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13 - The State Government

13 - The State Government

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Published by: Sahil on Aug 23, 2009
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The State Government

 The General Structure  Constitution provides for a Federal Government That is, separate systems of administration for Union and States  Same pattern of Government – Centre and State

Executive –

Governor acting according to advice of Ministers State Legislature

Sri Rameshwar Thakur – Governor of Karnataka

Governor   

Executive Head of State Executive Power vest in Governor One Governor for one state 1956 Amendment -> one Governor for more than one state

Appointment and Term of Office  Appointed by President

   

Holds office at pleasure of President 35 years Not hold office of profit under Government Not a member of Union or State Legislature – if so, ceases to be member 5 years -> term – can be reappointed Can be terminated  Dismissal by President   Grounds not specified in Constitution


Why an Appointed Governor and not an Elected Governor 1) 2) Save the Country form the evil consequences of another election Governor and Chief Minister become elected members both will be on par which will result in constant friction  3) 4)

Governor -> Constitutional Head

Avoidance of expenses involved in election An elected representative will soon crave for power As appointment is by President provides for Union control Election will result in separatist tendencies


Arguments against Nomination 1) 2) Can be a Foreigner to the State and hence will not be conducive for welfare of state Friction between Governor and Chief belonging to different Political Parties Minister when

3) 4) 5)

At the centre we have elected President Fosters principle of Self Government Repugnant to the concept of Federal System

Conditions of Office of Governor

Raj Bhavan, Bangalore, Karnataka

 

Monthly emolument -> Rs. 36,000/Official residence – free Allowances and Privileges as specified in The Governor’s (Emoluments, Allowances and Privileges) Act, 1982 Not diminished during term of Office

Power of Governor   No Diplomatic or Military Powers like President Has Executive, Legislative and Judicial Powers analogous to President


Executive Powers  Appoints the following i. ii. Council of Ministers Advocate General Both hold Office at pleasure of Governor iii. Members of State Public Service Commission

Removal 

Certain disqualifications Reference by President to Supreme Court -> Report to President


No power to appoint judges to High Court -> President only to consult Governor Nominate one Anglo Indian to State Legislature when not represented


vi. Can nominate 1/6 of members of Legislative Council


Legislative Powers  Part of State Legislature i.

Addressing and sending messages Summoning, Proroguing and Dissolving

iii. Causing to be laid before State Legislature annual financial statement iv. v. Making demand for grants Recommending Money Bills


Judicial Powers

To grant pardons, reprieves, respites or remission Suspend, remit or commute Consulted for appointment of Judges of State and Chief Justice

 


Emergency Powers  No power under Article 252

Report to President regarding situation under Article 256 – President’s Rule

The Council of Ministers

Sri B. S. Yediyurappa, Chief Minister, Karnataka 2009

 

Governor as Constitutional Head to act on advice of Council of Ministers Appointment of Council of Ministers    Head of Council of Ministers is Chief Minister – appointed by Governor Other ministers by Governor on advice of Chief Minister Council of Ministers

Collectively responsible to Legislature – Jointly and Severally Individually responsible to Governor

   

Publically accountable Should enjoy confidence of House – atleast 6 months Salaries and Legislation allowances as provided by State

Relationship between Governor and Council of Ministers   Same as between President and Cabinet Council of Ministers to aid and advice Governor


Governor to exercise some functions at his discretion – Decision of Governor final


Provided in Constitution i. Governor of Assam shall determine the amount payable by State of Assam to District Council as Royalty accruing from licences for minerals When appointed as Governor for adjoining State to administer independently of Council of Ministers


Special responsibilities of Governor in consultation with Council of Ministers but ‘In his individual judgement’ which cannot be questioned in Court of Law: i. Governor of Maharashtra or Gujarat to take steps to develop certain areas in State such as Vidarabha and Saurashtra Governor of Nagaland to prevent internal disturbances caused by Nagas Governor of Manipur to secure proper functioning of Committee of Legislative Assembly consisting of members elected from Hill Areas of that State Governor of Sikkim

ii. iii.


Ensure equitable Advancement of population of Sikkim Under direction of President


Governor’s Discretion in Practice in Certain Cases i. Governor to make report to President breakdown of Constitutional Machinery   regarding

Only if alternate Government cannot be formed President keep himself informed through Governor


ii. iii.

In case of Proclamation under Article 356 Governor to act as Agent of President Object to Bill   Effect powers of Union Contravene provisions of Constitution

President’s Control over Governor   When Governor acts in his discretion or under special responsibility In appointment and removal

Whether Governor competent to Dismiss Chief Minister   Governor can dismiss individual member at a time Dismiss of Council of Ministers and Chief Minister on ground of lack of Confidence by testing it on the floor of House


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