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The basis of this essay is to algebraically combine Pulley and Fan Laws into single
equations. Except for direct drives, fans and blower sets have a driver pulley on the motor shaft and a driven pulley on the fan shaft with belt or belts to convey power to the fan. The mathematical relationships between motor and fan speeds, driver and driven pulley diameters,
horsepower and fan static pressures will be investigated in this report. Also equations will
be developed for fan operation when dealing with changing capacity requirements. Fan laws
will be substituted and rearranged against pulley laws to predict fan performance in relation
to modifying characteristic variables.

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You are on page 1of 18

By William Greco

w2gre@verizon.net

Warrington, Pa.

8/20/09

Executive Summary

The basis of this essay is to algebraically combine Pulley and Fan Laws into single

equations. (Note: Pulley pitch diameter and pulley diameter are used interchangeably,

sheave and pulley will also be used interchangeably.)

Main

Except for direct drives, fans and blower sets have a driver pulley on the motor shaft

and a driven pulley on the fan shaft with belt or belts to convey power to the fan. The

mathematical relationships between motor and fan speeds, driver and driven pulley diameters,

horsepower and fan static pressures will be investigated in this report. Also equations will

be developed for fan operation when dealing with changing capacity requirements. Fan laws

will be substituted and rearranged against pulley laws to predict fan performance in relation

to modifying characteristic variables.

Pulley Equation:

DPM MPR

RFP1 equation-1

DPF

where :

RFP1 Existing RPM of fan pulley

DPM Diameter of motor pulley

DPF Diameter of fan pulley

MPR RPM of motor pulley

A change in pulley sizes will affect the performance of the fan rpm which in turn will

influence characteristics of all the other variables of the fans operation.

Fan Laws

The Fan Laws are the basic proportional analogy between fan RPM, CFM, Total Pressure developed by

the fan, and required Brake Horsepower. They are most useful for calculating

the impact of extrapolating from an existing fan performance to a new fan performance.

3

HP1 RFP1

equation-2

HP2 RFP2

where:

HP1 exisitng brake horsepower

HP2 new brake horse power

RFP1 RPM of fan with HP1exisitng brake horsepower

RFP2 RPM of fan with HP2 new brake horsepower

HVAC Pulley Math Page 2 of 18

By William Greco

w2gre@verizon.net

Warrington, Pa.

8/20/09

3

RFP1 HP1

RFP2 HP2

RFP13 HP1

3

RFP2 HP2

RFP13

RFP13 HP2 HP1

cross multiply 3

3

HP2 RFP13 HP1RFP23

RFP2 HP1

RFP2 HP2

DIVIDE BOTH

HP2 RFP13 HP1RFP23

SIDES BY HP2

HP2 HP2

HP1RFP23 3

HP1 RFP2

CUBE ROOT OF

BOTH SIDES

3

RFP1 3

3

HP2

RFP1 3

HP2

3

HP1 RFP2

RFP1 3

HP2

1 1

n n B AB 3

RFP2

A A and A RFP1 HP1 1

C C

HP2 3

1

RFP2

RFP1 HP13 1

(equation-3)

HP2 3

Solving for HP2:

1

A 1

C C 3

DPF

HP2

1 1 1

HP13 RFP2 DPF

CROSS

1

MULTIPLY

HP2 3

DPM MPR HP1 RFP2 DPF

3

1 1

divide by

HP2 3 DPM MPR HP13 RFP2 DPF

DPMMPR

DPM MPR DPM MPR

1 3

HP13

RFP2 DPF

a b a b HP2

n n

equation-4

DPM MPR

HVAC Pulley Math Page 3 of 18

By William Greco

w2gre@verizon.net

Warrington, Pa.

8/20/09

1 3

HP13 RFP2 DPF

HP2 equation-4

DPM MPR

existing pulley diameters versus modified new pulley diameters. The RFP2 variable which

indicates the new RPM of the fan must have a substitution of DPF2, DPM2 and MPR2.

DPF becomes DPF1, DPM becomes DPM1 and MPR becomes MPR1.

1 3

DPM2 MPR2

HP13 DPF1

DPF2

HP2 equation-5

DPM1MPR1

where:

HP2 = New brake horsepower

HP1 = Existing brake horsepower

DPM1 = Existing diameter of motor pulley

DPF1 = Existing diameter of fan pulley

MPR1 = RPM of motor pulley

DPM2 = New or existing diameter of motor pulley

DPF2 = New or existing diameter of fan pulley

MPR2 = New RPM of motor pulley (in cases where a VFD is involved the existing

motor rpm will not equal the new motor rpm)

Example-1: (Pulley Change motor speed constant- Find New Horsepower)

An existing fan has a motor pulley with an 8 inch diameter, a fan pulley of 6 inch diameter,

and is operating at 3.7 brake horsepower. The motor is running at 1,740 RPM and is not on

a variable frequency drive. The fan pulley is being replaced with a 5 inch diameter pulley, the

new brake horsepower can be calculated using equation-5.

The existing fan rpm with the 6" pulley is:

8 1740 new fan 8 1740

2,340 rpm 2,784 rpm

6 rpm 5

3

1 8 1740

3.7 3 6

5 6.4 Brake Horsepower

HP2

8 1740

The new brake horsepower is now 6.4 due to the increase in fan rpm.

HVAC Pulley Math Page 4 of 18

By William Greco

w2gre@verizon.net

Warrington, Pa.

8/20/09

Example-1: (continued)

Also note that if you plug the original 6 inch pulley back into the equation:

3

1 8 1740

3.7 3 6

6 3.7 Brake Horsepower

HP2

8 1740

The calculation can be worked out using the pulley equation-1 in the first step then

applying the fan laws as step 2, however equation-5 allows a one step calculation.

VFD calculations can also be worked out using equation-5.

A fan set has a fan pulley that is 6.75 inches in diameter and a 7.5 inch motor pulley,

the motor is on a variable frequency drive and can be operated at 30% to 110% of

the motors rated 1,750 rpm. The VFD is presently controlling the motor to run at

1,250 rpm (71.4% of rating) and the brake horsepower has been worked out to be 8.6

at the 71.4% rating.

If the VFD speed is required to be increased to 90% of the 1750 rpm rating what will the new

brake horsepower be ? (0.90 x 1750 = 1,575 rpm)

3

1 7.5 1250

8.6 3 6.75

6.75

HP2 8.6 Brake Horsepower @ 71.4%

7.5 1250

3

1 7.5 1575

8.6 3 6.75

6.75

HP2 17.2 Brake Horsepower @ 90%

7.5 1250

The brake horsepower went from 8.6 BHP to 17.2 BHP (50% increase in brake horsepower) with only a

20% increase in motor speed.

HVAC Pulley Math Page 5 of 18

By William Greco

w2gre@verizon.net

Warrington, Pa.

8/20/09

Example-3: (VFD Change in motor speed and pulley modification-Find New Horsepower)

A fan set has a fan pulley that is 6.5 inches in diameter and a 5.5 inch motor pulley,

the motor is on a variable frequency drive and can be operated at 35% to 115% of

the motors rated 1,750 rpm. The VFD is presently controlling the motor to run at

1,050 rpm (60% of rating) and the brake horsepower has been worked out to be 19.3

at the 60% rating.

If the VFD speed is decreased to 55% of the 1750 rpm rating and the motor pulley is changed from 5.5 to

5.25 inch diameter what will the new brake horsepower be ?

(0.55 x 1750 = 997.5 rpm)

1 3

5.5 1050

19.33 6.5

6.5

HP2 19.3 Brake Horsepower @ 60% of rating

5.5 1050

1 3

5.25 997.5

19.33

6.5

6.5

HP2 14.392 Brake Horsepower @ 55% of rating

5.5 1050

The equation for fan brake horsepower can be substituted for the HP1 variable in equation-5.

The fan brake horsepower equation:

CFM SP_inwg Gas_spec_grav

BHP (equation-6)

6356 Fan_eff

where:

BHP = Brake horsepower

CFM = Cubic feet (of specified gas) per minute

SP_inwg Static Pressure developed by the fan (inches water gage)

6356 = a constant (see "Derivation of the Nine Major HVAC Constants")

By Bill Greco - 2-16-07

Fan_eff=combined efficiency of fan and motor drive

Gas_spec_grav Specific Gravity of gas being transported by fan

HVAC Pulley Math Page 6 of 18

By William Greco

w2gre@verizon.net

Warrington, Pa.

8/20/09

Substituting the Fan Horsepower equation-6 for the HP1 variable into equation-5.

1 3

DPM2 MPR2

HP13 DPF1

DPF2

HP2 equation-5

DPM1MPR1

becomes:

1 3

CFM SP_inwg Gas_spec_grav 3 DPM2 MPR2

DPF1

6356Fan_eff DPF2

HP2 equation-7

DPM1 MPR1

where:

HP2 = New brake horsepower

DPM1 = Existing diameter of motor pulley

DPF1 = Existing diameter of fan pulley

MPR1 = RPM of motor pulley

DPM2 = New or existing diameter of motor pulley

DPF2 = New or existing diameter of fan pulley

MPR2 = New RPM of motor pulley (in cases where a VFD is involved the existing

CFM = Existing Cubic Feet (of specified gas) per minute

Gas_spec_grav = Specific Gravity of gas being transported by fan

Fan_eff = Existing Efficiency of the fan (1 <)

SP_inwg = Existing Static pressure developed by the fan

6356 = A constant

HVAC Pulley Math Page 7 of 18

By William Greco

w2gre@verizon.net

Warrington, Pa.

8/20/09

Example-4: (Existing Horsepower Variables are all known- Find New Horsepower)

An existing belt driven fan is moving 9,980 cfm and producing 4.1 inches water gage (inwg) of

pressure. The fan is on a variable frequency drive (VFD) and is running at 1,150 rpm

which is 65.7 % rating of the 1,750 rpm motor. Specific gravity of the air being moved by the

fan is taken at unity (1). The fan sets efficiency is 78% (0.78). The existing fan pulley diameter is 8.1” and

the existing motor pulley diameter is 7.5”.

The VFD is to be adjusted to 73% of the motor 1,750 rpm (0.73 x 1,750 = 1,278 rpm) the

motor pulley is to be changed to a 8” diameter and the existing fan pulley is to be changed out for a 7.625”

diameter pulley. Applying equation-7 what will the new brake horsepower be ?

DPM1 = 7.5

DPF1 = 8.1

MPR1 = 1,150

MPR2 = 1,278

DPF2 = 7.625

DPM2 = 8

CFM = 9,980

SP_inwg = 4.1

Gas_spec_grav = 1 for air

Fan_eff = 0.78 (78%)

9,980 4.11

8.25 existing BHP by equation-6

6356 0.78

1 3

9,980 4.11 3 7.5 1,150

8.1

63560.78 8.1

HP2 8.25 existing BHP by equation-7

7.5 1,150

1 3

9,980 4.11 3 8 1, 278

8.1

63560.78 7.625

HP2 16.48 new BHP by equation-7

7.5 1,150

The modified operating parameters of the fan set call for the motor to produce

16.48 brake horsepower.

HVAC Pulley Math Page 8 of 18

By William Greco

w2gre@verizon.net

Warrington, Pa.

8/20/09

Equation-7 can be modified by substituting the brake horsepower variables for HP2, then

solving for CFM or inwg. To simplify the calculation assume that air is the only gas being transported and

Gas_spec_grav = 1. The number 2 will be used after the CFM, SP_inwg and Fan_eff to identify the HP2

variables.

1

CFM2 SP_inwg2 1 3

HP 2 Thus :

6356 Fan_eff2

1 3

1

CFM SP_inwg 1 3 DPM2 MPR2

DPF1

CFM2 SP_inwg2 1 3 6356 Fan_eff DPF2

6356 Fan_eff2

DPM1MPR1

Solving for CFM2: For algebraic manipulation simplicity the following substitutions were made :

C1 for CFM (existing condition) C2 for CFM2 (new condition)

D1 for DPM1 (existing condition) D2 for DPM2 (new condition)

E1 for Fan_eff (existing condition) E2 for Fan_eff2 (new condition)

F1 for DPF1 (existing condition) F2 for DPF2 (new condition)

M1 for MPR1 (existing condition) M2 for MPR2 (new condition)

S1 for SP_inwg (existing condition) S2 for SP_inwg2 (new condition)

1 3

C1S11 3 D2 M2

F1

6356 E1 F2

D1M1

1 3

C1S1 3

a D2 F1 M2

c

ac

6356 E1

b

numerator is a fraction, compound fraction can be eliminated =

d bd D1F2 M1

HVAC Pulley Math Page 9 of 18

By William Greco

w2gre@verizon.net

Warrington, Pa.

8/20/09

3

1

C1S1 3

D2 F1M2 1

a

n

n n 6356 E1 3

move exponent into the numerator and denominator =a b

b D1F2 M1

a 1 3

c

ac D2 F1M2 C1 S13

numerator is a fraction, compound fraction can be eliminated b =

d bd 1

3

1

n D2 F1 M2 C1 S13

power of a product, move exponent out ab =a n b n 1 1

D1F2 M16356 3 E13

3

1

D2 F1 M2 C 1 S13

reorder factors

1 1

6356 3 D1 E13 F2 M1

1 1 3

n D2 F1 M2 C1 S13

3

power of a product, move exponent out ab n n

=a b 1 1

6356 3 D1 E13 F2 M1

3

13 1

3

C1 D2 F1 M2 S1

reorder terms 1 1

6356 3 D1 E13 F2 M1

3

13 1

3

C1 D2 F1 M2 S1

an

n

numerator and denominator terms moved out ab = n 3

b 1 1

3 3

6356 D1 E1 F2 M1

HVAC Pulley Math Page 10 of 18

By William Greco

w2gre@verizon.net

Warrington, Pa.

8/20/09

3 3

13 3 3 3

13

C1 D2 F1 M2 S1

=a n b n

n

terms moved out of brackets ab

1 3 3

3

13

3

6356 D1 E1 F23 M13

1 1

3

C 2 S2 3 C1 D23 F13 M23 S1

remove braket from left hand side of equation 1 1

6356 D13 E1 F23 M13

6356 3 E2 3

3 3

13 3 3 3

13

C1 D2 F1 M2 S1

1

multiply and cancel exponents 3x 1

3 1 3 3

3

13

3

6356 D1 E1 F23 M13

C1 D23 F13 M23 S1

6356 D13 E1 F23 M13

C 2 S2 C1 D2 F1 M2 S1

3 3 3

3 3 3

(equation-8)

6356 E2 6356 D1 E1 F2 M1

solving for C2 (New CFM) from equation-8 :

cross multiply

6356 E2 6356 D13 E1 F23 M13

C 2 S26356 D13 E1 F23 M13 6356 E2 C1 D23 F13 M23 S1

SUBTRACT 6356

FROM BOTH SIDES C 2 S2 6356 6356 D13 E1 F23 M13 6356 6356 E2C1 D23 F13 M23 S1

3 3 3

divide S2 D1 E1 F2 M1 C 2 S2 D13 E1 F23 M13 E2 C1 D23 F13 M23 S1

from both sides

S2 D13 E1 F23 M13 S2 D13 E1 F23 M13

HVAC Pulley Math Page 11 of 18

By William Greco

w2gre@verizon.net

Warrington, Pa.

8/20/09

Fan_eff2 CFM DPM23 DPF13 MPR23 SP_inwg

CFM2 (equation-9)

SP_inwg2 DPM13 Fan_eff DPF23 MPR13

where:

CFM = Existing CFM

CFM2 = New CFM

DPF1 = Existing diameter of fan pulley

DPF2 = New or existing diameter of fan pulley

DPM1 = Existing diameter of motor pulley

DPM2 = New or existing diameter of motor pulley

Fan_eff = Existing Fan Set Efficiency (1 <)

Fan_eff2 = New Fan Set Efficiency (1 <)

MPR1 = Existing RPM of motor pulley

MPR2 = New RPM of motor pulley (in cases where a VFD is involved the existing

SP_inwg = Existing Static pressure developed by the fan

SP_inwg2 = New Static pressure developed by the fan

Example-5 (Existing and New Variables are Known to find New CFM)

An existing fan set is producing 10,500 cfm @ 4.3 inches water gage, the motor is on a

variable frequency drive (VFD) and is running at 70% of it’s 1,750 rpm rating or 1,225 rpm.

The motor pulley’s have a pitch diameter of 10 inches and the fan pulley’s diameter’s are 9.3 inches.

Fan set efficiency is 79%. The VFD speed is to be increased to 75% of it’s capacity or

1,750 x 0.75 = 1,312 rpm, the fan pulley diameter’s are to be increased from 9.3 inches to

10.25 inches and the motor pulley’s (sheaves) are to be increased from 10 inch diameter

to 10.5 inches in diameter.

The new static pressure produced by the fan is assumed to be 4 inches water gage (inwg).

Fan set efficiency is assumed to remain at 79%.

Find the new CFM.

CFM2 11,990 CFM

4 103 0.79 10.253 12253

HVAC Pulley Math Page 12 of 18

By William Greco

w2gre@verizon.net

Warrington, Pa.

8/20/09

An equation to determine the static pressure developed by the fan can be worked out using

Equation-8 and solving for S2 (SP_inwg2):

C 2 S2 C1 D2 F1 M2 S1

3 3 3

3 3 3

(equation-8)

6356 E2 6356 D1 E1 F2 M1

C 2 S2 C1 D23 F13 M23 S1

6356 E2 cross multiply

6356 D13 E1 F23 M13

C 2 S26356 D13 E1 F23 M13 6356 E2 C1 D23 F13 M23 S1

SUBTRACT 6356

FROM BOTH SIDES C 2 S2 6356 6356 D13 E1 F23 M13 6356 6356 E2C1 D23 F13 M23 S1

3 3 3

divide C2 D1 E1 F2 M1 S2 C2 D13 E1 F23 M13 E2 C1 D23 F13 M23 S1

from both sides

C2 D13 E1 F23 M13 C2 D13 E1 F23 M13

E2 C1 D23 F13 M23 S1

S2 (equation-10)

C2 D13 E1 F23 M13

SP_inwg2 (equation-10)

CFM DPM13 Fan_eff DPF23 MPR13

Example-6:

An existing fan set is producing 11,500 cfm and producing 3.5 inches water gage, the motor is not on a

variable frequency drive (VFD) and is running at 1,750 rpm.

The motor pulley’s have a pitch diameter of 11.5 inches and the fan pulley’s diameter’s are 10 inches.

Fan set efficiency is 80%. The fan pulley diameter’s are to be decreased from 10 inches to

9.25 inches and the motor pulley’s (sheaves) are to remain at the existing 11.5 inch diameter.

The CFM is being reduced to 9,500 cfm. Fan set efficiency is assumed to remain at 80%.

Find the new static pressure developed by the fan.

SP_inwg2 5.35 inches water gage

9,500 11.53 0.80 9.253 1, 7503

HVAC Pulley Math Page 13 of 18

By William Greco

w2gre@verizon.net

Warrington, Pa.

8/20/2009

Utilizing the following fan law which relates CFM to Fan RPM the driving and driven

Pulley diameters can be determined.

DPM1MPR1

CFM1 RPM1 CFM1 DPF1

(equation-11)

CFM2 RPM2 CFM2 DPM2 MPR2

DPF2

where:

CFM1 = Existing CFM, CFM2 = New CFM, DPF1 = Existing diameter of fan pulley

DPF2 = New or existing diameter of fan pulley DPM1 = Existing diameter of motor pulley

DPM2 = New or existing diameter of motor pulley, MPR1 = Existing RPM of motor pulley

MPR2 = New RPM of motor pulley (in cases where a VFD is involved)

DPM1MPR1

DPF1 a 1 multiply 1 over DPM1 MPR1

1

a

DPM2 MPR2

the factor

DPM2 MPR2 b b DPF1

DPF2 DPF2

multiply multiply by the reciprocal of the fraction

DPM2 MPR2 DPF1MPR2 DPM2

DPF1

DPF2

CFM1 DPM1DPF2 MPR1

(equation-11a)

CFM2 DPF1MPR2 DPM2

cross multiply CFM1 DPF1 MPR2 DPM2 CFM2 DPM1 DPF2 MPR1 (equation-11b)

divide both sides by CFM1 DPF1 MPR2

CFM1 DPF1 MPR2 CFM1 DPF1 MPR2

DPM2 (equation-12)

CFM1 DPF1 MPR2

HVAC Pulley Math Page 14 of 18

By William Greco

w2gre@verizon.net

Warrington, Pa.

8/20/2009

The CFM being moved by a fan set with a motor not controlled by a VFD

must be increased from 11,000 cfm to 12,100 cfm, the existing fan pulley pitch diameter

is 6 inches and the diameter of the motor pulley is 10 inches, the motor rpm is

1,750. Find the size of a new motor pulley to achieve the 12,100 cfm.

11 change to an 11 inch diameter motor pulley

11,000 6 1,750

Example-8: Find Motor Pulley Size based on CFM, Fan Pulley, and VFD changes

The CFM being moved by a fan set with a motor controlled by a VFD

must be increased from 10,600 cfm to 12,144 cfm, the existing fan pulley pitch diameter

is 6 inches and will be changed to 7.125 inches, the existing diameter of the motor

pulley is 10 inches, the motor rpm will be increased from 1,312 rpm to 1,400 rpm.

Find the size of a new motor pulley to achieve the 14,100 cfm.

12.75 inch diameter motor pulley is required

10, 600 6 1, 400

With the use of equation 11-b, equations for CFM2 = New CFM, DPF2 = New or existing diameter of

fan pulley and MPR2 = New RPM of motor pulley (in cases where a VFD is involved) can be easily

found.

To find CFM2 :

CFM1 DPF1 MPR2 DPM2 CFM2 DPM1 DPF2 MPR1 (equation-11b)

CFM1 DPF1 MPR2 DPM2 CFM2 DPM1 DPF2 MPR1

divide both sides by DPM1 DPF2 MPR1

DPM1 DPF2 MPR1 DPM1 DPF2 MPR1

CFM1 DPF1 MPR2 DPM2

CFM2 (equation-13)

DPM1 DPF2 MPR1

Example-9: Find new CFM based on Fan Pulley, and VFD speed changes

The CFM being moved by a fan set with a motor controlled by a VFD

will change from 9,100 cfm. The existing fan pulley pitch diameter

is 7.5 inches and will be changed to 8 inches, the existing diameter of the motor

pulley is 10 inches, the motor rpm will be increased from 1,260 rpm to 1,390 rpm.

Find the new CFM.

9, 411 cfm

10 81, 260

HVAC Pulley Math Page 15 of 18

By William Greco

w2gre@verizon.net

Warrington, Pa.

8/20/2009

To find MPR2 = New RPM of motor pulley (in cases where a VFD is involved):

CFM1 DPF1 MPR2 DPM2 CFM2 DPM1 DPF2 MPR1

divide both sides by CFM1 DPF1 DPM2

CFM1 DPF1 DPM2 CFM1 DPF1 DPM2

CFM2 DPM1 DPF2 MPR1

MPR2 (equation-14)

CFM1 DPF1 DPM2

Example-10: Find new VFD motor controlled rpm based on cfm and motor pulley change

The CFM being moved by a fan set with a motor controlled by a VFD

needs to change from 8,750 cfm to 10,000 cfm. The existing fan pulley pitch diameter

is 7.5 inches, the existing diameter of the motor pulley is 10 inches and will be revised

to 10.5 inches the existing motor rpm is 1,290 rpm.

Find the new required (MPR2) motor rpm.

by equation 14 1, 404 rpm

8750 7.5 10.5

Example-11: Find new VFD motor controlled rpm based on cfm change

The CFM being moved by a fan set with a motor controlled by a VFD

needs to change from 12,700 cfm to 16,100 cfm. The existing fan pulley pitch diameter

is 6 inches and the existing diameter of the motor pulley is 10 inches. The existing

motor rpm is 1,195 rpm.

Find the new required (MPR2) motor rpm by equation-14..

(new) required rpm 1,514 rpm

12, 700 7.5 10

To find DPF2 = New or existing diameter of fan pulley:

divide both sides by CFM2 DPM1 MPR1

CFM2 DPM1 MPR1 CFM2 DPM1 MPR1

DPF2 (equation-15)

CFM2 DPM1 MPR1

HVAC Pulley Math Page 16 of 18

By William Greco

w2gre@verizon.net

Warrington, Pa.

8/20/2009

Example-12: Find new fan pulley pitch diameter based on CFM and motor pulley change

The CFM being moved by a fan set without a VFD needs to change from 8,300 cfm to 9,965 cfm.

The existing fan pulley pitch diameter is 5.625 inches, the existing diameter of the motor pulley is 8

inches and will be revised to 10.25 inches, the existing motor rpm is 1,750 rpm.

Find the new required DPF2 = New diameter of fan pulley.

By equation-15:

6 inch pitch diameter for new fan pulley

9,965 81, 750

Utilizing the following fan law which relates Amps to Fan RPM the driving and driven

sheave (pulley) diameters can be determined along with Amperage.

Substituting equation-1 for RPM into the speed varies as the amperage yields equation-16:

3

DPM1MPR1

3

Amps1 RPM 1 Amps1 DPF1

(equation-16)

Amps2 RPM 2 Amps2 DPM2 MPR2

DPF2

3 3 3

DPM1MPR1 DPF2 DPM1MPR1DPF2

invert and multiply

DPF1 DPM2 MPR2 DPF1DPM2 MPR2

n

a an n n n DPM13 MPR13 DPF23

and ab a b (equation-16a)

b bn DPF13 DPM23 MPR23

Amps2 DPF13 DPM23 MPR23

cross multiply Amps1 DPF13 DPM23 MPR23 Amps2 DPM13 MPR13 DPF23 (equation-16b)

HVAC Pulley Math Page 17 of 18

By William Greco

w2gre@verizon.net

Warrington, Pa.

8/20/2009

divide both sides by Amps1 DPF13 DPM23 MPR23 Amps2 DPM13 MPR13 DPF23

3 3 3

DPM1 MPR1 DPF2 DPM13 MPR13 DPF23 DPM13 MPR13 DPF23

Amps2 (equation-17)

DPM13 MPR13 DPF23

where:

Amps1 = Existing Amperage, Amps2 = Revised Amperage, DPF1 = Existing diameter of fan pulley

DPF2 = New or existing diameter of fan pulley DPM1 = Existing diameter of motor pulley

DPM2 = New or existing diameter of motor pulley, MPR1 = Existing RPM of motor pulley

MPR2 = New RPM of motor pulley (in cases where a VFD is involved)

A fan set with a motor controlled by a VFD is ramped up from 1,150 rpm to 1,360 rpm.

The existing fan sheave pitch diameter is 6 inches and the existing diameter of the motor sheave

is 8 inches. The existing motor is pulling 13 amps Using equation-17 find the new amperage

(Amps2).

21.5 Amps

13 63 83 13603

83 11503 63

Example-14: Find new amperage based on VFD speed and motor pulley change

A fan set with a motor controlled by a VFD is ramped down from 1,450 rpm to 1,325 rpm.

The existing fan sheave pitch diameter is 6 inches and the diameter of the motor sheave

is to be decreased from 10 inches to 9.5 inches. The existing motor is pulling 19.6 amps

Using equation-17 find the new amperage (Amps2).

12.8 Amps

19.6 63 9.53 13253

HVAC Pulley Math Page 18 of 18

By William Greco

w2gre@verizon.net

Warrington, Pa.

8/20/2009

3

divide both sides by Amps1 DPF13 DPM23 MPR2 Amps2 DPM13 MPR13 DPF23

3 3

Amps1 DPF1 DPM2

Amps1 DPF13 DPM23 Amps1 DPF13 DPM23

1 3

a ba b3 MPR2

Amps1 DPF13 DPM23

1

1 Amps2 3 DPM1 MPR1 DPF2

3 1 MPR2 1

(equation-18)

3

Amps13 DPF1 DPM2

The existing fan sheave pitch diameter is 8 inches and the diameter of the motor sheave

is 9.875 inches. The existing motor is pulling 19.5 amps

Using equation-18 determine the VFD RPM setting to achieve 24.7 amps.

1

24.7 3 9.8751,375 8

1

1,487.7 Rpm 1,488 RPM

19.5 3 88.875

By William Greco

2404 Greensward N.

Warrington, Pa. 18976

John Gladstone 1981 pg. 11

Chapter 6, Air Handling Equipment

1968 5th Printing pg. 6-8

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