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Tyler Semple ASU, EDT 180

OUTLINE

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Title Slide Outline Sleep? What Causes Sleep? Why Do We Sleep? What Are Stages of Sleep? NREM Stages NREM Stages REM Sleep Sleep Cycle Why Is Sleep Important? Sleep Deprivation How Much Sleep Is Needed? Thank You
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SLEEP ?

How the body rests During periods of sleep, the body does not respond to stimuli as it does when awake
Sleep is a physiological state: o There is a need for periodic sleep

All humans need sleep


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WHAT CAUSES SLEEP?

Hormones are the triggers for a state of sleep o There are cues in the body that trigger the hormones. o There are also forces within the environment that trigger sleep. o Certain foods and medicines can hamper or induce sleep

WHY DO WE SLEEP?

WHAT ARE STAGES OF SLEEP?

o Stages of sleep are the depth of someones sleep. o There are four stages of sleep that are within the NREM sleep.
What is NREM sleep? o It is called Non -rapid eye movement sleep.

Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 REM

NREM STAGES

Stage 1This is the stage between being awake and sleeping. WHAT HAPPENS: o Eye movements slow down o Involuntary twitches (hypnic jerks)
Stage 2Half of our sleep occurs during this stage. WHAT HAPPENS: o Heart rate and breathing rate slow o Eye movements stop o A person can be easily awakened o It is rare to dream.
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NREM STAGES

Stages Three and Four sometimes only called Stage Three. WHAT HAPPENS: o Dreaming occurs in this stage. o Although there is dreaming, there is less than in REM sleep

REM SLEEP

What is REM sleep?


o Known as Rapid Eye Movement sleep.

o It occurs about 25% of the time that a person sleeps.


o The eyes are in a state of rapid movement or twitching

SLEEP CYCLE

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WHY IS SLEEP IMPORTANT?

o Sleep is vital for learning and memory


o It also helps the brain process new information(called memory consolidation) o Studies have shown that people who learn new material and then sleep will retain the material better
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o It is an important part of maintaining weight and keeping metabolism healthy


o It also allows for processing of carbohydrates and monitoring of hormone levels

SLEEP DEPRIVATION

o Sleep deprivation is very serious because the body needs sleep in order to maintain healthy brain function.
o If sleep deprivation is extreme, it can even cause death

Video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= BKXKBI8IZ24

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HOW MUCH SLEEP IS NEEDED?

Ages

Sleep Required

3-5 years old 5-12 years old


13-19 years old 20 + years old

needs 11-13 hours of sleep needs 9-11 hours of sleep


needs 9-10 hours of sleep needs 7-8 hours of sleep

Sleep guidelines vary on weight, height, and lifestyle.


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THANK YOU

Thank you for your time

Tyler Semple (tsemple@asu.edu)


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