ERGONOMICS

• Meaning • Also called as - biomechanics - engineering psychology • Its takes into account the following, - physical effects of work - design of equipments - human characteristics - human behaviour - human abilities.

Why
• • • • • • • More Effective Sets Guidelines Rational utilization Favorable environment Safety system Human comfort Quality of work life

Fundamental Laws of Ergonomics emerged from • Engineering • Physiology • Psychology • Economics • Work Study • Social Sciences

Identified in terms of 4 major sub branches
• • Human, machine interface technology – Hardware Ergonomics Human, environment interface technology – Environmental Ergonomics • User, system interface technology – Software Ergonomics • Human, machine, environment, organisation interface – Macro Ergonomics Application of Ergonomics • The physical devices or equipments that people use • The envt in which workers perform

• Design of Physical devices • The work environment - temperature - noise -lighting

• Ergonomics as an aspect of your firm’s Total Quality Management effort • The causes and costs of cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs) and how these may be prevented • The role of ergonomics in improving quality, productivity, and work organization • The capacity of ergonomics to address vital human resource issues such as today’s aging work force and the rights of employees with disabilities