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Pure Maths

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Vectors : Vector Equations

Component rules Consider two vectors: a = x1 i + in three dimensional space.

y1 j + z1 k

and

b = x2 i +

y2 j + z2 k

a = b implies that a+b = a-b = ( x1+ x2 )i ( x1- x2 )i

x1 = x2

+ +

y1 = y2

+ +

z1 = z2

( z1+ z2)k ( z1- z2)k

( y1+ y2 )j ( y1- y2 )j

ma = mx1i + m y1j + mz1k

where m is a scalar quantity

in 3D space, if point A has position vector a and point B has position vector b then the distance AB is given by:

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Pure Maths

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Equation straight line - single point & parallel vector given

A(x1

y1 z1) is a fixed point on the line

a is the position vector for point A

a=

x1i + y1 j+ z1k

s is a vector parallel to the line s = l i + m j+ n k ( l m n are called the direction ratios of the line)

r is the position vector for an arbitrary point P(x,

y, z) on the line.

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Vectors A-level Maths Tutor

Pure Maths

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Pure Maths

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Equation of a straight line - two points given

A(x1

y1 z1) is a fixed point on the line

a is the position vector for point A

a=

x1i + y1 j+ z1k

B(x2

y2 z2) is a fixed point on the line

b is the position vector for point B

b=

x2i + y2 j+ z2k

r is the position vector for an arbitrary point P(x,

y, z) on the line.

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UsefulNot usefulThe rules for manipulation of a vector described by unit vectors in 3D space. How to express a straight line in terms of vectors from 'a single point and a parallel vector' and from 'two points'.Ca...

The rules for manipulation of a vector described by unit vectors in 3D space. How to express a straight line in terms of vectors from 'a single point and a parallel vector' and from 'two points'.Cartesian equations related to vectors.

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