RNA A molecule similar to DNA.

RNA is usually single-stranded and instead of thymine has uracil as one of its four nitrogenous bases. Different types of RNA molecules are used for different purposes. For example, messenger RNA carries the information to make a protein from the nucleus to a ribosome, while transfer RNA delivers amino acids to a ribosome during protein production. RNA Polymerase An enzyme that makes a ribonucleic acid (RNA) copy of a gene during the process of transcription. Src A tyrosine kinase that adds phosphate groups to the amino acid tyrosine. Src was the first known product of an oncogene, discovered in the Rous sarcoma virus (v-Src). A cellular homolog c-Src is frequently mutated in colon cancer. Tamoxifen A small molecule that binds to the estrogen receptor and thus blocks the binding of the hormone estrogen to the estrogen receptor. Tamoxifen is used as a drug treatment for breast cancer because estrogen binding is necessary for the growth and proliferation of many breast cancer cells. Thymine One of the four nitrogenous bases in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Ultraviolet radiation can cause neighboring thymines to combine or "dimerize," leading to cancer if the DNA damage is not repaired. Vascular endothelial growth factor A growth factor that stimulates the growth of endothelial cells and the development of blood vessels (angiogenesis). Like its relative PDGF (platelet derived growth factor), VEGF is a transmembrane receptor composed of two identical protein molecules – a homodimer.

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