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Code No: NR411902 NR

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007


REAL TIME SYSTEMS
(Electronics & Computer Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
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1. (a) List out the advantages of using several small computers instead of one large
computer in control applications.
(b) Are there any disadvantages that arise from using several computers? [8+8]

2. Explain in detail the following processors :

(a) Parallel Computers


(b) Digital Signal Processors
(c) Transputers
(d) Microcontrollers. [4+4+4+4]

3. Explain in detail, the following concepts

(a) Blocks
(b) Procedures and Functions
(c) Packages [4+5+7]

4. (a) Construct a set of periodic tasks (with release times, execution times and
periods), which can be scheduled by the EDF algorithm but not by the RM
algorithm to meet the dead lines.
(b) Describe the situations in which a task should not be pre empted. [10+6]

5. (a) What are the typical design parameters of RTOS? Explain?


(b) What do you understand by "Interleaving"? How does CPU use it for multi-
tasking? [8+8]

6. (a) Write a short note on the following


i. Paisley System
ii. Dataflow diagrams.
(b) What are the different areas of applications of petri nets? [10+6]

7. (a) Describe independence and correlation in relation with failures.


(b) What is fault detection? Explain online detection using a Watchdog processor.
[6+10]

8. (a) Discuss different types of software models.

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Code No: NR411902 NR
(b) What is the limited usefulness of software error models?
Explain.
i. What is meant by fault injection? Explain how it is used to measure an
error Propagation time.
ii. Explain real life components, which have a hazard rate shaped according
to the Bathtub curve. [8+8]

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