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Roger Li Stoichiometry Lab As a doctor in the hospital, your patient needs 1.

35 g of barium dichromate for the production of his "life saving" medicine. You know that every time you conduct this reaction, you get a 79.5% yield. The chemicals that you have to work with are potassium dichromate and barium nitrate . (they are very expensive, so use the minimum amount needed) Procedure: 1) Calculate using stoichiometry how much Sodium Sulfate and Barium Nitrate is needed. 2) Collect flask, beakers, Sodium Sulfate, Barium Nitrate, and distilled water. 3) Weigh out calculated amount from part 1 of Barium Nitrate and Sodium Sulfate 4) Mix Barium Nitrate and Sodium Sulfate with distilled water until fully dissolved 5) Then mix the two aqueous solutions together 6) Mass filter paper 7) Pour mixture through filter paper and into flask 8) The leftover precipitate on the filter paper will be the “live saving” medicine 9) Mass this with the filter paper, and then subtract the mass of the filter paper. Amount of water used is not important because it will not affect how much precipitate is formed. Data table:

Initial Filter paper in Flask 1.243 g

Final 2.189 g

Product 0.9460 g

The Barium Nitrate and Sodium Sulfate mix together to create Sodium Nitrate (aqueous) and Barium Sulfate (precipitate). It is a double replacement reaction.

Analysis:

Analysis and Discussion: As you collect your data, include a calculation of the percent yield and percent error, sources of error, will your patient have enough for his medicine, what improvements would you make to your procedure for next time. Discussion 1: The theory behind the lab was to try and use stoichiometry and apply it to a hypothetical real life situation. It was actually really interesting and almost felt like I was doing something important! We used a lot of skills such as predicting products, balancing equations, calculating yields, and of course stoichiometry. The more practical lab skills we used consisted of massing, mixing, and dissolving. We did not get close to 100% yield, rather we only got 70.1% yield. Because we only produced 0.946 grams of Barium Sulfate, the patient did not survive. Our yield was too low. Many things could have affected our yield, but I think for us it was mainly due to a spillage of the Barium Sulfate. Some of it may have spilled out before we had the chance to mass it, causing the mass of it to be lower, and making the percentage yield lower.

Discussion 2: The three improvements we could make to the lab are as follows: 1) We could make extra Barium Sulfate next time, because in this case extra is better than not enough, as the patient would still survive. This way we can account for a larger margin of human error by making or medicine. 2) We could be more careful, by minimizing human error. Some ways this would be possible is making sure there is no spillage, making sure the filter paper is completely dry, and massing the filter paper after we write our names on it. 3) Next time, we could also measure more accurately, because this time we rounded all of our numbers

Honors Chemistry Lab Stoichiometry and Measurement LAB BLOG RUBRIC Group Members ____________________________________________________________________________ Title/purpose Materials Conclusion statement your lab findings and refers Lab clean _____/ 1 _____/ 1 _____/ 1 Concluding statement at the end of the report summarizes back to purpose. _____/ 2
Excellent 5 Procedure: (past tense, paragraph format, no use of “I” or “we”) - with rationale related to the “Questions to be addressed “ from pre-lab Show all calculations in your logic of the masses of reactants used Is the amount of water important? Why not? Why did you mass the filter paper and/or the beaker? Data tables with titles and labels eg) Table 1: Masses of … ONLY relevant data provided in the data table (for example, do you need the mass of the beaker that you mixed the reactants in? Did you use that mass in your calculations? If not, don’t include it!) Reaction described (reactants and products) Analysis of data Show calculations of actual yield Calculations to determine percent yield and percent error for each product. (with attention to sig figs from data) Discussion 1: What was the theory behind your lab? What techniques were used? Why? What chemical concepts helped you to produce the products? Did you get close to 100% yield? Will your patient survive? Is your yield too high or low? What affected your yield for each? (be specific in your error analysis – to coincide with your results (high or low)). Discussion 2: What would you differently next time. Propose three feasible improvements to this lab. What did you learn from the lab? What other real life application can you apply this to? Very Good 4.5 Good 4 Average 3.5 Below Average 3-0

/35 points