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Danielle Pearson English 1311 October 23, 2013 Annotated Bibliography

Baseball head injury results in death of Florida teen. (n.d.). Yahoo Sports. Retrieved October 23, 2013, from 1. Marie Anne St. John talks about how high school senior Greg Green died Saturday October 8 by a baseball to his head. St. John explains how Green was standing behind a protective screen while pitching batting practice to one of his teammates, when the rising line drive hit the screen and bounced off to hit him in the head. She proceeded to say that many deaths and injuries were occurring because of this problem. With recent research though, the number of injuries is slowly decreasing because of face masks and other protective gear. Peer Reviewed: No

Head Injuries (Contusion, Hematoma, Skull Fracture): Causes and Treatments. (n.d.). WebMD. Retrieved October 23, 2013, from nts 2. This is a great informational source about head injuries in general. It gives a number of causes and effects of head injuries as well as symptoms to watch out for in case of a strike to the head. It also gives information about the different types of head

injuries. For example concussions, hematomas and skull fractures. I think this website is extremely helpful because it gives a basis of knowledge of these injuries so that you can really understand the severity and danger of these strikes to the head, related to baseball. Peer Reviewed: Yes

Head Injury Prevention in Major League Baseball. (n.d.). Bloggasaurus Rex. Retrieved October 23, 2013, from 3. This very interesting webpage talks about how the head injuries that occur in baseball are rarely talked about. The basketball, football and hockey injuries are the ones that always seem to take the spotlight in the Major League sports world. This article talks about how the Major League of Baseball is trying to find solutions for the reoccurring problem of pitchers being hit in the head by line drives by the powerful hitters. The padding inside of the pitchers caps is something that is really being looked into by many different companies. Peer Reviewed: No

Indiana boy dies after being hit in head by baseball. (n.d.). USA Today. Retrieved October 23, 2013, from es-hit-in-head-with-baseball/2567169/

4. USA Today Sports puts a story out there about a little boy in Little League that was struck in the head by a baseball. I feel like this story really pulls on the heartstrings of parents, fellow baseball and softball players and just in general people everywhere. There is a quote that says “for a kid to be playing something he likes to do and then…it’s just…heartbreaking.” This really is hard to hear and imagine something like this happening to such a young boy. This is another website that really shows how dangerous this problem is becoming. Peer Reviewed: No (n.d.). Head injury reignites debate over protection for baseball pitchers. Retrieved October 23, 2013, from 5. This article gives more examples, specifically in the MLB of pitchers being struck in the head. This is the story of J.A. Happ, Toronto Blue Jays starting pitcher. He threw a pitch and with a failed attempt to get the glove up to shield his face was hit in the temple by Rays center fielder Desmond Jennings. It also points out how other positions, for example hitters are heavily protected when they are in the game with helmets and ankle shields and much more but why not pitchers? This is the question that keeps being brought up to try and get pitcher protection gear made, that is comfortable and functional. Peer Reviwed: No

Smith, J. (n.d.). Pitchers' head injuries have baseball seeking solutions. Tampa Bay Times.

Retrieved October 23, 2013, from all-seeking-solutions/2127916 6. Author Joe Smith also gives the example of another occurrence of a MLB pitcher being struck in the head by a line drive. In this story it happens to be right-handed pitcher Alex Cobb who was hit by a line drive on the right side of his head at Tropicana Field. Smith brings up the Happ incident as well and gives some quotes from his like saying “he couldn’t believe the stunning and scary case of déjà vu. At the end of his article he also brings up how they are looking into protective head gear for pitchers but nothing has passed MLB regulations yet. Peer Reviewed: No

Sports. (n.d.). Sports Why Pitchers Wont Be Wearing Helmets Even After Latest Scare Comments. Retrieved October 23, 2013, from elmets-even-after-latest-scare/ 7. This webpage happens to be a blog about why pitchers still won’t be wearing protective head gear. It gives a lot of useful information about incidents that have occurred and the outcomes of each of the pitchers. It is then followed by a few comments from other bloggers giving their opinions of the situation as well. I think it is very helpful being able to look at this situation from so many different perspectives. Peer Reviewed: No

services, E. (2013, August 29). J.A. Happ suffered skull fracture. ESPN. Retrieved October 23, 2013, from re-placed-15-day-disabled-list 8. This last article is also about J.A. Happ’s injury to his head while being hit by a batted baseball. It also gives quotes from other MLB players from different teams that heard about the accident and have comments of their own about it. I really liked that aspect of it because it is good to see how other people in the business are reacting to these dangerous occurrences. It also proves that the guys in this business are scared of these kinds of things happening and they aren’t just fake and something that should be looked over. Peer Reviewed: No