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Science Department

Year 9 Planet Earth & Beyond

Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcome 1: Explain the causes of day and night Level 3


Day and night are caused by the rotation of the earth

Level 4
The part of the earth facing the sun is receiving light rays this is day time

Level 5

Learning Outcome 2: Explain the causes of the seasons Level 3


Seasons are caused by the tilt of the earths axis

Level 4
Seasons are caused by the constant tilt of the earths axis as it orbits the sun

Level 5
Part of the earth tilted towards the sun gets more direct rays therefore hotter resulting summer etc

Learning Outcome 3: Explain the causes of the tides Level 3


Tides are caused by the gravitational pull of the moon (and the sun) on the water on earths surface

Level 4
The gravitational pull causes the water to bulge towards the moon this is a high tide etc

Level 5
The combined effect of the moon and suns gravitational pull together creates spring tides (high high-tides) and neap tides (average tides) when the moon and suns gravitational pull are right angles.

Learning Outcome 4: Explain the causes of the phases of the moon Level 3
Phases of the moon are caused when light from the sun reflects off the moon towards the earth. The shape changes as the relative positions of the earth, sun and moon change

Level 4
The more sunlight reaching the moons surface, the more light reflects towards the earth. The moon is orbiting the earth.

Level 5
The more light reflecting towards earth, the bigger the surface area of the moon we can see. Linking the amount of light to the shape and surface area of the moon visible. Know named phases of the moon e.g. crescent, gibbous etc.

Learning Outcome 5: Explain the causes of eclipses Level 3


Eclipses are caused by shadows when light is unable to pass through a substance. When objects block light from a light source e.g. the moon blocks sunlight reaching the earth.

Level 4
The moon is orbiting the earth and the earth is orbiting the sun. Their changing positions result in the formation of conditions for solar and lunar eclipses

Level 5
Define solar eclipses and what causes it. Define lunar eclipses and what causes it.

Learning Outcome 6: Understand implications of space travel Level 3


Earth has just the right conditions to support life.

Level 4
Living things needs water, oxygen and suitable temperature range to survive

Level 5
Space travel requires protection form heat/cold, food provision and oxygen supply as these are all absent

Related Interests