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Honors Chemistry

Name _Charmian Chan Period ___ Date ______/______/______

U n i t 3 : C h e m i c a l R e a c t i o n s

Single Replacement Reactions Lab

Purpose: The purpose of this activity is to determine which metals are most reactive and to create an order from most reactive to least reactive. Part I: Reactions with Aqueous Solutions Materials: Metals: Copper Lead Zinc Magnesium Silver Calcium

Solutions: Copper (II) sulfate Silver nitrate Lead (II) nitrate Zinc sulfate Magnesium nitrate

Procedures 1. Using a well plate and the chemical given, determine which reactions will occur between the metals and the solutions. 2. Add to each of the wells a small piece of the appropriate metal which has first been cleaned with sand paper. Note: Your teacher will provide the calcium when you are ready for it. 3. Create a data table to record your observations of before and after reactions. 4. Observe and record any evidence of a replacement reaction (i.e. a thin coating appears on the surface of the metal) occurring each of the test tubes. If no change is visible within five minutes, record this as no reaction

Procedures: 1. Determine where H+ should be placed on an activity series by comparing the relative amount of bubbling when added to metals. 2. Create a data table and record your results.

Discussion Questions 1. Write net ionic equations for all the reactions that occurred (highlighting the ones that were supposed to occur that you may not have observed) Pb+2AgNO3 2Ag+Pb(NO3)2 2. For each of the reactions, determine which substances has been oxidized and which one has been reduced as well as which is the oxidizing agent and which is the reducing agent. Oxidized: Lead, Reduced: Silver. Oxidizing agent: Silver, and reducing agent is Lead. 3. A metal was found in the lab that was missing its labeling tape. In order to determine the identity of the metal several reactions were performed. When the metal was placed in hydrochloric acid, it bubbled. No reaction was noticed when placed in a solution of calcium nitrate. A reaction was observed when placed in a solution of zinc chloride. What could the metal possibly be? What further test could you run to determine the identity of the metal? The metal would either be Sodium, Aluminium, or Magnesium. This is because these three metals are higher on the reactivity chart than zinc and hydrogen therefore more reactive and also lower than calcium therefore less reactive. To test out the identity of the metal, you could add sodium solution, aluminium solution and magnesium solution. Conclusion: A statement about the activity series you discovered. After this lab, I understand single replacements to a fuller extent. By physically reacting the metals with different solutions to find a precipitate, it furthered my understanding of single replacements and the reactivity chart. Doing equations gives you a basic and bland way of understanding, but when you can visualize it, it is easier to understand.