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( 10-08-06031-)
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( 2.1 02.741.11.2224)

ISBN 978-5-9616-0261-6

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:
Trochimczuk A.W.
Krawczyk J.
Rieger F.
Ho-Suk Choi

Wroclaw University of Technology


Politechnika Krakowska
Czech Technical University in Prague
Chungnam National University, South Korea

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XIII -
-2010

10
546.2+546.9+547.1+666.3

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8-100 ( ,
CVD-).
- : Al, Cu, Fe, Ni, Zr, Ti,
Si, Zn, Mn, B, Mo, Mg, C, Al23, Fe23, ZrO2, AlN, BN, SiC, Cu*Ni, Cu*Sn,
V- VIII .
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544.4.032.7

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-2010

12
546.799

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Ag
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542.97:541.183

IN SITU
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. . (), . , e-mail: tretjakov@ips.ac.ru
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, Pt u (Pt,u /ZrO2-).

XIII -
-2010

14
529.12

POLYMER IMMOBILIZED ANALOGUES OF IONIC LIQUIDS


Trochimczuk A.W.
Wrocaw University of Technology, Faculty of Chemistry, 50-370 Wroclaw, Poland,
e-mail: Andrzej.Trochimczuk@pwr.wroc.pl
Ionic liquids (IL) can be defined as salts having low melting points, usually
below 100oC. In recent years this new type of material, attracted a lot of attention of
chemists due to some unique properties such as negligible vapour pressure, good
thermal stability and, what is especially important, high polarity. These features
allowed the use of ILs as environmentaly friendly (no vapour pressure) and safe
alternative to organic solvents. Task-specific Ionic Liquids (TSILs) can be defined
as ionic-liquids in which cation, anion or both of them have a functional group
attached covalently as a part of their structure. The group gives desired properties
(catalytic activity, ion-exchange).
Developments in catalysis using IL were widely studied and reviewed. By a
careful choice of the cation and anion it is possible to tune the properties of IL, for
example its miscibility with water and ability to dissolve substrates and products of
the reaction carried in such medium. However, sometimes it is not possible to achieve
easy separation of the reaction products from the IL. In such case the obvious choice
is the heterogenization of the ionic liquid by, for example, its immobilization in or on
the solid support. One of the first examples of such work was immobilization of the
imidazolium salts on the Merrifield type polymeric resin. In such a way it was
possible to prepare an efficient catalytic system for the nucleophilic substitution
reactions, which could be used many times with no loss of activity and it was easily
removable from the after reaction mixture. The supported ionic liquid phases were
also reviewed.
In this work we would like to present some results of research on solid
polymeric analogues of ionic liquids (IL-analogues), in which polarity of the material
is due to the presence of cations and anions known from the chemistry of ionic
liquids: imidazolium and anions like trifluoromethylsulfonate, trifluoroacetate, ptoluenosulfonate. Such materials are obtained by modification of lightly crosslinked
vinylbenzyl chloride-divinylbenzene copolymers with alkyl substituted imidazol,
followed by subsequent ion-exchange of suitable anions. By an introduction of an
additional function, such as for example sulfonic group, it was also possible to obtain
a catalytically active polymer immobilized IL. Additionally, this material, as
crosslinked ones, is totally insoluble in any solvent. The last feature makes possible a
range of applications such as reactive chromatography, column-continous processes.

15


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, . , 86, e-mail: frolkova@mitht.ru


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XIII -
-2010

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08-0300976, (
2.1.2/6880).

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alma mater.
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XIII -
-2010

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-2010

541.133 +544.6.018.47-036.5

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XIII -
-2010

22
542.952.6.691.175.5/8


Pd(PPh3)2Cl2 PPh3 -

.., .., ..
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( . .. ), . , e-mail: piligrim.tula.ru@gmail.com
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( 09-08-00890).

[1] Kiss Q. // Chem. Rev. 2001. V.101. 11. P. 3435-3456.


[2] .., .., .., ..
. .: , 2007. 487 .

23

621.315.592:548.25

InAs/GaAs -

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InAs/GaAs
()

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GaAs () InAs
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(100-350)
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200 500 6,1
10-16 5,3 10-6 .

.

GaAs
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350-500 ( ~ 1 10-2
~1,4 10-1 .%) .

24

XIII -
-2010

MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF THE RAPID EXPANTION OF


SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS
Anikeev V.I., Stepanov D.A., Yermakova A.
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis SB RAS, Novosibirsk 630090, Russian Federation,
e-mail: anik@catalysis.nsk.su
Mathematical modeling of the rapid expansion of supercritical fluid leading to the
formation and growth of nanoparticles of a solid substance predissolved in the fluid was
performed. According to the scheme of fluid motion, the mathematical model describes
three characteristic segments of the flow motion and a shock wave at the Mach disk: (1)
flow in a capillary; (2) supersonic expansion of a stream; (3) flow motion in subsonic
expansion region. To simulate normal shock wave, the equations of conservation of
mass, momentum and enthalpy were derived. Thermophysical and thermodynamic
parameters and phase state of the mixture were calculated for each isolated segment of
the flow motion using the RedlichKwongSoave equation of real gas state.
Algorithms and a program were developed for solving the model equations.
Choice of the solving methods was determined by specificity of the flow motion and
expansion in each of isolated regions. Thus, as the condition of critical outflow at the
capillary outlet should be satisfied, hydrodynamics of the flow motion in a capillary was
calculated by an iterative method.
Supersonic region of stream expansion is limited by the Mach disk, where all
parameters of the flow undergo an abrupt change, and transition from supersonic
expansion region to subsonic one occurs. In subsonic region of stream expansion the
motion is isobaric, thus the geometry of supersonic region forms so that at the normal
shock wave the post-shock pressure is equal to ambient pressure.
In subsonic isobaric segment of stream expansion the flow rate virtually vanishes;
temperature of the flow tends to ambient temperature. A model of this segment is
supplemented with the equations of nucleus formation and growth of the solid phase
particles along the expansion axis.
A parametric analysis of the mathematical model showed that critical radius and
size of the particles that form during rapid expansion of supercritical fluid depend both
on the parameters of reactor mixture and on the capillary geometry. Size of the nascent
particles can be varied in a wide range by changing the temperature and pressure of
reactor and/or environment at a fixed capillary geometry. Calculation was made for the
composition: 2 solvent 90 mol %, ethanol co-solvent 7.5 mol %, phenanthrene as
dissolved substance 2.5 mol %. Effect of the mixture composition on the outflow
hydrodynamics and particles growth was studied. Components of the mixture and their
percentage were varied. It is worthy of note that for some compositions solution of the
system does not exist. For instance, in some cases, a solid substance dissolved in
supercritical 2 becomes completely soluble in co-solvent under precritical conditions.
We tested several co-solvents: methanol, ethanol and isopropyl alcohol, in combination
with dissolved solid substances: naphthalene, biphenyl, phenanthrene and anthracene.

25

541.182:536.461


..
( ),
. , e-mail: anisimovmp@mail.ru


() , ,
.
[M.P. Anisimov.
J.Aerosol Sci., V.21, suppl.1, P. 23-25 (1990); ... , 352(6), 816818 (1997)].
[M. P. Anisimov, Hopke P.K., Rasmussen D.H. et al. J. Chem. Phys. V.
109(4) P.1435-1444 (1998)].

.
, [.. . . .,
, 1975],
,
.
.
,
,

,

[L. Anisimova, M. Anisimov, P. Turner, and P.K. Hopke. Journal of Colloid and
Interface Science V. 290, 107-116 (2005)].
, .
, ,
, ,
[.. , .. , ..
. , 417(2), 209-212 (2007)],
.


.

. ,

.
10-08-00124-.

XIII -
-2010

26
544.47:544.344

:


.., .., ..
. .. ( ),
. , e-mail: afanasev@catalysis.ru


. ,
,
() .

( SiO2 Al2O3),
.
,

; ,

.
,
, ,
-Al2O3.

,
, , .

. ,

. , ,

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,
.
,

- .
,
.

27

547.979
A NEW APPROACH IN APPLICATION OF LUMINOL REACTION FOR
TRACE BLOOD ANALYSIS
Balantseva E.V.*, Priante S., Vincenti M., Coluccia S. Martra G.,
University of Turin, Department of Inorganic, Physical and Materials Chemistry,
Turin, Italy, e-mail: Bal_lena@hotbox.ru
*
Ivanovo State University of Chemistry and Technology (ISUCT), Ivanovo, Russia
The emission of light observed when a solution containing luminol and hydrogen
peroxide is sprayed on dried bloodstains has been utilised by forensic scientists in
investigations involving violent crime for more than 40 years. During our investigation
of different nanopowders (NPs) (e.g., SiO2, TiO2, Al2O3, hydroxyapatite) we observed
an interesting phenomenon when the NPs were being added to system containing
luminol and H2O2 and blood, resulting in a significant increase of both intensity and
duration of CL [Patent. No. PCT/IB2009/055454].
To explain this phenomenon we started an investigation of the interaction
between hemoglobin (Hb) and inorganic powders mentioned above based on an
integrated approach resulting from the use of IR-/Vis-/EPR-spectroscopies and TGAanalysis. It is known that binding of Hb to a surface is a spontaneous molecular event
where entropic effects and enthalpic ones play a major role in stabilizing the NPsHb
complexes. But these weak interaction can greatly change a conformation of protein
adsorbed and consequently the structure of heme groups. But in which manner is Hb
structure being changed? On the base of IR-measurements of NPs/Hb pellets the extent
of protein folder was researched. At the same time, from the UV/VIS absorption and
reflectance spectra obtained for all NPs/Hb systems in solid and slurry states the affect
from addition of NaOH and H2O2 to NP/Hb have been observed. The data obtained by
this method can provide information about specific changes in heme group, iron state
and close its surroundings. The Al2O3/Hb and TiO2/Hb shown quite different behavior
and particular profile of its spectra in comparison with other NPs/Hb. Though UV/VISspectra allowed us to determine that Hb is adsorbed on NP surface predominantly as
MetHbFeIII(H2O) and MetHbFeIII(OH) the details about iron state can be taken from
EPR measurements. Moreover this method can provides additional data respond to free
radicals which could be formed during redox reaction involving a protein and/or heme.
We also involved the TGA analysis to estimate the amount of Hb irreversible adsorbed
on NP surface and determined that independence on nature of NPs, specific surface
area and size of nanoparticles we have mono layer of Hb for all studied systems. An
integrated analysis of the various type of data collected, giving information on both
quantitative and structural data, allowed to conclude that a relevant role is played by
the capability of NPs to act as efficient adsorbers (resulting in a spatial concentration of
the proteins containing the metal centers responsible for the activation of the Luminol
oxidation), combined with the level of unfolding of the protein structure, with opening
of the hydrophobic pockets where the heme groups are hosted, with a consequent
higher accessibility of the metallic catalytic centers.

XIII -
-2010

28
519.673:620.9.97

CHEMCAD



.., . .
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, . , e-mail: fsovetin@inbox.lv


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. 12. 2009 . . 29-31.

29

544.431.8


..

. .. , . , e-mail: Gorodsky@yandex.ru

,
. 50
[1].

.

PdBr2 PPh3 HBr -1


,
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pH [2].
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[3-5].
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. PCO:PC2H2>3 PO2 0,2 .
, PCO:PC2H2<3
[6]. EPt pH
LiBr-PdBr2-H2O-- ();
PdI2KIMeOH .

; ,
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, .
( 05-0333151 09-03-01072).

[1] , . .
. , ., , 1988.
[2] .., .., .., .., .
:
, : , 1985, .112
[3] A. V. Malashkevich, L. G. Bruk, O. N. Temkin, J. Phys. Chem. A, 1997, v.101,
51, p. 9825.
[4] . . , . . , . ., . . , . . ,
, 2001 ., . 42, 2, . 285-293.
[5] . . , . . , . . , . . , ,
. ., 2003 ., 7, . 1452-1461.
[6] L. G. Bruk, I. V. Oshanina, A. S. Zakieva, A. P. Kozlova, O. N. Temkin,
Kinetics and Catalysis, 1998, 39, 2, 183 186.

XIII -
-2010

30
66.048:548


.., .., ..
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10-08-00785-

31

66.048:548

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. .. , . , e-mail: propionka@rambler.ru
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[1] .. -
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XIII -
-2010

32
628.34



.., .., .., ..
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. , e-mail: natoret@mail.ru

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r r R



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sVs<<CfVf f const,
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33

541.128.12

N- ,


..*, ..**, ..**, ..*,
..*, ..**
*

. ..
( . .. ), . , e-mail: ustynyuk@nmr.chem.msu.su
**
. ..
( . .. ), . ,
e-mail: piligrim.tula.ru@gmail.com

.

.
,

N-
:
(Ph2P(O)H)2PdCl2 Ph2P(O)H, (Ph2P(O)H)2PdCl2 (C6F5)2P(O)H, (Ph2P(O)H)2PdCl2
PPh3, PdCl2 PPh3, PdCl2 (C6F5)2P(O)H, PdCl2 C4H6(CH2PPh2)2, (6Mes)Pd(cinnamyl)Cl, (7-Mes)Pd(cinnamyl)Cl, (SiPr)Pd(cinn)Cl, (7-Dipp)Pd(cinn)Cl,
(IPr)Pd(3,5-).
-
, N -.
-. , ,
N- ,
(6-Mes)Rd(D)Cl
. PdCl2 PPh3 PdCl2
C4H6(CH2PPh2)2 ,

. PPh3
C4H6(CH2PPh2)2 ( 4-5 )
, , ,
3 .

.
C4H6(CH2PPh2)2 ,
.

-
2009-2013 , 02.740.11.0266,
, 09-08-00890.

XIII -
-2010

34
: 532.785



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XIII -
-2010

36
546.92:66.094.37:543.42



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e-mail: toikka@yandex.ru

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( 09-03-00812).

[1] .., .., .., ... .


. . 2009 (43) 141-154.
[2] .., .., ... . . . 2008 (81) 234240.
[3] A.Toikka, M.Toikka. Pure and Appl. Chem, 2009 (81) 1591-1602.

38

XIII -
-2010

544.032.73

- 186

..1, ..1, .2
1

- (),
. , e-mail: oxt@isuct.ru
2
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, . , e-mail: matteoli@ipcf.cnr.it


.

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[1].
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186
[Gly186].

[1] . . . // . 71 (2001) 1452.


[2] .. , .. , .. .
( ). .:.1989. 256 .

(2009-2010) 2.1.1/5593,
- 2009-2013
( 02.740.11.0253)

39

541.128.3:542.952


.., ..

. .. , e-mail: vitaly-flid@yandex.ru


. Ni(I)

,
, (),
.
Niall2 (all 35, 1-CH3C3H4, 2-CH3C3H4, 1-C6H5C3H4)
Ni (),
77 K g. ()
, . ,
.
Ni ()
Niall2. Niall2
Ni () , 298
10-3 - 10-6 .
() .
Niall2
Ni() .
Ni().
Niall2
Ni()2.
.
Ni () .
. ,

Ni-H. ,-
Ni().
DFT/PBE
. ,
.

. , Ni ()

.
( 08-0300743).

XIII -
-2010

40
541.182:536.461



.., ..*
( ),
. , e-mail: anisimovmp@mail.ru
*
(), . ,
e-mail: elenafominykh@rambler.ru


.
,
, , .
,
,
,
. ,
,

.
.

[. .
. , . 72, 7, . 664-705 (2003)]
.


, -
-
. [L. Anisimova, M. Anisimov, P. Turner, and P.K.
Hopke. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science V. 290, 107-116 (2005)],
,
() .

.
, ..

.

.
10-08-00124-.

41

665.658.4

9-14

.., ..
, .
, e-mail: evf@tpu.ru

(,
, / . .)

[1].

9-14 ,
: ,
, ,
, Pt-,

, .

.
(Gr, r, Sr)
753 0,2 -
[3].

.
( k0 Ea)

, Delphi 7.

.

4 %,
.


.

. , ,
2 3,5 / 2,9 % .
5 %.

XIII -
-2010

42
541.182:541.128



-
.., . .
... , ,
e-mail: kelizabeth@ya.ru
, , , ,

.
,
,

.
,

.


, 4-3--4-()

(2.45 )
, ,
().
A, . .
1.0
0.9

3
0.8

0.7
0.6
0.5

0.4
0.3
0

. 4--3-4-()


( 30 ,
170 ,
18 ) (1).


33 (2) 23
(3).

10


,
.

.

43

: 66.065.5:621.577



.., ..
.
.. (), . , e-mail: khaibulina@mail.ru

.
.
.

.


,

, [1].



2-.
, ,

.

,


,
.


, , .

,

.

[1] .., .., .., .. //


, 2, 6, 2007, . 75-82

44

XIII -
-2010

541.123


.., .., ..

.. , ., e-mail: dlinn@ya.ru

,
.
,
,
.
()
- .

,
. ( ,

) ,
.

-, - -

( ,
, , , ). ,

() ,
.
( ,
)
.
,

( ).
,
, -, ,
. ,

,
.

( 08-03-00976-).

45

66.023.2+532.5

:

.., ..
-
( ) (()), . -,
e-mail: abiev_r@mail.ru
, 10-15 ,
,
, , , ,
( ),
(lab on a chip)
.
, .
[1] ,
- .
-
. :
;
;
; (
, Ca < 3); .
[2, 3].
,
355
0.92 .
, 230
. - ,
.
,
. ,

, : 0.17 0.73 /,
0.09 0.56 /.
.

[1] Abiev, R.Sh. //Theor. Found. Chem. Eng., 2008, vol. 42, no. 2, p. 105.
[2] Kreutzer, M.T., Kapteijn, F., Moulijn, J.A., et al. //AIChE J., 2005, vol. 51, p.
2428.
[3] Liu, H., Vandu, C.O., and Krishna, R.// Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2005, vol. 44, p.
4884.

46

XIII -
-2010

HYDROTHRMAL SYNTHESIS METAL OXIDE NANOPARTICLES


Anikeev V.I.
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis SB RAS, Novosibirsk 630090, Russian Federation,
e-mail: anik@catalysis.nsk.su
Metal and metal oxide nanoparticles, differing from their bulk analogs in
chemical, thermal, optical, magnetic and other properties, are widely used in
catalysis, medicine, electronics and other fields. Continuous hydrothermal synthesis
has the best advantages and possibilities among the methods suggested for synthesis
of metal and metal oxide nanoparticles. This method is simple to implement and scale
up, it allows controlling the particles size and properties. However, an essential
drawback of the method consists in low control of nanoparticles aggregation.
Hydrothermal syntheses of the following metal oxide nanoparticles: LiMeOn
(LiCoO2, LiNiO2, LiZnO2, LiCuO2), MeOn (CdOn, GaOn, CeOn, ZrOn), were
performed in supercritical water in a continuous flow reactor.
The HRTEM and SAXS methods were used for morphological and
compositional characterization of the samples. The syntheses of LiCoO 2, LiNiO2,
LiZnO2, LiCuO2 , GaOn, CeOn, ZrOn were the most efficient.
Example of CeyOx synthesis
A 0.2 M water solution of Ce(NO3)3 salt was prepared for the synthesis. The
reaction temperature was 373-391C, pressure 260 atm. Water flow rate: flow 1 10
ml/min, reactant flow rate: flow 2 3 ml/min. The reaction products of whitish
yellow color, with further precipitation of the solid phase.

Figure a, b. TEM images of CeyOx compound

Solid products of the synthesis were represented by a homogeneous mixture of


well-cut isometric crystals ~ 100 nm in size, Figure a, b. Dendrite aggregates of these
crystals prevail. The crystals are of dislocation block structure. According to XRD
data, CeO2 is the main synthesized phase.

47

541.182:536.461

-
.., ..
( ),
. , e-mail: anisimovmp@mail.ru

-
[Michael P. Anisimov,
Elena G. Fominykh, Sergey V. Akimov, Philip K. Hopke. Vapor-Gas/Liquid
Nucleation Experiments: A Review of the Challenges. J. Aerosol Sci. 40, 733-746,
2009; .. , .. . :
. , 29(1), 75-85
(2010)]
,

.
1980-.

(FDC) [1]. FDC
, [2], , [3], ,
.
, [4], -
. ,
,
,
. [5] -

.
,
.
10-08-00124-.

[1] M. P. Anisimov, and A.G. Cherevko, J.Aerosol Sci. 1985, 16(2), 97-107.
[2] M. P. Anisimov, K. Hameri, M. Kulmala, T.E. Ovchinnikova, Report Series in
Aerosol Sci. 1993, 23, 19-24.
[3] L. Anisimova, P. K Hopke, J. Terry, J. Chem. Phys. 2001, 114(20):9852.
[4] M.P. Anisimov, J. A. Koropchak, L. V. Timoshina, J. Chem. Phys. 1998,
112(22):9917-9928.
[5] M.P. Anisimov, P. K Hopke, S.D. Shandakov, I. Shvets, J. Chem. Phys. 2000,
113(5):1971.

XIII -
-2010

48

TRANSFORMATIONS OF MONOTERPENE EPOXIDES IN


SUPERCRITICAL SOLVENTS
Volcho K.1, Il`ina I.1, Salakhutdinov N.1 Anikeev V. 2
1

Vorozhtsov Novosibirsk Institute of Organic Chemistry, Novosibirsk 630090,


Russian Federation
2
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Novosibirsk 630090, Russian Federation
e-mail: anik@catalysis.ru

Introduction
Monoterpenes and their epoxides are valuable renewable starting materials for
pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries, production of flavorings, pesticides, etc [1].
However, the transformations of these compounds, especially epoxides, in acid media
may give due to isomerization and polymerization reactions not only the target
products, but also a number of undesirable compounds [2]. Moreover, serious
environmental problems are caused by large amount of toxic acid-containing waste.
Reactions based on the transformations of monoterpene epoxides in supercritical
solvents can be considered as an alternative to the conventional methods.
Experimental
In the present work, we have studied the transformations of some monoterpene
epoxides (-pinene, verbenone and verbenol epoxides (Fig. 1)) in various
supercritical solvents for the first time.
Figure 1 : The epoxides structures
O

-pinene
epoxide

O
verbenone
epoxide

OH
verbenol
epoxide

The transformations of epoxides in composite supercritical solvents that


contain 2, lower alcohols (ethanol, isopropanol) with or without water were
studied in the temperature range of 387-575 at pressure 13.5-21.5 MPa. The
addition of water to supercritical solvent will impart acidic properties to the system
and thus make expectable the formation of products of acid-catalyzed transformations
of the epoxide.
Results
Campholenic aldehyde and carveol were shown to be the main products of pinene epoxide reactions in supercritical solvents containing water (Fig. 2). Both
these compounds are valuable feedstock for fragrance industry.
Figure 2 : The -pinene epoxide transformations

49

OH
+

-pinene
epoxide

O
+

...

CHO
campholenic aldehyde

pinocamphone
carveol

In the absence of water, thermolysis of -pinene epoxide in supercritical


solvent yields campholenic aldehyde and pinocamphone, with their total amount in
the reaction mixture attaining 80%. In this case, judging from the composition of
products being formed, the occurrence of two parallel processes can be assumed:
thermal isomerization of -pinene epoxide and its acid-catalyzed isomerization.
The transformations of verbenone and verbenol epoxides led to another types
of the products. For example, the main identified products of verbenone epoxide
isomerization in composite supercritical solvent containing 2, isopropanol with or
without water were -ketoalcohols 1 and 2 with camphane and p-menthane skeletons
accordingly (Fig. 3).
Figure 3 : The verbenone epoxide transformations
O

OH
O
+

O
verbenone
epoxide

O +

...

HO 1
2

The epoxide conversion and products distribution were dependent on the


reactions conditions to a great extent.
Conclusion
The transformations of monoterpene epoxides in supercritical solvents of
different compositions can be considered as new methods of obtaining the target
isomerization products at short (up to 4 min) residence time in a continuous mode in
ecologically friendly conditions.
References
[1] Monteiro, J.L.F.; Veloso, C.O. Topics in Catal., 27, 2004, 169-180.
[2] Ilina, I.V.; Volcho, K.P.; Salakhutdinov, N.F. Russ. J. Org. Chem., 44, 2008, 123.

XIII -
-2010

50

544.3:547.962.9-022.532(043.2)
PHYSICAL-CHEMICAL TOOLS FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF INDOOR
ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS ON ARCHIVAL PARCHMENT HERITAGE
IN A CHANGING CLIMATE
Badea E.1, Della Gatta G.1, Odlyha M.2, Larsen R.3, Usacheva T.4
1

University of Turin, Italy, e-mail: giuseppe.dellagatta@unito.it


2
Birkbeck College, University of London, United Kingdom
3
Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Copenhagen, Denmark
4
Ivanovo State Chemistry & Technology University, Ivanovo, Russia
Environmental pollution, climate change, limited energy consumption and lack
of standardisation of best practices, principles, protocols in conservation science are
the challenges that nowadays the science for conservation has to face for securing the
protection of collections in public and private libraries, archives and museums. The
almost entire heritage of the European and Mediterranean civilisations, from classical
times to 15th century, has been delivered to us on parchment in form of scrolls,
manuscripts, codices, book covers, etc.
In this paper, the applications of optical and thermal microscopy, scanning
electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy to surface characterisation of
historical parchments are presented. As parchment is a biomaterial with hierarchical
structure characterised by the intimate relationship and connectivity between
individual molecules and their organisation in micro-fibrils, fibrils and fibres, a micro
to nano-scale investigation protocol was developed for an in-depth assessment of its
deterioration enabling diagnostics, ranking and monitoring of damage of archival
parchments. To answer the sampling ethical requirement and to meet the demand set
by the high variability of historical samples non-invasive and micro-destructive
techniques were used. This innovative tool will significantly improve strategies for
the sustainable preservation of parchment heritage.
The results reported have been obtained within the framework of the EU
Commission Project Improved Damage Assessment of Parchment (IDAP, EVK4-CT2001-00061, 2002-2005) and Italian Project Old Parchment Evaluation: Restoration
and Analysis (OPERA, CIPE-2004-D39, 2006-2009).
References
[1] Della Gatta G., Badea E., Mai A., Ceccarelli R., in Improved Damage
Assessment of Parchment (IDAP) Collection and Sharing of Knowledge, R.
Larsen (Ed.), Luxembourg, L, 2007, ISBN 987-92-79-05378-8, p. 89-98.
[2] Badea E., Miu L., Budrugeac P., Mai A., Della Gatta G., J. Therm. Anal.
Calorim., 2008, 91, 17-27.
[3] Budrugeac P., Badea, E., Della Gatta G., L. Miu, Thermochim. Acta, 2010,
500, 51-62.
[4] Badea E., Della Gatta G., Usacheva T. Polym. Degrad. Stab., in preparation

51

547.979.733

.., .., .., ..,

- (),
. , e-mail: sef@isuct.ru

, .



.
, ,
.


(Pzc(COOH)8M),
-2,3-(5,6-) [1].

[2].


(Pyc(COOH)8M) .
. Pyc(COOH)8M
, Pzc(COOH)8M
N

NC
CN
H NOC
NC
CN
CONH
NC
CN
CONH
NC
H NOC
CN
N

N
N
, NC CN
H NOC CONH
N
N
N
. N
N
N
N

N
N
N
N
N
NC
H NOC
CONH
CN
N M N
N M N

NC
H NOC
CONH
N
N
N CN
N
N
, -
N
N
N
N

.
N
N
N
,
NC CN
H NOC CONH
HOOC COOH

Y
X
N
N
N
X
Y
HOOC
COOH
N M N
HOOC
COOH
Y
X
N
N
N

,
,
X
Y
X=N, Y=C - Pyc(COOO)8M ,
X=N, Y=N - Pzc(COOO)8M
COOH
HOOC

.

[1] Kudrevich S.V., Galpern M.G., van Lier J.E. Synthesis 1994, 779-781.
[2] Kudrevich S.V., Galpern M.G., van Lier J.E. Chem. Abstr. 1996, 125, 58203.
2

XIII -
-2010

52
529.12



.., .., .., ..
-
, 111123, , , 38,
e-mail: ivanovizyamanaki@yandex.ru
PhSi(O)3
, ,
(),
- . - , PhSi(O)3

-.
1- 29Si-
,
PhSi(OR)3 (), PhSi(OR)2(O-) (),
PhSi(OR)(O-)2 (), PhSi(O-)3 (D).



B C
,
PhSi(O)3 -
- . Mw/Mn = 2,0
1,5 - .
Mw = 2800 600 ,
1950 - . ,
- , - - .

53

66.015.4:541.121.001


.., .., ..
.
.. ( . .. ), .
e-mail: nazanski@yandex.ru

, .
, ,
.
. ,

,
, (
).

.
,
.
( )

. ,
.
,
.

,

. , ,
, .

.
,
,
.
,
100%-
.

54

XIII -
-2010

547.53:541.121:544.424.2:544.183.25

.., .., .., ..


() , . ,
e-mail: enk2005@rambler.ru

, , ,
.

. ,
(),
[1],
,
, ,
[2].

.
,

H2SO4
,
DFT/B3LYP 6-311G**
FireFly v.7.1.G [3].
,
, ,

,
, (,
).
1-4 .
( )
( ). ,
N ,
.
-,
,
, .
( 0.01 %)
.

55

( Ac2O)
-.
AcOH
- .
H2SO4
, B3LYP/6-311+G**/PCM

,
H2SO4
.
[4]
-, .

[1] Chemical Reactivity Theory. A Density Functional View. / Chattaraj P.K., Ed.
N.-Y.: CRC Press. 2009. Ch. 18. P. 255 267.
[2] Xiao H., Chen L., Ju X., Ji G. // Science in China. B. 2003. Vol. 46. No. 5. P.
453-464.
[3] A.A.
Granovsky,
FireFly
ver.
7.1.G.
http://classic.chem.msu.su/gran/firefly/index.html
[4] Methods and reagents for green chemistry. / Tundo P., Ed. Hoboken: Wiley J.
2007. 314 p.

56

XIII -
-2010

547.979.733

5,15-

.., .., ..
- (),
. , e-mail: kuvshinova@mail.ru
5,15- (I), 5,15--10- (II),
5,15-10,20- (III), 5,15(4) (IV), 5,15-(4-)-10,20 (V)
(7:3) . ,

(I-V) ,

,
. (III V),
, -
. (V) ,
(III). ,
N-H, - .

(I-V)
(7:3).
(III).
,
,
.
(V) (III), -, ,
I-

.
2009 - 2013
02.740.11.0106 -1105
( 09-03-00927, 10-03-00967)

57

532.783

..1, . 1,2 , .. 1,2
1
2

, , ()
. .. ,
, 117571, . , , 86,
-mail: zoy1940018@mail.ru



(),
.
), .

, ,
(2
2).
,
.
,

. , -, -
.
, ,
.
, (l)
, .
- - ,

. ,
.
,
.


.
Colh 42 243
.
,

,
.

XIII -
-2010

58
541. 572. 128 (043.2)

()

.., .., ..
- ,
. , e-mail: poa@isuct.ru

,

, -
.
,
,
.
, NH-

(-) (2(64F3)8)
( (Py), 2- (MePy), (Mor),
(BzNH2), - (BuNH2), - (t-BuNH2),
(Et2NH), (Et3N), (Pipy)).
, 2(64F3)8 Mor, BzNH2, BuNH2, tBuNH2 Pipy NH-
1:2.
, NH- 2(64F3)8 Mor,
BzNH2, BuNH2, t-BuNH2 Pipy
,
(k298=10-6 /).
,
Mor BzNH2 BuNH2 Pipy
2(64F3)8Mor, 2(64F3)8BzNH2, 2(64F3)8BuNH2
2(64F3)8Pipy .
,
-
NH-
2(64F3)8 t-BuNH2.
, Py, MePy, Et2NH Et3N
2(64F3)8.
,

2(64F3)8Mor,
2(64F3)8BzNH2, 2(64F3)8BuNH2, 2(64F3)8t-BuNH2
2(64F3)8Pipy .
- ,
.

( 10-03-00305-).

59

544.34:549.73:543.554.4
- ,
Cu -
. ., . .
- (),
. , e-mail: vyk_@mail.ru
-

.

.
,
30
- T=450 C.

.
,
.
- 0,1M HCl
0,1M NaOH.
,
. (
- , n/m, ),
- ,
+ . ,
n/m = f (pH) :
n(OH-)/m=f(pH) n(H+)/m=f(pH).
nb(pH) . -
,
. ,
(/)
. ,


-; 4 . ,
.

XIII -
-2010

60
542.973.6



.., .., ..
(), .,
e-mail: htpng-samgtu@mail.ru
, 2008 ,
2013
10 ppm.
,
.
12- ( SnMo12-), 12 (VMo12-), 11--1-

(PVMo11-).

Shimadzu EDX-800
. , 12 (SiMo12-) (..) 12- (PMo12) (..) 110 .
.
Al2O3.
.

0.125
400.
.

. 4.0
(0.1 ), 320, 340, 360, 380 (1),
2 -1 (0.01 -1), / 600 / (25 /).

( 1.14% ., :
3.17 % ., 1.37 % .).

( ): Co-SiMo12(S)/Al2O3 < CoSnMo12(S)/Al2O3 < Co-VMo12(S)/Al2O3 < Co-PVMo11(S)/Al2O3 < Co-PMo12(S)/Al2O3,
(
): Co-PVMo11(S)/Al2O3 < Co-SnMo12(S)/Al2O3 < CoVMo12(S)/Al2O3 < Co-SiMo12(S)/Al2O3 < Co-PMo12(S)/Al2O3.

, .

61

544.032.73
THERMODYNAMICS OF COMPLEX FORMATION BETWEEN
CROWN ETHER 18C6 AND D,L-ALANINE
IN WATER-ACETONE MIXTURES AT 298.15 K
Matteoli E.a, Usacheva T.R.b, Chernov I.V.b, Kuzmina I.A.b, Sharnin V.A.b
a

Institute of Physical-Chemical Processes of National Research Council


(IPCF), Pisa, e-mail: matteoli@ipcf.cnr.it
b
Ivanovo State University of Chemistry and Technology (ISUCT),
Ivanovo, e-mail: oxt@isuct.ru

This study is necessary to create a scientific basis for using the solvent as a
universal driver for processes in the liquid phases.
The determination of thermodynamic reaction parameters and thermodynamic
solvation parameters of reagents and products (G, H, TS), the setting up of the
predictive models for complex formation, the estimation of the influence of mixed
solvent composition on the reactions allow to use solvents to drive the processes of
complex formation in solutions.
As a continuation of our studies here we present the results of investigations of
complex formation reaction between crown ether 18-crown-6 (18C6) and D,L-Alanine
(Ala) in water-acetone mixed solvents and examine the applicability of previously
established patterns for reactions of ions [1] and molecular [2] complex formation in
solution.
The standard thermodynamic parameters of the complex [Ala18C6] were
calculated from thermochemical data at 298.15 K obtained by titration calorimetry at
0.0, 0.08, 0.17, 0.22 and 0.30 mole fraction of acetone. Titration of one reagent by the
other and dilution of the reagents were carried out using the TAM calorimeter MOD
2277 by Thermometric. The calorimetric data were treated using a least-square method
to obtain K and H. The range of used concentrations of acetone was limited by a low
solubility of D,L-Alanine in mixed solvents.
The complex stability and exothermicity of complex formation reaction increase
steeply with increasing the fraction of the non-aqueous components in mixed solutions.
A similar but less marked influence of mixed solvents on the thermodynamic parameters
for complex formation reaction between 18C6 and glycine was found previously [2].
The thermodynamic data were discussed on the basis of the solvation
thermodynamic approach [1] and the enthalpic contributions of the reagents and of the
complex to the enthalpy of complex formation reaction were analyzed.
References
[1] V.A.Sharnin // J. General Chemistry. 71 (2001) 1452.
[2] E. Matteoli, L.Lepori, T.R.Usacheva, V. A. Sharnin // J.Therm.Anal.Cal. 97
(2009) 811.
This work was supported by the program "Development of Scientific Potential of
Higher School (2009-2010)" project 2.1.1/5593, and the Federal Program "Researchers
and Scientific-Pedagogical Staff of Innovations of Russia" for 2009-2013 (State number
02.740.11.0253).

XIII -
-2010

62
66.015.4:541.121.001




.., .., ..
.
.. ( . .. ), .
e-mail: milyaeva.tv@mail.ru


,
.
( ) ,

. ,


,
,
100%-
.
,

.

100%- .


.
,

,
100%- .

63

691:546



.., ..
.,
e-mail: tpp_vlgu@mail.ru


.
,
(, .)
. ,
, ,
.

,
150 .


.
, ,
.
-

.



.

:
, /3
120-150
,
1,5

,
0,05
/()

24
,
4
%

1200600l00
.

XIII -
-2010

64
66.965.5: 621.577



.., .., ..
. .., . , e-mail: nosovga@mail.ru


.
, , ,
.
.

,
.
.

, , ,
.

,

.

.
:

,
,
.
:

,
.

(
, ,
, ,
.) -
. ,

65

541. 572. 128 (043.2)


(3--5--)
.., .., ..
- ,
. , e-mail: poa@isuct.ru

,
.

,
.
.
,
(3-5--)
(H2Pc(NO2)4(t-Bu)4)

() ().
(Py), 2- (2-MePy), (Mor), (BuNH2), (Et2NH) (Pipy).
, H2Pc(NO)4(t-Bu)4
NH-
- H2Pc(NO2)4(t-Bu)42.
,
(Py, 2-MePy, Mor),
H2Pc(NO2)4(t-Bu)42 .
, (BuNH2, Pipy)

H2Pc(NO2)4(t-Bu)42,

- .
H2Pc(NO2)4(t-Bu)42.
.
, Pipy BuNH2
H2Pc(NO2)4(t-Bu)42 ~ 2
,

.
,
BuNH2 Et2NH. BuNH2
Et2NH H2Pc(NO2)4(tBu)42.

( 10-03-00305-).

XIII -
-2010

66
541.64:547.979.733

--
.., .., .., .., ..
- (),
. , e-mail: peclin@mail.ru
,

.

, ,

.
-- 1
-- 3

2 4,
.
N2

OH
Me

Me

Me

Me
Me

NH
N

O H2 H CH2

Br CH2 H CH2

Me
NH

HN

Me

Me
Am

Me

Me
Am

O
NH H CH2

O
CH2 CH Cl

HN

Me

Am
1

Me

Am
3

2 4
.
, 1 , , -, .

, ,
-.
2009 - 2013
02.740.11.0106 -1105
( 09-03-00927, 10-03-00967)

67

661.183.122
-

.., .., ..
- (),
. , e-mail: smirnov@isuct.ru

, ,
/
.

,

. ,


.
,

. , ,

.

.

514.

. ,
- 10.5-11.5.
514
- 3-4.
,
4, 10,
514
.
,
, .



,
.

XIII -
-2010

68
661.183.2

.., .., ..
- (),
., e-mail: smirnov@isuct.ru


,
.

-

.
514
7535-86
15-60
-1
- V-4 c 930
5,4 /.
,
,
.

.

.
- AVATAR 360.


1-2/
5-6/ . ,
- .

=2.3-2.7, -
=11-12.

pK=11-12.5.
, ,
, , ,
.

69

541.128:542.97:547-326:547-305.2

-

.., .., ..
. ..
( . .. ), . , e-mail: piligrim.tula.ru@gmail.com


Pd(PPh3)2Cl2 PPh3 - (TsOH).
, ,
.
,
.

, [1].

.
363-383 TsOH
, .
TsOH S-
. ,
,
-.
TsOH
[2] ,
TsOH
:
r

kC M PCO C 6 H10 T sOHC 6 H11OH

PCO
C H OH hPPh 2 iC
2
2
g 6 11
1 a T sOH dC 6 H11OH ePCO f
3
M
PPh3
PPh3

k'T sOH



.

, 09-08-00890.

[1] .. . . . .
: . 2005.
[2] .., .., .., .. //
, 2006, . 46, 6, . 435-445.

XIII -
-2010

70
660:51.001.57+66




..

. .. (),. , e-mail: skvorivan@mail.ru
, ,
n- .
-

n-
.
.
n-
.

,
.
.

.
, .
n.

[1,2].

( 08-08-00318-).

[1] .., ..
// . .
. 2001. . 35. 6. . 603.
[2] .., .., ..
//
. 2001. 6. . 36.

71

660:51.001.57+66



..

. .. (),
. , e-mail: skvorivan@mail.ru
,
,
n-
.

n- A1,,Am, Am+1,,An (1m<n)
Am,Am+1 : )
; )
.
)
,
. ,
) , )
. ) . ).
.

.
,
m n, ,
, .
, ),
.), m
n.
[1,2].

( 08-08-00318-).

[1] .., .., ..



//. 2007. . 41.
6. . 649.
[2] .., .., ..
//. 2005. . 39. 1. . 19.

XIII -
-2010

72
66.093.48


-
.., .., .., ..
() . ,
e-mail: isoldatov@mail.ru
26
. :

( 30% 20%
.
( -
).
- ,
-
s- I- d- VI-, V VII 4
.

(
. . ..
).
-
( . .
.. -
).

(
220 300) .
, ,
( 2189 2195 -1,
33 36 /),

.
220.
, (
0,5 1,0 ),
,
.
601 (328).

.

73

542.973.6

Co-XMo12(S)-
.., .., ..
(), .,
e-mail: htpng-samgtu@mail.ru

, , ,
.

.
12-
.
: 12 (BMo12-), 12- (TiMo12), 12- (VMo12-), 12-
(GeMo12-),
12-

(ZrMo12-),
12 (SnMo12-), 12- (PMo12), 12- (SiMo12-), 12-
(ZnMo12-), 12- (CeMo12-).
- -.
-Al2O3.

.
60, 80, 110 2 ,
1 / 400 2 .
MoO3 CoO
Shimadzu EDX-800.


0,125 400.
.

(0,025
) 320. 340,
360, 380.
: < ZnMo12-< SnMo12-< SiMo12-< TiMo12< VMo12-< GeMo12-< ZrMo12-< PMo12-< CeMo12-<
BMo12-.

, P, Ce.

XIII -
-2010

74

541.128; 541.49:546.74/121
-

3-
.., ..

() ...
e-mail: out@pochta.ru
3
.

,
.
(DFT) PBE [1]
SBK [2] ( .. . ..
[3]) 3
[3C3H5NiX2] (X = F, Cl, Br, I).
H

C2
H

C1

C3

Ni
X

, X = F, Cl, Br, I
X

,
- .
I-Br-Cl-F,
Ni-C Ni-X (
).
Ni-X, -Ni: Ni
1 2.

.

[1] Perdew J.P., Burke K., Ernzerhof M. Phys. Rev. Lett. 1996. V.77. P.3865.
[2] Stevens W.J., Basch H., Krauss M. J.Chem. Phys. 1984.V.81 P.6026.
[3] Laikov D.N. Chem. Phys. Lett. 1997. V.281. P.151.

75

549.752/.753
Li2OZnONb2O5
.., .., ..

. .. (), . , e-mail: valeryfom@rambler.ru

.

- .
Li2OZnONb2O5.
ZnNb2O6LiNb3O8 : LiZnNb4O11.5
LiZnNb6O16.5, ~2.%.
ZnNb2O6 LiNb3O8.
(),
-
.
.
() LiZnNb4O11.5 :
(3D) ((3+1)D) .
,
.

P 21/b. ,
-PbO2 q=0.3a*+1.1b*.
LiZnNb4O11.5
()
,
.
- - .
.
LiZnNb6O16.5,
LiZnNb4O11.5,
.
().
LiZnNb4O11.5,
:
-

-PbO2 q=2/7a*6/7b*.
-
() LiZnNb4O11.5 LiZnNb6O16.5,
, 251100
.

XIII -
-2010

76
541.182:536.461

-
..1, ..1,2, ..1
1

( ),
. , e-mail:anisimovmp@mail.ru.
2
(),
. , e-mail: elenafominykh@rambler.ru

- .
-
.
, [1] :

, ..

, Tc

; c0 c7 ,
; Z(, )
; Z c - [1].
-
CO2,
: 60 oC, 1 ,
110 oC.
,
,
0,08 %, , ,
0.1%.
.
100
600% 4 % .
,
20
.
10-08-00124-.

[1] . ., . . . 392, 1,
2003 . 48 53

77

547.979.7

-
.., .., ..

. .. , . , e-mail: n.bragina@mail.ru

,
[1].
,
,
, ,
- [2].
- ,
,
,
, .., .
,
.

,
-
,
.
, ,

[3].
.



.

2.1.1./2889

[2] S.C. Doan, S.Shanmugham, D.E. Aston, J.L. McHale. // JACS. 2005, V.127,
P.5885-5892.
[3] F. Langa, M.J. Gomez-Escalonilla, P.de la Cruz. // J. Porph. Phthal. 2007.
V.11. P.348-358.
[4] Fedulova I.N., Bragina N.A.et al. // Mendeleev. Commun. 2008. V.18, P.324326.

XIII -
-2010

78
66.048.3-932.2




.., ..

. .. (), . , e-mail: frolkova@mitht.ru

.
.
,
, ,
.

3.1.0-2.
.
( R,
, ) R
3.1.0-2
.


.

( )
.
R ,
.
(
)
R .
,


.

.

.

79

546.819.86.74.73.72

,
.., ..
(), .
e-mail: cabilov@yahoo.com
-
3d-
, .
,
. , (Fe1,2 Sb)1-x
(Pb0,825Sb0,175)x (NiSb)1-xPbx
, (CoSb2)1-x.Pbx
. , ,
, ,
.
( Hs )
( GT0 ) .
(Fe1,2 Sb)0,98 (Pb0,825Sb0,175)0,02 Hs =56,6 / GT0 =-144
/, (NiSb)0,99Pb0,01 Hs =54,8 / GT0 =-69,3
/, (CoSb2)0,98.Pb0,02 Hs =13,6 / GT0 =214,5
/. ,
,
.


(Fe1,2 Sb)0,98 (Pb0,825Sb0,175)0,02 (NiSb)0,99Pb0,01.

GT0
(CoSb2)0,98.Pb0,02
, ,
.

.

,
,
(CoSb2)0,98.Pb0,02.
, ,
,

.

80

XIII -
-2010

542.943-92:544.431.22:542.2232



.., .., ..
(), .,
e-mail: ageeva-ev@yandex.ru

. , (~10-4
/) ,

.
: ,
.

. ,
,
, .
MemOm+1.
(MnO2, Mn3O4, Mn3O4, Fe2O3 (, , ), Fe3O4, PbO2, Pb3O4, ..) .
,
MemOm+1 + HSO3 Mem(OH)Om + SO3
(1)

Mem(OH)Om + HSO3 Mem(OH)2Om1 + SO3


(2)

2
SO3 + SO3 S2O6 ,
(3)
.

.

MemOm+1
;

, ,
;
( 1 )

; ,

(1) (2) ;
MemOm+1
, , .

81


.., .., ..
(), . ,
e-mail: ad.l@rambler.ru

-
, , .

, .
.

, ,
, ,

, ,

.
,
, ,
.

.

20
20 /2 - ( ),
( ).
-
-
(+20 +95 0)
.
,
,
.
,
+20 0
, -5 0
.

,

, ,

.

XIII -
-2010

82
546.831:66.097.5



..*, ..**, ..**, ..**
*

.
.. , . , e-mail:antonyuk2006@yandex.ru
**
-, . ,
e-mail: evgolosman@yandex.ru



, .
, .
, ,
() , .
,
NOx ,
.

,
, .

,
, , , -Al2O3.

Zr-Al-Ca-O , , ,
,
. ,

( 100%) . ,

,
. ,
, ,
,
.
,


.

83

533.9.07




..-., .., ..
- (),
. -, e-mail: fizika@esstu.ru


.
,

, ,

.

.
, ,
: -
, , .

,
. ,
( - I* ,
- I,
- I)
.
U,
d
. , U(d) U(d)
d=1,7 .(U ,
, U -
).

, I, I*,
,
I(U) ,
.

.

XIII -
-2010

84
541.8

-

-
.., ..
. .. ()
, . , e-mail: n_bondarev@rambler.ru
: ,
-
(, , -, ).

(,
, , , )
, , (I) -
-, -, --2-, , -, -, -.


- .

-
, .

. ,
"" -
,
.

-

- - . ,


(- )
, ,

(- ).


.

85

541.8

-
.., ..
. .. ()
, . , e-mail: n_bondarev@rambler.ru
Kex
Kex

LM A
M w A w Lo

o

LM A

o
= KD1,L K (w)+ K (w) K
,
Kex

LM
ass,LM A
D,LMA
M A L
o

K D,L - (L) (w)


() ; K (w)+ LM

; K (w)

ass,LMA

LM+A- ; K

D,LM A

LM+A- .
-

_

[LM + A ]o
_

[LM + A ]o

Kex C o + CLo
M

1 1/ K D,L

1 K 1

D ,L

1
=

o
o
_

[M + ]w [LM + ]w [LM + A ]w Kex CM+ CL


_

M+

[LM + A ]o

-
_
D +
[LM + A ]o
M
100% .

=

100%
o
D

1
+
+
M ,w


-.

86

XIII -
-2010

677.11


.., ..
- (),
. , e-mail: leshcheva@rambler.ru
, ,

,
.


.

,
.
,
.


.

--.
.

.

1,2-1,5 , ,
,
(20-30%) .

.
,
65-70 .
.


35-45% -
,
.

87

546.271

--(12)
.., ..

. .. (), . , e-mail: mp2sdtq@gmail.com
(12)
.


-. ,
1,2-, 1,7-, 1,12-21012 a
22 27 [1].


(12)
, : 1.
, 2.
(),
, 3.
,
, 4.
.
Gaussian 98 [2] (B3LYP/6-31G**, B3LYP/6-311++G**)

. -C2B10H12 > -C2B10H12 > C2B10H12 > -C2H2B10Cl10 > -C2H2B10Cl10
- ,
.
pKa E, H,
G (B3LYP/6-311++G**) (12)
: HC-B10R10-CH HC-B10R10-C + H+ (R = H, Cl). ,

- 5.0 /, ,
.
(3;1)
(bCb),
.

[1] L.I. Zakharkin, N.A. Ogorodnikova // J.Organometal.Chem. 1968. v.12. p. 13.


[2] M. J. Frisch et. al., Gaussian 98, Revision A.7, Gaussian, Inc., Pittsburgh (PA),
1998.

XIII -
-2010

88
547.466+54.052



.., .., ..
(),
. , e-mail: elengrigor@yandex.ru


.

,
,
.

-35
. : ,
,
-35 +- - .


.

-35. ,

,
, ,
.

( 2 /),
.
,
,
,

.

, ,
,
.

89

543.544.5.068.7

5(6)--2-(4-)
..1, ..1, ..1, ..2, ..3,
..1
1

. ..
( . .. ), .
2
(), . ;
3
, . , e-mail: nadina86@rambler.ru
5(6)--2-(4-) ()
,
, .

.

-
-- (LCMS)

-,
() -
(Na).
, (=224 ...)

252 .. :
, 1, 2; Na
: 2, 1, .
,
252 5(6)--2-(4)-1-1,3- 4-(5--2[d]--2-)-2,5-
ON

ON

NO
N
H

N OH
N


.
, 1 2
, (~30% .).
1 2.

XIII -
-2010

90

669.15-194:678.675126.002.68


.., .., ..

., e-mail:organic@vstu.ru
()
. n=60-80
( - 3,
- 50102 ).

(0,0085 / 0,01 /)
25-80 0 ,
Solver PRO
.

.
. 150 ,
40-60 .
77,15 ,
( Ra , ISO 4287/1) 8,26 208,96
.

, : 25 0 (92 ) 80 0 (20 )

, 50-150 , 80 0 , 20
50-450 .

25 0 (92 )
Ra 25,02 287,13
; 80 0 (20 ) Ra
20-45 89-99 .
,
- ,

:
H2C
H
C
O

H2C
N

H2
C

CH2
H

H2C
C
O

- : I 1641 1 , II 1542
III 1250 1 NH- 3108 1 .

1 ,

91

547.128


.., .., .., ..

. .. (), . , e-mail: knyazev.s.p@mail.ru


.


N Si Ge .
,
,
[1].
, ( 1)


( 2). ,
( 3) ,
.
R(CH2CH2)3N + 3H2O = . () + N(CH2CH2OH)3
(1),
R(OR)3 + 3H2O = . () + 3 ROH
(2),
R(OR)3 + N(CH2CH2OH)3 = R(CH2CH2)3N + 3 ROH
(3),
= Si Ge.
() ()
, , ,
: () = ().
(2) (1), ,
3 .
,

, .
2 1 3: G(2) G(1) = G(3).
(3) (
4- 2- ),
G(3),
[1].

.

[1] .. , .. , .. , .. , .. ,
// , 2004, . 74, 1, c.
65-73.

XIII -
-2010

92
66.066.3



.., .., ..
-
(), . -, e-mail: yablokova_m@mail.ru

,
, , .

,
-
.

,
. ..,

.

,
,
.

.
-3D ,

( Flow Vision)
.

.
(Re 500),
. ,
, (500<Re<3000)
,
.


.
,
.


.

93

(III) (III)
-
.., .., .., ..
-
.. ( )
e-mail: denis.lutskii@gmail.com

.
- 50,05 0,5 .
-
. (III) (III)

0,070,2 /. (III) ,
(III), .

94

XIII -
-2010

541.49:(546.74.2+548.736)
[ReOL4Cl]Cl2 2H2O, L-1-2-
.., .., ..
, . ,
e-mail: azimjon51@mail.ru

[ReOL4Cl]Cl22H2O, L-1-2- ().
5%-
1 3,0 % .
.
.
2 mV.

[ReOL4Cl]Cl22H2O .

.
[ReOL4Cl]Cl2 2H2O.
1-; 2-0,05%; 3-0,5%;4-1,5%; 5-2,0%; 6-3,0%.
, [ReOL4Cl]Cl22H2O
.

. 2%
47,7 11,2 . . 4,3 .
,
. 10.
47,7 31,4 . .
3% 5,5. .

95

541.64:539.(199+3)
1,3 -1
..1, ..3, ..1
1

, , e-mail: hruk@list.ru
2
,


: ,
() :
, (B3LYP);
, - 2-
(2);
() 2.
6-31+G**/6-311+G** aug-cc-PVDZ.
Gamess US, Pcgamess, Gaussian06,

Moltran.

-1
,
, .
. ,
:
, -1,

. ,

. . 1:
1.
(k1/k2)
(k = nk1+nk2, .-1.-1).
Gaussian06, pcgamess:
-

k1/k2
k103
1,2-
ub3lyp/aug-cc-pvdz
0,036
4640
H2C=CH-
ub3lyp/aug-cc-pvdz
15,63
6,33
H2C=CH-
ub3lyp/aug-cc-pvdz
4,6
28,4
CH3-CH2-CH=CH2
ub3lyp/aug-cc-pvdz
7,9
232

XIII -
-2010

96
66.022:621.929

-

.., .., .., ..

., e-mail: nikevan@rambler.ru
-

. , -
[1],
: , ,
,
, ..

.
1 - , .


, .
4 .
.

[1]

1 - -

.., .., .. - .: , 2009. 186 .

97

541. 64+548. 33

.., .., ..
. .. ,
. , 05010, . ., 106,
-mail: jumadilov@mail.ru


.

.
, ,
-
() NaB(C6H5)4.

-
(- NaB(C6H5)4), -
60:40,40:60 . %, ( =15000).
, (- NaB(C6H5)4
(60:40
%)

1, 2 11:1 (=330 ), 7:1 (=436 ) 5:1 3


=450 ) 4:1 (=455 ).
15:1 (=326 ).
40% 60%
13:1 1 (=332 ),
3:1 (=461 ).
15:1 (=325 )
.

,
. ,
,
, .

XIII -
-2010

98
669.712




.., .., ..
( ),
. , e-mail: pasechnik@ihim.uran.ru

.


.
, , , ,
, . (Sc2O3 100/).


, .
.
-
,
, .

, 17% 2 15%
.
Ti, Zr, Na Al, V, Fe, Si
.
.


,
. , .
,
,
(>10)
(<8,5)

.
10-03-96039-__.

99

512.54: 579.11:541.62:548:12
D2D- (NH)4C10H24Ni:

.., .., ..
,
170002, , 35, e-mail: smolyakov@inbox.ru
Ni2+
C
,
C
N
C
.
N
C
C-H N-H C
Ni
C
N
(NH)4C10H24Ni (. ) . .
N
C
C
Ni2+ 106
C
C

[Ni(NH2)4(CH2)4]. D2d (E, 3C2,
.
2S4, 2d)
(NH)4C10H24Ni
(NH)4C10H24Ni ,
f l , f m ,... , , ,...
l, m,... . f l , , Z
: ZD2d= 1/8(f128+3f214+2f47+2f12f213).
ZD2d f l (h l x l y l ...) ,
D2d = 1/8{(h+x+)28 +3(h2+x2+)14 +2(h4+x4+)7+2(h+x+)2(h2+x2)13}. (1)
hkxlym (1) ( )
-NHqC24HkXlYm . 3718 :
14 , XY 65, XYZ 169 .. , X-
: D2 = h28+ 4x+ 56x2+ 416x3 +2618x4+12324x5
+47320x6+148148x7+389144x8+863720x9+1641640x10+2684916x11+3804605x12+468
1128x13+5016720x14+ 4681128x15 + 3804605x16+ +416x25 +56x26 + 4x27 + x28.

: ZD2 = 1/4(f128 + 3f214), Z. = 1/4(2f47+2f12f213).
, N.: Z. (D2) 0,
Z(D2d) 38111043076464201013 , Z(D2)
76222086152928401013
. h2x2y2z2u2v2w2f2q2r2t2s2k2l2,
, Z. (D2) 6227020800 .
X-,XY-,


[1] .

[1] Smolyakov V.M., Sokolov D.V., Nilov D.Yu, Grebeshkov V.V., Fedin D.M. //
Journal Rare materials and technology. . China, Dzyasin, 2009. P. 626-636.
C

100

XIII -
-2010

66.017:542.61:546.63/64:548.75:537.533.35


.., .., ..
( ),
. , e-mail: pasechnik@ihim.uran.ru
,
, ,
.

[1]. ,
[2-4].
-. XXI

[5]. , ,
, , .
,
. ()
.
,
. ,
, 12 40% (.)
.
0,7% .

.
, ,
[6].
10-03-96039-__.

[1] .., .., .. . // , 1977.


. 97. . 43-47.
[2] Small H.J. // Jnorg. Chem. 1961. 18. P. 232-238.
[3] Barenova H., Nova-K M. // Coll. Czech. Chem. Comm. 1965. 30. P. 1073-1081.
[4] .., .. // .
1960. . 39-40.
[5] Yoshizawa H., Uemura Y., Kowano Y., Hatate Y. // J. Chem. Eng. Japan.
1993. 26. P.693-697.
[6] Shirokova A.G., Yatsenko S.P. // Abstracts Intern. conf. Functional Materials
ICFM-2009, Ukrain, Crimea, Partenit. 2009. P. 436.

101

620.19


.., .., .., .., ..
- (), .,
e-mail: sharlayev@rambler.ru

.
( ),
,
- .
,
,
, , .

(7421, 2, 20, 5, 71,
84) 4 .
.

.
21,6 2.
,

1,4104 2.
.
-50-1
( 0,5 ) -8.
.
.
,
5,
.
:
84>71>20>7421>2>5. ,
.

, .

, .
,
, ,
.

XIII -
-2010

102
546.05



..1, ..2
1

. .. ( ),
2
, , e-mail: shig_2002@mail.ru



Zn2-xCoxSiO2, 1,5,10,20 %.
-

1 2 (1 )
(2 ).
.
Zn2+ .


.
9200 1 2
() () .

R3
(JCPDS 37-1485).
. ,
.

1,5 ( ).

1-10% .
1000-1850 500-700
424T1 (4F) 424T1 (4P) (II). 20
% , (III),
(2,5/0,1) .

( , 0,4 , -
1%) ,
1 . 2
,
, ,
.

, .

103

546. 264.,553. 682.



.., ..
-
e-mail: iradax@yandex.ru
- .
,

- ,
.

.
.

- .
7500, 1 .
, -
, Mg, 3.

-

CaO.

, ,

Ca(OH2)
.
C(OH2)
.
.. Ca(OH2)
(Mg,Al)
Si2O5
. -
Mg3[Si4O11]nH20,
4CaOAl2O313H2O C2SH.

XIII -
-2010

106
66.023.2+665.6




.., .., ..
-
( ) (()), . -,
e-mail: abiev_r@mail.ru

,
.
, (, , ,
), (, .).
()
""
, ,
, .
-
,
, , ,
.
(),
(), () (),

().

,
5 , ,
.
,
,
( ),
.
,
() (. 2184593, 2184594, 2184595).
,
2-2.5 , 2.5-3.0
, .
()

, ,
.

107

541.64:547.39

2-

.., .., ..
. ..
, . .,
e-mail: abrlidz@yandex.ru
2- ()
() 2- ()
(),
() ()
28.
,
,
().

. ,
, ,
,
.
:
.
, 1:3
120 0, 80 %.

80, 100, 120 150 0,
, ,
.

, ,
93 % 90 %.
,
, ,

.
.
.

(),

,
.

108

XIII -
-2010

AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE REMOVAL OF SO2 FROM EFFLUENT


STREAMS: NOVEL APPROACH TO MINIMIZE SO2 EMISSION FROM
POTENTIAL JORDANIAN OIL SHALE PROCESSING PLANT
Marwan M. Batiha
Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering,
Al-Hussein Bin Talal University, Ma'an P.O.Box 20, Jordan.
e-mail: mmbatiha@ahu.edu.jo
SO2 gas is one of the major air pollutants in the world and the main sources of
this gas are the combustion of sulphur-containing fossil fuels. Therefore, the
environmental issues concerning oil shale exploitation in Jordan has been given
considerable attention due to high sulphur content in oil shale. By achieving the goals
of this work, it is expected to make a contribution toward solving the potential
problem of SO2 emission from oil shale processing plants in Jordan using the
available resources. These resources are available in abundant quantities which
include: kaoilinite, zeolitic tuff, Dead Sea water and oil shale ash produced from oil
shale combustion and retorting.
One of the primary environmental concerns of utilization of Jordanian oil shale
is the high S content which have to be removed from the off gas stream upon oil shale
combustion or during shale oil refining. A number of effluent gas desulphurization
techniques are available. These can be broadly classified into four categories:
absorption of SO2 in liquids, absorption by moist particles, gas phase conversion of
SO2, and sorption by solids. The later is considered on of the promising ways for SO2
removal. The current work has been focused on examining the Dead Sea water
capacity for SO2 removal and the utilization of Jordanian kaolin, available in huge
quantities in Jordan, as well as oil shale ash to remove SO2 from off gas streams.
Surface modification of kaolin will be carried out to increase its adsorption capacity
of SO2.
This work presents a kinetic study on the dissolution and solubility of SO2 in
pure and Dead Sea water and a mathematical model which describes these processes
taking into account all the possible reactions involved.
Secondly, an investigation into the adsorption capacity of various natural,
modified and waste materials for SO2 removal from effluent streams has been carried
out. These materials include: alumino-silicate minerals like Jordanian kaolinite, oil
shale ash produced after complete combustion, oil shale ash produced after
microwave and conventional retorting and natural and modified Jordanian zeolite.

109

628.3:658.512:66.011

.., .., ..

( )
., e-mail: yu_beznosyk@rambler.ru

.


.
,
.
,

.

.
-
13X, LiLSX
.
- ,
, , , . ,
,

.
-

.
,
, - ;
;
, .
-
,
.
,

( NO 99,9%).
,

.

XIII -
-2010

110
547.426.1

.., ..
- - .
.,, ., , 10.
. e-mail: jorik17@mail.ru

.
.
.
.

().
,
.
,
.
()
()
.

.

, ,
.

()
(). ,

() ().

, , .
, .
:
W1=6,29105EXP(-(585003000)/RT).C.C.HCl
W1=3,34105EXP(-(585003000)/RT).C.2.CHCl (2)
1 = 1,9
W2=1,6104EXP(-(533003000)/RT).CC. HCl
W2=1.6104EXP(-(533003000)/RT).C.2.CHCl (4)
2 = 1.0

(1)

(3)

111

:661.77+661.743.3


.., .., ..

. , e-mail: kinterm@samgtu.ru

, 90%
.
.
, ,

.


.

60-98 , 30%
;
/H2O2=1/(413) (.).
.
,
, ,
( ),
- -
.

- ;

.
4-6,
- .
30%
. ,
90%: 90-98;
22/=5/1.
(4-6) 73-75 %, - 43-45%.
,
,
-
.

XIII -
-2010

112
529.12



.., .., .., ..
, . , e-mail: epixina@bk.ru.


, .

, .
[1]
,
"SAPO-34".
"SAPO-34"
400 500,
1,6 6,4 .
: 425, 6,4.,

~80%
~80%.
.
"SAPO-34"
. ,

425 6,4 . ~13% 2
. , "SAPO-34"
550 90 .
2 .

-Al2O3 .
, -Al2O3
. 10% 30%.

.

[1] .. , .. , . . .
. XII

2008 09-11 2008 ., . , .73.

113

: 547.546

.., .., .., ..
. .. , . , e-mail: Margyn@yandex.ru

. ,
2,5 ./
. ,
.
,
, , ,
, .
,

.
, ,
:
,
, .
,
.
,
. ,
,
.
,
.

- .

,
.
,
,

.

,
.
.
,
.

XIII -
-2010

114
544.47:544.344

PT/C .

.., .., ..
. .. ( ),
. , e-mail: ignateva@catalysis.ru



( ).

Pt/C ,
.
Pt
. , Pt/C
,
.
Pt/C

.

: , ,
.
,
( , - , , ).
,
Pt/C
1-2 . ,


.
,

(30-40%).
Pt

,
(>98%, 2-,
, 30, 1 . 2, 0.5-1 , /Pt 2000 /).

115

66.097.3.001



..*, .., .., ..**
, . , e-mail: kachalov_dmitrii@mail.ru
*

. .. () , .
**
(),
.

-
.

: ,
, (-16, -16,
-24, -28, -603);
();

(-2207);

.
.
,

,
,
.
,

: ,
,
.
,

,
.

XIII -
-2010

116
541.128-39




..1, . .2, ..1, ..3,
..4, .4.
1

, ,
- . ..,
. ,
3
, .,
4
- , ..
e-mail: Petukhova_liubov@mail.ru



(),
, ,


-, -
,
, 6 - 32
(5,6+) - (5,8+).


,

92-96% . 78-80% ,

,
,
,
.

117

66.095.62:661.727.3


..1, ..1, ..1, ..2, ..2
1
2

- ., e-mail: KorneevaGA@yrd.ru,
, ., e-mail: MFlid@yandex.ru


, , 2, .


140-180 ~30 .

,
[1].
, -
[2],


c 23 /.
,

.

.
.
: 1,8-2,0 ,
89-91, 0,10-0,25 /.
[2],

- 90%
90-95%.

[1] . 5367106. 20.09.1993. Jerry D. Unruh, Wendell L. Pieper, Milo


C. Pass. .
[2] .., .., .., .. // ,
2009, .50, 4, .1-10.

XIII -
-2010

118
665.633




.., , ..
(), . ,
e-mail: julep@sibmail.com


( ,
, ) (, ,
). -

.
, , .

,
.
,
, :
PbO2, Fe2O3, MnO2, , ,
, :
,

(=250) (=750).

. 1 , ,

, -4 Hitec-3000.
1

-4
Hitec-3000

H, /
298
1023
36,09
42,18
54,28
58,24
-105,79
-99,20

S, /()
298
1023
233,40
243,82
258,50
266,35
247,60
257,81

G, /
1023
-207,25
-214,13
-362,94

K
1023
1,0246
1,0254
1,0435

, ,
.

.[1] , ,
,
.

[1] .. . .: , 2005. 288.

119

665.531:547.912:541.128:546.723



..1, ..2, ..1,2
1

(),
( ),
. , e-mail: TSozonova@sfu-kras.ru


,

.

-
- .



, , ,
, , .

() .


.

, , ,
.
: , .
,
, .
,
,
(83-94 % .) .

( )
.
CARL ZEISS.

XIII -
-2010

120
665.3.095.134.3:183.3



.., .., .., ..
,
. , e-mail: serg-solovyev@yandex.ru
,
,
.
.
,
,

.
,
.
,
.
:


,
.

, :
1)
- ();
2)
( );
3)
( -, ) (
);
4)
( ).
.

. , ()

- ,
.

121

662.757

.., .., .., ..*,


..*

. . (), . , e-mail: tretjakov@ips.ac.ru
*
... , .

-

. .

,
,
.
,

(, ) . 100%
300-450.
2-4 (3040%).
49
64%. 5
12, ,
1% .,
-4, -5. ,
,

,
, .


,
, ,
, - ,
.
,
, .
,

. ,

.

XIII -
-2010

122
529.12



.., .., ..
- , . ,
e-mail: mflid@yandex.ru
,

.

0,1-0,2%
,
,
, .
:
, .. /1/

.
,
.

,
. ,
500 15

,
.

, ;
.
460 500
(,

)
.
, .
,
,
, .

[1] Borsa A.G., Herring A.M., McKinnon J.T. et. al. // Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 1999.
Vol. 38. P. 4259

123

: 661.725.68

.., .., ..
. .. , . ,
e-mail: fedosov_alex@rambler.ru

(), , ,
.
,
:
; ;
;

..
- ,
, , ,
, ,
, - .

.

, ,
, - (
,
,
), .

- 10-13

(TS-1).

10 13
(TS-1) .

-1.

.
.

, -

,
.

XIII -
-2010

124
661.723.612



..
- , .
e-mail: mflid@yandex.ru
-
() ,
1,5-2 ,
.

, ,
, ,
, .
, ,
, ,
, , .

10-15%. 10
~0,1/ ,
10% 0,3/ . ,


(
).


(1100-1400 /( .))
.
(
-
3-5 ).
245-255.
1,5-2 .
98-98,5% ,
,
, .

,
.

23-24%.

125

665.64

.., .C., .., ..


(),
., e-mail: sharova@sibmail.com

.
.

. ,
,

.
,

,
.

.

. 1
R-98

. 2
R-98

,
,
(. 1), 20 %
.
18,25 % (.
2). , -
-
, .

126

XIII -
-2010

547.472.3
,

.., ..
- ... (),
., e-mail: shvets@mail.ru


, .
Dow Chemical Co .
,

, - (51%).

.
,

,
.

:
, , , ,
, .


.


,

450 .
,
,

,
, .

,
.

127

547.245.07

.., .., ..
-
()
e-mail: vdsh2004@yandex.ru
(H2=CH)2SiCl2 (I)

, ,
(Cl, CH=CH2). I
(II) : )
b)
a) + SiCl4 / Kat
(CH2=CH)2SiCl2

(CH2=CH)4Si
b) + HCl / Kat

Kat (AlCl3, ZnCl2, SnCl2, SnCl4, SbCl3).


- II
.
I 85 % .
AlCl3/ClCH2CN ( 10 .;
80-90 ). (
) (III).
Na Mg

[(CH2=CH)2Si]n3
(IV),
H3BSMe2
HN(SiMe3)2 Me3SiN=C=NSiMe3
SiNCB
.
, I ,
, , .
, ..
,
, (
),
(, , ..).
N-
-
, .
R
Si
R

OCH2CH2
OCH2CH2

R
N X

X
Si

= , ()NMe2, NMe2, CN.

OCH2CH2
OCH2CH2

R
Si
R

OCH2CH2
OCH2CH2

N X

XIII -
-2010

128
: 661.66




.., .., ..
.
.. (), , e-mail: oilgas@mitht.ru

, (),
.

( ) . .. . ..

() .
,

.
:
( ), ,

(),

() -
(). , ,
, ,
.
.
,
130
~ 14 %
.

,
.

513, 323
803. ,
, .
,
803,
.

129


-
.., .., ..
(), . ,
e-mail: ad.l@rambler.ru

- ,

.
,
,
.
, ,

(- ). 25-75 %
. .

.

.

.

. :
20 , 20 30 , 10
/2, .
,

, .
60 % . ,

.
,
. ,
30 % .

,
.
HYSYS
Hyprotech.

XIII -
-2010

130
660:51.001.57+66


-

.., .., .., ..

.. (), ., e-mail: anokhina.ea @mail.ru
()
() .
.
[1] ()
- (). ,
, ,
, ,
, .
.
[2,3], ,
.

.

, ,
, .

.

,
[1]. :
;
, ;
, .
,
9,7 %
.

[1] R. Monoz, J. B. Monton, M. C. Burguet, J. de la Torre. Separation and


Purification Technology 50 (2006). p. 175 183.
[2] .., .., .. . 2207896 . .
10.07.2003, . 19. 4 .
[3] .., .., ..
, 2009, 3, . 4449.

( 08-08-00318-).

131

660:51.001.57+66



-
.., .., .., ..

.. (), ., e-mail: anokhina.ea @mail.ru
-
86,3 % . [1]

()

() . , ,
, ,
. [24],

(),
.
4 32 %.

. ,
.
[4]
- .
,
. 9,8
16 % .

- . ,
11,2 19,6 % .
, -

.

[1] .. . . . . .: , 1987.
[2] .., .., .. . . . -

. , 2006, . 41-42.
[3] .., .., .. . , 2008, 8,
. 402-407.
[4] .., .., .. . . , 2009,
3, . 4449.

( 08-08-00318-).

XIII -
-2010

132
547.245

. ,

.., .., ..

.. (), ., e-mail: lya17@mail.ru
,
,
.

.
,
.

-
.
, 3,5- (Ia) 3(5)- (I, ')
N- ,
-.
, N / ()
(),
- (II-).
, HN(SiMe3)2 / CO2
O
O
N
N N C OSiMe3
, Me3SiOCNEt2
N
II,
- Et2NH
H I,
Me
N
N

Me

Me
N

Me

N
N
N

'
,
N- () 15-20
, 70-75 0, 92-95%
, ()
9-10 , 87-89%.
,
.

133

547.261 : 547.262 : 544.473 039.63





.., ..
.
.. ( . ..), .
e-mail: egorova1412@mail.ru, bokarev_d@mail.ru

,
. ,

- .
, ,
.

.

,
, ,
.

. , , ,
,
.

.
, (ACF).


,
( ).


ACF, 4000, 60% 74% .
,
18 ,
.
-
36% 48%, 4250.

XIII -
-2010

134
678.049.4



.., .., .., ..
(),
., e-mail: butakovana@mail.ru

,
,
.

14-19,

.

, 50%
.

, .

,

. ,
[1],
2-3 .

,
,
. -

,
, , ,
.

,
,
.

[1] . 2312098 , 07 53/19, 07 51/215, 07 51/225.


/ .. ,
.. .: ; . 20.09.06; . 10.12.07.

135

665.765-404.038.1


.., ., ..
"", . , e-mail: sekr@svniinp.ru
,

-
. ,

. ,

, .
,
.

-
-11
, ,

.

(-300, -312, -313, , -150, -7120, -300, -140)


(Infineum C-9330Ca) .

. ,
,
,
. ,

-11 -11
-7120.
-11
-150 -300, -11
.
-11
, -
.

XIII -
-2010

136
: 547.245



.., .., .., ..

. . (), . ,
e-mail: aleksandra.gavrilova@rambler.ru

,

, ,
[1].
N,N`()

,
.

N,N`() [2].
,
,
.
- ,

.
R
R2SiCl2

Me3SiN=C=NSiMe3

cat.
Me3SiCl

Cl

Si-N=C=N

Me3Si

R
R

R2Si(OR`)2

[1]
[2]

Me3SiN=C=NSiMe3

cat .
Me3SiOR`

Me3Si

SiMe3

Si-N=C=N
R

, . . . /
.. // , . - 1975. 38.
Organosilicon chemistry IV. From molecules to materials. Novel silylcarbodiimide gels for the preparation of Si/C/(N) ceramics / E. Kroke [et al].2000.- P. 812-817.

137

544.473. 547.313.

.., .., .., ..



, ., e-mail: ink@anrb.ru

- , 8-14
.

.

-,
.


8-12
(Y, Beta, ZSM-5, ZSM12) - Y.
, -
Y, Beta, ZSM-12 , ,
, (5-30%
, 110-200) 70-99%.
ZSM-5,
20% , ,
.
, .
( 1%)
.
-


- ,
Y, .
-
8-12. -
, 2-5.
,
-
Na+ + .

138

XIII -
-2010

665.6


..
(), .,
e-mail: grushova.e@mail.ru

,

.
,
,
.

N- (N-).
,

, .
, , N-

.
, ,
, ,
.
, N- ,
,
( 10-15 % .) . ,

.
. ,
VD3 60
: 2:1
10 % ., 1,5 , -
20 % . ,
, ,
.
.

N- , N-
,
.
, .

139

53.092:665.63


-1
.., .., .., ..

() . .. , . ,
e-mail: ivanovmitht@gmail.com

(). (C18 )
,
.
.
.
-1,
[1], ,

.
5%-
- (20-38) 63,9.
-1 ,
0,5 5,5%. . i
, -1 (30)
7,1% - 7-19
20-38.
, (30-40)
-360
~4%.
,

(35)


-360
~3%.
.
, -1

.
, 350,
50-62%. -.

[1] , .,
/ . , .. , ..
, .. // - 2008. - .. - 3. - . 79-86.

XIII -
-2010

140
541.12:66.094.1



.., .., .., .., ..,
..
- (
), . , e-mail: lmkart@mail.ru

( )
(1,2).

,
.
CH4 + HCI + O2 CH3CI + H2O (1)
CH3CI C2H4 + HCI (2)

,
(90%) (
()).



.
.

.

.
230-300
, ,
.
.

.

. ,
.
,
.
0,5%.
Ni-Mo
( 20%).

.

141

665.7.038.2


..1, ..1, ..1, ..1, ..2
1

, . , e-mail: sekr@svniinp.ru
2
, . , e-mail: orgchem@samgtu.ru


.
(),
,

.
() ().
( 1) ( 2)
::, 2:1:2, ,
.
()
::, 2:1:2 ( 3). 4
::, 1:1:1,
, .

.
-200,
.
-92 (800/)
( 2101).

,
.
,
2:1:2. 1

.
3 5
,

.

XIII -
-2010

142
665.652.4:547.562/.563



..3, ..3, ..1, ..3,
..1, ..2
1

, . , e-mail: sekr@svniinp.ru
2
, . , e-mail: orgchem@samgtu.ru
3
, . , e-mail: sekr@top@nkzmip.ru
()
.

() 16 18.
,
(2,2 - -), -.


,
,
.
-
. ,
- -
,
.
95%, - - 2,753,13.
1250 1350 - -
1,27 1,47.
.
.
,
,
. ,
-,
. 135
,
. ,
: 1:6 135

9698%.
.

143

665.7.038


()
.., .., ..
, . , e-mail: sekr@svniinp.ru

D,

(),

,
.
.
.

.
9490-75 200 .
:
(), ,
(), ().
5000 1.
1
0,9
0,8
0,7
0,6
0,5
0,4
0,3
0,2
0

10

12

14

16

18

20

22

24

,
1.
5000

1%
1%


1%
1% -11

. 1 % .,
.

.

144

XIII -
-2010

661.715.7 + 661.719.2 + 542.973




.., ..
(), .,
e-mail: kinterm@samgtu.ru

.
,
, ,
, ,
.
,
2% (70%
).

0,5-2 ppm.
:
, , ..
: - ,
,
..


.

: -100, -202 -232.
(-100) (202, -232),
.
25
, 340-380
0,24-0,7 -1.
,
-100, ,
, 99,87%.
2% 1,9 ppm.

145

66.092.088


.., .., .., ..
. ..
(), . , e-mail: tetrationat@rambler.ru

, ,
, , , ,
. ,

.

, ,
.

.


2-4. ,

, .
,


.

.
, Ni/
,
.
Ni/ 2-4.
,
.
150-2500
Ni/
, ,
. Ni/

,
.

XIII -
-2010

146
665.765-404.035.033

.., .., ..
, . , e-mail: sekr@svniinp.ru

,

.
, ,
, ,
- , ,
,
.
, , ,
(),
() .
)
2 100 .


,%

)
0,5
0,4
0,3

0
-2
-4
-6
-8

-10
-12

0,2

-14
-16
-18

0,1
0
0

5
10
15
20
25
, % .

-20
-22
0

4
6
8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24
, % .

.
() ().

, ,
18-22%
0,30,4% 14 18 2 100 .

> 0,5%, ..
.

147

66.011:547.491.8


..*, ..**, ..*
*

-, . ,
e-mail: pravdin@niap-kt.ru
**
-
. .. ( ), . ,
e-mail: Kurilov@newmsk.tula.net
- . ..


, , .
:
1. -
,
,
.
2. ,
- .
3.

800 ,
,
,
.
4.
,
- ,
- Al2O3.
5.

80% 96-98%.
6.

,

.
7. ,
,
, .

XIII -
-2010

148
665.127.6; 661.725.82



.., ..
(),
. , e-mail: kinterm@samgtu.ru

.
,
, (
). ,
.

( (), ()). ,
: 3 ,
( 130-140) ,
, .


. ,
.
, ,
( ).
- .
, .
,
. :
14-22 -
, .

, -
.
,

-
.

149

: 529.12.

1,2-
.., .., .., ..
- , .
e-mail: mflid@yandex.ru


,
. ,
,
.
-l
335 / () 297 /
,
, .


,
,
.
, 460 - 500, 10
- 15 0,1-2,0% .,

13-20%,
0,1-0,7% .
0,5-1,0%
.
,
0,5-0,6%.
,


.
,
, ,
.

-
.

XIII -
-2010

150
66.094.3-92:541.459



N-
.., .., .., .., ..
, , e-mail: smirnovaev@ystu.ru

.

(-).
( )
( ) .
110130
.

, , ,
810 %. ,

.


.


(90 % )
N- (N-)
.
, N- 23 % .
1516 %, 4550 %
120130 23
90 %. , N-
1,52
. N
.
.

N- .
k 2 / k 6
N-.
N-.

151

662.758.2



.., .., .., ..
"", . , e-mail: sekr@svniinp.ru


. ,
,
,
.

. ,
,

90%. 250300,
90%. 20%. 1100. ,
3600 4000.

(31205590), (2530
3480), (28404840).
-
-
4950 250 ppm.
,

- 13 21.

20. -
19 37.
20.
- 14 35.
230.
-

(% .) : 35-55;
10-25; 100.
4950 250 ppm
27 0.
, - -
.

XIII -
-2010

152
665.6



.., .., .., ..
(), . ,
e-mail: kmary@rambler.ru
,

( , )
.

.


.

, , , ,
, , , ,

.
,
,
-
,
.
, ,
,

, ,
,
. , ,
, ,
,
.
,

.
,


, .

153

665.637.8


.., .., .., ..,
..
"", . , e-mail: sekr@svniinp.ru


60/90 , 2224590 .

80 0 20 40 .
.
-
5 /-,
.


.
400 /, 3 /-.
250 0

" " () 11506.
48-49 0,
60/90 22245-90.
1 .
.
7 ,
- 0,14 % .,
3-5 % . . ,
400 /.
.


. 60/90,
.
, 40 ,
75 %, 100 , ,
.
80 0 20 , 22245-90,
.

154

XIII -
-2010

SYNTHESIS OF CARBON NANOTUBES (CNTS) BY PYROLYSIS


CATALYTIC FROM CRUDE OIL
Hamada B., Taheri Taghavi M.T.
Laboratoire de Synthse Ptrochimique- Universit Mhamed BOUGARA de
Boumerds. N1 Avenue de lindpendance Boumerds 35 000, Algeria,
e-mail: bou.hamada@gmail.com
The present study is to provide a process for the preparation of carbon
nanotubes (CNTs), introduced in a gaseous phase which is a colloidal solution of
metal nanoparticles optionally containing a solvent together with an optional carbon
source into a heated reactor to produce the CNTs. According to the present study,
the CNTs can be produced in large scale, the apparatus and the process for the
preparation of nanotubes having various shapes, structures and properties can be
easily and cheaply prepared. Further, the process of the present study is highly
producible and attractive to the industry.

155

544.342



.., ..

.. , . , e-mail: dlinn@ya.ru.

.
, , 1-5
.
.
,
HCl
CH3Cl. -.

(3,0-4,0 ),
.
, SRK PR
.
UNIWAALS,
.
HCl
CH3Cl c UNIWAALS
.
-
.

:
, ,
UNIWAALS.
HCl
, HCl
SRK, .
, ..
.
, 02.740.11.0478.

XIII -
-2010

156
66.048.3.001.57


1,2-
., ..
- , . ,
e-mail: mflid@yandex.ru

1,2-
480-500 ~25 . 1,2-
50-55%. ,
; ,
,
,
.
, 1,2-,
,
.
1,2-
,
:
1,2;
1,2-.
;
;
1,2-
;
;
;
(
- );
- .
1,2, ,
,
.
2009- .


.

157

542.934.8: 66.011.24/.34


..1, ..2, .. 2, ..2
1

, .
- , . .
e-mail: radik.nk@inbox.ru; Petukhova_liubov@mail.ru


.

().
,
. -,
,
. -,

, .


.
,
,

, .
, 190
, , ,
, -,
0,01% . 0,2% ., 98,599,9%,
8994% ., 14%
. 25% .

96-98% .
35 , 2-3 .
,
:

, , ;

,

;

XIII -
-2010

158
665.73:621.187.152

-
Cu-
.. .. .. ..1, ..,
. .2
1

- . , e-mail:vesat@yandex.ru
2
- . , e-mail:sapr@sapr-n.ru


-, , .
, -
3 5 % .,
.
.
3 ,

, , .
Cu-Zn-Cr-Al ,
( 17 54 % )
.
(-4).

200-3000. ,
.
-
. ,

,
.
.
50 %, -
.
3
,
. -,
, , ,
.


u- .

159

66.097.3:547.261

( 60-90C)
..1, .., .., .., ..,
., ..2
1

-, . , e-mail: vesat@yandex.ru
2
, . , e-mail: info@rusgazen.ru


,
.
- ,
,
.

, -

60-90 .
,
.
, ,
, .
-2000 - ,
SE -54.
Zlab.
(60-90)
0,7013 / Cu- ,
, .

, .

.

.
,
27 .

. , ( )
, ,
2%. ,
.

XIII -
-2010

160
547.32

-1,2-

.., ., .
(),
. , e-mail: shetnevaa@ystu.ru
-1,2-

.
-1,2-
().
- (1, 2, 3)
3- 4--3--1,2
:
O

Ph

OH

OH

Ph

Ph

OH

OH
1

OH
OH


(56% HNO3 / CH3COOH; 100% HNO3 / CH3COOH; 100%
HNO3 / H2SO4)
100% HNO3 / CHCl3 / RT,
2 3, .
O

O
OH
O

AcCl

O
Ph

Ph
OH

O +
N
O

O CHCl3
O

OH

O
AcCl

O
OH
O

+
OH
7-8%

O O
O

O
HNO3

OH

O +
N
O

CHCl3
7

O
+
O N

OH
88-92%

4
O O

HNO3

OH
O

40..45%

1, 2 3

4 7. -
(HNO3, CH3NO2 / o : : / 12 : 8 : 80). 87..89
%- - 6 7-8 %.
-.
, 4 7 100 %-
.

161

541.128:542.952:541.124:547.257.4.-368:547.952.3

[2+2+2]

.., .., .., ..

. ..
, 119571 , , 86;
e-mail: ilya-efros@yandex.ru
[2+2+2]-
( , , ) (S)
(), Ni(0).
- - [2+2+2]-
(1, 2) (D1-D4) [1, 2, 3].
, P1/P2 D1/D2/D3/D4
,
(P1+P2 D1+D2+D3+D4).

+ D1 + D2 + D3 + D4
S
+ S P1 + P2
DynaFit 3.28.061 (free
academic license www.biokin.com) [4].
,
.
,
S.

.

[2+2+2] ,
.
-
2009-2013. 2451 19.11.2009

[1] Lautens M., Edwards L., Tam W., Lough A., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1995, 117,
10276-10291.
[2] D.V. Dmitriev, O.S. Manulik, and V.R. Flid, Kinet. Katal.(rus.), 2004, vol. 45,
No. 2, pp. 181-187.
[3] .. , .. , .. , , 2010,
51, 3, . 1-5.
[4] P. Kuzmi. //Analit. Biochem. 1996, 237, 260.

XIII -
-2010

162

541.128:542.952:541.124:547.257.4.-368:547.952.3

--
.., .., .., ..

. ..
, 119571 , , 86;
e-mail: ilya-efros@yandex.ru

.

, [1].
, [2+2+2]-
() (I) ,
Ni(0). [2+2+2]- - - (IIa,
IIb), (III VI) [2, 3].

(PPh3)
(
Ni:PPh3=1:1)

-

Ni:PPh3.

.
() ,
Ni(CO)3L ( L
).
- - , .

.
, , -/- 98 / 2.

- . , , -,
.
-
2009-2013. 2451 19.11.2009

[1] C. A. Tolman, Chem. Rev., 1977, vol. 77, 3, . 313 - 348


[2] D.V. Dmitriev, O.S. Manulik, and V.R. Flid, Kinet. Katal.(rus.), 2004, vol. 45,
No. 2, pp. 181-187.
[3] .. , .. , .. , , 2010, 51,
3, . 1-5.
X

Ni(C3H5)2

IIa

IIb

PPh3

III

IV

VI

163

547.538


.., .., ..,
.., ..
(),
. , e-mail: limarsel@mail.ru


.
, ,
, ..

() -
.
()
.
-24.

. 2000/
4000. 4000, , 2 ,
. 6000 1
, .
6000,
: 1:3, - 1 -1.
,
640.
Gaoyue 42 .
,
. -
-4000.
,
( , ,
), ,
.
,

15-20%
, .

XIII -
-2010

164

547.546 + 547.822.7 + 547.655.1 + 548.539.26




5,7--8-
.., ..
. .. ,
300026, . , . 125, e-mail: reaktiv@tspu.tula.ru


.
,
.

11-
1,9--6,112,7
[7.3.1.0 ]-2,4,6--8-
(III)

,
5,7--8- (I)
-

--.
(I) - (II)
20-250 15-20 NaBH4.
NO2

NO2

NO2
+

NaBH4

2-

-B2H6

NO2

NO2

OH 2Na
II

NO2

OH
I
R= Alkyl, Aryl, Heteryl

2CH2O, H
RNH2
-H2O

III

(II) ,
,
II, 30%
. 30
20-30 4 (
). III
,
.
1,9--6,11-[7.3.1.02,7]2,4,6--8- (III) 1 -.

165

665.656.2



.., ..
. .. , ,
119991, -1, , 47, e-mail: SECRETARY@ioc.ac.ru
N-
,
5%
5 . .
, , , N
. N-
.

N-
.
Al2O3
Fe2O3, CuO (660 .%) Cr, Mn (01 .%),

.
N-,
,
.
:
1)
10 -1
,
, ,
100300
2)

- N,N-, 10 -1
250300
3)
,

a)

;
b)
CO 2 2
2 2; c) CO2 - CO2.
- 500700.
1 /N-
(): 1,32/1,15, 0,34/0,60
1
/, 15 /

XIII -
-2010

166
665.656.2

..
. .. , ,
119991, -1, , 47, e-mail: SECRETARY@ioc.ac.ru

,

, O-, S-, N-
.

.

.


SAPO, PdLaCa(Mg)X(Y)
Faujasite Al2O3.
:
1)
()
SAPO - Al2O3 210-1
300400. 100%-

2)
SAPO
24-1 400450 -/ : 15 .%,
14 .%, 0,5 .%, --1 -2 0,5 .%, 1030 .%, -
5 .%, , , , ,

3)
- - 24
PdLaCa(Mg)X(Y) Faujasite 24-1
50100 ,
,

: 99%,
95%,
8 8085 .%, 9+ 8 .%, 57
9 .%, 6570 .%,
/ 55,5

167

547.785.51


.., ..
... (),
., e-mail: galia712@yandex.ru


. , ,
,

.
, ,
,
,
.

[1,2-a]

[3,2:4,5][1,2a].
.

N-(2-NO2-()) ().

.
R

R
X
N
R1

R2

R1

NO2
a)Na2S

Cl X
+
N

R2
R1

O2N
1,2

R2

ON

CF3

CF3

H2N

O
H

HOHN
)SnCl2

>10 % HCl

N
N

HN

HN

R2

) TiCl3
)SnCl2
2-3 % HCl

t= 0 C

t=50 C

Cl X
+

N
R1

Cl X
+
N

R1

R2
R1

Cl X
+
N

R2

H2N

n
8

3,4

5,6

1, 3, 5 =, R=R1=H, R2= NO2, F3, CN, COOH; R=3, R1=H, R2=CN;


R=Cl, R1=H, R2=CN;
2, 4, 6 =N, R=R1=; R=R1=3; R=, R1=3
,
(II)
2-3 % HCl, , -,
20 0.

-

XIII -
-2010

168
543.429.23


5(6)--2-(4-)
..1, ..1, ..1, ..2, ..3,
..1, ..1, ..1, ..1
1

. ..
( . .. ), .;
2
(), . ; 3
, . , e-mail: benosi@mail.ru
()
,

5(6)--2-(4) ()
252.
5(6)--2-(4-)-1-1,3- (1)

4-(5--2-[d]--2-)-2,5 (2):
ON

ON

NO
N
H

N OH
N

1
2

( -
()). .
1 13.
1 1 2 8
,
, .
1 10,57 ..,
CF3COOH,
,
.
13 1 2
11 , .
13 2
162,76 101,4 ..,
CF3COOH (COOH CF3), .
, 1 13
1 2.

169

547.26122.05

, .., ..
(),
., e-mail: organic@vstu.ru

[1]

.
,
H(CF2CF2)nCH2OS(O)Cl (n = 1,
2, 3) c N,N-
() .
[2, 3], ( )

.
()
.
CH2 (CF2CF2)nH
O
O

HC(O)N(CH3)2

H(CF2CF2)nCH2OS(O)Cl

ROH

ROCH2(CF2CF2)nH + HCl + SO2

H
O

H C

S
Cl

N(CH3)2

n = 1, 2, 4; R = CH2CH=CH.
,
. .
10 5

( (1- 1.1) : 1: 0.05 )
.
,
.
30 3-5 . 28
51%.

[1] . ., .., .. //
.-2007.-.2.-.345.; [2] . ., . . //
.-2007.-.77, .10.-.1750.; [3] . ., .
., . . // .-2008.-.78, .11.-.1842-1848.

XIII -
-2010

170
547.915:621.892



..*, ..*, ..**, ..**
*
**

() ,
" ", . , .
e-mail: ivankin63@mail.ru


()

(), 2 (Na 2-) N,N- ()
().
:
- ;
- Na 2- .
,
99%. Na
2- . ,

: ; Na 2-;
: . ,

.

.
,
(91-92%):
25,0-35,0%; Na 2- 12,0 15,0%; :
1: 0,1-0,3.

, 35%
Na 2- 15%
- .
: 10,5
.

30,0-35,0%.

171

547-304.1

,

.., .., ..
. .. (),
., e-mail: begunov@bio.uniyar.ac.ru


.
, ,
, .

,
.
.
-, ,
2,4-,
: , N (. 1, 1).
X
Na 2S, EtOH
SnCl 2, HCl
X

NH 2
H 2N

Cl

NO2
O2N

FeCl 2, EtOH + HCl

O2N

MeCln, EtOH + HCl


X

NH 2
N

NH 2

NO2
H 2N

MeCln, EtOH + HCl

O
X

NH 2

N
N
H 2N

H 2N

= , 2, N-CH3
,
:
. , (. 2-4)
( 5,6).

.
.
2009-2013 ( 2057)

XIII -
-2010

172
541.28


1 %
,
.., .., ..
() , .,
e-mail: butov@volpi.ru, galina1@mail.ru


,
().

,
, .
20 5
101325 . ,
.
,
. 1%Pt (Pd)
, .
,
Al2O3.
, -, n-
, ,
. , ,

.

-. ,
,
, ,
.
, .
, ,
:
1%Pd/:
-;
1% Pt/: n- .
, , Al2O3

,

173

66.095.132


.., - .., .., ..
" (),
(), .
e-mail: st_melnyk@yahoo.com


[1].

, ,
[2].
( )
45,
, (), (), , () .
,
,
, -,

. ,

.
.

.

[1] WO 049556 C07C 303/32, C07C 67/03, C07C 67/08, C07C


309/01. rocess for the production of metal salts of trifluoromethane sulphonic
acid and their use as esterification catalysts / Finmans P., Hoell D., Vossler H.J., Rozek M., Green M. (); SASOL Germany GMBH International
Application PCT/EP2004/013107. . 18.11.2004; . 02.06.2005;
http://www.wipo.int/pctdb/en/wo.jsp?wo=2005049556.
[2] .., .., ..
. .: , 1982. 200 .

XIII -
-2010

174
665.656

-1

.., .., .., ..
, .
e-mail: rybinagv@ystu.ru

4 5 ,
- .
(,
).
-1
SiO2 4 %.
- --2.
,
-1
. -1,
93 96 %, 5- .
200
600 , 1 4 1.
200 300
-1, 5 12 %,
-1 48 87 %. 400
,
, 500
,
, . , -
.
: 400 , 2 1,
-1 95 %, 71 %,
.

-1.
-1 10 ,
93 %. 6 71 %,
, , 63 %.
, , -
550 ,
1000 2000 1 1 . ,

.

175

665.63


.. .., ..
,
. , e-mail: Irina3980@mail.ru

,
.

,
, ,
,
, .
:
- .


, , .
,
.

, N-.
N.
, , ,

. N ,
.
, N-

.
N-
. , ,

N-.

N- , -, .
N-
, -
.

XIII -
-2010

176
547-311



.., .., .., .., ..
()
, . ,
e-mail: avsulimova@mail.ru
( , , .)

,
.

.

,

.

,

.
, , -1, -1, -2, -2,
, , , .
,
. , , -2,
, , -1, , -1, -2,
, .
.
,
, ,
. , ,
. -,

. -,
,
, ,
. ,
, ,

,
.

177

665.521:621.89


.., ..1, ..
, . -
,
. , e-mail: petroleum9@bk.ru
EN 590
0,2 0,035% ,
45 51 .,
2,7-6,5 2/ 20 .
( 0,05
) 1990 [1].
,

:
-

- ,
.

,
, ,
, , ,
.
, -

0,3% () ,
, :


-43
-49

,
:

680
60 , *
* - 460 .

398

[1]

.., .., .., .., ..,


.., ..
// , 2002, 1, .2831.

178

XIII -
-2010

665.652.4


..
,
. , e-mail: petroleum9@bk.ru


, Y
- [1], ,
,
-
.

, .
,
(10-40%) , ,
. , -

7,5-10%.


.
2009 2013 .

[1] Shiriyazdanov R. R., Rysaev U. Sh., Turanov A. P., Morozov Yu. V.,
Akhmetov S. A., Nikolaev E. A. // Petroleum Chemistry. 2009. Vol. 49, No. 1.
P. 8689.

179

546.28
-1

.., ..
, . ,
e-mail: yurkova@ipac.ac.ru, lermon@ipac.ac.ru

-1.
, 0.3 3 ,
10%- , .
, ,
,
.
-2 -3
12:

[H+]
60 0C

+ C12

0.3
, 400 ,
91% 9% 12.
, 600 , ,
6 : 12=1 : 99.
400 600
. 600 0.3
. ,

6-8 .

182

XIII -
-2010



.., .., ..,
.., ..
. .. . , e-mail: baryshnikov_anat@mail.ru

.
, , ,
,
,
.



.
,
,
.
,
().
,

, ,
. , ,
10 ,
.

.
,
.

, .. ,
,
.
.

-
(, ), (),

().

,
- in vitro.

183

547.458.2

.., ..

. .. (), . , e-mail: c-221@yandex.ru

-
-, ,
.
,
,
.

.

-

,
.
OH

OH

OH
O

HO
OH

OH
OH

O
HO

O
HO
OH

O
HO

O
OH
OH
O
OH

ONHCCH 2O(CH2 CH 2O)75CH2 C NHC 18 H37


(1)
CH2 COOC14 H29
CH2
O
O
ONHCCH 2O(CH2 CH 2O)75CH2 C HN CHCOOC 14 H29
(2)


,
,
, ,
.

( 08-04-01150)
2.1.1/2889.

184

XIII -
-2010



.., .., .., ..
.. ( ),
. , e-mail: chertenok84@list.ru

.

,
,
,
-

.

-3-()
(3-[[(4--1)]]).
,
.
.

1 . %,
.

,

.
,
,
, ,
, .
,

,
.
.

185

547.8:544.773.33

. ., . ., . .
-
. . . (), . ,
e-mail: e_ilyushenko@mail.ru

.


.

N- () ().

.
,
,
.
.

.
( +
)//
.
( - ) 30
40 .
, (-).
( )
80 150 () 140 190 () ().

in vitro 0,1 HCl. , 7
70% .

- .
(
) .
g
.

XIII -
-2010

186
577.113.3



..
. ..
(), . , e-mail: dryulets@mail.ru

(. 1) , , ,
,
, .
- () (.
1).

() (. 1, ).
O

HN
2
4

5O
-

4 N

7HN
8

10

O
O

P
O

12

11

O
O

O
HN

O
O

13

R
B

11

10 N

HN

B
N

HN
12

13

7O

HN

HN

N
R

O
HN

HN

R= CH3,
R= CH2CH2COOH

. 1. (), ()
(, ) (B = Ade, Gua, Thy, Cyt).
, ,
,

-
.
: ;
;
;
;
, .

187

577.152.1

-

.., .., ..
-
, 121552 , , e-mail: alexmak@cardio.ru
()
() - (--)
.

-- ,

. ,
--
, , , TRAP,
22 ,
. --

,
. --
(

,

)
. ,

.

09-08-00023 .

XIII -
-2010

188
547.915.5



.., .., ..

.., . , e-mail: mamaslov@mail.ru

,


.
. ,
, ,

.
,
,
, ,
.
,
.

,
.
: ,
. ,
,


,
.

, (
, ),

,
.
-
( 715) (09-0300874).

189

615.014



..
. ..
. , e-mail:oborotova@mail.ru
( )
, (
) . ,

- ,
, , -
, - .
-

.
,

(Enhanced permeability and retention effect, EPR). , .. ,
,
in vivo.
in vitro.
,
,

.
.

,
42.
: ,
,
, . ,
,
; ,
; ,
.
.
.

XIII -
-2010

190
547.922: 547.415.5



.., .., .., ..,
..

. .. , . , e-mail: mamaslov@mail.ru


.
,
.
,
-.
.
,
,
.


, .

.
,
- ,
, .

.


, . ,

.
-
( 715).

191

378.22; 615.012.6

.., .., .., ..



(), ., e-mail: a_pshenichnikova@mail.ru



.
, ,
.

.
,
, .
,


.
( )
. .. -
, 2007 .
-
, .. .
-
, ,
- .

.
, , ,

.

,
,
,
GMP.
-

.

XIII -
-2010

192

547.979.733:615.849.19:616-073

Yb(AcAc)-
2,4- IX
..*, ..*, ..**, ..**,
..**, ..***
*

. .. , , e-mail: vdrum@mail.ru
**
. .., . ,
e-mail: laserlab@ms.ire.rssi.ru
***
. .. , , e-mail: ivavi@yandex.ru

,
- ,
.
30%
.

,
,

.
.
. ,

, , .
Yb- ,
.
Yb(acac)- 2,4-
IX. ,
.
1,2,4-.
-2.
- 975 , 10 .


Yb(acac)-2,4- IX . .
BALD/C : LD100 200 / ; LD50
150 /; 125 /.
,

2,4- I
0,1-0,5 / .
, 3065

193

563.16; 31



.., .., .., .

( ),
. , e-mail: v@di.r.

.
.


.
- , 2-(3,4-),
-
.
20% 2-(3,4-).
2-(3,4)
.

, ,
.

. L-
,
,
N--L ,
().
, N--L-
D,L- .
,
, ,


N-(5-R1,R2 --1-R3-)-4-R4-.
(N(5- -1-)-4-).

194

XIII -
-2010

66.047
-

.., .., ..
- (),
. , e-mail: piaxt@isuct.ru

.


( 50C)
.

.
-

.
.
30 ,
250 50 %.
30
50 C, 30 80 C,
1 20 . .
22-29 C , 35 80 C.

.
,
-
, ,
,
.

250 % 5
9,3 %,
, 3 45 . 7
. ,
-

.

195

547.426.253
-

.., .., ..*

. .. , .
*
. ..
.. , .
e-mail: anna@lipids.ibch.ru

.
. ,
, :
, ,
, .

, .

,
.

N-[4--5--3-)]

, ,
.
,
, ,
. ,
, .
,
--715

XIII -
-2010

196
547.541



.., ..
,
. .. (), . ,
(), . -,
e-mail: svetlana.artamonova@gmail.com


.

- () -- ()

, .

.
,
--,
.
,
.
,
1-2
, 3 ,
[1].
[2] . ,
(0.064 /) ,
Paxillus atrotomentosus ( ).
3-4 .
,
,
.


.
.

[1] .. -
: ...-, 2000 254.
[2] .., .., .., .. //
. 2009. . 49. 3. . 1-6.

197

547.853.7 + 547.854.83
-4--2--5
.., .., ..
. ..
. , e-mail: reaktiv@tspu.tula.ru
1,3-
.
,
-4--2--5- (5).
1,3- :
O

O
+
N C CH2 C
OC2H5
1

S
+ H2N C NH2
HS

N C CC
OC2H5
3 CH
OC2H5

CH(OC2H5)3

2
O

O
OC2H5

RI

NH2

R = Alkyl, Aryl

RS

OC2H5
N

NH2

1
2 4 .
( ) .
-2
( 60%).
3 .
80
8 . ,
.
-2 ( 70%).
, 3
. -4--2-5- (5) 60%. 5
-.

XIII -
-2010

198
547.853.7 + 547.854.83


2-(3--2-)
.., .., ..
. ..
. , e-mail: reaktiv@tspu.tula.ru
1,4-
, ,
, , ,
.

.
2,3-
O-, S-
.
H

Cl

N
1

Cl

O R1

R1
N

Cl
3

H
S

R1

R1
N

R 2b

O
O

R 2a

6
R2b

R2a

R1 = Alkyl, aryl; R2 = alkyl, aryl, hetaryl, ..

(1)
(2) -
.
4 . ,
, ,
3 -2 ( 90-95 %).

2- (4), ,

.
,
, -.
6 . 5 50-60%.

6.
40-80 %. 120
1 .

199

547.593.261



.., ..
.
.. (), . , e-mail: liuleka@ya.ru.


-. ,
() -
gp120 Arg59
CD4,
[1].
,
,
.

,
,
gp120 CD4.

CD4
AutoDock4, .

,
.

1. .

[1]
M. Cushman, S. Insaf, G. Paul et.al. Extension of the polyanionic cosalane
pharmacophore as a strategy for increasing anti-HIV potency.// J. Med. Chem.,
1999, Vol. 42, pp. 1767-1777.

XIII -
-2010

200
547.73

..1, ..1, ..1, ..1, ..2,


..3, ..4, ..1, ..1
1


. .. , . ;
2
. .. , . ;
3
, . ;
4
. .. , . .
e-mail: nbelikov@yandex.ru.


(V),
all-E-

1,2-().
-
5- (I).
(II)
-80.
(III, IV)
(V) 12%. = - 1-- (J 16.3 ).
,
- .
O
(EtO)2P
R

(I)

CN

CN

R
NaH, THF

O
(EtO)2P
NaH, THF

DIBAH
R

(II), 90%

(III), 40 %

CN
CN

R
(IV), 80 %

CHO

DIBAH

CHO

R
(V), 40 %

-
[1].

[1] N. Belikov et al. // J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chemistry 2008. V. 196. P. 262267

201

547.454
1,3-


.., .., ..

(), ., e-mail: c-221@yandex.ru
1,3-

, ,

.

,
, .

1,3-
- ,
, .
u(I)
,
1,4-.
N N N R'

R' ' C CH

CuI

N
N

R'
R' '
1,4-

1,2,3- ,
, ,
,
.
1,3-

.


.

( 08-04-01150)
2.1.1/2889.

XIII -
-2010

202
:547.979.057


1
.., .., .., ..

. .. (), . , e-mail: brittal-d@mail.ru
()
,
(,
(), , ,
.
,
.
,
600-700 ,
[1]. ,
, .

,
.

lick chemistry.

- . Click-
,
.
1,3

[2].
.

.
-,
.


-, -
.

[1] .. . 1996. 8. . 32-40.


[2] Grin M. A. et al . J. Porphyrins Phthalocyanines. 2009. 13. P. 336-345.
1

( 09-03-00701)

203

577.181.5; 579.841


.., .., ..
. , . , e-mail: a_pshenichnikova@mail.ru

.

,
.

-


Methylophilus quaylei (M. quaylei MT M.
quaylei SM+) ,
, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia.
, 50%,
510-3, 0,9 4,4 / M. quaylei MT, S. maltophilia M. quaylei SM+
.
M. quaylei SM+, S. maltophilia
( 180 , M. quaylei MT).

-,
. =7 0,001 KCl -
-27,38; -27,23; +0,14 M. quaylei MT, M. quaylei SM+ S.
maltophilia . -
.
S. maltophilia ,
( )
, .

,
. S. maltophilia
7,0 9,0 ( ),
, M. quaylei MT M.
quaylei SM+ 3-4,
.


.

204

XIII -
-2010

544.165:[678.742.2+546.3-128](043.2)



. .1, . .2, ..1
1

- (),
. , e-mail: gornoukhina@isuct.ru
2
,


.
, ,
, ,
.
,


()
.

. -,
,
; -, ,
, , .
,
20-% 37-%
(1240 1400 1
),
(1600 1680 -1, ).
- ( )
,
~
300 - .
, .


(I) (II).
, .
2009-2013 .

205

577.113.3


.., .., .., ..
. ..
(), . , e-mail: esipova_ov@mail.ru
,


. (),
,
N-2-,
(.. aeg-).


().
aeg-,

.

.

, 4 .
B

B
O

R2
BocHN

COOH

CF3COO
+
H3N

R1
(1) R1 - CH2CH2COOCH2Ph R2 -H
(2) R1- H R2 - CH2CH2COOCH2Ph
B=Thy, CbzCyt, CbzAde, Cbz(Bzl)Gua

B
O

R2

N
R1

B
O

R2
N
H

N
R1

R2
N
H
n

NH2
R1

(3) R1 - CH2CH2COOH; R2 -H; n=1; TAC


(4) R1- H; R2 - CH2CH2COOH; n=1; TCT
(5) R1 - CH2CH2COOH; R2 -H; n=4; TAGTAC
B=Thy, Cyt, Ade, Gua


, 4 ;
(3, 4, 5),
,
MALDI-TOF-MS.
[1]
[2]

Christensen L., Fitzpatrick R., Gildea B., Peterson K.H., Henrik F. Solid phase
synthesis of peptide nucleic acids // J. Peptide Science. 1995. Vol. 3. P. 175
183.
.., .., .., ..

GlyL-Glu // . 2007. . 2, 5. . 3336.

XIII -
-2010

206
543.054:577.16

12
STREPTOMYCES GRISEUS
..1, ..2, ..1, ..2
1

, ,
e-mail: korenman@vgta.vrn.ru
2
, ,
e-mail: moksnad@mail.ru

. 12
()
Streptomyces griseus.

.
, ,

.
,
.
,

.

,

.

(),

.
12
( , , )
5 ., ,
.
.

l =1
( =360 ).
12 1400


1:20.

12
Streptomyces griseus .

207

547.9


..
(), .,
e-mail: Lena-studia@yandex.ru

,
;
;

.
(Phytolaca Americana)
,
.
,

.
, .



.

.

.

35.
: 1:5.
. ,
,
. 25% 3
, 40% 40 ;
13% .

, ( 45)
(20-25),
;
.

XIII -
-2010

208
547.298.1-547.554

..*, ..*, ..*,


..**, ..*, ..*,
..**
*

.
.. (), . , e-mail: NB714485@yandex.ru
**
- , .

N
,
;
(, , , , , ).
, ..

- .
,
,
.

, -
N- (I)
,


(n = 1 3)
.
,

.
N .


, ,
( )
, .
.

209

: 547.455.627:547.922

.., .., .., ..


. ..
(), ., e-mail: e.a-ivanova@mail.ru

- .

. ,
,
,
. ,
, ,
,

.

.
() .
,
,
, .

.


.

.
-
,
,
.
-
( 715).

XIII -
-2010

210
547.057-7/.8

3--[1,5-],
,
5-6
..1, ..2, ..2, ..2,
..2, ..2, ..1
1

ChemDiv, Inc., 6605 Nancy Ridge Drive, San Diego, CA 92121, USA,
, 114401 ,
., e-mail: kadieva@iihr.ru

[1,5a] - 5-HT6
3-[1,5-a] (),
,

.
Ph

MeX

S
O

(2-PyCO)2CH2

S
O

2-Py

2-Py

O
+

Ph
S

Ph
S

Ph

O
S

N
Ar

H2 N
5

S
O
N

NH

Ph

MeNH

3-Py

3-Py
7

1 - 5: X = S, NH. 5: Ar = Ph, thiophen-2-yl

, 5-HT6
,
I50 = 2,3

.

3-Py

Cl

OMe

N
N

Ph

MeNH

3-Py
4

O
O

MeNH

3-PyCOCH2CO2Et
O

MeX

3-Py

MeNH
ArCOCH2CN

NH2

O
N
N

N
H

Ph

MeX

3-PyCOCH2COR

Ph

MeX

Ph

MeX

O
N
N
Me2 N

N
9

3-Py


,
I50 = 12790 ,

211

547.057-7/.8

3--[2,3-E][1,2,3][1,5]
..1, ..2, .., ..2,
..2, ..2
1

ChemDiv, Inc., 6605 Nancy Ridge Drive, San Diego, CA 92121, USA,
, 114401 ,
. e-mail: kadieva@iihr.ru

510
3-[2,3-e][1,2,3][1,5-]
2-9 () - 5-6

.
SEt
S

O
S

N
N N

HN

NH2

N N

O
S

Alkyl

O
S

N
R

Cl
N

O
S

N
N N

N N

Ar
S

N
N
N N

7
R1

R
N

N N

N N

O
S

N
1

HN

O
S

NH

1(1-9)

Azaheterocyclyl

O
S

5
R

N N

N N

= 4-Me, 4-Et, 4-i-Pr, 3-Cl, 4-Cl, 4-Br, 2,5-di-Me, 3,4-di-Me;

O
S

9
R2 =

amino groups (see Chart 10.

. 510
[2,3-e][1,2,3][1,5-] 2-9.

3-


5-6 ,

.

XIII -
-2010

212
547. 46 052. 1. 057

, ,
,
-
.., .., ..
(),
. , e-mail: viktori_2008@bk.ru

,
.

3-
,
3-,
3, 3- 3-

3-,
3-(3),
3-(3-)-2-,
3-(3), 3-(3-)- 2-2-(3-).

,
, -
, , , .
(1),
N- (2) (3), 3-
.X-C NH . HCl
=

X-CN

+ C2H5OH

NH . HCl

X-C

C
OC2H5

O
.
N C

X-C

O
Cl
+ 2(C2H5)3N

OC2H5

+ 2(C2H5)3N . Cl

(2)

O
N .C

NH2

X-C

OC2H5

(1)

OC2H5

+ HCl

X-C

N
=

. .C

NH

Br

+ C2H5OH

(3)

Br

X= ;

CH3

-CH=CH- ; -C=CH- ; -C-O-CCH3


CH3

,
, ,
,
. N-
, .

213

547.52:547.59.12.047
- -

.., .., ..
(), . ,
e-mail: kamkinanv@ystu.ru

- - -
, .
- .
, -
,
, 4-(1--1-) , 4-(1,2--1-)
7:2:1 ,
.
-
- ,
.
, 1 -
-.
R1
R2

O
OH

Br2 / CCl 4
h / 75 oC / 5

R1

Br
R2

Br

OH

57-70 %

R1 R2 , Alk; R1R2

,
.
-
- .

O, N-, ,

.

XIII -
-2010

214
547.454

.., .., ..
.
.. , . , e-mail: C221@yandex.ru


, .

ArgGlu, LysGlu, OrnGlu, LysGln OrnGln.
-
(8, 14, 16, 18:1)
.
(, -, , ,
)
.

().

.


.
,

- : -
, .

in vivo.

( 08-04-01150)
2.1.1/2889.

215

547.979.733


.., ..

. .. (), ., e-mail: nadejda_73@mail.ru

,
,
.

,
.

,
.

5-(-)10,15,20-, .


,
.
,


.



() ()
. Spirulina
platensis, ,
.


.
172
5-(-)-10,15,20-
.
,
.

( 2.1.1/2889).

XIII -
-2010

216
547.979.7

.., .., .., ..*, ..*,


..*
.
.. , . , e-mail: n.bragina@mail.ru
*
, .
,

, ,
, .[1].
-
- ,
,
.
5,15--
5,10,15,20-


[2].

,
,
Zn, Co, Ni Cu.

.
, ,
[3].

,
, -.
, , .

.

2.1.1./2889

[1] .., .., .. . // :


/ . .. . : ,
2004, 546 .
[2] Fedulova I.N. et al. // Mendeleev. Commun. 2008. V.18, P.324-326.
[3] .., .., .., .. . //
/ Macroheterocycles 2009. V. 2(3-4), P. 228-236.

217

547.057-7/.8
2,5,7- 3-[1,5-],
5-6
.., .., .., ..,
..
(), . .,
ChemDiv Inc., San Diego, USA, e-mail: ivk@iihr.ru

()
5-HT6 (5-HT6R).
[1,5-a]
5-HT6
. 5--4-()-1- 1,
[1,5-a],
2-, 5- 7- ,
5,6,9--3-()-6,7,8,9-[1,5-].

.
5-HT6 ,
. .
Ph
O S
O

Ph
H2 N

O S
O

MeCOCHYCO2Et
Y=H, Cl

XMe

H
N

Me

Me

XMe

POCl3

N N

XMe

Y=H

Me

COCH3

NH2
Me
Me

Ph
O S
O

CO(CH2)nCO2 Et

NHMe

EtO2 C
N

Me

N
Me

N
Me

XMe

Me

5
Ph
O S
O

Me

O S
O
N

Me

Ph
O S
O

XMe

H2 N
10

NH2
N

XMe

Ph
O S
O

Me

1-11: X = S, NH; 7-12: n = 1,2; 4: R1, R2 = H, alkyl

Me

Ph
O S
O

Me

N
n

XMe

N
Me

11

R
4

XMe

NH2

Ph

XMe
N

Me

NHMe
Y= Cl
Me

O S
O

CO2 Et

XMe +

Ph

Ph
O S
O

XMe

1
CN

Ph
O S
O

Me

R1R2NH

Cl

Ph
O S
O

12

XMe
N

XIII -
-2010

218
547.057-7/.8

, 5-6

5,7--3--[1,5]
.., .., .., ..,
. ., .., . .
(), . ,
ChemDiv, San Diego, USA, e-mail: ivk@iihr.ru

5-HT6 (5-HT6R)
().

5-HT6R - 5,7--3()[1,5-].
5-HT6R

.

5,7--2--3()[1,5-] 2(6).
.
Ph
O S
O

Ph
H2 N

O S
O

HN

R
N

AcOH,

H3 C

65-95%

HCl / EtOH H3 C
2(3) 2(4)

NH

95%

CH3

CH3

1(1-11)

2(11)

R
N

Ph
O S
O

2(1-11)

H3 C

Ph
O S
O

N
CH3

N CH3

1) SOCl2

H2O2

2) NH(CH3)2

AcOH,

60%

87%

N
4

Ph
O S
O

H3 C
H3 C

O
N

CH3

S
N
5

1, 2: R = H (1), CH3 (2), OCH2CH2OH (3), SCH3 (4), SC2H5 (5), NHCH3 (6),NHCH2CH2N(CH3)2 (7),
NHCH2CH2CH2N(CH3)2 (8), N(CH3)2 (9), CH3NCH2CH2N(CH3)2 (10), 1-Boc-piperazin-4-yl (11)

CH3

219

616- 006.446.- 091.818: 577.115




.., .., .., ..
.. ,
.
.. ( . .. ), . ,
e-mail: alenmark25@gmail.com


. -
,
, .
-

. ,
.


( 562) .

, : racN-{4-[(2--3-)-1-]}-N,
rac-N-{4-[(2--3-)-1]}-N--4-, rac-N-{4-[(2-3-)-1-]}-N,
rac-N-{4-[(2--3-)-1]}

rac-N-{4-[(2--3)-1-]}-N'-.
(IC50 , -)
562 43 , 38 , 50 , 17 18 .


- G1
. 562
.

I,
.

XIII -
-2010

220
547.792.6


1,2,4--3-
.., .., ..

. .. (), ., e-mail: motyamail@mail.ru
, ()
.

.
1,2,4--3-.

[1].
1,2,4--3 5--1,2,4--3-
, , [2],
. 5--1,2,4--3
5- 1,2,4--3- .
O

O
+

1. NaNO2, H

H2N

OH
N
H

R = NO2; Cl; Br.

2. CuX

OH

N
H

5--1,2,4--3-
[2], 1,2,4--3-

1,2,4--3- ,
[2,3].
O

1. NaNO2, HCl

H2N

OH
N
H

SOCl2

2. MeOH

OH
N
H

Cl
N
H

13 , -.

[1] J.Witkowski et al. // US Patent 3798209, 1974.


[2] .. , .. , 1,2,4-3-, . . , . ., 1965, 624.
[3] . , .. , .. ,
1,2,4-,
, .1, 1967, 180.

221

615.012.1:661.715.5

5-
.., .., .., ..
" ",
. , e-mail: rybinagv@ystu.ru

.
,

.
,
,
: , , , ,
J, , , , .
,
,
SH- NH2-
. ,
-
.

1,2-,

.
O
O
(II)

O
(I)
(III)

5-
,
.
,
110-120
N-
93-95 % .
2--,
.

1,2- MgBr2
90 %. 2--
99 %, .

XIII -
-2010

222
541.49:54-145.4

-

.., ..
- ,
. , e-mail: oxt705@isuct.ru
2-(3,4-)
,
.
, , .
. ,
,
. ,
,

.


Cu(II) - EtOH
00,8 . . pKH
9,050,15, 10,380,10,
11,730,05, .
pH ,
, : -,
-.
EtOH pK1 pK3 0,5
. . pK=f(XEtOH)
0,1 . EtOH. pK
NH3+ -OH
-
.
, Cu(II)
[MxHyDopz], (xyz=101;102;111;112;122), (
DopHCl).
: lg101=15,570,05; lg102=22,20,1;
lg111=22,90,2; lg112=32,80,2; lg122=43,20,2.
[CuxHyDopz] 1-2 lgxyz.
, ,
, L-
. , -,
, .

223

547.298.1 - 547.554
.
-
..*, ..*, ..**, ..*,
..*, .., ..**
*

.
.. (), , 119571, , - .86,
e-mail: NB714485@yandex.ru
**
- ,
, , 121552, , 3- ., .15-


. ,
, - ,
,
.


.

, -
:

R1
X = O, NR 3
n = 1,2

NR 2 = NMe 2, NEt 2, N

RO
R2

R 3 = H, PhCO

nNR2

,N

O, N

R1 = R 2 = H ; R1 =Ph, R 2 = H
R1 + R 2 =

R4 = H, PhCO, PhCH2 CO, PhOCH 2CO, 2,4-C 6 H3 Cl2 OCH 2 CO


.

.

,
.

, ,
.


.

XIII -
-2010

224
547.246




.., .., .., ..,
.., .., ..

. .. (), , e-mail: ya5galina@gmail.com
, , (, , ),
, . , 1-
(LD50 = 0,33 /),
1- 100 .[1]
Si,
Ge.

().

.
, 500-600 oC
GeCl4
:GeCl2. :GeCl2 :SiCl2 CCl PhGeCl3 PhSiCl3 [2,3].

, ,
.

30%
, -, , 1,2() 1--2-.

.

[1] .. , .. , .. .XIV. 1-. // . .1968. N 2. . 227-229.


[2] .. , .. , .. // . . 1994, .
336, N 1. . 69-70.
[3] .. , .. , .. , ..
. // ,
2008. . 3, N 1, .19-26.

225

[546.56121:547.466]:54.057

(II)
.., .., ..
" ",
. , e-mail: general_chemistry@astu.org
- -
, ,
(II).

. H2NCHRCOOH: (R = H),
(R = CH3), [R = (CH3)2CH], (R = HOCH2), (R =
H2NOCCH2), [R = H2N(CH2)4], --- [H2N
CH(C6H5)CH2COOH] (10 ) (5 ) 10
(, , )

. ,
, ( --) - .
.
( 50 0)
, , 3
105
0 . 2382 %.
3992 %

2030 .
98 % 20 3 %-
(8,8 ), 7 .

(, , N, ) , , - .

226

XIII -
-2010

547.963.4:547.964:577.156

..1, ..1, ..1,


..1, ..2
1

.
.. , . , e-mail: laboratory211@yandex.ru
2
, . , . , 86




().

,
,
.
.

3- 13- RGD [5Ala].
RGD,
,
.
,
RGD, [5Ala]-
S.
RGD
, , RGD
.

RGD
BSA. , ,
,
.
S

RGD.

,
RGD.

.

227

457.95:547.426.2

,

.., ..
.
.. (), ., e-mail: nplyavnik@mail.ru

,
,
.
,
(), , ,
.

:
.

- , .
rac-1--3-(), 74%
rac-1- 1,1. -
2,5 . .

(9Z,12Z) (2)
()
N,N- .
11Z,14Z- (2)
1,05.

1,5-

.
0,2 --
, 11Z,14Z 9Z,12Z- , 29% 69%,
.
1-- -.
10-03-00995-.

XIII -
-2010

228

547.466.63+547.268.1+577.1
RGD

.., ..

.. (), . , e-mail: C-221@yandex.ru

,
- .
,
,

.

.
,
RGD-.
,
RGD- ,


O

COOH

NH2CNH(CH2)3CHCNHCH2CNHCHCH2CNH(CH2)3NHCCH2(OCH2CH2)73OCH2CNHC18H37
NH

NH2


(3400), ,
.

( 08-04-01150)
2,1,1/2889

229

[639.371.2.041: 579.252.55]: 661.185





.., .., ..
, . ,
e-mail: general_chemistry@astu.org

,
, , ,
(),



,


.

.

( , , . ).


" " "",
() ""
"-", "" " ".
()
: ,
"Sarma", .
, " "
"" ,
.
""
"Sarma"

.

""

.

XIII -
-2010

230
615.014




.., .., .., .., ..

..
( . .. ), . , e-mail: ltazina@yandex.ru

4043 C. ,

.


.
1,2-sn--3- (DPPC), 1,2--sn--3-
(DSPC), 1,2--sn--3-
(DSPE-PEG-2000) .
50 C -.
.

.

4 % .


. -


,
.
,
()
, .

18 C. ,

.

231

004.822



..
.
.. (), ., e-mail: ugolek84@gmail.com
.
,

, 600 . .

.

.
.

2358 , .

,
PubMed.

Gvedit.

,

.
,
,
,
,
.
,
,

.
,
,
.

XIII -
-2010

232
547.486.5

.., ..
(),
., e-mail: frolovaee@ystu.ru


. ,
,

. - . -
. 4 (1) ,
80 %.
O
CH3

O2, AcOH, 95oC


,

OH

1-

R=

2-

,
1-2

COOH

1-2

1-2

COOH
1-2

,
1-2

4-(4) (1), 4-(4-)- (1), 4(4-)-4-

(1),
2-(4) (1)
.
70-90%.
-
. 1
.

233

544.773.32+665.584.22
-

.., .., ..
- . ..
125047, , , , 9. ( ),
e-mail: n.chudinova@gmail.com
,
,
.


,
.
,
, , ,
-.



,
-
. ,
,
(-
-).
. ,
,
90%, - .

.
-, -=21.16 /.
,
.

-
,
.
( 1.),
, ,
1.2610-7,
3.1010-8.

XIII -
-2010

234

, .
5:1


- ( 2.). 1.429
/3
( = -4.73), ,
,
.

,
.
1.
.

-
g,
s0 ,
,
2
H2/ /2

0,154
0,02
7,010-5
4

3,1
10

-
s0 ,
,
,
2

/2
4,410-6

0,38

7,210-4

0,023 3,2
10-8

11
0-9

/3
4,2

-8

0,625

2,810-4

0,00
6

1,3
10

1,1

-7

__

__

__

__

1,810-6

0,6

21
0-9

0,12

2.

-.
, /
17
15
9.5
7.5

C10 , /

0.537
0.963
3.270
5.778

C20 , /

0.279
0.353
0.921
2.127

C12 , /

0.294
0.397
0.921
1.429

X1

0.6165
0.565
0.53
0.546

-2.04
-2.63
-3.69
-4.73

235

547.728.2+547.239.2+547.854.83

-2-()
.., .., ..
(), . ,
e-mail: chirkovazhv@ystu.ru

-2-(), ,
-2-(),
.
.

-2-(),

, 4 5
,
. -
50-75%. , ,
( 16- ),
. ,

.
R
R

+
CH3
N

O
N

1 (a - c)

CH3

H2 N

X
NH2

NH
O

R1

3 (a, b)

N
H

4 (a - c)
R1

1,3 R=Me, OMe, R1 =H, OMe, X=O,S; 4: a- R=Me, R1=H, X=O; b- R=Me, R1=H, X=S; cR=OMe, R1=OMe, X=S; d- R=Me, R1 =OMe X= O

,
-. 1 ,
,
,
4J NH1-NH3.

XIII -
-2010

236
547.785.51

2-[2-(1-R-1--[d]-2)]
.., ..
. .. ,
300026, . , . 125, e-mail: reaktiv@tspu.tula.ru
,
.
2-[2-(1-R-1--[d]-2)] ,
.
-

2-[2-(1-R-1--[d]-2)] :
R
R

NH2

NH

+
NH2

HO

H2N

SO2R1
2

R
R

HN

N
NH

HN
5
COR1

NH

H2N

NH

HN

CONHR1

R = , CH3, OCH3, Cl; R1 = alkyl, aryl, hetaryl.

1 3-(2-) 2 (
) 4-5 ( 7080%). ,
,
, 4, 5 6.
, 3
500 , .
leadlike,
.

237

547.785.51
2-(1-[d]-2-)

.., .., ..
. ..,
. , e-mail: reaktiv@tspu.tula.ru
, ,
, ,
. ,
2(1-[d]-2-), .

R1

NH2 O
C
+
NH2 H
O2N

R1

NO2
R1

NH
4

2
3

R1

NH2

H2/Pd/C

O2N

R1

R2COOH

NH

HN

NH
5

C O

H2N

R2

R1 = , CH3; R2 = alkyl, aryl, hetaryl.

- 1 (0.1 )
-2 (70 ) 0-2
- 2.
1 0-2 1 20-25 .
3 50-60
210
.
( 60-70%).

60-70 10-15 % : -2 ( 85-90%).
5
1,1 ().
1-.

XIII -
-2010

238
547.057-7/.8

.., .., ..
, . .2,
.1, ., ., 141401, ,
e-mail: yamanushkin@gmail.com
[1]


1, 2, 4, 5 6.


- 1a,b
3a,b BBr3. 5- 4a,b
3- ,
4-(-3-)- (6-(-3-)-1--3-)
5,b. 5- 6
2--
8. 4 9,
-2,4()- 10.

[1] A.V. Ivachtchenko, P.M. Yamanushkin, O.D. Mitkin, Mend. Comm, 2010,
.

239

573.6086.83: 579.66115; 577.16; 547.94




.., .., .., ..
,
., e-mail:irinamaster@gmail.com
()
, , ,
, - .
:
.
,
: , , ,
, , ,
, , , .

(Buchi Extractor ),
, .
- ,
, , .
( %
).
, .
( )
6 ; 20%- 4 ; 40%- - 6
. 8,4%,
2,3%.

:-
,
, (
)
; -
(,
); - ,
":.
,
: ,
.

XIII -
-2010

240
637.146.33:



..
-
(), . -,e-mail: feodocia@rambler.ru


Propionibaterium shermanii
.
:
1) ;
2)
;
3)

Propionibaterium shermanii;
4) -

;
5) ;
6) :
-
Propionibaterium shermanii;
-
Propionibaterium
shermanii;
:
-
2:1;
- 300 120 .
,
;
-

1,73% 0,95%, ;
-
, ,
.

, .

241

61: 577.1

HLA I


.., .., .., ..,
.., ..
. .. (),
., e-mail: ngolubcova@mail.ru
. .. (),
.

HLA I
.
55 ,
( 6 27 )
1 .
.
HLA I


,
.
(U/ml). 32 ,

HLA I 1012 36 U/ml,
800 1200 U/ml.
.

20%.
, 3 : 1
, 2 3
.
1 (10 )
70 250%. 2 (13 )

HLA I , 3 (32
), 5
, .

HLA I
.

XIII -
-2010

242
658.562

GMP
.., .., ..

. .. , . , e-mail: innagrabovskaya_@mail.ru

GMP
.
.

.

, ,

. .
,
(FMEA) ,
,

. 37
9 ,
.

,

5% .

pk.
- MR-.

,
, .
,

.

,
GMP.

243

: 547.427

2,3--3-

.., .., ..

. . . (), ., e-mail: mila1387@mail.ru
, (2`,3`-3`- (d4T), 3`--3`- (AZT)
) .

.
: ,
, , ,
-
.

-.

(,
),
,

,
-- .

d4T 1 2

,
.
O

O
OR
C15H31
O
1 ,
O
OR
O

C15H31
O
O

1
O
(pH 7.3),
O
(pH 9.5). ,
C15H31
O

O
OR
C15H31
O
OR
1
O
,
2
6.0 .
R = succd4T

XIII -
-2010

244
547.057

,

.., ..
- ,
. , ,
. , e-mail: myk@chemdiv.com
1 - ,
[1, 2].
N

O
N
H

CF3
O
N
R1

N
H

R2

N
H

R1

+
OH

R2

CF3



, , 1 70 16-20
- ) HCl, b) 10% , -
(>50%) 2
3, .
O

O
N
H

a
O
H
N
O

H
N

R2

CF3
O
N
R1
1

R2

N
H
b

N
CF3

O
NH2
2

R1
N
H

R2
N
H

N
R1
3

,
1
, 2.
, , -
, 1,4-
2.

[1] Krasavin et al. Synthesis.- 2010.- .- DOI: 10.1055/s-0029-1219274.


25.01.2010
[2] .. . . . . . 2009. 52.
. 10. . 11-15.

245

547.057
-2,5-

.., ..
- ,
. , ,
. , e-mail: myk@chemdiv.com

Boc-
-.
(~1:1) 1, ,
[1, 2].
.
-2,5- 2
(40-55%) (!) .
R1
R2

R3NH2
R4NC

R1

OH
N

R2

HN
N

R3

R4
O

R1

2) AcOH, MW
R2

N
N

O
1) TFA

R4
R4

R1

R2

R4
R4

2a

2b


2 (,
2a 2b 1
). ,
2,
, :
3.
R1
R2

N
N
O
2a

OH

O
R4

R1

R4

R2

N
N
O

R4

R1

R4

R2

N
N

R4
R4

O
2b



NOESY
,
2.

[1] Krasavin et al. SYNLETT 2009, 260-262.


[2] Krasavin et al. Tetrahedron Lett. 2009, 50, 5529-5531.

XIII -
-2010

246
606:61


,

.., ..
-
, . -, e-mail: lamazhap@mail.ru

.

.
,

.
,
.
,
, .

,
.

,
,
(),
.


- , .
,
,
,

. -,


,
.
,

, -,
, , ,
.

247

541.147; 616-006

:

..
..
( ), ., e-mail: avlobanov@mail.ru

.. (), .
() (,
Al, Zn) (0.1-2 )
,
(670-700 )

, ,
.
.
,
.

, ,
,
(, , )
- ,
.
.
, ,
.

12, 22.
, . -
- -, , 3
, .

.
-15
, -1468.2008.3.

XIII -
-2010

248

: 541.244; 574. 963. 4; 541.49; 542.422


5-(-)-10,15,20-
..1, ..1, ..2, ..2,
..2, ..1
1

.
.. , . 86.
2
. .. , . ,
e-mail: olshevsk@ineos.ac.ru

, 5-(-)-10,15,20- (1),
,
,
.
1 R=H

3 R=

N
O

S
COOH

7 R=

N
H

O
5 R=

HN

O
N
H

CH2

COOH

NH R 4 R=
N

6 R=

O
NH

COOH

COOH

2 R=

1
3
(2, 3) . DCC 2 3 3-- (4, 5)
.
3, , 1,3

1---

9---
(6) (7)
.
6 7
.
- : , -,
1
11 , -.


, 2,1.1/2889 08-03-99084 _

249

658.5.012.7



.., .., .., ..
.
.. (),
. .. ..
( ), ., e-mail: RNatalia07@mail.ru


-
.
,

.
:
1.
:
, , , .
2.

.
.
3.

.


.
, 15,5 %,
(1-10 ).
.
,


.
.
3,5 5 .
4.

.
2,2 %,
4,5 %,
.

XIII -
-2010

250
547.426.2.057



..1, ..2, ..3, ..2
1

University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC),


Omaha (USA), e-mail: romfill@mail.ru
2
(),
3
- . ..

.
,
, .


.
,
() , ,
,
. , ,
3 ,

,
N,N-
562/4.

rac-1-2-(/)-3-(5-)
N,N-
.
rac-N-{3-[(2--3)-]}-N,N--N-(2-)
2
( ) -
562 562/4 ,
Pgp.
(IR) IC50
562/4 IC50 562.
,
(IC50 3.6-4.2 , IR 5.0-5.5)
(IC50 2.3 , IR 13.5).

251

547.979.731
-
A 60
.., .., ..

.. (), ., e-mail: r_urs@yahoo.com
, ,
,
.

- ,
,
.

,
.
- ,
. -

.
-
C60 13,15-N-
p6,
. p6 C60

.
N-

3-
. 3- N-
C60 , C60
. 61%.
1H ,
- .

, ,

.

XIII -
-2010

252


2--5--1,3--4(5)-
.1., .1, . 2
1

-
( ). - ., 26, 19801. 2
, , , SE-106 91,
e-mail: a_smirnova80@mail.ru
5-2--4--1,5--4--4- 5-2--4--1,5--4--4- ( ,
),

2--5--1,3--4(5)-.

()
0,125 mM 0,125 nM. ,
(Human
Monoamone Oxidase -A -).

2--5--1,3--4(5)-. (. .
, . . ., , No. 1, 111114 (2008), 2-5--1,3--4(5)- (1)
2- (2a) 2- (2b)
, N[(-4-)]-2--4--3- (3)

N-[-(-4-)]-2--4--3 (3b),
: 5--2--4--1,5--4-4-
(4a)

5--2--4--1,5--4-4- (4b), ,
. ,
(4a) (4b)

(3a) (3b), . ,
, (4)

.

, 2--5--1,3--4(5)- Br, NO2, N(CH3)2, F ,
5-2--4--1,5--4--4-.

253

: 615.322/616-006


..1, ..2
1

, . ,
, . , e-mail: tepkeeva-inna@yandex.ru


(Hypericum perforatum L.),
(Chelidonium majus), (Equisetum arvense L.),
(Inula helenium L.), (Inonotus obliquus),
(, , ) .
,

, , , , .
.
100 0 ,
. - (5:2)
,
.

in vivo in vitro.
,

-
ASF-LL.

: , ,
,
A549, H1299 HeLa.
1299.

.
, , ,
,
.

, 6

. ,

.

XIII -
-2010

256
66.084.2:549.51



..1, ..2, .3
1

()

3
,
., e-mail: abramovma.yar@mail.ru


.
, .
.

.

.
, .

,
.
- 94. (, /)
17,1 102,6 /.
( =102,6 /)
63 2%,
. .
,

-
.

,
63 .
,
10 .

.

: ,
, .

257

620.2



.., .., ..
, . , , e-mail: info@technologiya.ru

, ,
, ..


.

: , , .

,
.
, 5-10 ,

, , ,
.
, ,
4-7 ,
,
,
.

- .
, ,
.


,
.
.

.

.
-
.

XIII -
-2010

258
548.5; 543.2

.., .., ..
. .. , .
e-mail: LudaB2005@mail.ru
[10(4)6()2] ,
,
(, ,
, .),
.
,

, , .

,
(
) ,
.

, , ,

, ,
(
).
.


( - ,
,
.); -

.

( , ,
.) .

,
.

259

666.293.522.53
-

.., ..
, .
e-mail: olchik4@yandex.ru

. ,
, Si3N4-ZrO2
; Si3N4-TiN

.


, .
,
.
().

, .
-
Si3N4
, .

:
3 Si +2 N2 Si3N4 + Q
(1)
(750 /)

, .

, ,
.
( ,
, )
.
Si3N4 ZrO2 Si2N2O Fe, Si3N4 TiN Si2N2O Fe.

0,5 .
%.
,
.
( 09-0300604-)

XIII -
-2010

260
546.9+546.73; 548.7

,

.., .., ..

. .. ( . ..), . ,
e-mail: volchkovaev@bk.ru
()


.
: 1) ,
,
, ; 2)

; 3)
-.
.

, Co(III)
Pt(II) Pt(IV).
: [(N3)5l][t4], Cl-, Br-,
[(N3)5NO2][t(NO2)4] [1].
( 2)
[Co(NH3)6]Cl3 K2[PtCln] ( n=4 6), Co:Pt = 1: 11,5. 30
, 3 HCl
H2O. [Co(NH3)6]2[PtCl4]3 [Co(NH3)6]2[PtCl6]3*H2O
,
, . ,
[Co(NH3)6]2[PtCl4]3 ,
1, : a=7.710(2) , b=7.776(2) ,
c=12.599(3) , =89.13(3), =83.51(3), =88.51(3), V=750.2(3), Z=2.
[Co(NH3)6]3+
[PtCl4]2-. H2
Co:Pt=2:3.
, ,
.

[1] .. -
:
. .../ ..
, 2009. 27 . .: . 2527.

261

546.56


.., .., .., ..
(), .,
e-mail: ger7709@yandex.ru

, d
(, Ni, Fe, Co).
, , ,
- ,
,
,
, ,
,

.

d- : (
), ( ),
( ), (
), EXAFS-. ,
, ,
,
d .

-4
(u -K ).
PCPDFWIN, v. 2.02, 1999,
(JCPDS). EXAFS VEPP3 (, )
:
1. d-
.
2. SE, d-
.
3. EXAFS , d-
, Ti.
d-.

-
( 2.1.2./1587).

262

XIII -
-2010

667.629.825:032.667:661.882

.., ..
.
.. (), . ,
e-mail:gerasimova@chemy.kolasc.net.ru

,
,
. (
CaSiTiO5, - 38%),
- ,


,

( )
.
,
.
:
-
-
,
, .
, ,
, ,
, .

(NH4)2TiO(SO4)2.H2O.
.

(TiOSO4.H2O)

-

,
, .
.
,
- ,
.

263

66.049.6; 661.682
SiO2
.., ..
() ,
., e-mail: larisa-demyanova@ascnet.ru
,
, :
, ,

. ,
, ,

- .

.

.
, ,
95.8 %, .

(NH4F2) ... (.),
.

- ,
, ().
, ,

: 98 2/; ,
20 ; 3 ;
110-4 % .
.

: , , ( ) .

, , ,
, ,
,
, , .
1 10 ./,
4000 ./,
5000 ./ 200 . ./,
.

XIII -
-2010

264
541.11:547.9



.., .., ..
, . ,
e-mail: efimovaos@mail.ru

() ()
(
120) . ,
,
.

( , , ),
, , .% ( 61,9, 5,4, 31,5,
1,2).
- -2
-
10 30 .%.
(): - 200 , 10
; 30 ; , , - 100 /;
- 60 g.
10 30.
( )
(10 30). (10,
10 ..) 900
.

S,

S,
,
2
/
2/

5
10
10

(S)
(.).

16

5
30
30

10
.%,

42

9

262

183
S, 30
10
138
10
421
.%, .
30
195
30
281
,

S
,

,

.
.

265

538.9:620.3:548.55:538.911

:
..
. .. , .
e-mail: rusl-mix@mail.ru

(KI, AgI, AgBr, CuI, CuBr,
SnF2), ().

1-1.2 , .
: , , , .

:


( );

-
;



,
;


(
SimulaTEM);

.

.
1D
, ;
;
.
1D
.
[0001] 1D
AgI, AgBr, CuI, CuBr (.. P63mc .), [001] KI (.. Fm3m)
[283] -SnF2 (.. C2/c).
, 08-02-00774-.

XIII -
-2010

266
544.46:544.227:666.9




..
- (),
., e-mail: nfkosenko@gmail.com
,

,
NaCl, .

, .

,
-
-
.

,
.

""
.

,
.
.
, MgO, CaO, CdO,
, ,
..
,
.
. ,
,
, .
.

. ,
,
-
,
,
.

267

546.98 + 66.081
Pd(II)

..*, ..*, ..*, ..*, ..**
*


. .. (), . , e-mail: len-krylova@yandex.ru
**
.. (), .


CO - ,
Pd(II) Cu(II),

/.

().
Pd(II) 0.1 HCl
( 120),
(SiO2 NH2): 1.63 / (1) 0.5 / (2).
Pd(II) 0.1 HCl ,
, > 0.015 /
, ,
, Pd(II) .
() ,
CPd dd
440 , ,
Pd(II) [1]. ,
237, 272 430
, , 0.1 HCl [PdCl4]2 [Pd(2)Cl3]- ,
: (SiO2NH3)2[PdCl4] (SiO2NH3)[Pd(H2O)Cl3].
Pd : ,
.
CPd = 0.01 / (1) 0.005 / (2).
,
:
2(SiO2NH2)HCl + [PdCl4]2- = (SiO2NH3)2[PdCl4] + 2Cl(SiO2NH2)HCl + [Pd(H2O)Cl3]- = (SiO2NH3)[Pd(H2O)Cl3] + Cl-.
1553 -1
(NH2) , Pd(II) ,
.

[1] .., ..
. , , ,
// . 1999. . 25, 3. . 165 176.

XIII -
-2010

268
546.59: 542.2




.., .., .., .., ..
-
, . , e-mail: ket712@isuct.ru


( ).

, ,
.
, ,
,
. ,

. ,
,
,
.
1.

.
2.
.
, ,
,
90.
3.

.
4.
.
5.
.
6.
:
.
7.
.


.

, ,
, , .

269

66.099.2:631.812.12


.., ..
- (),
. , e-mail: piaxt@isuct.ru

, ,
,
, ,
, . ,
,
.

.
,
, ;
, .
.
(0,8-1,1):1.

.

.
,
.

20

.

10 .

2,4
3,1 .
,
1,5 2,0 .
2-3 800 1600-2500 .
,
,

XIII -
-2010

270
546.05


(Pb-Ge)-Ag
.., ..
C (), .,
e-mail: tat-osipovich@yandex.ru

.
,
.

.
Pb-Ge
60 70 .% (
) ,
PbGeO3.
,
Pb-Ge .
(Pb-Ge)-Ag
Ag 20, 40 60 .% 1273
. (Pb-Ge)
: (60Pb-40Ge), (70Pb-30Ge), (80Pb-20Ge), (85Pb-15Ge).
(Pb-Ge)-Ag ,
,
, ..
.
,
(Pb-Ge)-20Ag (Pb-Ge)-60Ag ,
. (80Pb-20Ge)-20Ag,
(85Pb-15Ge)-20Ag, (60Pb-40Ge)-40Ag, (70Pb-30Ge)-40Ag, (80Pb-20Ge)-40Ag
Pb3GeO5,
Pb5GeO7, Pb6GeO8, Pb19Ge13O45.
Pb3GeO5 Pb4GeO6
, (PbGe)-40Ag .
(Pb-Ge)-Ag
,
,
, .
,
(Pb-Ge)-Ag .

271

533.15:546.291


..1, ..2, ..1,2
1

, .
2
, .
e-mail: pankovamv@mail.ru


-
,
.

.

.



,
, ,
-
.

,
.

,
, .
,
,

-
.


.

, () ,
-
.
ARL ZEISS.

272

XIII -
-2010

661.872
-
(II)
.., ..

( ), .
e-mail: nestor_@mail.ru


(<1)
( -8)
(. ).
- ()

, : 1-15 / (II) 2-50 / ,
0,25 2
.

. ,

(1,78 - 2,61 /)
, (II)
.
,
,
90 %, .
(~ 15 /) (II) (~ 1 /)
,
(II) 10 - 25 %
(0,25 1 ).


.

273

541.124


..
- (),
., e-mail: pv@isuct.ru
, ,

..

50
85 .% (). (
)
.

.
( ),
, .
,
. ,
, : 1) , ,
(
); 2) ,

().
,
.
: , , ,
, .

. , ,
,
, ,
.

- .
[1].

[1] .., .. -
. : , 2004. 316 .

XIII -
-2010

274
546.7

-

.., .., ..

. .. (), .

.

,
,
.
,

.
, ,
.
.


, .

.
, Re4O4(OEt)12, Re4O2(OBun)88BunOH, Re4O6(OiPr)10,
Re4O6(OMe)12 .[1].

, - ,
d-
ROH (R = Me, Et, i-Pr ..),
( ,
), in situ ()
.
1012.
, ,
Re0 ReVI.

.

[1] .. , .. , .. .
n- i- // , 2009, . 4, 5, .
97-102.

275

549.752/.753
Li2OZnONb2O5
.. , .. , ..

. .. (), . , e-mail: valeryfom@rambler.ru

.

- .
Li2OZnONb2O5.
ZnNb2O6LiNb3O8 : LiZnNb4O11.5
LiZnNb6O16.5, ~2.%.
ZnNb2O6 LiNb3O8.
(),
-
.
.
() LiZnNb4O11.5 :
(3D) ((3+1)D) .
,
.

P 21/b. ,
-PbO2 q=0.3a*+1.1b*.
LiZnNb4O11.5
()
,
.
- - .
.
LiZnNb6O16.5,
LiZnNb4O11.5,
.
().
LiZnNb4O11.5,
:
-

-PbO2 q=2/7a*6/7b*.
-
() LiZnNb4O11.5 LiZnNb6O16.5,
, 251100
.

XIII -
-2010

276
546.61:546.881.5


.. , .. , .. , .. .

. . . (), 117571, . , 86,
e-mail: tender-mitht@mail.ru
,
.

, .
,
, , ,
.
,
.
,
.
.

: N-(2--5)--
(-0)

N-(2--5)-- (-2).
(V) -0
-2 . (V)
pH 3-5. ,
: (V)
-0 -2 1:1,
2,5:1, .
(V).
(V) ,

VO3 H2V10O284.
- . , 0,1 -0
-2 25% . 22,74 / V2O5.
-0 -2
. ,
-0 -2 98%.
, H2V10O284
,
VO3.
,
.

277

547.26.118


..
-
(), . , e-mail: vyakshin@bk.ru
()
-
()
.

:
O
O

O
O

+ H2O
O

O
O

+ H2O

II

O
O

O
n

H2O + MA

+ HA
O

A + H3O X

O
O

O
O

O
O

O
O

+ HA

O
H

O
O

O
H

H2O + MA
p

O
H
O

O
H
O

MAp+1

, , n .
,

,
. ,
, . , ,
.


(I) (II) .

Sr(II), Cs(I), Pb(II), Tl(I), Hg(II), Ag(I), Pu(IV), Np(IV) HNO3 U(VI), Pt(IV),
Ir(IV), Pd(IV), Au(III), Ga(III), Sb(III), Fe(II), Fe(III) HCl.
(D=101000)

XIII -
-2010

278
541.128-022.532



.., .., .., .., ..

. .. , , e-mail YASHTULOVNA@rambler.ru

.

, ,
.
-
, .
Si (100) (111)
p- n-
200 2/
10 80 %. 5 60 .
-
.





().
Pd 1
. n- p-
40% 78%
, 2.
,
,
. ,
,
n- p-
.
09-08-00547.

[1] .. ., .. , .. .,.. , . .
-, 2010, 55, 210. [Russ. J. Inorg. Chem., 2010, 55, 180 (Engl. Transl.)].
[2] .. , .. , .. , .. .
, 2008, 124, 8. [Chip News, 2008, 1, 8 (Engl. Transl.)]

279

691.175.2



.., .., ..

.,e-mail: abramovma.yar@mail.ru

.
,
.


.

, .

,
.
- 94.

. ,
,

.


.
3:1

. ,
.

.
,
.

, , , ..
.

XIII -
-2010

280

: 621.382:621.315.592:658.5



..*, .., ..*, .., ..,
..*, .., ..
*

;
. .. , . , e-mail: chegevara-88@mail.ru


.
- ,
, ,
,
.

, , , ,
.

,
( ) ( )
~ 1200. ,
-SiO2 ,

(90-100 ) -SiO1,5:Cn ( n=1,0-4,5),
-SiO2
.
[a-SiO2/a-SiO1,5:C2]
(Cd1-Zn)Te1-
100 ( 1.), ( 2.)
( 3.) :

1.

2.

3.

,
.

281

537.533:543.42

-
..
. .. (),
, . , e-mail: n_alov@mail.ru


-
.
- .


.

.
-
, ,
().
-
,

in situ (210-7 )
LHS-10 Leybold ().

(99,9 %), - .
1015-1018 -2,
1 5 .
, -
.
, (MoO2,
WO2), (MoOx, WOx, 2<x<3) (MoO3,
WO3).
. -
.
, (NbO, TaO),
(NbO2, TaO2) (Nb2O5, Ta2O5) .

,
, Nb2O5 Ta2O5.

XIII -
-2010

282
548


,

.., ..
(), .
, e-mail: ak.cspu@gmail.ru

.
0001 1120.
, ,
.

+
Cu CuCl .
.
,
: Cu+ , Cu0 Cu2+, Cu+
(3d10p6s2) .
Cu e Cu 0 , u e Cu 2 .
, Cu+ ,
.
Cu0 000h
(-0) ,

. 11 2 h
u e Cu 2 (Si-0)+.
( d 10 - d9 s),
( d 10 - d9 ).

Cu O Si ,

.
d 10- d 9 s d10 - d 9 ,

.

Cu O Si .
, 0 0 0 h
1 1 2 h ,
.

283

004.9: 544.55: 661.11


CALS-

.., .., .., ..
, . , e-mail: bessarabov@irea.org.ru


.
,

.

.
CALS-
(Continuous Acquisition and Life cycle Support
).

,

, ( )
.
(CALS-) ,
,
(, , .).
,
:
;
(Z). ,
(10 )
Z = 1.
Z = 12. (d0 = 10 )
(10 )
Z = 50. CALS-
(Z) .
(d0= 10 ). (Z)
20 50.
60 10 .
CALS-

: ,
( -4).
,
.

XIII -
-2010

284
544.773.422:546.776

3,

.., .., .., ..


- . .. (
. .. ), . , e-mail: gavrilovann@yahoo.com

. 3
- ,
().

,
.

3. 3
,

. ,
3
.
, ..
50-100 , ,
.

- . ,
3
.

.
.
1,5
1% .

-
2009-2013 . (.. 1001).

285

547.1128 543.42

VD
.., .., .., .., ..
, . , e-mail: eos2004@inbox.ru

VD
, .


VD. () (I)
() (II), -
.

(N) (III), (N-) (IV). ,


, . 1 29Si
III 2.71:1
, :
III

IV 29Si
.

1:2:3:4

1:2.34:2.55:1.95 :
1

IV


. ,
III IV ,
. 200 0 2-
: III
;
, III, IV.

,
.

XIII -
-2010

286
66.097.3:661.961.6



.., ..
-, .,
e-mail: avdulnev@yandex.ru


- ( )
, ,
-
.
()
.
.


( ).


w2 (
, w ),
, ,


, . ,
.
,

.
- 2009

(-03-01) 30 3, 2009
-76
.
, ( 7
) ,
/ -03-01
(0,13 ,
0,26 ),
. , -03-01
.
125
100 .

287

66.097.3



.., .., ..
-, .,
e-mail: avdulnev@yandex.ru

(2, 2, )
( ),
.

35-60 %.
,
.

. , ,
,
, .
,
.
,
-Al2O3 ,
.
400 .

.
,

(~ 80-100 ),
.

3,0 -

. , ,
0,001 % 4000 -1
0,6-0,7 %
(35 %) 151 159 .
,
20 %. ,


.

XIII -
-2010

288
544.46



., . ., . .
- (),
., e-mail: Ilyin@isuct.ru
ZnO
. ,
,

.
ZnO
. ,
()

ZnO (.1). -
90 58%.
120
.
, , 63%, 45
. ,
,
(. 2).
Zn


8

6
5
4
3
2
1
30

35

40

45

50

2, .

55

60

Zn, %

90

80
70

60

50
40
30
20
10
0
0

20

40

60

80

100

120

, .

1 0 .; 2 5 ; 3 15 ; 4 : 1-
30 ; 5 45 ; 6 60 ; 7 90 .; ; 2 ;
8 120 .
3

. 1
. 2
,
.

289

54.055

C
.., . ., . .
- (),
., e-mail: Ilyin@isuct.ru

.
.
: ,
CunZnm -
- .

Al2O3, CuAlO2 CuAl2O4,
(.1).
,
-
CuO, CuO2, Cu4O3 ( . 1).
, .

. ,

.

(. 2).


-

Cu2O Cu

Al2u

CuO

Cu4O3

Cu

ZnO Cu5Zn8

Cu4O3

Cu2O CuO ZnO Zn

Fe2O3
Al2O3

CuAl2O4

CuAl2O4

2
1

1
20
30

35

40

45

50

2, .

55

1 15 . ; 2 45 . ; 3 90 ., 4 180
.
. 1

30

40

50

60

2, .

1 - 45 . ; 2 60 . ; 3 120 .
. 2

,

.
.

XIII -
-2010

290
66.097.3:661.183.6



.., .., ..
- (),
., e-mail: gordina@isuct.ru

() ,
. ,
, 100
,
,
, .
, ()
, (
), .

, ,
, -
, , .
,
NaA,
-

:
Na2OAl2O32SiO2nH2O.
,
,
,
. , ,
, . ,
: Na2SiO39H2O, Al2O3, Al2O32SiO2
2H2O () 10% NaA
, ,
Na6Al6SiO10O32, H1/2Al11O17. ,
,

.
, ,
, .
,
, ..
,
.

291

66.097.3: 661.183.6: 628.31




.., .., ..
- (),
., e-mail: gordina@isuct.ru

, ,
, .
,


.
,
, .
,
.
(3-10 ) .

,
.

(),
, .
,
Na2SiO39H2O, Al2O3, Al2O32SiO2 2H2O 10%
NaA ,
Na6Al6SiO10O32.
NaO, Al2O3,
Al2O32SiO2 2H2O 10% NaA ,
SiO2.


, ( )
NaA.
, ,
,
.
.
, ,
.

XIII -
-2010

292
543.553 + 66.061



.., .., .., ..
.
.. ( . .. ), . ,
e-mail: knyazkina_ov@mail.ru

.
, ,

,
.
(VI)
,
,
(2-)

(2),
(2,4,4) (Cyanex-272)
().
,

= 1,52,5. -, -
(VI) 2 Cyanex
272 : HCl HNO3 H2SO4;
: H2SO4 HCl HNO3.
,
2
Cyanex 272.

-, -
,
.
,
( 8 ),
.

,
.

293

546.824.31


.., .., .., .., ..
( ),
., e-mail: alex-kolm@mail.ru
, p- 3d-

.

( TiO2)
,
.
()
(IV).
,
-
. -
80C,
.
()
150, 200 240C ( 3 24 )
.

,

.
: )
, , ; )

,
( 15 150C 25 240C).
- .
,
.
,
-
. ,

, ,
,
,
, .

294

XIII -
-2010

544.463:544.478:546.562-31


.., ..
- (),
., e-mail: jek@isuct.ru

.
.
--
.

(100 ) (250 )

, .



.

.

.
3,5 /(.) 220
3,6 /(.) 220
,
-- .

, 400
97 % 98 % .
,
, 75 2/.
,
,


- . ,



.

295

542.65+548.5


NS NK

.., ..
.
.. (), . , e-mail: tascha8@mail.ru


.
,

.

.
,
:
- ,
,
;
- -
(ts ) (ts )
. ,
, ,
.

:
-
NH4NO3
, ,
.
( ) -
20 600. ,
, (
).
:

,
.

296

XIII -
-2010

66.094.373:661.865.5:661.856
-
CeO2-ZrO2 CuO
.., .., .., .., ..,
..
. .. , . , e-mail: tijbfpbb@gmail.com

CeO2-ZrO2
.
-
,
CeO2-ZrO2, 10 .
, -
CeO2-ZrO2 CuO
.
.
-Al2O3 ( 2-3 , S=1,0 2/). CeO2-ZrO2 CuO
. CeO2-ZrO2
CuO 1 200.
, ,
6000 2 .

.
CeO2-ZrO2

.
, (. %): CO 4,1;
O2 9,6; N2 86,3. ,
CeO2-ZrO2/Al2O3
150-4000. 100 % 4000
, 0,8 . % CeO2-ZrO2.

. 1%
. ,
, ,
(II). 0,25
. %.
, uO CeO2ZrO2. , ,
uO-CeO2-ZrO2(9/1)/Al2O3 1500, uOCeO2-ZrO2(4/1)/Al2O3 - 2000.

297

542.61:546.791

-
.., .., ..
-
(), . , e-mail: vyakshin@bk.ru

1-10 /3 ---18--6 (186) --18--6 (186)
(, 1,2-, , 1-).
O
(CH3)3C

O
O

(CH3)3C

C(CH3)3
O

O
O

186

C(CH3)3
O

186

, HCl
(D)
9 /3 HCl 186 67 /3 HCl 186.
D,
, . D
0,01 /3 186 830,
.

, D

186*
186**
()
19
830
1,2- ()
0,5
370
50%+50%
10
620
()
0,02
0,3
- ()
0,6
0,1
3
: * 0,02 / 186, 9 /3 HCl, 10
/3 U; ** 0,01 /3 186, 7 /3 HCl, 100 /3 U.
,
2:1. ,
,
,
.

XIII -
-2010

298
543.06, 504.064.3





.., ., .., .., ..,
..

. .. (), . , e-mail: kuzinad@rambler.ru


.
, ,
, .
,
,
- .


.

, Bi2O3,
MoO3, B2O3, GeO2, ,
. ,

.
, GeO2
20% . c

0 90%.

. 0,03.
,

6 .
, ,
, ,
,
,
,
, , , ,
, .

299

544.46, 504.064.3


-
.., .., .., ..

. .. (), . , e-mail: kuzinad@rambler.ru
(
)
.
- , ,

,
.

Bi2O3 - B2O3 - MenOm, - IV-V
.
343-373 0,5 40 .

. ,
.

.

100 /.
,
5 . ,

ln(V/V0)() .

10/
=20 .
,
. , ,
.
,
5 10 .

XIII -
-2010

300
542.65 + 548.5




.., .., ..

. .. (), ., e-mail: v.kuchinsky@mail.ru

,
().

, ,
.

.
,
: ,
-2060,
..
,

.
,
. ,

( IIIIV),
.


.

,

().


,
().

301

661.152.3'12'2:544.7(043.2)

.., .., ..
- (),
. , e-mail: tis@isuct.ru
, ,
, ,
, 90.


.
.
.
.
. - VM-4
- , 930 -1,
5,4 /. .

.
,
.
, ,
(
), , . .
.
,
140-250 <140 0,37 /.
0,32 /. .
<140 .
65 3 .,
0,32 /. 0,22 /.,
82,8 84,4. ,
.
. ,
.
5 . -136-14
(),
( -120), .
, ,
0,03 /.
, 90, : 95,5
%. ; 0,5 %. -136; 2,0 %. -120.

XIII -
-2010

302
66.097.1


.., ..
-
(), . , e-mail: pv@isuct.ru

, , ..

.
.

( -00)
(), -
.
, 1-

Na(AlO2)(H2O)1.25.
50 %. , Al2O3,
, 270 190
, ,
(36)1011
2.
,
Al2O3 ( ).
:
d/d = k(1+)2/3[(1+)1/31]1.

600 .

303

667.629.825:032.667:661.882


.., ..
.
.. (), ,
e-mail: gerasimova@chemy.kolasc.net.ru

,
,
. (
CaSiTiO5, - 38%),
- ,


,

( )
.
,
.
:
-
-
,
, .
, ,
, ,
, .

(NH4)2TiO(SO4)2.H2O.
.

(TiOSO4.H2O)

-

,
, .
.
,
- ,
.

XIII -
-2010

304
541.183.5:547-145



.., .., ..
- . ..
(), . , e-mail: karinavl@mail.ru
- ()
,
, ,
1.
,
( 100 /),
.
( e
)
2. C

3

().

( 69 /, 95/ - 160 /)
;

. , 160 /
( ) 70% ( 23 -/).

3.
,
. , L-,
: - max = 17,2
/, = 0,44, - max = 23,4 /, = 0,20, - max =
31,6 /, = 0,27 . ,
. ,
2 9
.
,
,
(310-9 2/).
1

S.Vangrattanasopon et al. Sep. Sci. Technol., 31, 1523 (1996)


A.S. zcan et al. J. Colloid Interface Sci., 280, 44 (2004)
3
.. . , 22, 60 (2008)
2

305

541.183.5:547-145


.., .., ..
- . ..
(), ., e-mail: karinavl@mail.ru

4. , ,
5.

6,7
.

: ( 2, ), ( ),
( ), -
,
()8.

(-69, -95 -160 /
) 2
(=6). , L-,
: - 18 / 20 /, 50 / 80
/ .
( 100
/ 200 600 /).

300 /.
, , 15%
, 2, - 50%. ,
2 8 10% ,
.
,

( 2 - 2,510-9 2/, -2,210-9 2/,
- 1,010-9 2/, - 2,010-9 2/, 4,210-9 2/).

A.G. Espantaleon at al. Appl. Clay Sci., 24, 105 (2003)


A.S. zcan et al. J. Colloid Interface Sci., 280, 44 (2004)
6
.. . . , 9, 1550 (1994)
7
Q. Li et al. J. Hazard. Mater., 147, 370 (2007)
8
.. . , 22, 60 (2008)
5

XIII -
-2010

306
66.095:661.721


-
.., .., .., ..
-
(), ., e-mail: morozov@isuct.ru

.
-
,
.

.
-
,
, .

,
.
,

- .


. ,
,
. , . ,
,
:
-.


-,
.


. ,

,
,
.

307

529.12
Y2O3 YBa2Cu3O7

..*, ..**, ..*
*

**

. .., , . ,
. .., , . , ,
email: moyzykh@gmail.com

II

YBa2Cu3O7 (YBCO).
, YBCO - ,
(-),
(-)
.
.
YBa2Cu3O7 MOCVD
830-890 p(O2) = 0.5 .
Y2O3
- 123 .
(-2, -, , 0.3). ,
Y2O3
- YBCO, , Y2O3
.
, Y2O3 YBCO
20 , .
, -,
YBCO,
- -
.

YBCO , -
,
(87-88 ), Y2O3
.
, ,
YBCO Y2O3
-.
09-08-00774

308

XIII -
-2010

541.128


.., .., ..
- (),
., e-mail: ilyin@isuct.ru
,
, 3
F2(4)3. : 3

,
,
,
;
.

Mo/Fe 1,5 2,5
,
250 400.

3 -Fe2O3, Mo/Fe 1,5
2,5, 400 0.
,
F2(4)3. ,
3 .
,
2.1,
400 0,40
/. Mo/Fe
, ,

.
.

96%
Mo/Fe=2.1.

309

546.621

3.
.., .., .., ..
- (),
. , e-mail: ilyin@isuct.ru
, , ,

.
,
.

, , ,

3 .
-
VM-4 15, 30, 45 90 .
, 3
120 . ()
15 . 10 .
.
,

22 , 0,57 %.

, ,
. -

.
Fe 3
0,38 %.
250
400 ,
, 45 .
.

.
,

.

XIII -
-2010

310
546.824.31


NiTiO3
.., .., .., ..
( ),
., e-mail: 7243201@mail.ru


, , .

,
.

.
TiO2 NiTiO3.
: 1)
() 600 2-
(TiO2-); 2) TiCl4 (
)- (TiO2-); 3) 6-09-3811-79
TiO2- Ni(NO3)2
.
700, 800,
850C () 700 1100C 50C ( )

-. - Netzch Jupiter.
- .
.
- -
JEOL 2000.
,
TiO2- , TiO2-.
,
.
700C
850C TiO2. TiO2-
,
NiO.
.

311

661.635.13:622.822.223(043.2)



.., .., ..
- (),
., e-mail: tis@isuct.ru

.

(),
.
,
(),
-120.

- 1 .%
30 .
NH4+, CO32- -, =. CO32 ,
,
. -
NH4+ , Si-O-Si -,

-. ,

.
, 50 ,

-120.
-120,
. ,

,
( ,
, 0 .,
50 ). ,


, -120.

312

XIII -
-2010

666.192
,

.., .., ..
() , 644040
., 54, .: 8(3812) 56-02-87,
e-mail: suruv@ihpp.oscsbras.ru

, , , ,
,
.
SiO2
,
, .
,
.

,
.
.

.

,

().
().
. ,
,
. ,
500
1000 ,
. ,
Si-C
,
SiO2. ,
: (, );
, -
, . ,

.

313

66.097.3


, ,
..1, ..2, ..1, ..1
1

-
( ), . , ,
e-mail: vniios@mail.ru
2
(), . , .,
e-mail: evgolosman@yandex.ru

-
(Al2O3) .
Al2O3
,
,
, , .
,
,
.

,
.

,
.


(. , .);
, (. -).

,
, ,

.

,

, , .

XIII -
-2010

314

[546.712:547.587.11] 386
(II)
..1, ..2, ..1
1

, ,
e-mail: general_chemistry@astu.org
2
,
. --

, ,

80300 , (II)
(I, R = Alk, Ar) .

, s---, s--- ( ):
O

C
H

O
H

N
C

2H2O
Mn /2

IB

C
H

Mn /2

IA

O
H

IC

II

(C, H, N, Mn) ,
nL 22 ( H2L
I).
33003000 -1, 2060 -1
1730
1660 -1 C=O -
II.
34003300 -1 ,
- ,

.
, ,
dd- ,
III:
H
H

O
H
H
III
R
O
O
O
C
,
Mn
N
C
O
C

N
Mn

C
O
O
O
R

H
H
O
, H
H
.
III
O

315

544.3.032.2:544.353.21:544.43:546.46-31
-

.., ..
- .
, e-mail: fogn@isuct.ru

,
.

. ,
-.
2 (
2,45 , 6 ), /
. -
.
:
.
,
.
,
, .
,
,
, .
3
, ,
.


,

.
,
(, )
()
.

(5-10 % ).

316

XIII -
-2010

541.18


.., ..
- (),
. , e-mail: AFirsov@phosagro.ru

.
,
, ,
.
,

.

:
1. ;
2.
;
3. ,
;
4.
.
:
1.
( 48,56 /)
.
2.
:
- 90-95 ;
- 3 ;
- - 400 800/;
- 1,5-2;
- 40%.
3.
.

, ,
.

317

542.2


.., .., ..
-
, . , e-mail: ket712@isuct.ru


: ,
,
.
.

.
,
.
,
( , 3 ).
, ,
.
, ( ,
),
,
.
,
.
, -, ,

. , ,
.
:
,
.
:
( )
(
).


,
.

XIII -
-2010

318
546.815-121


Bi2O3-PbO Bi-Pb
.., ..
(),
. , e-mail: evg9042@yandex.ru


.

,
.
,
, ,

.
, , .

,
.

Bi-Pb , ,
, ,

.

Bi-Pb
, .

;
Shimadzu XRD 6000.

,

, , 100 %
Pb0.5Bi0.5O1.33,
.

.

319

546.05
C
YBa2Cu3O7-

.., .., .., ..
. .. ,
. , e-mail:boytsova@gmail.com
(- II- ),
YBa2Cu3O7-x,
,

,
,

.
-

(jc), ,
H. jc,
YBa2Cu3O7-x, ,
,
,
. , ,
.

,
.

YBa2Cu3O7-
, .
MOCVD- YBa2Cu3O7-
,
.
,
, BaCeO3.
,
.

XIII -
-2010

320
542.61:546.633

N-(2--5-)-

.., .., ..
.
.. (), ., e-mail: neorganik@inbox.ru
N-(2-5-)-- (-2),

.
,
.
N-(2--5-)- (-2).
,
, ,
-.
,

( ,
).
MgCl2
MgCl2 , .

: ,
, ,
- (=4.5, t=45., MgCl =1-1.5.).

.
Y, Al, Fe(III), Mn, V, Cr 0,25.
-2 1.5. MgCl2.

.
2

321

517.958:536.24:621.315.592

Cd1-ZnTe
Hg1-CdTe
..

. .. (), , e-mail: lgvelesiani@yandex.ru
26
,
.
Cd(1-)ZnTe ( 0.1) ()
().
,
.
,

.
,
,
[1,2].
,
,
, ( Zn),
.
:
-, - ,
[3] .
, ,

:
, , .

()[4].

Matlab Comsol Multiphysics.

[1] .., .., .., .., .. //


.20063.28-32.
[2] .., .., .. //
.20084.11-16.
[3] Houghton D.C., Davies M., Dion M. // Appl. Phys. Lett.1994.V.64P.505
[4] .., .. // .
20003.28-34.

XIII -
-2010

322
669.296



.., .., .., .., ..
- . .. (),
. , e-mail: chizh@rctu.ru
d- III-V
,
, .
,
,
.

()
() .

(),
(
).
, , .
NH3
. (1925 .) ,
(60-70- .) NH3H2O

.. p- d- (Al, Sc,
La, Th, Zr, Hf, Nb, Ta). , ,
, ,
( ),

.
,

,
,
.

(, ) ()

NH3H2O ,
, . ,
. ,

. ,
.

323

669.296:620.18



.., .., .., .., ..,
..
- . .. (),
. , e-mail: chizh@rctu.ru

, , ()
:
, ,


.
, ,
-
.

.
ZrOCl28H2OYCl36H2ONH3H2O
,

,
80- . . .. .. .
-,
, ,
.
(3 . % Y2O3), (500)
(5 )
Pulverisette-5, Fritsch ( ),
: ( 1 )
(50-100 ).

(m-ZrO2 1%) () ~
14 . (
, = 200 ) (1450)
(99% )
( = 95030 ).

324

XIII -
-2010

66.096.5:621.928.23(043.2)


.., .., ..
-
. , e-mail: ale3069@yandex.ru

(), ,
,
: ,
.

.
, ,
, .
5 30%.

.
,
.
,
- (
).

,

, , ,
.
,
, ,
(
0,51,0), ,
.


,
.
, ,
, ,

, .. .

325

665.777.5



.., .., .., .., ..,
..
()
OOO , ., e-mail: leb-ira@mail.ru

-
,
(),
, .
.
,
. ,
- 0,08 26-34%.
.., ,
- ,
, .
,
.


0,08

, % 2,
, %
, % ,
, ,
/2.
/
. .

- 26,0%
1
33,0
26
1,09
30,7
35,3
77,6
42,4
2
35,6
28
1,08
28,2
37,0
71,5
54,2
3
38,3
30
1,16
29,3
34,9
72,1
52,2
4
40,9
32
1,13
28,8
38,0
70,4
46,8
5
43,6
34
1,19
30,0
32,4
72,0
45,1
- 26,5%
6
33,0
26
1,10
29,1
31,8
69,9
42,2
7
35,6
28
1,45
30,1
36,0
66,7
47,8
8
38,3
30
1,43
29,6
38,5
66,3
41,6
9
40,9
32
1,28
27,6
38,2
66,5
38,8
10
43,6
34
1,38
29,6
38,8
72,5
58,3

..,
:
- 40,9%, - 0,08 - 32 %,
( ) - 26,0 %.

XIII -
-2010

326

541.183.12+549.67+546.28
,

..

, . , e-mail: ilahe88@mail.ru
,
,
, ,

,
,
, .
,

, .
(20-10000)
() () ()
( . %): :: = 80:10:10; 70:20:10;
60:30:10; 70:10:20; 60:20:20; 50:30:20; 50:20:30.
--

.

0
1000 C 30 .
,
-.
,
,

.
0
~100 C.
..

-
--

I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII

, ,
/
0,29
1343
0,35
1393
0,49
1473
0,21
1403
0,52
1653
0,81
1773
0,94
1833

0,78
0,14
0,80
0,17
0,82
0,21
0,85
0,26
0,89
0,29
0,92
0,31
0,98
0,35

,
/3
305
360
430
310
380
480
340

327

546

,

.., .., .., ..
(),
, , e-mail: artemej@mail.ru
-
,
CrO42-, [Fe(CN)6]3-,[Fe(CN)6] 4-, [Hg I4] 2-.
.
8,6 , 9,5, () -9,5-10,5.

.

.
, 100,
200, 300, 400, 500, 6000,
.
,
, - .
,
, . ,

. , ,

.
, ,
.

1200.

, .


, , . .

XIII -
-2010

328
544.4634; 544.552.11




.., . ., ..
(),
. , e-mail: mayrus@mail.ru

, , .
.
,
- .
,
(, ) (
), ( ,
).
, ,
() .

, ( )
Mn + MnnOn+1 + (2n+1)HA (n+1)MnA2 + (n+1) H2O,
Mn + 2HA MnA2 + H2 ,

. , ,
.
, .

.
(II), (II) (I).
(II)
, (II)
.
.

2Fe + O2 + 4HA 2FeA2 + 2H2O
( )
4Fe + 3O2 + 12HA 4FeA3 + 6H2O (
). ,
(III) (II), (III)
.
-.

329

Pb + PbO2 + 4HA 2PbA2 + 2H2O



u + uO + 2HA 2u2A2 + H2O
.
,
, .

2269509,
2269508, 2261882, 2268874, 2291855, 2291856, 2292330, 2292331, 2296744,
2296745, 2304575, 2314285, 2326107, 2326861, 2357950, 2318731,
2008104575/04, 2007139162/04, 2004108260/15, 2294921, 2316536, 2331629,
2003104761, 2007147495/04, 2007144399/04, 2008127010/04.

- 2009-2013
:
(. .
2074).

XIII -
-2010

330
521+541.182

-



..1, ..1, ..2, ..2
1

(), ,
, , , e-mail: natchem@tut.by


Ga2O3-In2O3 Al2O3-In2O3.

, .
,
(III),
,

.
,
,
, .


.
.
-
In2O3
-
.

,
,
(d=15)
.
Ga In Ga2O3-In2O3
, -,
,
, -Ga2O3
(Ga,In)2O3.
.
(Ga,In)2O3 In2O3
-
.

331

541.135.7:66.092



.., .., .., ..

392000, , . , . 106,
. (4752)63-03-64, e-mail: chemistry@nnn.tstu.ru


. ,
17
20 .
100 500
.
. 50
Ni2O3. 50
,
NiO
Ni3O4.
-
, .

.
,
.
10 200 2 30 .
() ,
.
,
, .
600800 0 . 15-20

60 0
.
,
200-800
10-20 ,
, .

XIII -
-2010

332
541.182:549.321:543.42

..
(),
. , e-mail: petruchon@mail.ru

,
,
( 150 22 )
, ,
, ,
. ,

.
---(2-)
().
(Cd(NO3)2) (Na2S) .. .
,
,

100-6 22 .
,

-46.
350500 .
2,5 5,5 W=[H2O]/[AOT]=2-19.

333

675.92


.., .., ..
(), .
, e-mail: chersov@gmail.com

,

.
(),

,

,
, .
,
.

.
,

. :
() ()
()
.
, -
(), -

,
, . ,
, . ,
,
10 .., 25 .. . ,
, .

, ,
,
.

XIII -
-2010

334
544.478



.., .., ..

. .., . , e-mail: barsoda21@rambler.ru

. ,
:
(
) ,
450
550 6 168
.
,
450 ,
, 550
.
168
.
: II-
( 250 ) -23 ( 1.1 ).

( 50 , 4 )
, 4
II-.
,

,
,
.
(, , )
(,
, )
.
:
: t = 550 , = 48 , k = 0,033 /
: t = 500 , = 48 , k = 0,008 /
: t = 500 , = 48 , k = 0,12 /.

335

66.081:54.131-145.11

-
.., ..
, .
, e-mail: iuliyas@gmail.com

, .
-99,0 10%-
NH4HF2 80-900.
. NH4HF2
, 0,6-2 / .
Sc(III) Na(I) Labtam V-310
Plasma Spectrometer, Model 300 Perkin Elmer AA Spectrometer.
10-6 %. 20
%. F- NH4+
pH-/ -410 -131 F
-121 NH4.

-3

CuK .

, ,
, Na(NH4)2ScF6.

(NH4)3ScF6 + NaF Na(NH4)2ScF6 + NH4F.
,

Na(NH4)2ScF6 = ScF3 + 2NH4F + NaF.
, ,
50 150 / Sc(III), 1 / Na(I), 1,5 / NH4+, 4 / , , (, - ).
, .
-17-8
F. ,

.
h/d = 8
60 /2 3,3 -3,5 /.

. .
5%- , 10
, 300 /2
95 %.

.

XIII -
-2010

336
529.12


.., ..
- (), .,
e-mail: asolovev@mailgate.ru

.
: , ,
.

,
.

337

546.48.221231:538.975
CdS1-XSeX (=0;0,2;0,8)
,

..
- . .. ,
, -mail: diana.a83@mail.ru
CdS1-Sex
( ,
..),
.
,
, ,
.
CdS1-xSex
,
.
CdS, CdSe, Cu(0H)Cl CdCl2*H2O ,
.
(300-600 .) , 300-380
823-873
5-60 .
SUPRA 50 VP
, CdS1xSex ESCALAB MK-II,

100-1500 295-473 K.
, ,
( 15-30 823
30 /),
Se dS1-xSex.
5-10 ;
3-3,5 10-2 -1;
(5 18 )
(CdSO4 / CdSeO3) 2-3 . ,
,
.
"
- 2007" ().
.., .., ... ..,
.., ... .. ... ..
.

XIII -
-2010

338
666.32.323.94

.., .., .., .., ..,


...
, ., e-mail: kad.zulayho@mail.ru


,
. ,
.
. ,

, .
, ,
,
.
,
.

. , ,
. ,
SiO2, Al2O3, Fe2O3, CaO .,
, . ,


.


(=0,840,94)
(n=1,72,3) .

, 10001500
. , 1350-1450

, ,
.
, ..
.
, ,


.

339

548



.., .., ..
(),
. , e-mail: falkovaon@mail.ru


.
,

( ).
Z - [0001] .
Z, 00 30 0 5 0 ,
- 1 1 2 0.
00
.
0 .
.
X 1 1 2 0.
X, 00 900 5 0 ,
- 0 0 0 1 .
00 R , r .

,
, /R /r, ,
R r.
Y 1 0 1 0.
Y, 00 900 5 0 ,
- .
:

.
00 300 :
S n ,
S c .
300 900

,
- , n S
.

XIII -
-2010

340
546.65:541.8



.., .., .., ..
- . ..
( ) (()), .-, e-mail:
bgarris@yandex.ru

()
.
-
().

137 -, 1,0 3.
Er(NO3)3, 0,2 , 0,001 /
(NaDS) . NaDS
:

Me3 3DS MeDS3



.

, .
. .
0
0
0
L (Kn)
hydr
f G 298
,
( compl G298
),
s G298

1
1
(compl)

Er(OH)3
-1290,17 3,27 147,19 0,29
(1,63 0,17)1026 6,44
Er(OH)2+

-876,49 3,44

Er(OH)2+

-1078,60 3,28 -45,09 0,37

-47,88 1,09

(4,09 1,50)109

5,43

(1,26 0,17) )108

6,04

Er(OH)2+ .
2.1.1/973

(2009-2010)
-3020.2008.3.

341

544.726
, ,
D-403
.., .., .., ..
- . ..
(), . -, e-mail: escap@mail.ru
, ,
5 %- .


.
D-403,
.

:
OH NaOH
1
1

,
An z z z z 1z An z

Mez An
An
K ; An z ,
, -1;

R3 N

, -1; a An z aOH ; z
.

, :
r G298 , -1 19,0 15,6 13,5 3,78
Ge Pb Al Zn
5 %-
, 2 -1, 6 -1
0,1 -1 ,
- ( Ge
0,07 %). : 5, 10, 20,
100. HCl 1 .
,
:=100.
Ge

/ / K Zn =352
Ge
K Pb =4,76.

- ,

,
.

XIII -
-2010

344
691.175.2




.., .., ..

., e-mail: abramovma.yar@mail.ru

.
,
.


.

, .

,
.
- 94.

. ,
,

.


.
3:1

. ,
.

.
,
.

, , , ..
.



345

678.7
,


.., ..
( ), .,
e-mail: gbelov@cat.icp.ac.ru
, -

(..
) [1-3] , ,

, - .


,
,

(), () .
:
180 -01
.
- , - . - -
: -1, -1, -1, -1.
-
0 10 % .
,
() 180
.
1.5 2.0 % ., 40-60 %
.

, 4 - 5 % . .
2.

[1] Drent E., Budzelaar H.P.M. Chem.Rev. 1996, V.96, 2, . 663


[2] .., , ., 2001, .43, .1651
[3] .. .. , 2004, .73. 3, .292

XIII -
-2010

346
541.64



.., .., .., .., ..
, . ,
e-mail: vaniev@vstu.ru

.

.
-
.


()
-
.


, .
. ,
, ,
(
) .
- ,
.

,
17-23
160-290%.

- 76-84%.

,
,
.



347

621.926.085:678.742 (043.2)


.., ..
- (),
., e-mail: piaxt@isuct.ru


,
,
.


(. 1).
()
(),

. 1.
(),
,
.
,

, (),

.
400 .

,
, ,
.
,
.

,
. 4 7 /
.
Turbo-Jet (), PeatSorb (), (), -1 ().

XIII -
-2010

348
678.067.5




.., .., .., - ..
. . . , . , , e-mail: surikov@mitht.rssi.ru
()
:
(-, -, ), , ,
, , ..
,
(),
.
: , ,
- () .

DR-332, DR-330, -20, -16 -8
, , ,
.
[1].
, ,
n=0
, -
(). 20, 30 400
.
.

.
,
t ( - ); 2-
t t
3- t (
- ).
t, t, t , 1-
.
,

.

[1] .., .., .., - ..,


.., ..
//
, 2009.- 9.- . 3 -6.



349

678.06.678.742

.., .., ..
(),
. , e-mail: erina-elena.82@mail.ru


.

.


-
.


,
.

,
-30. ,

,
.

() .
-30.
, -30
,
.
(. )
Mg(OH)2, , ,
.

.
,

.

XIII -
-2010

350
542.943-92

.., ..*, .., .., ..


,
. , , e-mail: tons@vstu.ru
*
... ,.
,

.

. ,
,

2 , .
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, , ,
, .

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.
-
.

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.
- -
. -
, -, (
3320-1); - ( 2920 -1), -= ( 1700-1710-1 )
,
,



351

691:546

.., ..
, .,
e-mail: tpp_vlgu@mail.ru

- ()
.

32 25D.
, ,
1,5 , 22 ,
40 60 .
.
,
,
.

Quanta 3D DualBeam, .

)
)
. () ()
100
,
1,5 ,
24%.

,
, .

XIII -
-2010

352
678.01:53


-

.., .., ..
(), .,
e-mail: kokorevama@mail.ru

.

,
( ).
, , ,
.
,

. ,
, , , ,
. -
.
- RPA 2000 (
: 40-60 0, 1 20 %
1 20 ) - ( :
25 0, 5 30 % 8 44 ).

( -1,4
) ,

.
,

. ,
,
.
,
, , ,
. - -
, ,
.
.



353

532.135

.., .., .., ..
, . ,
-mail: dodger78@yandex.ru
-
. ,
, ,
- .
,

-
,

.


.



,
293-343 .

.
, ,
.

, . ,
293-323
.
,
,
.

( 08-03-00386).

XIII -
-2010

354
547.622:542.943



.., .., .., .., ..
, . , e-mail: koshelgn@ystu.ru



,
. , ,
.
,
,
. , -

,
.
,

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, ,
.
.


, , :
I


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,
,
IV , ,

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,
, ,
.



355

678.048:532.783

.., ..
- ,
., e-mail: gmkuv@mail.ru


,
. ,
, ,
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, ..
, . ,


.

,
(-
, , )
, ,
. -
, ,
,
.
,

, -,


, ,
,
.
,
,
, ,

, , .
09-0300556.

XIII -
-2010

356
547.21-126



.1., ..1, ..1, ..2
1

. ..
, ; e-mail: kuznets@ispm.ru;
2
, .


,
.
- .
,
. ,
-
,
.
.
-
,
.
+ .
,
.
- ,
.
,
.
, .


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-
60 1100.
- SuplainR -
15 . SuperecoR

.



357

66.011 : 678.675

-6
.., .., .., ..
- (),
, e-mail: lipin.a@mail.ru
,
,
96.5 97.0 % -6 (-6).

-6
. ,
,

, , .

. ,

.

2 .
, 24
6,2 % 2,9 %,
130 185.
,
.
- .

2 .
,

-6.


.
.

. .

(2.9% 2.4%
) (2.4%
2.6%). 185.

XIII -
-2010

358
677.494: 677.46.021.5


.., .., ..*, ..
. .. (), ., e-mail: olkhov@mitht.rssi.ru
*
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,

.

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-
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, ,
.).

300 1500 .


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,

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,
, ,
,
.



359

691.175.5/8

.., .., ..
. .. , . , e-mail: nap100@yandex.ru
()

.
(), 1,8-2,2%. .

, ..
- - :

, -
.

,
. ..,

.

, .
.
,
, -.

- -. ,
HBr, .
, 80%
.
HBr .
,
- -,
HBr .
80,
0,03-0,05%.
,

.

360

XIII -
-2010

., ..

( ),
. , -mail: admin@viam.ru.

,
-150.
-150 (56 ),
(2500 ), ,
, .
,
:

150 .
-150 (150-1)
414 %, 165 .
( -) 2
(103 ), 2 (26
10-6 1/) (0,20,25 %), -150-1.

, .
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20 %, 1,8
1,5
.

160 .

-,
.
9 % ,
( 24 %), ( 22 %), -.
( )

( -40): 79,5
, - 78 , 190

. -40 ,
.
.



361

620.22



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1

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2
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3
, . --
e-mail: lppm@vstu.ru



.

. ,
,

.
( , )
,

.

,

.
,

.
(Ni(HCOO)22H2O), (Cu(HCOO)22H2O) (Co(HCOO)22H2O),
.
,
,

. ,

,

.

XIII -
-2010

362
678.686

-

.., .., ..
.. , ., e-mail: samatadze@gmail.com

,
5-10 .%.
-
,
0 100 .%.
:
; -
( , ).

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-500 -5,
,
: , , 40
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, .. ,
, ,
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:
,
.
, , , , ,
. ,

,
( 50 .% ),
, ,
.
,
- ,

.



363

678.044.6


(III)
.., .., .., .., ..*
. ..
( ),
*
. ..
( ), . , e-mail: evgensv@yandex.ru
, (III) C4H9-Co(salen)H2O
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-
,
-. ,
Co(III).

(), .
.
(II),
,
.
(
310-400 ).
,

268 ( 320-330 ),
. ,
.
, ,
,
320-330
.
,
(III).


Co(III): 365-375 ,
10-20 .
, Co(III)
.

XIII -
-2010

364
541.64:539.3


()
..*, ..**, ..**
*

**

. ..
( ), , e-mail: oserenko@yandex.ru

.
.. (),

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,
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. 90-

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.

.

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.

.

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, 08-03-00633-



365

678.063

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.
p- .

, . , -,
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.

.

XIII -
-2010

366
678.4


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(), . ,
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2
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, ,
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.
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367

541.129
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- - -

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,
1 20 .% .

. , ,
,
,
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(
20 ),

, , .

( 08-08-00611).

XIII -
-2010

368
678.5

-6

.. ., .., .., .., ..,
.., ..
. .. ( ),
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-6- (-6)
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.
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.
0, 10, 20 30 % .
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369

678.5.03
-

.., .., .. ., ..
. .. ( ),
. , , e-mail: pppm-nirhtu@mail.ru

()
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+.
,
1:1 -2020 ( , . ,
) -6 ( , . ,
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- ,
SMD-7,5 .
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,
,


.


230 .

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, SMD-7,5
+ =
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< . , ,
2 % +
SMD-7,5 1,5 %.
>
,
,
.
, 10 %
: =7:3
:=3:7 . ,
+.

XIII -
-2010

370
541.64:547.979.733




.., .., .., .., ..,

- (),

, ., e-mail: alopina@mail.ru


.

.


.
,
,
.
Zn-2--5,10,15,20-
-.
Zn-2--5,10,15,20-
, , 1 (MALDI-TOF).

-

() .
,
1.
GAMESS -

B3LYP (Beckes Three Parameter Hybrid Method
Using the Lyp Correlation Functional) 6-31G(d, p).
.

TDDFT

,
.
( N 09-0300927),
-2642.2008.3
- 2009 2013 02.740.11.0106 -1105



371

666.3



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-
(), . ,
e-mail: eos2004@inbox.ru
250
/3,
, , ,

1800.

.
,
- ,
().
, ,
.
,
, .


, , -
, , .

372

XIII -
-2010

667.6
-0125
.., .., .., ..
- (),
. , e-mail: kraski@isuct.ru
-0125 .
R3N
R(COOH) ( -0125)
:

x
[mR(COOH)nR(COO )(nx)R3NH+] xR3NH+

.
,
, .

,
, ,
.

-0125 ,

, ,
, .
. = f(C) ,
,
R3NH+.

R(COO )
.
.
. = f(C) ,
.
. = f(C) ,
.

-.
, ,
:

x
[(mR(COOH)Mod)nR(COO )(nx)R3NH+] xR3NH+,

Mod

).



373

547.466:543.42


..1, ..1, ..2
1

, e-mail: chhml158@chem.vsu.ru
2
, ,
e-mail: moksnad@mail.ru



, . -
.
, .
,
. ,
, ,
/
, ,
.
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,
, .

0
65
( ) 110-2 /3.

1104 9,4104.
- ,

.

- 211 210
.

,
.

- (NH4)2SO4 -
5:2 1104.
91 %. ,
, 85 %.
, -N-
, , , ,
.

XIII -
-2010

374
547.1127:544.16

..
. . . (
. . . ), ., e-mail: boyarkinaov@mail.ru

- , ,
, .



.
.
R
R

R
B

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02.740.11.0106 -1105

XIII -
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XIII -
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380
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381

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XIII -
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382
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XIII -
-2010

384
529.12


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XIII -
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386
547.1128 543.42

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387

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XIII -
-2010

388
621.795,3:667,6

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389

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XIII -
-2010

390
677.027.47


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391

547.1128 543.42

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[ PhSiO1.5]a[MeSiO1.5]b [3RSiO1.5] , 3R= ,Vin
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44
55
66
77
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500
500
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76
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XIII -
-2010

392
678.01:539




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393

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394

XIII -
-2010

678.742.2:678.048:532.783

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.., .., ..
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395

541.64:547.979.733
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. . . . 2008. . 51. . 12. . 58-62.


-4752.2009.3,
2642.2008.3 -
2009 - 2013 02.740.11.0106 -1105

XIII -
-2010

396
678.049:678.074

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397

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XIII -
-2010

398
541.64:547.979.733


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399

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180103.

-4519.2009.3

XIII -
-2010

400
541.64:547.39


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401

541.64:547.979733


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XIII -
-2010

402
678.027

-

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403

547.458.61:66.0



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XIII -
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405

678.74.21; 620.199; 548.312.5





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15813, 2678-94 ( 3.9)
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XIII -
-2010

406
678.84


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407

678


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.

408

XIII -
-2010

529.12


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., e-mail: sas@isuct.ru

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409

678.762.3

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XIII -
-2010

410
678.762.2

-


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411

541.64:537.6:539.3


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.

412

XIII -
-2010

544.032.4:54-145.1:547.992.2(043.2)

.., .., ..
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[1] .., .., ..


. 2310633, . 20.11.2007, . 32.
-
2009 - 2013 02.740.11.0106
-1105



413

66.095.262-911.48:547.466.36-318(043.2)

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414

XIII -
-2010

678.675:547.466.1-145(043.2)

-6
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415

544.057


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min 23.1 / 0.10%.

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3/3/36. ,
.

XIII -
-2010

416
661.728; 678.65

,

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417

541.64:532.77
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. 55
%, 13%, 3%,
16% .

418

XIII -
-2010

677.017

-

.., .., ..
- (),
., e-mail: klon667@rambler.ru


,

.


.
-


-

.
-,
,

.


(d/S)
.
- .
, ,
d/S .

, ,
-.

,
-
. ,

,
. , ,

,
.



419

677.027




.., .., ..
- (),
., e-mail: cheshkova@isuct.ru
,
,
, ,
.

.

, , ,


,
.
()
,

.
, -
- .
,
250-290,300-360 .
-
- ,
,

,
.
,
,
.

(K/S) (%).
, ,
, , ,
.
- ()
,
( /
)
( ).

420

XIII -
-2010



.., ..1, ..1, ..
1

.., ., e-mail: vicyul@rambler.ru


.. , ., e-mail: oserenko@mail.ru


,
.

.
()
- , , .
,
,
, .

.
,
0,5-10 .
(),
(),

.

(170 180 0 )
.

,

/.
778 -

, ,
100 . ,
.

( 02.740.11.0143).



421

532.783+541.66


. ., ..
, . , e-mail: akopov@dsn.ru

OR


. ,
(),
,

(
,

, . .)
.
,
, -( 1) ,
, , .
,
- c
, .1: ( ()
, - (), () , (), (), (), ()), ( ).
)
(
)
)

1).

)

-,
D
A

)
)

,
)
,

.
)

,
)
)
. 1

OH
Br
N
OR
)
N
N
Br
Br
N
RO

4
Br
N
N Brh
=

Cs2CO3,
O
RO
,

OR
4

XIII -
-2010

422
678.067.5



.., .., - ..
. . , . , , e-mail: surikov@mitht.rssi.ru
,
,
.
, ,
. ( )
().

, ,
(),
. (), ,

()

.
,
1-
: 1 -25
6 ; 2 25 24 ; 3 -50 6
; 4 -120 4 .

DR-332, DR-330, 20, -16 -8 .

().



( )
1:1.

-
.

, 1- .
, ( 120 4 )
364 722 / 1- 60
99 % 4,9 5,3%. ,
~ 0,64-0,68

.
,
.



423

678.6/.7


.., .., ..
. .. (),
., e-mail: begunov@bio.uniyar.ac.ru
. .. ,
( ), .

. .
.

,
.

, .

, .
-
(. 9-30) .
- (.
1-8), 2--5-
.
H2 N

II

1-8

H2 N
*

R
R1

N
n

Ar

10-30

Ar

, I X=O, R=COOH, COOCH3, COOC2H5, R1=H;


O
O

II X=

, R=R1=NH2


,
- ,
, .
2009-2013
2433

XIII -
-2010

424
541.6+ 546.3+620.22

,

.. , .. , ..

.. , 11957, , . , 86,
e-mail: regina.bulatova@mail.ru

,
,
. ,
, ,
, , ,
, .
, ,
-N- (-SiO2).

6
(=1.310 ).
/,
,
.
:

, (in situ).
FeCl2 FeCl3;

.
: 1) (
); 2)
(
).
: , , ,
(, ),

.


( , ) .

,
, ; .
, ,
, .



425

541.66

--

.., ..
c (), .
e-mail: nigar_guseynova@list.ru
,
.

-, .

.

: ,
,
.
-- ,
,
.
,
. ,

, .
-,
, , .
,
,
, .
,

, ,
.
,
,
. ,
- .

XIII -
-2010

426
541. 66

.., ..
c (), .
e-mail: nigar_guseynova@list.ru

, - ,
[1].
,
: ,
, , ,
. , .
,
, ,
.
.
.
,
,
.
1
-

(5/).

1
2
3
4
5

-10%
-15%
-25%
-35%
-40%

..


Tp Tk .. ..

250
240
230
220
215

240
180
200
230
200

,


10%
360
320
310
300
280
260



10%
440
415
385
385
415
410



10%
490
460
420
430
450
425

,
( ) ,
, - .



427

678.632


.., .., ..
-
(), -, e-mail: penoplast_dim@rambler.ru
()
.

.


.

130-150 0,5-4
.
3-15 .. 100 .. .


: .

.
,

,
.
- .
,
.

. ,
.
.
-


301
702
603
803

- 98-104
102-115
103-118
105-122
,
35-45
25-40
20-35
110-195
150,


.

XIII -
-2010

428
678



.., .., ..
(), .
, e-mail: igymti8@rambler.ru
,
,
.

.
(),
,
153-10. 60 - 70 ( 7 %
)

.
0,010,1 . . .

50-80%

.

( ).
,

,
, .
, ..

, .

, ,
,
.
- -
,
.


.
( 0,01 . .)

15-20 % .



429

: 678.5.03

.., .., .., ..
. .. ( ),
. , , e-mail: pppm-nirhtu@mail.ru
. 1872
.
1965 , ,
: () .

.
-
,
Cl -
(~CH=CHCHClCH2CHCl~),
(- ).

-
.

~C()CH=CHCH2CHCl~

.
-
,
Cl ,

~C()CH=CHCH2CHCl~,

( ).


.
- .


.
50
.
..
.

.


.

430

XIII -
-2010

541.64:548.736.64 + 677.494.675'126.044.12:661.856

+
N -
. ., . .
(),
. , e-mail: organic@vstu.ru
+

Na - ()

- () H(CF2CF2)nCH2OH
n=2-5. ,

-
.
- .

.
,
-
,
, ,
-
-.

--- (),
-

. -
.



,


.



431

678.684.82.04+541.64:548.736.64 + 677.494.675'126.044.12:661.856

+
N -

. ., . ., . ., . ., ..
(),
. , e-mail: organic@vstu.ru
,
..
-
, , - .
. ,
, , ..
,
.
,
, ,
..

-1,


.
(20 . %).
,

H(CF2CF2)nCH2OH
n=2.
(n=2).
1 100 -1.
. ,
.

.
- ,
.
,
- .
,

.
, ,
.

.

XIII -
-2010

432
667.613

..1, ..2
1

- (), .,
e-mail: lkz@stako.ru
2
(), .,
e-mail: dmitrykuis@mail.ru

,
.
.
,
,
- .


.

(2, 4 ,
, 4,4` - )
,
.

(20, 30 60 )
.
. ,


. ,
20-30 ,

.
-
.

.
(1 1), (50 ) (0,26-0,65
..)
3 ,
.



433

678.747


.., .., .., ..
,
(),
, . , -mail: yurakurtash@polynet.lviv.ua.

, , ,
.
,
,


, , ,
,

.
,
,
.
,
.
,
, , ,
: -, - .
,
,
, , ,

().
,

.
,

.
,
- .

XIII -
-2010

434
678.742.2.28:628.027.98.


.., ..

.. (), . , e-mail: vasily@markov.biz
10803-020
. () 50000.
(-1002) ().
- . 1.
Hot set
.
.
40%, .
50% , .
(. 1).
. -
. =50%
,
-.
.
1. -

-, %
0 15 29
44
55 63
67

130 63 55
40
(200,0,1 ),%
200
0.085 0.13 0.175 0.21
(),
N/N,
0 1.2 1.6
1.9 2.2 2.5 2.8
(.1)
N/N,

1.1 1.4 1.7 2.0
(. 2)
, %

59
64
68
71

71
30
0.24
3.1
2.2
71


( ),
: N N M 2 , .
, . ,
(N/N>1) 0,7% .
, .
.
N C 2C1 / kT . . 1



435

,
.
, - (
=50%)
( )
. -
, .

XIII -
-2010

436
541.64:542(943+952)


-2- Fe3O4
.., ..

. . . ( ), . ,
e-mail: ozkan@ips.ac.ru

-2- ( ).
,

. . - ,
- -
.

-2- ( )
Fe3O4. .
Fe3O4, ,
(II) (III) 1 2
, .
FeCI2 + 2FeCI3 + 8NH3 H2O Fe3O4 + 8NH4CI + 4 H2O

0. , Fe3O4
.
H
N
NH

COO
Fe3 O4

OOC

(N H 4 ) 2 S 2 O 8

Fe3 O4

COO
H
N

COOH

CO OH

H
N

H
N

]n


. Fe3O4 4<d<14 .
12 .



437

541.64:543.943

Cu
.., .., .., ..

. . . ( ), . ,
e-mail: ozkan@ips.ac.ru

() ,
,
. ()
(9 11) 103 5% [1, 2].

Cu(OOCCH3)2H2O 150-250 .
[Cu]=10 .% .
- ,
Cu(OOCCH3)2H2O
.
812 1650 1,
H 4,4/-
=N .
,
, ,
, Cu2+ Cuo.

-2 H

]n

2Cu(OOCCH3)2H2O t , C Cu2O + CH3COOH


o
Cu2O + H2 t , C Cu + H2O

Cu,
.
2<d<12 .

[1] . ., . ., . ., . . //
. . . 2006. . 48. 1. . 126.
[2] .., .., .. // . . . 2006. .
48. 1. . 134.

XIII -
-2010

438
66.081.6

-


.., ..
()
. , e-mail: larisa_potehina@mail.ru

. ,
.

, , ,
.

.

(
).

-
,
.
,

, ,
,
.



439

678.762.2
,

.., .., ..
, .
e-mail: eco-inna@yandex.ru
,
.
,
,

.
, ,

.

( 1,0 % . ).


.


.
.

, .

.

,
.
3-15 % .
.
,

,
.
, , ,

,
,
.

440

XIII -
-2010

541.49:(546.74.2+548.736)
12,35
(V)

.., .., ..
(), . ,
e-mail: azimjon51@ mail.ru

12,35
(V)
() .(.).

(, %)
; +1% 12,35; +1%
[ReOL2Cl3]3H2O
, %

+1%L
+1%[ReOL2Cl3]3H2O
.
15 25 45 15 25 45
15
25 45

0,5
9,1 8,8
5,3
6,2
5,6
4,9
5,0
4,1
3,6
1
10,8 10,5
8
8,1
6,0
5,6
6,8
5,2
4,8
1,5
15,7 12,1 8,8 10,9 8,1
6,4
7,4
6,7
5,4
2
17,4 12,0 9,2 14,3 10,3 8,3
10,8
8,0
6,5
2,5
17,8 12,8 9,9 15,6 11,8 9,8
12,1
9,5
8,3
3
18,1 13 10,2 17,2 12,2 10,6
13,5
10,0
9,1
5
18,8 13,5 12,4 17,9 12,8 11,5
14,2
10,7
9,8
15
19,2 14, 12,6 18,8 13,3 12,0
16,1
11,2
10,3
25
19,8 14,2 13,1 19,4 13,8 13,1
16,8
12,5
11,0
35
20,4 14,8 13,7 19,7 14,0 13,8
17,2
13,1
12,2
, 12,3
5 (V)
.

[ReOL2Cl3]3H2O.
(D)
, D
, ,
(V).



441

541.49:(546.74.2+548.736)
[ReOL2Cl3]3H2O, L 12,3
5

1 .., 1 .., ..1, ..2
1

(), . ,
e-mail: azimjon51@ mail.ru
2
(), . ,
e-mail: kubgu-gk@mail.kuban.ru

[ReOL2Cl3]3H2O, L 12,3
5
(1--2,3)

( v, s, E0, max) (0,5 )


() .
.
.
[ReOL2Cl3]3H2O, L- 1--2,3-

, %
0
0,01
0,05
0,1
0,5
1,0
2,0
3,0

0,5,

0, /

max, /

v,

s ,

207
120,3
90,2
73,8
35,8
20,1
17,0
17,3

491
228,4
150,3
139,4
70,3
35,9
30,5
31,1

101013
2,91013
2,31013
2,01013
1,91013
1,71013
1,01013
1,81013

39,21013
9,81013
9,11013
8,91013
8,01013
7,91013
1,51013
2,61013

min

126,4
76,6
64,9
17,4
4,9
1,6
2,7
2,8

,


.
(E0, max v, s,) .

(0,01%) 1,65 . ,
[ReOL2Cl3]3H2O, L 12,3
.

442

XIII -
-2010

675.6.06

..
(), .,
e-mail: Gulnaz-f@yandex.ru


( ).

(
()-, ),
.
.
,
,
.
938.0.

, , ; ;
; .
:
(n)1016-10193, (j) 102-1,8*106/-2,
() (1-50)*102*-1,
(c) 108-1010 -1.


(30-200).
, .
190-650 3
, .
190-520,
.
.
170-550
2 ,
170-500.
,

, ,
.



443

675.6.06

-

..
(), .,
e-mail: Gulnaz-f@yandex.ru

-
(
()).
-
.

.

Bruker D8 Advance,
Vario Vantec. CuK
,
.
- ( ) .
=1,54178
(1 = 10-10 = 0.1 ). : 40kV 30 mA.
- V20xV20.
0.02, 1.2 , 3-652.

, , ; ; ;
.

6-102, 12-302 35-502,
.
(Fe2O3)
2,69 2,51 1,84 1,69 .

, .

.
c d~10.65 ,
.
,
-
.

XIII -
-2010

444
678



.. , .., ..
(),
. , e-mail: fishkina@bk.ru
, ,
,
(,
, )
(, , .)


(, , , ) ,
[
15803-020,
.
: 1. , , ,
; 2. , , ; 3. , , ,
. .

150300 .Battaggion SpR ().
130-150 110-125 ,
0,75-0,95.

, ,
. ()
-, ,

.
,
.


.
, ,
,
.

.



445

547.729: 678.04
-
-
.., ..

. .. , . , e-mail: sokolova_mchti@mail.ru
-
-, .
,

()

.
-1.4- -
-1.4- , ,
. ,

() -.
, -,
-,
.


-. ,
, ,
.
,
, , , ,
40%. ,

, .
- .


, , .
, -,
, .
,

.

XIII -
-2010

446
678.5

..

. .. (), . , e-mail: ushob@yandex.ru
,
,
.
PE 4FE69,

20 80 .%
.
,
- ,
()
.
,
,

.
.
,
(,
, , -
)
. ,

,
.



,
(Irganox 1010/ ADKStab 1178 (1/2))



447

678.5.0: 661.63


.., .., ..*

( ), . , e-mail: ovp2808@rambler.ru
*
- (),
.

POCl3

( ),

, =POCl POCl2,
. [1]
, 6% 15% .
(18%).
,
, . ,
35% ,
210255 . ( 30-35%, . 1)

( 15-20 ).
, ().
1
() ,

15-20
50-55
70-75 95-100 120-125 145-150

**
**
[1]
**
**
**
**
[1]
10% 1400-1440 600-620 290-310 110-120 85-95 30-35 420
20%
610-630 105-120 1100 70-80
35-40
25-30 23-25 45
30%
85-100
50-60 60-90 12-15
10-15
8-10
6-8 5-10
35%
75-90
20-25 20-25 10-15
5-8
4-6
3-5 3-5
10%,.
1400-1440
25-27
18-20
15-17
10-12
8-10
**
**

. (2-3 )
(+20% ) 0,1-0,8%.
.

[1] .., .., ..


//
. 1983. 2. . 370-375.

XIII -
-2010

448
541.64:542.938

NEW GRADES OF SUPERABSORBENT POLYMERS


Shapovalov S.V.,1 Sackmann G.2, Korte S.,2 Meyer R.-V.2
1

Joint-stock company Saratov-Polymer, Saratov, Russia,


e-mail: svs.polymer@mail.ru
2
Bayer AG, Leverkusen, Germany

Superabsorbent Polymers (SAPs) are cross-linked polyelectrolytes. Due to their


ionic nature and interconnected structure, they absorb large quantities of water and other
aqueous solutions without dissolving. This makes them ideally suited as absorbents of
body fluids in many personal care products sold today. These applications count for
more than 90 % of the SAP consumption worldwide.
Commercially available SAPs consist normally of partially neutralized, crosslinked poly(acrylic acid), which is produced by copolymerization of acrylic acid,
acrylates and crosslinking agents.
The novel manufacturing process presented starts from low-priced
Poly(acrylonitrile) (PAN). Advantages of the new process are cost-efficiency as well as
performance improvement of the SAP grades with new properties. Starting materials for
the production of SAP according to the new BAYER process are aqueous emulsions of
ultra high molecular weight PAN (> 2 millions). Polymerization of acrylonitrile under
specific conditions utilizing another BAYER Technology leads to the desired PAN
emulsions with solid contents of 35 to 37 wt.-% and average particle sizes between 100
and 150 nm.
The novel process was developed for the continuous production of SAP by
polymer-analogous transformation of the nitrile groups of PAN through alkaline
hydrolysis using available high viscosity equipment. Process control allows the selective
variation of the hydrolysis reaction parameters to produce SAPs with well-adjusted
properties. In addition, variation of the molar ratio of PAN to sodium hydroxide opens
the way to new copolymers with acrylic acid, sodium acrylate, acrylamide and
acrylonitrile moieties.
A cross-linking reaction is required for achieving superabsorbing properties. The
new production process offers two alternatives for cross-linking: a) starting from slightly
crosslinked PAN emulsions, prepared by copolymerizing acrylonitrile with bifunctional
monomers or b) cross-linking by controlled intermolecular reactions between the
polymer chains during hydrolysis that lead to product improvements.
A further enhancement of the already excellent properties of the novel SAP
grades is possible by chemical surface treatment. Such optimized SAPs are showing
excellent anti gel-blocking, very high absorbency under load (AUL), good Rewetproperties as well as retention values up to 30 g/g. The AUL-values at 0,3 psi reach 26
g/g and at 0,7 psi up to 25 g/g, respectively. A special feature of these products is their
extremely fast initial uptake of the aqueous liquids and the very dry feeling of the
swollen particles. This feature can be attributed to the unique morphology of the SAP
powder. Independent test results demonstrate the improved performance of the new
grades in comparison to commercially available SAPs.



449

541.64:542.938
MODIFIED SUPERABSORBENT POLYMERS BASED ON
POLYACRYLONITRILE EMULSIONS
Shapovalov S.V.,1 Sackmann G.2
1

Joint-stock company Saratov-Polymer, Saratov, Russia,


e-mail: svs.polymer@mail.ru
2
Bayer AG, Leverkusen, Germany

The superabsorbing polymers (SAPs) produced by partial alkaline hydrolysis of


high-molecular, finely dispersed uncrosslinked or crosslinked aqueous emulsions of
Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) also exhibit some disadvantageous characteristics, among which
a certain tendency towards gel blocking may be mentioned particularly. When using
these products for example in personal hygiene articles gel blocking is observed
which results in low initial transport rate of the liquid to be absorbed, and which
subsequently leads to overall relatively poor liquid transport properties and low
absorbency under load (AUL) values. Such a process ultimately gives low rewet
values.
This gel blocking behavior is also known in superabsorbents based on
polyacrylic acid. In order to eliminate this disadvantageous characteristic, which has a
negative impact on product performance two methods may be used: 1) treatment of the
SAPs with antiblocking agents, which have a greater surface area than the SAPs (silica
gel, cellulose fluff or other synthetic or natural hydrophilic fibers etc.) or 2) surface
crosslinking of the SAP particles with various crosslinking agents containing at least two
functional groups.
The novel process for modifying SAPs was developed with the aim to avoid gel
blocking and thus, to achieve an increase in the initial transport rate, an improvement in
AUL-values and the transport rate under load.
According to this process the SAP containing hydrolyzed PAN is treated by a
water/alcohol reaction mixture containing a crosslinking agent and silica. The
concentration of water in the reaction mixture is dependent upon the liquid/solid ratio.
Most preferably the silica is applied in form of a colloidal solution with particle
diameters in the range of 5 to 10 nm. The drying temperature for the SAPs treated with
the above-mentioned reaction mixture is 80 to 100C.
During this modification surface crosslinking and simultaneous immobilization of
silica in the surface structure of the SAP particles through crosslinking reactions take
place.
By means of scanning tunnel electron microscopy (SEM) and x-ray
spectromicroscopy it is demonstrated that the depth of the modification encompasses a
range from 500 nm to several microns and depends on the concentration of water in the
reaction mixture and on the initial structure of the SAP surface.
It has been found, that simultaneous crosslinking and immobilization of silica
generates a synergetic effect. This is manifested by disappearance of gel blocking
accompanied by a simultaneous increase in initial transport rate and significant
improvement in AUL values.

452

XIII -
-2010

001.895: 303.722.2: 661.632





.., .., .., ..
, , . , e-mail: bessarabov@irea.org.ru

.
.

,
.

15 .
,
.

1995-2008 .,
4-.



.
,

( ).



,
. ,

,

( 0,96).

(0,91)
(0,88).

,
.
.

453

504.45.058
,

..
(), . ,
e-mail:borusiv@mail.ru


.

,
.


,
,
. .
22 ()

. 22
52.18.24.83-89,
.
,
, ,

, 22 .




,
,

< 1000 ... =
40 000 . . .,
46.58%
58.05%
.
, ,


,
.

XIII -
-2010

454
543.05:543.423


,

..
- , .
, e-mail: vilkovaom@bk.ru

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-2010

458
541.183.5:547-145



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-2010

462
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XIII -
-2010

466
504.054

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XIII -
-2010

468
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470

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-2010

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XIII -
-2010

474
004.65: 66.011: 502.37

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XIII -
-2010

476
537.523:543.97

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XIII -
-2010

478
661.865.5:66.097.5

2
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479

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XIII -
-2010

480
541.183.5:547-145



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) 2
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12

A.G. Espantaleon at al. Appl. Clay Sci., 24, 105 (2003)


A.S. zcan et al. J. Colloid Interface Sci., 280, 44 (2004)
14
.. . . , 9, 1550 (1994)
15
Q. Li et al. J. Hazard. Mater., 147, 370 (2007)
16
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481



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XIII -
-2010

482

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2
3
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484

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-2010

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486
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,
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488

XIII -
-2010

547.495



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490

XIII -
-2010

678.049.91

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492

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661.183.122
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493

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. ,
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.

Cr (VI)
. 5-6
Cr (VI) 2-3
.

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XIII -
-2010

494
66.097.3


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495

504.054; 661.183


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:
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40 ./.

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XIII -
-2010

496
665.772



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-2010

542.547.89
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-2010

500
338.24

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XIII -
-2010

502
620.193

DICSIS
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DICSIS ().
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XIII -
-2010

658.562


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,
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XIII -
-2010

506
628.316.12:537.523.9

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XIII -
-2010

508
546



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XIII -
-2010

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-2010

512
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514

XIII -
-2010

639.3
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516

XIII -
-2010

543.51
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XIII -
-2010

518
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-2010

338.5

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XIII -
-2010

522
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,
(57%),
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XIII -
-2010



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240

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525

..
. ..
(), . , e-mail: buslaevatm@mail.ru ................................................ 6

..
- (
), . -, e-mail: malygin@lti-gti.ru ................................................... 7

.

.., .., .., .,


.., .., ., .., ..,
..

. .. 117393 , ., 70, e-mail: ozerin@ispm.ru . 8

.., ..
- (), . ,
e-mail: smirnov@isuct.ru ................................................................................................................ 9

..

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( ), . , e-mail: eos2004@inbox.ru ..... 10

..1, ..1, ..1, ..2,


1

, , . , e-mail:
sulman@online.tver.ru 2 . ........ 11

..

. .. , . , e-mail: geokhi@mail.ru .................................................. 12

in situ

.., ..*, .., ..


. .
(), . , e-mail: tretjakov@ips.ac.ru *
. .. , . ............................................................................................. 13

XIII -
-2010

526

Polymer immobilized analogues of ionic liquids

Trochimczuk A.W.
Wrocaw University of Technology, Faculty of Chemistry, 50-370 Wroclaw, Poland, e-mail:
Andrzej.Trochimczuk@pwr.wroc.pl ............................................................................................. 14

..
. .., , .
, 86, e-mail: frolkova@mitht.ru ............................................................................... 15
110 .. :

.., ..
. .., , .
, 86, e-mail: frolkova@mitht.ru ............................................................................... 17

..
( ), . , e-mail:
fat@hepti.kiae.ru ........................................................................................................................... 19

.., .., .., ..


. .. ,
, e-mail: yaroslav@igic.ras.ru .......................................................................................... 20


Pd(PPh3)2Cl2 PPh3

.., .., ..
. .. ( .
.. ), . , e-mail: piligrim.tula.ru@gmail.com .................................................... 22
InAs/GaAs
-

.., ..
. ..
(), . , e-mail: rakchur@mail.ru .................................................... 23
Mathematical modeling of the rapid expantion of supercritical fluids

Anikeev V.I., Stepanov D.A., Yermakova A.


Boreskov Institute of Catalysis SB RAS, Novosibirsk 630090, Russian Federation, e-mail:
anik@catalysis.nsk.su.................................................................................................................... 24

..
( ), . ,
e-mail: anisimovmp@mail.ru ........................................................................................................ 25

527

.., .., ..
. .. ( ), . , e-mail:
afanasev@catalysis.ru ................................................................................................................... 26
A new approach in application of Luminol reaction for trace blood analysis

Balantseva E.V.*, Priante S., Vincenti M., Coluccia S. Martra G.,


University of Turin, Department of Inorganic, Physical and Materials Chemistry, Turin, Italy,
e-mail: Bal_lena@hotbox.ru *Ivanovo State University of Chemistry and Technology (ISUCT),
Ivanovo, Russia ............................................................................................................................. 27
CHEMCAD

.., . .
- () . . . , .
, e-mail: fsovetin@inbox.lv .............................................................................................. 28

..
. ..
, . , e-mail: Gorodsky@yandex.ru .............................................................. 29

.., .., ..
. ..
, . , , e-mail: illarionovvv@inbox.ru ............................................... 30

.., .., ..
. ..
, . , e-mail: propionka@rambler.ru ............................................................. 31

.., .., .., ..


- (), . ,
e-mail: natoret@mail.ru ................................................................................................................ 32
N- ,

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..*, ..**
*

. .. ( . ..
), . , e-mail: ustynyuk@nmr.chem.msu.su **
. .. ( . .. ), . , e-mail:
piligrim.tula.ru@gmail.com .......................................................................................................... 33

.., ..
. .., . , e-mail: nosovga@mail.ru ....................................... 34

528

XIII -
-2010

.., ..
..
( . .. ), . e-mail: nazanski@yandex.ru ......... 35

..1, ..1, ..1, ..2,


..1
1

, , , e-mail:
sulman@online.tver.ru 2 . ........ 36

--

..
- (),
, . -, e-mail: toikka@yandex.ru ......................... 37

- 186

..1, ..1, .2
1

- (), .
, e-mail: oxt@isuct.ru 2 -
, . , e-mail: matteoli@ipcf.cnr.it .............................. 38

.., ..
. ..
, e-mail: vitaly-flid@yandex.ru ................................................................................ 39

.., ..*
( ), . ,
e-mail: anisimovmp@mail.ru * (), . ,
e-mail: elenafominykh@rambler.ru .............................................................................................. 40
9-14

.., ..
, . ,
e-mail: evf@tpu.ru ........................................................................................................................ 41

-

.., . .
... , , e-mail: kelizabeth@ya.ru .. 42

.., ..
. ..
(), . , e-mail: khaibulina@mail.ru ............................................... 43

529

.., .., ..
..
, ., e-mail: dlinn@ya.ru .............................................................................. 44
:

.., ..
- (
) (()), . -, e-mail: abiev_r@mail.ru ........................ 45
Hydrothrmal synthesis metal oxide nanoparticles

Anikeev V.I.
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis SB RAS, Novosibirsk 630090, Russian Federation, e-mail:
anik@catalysis.nsk.su.................................................................................................................... 46
-

.., ..
( ), . ,
e-mail: anisimovmp@mail.ru ........................................................................................................ 47
Transformations of monoterpene epoxides in supercritical solvents

Volcho K.1, Il`ina I.1, Salakhutdinov N.1 Anikeev V. 2


1

Vorozhtsov Novosibirsk Institute of Organic Chemistry, Novosibirsk 630090, Russian


Federation 2 Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Novosibirsk 630090, Russian Federation e-mail:
anik@catalysis.ru .......................................................................................................................... 48
Physical-chemical tools for the assessment of indoor environmental effects on archival
parchment heritage in a changing climate

Badea E.1, Della Gatta G.1, Odlyha M.2, Larsen R.3, Usacheva T.4
1

University of Turin, Italy, e-mail: giuseppe.dellagatta@unito.it 2 Birkbeck College, University


of London, United Kingdom 3 Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Copenhagen, Denmark 4
Ivanovo State Chemistry & Technology University, Ivanovo, Russia ......................................... 50

.., .., .., ..,

- (), .
, e-mail: sef@isuct.ru , . ....................... 51

.., .., .., ..


-
, 111123, , , 38, e-mail:
ivanovizyamanaki@yandex.ru ...................................................................................................... 52

.., .., ..
. ..
( . .. ), . e-mail: nazanski@yandex.ru ......... 53

530

XIII -
-2010

.., .., .., ..


() , . , e-mail:
enk2005@rambler.ru ..................................................................................................................... 54
5,15

.., .., ..
- (), . ,
e-mail: kuvshinova@mail.ru ......................................................................................................... 56

..1, . 1,2 , .. 1,2


1

, , () 2
. .. , ,
117571, . , , 86, -mail: zoy1940018@mail.ru ........................ 57
(-)

.., .., ..
- , . , e-mail:
poa@isuct.ru .................................................................................................................................. 58
- , Cu

. ., . .
- (), . ,
e-mail: vyk_@mail.ru.................................................................................................................... 59

.., .., ..
(), ., e-mail: htpngsamgtu@mail.ru ............................................................................................................................ 60
Thermodynamics of complex formation between crown ether 18C6 and D,L-Alanine in
water-acetone mixtures at 298.15 K

Matteoli E.a, Usacheva T.R.b, Chernov I.V.b, Kuzmina I.A.b, Sharnin V.A.b
a

Institute of Physical-Chemical Processes of National Research Council (IPCF), Pisa, e-mail:


matteoli@ipcf.cnr.it bIvanovo State University of Chemistry and Technology (ISUCT), Ivanovo,
e-mail: oxt@isuct.ru ...................................................................................................................... 61

.., .., ..
. ..
( . .. ), . e-mail: milyaeva.tv@mail.ru ......... 62

.., ..
., e-mail: tpp_vlgu@mail.ru ......... 63

531

.., .., ..
. .., . , e-mail: nosovga@mail.ru ....................................... 64
(3--5--)-

.., .., ..
- , . , e-mail:
poa@isuct.ru .................................................................................................................................. 65
---

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e-mail: peclin@mail.ru .................................................................................................................. 66
-

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e-mail: smirnov@isuct.ru .............................................................................................................. 67

.., .., ..
- (), .,
e-mail: smirnov@isuct.ru .............................................................................................................. 68
-

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. .. ( .
.. ), . , e-mail: piligrim.tula.ru@gmail.com .................................................... 69

..
. ..
(),. , e-mail: skvorivan@mail.ru ................................................. 70

..
. ..
(), . , e-mail: skvorivan@mail.ru ................................................ 71
-

.., .., .., ..


() . , e-mail:
isoldatov@mail.ru ......................................................................................................................... 72

532

XIII -
-2010

Co-XMo12(S)-

.., .., ..
(), ., e-mail: htpngsamgtu@mail.ru ............................................................................................................................ 73
-
3-

.., ..
()
... e-mail: out@pochta.ru ............................................................................... 74
Li2OZnONb2O5

.., .., ..


. .. (), . , e-mail: valeryfom@rambler.ru ........................... 75
- -

..1, ..1,2, ..1


1

( ), . ,
e-mail:anisimovmp@mail.ru. 2 (), . ,
e-mail: elenafominykh@rambler.ru .............................................................................................. 76
-

.., .., ..
. ..
, . , e-mail: n.bragina@mail.ru ................................................................... 77

.., ..
. ..
(), . , e-mail: frolkova@mitht.ru ................................................. 78
,

.., ..
(), . e-mail: cabilov@yahoo.com 79

.., .., ..
(), ., e-mail: ageevaev@yandex.ru ................................................................................................................................ 80

.., .., ..
(), . , e-mail:
ad.l@rambler.ru ............................................................................................................................. 81

..*, ..**, ..**, ..**


*

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, . , e-mail:antonyuk2006@yandex.ru ** -,
. , e-mail: evgolosman@yandex.ru...................................................................... 82

533

..-., .., ..
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-
-

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. .. () , . ,
e-mail: n_bondarev@rambler.ru ................................................................................................... 84

-

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e-mail: n_bondarev@rambler.ru ................................................................................................... 85

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-(12)

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. ..
(), . , e-mail: mp2sdtq@gmail.com ............................................. 87

.., .., ..
(), . , e-mail:
elengrigor@yandex.ru ................................................................................................................... 88
5(6)--2-(4-)

..1, ..1, ..1, ..2,


..3, ..1
1

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. ; 3 , . , e-mail: nadina86@rambler.ru ............................................. 89

.., .., ..
.,
e-mail:organic@vstu.ru ................................................................................................................. 90

.., .., .., ..


. ..
(), . , e-mail: knyazev.s.p@mail.ru ............................................. 91

534

XIII -
-2010

.., .., ..
- (), . , e-mail: yablokova_m@mail.ru .................................................................................. 92
(III) (III) -

.., .., .., ..


- ..
( ) e-mail: denis.lutskii@gmail.com ................................................... 93
[ReOL4Cl]Cl2 2H2O, L-1--2-

.., .., ..
, . , e-mail: azimjon51@mail.ru .............. 94
1,3-
-1 -

..1, ..3, ..1


1

, , e-mail: hruk@list.ru 2
, ........................................................................................... 95
-

.., .., .., ..



., e-mail: nikevan@rambler.ru ............................................................................ 96

.., .., ..
. .. , . , 05010, .
., 106, -mail: jumadilov@mail.ru ........................................................................ 97

.., .., ..
( ), .
, e-mail: pasechnik@ihim.uran.ru .......................................................................... 98
D2d- (NH)4C10H24Ni:

.., .., ..
, 170002, , 35, e-mail:
smolyakov@inbox.ru .................................................................................................................... 99

.., .., ..
( ), .
, e-mail: pasechnik@ihim.uran.ru ........................................................................ 100

.., .., .., .., ..


- (), ., e-mail:
sharlayev@rambler.ru ................................................................................................................. 101

535

..1, ..2
1

. .. ( ), 2
, , e-mail: shig_2002@mail.ru ...................................................................... 102
-

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.., .., ..
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) (()), . -, e-mail: abiev_r@mail.ru ...................... 106
2

.., .., ..
. ..
, . ., e-mail:
abrlidz@yandex.ru ...................................................................................................................... 107
An investigation into the removal of SO2 from effluent streams: Novel approach to
minimize SO2 emission from potential Jordanian oil shale processing plant

Marwan M. Batiha
Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Al-Hussein Bin Talal University,
Ma'an P.O.Box 20, Jordan. e-mail: mmbatiha@ahu.edu.jo ........................................................ 108

.., .., ..

( ) ., e-mail: yu_beznosyk@rambler.ru .................................. 109

.., ..
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., , 10.
. e-mail: jorik17@mail.ru .......................................................................................... 110

.., .., ..
. , e-mail:
kinterm@samgtu.ru ..................................................................................................................... 111

.., .., .., ..


, . , e-mail: epixina@bk.ru. ..................................................... 112

536

XIII -
-2010

.., .., .., ..


. .. , . , e-mail: Margyn@yandex.ru ......................... 113
Pt/C .

.., .., ..
. .. ( ), . , e-mail:
ignateva@catalysis.ru .................................................................................................................. 114

..*, .., .., ..**

, . , e-mail: kachalov_dmitrii@mail.ru *
. .. () , .
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. .............................................................................................................................. 115

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1

, , 2
- . .., . , 3
, ., 4 -
, .. e-mail: Petukhova_liubov@mail.ru ................................................ 116

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1

- ., e-mail: KorneevaGA@yrd.ru, 2 ,
., e-mail: MFlid@yandex.ru.......................................................................................... 117

.., , ..
(), . , e-mail: julep@sibmail.com ...... 118

..1, ..2, ..1,2


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(), 2
( ), . , e-mail: TSozonova@sfu-kras.ru ......................................... 119

.., .., .., ..


, . ,
e-mail: serg-solovyev@yandex.ru ............................................................................................... 120

537

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(), . , e-mail: tretjakov@ips.ac.ru *
... , . ............................................................................... 121

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mflid@yandex.ru ......................................................................................................................... 122

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. .. , . , e-mail: fedosov_alex@rambler.ru ............... 123

..
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Synthesis of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by pyrolysis catalytic from crude oil

Hamada B., Taheri Taghavi M.T.


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552

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558

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Shapovalov S.V.,1 Sackmann G.2


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Badea E.
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Korte S.
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Priante S.
Sackmann G.
Salakhutdinov N.
Shapovalov S.V.
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..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

79
280
372
80
66, 370, 372,
377, 395, 398,
401, 412
81, 129
495
76
516
421
23
467
447
367
367
429
368, 369, 396
368, 369
89, 168
195
406
378
281
370
460
8
307
94, 440, 441
216
257
298, 299, 457
333
25, 40, 47, 76
130, 131
131
82
119, 271

582
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

XIII -
-2010

422
208, 223
196
396
371
318
353
484
89, 168, 197,
198
96
26
197, 198
208
41
163
282, 339
474
378
357, 413, 414
83
424
371, 375
240
268
199
200
304, 458
135
468
182, 241
241
22, 33, 69
165, 166
167, 423
469
109
365
360
440, 441

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

200
368
345
132
51
318
258
340
350
417
372
283, 452
191
368
324
376
419
499
330
96
365
89, 168
307, 319
133
508
195
201
84, 85
88
437
249, 504
208, 223, 509
208, 223
86
453
392
500
267
470
374

583

..
..
..
..
..
.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

77, 191, 216


202
494
339
137
518
473, 476, 507
214
483
313
276
424
268
355, 394
6, 260, 267
134, 350
97
170, 172
216
373
224
320
120
187
23
11, 36
159
353
353
171
423
501
346
471
375
91
472
278
473
412

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

494
403
32
204
293, 310
454
54
259
376
405
358
135
237
485
260, 267
210
139
290
89, 168
136
203
284, 296
278
417
327, 508
106
256
403
106
28
416
321
261
206
262, 303
409
367
310
111
377

584
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

XIII -
-2010

516
134
292
396
162
298, 299, 457
258
210, 211, 218
345
82, 147, 165,
313, 494
241
204
402
87, 91
290, 291
204
29, 139
242
150
516
346
88
285, 386
143, 146
137
202
473, 506
8
379
138, 152, 496
81
424
384
183, 201
378
425, 426
425, 426
379
481

..
..-.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

504
83
107, 113, 123,
176, 400
427
200
253
263
60, 73
270
380, 381
380
367
455
137
97
433
110
161, 162
67, 68
169
279, 344
494
280
382
8
36
85
268, 317
287
325
325
274
111
73
334
291
159
276
456

585

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

286, 287
243
213
347
133
236
112
205
193
159
205
113
264
51
158, 494
113
341
246
288
289
376
193
226
293
475
502
383
290, 291
322, 323
285, 386
384
473
370
394
89, 168
420
265
474, 479
359
110

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

348
463
359
223
408
116, 157
278
142
153
349, 385
172
134, 349, 350,
385
54
224
206, 475
118
207
92
170
192
52
80, 328
42
387, 397
130, 155
283
139
96
208
52
209
54
184
118, 125
210, 211, 217,
218, 238
230
428
481

586
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
- ..
..
..
..

XIII -
-2010

30
288, 308, 309
9, 197, 288,
289, 308, 309,
316
185
184, 384
194
506
53
351
402
361
210, 211, 217,
218
215
338, 484, 505
34
476
248
249
140
212
213
362
151
477
114
125
72
330
436, 437
140, 464
319
103
115
173
452
506
8

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
.C.
..
..
.C.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
.
..
..
..
..
..
..

185, 233
331
399
119
132, 136
90
186, 205
357
210, 218
309
433
428
388, 389
478
293
322, 323
125
87, 91
292
407
417
324
487
437
86, 390
126
51, 370, 377,
395, 398, 401,
523, 524
352
113
293, 310
413
160
214
224
260
324
59, 294
75, 275

587

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

215
13
295
364
391
478
52, 397, 407,
415
206, 475
51
405
117
88
429
353
452
420
182
212
210, 211, 217,
218
171
266, 315
184
261
352, 392
312
115
141, 151, 153
141, 142
32
283
463
403
150, 354
354
296
297
393, 411
244, 245

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

213
148
409
200
387
95
82, 494
216
54
267
170
72
56
355, 394
476, 507
430, 431
57
516
298, 299, 457
58
356, 363
395, 398
292
211, 217, 218
26
177
177
334
432
405
427
143
349, 385
301, 311
248
484
150
8
59, 294
433

588
..
..
.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

XIII -
-2010

172
147
298, 457
299, 509
137
149
300
441
45
325
244
246
200
301, 311
372
498
224
251
325
473
354
325
111, 144
280
222
410
135
278
179
302
92
163, 366
296, 478
357
269, 347, 357
490
26, 114
93
136
247, 396

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

340
127
507
175, 522
248
200
322, 323
123
261
93
93
276
20
330
365
66, 370
479
490
306
94
145
95
248
121
401
187
60
7
326
474, 479
208
397
384
387, 434
434
405
219
397, 407
350
327, 508

589

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
.
..
..
..
..
..

327, 508
298, 457, 509
188, 190, 195,
209
262, 303
220
510
11, 36
38
13
306
328
221
164
512
174, 221
173
173
280
304, 305, 458,
480
388, 389
174
8
428
413
62
192, 202, 248,
251
169
395, 398
210, 211, 217,
218, 238
31
296, 478
159
241
481
361
77
81, 129

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

141, 142
483
483
307
206, 373, 475
222
75, 275
306
188, 190, 209
223
395
8
380, 381
112
416, 417
416, 417
399
163
338, 484, 505
330
43, 64
107, 400
35, 53, 62
284, 296
403
371, 406
32
32
461
146
226
459, 485
268, 317
272
33
486, 513
261
161
418
331

590
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

XIII -
-2010

487
128, 145
96
401
63
44
439
245
99
431
33
346, 361, 431
241
216
20
399
174
57
117
34, 64
97
367
182, 189, 230
331
232
286, 287
176
224
114
225
269
8
8
436, 437
226
358, 402
248
432
230
514

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

270
368, 369, 396,
429
521
239
388, 389
226
403
488
271
63, 351
98, 100
264
444
444
359
332
404
58, 65
360
226
415
361
116, 157
190
116, 157
66
128, 145
272
160
132
219, 227, 250
153
80, 328
144
285, 386, 391
230
145
371
283

591

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
.
.
..
..
..
..
..
..

325
460
84
95
212
168
323
447
354
366
438
305, 480
147, 159
239
241
109
65
152
273, 302
274
396
439
409
406
67, 68
378
191, 203
98
371, 375
228
78
249
252
252
440, 441
90, 169
90, 430, 431
366
442, 443
320

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
.

405
173
460
109
263
74
141
304, 305, 458,
480
112
117
250
333
158
101
101
361
515
130
170
390
251
289, 308, 309
192, 509
150
423
406
117
174, 221
408, 523, 524
444
285, 386, 391
167
192
176
101, 336
225, 314
338, 484, 505
313
406

592
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

XIII -
-2010

380, 381
445
116
362
515
319
489
190
496
102
116
94
148, 461
20
490
523, 524
382
356, 363
183, 201, 214,
228
22, 33, 69
438
439
369
56, 66
371
320
363
411
306
30
391
188, 190, 209,
219, 227, 250
158
364, 367, 420
293, 310
491
363
334

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
-
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

346
149
502
375, 383
134, 350
229
131
407
348, 404, 422
193
280
70, 71
284
194
9, 68, 492
301, 311, 408
89, 168
252
492
150
493
99
118
120
28
119
99
182
445
492
335
52
72
60, 73
336
365
120
409, 410
258

593

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

35, 53, 62
175
298, 457, 467
221
516
225
358
393, 411
115, 256
10, 285, 371,
375, 386
337
151
101
346
433
517
8
392
257
176
176
11, 36
11, 36
348, 362
356, 363
312
518
143, 146
462, 519
412
56, 58, 65, 66
313
230
12
295, 300, 463
300, 463
142, 410
253
314

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

156
17
141, 142
312
130, 131
152
487
431
229
187
140, 464
242, 249, 498
74
416
37
198
139
415
292
112, 140, 149,
464, 466
13, 121
13, 121
465
348
494
122
121
153
153
64
231
418
202
338
38, 50, 61
338, 505
216, 421
33
314

594
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

XIII -
-2010

446
429
158
282, 339
19
284
520
340
123
358
404
184, 384
315
235
120
316
39, 161, 162
117, 122, 124,
140, 149
271
142
200
40, 47, 76
75, 275
223
77
41
121
30
15, 17, 31, 44,
78
129
232
465, 500
42
43
257
415
72, 116
44, 155

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

416, 417
239
264
200
168
242, 504, 521
422
414
182
507
297
352
495
156
57
418
465, 500
276
366
268, 317
466
194
322, 323
31
319
341
335
208, 223
447
333
91, 224
368
274
393
368
67
419
419
322, 323
235

595

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
.
..
..
..
..
..
..

93, 340, 341


341
356
220
233
259
327
229
83
157
136
39
168
158, 159
101
376
196
38, 61, 459
125
199, 243
373
236, 237
191, 200, 203,
220, 243
126
331
127
102
160
192
193
103
177, 178
100
205
494
280

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

365
496
219, 250
122
192
158, 159
427
375, 383
382
338
267
161, 162
364, 420
163
354
179
410
152, 496
92
279, 344
452
224
175, 522
171
239
164, 237
497
277, 297
238
296
20
498
82
163
151
98, 100
278