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science or forensics, applies science and methodology to legal and criminal investigations. Criminalistics involves the analysis of physical evidence from a crime scene. analysis is performed by scientists who dissect evidence and draw conclusions about how, why, when, where and by whom a crime was committed.


Can include organic and inorganic analytical techniques

Organic analysis

Inorganic analysis

of unknown substances
Includes analytical techniques such as Chromatography, UV- visible and infrared Spectrophotometry and Mass Spectrometry.

used in forensics to match DNA or any other substance or compound.

a process commonly used in the field of forensic science to trace evidence. This process uses infrared radiation and more commonly visible lights to ascertain light transmission, absorption, and reflective properties of any form of tiny materials.

Mass Spectrometry

is useful for identifying the molecular weight of compounds.


Includes techniques such as the emission spectrum of elements, Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry, Neutron Activation Analysis, and X-Ray Diffraction Analysis

Neutron activation analysis uses neutrons from a nuclear reactor to show researchers exactly what stuff is made of. (Hair, for instance) Neutron activation analysis is used in a lot of other things, from archaeology to semiconductor manufacturing, to identify traces of different substances.

Drugs such as cocaine and heroin are organic compounds, and they are analyzed using techniques such as infrared spectroscopy (IR)

Poisons such as arsenic and cyanide are inorganic and are analyzed using atomic absorption (AA) or inductively coupled plasma (ICP) techniques

Organic Compounds

Inorganic Compound