡¯—i AwaKvi (right hand possessions)
http:/www.binoria.org/q&a/miscellaneous.html#possessions
cÖkœt `w¶b n‡¯—i AwaKvi ej‡Z Kx eySvq, Zv cvIqvi D‡Ïk¨B ev wK? †Kvb †Kvb fvB g‡b
K‡ib †h GB Av‡gwiKvqI `w¶b n‡¯—i AwaKv‡i †Kvb wKQy Avm‡j Zv‡Z †`v‡li wKQy †bB|
DËit `w¶b n‡¯—i AwaKvi ev ÔgvjvKyj BqvwgbÕ ej‡Z eySvq µxZ`vm ev `vmx (‡¯−fm wKsev
†gBWm), hv hy×e›`x wn‡m‡e wKsev evRvi n‡Z µqmy‡Î gymjgvb‡`i `L‡j Av‡m| µxZ`vmx
gymjgvb‡`i `L‡j Avm‡j Zv‡`i mv‡_ †hŠbm¤úK© ¯’vcb Kiv ˆea Ges mwVK| eZ©gvb hy‡MI
hw` †Kvb Kv‡di‡`i †`k gymjgvb‡`i AwaKv‡i Av‡m, GB wbqg cvjb Kiv ˆea Ges mwVK|
Dc‡ii DËiwU GKUz fvjfv‡e Abyaveb Ki“b cvVK| D³ †gvj−v †h wm×vš—wU w`‡jb, Zvi
wbMwjZv_© Kx `vovq! †KvbcÖKvi ivLXvK bv K‡i LvwU Bmjvg m¤ú‡K© AKcU gZvgZ †`qvi
R‡b¨ GB †gvj−v‡K Aek¨B ab¨ev` w`‡Z nq| Z_vKw_Z Bmjvgcš’x‡`i g‡Zv †Sv‡ci Avov‡j
gyL †X‡K Avmj cÖkœwU‡K cvk KvUvbwb GB †gvj−v, wZwb †KvivY-nvw`m ewY©Z wbqgwU‡K mnR,
AweK…Z, LvwU Ges ب_©nxbfv‡e Avgv‡`i mvg‡b Zz‡j a‡i‡Qb| cvðvZ¨wkw¶Z AvaywbK
Bmjvgcš’x‡`i cÖwZ Avgvi webxZ AviR, Bmjvgx †gvj−vwUi Dc‡iv³ AKcU gZvg‡Zi Rev‡e
Zviv †Kvb& ‰Kwdhr †ck Ki‡eb GLb?
Avmyb, Dc‡iv³ Bmjvgx wbqgwU‡K Av‡iKUz we¯—vwiZfv‡e we‡k−lY K‡i †`wL| a‡i wbb,
A‡jŠwKK †Kvb ¶gZve‡j Bmjvgx †mbvevwnbx hy³ivóª, weª‡Ub Ges Ab¨mg¯— Kv‡di gyjyK¸wj
`Lj K‡i wbj| civwRZ Kv‡di cyi“l‡`i cÖwZ gymjgvbiv Kx AvPiY Ki‡e? hy×e›`x wn‡m‡e
†hme my›`ix Zi“bx Zv‡`i AwaKv‡i Avmj, Zv‡`i mv‡_B ev Bmjv‡gi ˆmwb‡Kiv †Kvb& AvPiY
Ki‡e? Avcwb wK g‡b K‡ib †h Zviv e›`x/ew›`bx‡`i mv‡_ †R‡bfv Kb‡fbkb Abyhvqx AvPiY
Ki‡e? hw` †miKg †f‡e _v‡Kb, Z‡e Avcwb GKwU e× Db¥v`| Dc‡iv³ †gvj−v hv e‡j‡Qb,

Bmjvgx ˆmwb‡Kiv wVK †ZgbwUB Ki‡e| mg¯— cyi“l e›`x‡`i‡K Zviv `vm wn‡m‡e †e‡P †`‡e,
†g‡q¸wj‡K †hŠb`vmx wn‡m‡e wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ fvMev‡Uvqviv K‡i †b‡e| e„×v ew›`bx‡`i‡K Lye
m¤¢eZ nZ¨v Kiv n‡e, KviY Ab_©K †evSv evov‡bv †Kvb Kv‡jB Kv‡Ri K_v e‡j we‡ePbv Kiv
nq bv| Av‡iKwU KvR Ki‡Z cv‡i Bmjv‡gi ˆmwb‡Kiv| †MÖU kqZvbwU‡K Av‡iKUz kv‡q¯—v
Ki‡Z wRnvw`iv e›`x cyi“l‡`i mvg‡bB Zv‡`i ¯¿x‡`i Dci mIqvi n‡Z cv‡i| ¯^vgxi mvg‡b
¯¿x‡K al©Y Kivi gRvB Avjv`v|
Avcwb nq‡Zv fve‡Qb, G Avgvi AvKvk Kzmyg Kíbv, GKwesk kZvãx‡Z GiKg Kx K‡i nq?
nq cvVK, GLbI Zv nq| Avcbvi Avgvi R‡b¨ bv n‡jI Bmjvgcš’x‡`i R‡b¨ nq|
gvbwmKfv‡e Zviv GLbI †`onvRvi eQi Av‡MKvi †mB †mvbvwj hy‡MB c‡o Av‡Q| †mB
hyM‡K wdwi‡q Avb‡Z †`‡k †`‡k ARmª wRnvw`i Rb¥ w`‡”Q Zviv| gvÎ wZwik eQi Av‡Mi K_v
¯§iY Ki“b, GKvˇii evsjv‡`‡ki K_v| cvwK¯—v‡bi Bmjvgx †mbvevwnbx evsjv‡`‡k wVK
Bmjvgx wbqgwUB Pvjy K‡iwQj †mw`b| Zviv cÖvq wZwik j¶ evOvwj cyi“l‡K nZ¨v K‡iwQj,
KviY Zv‡`i fvlvq Zviv wQj Kv‡di A_ev wbg&-gymjgvb| AvovB j¶ evOvwj bvix‡K Zviv
DccZœx wn‡m‡e e›`x K‡iwQj| gv‡j MYxgr UvB‡Uj w`‡q Zv‡`i‡K al©Y K‡iwQj, N‡ii †fZi
n‡Z awl©Zvi AvKzj µ›`b hLb AvKvk evZvm cwic−vweZ K‡i w`w”Qj, cv‡ki †Sv‡c cvwj‡q
_vKv Zvi Amnvq cyi“lwUi K‡Y© †mB µ›`baŸwb †h †cŠQqwb, Zv Avcwb Kx K‡i fve‡jb?
AwZm¤cÖwZ Zvjevb Aay¨wlZ AvdMvwb¯—v‡bI wVK GKB ai‡Yi NUbv N‡U‡Q e‡j eû wi‡cvU©
G‡m‡Q| hvivB Zv‡jevb‡`i we‡ivaxZv K‡i‡Q, Zv‡`i †g‡q‡`i Dci †b‡g G‡m‡Q al©Y I
wbh©¨vZb| hw` cÖkœ Kiv nq †h, GBme wRnv`xiv wK Bmjv‡gi wbq‡gi evB‡i †KvbwKQy K‡i‡Q?
Bmjv‡gi weavb †gvZv‡eK al©YKvix GBme wRnvw`‡`i wK †Kvb kvw¯—i AvIZvq Avbv hvq? GB
cÖ‡kœi GKwUgvÎ Reve- ÔbvÕ| myZivs Gi“c wm×vš— Uvbv wK Ab¨vq n‡e †h †`kKvjwbwe©‡k‡l
hy×ew›`bx‡`i Dci †hŠbwbh©¨Z‡bi GB †h KvjPvi wRnvw`iv cÖwZcvjb K‡i Avm‡Q, Gi †cQ‡b
†h †cÖiYv`vqxwb kw³ Zvi bvg n‡”Q Bmjvg? GB wKQyw`b Av‡MI Biv‡b Kx NUj? e¨wfPvi I
ag©‡`ªvnxZvi Aciv‡a GK †g‡q‡K g„Zz¨`Û †`qv n‡jv| g„Zz¨`Û Kvq©¨Ki Kivi Av‡M Zvi †m‡j
GK Bmjvgx MvW©‡K XywK‡q †`qv n‡jv †g‡qwU‡K cybt‡cŠwbKfv‡e al©Y Kivi R‡b¨! Avn&|
GKRb Kv‡di ew›`bxi mv‡_ Kx gnvb Bmjvgx AvPiY! †eUx †Zv bi‡KB hv‡e, hvIqvi Av‡M
GKUz Bmjvgx †m‡·i ¯^va kix‡i enb K‡i wb‡q hvK| cvVK, fy‡j hv‡eb bv- Biv‡b GLb
Bmjv‡gi i¶Kiv ¶gZvq| †mLv‡b hvwKQy N‡U, gnvb Bmjvgx AvBb ev¯—evqb Ki‡ZB N‡U|
myZivs Kxfv‡e ej‡eb †h †`onvRvi eQ‡ii cy‡iv‡bv hy×e›`xmsµvš— AvBb¸‡jv GLb Avi
Kvh©¨Kix bq?
µxZ`vmxi mv‡_ †m·
Av‡jvPbvi R‡b¨ G GK nU UwcKm| GZ¶b Avgiv †h wel‡q Av‡jvPbv Kijvg, Zv n‡”Q
hy×ew›`bx‡`i mv‡_ Bmjvgm¤§Z †hŠb-AvPiY| Z‡e nvjvjfv‡e †m· Ki‡Z gymwjg cyi“l‡`i
mvg‡b GB GKwUgvÎ c_ †Lvjv, Zv wKš‘ bq| hy× Kiv Avi hvB †nvK gy‡Li K_v bq, ˆcZ…K
cÖvYUv evRx ai‡Z nq| cqmv _vK‡j nvjvjfv‡e †m· Kivi R‡b¨ AviI GKwU mnR Dcvq
Av‡Q gymjgvb cyi“l‡`i| bM` cqmv w`‡q evRvi n‡Z †gvUvZvRv †`‡L GKwU `vmx wK‡b †bqv|
†hŠb`vmx, Bs‡iRx bvg †m· ‡¯−f| ‡hŠb`vmx µqweµq cwicyY©fv‡e Bmjvgm¤§Z, cqmv _vK‡j
Avcwb hZLykx `vmx wKb‡Z cv‡ib| GKm‡½ KZRb †hŠb`vmx wKb‡Z cvi‡eb, Zv wb‡q
†gv‡UI fve‡Z n‡e bv Avcbv‡K| kwiqZ Avcbvi R‡b¨ †Kvb wjwgU †e‡a †`qwb| hZ¶b
†`‡n kw³ Av‡Q Avi c‡K‡U cqmv Av‡Q- Pvwj‡q hvb| Gi R‡b¨ ciKv‡j Avcbv‡K wRbv ev
e¨wfPv‡ii `v‡q Revew`nxI Ki‡Z n‡e bv| †KD †KD nq‡Zv hyw³ †`Lv‡eb †h bvixgvs‡mi GB
wewR‡bmwU †h‡nZz Avi Pvjy †bB, myZivs G wb‡q Av‡jvPbv Kiv Ab_©K| GB hyw³i mv‡_ AvwgI
GKgZ| Z‡e K_v n‡”Q, Kv‡di‡`i wei“‡× B`vbxsKv‡j wRnvw`iv wek¦Ry‡o wRnv‡`i WvK

w`‡q‡Q| AvUjvw›U‡Ki cwðg Zxi †_‡K cÖkvš— gnvmvM‡ii cye© Zxi ch©¨š— me©Î wRnvw` †evgvq
Kv‡di gi‡Q| Zv‡`i GB wRnv` hw` mdj nq, hw` wRnvw`iv c„w_ex‡K `Lj K‡i †bq, Z‡e
†KvivY-nvw`m mgw_©Z †mB imv‡jv cÖ_vwU †h gvbemgv‡R cybtcÖewZ©Z n‡e bv, Zvi wbðqZv
†K †`‡e? †KvivY-nvw`‡m †h wbqg Av‡Q Zv wPiKvjxb, G‡Kev‡i MÖ¨vbvBU cv_‡i †Lv`vB
Kiv| ¯^qs Avj−vncvK Zvi wcÖq ev›`v‡`i R‡b¨ GB wbqg †e‡a w`‡q‡Qb| †mB Hkx wbq‡gi GK
Pzj e¨Z¨q NUv‡bv wK †Kvb gvb‡ei c‡¶ m¤¢e? m¤¢e bq| Avi ZvB hw` Bmjvgx wRnvw`‡`i
nv‡Z c„w_exi cZb N‡U, Z‡e Agymwjg bvix‡`i bai gvs‡m fyc„ô cybivq mqjve n‡q hv‡e,
bvixgvsm †Kbv‡ePvi cy‡iv‡bv cÖ_vwU Avevi m‡MŠi‡e wd‡i Avm‡e- Zv cÖvq wbwðZ K‡iB ejv
hvq| hw` Bmjvgcš’xiv Zv‡`i kvwmZ iv‡óª kvwiqv AvBb cÖewZ©Z K‡i Pzwii `v‡q nvZcv
KvU‡Z cv‡i, e¨wfPv‡ii `v‡q cv_i wb‡¶c K‡i nZ¨v Ki‡Z cv‡i, gyiZv` †NvlYv K‡i
gvby‡li Mjv KvU‡Z cv‡i, Z‡e kvwiqvi weavb †gvZv‡eK `vmcÖ_vi cybtcÖeZ©b †_‡K †K
Zv‡`i wbe„Ë Ki‡e? cvVK, welqwU wb‡q fveyb GKevi|
Avgiv Gi Av‡M e‡jwQ, cÖ‡dU gn¤§‡`i gvwiqv wKewZ bvgK GKRb †hŠb`vmx wQj|
Av‡jKRvw›`ªqvi L„óvb kvmK gyKvwKm GB `vmxwU‡K Dc‡XŠKb wn‡m‡e Zv‡K w`‡qwQ‡jb|
gn¤§‡`i KvQ †_‡K Bmjvg MÖnb Kivi evZ©v wb‡q GKwU cÖwZwbwa `j hvq gyKvwK‡mi `iev‡i|
gyKvwKm Bmjvg MÖnb Ki‡Z A¯^xKvi K‡ib| Z‡e GB A¯^xK…wZi cwibvg Kx n‡Z cv‡i Zv
†f‡e wZwb Lye kw¼Z wQ‡jb| myZivs gn¤§`‡K (`t) Zzó Ki‡Z wZwb `yÕRb my›`ix `vmx cvVvb
g`xbvq| `yÕR‡bi g‡a¨ A‡c¶vK…Z my›`ix `vmxwU‡K (gvwiqv) gn¤§` wb‡Ri e¨env‡ii R‡b¨
iv‡Lb, Aci `vmx wkwib‡K wZwb Kwe eÜz nvmvb QvweZ‡K Dcnvi †`b| gvwiqvi M‡f©
gn¤§‡`i GK cyÎ R‡b¥ hvi bvg wQj Beivwng| wkï e‡q‡mB gviv hvq Beªvnxg| wkwi‡bi M‡f©
nvmvb Qvwe‡Zi †h cyÎmš—vb nq Zvi bvg wQj Avãyi ingvb| (†idv‡iÝ-10, c„-498-499)|
GB mg¯— HwZnvwmK †iKW© †_‡K cÖgvwbZ nq †h †hŠb`vmx †fvM Kiv cy‡ivcywifv‡e nvjvj Ges
Bmjvgm¤§Z|
bx‡gœ gy‡³vm`„k¨ AviI wKQy nvw`m eY©bv Kiv n‡jv| nvw`m¸wj co–b Ges †f‡e †`Lyb †h †m‡·i
†¶‡Î †g‡q‡`i Dci Bmjvg K‡ZvB bv `qv, ¯^M©xq Avkxe©v`, mnvbyfywZ Ges b¨vqwePvi cÖ`k©b
K‡i‡Q|
Avcwb GKB mv‡_ `yBRb †hŠb`vmxi mv‡_ †Mvmj bv K‡i m½g Ki‡Z cv‡ib; Z‡e ¯^vaxb
bvixi †¶‡Î Zv cv‡ib bv| (gyqvËvt 2.23.90)
gyqvËvt eyK bs-2, nvw`m bs-2.23.90:
..bvwdÕi eiv‡Z gvwjK KZ…K ewY©Zt Avãyj−vn Be‡b Dg‡ii †hŠb`vmxMY Zvi cv ayB‡q w`Z
Ges Zvi R‡b¨ ZvjcvZvi PvUvB G‡b w`Z, hLb Zv‡`i gvwmK nw”Qj|
gvwjK‡K wR‡Ám Kiv nq †h hw` †Kvb e¨w³i ¯¿x Ges K‡qKRb †hŠb`vmx _v‡K, Z‡e †m
†Mvmj bv K‡iB mevi mv‡_ mnevm Ki‡Z cv‡i wKbv| wZwb e‡jb- Ò‡Mvmj bv K‡iI `yÕRb
†hŠb`vmxi mv‡_ mnevm Kivq †`v‡li wKQy †bB| Z‡e ¯^vaxb bvix‡`i †¶‡Î GKR‡bi eiv‡Ïi
w`b A‡b¨i Kv‡Q hvIqvi AbygwZ bvB| cÖ_‡g GKRb †hŠb`vmxi mv‡_ †cÖg K‡i AZtci wØZxq
R‡bi Kv‡Q hvIqvq †`v‡li wKQy bvB, hw` †m Rybye Ae¯’vqI _v‡KÓ|
gvwjK‡K wR‡Ám Kiv n‡qwQj †h GKRb †jvK Rybye Ae¯’vq Av‡Q| Zvi †Mvm‡ji R‡b¨ cv‡Î
cvwb †X‡j †`qv n‡jv| cvwb Mig bv VvÛv Zv ciL Ki‡Z †jvKwU cvwb‡Z Av½yj †Qvqvj|

gvwjK e‡jb- Òhw` Zvi Av½y‡j †Kvb bvcvwK bv †j‡M _v‡K, Zvn‡j Avwg g‡b Kwi bv †h
GR‡b¨ cvwb AcweÎ n‡q †M‡Q|Ó
bx‡Pi nvw`mwU co‡j Avcbvi we‡eK G‡Kev‡iB ¯—ä n‡q hv‡e cvVK| Ggb †h †jŠnü`q
nhiZ Igi, wZwb ch©¨š— GB NUbv mn¨ Ki‡Z cv‡ibwb| nvw`‡m eY©bv Kiv n‡q‡Q †h Igi KZ…K
wbwl× nIqvi cye© ch©¨š— `vmx Ges Zvi Mf©RvZ Kb¨vi mv‡_ GKB m‡½ †hŠbm½g Kiv nvjvj
wQj! K‡Zv eo AgvbweK cÖ_v, fvev hvq?
µxZ`vmx (A_ev hy×ew›`bx) Ges Zvi Mf©RvZ Kb¨vi mv‡_ GKR‡bi ci Av‡iKR‡bi mv‡_
mnevm Kiv DwPr bq, Dgi GB cÖ_v wbwl× K‡i †M‡Qb| (gyqvËvt 28.14.33)|
gyqvËvt eyK bs-28, nvw`m bs-28.14.33:
....Ave`yj−vn Be‡b DZvev Be‡b gvmy` Zvi wcZvi eivZ w`‡q e‡jb †h Igi‡K GKRb e¨w³i
K_v wR‡Ám Kiv n‡qwQj hvi `w¶b n‡¯—i AwaKv‡i wQj GKRb `vmx I Zvi Mf©RvZ Kb¨v, GB
Ae¯’vq †jvKwU Zv‡`i GKR‡bi mv‡_ †hŠbm½g Kivi ci Aci R‡bi mv‡_ Ki‡Z cv‡i
wKbv? Dgi e‡jwQ‡jb- ÒDf‡qi mv‡_ GKB mv‡_ (mnevm) Kiv Avwg AcQ›` KwiÓ| AZtci
wZwb Dnv wbwl× K‡ib|
hw` Ggb nq †h †hŠb`vmxMY (wKsev hy×ew›`bxMY) G‡K Ac‡ii m‡nv`i †evb, Zv‡`i mv‡_
GKB mv‡_ mnevm Kiv wK ˆea? bx‡Pi nvw`mwU co–b| Avcwb Zv‡`i mv‡_ GKB m‡½ mnevm
Ki‡ZI cv‡ib Avevi bvI Ki‡Z cv‡ib, †hfv‡e Avcbvi myweav n‡e †mfv‡eB MÖnb Ki“b
nvw`mwU‡K| (gyqvËvt 28.14.34)|
gyqvËvt eyK bs-28, nvw`m bs-28.14.34:
.......°vwemv Be‡b RyIqvBe Gi my‡Î ewY©Z- GK e¨w³ Imgvb Be‡b Avddvb‡K wR‡Ám Kij
†h KviI AwaKv‡i `yB m‡nv`i †evb †hŠb`vmx _vK‡j Zv‡`i Df‡qi mv‡_ mnevm Kiv ˆea
wKbv? Imgvb e‡j‡jb- ÒGK AvqvZ Abymv‡i GwU nvjvj, Av‡iK AvqvZ Abymv‡i GwU nvivg|
Avgvi †¶‡Î n‡j Avwg Gi“c KiZvg bvÓ| †jvKwU Zvi Kv‡Q †_‡K P‡j †Mj Ges ivmyjyj−vni
(`t) Av‡iK mvnvwei Kv‡Q †h‡q cÖkœwU ivLj| wZwb ej‡jb- Òhw` Avgvi Kv‡Q ¶gZv _vKZ
Ges KvD‡K Ggb Ki‡Z †`LZvg, Avwg Zv‡K `„óvš—gyjK kvw¯— w`ZvgÓ|
Be‡b wknve †hvM K‡ib- ÒAvgvi g‡b nq †jvKwU Avjx Be‡b Avwe Zv‡jeÓ|
(Bmjvgx fvB‡qiv MjvevwR K‡i h‡ZvB ejyb bv †Kb †h `vmx Ges ¯¿x wfbœ wKQy bq, KviY we‡q
bv K‡i `vmxi mv‡_ mnevm Kiv Rv‡qR bq, Zv‡`i R‡b¨ Dc‡ii nvw`m `ywU GK gvivZ¥K
AvNvZ| cÖK…Z mZ¨ n‡jv GB †h Bmjvgx `„wó‡Z µxZ`vmx Ges weevwnZv ¯^vaxb bvix m¤úyY© `yB
cÖRvwZi †g‡q gvbyl| KviY ¯¿x I Mf©RvZ Kb¨vi mv‡_ mnevm Kivi K_v †Kvb Db¥v`I wPš—v
Ki‡e bv| wKsev `yB m‡nv`i †ev‡bi Dci DcMZ nIqvi weavb weevwnZv ¯¿xi †¶‡Î cÖ‡hvR¨
bq| A_P Dc‡ii nvw`m `ywU my¯úófv‡e cÖgvb K‡i †h Dgi KZ…K wbwl× Kivi cy‡e© `vmx gv I
Zvi †g‡qi Dci mIqvi nIqvi cÖ_v w`eŸx cÖPwjZ wQj| `yB m‡nv`i †ev‡bi mv‡_ mnevm
Kivi cÖ_v w_I‡iwUKvwj GLbI Pvjy Av‡Q a‡i †bqv hvq| myZivs µxZ`vmx I ¯¿x GK wRwblBmjvgcš’x‡`i GB `vexi †cQ‡b KZUzKz mZ¨ jywK‡q Av‡Q cvVK cvwVKvivB Zv wePvi Ki“b|)
µxZ`vmx‡`i mv‡_ mnevmKv‡j †hŠbwK…wZ ev †m·yqvj cvifvm©b cÖ`k©b Kiv cy‡ivcywi nvjvj|
†n`vBqv †_‡K Avgiv Rvb‡Z cvwi †h †Kvb e¨w³ Zvi †hŠb`vmxi mv‡_ †hfv‡e B”Qv †mfv‡e
m½g Ki‡Z cv‡i, hw`I wb‡Ri ¯¿xi mv‡_ m½g Kivi †¶‡Î my¯úó wewawb‡la i‡q‡Q|

‡hŠbmw½bxwU hw` µxZ`vmx nq, Z‡e Zvi mv‡_ gwbe †hfv‡e Lykx †mfv‡e ‡hŠbm½g Ki‡Z
cv‡i| (†idv‡iÝ-11, c„-600)|
‡hŠbmw½bx µxZ`vmx n‡j gwbe †hfv‡e Lykx †mfv‡e Zvi jvjmvi cwiZ…wß NUv‡Z cv‡it†hŠb`vmxi mv‡_ m½gKv‡j Zvi m¤§wZi †Zvqv°v bv K‡iB gwbe AvRj cÖ_v (KqUvm
B›Uvivckb) Aej¤^b Ki‡Z cv‡i, wKš‘ ¯¿xi mv‡_ m½gKv‡j Zvi m¤§wZ e¨wZ‡i‡K ¯^vgx Zv
cv‡i bv| Gi KviY GB †h bex ¯^vaxb bvixi mv‡_ m½gKv‡j Zvi AbygwZ e¨wZ‡i‡K AvRj
cÖ_v Aej¤^b Ki‡Z wb‡la K‡i‡Qb, wKš‘ `vmxi †¶‡Î gwb‡ei R‡b¨ Zv ˆea K‡i‡Qb|
GZبZxZ, jvjmv cwiZ…wßi R‡b¨ Ges mš—vbmš—wZ m„wói Rb¨ †hŠbm¤úK© ¯’vcb ¯^vaxb bvixi
AwaKvi (†h Kvi‡Y ¯^vgx †LvRv ev bcysmK n‡j ¯¿xi ¯^vaxbZv i‡q‡Q Zv‡K cÖZ¨vL¨vb Kivi);
wKš‘ `vmxi Gi“c †Kvb AwaKvi bvB| - myZivs ¯¿xi AwaKvi‡K AvnZ Kivi ¯^vaxbZv ¯^vgxi
bvB, c¶vš—‡i `vmxi Dci gwb‡ei AwaKvi mve©‡fŠg| GgbwK hw` Ggb nq †h †Kvb e¨w³
Ac‡ii µxZ`vmx‡K we‡q Kij, †m `vmxwUi gwb‡ei AbygwZ e¨wZ‡i‡K Zvi mv‡_ AvRj cÖ_v
cvjb Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv (A_©vr we‡qi ciI `vmxwU Zvi gwb‡ei m¤úwËB †_‡K hvq)|
Bmjv‡gi AviI wKQy gwbgy³vt
we‡kl we‡kl kZ©mv‡c‡¶ wcZv Zvi µxZ`vmxwU‡K †Q‡ji Kv‡Q n¯—vš—i Ki‡Z cv‡i|
(gyqvËvt28.15.38)|
gyqvËvt eyK bs-28, nvw`m bs-28.15.38:
......Avãyj gvwjK Be‡b gviIqv‡bi eivZ w`‡q Beivwng Be‡b Avwe Avejv eY©bv K‡i‡Qb
†h- wZwb (Avãyj gvwjK) R‰bK eÜy‡K Zvi GK µxZ`vmx (avi) w`‡qwQ‡jb, Ges cieZ©x‡Z
GKw`b `vmxwU m¤ú‡K© wR‡Ám Ki‡jb| wZwb ej‡jb- ÒAvwg Zv‡K Avgv‡i †Q‡j‡K w`‡Z
†P‡qwQjvg, †m `vmxwUi mv‡_ GB GB Ki‡Z cvi‡e, GB GB Ki‡Z cvi‡e bvÓ| Avãyj gvwjK
ej‡jb- ÒgviIqvb †Zvgvi PvB‡ZI †ekx LyZLy‡Z wQj| †m Zvi †Q‡j‡K wb‡Ri `vmx w`j,
Zvici ejj- ÔZvi Kv‡Q †hI bv, KviY Avwg D‡b¥vwPZ Ae¯’vq Zvi cv †`‡LwQÕ|Ó
gwbe Zvi gwnjv †¯−f wKsev cyi“l †¯−‡fi µxZ`vmxi mv‡_ †m· Ki‡Z cv‡i| (gyqvËvt
29.17.51)|
(G GK myKwVb †PBb, wVKg‡Zv Abyaveb Ki‡Z cvV‡Ki Kó n‡Z cv‡i| ai“b Avcbvi GKRb
µxZ`vm ev GKRb µxZ`vmx Av‡Q| †mB µxZ`vm ev µxZ`vmxi Avevi GKRb µxZ`vmx Av‡Q|
GB nvw`m Abymv‡i Avcwb Avcbvi µxZ`v‡mi µxZ`vmx A_ev µxZ`vmxi µxZ`vmxi mv‡_ †m·
Ki‡Z cvi‡eb| Gevi eySzb †Vjv)|
gyqvËvt eyK bs-29, nvw`m bs-29.17.51:
.....Avãyjv− n Be‡b Dgi e‡j‡Qb- Òhw` †Kvb e¨w³ Z`xq `vm‡K we‡q Kivi AbygwZ †`q,
Zvn‡j ¯¿x‡K ZvjvK †`qvi ¶gZv D³ `v‡mi nv‡Z, Ges Zvi GB ZvjvK †`qvi ¶gZvi Dci
KviI †Kvb nvZ †bB| gwbe B‡”Q Ki‡j Zvi cyi“l `v‡mi †¯−f-Mvj© wKsev †g‡q-`vmxi †¯−f
Mvj©‡K (wb‡Ri AwaKv‡i) wb‡q wb‡Z cv‡i, Gi“c Ki‡Z PvB‡j †KD Zv‡K weiZ ivL‡Z cv‡i
bvÓ|
`vmxiv Avcbvi Pvlvev` Kivi †¶Î, Avcbvi B‡”Q n‡j Avcwb †¶‡Îi †fZ‡i Rj Xvj‡Z
cv‡ib, B‡”Q n‡j Zv‡K Z…òvZ©I iv‡L‡Z cv‡ib| A_©vr `vmxi mv‡_ KqUvm B›Uvivckb ev
†hvwbi evB‡i exh©¨cvZ Kiv Avcbvi B”Qvaxb| (gyqvËvt 29.32.99)|

gyqvËvt eyK bs-29, nvw`m bs-29.32.99:
.......Avj nv¾vR Be‡b Avgi Be‡b NvwRBqvÕi eiv‡Z `vgiv Be‡b mvB` Avj-gvwRwb KZ…K
ewY©Zt wZwb (nv¾vR) Rvwq` Be‡b Qvwe‡Zi wbKU e‡mwQ‡jb, Ggb mgq Be‡b dvn` Zvi
Kv‡Q Avmj| †m B‡q‡gb †_‡K G‡mwQj| ejj- ÒAvey mvB`, Avgvi K‡qKwU µxZ`vmx Av‡Q|
Avgvi †h KqRb ¯¿x Av‡Q Zviv †KD Avgv‡K Zv‡`i g‡Zv (`vmx‡`i g‡Zv) Z…wß w`‡Z cv‡i bv;
(Z‡e) mevB †h Avgv‡K Ggb Z…wß †`q †h Zv‡`i Øviv mš—vb Drcv`b Ki‡Z n‡e - ZvI bq|
(GgZe¯’vq) Avwg wK AvRj Aej¤^b Ki‡Z cvwiÓ? Rvwq` Be‡b QvweZ ej‡jb-Ò‡Zvgvi Kx
gZ, nv¾vRÓ! ÒAvwg ejjvg- ÔAvj−vn Avcbv‡K ¶gv Ki“b! Avcbvi KvQ †_‡K Rvbvi R‡b¨B
Avgiv Avcbvi Kv‡Q AvwmÕ| wZwb (AveviI) ej‡jb- Ô‡Zvgvi gZ KxÕ! ÔAvwg ejjvg- Ô‡m
†Zvgvi Rwg| hw` Zzwg B‡”Q K‡iv Rj `vI, hw` B‡”Q K‡iv Z…òvZ© ivL| Rvwq‡`i Kv‡Q Avwg
GgbwUB wk‡LwQÕ| Rvwq` ej‡jb- Ô‡m wVK K_vwUB e‡j‡Q|Ó
‡hŠbwµqvi D‡Ï‡k¨ ci¯ú‡ii g‡a¨ µxZ`vmx fvMvfvwM Kiv P‡j|
GB wbq‡g wcZv Zvi cy‡Îi, GgbwK †cŠ‡Îi AwaKvify³ µxZ`vmxi mv‡_I †m· Ki‡Z cv‡i|
cyÎ ¯^xq wcZvi A_ev gvZvi, GgbwK ¯¿xi AwaKvify³ `vmx‡KI avi wb‡Z cv‡i Ges Zvi mv‡_
†m· Ki‡Z cv‡i| wVK †hgb Avcbvi wb‡Ri †Kvb `y‡aj Mvfx bvB, Avcbvi fvB‡qi †ek
K‡qKwU Av‡Q| GgZe¯’vq Avcwb `yÕPvi w`‡bi R‡b¨ fvB‡qi KvQ †_‡K GKwU Mvfx avi wb‡ZB
cv‡ib Ges `ya †L‡Z cv‡ib| G‡Z †`v‡li wKQy bvB, KviY kvwiqvi AvBb †gvZv‡eK GKRb
µxZ`vmxi ó¨vUvm `y‡aj Mvfxi †P‡q †ekx wKQy bq| GB PgrKvi wbqgwUi ¯^c‡¶ †h hyw³
Av‡Q, †n`vBqv †_‡K Zv †ck Kiv n‡jv| g‡b ivL‡eb, †n`vBqv gymwjg mgv‡Ri Ab¨Zg cÖavb
AvBb MÖš’, Bmjvg ag© msµvš— RwUj AvBbx we‡k−l‡Y AvBbwe`MY cÖvqkB GB eB‡qi mvnvh¨
wb‡q _v‡Kb Ges †mB †gvZv‡eK mgvavb w`‡q _v‡Kb|
cyÎ wKsev †cŠ‡Îi µxZ`vmxi mv‡_ †m· Kiv kvw¯—‡hvM¨ bq (†idv‡iÝ-11, c„-183)|
wcZv KZ…K cy‡Îi µxZ`vmx A_ev †cŠ‡Îi µxZ`vmxi m‡½ †hŠbm¤úK© ¯’vcb Kiv kvw¯—‡hvM¨
bq, hw`I GB ai‡Yi µxZ`vmx †h Zvi R‡b¨ ˆea bq †m m¤ú‡K© Zvi Rvbv _vKv cÖ‡qvRb; KviY
G †¶‡Î †h ΓwU msNwUZ n‡q‡Q Zv djvdj-mÄvZ (by effect), †h‡nZz Bnv Ggb hyw³i Dci
cÖwZwôZ hv bexi evYx Øviv mgw_©Z-ÒZzwg Ges †Zvgvi mewKQy †Zvgvi wcZviÓ(Thou and
thine are thy Father’s)----Ges wcZvi †¶‡Î †h wbqg wcZvg‡ni †¶‡ÎI †mB GKB
wbqg, †hb †mI GKRb wcZv| GB ai‡Yi †hŠbwµqvi d‡j †h mš—v‡bi Rb¥ nq, Zvi wcZ…Z¡
Av‡ivwcZ nq Dc‡iv³ wcZvi Dci, †h µxZ`vmxwUi gy‡j¨i R‡b¨ cy‡Îi wbKU `vqx _v‡K|
A_ev †Kvb e¨w³ hw` Zvi wcZvi µxZ`vmx, A_ev Zvi gvZvi µxZ`vmx A_ev Zvi ¯¿xi
µxZ`vmxi mv‡_ †hŠbm¤úK© ¯’vcb K‡i, Ges GB AviwR †ck K‡i †h D³ µxZ`vmx Zvi R‡b¨
A‰ea bq, Zvi Dci kvw¯— cÖ‡qvM‡hvM¨ n‡e bv; Ges Awf‡hvMKvixi DciI kvw¯— cÖ‡qvM‡hvM¨
n‡e bv- (wKš‘ hw` †m Gi“c m¤ú‡K©i A‰eaZv m¤ú‡K© ÁvZ _v‡K, Zvi Dci kvw¯—cÖ‡qvM‡hvM¨
n‡e,---Ges H GKB wbqg cÖ‡hvR¨ hLb †Kvb µxZ`vm Zvi gwb‡ei m‡½ `vmxe„wˇZ Ave×
†g‡qi mv‡_ †hŠbm¤úK© ¯’vcb K‡i):---KviY G‡`i ga¨ n‡Z jvf AR©b Kivi ¯^v_© weivwRZ;
myZivs †h e¨w³ Gi“c KvR K‡i‡Q nq‡Zv †m aviYv K‡i‡Q †h G ai‡Yi Dc‡fvM Zvi R‡b¨
ˆea,--‡h Kvi‡Y Zvi †¶‡Î åvš— aviYvi ΓwU Av‡ivc‡hvM¨; hw`I Bnv my¯úó †ek¨ve„wË
msNU‡bi mgZzj¨| (Rvwni †iIqv‡q‡ZI) H GKB AvBb, hw` Dc‡i ewY©Z †h †Kvb NUbvq
µxZ`vmxwU GB AviwR †ck K‡i †h †m D³ KvR ‰ea †R‡b K‡i‡Q, Ges cyi“lwUi Zid n‡Z GB
g‡g© †Kvb AviwR †ck Kiv nq bvB,----Ges †h‡nZz GKRb cyi“l I GKRb bvixi g‡a¨

msNwUZ †hŠbwµqv GKwUgvÎ KvR wn‡m‡e we‡ewPZ, Gi A_© GB `vovq †h †h‡Kvb c¶ n‡Z
†ckK…Z ˆeaZvmsµvš— AviwR åvš—aviYvi“c ΓwUi m„wó K‡i hv Df‡qi †¶‡Î cÖ‡hvR¨, myZivs
Df‡qi cÖwZ kvw¯—cÖ‡qvM evwZj‡hvM¨|
Av”Qv, ¯¿x‡jv‡Ki †hŠbv½mgy‡ni Dci `„wócvZ m¤ú‡K© Bmjvgx kv‡¯¿i weavb Kx? mevB
Rv‡bb, †Mvc‡b †Mvc‡b GB imv‡jv KvRwU Ki‡Z cyi“‡li †jv‡fi Aš— bvB| GB Kvi‡YB
†c−eq gvK©v c‡Y©v g¨vMvwR‡bi igigv e¨emv evRv‡i| SKS‡K gjv‡Ui Dci bMœ bvixgywZ© wb‡q
wewPÎ me g¨vMvwRb cÖwZwbqZ WvK‡Q Avcbv‡K, jywK‡q jywK‡q GK SjK †`‡L †Pv‡Li myL
wgwU‡q wb‡”Qb Avcwb| Z‡e †Kvb Bmjvgx fvB KLbI Zv ¯^xKvi Ki‡e bv| †hŠbv‡½i K_v
ev` w`b, Zv‡`i g‡Z ¯¿xRvwZi bvwfi bx‡P `„wócvZ Kiv mivmwi nvivg| G‡Z Kweiv ¸bvn
nq| GgbwK †g‡q‡`i †Lvjv nv‡Zi w`‡K ZvKv‡bvI cvc, KviY †K Rv‡b KLb †mB
Ôg„bvjm`„k¨ fyRhyMjÕ n‡Z g`bki †ei n‡q Bmjvwg fvB‡qi big eyK we× K‡i e‡m| Bmjvgx
fvB‡`i ˆbwZKZv GZUvB DPz Avi f½yi †h myiw¶Z `y‡M© Ave× K‡i bv ivL‡j †h‡Kvb mg‡q
Zv †f‡O Pzigvi n‡q †h‡Z cv‡i| ¯¿x A‡½i cÖwZ `„wócvZ bv Kivi GB Bmjvgx weavb wK
mK‡ji †ejvq mgfv‡e cÖ‡hvR¨? Avcwb wek¦vm Ki“b Avi bv Ki“b, GB weavb mK‡ji †ejvq
mgfv‡e cÖ‡hvR¨ bq| bvixwU hw` `yf©vM¨µ‡g `vmx nq, Z‡e Zvi me©v½ wWm‡c− Kiv nv‡ÛªW
cvi‡m›U Rv‡qR| Avwg Avevi ejwQ-Zvi me©v½; A_©vr Zvi e¶, Zvi †hvwb, Zvi fMv¼zi,
Zvi cvqyc_ mewKQy‡KB Avcwb Avcbvi `„wó w`‡q B‡”QgZ †jnb Ki‡Z cv‡ib| G‡Z †Kvb
cvc n‡e bv Avcbvi| gvkvj−vn, Kx Acye© †bqvgZ Avj−vncvK Avcbvi R‡b¨ m„wó K‡i
†i‡L‡Qb| Avgvi K_v hw` Avcbvi wek¦vm bv nq, bx‡Pi nvw`mwU co–b|
‡¯−f-D‡qvg¨v‡bi (µxZ`vmx) Rb‡bw›`ª‡qi cÖwZ ZvKv‡bv Rv‡qR (†idv‡iÝ-11, c„-599)|
¯¿x A_ev µxZ`vmxi kix‡ii †h‡Kvb As‡ki w`‡K ZvKv‡bv Rv‡qR:-†Kvb †jvK Zvi µxZ`vmxi kix‡ii †h †Kvb As‡ki w`‡K ZvKv‡Z cvi‡e, GgbwK Rb‡bw›`ª‡qi
cÖwZI, hw` †m B‡”Q K‡i, Z‡e kZ© _v‡K †h †m wbwl× m¤ú‡K©i AvIZvq c‡o bv; Ges †m
Zvi ¯¿xi me©v‡½i cÖwZI ZvKv‡Z cvi‡e, KviY bex e‡j‡Qb- Ò†Zvgvi ¯¿x Ges µxZ`vmx Qvov
Avi mK‡ji cÖwZ `„wó‡K mshZ ivLÓ| Z‡e ¯^vgx-¯¿xi g‡a¨ AbywôZ m½gvw`‡Z G‡K Ac‡ii
†hŠbv‡½i cÖwZ `„wócvZ bv KivB DËg, KviY bex e‡j‡Qb- Ò‡Zvgiv hLb ¯^‡MvÎxq ¯¿x‡jv‡Ki
mv‡_ m½g Ki‡e, ZLb hZ`yi cvi wb‡R‡`i‡K †X‡K ivL‡e; Ges ZZUv Dj½ n‡qv bv, KviY
M`©f cÖRvwZ Gi“c K‡i _v‡KÓ|
Dc‡iv³ wb‡`©‡k ¯¿xi mv‡_ †hŠbm½gKv‡j mshZ AvPiY AbymiY Ki‡Z mycvwik Kiv n‡q‡Q|
Z‡e `vmx-cÖRvwZi mv‡_ q‡_”Q AvPiY Kiv †_‡K weiZ ivL‡Z †K Zv‡K wb‡la Ki‡e? e¯—Zt
Bmjv‡gi `„wó‡Z `vmx evRvi †_‡K wK‡b Avbv GKwU †m· †gwkb Qvov Avi wKQy bv, Zvi cÖfy
ev gvóvi †gwkbwU‡K †hfv‡e Lykx †mfv‡e Pvjv‡Z cv‡i, hv †m ¯¿xi †¶‡Î cv‡i bv| †Kb
Be‡b dvn` ¯¿x‡`i †P‡q `vmx‡`i Kv‡Q †ekx Z…wß cvq Zvi wb¸p inm¨wU †eva nq GLv‡bB
wbwnZ (`ªóe¨t Dc‡i ewY©Z gyqvËvt eyK bs-29, nvw`m bs-29.32.99)|
Bmjvgcye© Ges Bmjvg cieZ©x Avg‡j AgvbweK †hŠb-`vmZ¡ cÖ_v cÖPwjZ wQj| GB cÖ_v‡K
Bmjvg mg_©b K‡i Ges Bmjv‡gi gnv-gwblxiv Zv‡`i Rxe‡b Zv wbôvi mv‡_ cvjb K‡i
†M‡Qb| wKš‘ gykwKj n‡jv GB †h AvaywbK Bmjvgcš’xiv GB mZ¨Uv ¯^xKvi Ki‡Z Pvb bv| Zviv
†Lvov hyw³ †`wL‡q cÖgvb Ki‡Z Pvb †h- Bmjvg `vmx‡`i mv‡_ mnev‡mi AbygwZ w`‡q‡Q
wVKB, Z‡e mnev‡mi Av‡M `vmxwU‡K we‡q K‡i wb‡Z n‡e| Zv‡`i GB hyw³ †h †bnv‡qZB
†Lvov hyw³ Ges Avmj mZ¨‡K Avovj Kivi AccÖqvm, Avkv Kwi Bmjvgx kv¯¿ †N‡U Avwg
GZ¶‡b Zv cÖgvb Ki‡Z †c‡iwQ| µxZ`vmx Ges ¯¿x †h m¤úyY© wfbœ wfbœ `ywU cÖRvwZ, Avkv Kwi
cvVK cvwVKiv Zv fvjfv‡eB Abyaveb Ki‡Z †c‡i‡Qb| Avwg GLb †kl Z_¨wU †ck K‡i

cÖm½wUi GLv‡bB BwZ Uvb‡Z PvB| Avmj mZ¨ GB †h GKRb gymjgvb evRvi †_‡K µxZ`vmx
µq K‡i Zvi mv‡_ †m· Ki‡Z cv‡i, Z‡e Zv‡K we‡q Ki‡Z cv‡i bv! wb‡Ri µxZ`vmx‡K
we‡q Kiv m¤úyY©fv‡e wbwl×! wek¦vm n‡”Q bv †Zv? Zvn‡j †n`vBqv ewY©Z bx‡Pi AvBbwU c‡o
wbb|
wb‡Ri µxZ`vmxi mv‡_ weevn wbwl×, Z‡e †m· Kiv Rv‡qR---(cÖv¸³-c„-317)|
AvB‡bi `„wó‡Z weev‡ni A‡hvM¨Zvt
weev‡ni †¶‡Î bqwU wb‡lavÁv i‡q‡Q, h_v:...........
(8)- Ggb ¯¿x‡jvK †h m¤úwË wn‡m‡e we‡ewPZ (prohibited by reason of property), Zvi
mv‡_ weevn wbwl×| h_v- wb‡Ri µxZ`vmxi mv‡_ weevne܇b Ave× nIqv A‰ea (Ac‡ii
gvwjKvbvaxb `vmx‡K weevn Kiv ˆea)|
(Bmjvwg †m· wb‡q AviI gRv`vi Z_¨m¤^wjZ lô Kwji R‡b¨ A‡c¶vq _vKzb)|
†idv‡iÝmgynt
1| `¨ nwj †KvivY; Abyev`- Avt BDmyd Avjx, wcK&_j, kvwKi|
2| mwn eyLvwi; Abyev`- Wt †gvn¤§` gnwmb Lvb|
3| mwn gymwjg; Abyev`- Avãyi ingvb wmwÏKx|
4| mybvb Avey `vD`; Abyev`- cÖ‡dmi Avn¤§` nvmvb|
5| Bgvg gvwjK iwPZ gyqvËv; Abyev`- AvÕkv Avãyi ingvb Ges BqvKze Rbmb|
6| wWKmbvwi Ae Bmjvg-1994, MÖš’Kvi- wU.wc.nvdm|
7| Bgvg Mv¾vwji Bqvn& Avj Djy‡gwÏb (Av‡ãj mvjvg nvi“b KZ…K ms‡¶wcZ-1997); Wt
Avn¤§` G. wR`vb KZ…K ms‡kvwaZ Ges Abyw`Z|
8| wijvBqvÝ Ae `¨ Uª¨v‡fjvi (msw¶ß ms¯‹iY)-1999, MÖš’Kvi- Avn¤§` Be‡b bvwMe Avj
wgm&wi, msKjK- byn nv wgg †Kjvi|
9| kvwiqv `¨ BmjvwgK jÕ-1998, MÖš’Kvi-Avãyi ingvb B. WB|
10| Be‡b Bmnv‡Ki wmivZ ivmyjyjvn, Abyev`- G. ¸Bjg, 15Zg ms¯‹iY|
11| `¨ †n`vBqv K‡g›Uvwi Ab `¨ BmjvwgK jÕm-(cyYg©y`ªb-1994); Abyev`- Pvj©m n¨vwgëb|
†jLKt Aveyj Kv‡kg, wmWwb, A‡óªwjqv|
Abyev`t †Ljvivg cvVK, XvKv- evsjv‡`k|

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