You are on page 1of 9


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Kuppali Venkatappa Puttappa (Kannada: ಕುಪ್ಪಳ್ಳಿ ವ ೆಂಕಟಪ್ಪ ಪ್ುಟಟಪ್ಪ ; December 29, 1904 – November 11, 1994),[1] widely known by the pen name Kuvempu ( ) or by the abbreviation K. V. Puttappa, was a Kannada writer and poet, widely regarded as the

greatest poet of 20th century Kannada literature. He is the first among eight recipients[2] of Jnanpith Award for Kannada. Puttappa wrote all his literary works using the pen name Kuvempu. He is the second - after M. Govinda Pai - among Kannada poets to be revered as Rashtrakavi, a national poet. His work Sri Ramayana Darshanam, the rewriting of the great ancient Indianepic Ramayana in modern Kannada, is regarded as revival of the era of Mahakavya (Epic poetry) in a contemporary form and charm. He is immortalised by some of his phrases, and in particular for his contribution to Universal Humanism or in his own words Vishwa maanavataa Vaada. He was conferred Padma Vibhushan by Government of India. He has penned the Karnataka State anthem Jaya Bharata Jananiya Tanujate.

Early life and education[edit]

Kuvempu's ancestral house in Kuppali

Kuvempu was born in Hirekodige, Koppa taluk, of Chikmagalur district to a native Kannada family. His father Venkatappa Gowda of Kuppalli and mother Seethamma of Hirekodige a nearby village. He was brought up in a place in the lush Malenadu region of Tirthahalli, called Kuppali, of Shivamogga district. His education began at his home by an appointed teacher fromDakshina Kannada. He joined Anglo Vernacular school in Tirthahalli to continue his middle school education. He lost his father Venkatappa Gowda at the early age of 12 due to ill health. Kuvempu finished his lower and secondary education in Kannada and English in Theerthahalli. He moved to Mysore for further education and completed his high school from the Wesleyan high school. He pursued his college studies in from Maharaja College of Mysore and graduated in 1929 majoring in Kannada. He married Hemavathi on 30 April 1937.

Later life[edit]
He had two sons and two daughters, K P Poornachandra Tejaswi, Kokilodaya Chaitra, Indukala and Tharini. Tharini is married to K. Chidananda Gowda, the former Vice-Chancellor ofKuvempu University. He responded poetically to even mundane events. When he got a car, he is quoted to have said, "Chakracharanake swagatha!" - Welcome to wheel footed! He named his house as "Udayaravi", "Rising Sun", called the farmer "uluva Yogi" the "tilling Yogi", and called for egalitarian society in his message "Sarvarige samapaalu, sarvarige samabaalu" - "Equal share for all, Equal life for all". His "Raso Vai Saha" is a famous work of "kavya mimamsa", the "Principles of literary criticism", in the Kannada thought of twentieth century. He is credited for giving Kannada hundreds of new words, phrases and terminologies with distinctly precise ideas; literary, social, philosophical and spiritual. This led to common people asking him to suggest a name for their newborns, for decades, through postal correspondence, which he obliged.

Kuvempu began his academic career as a lecturer of Kannada language at Maharaja College of Mysore in 1929. He served as an assistant professor in central college of Bangalore from 1936. He rejoined Maharaja college of Mysore in 1946 as a professor.(group photo) He went on to become a principal of Maharaja college in 1955. Soon in 1956 he was elected as the Vice-Chancellor of Mysore University where he served till retirement in 1960. He was the first graduate from Mysore University to rise to that position.[3]

Kuvempu's writings also reflect his resentment against the caste system according to which the "Shoodra Tapaswi" (1946) shudras were unfit to attain knowledge. emphasizing the theme of "Education in Mother tongues". the message is still considered relevant. Photography. ) which can be translated as "Be unhoused o my soul. In the year 1987. He spearheaded Kannada as a medium for education. meaningless practices and rituals.1992[6] Bibliography[edit] Novels[edit]   Kaanuru Subbamma Heggadati (1936) Malegalalli madumagalu (1967) Modern epic (Mahakavya)[edit] .1987[6] Padma Vibhushan.1958[5] Sahitya Akademi Award . It underscores his vision of sarvodaya (Upliftment of One & All). His speech during the convocation ceremony of Bangalore University has been published in the book. with a collection of poetry called Beginner's Muse.Works and message[edit Kuvempu's house "Udayaravi" in Mysore Kuvempu's memorial in Kavishaila. contributing significantly to Literature. Karnataka in the name of Kuvempu. he pioneered the study of Basic Sciences and Languages. O nanna chetana. Kuvempu was more than a writer. Kuvempu (from the Vokkaliga community) also gives a different perspective to the characters in the Ramayana unlike the portrayal of characters by Valmiki in his Sri Ramayana Darshanam which won him Jnanpith Award. Agu nee aniketana (ಓ . It calls for a re-assessment of developmental policies. Awards[edit]        Jnanpith Award . 28 km from Shimoga. As Vice-Chancellor ofMysore University. Calligraphy. vichaarakranthige aahwaana. To cater to the needs of Kannada research. and later switched to Kannada.1964[6] Pampa Award . He also championed the Publishing of knowledge for laymen.1988[5] Karnataka Ratna . Digital Imaging. which has since been renamed after him as Kuvempu Institute of Kannada Studies. Social Movements. he founded the KannadaAdhyayana Samsthe (The Institute of Kannada Studies) in Mysore University. Kuppalli Kuvempu started his literary work in English first. It is located in Jnana Sahyadri campus. and the way he lived his life was in itself a great message. Though it was delivered in 1974. and Agriculture. a new university was started in Shimoga district. This work is the complete Ramayana in Kannada.1967[4] Padma Bhushan .1955[6] National Poet . He was against casteism. Rama of his Ramayana personifies this when he tests himself along with his wife Seeta. only the infinite is your goal" is a very popular note by Kuvempu on Universal Humanism. started by G. His son Poornachandra Tejaswi was a polymath. Hanumanta Rao. by jumping into the fire.

Volume-2 (1957) Collection of poems[edit] Kolalu (1930) Panchajanya (1936) Navillu (1937) Kindarijogi Mattu Itara Kavanagalu (1938) Kogile Mattu Soviet Russia (1944) Shoodra Tapaswi (1946) Kavya Vihara (1946) Kinkini (1946) Agnihamsa (1946) Prema Kashmira (1946) Chandramanchake Baa Chakori (1954) Ikshugangotri (1957) Kabbigana kaibutti Pakshikaashi Jenaaguvaa Kutichaka Kadiradake Kathana KavanagaLu Plays[edit] Birugaali (1930) Maharatri (1931) SmashaaNa kurukshetram (1931) Jalagaara (1931) Raktaakshi(1932) Shoodra tapaswi (1944) Beralge koral (1947) Yamana solu Chandrahaasa Balidaana Autobiography[edit] Nenapina Doniyali (1980) Collection of stories[edit] Malenaadina Chitragalu (1933) Sanyaasi Mattu Itare KategaLu (1937) Nanna Devaru Mattu Itara Kategalu (1940) Literary criticism[edit] Atmashreegagi Nirankushamatigalagi (1944) Kavyavihara (1946) .                                   Sri Ramayana Darshanam. Volume-1 (1949).

Dattatreya's father was also a Sanskrit scholar who died when Dattatreya was only 12 years old. He joined the Fergusson College. Dattatreya Ramachandra Bendre (31 January 1896 – 21 October 1981) was amongst the most famous of Kannada poets of the Navodaya Period. he was the second person among eight recipients[1] of Jnanpith Award for Kannada. Praised as varakavi. He also held the title Karnataka kula Thilaka ("The light of the Kannada Nation") conferred by Udupi Adamaru Math. Bendre completed his primary and high school education in Dharwad with his uncle's help and completed his matriculation in 1913.[citation needed] His grandfather was a Dasagranthi (Master of ten volumes of sacred lore) and scholar in Sanskrit classical literature. see Bendre (disambiguation). the free encyclopedia "Bendre" redirects here. He was conferred Padma Shri by Government of India. Dattatreya later adopted the pen-name of Ambikatanayadatta which literally means Datta. Child of Ambika"). Bendre From Wikipedia. the highest literary honour conferred in India. son of Ambika after his mother who ran a Khanavali or eatery to feed the family.     Taponandana (1951) Vibhuthi Pooje (1953) Draupadiya Shrimudi (1960) Vicharakrantige Ahvana (1976) Sahityaprachara Biography[edit]    Swami Vivekananda(1926) Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa(1934) Guruvinodane Devaredege Stories for children[edit]        Bommanahalliya kindarijogi(1936) Mari vijnani(1947) Meghapura(1947) Nanna mane(1947) Nanna gopaala Amalana kathe Sahasa pavana Kuvempu's works in visual media[edit] Movies[edit]  Kanooru Heggadithi. Biography[edit] Early life and education[edit] He was born on into a Chitpavan Brahmin family at Dharwad in Karnataka. R.[2] He wrote under the pen-name of Ambikatanayadatta("Datta. After obtaining his degree Bendre . literally 'gifted poet'. For other uses. directed by Girish Karnad. Pune for his higher education. D.

folk beliefs.A. He went on to become a fellow of the Kannada Sahitya Parishat. as the imagery Bendre used to concretise this idea clearly suggests. the poet's yearning for it. He spoke of Ambikatanayadatta and Professor Bendre as closely related to each other as the banks of a river or the belly and the back. Mugali. Amur. S. G. Bendre started the cultural movement "Nada-habba'". Apart from native prosodic forms. a leading critic in Kannada.Joshi. says "Bendre believed in the value of an integrated personality but loved to project himself as a threefold being: Dattatreya Ramachandra Bendre. Apparently. All the features of Navodaya poetry like patriotism. but there was always a hidden layer of meaning which only a trained poetic mind could decipher. Ba. the biological self. all Bendre's poems could be set to music and abound in alliteration. Professor Bendre. His later works dig deeper into social and philosophical matters.[3] Career[edit] Starting his career as a teacher at Victoria high school(Renamed as Vidyaranya High school after independence) in Dharwad.B. this friends' circle drew poets.[citation needed] In 1943. references to Indian mythology and the language spoken by common people. Mainly intended as a peer group for the study of culture and literature.[citation needed] In 1926. Joshi. Sham. K. which was then branded seditious.V. he presided over the 27th Kannada Sahitya Sammelana held at Shimoga. Symbolism is characteristic of his poetry. This festival is celebrated during the navaratri.returned to Dharwad and started teaching atVictoria high school.[citation needed] He was under house arrest in Mugad village. the reformatory zeal. G.[citation needed] Works and message[edit] Bendre started off with simple and earthly romantic poetry. This was not a new interest for him but now it became a central concern.. College Solapur between 1944 and 1956. Bendre used diverse techniques for spiritual lyrics. he found him totally . One could not exist without the other. He obtained his Master of Arts degree in 1935. His poems are linked to the Kannada poetic tradition through their use of folklore. Towards the end of his life Bendre was deeply absorbed in numbers. the creative self. In the Kuniyonu bara (Dance Eternal) all diverse currents of thought meet in on great confluence. The three selves were conceived as mutually supporting selves."[this quote needs a citation] Bendre has been hailed[by whom?] as the father figure of modern Kannada poetry. Bendre's two sons Panduranga and Vamana and daughter Mangala were the only surviving children among nine who were born. critical attitude. the dehi. In 1956 he was appointed an advisor for All India Radio's Dharwad station. a celebration of the land and its culture which is still prevalent in Karnataka. Gokak and R. classical style for sonnets and traditional as well as colloquial idiom for pastoral and folk lyrics. often using the "spoken" language. S. and Ambikatanayadatta. Bendre has also employed native imagery. Nada Lila (The Play of Sounds) is perhaps the most remarkable of his poetry collections. he worked as a professor of Kannada in D. Another one Mudalmaneya (Morning) becomes symbolic of all pervading peace or. the thinking self. In 1932 Bendre was sentenced to imprisonment for writing Nara Bali (Human Sacrifice). V.[citation needed] When Dom Moraes visited him during his exploration of Karnataka in 1976. the vachanas and the kirthanas. Siddavanahalli Krishna Sharma. Later life[edit] Bendre formed the "Geleyara Gumpu" (Group of Friends) in 1922. mystical faith and assertion of a poet's individuality can be found in this collection of poems. His poem Patargitti (Butterfly) sung as a nursery rhyme speaks of colors of temptation. In 1972 the Government of Karnataka produced a documentary on his life. consolidation of traditional strength. Enke. Indian culture. writers and intellectuals from different parts of Karnataka includingAnanda Kanda. He married Laxmibai from Ranebennur in 1919. Krishnakumar Kallur.

R. Bibliography[edit] Poetry collections[edit]                           Krishnakumari (1922) Gari (1932) Moorthi mattu Kamakastoori (1934) Sakheegeeta (1937) Uyyale (1938) Nadaleele (1940) Meghadoota (1943)) Haadu Paadu (1946) Gangavatarana (1951) Krishnakumari mattu Haadu Paadu (1956) Sooryapana (1956) Hridayasamudra (1956) Muktakantha (1956) Chaityalaya (1957) Jeevalahari (1957) Aralu Maralu (1957) Namana (1958) Sanchaya (1959) Uttarayana (1960) Mugilamallige (1961) Yaksha Yakshi (1962) Naku Tanti (1964) Maryade (1966) Shrimata (1968) Baa Hattara (1969) Idu Nabhovani (1970) . D.immersed in numbers.[citation needed] In popular culture[edit] In 1972. In his books Vishvadharanasutra and A Theory of Immortality Bendre made ambitious attempts to intuit all knowledge into numbers. film director and playwright Girish Karnad made a Kannada documentary film.[4][5] Awards and honors[edit]      Jnanpith Award – 1974 (For the collection of poems Naaku Tanti) Padma Shri – 1968 Sahitya Academy award – 1958 Kelkar prize – 1965 Fellowship of Sahitya Academy – 1968 And many more. Bendre on his life and work.

                                    Vinaya (1972) Matte Shravana Bantu (1973) Olave Namma Badaku (1977) Chaturokti (1978) Paraki (1982) Kavyavaikhari (1982) Balabodhe (1983) Ta Lekkaniki Ta Dauti (1983) Chaitanyada Puje (1983) Pratibimbagalu (1987) Shravana Pratibhe (1987) Kuniyonu Baa (1990) Buddha i* Plays[edit] Tirukara Pidugu (1930) Uddhara (1930) Nageya Hoge (1931) Hucchatagalu (1935) Hosa Samsara mattu Itara Ekankagalu (1950) Ambikatanayadatta Nataka Samputa (1982) Katha Sankalana[edit] Nirabharanasundari (1940) Criticism[edit] Sahitya mattu Vimarshe (1937) Sahityasamshodhana (1940) Vicharamanjari (1945) Kavi Lakshmishana Jaimini Bharatakke Munnudi (1954) Maharashtra Sahitya (1959) Kannada Sahityadalli Nalku Nayakaratnagalu (1968) Matella Jyotu (1972) Sahityada Viratsvaroopa (1974) Kumaravyasa (1979) Matadharma mattu Adhunika Manava (1979) Edited works[edit] Nannadu Ee Kannada Nadu (1928) Hakki Haruthide (1930) Chandrahasa (1948) Hosagannada Kavyashree (1957) Kanakadasa Chaturshatamanotsava Samsmarana – Samputa (1965) .

he wrote more than 123 books in Kannada[4] and 17 in English. He was the fourth person among eight recipients[1] of Jnanpith Award for Kannadathe highest literary honour conferred in India. A prolific writer. as a protest when he did not get the post equalant to a Minister. at Hosahalli in Kolar district of Karnataka in a Tamil speaking Sri Vaishnavaite family. by Sri Aurobindo (1936) Sri Aravindara Yoga Ashrama mattu Tatvopadesha (1947) Kabira Vachanavali (1968) Bhagnamoorthi (Tr. of Tagore's poems ed. of Anil's Marathi poem) (1972) Guru Govindasingh (Tr. Contents [hide]     1 Early life and education 2 Works 3 Bibliography 4 Notes Early life and education[edit] Maasti was born in 1891. He was honored with the title Rajasevasakta by then Maharaja of Mysore Nalvadi Krishnaraja Wadeyar.[3]He used pen name Srinivasa to write short stories and novels in Kannada. 1891 .[3] After joining the Indian Civil Service (Known as the Mysore Civil Service in the days of the Maharaja of Mysore). He was the editor of monthly journal Jivana (Life) from 1944 to 1965.Works in other languages and translations[edit]              A Theory of Immortality (1977) Santa Mahantancha Poorna Shambhu Vitthal (1963) Samvad (1965) Vittala Sampradaya (1984) Hosagannada Kavyashree (1957) Shantala (1972) Upanishadrahasya. The story was about the last Raja of Kodagu. Maasti also crafted a number poems on various philosophic. After 26 years of service. rising to the rank of District Commissioner. of Harbans Singh's book) Noorondu Kavanagalu (Tr.[2] He was popularly referred to as Maasti Kannadada Aasti which means Maasti is Kannada's Treasure.[4] His Kelavu Sanna Kategalu (Some Short Stories) was the first noted work in the modern Kannada literature. He composed and translated several important plays.[3] He wrote some pieces in English and then switched over to write in Kannada language. by Humayun Kabir) Maasthi Venkatesa Iyengar (June 6. by R. He is most renowned for his short stories. . He wrote under the pen name Srinivasa.[4] Works[edit] He published his first work Rangana Maduve in 1910 and his last work is Maatugara Ramanna (1985). which he deserved and a junior was promoted ahead of him. he held various positions of responsibility in different parts of Karnataka. Ranade (1923) Bharatiya Navajanma "The Indian Renaissance". for over seventy years. He obtained a master's degree in English literature (Arts) in 1914 from Madras University. He spent his early childhood in Maasti village. 1986) was a well known writer in Kannada language. aesthetic and social themes.June 6. he resigned in 1943.D. He won the Jnanpith Award in 1983 for his novel Chikkavira Rajendra.

an award in his name. Bangalore is converted as a museum and maintained by Masti Venkatesha Iyangar Jeevana Karyalaya Trust. Malur Taluk by Government of Karnataka.[5] His house located in Basavanagudi area.He died on his 95th birthday in 1986.[7] Masti Residential School was started in memory of Masti Venkatesha Iyangar during 2006-07.[8] Bibliography[edit]  Epics Shri Rama Pattabisheka (Coronation of Shri Ram) Novels Chikkaveera Rajendra Historical Novel about the last king of Kodagu Channabasava Nayaka Historical Novel about the last king among Nayakas of Shimoga District. Malur Taluk (Kolar District) is converted as library and maintained by Departments of Government of Karnataka.[citation needed] Since 1993. at Masti village. "Masti Venkatesha Iyangar Award" is awarded to well-known writers of Karnataka.[6] His house located in Maasti village. Subbana Stories and Anthologies Kelavu Sanna Kathegalu (Some Short Stories) Dombara Chenni Kaagegalu (Crows) Rangana Maduve (Ranga's Marriage) Plays Kakanakote Kalidasa Yashodhara Autobiography Bhaava Other Subbanna (1928) Sheshamma (1976) Shanta (1923) Talikoti (1929) Yashodhara(1933) Kannadad Seve(1930) Arun (1924) Tavare(1930) Sankranti (1969)                     .