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Global Tourism and its Growth


Over the next 9 lessons, we will look at the following objectives: What is tourism? Reasons for the global increase in tourism. Discover why certain places attract more tourists than others. Evaluate the economic impact of tourism on different places in the world. Why do some countries depend on tourism a lot more than others? Assess the importance of tourism to the UK Interpret the Butler Model to show the life-cycle of a tourist destination. Research a local UK case study to look at reasons for its growth as a tourist destination, strategies to cope with tourist numbers and plans to continue the success of tourism.

Todays lesson:

The Global Growth of Tourism


Learning Objectives:
To define what tourism is To explain why tourism has increased throughout the world

What is tourism?
On your own, write down your own definition of tourism (2 mins)
Compare this with your partners definition. Which one is best? Why? What are the differences and/or similarities? Write down a combined definition. (3 mins) Share the definitions with the class. Which one is best? Why? Can they be improved?

Tourism is the biggest industry in the world. Some estimate that one third of the world's population is employed directly or indirectly through tourism. But, what is it?...
Tourism...
... travelling to a place outside your usual environment for business, leisure or other purposes for no longer than one consecutive year. ... activities that require travel from home and staying away from home for at least one night.

... travelling for pleasure to visit places that are different to your usual surroundings.
Have a look at each definition and think of one good statement about it and one thing which could improve the definition.

The Global Growth of Tourism


Tourism throughout the world has grown and grown since the 1950s and is still rising at an extremely quick pace. Tourist numbers each year are now approaching 1 billion (1 000 000 000).

What recent events may have or may affect this in future? - Terrorism? - Economic Recession? - Anything else?
How do you think these events may affect tourist numbers in the world? Will they affect all countries or just some? Why?

A Graph Showing the Numbers of International Tourists and Major World Events
(Source: UNWTO)
900

800

700

600

Millions of Tourists

500

400

300

200

100

Describe what the graph tells you about international tourist arrivals and give some reasons/explanations as to why the pattern looks the way it does.

The Global Growth of Tourism


Learning Objectives: To give reasons (explain) why tourism is increasing (and why it could decrease) To show differences between describing and explaining

People have more money

There is a larger elderly population

Society is changing. People see a holiday as essential and not a luxury.

Why do you think that tourism has increased so rapidly?

People get more holiday/leisure time

Improvements in infrastructure

The world is shrinking (faster transport)

ICT and communication is becoming more and more advanced

In table groups...
Each of you pick one of the reasons as to why tourism has increased and explain how this has caused an increase. Then explain it to the rest of the group to complete the table. (One or two of you may have to explain 2 reasons!)

Fact
Society is changing. People see a holiday as essential and not a luxury. Improvements in infrastructure The world is shrinking (faster transport) ICT and communication is becoming more and more advanced People get more holiday/leisure time There is a larger elderly population People have more money

Explanation

10 Minutes!
Using your table and notes, write a response to the question. Describe and explain why tourism has grown over the past 50 years and continues to do so (1/2 A4 maximum).

Reasons for the Increase in Global Tourism


Fact Society is changing. People see a holiday as essential and not a luxury. Improvements in infrastructure Explanation

The world is shrinking (faster transport) ICT and communication is becoming more and more advanced People get more holiday/leisure time There is a larger elderly population People have more money