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PIONEER Joseph John Thomson

#" James Chad$ic%

CONTRIBUTION Thomson's atomic model was proposed in 1904 and was called the plum pudding model. The model was a round thick liquidy substance whose total charge canceled out the charge of the electrons. He came to this conclusion by using a cathode a! scope" This theory was pro ed wrong by the gold foil e!periment by "utherford. This e!periment said that the atom contained a nucleus which had a highly positi e charge. He predicted the atom would ha e a neut on. He established that atomic number is determined by the numbers of protons in an atom. He also disco ered the fourth subatomic particle#the neutron.

IDEAL ATOM MODEL

4. Ernest Rutherford

 $. %eil &ohr

 Rutherford worked on radioactivity, coining the terms ‘alpha’ and ‘beta’ to describe the two different types of radiation emitted by uranium and thorium.  He demonstrated the existence of the atomic nucleus and became an integral part of the Rutherford model of the atom. The Rutherford model the of the atom %iels &ohr proposed &ohr was simplified in a well known 'odel of the (tom in 191$. The symbol showing circling modern model electrons of the atom is around nucleus like planets basedthe on quantum mechanics. the'odel sun. is a planetary orbiting The &ohr model in which the negati ely)  The element rutherfordium was charged electrons orbit a small# named in Rutherford’s honor. positi ely)charged nucleus similar to the planets orbiting the *un +e!cept that the orbits are not planar,.  -lectrons orbit the nucleus in orbits that ha e a set si.e and energy.  The energy of the orbit is related to its si.e. The lowest energy is found in the smallest orbit.  "adiation is absorbed or emitted when an electron mo es from one orbit to another. 