A high school teacher at a small private school assigns trigonometry practice problems to be worked via the net.

Students must use a password to access the problems and the time of log-in and log-off are automatically recorded for the teacher. At the end of the week, the teacher examines the amount of time each student spent working the assigned problems. The data is provided below in minutes. Data Array 15 28 25 48 22 43 49 34 22 33 27 25 22 20 39 49 48 43 39 34 33 28 27 25 25 22 22 22 20 15

Mean
Mean = X / N = 452 / 15 = 30.13

Median
15 20 22 22 22 25 25 27 28 33 34 39 43 48 49 The median is 27. Half of the scores fall above this number and half fall below.

Note. Bailey has been playing golf on the weekends for the past three years. 45 49 42 56 41 36 34 38 41 40 42 41 39 38 40 39 36 41 . all other scores occur only 2 times or less What does this information tell you about students' length of time on the computer solving trigonometry problems? The mean number of minutes spent solving the problems on the computer was approximately 30 minutes. This is most likely due to the students who spent over 40 minutes working on the trigonometry problems. It occurs 3 times. Half of the students spent more than 27 minutes solving the problems. and half spent less time solving the problems. that it is a very slight skew .only approximately a 3 minute difference between the mean and median.Mode Mode is equal to 22. More students spent 22 minutes solving the problems than any other amount of time. Her scores for June and July at her favorite 9-hole (par 36) golf course are provided below. she started keeping track of her recorded scores. Is this data skewed? The data indicate a slight positive skew. Recently.

Recently. and Mode for the above data.0 . Median. Data Array 45 49 42 56 41 36 34 38 41 40 42 41 39 38 40 39 36 41 56 49 45 42 42 41 41 41 41 40 40 39 39 38 38 36 36 34 Mean Mean = X / N = 738 / 18 = 41.   Find the Mean. What does this information tell you about Bailey's golf game? Is this data skewed? Bailey has been playing golf on the weekends for the past three years. Her scores for June and July at her favorite 9-hole (par 36) golf course are provided below. she started keeping track of her recorded scores.

5 . Scores represent percent of items marked correct on the exam. Half of the scores fall above this number and half fall below. Over half of Bailey's games had a score above 40.5.5. Mode Mode is equal to 41. only a half-stroke difference. Midterm exam scores for a small advanced neuroanatomy class are provided below. The mean and median are almost identical.Median 34 36 36 38 38 39 39 40 40 41 41 41 41 42 42 45 49 56 The median is 40. all other scores occur only 3 times or less What does this information tell you about Bailey's golf game? Bailey's mean score for the months of June and July is 41 (only 5 above par). The two middle scores are 40 and 41. Her most common golf score was a 41. Is this data skewed? No.5 and half had a score below 40. The data is not skewed. I find the median = 40. It occurs 4 times. 87 99 75 87 94 75 35 88 . By adding these two numbers together and dividing by 2.

Data Array 87 99 75 87 94 75 35 88 87 93 99 94 93 88 87 87 87 75 75 35 Mean Mean = X / N = 820 / 10 = 82.87 93    Find the Mean. What does this information tell you about students' performance on the midterm (the traditional grading scale is used)? Is this data skewed? Midterm exam scores for a small advanced neuroanatomy class are provided below. and Mode for the above data. Half of the scores fall above this number and half fall below. . Median. Scores represent percent of items marked correct on the exam.0 Median 35 75 75 87 87 87 88 93 94 99 The median is 87.

has caused the skew. 342 267 321 157 33 349 254 166 132 289    Find the Mean. A group committed to quality television has been concerned about a new talk show. Half the students' scores were lower than an 87. The score of 35 is an extreme score (outlier). The most common test score was an 87 (a high B). It occurs 3 times. They hope that after recording this data that they will be able to argue that the show is inappropriate for television particularly during the day. Is this data skewed? Yes. For two weeks. and Mode for the above data. all other scores occur only 2 times or less What does this information tell you about students' performance on the midterm (the traditional grading scale is used)? The mean grade on the midterm was an 82 (a low B). and distorts the mean.Mode Mode is equal to 87. this data is skewed (a negative skew). Median. What does this information tell you about the talk show? Is this data skewed? . Half of the students had a test score above 87 (a high B or an A). they decide to count the number of words that must be "bleeped" as too obscene for television and the number of physical altercations. The data for number of words censored is provided below.

For two weeks. I find the median = 260. . no number occurs more than once. By adding these two numbers together and dividing by 2. they decide to count the number of words that must be "bleeped" as too obscene for television and the number of physical altercations. The data for number of words censored is provided below.5. Half of the scores fall above this number and half fall below. Data Array 342 267 321 157 33 254 166 132 289 349 349 342 321 289 267 254 166 157 132 33 Mean Mean = X / N = 2310 / 10 = 231. Mode This data set has no mode.A group committed to quality television has been concerned about a new talk show.0 Median 33 132 157 166 254 267 289 321 342 349 The median is 260. They hope that after recording this data that they will be able to argue that the show is inappropriate for television particularly during the day. The two middle scores are 254 and 267.5.

6}  Let E be the event "an even number is obtained" and write it down.4. Is this data skewed? The show with only 33 words censored has caused a negative skew and distorted the mean downwards a bit. n(S) is the number of elements in the sample space S and n(E) is the number of elements in the event E. find the probability that two heads are obtained.6}  We now use the formula of the classical probability.T).T)} .(H.3. In what follows. There is no mode .4.H). S = {1. Solution to Question 2:  The sample space S is given by.2. Note: Each coin has two possible outcomes H (heads) and T (Tails).(T.each show appears to be unique as to the number of words "bleeped". The mean number of "bleeped" words per show is 231 words. S is the sample space of the experiment in question and E is the event of interest. Solution to Question 1:  Let us first write the sample space S of the experiment. Question 1: A die is rolled. Half of the shows have to censor over approximately 260 words and half censor less.5. probably not the best show for your kids to watch (particularly if they can lip read). E = {2.(T.H). S = {(H.What does this information tell you about the talk show? All things considered. find the probability that an even number is obtained. P(E) = n(E) / n(S) = 3 / 6 = 1 / 2 Question 2: Two coins are tossed.

2).001 d) 0 e) 1 f) 20% Solution to Question 3:  A probability is always greater than or equal to 0 and less than or equal to 1.6) (2. Let E be the event "two heads are obtained".3).(3.(3.(6.(4.4).(3.1).(1.3).H)}  We use the formula of the classical probability. P(E) = n(E) / n(S) = 1 / 4 Question 3: Which of these numbers cannot be a probability? a) -0.5).5).(1.(5.(4.2).(2.1). hence only a) and c) above cannot represent probabilities: -0.3).6) (4.5 c) 1. There are no outcomes which correspond to a sum equal to 1.4).(6.(6.4).(5.3).6) (5.1).(4.1).5). S = { (1.5).2). Question 4: Two dice are rolled.(2.(2.(1.(1.(4.4).(5.00010 is less than 0 and 1.5).6) (3.5).(3.(3.(2.(6.1).001 is greater than 1.3). hence P(E) = n(E) / n(S) = 0 / 36 = 0 .(2.4).(1.6) }  Let E be the event "sum equal to 1".1).(6.00001 b) 0.6) (6. E = {(H.2).4).(4.2).2).(5.3). find the probability that the sum is a) equal to 1 b) equal to 4 c) less than 13 Solution to Question 4:  a) The sample space S of two dice is shown below.(5.

(6.(4.T).3). P(E) = n(E) / n(S) = 36 / 36 = 1 Question 5: A die is rolled and a coin is tossed.H).T).H). find the probability that the die shows an odd number and the coin shows a head. Solution to Question 5:  The sample space S of the experiment described in question 5 is as follows S = { (1. b) Three possible ouctcomes give a sum equal to 4: E = {(1.(5.H). P(E) = n(E) / n(S) = 3 / 36 = 1 / 12  c) All possible ouctcomes. Event E may be described as follows E={(1. give a sum less than 13.(3.T).(4. hence.H).H). hence.(3.2).H) (1.T). Find the probability of getting the 3 of diamond.(3.(3.T).(6.H).1)}.(2. E = S.H).(5.T)}  Let E be the event "the die shows an odd number and the coin shows a head".H)}  The probability P(E) is given by P(E) = n(E) / n(S) = 3 / 12 = 1 / 4 Question 6: A card is drawn at random from a deck of cards.(2.(5.(2. Solution to Question 6:  The sample space S of the experiment in question 6 is shwon below .

 Let E be the event "getting the 3 of diamond". Solution to Question 7:  The sample space S of the experiment in question 7 is shwon above (see question 6) Let E be the event "getting a Queen". Hence the probability of event E occuring is given by P(E) = 4 / 52 = 1 / 13  Question 8: A jar contains 3 red marbles. Hence the probability of event E occuring is given by P(E) = 1 / 52 Question 7: A card is drawn at random from a deck of cards. 7 green marbles and 10 white marbles. An examination of the sample space shows that there is one "3 of diamond" so that n(E) = 1 and n(S) = 52. Find the probability of getting a queen. what is the probability that this marble is white? Solution to Question 8: . An examination of the sample space shows that there are 4 "Queens" so that n(E) = 4 and n(S) = 52. If a marble is drawn from the jar at random.

what is the probability that this person has O blood type? Solution to Question 9:  We construct a table of frequencies for the the blood groups as follows group a B O AB frequency 50 65 70 15   We use the empirical formula of the probability Frequency for O blood P(E)= ________________________________________________ Total frequencies . 70 have O blood type and 15 have type AB blood. We first construct a table of frequencies that gives the marbles color distributions as follows color red green white frequency 3 7 10   We now use the empirical formula of the probability Frequency for white color P(E)= ________________________________________________ Total frequencies in the above table  = 10 / 20 = 1 / 2 Question 9: The blood groups of 200 people is distributed as follows: 50 have type A blood. If a person from this group is selected at random. 65 have B blood type.

find the probability that one head only is obtained. c) Two dice are rolled. find the probability that the number obtained is greater than 4. Answers to above exercises: a) 2 / 6 = 1 / 3 b) 2 / 4 = 1 / 2 c) 4 / 36 = 1 / 9 d) 1 / 52 . d) A card is drawn at random from a deck of cards. = 70 / 200 = 0.35 Exercises: a) A die is rolled. b) Two coins are tossed. find the probability that the sum is equal to 5. Find the probability of getting the King of heart.

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