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UNIT 4: Transport

DAYSHEET 52: Cell Membrane & Surface Area/Volume Review


Name: _______________________________

Biology I
Date: __________________

Bellringer: Use Daysheet 50 to help you answer the following questions.


Directions: Label the diagram below using the following words:
Cholesterol

Phospholipid

Protein (Used 3 Times!)

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___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
1. List: What is the function of the cell membrane?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. List: What are three functions of proteins in the cell membrane?
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

3. List: What is the function of cholesterol in the cell membrane?


________________________________________________________________________________
4. Identify: Label the head and tail of the phospholipid below. Label which part is polar, and which
part is nonpolar. Label which part is hydrophilic and which part is hydrophobic.

5. Which of these parts faces the outside of the cell? ___________


6. Which of these parts faces the area between the two layers of the lipid bilayer? __________
7. Which of these parts faces the inside of the cell? ___________
8. Which of these parts LIKES water? ___________
9. Which of these parts DISLIKES water? ___________
10. Explain: What does it mean for the cell membrane to be selectively permeable? What is an object
from everyday life that is selectively permeable?
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
11. Predict: Suppose a cell were exposed to a drug that caused proteins in the cell membrane break
down and to stop working. How would this hurt the cells ability to maintain homeostasis?
________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
12. Predict: Suppose a cell were exposed to a drug that caused cholesterol in the cell membrane to
break down and to stop working. How would this hurt the cells ability to maintain homeostasis?
________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________

Objective: I can identify the components of the cell membrane & discuss the relationship between surface
area/volume of a cell.

Homework: Complete HW#52. Study for your Summative Assessment.

Activity 1: Calculating Surface Area/Volume Ratio


Calculate (1) the surface area, (2) the volume, and (3) the surface to volume ratio for the following
four cubes. (Show your work!)
FORMULAS:
Surface Area (SA) = length X height X number of sides [How many sides on a cube? ______ ]
Volume (V) = length X height X width

Questions:
1. What increases at a faster rate?

Surface Area

or

Volume

2. What happens to the surface area to volume ratio as the cube gets larger?

3. Which cube represents the most efficient cell in living organisms? Why?

Activity 1: Practice Quiz


1. Label the following picture using the words in the word bank below:
Word bank: Hydrophobic zone, Hydrophillic zone, Hydrophillic zone, Polar
Phosphate Head, Non-polar Fatty Acid Tails

2. What increases faster, surface area or volume? _______________________


3. Using the following terms (Super Center and Reids Market) correctly complete the sentences below:
a. Large cells are like ________________________________________.
b. Small cells are like ________________________________________.
4. Carefully study the two pictures below. Circle the cell that is most efficient.
Cell 1

Cell 2

Using the word bank below, answer questions 5-9.


Word Bank:
Hydrophillic

Hydrophobic

Proteins

Cholesterol

Plasma Membrane

Phospholipid

Homeostasis

Metabolism

Gases

Cell Membrane

Cell Wall

Chemicals

Phospholipid Bilayer

Fluid Mosaic Model

Waste Product

Water

Food

5. List the four names of the membrane that surrounds all cells:
a.
b.
c.
d.

_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________

6. If a substance does not like water, it is said to be ______________________________________.


7. All cells need to be able to take in the following products:
e.
f.
g.
h.

_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________

8. Maintaining _________________________________________ is the only job of the phospholipids


bilayer.
9. List the three components of the fluid mosaic model:
i. _____________________________________________
j. _____________________________________________
k. _____________________________________________

Homework 52: Cells Types & Cellular Organelles Review


Name: ____________________________________

Biology I
Date: ___________________

Directions:!Correctly!match!the!organelles!to!their!function.!
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Directions: Classify the following statements are descriptions of Prokaryotes (P), Eukaryotes (E), or Both (B).
__________ 15. These cells are large and complex.
__________ 16. Humans are an example of these types of cells.
__________ 17. These cells do not contain membrane-bound organelles.
__________ 18. These cells contain ribosomes, cytoplasm, a cell membrane, and DNA.
__________ 19. These are the most ancient of all the cells.
__________ 20. Bacteria are an example of these types of cells.