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IELTS GRAPHS Cambridge 1 test 1
The charts below show the results of a survey of adult education. The first chart shows the reasons why adults decide to study. The pie chart shows how people think the cost of adult education should be shared. Write a report for a university lecturer, describing the information shown below.
Interest in subject To gain qualifications Helpful for current job To improve prospects of promotion Enjoy learning / studying To able to change jobs To meet people 0 9 10 20 % 30 40 12 22 20 20 40 38

How the cost of each course should be shared

Employer, 35%

Individual, 40%

Taxpayer, 25%

I am going to describe two graphs. The bar graph shows the reasons why adults choose to study and the pie chart shows how the adults think the cost of each course should be shared. From the bar graph it is clear that the main reasons why adults opted for higher study were because of interest in subject and to gain qualifications. Nearly 40% gave this reason in the survey. Approximately 20% studied further because it was helpful for their present job and to improve their prospects of promotion. The same percentage also studied because they enjoyed studying. Around 12 % chose to study to be able to change jobs and the least 9% studied just to meet new people. From the pie chart we can infer that the individuals themselves wanted to spend only 40% of their fees for higher education. They wanted the employer to spend 35% and the taxpayer to spend 25% of their course fees. This ends my report.

www.kiransielts.blogspot.com

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Cambridge 1 test 2
The diagram shows how the Australian Bureau of Meteorology collects up-to-the-minute information on the weather in order to produce reliable forecasts. Write a report for a university lecturer, describing the information shown below.

Reliable weather forecasts are very important in today’s time. The given picture graph illustrates the process of latest information on the weather so as to produce dependable forecasts. It is clear from the graph that mainly four steps are involved in the process. The first stage in the process is the collection of the incoming information. This can be done through the satellite, radar and the drifting buoy. The data is collected on the satellite photo, radar screen and the synoptic chart. All this is then analysed for forecasting and fed into the computer. Finally it is broadcast on radio, telecast on TV and communicated as a recorded announcement through the phone. So, it can be seen that to produce authentic forecasts the data is collected through various sources, analysed and finally broadcast so that we can know beforehand what sort of weather we have to face in the coming time. This ends my report.

www.kiransielts.blogspot.com Cambridge 1 test 3 The chart below shows the amount of money per week spent on fast foods in Britain. The graph shows the trends in consumption of fast foods. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below. Expenditure on fast foods by income groups
Pence per person per week 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 High Income Average Income Low Income

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Hamburgers Fish and Chips Pizza

Consumption of fast foods 1970-1990

Two graphs are given. The column graph depicts the expenditure on fast foods by different income groups in Britain and the line graph shows the trends in consumption of fast foods from 1970 to 1990. The chart shows that high income earners consumed considerably more fast foods than the other income groups. They spent more than twice as much on hamburgers (43 pence per person per week) as on fish and chips or pizza (both under 20 pence). Average income earners spent 33 pence per person per week on hamburgers, which was the maximum they spent on any given fast food. This was followed by fish and chips at 24 pence, then pizza at 11 pence per person per week. Low income earners spent less than other income groups on fast foods, though fish and chips remains their most popular fast food, followed by hamburgers and then pizza. From the line graph we can see that in 1970, fish and chips were the most popular fast food where as burgers and pizza were the least popular fast food at that time. The consumption of hamburgers and pizza rose steadily over the 20 year period to 1990 while the consumption of fish and chips declined over that same period. There was a slight increase in popularity from 1985 to 1990. This ends my report.

The north. The railway line south of Chorleywood Park and the golf course was built in 1909. We can arrive at inference that there has been a considerable development in the village Chorleywood during the period of 1970 to 1994. Chorleywood park and golf coast lies in the centre of layout. To the south of the Chorleywood Park. The horizontally shaded area around the station is developed in between 1883 and 1922. 4 The map shows the development of Chorleywood village in between 1868 and 1994. It can be seen there has been development around Chorleywood station and along the motorway which runs from south to north.com Cambridge 1 test 4 Chorleywood is a village near London whose population has increased steadily since the middle of the nineteenth century. south and east of the Chorleywood Park. which was built in 1970. which is the diagonally shaded area.blogspot.www. We can assume from the map that on the west and north of Chorleywood Park and golf course. developed in between 1970 and 1994. To the south of this is the Chorleywood station. On the east of Chorleywood Park and the golf course runs the motor way. the dark line represents the main roads which run from north to south and west to east. It can be seen from the graph that the area north of Chorleywood station and the west of Chorleywood park and the golf course developed in between 1868 and 1883. . The map below shows the development of the village.kiransielts. the darkly shaded area is developed in between 1922 and 1970.

blogspot. rising from 37% of households in 1972 to 64% in 1983.www. Households with vacuum-cleaners. Over the period the proportion of British houses with central heating doubled and of those with a phone increased from under a half to over three-quarters. rising from 42% in 1972 to 77% in 1983. It is clear from the graph that this percentage increased over the years. In 1983. televisions and dishwashers increased by 8%. refrigerator. etc) owned in Britain from 1972 to 1983. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information given below Consumer durables 1972 1974 1976 1978 1979 1981 1982 1983 5 Percentages of households with Central heating Television Video Vacuum cleaner Refrigerator Washing machine Dishwasher Telephone 42 50 54 87 73 66 89 81 68 92 88 71 92 91 75 3 60 93 92 74 3 67 94 93 78 4 75 95 93 79 4 76 94 80 5 77 38 93 43 95 48 96 52 96 55 97 59 97 60 97 64 98 18 The given table illustrates the percentage of British households who owned a range of consumer durables between 1972 and 1983. The percentage of households with a refrigerator rose by 21% over the same period and of those with a washing machine by 14%.com Cambridge 2 test 1 The table below shows the consumer durables (telephone. . The greatest increase was in telephone ownership. which suggests rising living standards of the British people over the period.kiransielts. There were also big increases in the ownership of washing machines and refrigerators. 18% of households had a video recorder. the year of their introduction. Next was the central heating ownership. 5% and 2% respectively.

blogspot. compared with seventy two hours for women. according to gender and employment status. There were no figures given for male parttime workers. whereas women had approximately thirty-eight hours. on average.com Cambridge 2 Test 2 The chart below shows the amount of leisure time enjoyed by men and women of different employment status.kiransielts.00 40.00 60.approximately eighty hours. Housewives enjoyed approximately fifty-two hours of leisure. In the unemployed and retired categories. Leisure time in a typical week : by sex and employment status. the chart demonstrates that in the categories for which statistics on male leisure time were available. men on average had a little less than fifty hours of leisure.00 0 0. leisure time showed an increase for both sexes. . men enjoyed at least ten hours of extra leisure time. This number was slightly more than women in full-time employment. 1989-99 100.00 20. Here too. Among those employed full-time. Overall. but female part-timers had forty hours of leisure time. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.www. There were no figures given for men (househusbands). men enjoyed more leisure time .00 0 47 38 72 80 72 52 40 Males Females 6 The given column graph illustrates the hours of leisure time enjoyed by men and women in a typical week in 1998-99.00 Hours of leisure time 81 80.

905 2.K.188 2.519 The given tables illustrate the reasons why U.181 990 28.486 21.181 in 1998. There was also a change in the destinations which people preferred for travelling.559 1. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.610 24.628 travellers in 1995. The second chart shows their destinations over the same period. Indeed.752 1.447 28.371 919 1.896 who travelled abroad.167 1.519 in 1998.227 2.072 18.447 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 DESTINATIONS OF VISITS ABROAD BY UK RESIDENTS BY MAIN REGION (1994-98) Western Europe North America Other areas TOTAL 19.949 1.823 1. the main reason for traveling abroad was holidays. there was a steady increase in the number of holiday makers.828 982 22.877 23. The number of people who travelled for other reasons not mentioned in the graph showed fluctuations.896 19.kiransielts. This ends my report.944 914 1. residents visited abroad and the countries they visited between 1994 and 1998. There was an increase to 24.249 2.782 22.700 of them. The data is based on a survey conducted on 100. business.898 17.689 3.949 27.155 2.703 3.628 3.639 3. and visits to friends and relatives.000 people asking if they travelled abroad and why they travelled for the period 199498.610 1.054 27. North America and other areas also appeared favourable.167 going to North America and 1.828 21.com 7 Cambridge 2 test 3 The first chart below shows the results of a survey which sampled a cross-section of 100. VISITS ABROAD BY UK RESIDENTS BY PURPOSE OF VISIT (1994-98) 1994 1995 1996 1997 15. While in 1996 there were about 17. Travelling for business also increased from 3155 travellers in 1994 to 3957 travellers in 1994.774 3. While there were about 2.blogspot.246 14.000 people. in 1998 there were 20.072 896 21. Western Europe was the most popular destination.486 respectively. In 1994. According to statistical Information.700 3.030 24. . there were 1. the number increased to 3.051 1998 20.957 Holiday Business Visits to friends and relatives Other reasons TOTAL 3.905 to other areas. These numbers increased to 1.823 and 2.www. only 19. In 1996.371 of the sample preferred to spend their holiday in that main region.661 24. Traveling abroad for visiting friends and relatives showed a steady Increase over the period.

in Australia. Since then they increased gradually and reached 50. In Great Britain the numbers in prison have increased steadily from 30 000 in 1930 to 80.000 in 1980.www.com Cambridge 2 test 4 8 The table below shows the figures for imprisonment in five countries between 1930 and 1980. . Write a report for a university. It is clear from the graph that there is considerable fluctuation in the figures for imprisonment from country to country. The prison population in the United States increased very rapidly from 1970 to 1980. This ends my report. Australia.000 for Australia and New Zealand respectively. New Zealand. lecturer describing the information shown below. 160 140 120 in thousands 100 80 60 40 20 0 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 Great Britain Australia New Zealand United States Canada The given column graph illustrates the figures for imprisonment in Great Britain.kiransielts. The figures for the United States indicate the greatest number of prisoners compared to the other four countries. Canada is the only country in which the numbers in prison decreased over the fifty year period.blogspot. and particularly in New Zealand the numbers fell markedly from 1930 to 1940. although there were fluctuations in this trend.000 and approximately 85. United States and Canada from 1930 to 1980. On the other hand.

There were.kiransielts.com Cambridge 3 task 1 ( Same in Official materials ) 9 The charts below show the number of Japanese tourists travelling abroad between 1985 and 1995 and Australia’s share of the Japanese tourist market. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below. The column graph shows the number. In this report I am going to describe a column graph and a line graph. The column graph clearly shows an upward trend in the number of Japanese tourists. in millions. It is clear from the line graph that Australia got 2% share of Japan’s tourist market. minor fluctuations over the period. This number also grew three times and by 1995. . This number trebled over the decade. of Japanese tourists visiting other countries from 1985 to 1995 and the line graph shows the percentage of those Japanese tourists visiting Australia over the same period.www. however. reached 6% with some minor ups and downs in between.blogspot. It can be concluded that Australia’s share of Japan’s tourist market grew comparably over the period. This number was approximately 5 million in the year 1985 and reached 15 million by the year 1995.

However. Meanwhile. Germany is generally the lowest spender. spends almost the same.com 10 Cambridge 3 Test 2 The chart below shows the amount spent on six consumer goods in four European countries. However. toys and photographic films. In contrast. Personal stereos Tennis racquets Perfume Germany CDs Italy France Toys Britain Photographic film 100 120 140 160 180 Thousand pounds sterling The given bar graph shows the amount of money the Germans. This is most evident in photographic film. .www.blogspot. French and the British spend on consumer goods such as personal stereos. Italy. France spends more on CDs and photographic film but less on tennis racquets than Italy does. France and Italy generally maintain middle positions. CDs. It is clear from the data given that there are some significant differences in spending habits within Europe. Germany spends more than France. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below. Italians. where Germany spends much less than Britain. perfumes. in tennis racquets and perfumes. It is clear from the graph that Britain spends most heavily on the range of consumer goods included. while spending on toys is equal between the two. in the case of tennis racquets another country. Italy’s spending on personal stereos is only marginally greater than that of France. British spend more than other countries. tennis racquets. In every case.kiransielts.

Spending on research and development also saw rapid growth in these countries. numbers of scientists and technicians.blogspot. Figures are given for 1980 and 1990. Also. with only a slight increase in years of schooling from 1980 to 1990. This ends my report. It is clear from the charts that the figures for developed countries are much higher than those for developing nations.com 11 Cambridge 3 test 3 The charts below show the levels of participation in education and science in developing and industrialised countries in 1980 and 1990. From 1980 to 1990. . reaching $350 billion in 1990. Average years of schooling Years of schooling 10 8 6 4 2 0 1980 1990 Developing countries Industrialised countries Scientists and technicians per thousand people 80 Per thousand people 60 40 20 0 1980 1990 Developing countries Industrialised countries Spending on research and development 400 US $ billions 300 200 100 0 1980 1990 Developing countries Industrialised countries The three column graphs illustrate the average years of schooling. People in developing nations attended school for an average of around 3 years. By contrast.www. and research spending fell from about $50 billion to only $25 billion. On the other hand. the charts show an overall increase in participation in education and science from 1980 to 1990. the number of science workers in developing countries remained below 20 per 1000 people. the figure for industrialised countries rose from nearly 9 years of schooling in 1980 to nearly 11 years in 1990. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below. and the spending on research and development in developing and developed countries.kiransielts. the number of scientists and technicians in industrialised countries almost doubled from a little over 40 to about 70 per 1000 people.

blogspot. the percentage of unemployed grew steadily but with fluctuations to reach 5.5% percent. both Japan and U. . 1993. This ends my report. As for Japan. United States had seven percent of unemployed workforce which was three times more than that of Japan. although there were minor fluctuations in the unemployment rate. It can be seen from the graph that the unemployment rates in Japan increased over the period whereas that of America decreased over the period. however.kiransielts. The major conclusion that can be drawn using the graph. the percentage of unemployed workforce in United States remained roughly the same at about 5% until March 99. and Japan from March 93 to March 99. had about 5% of their work force unemployed. where 2.5% were unemployed.S. while in Japan it actually increased by 2. From then on.com 12 Cambridge 3 Test 4 The graph below shows the unemployment rates in the US and Japan between March 1993 and March 1999. doubled in three years. However. the unemployment rate in United States began declining slowly since March 1993.0% in the course of six years.www. Japan’s unemployment rate. is that number of unemployed in USA decreased by about 2. In March. and reached 5% mark in the middle of 1996. in March 99. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below The given line graph compares the unemployment rates between U. As a result.S.0% in March 1999.

The pie chart illustrates that 52. TV.5% of electricity is provided for ovens. The pie chart shows how electricity is used in an average English home. . food mixers and electric tools. washing machines. 15% each is used for lighting. kettles. As for summer. The given line graph illustrates the daily demand for electricity in England during typical days in winter and summer while the pie chart outlines how electricity is taken into use in an average English household.5% of electricity is used for heating rooms and water. This ends my report. and make comparisons where relevant. it is evident that the daily demand for electricity is generally more in winter than in summer.000 units throughout the day. From the graph. it increases steadily and peaks at nearly 10 pm after which it again falls at midnight. The consumption of electricity fluctuates at an average level of 40. Around 17.000 units in winter.com Cambridge 4 AC Task 1 13 The graph below shows the demand for electricity in England during typical days in winter and summer. the demand for electricity is just under 20. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. It gets to its peak at 2 pm 10 pm and bottoms at 9 am. The least demand for electricity is at about 7 am and after that.blogspot. radio and for vacuum cleaners.www.kiransielts.

Couples without children generally tended to be better off with only 7% in poverty whereas those with children were 12% .000) 11% (1. a higher than average proportion were living in poverty at this time. Write at least 150 words. Overall the table suggests that households of single adults and those with children were more likely to be living in poverty than those consisting of couples. though once again the trend favoured elderly couples (only 4%) rather than single elderly people (6%).www.000) 7% (211. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. with 21% and 19% respectively. However. On average.000) The given table illustrates the breakdown of the different type of families who were living in poverty in Australia in 1999.com 14 Cambridge 4 AC task 2 The table below shows the proportion of different categories of families living in poverty in Australia in 1999.000) 4% (48.837.000) 12% (933. and make comparisons where relevant. comprising almost two million people. 11% of all households. no children couple.000) 19% (359. no children sole parent couple with children all households Proportion of people from each household type living in poverty 6% (54.kiransielts. Family type single aged person aged couple single. Older people were generally less likely to be poor. . It is noticeable that for both types of household with children. were in this position.000) 21% (232.blogspot. those consisting of only one parent or a single adult had almost double this proportion of poor people.

.kiransielts. however. The gender difference is smallest at the level of Bachelor's degree. men with postgraduate diplomas clearly outnumbered their female counterparts (70% and 30%.com Cambridge 4 AC task 3 15 The chart below shows the different levels of post-school qualifications in Australia and the proportion of men and women who held them in 1999.www. We can see immediately that there were substantial differences in the proportion of men and women at different levels. At the higher levels of education. It is clear that gender differences were more pronounced in some fields than others. and also constituted 60% of Master's graduates. The biggest difference was at the lowest post-school level. This ends my report. more women held undergraduate diplomas (70%) and marginally more women reached degree level (55%).blogspot. respectively). Post-school qualifications in Australia according to gender 1999 Skilled vocational diploma Undergraduate diploma Bachelor's degree Females Postgraduate diploma Males Masters degree 0 10 20 30 40 50 % 60 70 80 90 100 The given bar graph gives information about the percentage of men and women who held different levels of post-school qualifications in Australia in 1999. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. while more women reach undergraduate diploma level than men. Thus we can see that more men than women hold qualifications at the lower and higher levels of education. By contrast. and make comparisons where relevant. where 90% men held a skilled vocational diploma compared with only 10% women.

from 11 million to 52 million. It is clear from the graph that the visits made by UK residents are more than the visits made to the UK by overseas residents.blogspot. and make comparisons where relevant. while a lesser number (9 million) of travellers went to Spain. and Turkey had approximately 9 million visitors altogether. In 1999. On the other hand. Greece.com 16 Cambridge 4 test 4 The charts below give information about travel to and from the UK.kiransielts.www. . the visits made by the British had a significant increase of 41 million trips in the same period. from 10 million visits in 1979 to over 25 million in 1999. Visitors from other countries such as the USA. The line graph shows data on the number of visits abroad by British people and visits from overseas residents to the UK. while the bar chart provides the figures of the popular countries chosen by UK residents to travel to. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. Visits to and from the UK Most popular countries visited by UK residents 1999 Turke y Greec e USA Spain Franc e 0 5 10 Millions of UK visitors 15 Two graphs are given. The trend for overseas visitors climbed steadily over the period of 20 years. which was the most popular country of all. and about the most popular countries for UK residents to visit. over 12 million UK residents visited France.

A new supermarket (S) is planned for the town. and make comparisons where relevant. which would be good for local residents. As it is also close to the railway line linking the two towns to Cransdon (25 km to the south-east). Both sites have their pros and cons. cars would be unable to park and access would be difficult. a potentially large number of shoppers would also be able to travel by train. but for customers in Cransdon. Overall. is right in the town centre. The first potential location (S1) is outside the town itself. The map shows two possible sites for the supermarket. The given picture graph shows two potential sites for a supermarket that is planned there. including Bransdon. This would make it accessible to shoppers from both Hindon and Garlsdon who could travel by car. the suggested location. neither site is appropriate for all the towns. In contrast. the out-of town site (S1) would probably offer more advantages. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. . This ends my report.kiransielts. Hindon and Garlsdon. and is sited just off the main road to the town of Hindon which is 12 kms to the north-west. This site is in the countryside and so would be able to accommodate a lot of car parking.www. S2. Theoretically the store could be accessed by road or rail from the surrounding towns. but as the central area is a no-traffic zone.blogspot.com Cambridge 5 Test 1 17 The map below is of the town of Garlsdon.

has the smallest system. It only has 11 kilometres of route. Washington DC and Kyoto. which was opened in the year 1900. in contrast. Kyoto and Los Angeles. It has 394 kilometres of route in total. at 1927 million passengers. Kyoto. Underground Railway systems City Date opened London Paris Tokyo Washington DC Kyoto Los Angeles 1863 1900 1927 1976 1981 2001 Kilometres of route 394 199 155 126 11 28 Passengers per year (in millions) 775 1191 1927 144 45 50 The given table illustrates data about the underground railway systems in six cities which are London. serves the greatest number of passengers per year. This was then followed by the opening of the railway systems in Tokyo. which is more than 30 times less than that of London. Washington DC. Kyoto. . at 1191 million passengers per year. In terms of the size. Tokyo. Los Angeles has the newest underground railway system. Interestingly. The smallest underground railway system.blogspot. the number of passengers served per year and in the age of the system. which only has 155 kilometres of route. Paris. and make comparisons where relevant. which is nearly twice as large as the system in Paris. the underground railway systems in different cities vary a lot in the site of the system. London has the oldest underground railway systems among the six cities. The system in Paris has the second greatest number of passengers. Overall it can be seen that. serves the smallest number of passengers per year. Paris is the second oldest.kiransielts. and was only opened in the year 2001.com 18 Cambridge 5 test 2 The table below gives information about the underground railway systems in six cities. Tokyo. London has the largest underground railway systems. and it is already 147 years old.www. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. It was opened in the year 1863.

The given line graph illustrates the proportion of 65+ year olds in Japan. Overall. Summarise the information …….com 19 Cambridge 5 test 3 The graph below shows the proportion of population aged 65 and over between 1940 1nd 2040 in three different countries. approximately 7% in Sweden and 9% in the U. by which time it is projected that the proportion of the elderly will be similar to all the three countries.blogspot.S.www. This ends my report. and Sweden grew to about 15% in 1990. In 1940.S. the percentage of elderly people is expected to increase by the year 2040.. However. the figure for Japan dipped to only 2.5% for much of this period before rising to almost 5% again at the present time. It is expected that. from 1940 to the present time with a prediction till 2040.kiransielts.S. the proportion of the elderly will continue to increase in the next two decades in the three countries.A. it can be seen from the graph that in all three countries. Sweden and U.A. A most dramatic increase is predicted between 2030 and 2040 in Japan. . the proportion of people aged 65 or more stood at only 5% in Japan. while the figures for U.

by age group (Time off and help with fees) 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 under 26 26-29 30-39 Age 40-49 over 49 Two column graphs are given. From the first graph it is clear that there is a gradual decrease in study for career reasons with age. This ends my report. study for their career. and then increases in late adulthood up to about 44%. but the highest level is for those students who mainly study for career purposes. It is unclear whether employer support is only for career-focused study. There are only 10% of under 26yr olds studying out of interest. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant. The percentage increases slowly till the beginning of the fourth decade.www.com 20 Cambridge 5 test 4 The charts below show the main reasons for study among students of different age groups and the amount of support they received from their employers. Nearly 80% of students under 26 years. It drops rapidly to 32% up to the third decade of life. In contrast. The first column graph shows the proportion of people of different age groups who studied for career or for interest.blogspot. This percentage gradually declines by 10-20% every decade. the study because of interest increases with age. and increases dramatically in late adulthood. Only 40% of 40-49yr olds and 18% of over 49yr olds study for career reasons. The second graph shows the amount of support they got from their employers in terms of time off or fees. The second graph shows that employer support is maximum (approximately 60%) for the under 26yr students.kiransielts. Nearly same number of 40-49yr olds study for career and interest. % . Reasons for study according to age of student 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 under 26-29 30-39 40-49 over 26 49 Age % For career For interest Employer support. However 70% of over 49yr olds study for interest in comparison to 18% studying for career reasons in that age group.

www.blogspot. industrial use grew steadily to just over 1. With a population of 176 million. It is clear from the line graph that throughout the century. This means that a huge amount of water was used in agriculture in Brazil. Water used in the industrial and domestic sectors also increased. but consumption was minimal until mid-century.R.2 million 100 km2 8 m3 of Congo A line graph and a table are given. Water consumption in Brazil and Congo in 2000 Country Population Irrigated land Water consumption per person Brazil 176 million 26. The amount of irrigated land in Brazil was 26. The line graph shows the water used worldwide in industries. while domestic use rose more slowly to only 300 km³. and make comparisons where relevant. From 1950 onwards.500 km2 359 m3 Democratic Republic 5.500 km³ whereas that in the D.kiransielts. was only 100 km².000 km³ in the year 2000. the largest quantity of water was used for agricultural Purposes. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. .C. and this is reflected in the figures for water consumption per person: 359 m³ compared with only 8 m³ in the Congo. This ends my report. and this increased dramatically from about 500 km³ to around 3. agriculture and in households from 1900 to 2000. The table illustrates the differences in agriculture consumption in Brazil and the Democratic Republic of Congo in 2000. the figures for Brazil indicate how high agriculture water consumption can be in some countries.000 km³. The table shows the water consumption in Brazil and Congo in 2000. both far below the levels of consumption by agriculture.com Cambridge 6 Test 1 21 The graph and table below give information about water use worldwide and water consumption in two different countries.

long distance buses. dropping from 429 to 274.740 to 6.com 22 Cambridge 6 test 2 The table below gives information about changes in modes of travel in England between 1985 and 2000. with their average miles increasing considerably from 3.199 in 1985 to 4. trains. the total travelling distance in the country grew in 15 years. Cars. bicycling and local transportation less popular. In general.806 in 2000.kiransielts.806 274 124 366 42 585 6. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. however. some modes gained popularity while the others became less popular. The travel modes which gained popularity in the period included cars.740 2000 237 41 4. trains. taxis and others. Overall. . Despite the decreases.www. Travelling on foot. whilst the number of miles covered on foot and bikes fell mildly from 255 to 237 and from 51 to 41 respectively.199 429 54 289 13 450 4.blogspot. Average distance in miles travelled per person per year by mode of travel Walking Bicycle Car Local bus Long distance bus Train Taxi Other All modes 1985 255 51 3. the total miles travelled grew from 4. Cars remained top among the modes in the 15 years. long distance buses. and make comparisons where relevant. Average travelling distance by local buses suffered the biggest decrease.475.475 The given table demonstrates the different modes of travel in England in 15 years from 1985 to 2000. taxis and other modes of travel were more popular and walking. The average miles covered by distance buses and taxis trebled over the period. by bicycles and by local buses lost popularity in the one and a half decade.

dyed and finally used to produce cloth in the weaving stage. the diagrams show that the cocoon stage of the silkworm can be used to produce silk cloth through a very simple process. the adult moths eventually emerge from these cocoons and the life cycle begins again. Two processes are given.blogspot. The cocoons are used for the production of silk cloth. eggs are produced by the moth and it takes ten days for each egg to become a silkworm larva that feeds on mulberry leaves. they are boiled in water and the threads can be separated by unwinding them. The cyclical process shows the lifecycle of the silkworm. Overall. The threads are then twisted together. The linear process shows the production of silk cloth. First of all. First of all. and make comparisons where relevant.kiransielts. . It can be seen from the first diagram that there are four main stages in the life of the silkworm. This stage lasts for up to six weeks until the larva produces a cocoon of silk thread around itself.www. After a period of about three weeks. Each thread is between 300 and 900 metres long.com 23 Cambridge 6 test 3 The diagrams below show the life cycle of the silkworm and the stages in the production of silk cloth. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features.

5 millions 2 1.www. The year 1980 witnessed the greatest number of divorces and meanwhile. we see that the percentages of those who were never married increased from 14% to 20% and those who chose to end their marriages by divorce increased from 1% to 9% by 2000. 1970 and 2000 80 70 Percentage of adults 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Never married Married Widowed Divorced 1970 2000 The two bar charts compare the number of married and divorced people in USA over a span of 30 years from 1970 to 2000 and the overall marital status of US adults in 1970 and 2000. married and widowed. As can be seen from the first chart.4 million in 1980. over the period of 30 years.kiransielts. divorces were 1 million in 1970 and increased to 1.5 1 0. As we look at the other chart.5 0 1970 1980 1990 2000 Marriages Divorces Marital status of adult Americans.5 million.blogspot. the number of marriages in USA stood at 2. in 1970 and 1980.S. However. The percentage of married decreased from 70% to 60% and those widowed decreased from 6% to 5% over the years. Divorces decreased slightly from 1.A. the number of divorces in 2000 drew even with that in 1970. the figures for 1970 were higher than those for 2000.1 million in 1990 to 1 million in 2000. . There was a steady fall in the numbers of marriages after 1980 and the number reached 2 million by 2000. 1970-2000 3 2.com CAMBRIDGE 6 TEST 4 The charts below give information about USA marriage and divorce rates between 1970 and 2000. and the marital status of adult Americans in two of the years. In terms of the other two categories. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. namely. the number of marriages experienced a steady fall while the number of divorces fluctuated. This ends my report. To begin with. and make comparisons where relevant. 24 Number of marriages and divorces in the U.

They spent 9% on these items whereas all others spent between 5% and 7% on these items.2002 Country Ireland Italy Spain Sweden Turkey Food/Drinks/tobacco 28. The Italians.20% 1.21% 3.91%.kiransielts.www. However the Spanish spent below 2% on these which was the lowest among all. Overall.91% 16. The people of Turkey spent approximately a third of their income (32. and make comparisons where relevant. drink and tobacco which was closely followed by the people of Ireland at 28.22% 4.63% Leisure/Education 2. The Italians outstripped all others in spending on clothing and footwear.36% 18. Spanish. Percentage of national consumer expenditure by category . it can be seen that people of all countries spent the maximum on food/drinks and tobacco and the minimum on leisure and education.43% 9.80% 15. . Spanish and Swedes spent 15-20 % on these items.blogspot.35% The given table illustrates the amount of money spent by the Irish. All the countries spent the least amount on leisure and education (less than 5%).com 25 Cambridge 7 test 1 The table below gives information on consumer spending on different items in five different countries in 2002. the consumer expenditure on various items had some similarities and some differences.14%) on food.00% 6.14% Clothing/Footwear 6. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. Swedes and Turks on different items in 2002. Italians.98% 3.77% 32. It can be said that in 2002.51% 5.40% 6.

kiransielts. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features.com 26 Cambridge 7 test 2 The graph below shows the consumption of fish and some different kinds of meat in a European country between 1979 and 2004. with about 225 grams consumed per person per week. Therefore. the graph shows how the consumption of chicken increased dramatically while the popularity of these other foods decreased over the period. . In 1979 beef was by far the most popular of these foods. Lamb and chicken were eaten in similar quantities (around 150 grams). However. The consumption of fish also declined. lamb. Overall. and make comparisons where relevant.www. showed an upward trend. overtaking that of lamb in 1980 and that of beef in 1989. By 2004 it had soared to almost 250 grams per person per week. consumption levels were the most stable. while much less fish was consumed (just over 50 grams). but much less significantly to just below 50 grams. The given line graph illustrates the changes in the amounts of beef. during this 25-year period the consumption of beef and lamb fell dramatically to approximately 100 grams and 55 grams respectively. The consumption of chicken. chicken and fish consumed in a particular European country between 1979 and 2004.blogspot. although it remained the least popular food. on the other hand.

Percentage change in average house prices in five cities 1990-2002 compared with 1989 The given column graph illustrates the changes in average house prices in five different cities located in five different countries from 1990 to 2002 as compared to the prices in 1989. . Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. 7. It is clear that the average house prices picked up most in the latter seven years of this 12 year period. the average house prices fell significantly by 5% in New York(U.blogspot.A. the least (2%) being in Frankfurt. and make comparisons where relevant. During the period from 1990 to 1995. In all other cities it was below 5%.). In the next seven year period. There were considerable variations in the average house prices over the period. the average house prices fell only in Tokyo by 5% whereas the prices increased in all other four cities.5% each in Tokyo(Japan) and London(U. The increase was most pronounced in London.K.5% in Madrid (Spain) and Frankfurt(Germany) respectively.com 27 Cambridge 7 test 3 The chart below shows information about changes in average house prices in five different cities between 1990 and 2002 compared with the average house prices in 1989.S.) whereas the average house prices increased slightly by 2% and 2. where it was 12%.www.kiransielts.

at 126 units. coal was used to produce more than 75% of electricity and only hydro continued to be another significant source supplying approximately 20%. while coal and oil together produced only 50 units. In 1980 in Australia. The remaining 40 units were produced largely from oil and nuclear power. with hydro contributing only 5 units.blogspot. which was matched by natural gas. Other sources were no longer significant.kiransielts. But by 2000. rising from 100 units to 170 in Australia. A negligible amount (2 units each) was produced from oil and natural gas. which was not used at all in Australia. Between these years electricity production almost doubled. it is clear that by 2000 these two countries relied on different principal fuel sources: Australia relied on coal and France on nuclear power. nuclear power. hydro power (each producing 20 units) and oil (which produced only 10 units). producing almost 75% of electricity. France used coal as a source for only 25 units of electricity in 1980. Overall. In contrast. a total of 100 units of electricity were produced out of which half the amount of electricity was produced from coal and the rest was produced from natural gas.com 28 Cambridge 7 test 4 The pie charts below show units of electricity production by fuel source in Australia and France in 1980 and 2000. and from 90 to 180 units in France. . had developed into the main source. By 2000. and make comparisons where relevant. The given pie charts compare the sources of electricity in Australia and France in the years 1980 and 2000. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features.www.

There are three basic stages to the process.kiransielts.www. The device is able to provide details such as the name of the street or pinpoint a specific place on a map/screen.blogspot. The diagram illustrates how an electronic tracking device can be fitted to someone's clothing or hidden in a bag. A message is transmitted from the device to a transmission tower. The location of the device is monitored by satellite. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown. The first stage in the tracking process is to hide the device (the tracker) in an appropriate place such as a bag or the person’s clothing. His or her location can also be picked up on a computer / internet website.com 29 GRAPHS FROM IELTS BOOKS Step up to IELTS The pictures below show how someone can be tracked using an electronic tracking device. A device of this nature could be very effective as a means of tracking and locating someone such as a school child. in order to allow that person to be tracked and located. It is received and then retransmitted as a text message to a mobile phone indicating exactly where the person is. .

Drinking and cooking account for a smaller volume of water consumption than personal hygiene and clothes washing.kiransielts. Write a report for a university lecturer………. is far smaller than in either of these other areas.blogspot.. A. the two charts provide a useful overview of water use in Australia. while the proportion of water used in industry is approximately 10 per cent. whereas the pie chart gives a breakdown of household water usage. From the chart we can see that by far the largest proportion of domestic water. well over 50% in fact. Distribution of water usage in Australia 50 40 30 20 10 0 Urban usage Irrigation Industry Other Purposes for which water is used ( is shown as percentage of total) B.www. . When read together. The column graph provides an overview of how water is used generally. 45 per cent in fact. From the column graph we can see that a slightly higher percentage of water goes on irrigation than on urban usage. A very small percentage of water is used for other purposes which are not identified in the chart.com 30 Step up to IELTS The diagram below contains information about distribution of water usage in Australia and the average household water usage in Australia. Average household water usage in Australia drinking / cooking washing clothes washing clothes personal hygeine Gardens / swimming pools drinking / cooking Other Other Gardens / swimming pools personal hygeine The given column graph and pie chart relate to different aspects of water consumption in Australia. goes into gardens and swimming pools. which together make up about 25%.

with a water temperature of I-2°C. Sea level is shown as 0 m and the first 200 m below the surface is referred to as the sunlight zone.kiransielts. which descends for 800 m. The second diagram focuses on the depth of the ocean and the amount of light that penetrates to the bottom. The water temperature shown is approximately 5°C in this zone.com 31 Step up to IELTS The diagrams below contain information about land and light penetration under the ocean. This is where the continental shelf ends. Below this is the twilight zone.blogspot. The first profile provides a cross section of the coast of a continent beneath the surface of the sea. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below. . The area between 1000 m and 4000 m is known as the dark zone. and illustrates that the continental shelf goes to a depth of approximately 200 metres below sea level.www. Profile across the sea coast of a continent (not to scale) Depth zones of the ocean The two diagrams illustrate the shape and formation of the land under the sea. which is known as the sea floor. Almost no light can penetrate this far down. The land then drops abruptly to the bottom of the ocean.

1 billion cases of their fizzy drink product worldwide. 16. The largest consumer was North America. They dipped a little in mid-1997 and then peaked at $80 per share in mid-98. while Africa and the Middle East remained fairly small consumers at 7 per cent of the total volume of sales.4 North America . shares were valued at approximately $35.5 Latin America. prices rose significantly to $70 per share.4 Europe. 2000.Coca-Cola's unit case volume by region. From then until 2000 their value fell consistently but there was a slight rise in mid-2000. 30. Between 1996 and 1997. share prices for Coca-Cola have fluctuated.www. A lot of bottles . The second largest consumer was Latin America. 20.7 Two graphs are given.4 per cent of the total volume was purchased. Coca-Cola sold a total of 17. Form the line graph it is clear that since 1996. % of total ( Total 17. 7 Asia.1 bn) Africa and Middle East. In the year 2000.5 and 16. In that year. 25. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.blogspot.kiransielts. This ends my report. however. The pie chart shows the worldwide distribution of sales of Coca-Cola in the year 2000 and the line graph shows the change in share prices between 1996 and 2001. where 30. .com 32 Step up to IELTS The chart and graph below give information about sales and share prices for Coca-Cola.4 per cent of the total volume respectively. Europe and Asia purchased 20.

kiransielts. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task. while the sales of CDs went down slightly over the three year period. this figure had risen to a little over 30 billion dollars.blogspot. just under 20 billion dollars worth of these items were sold.www. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information. but less sharply. Sales increased from about 13 billion dollars in 2000 to just under 20 billion dollars three years later. In 2000. . during the same time period. The given column graph shows the sales of video material / DVDs. By contrast. The sales of games software also rose during this period. CDs and DVD or video.   You should write at least 150 words.com 33 Step up to IELTS The chart below gives information about global sales of games software. but in 2003. It can be seen that the sales of videos / DVDs and games software increasedconsiderably. the sale of CDs fell from 35 billion dollars in 2000 to about 32. games software and CDs around the world in billions of dollars from 2000 to 2003. the sale of videos and DVDs rose by approximately 13 billion dollars.5 billion dollars in 2003. Between 2000 and 2003.

29 21 169 14 Jan. Brisbane. according to the data. although neither city has a totally dry season. Both Melbourne and Brisbane have good annual rainfall. However. Melbourne on the other hand experiences colder winters with average minimum temperatures as low as 4°. 20 9 67 14 The given tables compare the average annual temperatures and rainfall for two cities Brisbane and Melbourne in Australia. we can see from the information provided that Brisbane is warmer than Melbourne although the differences in temperature are not huge.com 34 Step up to IELTS The tables below show average yearly temperatures and rainfall for two cities in Australia. 26 16 102 10 Oct. 27 17 86 11 Apr. One interesting point is that the temperature in Brisbane never falls below 11° C. It can be seen from the tables that there are some similarities and some differences in the climates. Average yearly temperatures and rainfall for Brisbane and Melbourne in Australia Brisbane climate Max° C Min° C Rainfall mm Rainy days Melbourne climate Max° C Min° C Rainfall mm Rainy days Jan. Describe the charts and make comparisons where relevant. while it has fewer wetter days.blogspot. however. receives almost twice as much rain as Melbourne. Brisbane and Melbourne have similar climates. even in winter in July. 26 14 48 8 Apr. . The wettest months in both cities are January and October.kiransielts. 20 11 57 12 July 21 11 66 7 July 13 4 49 15 Oct. So we can see that the climates of both cities have some similarities and some variations.www.

Between 1980 and 2000. Forecast in the world oil production . Between 2000 and 2010. The figures show that while the production of oil in Middle Eastern OPEC countries is predicted to increase considerably. oil production elsewhere is likely to fall.com 35 Step up to IELTS The graph below shows the world oil production since 1980 with a forecast till 2020. only two million barrels were produced by OPEC countries. present and future data concerning the production of the world’s oil in OPEC and non-OPEC countries.blogspot. most of the world’s oil came from non-OPEC countries. while a further 10 million barrels has been provided by other OPEC or non-OPEC countries. and under 5 million barrels per day from other areas. However.www.million barrels / day 20 15 10 Non OPEC Other OPEC OPEC Middle east 5 0 1980-2000 2000-2010 2010-2020 The graph gives the past. Write a report ……. .kiransielts. it is shown that approximately 10 million has come from Middle Eastern OPEC countries. It is predicted that oil production is likely to stabilise between 2010 and 2020. a lot more of this oil is expected to come from the Middle Eastern OPEC countries. Since then these figures have changed considerably.

The heaviest concentration of nitrogen comes from industry. In this way the nitrogen cycle goes on. It can be seen from the diagram that nitrogen is oxidised by lightning or fixed by vegetation. Domestic wastes and fertilizers used in gardens also add to the nitrogen in the water table.blogspot. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. from household liquid waste. some nitrogen is taken up by soil particles. The groundwater flows toward the sea and discharges into the ocean in the groundwater discharge zone. and the disposal of waste in landfills may lead to more nitrogen entering the water table.www.com 36 Prepare for IELTS – AC The following diagram shows nitrogen sources and concentration levels in the groundwater of a coastal city. and from landfill. From the water table. Nitrogen is also added back to the soil by de-nitrification and degassing of ammonia.kiransielts. . This diagram shows the sources and concentration levels of nitrogen in the groundwater of a coastal city. Industries add nitrogen through leaks from storage tanks and wastewater ponds. Therefore the concentration tends to decrease near the saltwater interface and between the areas of high concentration of nitrogen which descend from industry and waste disposal.

The final feature.com 37 Prepare for IELTS – AC – Insearch The table below shows consumer preferences for the features of automatic washing machines in different countries. the Germans requiring a machine which looks indestructible. but this is not so elsewhere. and make comparisons where relevant. to 600 rpm [France]. BY COUNTRY FEATURES Shell dimensions UNITED KINGDOM GERMANY FRANCE SWEDEN 34" & narrow Enamel Top 5 kilos 700 rpm Yes Inconspicuous appearance Agitator 34" & wide Stainless steel Front 6 kilos 850 rpm No Indestructible appearance Tumble 34" & narrow Enamel Front 5 kilos 600 rpm No Elegant appearance Agitator 34" & wide Stainless steel Front 6 kilos 800 rpm Yes Strong appearance Tumble [height and width] Drum material Loading Capacity Spin speed Water heating system Styling features Washing action The table shows consumer preferences for washing machines in four different European countries. The load capacity varies slightly between 5 and 6 kilos. The preferred drum material is enamel in the UK and France whereas it is stainless steel in the other countries. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features.blogspot. the British favouring an inconspicuous appearance. 700 rpm [UK]. the French an elegant machine and the Swedes a strong-looking machine. .kiransielts. sees a division between the UK and France where consumers prefer an agitator. EXHIBIT ONE: CONSUMER PREFERENCES AS TO AUTOMATIC WASHING MACHINE FEATURES. and the other countries where a tumble action is preferred. The British and the Swedes opt for a water heating system. 800 rpm [Sweden]. In the United Kingdom [UK) and France consumers prefer 34" and narrow shells whereas in Germany and Sweden they prefer 34" and wide shells. The preferred spin speed ranges from 850 rpm [Germany]. This ends my report.www. Each country has a different preference for styling features. Consumers in every country except the UK prefer front loading to top loading machines. the washing action.

In 1986 natural resources provided more than 25% of GDP. but rose to almost 20% in 1995. hotels Transport. the 3. Industry earned less than 10% of GDP in 1986. communication Government Employment 77. However.8% 100% GDP 19. The second graph shows that the percentage of GDP in the services sector fell steadily from approximately 65% to 53%.2% who worked in the service sector produced 58% of GDP. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features.7% 3.www.2% 15.com 38 Prepare for IELTS – AC – Insearch The following graphs give information about the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and employment sectors of a developing country. Sectoral distribution of employment and GDP.4% of the population worked in natural resources in 1992.4% 12. industry and services.4% of GDP.6% 4. and the 15. The first graph reveals that although 77. recovered in 1993 but fell below 20% in 1995. and the percentage of GDP which they produced. . but this declined to less than 20% in 1992.4% 100% Services Other TOTAL The table shows the percentage of people employed in different sectors of the economy in 1992. and make comparisons where relevant.6% 8.5% 7.kiransielts.1% 8. The two graphs reveal that GDP was earned primarily by the service sector.2% of GDP.9% 1.4% 3.1992 Natural Resources Industry Trade.6% of the population who worked in industry produced 15. The main economic sectors are natural resources. they produced only 19.blogspot. The line graph shows the trends in the percentage of GDP between 1986 and 1995. restaurants.4% 37.

It was a significant decline from 50% ten years before.www. Enrolments 1989-1999 The two graphs show student enrolment trends over a ten-year period. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features.kiransielts.000 of these being new students. from 1989-1999. . when the total local student population was 400.000 in 1994 and then over 40.com 39 Prepare for IELTS – AC – Insearch The graphs below show the enrolment of overseas students and local students in Australian universities over a ten year period. The trends clearly demonstrate that growth can be expected to continue from overseas students but not for local students.000 overseas students [around half of whom were new students). The local student population was around 600. In 1999 there were approximately 80.000 out of which approximately 200. The first graph illustrates overseas student enrolments and the second local student enrolments. The rate of increase in the number of overseas students has been dramatic.blogspot. The two graphs clearly demonstrate increasing demand for Australian university education by overseas students [increasing 400%] with a significantly smaller increase by local students [just 50%J for this period.000 were new students. from just under 9.000 in 1999.000 in 1999 with just 200. and make comparisons where relevant. to 20.000 in 1989. in Australian universities. This was just 33% of the local total. doubling every five years. The first graph clearly shows that new overseas students continue to enrol in Australian universities.

Some subjects were more popular with the younger age group.48% law. However. 2.blogspot.35% of the younger age group. Arts. Their main fields of study were: Administration.17% other. architecture and medicine were less popular with younger graduates.800 Australians aged between 55 and 69 hold a degree.40% Architecture. The biggest gains in graduate numbers were made by Science. 13. 10. The younger group is more than three times bigger than the older group [347. were held by 18. POST SCHOOL QUALIFICATIONS 357.11% Veterinary. Computers. Comparing the two groups.36% Veterinary.76% medicine. To sum up.19% Engineering.kiransielts. Their main fields of study were: Administration. The most striking feature of the pie charts is the huge number of people with qualifications. 3. 19.34% Science. 11. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting main features.31% Architecture.500 Australians aged between 25 and 34 hold a degree.19%. the biggest loss was to engineering. which was preferred by 19.com 40 Prepare for IELTS – AC – Insearch The graphs below show the post-school qualifications held by Australians in the age groups 25 to 34 and 55 to 69. 2. 2.500 compared to 104.48% other.27% of the older age group as compared to 9. 18. 2.00% Engineering. the graphs show that the number of young graduates were threefold more than the number of older graduates. Arts. 20.98% Social Sciences.85% Science.24% law. Mths.1% more popular in the 25 to 34 year olds. 1.54% Education. 19.92% These two pie charts show the differences between two groups of Australians [25 to 34 and 55 to 69 year olds] in terms of their post-school qualifications. 7. and make comparisons where relevant.www. Mths. Administration was 4. as a group.10% 104. medicine was lower in popularity by almost 4%. 14. Agriculture.800). Maths and Computers which. . Agriculture. 14.27% medicine. 5. 19. Computers.42% Education. 9.08% Social Sciences. 2.

Overall.www. Confidence takes a sharp fall but then rises again until week 8. Overall it can be seen that ability increases a lot over the ten week period and confidence also increases but enthusiasm drops over the time.com 41 Ac task 1 High Impact The graph shows typical levels in enthusiasm. finishing on approximately 85 per cent by the end of week 10. Between weeks 7 and 8. .blogspot. The most striking point is that at the beginning of the course. 100 90 80 70 Per cent 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Ability Confidence Enthusiasm2 The given line graph shows the changes in three factors affecting students over a ten week period in an IELTS class. enthusiasm overtakes ability at about 70 per cent. students' enthusiasm is almost 100 per cent whereas confidence and ability are only slightly above 20 per cent. confidence and enthusiasm show fluctuations. Over the first four weeks. however. confidence and ability of students attending a ten week IELTS class. whereas ability increases throughout. while ability continues to climb.kiransielts. while enthusiasm declines steadily until the sixth week. Confidence. both confidence and ability increase. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information given below. continues to decline from week 8 ending at approximately the level in week 2.

www.kiransielts.blogspot.com

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Ac task 1 High Impact
The graphs below show three exports from South East Asia and the four sources of revenue for 1970 and 1995. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information given below.
50 45 40

Exports from South East Asia

Millions of $ US

35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 Manufactured products Timber Other raw products

Sources of revenue for South East Asia 1970
Other, 11% Domestic , 33% Tourism, 27%

Sources of revenue for South East Asia 1995
Other, 13% Domestic, 21%

Exports, 12%

Exports, 29%

Tourism, 54%

The three graphs present changes in exports and revenue in South East Asia from 1970 to 1995. The line graph shows three different exports, namely manufactured products, timber and other raw materials. From 1970 to 1975, these three exports rose, with timber increasing most dramatically by $20 million US dollars. From 1975, exports from both timber and other raw materials declined whereas exports from manufactured products continued to increase with a peak of approximately $43 million US dollars in 1988. From the pie charts it is clear that the source of revenue from tourism doubled in 1995 as compared to 1970. It was 27% in 1970 and 54% in 1995.However, this was accompanied by a decline of over one third in domestic revenue ( from 33% to 21%). The remaining named source of income, classed as 'other', experienced only a slight increase of 2% over the same period. The revenue from exports decreased markedly from 29% to 12%. In conclusion, it can be observed that while timber and raw material exports fell, revenue from tourism markedly increased.

www.kiransielts.blogspot.com

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Ac task 1 High Impact The graph below shows four areas of accommodation status in a major European city from 1970 to 2000.
57

38 tenants 000s buying/bought landlords 19 Other

0 1970 1980 1990 2000

The graph shows trends in a European city in four different types of accommodation position over a thirty year period. The most striking trend is the overall decline in the number of people having bought or in the process of buying, their own property, falling from approximately 55,000 in 1970 to approximately 15,000 by 1990. There was a slight recovery to about 19,000 by 2000. In contrast, the number of people in the category 'other', increased from 20,000 in 1970 to 35,000 in 1990. However, after that the number of people in this category fell dramatically and reached 19,000 again by 2000. A similar correlation can be observed between the number of tenants and the number of landlords, with nearly 50,000 tenants and just over 10,000 fewer landlords in 1980. From that point to 2000, both numbers declined, although the number of landlords declined at a marginally faster rate. Overall, all categories of accommodation declined over the period, with the sharpest decline coming from those buying a property.

www.kiransielts.blogspot.com

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Ac task 1 High Impact
The diagram below shows the process of publishing a book. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information given below
Author works on manuscript
Author makes revisions

Received by publishing house Assessment Pre-production meetings Publishing schedule established

Production team assembled Book edited and produced in galley stage
Illustrations commissioned

Checked by author and editor

First page proofs Checked by author and editor

Second page proofs

Sent to printer
The given flow chart illustrates the process of developing a manuscript into a published book. It is clear from the linear process that many steps are involved in publishing a book. The process begins with the initial writing, which is then sent to a publishing house for assessment. If necessary, the material is then returned for revisions by the writer and this cycle of the process is repeated until it passes the assessment stage. Following that, the project is discussed in pre-production meetings. Once a schedule has been arranged, a team is brought together for production and the work is edited and produced in the galley stage. This goes to the editor and the writer, following which illustrations are commissioned and the work is checked by the author and the editor. This is then converted into first page proofs which are once again checked by both the editor and the author before moving on to second page proofs. The process is concluded when these proofs are sent to the printer. This ends my report.

blogspot. aged between 26 and 40. with soccer being the sport that draws an almost even number of spectators.kiransielts.000 spectators respectively). however. Rugby and athletics.www. Of all the sports. The most notable trend is that people aged between 15 and 25 always rank the lowest regardless of sport. being the clear majority of rugby spectators. golf is not watched at all.000 viewers respectively). particularly in golf and cricket. The graph shows that in this age category. who watch various sports such as soccer. Those people aged 41 or over account for the highest number of spectators of most sports. golf. cricket and golf show the widest disparity between the age groups. . are favoured by those in the middle category. closely followed by rugby ( 24.000 and 22. tennis.000 and 10.com 45 Ac task 1 High Impact The graph shows the most popular sports watched by different age groups in an average European city. Soccer attracts the most spectators for this age range. 50 People who regularly watch sporting events Number of people (000s) 40 30 15-25 years old 20 26-40 years old 41 + years 10 0 The column graph illustrates the number of people of different age groups. rugby. athletics and cricket in a typical city in Europe. and athletics and cricket are not popular (5. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information given below.

with the most striking difference coming from those employed as fire fighters. averaging 14 days in the year compared with four days for women. with men being absent for nearly twice the number of days. On the whole police officers and fire fighters take more days off from work than teachers and factory workers. Stress-related absence from work only accounted for one day a year for women in factory positions rising to three for teachers.www.blogspot. in four types of jobs. However. The most obvious point is that men rated higher than women across the chart. the difference between the sexes was only one day a year. 1998 12 14 10 Days off work 7 Men Women 5 2 1 0 Factory worker Teacher Police officer Fire fighter 4 3 4 The given column graph illustrates the number of days taken off from work. Men were absent for two days and four days respectively.kiransielts. In this occupation. 15 Stress-related illness in four different jobs. because of stress related problems among men and women in 1998. . but still with women taking fewer days off than men. The result for factory workers and teachers is not so pointed. The chart illustrates the impact of illness due to stress and its correlation to days absent from work for both sexes.com 46 Ac task 1 High Impact The chart below shows days taken off work due to stress-related illnesses by job for men and women. For both groups. men took more than three times as many days off. even in these professions women are better at coping with stress than men and take fewer days off. A similar trend can be observed with police officers.

The lowest percentage is those aged 26 to 40. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below Age groups 5-14 opinion Actively recycle Recycle when they remember Don’t know anything about recycling Prefer not to comment All data is in percentages 15-25 26-40 41-55 56-70 71+ 8 21 52 19 59 20 8 13 48 34 4 14 47 26 7 20 39 16 28 17 8 34 42 16 The table gives opinions on recycling in percentages of people in six different age categories. The remaining age categories vary between just under half to over one-third of people. those under 15 and over 71 represent the lowest percentage of people that actively recycle. The under 15s remain the largest per cent of people who do not know about recycling. a figure which is four times higher than those aged 41 to 55.com 47 AC task 1 High Impact The table below shows the attitudes to recycling of people in different age groups. At less than 10 per cent. with those under 15 just one per cent behind.kiransielts. The remaining four categories are within a four per cent range. although this figure doubles to eight percent for those just under this age. One-fifth of people aged 41 to 55 opt not to give their opinions on recycling.www. .blogspot. This figure increases over five-fold to 59 per cent for those aged 15 to 25. Slightly more than a quarter of those aged 56 to 70 know nothing about recycling.

1 68.0 5.0 The United Kingdom The former Soviet Union The United Arab Emirates Australia Japan New Zealand South Korea China *In millions of tonnes The table provides data about the use and production of natural gas in nine different countries in 2001.4 35.0 97. The United Kingdom produced over 10 million tonnes more than it used.www. the rate of both production and consumption was markedly different between them.blogspot.9 24.1 7.9 28. with 0. Australia produced nearly one-third more natural gas than it consumed. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below Country Natural gas consumption and production.9 86. With the exception of the former Soviet Union. 2001 Consumption* Production* The USA 588.kiransielts.3 0. . other countries' production figures are higher than their consumption figures although there are no figures provided for either Japan or South Korea. Although the majority of countries produced more gas than they used in the same year. China consumed only 0.9 18.3 500. the former Soviet Union accounted for far less production than it consumed. twice the excess produced by the United Arab Emirates.com 48 Ac task 1 High Impact The table below shows the production and consumption of natural gas in different countries in 2001.7 million tonnes less than its production.6 4.2 million tonnes excess. using nearly 15 times the amount it produced. In contrast. New Zealand had the lowest consumption and the closest correlation to its production.0 19. The most striking trend can be seen in The USA.1 25. where figures are over five times higher than those of any other country.1 30.

An insignificant number used other modes of transport not mentioned in the graph. .000 in 2000.000 in 1990. namely 1990. train. 1990-2000 100 80 60 000s 40 20 0 Bus Car Train Bicycle Walk Other 1990 1995 2000 The given column graph illustrates the number of citizens who used different transportation to work in three separate years. the number of people who travelled by train was slightly higher than those who travelled by bus. 1995 and 2000 in Melingen City. the column graph shows that cars were the most popular form of transport over the three years. the highest number of people travelled by train.com 49 AC task 1 High Impact The graph shows the number of people using different modes of transport to travel to work in 1990. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information given below.kiransielts. Modes of transport used to travel to work in Melingen City. car.000 in 1995 and then dropped to 20. In contrast.000 in 1990. The number of people who used bicycle and walking was not very high. The number was approximately 26. The vertical axis represents the number of people in thousands and the horizontal stands for the different modes of transport like bus. On the whole. 1995 and 2000 in Melingen City. In 1995. It rose to 25. The number of citizens who went to work by bus was 20.blogspot. The number of people who drove to work was dramatically higher than others. bicycle and so on.www.

Overall. Around the site. and there are a number of similarities and differences between the proposed sites. In both plans a proposed site for a hospital has been marked. whereas in the first plan it continues. the main road terminates at the car park.www.blogspot. On the other hand.kiransielts. both plans have natural features. In plan B there is a mountainous area and a river but these may be less accessible than the park and lake offered in plan A. plan A also has access by train even though the station is half kilometre away and requires crossing a main road. plan A is superior because of the amenities it allows for patients. Both are situated beside a main road and have a car park although in plan A the car park is slightly further from the suggested site. staff and visitors. Which would be better for a hospital. the route of the main road passes much closer to the hospital site which could cause problems due to traffic noise. In plan B. . Added to this.com 50 Ac task 1 High Impact The diagram below shows two proposed sites for a hospital.

Summarise the info……. .www. 14 12 10 Litres per week 8 6 4 2 0 20-25 years 26-30 years 31-35 years 36-40 years 41-45 years 46-50 years 51-55 years 56-60 years Unleaded petrol Diesel 51 Age range in years The given column graph illustrates the average amount of diesel and unleaded petrol consumed in a week for age groups ranging from 20 to 60 years of age.blogspot. for the two oldest age groups the pattern is reversed with the amount of diesel consumed being about 1 litre higher. the consumption of diesel was the same for 51 to 55 age group and the 56 to 60 age group( 7 litres per week). The 20 to 25 year age group shows the largest variation in fuel use with leaded petrol consumption being over five times as large as diesel.com IELTS Graduation Student’s Book The bar chart shows the average consumption by car drivers of two types of fuel for a range of different age groups in 2005..kiransielts. Overall it can be seen that there is a significant difference in consumption across the age ranges with the middle range using the most fuel. the highest being 14 litres of unleaded petrol per week for the 41-45 year age groups. In contrast. This is a difference of three litres in comparison with diesel. In addition. Generally unleaded petrol was consumed at a much higher rate than diesel.

A further point of interest is that in 2001. Overall. 52 120 100 80 Numbers 60 40 20 0 1999 International student enrolment China Japan India 2000 2001 Years 2002 2003 The given line graph illustrates the enrolment of Chinese. enrolment of Japanese students dropped from a number of over 100 students in 1999 to over 90 in 2000 to just over 40 in 2001. Similarly. During the period. enrolment of both Chinese and Indian students more than trebled. Japanese and Indian students who enrolled at North Dean University over a five year period. finally dropping again to a low of around 30 in 2003.www. enrolments in all the three countries were very similar. . Japanese admissions fell substantially with numbers being almost the reverse of those for Chinese students.blogspot. Summarise the information…….kiransielts. Numbers then stabilised throughout 2001. the average difference being approximately 10 students. the graph highlights a considerable difference between growth of Chinese and Indian enrolments but reduction in Japanese enrolments.com IELTS Graduation Student’s Book This graph illustrates the number of Chinese. In contrast. Japanese and Indian students at North Dean University from 1999 to 2003. However. Chinese numbers increased slightly up to 2002 followed by a sharp growth reaching almost 100 students by 2003. numbers of Indian students showed a steady growth throughout the period from about 10 in 1999 to over 70 in 2003.

ending about 10 % lower than the others. Summarise the information…….www. training by D fell to a low of about 17% whilst C rose steeply reaching a high of over 35%.kiransielts.com IELTS Graduation Student’s Book The graph shows the percentage of staff trained by four different companies between 2003 and 2006. After significant growth by D and a steady decline by C in 2004. although following very different trends. In 2003.blogspot. By 2006. with company D significantly lower at 20 %. falling a little in 2005 with the gap between them gradually increasing. . the two companies converged in 2001. all companies had increased their training with D rising substantially to become the second largest at 35% whilst A grew less. 40 35 30 Company A % 25 20 15 10 2003 2004 2005 2006 Company B Company C Company D 53 Staff training provided by four companies The given line graph illustrates the staff trained by four companies for the period 2003 to 2006. with C peaking at around 37% and D at 35%. B and C had similar levels ( between 25% and 28% ). A and B showed similar trends rising slightly in 2004. it can be seen that staff training for all four companies increased. In contrast C and D showed very different changes. companies A. In 2003. Overall.

entertainment systems) The given flowchart illustrates the different stages in the construction of a straw bale house. curtains etc.www. Before the property can be furnished it must be decorated. Summarise the information…….) Furnishing (white goods. Electric and plumbing work is completed to provide heat. work commences on the inside of the house with several steps happening simultaneously. This step involves painting and carpeting as well as putting up curtains as well as other decorative fittings. . the construction is finished and the new house is ready for sale.kiransielts. The process commences with the demolition of the previous building and the preparation of the ground in order to give a solid base for the new building. furniture. the roof is installed and the external finish is completed. After this the bales are positioned and secured. Finally. Straw Bale House Construction Previous building demolished and ground prepared Concrete stem wall Straw bales Roof and external finish Internal installation Electrics Plumbing Insulation 54 Structural inspection ( Buildings officer) Decoration (painting. light and water and the house is insulated to reduce energy loss.blogspot. At this point. It is seen from the graph that several steps are involved in the construction of the straw bale house. The next stage in the process is when the structure is inspected by the buildings officer to ensure that safety requirements are met. Following that.com IELTS Graduation Student’s Book The diagram shows the different stages in the making of a straw bale house. carpet.

Regarding petroleum products.com IELTS Graduation Student’s Book 55 The table below shows the percentage use of four different fuel types to generate electricity in five European countries in 2001. it can be seen that there was a significant variation in which fuels countries used to generate electricity. the five European countries showed a significant difference in their patterns of consumption.www. the other countries only generated 2% or less of their electricity from this fuel. Summarise the info……. Germany and Britain used this to generate a large proportion of their electricity (50% and 34% respectively). Generally. Turning to coal and lignite. Italy used no nuclear power at all.. Fuel types used to generate electricity (%) Nuclear Coal and lignite Germany 29 50 Britain 23 34 Italy 0 11 Sweden 45 1 Belgium 58 12 Petroleum products 1 2 27 2 2 Hydro and wind 6 2 20 49 2 Other 13 39 42 44 26 The table shows different sources of fuel for producing electricity and their percentage use in five European countries in 2001. a significant amount was produced from other sources with three countries (Britain. a much higher percentage than remaining countries. In comparison. Italy produced 70% of its electricity from this source. hydro and wind reveal another pattern with Sweden producing almost half of the electricity this way (over twice as high as Italy which had the second highest percentage at 20%) Finally.blogspot. However. . Italy and Sweden) generating about 40% of their electricity from other fuels. Belgium had the highest percentage with 58% with Sweden second with 45%. In marked contrast. Taking nuclear fuel first.kiransielts. Overall.

a reduced tail and bigger legs.. At this point. which has a small body and a long tail. As a result of being on land. The mature frog then finds a mate so as to produce eggs and the lifecycle begins again.com IELTS Graduation Student’s Book 56 The diagram below shows the life cycle of a frog. which are called frogspawn. the young frog continues to live in the pond. the legs appear in order to prepare the tadpole for its future life on land.blogspot. Over time. Summarise the information ……. The step after this is the emergence of the small tadpole.www. the tadpole starts to change into a young frog with a wider mouth.kiransielts. The diagram shows the life cycle of a frog from the egg to the mature frog. . Gradually. Finally. Initially. Eventually. the tadpole develops and its body enlarges while the tail becomes longer. float on the surface of the pond. the eggs. it breathes air it loses its tail. the frog matures and moves onto the land.

Any reduction in trees caused by forest clearance reduces CO2 absorption and adds to global warming.com IELTS Graduation Student’s Book 57 The diagram below shows the carbon cycle. Summarise the information…………. the production of electricity and transport. .blogspot.kiransielts. the carbon returns to its original state as a fossil fuel and the cycle continues again. these fossil fuels are burnt so as to provide energy for goods manufacturing. The diagram shows the different changes carbon goes through as it is transported from fossil fuel to atmospheric gas and back again. in the form of coal and oil. is extracted from within the earth by mining. To begin with.www. As a result of burning fossil fuels. in fuels such as petrol and diesel. carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere which causes pollution and contributes to global warming. The negative effects of this step in the cycle are balanced by the CO2 being absorbed by the trees. After this stage is complete. carbon. The final stage in the process is when trees decay and gradually form back into coal and oil. Once the final stage has been completed.

had the largest share of global manufacturing and exports although its manufacturing percentage dropped significantly from around 36 % in 1985 to under 24% in 2005.com IELTS Graduation Student’s Book 58 The charts below show the share of global manufacturing and exports for four countries between 1985 and 2005. In contrast.blogspot. However. it was the country with the greatest growth with manufacturing up from 5% to just under 15% and exports up from 3% to 10%. however. Turning to Japan. China. showing a slight increase from about 11 to 12%. represented the second largest percentage. Despite Germany’s manufacturing being the lowest of the countries. Share of global manufacturing Germany China Japan US 0 10 20 % 30 40 1985 1995 2005 Share of world exports Germany China Japan US 0 5 10 % 15 20 1985 1995 2005 The given bar graphs compare the worldwide manufacturing and exports as a percentage. it had the second largest percentage of manufacturing although by 2005.S. Japan and the US.kiransielts. it remained steady throughout the period. China’s manufacturing and exports represented the smallest share of the four countries. . Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant. it was equalled by China. Overall it can be seen that U. However. from 1985 to 2005 in Germany. Its exports.www. remained the largest manufacturer and exporter.S. The U. although the steady growth in China was significant. its exports experienced a steady fall ending as the lowest exporter of the group.

transport and finance. the numbers in evening work is approximately the same as those in weekend work.. To sum up.com IELTS Graduation Student’s Book The charts below show the work pattern for employees in four industries. for catering. 5% and 4% respectively) In contrast. Summarise the information …………….kiransielts. finance and retail sector. it can be seen that there is a wide variation in work patterns in the four sectors with only the finance sector employing the majority of workers in daytime work. For the catering. transport and retail. . looking at daytime work. only a minority work at night (13%. 59 Catering Day 21% Evening 31% Day 39% Transport Evening 14% Night 33% Weekend 35% Night 13% Weekend 14% Retail Evening 21% Day 45% Night 4% Finance Night Evening 5% 9% Weekend 4% Day 82% Weekend 30% The given pie charts show the pattern of work for workers employed in four industries which are catering.www. retail. Finally. the vast majority of finance staff work at this time (82%) while well under half of retail and transport workers follow this pattern (45% and 39% respectively).blogspot. which is similar to retail staff at 30%. For the finance sector. only slightly over two fifths of catering employees work in the day with 35% working at the weekends. a third of transport staff are employed at night which is almost equal to the number working in the day. Firstly. Conversely. evening work is equal in size to the combined total of night and weekend work.

which was twice as high as the female response (26% and 12% respectively). The column graph shows the reasons why men and women chose to work at home in 2005.blogspot. men work longer hours at home. Overall. The vast majority of males worked over 31 hours a week (82%) contrasting with a minority of females (5%) doing similar hours. the pattern was different again with almost a quarter of females giving this reason compared with very few males (5%). Summarise the info ………………… Main reasons for working at home 2005 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 60 69 65 % Males 26 12 To run own business More flexible 5 Easier childcare 23 Females Hours worked at home . it can be seen that men and women do not always give the same reason for home working and in general. The 10-30 hours category shows fewer marked differences. To sum up. running their own business was the main reason for both males and females (69% and 65% respectively).kiransielts. In contrast. The second diagram shows the hours men and women worked at home in 2005. For childcare.2005 Hrs worked per week Under 10 10-30 31+ Males(%) 2 16 82 Females(%) 73 22 5 A column graph and a table are given. The pattern is reversed when examining the under 10 hours category with almost three quarters of females working this amount compared to only 2% of the males. .com IELTS Graduation Student’s Book The diagrams below show the main reasons workers chose to work at home and the hours males and females worked at home for the year 2005. approximately a quarter of the males put flexibility a reason.

However. The most significant difference is that the contemporary model is a folder type phone. there are several major differences.blogspot. 61 The given picture show two mobile phones.kiransielts. both phones show the same basic design principle. The length is reduced by 40mm and width by 10 mm compared to the earlier phone. . Despite the many differences. Overall. Another variation is that the contemporary mobile has greater functions and can access e-mail and the internet. play music and has a multiplayer game facility as well as a camera with video capability. an early model and a more recent design. It is also under half the weight of the earlier model (150 grams and 70 grams respectively). Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant. The top sections of the phones contain the display and the earphone. it can be seen that both function as telephones but the contemporary mobile is much more advanced despite its reduced size. The much larger colour display is clearly the most useful of these extra functions. The main part of both phones is a keypad which is used to enter information.com IELTS Graduation Student’s Book The illustrations show two stages in the development of the mobile phone. Above this are the control buttons for selecting different functions.

To summarise. .kiransielts. Similarly. In the winter. In the summer.com IELTS Graduation Student’s Book 62 The illustration shows a house designed to use energy efficiently all year round. which allows heat to be released. The underground floor is less affected by cold weather as the surrounding earth helps to retain warmth. the skylights open fully. The house follows a conventional design but with number of innovations. it can be seen that the house uses design features which maximise heat retention in winter and heat loss in summer. The roof covering which reflects heat reduces heat penetration and helps to protect the house from being too hot in the summer. these features function differently and are used to retain heat. The first floor of the house is situated underground whilst the upper floor consists of a wide low-angled roof.blogspot. The skylights maximise the amount of heat and light entering the house and wall insulation prevents this from escaping. Along the length of this roof are a series of oblong shaped skylights. the underground floor remains cool in the summer months as a result of being protected from the sun’s rays.

environmental destruction caused by the construction of this centre. Location B is in the middle of the residential area in the top left hand corner of the factories.blogspot. who would create less car pollution as they would not need to drive there although one disadvantage would be problem of congestion if people from out of town used these facilities. However. It would be easier access for local residents. and the ongoing pollution would be major disadvantages. building the leisure centre in position B would combine the easiest access for users with low environmental impact. but would be easily accessible to the workers. at (A). Overall. Also. If the leisure centre was located in between the factories to the right of the map.kiransielts.com IELTS Graduation Student’s Book 63 The map below shows three potential sites for a leisure centre. The diagram shows a map with three potential sites for a leisure centre. Turning to location C in the lower left part of the map. Summarise the information and make comparisons where relevant. it would have the most attractive setting due to being surrounded by forest. its proximity to the river would benefit users interested in water sports. the site would not be very attractive. .

of Japanese tourists visiting other countries from 1985 to 1995 and the line graph shows the percentage of those Japanese tourists visiting Australia over the same period. minor fluctuations over the period.kiransielts. reached 6% with some minor ups and downs in between. This number trebled over the decade. The column graph shows the number.blogspot. It can be concluded that Australia’s share of Japan’s tourist market grew comparably over the period. however. in millions. The column graph clearly shows an upward trend in the number of Japanese tourists. This number was approximately 5 million in the year 1985 and reached 15 million by the year 1995. There were. This number also grew three times and by 1995. . It is clear from the line graph that Australia got 2% share of Japan’s tourist market.com OFFICIAL MATERIALS TASK 1 64 In this report I am going to describe a column graph and a line graph.

The water which falls on the turbines is reused by pumping it back to the reservoir. This dam has a valve opening. Then. schools. This ends my report. It can be seen from the diagram that four main steps are involved from the collection of water to the supply of electricity. Finally. Because of this the turbine rotates and electricity is generated which is then transferred through high-voltage cables and then stored in transformer stations.blogspot. from there it is supplied through underground cables to various places like homes. When this valve is opened. . then the water falls with great pressure on a turbine.kiransielts. rain falls and this rain water is collected in a reservoir made by a dam.com OFFICIAL MATERIALS TASK 1 65 The given picture graph illustrates the process of hydro-electric power generation. In the first stage the sun’s rays fall on the sea because of which water evaporates and turns into clouds. hospitals and so on.

It is clear from the graph that.blogspot. The number of domestic complaints were approximately 500 in 1980 and after following a similar pattern of increases and decreases ended at 1200 by 1996. the complaints about traffic noise were stable at around 300. This number increased rapidly to 600 by 1982. this number decreased significantly and reached 200. There were 400 complaints against factories in 1980.com OFFICIAL MATERIALS TASK 1 66 The given line graph illustrates the number of complaints made about noise from road works. From 1980 to 1984. the number of complaints were 700. from 1986-1988.kiransielts. traffic and households in Newtown from 1980-1996. Then there was a slight increase till 1988 and this number was a little over 700 by 1988 and then there was a slight fall and by 1996. . The complaints against road works stood at above 600 in 1980 and after minor fluctuations reached an all time low of around 90 by 1996. complaints of households and traffic followed a similar trend although the number of domestic complaints were much higher than those of traffic. Again. This ends my report. the number of complaints against traffic stabilised and after 1988 there was a rapid increase in this number and it reached 600 by 1996. These were the only complaints which had a downward trend. From 1984 to 1986. The complaints against factories and road works followed opposite trends.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. Then they are graded for quality as all the beans are not the same. the beans are roasted and packaged for sale to the general public. After this they are stored in a silo before being sent to the mill. This process shows that there are many steps involved in the making of the coffee which we buy from the market. they are hulled by a machine so that the outer layers are removed.com Achieve IELTS graph The illustrations below show how coffee is sometimes produced. 67 Dry Method of Coffee Production The given diagrams show how coffee is produced. Next. First. This process can take up to four weeks. While they are drying. After they are transported to the mill. they are raked and turned so that they are dried evenly on all sides. .blogspot. they are bagged and sent to companies which sell the coffee. In these companies.kiransielts. This is the dry method of coffee production. Once they are graded. they are laid out in the open and are dried in the sun. the beans are sorted by hand and then cleaned using a sieve.

theatre. However.blogspot. . This ends my report. although the number of people participating did rise slightly. Theatre received a relatively small proportion of money from the government in 1995 and this rose substantially in 2005 to a similar amount as was spent on music. In 2005. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main events and make comparisons where relevant.com Achieve IELTS 68 The charts below show one governments spending on culture and education in 1995 and 2005 and the number of people participating in Arts events in the same years. music and literature in the years 1995 and 2005. The government spent the most money on music in 1995 but the amount spent dropped slightly in 2005. Overall it can be seen that the proportion of money that the government spent on the various Arts changed between 1995 and 2005 but this did not always reflect the number of people who went to the Arts events. far less money was spent on visual arts than in 1995 and the number of people participating dropped as well. Proportional Government Spending on the Arts 1995 visual arts theatre music literature 2005 visual arts theatre music literature Number of People Participating in Arts Events 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 1995 2005 The given pie charts illustrate how a government spent on visual arts. The number of people attending theatre events rose only slightly although this was the second most popular art forms. The column graph tells the number of people who participated in the Arts events in the same years.kiransielts. the number of people attending music rose between 1995 and 2005. The amount spent on literature in 1995 and 2005 was more or less the same and this was the least popular art form.

This ends my report.764 18.003 18.452 273.975 56-65 4.888 125.blogspot.409 63. the maximum people working in 1998 were in the age group 18-25. The least number of people working was of 56-65 age group.647 23.565 86. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant. The overall number of people working increased in all age groups except 18-25 group in which there was a slight fall.400 3.655 3.578 9.034 79.987 26-35 17.998 112. In education.com Achieve IELTS 69 The table below shows the number of people in each age group working in certain sectors in the UK in 1998 and 2006.607 46.430 5.600 6.544 5.090 54. Numbers of People in Each Age Group by Sector (UK) SECTOR hotel and catering building technology education YEAR 1998 2006 1998 2006 1998 2006 1998 2006 18-25 25. The building industry had fewer workers overall in 2006 though it retained a similar age profile to that of 1998. The vast majority of workers in both the years were in the 26-35 age group. It is clear from the graph that there were significant changes in the number of people of different age groups working in various sectors.889 454. In hotel and catering.352 43.663 19.303 21. .388 4.287 800 19. The technology industry saw enormous changes with the number of workers substantially more than in 1998.878 7.466 124.300 7.559 115.375 112.201 12.476 36-45 15.347 118.436 46-55 8.555 19.776 125.229 21.497 187.000 The given table illustrates how many people were employed in certain sectors in the UK in 1998 and in 2006. whereas in 2006. numbers did not change much within each category although in 2006 there were fewer workers in the over-56 age group.kiransielts. the maximum workers belonged to 36-45 age group.

com Achieve IELTS The charts below show UK and USA energy consumption in 2000 and 2006. It came down from 14% to 8% in UK and from 8% to 6% in USA. Energy Consumption 2000 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 oil coal gas nuclear other power renewable sources 70 UK USA Energy Consumption 2006 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 oil coal gas nuclear other power renewable sources UK USA The given column graphs illustrate energy sources in the UK and the USA in 2000 and 2006.blogspot. The usage of nuclear power almost halved in UK in 2006 as compared to 2000. In 2000. The oil consumption of both countries increased over the years with figures in the UK rising from 28% to 30% and in the USA from 37% to 40%. In both years non-renewable sources provided the vast majority of energy in both countries.kiransielts. both countries were dependent on oil but in 2006 the UK was mainly dependent on gas whereas the USA mainly used oil. This ends my report. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main events and make comparisons where relevant. . The consumption of coal in both countries decreased and that of natural gas increased over the years. The dependence on other renewable sources was the same in UK in 2006 as in 2000 but in USA the percentage fell slightly. The UK and USA derived their energy from different sources.

the milk is again cooled and then homogenized.5 litres to 2 litres. Refrigerated tankers collect the milk on a daily basis from many small farms and deliver it to the dairy. This ends my report. Then. This is done by heating it to 72 degrees for a very short time. This usually happens twice a day. Finally. Liquid milk is usually pasteurized in order to kill any bacteria. After this. these are delivered to supermarkets and shops. butter and liquid milk for drinking. refrigerated containers.com 71 IELTS Foundation SB The diagram below shows the process of milk production. First. Milk is produced on farms from cows that are usually largely fed on grass. the cows are milked. the milk is cooled and stored in large. Next. The given diagram illustrates the process of the production of milk. milk is made into various products including cheese. at the dairy. using a milking machine. which could be of various sizes from 0. usually about 16 seconds. It can be seen from the picture that seven steps are involved in this process from the milking of cows to the sale in retail stores. Following this. the milk is packaged in plastic containers. cream.blogspot. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.kiransielts. . which results in a product that does not separate into milk and cream.

and make comparisons where relevant.com 72 IELTS Foundation The graph below shows cinema attendance by age in Great Britain. from 1999 the trends differed in that 7-14 year olds went to the cinema less frequently while cinema attendance of the 25-44 year olds was on the increase. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features. There was also a substantial rise in cinema attendance among older people (35 plus). the number of people watching films varied with age. Though the figures fluctuated between 1990 and 1995 this age group still went to cinema more than any other age group. but the increase was the greatest for the 15-24 age groups which rose from about 18% in 1984 to over 50% in 2000. The given line graph illustrates the percentage of people of different age groups who attended cinema from 1984 to 2000. In general cinema attendance increased significantly from 1984 to 2000. Cinema attendance of 7-14 and 25-35 year-olds followed a similar pattern from 1984 to about 1997 which was characterised by a gradual increase until about 1994 followed by a decline after this date. This ends my report.kiransielts. It can be seen that. .blogspot. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown. cinema attendance rose significantly across all age groups. From 1984 to 2000. In this case the figures increased over this period from about 2% to over 10%. However.

Finally.blogspot. 73 The diagram shows how chewing gum is produced. the gum travels along a conveyor belt where it is enclosed in packaging ready for distribution. Then the thin sheets of gum are cut into rectangular shapes and broken into separate pieces. the pieces of gum are put into a container and heated until they form a single mass.com CAMBRIDGE VOCABULARY The diagram below shows the process of making of chewing gum. This is then strained until all of the liquid has been eliminated. .kiransielts. This mixture is blended until all of the ingredients are mixed together. sweeteners and softeners are added. Next. The gum then passes to a different machine which uses rollers to flatten out the gum. it can be seen that the process of making the chewing gum involves seven steps from melting to packaging. So. the gum is placed into another container and the desired flavourings. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the process. First.

74 per cent of all aluminium cans that are sold are recycled. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below.5 mm and 6 mm.com 74 Cambridge vocabulary The flowchart below shows the recycling process of aluminium cans. The cans can now be sold to the public and reused. The aluminium is now ready to be recycled into new packaging. In the UK. The metal is then heated to a high enough temperature to allow the aluminium to melt. Finally.blogspot. such as drink containers. the cans are shredded and crushed in a special machine until they form one solid block. The flowchart shows how aluminium cans are recycled. the cans need to be taken to special collection centres instead of being thrown away with the normal refuse.kiransielts. Next. This ends my report. the new cans are delivered to a soft drinks factory where they are filled. It is then rolled out flat to a thickness of between 2. . First. depending on what it is going to be used for. The cans are collected from here and taken to a factory where they are first sorted and then cleaned.

.com 75 Cambridge vocabulary The graph below shows the actual population of Australia in 2002 and the projected figures in 2101. Age groups are plotted on the x-axis and the percentage of people on the y-axis. 15 12 % of total population 9 2002 2101 3 6 0 15-24 25-34 35-44 Age group years) 45-54 55-64 The given column graph illustrates the statistics of the population of Australia in 2002 and the predicted figures for 2101. In 2101 it is predicted that the population of 35-44. Just under 15 per cent of population was aged between 15 and 24 while in 2101 this is predicted to drop to approximately 10 per cent. 45-54 and 55-64 will be equal at 12 % each. In 2002. 45-54 year age group formed 14 % of the population and 55-64 year olds constituted the smallest share of approximately 10%.blogspot. This age group constituted 30 % of the total population.kiransielts. The percentage of people aged 15-24 is predicted to fall significantly in this period whereas there will be an increase in population of those aged 55-64. This ends my report. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant. the highest percentage of population was of 25-44 year olds.

kiransielts. The GDP figures for globalisers rose significantly throughout this time and by the 1990s reached a little under 5%. This figure is double that of non-global countries and three times that of countries adopting a global approach to business. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below. . while the GDP of wealthy countries fell to 3% per year. This ends my report.blogspot. countries that have adopted a global approach to business and countries that have not. The globalisers doubled their annual GDP and there was also a growth in the GDP of the non globalisers. Average annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth 5 4 3 % Wealthy countries Globalisers Non-globalisers 1 2 0 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s Globalisers = developing countries adopting a global approach to business Non-globalisers = developing countries adopting a non-global approach to business The given column graph illustrates the average annual GDP growth for three types of countries over a period of 40 years. In the 1960s. By the 1970s. the figures for wealthy countries were the highest at nearly 5% per annum. that of ‘globalisers’ increased and that of ‘non-globalisers’ showed fluctuations. In the 1980s and 1990s. Overall it can be seen that the annual GDP growth of ‘wealthy countries’ decreased over the years. the downward trend for wealthy countries continued and was 2% by the end of this period.com Cambridge Vocabulary 76 The graph below shows the average growth in domestic products in wealthy countries. The GDP of non globalisers fell significantly to below 1% in 1980s and only recovered slightly in 1990s. this trend had changed considerably.

this figure rose significantly from 1970 to 1990 when it peaked at approximately 32% of the total waste collected. Fortunately. the amount of waste recycled remained fairly static at just over 6%.com Cambridge Vocabulary The graph below shows how much waste is collected and recycled in the US. growing from approximately 10 million tonnes per year to 55 million tonnes within 5 years. 77 National Recycling Rates. It is clear from the graph that the amount recycled increased far less as compared to the total waste recovery over the years.kiransielts.blogspot. From 1960 to 1970. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below. However. the amount of waste being produced increased dramatically at around the same time. On the other hand. . recycling gradually increased and by 2005 it had reached the same figure as in 1990. This ends my report. 1960-2005 80 60 mty 40 20 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 1995 1997 2000 2005 100 90 80 70 60 50 % 40 30 20 10 0 Total waste recovery (mty=million tonnes per year) Percent recycling The given line graph shows the amount of garbage collected and recycled annually in America between 1960 and 2005. the amount of waste collected rose steadily while the percentage of waste recycled fell from 32% to 26% in 1995. However. this figure is disappointing as compared to the total amount of waste that is thrown away. Following this sharp increase.

However. Rail travel decreased from about 58% in 1970 to about 25% in 2000.com Cambridge Vocabulary 78 The graph below shows the statistics about tourism in a Harbour city. coastal hotel occupancy.kiransielts. This ends my report. the fall was more dramatic for coastal hotel occupancy which reached around 14%. It was approximately 40% in 1970 and increased slightly to 42% in 1980 and finally rose dramatically and reached nearly 60% in 2000. there was a fall in both. rail travel and air travel. 100 80 60 % city hotel occupancy coastal hotel occupancy 40 adventure tourism rail travel 20 air travel 0 1970 1985 Harbour City Tourism 2000 The given column graph shows the trends in tourism in Harbour City between 1970 and 2000. The city hotel occupancy stood at a little over 40% in 1970. It was approximately twice that of coastal hotel occupancy. Data is given for city hotel occupancy. Adventure tourism rose from a low of a little below 20% in 1970 to a peak of 42% in 2000. In 2000. .blogspot. In contrast air travel became more popular over the years. Both city and coastal hotel occupancy peaked in 1985 at nearly 74 and 82% respectively. Summarise the information by selecting the main features and make comparisons where relevant. adventure tourism.

In 1990 there were a total of 450.kiransielts.000 to 330. It is clear from the graph that the number of tourists from all countries increased but Russian tourists became more and more important for the tourism industry in Dubai.000 in 1992. an increase of more than 30%. the number trebled.000 in 1991 and doubled again to more than 100.com IELTS and TOEFL made easy 79 1200 1000 000s (thousands) 800 600 400 200 0 1990 Tourists in Dubai. In comparison. This number shot up to 50. the number of visitors started to pick up again and reached 1 million in 1994.000 in 1991. This rose sharply to 625. This meant that Russian tourists made up one-third. from 550. and rose slightly again to just under 700. the total number of tourists increased rapidly between 1990 and 1994. .000 in 1991 to 580. of Dubai’s 1 million visitors in 1994.000.000 or less than 5% of visitors. from 110. Between 1992 and 1994. The second trend is that there was a huge increase in the number of tourists from Russia.000 in 1992. This ends my report.blogspot. In 1990. 1990-1994 Russia Other Total 1991 1992 1993 1994 The given line graph shows the numbers of tourists in hundreds of thousands visiting Dubai between 1990 and 1994. the number of tourists from other countries increased only slightly. Russian tourists comprised only 20. This was more than double the figure for 1990.000 in 1994.000 tourists in Dubai. or 33%. In the following two years. First of all.

The figures show that over 30 years. and make comparisons where relevant. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. The harbour and coastal woodlands were replaced by a sandy beach and a golf course for the tourists. but also the surrounding area had been transformed into a well populated tourist resort by 2004. Therefore.000. vegetable farms for the tourist market were made in place of the olive trees. During this period.000 to 80. The two given plans illustrate how a small coastal village in Europe grew into a large tourist centre between 1974 and 2004. large numbers of high-rise hotels were built along the coastline on both sides of the original village. A main road leading from the hills to the coast was also built.000 during the tourist season.blogspot. .kiransielts. The original village and those further inland on the hillsides were developed with more homes for the locals and more shops for the tourist trade. There was also the capacity to accommodate an extra 50. the local population increased dramatically from only 12. it can be seen that not only the original village.com 80 PTP – 2 The diagrams below show the development of a small fishing village and its surrounding area into a large European tourist resort. Similarly.

This predicted figure rose slowly until 1988 and reached 46. .000 and 67.2000.2000. The actual immigration figures for the same period were different. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below.1989 and 1990 saw large increases to 80.000 respectively.000 and 60. The predicted immigration figure for 1984 was 38.2000. Immigration for 1984 and 1985 was higher than what was predicted with figures of 58. 80. there was a small dip. This ends my report.blogspot.Predicted Immigration Figures for UK 1984 .000 in the year 2000 although in one year. the predicted figures being 91. TABLE 1 .000.com 81 Help Now graphs Test 6 The tables below show predicted and actual immigration figures for the UK for the years 1984 . The next two years. in thousands Year Figure 1992 80 1984 38 1993 67 1985 40 1994 80 1986 42 1995 98 1987 45 1996 117 1988 46 1997 121 1989 80 1998 133 1990 97 1999 140 1991 91 2000 148 TABLE 2 .kiransielts.000 for the year 2000.Actual Immigration Figures for UK 1984 . It continued to rise steadily to 163. in thousands Year Figure 1992 64 1984 58 1993 66 1985 60 1994 82 1986 40 1995 114 1987 43 1996 102 1988 71 1997 105 1989 80 1998 140 1990 100 1999 158 1991 91 2000 163 The given tables illustrate the predicted figures for UK immigration for the years 1984 to 2000 and the actual UK immigration figures for the same period. The next two years showed a decrease similar to the predictions and then in 1993 immigration rose again.000.000. The next three years showed decreases. From 1993 to 2000 immigration was predicted to go up steadily finishing at 148.000. From 1986 to 1990 immigration rose steadily to 100.000 and 97. 1996.000.000 respectively. Some years‛ figures were higher and some were lower than what was predicted.

Jobs as semi professionals were more common for men. Men and women shared professional jobs much more equally. . There were about 500 000 men employed as semi professionals compared with about 360 000 women.000 women were in professional jobs whereas 610. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below. Figures are given in hundreds of thousands. Finally about 400 000 men were employed as labourers compared to about 290 00 women.com 82 Help Now graphs Test 7 The bar graph below shows the numbers of employed persons by job type and sex for Australia in the year 2003.blogspot. far more men were employed in this profession. Approximately 640. Three times more men than women were managers in 2003. As regards tradepersons. accounted for more women employed than men with approximately 945 000 women and 885 000 men respectively.kiransielts. Figures for jobs in production were similarly mismatched with about 540 000 men and about 100 000 women employed in this field. There were approximately 600 000 men employed as managers whereas only just under 200 000 women were employed in this capacity.000 men were in such jobs. The figure for men was approximately 900 000 whereas the figure for women was just over 100 000. Managers Professionals Semi Professionals Tradespersons Males Production Clerical Labourers 0 100 200 300 400 500 000s 600 700 800 900 1000 Females The given bar chart illustrates the types of job that employed men and woman held for the year 2003. Clerical jobs however. This ends my report.

2000 5% 2% 6% legally married 41% Single Widowed 46% Separated but still legally married Two pie charts are given. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below. The percentages for divorced. The first pie chart shows that 53% of the Australian population were married in 1999. The second pie chart shows that 41% of the Canadian population in 2000 were married.com 83 Help Now graphs Test 8 The two pie charts below show the marital status of Australia’s and Canada’s populations for 1999 and 2000 respectively. The next highest group was for people who had never been married with 29% of the population. widowed and separated but still married people were slightly lower in Canada with 5%. The second pie chart shows the marital status of the Canadian population in the year 2000. The first pie chart shows the marital status of the Australian population in 1999. There is no data for same sex marriages in Canada in 2000. 6% and 2% respectively. This ends my report. A higher proportion (46%) were single as compared to the population of Australian singles in 2000. Marital Status of Australia's Population. This number was much less than that of Australia in 1999. Just 3% of the population were separated but not divorced and finally 1% of the population were involved in a same sex marriage. .blogspot. 1999 Marital Status 7% 7% 3%1% Married Never married Widowed 53% Divorced Separated but not divorced Same sex marriage 29% Marital status of Canada's Population.kiransielts. 7% of the Australian population in 1999 were widowed and 7% were divorced.

The second line chart shows figures for New Zealand imports from Japan for the same period. imports then rose to about $8 billion in 2004. .kiransielts.blogspot. The figures are in New Zealand dollars. Although there was a dip in 2002 ($5 billion approx). The first line graph shows figures for New Zealand imports from Australia between 1994 and 2004. Imports then dropped dramatically to about $3 billion in 2001 and then dropped further to about $2 billion in 2004.com 84 Help Now graphs Test 9 The two line graphs below show different New Zealand import figures from Australia and Japan. They then dropped to approximately $4 billion in 1999 before rising again to about $6 billion in 2000. The imports rose steadily to $5 billion in 1996. This ends my report. Japanese imports started at $3 billion in 1994 and they rose steadily to just under $7 billion in 1997. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below Two line graphs are given. Then there was a sharp rise to approximately $7 billion in 2000 and 2001. The first line graph shows that Australian imports into New Zealand stood at $4 billion in 1994. After that imports from Australia decreased sharply to about £3 billion in 1999 in spite of a small rise in 1998.

old stored fuel that cannot be re-processed is put into stainless steel containers and then buried deep in the ground. Finally. Uranium is found under the ground and so it must be mined. The fuel pellets are then used in nuclear power stations to provide up to 7 billion kilowatts of electricity from just one station. it is taken to a processing centre. . processed. After the fuel has been used for about four years it is removed from the power station and stored. In this report I am going to describe how uranium is mined. This ends my report.blogspot. Once the mined uranium has been extracted. Here the uranium is converted into a form that can be used as a fuel in a nuclear power station. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below. Some of the used fuel can be re-processed and re-used in a power station to produce more electricity.com 85 Help Now graphs Test 10 The diagrams below show the process of how uranium is used in the production of nuclear power. To do this.kiransielts. the uranium is changed into a gas and enriched before it is reformed as U-235 fuel pellets. used and then discarded.

350 300 250 Numbers 200 150 100 50 0 1990 1995 2000 Present day circuit training fitness classes swimming racquet sports Numbers of club members participating in different activities .com 86 Focus on skills for IELTS Foundation The chart below shows the number of members taking part in different sports activities at Santon Sports Club from 1995 to the present day. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.blogspot.kiransielts.1990 to present day .

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below.blogspot.kiransielts. .com 87 Help Now test 5 The diagrams below show how humans and plants interact to produce oxygen and carbon dioxide.

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88

Focus on skills for IELTS Foundation The chart below shows the percentage of young people taking part in different outdoor sports from 1975 to the present day in the South West of England. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

40 35 30 Percentage 25 20 15 10 5 0 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 Present time biking / roller skating ball games swimming jogging / running

Percentage of young people taking part in different outdoor sports

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Scotts Writing task 1 The diagrams below show the growth in population in Australia in 2001. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Population growth in Australia – 2001

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Passport to IELTS
The following diagram shows the working of a refrigerator. Describe it in your own words.

kiransielts. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant .com 91 MEA The pictures below show the changes that took place at Laguna Beach from 1950 to 1990.blogspot.

blogspot.more money . Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant Use of fossil fuels Climate change Poor harvests disease People move to cities - Not enough jobs Overcrowding Poor housing Only young men People’s expectations .better lifestyle - Social problems In cities/rural areas .com 92 Focus on skills for IELTS Foundation The chart below shows possible causes of urban drift.kiransielts. where large numbers of people move from rural to urban areas.

820 23.9 UK USA Japan Italy .980 780 Cargo carried (billions of tons) 22. Write at least 150 words.blogspot.com 93 IELTS Intensive The table below gives information about rail transport in four countries in 2007.kiransielts.2 2.S Passenger kilometres per head of population 770 80 1.3 27 5.9 0. Country Number of people using rail transport (not including metro) 5. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.01 21.

335 17. and make comparisons where relevant Initial Teacher Training (IIT) qualifications obtained 2005/6 and 2006/7.8% 27.420 6.415 6.1% 14.3% 28.5% .com 94 IELTS Intensive Graphs The table below shows the number of students living in the UK gaining teacher training qualifications in 2005/6 and 2006/7.kiransielts.900 8.440 24.045 23. and the proportion of male qualifiers.405 7.485 1.525 31.980 1.065 6.6% 14.4% 23.930 24.blogspot.610 6.865 17.945 23.125 25.920 8. UK Total Female Male %Male 2005/6 Total teaching qualifications obtained PGCE* BEd & other degrees 2006/7 Total teaching qualifications obtained PGCE Bed & other degrees *Postgraduate Certificate in Education 31. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features.085 7.

kiransielts.com 95 Exam Question Task 1: The diagram below shows the process of glass recycling. Write a report…… .blogspot.

kiransielts.. Write a report ……………. Visit licence centre Retake written test Fail Complete application form Retake written test Fail Take eye test pass Pay fee Take written test Fail Fail Not applicable Pass Take driving test Get licence .com 96 IELTS writing test of 25-9-2010 – India The given diagram shows the process of getting a driving licence.blogspot.

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