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[Interior Design I


Scale and Proportion
The principles of design include scale and proportion. Scale is the size of design in relation to the surrounding area in which is placed. Proportion is the ratio/fraction of the parts to the whole. Effective ratios 2:3, 5:8 while the most ineffective proportion in 1:2. The Golden Mean ratio/fraction is 2:3. The relationship between the human body and an object is significant.

[Grade Level 9-12] [90 minutes]

Teaching Materials
! ! ! Visualization prompt for set induction Note cards for transition notes Model building supplies (foam core, scissors, glue)

Students will illustrate and produce products focusing on the principles of scale and proportion. (Cognitive Domain, Level 2: Comprehension, Psychomotor Domain, Level 4: Mechanism) ! Develop visual representations of the principles of design. (Cognitive Domain, Level 5: Synthesis) Adjust designs to have proper ratios/fraction in design. (Affective Domain, Level 4: Organization) Adapt the Golden Mean ratio/fraction of 2:3. (Affective Domain, Level 4: Organization)

Other Resources/Technology
! (Optional: Goldilocks and the Three Bears story)



Introduction/Set Induction (5 minutes):
Close you eyes and think of a space that you spend a lot of time in. Maybe you have to be in that space and maybe you choose to be in that space. What about the furniture in the space do you like or not like? If you could change something about the furniture to make it more enjoyable for you to spend time in, what would those changes be? Maybe you wouldn’t change it, why not?

Transition (5 minutes):
Now that you have either a place you enjoy spending time or a place you rather not spend time in. Right down a few items that makes the furniture in that space great or not so great.

[Scale and Proportion]


Lesson Body (70 minutes)
Inquiry-Based Instruction PHASE 1: Confrontation with the Problem (5 minutes): How are you going to confront students with the problem? Present the following scenario to the class. Family scenario: You are part of a family that each member is extremely tall. You are moving into a new home and need some new furniture. You are interested in having your furniture custom made and want to implement what you know about proportion and scale to have this furniture fit well in your new home and be comfortable for your everyday living. PHASE 2: Data Gathering-Verification (15 minutes): How are students going to verify that the issue/problem exists? Bring in desks and chairs that are made for a preschool or much younger grade, and a chair that is extremely large. Have students try out each chair and see how they feel. After students have had the chance to sit in the chairs divide the students into groups of 4 or 5. Each group will research standard measurements for seating and discuss what changes could be made. Each group will decide on a style of seating (desk, dining, side, bench, etc.) to create for their families new home. PHASE 3: Data Gathering-Experimentation (30 minutes): How are you going to engage students in the process of experimenting with solutions to the issue/problem (i.e. laboratory experience, role-play, student demonstration, etc.)? After students have discussed and drawn out their new seating they will have the opportunity to build a model to scale as best they can use materials provided. PHASE 4: Organizing, Formulating, & Explanation (10 minutes): How are you going to challenge students to explain or apply what they have learned? After the groups have completed their models they will create an info sheet for their product. It will have the specifications (or measurements) and the key points that sell this chair to others who may need above standard measurements. These key points will also be made into a 30 second sales pitch, jingle, or commercial. PHASE 5: Analysis of Inquiry Process (10 minutes): How are you going to have students reflect on process/experience of inquiry? Groups will then give their 30-second sales pitch, jingle, or

[Scale and Proportion]



Transition (5 minutes):
Have students clean up supplies and turn in paper portion of project.

Summary/Closure (5 minutes):
As we go forward with the semester and learn about floor plans and furniture placement we will come back to scale and proportion. Not only is it important to have our furniture fit our bodies it is important that we choose furniture that is to scale and proportion to the space it is in.

Evaluation of students work will be in their drawing of their seating and observation of the model built.

[Scale and Proportion]