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Peace TP# 3
Length of lesson: :40
Class profile: 10 Adult students: 9 Thai, 1 Russian
Materials Whiteboard, Notepaper, “W-T-D” Worksheet, News art. “Lawyer…,” Sentence Strips, News art. “From our…,” “F-T-W” Worksheet, “Review” Worksheet Main Aim: Grammar: Present Perfect and Past Simple. I want students to be able to recognize that both are used to tell about the past, but that Present Perfect is used when the time is not stated, and Past Simple is used when the time is known. Secondary aim: To give students the opportunity to recognize the difference between Past Perfect and Past Simple sentence structures (written and spoken), and to use correctly Past Perfect and Past Simple sentence structures in speaking and writing about the past. Personal aim: To improve Student Talking Time (STT) and decrease Teacher Talking Time ( TTT );. To clearly illustrate and explain grammatical concepts. To improve Teacher “task-cycling.” Reference to course book or other material: Straightforward (STUDENT BOOK. WORKBOOK, TEACHER’S BOOK); Techniques and Resources in Teaching Grammar, Celce-Murcia and Hilles, (Oxford University Press) 1988
Anticipated problems and solutions/assumptions Form: Students might have problems mixing past perfect and past simple tenses when talking about the past. Solution is to drill students in form and give reading and writing exercises, and speaking opportunities in Pairs and Groups.
Pronunciation: Contractions (“I’ve,” “He’s,” “You’ve”, etc.). Teach “I have,” then use fingers to show “I’ve.” Help students recognize that contractions constitute Past Perfect when it includes pronoun + “have” ( + VERB).
Concept/Function: That a “Present Perfect” tense is used to tell about the past may be confusing to students. So, students must perform the Task of successfully using the Present Perfect tense before learning the name of the tense: Explain to them that you have the present form of “have” used with the past participle to tell about a past event where the time is not stated. Assuming no problems with Simple Past.
Procedure Instruction: Teacher uses front Whiteboard to show three headings: Yesterday. so exercises have been developed to help them use this effectively and recognize when Present Perfect / Past Simple use is appropriate in language use. and Last Month. Interaction T to S S to S S to S. this morning. Objective Warm-Up Activity – Past Simple. Stage 1 Time 5 min. Feedback: Students share results with partner. Last Week.Past Perfect: Get students to tell about the past when the time is not stated. last January. ____________________ Warm-Up Activity . T to S. what they did yesterday. Has he ______? And Has she ________? List of verbs: skied. traveled overseas. Get students to tell about a past event when the time is known. then CLASS as Teacher asks “What did you do yesterday?” and “What did he do last week?” Further questions: “When did you go to school?” “What did you eat for breakfast?” “Where did he go this morning?” Teacher Explanation: “We use Past Simple when the time is known: yesterday. Students asked to write on paper under three headings. S to T T to S _____ 2 _____ 5 min. Task: Students ask their partner questions. and last month. played tennis. July. last week. Writes at Board Q’s and A’s: Have you ______?. last week. starting with “Have you _____ ?“ or “Has he ______?” “Have you ever visited Indonesia?” Yes/No I’ve visited/never visited Indonesia. Teacher refers to timeline to show the “ever” means anytime from now to before now. and last month. Task: Students work with partners writing three things each did yesterday. __________________________________________________________ Instruction: Teacher uses side Whiteboard to show Timeline (from right) showing Present. and year of birth. Write “Have you ever ______?” Students asked to complete the sentences by adding correct tense verbs. made pizza. past months.Instructions: Other: Asumptions: I assume the students will have difficulty with Present Perfect constructions. S to T S to S .
Task: Students read. Task: Students divided into two groups.To get students to read and recognize examples of Present Perfect and Past Simple by underling examples. Instruction: Students are directed to scan first three paragraphs of newspaper article: “Lawyer gives up job to cycle around South America” to find examples of Present Perfect and Past Simple.” “I’ve never been to the beach. and Past Simple. S to T T to S Interaction T to S S to S S to S T to S S to S S to T S to S . which column is Past Simple.” / “Present Perfect” “Past Simple” Task: Students label each column of sentences according to : “Time is known. Review .” / “Present Perfect” “Past Simple. he’s been/not been to class this month. and “why. Teacher Explanation: Do I know exactly what time he studied English? So I use have + verb when it doesn’t matter exactly when it happened. using Past Perfect construction. then place Sentence Strips onto correct page under headings: Present Perfect. and why. “Have you studied English before now?” Yes/No. Feedback: Students called on. “I have been in Thailand for one weeks. Feedback: Students answer T questions about what they/their partner have done before. place Sentence Strips onto one of two pages by category: Present Perfect.Students group sentences into categories: Present Perfect / Past Simple.” “Has he been to class this month?” Yes/No. They are asked to look at sentences on a sheet of paper.Stage 3 Time 5 min.” Feedback: Students tell teacher which column of sentences is Present Perfect. comparing answers with partners/explaining why each example is Past Simple or Present Perfect.” Students answer questions: Have you ever traveled alone?” “Have you ever visited Indonesia?” “Have you eaten breakfast?” Procedure Instruction: Students placed in 2 groups. Students are to locate and underline Present Perfect and Past Simple verb tenses in the newspaper article. Objective CR (Consciousness Raising) .” “Time is not stated. at random. / the time is not stated. I’ve studied/never studied English before. then tell what is the difference between sentences: Place labels above each column that describe that group (“Time is known. 5 5 min. locate and underline examples of Present Perfect and Past Simple in newspaper article.To get students to recognize the difference between Present Perfect usage and Past Simple usage. by Teacher to share findings.” “Time is not stated. and why. __________________________________________________________ Instruction: Students read. and Past Simple. 4 _____ 10 min CR .
____________________ Focused Practice to distinguish simple past and present perfect through reading a graph showing trends completed in the past (simple past) and states that continue into the present (present perfect). They finish the last two sentences. using the Graph as a reference. students complete sentences. using the Chart as a reference. Feedback: Students check the work of the other group and compare results.To be sure students recognize when to use correct past tense form in sentences. _____ 7 _____ 5 min. find and correct six mistakes using past simple and past perfect.” then circle the correct verb form.6 3 min. ___________________________________________________ _ Instruction: Look at the Graph showing World Food Contributions by country. Feedback: Partners share findings. Feedback: Compare answers with partner. __________________________________________________________ Worksheet – “Ask and Answer the Questions.” Grammar Handouts: Present Perfect/Past Simple and Irregular Verb List (past participle highlighted) ____________________ S to S ___________ . Task: Divided into two groups. Students read and circle the correct verb form. To get students to use present perfect and past simple in conversation exchange.Students will talk with one another ABOUT what they learned about World Food Aid contributions: using past simple and present perfect. Instruction: Students read article: “From our Dublin Correspondent. S to S T to S S to S S to S ___________ T to S S to S S to S T to S S to S Instruction: Read Review. Feedback: Class Discussion . Complete the worksheet using past simple or present perfect. students read article and correct mistakes for Past Simple and Perfect. Task: With partner. ____________________ Review – Correct mistakes in the review. Task: In groups of 2. explaining “why” one is Present Simple and the other Past Perfect. EXTR A BACK UP _____ _____ H/W Checking .